sk]v w-_ \yq hnj t^m F sn-bn- nmv thƒ-uv

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1 1 sk] w-_ 2017

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3 C- -gn- kzm-x-{ y-zn-\-øn-s X-te-Znh-kw ti-c-f kwÿm-\ sk-{i- -dn-tb- n-\p ap-ºn km-[mc-w Im-Wm-Ø H-cp D-]hm-k ka-cw \-S p. kzm-x- { y-øn-s 70 h -j-߃ ]q -Øn-bm-Ip-tºmgpw A- h-k-w-\-bn I-gn-bp-, `n- -ti-jn- m-cp-ss {]-i-\- ß-fn-te- k mcn-s bpw k-aq-l-øn-s bpw {i- Xn-cn- p- -Xn-\m-bn-cp p Cu k-acw. `n- -ti-jn- m-cp-ss hn-zym-e-b-ß-fn-se 70 A- ym- ]I A-\- ym-]-i-cpw 70 c- n-xm- -fpw 70 am-t\-psa {]-Xn-\n-[n-Ifpw D-]-hm-k-Øn ]-s -Sp-Øt mƒ k-a-c-øn\ sf-iy-zm Vyw {]-Jym-]n Cu cwk-øp {]-h -Øn- p- A-øm-bn-cw t]cpw F-Ønbn-cp p. \Ωp-sS s]m-xp-hn-zym-`ym-k-cwk-ø ap ssi F- Sp-Ø k-aql-sø A- -X-bp-sS A -Im-c-Øn \n pw hy-h-ÿn-xn-iƒ kr- n- A-Sn-a-ØØn \n pw tam-nn- n- ss{i-k-x-h k-`-iƒ X-s -bm- W `n- -ti-jn- m-cp-ss ssz-\y-x-iƒ Xn-cn- -dn- A-h - p Iq-Sn Po-hn-X-Øn-s \ \m-fp-iƒ k-ωm- \n- p-hm-\p- {i-a-ß-fm-cw-`n- X. A- pw _- [n-c aq-i pw hn-zym-e-b-߃ Xpd- A- -c-ß-fpss tem-i-tø- Ah-sc ssi-]n-sn- p \-S-Øp-hm hn-zym-e-b-ß-fp- mbn. _p- n-]-cam-b sh p-hn-fn-iƒ t\-cn-sp- -h-cp-ss Po-hnX-sØ ]n- p-w-b- p-hm Iq- Sn k-`-iƒ k- - -amb-x am-\-hn-i-x-bp-ss N-cn-{X- Øn-se A-hn-k-a-c-Wo-bam-b H-cp G-SmW. \n-μbpw ]-cn-lm-k-ßfpw k-ln- A-h-K-W-\-bp-sS \-c-i-ßfn I-gn-tb- n h- n-cp- - C-Ø-c- m-cp-ss t\-sc k-aq-l-øn-\p- m-bn-cp- a-t\m-`m-hw am- n-sb-sp- phm I-gn -Xp X-s hen-sbm-cp t\- -amw. C- h - p th- n-bp- ÿm]\-ß-fn {]-h -Øn- p- -h Xo - -bmbpw \-Ωp-sS BZ-cw A -ln- p p. Cu cwk-ø ap- n- -d-ßnb-xp k-`-i-fm-sw- nepw ]n- o-s hy- n-ifpw k kw-l-s-\-ifpw I-S- ph p. F- m a-\p-jy-kt\l\n -`-cam-b Cu Pohn- X ta-je-bn {]-h -Øn- p- -h - p th -{X t{]m- ml-\tam Aw-Ko-Im-ctam e-`n- p- n F- -X \sω e- n- n-t - -XmW. `n- -ti-jn- mcm-b Ip- n-iƒ- p th- n-bp- k-s]-jy k-iq-fp-iƒ ]- ex-cw {]-i-\-ß-sf-bm-w A-`n-ap-Jo-I-cn- p- -X. 33 k-s]-jy k-iq-fpi-sf F-bU-U ]Z-hn \ -In k-lm-bn- p-hm bp-unf-^ k - m D-Ø-c-hn-d- n-sb- nepw `c-ww am-dn-b-txmss Cu DØc-h a-chn- n- p-i-bm-bn-cp p. A- _-[n-c aq-i hn-zym - n-iƒ- p th- nbp- hn-zym-`ym-k-øn k - m kw-hn-[m-\-øns k-lm-b-ß-fp. F- m _p- n-]-cam-b sh phn-fn-iƒ t\-cn-sp- -h p th- n-bp- ÿm-]-\-ßfm-wp {]-Xn-k- n-bn I-gn-bp- X. k - m k- - kw-l-s-\-iƒ- p Xp- am-b {Km B-W \ - Ip- X. C-hn-sS A- ym-]-i - p e-`n- p- ]-c-amh- [n th-x-\w 8000 cq-]-bmw. B-b-am cq-]- bpw. A-kw-LSn-X ta-j-e-bn- ]-Wn-sb-Sp- p- -h - p Iq-Sn C-t mƒ -s] -j-\p. ]-t Cu cwk- Ø ]-Wn-sb-Sp- p- -h - p s] -jt\m D- -h_- Øtbm D- m-bn- n-. am-\kn-i sh p-hn-fn-iƒ t\-cn-sp- -h-cp-ss {]-i- \-߃ ssi-imcyw sn-øp-hm ]pxn-b \n-b-a-߃ D- m- -W-sa Cu cwk-ø {]-h -Øn- p- -h G-sd- m-e-am-bn B-h-iy-s - p-sh- nepw A-Xp- mbn- n. ti-{μ-k m-cn-s _m-e-\o-xn \n-b-aw- \-S- n-embm A-\m-Y-im-e-I-fp-sS {]-h -Ø-\-ßfpw \n -Øem-t - n hcpw F -X a-s m-cp `o-j-wn-bmw. km- [m-c-w ]u-cs A-h-Im-i-߃ \n-tj-[n- -s - ]mc-x-{ y-øn-s ]m-xn-cm-hn- I-gn-bp- -h - kzm- X-{ y-øn-s ]p-e -sh- w F-Øn- p-hm kwÿm- \ ti-{μ `-c-w-iq-s-߃ a\-kp h-b- Ww. tum. tpm-k ]m-d- -S-hn , ss{ikxh k`bpss ImenI {]k- -amb ZuXysØ p-dn- p At\z-j-W-ßfpw, k`m then-iƒ -Xo-X-amb ss{ikxh ZuXy-sØ- p-dn- p ]T-\-ßfpw N -Ifpw IqSn-h-c-hpIfpw, \oxnb pw a\p-jz-xz-øn\pw ]cn-ÿn-xn kwc -WØn\pw th n-bp t]mcm- -ß-fn \ne-]m-sp-i-sf-sp p-hm hmb-\- msc t{]cn- n- pibpamw kzx{ {]kn- o-i-c-w-amb \yphnj amkn-i-bpss e y-߃. hmb-\- m-cpss \n t m-`-amb kw`m-h-\-iƒ am{x-amw amkn-i-bpss hcp-am\ t{kmx-k. hmb-\- m \yp hnj IpSpw-_-Ønse AwK-ß-fpw.

4 - [ym\w Hm Øp, A-hn-sS F m P-\-X-Ifpw ssz-hn-i-{]-im-i- Øn-em-bn-cn pw k- -cn- p- X. C-\n \Ωƒ kw-km-cn- p Xp-S-tß -X A-sX- - nbmw. a-xm-xo-xam-b H-cm-flo-b-X-sb- p-dn. Imc-Ww a-x-t_m-[w a-\p-jy-cp-ss a-\-kpi-sf B-h-iy-Øn-te-sd Io-g-s -Sp-Øn-s m- n-cn- p- Im-e-Øn-em-W \Ωƒ. B-\p-]m-Xn-I-a m-øhn-[w a-x-t_m-[w h - n- p- ns- Ø a-\p-jyxzw Ip-d-bp- p F- A-]I-Sw ]-Xn-bn-cn- p-. C-Xn-s\ i-cn-h-b- p- Iu-Xp-I-ap- H-cp hm -Ø hm-bn p. k-am-[m-\-ønepw k-t m-j-ønepw B-fp- Iƒ Po-hn- p tem-i-øn-se B-Zy-sØ ]-Øp cm- sk] w-_ axm-xoxw I-gn- Zn-h-k-ßfn-sem- n Im-e-Sn-bn-ep- k- ao- -bn-em-bn-cp p. G-Xp hn-izm-k ]-]m-c-º-cy-ß-fn s]- -h-scbpw C-{X lr-z-b-]q -Δw kzmk-xw sn-øp- H- cp B-flo-b-tI{μw A-]q -Δ-amW. a-x-øn-s A-Xn-cp- I-fn m-sx a-\p-jy C-hn-sS H-cp-an- n-cp- p {]m- - n- p p. C-X-c-a-X-ß-sf- p-dn, B-Nm-cy- m-sc- p-dn- ]Tn- p p. N - -bn-te -s -Sp p. D- -Øn kw-km-cn- -W-sa p-t]mepw B pw txm- p-ibn-. H-cp Znh-kw ]n- n-sp-tºm-tg- h- Xp-t]m-se Xn-cn p- t]m-im-\m-hm-øh- Æw GtXm H-cp i- n \nß-sf Io-g-s - Sp-Øn-bn- p- m-ipw. AsX, Ip-d- p-iq-sn \ a-\p-jy-cm-im t{]-cn- n- p- GtXm H. Xn-cn-sI t]m-cptºmƒ sh-fn- m-sp ]pk-i-x-øn-se 21:23 kn. tim` CSN Py-ß-fn- F- nepw a-x-øn-\ Im-cyam-b kzm-[o-\-an! a-xw th-s -s m- p-a Cu ]-d- p-h-cp- X. an- -hmdpw a-\p-jy-cp-ss B-Xy- n-iam-b B-hiyw X-s bm-w axw. a-\p-jy-s I-gn-hp-Iƒ- -Xo-Xam-b H-cp ]- cm-i- n-sb- p-dn- p- A-h-t_m-[-am-W a-x-t_m-[-ambn a-\p-jy-cn Nq-g- n-d-ßn-bx. C- temi-ø G- Xm- 10,000 a-x-ß-fp-s - m-wp I-W. X-s A-e- p- B-Xy n-i {]-i-\-߃- p- D-Ø-c-am-W a-xß-fn a-\p-jy Xn-c-bp- -X. F- nepw a-\p-jy a-x- Øn am{xw Ip-cp-ßn- n-s-t - -h-\-. a-xm-xo-xam-b B-flo-b-X-bn-te-s -Øp- -Xn-s H- ma-sø Nph-S a- p-a-xß-sf B-Z-cn- p-hm ]Tn- p- I-bmW. B-flo-b-X H-cp a-x-øn-s sndn-b hr-ø- Øn-\p- n am{xw H-Xp-tß- -X F- m-\- Øm {]-Im-in-X-cm-bn-cp- p H mw h-øn- m Iu kn ]n-xm- - m. C-X-c-a-Xß-sf B-Z-cn- p-ibpw A- h-bn-se D- -X-aq-eyß-sf Aw-Ko-I-cn- p-ibpw sn-ø-wsa pw Ah Hm -an- n- p- p. Im-cWw, k -h-a-\pjy-scbpw {]-Im-in- n- p B k-xy-øn-s c-i-an A- h-bn-se mw {]-Xn-_nw-_n- p- p-. Cu H- - mcyw am{x-sam- -Ku-c-h-Øn-se-Sp-Øm B \n-an-jw Xocpw a-x-øn-s t]-cn-ep- F m A- I - -I-fpw. C-t mƒ C-X-c-a-X-ß-fp-sS ]p-wy-{k-ÿßsf, B-cm-[-\m-e-b-ßsf, H-s B-Z-cn- m I-gnbp p. hm- p-hn-fn-tiƒ- p-tºmƒ \n-»- -cm-bn I-Æp- ]q- n {] - n- p- {In-k-Xym-\n-Ifpw ln-μp- -fpw, ]- na-wn tiƒ- p-tºmƒ {In-k-Xp-hn-s\ BZ-c-thmsS ap- o-ßfpw ss{i-k X-h-cpw...lm! CØ-cw Nn-e sndn-b sndn-b kp- Ir-X-ß-ƒ-sIm- p- Iq-Sn-bm-W \-Ωƒ Im-Øn-cn- p B ssz-h-cmpyw `q-anbn sim- p-h-cm I-gn-bp-I. Ipd- p h -j-߃- pap-ºph-sc C- -d- km-tlm-zcyw \-Ωp-sS \m- n Ipsd- q-sn \n-e-\n- n-cp p. ]- n-bn-se {]-Z- n-w-øn-\ ssl-μ-h k-tlm-z-c-߃ cq-]w h-ln- p- ]-Xn-hp- ]- n-ifpw {]-Z- n-ww t]m-ip-tºmƒ \n-e-hnf- p I- Øn- ` n-tbm-ss ho-sn-\p ap-ºn \n - p- -hcp-sams C-t mgpw \-Ωp-sS \m- n-se Nn-e a-t\m-l-cam-b Im-g-N-I-fmW. s]-cp- m-fn\pw D- -h-øn\pw H-tc I- am-\-߃ ]- n-sm am{xw km-tlm-zcyw ]p-e -Øp- hcpw \-ap- n-s-bn-ep. am p-sim- n-cn- p- AØa-Xm-Xo-Xam-b B-flo-b-X-bn-te-s -Øp- -Xn-s H- ma-sø Nph-S a- p-a-xß-sf B-Z-cn- p-hm ]Tn- p-i-bmw. B-flo-b-X H-cp a-x-øn-s sndn-b hr-ø-øn-\p- n am{xw H-Xp-tß- -X F- m-\-øm {]-Im-in-X-cm-bn-cp- p H mw h-øn- m Iu -kn ]n-xm- - m. C-X-c-a-Xß-sf B-Z-cn- p-ibpw A-h-bn-se D- -X-aq-eyß-sf Aw- Ko-I-cn- p-ibpw sn-ø-w-sa pw Ah Hm -an- n- p- p. Hm - p- ap- oßfpw ln-μp- -fpw, t -{X-\-S-bp-sS ap- n-eq-ss I-S p-t]m- Ip-tºmƒ H- p \n- B ]-cm-i- nsb Hm - p-

5 cw kp-irx-ß-sfm-s ho-s -Sp- p-i-bpw- \n-e-\n -Øp- Ibpw sn-tø- -Xp-. a-\p-jy a-x-߃- - p-d-am-sw- p Xn-cn- -dn-bp-i-bm- W A-Sp-Ø Np-hS. ssz-h-a a-x-߃ kr- n- X. A- hn-sp-tø- a-x-an -t m. a-xw a-\p-jy-s B-h-iy-amW. F- m, a-\p-jy a-x-øn-\p-th- n-bp- -h\. t_m- [-Øn-te- p-w - a-\p-jy-cpss-sbm-s s]m-xphm-b L-S-I-sa-s - {i- n- n- p-t m? a-x-t_m-[w Xo-sc Ipdhm-b a-\p-jy-cm-wh. -sszh-sø GI ssz-h-ambpw a-\p-jy-sc H- k-aq-l-ambpw am-{x-ta A-h - p Im-Wm- \mip. hn-im-eam-sbmcp {]m-] ni t_m-[-am-w Ahsc \-bn- p- X. A- o-kn-bn-se {^m -kn-k G- hpw \ D-Zm-l-c-W-am-bn \n-e -]p. \-Ωp-sS \m- n _p, Km- npn, a-z -sx-tc-k, -Sm- -tkm, {io-\m-cm-b-w-kpcp, hnth-im-\-μ A-ß-s\-bß-s\ F-Æn-bm-sem-Sp-ßmØ. h-øn- m- -\n \n- \-Ω-fn-t mƒ \n-c -cw ti p-sim- n-cn- p -X A-tX sse-\nep- kz-c-amw. F-s sszhw I-tØm-en- -\ F B {]-k-xmh-\-sbm-s tkmjy ao-un-b-i-fn ssh-d-embn-cp p. sk d {^m -kn-kns k-am-[m-\ -{]m- - -\bpw {io-\m-cm-b-w Kp-cp-hn-s sszh-z-i-ihp-sam-s F m a-xß-fp-ssbpw s]m-xp-{]m - -\- I-fmW. F-s a-xw hf-sc e- fn-x-amw, A-Xp I-cp-W-bmsW- \n-c -cw ]-d p-sim- n-cn- p- Z-sse-em-a-sb- pdn- ti- n- p- m-ipw. F- m, hn-b- -\mw-im-c\m-b Xn- n \m- Ym (THICH NHAT HANH) F- B-Nm-cy-s\ A- {X ]-cn-n-b-ap- m-hmm-\n-s-bn. _p- -Kp-cp-hm-W. hf-sc {]-Imiw \n-d-s m-cmƒ. h -Ø-am- G -s -Sp- Hm-tcm Im-cy- Øn-epw {i- bq- m Xp-Sßp- -Xp-h-gn \n-߃ Ip-td- q-sn kz-ÿcm-ip- p, kuay-cm-ip- p. A-sX {In-k- Xp-hn-\n-W-ßnb a- n \n-ßfp-ss Po-hn-Xw ]-Xp-s cq-]m- -c-s -Sm Xp-S-ßp- p. \-Øn Po-hn- p-i (Mindfulness) F- I-e-sb- p-dn- m-w A-t±-lw \n-c -cw ]-d p-sim- n-cn- p- X. \n߃ B-Ip-e-cm-I-cpX. Hmtcm Zn-h-k-Øn\pw A-X-Xn-s t iw a-xn F- p ]Tn- n- tbip ]mt-ß-fp-ss H-cp {]m-tbmkn- I am Kw. Xm-X-]-cy-ap-s - n A-t±-l-Øns Hmtcm -Np-hSpw im- n F- Ir- Xn X- n-sb-sp-øp hm-bn- m-hp- -XmW. h m-ø Xn-Sp- -Ønepw t m-`-ønepw k-ω -±-Ønep-sam-s I-gnbp- \-ap- \-s mcp Hu-j-[-am-Wm-{K-Ÿw. A-Xn ]- d-bp -t]mse G -s -Sp- Hmtcm Im-cy-Ønepw {i- bq- m Xp-S-ßp- -Xph-gn \n-߃ Ip-td- q-sn kz-ÿcm-ip p, ku-ay-cm-ip p. A-sX {In-k-Xp-hn-\n-Wßn-b a n \n-ß-fp-ss Po-hn-Xw ]-Xp-s cq-]m- -c-s -Sm Xp-S-ßp p. Cu hn-ip- cn-sem-s \-Ωƒ Im-Wp- A- tx Bflo-b kn- n-iƒ C-X-c-a-X-ß-fn-se B-Nm-cy- m - n-s-bnepw Im-Wmw. AsX, F m-h-cnepw F mw {]- h -Øn- p- B-flm-h H- p-xs. A-t mƒ ]n-s \n-ß-sf n-\m-w tbip ]m-z-ß-fn-enß-s\ {]-W-an- p In-S- p- -sx tnm-zy-ap. C-{Xbpw ]q -Æam-b a-s mcp Kp-cp-hn-s\ I-s -Øm-ØXp-sIm- mw. a-\p-jy-s\- \n-e-bn H-cmƒ F-ß-s\-Po-hn- -Wsa- -Xns, ]q -Æ-am-Xr-I-bm-W A-hn-Sp. F m a-\pjy pw th- n-bp- H-tc H-cmƒ. a-x-t_m-[w B-hiy-Øn-te-sd a-\p-jy-s\ Io-g-s -Sp-Øn-b-cp- k-aq-l- Øn-em-bn-cp- p Ah-s ]n-dhn. A-h {In-k-Xym-\n-bmbn-cp- n! A-h {In-k-Xym-\n-I-fp-sS am{xw A-h-Im-ihpa. Im^-I I-s -Øp- Xp-t]m-se {]-Im-iw \n-d- H-c-Km-[-X-bm-W-hn-Sp. a-\p-jy-s k- -S-ßsf, B- h-iyß-sf a-s - n-s\- mƒ Ku-c-h-am-bn-s -Sp-Øp F- - Xm-W Ah-\p ]n- m-se tem-i-anß-s\ ]c- w ]m-bp- -Xn-\ H-cp Im-cWw. A-h-s\m-cp \nba\ntj-[n-bm-bncp- n. F- m k-t\-l-øn \n- p a-\p-jy-sc XSbpsa- p txm n-b \n-b-a-ß-sfbpw B-Nm-c-ß-sfbpw a-\-]q -Δw ew-ln p. A-X a-\p-jy \n-b-a-øn-\p tase-bm-sa pw \n-b-a-øn-s ]q -W-X k-t\-l-øn-emsw pw Hm -Ωn- n- m-\m-bn-cp p. a-s-ßn-t m-ip-tºmƒ A-Xp a-x-a-, H-cp Po-hn-X-{I-aam-W A-hn-Sp- D-]-tZ-in- X. \n-b-a߃-sim- izmkw ap- n a-cn- m-dm-b-h - H-scm- \nb-aw am{xw \ In. ]-c-k]-cw k-t\-ln- p-i. \n-߃- p ]-c-k]-cw k-t\- l-ap-s - n A-Xp-aq-ew \n-߃ F-s in-j-cm-sw- F m-hcpw A-dn-bpw (tbml 13:35). A-hn-SpsØ Cu hm- piƒ Hm Øp-sIm- Iq-SpX Hu-Zm-cy-tØm-sS a-\p-jy-sc ip-{iq-jn- p- -Xn-s\- mƒ h-epxm-b a- s m pw A-t\z-jn- m-\n-s - p Iu -kn ]n-xm- - m. F- n pw \-sω sxm-sm-ø Ip-td B-Nm-c-ß-fnepw A-\p-jTm-\-ß-fnepw ap-t m- p s]m-b-s m- n-cn- p-ibm-wp \-Ωp-sS a-x-po-hnxw. A-sX-fp- hpw ku-i-cy- -hpam-sw- -Xm-Wp Im-cWw. F- m, A-Øcw A-\p-jTm- \-߃ B-flm-hn-\p-]-I-cn- n-s - Np- - m-c-s bpw ^- cn-tk-b-s bpw I-Y-bn-eq-sS tb-ip ]-d- p-x-cp- p. a-\p-jy X-Ωn k-t\-l-øn Po-hn- m-\m-w a-x-pohn-xw k-lm-bn-t - X. A-Xn-\- p-dw A-Xn-\p {]-k- nbn. F- m, H-c-]-I-S-ap. \n-߃ a-\p-jy-s\ hn-e-a- Xn- m Xp-S-ßp- -txm-ss \n-߃- \n-ß-sfø-s hn-e-bm-bn \ -ti- n h-cp p. kz-ÿ-xbpw kp-c- n- X-Xzhpw A-X \n-ß-fn- \n- A-]-l-cn- pw. ho- n t mepw \n-߃ a- p- -h-cp-ss A-h-Im-iß-sf B-Z-cn- m Xp-S-ßp- -txm-ss F-s m-s A-ku-I-cy-ß-tfm- SmW \n-߃- p s]m-cp-ø-s -ts- n h-cp- X. Hm - Ww, Po-hn-Xw ap-gp-h \n-ß-fp-ss Cw-Kn-X-Øn-\ hgßn \n-c -cw Po-hn- p- Nn-e-scm-s A-hn-sS-bp. F mb-t mgpw A-X-h-fm-sW- p IqSn Hm -an- p -X \- X- 5 sk] w-_ 2017

