\yq hnj t^m F sn-bn- nmv thƒ-uv 1 G{]n 2017

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1 1 \yq hnj t^m F sn-bn- nmv thƒ-uv 1 G{]n 2017

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3 ti-c-f-øn-se s]m-xp-hn-zym-`ym-k ta-j-e i- ns -Sp-Øp-I C-t m-g-sø k - m-cn-s {]-Jym-]n-X e- y-ß-fn-sem- m-wv.`-c-w-i -Øm- -fp-ss A-{i- -aq-ew A-t[m-K-Xn-bn-em-bn-cp- k - m kv-iq-fp-iƒ ]p-xnb kn-e-_-kp-i-fp-am-bn Cw- o-jv ao-un-bw kv-iq-fp-iƒ A-h-X-cn- -txm-ss Ip- n-iƒ Ip-d- v ]q-t - A-hÿ-bn-em-bn. F- m k - -in- m A-`n-bm Xp-Sßn-b ti-{µ k m ]- -Xn-I-fpw {Xn-X-e-]- m-b- Øn-s c- m-i -Xr-Øhpw k m kv-iq-fp-i-fp-ss k-lm-b-øn-s\-øn-b-t mƒ kv-iq-fp-i-fp-ss `u-xn-i ku-i-cy-߃ h - n- p. ap-ºn- m-xn-cp- tam-sn-bpw ]- In- pw A-h-bv- p- m-bn. F- m, ti-c-f-øn-s s]m-xp-hn-zym-`ym-k cw-k- Øv {]-[m-\ ]- p h-ln- p- F-bv-U-Uv kv-iq-fp-iƒ- v k - m ]- -Xn-I-fpw ]- m-b-øp ^- p-i-fpw k-lm-b-i-am-ip- n-. km-[m-c-w- m-cm-b `q-cn-]- w hn-zym - n-i-fpw B-{i-bn- p- F-bn-U-Uv kv-iq-fp-isf H-cp ]- -Xn-bn-epw Dƒ-s -Sp-Øm-sX ]p-d-øp \n - Øp-I-bm-Wv am-dn am-dn h- k- - m-cp-i-sf- mw. \nb-a-k-`-bp-ss C- -gn- k-tω-f-\-øn-epw Cu hn-jbw N - sn-ø-s - p. {]-th-i-\-øn-\pw \n-b-a-\øn- \pw tim-g hm-ßp- F-bv-U-Uv kv-iq-fp-iƒ- v k - m ^- v \ -Ip- -Xp i-cn-b-s - p Nn-e P-\-{]-Xn- \n-[n-iƒ ]-d- -t mƒ [-\-a-{ n A-Xn-t\m-Sp tbm-pn- p-i-bpw sn-bv-xp. ]-Ww hm-ßm-ø H-t -sd kv-iq-fp- Iƒ Cu ta-j-e-bn-ep-s - p D-Zm-l-c-W-k-ln-Xw Nne Fw-F -F-am hy- -am- n-sb- n-epw k - m a- t\m-`m-h-øn am- -ap-s - p txm- p- n-. ti-{µ- -kw-ÿm-\ k - m-cp-i-fp-ss ^- p-iƒ k m kv-iq-fp-i-fn-te- p {]-h-ln- p-sim- n-cn- bm-sw- n-epw A-hn-sS ]Tn- p-hm-s\-øp- hn-zym - n-i-fp-ss F-Æw Xo-sc Ip-d-hm-b-Xn-\m s]m-xp-hn- Zym-`ym-k-ta-J-e-bp-sS i- o-i-c-w-øn-s {]-tbm-p- \w `q-cn-]- w hn-zym - n-iƒ- pw e-`n- p- n- F- -Xm-Wv Cu ]- -Xn-I-fp-sS Zu -_-eyw. ]Xn-aq mw ]- -h- -c-]- -Xn G-{]n-en B-cw- `n- p- -txm-ssm- w ti-c-f k m Xp-S-ßp- \-hti-c-f an-j-s `m-k-am-wv s]m-xp-hn-zym-`ym-k kw-c- -W-b- w. {]o- -ss{]-adn ap-x 12mw m-kv h-scbp- hn-zym-`ym-k-sø \-ho-i-cn- p-i-bpw