ss{ikvxh Fgp-Øp-]pc \yqkv

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1 - ss{ikvxh Fgp-Øp-]pc \yqkv Hm sse sszzhm-cni Vol: 9 l Book No. 1 l 2017 October 02 N v Hm^v tkmuv ti-c-fm kv -t - v - P-\-d I -h -j ap-f- p-g: N - v Hm-^v tkm- Uv C C -Uy ti-c-f kvt - v 95 m-a-xv P-\-d I h -j 2018 P-\p-h-cn 22 ap- X 28 h-sc Xn-cp-h- cma -Nn-d-bn-ep- k-`m kv- -t - Un-b-Øn h- v \-S- pw. I -h -j-s kp-k-a-am-b \-S-Øn- n-\m-bp- {]-Y-a B-tem-N-\m tbm-kw ssz-hk-`m ti-c-fm kv- -t - v Hm-h - kn-b-dp-ss A- y- -X-bn ap-f- p-g ko-tbm Ip- n \-S- p. tbm-k-øn kv- -t - v Iu -kn Aw-K-߃, _n- en-th-gv- -kv t_m -Uv Aw-K߃, ap I -h -j I -ho-t\-gv- -kv, I-Ω- n Aw- ss- -kn ]- n-bn sh-sn-h-bv-]v: 1 a-c-ww, \n-c-h-[n t] - v ]-cn- v ss- -kn: ss- -kn-bn-se t_-w- v Nm- N - v Hm-^v ss{i-ãn Ign Znhkw D- m-b sh-sn-sh-bv-]n H- cp kv-{xo sim- -s -Sp-I-bpw, \n-c-h- [n-t] - v Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t - p-i-bpw sn-bv-x-xm-bn s]m-eo-kv ]- {X-k-tΩ-f-\-Øn A-dn-bn- p. cm-hn-se ]-Xn-s\m- n-\p ]- n-bnse k -ho-kv I-gn- v ]m - n-mv-tem- n-te- v \-S- p \o-ßp-i-bm-bn-cp- kv-{xo- p t\sc-bm-wv A-{I-an- B- Zy-am-bn sh-sn-bp-xn -Ø-Xv. Xp-S - v ]- n-bp-ss ]p-d-ip-h-i-øp-iq-sn A- I-Øv- {]-th-in- v I- -h-sc-sb- mw sh-sn-h-bv- p-ibm-bn-cp- p. aq- p- kv- {Xo-Iƒ- pw aq- p ]p-cp-j- m - pw sh-sn-tb- p. A-h-sc- hm- -_n - v bq-wn-th-gv-kn- n sa-un- sk - P-\p-h-cn 22 ap-x K-߃, k-ao-] Un-kv-{Sn-Œp- I-fn-se ip-{iq-j-i- m, hnizm-kn-iƒ, hn-hn-[ Un- m - v- -sa v Np-a-X-e- m, ]p- Xn-b-Xm-bn I -h -j I- Ω- n-bn tn - v {]-h -Øn- sf.kn.]n.f-^v Iym-ºv k-am-]n- p ap- p-a : ssz-h-km- n- yw hy- -am-bn A-S-bm-f-s -Sp- Ø-s - sf-kn-]n-f-^v P- \-d Iym-ºn-\v kw-xr-]v-x k-am-]v-xn. Xn-I- A- -S- -Ønepw \n-c- -c-am-b {]m - - \-tbm-ss-bpw \-S- Cu Iq- m-bv-a-bn 210 hn-zym - n- Iƒ ]-s -Sp-Øp. F- m hn- Zym - n-i-tfm-spw hy- n-]- c-am-bn kw-km-cn- p-hm-\pw A-h - m-bn {]m - n- phm-\pw Ãm-^pw ko-\n-tbgv-kpw D- p-i-cm-bn-cp- p. ssz-h-`r-xy- m-cn-eq-ss cq-]m- -c-øn-\p-x-ip- k-tμ-i߃ \ -In-b ssz-hw 20 t] c- -bn-te- pw 24 t] kv-\m-\-øn-te- pw \- bn- -s -Sp-hm-\pw 30 t] dn - {]-th-in- n- p. C-Xn-\n-S-bn B-cm-[-\-bv-s - Øn-b a-s m-cp bp-hm-hv Im-dn \n- pw txm-s -Sp-Øv A-{I-an-sb t\- cn- p. a - n-sp-ø-øn-\n-s-bn A-{Ian- pw ]-cn-t - p. C-bm-sf B-ip- ]-{Xn-bn {]-th-in- n- p. Xp-S - v A-d-Ãv- sn-bv-xp. sh-sn-sh- A-{I-an 25 h-b- p- B-{^n- - A-ta-cn- C-Ωm-\pth - In-Uv-K kmw-k-sw- v s]meo-kv ÿo-co-i-cn- p. sa-en-\ kv-an- Øv (39) F- -kv-{xo-bm-wv sh-sn-tb- v a-cn- -sx- pw s]m-eo-kv A-dn-bn- p. A-{I-an-sb t\-cn- tdm-_ - v (22) F- bp-hm-hv X- -k-a-b-øv- C-S-s]- -Xn-\m Iq-Sp-X A-\n- kw-`-h߃ H-gn-hm-bn. \nß-f-dn-tb hm Ø-Ifp-ambn thk-ønepw hnizm-kyx-bnepw H m-axv ss{ikvxh Fgp-Øp-]pc \yqkv sh_v t]m p-hm Xm-ev-]-cy-ap- -h-sc- mw ]-s -Sp-Øp sk-]v- w-_ 27 ap-x 2018 P-\p-hcn 15 h-sc Xp-S - -bm-bn H- tcm Zn-h-k-hpw I -h -js A-\p-{K-l-Øn-\m-bn D-]- ]q -Æ k-a-b kp-hn-ti-j th-e-bv- m-bn k- a - n- -s -Sp-hm-\pw 25 t] B-fl-kv-\m-\w {]m-]n- p-hm-\p-an-s-bm- n. C-hm. km-ap-h n tim-in, {_-Z. jm - se- v, s{]m-^. am-xyq ]n txm-a-kv, tum. kn. n. eq-bn-k-v-ip- n Xp-S-ßn-b-h kw-km-cn- p. {_- Z Pn-^n, _v-f- Xp-S-ßn-b-h Km-\-ip- {iq-j \-bn- p. {_-Z. si. sf. am-xyp Iym- ºn-\v t\-xr-xzw \ -In. {]m - -\-bv- pw ]- m-fn-ø-øn-\pw G-h - pw kw-lm-s-i \-μn A-dn-bn- p. h-kn- v {]m - n- p- -Xn-\p- {I-ao-I-c-Ww B-tem-N-\ tbm-k-øn \-S-Øn P- \p-h-cn 15 ap-x I -h j tã-un-b-øn D-]-hmk {]m - -\ \-S-Øp- -Xn- \pw Xn-cp-am-\-am-bn. Hm-h -knb-dp-ss Cu {]-kv-xm-h-\-sb h-en-b B-th-i-tØm-sS-bm- Wv G-h-cpw G-s -Sp-Ø-Xv. I -h -j-\n kz-tz-i- Øpw hn-tz-i-øp-ap- A-t\- Iw ssz-h-zm-k- m ssz-h-h- N-\w ip-{iq-jn- pw. I h -j Iz-b Km-\-߃ B-e-]n- pw. ]m-ã -am-cm-b sp. tpm-k-^v, ssh. sd-pn, tpm -k Zm-\n-tb F- n-h t\-xr-xzw \-ev-in. ^m-z tsmw D-gp- m-en tic-f-øn-seøn Xn-cp-h-\- -]p-cw: sb-a-\n `o-i-c-cp-ss ]n-sn-bn \n- pw c- -s - ^m-z tsmw D-gp- m-en 3 \v Xn-cp-h-\- -]p-csø-øn. ap-jy-a-{ n ]n-w-dm-bn hn-p-b-t\-bpw kn._n.kn.sf. {]-kn-u v n-an-kv Im-tXm-en-I _m- _-tb-bpw k-μ -in- p. Akm-am-\y-amb C m-i- nsim v {]Xn-k- nsb Iog-S- m-sa- -Xns Pohn- p DZm-l-c-W-amWv ^m. tsmw Dgp- m-en F v apjy-a{ n ]nw-dmbn hnp-b A`n- -{]m-b-s - p. Hcn- t]mepw ka-\ne sx mø hn[-øn-ep ^m. Dgp- m-ens kao-]\amwv tamn-\-øn\v henb ] p-hln- -sx pw At±-l-Øns abpw kl-\-i- nbpw kuay-xbpw sim v `oi-csc Iog-S- nsb pw ap ap- Jy-a{ n DΩ Nm- n Nq n- m- n. ^m. tsmans\ Poh-t\msS ImWm km[n- p-sa v Icp-Xn-b-X-s pw a\p-jy\v Akm-[y-am-bXv sszh-øn\v km[y-am-sw pw I ±n-\mƒ am _tk-en-tbmkv oankv ItØm-en m _mhm A`n-{]m-b-s - p. ss{ikvxh Fgp-Øp-]pc sakm ss nƒ Iznkv IqSp-X hnh-c-߃ v sh_vssk v kμ in- pi

2 FUn-t m-dn-b \mw \sω Ab- -hs {]hrøn snøp- -htcm? c- m-bn-c-øn ]-cw h -j-߃- p ap -]v I -Øm-hm-b tb-ip- {In-kv-Xp X -sd in-jy- m - v \ -In-b a-lm-\n-tbm-k-øn C- {]-Im-cw ]-d- p "\n-߃ t]m-bn k-i-e Pm-Xn-I-sf-bpw in-jycm- n sim- p-hn '. tem-i-øn-s A- -tøm-fw kp-hn-ti-jw F- Øn- p- -Xn F- m-wv C- v X-S- w? ]-W-Øn-s Ip-d-hv? B- fp-i-fp-ss Ip-d-hv? km-t -Xn-I hn-zy-bp-ss A-]-cym-]v-X-X? A-tXm a- p F-s - n-ep-am-twm \-Ωp- v ap -]n D- X-S- w? \-ap- v e-`y-am-bn-cn- p- A-h-k-c-߃ \-Ωƒ th- hn-[w {]-tbm-p-\- s -Sp-Øm-Ø-X-t si-cn- p-ap- X-S- w?? N-cn-{Xw ]-cn-tim-[n- p-i-bm-sw- n ssz-h-h-n-\w F- m-h-cnepw F-Øn- p-hm ssz-h-a- ƒ km-t -Xn-I hn-zy-sb D-]-tbm-Ks -Sp-Øn-b ]-e k-μ -`-ß-fpw \-ap- v Im-Wmw Kp- - _ -Kv {]n -dnw-kv {]-kv- - ap-x, 19 -Bw \q- m- n sss- v-ssd-, 1980I-fn I-ºyq-, sxm-æq-dp-i-fn-se C -s\- v- -, C-sa-bn hn- Zy-Iƒ, C-cp-]-sØm- mw \q- m- n tkm-jy ao-un-b C-h-sbms C-Xn-\p D-Ø-a D-Zm-l-c-W-ß-fm-Wv. a-e-bm-f ss{i-kv-x-h am-[y-a cw-k-øv- - th-dn- i- -am-bn 2014 Pq-Wn sh-_v- - t]m - -em-bn sn-dn-b co-xn-bn {]-h -Ø-\w B- cw-`n- ss{i-kv-x-h F-gp-Øp-]p-c, A-hn-sS \n- v ss{i-kv-x-h F-gp-Øp-]p-c ]-{X-Øn-te- pw, Hm -sse \yq-kv t]m - -en-te- pw, Nm-cn- n, ]-ªn-t -j, ao-un-b, dm-^m td-un-tbm, F- nß-s\ B-tKm-f-X-e-Øn A-Xn-th-Kw h-f - p ]- -en- H-cp {]- h -Ø-\w B-bn am-dp-hm ssz-hw k-lm-bn- p. hm-b-\- m - pw X-ß-fp-sS kr- n-iƒ {]-kn- o-i-cn- m A-h-k-cw H-cp- n-bn-cn- p- F-gp-Øp-]p-c sh-_v-ssk- n 200 ]-cw Aw-K-ß-fp-sSbm-bn 1500 ]-cw te-j-\-߃, I-Y-Iƒ, hm -Ø-Iƒ, I-hn-X- Iƒ ap-x-em-b-h {]-kn- o-i-cn- n- p- v. C-h-bn `q-cn-`m-k-hpw ]p- Xp-ap-J F-gp-Øp-Im-cp-sS-tXm a-s -ßpw F-gp-Xm A-h-k-cw e-`n- m-ø ]p-xp-ap-j-ß-fp-ss-txm B-Wv. k -Δ am-\-hpw a-l-xz-hpw I -Øm-hn-\p am-{xw! tbm-l- m 9:4 \mw C-ß-s\ hm-bn- p- p, ''F-s A-b- -h-s {]-hr-øn ]-I D-t -S-tØm-fw \mw sn-tø- -Xm-Ip- p. B - pw {]-h -Øn- p-iq-sm-ø cm-{xn h-cp- p''. X-s A-b- ]n-xm-hn-s {]-hr-øn Xn-I-t - n-b-xn-s B-h-iy-I-X-sb p-dn- m-wv Cu hm-iy-øn-eq-ss tb-ip kw-km-cn- p- -Xv. I -Øm-hm-b tb-ip {In-kv-Xp \-ap- p \ -In-b a-lm-\n-tbm- K-hp-am-bn tn -Øp Nn- n- p-tºm-gm-wv Cu hm-i-y-øn-s A - -h-ym-]v-xn Iq-Sp-X sh-fn-hm-ip- -Xv. hm-kv-x-h-øn ']-I D-t -S-tØm-f-am-Wv \mw \-Ωp-sS {]-hr-øn Xp-S-tc- -Xv. ']-I ' F- -Xv \-ap- v C- p e-`-y-am-bn- p- A-h-k-c-ß-sf-bm-Wv kq-nn- n- p- -Xv. ssz-hw \ -In-Ø-cp- Hm-tcm A-h-k-c-ß-fpw \-sω A-b- -h-s {]-hr-øn-bp-ss ]q -Øo-I-c-W-Øn-\m-bn \mw D-]-bp- -am-t n-bn-cn- p- p. tb-ip-{in-kv-xp-hn-s\ X-s ]n-xm-hv A-b- -Xp t]m-se ]p-{x-\m `q-an-bp-ss A- -tøm-fw A-b-bv- -s - h-cm-wv \m-ta-h-cp-sa- bm-ym - -yw \-Ωn-em-cpw H-cn- -epw hn-kva-cn- -cp-xv. B - pw {]-h -Øn- p-iq-sm-ø cm-{xn h-cp- p. cm-{xn-sb- -XpsIm- v \-Ωp-sS {]-hr-øn-i-sf- mw ]q -Æ-am-bn X-S- -s -Sp- ÿn-xn-sb- m-wv A - -am- p- -Xv. A-Xv H-cp-]-t \-Ωp-sS a- c-w-sø- p-dn- m-imw, A-s - n \-Ωp-sS I -Øm-hm-b tb-ip- {In-kv-Xp-hn-s c-l-k-y {]-X-y- -X-sb p-dn- m-imw, A-Xp-a-s - n \-Ωp-sS {]-h -Ø-\-߃-s -Xn-sc C-cp- n-s i- n-iƒ H- n-s -gp-t - p- H-cp ÿn-xn-sb p-dn- p-am-imw. H-cp Im-c-yw Xo -, B - pw {]-h -Øn- p-iq-sm-ø cm-{xn h-cp- p F- -Xns i-cn-bm-b A - w \-Ωp-sS {]-h -Ø-\-am -K-ß-sf- mw ]q - Æ-am-bn \n-jv-{in-b-am- p-hm t]m-ip- p-sh- p X-s -bm-wv. ssz-hw \-ap- p \ -In-bn-cn- p- F- m A-h-k-c-ß-fpw sszth- w \n-d-th- p- -Xn-\m-bn D-]-tbm-Kn- p-i F- -Xm-Wv \-Ωp-sS I-S-a. \-sω A-b- -h-s {]-hr-øn Xn-sI- p- -Xn-\p- A-h-kc-߃ \mw A-t\z-jn- p I- -tø-ww. B - pw {]-h -Øn- p- Iq-Sm-Ø cm-{xn h-cp- p-sh- ap- -dn-bn- v ]q -Æ Ku-c-h-tØm-sS \mw Dƒ-s m-t -Ww. G-Xp {]m-b- m-c-\pw F-t mƒ th-w-sa- n-epw a-c-ww h-gn Cu tem-i-øp-\n- p am- -s -ts- n h-cp-sa- bm-ym - -yw \m-sam-cn- -epw hn-kv-a-cn- -cp-xv. \-sω A-b- -h-s {]-hr-øn Xn-Sp- -tøm-ss sn-tø- -Xm- Ip- p. X-s ap-ºn A-h-ti-jn- n-cp- Zn-\-ß-sf- p-dn- v tbip-hn-\v A-dn-hp- m-bn-cp- p. A-h-s in-j-y- m-cm-b \-ap- pw \- Ωp-sS ap-ºn C-\n G-sd-\mƒ ti-jn- n- n- F- Xn-cn- -dn-hv D- m-bn-cn-t -Ww. F- n am-{x-ta \-sω A-b- -h-s {]-hr-øn \-ap- p ]q -Øo-I-cn- m-\m-iq. {]n-b k-tlm-z-c-ß-tf, \-Ωp-sS Cu tem-i-po-hn-xw -Wn-Iam-Wv. A-Xn-\m Cu Po-hn-X-sØ G- -hpw \- -Xn-\p-th- n, A- Xm-b-Xv \-sω A-b- I -Øm-hn-s C- w ]q -Øo-I-cn- p- -Xn- \p th- n \-ap- p Nn-e-h-gn- mw. a -X-y Po-hn-Xw -W-`w-Kp-c-am- Wv. k- o -Ø-\- m-c ]-d- n-cn- p- -Xv, A-Xv Nm- p-t]m-ip- \n-g -t]m-se-bm-sw- m-wv. k-x-y-am-wv, \-Ωp-sS Po-hn-Xw F- t mƒ th-w-sa- n-epw A-h-km-\n- mw. ]-t \mw Po-hn- n-cn- p- n-s-tøm-fw Im-ew \-sω kw-_- n- n-s-tøm-fw ]-I X- s -bm-wv. Cu ]-I-en-\p- n \-ap- p sn-bv-xp-xo -t - p- ]-e D-Ø-c-hm-Zn-Xz-ß-fp-ap- v. C-cpƒ ho-gpw-ap-tº \-sω G - n- Zu-X-yw \-ap- p ]q -Øn-bm- mw. \mw hn-iz-kn- k-a-b-sø- mƒ c- C-t mƒ \-ap- v A-[n-Iw A-Sp-Øn-cn- p- p. A-tX, ]-I Xo-cm-dm-bn, A-kv-X-a-\-kq-c-y-s sn- n-c-w-߃ A-ßn-ßm-bn sx-fn- p-xp-s-ßn. cm-{xn h-f-sc k-ao-]-am-bn-cn- p- p. C-\n \-ap-s m- pw k-a-bw \- -s -Sp-Øm-\n-. ]-I D- n-støm-fw \-ap- v \-sω A-b- -h-s {]-hr-øn sn-ømw. A-Xn-\mbn ssz-hw \n-߃ G-h-sc-bpw k-lm-bn- -s tpmjn Ipcy k_v FUn- ip`-nn _n.