6 t. A-X-ß-s\-bm-h-cp-sX- Xo-cp-am-\n- m-\p- hn-ime-x \n-߃ Im-Wn- p-sa- n \n-ß-fp-ss _- -Øn-\ Ip-td- q-sn A-g-Ip- m-ip-am-bn-cp p. C-\n \n-߃- p ]p-d-øp- a-\p-jy-sc- p-dn- hym-ipe-s -Sm Xp-S-ßp- -txm-ss G-Xp a-\p-jy-cp-ss k- -Sßfpw ]n-s \n-ß-fp-ts-xp-iq-sn-bm-ip p. A-h - p th- n \n-߃ C-S-s]-Sp p. A-tXm-sS Im-cy-߃ Ip-sd- q-sn k- o -Æ-am-Ip p. ap-t m- p- Po-hn-X-an-\n Ipcn-ip-bm-{X-bmW. Aß-s\ H-Øn-cn-t Po-hn- p-i-s pt]m-b `q-an-bm-wnx. CXm, G- hpw H-Sp-hn ssn-\-bn \n- H-cp km n. en-bp knbm-thm-t_m. ssn-\-bp-ss a-\p-jym-h-im-i-ew-l-\-߃-s -Xn-sc t]m-cm-sn-b-xn-\ `-c-w-iq-sw X-S-hn-em- n in- n- a-\p-jy-k-t\ln. k - h-i-emmim-e s{]m-^-k-dm-bn-cp p. A-sXm-s th-s - p-h p. k-am-[m-\-øn-\p- \-t\m-_ k-ωm-\w \ - In B a-\p-jy-s\ tem-iw B-Z-cn- -XmW. ]-t A- Xp hmßm-t\m, F- n-\ t`-z-s - Nn-In- -b- p- A- \pa-xn t]mepw A-h-c-t±-l-Øn-\p \ -In-bn. Aßs\ A-Im-e-Øn a-c-w-a-s-bp-i-bm-bn-cp p. A-bmƒ G- Xp a-x- m-c-\m-bn-cp- p? A- X-dn- n-s? \n- -bambpw sh-fn-]m-sp {K-Ÿ- Øn ]-d-bp-, I-øn Ipcp-tØm-ebpw ]n-sn- p \n - p B hn-ip- - n-sbn k-xy-ambpw en-bp kntbm-thm-t_m-bpw D- m- Ipw. A-h k-i-e-p-\-x-ifnepw tkm-{x-ß-fnepw cm- Py-ß-fnepw `m-j-i-fnepw \n- p- -h (sh-fn- ms 7:9). \o-xn- p th- n ]o-u k-ln- p- -h - A-hn-sS en-bp kn-tbm-thm-t_m C-S-ap-s - -t tb-ip \ -Ip- D-d. H-Sp-hne-sØ B a-lm-zn-\-øn a-\p-jy hn-`-pn- s -Sm t]m-ip X k-t\-l-øn-s txm-xp h- mw. A-Xm-Wp Im-cyw. A-{X-am-{Xw. This is not an essay or elaboration of one subject but something based and correlated to Bible instances we are familiar with from Sunday school classes onwards. But how much we hae their impingement upon our personal Christian life, repeat personal Christian life that is ery important. When the ten lepers, on their return, saw in their bodies that they were completely healed, only one person took an about turn, to thank Jesus. It reminds us that in our sojourn in this world "an about turn" is absolutely necessary. The question Jesus asks then is ery pertinent: "where there not ten, where are the nine." Wheneer I read this portion, I used to shudder that the same question is coming towards me like a flying arrow that am I not one among the nine? Reminding me of my ungratefulness to God. From the time of birth until now, for the manifold blessings laished upon us from time to time by the Heaenly Father, what we owe back to Him? We used to blame ourseles that the influx or influence or adoption of Western culture has spoiled our culture. May be true to some extent, but we neer copied the good habits of the use of the golden words "Thank you, Please and Sorry" that they use in their day today life. Are we thankful to each other for the faours we receie or extend? Read the following interesting narration of own experience, if time permits: I was traelling in a bus with a senior friend to a distant place to attend a funeral serice of our common friend. Since it was on a weekday, the bus was fully packed with passengers, exceeding een the standing capacity. From a point, a couple boarded the bus with a child on her hip. Since the child was little heay and unwieldy for her to manage, standing, I offered my seat to her. Without any expression on her face and absolutely without any hesitation to sit next to a male passenger, she squeezed herself into the seat. The journey continued. After some time when I looked around I noticed that all except I are seated and a few seats away I saw the husband of lady seated comfortably. Our eyes crossed and suddenly he withdrew his face. The reason you guessed is correct. Though I did not expect anything in return, the fact remains that this the attitude of the general public. As Christians we must set a paradigm for others through our words and deeds, as admonished in the Bible "For he loeth not his brother whom he hath seen, how can he loe God, whom he has not seen." Here I want to impute the words "loeth" and "loe" with the word "thank" and read to comply with our text of this message. Koshy Oommen Triandrum sk] w-_

7 an a-bnse tpmen Dt]- n- mw knkn N{μ Irjn- n-d-ßn-b-x. H c ]Xn- m apsº- SpØ Xocp-am\w H pw ]ng- n-s sxfn-bn- p- - Xm-W Irjn-bn- Ct±lw ssih-cn t\ -߃ se ani sslss I j-i-\p kwÿm\ Ahm U At±-lsØ txsn-sb-øn. Ct mƒ tzinb Ahm Un\mbn aq p t]sc tjm enã snbxn- p- -Xn Hcm-fmW At±-lw. a c p t] KpP-dm-Øn \n pw I Wm-S-I-bn \n pw. Im jni taj-e-bn X\-Xmb sslss Irjn coxn hni-kn- n p sim ncn- p knkn tziob Ahm U e`n- p-sa- mw {]Xo- n- p- -X. IpSpw_ kzømbn In nb aqt - `qan-bn ] - -dn-irjn snbxmw Xncp-h-\- -]pcw s\øm- n Ic Ipf-Øq h mgw hnf AUa-X-bn knkn N{μs XpS- w. ]pxnb C\w hnøp-iƒ txsn I Wm-S-I-bn-te- p bm{x-b n-s-bn slmkq-dn h mw t]mfn luk Irjn knkn BZy-ambn I -X. AXn IuXpIw txm n Imcy-߃ ]Tn-s - SpØ knkn 2012 kz w t]mfn Hcp- n AXn Irjn-bn-d- n. 47 ao \of-ønepw 26 ao hoxn-bnepw Xøm-dm- nb t]mfn-lu-kn kmeu sh -cnbpw, h n- -b-dpw, Im]kn- -hpw- BZyw Irjn snbx-xp. F p S kmeu sh -cn-bpw, Bdp S Im]kn- hpw c c S ]bdpw hnfh e`n- p. knkn-ens Irjn-bn IuXpIw txm nb Im jn-tim-e]m-z\ IΩo-j-W ] m_ lcn-bm\ F n-h-s-ß-fn t]mbn ]pxnb Irjn coxn-iƒ I -dn-bp-hm\pw Xs De]- -߃ Im jni timf-pn ]cn-tim-[n p hnj-ap- -am-sw Dd- m- p-hm\pw IΩo-j-W kui-cy-sam-cp- n. ]- - -dn-iƒ- ]p-d-ta, t\-{, Np-h- I-, c-k I-Z-fn, ]m-f-bw tim-s, Xp-S-ßn-b hm-g-bn-\- ß-fpw Ir-jn sn-øp- kn-kn ]p-j-]-ir-jnbn-epw H-cp ssi t\m- p- p-. A- q-dn-bw Hm - n-u, sl-en-t m-wn-b F- n-h-bm-w {]- [m-\-am-bp- -X. F-gp-]-Øn-b- p sk n Hm - -U A- q-dn-bw, H-tc- -dn Hm -Wsa πm p-iƒ, 125 B-Sp-Iƒ, F-gp-]-X sk n sx-ßp Ir-jn, C-cp-]-Øn-b- p sk n C- n-bpw Ip-cp-ap-f-Ipw, H-tc- -dn Im-]-kn- w, H-tc- -dn G-Ø-hm-g, H-tc- ]- - -dn, H-tc- sl-en-t m-wn-b Xp-S-ßnb-h-bm-W A-t±-l-Ø-s Ir-jn. Pm-Xn, tdmk, B- nƒ, Nm-º, Ip-Sw-]p-fn, \m-c-iw, t]-c, am-h, πm-h, k-t m- s\- n,-sn-dn Xp-S-ßn-b-hbpw Ir-jn sn-øp- p. hntzi cmpy-ß-fn hnpbw t\snb IqSm-c-Øn-\p- nse ] ChnsS ]pø {]Xo- -bm-hp-i-bm-w. ]c-º-cm-kx Irjn- 7 sk] w-_ 2017

8 bn \n- hy-xy-k-x-am-bn B-[p-\n-I kmt -Xn-I hn-zy-bp-ss {]-tbm-p-\w D-d- h-cp- Øp- -Xm-W Cu kq- -a Ir-jn. {]-Im-iw, sh- w, h-fw, Cu - w, Im -_ ssu Hm-I-ssk-Un-s Km-V-X F- n-h k-ky-ßfp-ss h-f - -b- pw-\n-e-\n-e-]n-\pw th- n-bp- L-S-I-ß-fpw Io-S tcm-k B-{I-a-W-ßfp-sS A-f-hpw \n-b-{ n- m I-gn-bp- p-sh- -Xm-W t]m-fn lu-k Ir-jn-bp-sS {]-txy- I-X. C-sXm-s -s m- X-s km-[m-c-w Ir-jn-bn \n- e-`n- p- -Xn-t\- mƒ \mtem A-t m a-s-ß kw-c- n-x Ir-jn-bn \n- e-`n- p-sa- kn-kn N-{μ km- ys -Sp-Øp- p. sn-sn-bp-ss aq- n B-h-iy-Øn- \ am-{xw sh- -sa-øn- p- {Sn- C-dn-tKj-\n-eq-sS-bm-W P-e-tk-N-\w. C-e-Iƒ- \- \-h e-`n- p-hm sh- w D-]-tbm-Kn- p- t^m-knw-k. A-]q -Δ-am-bn D- m-im-hp- Io- S-i-eyw H-gn-hm- m ssp-h-io-s-\m-in-\n-bpw Ip-anƒ \m-in-\n-bpw k-t{]-bnw-k \-S-Øpw. C-Xn-\ ]p-d-ta Xncp-h-\- -]p-cw kn-um- n-s k-lm-b-tøm-ss sslss- Hm-t m-ta-j kw-hn-[m-\-hpw. C-Xp-h-gn a-æn ÿm-]n- n- p- ssa-t{im sk -k-dp-iƒ a-æn-s P- emw-iw kz-bw a-\- n-em- n t\-cn- {]-h -Øn- Sm- n \n- pw B-h-iy-Øn-\p- P-ew sn-sn-i-fp-ss aq- n F-Øn- pw. A- -co- Xm-]-Øn-s Im-cy-Ønepw C-X X-s -bm-w. Cu- m-cy-߃ A-tX \n-anjw X-s kn-kn-en-s sam-ss_ t^m-wn k- tμ-i-am-bn F-Øpw. A-Xm-b-X kn-kn N-{μ tem- I-Øn-s G-X aq-e-bn-en-cp- m-epw t]m-fn lu-kn-s ÿn-xn A-dn-bp-hm km-[n- pw. Hm-tcm X-h-W hn-fsh-sp- p-tºm-gpw sh- -bm-wn Im -jn-i tim-f-pn ]-cn-tim-[-\ \-S-Øn hn-j-c-ln-x-am-sw- k - n-^nt - t\-spw. Xp-S - tk-^ Sp Cu- {_m F- t]-cn {]-txy-iw ]m-b- sn-b-xm-w hn-e-]-\. Hmtcm hnf-sh-sp- pw F c S sh -bcn c c S ]b F o Af-hn-em-W. ] m-bø apx kwÿm\ k m-cn-t hscbpw hnhn[ kwl-s-\-i-fp-ssbpw \nc-h[n I ji Ahm Up-Iƒ knkn-ens\ txsn-sb-øn. kn-f- -sf Z- n-w ti-c-f a-lm-bn-s-h-i-bnse k-po-h Aw-K-am-b kn-kn-en-s\ kn-f- -sf kn- \-Un-s A-\p-tam-Z-\-ß-fp-am-bm-W kn-f- -sf kn- \-Un-s ]-cn-ÿn-xn hn-`m-kw U-b-d-I-S tum.-am-xyptim-in ]p- -b- m-spw, {Ko t -Pn-bw-K-ß-fm-b d- h jn-_p am-b-hpw, d-h _n-\p kn tpm-wpw, A-e-amb-cm-b ]n-kn ^n-en- pw, _n-tpm-bn-bpw A-t±-l-Øns ^m-an-se-øn s]m- m-s-b-wn-bn- -X. aq-hm-bn-cw \m-s tim-gn-i-sf hn-cn-bn- n-d- p-hm-\m-bn hm-ßn-b D-]-I-c-W-߃ h- -X kn-kn-en-s Xm-e-]-cy-{]-Imcw Z- n-w I- -Wm-S-I a-lm-bn-s-h-i-bn-se d-h _n- \p kn tpm {]-Xn-jTn- p. Xn-I- ssz-h-hn-izmkn-bpw ITn-\- zm-\n-bp-am-b kn-kn N-{μ Ir-jnbn Iq-Sn ]p-xn-b Im -sh-b-]p-i-fm-w \-S-Øn-h-cp- -X. Ãm-^ dn-t m - B Xncp-ta\n Bin h-zn-t - Fs kplrø CubnsS Ft msp ]d p, Ah-cpsS Aº-e-Øn D -h-w sa -am-bn-cpt m F p Xocp-am-\n- p- X Ign- -h j-tø- mƒ IqSp-X-embn F{X s\ n- w si n-b B\Iƒ ]s -Sp-Øp-sh Xnem-sW. Ct mƒ tic-f-øn I ymww Kw`o-c-am-tbm-sb p Xocp-am-\n- p- X F{X sa{xm- msc I ym-w-øn\p sim p hcp-hm km[n p p F -Xn-em-W. CubnsS I ym-w-øn\ sndp- s A sn p Hcp Xncp-ta-\nsb hnfn- p. Xncp-ta\n ]d p a p ]e ]cn-]m-sn- Ifp -Xn-\m ]s -Sp- p-hm {]bm-k-am-sw. CX-dn-bmsX s]æns A sn p, Cu Xncp-ta-\nsb Xs hnfn- p. s]æns A hen-tbmcp ]W- m-c-\m-w. s]æns A s Ww sa{xm- kzoi-cn- p. sndp- -\nxdn p. s]æns\ hnfn- n p ]d- p. Fs A hnfn- -t mƒ Xncp-ta-\n p a p ]e ]cn-]m-sn-iƒ D m-bn-cp- p. \ns A hnfn- -t mƒ a p ]e ]cn-]m-sn-ifpw C m-sxbmbn. Aß-s\-bp Xncp-ta-\n-am si n- m si p icn-bmbn hog- Øn-. AXp sim p \ΩpsS I ymww B Xncp-ta\n \SØn Bin h-zn-t -. sndp- s Xocp-am\w A`n-\-μ-\-a ln- p- -Xt? {Intkm-Ãw henb sa{xm-s m-enø sk] w-_