i- n-s - Sp-Øp-I-bpw sn-øp-hm-\p-t±-in- p- Cu ]- -Xn-bp-sS am -K-tc-J ]p-d-øn-d- n-bn- p- v. ssl-kv-iqƒ- l-b - sk- - -dn kv-iq-fp-i-fn-se F- m- m-kv ap-dn-i-fpw ssl- -ss-iv B- p-i, F -]n,bp-]n hn-`m-k-ß-fp-ss {]- k- n ho-s -Sp- p- -Xn-\p Im-tem-Nn-X hn-i-k-\w G -s -Sp-Øp-I, A ]Xpw \qdpw h -j-߃ ]q -Ønbm- n-b kv-iq-fp-iƒ- v {]-txy-i ]m-t -Pv A-\p-h-Zn- p-i, Cw- o-jv ]T-\-Øn-\p {]m-[m-\yw \ -Ip-I F- n-h ]- -Xn-bp-sS {]-[m-\ L-S-I-ß-fm-Wv. X-t±-i kzbw-`-c-w ÿm-]-\-ß-fp-ss t\-xr-xz-øn ]n-sn-f, ]q - hn-zym - n kw-l-s-\, k- - kw-l-s-\-iƒ F- n-h-bp-ss k-l-i-c-w-tøm-ss \-S- n-em- p-hm t]m- Ip- ]- -Xn `u-xn-i km-l-n-cy-߃ sa- -s -Sp-Øp- -txm-ssm- w Ip- n-i-fp-ss A- m-z-an-i an-i-hpw k - Km-fl-I-X-bp-sS h-f - -bpw e- y-an-sp- p- v. Ip- n-ifn a-\p-jy-xz-hpw {]-Ir-Xn-kv-t\-l-hpw h-f -Øp-hm- \p-x-ip- {]-h -Ø-\-ß-fpw Dƒ-s -Sp-Øn-bn-cn- p- - Xv A-\p-tam-Z-\m -l-am-wv. F- m ]- -Xn t\-c-sø ]-cm-a -in- -Xp t]m-se F-bv -U-Uv kv -Iq-fp-I-sf Dƒ-s m- p- n-s - n k-aq-l- Øn-\v C-Xn-s {]-tbm-p-\w A-\p-`-h-th-Zy-am-In-. cq-]- tc-j-bp-ss B-ap-J-Øn F-bv -U-Uv kv -Iq-fp-I-sf-bpw ]- -Xn-bn Dƒ-s -Sp-Øpw F- p ]-d-bp- p-s - n-epw \nb-a-k-`-bn {]-I-S-am-b hn-im-c-߃ B-i- P-\n- n- p- p. am-t\-pv -sa p-i-fp-ss {i- -bpw C- m-cy-øn ]-Xntb- -Xp- v. \n-b-a-\-im-cy-øn-e- m-sx a-s m- n-epw {i- n- m-sx am-t\-pv -sa p-i-fpw F-bv -U-Uv kv -Iq-fp-I-fp-sS h-f - - p X-S-k-am-bn \n - p- p. am-t\-pv -sa n-s -bpw A- ym-]-i-cp-ss-bpw A{i- bpw Bflm Xbn mbvabpw sim v kz- w \m- n-se hn-zym-e-bw ]n- - s - p t]m-im-sx-bn-cn- p-hm s]m-xp-p-\-ß-fp-ss C-S-s]- S-epw B-h-iy-am-Wv. tum. tpm-kv ]m-d- -S-hn , ss{ikvxh k`bpss ImenI {]k- -amb ZuXysØ p-dn- p At\z-j-W-ßfpw, k`m then-iƒ -Xo-X-amb ss{ikvxh ZuXy-sØ- p-dn- p ]T-\-ßfpw N -Ifpw IqSn-h-c-hpIfpw, \oxnbv pw a\p-jz-xz-øn\pw ]cn-ÿn-xn kwc -WØn\pw th n-bp t]mcm- -ß-fn \ne-]m-sp-i-sf-sp p-hm hmb-\- msc t{]cn- n- pibpamwv kzx{ {]kn- o-i-c-w-amb \yphnj amkn-i-bpss e y-߃. hmb-\- m-cpss \n t m-`-amb kw`m-h-\-iƒ am{x-amwv amkn-i-bpss hcp-am\ t{kmx-kv. hmb- \- m \yp hnj IpSpw-_-Ønse AwK-ß-fpw.