-hn. apjwaqsn C msx ap-jw-aq-sn C- m-sx a- p- -h-sc A-\p-I-cn-Im-sX \mw F- m-bn-cn- p- p-thm A-Xm-bn-cn- p-i. A-\p-I-cn- m tbm-ky-\m-b Kp-cp-hn-s\ am-{xw ]n -]- mw A-h-s `m-hw \-Ωn kv-^p-cn- -s! hnizm-k-øns \mb-i\pw ]q Øn hcp-øp- -h-\p-amb tbip-hns\ {i n p t\m p-i. A`n-\-b-ß-fn- mø Im]-Sy-ß-fn- mø ]cn-]m-h-\-amb `mhw Ah-\n \ap p ImWmw. am\pj `mh-ß-sf mw bmym y ßfn \n- p Hfn-t m- -ß-fm-Wv. F m Ahs apjw h \ H p-an- mø sszh-xz-øns txtpm-z -W-am-Wv. angn-ifpss k m-chpw Nm]-eyhpw hns m-gn v bmym y-ß-fpss shfn- -Øn Pohn- mw, apjw-aq-sn-i-fn- m-sx. \-t sn-dp- - m-e-øv F-\n-s m-cp sim-a-tum 64 I-ºyq- In- n. sim- w A-_p-Zm-_n-bn ho-un-tbm-tjm- p- m-bn-cp- H-cp kp-lr-øv Iq- -Øn I-eym-W-Im-k- p-i-fpw F-Un- psn-bv-xp-sim-sp- p-am-bn-cp- p. Im-k- p-i-fn tn-cv- m a-e-bm-f-øn-ep- A- -c-ß-fpw {Km-^n-I-v-kpw A-t\zjn- p-\-s- p-i-bm-bn-cp- p ]p- n A-t mƒ. H-cp c-k- Øn-\p-th- n Rm F-s sim- p-i-ºyq- -dpw sh- v A-t±-l-sØ k-lmbn- m-sa-t - p. sim-tωm-u-dn Rm Ip-d- p a-ebm-fw A- -c-߃ ]-S- p- m- n. A- Xp I- n- v [m-cm-fw B-fp-Iƒ a-e-bm-fw {Km-^n-I-v-kv sn-bv- Xp-sIm-Sp- m F- s k-ao-]n- pw Xp- S-ßn. A- m-e-øv A-Xv i-cn- pw H-cp a-lm-kw-`-h-am-bn-cp- p! F- m-bm-epw ssi- - n-bpw a-ebm-fw A- -c-ßfpw X-Ωn-ep- t{]- a-_- w A-tXm-sS Xp-S-ßn. a-e-bm-fw en-]n-bp-ss X-\-Xm-b Nn-e {]-txy-i- X-Iƒ F-s h- m-x-ßm-i- jn- p B k-a-b-øp-xs. F-s m-s ]-d- m-epw {]n n-ßn-\p ]- n-b G- - hpw \- D-]m-bw A- pw (C- pw!) Apple Macintosh B-bn-cp- p. Windows 3.1 h-cp- -Xp-h-sc Intel πm- v-t^m-d-øn a-e-bm-f-øn Im-cy-am-sbm- pw sn-øm- \p- m-bn-cp- n-. ]-t, 1992 hn tum-kv 3.1 a- e-bm-f-øn hy-xy-kv-x-am-b 6 True Type t^m- p- Iƒ \n Ωn m ]- n. A-s m- -sø Gitex F-I-v-kn- _n-j-\n ssa-t{im-tkm-^v- n-s 3rd Party Solution Partner B-bn ]-s -Sp- p-i-bpw sn-bv-xp. ]-g-b- en-]nbn-ep- a-e-bm-f-øn A- -Sn- e-lp-te-j-iƒ I- v Gitex h- ]-e-cpw A- p-x-s - p. kw-k-xn a-e-bm-fam-bn-cp-s - n-epw F-t -Xm-bn-cp- -Xp-sIm- v A- -csø- p-iƒ-s m-cp Ip-d-hp-an- m-bn-cp- p F- p ]-d-tb- -t m! Iq- -Øn H-cp a-lm e-lp-te-j-bn-se A- -csø- p-iƒ H-s Nq- n- m-wn- v Ip-d-s m-s Xn-cp- Øn-bpw Iq-Sp-X ]-cn-l-kn- pw sim- v tnm-zn- p: ""ae-bm-fw i-cn- -dn-bm-ø-h-\m-twm a-e-bm-f-øn A- -c-ß-fpw tkm-^v- vshb-dpw D- m- m t]m-ip- -Xv?'' A-sX-\n- n- -ßp sim- p. h- m-sx hn-j-a-am-bn. A- t mƒ Im-cy-am- n-bn-s - n-epw H-cp Im-cyw A- p Rm Xo-cp-am-\n- p. In- m-hp- -Xn G- -hpw Authentic B-b H-cp h-en-b a-e-bm-f-{k-ÿw Rm I-ºyq- -dn ]-I Ønsb-gp-Xpw. \- {]-Nm-c-ap- -Xpw B-fp-I-ƒs m-s C- S-bv-s m-s hm-bn-t - n h-cp- -Xp-am-b H-cp ]p-kv-xa-e-bm-fw ss_-_nƒ C - s\- n F-Øn-b I-Y IhnX s_ n aw-en, Ipssh v a-cn- n- Rm G-I-\- Rm C-\n-ta G-I-\- Rm F-s I-cp-Xpw I-cv-Ø-\ I-c-ß-fv Zq-X k- -bw F Np- p-ap- -t m Im-h-em-fm-bn A-h-sc-\v ]- -Xp-ap- v- - I-c-bn- Rm-\n-\n-ta I-c-bn- Rm I-Æp-\o-cv a-dn-i-s- m I-cv-Ø F ]- w I-Æp- o-tcm- A-h F Iq-sS-bp- -t m I-e-ßn- Rm C-\n-ta I-e-ßn- ( G-I-\-... tcm-kn-b- Rm C-\n-ta tcm-kn-b- Rm A-Sn-]n-\-c-f-h sku-jr ta-in A-h I-c-Øm Rm sku-jr-am-bn Hm-Sn-Sq-ta Rm In-S- hn- p ( G-I-\-.. X-f-cn- Rm ho-gn- Rm Xm-ßn-Sp- I-c-Øn Rm Np- n ]n-sn- pw Zq-X-sc-s Xm-ßn-Sp- p Np- pw \n- p Im-ev I- n X- n-sm-sx Im-Øn-Sp-s -s (G-I-\-.. a-cn- n- Rm a-cn- n- Rm a-c-w-sø P-bn- -h Iq-sS-bp- -t m aq- mw \m-fn D-b-cv-Ø-h F Iq-sS-bv- m-t m D-b n pw A-h-s\-s \n-xy-x- m-bn (G-I-\-.. 2 I-am-bn-cn- -Ww A-Xv. A-Xn h-cp- sx- p-iƒ hn-fn- p Iq-hn F-s ]-cn-l-kn- p- txm-ev- n m H-cp h-enb kw-lw B-fp-I-fpw D- m-h-ww! {]m-h -Øn-I-ambpw km-t -Xn-I-am-bpw \n-b-a-]-c-am-bpw A-ß-s\-bp- H-cp {K-Ÿw B-bn tbm-pn- p-h- -Xv ss_-_nƒ skmssk- n Hm-^v C- y {]-kn- o-i-cn- n-cp- "k-xy-th-z- ]p-kv-x-iw" X-s -bm-bn-cp- p. ]n- o-s-tßm- v A- o-w-am-b ]-cn-{i-a-am-bn-cp- p. F- p-am-kw sim- v C-Xn-\p X- -Xm-b H-cp Hm-Un- nßv tkm-^v-s z-b-dpw s{]m-sp-iv- v am-t\-pvsa v Sq-fpw D- m- n-sb- Sp-Øp. sss- n-ßn-\p-th- n Lotus Amipro. sss- p sn-bv-xp-i-gn-bp- apd-bv- v Hm-tcm `m-k-hpw {]q-^v Xn-cp-Øm X-ømdm-bn Zp-_m-bn-ep- H-cp ]m-cn-jv ap-t m- p h- p. 66 ]p-kv-x-i-ß-fn-em-bn ]- c- p-in-s- p- k-ºq- Æ th-z-]p-kv-x-iw ]n- o-sp- c- p-h- jw sim- v Rm-\pw F-s H-cp kp-lr-øpw Iq-Sn sss- p sn-bv-xp ]q- Ønbm- n h-sc ASCII bn-em-bn-cp- p A-sXm-s ]-Xp-s bp-wn-tim-un-te- p am- m {i-aw Xp-S-ßn. A-t m-gm-wv bp-wn-tim-un, {]-txy-in- v a-e-bm-fw bp- Wn-tIm-Un ]-e {]-iv-\-ß-fpw ]-cn-l-cn- -s -Sm-sX C-\n-bpw In-S- p- p-s - p a-\- n-em-b-xpw! ku-p-\y-am-bn tlm-ãn-ßpw sum-sa-bv-\pw G-s -Sp- Øp Nn-e kp-lr-øp- ƒ. A-Xp-t]m-se ]-e-\n-e-bv- pw Cu kw-cw-`-øn H-cp ]m-sp t] k-lm-bn- n- p- v. A- p Xp-S-ßn-b H-cp sn-dn-b hm-in, ]-co- -Ww C- p h-en-sbm-cp hn-p-b-am-bn \n-߃ m -s - n-epw txm- p- p-s - n, A-Xn-\p- H-cp {]-[m-\ Im-c-Ww \n-߃ F- m-h-cpw a-\- n-em- -Ww: ""C-sXm-s snøm th-sd h- -h-\pw h-cpw. th- -t]m-se sn-bv-txmfpw'' F- p I-cp-Xn C-cp- m H-cp Im-cy-hpw \-S- n-.\-ωp-ss a-\- n txm- p- h-en-b B-i-b-߃ \mw B-bn-Ø-s sn-bv-xp-xp-s-ß-ww. B-sc-bpw B-{i-bn- m-sx-x-s A-Xp ap-gp-h-\m- p-sa- v- Zr-V-\n- -b-hpw th-ww. F- mw km- y-am-wv. ]- n- q-s-øn a-e-bmfw ]Tn- m-ø F-\n- v C-Xv km- y-am-sw- n \n-ßfv-s m-s F- p-x-s ]- n-? D-Zm-l-c-W-Øn a-ebm-f-øn-ep- G-sX- n-epw H-cp ]-g-b a-lm-im-hyw F- p-sim- v \-ap- v Iq- m-bn sss- p-sn-bv-xp Xp-S-ßn- q- Sm? Gutenberg Project-\p k-am-\-am-bn \-ap- p a-e-bmf-øn F- p-sim- v H-cp "F-gp-Ø- ]- n- q-sw' ]-Sp-Øp-b- -Øn- q-sm? Courtesy : \n-jm-zv lp-ssk ssi- - n,

3 - sf- - F-kv \-S-Øn-b ss{i-kv-x-h hw-i-l-xy-sb p-dn- v A-t\z-jn- p-hm sf-iy-cm-{ k-`-bn {]-ta-bw \yq-tbm- v kn- n: C-dm-Jnse ss{i-kv-x-h A-S- -ap- a-x \yq-\-]- -ß-sf e- y-am- n C- m-an-iv tã- vkv Xo-{h-hm-Zn-Iƒ \-S-Ønb hw-i-l-xy-sb Ip-dn- v A- t\z-jn- p- -Xn-\m-bn sf- Iy-cm-{ k-`-bp-ss sk-iyqcn- n Iu- kn- ]p-xn-b {]- ta-bw ]m- m- n. cm-py-øp C- m-an-iv tã- v-kv \-S-Ønb-Xv a-x-\yq-\-]- -ß-fp-sS "hw-i-l-xy'bm-sw- v Aw- Ko-I-cn- p- -Xn-s B-Zy-]- Sn-bm-bn- m-wv sf-iy-cm-{ k-`-bp-ss \-S-]-Sn-sb s]m- Xp-sh I-W- m- p- -Xv. C-dm-Jn-se C-kv-fm-an-I Xo-{h-hm-Zn-I-fp-sS A-{I-a- Øn-\n-c-bm-b {In-kv-Xym-\n- Iƒ pw, b-ko-zn-iƒ- pw ]p-xn-b {]-Xo- \-ev-ip - Xm-Wv Cu \-S-]-Sn. sk-]v- w-_ 12 ap-x 25 h-sc \yq-tbm n sh- v \-S- sf-iy-cm-{ -k-` P-\-d A-kw-ªn-bp-sS 72 -a-xv sd- Kp-e sk-j-\n sh- m-wv {]-ta-bw A-h-X-cn- n- -s - -Xv. C- -gn- hym-gm-gv-n ss{i-kv-x-h aq-ey-ß-fpw thcp-i-fpw _-en-i-gn- p- -Xv h- gn bq-tdm- v B-fl-l-Xy-s mcp-ßp-i-bm-sw- p tam-kvtim ]m-{xn-bm -t n-s F- Iv-tÃ-W N v dn-te-j- kv k-an-xn sn-b- am sat{sm-t m-fo- ln-em-cntbm Btey-hv. h- n- ph-cp- Ip-Sn-tb- -hpw \n-co-izc hm-z-øn-s kzm[o-\-hpw bq-tdm- n-s ss{i-kv-x-h ]m-c-º-cy-øn-\v h B- thm- n-\n- {]-ta-bw sf-i-i- Wv-tT-\ ]m- m- p-i-bm-bncp p. ]p-xn-b \-S-]-Sn h-gn C- m-an-iv tã- v Ip- -hm-fn-i-sf \n-b-a-øn-s ap- n sim- p-h-cp-hm-\p- i- -am-b km-[y-x D-S-se-Sp-Øn-cn- p-ibm-wv. C-dm-Jn K-h-s ns -bpw hn-hn-[ k- - -kw- L-S-\-I-fp-tS-bpw k-lm-btøm-ss cm-py-sø a-x-\yq- \-]- -ß-ƒ v t\-sc C- man-iv tã v \-S-Øn-b Ip- -Ir- Xy-ß-fp-sS sx-fn-hp-iƒ ti- J-cn- p-hm-\pw kw-c- n- m- \p-am-bn kv-s]-jy A- ssuz-k-dp-ss t\-xr-xz- Øn ]p-xn-b A-t\z-j-W kw-l-sø \n-b-an- p-hm {]-ta-bw ip-]m- i sn-øp- p v. A-tX-k-a-bw sf-iy-cm- { -k-`-bp-ss \-S-]-Sn-sb A- ey- {^o-uw C \m-j- W (ADF) A-S- -ap- {]- ap-j a-\p-jym-h-im-i kw-l- S-\-Iƒ kzm-k-xw sn-bv-xp. a-x-\yq-\-]- -߃-s Xnsc C-dm-Jn sf- - F-kv \-S- Øn-b-Xv hw-io-b-l-xy X- s -bm-sw- v- bp- - F-kv tã- v sk-{i- -dn-bm-bn-cp- p tpm si-dn {]-Jym-]n- n-cp- p. sf-iy-cm-{ k-`-bp-ss Cu {]-ta-b-sø H-cp "\m-gn- I-I- v' F- m-wv bp-f- nse A-ta-cn- {]-Xn-\n-[nbm-b \n- n lm-en hn-ti-jn- n- -Xv C-dm-Jn-se a-x- \yq-\-]- -߃-s Xn-sc C- m-an-iv tã- v-kv \-S-Øn-b {Iq-c-X-I-sf {^m -knkv ]m- m-bpw "hw-i-l-xy' F- m- Wv hn-ti-jn- n- n-cp- -Xv. {Inkv-Xym-\n-I-ƒ pw, b-ko-zn- I-ƒ- pw t\-sc sf- - F-kv \-S-Øn-b-Xv hw-i-l-xy-xs -sb- v 2016 bq-tdm- ]y ]m- en-sa pw t\-csø {]-Jym-]n- n-cp- p. bp.f sk-iyq-cn- n Iu- kn C- m-an-iv tã- ns \-S-]-Sn-I-sf C-Xp-h-sc hw-i-l-xy-sb- p {]-Jym-]n- n- n-s - n-epw D-S- X-s A-Xp- m-hp-sa- {]-Xo- bn-em-wv a-\p-jym-h-im-i kw-l-s-\-iƒ. I txm-a-kv ]p-øq-cpw Km- \-߃ B-e-]n- pw. Iq-SmsX kp-hn-ti-j hn-tcm-[n-ifm {Iq-c-am-bn B-{I-an- s - ]m-in-ÿm-\n h-\n-x Pq-en-b A-^v- -Xm-_v- - X-s A- \p-`-h km- y-hpw ]- p-h-bv- p- p. lyq-ã-\n H-tŒm-_ 30 \pw, Um-f- n \-hw-_ 7 \pw, H- -tlm-a-bn \-hw- _ 8 \pw ]-cn-]m-sn-iƒ A- c-tß-dpw. ]-cn-]m-sn-iƒ A-c-tß-dp- ÿ-e hn-h-c-߃ ]n- mse A-dn-bn- p- -Xm-bn-cndm-^m ao-un-b Hm-h -I-ta-gv -kv- - - _m v kw-bp- - kw-ko-x ]-cn-]m-sn-iƒ Atacn- -bn dm-^m ao-un-b-bpw Hm-h - I-ta-gv- -kv- - _m pw kw-bp- - am-bn A-ta-cn- sf-iy \m-sp-i-fn aq- n-s-ß-fn-embn h-cpw Zn-h-k-ß-fn kw-ko-x ]-cn-]m-sn-iƒ A- h-x-cn- n- m H-cp-ßp- p. Hm-h -I-ta-gv- -kv-_m n-se A-\p-{K-lo-X I-em-Im-c- m -s m- w dm-^m ao-un-b ta-[m-hn-bpw, A-\p-{K-lo-X Km-b-I-\pw, kw-ko-x kw-hn- [m-b-i-\pw, ss{i-kv-x-h F- gp-øp-]p-c ao-un-b am-t\-pcp-am-b sp- v-k k-æntbm-ssm- w si-\n-b Km-b- _mw- q. F- v.fw.sf I - Wm-S-I do-pn-b h - j-tø- p- `m-c-hm-ln-isf Xn-c-s -Sp-Øp. ]m-ã - tpm -am-xyq tim-un-t\- - dm-bn Xn-c-s -Sp- -s - p. Xp-S - -bm-b 25 a-sø h - j-am-wv ]m-ã tpm am- Xyp tim-un-t\- -dm-bv Xn-cs -Sp- -s - -Xv. sk-{i- - ss{i-kv-x-h aq-ey-߃ _-en-i-gn- p- bq-tdm- v B-fl-l-Xym ap-\-ºn- : djy _nj v LmX-am-Wv D- m- n-b-xv. bq-tdm- y bq-wn-b-\n am- {X-am-bn F-Øn-b A-`-bm- n kw-jy Øn 49.3 Z-i-e- -am-bn-cp- -Xv 2015 B-b-t m-tg- pw 76.1 Z- i-e- -am-bn D-b - p. Ip-Sn-tb- -tøm-ssm- w bq-tdm- y bp-h k-aq-l- Øn h-f p h-cp- \nco-iz-c hm-z-øn-s kzm-[o- \-hpw bq-tdm- n-s aq-ey-nyp- Xn- v Im-c-W-am-bn- p- v. \-hn apw-ss_ s]- -t m-k -X v- s^-tem-jn- v kn -h Pq-_n-endm-kv A ssj-a tim -Un-t\- -dm-bv tkm-_p Um-\n-tb \n-b-an-x-\m-bn Zp-ss_: ss{i-kv-x-h F-gp- Øp-]p-c-bp-sS bp.f-.c bnse {]-h -Ø-\-߃- v B- w Iq- p- -Xn-s `m-k-ambn bp.f-.c bp-ss h-s- F-an-td- v B-b dm-kv A ssj-a-bn-se ss{i-kv-x-h F-gp-Øp-]p-c {]-[n-\n-[n-bmbn \n- p-sim- v {]-h -Ø- \-߃ G-tIm-]n- n- p- - Xn-\m-bn kw-lm-s-i-\m-bpw, bp-h-p-\ {]-h -Ø-I-\mbpw, Km-b-I-\m-bpw I-gn- \m-fp-i-fn an-i-hv sx-fn-bn- n- p- ]- -fw kz-tz-in-bpw tpm-en-tbm-sp- _- - Øn dm-kv A ssj-abn Xm-a-kn- p-i-bpw snøp- tkm-_p Um-\n-tb \n-b-an-x-\m-bn. N v Hm^v tkmuns ]p-{xn-im kw-l-s-\m-b tic-fm tã- v ssh.-]n.c bp-ss ]- -fw sk tpm-bn v sk-{i- -dn B-bpw, \m-kv-]qcn sf.-kn.-]n.-f^v ÃpU v eo-u B-bpw, _ v Hm^v sse^v ayq-kn- Iv _m -Uv, A-Sq-cn-s ap- Jy Km-b-I-\m-bpw, bp.f-.c bn-se sf.-kn.-]n.f- F^ns k-po-h {]m-h - Ø-I-\m-bpw I-gn- \m-fp- I-fn an-i-hv sx-fn- n- p- tkm-_p-hn-s\ ss{i-kv-x-h F-gp-Øp-]p-c Ip-Spw-_-Ønte- v kzm-k-xw sn-øp- -Xnt\m-sSm- w F- m-hn-[-am-b B-iw-k-I-fpw t\ - p sim- p- p. \-hm-]q : 37 -a-xv \-hm-]q I -sh -j-\pw ]m-tã-gvkv sk-an-\m-dpw H-tŒm-_ 24 ap-x 29 h-sc a-lm-cm- { -bn-se \-hm-]q-cn J - Pn-Jp -Zn-ep- ^n-e-sz - ^n-b \-K-dn h- p \-S-Øs -Sp- p. {]-kv-xp-x ao- nw-kn I - Øm-hn {]-kn- -cm-b ]m- à hn.h.h-cv-ko-kv Dr. tpm - Pv tam-\n-kv, ]m-ã em-pn 3 pw. ]-cn-]m-sn-bp-ss apjy A-h-Xm-c-I B-in-jv tp- -_v, ao-un-b am-t\-p A- \o-jv X- - F- n-h-cp-ss t\-xr-xz-øn H-cp- -߃ ]p-tcm-k-an- p-h-cp- p. Cu ]-cn-]m-sn-bp-ss ao-unb ]m -Sv-W-dm-bn ss{i-kv-xh F-gp-Øp-]p-c ao-un-b-bpw {]-h -Øn- p- p. lyq-ã-wn-epw, Um-e-knepw, H- -tlm-a-bn-ep-ap- F- m ssz-h-a- -sf-bpw R- ߃ Cu ]-cn-]m-sn-i-fn-te- v lm -±-h-am-bn kzm-k-xw sn-øp- p. F v.