9 ]cn-ÿnxn 5 C-\-ß-fn \n-tcm[n-x Io-S-\m-in\n ]gw, ]- - -dn-i-fn 7 ]pxn-b cm-k Io-S-\m-in-\n km- n-[yw- Xn-cp-h-\- -]pcw: ssp-h-te-_-en kz-imcy-tjm- p- I-fn- hn- -gn- p -X Io-S-\m-in-\n km- n-[y-ap- ]- - -dn-ifpw ]-g-ß-fpw. kw-ÿm\-ø C-Ø-c-Øn hn - p- ]gw, ]- -dn h -K-ß-fn G-g ]p-xp\n-c cmk Io-S-\m-in-\n-I-fp-sS km- n[yw I-s -Øn. Ir-jn-h- Ip- n-s k-lm-btøm-ss Im jn-i k- Δ-I-emim-e \-S-Øp- tk-^ Sp Cu- ] -Xn ]cn-tim-[-\-bn-em- W C-Xph-sc dn-t m - sn-øm-ø G-g ]p-xp\n-c cm-k- Io-S-\m-in-\n-I-fp-sS km- n[yw I-s -Øn-bX. A- n\- ß-fn kwÿm-\ k - m \n-tcm-[n- Io-S-\m-in-\n- Ifpw I-s -Øn. ]pxn-b I-s -Øen-s A-Sn-ÿm\- Øn hn-i-zam-b ]T-\w \-S-Ø-W-sa pw ]cn-tim-[- \ I - -i-am- -W-sa pw dn-t m - ip-]m -i sn-bxp. a n-bn-e, I-dn-th- n-e, ]p-xn-\-bn-e, Poc-Iw F- n-h-bn kwÿm-\ k - m \n-tcm-[n- s{]ms^-t\mkpw apfip-s]m-sn-bn {S-b-tkm-t^m-kn-s km- n-[y-hp-am-w I-s -Øn-bX. h InS ssl- am - - n -ssp-h- {_m -Un hn - p- Im-]-kn w, _-Pn-ap-fI, ap- ncn, ]m-j -{^q- ]n- F- n-h-bnepw s]m-xp-hn-]-wnbn \n- ti-j-cn- B- nƒ tdm-b -Km-e, I-dp-Ø ap- ncn, Ip-cp C m-ø ]- -ap- ncn, C-d- pa-xn snb-x πw C-\-ß-fn-em-W ]p-xn\n-c Io-S-\m-in-\n-Iƒ -I-s - Øn-bX. Im-]-kn- w ]- -bn am{xw A-k-t^, C-an-Um-t m- {]nu, t m-xm-\n-un, A-sk- m-{]n-anu, C-t{]m-hm-en- Im _, ss_p-timwm-tkmƒ, _p-t{]m-^-kn F- nß-s\ G-g Io-S-\m-in-\n-Iƒ I-s -Øn. sim- n-bn-se h InS ssl- am - - n \n- m-w ti-j-cn- X. P- ssp-h-{_m -Un kz-imcy-tjm- n hn - p- _- Pn-ap-f-In (Io-S-\m-in\n A-sk- m-an-{]nu, sa- m-em- I-kn, t m-dm -{Sm-\nen-t]mƒ), I-dn-th- n-e (ss_- s^ -{Xn ), ]- -ap-f-i (t m -ss]dn-t^mk, ssu-satøm-tb- ), ]p-xn-\n-bn-e (t m -ss]dn-t^m-k), Np-h- p- n (ssu-sa-tøm-tb- ), Np-h- p- n (ssu-sa-tømtb- ), D-cp-f- n-g-ß (ssu-s\-tøm-tb ) km- n-[yhpw I-s Øn. s]m-xp-hn-]-wn-bn \n- ti-j-cn- B- nƒtdm-b Km-e, I-dp-Ø-ap- n-cn (A-sk- m-an-{]n-u), πw (ssu-sa-tøm-tb- ), Ip-cp C m-ø ]- -ap- n-cn (Im - _ - -Um-knw, C-an-Um-t m-{]nu, ssu-sa-tøm-tb ) F- n-hbpw I-s -Øn. s]m-xp-hn-]-wn, ssp-h-hn-]-wn-bn I -j-i-cn \n- t\-cn ti-j-cn- A-b-tam-Z-Iw (t m -ss]dn-t^mk, s^ -h-td- ), G-e-b - (Iyq-\m -t^mk, F-Ø-tbm, emw-_-um ssklm-tem-{xn-, Iyp-\m -t^m-k), h- ap-i-f (F-Ø-tbm ), ap-ifp-s]m-sn (F-Ø-tbm, {Sb-tkm-^m-k), a n-s m-sn (t m -ss]dn-t^mk, ssk- ] -sa-{xn ), N-X- ap-f-i (F-Ø-tbm ), Po-c-Iw (s{]ms^-t\m-t^m-k, ssk-] -sa-{xn, t m -ss]dnt^m-k), Po-c-I-s m-sn (t m -ss]dn-t^mk, Iyp-\m t^mk) F- n-h-bnepw Io-S-\m-in-\n km- n[yw sx-in- p. s]m-xp-hn-]-wn-bn \n- F-Sp-Ø Nph- No-c (Iq-S-\m-in-\n t m -ss]dn-t^m-k), t{_m-u-_o-\-k (s^ -hm-e-td- ), Im-]-kn- w (a- ), km-ºm -ap-fi, a n-bn-e, I-dn-th- n-e, ]pxn-\ C-e, _-Pn-ap-fI, Im-]kn-Iw (Nph- ), ]m -ken, km-ºn-fp-i-fn H- n-e-[n- Iw Io-S-\m-in-\n-Ifpw I-s Øn. tsh -bm-\n Im jni tim-f-pnse Um. txma-k _n-pp am-xyp-hns t\-xr-xz-øn-ep- K-th-j-I kw-l-am-w ]-cn-tim- [-\ \-S-Øn-bX. 9 sk] w-_ 2017

10 - Xn-cn-sI t]m-ip-i-bpw sn-b -Xp''. si-kn-kn F-I -kn-iyq- n-h Aw-K-am-bn-cp- d-h tpm-_n tpm-bn ap- -b -, ""-si-kn-knbn kn-f- -sf k-`-bp-ss \n-e-]m-s hy- -am- n kw-kmcn- n-cp- -Xn-\m-em-W Aw-K-Xzw sim-sp- m-xn-cp- -X. ]-t Rm-\n- m-xn-cp- ao- nw-kn A-P- m-bn-en- m-ø Cu hn-jbw sim- p h- ]m- m- n-sb-sp- p-i-bm-bn-cp- p. kn-f- -sf k-`-bp-ss hn-im-c-sø am-\n- m-ø si-kn-kn-bn Xp-S-c-W-tam-sb- B-tem-Nn- -Ww-''. kn-f- -sf tam-u-td- txm-a-k si D-Ω : -kn-f- -sf k-` si-]n tbm-l- m-\ ta -]- ÿm-\w \ -In-bn- n-. kn-f- -sf k-`bp-ss ta -]- ÿm-\-sø- p-dn- pw ssz-h-im-k -{X-sØ- p-dn- pw A-dn-bm-Ø-h-cm-W sx- m-b {]-N-c-W-߃ \-S- Øp- -X. kn-f- -sf k-`-bp-ss \n-e-]m-s hy- -am- n-b -ti-jw A-Xn-s\ B-kq-{Xn-X-am-bpw- kw-l-sn-x-am-bpw F- Xn - p-hm a- Aw-K-߃ Im-Wn- \n-e-]m-sn kn-f- -sf k-`- Zpw-J-ap-. F-Iyp-an-\n- cw-k-ø a- mtc- m-fpw Iq-Sp-X kw-`m-h-\-iƒ \ -In-s m- n-cn- p- kn-f- -sf k-` si-kn-kn-bp-am-bp- _- w ]q - Æ-am-bn hn-t -Zn- p- n-. X - m-ew si-kn-kn-bp-ss bmsxm-cp ]-cn-]m-sn-i-fp-am-bn kn-f- -sf k-` k-l-i-cn- p- -X- -. tam-u-td- -cp-ss A-`n-{]m-bw kn-\-u ]q -Æ-am-bn Aw- Ko-I-cn- p.kn-f- sf k-`-bp-ss ti-c-f-øn-se A- p _nj- p-am-cpw kn-f- -sf P-\-d sk-{i- -dn d-h.tum. Un. B. k-zm-\-μ-bpw B-dp a-lm-bn-s-h-i-i-fn-se {]-Xn-\n-[n-Ifpw ti-c-fm do-p-\ kn-\-un ]-s -Sp-Øp. am -tøm-ω k-`-bp-am-bn A-Sp-Ø _- w ]p-e -Øp- H-cp hy- n am -tøm-ω k-`-sb- p-dn- p- ]-cm-a -i-tøm- S C-{]-Im-c-am-W {]-Xn-I-cn- -X. -am -tøm-ω sa-{xm-t m-en- Øm-b - Cu- m-cy-øn hy- -am-b \n-e-]m-sp-. si-]n tbm-l- m-s\ am -tøm-ωm k-`-bp-ss bm-sxm-cp ]-cn-]m-sn-ifn-epw C-Xp-h-sc-bm-bpw Hu-tZym-Kn-I-am-bn -Wn- p-hm am - tøm-ω sa-{xm-t m-en-ø A-\p-h-Zn- n- n-. am-cm-a I -h j-\p t]m-epw a- k-`-bn-se _n-j- p-am - A-b- p- -Xp t]m-se-bp- -W- -Ø _n-eo-th-g -k N - n-\ A-b- phm sa-{xm-s m-en-ø C-Xp-h-sc-bm-bpw A-\p-h-Zn- n- n-. ]ns si.]n.-tbm-l- m am -tøm-ωm k-`-bp-ss ]-e ]-cn-]m- Sn-I-fn-epw ]-s -Sp- p- -X A-t±-l-Øn-s kz- Xm-e -]-cy-{]- Im-c-am-W. _n-en-th-g -k N - n-s ]-cn-]m-sn-i-fn am -tøm- Ω _n-j- p-am ]-s -Sp- p- -Xn-s\- p-dn- p- B-tcm-]-W-sØ- p-dn- a-s m-cp hy- n C-{]-Im-cw {]-Xn-I-cn- p. -ti-c-f-øn-se G-X ]-cn-]m-sn-i-fn-epw B-c -Wn m-epw t]m-ip-i F- -Xm- W {In-tkm-Ãw Xn-cp-ta-\n-bp-sS- ]-Xn-h. tpm-k-^ am -tøm- Ωm-bpw A-{]-Im-cw t]m-im-dp-. {In-tkm-Ãw Xn-cp-ta-\n A- º-e-ß-fn \-S- p- ]-cn-]m-sn-i-fn-epw ]-s -Sp- p- p. A-XpsIm- _n-en-th-g -k N - n-s\ am -tøm-ω k-` Aw-Ko-I-cn- p-sh- hym-jym-\n- p- -X i-cn-b- -. Ãm-^ dn-t m - Imen-I k-`m h -ØIƒ knf- sk] w-_ sf k` ticfm Iu kn-en \n ]n m-dp- p ti-c-f-øn-se k-`-i-fp-ss F-Iyp-an-\n- th-zn-bmb ti-c-fm Iu -kn Hm-^ N - -kn \n- pw kn-fsf k-` ]n- m-dp-hm B-K-à \m-en-\ kn-f- -sf dn-{so- sk -dn \-S- ti-c-fm do-pn-w kn-f- -sf kn-\- Un [m-c-w-bm-bn. kn-f- -sf k-`-bp-ss ÿm-]-\-߃ si-kn-kn-bp-ss ]-cn-]m-sn-iƒ- hn- p \ -Ip-I-tbm si-knkn-bp-am-bn k-l-i-cn- p-i-tbm sn-tø- n-xn-s - dn-p-w kn-\-u Xo-cp-am-\n- p. _n-en-th-g -k N - n-\ kn-f- -sf k-`-bp-ss F- Xn - n-s\ A-h-K-Wn- p sim- si-kn-kn-bn Aw-K-Xzw \ -In-b-Xm-W ]n- m- -Øn-\ Im-c-Ww. si ]n tbm-l- m- \ kn-f- -sf k-`-bm-w - ta -]- -Xzw \ -In-b-sX- pw A-ß-s\ \ -In-bn- n- m-sb- p-ap- hn-hm-zw G-sd h -jß-fm-bn \n-e-\n-e - p-i-bm-w. si-kn-kn-bn Aw-K-am-Iphm _n-en-th-g -k k-` B-dp h -jw ap-º \ -In-b A- t]- kn-f- -sf-bp-ss F-Xn - Im-c-Ww ]-cn-k-wn- n-cp- n-. Cu hn-j-bw ]Tn- p-hm si-kn-kn \n-b-an- I- Ωo-j-\w-K-hpw si-kn-kn ssh-k {]-kn-u p-am-bn-cp- tum.ssk-a tpm ti-c-f do-p-w kn-\-un ]-d- -Xn-{]-Im-cw. ""-I-Ωo-j \-S-Øn-b ]T-\-Øn _n-eoth-g -k N - n-\ Aw-K-Xzw \ -ti- -Xn- m-sb- -Xm-bn-cp- si-kn-kn- \ -In-b ip-]m -i. ]-t ]n- o-s h - j-߃- ti-jw si-kn-kn Aw-K-ß-fn `q-cn-`m-k-hpw Aw-K-Xzw sim-sp- -W-sa- \n-e-]m-sn-te- h-cn-i-bm-bncp- p. _n-en-th-g -k N - pw kn-f- -sf k-`-bp-am-bp- A- `n-{]m-b hy-xym-kw a- p- k-`-iƒ- {]-i -\-a- m-ø-xn-\mem-w B ÿn-xn D- m-b-x'' si-kn-kn cq-]w sim- -X kn-f- -sf k-`-bp-ss t\-xr-xz-øn sim- w kn-f- -sf ]- n-bn-em-w. si-kn-kn-bp-ss ÿm-]-imw-k-ß-fn H-cp k-`-bm-b kn-f- -sf-bp-ss hn-im-cw am-\n- m-xn-cp- -X i-cn-bm-bn- -sb- m-bn-cp- p-sim- w sim- m-c- -c a-lm-bn-s-h- I ssh-k sn-b -am d-h `m-\p- i-ap-th A-`n-{]m-b-s - X. Cu-à ti-c-fm a-lm-bn-s-h-i {]-Xn-\n-[n-bpw si-kn-kn {Sj-dm-dp-am-bn-cp- k -I-dn-bm- -s A-`n-{]m-bw C-{]-Im-c-am-bncp- p. ""-si- ]n tbm-l- m-s\ _n-j- m-bn hm-gn- \-S-]-Sn-sb hn-a -in- H-cp k-`-bm-b am -tøm-ω k-`-bm-w C-t mƒ si-]n-tbm-l- m-s\ F- m ]-cn-]m-sn-i-fn-epw -Wn- p-i-bpw A-h-cp-sS ]-cn-]m-sn-i-fn ÿn-c-am-bn ]-s -Sp- p-i-bpw snøp- -X''. si-kn-kn ssh-k {]-kn-u m-bn-cp- _n-j- si- Pn Zm-\n-tb : ""_n-en-th-g -k N - n-\ Aw-K-Xzw \ -Ip- -Xns\ i- -am-bn F-Xn -Ø H-cp hy- n-bm-w Rm. Rm-\n- m-sx-bn-cp- H-cp I-Ωn- n-bn _n-en-th-g -k N - n-\ Aw-K- Xzw \ -Ip-hm Xo-cp-am-\n- -t mƒ X-s Rm si-kn-kn Aw-K-Xzw cm-pn sh-b - p-i-bpw sn-b -Xp. {]-kn-u-\ -dpw sk- I - -dn-bpw B Xo-cp-am-\w a-c-hn- n- p-sh- -dn-bn- -t m-fm-w cm- Pn ]n -h-en- -X. A-Sq-cn \-S- A-kw-ªn-bn a- k-`-i-fnse Aw-K-߃ kn-f- -sf k-`-sb kw-l-sn-x-am-bn A-htl-fn- p-hm {i-an- -Xn-\m txm-a-k si D-Ω Xn-cp-ta-\n si-kn-kn-bn \n- C-d-ßn t]m-ip-i-bpw D-S-s\ Rm-\pw

11 ASn-aXzw?a tdm kmb] h n- m-bn-cp- p-sh- n Ct mgpw AhnsS ASn-a-I-fp- m-ip-am-bn-cp- ns AXn-t\mS Rm tbmpn- p- n-. aq timfp C mbn-cp-s - n Fs ai _n G ]m m-i-øn- m-sb ]d-bp- Xp t]mse-bmw B tnmzyw. Xncp-h-\- -]pcw tab ASp-Ø-bnsS ]d p timg-t cn timf-pn- m-bncp- p-sh- n Rm\o \ne-bn-em-in- m-bn-cp- p. AXn-t\mS tbmpn- n-.?anjy-w-dn-am h Xp sim t kmaqly kmwkim-cni taj-e-i-fn A`n-hr n D m-bx AXnt\mS Rm tbmpn- n-. anjy-w-dn-am kaq-l- Øn\ henb kw`m-h-\-iƒ snbxn- p F ]d-bp- a\p-jy-xzsø \in- n- p F m B[n-]-Xy-ß-fn P\- ßsf hntam-nn- n- p-i-sb- X k`-bpss ZuXy-Øns `mkamw. ]pxnb ASn-aØw GsXms taj-e-i-fn-em-sw Xncn- -dn p P\-ßsf AXn \n pw hntam-nn- n- p-i-sb- - XmW k`-bpss {]k -amb ZuXyw. X icn-bmw. si.kn.amxyp A _nj aq timf-pns hf -bn hnea-xn- m-\m-hmø kw`m-h\ snbx Bƒ BW. si.kn. amxyp A -\n- m-bn-cp-s - n timfp D m-in- m-bncp- p-sh ]d- m Rm kω-xn- n-.?tic-f-øn anjy-w-dnam h Xp sim mw IΩyq-Wn-k-Øn\ C{Xbpw hf -bp- m-b-sx ]d- m kω-xn- p-tam. AX ]q Æ-ambn Rm kω-xn- n.?anjy-w-dn-amcpss {]h Ø\w am tømω k`bn Fß-s\bm am w D m- nbx anjy-w-dn-am h Xp sim p dn^ ta-js ^eambmw am tømω k` cq]w {]m]n- -X.?anjy-W-dn-am h n- m-bn-cp- p-sh- n am tømω k`-bp- m-ibn m-bncp psh ]d- m Xncp-ta\n kω-xn- p-tam. AX Rm kω-xn- n-. Ncn-{X-]-c-ambn Ah h Xp {IntkmÃw henb sa{xm-s m-enø sim mw Cßs\ kw`-hn- -X. Aaq Ipcy C m-bncp- p-sh- n KpP-dm-Øn ]m s m-sn-bp- m-in F ]d-bm-\m-hp-tam. Imem Ime-ß-fn sszhw Hmtcm-cp-Øtcbpw Fgp-t - n- pw.?anjy-w-dn-am-cpss Iq -Øn Xncp-ta-\n ASp-Ø-dnbm-hp anjy-w-dn-bm-cmw 1918 P\n F\n A[nIw anjy-w-dn-amsc t\cn ]cn-n-b-s -Sphm Fß-s\bm km[n- pi. _nj tim ^o Un-s ho n t]mbn Rm Xma-kn- n- p-. _nj {_u, _nj Ão^ \o F nhsc F\n t\cn Adn-bmw.?Ch-cpsS F KpW-amW A`nμn- m-hp- X {]mtz-ini P\-ßsf icn pw a\- n-em n {]h Øn- n-cp hy n-bm- W. Ah-cpsS \ -b mw {]h Øn- -X. Bw n- ]mc-º-cy-am-bn-cp- psh- nepw AX-h Bcp-sS-bpw apifn ASn-t -e]n- n-cp- n-.? Rm Ata-cn- -bn B n- k Δo-kn ]s -Sp- p-i-bp- m-bn. k Δo-kn Ipcni hc-bpw. [q]-ip- n-bpw, acn- -h th n-bp {]m -\-bp-sam-s -bp- m-bn-cp- p. AX {it -b-amb Hcp Imcy-am-W. BwK -fn- k`bn c p ]mc-º-cy-߃ D. ssln, tem N. ssl N, ItØm-en m k`-bn \n p ]ncn- n pw ]expw ]q Æ-ambn Dt]- n- n-. tem N, icn pw \thm- m-\-øns A w Dƒs m {]h Øn- -hcm-w. c p ]mc-º-cy-ß-fnepw kphn-tij {]h Ø-\-ap- m-bn-cp- p. tem N ns kphn-tij the-bmw 11 sk] w-_ 2017