4 \yphn-j cp-x-pq-_nen \nd-hn `cw-ls-\-t]mepw sh- p-hn-fn t\-cn-sp-i-bmwv kv -]o ]n. {iocma-ir-jvw tim-g-t cn: C- ybnse `-c-w-ls-\-t]mepw sh p-hn-fn t\-cn-sp- A-]-I-Sm-h-ÿ-bn-em-sW- v ticf \n-bak-` kv-]o- ]n {io-cm-a-ir-jv-w. \yp hn-j amkni-bpss cpx -Pq-_n-en B- tlm-jhpw A-hm -Uv Zm-\ ktω-f-\hpw DZvLm-S\w snbv-xp-sim v kwkm-cn- p- I-bm-bn-cp p A-t±lw. tz-io-b-am-bn H-cp `m-jbv pw cq-]-km-zr-iyhpw kz- -am-bn H-cp a-xhpw C m-xn-cp- n pw B- -cn-iam-b Du -P{]-`m-h-am-Wv C- y-sb C- y-bmbn \n-e-\n -Øn-bXv. tz-io-b- -X-bn-eq-sS t\-sn-sb-sp-ø kzm-x-{ yhpw B- -cn-i-am-b Du -P {]-`m-h-ßfpsa mw h -Ko-b-X-bp-sS t]-cn sh n \p-dp- -s -Sp-I-bm-Wv. `m-c-x-øn-en- v hn-izm-khpw a-x-hp-a {]-iv\w. A-[n-Im-c-Øn\pw k-º-øn\pw th- n hn-izmk-sø Zp-cp-]-tbm-Kw sn-øp- ÿn-xn-bm-wv C sø hn-]øv. a-\pjy-a-\-kp-i-fn a-x-øn-s hn-øp-if. ]I-cw hn-tzz-j-øn-s hn-øp-i-fm-wv hn- X-bv- s -Sp- Xv. \q- m- p-i-fm-bn t\-sn-sb-sp-ø B Pn-X m-\-øns aq-e-[-\- am-wv kw-kvimcw. B kw-kv-im-c-am-wv \-sω tzio-b kzm-x-{ y-øn-te- v \-bn- Xv. B kw-kv-ir-xnbpw tzio-b-x-bp-am-wv A-[n-Im-c-Øn-\p-th- n h- Ko-b i- n-iƒ in-yn-e-am- p- -sx- pw kv-]o- ]-d- p. N-S-ßn Fw-Pn bq-wn-th-gv-kn- n ap ssh-kv Nm -k-edpw \yphn-j amkn-i-bpss apjy ]{Xm-[n-]-cp-amb tum. kn-dnb-iv txma-kv A-[y- -X hln- p. ss{ikvxh {]kn- o-i-c-w-ßfnse Hcp thdn amkn-i-bmwv \yqhn-j F v No^v FUn- A`n-{]m-b-s - p. KqW-ta- -bp {]kn- o-i-c-w-am-bn-cn- Ww \yq hnj F v Icp-Xn-bmWv amkni {]kn- oi-cn p hcp- -Xv. hfsc h j-߃ v apºv Xs ]nxmhv B hn txmakv kv]o -dmbpw ]nfkv kn saw_-dmbpw tkh-\-a- \p-jvtn- n- p- -XpsIm v C v ktω-f\w DZvLm-S\w snøp kv]o ]n {iocma-ir-jvw-t\mspw Ahm Uv hmßp tum. Pn\p kjcnbm DΩ-t\mSpw X\n v sshim-cni _ -aps v At±lw kqnn- n- p. \yq hn-j amkn-i-bpss shcn dh ]n Fw tpm Pv kvamci \yphnj bqøv Ahm Uv ]-ªn-Iv k -ho-kv I-Ωo-j Aw-Kw tum. Pn- \p k-jdn-b DΩ-\v am -tøm-ωm k-`-bp-ss ]-c-am- y- tum. tpmk-^v am -tøm-ωm sa-{xm-t m-eo-ø \ In. tpmfn G{_lmw ticf \nba-k`m kv]o ]n {iocma- Ir-jvW\v \yqhn-j amkn- I-bpsS D]-lmcw \ In. Pn\p kj-cnbm DΩs\ kz-kn\v tum. tpm-kv ]m-d- -S-hn ]cn-n-bs -Sp-Øn. Pn m ]- mb-øv ssh-kv {]-knu v tpm -Pv am-ω sim- q shcn dh ]n Fw tpm Pns\ A\p-kva-cn p. \yp hn-j am-kn-ibp-ss F-Un- dpw {]km-[-i-\p-amb tum. amxyp tim-in ]p- -bv m-sv kzmk-xhpw amt\-pnmv FUn- kn tpm -Pv am-xyp \µnbpw ]-d p. G{]n \yq hnj t^m F sn-bn- nmv thƒ-uv