-fw.sf I -Wm-S-I do-pn-b `m-c-hm-ln-i-sf Xn-c-s -Sp-Øp {_n- -\n-se bp-hm- -fn ]- Ip-Xn-tbm-fw t] H-cp a-x- Øn-epw hn-iz-kn- m-ø-h-cm- Wv. bq-tdm-]y bq-wn-b X-ß-fp-sS {In-kv-Xy th-cp- I-sf- p-dn- v a-d- A-h-ÿbn-em-Wv. kz- w hy- n-xz-sø \-in- n- p-sim- p- Cu t]m- v bq-tdm- y bq-wnb-s hy- n-xz-øn-s B- fl-l-xy-bn-te- m-wv \-bn- p-i-sb- pw A-t±-lw ap- dn-bn- v \evip-i. bp-tdm- n \n- pw {Inkv-Xp-a-Xw C- m-xm-ip- -Xv X-S-bp-hm k-`-iƒ G-tIm- ]n- v {]-h-cv-øn -W-sa- pw bq-tdm- n-se {In-kv-Xym- \n-iƒ \q- m- p-i-fm-bn X- ߃ ]n- p-s-cv- p h- {Inkv-Xo-b aq-ey-ß-tf-bpw, ]mc-º-cy-tø-bpw kw-c- n- - W-sa- pw B-lzm-\w sn-bv- Xp-sIm- m-wv A-t±-lw ]- d- p. \-hm-]q I -h -j H-tŒm-_ 24 ap-x ^n-e-u -^n-b: s] -kn hm-\n-b-bn-se am -tøm-a k- aq-l-øn-s B-Zy-sØ ]- nbm-b ^n-e-u -^n-b am - tøm-a C-S-h-I H-tŒm-_-dn 23\v (Rm-b ) dq-_n Pq-_nen-bp-sS \n-d-hn. B-cm-[-\- bv- p-ti-jw tn-cp- k-tωf-\-øn \m-ev-]-xmw hm - jn-iw B-tLm-j-tØm-S-\p- _- n- v F -]-Xp h-b-kn- \p ap-i-fn {]m-b-ap- C-Sh-Imw-K-ß-sf B-Z-cn- pw. t]mƒ, ]m-ã Fw.F-kv. km-aq-th, Xp-S-ßn-b sszh-zm-k -am h-n-\w ip-{ipjn- p- p. hn-ti-jm ]mtã -kv ao- nw-kv, bp-h-p-\, k - -tu k-v-iqƒ ao- nw-kp-ifpw \-S- p- -Xm-Wv. Iq-Sp- X hn-h-c-߃- pw. {_Z si.h. h Ko-kv. t^m : D-Z-b-]q Hm-^okv Mob dn-bm-bv ]m-ã si hn tpmkv, {S-j-d-dm-bv {_-Z tpmbv ]m- - F- n-h Xn-cs -Sp- -s - p. a- p `m-c-hm-ln-iƒ:]m- à P-bnw-kv km-ap-th (A- n. tim-un-t\- ), {_- Z am-xyq km-ap-th (tpm. sk-{i- -dn), ]m-ã jn-pptam si(tpm. {S-j-d ), ]m-ã jm-pn tpm-k-^v({]- b I -ho-\ ), ]m-ã tpm-k-^v tpm (C-hm. I -ho-\ ), ]m-ã tp- - _v ^n-en- v(]-ªn-kn- n I ho-\ ), ]m-ã P-Ãn tim-in (Nm-cn- n I -ho- \ ), {_-Z am-xyq Cu- (sa-un- s^-tem-jn- v I -ho-\ ). dq-_n Pq-_n-en-bp-sS \n-d-hn ^n-e-u -^n-b am -tøm-a N - v 1976 H-tŒm-_ H- n-\p d- h. si.f-kv. am-xyp-hn-s t\-xr-xz-øn B-cw-`n- tim -{Kn-tK-j ]mco-jv ]-Z-hn-bn-te- p D-b - Ø-s - p. C-t mƒ A- v C- S-h-I-I-fn-em-bn A- v ap-gph - k-a-b ssh-zo-i-cp-tsbpw H-cp bq-øv Nm-πn-t -bpw t\-xr-xz-øn B-bn-c- Øn - -cw Ip-Spw-_-߃ ss{i-kv-x-h kv-t\-l-øns am-xr-i-bm-bn ^n-e-u - apw-ss_: \-hn apw-ss_ s]- -t m-kv-x s^-t m-jn- ns kn -h Pq-_n-en B-tLm-j-hpw kw-bp-i-x B-cm-[- \-bpw kp-h-\o {]-Im-i-\-hpw \-hn apw-ss_-bn-se s\-cqfn h- v \-S-Ø-s - p. \-hn apw-ss_ s]- -t m-kv-x s^-t m-jn- n-s {]- kn-u v ]m. si kn tp- -_n-s A-[y- -X h-ln- tbm-k-øn ]m. kmw a-øm-bn (apw-ss_) ssz-h-h-n-\- Øn \n- v kw-km-cn- p. kp-h-\o-dn-s {]-Im-i-\w d-h. hn. sf tbm-l- m (kp-{]- v AG WDCM) ]m. kmw a-øm-bn- v \ -In \n -h-ln- p. \-hn apw-ss_-bn-se 45 ]-cw k-`-i-fn \n- m-bn B-bn-c-tØm-fw hn-izm-kn-iƒ kw-bp-i-x B-cm-[-\-bn ]-s -Sp-Øp. ap-ss_-bn-se B-Zy-Im-e s]- -t m-kv-x s^-t m-jn- v B-b \-hn apw-ss_ s]- -t m-kv-x s^t m-jn- n-s {]-kn-u v B-bn ]m. si. kn tp- -_pw, sk-{i- -dn-bm-bv Fw. Fw h -Ko-kpw {]-h -Øn- p- p. ^n-b-bn-epw k-ao-] {]-tz-iß-fn-epw k-`m-po-hn-x-øn k-po-h -]- m-fn-i-fm-ip- p. Znhw-K-X-\m-b d-h. Fw.kn. tpm -Pv Zo -L-ho- -W- Øn kz- -am-bn tzhm-e-bw hm-ßp-hm C-S-h- I k-aq-l-øn-\p km-[n- p. ]n- o-sv t^m - v hm-jnw- Kv-S-Wn Iq-Sp-X hn-kv-xr- X-hpw a-t\m-l-c-hp-am-b \ne-hn-ep- tz-hm-e-bw d-h. ^n-en- v tpm -Pn-s t\-xr- Xz-Øn kv- -Ym-]n-X-am-bn. C- t m-g-sø hn-im-cn d-h. sd- Pn txm-a-kn-s t\-xr-xz- Øn k-æn G-{_-lmw (ssh-kv {]-kn-u v), hn cm-p (sk-{i- -dn), tpm -Pv am-xyp ({S-Ãn), ssj-\n am- Xyp (A- u- v) F- n-hcpw a- v F-I-v-kn-Iyq- o-hv Aw- K-ß-fpw C-S-h-I-bp-sS {]-h - Ø-\-߃- v t\-xr-xzw \ -Ip- p. tpm-bn- ]p-xp- p-fw

4 Akw-ªokv Hm^v tkmuv ae-bmfw Unkv{SnIvSv Iu kn kn.-f. Iymºv ]cy-h-km-\n- p Ip n- m\w: F.-Pn. aebmfw Unkv{SnIvSv Iu knens bph-p-\-hn-`m-kamb ss{iãv Aw_m-k-tUgvkns hm jni bph-p-\- Iymºv sk]v w-_ 5 8 hsc CSp n Pn -bnse Ip n- m-\øv am _tk-entbmkv F n-\o-dnwkv timtf-pn h v \S- p. sk]vxw-_ 5 snmδ cmhnse 11 awn v sshkv {]kn-u v ]mã jnpp h o-kns A y- -Xbn IqSnb tbmk-øn kn.-f. {]kn-u v ]mã tdmbvk tpmwn Iymºv DZvLm-S\w snbvxp. XpS p Znh-k-ßfn apjym-yn-xn-i-fmb ]mã {]`m. n. X - (Ip-ssh- v), ]mã A\n Ae-I-vkm- (apw-ss_) F n-hcpw F.-Pn. ae-bmfw Unkv{SnIvSv Iu kn Akn-à v kq{] v dh. tum. ]n.- F-kv. ^nen v, s_ty ss nƒ timtfpv {]n kn- mƒ dh. si.-sp. amxyp F n-hcpw hnhn[ tbmk-øn {]kw- Kn- p. kuøv C y Akw- ªokv Hm^v tkmuv bph-p- \-hn-`m-k-øns (NYM) {]kn-u mb dh. en k ]n. kmap-h F.-Pn. ae-bmfw Unkv{SnIvSv Iu kn a[y-ta-je Ub-d-IvS dh. n.-hn.-]utemkv, Z n-w-ta-je Ubd-IvS dh. si.-ssh. hn {^Uv cmpv, DØ-c-ta- Je Ub-d-IvS dh. ]n. t n, ]mã {]n kv txmakv (dm- n), Chm. Pn^n tbml- m (sf.- kn.-]n.-f-^v), {_Z amxyp Ipcy (-Zp-_m-bv) Chm. jmp tpm CS- msv F n-h hnhn[ skj-\p- I-fn mkp-iƒ FSp-Øp cw bphxn bphm- ƒ Iymºn ]s -Sp-Øp. {]kn {InkvXo-b-KmbnI knã t] knkv tpmwpw, Chm. amxyp Sn. tpmwpw kwlhpw \bn kwko-xm-cm-[\ Gsd lrzyhpw sszh-km- n[yw sim p-h-cp- -Xp-am-bn-cp- p. F m Znh-khpw \S {Kq v ss nƒ ]T-\- Øn\v ]mã kmw Cf- º t\xrxzw \ In. bph-p-\-ßfpw Iuam-c-{]mb- mcpw C v t\cn-sp {]iv\-ß-sf- p-dn v 20 {Kq p-i-fmbn Xncn- m-bncp p {]`m-x-[ym\w \S- ncp- -Xv. _p[-\mgvn \S Unt_- n {_Z jmp tpm CS-bv msv tamu-td- Bbn-cp- p. tum. A\nX tpm n-bp-ssbpw, ]mã kmw. ]n. eqt m-kns bpw t\xr-xz-øn c p ]m\-ep-i-fmbn \S Btcm-Ky-]-c-amb N -bn kmaq-ly-am-[y-a-߃ U -ln dn-ssh-h tim -^-d -kv "si-cn- 2017' H-tŒm-_ 20 ap-x \ΩpsS Pohn-X-Øn snep-øp kzm[o-\-sø- p-dn pw Zp:kzm[o-\-sØ- p-dn pw" N snbvxp. ]mã {]`m n. X - s bpw, ]mã {]n kv CΩm-\p-h-en-s bpw t\xr- Xz-Øn \S- -Im-Øn-cp v tbmk-ß-fn \qtdmfw buh-\- m Bflkv\m\w {]m]n- p. \nch-[nt]- Xßsf _m[n- n-cp Zpcmfl _ -\-Øn \n pw hnsp-x {]m]n- p. Ip n- m-\-øns {]Ir- Xn-c-a-Wo-b-amb A -co- - Øn tims-a- n-s -bpw, Nm ag-bp-ssbpw AI-º- Sn-tbmsS X p-is Dƒs ss cpnn-i-c-amb ` Ww Bhiym-\p-k-cWw Iymºv AwK߃ v e`n- p. anj Ne v tbmk- Øn Chm. Pn^n tbml- m {]kw-kn- p. 96 buδ- \- m Cu tbmk-øn ]q Æ kab kphn-tij the- mbn Xßsf Xs ka n- p. XpS v kn.-f. sk{i- dn ]mã sk_m- Ãys A y- -X-bn IqSnb kam-]\ ktω-f-\- Øn F.-Pn. ae-bmfw Unkv{SnIvSv Iu kn {Sj-d dh. F. cmp kam- ]\ ktμiw \ In. Iymºn\p ani kmº- ØnI ]n XpW \ Inb k`-iƒ pw hy n-iƒ pap saa-t m-ifpw XZ-h-kc-Øn hnx-cww snbvxp. am _tk-enkv timtf- Pn-\p saat m Nmssπ ^m. Ipcp-hnf s]cp-amƒ G p-hm-ßn. kn.-f-bpss IØp-ambn hcp F.-Pn. k`m-wk-ß-fmb hnzym n- Iƒ v Hm Ø-tUmI-vkv k`mw-k-߃ v simsp- p AtX ^okn-fhv \ Im-\p amt\-ppsa ns Xocp-am\hpw At±lw Adn-bn- p. kn.-f. IΩn- n-bn 12 h jsø kvxpxy lamb tkh\w ]q Øn-bm- nb {Sj-d-dpw, Iymºv P\- d tim Un-t\- -dp-amb {_Z Pn\p h o-kns\ F.-Pn. ae-bmfw Unkv{SnIvSv Akn. kq{] v dh. ]n.-fv. ^nen v ^eiw \ In BZ-cn- p. kn.-fbpss BZc-kq-N-I-ambn ]mã tdmbvk tpmwnbpw, ]mã sk_m-ãy\pw tn v Pn\p h o-kns\ jmƒ AWn-bn- p. Xan-gv\mSv c n Sow ap Xmc-hpw, Ct mƒ Xan-gv\mSv {]oanbw eokv Xmc-hp-amb {]apj {In - kp\n kmans km n-[yhpw, At±-l-Øns km yhpw bph-p-\-߃ p {]tnm-z-\- am-bn. lm shãv Sn.-hn-bpsS ssehv sh_vim-ãnw-kn IqSn Hcp e -Øn cw Bfp-Iƒ temi-øns hnhn[ cmpy-ß-fn Ccp v Iymºns X k-ab kwt{]-jww ho n- - Xmbn IW- p-iƒ km ys -Sp-Øp- p. ss{ikvxh Fgp-Øp- ]pc Iymºns apjy aounb ]m Sv-W Bbn {]h Øn- p. kn.-f. IΩn n AwK-ß-fmb ]mã jn_p hn.-sp. kzmk-xhpw {_Z Pn\p h okv \μnbpw ]d- p. ]mã B. ]n. Acp Ipam, {_Z AtPjv t n F n Iymºn\v t\xrxzw \ In. ]n.kn.f.f.si tem- I-Ω- nsb Xn-c-s -Sp-Øp 4 sª- Um-\n-tb ss{i-kv-x-h F-gp-Øp-]p-c Kp-P-dm-Øv te-j-i kq-d- v : ss{i-kv-x-h F-gp- Øp-]p-c Kp-P-dm-Øv te-j- I-\m-bn sª- Um-\ntb \n-b-an-x-\m-bn. A- kz-tz-in-bm-b C-t±lw C-t mƒ kq-d- n tpmen-sn-øp- p. Iq-Sm-sX kqd- v A-kw-ªn-kv Hm-^v tkm- Uv k-`mw-k-hpw \-s mcp bph-p-\ kw-lm-s-i-\p-am-wv. `m-cy : sj-dn. a-iƒ : sa-dn-en ss{i-kv-x-h F-gp-Øp- ]p-c sh-_v- -t]m - n-tem ]-{X- Øn-tem hm -Ø-I-fpw te- J-\-ß-fpw ]-c-ky-ß-fpw {]- kn- o-i-cn- p-hm B-{Kln- p- -h B-h-iy-am-b t^m-t m-iƒ k-ln-xw hm-svkv B- n-tem C-sa-bn-en-s sª- Um-\n-tb-ep-am-bn _- -s -Sm-hp- -Xm-Wv. sam-ss_ : , hm-sv-kv B- v : , \yq-tbm - v knf-kvsf I -h -j kam-]n p kn F-kv sf a-e-bm-fw C-S-h-I-bp-sS t\-xr-xz-ønep- hm -jn-i I -h -j sk-]v-xw-_ 29, 30 H- tœm-_ 1 Xo-b-Xn-I-fn \yq-tbm - n-se ko-t^m -Unep- kn F-kv sf a-e-bm-fw tim -{Kn-tK-j (3833 sp-dp-k-tew A-h-\yq, ko-t^m -Uv, \yq-tbm - v 11783) tz-hm-e-b-øn h- v \-S-Ø-s -Sp- -Xm-Wv. tum. hn-t\m tpm Um-\n-tb-em-Wv I -h -j {]m-kw-kn-i. sk-]v-xw-_ 29 \p sh- n-bm-gv-n ssh- In- v 7 \pw, i-\n-bm-gv-n ssh-in- v 6:30 \pw I -h j B-cw-`n- p- -Xm-Wv. Rm-b-dm-gv-N B-cm-[-\-sb-Øp- S - p 2 a-wn- v tn-cp- tbm-k-tøm-sp-iq-ss I -h j k-am-]n- pw. bp-h-p-\-߃- m-bp- sk-j sk-]v-xw-_ 30 \p i-\n-bm-gv-n 4 ap-x 6 h-sc D- m-bn-cn- p- -XmWv. Iq-Sp-X hn-h-c-߃- v : C-S-h-I hn-im-cn d-h. tdm- _n sf- v am-xyp (516) , I -ho-\, txm-akv n D-Ω (631) _- -s -Sp-I. U -ln dn-ssh-h tim -^-d -kv "si-cn- 2017' H- tœm-_ 20 ap-x 22 h-sc P-t -hm-f sa-t{sm tã-j-\p k-ao-]-ap- sk-uzmƒ `-h-\n (Garhwal Bhawan, Panchkuan Road, Near Jhandewalan Metro Station, New Delhi) h- v \-S-Ø-s -Sp- p. H-tŒm-_ 20 sh- n-bm-gv-n D- - v 2 a-wn- v B-cw-`n- p- tim -^-d -kv d-h.um-\ntb F-_-t\-k (\m-j-w Hm-h -ko, A-K-s {Inkv-Xy A- w-ªn) D-Xv-Lm-S-\w sn-øpw. ]m. A-\o-jv- - a-t\m Ão-^, ]m. ^n- n am-xyp, ]m. Nm- n h -Ko-kv- -, ]m. _n-pn txm-a-kv- -, ]m. km-_p si. kn. F- n-h hn-hn-[ sk-j-\p-i-fn ip-{iq-jn- p- p. bp-h-p-\-߃- pw, k-tlm-z-cn-am - pw {]-txy-i skj-\p-i-fn D- m-bn-cn- p- -Xm-Wv. Impact4G B-cm-[-\- bv- v t\-xr-xzw \ -Ip- p. Iq-Sp-X hn-h-c-߃- v _- -s -Sp-I: tpm-b ( ), A-cp ( ), sª-kn ( ). \n-_p sh- -h- m-\w t_m-ã : 2018 Pq-sse 5 ap- X 8 h-sc t_m-ã ]- - W-Øn-ep- kv-{]n-ßv-^o - Uv am-kv ayq- I -h j sk -dn sh- v \-S-Øs -Sp- 36 a-xv t\m -Ø-tacn- a-e-bm-fn s]- -t mkv-xv tim -{^ -kn-s tem- I-Ω- n `m-c-hm-ln- I-sf Xn-c-s -Sp-Øp. tem- tim -Un-t\- ]m- à tpm -k hn. km-apth, tem- sk-{i- -dn {_-Z sp-bnw-kv tpm -Pv, tpm-bn v sk-{i- -dn {_-Z am-xyp X-c-I, tem- {Sj-dm {_-Z Um-\n-tb Ip- v Ip- v F- n-h-cp-ss t\-xr-xz-øn hn-]p-e-am-b tem- I-Ω- n-bm-wv Xn-c- s -Sp- -s - -Xv. a- v `m-c-hm-ln-iƒ: {]-b tim -Un-t\-t -gv-kv: ]m-ã hn.]n.txm-a-kv, tum. tdm- _n -k, bq-øv tim -Unt\-t -gv-kv: tdm-_n tpm, tkm-wn sn-dn-b-i-f-øv, Nn -{U -kv tim -Un-t\-t - gv-kv: F-en-k-_-Øv tdm- _n, sp-bv k-j-dn-b, te- Uo-kv tim -Un-t\-t -gv-kv: kq-k tpm -k, kp-p C-Sn- p-f, c-pn-kv-t{s-j : jn- Pn tkm-ta, tum.kn-pptam si. A-tj-gv-kv: kmap-th Ir-]m-I, ]n.si.am- Xyq, ayq-kn-iv: sp-{^n tpm - Pv an-dn-bw txm-a-kv, kw-ko- Xw a-e-bm-fw: a-t\m-pv am- Xyq, tpm -Pv sj-dnw-kv, sk- Iyq-cn- n: tpm sn-dn-b-if-øv, A-t m-a-tu-j : tum. jn-_p ]u-tem-kv, Zo- ]-Iv ss\-\m, {Sm -kvt]m -t -j : tp- -_v A-e- I-v-km-, Hm-Un-tbm: tpm- \m-y tpm -k, tpm- \m-y tdm-_n -k, ho- Un-tbm t^m-t m-{km-^n: c-hn tdm-_n -k,.pm-\n-kv tpm -Pv, sse- nw-kv: tp- -_v am-xyq, ao-un-b: P-b timin, sp-c-ay txm-a-kv, sh-_v ssk- v: tpm-jzm {^m -knkv, si.ku-xw, kv-t]m -Sv-kv: Ão-^ txm-a-kv, tjm sj-dnw-kv, dn-kn-]v-j : \n-j tim-in, sp-an-a tpm -k, tã-pv : tum. jn-_p ]utem-kv, tum.tpm-hm ^nen- v, ^p-uv: tk-xp A-e-I-vkm-, t{k-kv am-xyp, sa- Un- Sow: tum. kn-\n tpm -Pv, tum. tpm B- fq F- n-h-cm-wv a- v tem- I-Ω- n `m-c-hm-ln-iƒ. \m-j-w I -ho-\ ]m- à _-ty tpm -k C-Sn- p-f, \m-j-w sk-{i- -dn {_-Z sh- n am-xyp, \mj-w {S-j-dm {_-Z _m- _p- p- n tpm -Pv, bq-øv tim -Un-t\- {_-Z tjm- Wn txm-a-kv, tim -{^ kv tim -Un-t\- tum.txma-kv C-Sn- p-f, te-uo-kv tim -Un-t\- kn-ã B- i Um-\n-tb, {]-b tim - Un-t\- ]m-ã d-pn im-apth F- n-h tz-in-b tim -{^ -kn-s hn-p-b-ic-am-b {]-h -Ø-\-߃- v t\-xr-xzw \ -Ipw.