12 kn.fw.f. ssln n-t -XmW F.]n.Pn. kn. Fw. F. anjy-w-dn-am Z n-tw- ybnepw F. ]n. Pn. m hst C y-bnepw kphn-tij the- mbn h p.?ssl N p-im-cmw tic-f-øn h n-cp- -sx- n a tømω k`tbm kn. F.sF. k`tbm D m- I-bn- m-bn-cp psh ]d- m icn-bmswm AXn\ DØcw Ae]w {]bm-k-i-c-am-w. C sø coxn-bn a tømωm k`tbm ]gb kn.fw.ft m D m-ipam-bn-cpt m F Imcyw kwi-b-am-w.?ssl N pw tem N pw XΩn-ep hyxymkw c p Iq cpw {_n nj k m-cns B n- n 39 AwKn-I-cn- p- -h-cm-w. ] AhnsS Ip m\ snm - W-sa- n B n- nƒ 39 AwKo-I-cn- p- p-sh FgpXn simsp- -W-am-bn-cp- p. ssl N {SUo-j D ] nbpw tem N {SUo-j D ]- nbpw ASp-Ø- SpØ ImWpw. Fw^-k-kn hyxymkw Im-Wp-sa am{xw. tem N p-imsc kw_- n- p- n-s-tømfw Ipcni hc- p- -txm, [q]-ip n D]-tbm-Kn- p- -txm, acn- -h th n {]m n- p- txm Bh-iy-an- m-sb Icp-Xp- h-cmw.?anjy-w-dn-am-cpss kw`m-h-\-iƒ kmaqly kmkimcni kmº-øni taj-e-i-fn-ep- mbn p. AX \ntj- [n- phm-\m p-am-hn-. C anjy-w-dn-am-cpss {]h Ø-\-ßsf hne-bn-cpøn ]pxnb Zni-bn-te t]mi-w-sa Xncp-ta-\n txm p- pt m. CXn\ \n߃ tic-f-ønse hnhn[ k`-i-fnse _nj- p-am-scbpw kmaqly kwl-s-i-sfbpw hnfn p Iq n Hcp ^ou _m tij-cn- -W-sa- mw Fs -b-`n-{]m-bw. F n thww {]k- -hpw kwk-x-amb ZuXy-sØ- pdn Nn n- p-hm.?hcp ImeØ ss{ikxh k` tkh-\hpw XymKhpw apj-ap-{z-bmb kaq-l-am-bn-cp- p. C A[n- Imc ti{μ-ß-fm-ip-hm a -cn- p-i-bm-w. CX IΩyq- W CtIz-j kn Ak p-em-hÿ krjsn- n-cn- p-i-bm-sw mw Btcm-]Ww. Aßs\ Btcm-]-W-ap-s - n, AX icn-bm-sw- n am n-sb-sp-t - -Xm-h-iy-am-sW Imcy-Øn bmsxmcp kwi-b-hp-an-. Hmtcm {]ÿm-\hpw si n- -Sp- Ø-Xns ]n n-ep XymKw ]e-t mgpw C sø Xeap-d-b -dn-bn-. AX-dn-bm-Ø-h-cmW a p-f-f-hsc NqjWw snbx Btcm-]W hnt[-b-cm-ip- -X. a Ø ]fl-\ms\ p-dn Hcp kw`hw ]d-bp- p. F.F. F n\ th n hkxp hmßn- -Ww. ]Wan-. a Ø ]fl-\m-` Nß-\m-t»-cn-bn \n \S Idp-I- m-en Hcp ]W- m-cs\ ImW-hm sn p. sn t mƒ At±lw Ahn-sS-bn-. hcm- -bn Ccp- p. At±l-Øns `mcytbms Ae]w I n-sh w hmßn IpSn- n hcm- -bn InS- p. cm{xn ]Xn-s\m awn-bm-b-t mƒ ho p-im-c h p. At mƒ `mcy ]d- p, \nßsf ImWphm Btcm Hcmƒ h XnÆ-bn InS- p-i-bm-w. At±lw sn -t mƒ A p-x-s p t]mbn. a Ø ]X\m- sk] w-_ ` Xd-bn InS- p- p. At±lw \ Inb ]Whp-ambn Xncn Nß-\m-t»-cn-bn-te \S p F -XmW Ncn-{Xw. C{X-am{Xw IjS-s - mw Cu {]ÿm\w hf Øn-sb F{X-t] -dn-bmw. AZysØ ImesØ Z i\w kuicyw h n- p-tºmƒ F m-h pw \js-s -Sp- p? anjy-w-dn-am hntam-n-\-øns ktμ-i-amw A temi-øn\ \ In-b-X. ki-e-hn[ ASn-a-Ø- Øn \n pw. F mw ss{ikxh k`b temi- Øn\ \ Iphm ] p ktμ-iw. ASn-a-ØØn- \n p hntam-n\w Xs. C \mw ASn-a-ØØns ]pxnb apj-amw A\p-`-hn- p- -X. BtKm-f-X-e-Øn h InS tim -td ÿm]-\-ß-fpss ASn-a-Ø-Øn-te \mw s]mip-i-bm-w. \ΩpsS ]q Æ hy nxzw \js-s Ah -Sn-a-bm-bn mw \ΩpsS Nn - Ifpw {]h Ø-\-ßfpw cp]w simf-fp- -X. AXp-sIm BZy-ambn ASn-a-Ø-Øns ]pxnb apj-øn \n p-ap Hcp hntam-n\øn\ P\-ßsf k -cm- -Ww. c m-ax, P\-ßsf Nqj-W-Øn \n hntam-nn- n- -Ww. hntzi \nt -]-Øn-eqsS kw`-hn- p- X ChnsSsØ P\-ßsf NqjWw snbx ]Ww sim p-t]m- Ip-hm-\p Hcp am -ambn Xocp-I-bm-W. AX Nqj-W- Øns Hcp `mk-am-w. CX Km n-pn-bpss Nn -Iƒ hncp- -am-w. hntzi B[n-]-Xy-Øn-s\-Xn-sc-bmW Km npn kacw snbx-x. aq m-ax, azy-]m-\-øn-s\-xnsc P\-ßsf t_m[- h -cn-t DØ-c-hm-Zn-Ø-ap-. P\-ßsf azy-]m-\- Øn \n hntam-nn- n- -Ww. hntz-in-b ChnsS henb tlm -ep-ifpw dntkm p-ifpw \nim _p-ifpw Bcw-`n- p-tºmƒ I p-ipsn kwk mcw hym]-iamipw. azy-]m- \-Øn\ kui-cy-an- m-sb- n, kmb] tic-f-øn-te hcn-i-bn- msb mw ]d-bp- -X. Ah htc-. Ah Ahn-sS-bn-cp p IpSn-t m-s. \mem-ax {]IrXn I\n- -\p-{k-ln- -Xmb at\m-l-camb `panbpw Pehpw NqjWw snbxp sim p t]miphm `qan ]m -Øn\ \ Ip ]cn-]msn FXn -s -ts- -Xm-W. ap -s -cn-bm ]m -Øn\ \ In-b-Xns tzmj- ^-e-ß-fmw \man A\p-`-hn- p- -X. `qan ]W-b-s -Sp- Øp- X ASpØ Xe-ap-d-tbmS snøp ]m]-am-w. \qdp h j-øn\ tijw \ma-h-ti-j-amb `pan-bmw e`n- p- sx- n B `qan XncnsI In n-bn F {]tbm-p-\w. k m ]d-bp X ] ni PmXn- m simsp- p-hm ÿe-an- m-sb- mw. hos hb p-hm Cu kwÿm- \sø P\-߃ simsp- p-hm km[n- mø k m, hntz-in-iƒ Zo L-Im-e-tØ ]m -Øn\ simsp- p-hm Xøm-dmW t]mepw, CX A\o-Xn-b-t. a\p-jy-xzsø \in- n- p F m B[n-]-Xy-ß-fn \n pw P\-ßsf hntam-nn- n- p-i-sb- X k`-bpss ZuXy- Øns `mk-amw. ]pxnb ASn-aØw GsXms taj-e- I-fn-em-sW Xncn- -dn p P\-ßsf AXn \n pw hntam-nn- n- p-i-sb- -XmW k`-bpss {]k -amb ZuXyw. tum. amxyp timin ]p -b ms

13 Rm ]-d-bp- ap-jy-a-{ n- bm-sxm-cp hn-zym-`ymk tbm-ky-xbpw C m-bn-cp p. I- m B-I -j-wo-bamb ap-j-an m-bn-cp p. I-cnw-I-dp- p-\n-d-am-bn-cp p. hn-tij-s - th-j-[mc-ww C m-bn-cp p. IqSn-b Ip-Spw-_- ]m-c-ºcy-tam, B-VyXztam C m-bn-cp p. Cw o-tjm, lnμntbm kw-km-cn- m-\p- I-gn-hn m-bn-cp p. A-t±lw H-cp {]kw-k-i t]mepw A m-bn-cp- p. A-t±-l- Øn-s t]-cm-w si. Im-a-cm-P \m-sm. A-t±-lw X-an-g- \m-s ap-jy-a{ n B-bn-cp p. ta - -d tbm-ky-x-iƒ ap-jy-a-{ n F- \n-e-bn Im-a-cm- P X-s h-ip- p- Iƒ ssi-imcyw sn-bxn-cp ssi-en A- me- Øp hen-b a-xn- n-\n-s-bm- n-bncp p. hf-sc ]n-t m- m-h-ÿbn In-S- n-cp- X-an-g-\m nse Hmtcm {Km-a-ß-fn-te pw A-t±-lw ]-cys-\w \-S-Øn-s m- C-hn-sS G-Xm\pw Zn-h-k-߃ Xm-a-kn- p- Ibpw A-hn-Sp-sØ A-Snÿm-\ hn- I-k-\-Øn-\p th- k-iqƒ, t]mk Hm-^ok, hn-t P Hm-^ok, P-etkN-\w F n-h \-S- n-hm- p- co- Xn A- p-x-i-c-am-bn-cp p. PÃnk si.- n. txmak H pw C m-xn-cp- n- w A-t±-lw Fß-s\ ap-jy-a{ n Bbn. A-Xp a-s m-cp hn-jbw. Rm a-{zm-k tem timf-pn ]Tn- p- Ime-Ø A-t±-lw X-an-g-\m-S ap-jy-a- { n-bm-bn-cp p. B Im-eØp C- y-bn-se an- -hmdpw F m kw-ÿm-\-ß-fnepw `c-ww \-S-Øn-bn-cp -X C- y \m-j-w tim -{K-k B-bn-cp p. X-an-g-\m-S \n-b-ak-`m sx-c-s -Sp- n tim -{K-k ]m - n- h - `q-cn-]- w In- n-b-t mƒ e-pn-t - ]m - n-bp-ss t\- Xr-ÿm-\-tØ \-S-Ø-s - a- -c-øn Im-a-cm-P \m- Smcpw ]n - me-ø ti-{μ-a-{ nbpw tim -{K-k {]- kn-u pw B-bn-cp- p kn. kp-{_la-wyhpw X-Ωn-embn-cp- p a- cw. t\-xr-xz sx-c-s -Sp- n Im-a-cm-Pm- W P-bn- X. A-t±-lw ]n-s -Znh-kw X-s kn.kp-{_- -Wy-sØ h-k-xn-bn sn- A-t±l-sØ X-s Iym- _n-\- n c mw ÿm-\- m-c-\m-bn -Wn- p-ibpw [- \-Im-cy h-ip pw B-`y- -c h-ip pw hm-k-zm-\w sn-øp- Ibpw sn-b-xp. A pw C pw A-{]-Im-cw D m-ip - X hf-sc A-]q -Δ-am-bn- mw. ap-jy-a-{ nbm-b Im-a-cm- PmI-s I-Ωyq-Wn- n U-h-e-]-sa pw dq-d ]p-c-k-imchpw A-S-ßp- c- p h-ip- p-iƒ am{xw F-SpØp-sIm- a- p h-en-b h-ip- p-iƒ F mw B. sh- n- -cm-a (]n- o-s C- y cm-{ -]-Xn-bm-bn) Dƒ-s -ss-bp- h-sc G - n- p-am-w a-{ n-k-` cq-]o-i-cn- -X. Rm hn-zym - n-bm-bn-cp- Ime-Ø P-h-l -em s\- {lp-hn-s ti-{μ-a{ n k-`-bn B-`y- -c h-ip- p ssi- Imcyw sn-b-xn-cp -X I-cp-Ø\m-b ]-fin- tkm-hn-μ h -` ]- B-bn-cp p. H-cn- A-t±-lw t_mw-_- bn h- ]-d-bp-i-bp- m-bn C- y-bn G hpw \- mbn `-cn- -s -Sp- kw-ÿm-\w Im-a-cm-P ap-jy-a-{ n-bmbn-cp- X-an-g-\m-S B-W F. Im-a-cm-P a-{ n-k-` A- p h -jw ]q -Øn-bm-bn- -gn- p- sx-c-s -Sp- n Im-a-cm-Pn-s tim -{K-k ]m - n X-s ho pw _- lp-`q-cn-] w t\sn. ]-s Im-a-cm-P B-Zy-am-bn snbx-x Xm Xp-S pw ap-jy-a{ n B-hp-I-bn-s - p {]- Jym-]n- p-i-bm-bn-cp p. ]-ecpw A-t±l-sØ \n -_- ns - nepw A-t±-lw A-Xn-\p h-g-ßn-bn. X-s ]m - nbn-se `- -h -ew F- t\-xm-hn-s\ ap-jy-a{ n B- p- -Xn-\ A-t±-lw \n -t±-in- p-ibpw A-X \-S- n-emhp-ibpw sn-bxp. A-Xn-\p ti-jw C-{]-Im-c-ap-s m-cp 13 sk] w-_ 2017

14 amxr-i Im-Wn -X ti-c-f-øn kn. A-Nyp-Xta-t\m ap-jy-a{ n ÿm-\w Im-emh-[n ]q -Øn-bm n-b ti-jw \-S- sx-c-s -Sp- n a- -cn- m t]mepw X-ømdm-bn F- -XmW. kzx-{ C- y-bp-ss N-cn-{X-Øn tim -{K-k ]m - n X-ß-fp-sS e- y-am-bn tkm-jy-en-kw Aw-Ko-I-cn- Xpw B k-tω-f-\-øn-em-bncp p. \m-ep Znh-kw \o- p-\n B k-tω-f-\- Øn-s ap-gp-h kw-lm- S-I-\m-bn-cp- Xpw k -Δ-cpsSbpw {]-iw-k-b- p ]m- {Xo-`q-X-\m-bn Xo - Xpw Im-a-cm-P \m-sm-cm-bn-cp p. ap-jy-a-{ n F- \n-ebn Im-a-cm-P X-s h- Ip- p-iƒ ssi-imcyw snbxn-cp ssi-en A- me-øp hen-b a-xn- n- \n-s-bm- n-bn-cp p. hf-sc ]n-t m- m-h-ÿ-bn In- S- n-cp- X-an-g-\m nse Hmtcm {Km-a-ß-Ønte pw A-t±-lw ]-cys- \w \-S-Øn-s m- C-hnsS G-Xm\pw Zn-h-k-߃ Xm-a-kn- p-ibpw A-hn-SpsØ A-Snÿm-\ hn-i-k- \-Øn-\p th- k-iqƒ, t]m-k Hm-^ok, hnt P Hm-^ok, P-e-tkN- \w F n-h \-S- n-em- p- co-xn A- p-x-i-c-am-bncp p. [-\-h-ip- p sk-{i- -dnbpw a- p h-ip- p-x-e-h- mcpw D-tZym-K-ÿ- mcpw A-t±-l-tØm-sSm- w {Kma k-μ -i-\ ka-bw k- n-ln-x-c-cm-bn-cn- -W-sa- A-t±-lw \n-j-i -jn- ncp p, Hmtcm {Km-a-Øn\pw th- F m A-Snÿm-\ ku-i-cy-ß-fp-ssbpw \, πm-\p-iƒ k-ln-xw D- \m-sp `-cn- p- ap-jy-a-{ n-bpss A-Ω-bp-sS Ip-Sn H-cp ^m t]mepw C m-ø-{x tim- N-\o-bam-b A-h-ÿ I, aq- p ap-dn-i-fp- H-cp hos, F-b - I- o-j sn-bxp-sim-sp- m B hy-h-km-bn Xo-cp-am- \n p. A-X-dn- Im-a-cm-P A- Xn-te- hy-h-km-bn sn-e-h-gn- m X-ømdm-b kw-jy hm-ßnsb-sp-øp B {Km-a-Øn H-cp k-iqƒ ]-Wn-bn p. X-s A- Ω F-kn ap-dn-bn In-S- p-i-bns pw Ip-Sn-en-se Xm-a-k-am-W A-Ω-b h-f-sc t -a-sa pw hy-h-km-bn-sb A-dn-bn p. tzym- -K-ÿ- m lm-p-cm-i-w-sa pw H-cp {Km-a-Øn \n pw t]m-ip- -Xn-\p ap-ºpx-s A-Xn-s hni-k- \ {]-h -Ø-\-ß-fp-sS D-Z-LmS-\w \-S-Ø-W-sa pw Ima-cm-P \n -_- -ambpw ]m-en p-t]m- p. Im-a-cm-Pn-s\ - n ]-d-bp-tºmƒ A-t±-l-Øn-s {]-h - Ø-\ co-xn-sb Nq- n- m-wn- p- c- p kw-`-h-߃ C-hn-sS F-Sp-Øp ]-d-bm Rm B-{K-ln- p p. H- cn- A-t±-lw X-s A-Ω Xm-a-kn- n-cp- Un -Un- K F- {Km-a-Øn-se-Øn H-cp Ip-Sn-en Xm-a-kn- ncp- h-tbm-[n-ibm-b X-s A-Ω-bp-sS t -aw A- t\z-jn- p-tºmƒ H-cp hy-h-km-bn-bpw A-t±-l-tØmsSm- w D- m-bn-cp p. \m-sp `-cn- p- ap-jy-a-{ n-bpss A-Ω-bp-sS Ip-Sn H-cp ^m t]mepw C m-ø-{x tim-n-\o-bam-b A-h-ÿ I, aq- p ap-dn-i-fp- H- cp hos, F-b -I- o-j sn-bxp-sim-sp- m B hyh-km-bn Xo-cp-am-\n p. A-X-dn- Im-a-cm-P A-Xn-te- hy-h-km-bn sn-e-h-gn- m X-ømdm-b kw-jy hmßn-sb-sp-øp B {Km-a- Øn H-cp k-iqƒ ]-Wnbn p. X-s A-Ω F-kn ap-dn-bn In-S- p-i-bns pw Ip-Sn-en-se Xm-ak-am-W A-Ω-b h-f-sc t -a-sa pw hy-h-km-bnsb A-dn-bn p. ]n- os Cu hm -Ø C- y-bn ap-gp-h\pw H-cp hen-b hnj-b-am-bn amdn. F- m Im-a-cm-P AX H-cp hm - Ø-b- p th- n \-S-Ønb H-cp {]-h -Øn-b-s - pw F m-h pw A-dnbm-am-bn-cp- p. c- ma-sø kw-`-hw Rm A-dn -X Im-a-cm- Pn-s a-c-w-ti-jw A-t±l-Øn-s ss{]h- sk- {I- -dn F-gpXn-b H-cp te- J-\-Øn \n- mw. A- X C-{]-Im-c-am-bn-cp p. H- cn- ap-jy-a{ n Im-acmP Hcp Hu-tZymKn-I k- μ -i-\m - w Xn-cp-s\ th-en-bn sn- -t mƒ k -Iyq- lu-kn Ip-sdt\-cw sn-e-h-gn-t n h p. X-t m-ssm- w No- ^ sk-{i- -dnbpw G- Xm\pw sk-{i- -dn-amcpw A-h-c-h-cp-sS Im-dp-I-fn F-Øn-bn-cp p. Im-a-cm-P D- `- -W ti-jw ]-Xn-hp- H-cp a-wn- q D-d- hpw I-gn- X-\n- H-cp Sm- I-kn-Im G - m-sm- n sim-sp- m X-s sk-{i- dntbm-sp B-h-iy-s p. A-Xp A-dn- No-^ sk-{i dn K-h -sa p h-i 23 Im-dp-Iƒ A-t mƒ k -Iyq- lu-kn In-S- p-s - Nq- n- m-wn p. A-Xn-\p Ima-c-cm-P ]-d- a-dp]-sn C-X F-s kz- Im-cy-Øn- \ H-cp {^- n-s\ ]m- -dp-xp- BW. A-Xn-te- s]m-xp]-ww Rm F-Sp- -am-s F- -s{x. Cu kw`hw ss{]h- sk-{i -dn Fp-Xn-bn m-bn-cp-s - n tem- Iw A-X A-dn-bp-I-bn m-bn-cp p. Rm Im-a-cm-Pn-s\ t\-cn- p I- n- p. a-{zm-kn-se a-do- \m _o- n \-S-Ø-s - H-cp s]mxp-tbm-k-øn sk] w-_

15 h mbn-cp- p. A- m-e-ø Rm a-{zm-k tem tim-f-pn- ]Tn- p-i-bm-bn-cp- p-. a-do-\ I-S- p-d-øp \-S- H-cp tbm-k-øn ap-jy-a-{ n Im-a-cm-P kw-_- n- p- p F- hm -Ø I- p-sim- m-w -Rm-\pw G-Xm-\pw k- Xo - y-cpw A-hn-sS F-Øn-b-X. I-S- p-dw a-\p-jy-k-ap- {Z-am-bn am-dn- -gn- n-cp- p. tbm-kw Xp-S-ßn A-c-a-Wn- q I-gn- m-w Im-a-cm-P A-hn-sS F-Øn-b-X. A- t mƒ P-\-߃ F-gp-t - \n- A-t±-l-sØ kzo-i-cn- -X G-g-bn I-Æo Xp-S- pw Im-a-cm-P hm-g-ssi- hmg-ssi F- D- -Øn B -Øp hn-fn- p-sim- m-bn-cp- p. A-t±-l-Øn-s {]-kw-kw ti- -t mƒ e-fn-x-am-b `m-j-bn A-t±-lw ar-zp-hm-b kz-c-øn P-\-ß-tfm-Sp kw-km-cn- p-i-bm-w F- m-w F-\n- p txm- n-b-x. H-cn- F-\n- A-t±-l-tØm-S t\-cn- p kw-km-cn- phm-\n-s-h- p. A-t±-lw C- y \m-j-w tim -{Kk {]-kn-u B-bn sx-c-s -Sp- -s - -Xn-s\ Xp-S - A-t±-lw tim- b-øp h- -t mƒ A- A-hn-`- tim -{K-k ]m - n-bp-ss H-cp k-po-h {]-h -Ø-I-\m-bncp- Rm tim- -bw sd-k- lu-kn sn- Nn-e tim -{K-k Im-cy-߃ A-dn-bn- m Xm-e-]-cy-s - p. F-\n- X-an-g A-dn-bn- m-bn-cp- p. ]-s Rm Cw- ojn ]-d- Im-cy-߃ A-t±-l-Øn-\p a-\-kn-em-hp- I-bpw h-fsc sn-dn-b hmni-ß-fn F-t m-sp a-dp-]-sn ]-d-bp-i-bpw sn-b-xp. C- y-bp-ss B-Zy-sØ {]-[m-\ a-{ n P-h-l -em s\- {lp G- -hpw C-j-S-s - hy- n-bm-bn-cp- p Im-a-cm-P. B Im-e-Ø Im-a-cm-P ]- -Xn F-s m-cp ]-cn-]m-sn-bpss kr- n-xm-hm-bn am-dn-b Im-a-cm-P A-h-cp-sS ]m - n- -I-Ø H-cp D-S- p hm - \-S-Øm s\-{lp-hn-t\m- Sp \n -t±-in- p. A-Xp s\-{lp kzo-i-cn- -Xn-s ^-e-ambn Zo -L-Im-ew ti-{μ-a-{ n-am-cm-bn-cp- -h-cn ]-e-cpw ]m - n {]-h -Ø-I-cm-bn am-{xw am- -s - p. s\-{lp-hn-s B-I-k-an-I-am-b \n-cym-w-sø Xp-S - C- y-bn H- cp {]-Xn-k- n kr- n- -s - -X s\-{lp-hn-\p ti-jw B-c F- tnm-zy-am-bn-cp- p. \n -Æm-b-I-am-b B k- μ -`-Øn Im-a-cm-P U -ln-bn F-Øn B {]-i- \w ]-cn-l-cn- -X k-i-e-cp-ss-bpw {]-iw-k- n-s-bm- n. F- m-h - pw k-ω-x-\m-bn-cp- -X Im-a-cm-P B-bn-cps - n-epw ]Tn- n- m-ø-xpw Cw- o-j kw-km-cn- m A-dn-bm-Ø-Xpw B-b Xm A-Xn-\p Xo -Øpw A- tbm-ky-\m-sw- X-d- n- p ]-d- n- ]n- o-s Iq-Sp-X t] - k-ω-x-\m-b em _-l-zq im-k-{xn-bp-ss sxc-s -Sp- A-t±-lw km-[n-s -Sp-Øp. A-[n-I-Im-ew I-gn-bp- -Xn-\p ap-ºp em _-l-zq km-k-{xn lr-zb-k-xw-`-\w aq-ew d-jy-bn h- p \n-cym-x-\m-b-t mƒ ho- pw D-S-se-Sp-Ø {]-Xn-k- n-bp-ss ]- m-ø-ew \n - Wm-b-I-am-bn se C- ym- -]m-in-k-xm bp- w \-S- Im-e-Øm-bn-cp- p A-Xp kw-`-hn- -X. samdm - Pn tz-im-bn {]-[m-\ a-{ n ÿm\-tø- ]-e-cp-ss-bpw ]n- p-w-tbm-ss Ah-Im-i-ap- -bn-s - n-epw Im-a-cm-P \m-sm C-μn-cm Km- n-sb {]-[m-\-a-{ n B- p-i-bpw sam-dm -Pn tz-im-bn-sb sim- su-]yq- n {]-[m-\-a-{ n ÿm-\w kzo-i-cn- p-hm k-ω-xn- n- p-i-bpw sn-b- F- m C-μn-cm Km- n ]n - m-e-øp sn-b-xp Iq- n-b {]-h -Øn-Iƒ- Nn-e kz-im-cy em-`-øn-\p th- n C- y \m-j- W tim -{K-kn-s\ c- m-bn sh- n- o-dn \-in- n- -Xpƒ-s -ss Im-a-cm-Pn- \ lr-z-bw th-z-\ D- m- p-i-bpw A-[n-Iw Xm-akn-bm-sX A-t±-lw lr-zb-k-xw-`-\w aq-ew \n-cym- X-\m-hp-I-bpw sn-bxp. X-tXm-Sp Iq-Sn B h -{]-Xn-k- n-bpw X-c-Ww sn-øp- I-bpw sn-b-xp F- -X A- H-cp tem-i-hm -Ø-bmbn am-dn. A- -cm-`y-k-an- m-ø, I-dp-Ø X-Sn- bm-sxmcp ku-μ-cy-hp-an- m-ø Im-a-cm-Pn-s Nn-{Xw hn-tz-i cm-py-ß-fn-se ]-{X-am-[y-a-ß-fn \n-d- p \n- p. F- m C-μn-cm Km- n ]n - m-e-øp sn-b-xp Iq- n-b {]-hr-øn-iƒ- Nn-e kz-im-cy em-`-øn-\p th- n C- y \m-j-w tim -{K-kn-s\ c- m-bn sh- n- o-dn \-in- n- -Xpƒ-s -ss Im-a-cm-Pn-\ lr-z-b th-z- \ D- m- p-i-bpw A-[n-Iw Xm-a-kn-bm-sX A-t±-lw lr-z-b-k-xw-`-\w aq-ew \n-cym-x-\m-hp-i-bpw sn-b-xp. C- p Xn-cn- p-t\m- p-tºmƒ F-s hy- -am-b A- `n-{]m-b-øn Im-a-cm-P \m-sm-tc- mƒ m-\n-bpw {]mtbm-kn-i-_p- n-bp- -bm-fpw k-xy-k- -X-bp-sS-bpw \nkzm - -X-bp-sS-bpw Bƒ-cq-]-am-bn am-dn-b a-s m-cp cm- { o-b t\-xm-hn-s\ F-\n- - kz-x-{ C- y-bp-ss N-cn- {X-Øn Im-Wm km-[n- n- n-. A-tXm-Sp-Iq-Sn Im-a-cm- P \m-sm ku-μ-cy-hpw ku-c-`y-hpw h-gn-s m-gp-ip- A-Xp-ey-\m-b H-cp hy- n-bm-bn- m-w Rm I-W- m- p- -X. 15 sk] w-_

16 tziob Nn -Iƒ Izn- n- ym-zn-\-øn-se a-t\m-c-y߃ tum. Un. _m-_p t]mƒ Hm-K-k- 9 Izn- n ym Zn-\w, Izn- C y, IS- ]p-dø, F- ap-{zm-hiyw \n -Ωn- bqk- ^ sa-l A-en F- a-lmcm-{ - mcs Hm -Ω ap- n \-a-k- -cn- msx Cu \mƒ F-s - nepw Ip-dn- m- \m-hp-i-bn. ti-h-ew 47 kwh- -c߃ am{xw Cu `q-anbn Po-hn- n-cp- sa-ld-en A- y-izm-kw h-en -X `mc- Xw H-cp dn- -ªn-I B-b-Xn-\ ti-jw B-bn-cp p. Ir-Xyam-bn ]-d- m 1950 Pqsse aq- n-\ B tz-im-`n-am-\nbp-ss hn-tbm-k-øn t_mw-s_ \K-cw hn-aq-i-am-bn. A- A-hn-Sp-sØ k-t m-i F-I-k-tN- n H-cp hym-]mchpw \-S- n. tzm-m-{kn I-_-dn-ÿm-\n-te-b- P-\w H-gpIn. C- Bcpw B [oc-s\ k-a-cn- p- n F - Xn Xn-I pw tj-z-i-c-amw. ]-ip N-sØ- I-cp-Xn tamcn-se ]p-fn t]m-im ]m-spt m? C q-ss Rm H-cp a-e-bm-fn-sbbpw Hm - p p. sn-º- I-cm-a ]n-. P -Ω-\n-bn \n- `m-c-xo-b-kzm-x-{ y- Øn-s Iml-fw ap-g n-b Xn-cp-h-\- -]p-c-øp-imc. A-t±-l-Øn-s \n-k -Xp-e-kw-`m-h-\bpw H-cp ap-{zm-hmiyw X-s BW. P-b-lnμ. Izn- C- y a-lm-fl-pn-bp-ss-bpw -P-b-ln-μ t\-xm-pn-bp- sk] w-_ ssbpw t]-cn A-dn-b-s -Sp -X A-Xn-km-[m-c-Wam-b H-cp a-\p-jy-kz-`mh-sø kq-nn- n- p- p F- I-cp-Xnbm axn. _n.f. cm-hp F sf.kn.f-k Imcs\ Bcpw Hm - m-dn-. C- y-bp-ss `-c-wl-s-\ I-ø- -c-øn F-gp-Xn-bp- m n-b dm-hp-hn-s\-b A-X `- c-w-ls-\m \n Ωm-W k-`-bn A-h-X-cn- n- Aw-_-Z- -sd-bm-w \mw `-c-w-l-s-\-bp-ss in-e-]n F- hn-fn- p- X. \m- p-cm-pyß-sf kw-tbm-pn- n- C- y-sb B- {^n- -ss\-tk-j-\n \n- kw-c- n hn.]n ta-t\m F- ti-{μ K-h -sa sk-{i- -dn-sb a-e-bm-fn t]mepw Hm - m-dn ; \mw Hm - p -X k -Zm ]-t -en-s\ BW. sim- n hn-am-\-øm-h-f-øn-s t]-cn B-d am-k-tømfw I-tk-cbpw Imdpw t^mwpw C m-sx I- -s - -bmsf- m-tf-sd C- A-Xn-s\ ]p- n- p-ibpw ]n-s B hm-zy-kw-l-øn-s t\-xrxzw G-s -Sp- p-ibpw snb- X cm-{ o-b t\-xm-hn-\ a-lxzw Nm -Øm-\m-W -\-ap- hmk\. C-{Xbpw Ip-dn- -t m-gm-w C -Izn-em-_ kn-μm-_m-z F- ap-{z-hmiyw \n -Ωn- l-kd-ø sam-km-\n-bp-ss t]c Hm -Ω-bn sx-fn- X. A-X a- m pw Nm -Ø-s - n- n-s - txm- p- p. F- nepw \-ΩpsS Hm -Ω \-Ωp-sS C ß-fp-sS {]-Xn-^-e-\-am-hp- p F- \n-co n m-sx hø. kn-e-œo-h saω-dn F- ]-dbpw km-bn. A-Xn-cn- s. Izn- n- ym-k-a-c-øn-\ F-gp-]-Øn-b pw kzm-x- { y-øn-\ F-gp-]Xpw Xn-I-bp- am-k-am-wt m CX.

17 - kzm-x-{ y-sø- p-dn- p- Fs Hm -Ω 1947 B-K-k- 15 mw Xob-Xn cm-hn-se F-s A- F-t m-sp ]-d- H-cp hm-iy-amw. \o D-d-ßn-b-t mƒ C- y- kzm- X-{ yw In n. A-Ωbpw Rm\pw B k-ab-ø ]m-xn-cm {]m - -\ \n-h -Øn- p-ibpw cm-py-øn-\p th- n sszh-tøm-s A-t]- n- p-i-bpw sn-bxp. \o \ D-d- am-bn-cp p. ]m-xn-cm{xn D-W -s -gp-t - p {]m- n p- I F- p- X k-\ym-km-{i-a-ß-fn am{xw ]-Xn-hp- H-cp N-cy-bmW. Ip-Spw-_-Po-hn-Xw \-bn- p- -h - G- g bm-a-ß-fn-se {]m - -\ c- m-bn-øn-cn- k- y-b pw {]-`m-x-ønepw \-S-Øp-hm ss{i-k-x-h-k-`-bn A- \p-hm-z-ap. kzm-x-{ y-øn-s A - -cm-{xn-bn-se {]m - -\, AXp-sIm, H-cp {]-txy-i {]-hr-øn-x-s -bmbn-cp p. A- B-dp hb- p {]m-b-ap- m-bn-cp- F-\n- F-s cm-py-tøm-sp- k t\-lhpw {]-Xn-_- -Xbpw h- f -Øn-sb-Sp- m-\p- A-Sn- Ø-d A s Cu hm-iy-ßfm-bn-cp- p F- A-c-\q- m- n-\p-ti-jw Xn-cn- p t\m- p-tºmƒ F-\n- p txm- p p. C pw Rm tim-hnμn\pw tam-zn pw ]n-w-dm-bn hn-p-b\pw th- n \n-xyhpw {]m - n- p -X A-h-cp-sS k-z-_p- n F-s \m-sn-\ \n - Æm-b-I-am-W F- F-\n- DØ-a-t_m[yw D- Xp-sIm- mw. A-Xn-s D-d-hn-S-amIs kzm-x-{ y-øn-s ]m-xnc-t\c-ø F-s am-xm-]n-xm- ƒ F-s am-xr-`q-an- th- n {]m - n- p F- A-dnhm-W Xm-\pw. A- F-s \m- n Sm-dn tdm-up- m-bn-cp- n. th-\ - me-ø s]m-sn-]-d- m-xn-cn- m ho- -bn sh- w \nd- tdm-un- timcn-sbm-gn- m I- -h-s- m G - m-spsn-øp-am-bn-cp- p. B-ep-hbn \n- p aq- mdn-te- p t]m-hp-i-am-bn-cp- H-cp F-Ik -{]- _kpw s]-cp-ºm-hq I-h-e-bn \n- sx-t m- p Xn-cn- p-t]m-ipp- kz- Im-cy-_kpw Hmt m ct m I-cn-h- n-i-fpw ]n-s k kn-]n G -s -Sp-Øn-b k - m Im tkm k -Δo-kn-s txbne tem-dn-ifpw B-bn-cp- p B {]-tzi-ø s]m-sn- ]-d-øn-bn-cp- hm-l-\߃. hn-zyp - n B-Im-i-Øneq-sS h-en- I-ºn-I-fm-bn-cp p. B I-ºn-bn Ir-Xyam-bn sim- -Ø- h-æw I-s -dn-bp- -Xn an-sp- -\mbn-cp- ]m- R߃ sim- p-ip- n-i-fp-ss H-cp lotdm B-bn-cp p. k- y-b-sp- p-tºmƒ ap- n-cp- m-w th-kw t]m-i-w-sa- p ]-d-bp -X ]-Xn-hm-bn ti- p h- n-cp- H-cp hm-iy-amw. C- F-s \m- n-se Ip- n- Iƒ- ap- n-cn- F- p ]-d- m F- m-w F pt]mepw A-dn-bm-sa- p txm- p- n-. B-Zy-am-bn hn-zyp - n F-Øn-b-X, B-Zy-am-bn \m- n H-cmƒ Im hm-ßnbx, B-Zy-am-bn \m- n H-cp tduntbm i- w ]p-d-s - Sp-hn- m Xp-S-ßn-bX, B-Zy-am-bn h- n Ãm - m- p- I-ºn I-d- p- Xp-t]m-se I-d- n-hn-fn- p- H-cp sse-t^m \m- n h -X H-s F-s _m-ey-im-e-ka-c-w-i-fp-ss `m-k-amw. Cu I-gn- G-g ]-Xn- m- n- \n-s-bn Cß-s\ F-s mw am- ߃ Cu \m- n-ep-s- \o-fw h- n-cn- p- p. C pw Rm tim-hn-μn\pw tam-zn pw ]n-w-dm-bn hn-pb\pw th- n \n-xyhpw {]m - n- p -X A-h-cp-sS k-z-_p- n F-s \m-sn-\ \n -Æm-b-I-am-W F- F- \n- DØ-a-t_m[yw D- Xp-sIm- mw. A-Xns D-d-hn-S-amI-s kzm-x- { y-øn-s ]m-xn-c-t\c- Ø F-s am-xm-]n-xm- ƒ F-s am-xr-`q-an- th- n {]m - n- p F- A-dn-hm- W Xm-\pw. Ir-jnbp-sSbpw `- t ym -]m-z-\-øns bpw Imcyw F-Sp- pi. kzm-x-{ yw In- n-b-ime-ø \-Ωp-sS D -]mz-\w A ptim-sn S Xn-I- p- m-bn-cp- n. kzm-x- { y-øn-s I-\-I-Pq- _n-en- me-ø c- p tim-sn-bp-ss H-cp I-cp- X ti-j-c-tøm-sp Iq-Sn 20 tim-sn-bn-e-[n- Iw {]-Xn-h -jw D - m-zn- n- p- H-cp cm- Py-am-bn \mw h-f - ncn- p p. C-X `- y- [m\y-ß-fp-ss Im-cy-amsW- n ]-g-h - ߃, ]- - dn, ap-, a yw F- n-h-bpss Im-cy-Ønepw \-ap- p h-f-sc-tb-sd t\- ߃ D- m-bn-cn- p p. `q-]-cn-ji-c-w \n-b-a-߃ h-gn ]-e kw-ÿm-\-ß-fnepw b- Ym - I -j-i Nqj-W-Øn \n- tamn-\w t\sn. P-etkN-\w h - n p. cmk-h-f-ß-fp-ss D-]-tbm-Khpw Ip-Xn- p-b p. F- m C-Xns -sbm-s a-dp-h-ihpw ImtW- -Xp. cm-k-hf-߃ \-Ωp-sS a-æns\ tzm-j-i-c-am-bn _m-[n- p- p F- Xn-cn- -dn-h C- hym-]-i-amw. Im jn-i \n-b-aß-fp-ss ]-cn-j-ic-ww ]-e-bn-søpw kr- n- {]-i-\- ߃- bp- n-]-cam-b ]-cn-lm-cw Im-Wm I-gn- n- n. D -]m-z-\- -a-x C-\nbpw h - n-t - n-bn-cn- p p. Cu \q- m- n-se G- hpw {]-[m-\-s - Im jn- 17 sk] w-_ 2017