5 N - v Hm-^v tkm-uv C C -Uy ti-c-f tã- v F Fw kw-ÿm-\ Iym-ºv k-am-]n- p ap-f- p-g: N - v Hm-^v tkm- Uv C C -Uy ti-c-f tã- v te-un-kv Un- m - v- -sa ns t\-xr-xz-øn sk-]v- w- _ 29, 30 Xo-b-Xn-I-fn-embn ap-f- p-g B F-^v Ip- v I -h -j sk -dn \-S- p h- kw-ÿm-\ Iym- ºv k-am-]n- p. 29 mw Xo-b- Xn kw-ÿm-\ {]-kn-u v kn-ã kp-\p txm-a-kn-s A- y- -X-bn Iq-Sn-b tbm-k-øn kv- -t - v Hm-h - kn-b d-h. kn. kn txm-akv Iym-ºv D-Zv-Lm-S-\w snbv-xp. ]m-ã Fw. F txma-kp- p- n-bp-ss {]m - -\- tbm-ss B-cw-`n- D-Zv-Lm-S-\ tbm-k-øn kn-ã A-Ωp- p- n tpm -Pv k- o -Ø-\w hm-bn- p-i-bpw kn-ã sseem tpm-k-^v {]m - n- p- I-bpw sn-bv-xp. kn-ã s]m- -Ω A-e-Iv- -km- kzm-k-x {]-k-kw \-S-Øn. tã- v sk-{i- -dn ta-cn- p- n G-{_-lmw dn-t m - v hm-bn- p. kn-ã km-dm t]mƒ (cm-ta-iz-cw) {]-Y-a k-tω-f- \-Øn ap-jy k-tμ-i-hpw ]m-k- -am-cm-b sp tpm-k- ^v (Iu -kn sk-{i- -dn), tpm -k Zm-\n-tb (F- Uyp-t -j-w U-b-d-Œ ) F- n-h B-iw-k k-tμ-ihpw \-ev-in sim-sp-øp. D- - I-gn- v \-S- tbm-k-øn-\v kn-ã kq-k tpm-kv t_- _n A- y- -X h-ln- p. Xm-e- p ]-cn-tim-[-\-bv- v F -Fw P-\-d Hm -Kss\-k kn-ã tjm txm-a-kv t\-xr-xzw \-ev-in. ssh-in- v \-S- tbm-kw kn- à A- m-ω si. tpm - n-s {]m - -\-tbm-ss B-cw-`n- p-i-bpw kn-ã tam-fn- p- n tim-in A- y- -X h-ln- p-i-bpw kn- à dw-em txm-a-kv {]-kw- Kn- p-i-bpw sn-bv-xp. 30 mw Xo-b-Xn i-\n-bm-gv-n \-S- tbm-kw kn-ã Ip- -Ω-bpsS {]m - -\-tbm-ss B-cw- `n- p. F Fw kv- -t - v tpmbn v sk-{i- -dn kn-ã enkn-bm-ω am-xyq-kv A- y- -X h-ln- p. kn-ã eoem-ω A-e-Iv- -km- {]m - n- p. kw-ko-x B-cm-[-\- bv- v F -F-Ωn-s hn-hn-[ tkm-w-ep-i-fn-se-bpw Un-kv- {Sn- p-i-fn-te-bpw sk-{i- -dnam t\-xr-xzw sim-sp-øp. _-ty ss_-_nƒ tim-tf- Pv hn-zym - n-\n-i-fpw kn- à k-p-\ n tpm-kpw Km- \w B-e-]n- p. k-am-]-\ tbm-k-øn-\v tã- v Hm-h -knb ]m-ã kn kn txm-akv ap-jy k-tμ-iw \-ev-in sim-sp-øp. kn-ã eo-em-ω tpm Ir-X- -X A-dn-bn- p-i-bpw-sn-bv-xp. kw-ko-x ip-{iq-j-bv- v Iz-b t\-xr- Xzw sim-sp-øp. Iym-ºn-\v F Fw tã- v t_m -Uv Aw-K-߃ t\-xr-xzw \-ev-in sim-sp-øp. 5 sf.]n.kn. a-e-_m ta-j-e an-j : tum. tpm-bn F-{_-lm-apw tum. hn -k h - n-bpw Np-a-X-e-tb- p \n-e-ºq : sf.]n.kn. a-e- _m ta-j-e-bp-ss an-j U-b-d-Œ -am-cm-bn tum. tpmbn G-{_-lm-apw tum.hn k h - n-bpw Np-a-X-etb- p. a-e-_m-dn 34 sk d-dp-i-fn-em-bn 534 k-`-i-fm- Wv sf.]n kn- v D- -Xv. C- Xn 238 k-`-iƒ hm-s-i si- n-s-øn-em-wv {]-h -Øn- p- -Xv. bm-sxm-cphn-[ km- º-Øn-I-k-lm-b-ß-sfm- pan- m-sx \q- -º-Xv k-`-iƒ {]-h -Øn- p- p. 34 ]- m-b-øp-i-fn s]-s -t m-kv-xp Iq- m-bv-a- I-sfm- pw C-. \n-e-hn -ae-_m-dn Nn-e sk -dp-isf k-lm-bn- p- -Xv lq- Ã, Um-f-kv, Ip-ssh- v, a- p hy- n-]-c-am-b k-lm-bß-fp-am-wv e-`n- p- -Xv. a- e-_m-dn-se- kp-hn-ti-j apt - -Øn-\m-bn a- p an-j U-b-d-Œ -am-sc-bpw \n-b-an- p- -Xn-\m-bn -a-e-_m ta- J-e Xo-cp-am-\n- -Xm-bn ta-je sk-{i- -dn ]m-ã _n-tpmbv Ip-cym-t m-kv- ]-d- p. Cu h -jw- ]p-xn-b-xm-bn B-cw-`n- p- 50 {]-h -Ø- \-ta-j-e-iƒ- v- C-cp-h-cpw t\-xr-xzw \-ev-ipw. Xr-ip kz-tz-in-bm-b tum. tpm-bn G-{_-lmw an-i- th-z A- ym-]-i-\pw {]-kw-k-i-\pw kw-lm-s-i-\p-am-wv. A-ta-cn- -bn-se -H - emt m {In-kv-Xy A-kw- ªn-bp-sS ko-\n-b ]m-ã-dmb tum. tpm-bv F-{_-lmw -]n-kn-\m- v \m-j-w - I -ho-\, sf.]n.kn. t\m -Øv A-ta-cn- ku- Øv Cu-Ãv- do-pn-b {]-kn- U- v, ]n.ssh.]n.f ti-cfm tã- v ssh-kv {]-kn-u- v, F- o-\n-e-i-fn {]-h - Øn- n- p- v. a-e- p-dw kz-tzin-bm-b tum. hn -k h - n hn-hn-[ sk-an-\m-cn- I-fn th-z A- ym-]-i-\m- Wv. tim- -bw sf.]n.kn s\-an-\m-cn-bn A- m-z-an-iv Uo-\m-bn tk-h-\w A-\pjvTn- n- p- v. C-t mƒ \yqtbm - n-ep- C- ym {Inkv-Xy A-kw-ªn-bn ko- \n-b ]m-ã-dm-bn {]-h -Øn- p- p. \yptbm v C ym {InkvXy Akwªn kph Æ Pq_nen \ndhn ssh.]n.c a-e-_m Iymw-]v k-am-]n- p \yqtbm v: Atacn bnse BZy aebmfn s] t mkvxv k`bpw sf.]n.kn t\m Øtacn Cutà dopnb\nse {]apj k`bpamb \yqtbm v C ym {InkvXy Akwªn hf bpss AºXmw h jøn {]thin ncn p p. Adp]Xp IfpsS Ahkm\Øn ae cbpss aæn \n pw Atacn sfiy\mspifnte v IpSntbdn ]m Ø Npcp w Nne sszh a fpss {ia^eambn kz `mjbn sszhsø Bcm[n phm\mbn Bcw`n IqSnhchmWv C ym {InkvXy Akwªn (ICA) F t]cn C v Adnbs Sp Atacn bnse BZysØ aebmfn s] t mkvxv k`.1968 s^{_phcn 18 \mwv k`bpss {]h Ø\w HutZymKnIambn Bcw`n Xv. A v ]Xn m piƒ \yqtbm v \KcØns hnhn[ `mkßfn IqSnh ncp k` 2015 apx temßv sfe n sehn ssu F ] WØn kz ambn hmßnb hnkvxr Xamb aq v G ÿeøv sszh \ma alxzøn\mbn \nesim p hcp p. \qdn ]cw IpSpw_ßfn \n mbn aq qdne[niw hnizmkniƒ kpoh AwKßfmbn p C ym {InkvXy Akwªn k`bpss ko\nb ip{iqji \mbn dh. tum. hn k h nbpw sk{i dnbmbn ]n.f.kmapthepw, {Sjddmbn kmw tpmwpw {]h Øn p hcp p. Pq_nentbmS\p _ n v hnhn[ PohImcpWy t{] nx {]h Ø\ ] XnIƒ k`bpss NpaXebn \SØphm k`m Iu kn Xocp am\n Xmbn Pq_nen tim Unt\ kmw txmakv Adnbn p. Unkw_ 30 \v i\nbmgvn kph Æ Pq_nen kvtxm{x ip{iqj k`m WØn \SØs Spw. CXn\papºmbn 15 Znhkw \o p\n p {]txyi D]hmk {]m \Iƒ D mbncn pw. A lcmb 10 bphxniƒ v hnhml klmbw \ IpI, `mcxønepw hnhn[ kwÿm\ ßfnepambp 50 anj tãj\piƒ Gs SpØv ]pxnb {]h Ø\߃ Bcw`n pi, hn[hifmb 50 ktlmzcn am v F m amkhpw A lamb kmºøni klmbw \ IpI, Fgp]Xv hbkn\p apifn {]mbap amxm ]nxm sf {]txyi D]lmcw \ In BZcn pi XpSßnbh Pq_nen h j Øn \SØs Spw. hn]peamb {IaoIcWßfmWv Pq_nen tim Un t\ kmw txmakn s t\xrxzøn \SØs Sp Xv. Pq_nen IΩ n AwKßfmbn dh. tum. hn k h n, ]n.f.kmapth, kmw tpm, kmw txmakv, tpm Pv.hn. G{_lmw, tp _v AeI-vkm, txmakv Ipcy, kqk tpm Pv, sjdn timin F nhcpw dh. ssa nƒ tpm k, dh.si.c Cu, {_Z Ipcy txmakv F nh AssUzkdn t_m UwKßfmbpw {]h Øn p hcp p. Ign A v Zim ßfpsS Ncn{X hpw hnhcwßfpw Dƒs SpØn k` bpss kvacwni {]kn o Icn pw. kph\o No^v FUn dmbn kmw txmakpw, PnΩn AKÃn, kqk tpm Pv, X Ω kmapth, ]n.f. kmapth, dh. kmapth tpm, dh.hn k h n F nh FUnt m dnb t_m UwKßfmbpw {]h Øn p p. C ym {InkvXy AkwªnbpsS ap Ime AwKßfpw, `mchmlnifpw XßfpsS ssihiap ]q ΔIme tcjifpw, Nn{Xßfpw a v hnhcßfpw Pq_nen kph\odn {]kn oicn t Xn\mbn Ab pxcwsa v `mchmlniƒ Adnbn p. h-b-\m-sv: ssh ]n Cu a-e- _m Iym-ºv _-tø-cn(h-b- \m-sv): C- y ]q -W kp-hnti-j ssz-h k-` ti-c-fm tã- n-s bp-h-p-\-hn-`m-k-amb ssh ]n Cu bp-ss a-e- _m Iym-ºn-\v A-\p-{K-l k-am-]v-xn. sk-]v- w-_ 29, 30 Xo-b-Xn-I-fn-em-bn kp - Øm _-tø-cn {]-Xo- ]m-ã-d sk -dn \-S- Iym-ºn a-e-_m-dn-s hnhn-[ `m-k-ß-fn \n- v 220 t] ]-s -Sp-Øp. A-t\-Iw bp-h-xn bp-hm- ƒ ssz-h- Øn-\m-bn k-a - n- -s - p Cu Iym-ºv a-e-_m-dn-se {]- h -Ø-\-߃- v ]p-ø D- W -Δv \ -In-bn-cn- p-ibmwv. 29 \v cm-hn-se \-S- D-Zv- Lm-S-\ k-tω-f-\-øn kwÿm-\ sk-{i- -dn {_. am- Xyp t_-_n A-[y- -X h- Be- pg: A-kw-ªo-kv Hm- ^v tkm-uv B-e- p-g t\m - Øv sk- ]p-xn-b `mc-hm-ln-i-sf sx-c-s -Sp- Øp. {]n-kv-_n- B-bn ]m-ã tim-in tpm-wn-s\- ln- p-i-bpw kw-ÿm-\ A- [y- ]m. F. n tpm-k- ^v D-Zv-Lm-S-\w sn-øp-i-bpw sn-bv-xp. tã- v tim -Un-t\- ]m tdm-_n kn tdm-bv kzm-k- X-hpw. Iym-ºv tim -Un-t\- ]m. sp-bnw-kv ]n sp \- μn-bpw A-dn-bn- p. tã- v {Sj-dm tsmw Sn tpm - v k- o -Ø-\w hm-bn- p. Xp-S - v hn-hn-[ sk-j- \p-i-fn-em-bn {_. k-pn _mw- q-cv, d-h. tpm-wv-k tx- -S-bn, ]m. txm-a-kv am-xyp kn tim- -bw, ]m. A- `n-em-jv F ]n,xn-cp-h-\- -]pcw {_ : A-e F- n-h Iv-fm-kp-Iƒ \-bn- p. Ip- n- Iƒ- m-bn {]-txy-i t{]m- {Km-ap-I-fpw sk-bv-ap-i-fpw D- m-bn-cp- p. Un-kv-{Sn-Œv ]m- Ã-cv-am-cm-b kn.sf txm-akv, hn Sn F-{_-lmw, {In-Ã- ^ Sn cm-pp, tpm-pn an-jmtb, _m-_p-ip- n, _n-\p si. sn-dn-bm Xp-ßn-b-h kw-km-cn- p. ]m: su- n-kv h -Ko-kv, ]m: m-uv-k Xp- S-ßn-b-h A- y- -X h-ln- p. ]m: Pn-Pn hn n, sp-t -kv, tdm-l tdm-bn F- n-h-cp-ss t\-xr-xz-øn ssh. ]n.c tã- v Iz-b Km-\-ip-{iq-j \n -h-ln- p. 30 \v \-S-\ k-am-]-\ k- tω-f-\-øn kw-ÿm-\ {]- kn-u v ]m: F. n tpm-k- ^v k-am-]-\ k-tμ-iw \ - In. S.S.L.C +2 ]-co- -Ifn D- -X hn-p-bw t\-sn-bh-sc B-Z-cn- p. ]m: jm-pn kn-kn-en-s t\-xr-xz-øn tkm-w I-Ω- n-bpw. ssh.]n. C tã- v t_m - Upw Iym-ºn-\v t\-xr-xzw \ -In. F.-Pn. B-e- p-g t\m -Øv sk- -\v ]p-xn-b `m-c-hm-ln-iƒ bpw, sk-{i- -dn-bm-bn ]m- à _n. n. kmw, {S-j-dm-dmbn ]m-ã tpm-tam tpmk-^v, I-Ωn- n `m-c-hm-ln-ifm-bn {_-Z Fw sp t]mƒ, {_-Z Hm-a-\- p- F- n-h-sc-bpw A-kw-ªokv Hm-^v tkm-uv sk do-p U-b-d-Œ ]m-ã Sn.hn. ]u-tem-kn-s A-[y- -X-bn Iq-Sn-b tbm-kw sx-c-s -Sp-Øp.