18 - C- p \-ap- a- -fn. D - X timw-πm Ip- n-i-fmw. C- p \-Ωp-sS Ip- p-߃ k-t\-ln- p -X {]-Ir- Xn-sb-b c-k \-sb-bmw. I {]-i-\w ]-cn-ÿn-xn-sb tzm-j-i-c-am-bn _m-[n- m- Ø co-xn-bn D-b - D - ]m-z-\hpw D - m-z-\- -a- Xbpw ssi-h-cn- p -X Fß-s\ F- -Xm-bn-cn- pw. i-cmi-cn B-bp -ssz Lyw h-f-sc-tb-sd IqSn. AXp-sIm- hr- -P-\-ß-fp-sS {]-i-\- ߃ {]-txy-i {i- A -ln- p p. A-tXm-sSm- w P-\- kw-jy \n-b-{ n- p-hm \- SØn-b ]-cn-{i-a-߃ ticfw, X-an-g-\m-S XpS-ßn Npcp- w Nn-e kw-ÿm-\-ß-fne m-sx th -{X hn-p-bn- n- n. C-sXm-s \-sω C cp- Øn Nn- n- n-t - -XmW. C-Xn-t\- mƒ {]-[m-\am-b kwk-xn hn-zym`ym-k kmwk-imcn-i ta-j-e-i-fmw. \- Ωp-sS hn-zym-`ym-kw k-iqƒ- X-e-Øn hym-]-i-am-bn- ps - nepw k -Δ-I-emim-em- X-e-Øn Xm-g \n-e-hmc-øn Xp-S-cp-I-bmW. tim- Sn- -W- n-\m-w H-cp Znh-kw ]p-d-øp-h-cp- Zn-\- - {X߃. F- m cm-py-sø P-\-kw-Jy-bp-sS ]Ønsem- p-am{xw \n-h-kn- p- \-K-c-ß-fn-em-W C-Xn `q-cn-]- hpw sn-e-h-gn- -s -Sp- X. A-tX-ka-bw A- Xn-te-sd P-\-߃ ss-en-hnj-s kzm-[o-\-h-e-b-ønemw. Cu ta-j-e-bn-se `oj-wn \-Ωp-sS kw-k-im-c- Øn-\ A-\yam-b aq-ey-߃ H-cp X-e-apd-sb H- m-si kzm-[o-\n- p- X-c-Øn {]-N-cn- p- p F- p- -XmW. `m-c-x-øn-se G- hpw {]-[m-\-s - {]-i -\w hm-b -\m- hpw bp-h-x-e-ap-d-bpss Btcm-Ky-kw-c W-Øn-\ A-Sn-b- nc-am-bn th -X Nq-bn-M-Kw D-]-tbm-Kn- p- ap-j-hymbm-ahpw B-W F- p Nn- n- p- Hcp P-\-X C-hn-sS h-f - p h-tc- -Xpt m F- p \mw Nn- n-t - n-bncn- p p. \m n -]pd-ø Ip-Sn- m ip- -P-e-an. {]- Xn-h -jw A-ce- w Ip- n-iƒ `- -W-Øn-s A-k- p-en-xm-hÿ-sim- A- -cm-bn-øo-cp p. \m-e]-xp i-x-am-\w P-\-߃ Zm-cn-{Zy-tc-J-b- p Xm-sg-bmW. Cu cm-py-ø tlm -en-i-kn-\pw tnm-i-tf- n\pw hm-in-]n-sn- p- Ip- n-i-sfbpw Ah-sc Xr-]-Xn-s -Sp-Øp- A-Ωam-cp-sS ]p- n-cnbpw A-h-X-cn- n- p- -Xph-gn a- y-h - KØn-s aqey-t_m-[hpw ]m-h-s - -h-cp-ss kz-] -\-ßfpw F- p am -K-ap-]-tbm-Kn pw tnm-i-tf pw \q-un -kpw {]m-]y-am-ip- km-aq-ly-hy-h-ÿn-xn-bn-te- hf-c-wsa tam-l-hpw s]m- n-sø-dn s]m-j-dm-\n H-Xp-ßp- I-bn F- p `-b-s -ts- n-bn-cn- p p. C- p \-ap- a- -fn. D -X timw-πm Ip- n-i-fmw. C- p \-Ωp-sS Ip- p-߃ k-t\-ln- p -X {]-Ir-Xn-sb-b c-k-\- sb-bmw. C-sXm pw th- m-sb- p ]-d-bp-ib. ]- t kzm-x{ y-øn-s F-gp-]mXmw h -j-øn \mw t\-cn-sp- H-cp hen-b sh p-hn-fn kmw-k-im-cn-i-ta-j-ebn-eq-ss IS p-h-cp- -Xm-W F- Hm -Øn-cn- Ww. I- gn- \q- m- n-s A-hkm-\ \m-fp-i-fn Rm F- gpxn-b H-cp Jfin-I D- -cn- s. \-ap- k-º- -am-b H-cp ]m-c-º-cy-ap-. B ]m-c-º-cy-øn A-`n-am-\n- m \-ap- I-gn-b-Ww. c- mw tem-i-a-lm-bp- -Øn-\p tijw P- m-\n `u-xn-i-kp-j-߃- p ]n-d-si Hm-Sn-b X-e-apd A- p-x-i-c-am-b hn-p-bw ssi-h-cn- p. F- m `u- Xn-I-kp-J-ß-fp-sS B-[n-Iy-Øn A-\n-hm-cy-am-b B- flo-b-iq-\y-x A-k-ly-am-b-t mƒ A-h X-ß-fp-sS ]mc-º-cy-sø- p-dn- Hm -Øp. ]-t, ssh-in-t m-bn-cp- p. P- m-\n-se k-aq-lw C- H-cp C-cp-\n-e-sI- n-s-am- W. Xm-sg D-]-t`m-K kw-k-im-c-øn-s Im-g-N-_w- mhp-t]m-se H-cp hm-k-ÿm-\w. ap-i-fn Kr-lm-Xp-c-XztØm-Sp-Iq-sS Hm -Ωn- p- ss]-xr-i-k-a-c-w-iƒ. Xmsg ku-i-cy-߃ sa- -s -Sp-Øm Hm-Sn-b-Xn-\m ap-ifn-te- p I-b-dm-\p- tkm-h-wn {Z-hn- n- m-sx-bm-b-x H-cp X-e-ap-d A-dn- n-. hn-e sim-sp- p- -X A-Sp- Ø X-e-ap-d-bm-W; s]-cp-ip- - A-{I-a-Øn-eq-sS, s]-cp- Ip- A-gn-a-Xn h- -\-t -kp-i-fn-eq-ss, t]-cp-ip- B-fl-l-Xy-I-fn-eq-sS. `m-c-x-am-xm-hn-\ Cu Zp-tcym-Kw h- p-iq-sm. A-Xn-\p th- n {i- m-]q -Δ-am-b \o- -߃ D m-ti- n-bn-cn- p- p. sn-dn-b Im-cy-ß-fn ]n-sn-hm-in Im-Wn- hn-`m-ko-b-k- ] - -Iƒ h - n- n- p-i-b-, a-dn-, ss\-xn-i-aq-ey-ßfn- A-[n-jTn-X-am-b H-cp `m-c-xo-b k-aq-lw si- n- -Sp- m `m-j-bp-ss-bpw a-x-øn-s -bpw hw-i-øn-s -bpw A-Xn-cp-I-sf D- w-ln- p- A - n-x-a-\-k-i-cp-ss H-cp kw-l-\n-c kr- n- p-hm {i-an- p-i-bm-w th- -X. Cu kzm-x-{ y-zn-\-øn-s sh- p-hn-fn-bpw {]-Xym-i-bpw C- d- -Xn A-S-ßn-bn-cn- p- p F- p Rm I-cp-Xp- p. h-tμ-am-x-cw! Matrimonial sk] w-_

19 - Iu knenwk n. tpm P _l- m Iu k-e & sxdm- n-ã ^m-z _- -an-s\-tø-sn ^m-z _- -ans\ \n-߃- -dn-bm-tam. C-s - n A-dn-b-Ww. ^m-z _- -an-s\ Xn-c- n-bn-d-ßn-b-h-cn \n- pw Xp-S-ßmw. H-cp h- en-b ]-b -I- -en C-dßn-Øn-cn- C-h Im- nepw tim-fn-epw s]- A- h-km-\w A-t\-Iw Zzo-]p- I-fp- ÿ-e-sø-øn. A-c U-k ] -Δ-X߃ D-b - Im-Wmw. I- -en-s Iym-] - X- s X-Sn- i-co-c-hpw, Xm-Sn-bpw X-S-hn-s m- \- q-c-an-sm B- m-]n- p. A-ß-s\ B-Zy-sØ Zzo-]n A-h C-dßn; lr-z-bw \n-d-sb Pn- m-k-bp-am-bn. ]-s A-h A-hn-sS I- Im-g N ]-cn-xm-]-i-c-am-bn-cp- p. t]m-j-im-lm-c- p-d-h aq-ew B-tcm-Ky-an- m-ø Ip- n-iƒ hn-hn-[ h - -߃ X-Ωn-ep- \n-c- -c-am-b h-g- p- Iƒ aq-ew k-am-[m-\-an- m- Ø A- -co- w, Ir-jn-bp- -an-, I- -h-s-hp-an-. tcm-kn- Iƒ- Nn-In- m ku-i-cyan-, k -Iq-fp-I-fp-an-. A-h sxm- -Sp-Ø Zzo- ]n-te- bm-{x-bm-bn. B Zzo-]pw G-sd- p-sd B-ZytØ-Xp-t]m-se-X-s. Iym- ] - k- -Sw k-ln- m I-gn-bm-sX Zo -L \n-izm-k-sa-sp- Øp. A-h sxm- -Sp-Ø h-en-b Zzo-]n-te- t]m-bn. A-hnsS A-h C-d-ßn. A-hn-sS I- Im-g -N Iym-] - -s\-bpw Iq- -sc-bpw A- p-x-s -Sp-Øn. B-fp-Iƒ F- mw B-tcm-Kyhm- m. ]- ]n-sn- ^-e-`q-bn-jt-am-b Ir-jn-bn-S-߃. A- h-iyw- t]m-se sh- w Ir-jn-bn-S-ß-fn F-Øp- p. {Km-aß-fn t]m-epw \- ho-sp-iƒ. A-tcm-KZr-V-Km-{X-cm-b B- fp-iƒ. F- m Ip- n-iƒ- pw hn-zym-`ym-kw. F- m-h-cp-ssbpw ap-j-ø k-t m-j-hpw kw-xr-] -Xn-bpw. Cu Zzo-]n-\ a- p- Zzo-]p-I-sf- mƒ Hcp hy-xym-kw F-ß-s\ D- m-bn F- Iym-] - {Km-a-Ø-e-h-t\m-S tnm- Zn- p. {Km-a-Ø-e-h h-f-sc B-fl-hn-izm-k- tøm-ss ]-d- p. A-Xn-\ Im-c-Ww ^m-z _- -an-\m-w. A-t±-lw Ir-jn ap-x B-tcm-Kyw h-sc-bp- F- m Im-cy-ß-fn-epw A-t±-lw a-cn-s -t m Rm A-t±-l-sØ Im- W-W-sa- ]-d- -t mƒ F-s \n-߃ B- ip-]-{xn Im-Wn- p, ao Ip-f-߃ Im-Wn- p, Nm- Im-Wn- p. ]-s A-t±-lw a-cn- -Xmbn ]-d- n-. Iq-sS h- -h ]-d- p. ""Xm- ƒ A-t±-l-Øn-s a-c-w-sø- - n tnm-zn- n-. A-t±-lw F-hn-sS Xm-a-kn- p- p F- m- W tnm-zn- -X '' R-ß-f-X Im-Wn- p X- p. Im-cy-am-b am- -߃ h-cp-øn. A-t±-lw k -Iq-fp-Iƒ Xp-Sßn, B-ip-]-{Xn-Iƒ Xp-S-ßn, In-W-dp-Iƒ Ip-gn- p, ]m-h-s - -h-sc ]Tn- n- p. F-\n- A-t±-l-sØ H- Im-Wm km-[n- p-tam? Iym-] - tnm-zn- p. {Km-a-Ø-e-h c- p-t]-sc Iym-] - -s Iq-sS t]m-im A-\p-h-Zn- p. A-h Iym-] - -s\ h-\-øn-\- Sp-Øp- H-cp sa-un- n-\n- n-te- sim- p-t]m-bn. F- m ku-i-cy-ß-fp-ap- H-cp n-\n-. hr-øn-bp- In-S- -Iƒ, ]-cn-io-e-\w e-`n- \-g -kp-am. A-h [m-cm-fw a-cp- p-iƒ kq- n- n- p- ap-dn-iƒ Iym-] - -s\ Im-Wn- p-sim- Sp-Øp. A-hn-sS tpm-en sn-øp- -h-sc Im-Wn- p-sim-sp-øp. ]-s ^m-z _- -an F-hn-sS-bm-sW- -dn-bm-sx Iym- ] - -\ k-am-[m-\-an-. F-\n- ^m-z _- -an-s ho-s Im- W-Ww. A-t±-lw Xm-a-kn- p- n-s-tø- F-s sim- pt]m-im-tam. Iym-] - A-h-iyw Xp-d- p-]-d- p-sim-t bn-cp- p. Iq-sS h- c- p-t]-cp-ss ap-j-øpw H-cp æm-\-x. ]n- o-s Iym-] - -s\ A-h Zzo-]n-s a-dp-h-i-tø- sim- p-t]m-bn. A-hn-sS [m-cm-fw txm-sp-i-fpw Ip-fß-fpw. I-\m Ip-f-ß-sf k-ap-{z-hp-am-bn _- n- n-cn- p- p. th-en-tb- -Øn ao-s\- mw Ip-f-Øn F- Øpw. A-t mƒ I-\m-ens j- -dp-iƒ {Km-a-hm-kn- Iƒ A-S-b- pw. A- t mƒ Ip-fw \n-d-sb ao. A-t m-gpw Iym-] - -\ A-Xni-bw. A-t±-lw ao ]n-sp- Ø- m-sc, tpm-en- m-sc, j- A-S-b - p- -h-sc-sb- mw I- p. ]-s ^m- Z _- -an-s Xm-a-k-ÿ-ew am-{xw I- n-. Iym-] - ho- pw B-h-iy-s - p. F-s ^m-z _- -an Xm-a-kn- p- n-s-tø- sim- p-t]m-iq. Iq-sS h- c- p-t] ho- pw A-t\ym-\yw F-t m kw-km-cn- p. A-h Iym-] - -s\ H-cp a-e-ap-i-fn-te- sim- p-t]m-bn. A- hn-ss \n- pw C-Sp-ßn-b h-gn-bn-eq-ss Xm-tg- \-S- p. ]-e h-f-hp-i-fpw Xn-cn-hp-I-fpw \-S- ]p- p-ta- H-cp Nm- -en F-Øn. Iq-sS h- -h ]-d- p. C-hn-sS ^m-z _- -an R-ß-sf ssz-h-sø- - n ]-Tn- n- p. Iym-] - -s\ A-h ]- n- -I-tØ- sim- p-t]m-bn. A-hn-sb-sbm-cp a-c- p-cnipw [m-cm-fw X-Sn _- p-i-fpw ]n-s th-z-]p-k -X-hpw. C-hn-sS-bm-tWm ^m-z _- -an Xm-a-kn- p- -X. Iym- ] - tnm-zn- p. Iq-sS h- -h X-e-bm- n, ]p- n-cn- p. "Rm A-t±-l-tØm-S H- kw-km-cn-t m-s ' C-Xp-tI- A-hn-sS h- -h-cp-ss ap-j-ø Ku-c-hw D- m- 19 sk] w-_ 2017

20 bn. "A-X km- y-a- ' A-h ]-d- p. F- p-sim- Iym-] - A- p-x-tøm-ss tnm-zn- p. A-t±-lw A-t\-Iw h -jw ap-º a-cn- p-t]m-bn. Iym-] hy-k-\-tøm-ss A-h-cp-sS ap-j-ø Xp-dn- p-t\m- n. A- t±-lw a-cn-s -t m Rm A-t±-l-sØ Im-W-W-sa- ]-d- -t mƒ F-s \n-߃ B-ip-]-{Xn Im-Wn- p, ao Ipf-߃ Im-Wn- p, Nm- Im-Wn- p. ]-s A-t±-lw a-cn- -Xm-bn ]-d- n-. Iq-sS h- -h ]-d- p. ""Xm- ƒ A-t±l-Øn-s a-c-w-sø- - n tnm-zn- n-. A-t±-lw F-hn-sS Xm-a-kn- p- p F- m-w tnm-zn- -X'' R-ß-f-X Im-Wn- p X- p. \n-߃ ^m-z _- -an-s\ ]-cn-n-b-s - p. C-\n-bpw \nß-fp-ss Nn- -I-fn A-t±-lw Po-hn- -s, \n-ß-sf Nn- n- n- -s. h -j-߃- ap-º a-cn- p-t]m-sb- n-epw C- pw Zzo-] hm-kn-i-fp-ss a-\- n Po-hn- p- ^m-z _- -an-s\-bm- W \-Ωp-sS ap -]n A-h A-`n-am-\-tØm-sS Im-Øp-kq- n- p- ^m-z _- -an H-cp h-en-b {]-Xo-I-am-W. C- sxm-cp {]-Xo-Im-fl-I-am-b I-Y-bm-W! ]-s h-f-sc-b-[n- Iw Im-cy-ß-fp- I-Y. cp-ss h-[-øn-\ Im-c-W-am-b sx-tbm-tum-jy-k N-{I-h - Øn-sb ]-c-ky {]m-b- n-øw sn-b -X-Xn-\p-ti-j-ta tz-hm-eb-øn I-b-dm A-\p-h-Zn- p- q. F-s m-cp ss[-cyw! cm-j -{So-b A-[n-Im-c-߃- ]p-d-si \-S- p- C- -sø k-`m-]n-xm- - m-sc hn. Bw-t{_m-kp-am-bn Xm-c-a-Xy-s -Sp- Øm km-[n- p-tam. C- -sø ^m-z _- -an -am \- -Xn- -Iƒ Xn-cn- -dn-bm h-øm-ø-h-cm-w. A-h sn-øp- -X F- msw- A-h - X-s A-dn-bn-. A-h - H-cp Im-cyw am-{x-ta A-dn-bm-hq. hy- n-i-sf-bpw {]-ÿm-\-ß-sf-bpw C-Sn- p-s]m-fn- p-i. A-h - F-{X ]p-cm-x-\ ]- n-bpw s]m-fn- p-i-f-bm a-sn-bn-, \m-w-hp-an-. k-`m-a- ƒ F- mw F-Xn -Øm-epw A-h-c-X sn-øpw. ssz-h-sø `-b-hp-an-, k-`m-a- -sf i- -bp-an- m-ø C- q- I-S - n-g-h-s\- t m-se k-`-b - F- pw `m-c-am-w. C-h - kz-] -\-ß-fn-, e- y-ß-fn-. Km- n-bpw, hn -à N - n-epw, ^ -tfm-d -k ss\- nw-tk-epw, A-{_-lmw en- -Wpw, F- mw hn-hn-[ ta-j-e-ifn N-cn-{Xw kr-j -Sn- -h-cm-w. -Ch B- h-iy-an- m-ø ta-k -Xn-cn- -Wn sn-øp- -h-c- m-bn-cp- p. {]- Xyp-X H- pp-an- m-øn-s-ø A-t\-Iw Im-cy-߃ A-h ]- Wn-Xp-b -Øn. {]-txy-in- a-\p-jy- a-\- p-i-fn. C-sX- C- -sø ^m-z _- -an -am \- -Xn- -Iƒ Xn-cn- -dn-bm h-øm-ø-h-cm-w. A-h sn-øp- -X F- msw- A-h - X-s A-dn-bn-. A-h - H-cp Im-cyw am-{x-ta A-dn-bm-hq. hy- n-i-sf-bpw {]-ÿm-\- ß-sf-bpw C-Sn- p-s]m-fn- p-i. A-h - F-{X ]p-cm-x-\ ]- n-bpw s]m-fn- p-i-f-bm a-sn-bn-, \m-whp-an-. k-`m-a- ƒ F- mw F-Xn -Øm-epw A-h-c-X sn-øpw. ssz-h-sø `-b-hp-an-, k-`m-a- -sf i- - bp-an- m-ø C- q- I-S - n-g-h-s\-t m-se k-`-b- F- pw `m-c-am-w. C-h - kz-]-\-ß-fn-, e- y-ß-fn-. Cu tem-i-sø am- -߃ p hn-t[-b-am- n-bn- p- -h- C-Ø-cw ^m-z _- -an -am-cm-w F- Im-cyw H - cn- -epw a-d- -cp-x. A-h-cp-sS C-S-s]-S-ep-Iƒ, [o-c-am-b \ne-]m-sp-iƒ, A - -]q -Æ-am-b e- y-߃, kz-] -\-߃ F- pw A-h-sc H- -bm -am-cm- n. ]-s A-h-sc- pw P-\- sø [o-c-am-bn \-bn- p-sim- n-cn- pw. C-h - H-cn- -epw a-c-w-an-. F- pw a-\p-jy-a-\- p-i-sf D-tØ-Pn- n- p- H-cp a-\x-im-k -{X-i- n-bm-bn A- h Hm-tcm a-\- n-epw A-h-ti-jn- pw. C-h F- pw A- Xp-ey-cm-W. hn-ip- Bw-t{_m-k k-`m-n-cn-{x-øn-se [o-c- \m-bn-cp- p. Hm - p-i hn. Bw-t{_m-k H-cp ÿ-e-øn-s K-h -Æ-dm-bn-cp- p. B ]-Z-hn-bn H- -b-sn- m-\-k \m-\-hpw, ]u-tcm-ln-xy-hpw, sa-{xm-`n-tj-i-ÿm-\-hpw In- nb H-c-]q -Δ hy- n A-{X-am-{Xw. hn-ip- n-bpw ss[-cy-hp-ap- a-\p-jy-\m-bn-cp- p A-t±-lw. k-`-sb sx- n- p- -h-sc A-t±-lw i- -am-bn ssi-im-cyw sn-b -Xp. A- -sø N- {I-h -Øn-am-sc t]m-epw A-t±-lw sh-dp-sx hn- n-. Hm-I sk -kn-bq-k N-{I-h -Øn-tbm-Sp- X - -Øn A-t±-lw ]-d- p. ""N-{I-h -Øn Xn-cp-k-`-bn-se Aw-K-am-W, Xn-cp-k- `- ta-e- ''. A-Xp-t]m-se sx-k-tem-\n- -bn- A-t\-I- sk] w-_ mw ]p-xn-b X-e-ap-d-b - Im-Wn- p-sim- -Sp- m \-ap- a- \- n-, A-d-n-bn-, Xm-e -]-cy-an-. A-Xp-sIm- bp-h-x-e-apd-sb Zp-j -S-i- n-iƒ ]n-sn-iq-sn-b-xn-s ]-cn-xm-]-i-c-am-b ^-e-߃ \mw Im-Wp-I-bm-W. ªp-sh-bn sk-bn-an-s\- - n \mw ti- p-xp-s-ßp-i-bm-w. C-X sh-dpw Xp-S- w. A- t\-iw bp-h-p-\-ß-sf B-fl-l-Xy-bn-te- \-bn- p- p. bph-x-e-ap-d-bp-ss a-\- iq-\y-am-w, ip-j -I-am-W. \-h-am-[ya-߃ A-h-sc \n-d-b - n-, \-bn- n-. Ip-sd Iu -kn-enw-k \-S-Øn-b-Xp-sIm- A-X ]p-j -Sn-s -Sn-. A-h-cn D-e Ir-j -S B-i-b-߃, hy- n-iƒ, h-en-b kz-] -\-߃, e- y-߃ F- mw \n-d-b-ww. B-flo-b-am-bn A-h th-cp-db - -Ww. A-Xn-\ am-xm-]n-xm- -fpw A- ym-]-i-cpw H-cpt]m-se Pm-K-cq-I-cm-I-Ww. Im-e-Øn-s a-w - -c- n A-h-ti-jn- -s - Im-e ]m-sp-iƒ A-h-sc Im-Wn- q. Im-c-Ww C- -h - tdmƒ tam-u-ep-i-fn-. Hentry Wadsworth Longlellow bp-ss A psalm of life- se h-cn-iƒ C-hn-sS Ip-dn- -s. Lies of great men all remind us We can make our lies sublime And departing leae behind us Foot prints on the sands of time