6 X-e-bn Np-a- lm -tam-wn-b-hpw, Hm-e I- n-en-se In-S- pw : `- h- -e 1970 Xr-»q-cn \n- pw A-Sn-am-en-bn H-cp ao- nw-kn- \m-bn t]m-bn. 70 I-fn A-Sn-am-en-bn \n-e-\n- n-cp- ku-i-cy-߃ \n-߃- v Du-ln- m-a-t m. ao- nw-kv \-S- p- ssh-in- v H-cp _m-kpw l -tωm-wn-b-hpw ssi-øn ]n- Sn- p Rm A-Sn-am-en-bn F-Øn. A-hn-sS \n- p 200 G- F- ÿ-e-øm-wv ao- nw-kv \-S- p- -Xv. A-hn-tS- v t]m-im B-sI-bp- B-{i-bw Po- v B-Wv. ao- nw-kn-\v B-h-iy-ap- H-cp h-en-b Nm- v \n-d-sb ]- - -dn-i-fpw a- p km-[-ß-fpw hm-ßn s]-t{smƒ am-i-v-kp-am-bn F-s sim- p-t]m-im ]m-ã A-hn-sS D- m-bn-cp- p. s]- - m-wv A-dn- -Xv ssh-in- v t]m-ti- Po- v X-I-cm B-bn F- hn-h-cw. ]m-ã ]-d- p, C-\n \-S- -Ww A-X- m-sx th-sd h-gn C-. Nm- v si- v A-t±-l-Øn-s X-e-bn sh- p lm -tam-wn-bw F-s X-e-bn-epw, Iq-Sm-sX F-s ssiøn _m-kpw s]-t{smƒ am-iv- -kpw ]n-sn- p R-߃ \-S- p. H-cp I- v a-s m-cp I- n-t\m-sv _- w C- m-ø tdm-uv. Nn-e In-tem-ao- \-S- p R-߃ A-hn-sS F-Øn. Hm-e sim- p si- n-b H-cp lmƒ, A-[n-Iw B-fp-I-fpw C-. _tlmfn-s h-en- -hpw B-fn-s F-Æ-hpw A- -t m h-ep-xv sszh-\m-aw A-t h-ep-xv F- -Xn-\m ]-cm-xn-tbm ]-cn-{`-atam C- m-sx I -Øm-hn-s \m-a-sø A-hn-sS D-b -Øphm km-[n- p. bm-sxm-cp km-º-øn-i ti-jn D- Ip-Spw- _-߃ A- m-bn-cp- p A-hn-sS D- m-bn-cp- -Xv. ao- nw-kv I-gn- cm-{xn-bn Xn-cn-sI t]m-im hm-l-\-an- A-hnsS-Ø-s hn-{i-an- -Ww. A-ß-s\ A-h F-\n- v A- sø am-\y-am-b In-S- X- p, c- p ]-e-i A-Sp- n- n- v ap- I-fn Hm-e hn-cn- -Xv, \- o-ww Im-c-Ww D-d-ßn-b-Xv A-dn- -tx C-. C- -sø In-S- -bpw A- -sø In-S- -bpw Hm - p-tºmƒ F-s ssz-h-sø a-l-xz-s -Sp-Ø- Article Sandra Ann Mathew BE A WARRIOR... NOT A WORRIER " Until you know that life is a war, you cannot know what prayer is for... " - John Piper Every dawn is a new life given to us with a lot of opportunities in it, but along with it comes worries about the future. But being the child of the Father above, He want us to keep our burdens on Him so that He can care for us. It's often said that when the God's warriors go down on their knees, the battle is not over..it has just begun!!! Nobody is born as a warrior. You choose to be one when you stand for God against the world...when you stand up after getting knocked down. In Romans 12:2, Paul gives a piece of advice that we should not conform to the patterns of this world. So worrying about those things which are on earth is meaningless for us and hence Bible encourages us to stop worrying about earthly things. We all know that for a battle or for a war... how soldiers prepare themselves on their training grounds but we, the saved ones have to prepare our battle against this sinful world using our prayer because it is the most powerful weapon given to us to fight with. When we kneel down before God, He fights for us.therefore being on your knees will help you conquer every oppositions. We need to always remember that the task ahead of us is never as great as the power of our God in us. Never be discouraged or harden your hearts thinking God isn't fighting for you and you have to go through the downs of your life all alone... because God is up to something or the devil will not be fighting with you this hard; putting doubts in you about God... you are finally going to win over him. So keep trusting in God alone. It's sure that when you stand as a warrior for God, devil will play tricks on you. He will whisper in your ears that " YOU CAN'T WITHSTAND THE STORM." But when we give our battle to God... He will strengthen us to give a reply that " I AM THE STORM ",when you boldly say this...you won the real battle... The word WORRYING is mentioned six times in the Gospel of Matthew 6: Jesus reminds each one of us that there is absolutely no reason to worry.. not about today, yesterday or about tomorrow. if you want to be a warrior, you have to learn to lean on the everlasting arms of our Saviour. A warrior takes his matter into the hands of God where as a worrier takes his matter by his own and ends up in a big mess... reaching no where. Knowing God specialises in unequal fights gives us the courage to fight. God always want us to come through our fight victoriously and giving all the glory and honor to Him.The Bible Xn-cn- m I-gn-I-bn-. ]n-t - v cm-hn-se F-gp-t - v t]m-im X-øm-dm-bn. Ip-d- p \- S- -Ww, ]n-s Po- pw _-kpw I-b-dn Xr-iq F-Ø-Ww. {]m - n- p Rm C- d-ßm Xp-S-ßn-bt mƒ B ssz-h-zmk F-\n- v 5 cq-] \ -In. kv-txm-{xw ]-d- p k-t m-jtøm-ss Rm C-dßn. Xn-cn-sI \-S- p th-ww ]- -W-Øn F-Øp-I. Im-c-Ww C- -e-sø Po- v X- I-cm-dm-bn {Sn- v ap-s- n-bn-cn- p-hm. A- ß-s\ \-S- p A-Sn-am-en-bn F-Øn. \- o-ww, H-cp Nm-b Ip-Sn- m h-en-b B-{K-lw F- m Xr-»q F- Øm-\p- Ir-Xyw ]-Ww am-{x-ta ssi-øn D- p. Nm-b Ip-Sn- m ho- n F-Øm-\p- ]-Ww Xn-I-bn-. hm-l-\w h-cp- -Xp h-sc A-hn-sS-Ø-s C-cp- p. X-te- v \-S- ao- nw-kn ]-s -Sp-Ø Nn-e F-s I- n- v ]m- p ]m-sp- Bƒ B-sW- v A-hn-sS D- m-bn-cp- Nn-e-tcm-Sv ]-d- p. A - w I-gn- -t mƒ A-h F-s A-Sp- h- n- v depicts a clear image of a faithful Christian warrior as follows: HELMET OF SALVA- TION as a foundation on which he stands. BREASTPLATE OF RIGHTEOUSNESS to protect him from the desires of the evil world. SWORD OF SPIRIT which is used to attack enemies. SHEILD OF FAITH to extinguish the sorrows of the world. BELT OF TRUTH to stand firmly in the word of God. SANDALS OF READINESS to leave a righteous path for the future generations to follow. Being a warrior and not a worrier puts a lot of confidence and power back in you.whatever happens you will be able to deal it. A warrior always triumphs his victory where as a worrier covers it up. Self evaluate yourself in being a worrier or warrior for Christ..Are you allowing God to be the Master of your life? Just keep in mind that God wants you to stop making your problems into a mess and start trusting Him. Even when you are facing insurmountable odds of your life, Rise up in courage to declare " I WILL NOT WORRY" for it is said in 1 Peter 5:7 " Cast all your burdens on Him; for He cares for you. " A- w-ªn-kv Hm-^v tkm-uv sh-tã Un-kv-{Sn-Œv Hm-^v a-lm-cm-{ -bp-ss bp-h-p-\ hn- `m-k-am-b ss{i-ãv Aw_-k- U -kn-s bp-h-p-\ Iym-ºv H-tŒm-_ 19 ap-x 21 h- sc \- -tkm-]m-cm sh-ãv [ym- \-{i-a-øn h- v \-S-Ø-s - Sp- p. H-tŒm-_ 19 \v cm-hn-se 9 a-wn- v B-cw-`n- p- 6 ]m- p ]m-sm-tam F- v B-h-iy-s - p. \-S- p h- -Xn-s \- o-ww h-i-sh-bv- m-sx Rm lm -tam-wn-bw F-Sp- Øp ]m- p-iƒ ]m-sm Xp-S-ßn. ]m-]-øn-s ]-Sp-Ip-gn-bn In-S- F-s tx-sn-h- tb-ip-hn-s kv-t\-l-sø A-dnbm-hp- `m-j-bn Rm km- y-am-bn ]-d- p. Np-cpßn-b k-a-b-øn-\p- n A-t\-Iw B-fp-Iƒ h- p Iq-Sn. H-cmƒ F-\n- v H-cp m-kv Nm-b hm-ßn X- p. C-Xn-\n-Sbn H-cp c-k-i-c-am-b kw-`-hw \-S- p. B-tcm H-cp txm - Øv \n-e-øp-hn-cn- p Nn-e Nn- -d Xp- p-iƒ A-Xn C- Sm Xp-S-ßn. txm -Øpw A-Xn-se ss]-k-bpw F-Sp- m Rm A-h-tcm-Sv B-h-iy-s - p. A-h A-Xv am- n. ]n-s bpw Ip-sd k-a-bw Iq-Sn ]m-sn. ]m- p-iƒ ]m-sn I-gn- t mƒ A-h F- m-h-cpw Iq-Sn F-s A-Sp- h- p. H- cmƒ Ip-d- p ss]-k F-s ssi-øn sh- p. Xp-d- p t\m- n-b-t mƒ 10 cq-] D- v. I-Æp-Iƒ \n-d- p sim- p F-s ssz-h-øn-\p \-μn A - n- p k-t m-j-tøm-ss Rm Xr-iq F-Øn. \-Ωp-sS ssz-hw F-{X hn-iz-kv-x. Po-hn-X-Øn-s Hm-tcm {]-Xn-k- n-i-fn-epw ssz-h B- {i-b-øn ap -t]m- v t]m-ip- G-h - pw ssz-hw H-cp- n-bn- p- -Xv H-cp I-Æpw I- n- n-, sn-hn ti- n- n-, H-cp lr-z-b-øn-epw txm- n-bn- p-an-. ssz-h-øn-s I-cp-X A-h -Æ-\o-b-am-Wv. ssz-h-øn hn-iz-kn- p {In-kv-Xo-b Po-hn-Xw ap -t]m- v X-s t]m-i-s. A- pw C- pw F- pw F-\n- v ]m-sp-hm-\p- -Xv ]m-sp-hm F-\n- n- n-\n i- w ]m-h-\-s\ \n kv-xp-xn-iƒ A- m-sx ]m-cn-se Po-hn-Xw Xo-cpw h-sc-bpw ]m-sn-spw Rm \n-\-bv- m-bn am-{xw - `- h- -e a-lm-cm-{ Un-kv-{Sn-Iv- v kn.-f. Iym-ºv H-tŒm-_ 19 ap-x Iym-ºv d-h. hn. sf. tbml- m (Un-kv-{Sn-Œv kq-{ - v) D -Lm-S-\w sn-øpw. Xp- S - p- Zn-h-k-ß-fn ap- Jym-Yn-Xn-bm-bn ]m. F-_n A-{bq m-kp-iƒ \ -Ip- p. Un-kv-{Sn-Œv F-I-v-kn-Iyq- o-hv Aw-K-ß-fpw a- p sszh-zm-k- m-cpw Iym-ºn ]- s -Sp- p- p. Iym-ºn-s ap-jy Nn- mhn-j-bw Built on the Rock F- -Xm-Wv. 21 \v cm-hn-se 10 a-wntbm-ss Iym-ºv ]-cy-h-km-\n- pw. c-pn-kv-t{s-j ^o-kv 750/- cq-]. c-pn-kv-t{s-j Hm -sse-\m-bv sn-øp-hm k-μ -in- p-i: tiny.cc/ca Camp 17 Iq-Sp-X hn-h-c-߃- v _-μ-s -Sp-I: ]m. kn-_n txma-kv :

7 7 Article MARTIN LUTHER 95 THESIS Out of love for the truth and from desire to elucidate it, the Reverend Father Martin Luther, Master of Arts and Sacred Theology, and ordinary lecturer therein at Wittenberg, intends to defend the following statements and to dispute on them in that place.therefore he asks that those who cannot be present and dispute with him orally shall do os in their absence by letter. In the name of our Lord JesusChrist, Amen. 1. Our Lord and Master Jesus Christ, in saying,"repent ye, etc.," intended that the whole life of his believers on earth should be a constant penance. 2. And the word "penance" neither can, nor may, be understood as referring to the Sacrament of Penance, that is, to confession and atonement as exercised under the priest's ministry. 3. Nevertheless He does not think of inward penance only: rather is inward penance worthless unless it produces various outward mortifications of the flesh. 4. Therefore mortification continues as long as hatred of oneself continues, that is to say, true inward penance lasts until entrance into the Kingdom of Heaven. 5. The Pope will not, and cannot, remit other punishments than those which he has imposed by his own decree or according to the canons. 6. The Pope can forgive sins only in the sense, that he declares and confirms what may be forgiven of God; or that he doth it in those cases which he hath reserved to himself; be this contemned, the sin remains un-remitted. 7. God forgives none his sin without at the same time casting him penitent and humbled before the priest His vicar. 8. The canons concerning penance are imposed only on the living; they ought not by any means, following the same canons, to be imposed on the dying. 9. Therefore, the Holy Spirit, acting in the Pope, does well for us, when the latter in his decrees entirely removes the article of death and extreme necessity. 10. Those priests act unreaosnably and ill who reserve for Purgatory the penance imposed on the dying. 11. This abuse of changing canonical penalty into the penalty of Purgatory seems to have arisen when the bishops were asleep. 12. In times of yore, canonical penalties were imposed, not after, but before, aboslution, as tests of true repentance and affliction. 13. The dying pay all penalties by their death, are already dead to the canons, and rightly have exemption from them. 14. Imperfect spiritual health or love in the dying perosn necessarily brings with it great fear; and the less this love is, the greater the fear it brings. 15. This fear and horror - to say nothing of other things - are sufficient in themselves to produce the punishment of Purgatory, because they approximate to the horror of despair. 16. Hell, Purgatory, and Heaven seem to differ as perfect despair, imperfect despair, and security of salvation diff er. 17. It seems as must in Purgatory love in the osuls increase, as fear diminishes in them. 18. It does not seem to be proved either by arguments or by the Holy Writ that they are outside the state of merit and demerit, or increase of love. 19. This, too, seems not to be proved, that they are all sure and confident of their salvation, though we may be quite sure of it. 20. Therefore the Pope, in speaking of the perfect remission of all punishments, does not mean that all penalties in general be forgiven, but only those imposed by himself. 21. Therefore, those preachers of indulgences err who say that, by the Pope's indulgence, a man may be exempt from all punishments, and be saved. 22. Yea, the Pope remits the osuls in Purgatory no penalty which they, according to the canons, would have had to pay in this life. 23. If to anybody complete remission of all penalties may be granted, it is certain that it is granted only to those most approaching perfection, that is, to very few. 24. Therefore the multitude is misled by the boastful promise of the paid penalty, whereby no manner of distinction is made. 25. The same power that the Pope has over Purgatory, such has alos every bishop in his diocese, and every curate in his parish. 26. The Pope acts most rightly in granting remission to osuls, not by the power of the keys - which in Purgatory he does not possess - but by way of intercession. 27. They preach vanity who say that the osul flies out of Purgatory as oson as the money thrown into the chest rattles. 28. What is sure, is, that as oson as the penny rattles in the chest, gain and avarice are on the way of increase; but the intercession of the church depends only on the will of God Himself. 29. And who knows, too, whether all those osuls in Purgatory wish to be redeemed, as it is said to have happened with St. Severinus and St. Paschalis. 30. Nobody is sure of having repented sincerely enough; much less can he be sure of having received perfect remission of sins. 31. Seldom even as he who has sincere repentance, is he who really gains indulgence; that is to say, most seldom to be found. 32. On the way to eternal damnation are they and their teachers, who believe that they are sure of their salvation through indulgences. 33. Beware well of those who say, the Pope's pardons are that inestimable gift of God by which man is reconciled to God. 34. For the forgiveness contained in these pardons has reference only to the penalties of sacramental atonement which were appointed by men. 35. He preaches like a heathen who teaches that those who will deliver osuls out of Purgatory or buy indulgences do not need repentance and contrition. 36. Every Christian who feels sincere repentance and woe on account of his sins, has perfect remission of pain and guilt even without letters of indulgence. 37. Every true Christian, be he still alive or already dead, partakes in all benefits of Christ and of the Church given him by God, even without letters of indulgence. 38. Yet is the Pope's aboslution and dispensation by no means to be contemned, since it is, as I have said, a declaration of the Divine Aboslution. 39. It is exceedingly difficult, even for the most subtle theologists, to praise at the same time before the people the great wealth of indulgence and the truth of utter contrition. 40. True repentance and contrition seek and love punishment; while rich indulgence aboslves from it, and causes men to hate it, or at least gives them occasion to do os. 41. The Pope's indulgence ought to be proclaimed with all precaution, lest the people should mistakenly believe it of more value than all other works of charity. 42. Christians should be taught, it is not the Pope's opinion that the buying of indulgence is in any way comparable to works of charity. 43. Christians should be taught, he who gives to the poor, or lends to a needy man, does better than buying indulgence. 44. For, by the exercise of charity, charity increases and man grows better, while by means of indulgence, he does not become better, but only freer from punishment. 45. Christians should be taught, he who sees his neighbor in distress, and, nevertheless, buys indulgence, is not partaking in the Pope's pardons, but in the anger of God. 46. Christians should be taught, unless they are rich enough, it is their duty to keep what is necessary for the use of their households, and by no means to throw it away on indulgences. 47. Christians should be taught, the buying of indulgences is optional and not commanded. 48. Christians should be taught, the Pope, in selling pardons, has more want and more desire of a devout prayer for himself than of the money. 49. Christians should be taught, the Pope's pardons are useful as far as one does not put confidence in them, but on the contrary most dangerous, if through them one loses the fear of God. 50. Christians should be taught, if the Pope knew the ways and doings of the preachers of indulgences, he would prefer that St. Peter's Minster should be burnt to ashes, rather than that it should be built up of the skin, flesh, and bones of his lambs. 51. Christians should be taught, the Pope, as it is his bounden duty to do, is indeed alos willing to give of his own money - and should St. Peter's be osld thereto to those from whom the preachers of indulgences do most extort money. 52. It is a vain and false thing to hope to be saved through indulgences, though the commissary - nay, the Pope himself - was to pledge his own osul therefore. 53. Those who, on account of a sermon concerning indulgences in one church, condemn the word of God to silence in the others, are enemies of Christ and of the Pope. 54. Wrong is done to the word of God if one in the same sermon spends as much or more time on indulgences as on the word of the Gospel. 55. The opinion of the Pope cannot be otherwise than this:- If an indulgence - which is the lowest thing - be celebrated with one bell, one procession and ceremonies, then the Gospel - which is the highest thing - must be celebrated with a hundred bells, a hundred processions, and a hundred ceremonies. 56. The treasures of the Church, whence the Pope grants his dispensation are neither sufficiently named nor known among the community of Christ. 57. It is manifest that they are not temporal treasures, for the latter are not lightly spent, but rather gathered by many of the preachers. 58. Nor are they the merits of Christ and of the saints, for these, without the Pope's aid, work always grace to the inner man, cross, death, and hell to the other man. 59. St. Lawrence called the poor of the community the treasures of the community and of the Church, but he understood the word according to the use in his time. continued... K R A I S T H A V A E Z H U T H U P U R A. C O M