21 {]Xn-I-c-W-߃ ta hnj-b-øn {]Xo-I-cWw Wn- p-sim- p \yq hnjy FUn- tumis amxyp timin-bpss Blzm\w A\p-k-cn- mw Rm CX Fgp-Xp- -X. Rm ae- c bmt m-_-k-`-bpss "I p- -{X-] n' CSh-ImwKw BW. Hm Ø-tUmIk hn`m-k-ønse ]utemk ZznZn-b ImtXm-en _mhm, bmt m-_mb k`sb ""amxr k`-bn-te '' Wn- p-sim p {]kxm-h\ \S-Øn-b-Xmbn \yq hnjy-\n hmbn- p-i-bp- m-bn. ae- -c-bn, amxr-k-`-sb- X ""bmt m-_mb k`'' BsW- p- X Ncn-{X-kXyw. bmt m-_mb k`-bn \n pw BZyw thdn- p-t]m-bx "txmgnbq kzx{ k`-bm-w.' c max 1868, bmt m-_mb k`-bn \n-, thdn t]mbx "am tømam k`-bm- W.' aq m-ax bmt m-_mbm k`-bn \n pw 1912 thdn t]mb k`bm-w, C sø "ae- c Hm Ø-tUmIk k`' bm-t m-_mb k`-bnse AwK-ßsf kw_ n- n-s-tømfw Ah-cpsS hnizm-k-øns ASn-ÿm-\-]-c-amb Hcp `mkw BW, tbip-{inkxp ]t{xmk «olmb \einb "] -Øz-Xns Ct mgsø A\- -c-km-an-bmb ""At ymjym ]m{xn-bm o-k'' am{x-amw, F p- X. F m ae- c HmcØ-tUmIk k` hnizkn- p- X Ah-cpsS ] Øzw Bcw-`n- p X "txmωm-«o-lm-bn IqsS-bmsW- m-w. bmt m-_mb k`- m AXp kzoimcy-a- m-øn-stømfw Imew, Cu c p k`-ifpw ""Hcp k`-bmbn'' Xoc-W-sa p ]d-bp- -Xn Hcp A -hp-an-. AX {]mtbm-kn-ihpw A. AXpsIm- mw Ct m-gsø "At ymjym ]m{xn-b ok Xs ticfm kμ i\w ]q Øn-bm n as-ßp- -Xn\ apº, Cu c p k`-ifpw thsd thsd k`-i-fmbn XpS-cp- X am{xta k`m-k-am-[m-\-øn\ hgn Hcp- p-i-bp- q-sh Ak\nK -ambn {]kxm-hn- -X. Aßs\bm-sW- n, Hmtcm CS-h-I-]- n-ifpw GXp k`bn XpS-c-W-sa \n -bn- pi F -XmW k`-i-fpss kam-[m- \-Øns ASn-ÿm-\-amb {]i\w. Ct m-gsø kp{]ow timsxn hn[n, apº 1995, kp{]ow timsxn \S-Ønb hn[n-bpss "Hcp Bh Ø\w' am{x-am-w. Hmtcm ] n-ifpw GXp k`-bn XpS-c- W-sa- -Xn-te Hcp "t^m ape' I p-]n-sn- p- -Xm-W k`m-k-am- [m-\-øn-\p GI t]mwh-gn. tims-xn-hn-[n, X߃ A\p-Iq-eam-b-Xp-sIm-, _lp-`q-cn-] w D bmt m-_mb k`m hnizmkn-iƒ Dƒs -Sp CS-h-I-I-fnse AwK-߃, ae- c Hm ØtUmIk k`-bn "ebn- p-ibpw' txmak At m-kx-es ] - Øz-ta t mba hniz-kn- p-ibpw snø-w-sa p ]d-bp- X A -iq-\y-am-w. hfsc h j-߃ apº ""aw ImS sk tacok ] n'', am tømωm k`- m \ In sim p ""timsxn hn[n'', Ds - nepw B CS-h-I-bnse _lp `qcn-]- w AwK-ß-fpw, bmt m-_mb k`-bpss hnizmkw ]pe Øp hcmb-xp-sim B ] n ]nsn FSp- m-t\m, \SØn FSp- m-t\m, a tømω k`- m Hcp-sº- n- n- m-sb p X Cu Xc-WØn Hm Ωn-t - -Xm-W. timsxn hn[n ImWn- p-sim-, bmt m-_mb k`- m Iog-Sß-W-sa ]d-bp- X ""\otdm N{I-h Øo'', A sø {InkXym-\n-I-tfmS ]d- -Xn\ Xpey-am-W. ]utemk At m-ktxme Cu ImcyØn ]d- n- p D]-tZ-i-{]-Imcw Cu k`m-x w k`-h-g pw kp{]ow timsxn hn[nbpw a yÿ Xocp-am-\-Øn\ hnt[-b-am-t - -Xm-sW Rm Bflm -ambn hniz-kn- p- p. Hm Ø-tUmIk hn`m-k- -c- \mbncps - nepw {io. DΩ Nm n CXn-te Hcp a yÿ {iaw \S-Øn-b-t mƒ AX kzoi-cn- m bmt m-_mb k` Xøm-dm-bn. k Δm-Z-cWo-b-\mb ^oen-t mk am {IntkmÃw henb sa{x-t]meo-øm-bpw, thƒu Iu kn Hm^ N p CXn-te a yÿx hln- p- -Xn\ Xøm-dm-bn-cp- -t mgpw Ah-sb mw \ncm-i-cn- X ae- c Hm Ø-tUmIk hn`m-k- m am{xw Bbn-cp- p-sh- p- X Hcp kxyw BW. Rm Fs Hcp \n t±iw CXn-te ka n- p- p. AXns ] m-øew Xmsg-]-d-bp- -Xm-W. tim bw Xmeq- n s] aq ] n- m kzoi-cn \ne-]m-sp-iƒ aqew B ] n-i-fn imizx kam-[\w ssih-cn- -s] p F p- -Xm-W. 1. Ipa-cIw ""B maw-kew ] n'' _lp-`q-cn-] w D bmt m-_mb hnizm-kn-iƒ B ] n hn p-sim-sp-øpsim- m-w, \yq\-]- -amb Hm Ø-tUmIk hnizm-kn-iƒ thsd tzh-embw ]WnX Bcm-[-\-Iƒ \S-Øn-h-cp- p. 2. Fs amxr CS-h-I-bmb Aba\w ""I p- -{X-]- n-bn '' -`q-cn- ] w hcp bmt m-_mb hnizm-kn-iƒ ] n hn p-sim- Sp- p-ibpw Ahn-SpsØ \yq] hnizm-kn-i-fmb Hm Ø-tUm- IkIm pth n ASpØ Xs as mcp tzh-embw \n Ωn Bcm-[-\-Iƒ \SØn t]mcpibpw snøp p. 3. ]pxp- n ""sk tpm P ] n'' CS-h-I-bn, _lp-]q-cn- ] w D Hm Ø-tUmIk k`- m B ] n hn p-sim- Sp-Øp-sIm \yq\-]- -amb bmt m-_mb k`m hnizm-kn- Iƒ p-th n ASpØ Xs Hcp tzh-embw \n Ωn Bcm- [-\-Iƒ \SØn hcp- p. Fs Adnh icn-bm-sw- n ae-_m {]tz-i-øp ]e ] n-i-fnepw Cu ]co- Ww hnp-b-i-c-ambn \S-Ø-s p Ign- ncn- p- p. Chn-S-ß-fn F mw Ah-ti-jn- p GI {]i\w ""iaim\w'' kw_- n- p- X am{xw BW. tic-f-øn\ ]pd-øp henb \K-c-ß-fn F mw {InkXob hn`m-k-øn-\p-th n s]mxphmb iaim\ ÿew D]-tbm-Kn- p- X Hcp amxr-i-bm- -Ww. Hmtcm hn`m-k- m p-th n AhnsS shtd-shtd sk m ]Wn- n- p- -txm-sp-iqsn kwkimc ip{iq-j-iƒ bmsxmcp X hpw C msx \SØp hcp- p-. X w D ae- cbnse ] nifn Cu k{º-zmbw kzoi-cn- p-iqss? `qcn-] w hnizm-kn-iƒ ta {]Imcw ] n-iƒ hn psim-sp-t n hcp-tºmƒ B ] n-i-tfms A\p-_- n- p iaim\w Ccp k`- m pw, ""s]mxp skan-tøcn'' Bbn D]- tbm-kn- m-\p {Iao-I-cWw, Hcp {]bm-khpw IqSmsX \S-Ømhp- -Xm-W. sjh-en-b si.-]n. ^nen ap FIko-Iyq- oh Ub-d-IS sim n dns^-\dn tim -]-d-ºn, tim bw 4 21 sk] w-_ 2017

22 We, the delegates from the twenty four Dioceses of CSI attending the National Workshop on Sustainable Values for a Green Church from 19 th to 20 th July 2017 at Kanyakumary request the CSI Synod to support only the deelopment that fulfils the requirement of the present without compromising the ability of the future generations to meet their own needs. The present deelopment paradigm which is being promoted by the deeloped countries is responsible for the global ecological crisis. We request the deeloped countries to change their present deelopment paradigm using fossil fuels which is primarily responsible for Climate change. As we are liing in a global world any action of the deeloped countries will affect the entire unierse, hence we must think globally and act locally. Though climate change is a global problem, all people are not equally responsible for it. The industrialised nations, representing less than 20% of the world s population, account for nearly 90% of annual GHG emissions oer the last century, mainly through the burning of fossil fuels (coal, oil, gas). Hence, we make a distinction between the luxury emissions of the rich and the surial emissions of the poor. Hence we condemn the moe of US president to withdraw from the Paris agreement. As the CSI is committed in protecting the integrity of creation, we do beliee that Green protocol should be reflected in the life and ministry of the Church. We do beliee that the Church should respond prophetically or lament like Jeremiah when big multinational companies exploit natural resources and consequently the whole creation is being crucified. The Church has to express solidarity with the groaning creation. God the creator, designed the unierse as interdependent and as a liing organism and therefore the harmony of the unierse will be presered only by the dynamic balance between all its components. We will resist the claim that anything in creation is merely a resource for human exploitation, species extinction for human benefit; consumerism and harmful mass production; pollution of land, air and waters; all human actiities which are now leading to rapid climate change; and the policies and plans which contribute to the disintegration of creation. We consere Energy and water; educate the congregation to ensure that energy is used efficiently and whereer possible reduce its use; encourage the increased use of renewable energy; use water efficiently with care and aoid pollutants entering the drainage system. Mr. K Paul Thomas Bishop M Joseph Dr.Sankaranaryanan Paleeri Regarding Waste, we recommend four R s as the policy of CSI- Reduce Waste, Recycle waste, Reuse Waste and Refuse waste coming from the deeloped countries. sk] w-_ Sustainable Values for a green church

23 Regarding Materials and Resources we request all the members of the CSI to buy products which are made in accordance with the principle of using material in a sustainable way and to use locally-made goods whereer possible. Also to take into account the lifetime costs of materials while repairing, altering or rebuilding premises; Mr. Sridhar Radhakrishnan maximise the proportion of paper used from sustainable sources and recycled materials ; offer electronic communication as an alternatie to paper for those who are suitably equipped ; show concern for the enironmental quality of food production systems and the equitable global distribution of food Regarding Natural and Built Enironment we request the CSI Synod to utilise opportunities to consere and enhance the natural and built enironment, promote and encourage eco friendly constructions. As huge Church buildings are becoming a liability in the western countries, we request the CSI synod to formulate a policy for Church Constructions. At present 80% money is being spent on constructing tower of the Church. We speak and fight against the exploitations of natural resources by multinational companies and we use natural resources extraagantly for the construction of Church buildings. Huge luxurious church building should not be permitted in the CSI. In future, arious denominations in an area should think in terms of sharing Church buildings. During trael, we hae to make eery effort to reduce air pollution and energy consumption; aoidance of unnecessary trael and the use of energy efficient ehicles; explore undertaking the ministry of the Church in ways which reduce the need for trael particularly by car and encourage the use of public transport, cycle and by foot; car pool whereer possible ; support the expansion of good quality public transport, the proision of improed facilities for cyclists and pedestrians. Agriculture is a serious issue which the Church has to address. The wrong agricultural practices are responsible for diseases, malnutrition, poerty etc. The Church has to promote organic cultiation and take a strong stand against GM cultiation in agriculture. Encourage parish members to plant saplings outside their boundaries. We request each parish to honour poor farmers during Christmas season. The CSI Synod is supporting the Gadgil committee report in protecting Western Ghats and has taken a stand against the GM Crops in Agriculture. Fossil-fuel based, automobile-centered, throwaway economy is not a iable model for the world. The alternatie is a solar/hydrogen energy economy, an urban transport system that is centred on adanced design public rail systems and a comprehensie reuse/recycle economy. We hae to build an economy that will support, not undermine, the future generations. Therefore we commit ourseles to be members of both the liing community of creation in which we are but one species, and members of the coenant community of Christ; to be co-workers with God, with a moral responsibility to respect the rights of the future generations; and to consere and work for the integrity of creation both for its inherent alue to God and in order that justice may be achieed and sustained. ============================================= Kanyakumary declaration is the outcome of the first workshop organized by the CSI (Church of South India) Synod Department of Ecological Concerns as a prelude to the implementation of Green Protocol in CSI. The Rt.Re.M Joseph, chairman of Ecological Committee of CSI Synod, Prof.Dr.Mathew Koshy Punnackad, Hon.Director of CSI Synod Department of Ecological Concerns, Mr. K. Paul Thomas (MD and CEO of ESAF Bank), Mr. Sridhar Radhakrishnan (Thanal), Dr. Sankaranarayanan Paleeri and the eco leaders of all the Dioceses of CSI enriched the workshop with their comments and iews. CSI has a membership of 45 lakhs of people spread all oer south India and Srilanka comprising of 24 dioceses. CSI has initiated projects like rain water haresting, waste management, afforestation, renewable energy, planting saplings in all the dioceses in addition to publication of resource materials and eco educational programmes Contact: Dr.Mathew Koshy Punnackad, Hon.director, CSI Synod Dept. of Ecological Concerns. 23 sk] w-_ 2017

24 {InÃy amt\-psa 32 e y-{]m]xn-bpss A B C D dh. G{_lmw ]n. h n 150 h j-߃ apº saun- cwkø "teun tumis am ' Bcpw Xs D mbn-cp- n Cw - nse Fen-k-t_Ø Kmc B tugk F h\n-x-bmw BZyambn tumis-dm-im apt m h - X. D -X-amb e y-tømss Cd-ßn- p-d-s Fen-k-t_- Øn\ ]e {]Xn-_- -ßfpw t\cn-ts- n-h- p. Ah-fpsS B{K-lsØ BZyw FXn ØX Ah-fpsS amxm-]n- Xm ƒ Xs -bm-w. B Ip n-i-tfm-ssm-cp-an ik{x- {Iobm apdn-bn {]h Øn-t n hcpw F -XmW amxm- ]n-xm- -fpss hntbm-pn- n\ Imc-Ww. ]pcp-j- m-tcm-ssm w m apdn-i-fnepw {]mtbm-kni ]cn-io-e\ cwk-ß-fnepw Hcp h\n-xb F{X-am{Xw Ignbpw F Bi- -bm ]e saun- timtfppifnepw Fen-k-t_-Øns At] Xnc-kI-cn- p. HSp-hn anun skik timtf- Pn Ahƒ {]th-i\w e`n- p. F m Hcp s] Ip n m n D F Imc-W-Øm B Ip- n-iƒ m _ln-ji-cn- m XpS-ßn. Cßs\ ]e {]Xn-k- n-ifpw A`n-ap-Jo-I-cn e y-{]m-]xn-bn FØn-t -t mƒ {_n \n-ep Hcp tlmk]n- epw Ah-fpsS t]c cpn-ã snøm Xøm-dm-bn-. e yw km m-xi-cn- p-hm\p hm Unse ]cn-io-e\w t\sm Hcp t\gk Bbn e tlmk]n- -en {]h Øn- m Fen-k-t_Ø k - -bm-bn. Dd \n -b-zm Vy-ap Ah-fpsS `Ko-cY {]b- X\-Øns ^e-ambn Fw.-Un. _ncpzw Ic-ÿ-am n temi-ønse {]Ya h\nxm tumis-dmbnøo p. F mw Fen-k-t_Ø B tugkns PohnXw \ -Ip ktμiw? Pohn-X-Øn\ hy -amb e y-t_m-[-ap- m-bn-cn- p- -X PohnX hnp-b-øn\ AXy mt]- n-x-am-w. F m shdpsx e y-t_m- [hpw sim n-cp- n Imcy-an-. AX ]q Øo-I-cn -Wsa- n Nne LS-I-߃ Bh-iyamW. AsX, hy - amb e y-t_m-[-tømssm w ka-b-_- n-xamb I Ω ] Xn-Iƒ, Bfl-k-a Ww, ÿntcm- m-lw XpS-ßnbh e y-{]m-]xn A\n-hm-cy-am-W. e y-{]m-]xn \sω \bn- p \me {][m\ LSI-߃ Fs ms -bm-sw t\m mw: A. Attitude (at\m-`mhw) [mcmfw Ign-hp- -h-sc- mƒ km[m-cw Ign-hp- h thk-øn e yw t\sp- X \nßsf Ft m-sg- nepw A p-x-s -SpØnbn- pt m? AXns clkyw as m- p-a-. ip`m]xn hnizm-k-øn-e-[njsnx-amb at\m- `m-hhpw ho -W-hp-am-W. AXm-bX, F{X D -X-amb e y-ap hy n-bm-bn-cp- mepw ipt`m- pj at\m-`m-h- Øns A`mhw B hy nsb ]cm-p-b-s -SpØpw. AXpsIm [\yhpw t{ijt-hp-amb at\m-`m-h-amw D±njS e yw t\sp-hm \sω klm-bn- p BZy-L-S-Iw. kwibw th, k Km-flI at\m-`mhw ]pe Øptºmƒ e y-{]m-]xn- mbn Bfl-hn-izm-k-tØmsS {]h Øn- m \mw {]m]n-cm-ipw. At mƒ Akm- ytamt m A{]m-]y-sat m D hm p-iƒ {]k n C m-xm-ipw. AXn-Im-b-I\pw a -\p-amb tkmen-bm-øns\ hi-h-cp-øpi F e y-tømss Ahs\ t\cn-sp-hm ]pd-s B nsb\pw _me-\p-amb Zmho-Zns\ ss[cy-s - SpØnbX Ahs at\m-`m-h-øns _e-am-w. sszh- Øns AP-ø-amb i n X\n e`y-am-sw- p hnizmkhpw AX {]Zm\w snbx ipt`m- pj at\m-`m-hhpw Bfl-hn-izm-k-hp-amW e yw km m-xi-cn- m Zmho- Zns\ klm-bn- -X (1 iap.17: 45 46). Hcp hnzym n-bpss ]T-\-tØm-Sp at\m-`mhw k Km-fl-I-am- n-bm am{xta ani am pw D X hnpbhpw Ic-ÿ-am- p-hm Ign-bq. F{X henb Ignhpw, D X e y-hp-ap hnzym n-bm-bn-cp- mepw "Rm Fgp-Xn-bm am In pw', "Fs -s m hnp-bn- m Ignbpw' F i -amb at\m-`mhw e yw hnp-b-i-cambn ]q Øo-I-cn- m A\n-hm-cy-am-W. "as mcp LS-Ihpw at\m-`m-høns A{Xbpw {]m[m\yw A ln- p- n. ImcWw hnp-bhpw ]cm-p-bhpw Xocp-am\n p- -X at\m`mh-am-w.' t\m a hn sk ]o. B. Beliee (hnizmkw) e y-øn-te FØm Ign-bpw F hnizmkw AYhm Bfl-hn-izmkw Ds - nte B e yw km m- XI-cn- -s -Sp-I-bp- q. As - n- e yw AI-se-bmbncn- pw. ]e ]cn-an-xn-ifpw ]cm[o-\-x-ifpw D m-bn-cp- mepw ]X-dmØ Afl-hnizmkw, e y-{]m-]xn-bn FØm \sω i o-i-cn- pw. kz w Ign-hp-Isf Xncn- -dn- In nb Ah-k-c-߃ {]tbmp\-s -SpØn -{]Xn- Iq-e-ßsf AXn-Po-hn XnI ip`m]xn hnizm-ktømss {]h Øn- m Icp-tØ-Ip- -XmW Bfl-hn-izmkw. "\nßsf XcwXmW-h-cm- m \nß-fpss A\p-aXn C msx B pw Ign-bp-I-bn- ' -F A`n-{]m-b-Øns ASn-ÿm-\hpw CX Xs -bm-w. If-a-t»-cn, lm_n _tbm-ss B U dntk sk DSa, sjdn Ajd^ km y-s -Sp-Øp p: "Bfl-hn-izm-k-Øns ]n _-e-øn-emw Snjyq Iƒ cwk-tø IS p h -X. _nkn-\- ntem PohnX- sk] w-_

25 Øntem BIs, hnp-bn- -W-sa- n Hcp e yhpw AXn FØn-t -cm Db Bfl-hn-izm-khpw ]q Æ A W t_m[-tøm-ss-bp ITn-\m-[zm\hpw thwsa Nn m-k-xn-bmw F\n- p- X. \ΩpsS apºn-ep {]i\-߃ F{X k o Æ-am-bmepw \ncm-i-s -S-cp-X. Bfl-hn-izm-k-tØmsS t\cns-ww'. Aan-X-amb DXIWT \o n Bfl-hn-izm-ktØmsS ]co- sb A`n-ap-Jo-I-cn-t - X ]co- -bn D X hnpbw e y-am- p Hcp hnzym n AXy- m-t]- nx-am-w. "Cu ]co hfsc ITn-\-am-W, Rm txm p-t]mipw' F A]-I j-xm-hn p-iƒ ]Icw "Rm F{X ]co- -Iƒ ^e-{]-z-ambn t\cn- n- p-s pw C\n-bp ]co- -Iƒ F\n Bflss[cy- -tømss B`nap-Jo-I-cn- m Ignbpw' F p- t_m ys -Sp-Ø-ep-Iƒ ]q Æ-amb Bflhn-izmkw B n- p-hm Hcp hnzym nsb klm-bn- pw. F m at\-psa XXz߃ pw D]-cn-bmbn sszh-øn-ep hnizm-khpw B{ibhpw Bfl-hn-izmkw hf Øm Gsd D]-I-cn- pw. "Fs sszh-øm Rm Cu axn NmSn- -S pw' (k o. 18:29). "sszhw \ap a\p-iq-e-sa- n \ap {]Xn- Iqew Bc?' tdma 8:31. XpS-ßnb Znhy kq -߃ a\- n Dcp-hn-Sp- X Bfl-hnizmkw h n- n- m Hcp Ip nsb klm-bn- pw. C. Consistency (ÿncx) PohnX e yw hnp-b-i-c-ambn ]q Øo-I-cn- m klm-bn- p aq m-asø LS-I-amW "ÿnc-x'. Hcp e y-øn G s - n-cn- p-tºmƒ {i AXn Xs ÿnc-s -Sp-Øp-Ibpw ti{μo-i-cn- p-ibpw thww. Hcp e yw hn a ]e-xn-te pw {i ti{μo-i-cn- m H pw th -t]mse {i n- p-hm km[n- msx hcpw. Aßs\ \mw Pohn-X-Øn H pw ]q Øn-bm- m ] msx \ncmimp\-i-amb ]cm-p-b-øn FØn-t -cpw. ]e hnzym n-ifpw ]cmpn-xcpw PohnX-Øn Hcp e yhpw {]m]n- m-ø-h-cp-ambn Xocp- -Xns ImcWw e yw sx n a ]e-xn-te pw {i ti{μo-i-cn- p- -Xp-sIm- m- W. "The secret of success is the consistency of purpose. - Desrely. \ap Pohn-X-Øn hy -amb Hcp e yhpw AX Isø-Øn- n-sn- p-hm Pm{K-XtbmSp IqSnb Bkq- {X-Whpw ÿntcm- m-l-tøm-sp-iq-sn-bp {]b-x\-hpw A\n-hm-cy-am-W. Pohn-X-Øns hnhn[ taj-e-i-fn XßfpsS e yw hnp-b-i-c-ambn ]q Øo-I-cn {]i-kxn-bpss AXyp- X timsn-bn-se-ønb alx hy n-i-sf mw XßfpsS e yw km m-xi-cn- m Bh-iy-amb "hne' \ In-b-h-cm-W. F mw simfw-º-kns e y {]m]xnbpss ]n nse cl-kyw. "e yw hy -ambn Adn-bpI; Fßs\ t\sm Ignbpw F Bkq-{XWw snøpi; ÿntcm- m-l-tømss hnpbw hsc {]h Øn- - p-i.' sntø Imcy-߃ \o n-sh-b msx bym-kabw \n Δ-ln- Ww. Hmtcm Znh-k-sØbpw {]h Ø-\- Øn-\p cq]-tcj Xøm-dm n Imcy-߃ IrXy-ambpw bym-k-a-bhpw snø-ww. "Neer leae till tomorrow which you can do tody - Benjamin Franklin. Xs ZuXyw bymk-abw ÿnc-x-tbmss \n Δ-ln tbip-{inkxp ]d p: "Fs Ab- -hs {]hrøn ]I D n-s-tømfw Rm sntø- -Xm-Ip p; B pw {]h Øn- p-iq-smø cm{xn hcp p' (tbml. 9:4.) D. Determination (ZrV-\n- bw) GX Imcyw snøm {ian- p-tºmgpw FSp- p Dd Xocp-am-\-amW e yw t\sm \sω klm-bn- p \mem-asø LS-Iw. ZrV-\n- -b-ap Hcp hy nsb Hcp coxn-bnepw Xs e yw t\sp- -Xn \n pw hyxn- N-en- n- p-hm Ign-bp-I-bn-. ZWUn-bm-{Xb Cdßn ]pd-s -Sp- -Xn\ ap ] Km npn ]d- p: "H p-in Bhiy-s Imcy-߃ \n Δ-ln Rm asßpw; As - n Fs arx-i-cocw Ad-_n- -S-en Hgp-Ip- X ImWmw'. Dd \n b Zm Vy-Øns hm p-iƒ! sbcp-i-te-ans D m-cww F e yw s\laymh hnp-b-i-c-ambn ]q Øo-I-cn- X D -X-amb e yt_m-[hpw i -amb \n b Zm Vy-hpw aqe-am-w. e y- Øn-te- p- {]bm-w-øn A{]-Xo- n-x-amb ]e FXn p-ifpw {]Xn-_- -ßfpw s\l-aymh A`n-ap-Jo-Icn- p. F m apt -dp-hm-\p \n b Zm Vy-hpw {]Xn- Iq-e-ß-fpsS apºn ]X-dmsX \n phm-\p-ap ss[cyhp-amw e yw {]m]n- m s\l-aym-hns\ klm-bn- X (s\l. 4:16) HmKà 10 C yb Hcn- epw ad- m ] mø Znh-k-am-W. A mw C y BZy-ambn hnt - ]n km sse tem nß shln- n-ƒ (SLV) {iol-cnt m- -bpss api-fn Icn- p-ho-wx. B hnt -]-W- Øns Aa-c- m-c-\m-bn-cp tum. A_Zpƒ Iem-an-\pa kwlmw-k-߃ pw t\tc cmpyw H -S w Xncn- p. \ncmi-s -Sp-Øp- Xpw \ncp km-l-s -Sp-Øp- Xpamb kml- N-cy-Ønepw tum. A_Zpƒ Iemw At m-`y-\m-bn-cp- p. Fhn-sS-bmW hogn D m-b-sx I p]nsn m At±lw B t{]mpis BZyw apx hni-i-e\w snbxp. hnt -]-W-Øns hountbm Zriy-߃ kqja-ambn hnen-bn-cp-øn. B At\z-j-W-amW C y-bpss BImi kz]\-ß-fpss Nnd-Ip-Iƒ hncn-bm ASn-Ø-d-bm-b-X. SLV bpss BZy-]-cm-P-b-Øn\ tijw ASpØ ]co- -W-Øn\ 3 h jsø ka-b-amw k m A\ph-Zn- -X. F m hy -amb e yt_m[hpw i amb \n b Zm Vyhpw ssiap-x-em-bp- m-bn-cp tum. A_Zpƒ Iemapw kwlhpw IrXyw ]Xn-s\m mw amkw 1980 Pqsse 18 mw XobXn SLV sb _ln-cm-im-iø FØn e yw hnp-b-i-c-ambn ]q Øo-I-cn- p. "Znhy-am-sbmcp A n-pzm-ebpw lrz-b-øn-te-dn-s m- mw \msa mw ]nd- p-ho-gp- -X. Cu A n Nnd-Ip- Iƒ \ Ip-hm\pw AXns \ -bpss [h-fn-a-sim Cu `qx-esø \nd-b p-hm\pw th nbp XmIs \ΩpsS {]b-x\-ß-sf mw' tum. F.-]n.-sP. A_Zpƒ I-emw. 25 sk] w-_

26 hm Ø-Ifpw hnti-j-ßfpw cmp si. h Kok tem-i ap-ø- A- -cn- p ss A-ho-h: tem-i-øn-se G- -hpw {]m-bw sn- ]p-cp-j-\pw ln- -e-dn-s Pq-X-]o-U-\-sØ A-Xn-Po-hn- -bm-fp-am-b bn-{k-tb {In- à 113mw h-b-kn A- -cn- p. A-Sp-Ø-am-kw 114 h-b-kp Xn-I-bm-\n- p-i-bm-bn-cp- p t]m-f- n-se k -t\m-h {Km-a-Øn P- \n- {In-à 1950 C-{k-tb-en-te- p Ip-Sn-tb-dp-I-bpw sl-b-^-bn Xm-a-k-am- p-i-bp-am-bn-cp- p ln- -e-dn-s \m-kn- -S t]m-f- n A-[n-\n-th-iw \-S-Øn-b-t mƒ {In-Ã-en-\ c- p a- -sf \- -s - p. {In-Ã-en-s\-bpw `m-cy-sbbpw Hm-jzn- -kn-se ]o-u-\-ti-{μ-øn-te- p am- p-i-bpw sn-b-xp. `m-cy a-cn- p. P -a-\n-bp-ss ]-X-\-Øn-\p-ti-jw tkm-hn-b- tk-\-bm-w {In-Ã-en-s\ I-s -Øn-b-X. A-t mƒ 37 In-tem am-{x-am-bn-cp- p `m-cw am - n-em-w Kn- -k-_p-i {In-Ã-en-s\ tem-i-øn-se G- - hpw {]m-bw-sn- ]p-cp-j \m-bn Aw-Ko-I-cn- -X. I-t\-Un-b ]m-ã-sd D-Ø-c-sIm-dn-b hn- -b- p kn-bqƒ: D-Ø-c-sIm-dn-b-bn P-bn -in- A-\p-`-hn- p-h- Im-\-U kz-tz-in-bm-b ]m-ã-sd am-\p-jn-i ]-cn-k-w-\ \ -In hn- -b- -Xm-bn D-Ø-c-sIm-dn-b-bp-sS Hu-tZym-Kn-I hm -Øm G-P -kn si-kn-f -F A-dn-bn- p. ln-tbm kq enw F- ]m-ã-sd cm-py-hn-cp- {]-h - Ø-\-ß-fp-sS t]-cn 2015em-Wp Po-h-]-cy- w X-S-hn-\p in- n- -X. D-Ø-c-sIm-dn-b ]u-c- m-sc dm- m A-ta-cn- -sb-bpw Z- n-wsim-dn-b-sb-bpw k-lm-bn-s - m-w ]m-ã - F-Xn-tc-bp- B-tcm-]-Ww. B-tcm-Ky-{]-i-\-߃ D- -Xn-\m-em-W C-t mƒ A-t±-l-sØ tam-nn- n- p- -sx- p hy- -am- n-b si-kn-f -F Iq-Sp-X hn-h-c-߃ \ -In-bn-. A-d-hp am-en-\y-߃ C-d- n-bp- ]- -ß-fm- n am- -cp-x: ssl-t m-s-xn sim- n: A-d-hp am-en-\y-߃ i-cn-bm-bn kw-k-i-cn- p- p-s - pw C-h C-d- n-bp-x-]- -ß-fm-bn ho- pw am - - n-se-ø-cp-sx- pw sslt m-s-xn. C-Xp kw-_- n- \-K-c-k-` D-d- p h-cp-ø-w-sa- pw ssl-t m-s-xn \n -t±-in- p. Xn-cp-h- \-K-c-k-`-bn-se C-d- n- - -h-sw I- cm-sd-sp-ø-h - A-d-hp am-en-\yw ssi-im-cyw sn-øm A-h-Im-i-ap-s - knw-knƒ s_- n-s hn-[n tnm-zyw sn-b-xp \-K-c-k-` \ - In-b A- o-en-em-wp Un-hn-j s_- n-s hn-[n. hmb-\- m-cpss {i b 1) F m amkhpw 28\ IrXy-ambn tim bw B Fw F n \n pw \yqhn-j\ amkni t]mã snøp- p-. ]Xn-\ mw XobXn hsc In n-bn- m-sb- n Zb-hmbn F samss_-entem Adn-bn- m ho pw e w Ab p Xcp- -Xm-W. sms or IqSp-X A`n-Imayw 2) hnhmzhnj-b-ß-fn as mcp hiw Ah-X-cn- n- p-hm {ian- p-tºmƒ Nne-t mƒ {]tim-]-\-i-c-am-tb- mw. AXn-t\mS hntbm-pn- p- -h-cpss ho -W-ßfpw R߃ {]kn- o-i-cn pw 3) am\y-hm-b-\- m Zimw-i-Øn \n Hcp `mkw \yqhn-j amkn-i-bpss {]kn- o-i-c-w-øn\ Ab p Xc-W-sa- -`y n- p- p. kw`mh-\-iƒ {Ia-ambn Ab p Xcp A\-h[n hmb-\- m-cp-f-fx sim mw Ccp-]-Øn-b p h j-ambn Hcp-e w t]mepw apsßmsx F m amkhpw IrXy-ambn {]kn- o-i-cn p hcp- -X. kw`m-h-\-iƒ Ab p X p sim n-cn- p _lp-am\y hmb-\- mtcmsp \μn-b-dn-bn- p- p. amkn-i-bpss Ih-dn 100 cq]m hcnk-kw-jy-bmbn A -Sn- n-cn- p- X Un -td-j am p-hm- Xmakw t\cn-sp- Xp sim m-w. 4) \yphn-j amkni Hcp h j-tø 200 cq]mbpw c p h j-tø 350 cq]mbpw aq h j-tø 500 cq]m-bp-amw hcnkw-jy. ]Ww _m (SBI)hgn-bmbn Ab- p- -h _m ns ]pxnb IFSC:SBIN _m A u \º thww ]Ww Ab- p-hm. s^u-d _m n-eq-ssbpw ]Ww Ab- mw.federal Bank Ac IFSC : FDRL b _m hgn ]Ww AS- p- -h F samss_-entem Adn-bn- ncn- Ww. sms or IqSp-X A`n-Imayw. _m n-eqss ]Ww Ab- X Bcm-sW- -dn-bp-hm a am -ß-fn- mø-xn- \m-emw hnhcw Adn-bn- -W-sa- m-h-iy-s -Sp- X. cheque/dd/moxps-ßn-bh Manager, New Vision, Mundakappadam Mandiram,Manganam, Kottayam F hnem-k-øn Ab- p-i. 4) \yq hnj hcn m Ab p Xcp hnhmltemn-\-bp-ambn _ -s ]c-ky-߃ kup-\y-am-w. a ]c-ky-߃ pw \nc Ipd-hm-W. hmb-\- m ]c-ky-߃ X kl-i-cn- -W-sa- -`y n- p- p. tpm P amxyp kn, amt\-pnwk FUn / sk] w-_

27 27 sk] w-_ 2017

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