8 - _n-j- v d-h. tum. km-ap-h A-ar-Xw Xn-cp-h-\- -]p-cw: kn- F-kv- - sf k- `-bp-ss sx- ti-c-f a-lm-bn-sh-i-bp-ss _n-j- m-bn-cp- d-h. tum. km-ap-h A-ar-Xw(86) A- -cn- p. Ip-sd \m-fp-i-fm-bv hm -[- Iy-k-l-P-am-b A-kp-J-Øn-\p Nn- In- -bn-em-bn-cp- p. Z- n-w tic-f a-lm C-S-h-I-bp-sS \m-em-a-sø _n-j-]v- - B-bn-cp- p A-t±-lw Hm-K-Ãv 19\p h. tpm-_v A-ar-X-Øn -sd-bpw A- mƒ A-ar-XØns -bpw a-i-\mbn P-\n- d-h. km-ap-h A-ar-Xw 1957 ]p-tcm-ln-x-\mbn ta-bv 20\v Z- n-w-ti-c-f a-lm-bn-s-h-i _n-j- m-bn A-`n-jn- -\m-bn. a-lm-bn-s-h-i-bp-ss hn-i-k-\w e- y-am- n \n-c-h-[n ]- -Xn-Iƒ B-hn-jv- -cn- p. h-tbm- P-\ ]-cn-]m-e-\ a-μn-c-߃, ]m-en-tb- o-hv si-b tlmw, bq-øv sk dp-iƒ, B-[p-\n-I k- o-i-c-w-ß-fp- {]n -dnw-kv {]-kv, C -d -\m-j-w Ãp-U -dv- -kv sk d F- n-hsb- mw d-h. km-ap-h A-ar-X-Øns kw- `m-h-\-i-fm-wv. en- n A-ar-X-am-Wp `m-cy. B-im A-ar-Xw (kzn- v- -k - e -Uv), A-cp A-ar-Xw (kzn- v- -k -e -Uv) F- n-h-cm- Wp a- ƒ. n. ]n. Fw dm- n A-kn-à v ]m-ã tpm -k si. Fw. n. ]n. Fw dm- n A-kn-à v ]m- à tpm-wv-k si.fw (50) \n-xy- X-bn. kw-k-v-im-cw ]n- o-sv. F.-Pn. dm- n sk- {]-kv-_n- ]m-ã Pn-\p si. h -Ko-kn-s ]n-xm-hv am-th-en- -c: A-s w-ªo-kv Hm-^v tkm- Uv dm- n sk- s{]-kv-_n- ]m- à Pn-\p si h -Ko-kn-s ]n-xm-hv si. sf h - o-kv (tpm-bv, 78 h-b-kv) \n-xy-x-bn tn - -s - p. kw-k-v-im-c ip-{iq-j Hm-tŒm-_ A- mw Xo-b-Xn Dº -\msv A-kw-ªo-kv Hm-^v tkm-uv k-`-bp-ss B-`n-ap-Jy-Øn. `m-cy: Nn- -Ω h - o-kv, a- ƒ: Pn-Pn, Pn-\p, Pn- t\m-bv- -, Pn-\n-tamƒ. si. hn. Nm-t m tim- -bw: hm-gq I-Sp-ºpw-t»-cn dn- -b -Uv A-[ym-]-I si hn Nmt m (tpm-bv km 82) \n-cym-x-\mbn. \m-ep-th-en Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw B- Wv. `m-cy a-dn-bm-ω Nm-t m (dn- -b -Uv sl-uv an-kv-{s-kv), sh- q- n-d ]p-ø - ]-d-ºn Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw B-Wv. \m-ep-th-en Ip-Spw-_mw-K-am-b tpm-bv- - km dn- -b -Uv- - A-[ym-]-\m-bn-cp- p. `m-cy: sh- q- n-d ]p-ø -]-d-ºn Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw a-dnbm-ω Nm-t m (A-Ωn-Wn km, dn- -b -Uv- - sl-uv-an-kv- -{Skv). a- ƒ: sse-em-ω & km-aq, em-en & tim-in h - o- kv- - (ku-zn), em-ep tp- -_v- - & ta-gv-kn (tzm-l), en-pp tp- -_v- - & sp- n (ku-zn). ssh. X- - \n-xy-x-bn Hm- n-d: sim- -º- n A-kw-ªo-kv- - Hm-^v- - tkm-uv k- \nxyx-bn `mw-kw tbm-l- m _n -Unw-Kn ssh. X- - (76) \n-xy-x-bn {]-th-in- p. H- cp ap ssk-\o-i-\m-wv ]-tc-x. kw-kv-im-c-ip-{iq-j sk-]v- w-_ 28 hym-gm-gv-n c- p-a-wn- v- - sim- -º- n A-kw-ªo-kv- - Hm-^v- - tkm-uv k-`-bp-ss B-`n-ap-Jy-Øn sr- -\m sk-an-tø-cn-bn h- v- - \-S-Øs p. `m-cy: eo-em-ω X- -. a- ƒ: ssj-\n ssk-a (Im-\-U) ]m. Pn-t\-jv- - X- - (sim- - º- n AG), tum. {]n-pp X- -, Pn-j tp- - v- -. ]m-ã ]n. si. am-xyp ]-Ø-\m-]p-cw: F.-Pn. a-e-bm-fw Un-kv- Sn-Œv ko-\n-b ip-{iq-j-i ]m-ã ]n. si. am-xyp (]-Ø-\m-]p-cw A-s w-ªn-kv Hm-^v tkm-uv tkm-kv-] sk saw-_ B-bn-cp- p) Xm {]n-bw h- I -Ør-k- n-[n-bn {]-th-in- p. jm-pn am-xyp (Zp- _m-bv) F- -dn-b-s -Sp- am-xyp Ip-cy-s ]n-xm-hm-wv ]m-ã ]n. si. am-xyp. ]m-ã C. Fw. Ip-cp-hn-f F-S-Xz: \yq C- y N - v Hm-^v tkm- Uv ko-\n-b {ip-{iq-j-i a-\-bn C- cp-]-øm-dn ]m. C Fw Ip-cp-hn-f (t_- _n- - 75) sk-]v- w-_ 21 \n-cym-x-\mbn. Ip- -\m-sv sk-s {ip-{iq-j-i-\pw k- t -kv- qƒ U-b-d-Œ-dp-am-b ]m C Fw Ip-cp-hn-f \yq C- y N - v Hm-^v tkm-uns ti-{μ kw-ÿm-\ F-I-v-kn-Iyq- n-hv Aw-Kw Iq-Sn-bm-Wv, C Fw a-øm-bn, a-dn-bm-ω a-øm-bn Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS \m-e-asø a-i-\m-bn 1942 Pq 6\v P-\n- Xm ]-Xn-\m-dm-asØ h-b-kn 1958 sk-]v- w-_ 14 \v I -Øm-hn-s\ kz- c- n-xm-hm-bn kzo-i-cn- p. I -Ør-th-e- m-bn k-a - n- -s - A-t±-lw B h -jw X-s ssz-h-h-n-\ ]T-\- Øn-\m-bn Ip- p km-bn- n-s Im-e-Øv ap-f- p-g kn-tbm Ip- n-ep- ss_-_nƒ k-v-iq-fn tn - p, ]T-\ Im-e-bf-hn B-Wv Xm kv-\m-\w F- -Xv Xp-S - v N - v Hm-^v tkm-uv C C- y-bp-ss In-t m-gp, F-d-Wm-Ip-fw, A-Xncp-, C-S-a, ta-{]m, a-gp- o k-`-i-fn {ip-{iq-jn- v A-sXm-sSm- w am-th-en- -c, F-S-Xz F- n-hn-s-ß-fn {]-h -Øn- n-cp- ss_-_nƒ k-v-iq-fp-i-fn ssz-h-h-n-\w ]Tn- n- n-cp- p. N - v Hm-^v tkm-uv C C- y-bp-ss Iu kn sa-º-dpw sk ]m-ã-dpw B-bn-cp- p. ]n- n- v s]- -t m-kv-x A-kw-ªn C C- y F- kz-x-{ {]- h -Ø-\-Øn k-po-h-am-bn {]-h -Øn- p \yq C- y N - v Hm-^v tkm-up-am-bp- _- -Øn {ip-{iq-j a-e-bm-fn hn-zym -Yn Im-\-U-bn a-cn- p ssm-d-t m: Im-\-U-bn-se hn -kdn a-e-bm-fn hn-zym -Yn a-cn- p. ]m-e kz-tz-in \n-pn am-xyp B-Wv a-cn- - Xv. A- m - v- -sa n \n-pn-en-s ar-xtz-lw I-s -Øp-I-bm-bn-cp- p. lr-zbm-lm-x-am-hmw a-c-w-im-c-w-sa- m- Wv I-cp-X-s -Sp- -Xv. t]m-ã-tam - w snm-δm-gv-n \-S- pw. aq- p-h -jw ap-ºm-wv ]T-\m-h-iy-Øn- \m-bn \n-pn Im-\-U-bn F-Øn-b-Xv. ]m-ã Fw tkm-f-as a-i Km-tbm-kv Fw am-h-\m I-cn-t m-sv : A-kw-ªn-kv Hm-^v tkm-uv N - n-se ]m- Ã. tkm-f-a Fw am-hm-\m-en-s a-i Km-tbm-kv Fw am-h-\m (19) I-Ør k- n-[n-bn tn - -s - p. 8 B-cw-`n- p, dm- n t_-ty, A- m-\n, ssx-a-d-hpw-i-c, C-cp-h- n-{], Xp-S-ßn-b k-`-i-fn k-` {ip-{iq-j-i-\mbn {]-h -Øn- p. N-ß-\m-t»-cn, dm- n F, Xn-cp-h-, ap- m, sim- w sk -dp-i-fp-ss sk ]m-ã-dm-bn tkh-\w A-\p-jvTn- I -Ør-Zm-k C-t mƒ Ip- -\m-sv sk - dn-s Np-a-X-e h-ln- v h-cn-i-bm-bn-cp- p, `u-xn-i i-cocw Rm-b ssh-ip-t -cw F-S-Xzm-bn D- h-k-xn-bn sim- p-h-cn-i-bpw, kw-k-v-im-c-{ip-{iq-j 25 Xn- -fm-gv- cm-hn-se 9 \v Nn-ß-h-\w t_-tx-ÿ Hm-Un-t m-dn-b-øn B-cw-`n pibpw 1 awn v Ip-dn- n-bn-ep- \yq C- y N - n-s k-` sk-a-tø-cn-bn -\-S-Ø-s Sp-Ibpw snbvxp. `m-cy ]m-e- m-sv Im- n-c- p-g a-æn td- Ip-cp-hn-f, a- ƒ sl-_v-kn, A-I-v-k, {]n-k-v-im, (aq-h-cpw bp. F-kv. F) ]m. ^n- n Ip-cp-hn-f (C- y ss_-_nƒ tim-tf-pv & sk-an-\m-cn Ip-º-\m-Sv) a-cp-a- ƒ G-gw-Ipfw I-Wn-bmw-]-d-ºn kmw txm-a-kv, dm- n tim-sw-i- -Øn txm-a-kv si tpm -Pv, Hm-X-d hm-e-bn hn H tpm -k, jo tamƒ. si. hn. h -Ko-kv tim- -bw. A-co- -d-ºv I-f- p-c-bv- si. hn. h -Ko-kv ( Ip ) \n-cym- X-\m-bn. kw-k-v-im-cw A- co- -d-ºv sf-]n-kn im-tew k-`m lmfn ip-{iq-j-bv- v ti-jw \p sf- ]n-kn sk-an-tø-cn-bn -\-S-Ø-s - p. `mcy: sh- q h-s-t - -c ]-tc-x-bm-b G-en-bm-Ω. a- ƒ: ]m-ã si. hn. km-ap-h (s^-bv-øv kn- n k-`, Xn-cp-h-\- -]p-cw), si. hn. cm-pp ( Kp-Uv-\yq-kv hm-cn-i, t\ -ho-yn am-k-kn ), eo-em-ω, km-en- p- n, i- tem-a (bp-f- v), _o-\. a-cp-a- ƒ: F-en-k-_-Øv, P-b (I- - -\ t]m-ãv Hm-^o-kv), ]n. sp. k-v-i-dn-b (In-fn-cq ]- Xn-s\- n ), tdm-bv (a-k-v-i- v), _n-pp (e-iv-\u). _n-\p si tpm-bv- _-lv- -dn / ]m- -\m-sv- -: ]m- -\m-sv Iq-S-º- -Øv- - ho- n tpm-bn-bp-ss a- I _n-\p si tpm-bv- -(39) i-\n-bm-gv- N cm-hn-se lr-z-bm-lm-xw aq-ew _- lv- -dn-\n -h- v- - \n-xy-x-bn {]-th-in- p. _-l-dn-\n s]m-xp-z -i-\-øn-\p h- -Xn-\p ti-jw `u-xn-i-i-co-cw \m- ne-øn- p. sf ]n kn s_-ty-ÿm- k -am-_m-zv- - k-`mw-kw B-bn-cp- p ]- tc-x. `m-cy: tdm-_n _n-\p (_-lv- -dn kv-s]-jn-en-ãv- - tlmkv-]n- ) a- ƒ: C-hm, sl-e. kw-kv- m-cw 04/09/2017 _p-[-\mgv-n D- -bv- v 12:00 a-wn- v Ip- d B-dp-ap-dn- -S A-kw-ªn-kv Hm-^v tkm-uv N - n Ip- -d sk- -s B-`y-ap-Jy-Øn {ip-{iqj-iƒ B-cw-`n- p-i-bpw, 3 awn v Ip- -d A-kw-ªn-kv Hm- ^v tkm-uv sk- Im-cn- sk-an-tø-cn-bn kw-kv- m-cw \- S-Øp-I-bpw snøp- p. ]n-xm-hv : ]m-ã. tkm-f-a Fw am-h-\m, am-xm-hv : kn-kv. D-j Fw am-h-\m, k-tlm-z-c : {In-tÃm-kv Fw tkm-f-a Zpx-J-Øn B-bn-cn- p- -Xv Ip-Sp-_-sØ Hm -Øp {]m - n- p-i. ip-{iq-j-bp-ss X- -a-b k-wt{]-j-ww Xq-en-I Sn-hn-bn D- -bv- v 12 a-wn ap-x. Cu-ømw-]m- -bn \n-s m-cp ]m-tw km-p t_mhkv A -] B-bp-kp- H-cp ssz-h kr- n. Iq-Sn h- m H-t m-c-t m Zn-h-kw B-bp-kv. s]- - v h-cp- p s]- - v t]m-ip- p. th-z-]p-kv-x-i-øn ]-d- -Xv t]m-se h-ben-se ]q t]m-se. F-s B-I -jn- H-cp Im-cyw C-cp- v C- -s]-sm-ø {]m-wn. sh-fn- w I- m A-hn-tS- p th-kw ]-d- p sn- p- p. A - B-bp-kv A-Xp sh-fn- - Øn Po-hn- m B-{K-ln- p- p. Cu-ømw-]m- - v A- dn-tbm F- -dn-bn- F-s Po-hn-Xw hn-c-en F-Æm D- Zn-h-kw am-{xw D- q F- m-epw D- k-a-bw sh-fn- - Øn h-kn- m B-{K-ln- p- p. a-øm-bn ]-dbp- p hn-f- v I-Øn- p ]-d-bn Io-g- X- n ta A-{X h- p- -Xv. A-t mƒ A-Xp ho- n-ep- F- m-h - pw {]-Im-iw sim-sp- p- p. \-Ωƒ- v e-`n- ssz-hn-i sh-fn- w, \-sω A- -Im-c-Øn \n- p h-en-s -Sp-Ø sszhn-i sh-fn- w \mw F-hn-sS-bm h- p- -Xv. A-Xp aq-sn h- bv-ip-i-bm-twm. A-tXm C-cp- n D- sh-fn- -Øn h-kn- m B- {K-ln- p- Cu-ømw-]m- -sb t]m-se D- -h - p C-cp- n ]m-]-øn h-kn- p- Po-hn-X-Iƒ- p \n-xy {]-Im-i-amb tb-ip-hn-s\ \n-ß-fn Iq-sS a- p- -h -Iv Im- n-s m- Sp-Øp A-h-sc C-cp- n \n- p {]-Im-i-Øn-te- p h-ens -Sp- m km-[n- -Ww. A-Xp-t]m-se X-s Cu-ømw- ]m- -sb t]m-se \mw sh-fn- -Øn h-kn- p- -h B- twm. A-tXm C-cp- n X-s B-tWm. ssz-hn-i sh-fn- -Øn h-kn- mw. A-h-\n \-S- mw. tb-ip-hn-\m-bn Po-hn- mw.

9 Ph: Btcm-Ky-hoYn jm n ]n. tpm t]mfn-kn-ssã- niv Hmhdn kn t{umw kv{xoifpss AWvUm-i-bsØ _m[n- p Hcp-Iq w tcmk-e- -W-ß-fmWv t]mfn-kn-ssã- niv Hmhdn kn t{umw. GI-tZiw 27% hsc kv{xoi-fn (12 apx 55 hb- v) Cu tcmkw ImW-s -Sp- p. F nepw 70% kv{xoi-fn tcmk-\n Æbw \S-Ø-s -Sm-dn-. Cu tcmkw kv{xoi-fpss AWvUm-i-b-Øn _m[n- p-ibpw B Ø-hsØ \nb-{ n- p tlm tam-wp-i-fmb Cukvt{S-P-t bpw s{]mp-ã-tdm- Wn-s bpw Afhp hyxym-k-s -Sp-Øp-Ibpw snøp- p. km[m-c-w-bmbn AWvUm-ib-߃ ]pcpj tlm tam-wmb B t{um-p sndnb Af-hn Dev]m-Zn- n- m-dp v. F m Cu tcmkw aqew B t{ump IqSp-X-embn Dev]m-Zn- n- -s -Sp-Ibpw X qew ]e amk-ß-fnepw AWvUm-i-b-Øn \n v AWvUw Dev]m-Zn- n- -s -Sm- Xn-cn- p-i-bpw, B Øhw kabw sx n D m-hp-ibpw snøp- p. AXp ImcWw K `-[m-cww _p n-ap- m-ip-ibpw snøp- p. {][m-\-ambpw aq v Ah-ÿ-I-fmWv Cu tcmk-øn-\p- -Xv. AWvUm-i-b-Øn I p-iƒ AYhm apg-iƒ As - n t^mfn- nƒkv (sh w \nd sndnb k n-iƒ) D m-ip- p, Db Af-hn ]pcpj tlm tam-wmb B t{um-p Dev]m-Zn- n- -s -Sp- p, {I-a-a- mø B Ø-hw Ch D m-ip- p. tcmk-e- -W-߃: {Ia-a- mø B Ø-hw, Db Xpw IqSp-X Znhkw \o p-\nev p- -Xp-amb c -{km-hw, tcma-h-f (ap-jw, hb, s\ v), apj- p-cp, AanX `mcw, s]mæ-ø-sn, ]pcp-j- m-cp-ts-xp-t]m-ep Ij- n, XpS-bn-Sp- n-sebpw Igp- Øn-sebpw kvx\-ß-fpss ASn-bnepw Idp p \ndw. Imc-W-߃: bym tcmk-im-c-w-߃ F m-sw v IrXy-ambn ]d-bm Ignbn-s - nepw ]mc-º-cy-hpw, ico-c-øn Dev]m-Zn- n- -s -Sp C kp-en-t\msv icocw icn-bmbn {]Xn-I-cn- m-ø-xpw, Aan-X-`m-chpw, ` -W-co-Xn-Ifpw CXn\p Imc-Wambn Xocp- p. tlm tam-wns Ak- p-en-xm-hÿ aqew D m-ip Btcm-Ky-{]-iv\-߃: h y-x, F tum-sa-{snb Im k, ssl ªUv {]j, {]ta-lw, Dd- -Øn izmtkm- zmkw s]s v \ne- p-t]m-ip-i, hnjm-z-tcm-kw F n-h-bm-wv. tcmk-\n Æbw: c -]-cn-tim-[-\, s] hniv ]cn-tim-[-\, ^nkn- ]cn-tim-[-\, sa kv{sp-h lnã-dn, s] hniv Aƒ{Sm-ku- v apx-emb ssãp-iƒ apjm- cw \n Æbw \S-Øm Ign-bpw. t]mfn-kn-ssã- niv Hmhdn kn t{umw ]q Æ-ambpw NnIn- n v t`z-am- m Ignbp-I-bn-. F nepw icn-bmb NnIn- m-co-xn-bn-eq-ssbpw Pohn-X-N-cy-I-fn-eq-sSbpw tcmke- -W-߃ \nb-{ n- m Ign-bpw. icn-bmb ` -W-co-Xn, Aan-X-`mcw Ipd-bv phm-\pw, s]mæ-øsn \nb-{ n- p-hm\pw Ign-bpw. sa vt^m an t]mep acp- p- Iƒ Ign- p- -Xp-hgn ªUv jpk IqSp- Xv XS-bm Ign-bpw. ico-c-ønse h n tcma-h-f bpw NnIn- n v \nb-{ n- m Ign-bpw. h y-x-bv pw, ^e-h-ømb NnIn- m-hn-[n-iƒ e`y-am-wv. \ntxy\ hymbmaw sntø- Xv AXym-h-iy-am-Wv. ssz-hw h-en-b-h-\m- n-b-h 9 joe Zmkv tam-i-bp-ss a-c-w-ti-jw B-sc-bm-Wpv Xn-c-s -Sp- t - -Xv- - F- v bn-{km-tb Nn- n- p Im-Wpw. F- m tam-si Po-h-t\m-sS-bn-cp- -t mƒ X-t sszhw A-Xn-\p- hy- n-sb Xn-c-s -Sp-Øp I-gn- ncp- p. am-\p-jn-i Xn-c-s -Sp- p-iƒ km-lv-n-cy-ß-sf t\m- n-bpw ap-jw t\m- n-bpw H-s -b-sw- v N-cn-{X߃ sx-fn-bn- p- p.f- m tbm-ky-x t\m- m-sx,ssz-hn-i ]- -Xn- p-th- n, ssz-hw H-cm-sf Xn-c-s - Sp- p-tºmƒ am-\p-jn-i-am-b A-`n-{]m-b-ß-sfm- pw A- h Im-cy-am- p- n-. bn-{km-tb P-\-Øn-s \-Sphn tbm-ky-x-bp- ]-e-cpw D- m-bn-cp- p. ]-e-cp-ssbpw t]-cp-iƒ a-\- n h- p Im-Wpw.F- m sszh-øn-s a-\- n-en-cn- p- -Xv- - B-cm- -dn-bp-hm-\m - pw I-gn-bn-. tam-i-bp-ss ]n Km-an-bm-bn ssz-hw Xn-c-s -Sp-Ø-Xv- - ssz-h a-\p-jy-\m-b tbm-ip-h-sb B-bncp- p.tbm-ip-h-bn ssz-hw A-t\-Iw \- Kp-W-߃ I- n-cp- p. A-Xp-aq-ew ssz-h-øn-s a-\- n t\-c-sø X- s tbm-ip-h-sb bn-{km-tb P-\-Øn-s \m-b-i-\m-bn A-`n-tj-Iw sn-bv-xn-cp- p.tbm-ip-h-bp-ss Po-hn-X-Øn-se {]- txy-i-x-i-fm-wpv A-Xn-\p Im-c-W-am-b-Xv- -. k-am-k-a-\ Iq-Smc-Øn tam-si ssz-h-tøm-sv- - kw-km-cn- p. ]n-s A-h ]m-f-b-øn-te- v- - a-s-ßn-h- p. F- m tbm-ip-h F- _mey- m-c-t\m Iq-Sm-cw hn- p-]n-cn-bm-xn-cp- p.(]p-d 33:11) a- p- _m-ey- m kz- -am-b Im-cy-߃- p th- n Hm-Sn \- S- p-tºmƒ, ssz-h-km- n- y-øn-\p th- n B-{K-ln- v- - sszh-sø Im-Øn-cp- tbm-ip-hm-sb ssz-hw {]-txy-i-x-bp- -h-\m-bn I- p.ssz-hw Xn-c-s -Sp- p- -h ssz-h-km- n- y-øn-\p th- n sim-xn- p- -h-cpw A-Xn k-t mjw I-s -Øp- -h-cp-am-bn-cn- -Ww. ssz-h-km- n- yw A- \p-`-hn- m-ø-h F-{X h-en-b t\-xm- - m B-sW- p txm- n-bm-epw ssz-hw A-h-sc Xn-c-s -Sp-Øn- p-t m F- v kw-i-bn-t - n-bn-cn- p- p. t\-xm- - m A-Wn-I-fpsS km- n- yw B-{K-ln- p- -h-cm-wpv.f- m B-flo-I tkm-f-øn-epw X-ß-sf t\-xm- - m-cm- n-b ssz-h-sø a- d- v, A-Wn-I-fp-sS km- n- y-øn a-xn-a-d- v, A-l- -cn- p- -h a-s-ßn h-s - n \- m-bn-cp- p.tbm-ip-h sszh-sø ]n-cn-bm-\m-{k-ln- n-. G-Xv- - A-h-ÿ-bn-epw ssz-htej\w sø hn- p-]n-cn-bm-xn-cp- -h-s\ ssz-hw h-en-b-h B- n. tbm-ip-h-sb- p-dn- v- - ]n- o-sv- - ]-d-bp- p, A-h ssz-hmflm-hp- ]p-cp-j (kw-jy.27:18)ssz-hw H-cp-h-s\ h-en-bh B- p-hm-\m-{k-ln- p-tºmƒ, ssz-hw X-s B-flmhn-s\ A-h-s ta ]-I-cpw.ssZ-h-Øn-s B-flm-hp- h ssz-h-ln-xw A-dn-bpw. ssz-hm-flm-hp \-S-Øp- G-hcpw ssz-h-øn-s a- ƒ B-Ip- p. {In-kv-Xp-hn-s B-flmhp- -h-\p {In-kv-Xp-hn-s kz-`m-hw D- m-ipw.ssz-ho-i kz- `m-hw C- m-ø-h-\pv P-\-sØ k-ln-jv-w-x-tbm-ss \-bn- m I-gn-bn-.tam-si P-\-sØ \-bn- p- -Xv- - Iq-sS \n- v I- ssz-h a-\p-jy-\m-wp tbm-ip-h.tam-si A-\p-`-hn- am-\-kn-i kw-l -j-ß-fpw A-h F-Sp-Ø Xo-cp-am-\-ßfpw ssz-h-hpw B-bn tam-si- p- m-bn-cp- _- -hp-sams A-dn- -t mƒ tbm-ip-h tam-i-sb F-ß-s\ Xm-ßn F-s m-s ssz-hw t\m- n- m-wpw.tam-si-tbm-sp Iq-sS \n- v ss[-cy-s -Sp-Øn-b, ssz-h-øn-s kz-`m-hw a-\- n- em- n-b tbm-ip-h-sb-bm-wpv ssz-hw Xn-c-s -Sp-Ø-Xv- -.t\- Xm-hn-s X-e- -\-tø- mƒ, ssz-h-øn-s ku-ay-x shfn-s - a-\p-jy-\m-bn-cp- p tam-si.b tam-si-bp-ss ]n Km-an-bpw ku-ay-\m-bn ssz-hm-flm-hn-\m \n-e-\n- p. {Inkv-Xp-hn-s kz-`m-hw X- n sh-fn-s - p. t\-xr-xzw e-`n- m A-l- -cn- v- -, kz-`m-hw am-dp-, B-flo-Iw t]m-epw am- n-\n-dp-øn, tem-i a-\p-jy-tc- mƒ A-[v- -:]-Xn- \n-e-bn-te- v- - Xm-gp- -h C-Xv- - a-\- n-em- n-sb- n F-{X \- m-bncp- p.ssz-hw A-\p-h-Zn- k-a-b-øv- - e-`n- p- ÿm-\- am-\-ß-fn A-l- -cn- m-sx, {In-kv-Xp-hn-s kz-`mhw D- -h-cm-bn am-d-s. k-i-e A-[n-Im-c-ß-fpw D- t m-gpw X-s A-Sn- -h-t\m-sp {]-Xn-I-cn- m-xn-cp-, tbip-hn-s kz-`m-hw sh-fn-s - m ssz-hw am-\n- pw.{]- iv-\-øn-s \-Sp-hn `q-cn-]- -Øn-s A-`n-{]m-bw t\m- m-sx P-\-sØ k-am-[m-\n- n- p-hm {i-an- tbmip-h-sb-t m-se a-s m-cp t\-xm-hv- - bn-{km-tb P-\-Øns \-Sp-hn Im-Wp-I-bn-.ssZ-hm-flm-hn Im-cy-ßsf hn-th-nn- -dn- v- -,ssz-hn-i kz-`m-h-øn \n-e \n- v, Ip- w ]-d-bm C- m-ø H-cm-fm-bn-Øo - tbmip-h-sb ssz-hw h-en-b-h B- n. tam-si ssz-h-i - -\ A-\p-k-cn- v- -,X-s a-ln-a-bn H-cw-iw tbm-ip-h-bp-ss ta sh- p, Iq-Sm-sX ssi-sh- -\p-{k-ln- p. ssz-hn-i \n-tbm-kw A-\p-k-cn- tam-ibp-ss A-\p-{K-l-hpw X-s ta e-`n- p. C- -sø t\-xm- - m X-s ip-{iq-j-i-sc A-\p-{K-ln- m Xp- \n-s - n... ssz-hw G - n- ip-{iq-j Xo - p F- -dn- -t mƒ,hm-kv-z-ø-i-\m Im-Wm `m-kyw e-`n- n- F- v a-\- n-em-b-t mƒ, ]-cm-xn-i-sfm- p-an- m-sx X- \n- p ti-jw \n-tbm-kn- -h-s\, A-\p-{K-ln- m a-\- m- b tam-si F-{X h-en-b-h.a- p- -h-cp-ss D-b - -bn A- kq-b-bn- m-ø, N-hn- n-øm-gv-xp-hm-\m-{k-l-an- m-ø, A-]- hm-zw ]-d- v- - a-\- - v- th-z-\n- n- m-ø tam-si-bp-ss kz-`mhw tbm-ip-h-bv- pw e-`n- p Im-Wpw.tam-si I-S- m B- {K-ln- hm-kv-z-ø \m- n-te-bv- v- - P-\-sØ \-bn- m sszhw Xn-c-s -Sp-Ø tbm-ip-h-sb ssz-hw A-\p-{K-ln- -bbv- p- p.tam-si-bp-ss Iq-sS C-cp- ssz-hw tbm-ip-h-bpss Iq-sS-bpw D- v- - F- p sx-fn-bn- p-hm ssz-h-øn-\m- Wp [r-xn F- v txm- n-t m-ipw. A-tX, hn-iz-kv-x-x-tbmss ssz-h-øn-\p th- n \n - p- -h-s\ h-en-b-h B- p-hm ssz-hw X-s ap ssi F-Sp- pw. bn-{km-tben-s ap -]n ssz-hw tbm-ip-h-sb h-en-b-h B- n. ssz-h-øn-\p th- n \n - m Xo-cp-am-\-sa-Sp-Øm kzbw h-en-b-h B-Ip-hm t\m-t -,ssz-hw h-en-b-h B- pw. ssz-hn-i k-a-b-øn-\m-bn Im-Øn-cn- p-i. ssz-hkm- n- yw A-\p-`-hn- v- -, ssz-hn-i kz-`m-hw Po-hn-X-Øn sh-fn-s -Sp-Øn B-fl ]q -W-\m-bn-Øo - tbm-ip-h-sb h-en-b-h B- n-b ssz-hw \-sω-bpw h-en-b-h B- pw.k-a - n- p-hm X-øm-dm-hp-I.

10 F-\n- v In- n-b t{]-a-te-j-\w sss- -kv tpm- k A-sX, A-Xm-Wv- - k-xyw! ]-s Rm A-Xv a-\- n-em- n-b-xv ssh-in-bm-sw- v am-{xw. Xn-cn- -dn-thm-ss-b- m-sx Rm ]-e-t mgpw A-Xv hm-bn- p-hm {i-an- n-cp- p.at m-sgm-s F-\n- -Xv sh-dpw A- -c-ßfm-bn txm- n. hy- -am-bn a-\- n-em-bn-s - n-epw, A-Xn-se h-cn-iƒ F-\n- v B-izmk-am-b Nn-e Zn-\-߃ ]q- Δ-Im-e-Øp- v. am-xm-]n-xm- -fp-ss \n _- -Øn-\p-h-gßn Rm A-Xn-se h-cn-iƒ ]-e-xpw lr- Zn-ÿ-am- n-bn-cp- H-cp Im-ew F-s Pohn-X h-gn-bn-ep- v. ]-s, B kv-t\-l- pdn- p-i-fp-ss am-[p-cyw Xn-cn- -dn-bp- -Xn-\p- ]-Iz-X-bn Rm-\- v F-Øn-bn-cp- n-. ]n- o-sv k-t -k-v-iq-fn-se A-[ym-]-I-cpsS i-im-cw `-b- pw k-l-]mtn-i-sf ]n- nem- m-\pw Rm A-Xn-se hm-n-i-߃ ]- e-xpw a-\- mt-am- n. \o C-Xv a-\- mt-am- n-bn-s - n F- m-h-cp-ts-bpw ap- ]n in- n- pw F- `o-j-wn-bn \n- pw c -s]-sp-hm Rm A-Xv ]-e-t m-gpw hnc- n-tbm-ss lr-zn-ÿ-am- n. _m-ey-øn \n- pw Iu-am-c-Øn-te- v I-S- -t mƒ Xm-e- p-]-cn-tim-[-\-iƒ F- s B-th-i-am-bn. h-f- Np- p-]m-sp-iƒ A-sX-s - B-th-i-am- n F- v ]-d-bp- -Xmbn-cn- pw i-cn! A- pw Rm B F-gp-Øp- I-fn-eq-sS ]-c-xn. ]-s A-Xn-se A-`u-a t{]-aw D-ƒ-s m- - p-i-sb- -Xn-t\- mƒ, k- l-a- -cm n-sb ]n- n-em- p-i-sb- kvt\-l-c-ln-x-am-b G-I-e- y-ta F-\n- p- m-bn-cp- p- q. H-cp-]-cn-[n-h-sc F-s B- flo-b Iq- m-bv-a-iƒ F-\n- v X- t{]m- ml-\w A-Xn-\m-bn-cp- p. Iq-Sm-sX bq-øv ao- n-ßp-i-fn-se ]-e t{]m-{km-ap-i-fn-epw tp- Xm-hm-bn Xn-f-ßp-hm A-Xn-se h-cn-iƒ sndpiy F-s k-lm-bn- n-cp- p. Rm-s\m-cp th-z-hn-zym -Yn-bm-b-t m-gpw B I-Øp-Iƒ F-t m-ssm- w kq- n- n-cp- p. ]-s th-z-]t-\ ta-j-e-bn A-Xnse B-i-b-ß-sf-bpw B-i-b- p-g- -ß-sfbpw I-s -Øp-I-sb- -Xv ]-Xn-hm-t - nh- p. ssz-h-im-kv-{x ]mt-߃ A-Xn F- \n- v ]n- p-w-bm-bn. F- m A-hn-sS-sb- mw X-e-t m-dn am-{xw \-S- p- A-`ymk {]-I-S-߃ F- pw ap- n \n- p. B k-μ- `-ß-fn-se- mw lr-z-bw F-hn-sS-sbms -tbm aq-i-km- n-bm-bn am-dn-\n-ev- p-ibm-bn-cp- p-sh- v C- v Rm Xn-cn- -dn-bp- p. A-s - n- Ø-s, lr-z-b-߃ ssiam-dp- e-fn-x-am-b t{]-a-te-j-\-ß-ƒ v- H- cn- -epw {Km-a-dpw- Un- -\-dn-bpw I-sa -dnbpw H- pw s]m-cp-ø-am-hp-i-bn- -t m. A- Xp-sIm- v-x-s B I-Øv X- -h-s - kvt\-l-øn-s - A- -k-ø A-s m- pw F- \n- v {K-ln- p-hm-\m-bn- -sb- -Xm-Wv ]-Iep-t]m-se H-cp k-xyw. F- n-epw Rm B I-Øp-Iƒ F-s Po-hn-X-Øn-s `m-k-ambn sim- p-\-s- p. th-zm-[ym-]-\ ta-j-e-bn-epw B I-Øp- Iƒ F-s - k- -X k-l-nm-cn-bm-bn, D-]- Po-h-\ k-lm-bn-bm-bn. {]-kw-k th-zn-iƒ- m-bn-am-{xw ]-e k-μ- `-ß-fn Rm B I-Øp-I-sf D-]-tbm-Kn- p. A-sXm-s B- flm -X-bp-sS I-g-ºn- m-ø Nq-j-W-߃ B-bn-cp- n-t F-s m-cp tnm-zyw C- v F- ss A- -cm-flm-hn s\m-º-cw D-b Øp p. Ip-Spw-_ {]m- \-I-fn-se B-Zy-sØ ]m- p-i-fpw A-h-km-\-sØ {]m - \-I-fpw tim- Øn W- p- -Xn-\p- I-Æn-bm-bn Zn- \w-txm-dpw A-Xn-se Nn-e h-cn-iƒ t«m-iß-fm-bn-am-{xw \n-e-sim- p. F- m B B-{i-b-ß-sf-sbm-s B-flm- -b-x-bpss A-f-hp-tIm- sh v A-f- -t mƒ In- nb Xq- w ""ap-g-ßp- sn-tºm Nn-e-ºp- ssi-øm-f-tam'' t]m-se-bm-bn. {]-kw-k th- Zn-I-sf sim-gp- p- -Xm- p-hm am-{xw Rm B hm- p-i-sf D-]-tbm-Kn- -t m-sg- mw, P-\-Øn-s {]-iw-k ]n-sn- p-]- m A- e-bp- H-cp kzm - hy- n-xzw F- n F-hn-sS-tbm H-fn- p- p- m-bn-cp- p. F- m B {]-txy-i Zn-h-kw h-s - Øn. B-h-iy-ß-fpw B-h-em-Xn-I-fpw am-{xw \n-c-øn-sh- -ti-jw F-gp-t - v t]m-ip- ]-Xn-hv- {]m- \-bp-ss ssi-en-bn F- t m ]- n-ti-sv txm- n-øp-s-ßn-b Zn-h-kß-fn H- v! B ]-Xn-hv am- n B-h-iy-߃ H- pw ]-d-bm-sx A-h-s - -sbm- w C-cn- m Xo-cp-am-\n- B Zn-h-kw...Rm am-{xw kwkm-cn- p- kz-`m-h-øn \n- pw hy-xykv-x-am-bn A-h-\v F-t m-sv F-s - n-epw ]-d-bm-\p- m-ipw F- v- Im-Øv sh-dp-sx Rm ssz-h-k- n-[n-bn C-cp- G-tXm H-cp bm-a-øn B km-ao-]yw Rm Xn-cn- -dn-bm Xp-S-ßn. A-h F-t m-sv tn- - n cp- p. F-s - I-hn-fn A-h D-Ω-sh- n- v F-t m-sv tnm-zn- p: Rm sim-sp-ø-b- B I-Øp-Iƒ, F- t m-sg- n-epw lr-z-b-]qδw, F-s -tbm- - Øv am-{xw, \o-hm-bn- n- p-t m? \n-t m-sv am-{xw Rm ]-d-bm-\m-{k-ln- F-s lr- Z-b-Øn-s - kv-]-μ-\w \o ti-h-e hm-b-\- bv- - p-dw F-s am-{xw [ym-\n- v- - {K-ln- n- p-t m? \n-s - am-{xw kv-t\-ln- p, Po-h h-sc A-h-K-Wn- p, Rm ssi-am-dn-ø- C-Xn-se h-cn-iƒ Im-cy km-[y-øn-\- m-sx, a- m pw th- n-b- m-sx \n-t m-sp- F- s t{]-a-hm- p-i-fm-bn \o {K-ln- n- pt m? C-Sn-\m-Zw t]m-se B hm- p-iƒ F- n ap-g-ßp-hm Xp-S-ßn. F-s - Nn- -Iƒ A-kz-ÿ-am-bn...B kv-t\-l-km-ao-]y-øn-\p ap- ]n Rm ]- I- p-t]m-bn. F-\n- v Hm-Sn-sbm-fn- p-hm C-Sw Im-Wm-sX-bm-bn. F- n-se I-]-S- kvt\-l-øn-s s]m-bv-ap-j-߃ H-s m- mbn A-gn- p ho-gp-hm Xp-S-ßn- Rm ]- c-h-i-bm-bn...f-\n- v hm- v ap- n...\n-ds m-gp-ip- I-Æp-I-tfm-sS Rm A-hs v am-dn-te- v Nm-cn... Rm ]-d- p: C- {]n-bm, A-ß-bpsS kv-t\-l-sø am-{xw Hm- Øv C-Xp-h-sc Rm-\-Xv hm-bn- n- n-. F-t m-sg- mw Rm-\- Xv I-øn-se-Sp-Øp-thm A-Xn-\p-ap- ]v Hm-tcm B-h-iy-ß-fpw Im-cy-km-[y-ß-fpw F-s - a- \- n ÿm-\w ]n-sn- n-cp- p. \n-s Hm- - p- - -Xn-s\- mƒ F-s - \n-e-\n-ev- m-bn-cp- p F-s Nn-. kzm -X ap- n-b Po-hn- X-ssi-en-bn F-s - Im-cy-km-[y-ß-ƒ mbn am-{xw Rm A-h-sb F-Sp-Øp. ]-et m-gpw a- p- -h-sc ]-e-xpw t_m-[y-s -Sp- Øp-hm am-{xw Rm-\-Xv D-]-tbm-Kn- p. H- cp-th-f B I-Øp-Iƒ F-s - D-]-Po-h-\ D- ]m-[n-h-sc-bm- n. F- m C-sX- mw A-dn- p A-ß-bp-sS lr-z-bw th-z-\n- p- -Xv Rm Xn-cn- -dn- n-cp- n-...c- v Rm A-ß-tbm-Sv am- n-c- p- p. \m-ym...f-t m- Sv -an- q... C- p-ap-x Rm A-h-sb F-s lr-z-b-tøm-sv tn- Øv _- n- pw. \mw X-Ωn-ep- kv-t\-l-øn-s - D-S-º-Sn-bm-bn am-{xw Rm A-Xn-s\ k-ao-]n- pw. A- ß-bp-sS lr-z-bw Rm A-Xn Im-Wpw. B kv-t\-l-øn-s am-[p-cyw am-{xw Rm A-]-c-tcm-Sv h Æn- pw. Cu hm- p-i-fn A-t±-l-Øn-s - I-Æp-Iƒ {]- Im-in- p- -Xv Rm I- p. B {]m- Y- \m- k-a-b-߃ a-wn- q-dp-i-ƒ v h-gnam-dn-b-xv Rm A-dn- n-. A-tX...kvt\-l-km-ao-]y-Øn-s a-d-s]m-cpƒ- C- v B F-gp-Øp-Iƒ F-\n- v am-{xw F-s {]n-b ssi-am-dn-b t{]-a te-j-\-ß-fm- Wv-! Hm-tcm {]m-h-iyw Rm A-Xv Xp-d- p-tºm-gpw F-s - {]n-b-s! kv-t\-lw am- {Xw A-Xn Im-Wp- p... X-ºn-bp-sS lr-z-bw X- -a-bw Btj amxyp C-hm-s -en-kw t_m -Un-s ao- nw-km-wv- -. k-`-bp-ss hn-hn-[ {]-h -Ø-\-hn-`m-K-ß-fn H- m-wv C-hm-s -en-kw t_m -Uv- -. kp-hnti-jo-i-c-w-øn k-` A-ev-]w ]n-t m- m-wv F- m hn-a -i-\w A-Sp-Ø Im-e-Ømbn D-b - n-cp- p.a-xn-s\ Xp-S - m-wv {]- h -Ø-\-c-ln-X-am-b C-hm-s -en-kw t_m - Un-s\ H- v ]p-\ -Po-hn- n-sn-sp-ø-xv. A- Xn-\p A-[n-Iw _p- n-ap-t - n h- n-. t_m -Uv- - Aw-K-ß-sf Xn-c-s -Sp- m C- e- {]-Jym-]n-t - Xm-a-kw, c- p ]m-\-ep-iƒ X-øm-dm-bn I-gn- p. kp-hnti-j-zm-l-ap- ssz-h-zm-k- m-cpw, Nn-e hnizm-kn-i-fpw A-ß-s\ t_m -Un -sd X-e- -Øpw h- p. B-Zy-sØ ao- nw-km-wv- -. ao- nw-kv B-cw-`n- p. C-hm-s -en-kw t_m -Uv- - {]-kn-u v- A-P- hm-bn- p. t_m -Un -sd {]-h - Ø-\-Øn-\v hm-l-\w hm-ßp-i, t\m -Øv C- y-bn-se-ip- kp-hn-ti-j-bm-{x, A- - m-sn Xp-S-ßn B-Zn-hm-k-ta-J-e-bn-te- v kphn-ti-j-{]-h -Ø-\w, a- p co-xn-bn-ep- kphn-ti-j-{]-h -Ø-\-߃ F- n-h-bm-bn-cp- p A-P- -bn D- m-bn-cp- -Xv. t_m - Un-\p- n c- p ]m-\-ep-i-fn \n- pw P- bn- p h- -h-cpw D- m-bn-cp- p F- -Xv sim- v, F- m Xo-cp-am-\-߃- pw c- -`n-{]mbw D- m-bn-cp- p. A-`n-{]m-b-hy-Xym-k߃ ]-e-xpw D- m-bn-cp-s - n-epw ]-d-b- Ø- {]-iv-\-߃ H- pw C- m-sx F- mw ]m- m-bn. A-h-km-\-am-bn N - - v h- - Xv 'a- p co-xn-bn-ep- kp-hn-ti-j-{]-h -Ø- \-߃ ' F- hn-j-b-am-wv- -. {]-kn-u v- hn-i-zo-i-cn- p. "Cu a- p co-xn-bn-ep- {]- h -Ø-\-߃ F- v ]-d-bp-tºmƒ, B-Zy- Im-e-Øv \-Ωƒ D-]-tbm-Kn- n-cp- {Sm-Iv- v hn-x-c-ww, ^n-enw tjm Xp-S-ßn-b am-[y-a߃,\-ho-\-co-xn-bn A-h-X-cn- n- p-i F- p- -Xm-Wv." "h-f-sc \- A-`n-{]m-bw. km-[m-c-w- m-cm-b ]-e-cpw e-lp-te-j- Iƒ hm-bn- pw, ]-c-ky tbm-k-ß-fn kw- _- n- pw a- p-am-wv I -Øm-hn-s\ A-dn- n- p- -Xv." sk-{i- -dn h -Ko-kv- - ]m-kv-s Xo-cp-am-\-sØ kzm-k-xw sn-bv-xp. "C-sXms Im-e-l-c-W-s]- co-xn-i-fm-wv. outdated...cu Im-e-L- -Øn ]-g-b co-xn- Iƒ sim- v H-cp Im-cy-hp-an-." ]o- {_- Z-dn-s A-`n-{]m-b-am-Wv. "A-ß-s\ ]-d-bcp-xv.]- v "X-ºn-bp-sS lr-z-bw " F-s mcp e-lp-te-j-bp- m-bn-cp- p. A-Xv hm-bn- p F-{X-tbm t]-cm-wv c- n- -s]- -Xv- - -". {]- kn-u n-s hn-i-zo-i-c-ww. ]o- {_-Z hn- p-sim-sp- m X-øm-d-. "A-sXm-s R- ß-fpw hm-bn- n- p- v. X-ºn F-s m-cp ]-øs lr-z-b-øn a-bn,]m-ºv,]- n, X-hf, tim-em-sv... A-ß-s\ F-s m-s -tbm D- m-bn-cp- p F-s m-s ]-d-bp- {Sm-Iv- v A-s?? Cu Im-e-Øv C-sXm-s B- tcm-ts-epw ]-d-bm ]- p-tam??? ]o- {_- Z tcm-jm-ip-e-\m-ip-i-bm-wv. "H-cp Im-cyw sn-ømw. \n-߃ ]-d- -Xv t]m-se 'X-ºnbp-sS lr-z-bw ' B-[p-\n-I co-xn-bn A-h- X-cn- n- m-a-t m - F-gp-Øn-eq-sS-bpw,hm-b- \-bn-eq-ss-bp-ap- kp-hn-ti-j-{]-nm-c-wsø \n- m-c-am-bn X- n-i-f-b-cp-xv. A- c-߃- v a-\p-jy-t\m-sp \- m-bn kw-th-[n- m-\m-ipw. \- Z -i-\-ap- -bm-fm-wv {]- kn-u - v-. A-Xv h-sc an- m-xn-cp- F-_n {_-Z Nm-Sn-sb-gp-t - p. "C-ß-s\ hn-h-c-an- m-sx kw-km-cn- -cp-xv - lpw...x-ºn-bp-ss lr-zbw t]m-epw...cu ]m-ºn-s\-bpw X-h-sf-bpw H-s F-ß-s\ A-h-X-cn- n- -W-sa- m Cu ]-d-bp-t??? " "F- m {]-kn-u v- hn-i-zo-i-cn- p...hm-tcm ar-k-øn-s A -Yw F- m?? " F-_n c- pw I-ev- n- m-wv. "icn. Rm ]-d-bmw. Cu ]- n F- v sh- m `- -W Im-cy-ß-fn-epw a- pw bm-sxmcp \n-b-{ -W-hpw, {I-a-hpw C- m-ø ]-]- kz-`m-h-sø Im-Wn- p- p. \n-߃ ]-dbp- t]m-se C-Xv B-[p-\n-I co-xn-bn H- cp ho-un-tbm B- m-a-t m. H-cp ]- n-bpss ]-Sw ho-un-tbm-bm-tbm, ]-h -t]m-bn v- B-tbm H-s Im-Wn- mw..{km-^n-i-v-kv H- s D-]-tbm-Kn- m \- B-I-cv-j-I-am-b co-xn-bn A-h-X-cn- n- mw...f- v ]-d-bp- p??? ]n-s -bp- -Xv tim-em-sv F- ar-k-am- Wv.tIm-em-Sv a - -S-ap- n-sb Im-Wn- p- p. A-Sp-Ø-Xv X-h-f. X-h-f A-ip- -hpw A- «o-e-hp-am-b hy -Y kw-km-c-ß-sf Im-Wn- p- p. ]n-s -bp- -Xv a-bn. a-bn \n- K-f-sØ Im-Wn- p- p. I-Sp-h-bm-Wv A-Sp- Ø ar-kw. I-Sp-h, {]-Xn-Im-c-sØ-bpw tzjy-sø-bpw Im-Wn- p- p. B-a, \-Ωp-sS A-e-k-X-sb-bpw a-sn-sb-bpw Im-Wn- p- p. Np-cp- -Øn 'X-ºn-bp-sS lr-z-bw ' h-fsc A - -k-ºp- -am-wv. C-Xv t]m-se-bp- k-tμ-i-߃ {]- -cn- n-t - -Xv \-ΩpsS I-S-a-bm-Wv." {]-kn-u - v- C-{X-bpw ]-d- p Xo - -Xpw, ]-e `m-k-øv- - \n- pw ]ndp-]n-dp- p-i-fpw a- pw D-b - p tiƒ- m-ambn-cp- p. ]o- -cpw F-_n-bpw H-cp-an- v Nm-Sn-sb-gp-t - p. ]o- -dm-wv Xp-S-ßn-b-Xv. "A-tX...Cu ]-d- -sxm-s k-ω-xn- p. ]-s, B- Zyw Cu D-]-tZ-i-ß-sfm-s \n-߃ ssz-h- Zm-k- m \-S- n-em- n Im-Wn- p. F- n- v a-xn \m- p-im-sc D-]-tZ-in- p- -Xv." "]o- {_-Z..\-Ωp- n-s-bn ]-e {]-iv-\-ß-fpw D- m-hmw. A-Xpw C-Xp-am-bn Iq- n- p-g- -cp- Xv. \-Ωp-sS {]-iv-\-߃ H- pw X-s kphn-ti-j-hpw D-]-tZ-i-ß-fpw P-\-߃- n-sbn F-Øp- -Xn-\p X-S- -am-i-cp-xv. 'X- ºn-bp-sS lr-z-bw ' Rm H-cp D-Zm-l-c-Ww ]-d- -Xm-Wv.\n-߃- v Xm-ev-]-cy-an-s - n A-Xp-am-bn ap-t m- p t]m-ti-." A- Xn-\p a-dp-]-sn ]-d- -Xv F-_n-bm-Wv. "A-, {]-kn-u - v- ]-d- -t m Ip-d- p ar-k-ßfp-ss Im-cyw. A-Xn-s Im-cy-Øn-sem-cp Xo-cp-am-\-am- I-s...]- n-bp-ss kz-`m-hw...a-xv \n-߃- -t??? Ip-S-h-b-dp I- m a-xn-b-t m -! A-dn-bm-sX X-s ]-e-cp-ss-bpw I-Æp-Iƒ kz- w h-b-dn-te- v t]m-bn. F-_n Xp-S-cp- I-bm-Wv. "I-Sp-hm-bp-sS kz-`m-h-hpw \n-߃- -t??? Xm-t m sim- v Ip-Øp- -Xpw, X-e- -Sn- p- -Xpw \n-ß-f-t???" A-Xph-sc an- m-xn-cp- t_m -Uv- - Aw-K-߃ ]- e-cpw Nm-Sn-sb-gp-t - p. "\n -sø-sm"..."ccn-sb-sm "... Xp-S-ßn-b B-t{Im-i-߃ D-b - p ti- p. t_m -Uv- - ao- nw-kv \-S- ap-dn- - I-Øv I-Sp-h-bpw, X-h-f-bpw, ]m-ºpw, timem-spw, ]-e-xpw {]-Xy- -s - p. I-Sp-h h- p t]m-bn...]- n h- p t]m-bn..x-h-f h- p t]m-bn...a-ß-s\ ]-e-xpw.. 'X-ºn-bp-sS lr-z-bw ' ]p-xn-b cq-]- Øn...]p-Xn-b `m-h-øn...

11 11 tej\w at\mpv si.-pn. ]n-xm-hmw ssz-hw G-Z-\n B-Zn-a-\p-jy-s\ X-s I-cw sim- v kr- n- ssz-hw, kr- n-xm-hv F- co-xn-bn A-h-cp-sS ]n-xm-hm-bn sszhw F- \n-e-bn \mw Im-Wp- -sx- mw ssz-h-øn-s generic B-b kz-`m-h߃ B-Wv. Cu {]-]- -sø kr- n- F- m-øn-s\-bpw C- pw ]-cn-]m-en- p-ibpw \n-b-{ n- -bpw sn-øp-, A-Sp-Øp- Iq-Sm-Ø sh-fn- -Øn h-kn- p- a-lm k -Δ-i- -\m-b ssz-hw. Im-e-ß-tfm k- a-b ]-cn-[n-tbm C- m-ø H-s -s\-bpw B- {i-bn-t - m-ø kz-bw-`q-hm-b ssz-hw. ]n-xm-hv F- \n-e-bn ssz-hw h-f-sc kv-t\-l-hm-\m-wv, F- m-zn-h-k-hpw G-Zt m- -Øn C-d-ßn-h-cp- Iq-sS \-S- p- hy- n Po-hn-X-Øn C-S-s]-Sp- kvt\-l-hm-\m-b A-. G-Z-s A-\p-`-h-Øn-\p-ti-jw ]n-s Rm Cu A- -s kv- -t\-lw Im-Wp- - Xv tb-ip-hn-s Po-hn-X-Øn B-Wv. F- m Zn-h-k-hpw a-wn- q-dp-iƒ ]n-xm-hp-ambn k-a-bw th-dn- n-cp- p kw-km-cn- p- tb-ip-hn-s\ \-ap- v Im-Wmw. X-s ]n- Xm-hn-s\ Ip-dn- pw ]n-xm-hn-s kv-t\-lsø-bpw I-cp-X-en-s -bpw Ip-dn- v ]-dbm H-Øn-cn Im-cy-߃ tb-ip-hn-\p D- m-bn-cp- p. A-Xp-t]m-se C-h F-s {]o-b ]p-{x F- v B-h -Øn- m-h -Øn- p ]-d-bm ]n-xm-hn-\pw Xn-Sp- -am-bncp- p. ]n-xm-hn-s -bpw ]p-{x-s -bpw A- Km-[-am-b kv-t\-l-øn-s {]-Z -i-\w \mw tb-ip-hn-s Po-hn-X-Øn-eq-sS Im-Wp- p. C-tX kv-t\-lw Xm kr- n- am-\- h-ip-e-tøm-spw ]n-xm-hmw ssz-h-øn-\p D- m-bn-cp- p. ]p-{x-\mw tb-ip-hn-t\m-sp- A-sX kv-t\-lw \-tωm-spw A-h {]-Z -in- n- p. B kv-t\-l-øn-s ]m-cay-am-wv tb-ip-hn-s\ \-ap- p-th- n bm- K-am- m \ -In-b-Xv. tb-ip-hn-\p ]n-xmhn-t\m-spw \-tωm-sp-ap- A-Km-Y kv-t\- l-øn-s {]-Z -i-\-am-bn-cp- p {Iq-ip-ac-Ww. tb-ip-hn-s {Iq-ip-a-c-W-Øn-eq-sS \-sω-bpw ]p-{x-xz-øn-s ]-Z-hn-bn-te- v tn - p-hm ]n-xm-hn-\v a-\- -en-hp- mbn. F- m C-hn-sS ssz-hw sn-dn-sbm-cp condition h- p. tb-ip-hn-eq-ss-bp- ]p- {X-Xzw Xn-I- pw kz-p-\y-am-sw-in-epw A- Xv hn-iz-kn- p G-s -Sp- -Ww. G-Z-\n B-Zn-a-\p-jy ]p-{x-xz-sø A-hn-iz-kn- p ssz-h-øn \n- pw A-I- -Xn-\m, C- v \mw ssz-hw ]n-xm-hm-sw- p tbip-hn-eq-ss hn-iz-kn- p ]p-{x-xzw G-s -Sp- -Ww. A-hn-izm-k-Øm \- -am- n-b-xn-s\ hn-izm-k-øm t\-sp-i. Cu tem-i-øp F- v Im-cy-hpw kz-p- \y-sa- p ti- m a-\p-jy Hm-Sn- q-spw, F- m {In-kv-Xp-hn-eq-sS-bp- ]p-{x-xzw kz-p-\y-am-sw-epw A-Xv kzm-b-ø-am- m B - pw Xm-ev-]-cy-an-. A-Xv kz-bw {]-b- Xv-\n-s ta-sn- p F- hm-in-bn-em-wv a-\pjy A-Xn-\m-bn Ip-cn-ip a-e ti-dm-\pw, Xo -Ym-S-I ÿ-e-ß-fn t]m-im-\pw, ]p-æy- {]-h -Øn-Iƒ sn-øm-\pw, G-Xp ITn-\-amb B-Nm-cm-\p- m-\-߃ sn-øm-\pw, h-enb t\ - -Iƒ sim-sp- m-\pw, F-{X Zn-h-kw D-]-h-kn- m-\pw X-øm-dm-Wv. F- m sszhw A-Xv h- -Xp Xn-I- pw kz-p-\y-am-bpw. G-Xp Ip- m-wv Cu tem-i-øp X-s kzm-[o-\w sim- v A- -\n-eq-ss-bpw A-Ωbp-sS-bpw P- w sim- -Xv? C-Xp-X-s -bm- Wv ho- pw P-\-\-Øn-s Im-cy-Øn-epw, F- \n- v H-cp ]- pw A-Xn C-. H-cp Ip- p hn-izm-k-øm am-xm-]n-xm- -sf kz- w F- v kzo-i-cn- p- t]m-se ssz-h-sø {In- kv- -Xp-hn-eq-sS A- -\m-bn kzo-i-cn- p-i, A- {X-am-{Xw. F- m a-x-ß-fpw ssz-h-sø A-t\z-jn- p- p; Po-hn-X-Øn-se B-h-iy-߃ \n-dth- m B-Nm-cm-\p- m-\-ß-fn-eq-ss h-gn-]m- Sp-I-fn-eq-sS ssz-h-sø {]-km-zn- n- m t\m- p- p. F- m \o-xn-am-\m-b ssz-hw C-sXm- pw t\m- m-sx Zp- -s ta-epw \o- Xn-am-s ta-epw H-cp-t]m-se X-s kq-cys\ D-Zn- n- -bpw a-g s]-øn- -bpw k-i-e `u-xo-i \- -I-sf-bpw \ -Ip-I-bpw snøp p. F- m kz -Ko-b A-\p-{K-l-߃ F- m-cv- pw D- -X- ; A-Xv ssz-h-sø ]n-xmhm-bn Aw-Ko-I-cn- kzo-i-cn- a- ƒ- p-am- {Xw D- -Xm-Wv. A-Xv tb-ip-hn-eq-ss am-{xw; tb-ip-hn-eq-ss A- m-sx ssz-h-sø B - pw ]n-xm-hm-bn e-`n- -bn-. A-ß-s\ sszh a-i-\v F- m ssz-ho-i A-[n-Im-c-ß-fpw kz- w; ssz-h-sø t]m-se k-i-e-sø-bpw hm-gp-hm-\p- kzm-x-{ yw {In-kv-Xp-hn ]n- Xm-hmw ssz-hw \-ap- v \ -In. Cu Xn-cn- dn-hm-wv i-cn- p-ap- B-flo-b Po-hn-X-Øns Xp-S- w. `mh\ tdmpn Ce- q ssz-h-øn-s "hn-e-tb-dn-b' A-`n-j- -t\m A-tXm "A-Xyp- -X-\m-b' ssz-h-øn-s Zm-k-t\m? Nm-t m- -\p s]- -s m-kv-xp-im-cp-ss I -h -j-\p t]m-im - - h-ey Xm -]-cysam- p-ap- m-bn- -, ]n-s Nn- -Ω-bp-sS \n -_- -Øn-\p H-cp-ßn- n-sn- v- - a-\- n- m-a-\-t m-ss Im-dn I-b-dn I -h -j-\p h- -Xm-Wv. {]-hm-kn-a-e-bm-fn-bm-b Nm-t m- -s\ H-cp Xn-I- B-flo-b-\m- n-sb-sp- m Nn- -Ω {]m - n- {]m - -\ D- m-cp-t \-Ωp-sS `m-c-xw ]-t hn-sp-hn- -s -t -t\w. Kƒ-^n-se a-wem-c-wy-øn H- -bv- p- Nm-t m- -s hm-k-øn Nn- -Ω-bv- - -{X A-ß-Sv- - Xr- ]v-xn-bn-. Im-c-Ww a-s m- p-a-, ho-s -Un Nm-t m- Iq- p-im-cpw Iq-Sn 'cs -Æw ho-ipw'. 'ho-im-ø' Nm-t m- -s\-bm-wv Nn- -Ω-bv- - n- w. Nn- -Ω ]-t am-\-km- -c-s - p ap-ßn-sb- n-epw Nm-t m- sh- -Øn \n-s m- p ti-do- p th-t 'ap-ßm '. C-{]m-h-iyw Nm-t m- -s\ am-\m-km- -c-s -Sp-Øn ap- n-s m- o- p X-s Im-cy-sa- p Nn- -Ω. A-ß-s\-bm-Wp a-\- n- m-a-\- p- Nm-t m- t\w Np-Ωn Nn- -Ω I -h -j-\p h- -Xv- -. I -h -j {Ku- n h- -Xpw ]-g-b kp-lr-øp- ƒ h- -h-cp-ap-s m F- mcp- p Nm-t m- -s t\m- w. Nn- -Ω \- Np-W- p- n-bm-bn tã-pn-s sxm- -Sp-Øp X-s C-cn- n-sw ]n-sn- p, A-\p-k-c-W-bp-s m-cp Ip- n-sb- -h-æw Nm-t m- -\pw. Nm-t m- -\p ]-t ]m- pw {]m - -\-bpw 'Ip-cn-ip-I- sn-ip-øm-s\-t m-se' B-b-Xp-sIm- v- - Ip-fn-s m-cp-ßn {Ku- n F-Øn-b-t m-tg- pw ]m- pw B-cm-[-\- bpw H-cp I-c ]- n-bn-cp- p. Nn- -Ω A-Xn-s I-en- n-em-wv. F- n- pw Nm-t m- -\p ]-Øp-an-\n- q-ss I-gn- n-cp-s - n 'kv-txm-{x-im-gv-n-bpw Iq-sS A-ßp Xo -t t\w' F- p Nn- -Ω-tbm-Sp ]-d-bm a-d- n-. A-Xn-\p- a-dp-]-sn ]-d- -Xv- - Nn- - Ω-bp-sS D- - -Æp-I-fm-Wv! A-Xp I- - -tf Nm-t m- '\- -Ip- n-bm-bn' tã-pnte- pw t\m- n-bn-cp- p. A -]w sim- pw A-[n-Iw sim- pw ssz-hw {]-h -Øn- p-sa- v D-d- hn-izm-k-øn-em-wv Nn- -Ω. H-cp-hm-s - n H-cp-hm- v- - Nm-t m- s\ am-\-km- -c-s -Sp-Øn-sb- n-tem F- m-wv Nn- -Ω-bp-sS Nn-. kv-txm-{x-im-gv- N-bp-sS ]m- p Xp-S-ßn-b-t mƒ Nm-t m- ]-gv-kv- - F-Sp-Øp. tam-zn-k - m tam-untbm-sp-iq-ss ]p-d-øp-hn- ]-f-]-f- c- m-bn-c-øn-s Xm-fp-I-fpw ]- -]n-sn- A- q-dn-s Xm-fp-I-fpw A-Sp- n-bn-cp- p- m-bn-cp-t -epw Nm-t m- -\p ]-g-b ]-Øns Km- n-tbm-ss-t m ssh-cm-ky-ap- -t]m-se sr-cp-sn- p-cp- n kv-txm-{x-im-gv- -N-k- n-bn C- p- Nn- -Ω Nm-t m- -s t]m- - n -\n- p X-s am- n-sh- n-cp- c- m-bn-c-øn-s Xm-fp Nm-t m- -s I-Æp-sh- n- v- - kv-txm-{x-im-gv-n k- n-bn-te- v- - Nm-t m- Im-Wm-Xn-cn- m ssi C-d- n-bn- p. Nn- -sω ]- n- Nm-t m- ssz-h-sø ]- n- kw-xr-]v-xn-tbm-ss sr-fn- n-cp- p. ssz-h-sø ]- n- Nm-t m-, Nm-t m- -s\ ]- n- Im-cyw A-dn- -Xp-an-. A- y- -]-Z-hn A-e- -cn- a-l-xv- -hy- n {]m-kw-kn-i-s\ kzm-k-xw sn-bp- I - Ω-am-Wv A-Sp-Ø-Xv- -. Nm-t m- F- mw k-kq- v-aw {i- n- m Xp-S-ßn. {]-`m-j- I-\m-b I -Ør-Zm-k-s\- p-dn- v- - 'ssz-h-øn-s hn-e-tb-dn-b A-`n-j- ' F- p Xp-S-ßn-b ]-Z-{]-tbm-K-tØm-Sp Nm-t m- -\p Xo-sc tbm-pn- m I-gn- n-. Im-c- Ww A- p cm-hn-tew Iq-sS th-z-]p-kv-x-i-øn-se A-s m-kv-x-e-{]-h -Øn-I-fp-sS ]p-kv-x-i-øn-se ]-Xn-\m-dmw A-[ym-bw ]-Xn-t\-gmw hm-iyw Nn- -Ω D-d-s hm-bn- p-tiƒ- n- -Xv- - 'A-Xyp- -X-\m-b ssz-h-øn-s Zm-k- m, c- m-am - w \n-ß-tfm-sv- - A-dn-bn- p- -h ' F- p- -Xp kp-hn-ti-j-tbm-k-øn-\p B-Zy-am-bn h- Nm-t m- -\p a-\- n-em-bn. Nm-t m- Nn- n- -Xn-epw sx- p ]-d-bm ]- n-. G-Xp Im-c- Ww snm- n-bpw I -h -j ap-s- m \n-b- n-bn-cp- Nm-t m- ssz-h-sø- mƒ ssz-h-zm-k- m - p {]m-ap-jyw sim-sp- p- k-aq-l-sø t\m- n ]p- n- p- sim- v- - C-cn- n-sw hn-s -gp-t - p. Nn- -Ω-bpw Nm-t m- -s ]n- m-se a-\- n- m-a-\- t m-ss A-hn-sS- - \n- pw bm-{x-bm-bn. H-cp ]-cp-h-øn-em-wv Nm-t m- -s\ A-hn-sS h-sc Nn- -Ω sim-s -Øn- -Xv- -. F- m 'hn-e-tb-dn-b I -Ør-Zm-k- m ' kzm-k- Xw sim-gp- n- v- - Nm-t m- -s\ Xn-cn- -b- -Xv- - A- y- -\p-t m A-dn-bp- p? A-ßs\ Im-e-ß-fm-b Nm-t m- -s am-\-km- -c-øn-\p-th- n-bp- Nn- -Ω-bp-sS {]m - -\ ]n-s -bpw Xp-S - p-sim-t -bn-cp- p.. \nß-fpss cn-\-ifpw {]kn- o-i-cn- mw ss{ikvxh Fgp-Øp-]p-c-bn-eqsS :

12 12 hn-zym-`ym-k cw-k-øv ss{i-kv-x-h-cp-ss ]- v {]-iw-k-\o-bw : cm-{ -]-Xn hn-zym-`ym-k cw-k-øv ss{i-kv-x-h-cp-ss ]- v {]- iw-k-\o-b-sa- p cm-{ -]-Xn cmw-\m-yv- - tim-hn-μv. U- lnbn-se Po-k-kv B- Uv -- ta-cn tim-tf-pns tkmƒu Pp-_n-en B-tLm-j-ß-fp-sS D-Xv- Lm-S-\ N-S-ßn kw-km-cn- p-i-bm-bn-cp- p A- t±-lw. {]-kw-k-øn \n- v {]-k- `m-k-߃ : C -Uy-bn ss{i-kv-x-h k-aq-l-øn-s N- cn-{xw 2,000 h -j-߃ ]n- n- n-cn- p- p. \-ΩpsS Iq- m-b kw-k-v-im-c-øn-\v h-f-sc-b-[n-iw kw- `m-h-\-iƒ \ -In-b ss{i-kv-x-h k-aq-lw hn-zym-`ym-k ta-j-e-bp-ss D- -a-\- Øn-\p h-ln- ]- p {]-iw-k-\o-b-am-wv. C-Xv h-f-sc D-Nn-X-am-Wv. F- m a-x-ß-fpw A-h-bp-sS km-cmw-iw ]Tn- m-\pw ]-cn-t]m-jn- p-i-bpw h-f-cm-\pw A-dn-hpw t\-sm-\pw m-\w k- ºm-Zn- m-\pw \-sω D-Zv-t_m-[n- n- p- p. tbm-l- m F-gp-Xn-b kp-hn-ti-j-øn 12 mw A-[ym-b-Øns 12 mw hm-iy-øn tb-ip C-ß-s\ {]-kv-xm-hn- p- p: "Rm tem-i-øns shfn- -am-ip- p; F-s A-\p-K-an- p- -h C-cp-fn \-S- m-sx Po-hs shfn- -ap- -h B-Ipw" F- p ]-d- p. Cu hn-im-c-øn-s H-cp {]-Xn-im- n-bn D-]-\n-j-Øp-I-fn-se A-hn-kv-a-c- Wo-b-am-sbm-cp hm-iyw D- v: + i im i V i M «A-k-Xy-Øn \n- v F-s k-xy-øn-te- v \-bn- p-i C-cp-fn \n- p F-s sh-fn- -Øn-te- v \-bn- p-i \-Ωp-sS a-\- n-s\ D-W -Øp- -Xn-\m-bm-Wv hn-zym-`ym-k-øn-s I-S-a. \- Ωp-sS hn-izm-k-hpw hy- n-xz-hpw I-W- n-se-sp- m-sx, hn-zym-`ym-k th-e b- Ym - -Øn ssz-h-øn-s th-e-bm-wv. A-dn-hv t\-sp- -Xn-\v am-{x-a- hn-zym- `ym-k-øn-s e- yw. A-Xv H-cp B-cw-`w am-{x-am-wv. Published by Kraisthava Ezhuthupura Publications. Chief Editor Pr. Blesson Cheriyanad, Editorial Desk: Finny kanjangadu, JP vennikulam, Joshy Kurian, Johnson Vedikattil, Jinz K. Mathew, Asher Mathew & Binu vadakkencherry. Web: Contact:

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