5 tum. txm-a-k v-_n-pp am-xyp A-tkm-tjy- v Un-d-Œ & sl-uv Hm-^v em-_v ticf Im jni k h-i-em-im-e sh m-bwn \ntxym-]-tbm-k-øn\pw hnjphpw HmW-hp-sams B- tlm-jn- p- -Xn-\pw a-e-bm-fn-iƒ- IS-bn \n v hmßp {]n-b-s - ]- - -dn hn-`-h-߃ hn-j-ap- -amtwm? h -jw txm-dpw do-p-\ Im -k sk -dn-se- Øp- tcm-kn-i-fp-ss F-Æw Iq-Sn-s m- n-cn- p- p. tic-f-øn hr- tcm-kn-i-fp-ss-bpw I-cƒ tcm-kn-i-fp-ss-bpw F-Æ-Øn-epw `o-xn-p-\-i-am-b h - -\-hp- v. C-h X- Ωnep -Im-cy-Im-c-W-_- w im-kv-{xo-b-am-bn sx-fn-bn- -W-sa- n Im -jn-i K-th-j-I-cpw sa-un- K-thj-I-cpw H-sØm-cp-an- v ]T-\w \-S-Ø-Ww. C- Ø-c-Øn ]T-\-ßtfm dn-t m - p-i-tfm e- `y-a-s - n-epw C-h X- Ωn-ep- _- -sø- - n-bp- kw-i-b-߃ ]-e-t m-gpw a-e-bm-fn-isf ]-cn-{`m- -cm- n sim- n-cn- p- p. Po-hn-X-ssi-en tcm-kß-sf- v hn-ti-jn- n- n-cp- ]-e B-tcm-Ky-{]-iv-\-߃- pw {]-Xn-hn-[n-bm-bn \n -t±-in- p- -Xv -]- - -dn-i-fp-ss D-]-tbm-Kw h - n- n- p-i-sb- -Xm-Wv. B-tcm-Ky-Zm-b-I-sa- v I-cp-Xp- ]mh-, sh -cn, s\- n-, tim-h-, ap-cn-ß-, am-x-f- \m-c-ß C-h-sbm-s {^-jm-bpw Pyq-km-bpw D-]-tbm-Kn- n-cp- -h-scm-s C-t mƒ B-i-b- p-g- -Øn-em-Wv. B- tcm-ky-{]-iv-\-߃ Im-c-Ww k-ky-`p- p-i-fm-bn am-dn-bh-cpw G-sXm-s k-kym-lm-cw hn-j-`-bw Iq-Sm-sX I-gn- pw F- -t\z-jn- p-sim- n-cn- p- p. Kƒ-^v a-e-bm-fn-iƒ- v Io-S-\m-in-\n kv-s]-jy Kƒ-^ v-cm-py-ß-fn-te- v ti-c-f-øn \n- v I-b- n A-bbv- p- \m-s ] - -dn-i-fm-b Np-h- v No-c, ]-b F- n-h-bn Is -Øn-b Io-S-\m-in-\n-I-fp-sS hn-h-cw a-dp- \m-s a-e-bm-fn-iƒ A-dn- m I-b- p-a-xn-sb-bpw C-Xv e- y-am- n Ir-jn C-d- p- I -j-i-sc-bpw _m-[n- nt? Np-h- v No-c-bn I-s -Øn-b-Xv Izn-\m -t^m-kv, s^ -hm-e-td- v, ao-ssy ]m-c-øn-b, t m -ss]-dnt^m-kv, t{]m-s^-t\m-t^m-kv F- o A- v Io-S-\m-in- \n-i-fm-sw- n, ]-b-dn I-s -Øn-b-Xv t m -ss]-dnt^m-kv, ssk- -sa-{xn, s^ -hm-e-td- v F- o aq- v Io-S-\m-in-\nI-fm-bn-cp- p. C-h-bn H- v t]m-epw Cu hn-f-i-fn D-]-tbm-Kn- m ti-{µ Io-S-\m-in-\n t_m - Un-s Aw-Ko-Ir-X ip-]m -i D- -X-s - pw {]-txy-iw F-Sp-Øv ]-d-tb- n-bn-cn- p- p. A-hn-b-en-\pw km-ºm-dn-\pw txmc-\p-sam-s B-h-iy-ap- ]- - -dn-iƒ \m Xn-\w F- n-epw th-ww. C-h-bn `q-cn-`m-k-hpw h- cp- -Xv A-b kw-ÿm-\-øv \n- pw, X-an-gv-\m- n-se I -j-i a- e-bm-fn-iƒ- v th- n {]-txy-iw X-øm-dm- p- ]- - -dn-i-fn ]Xn-\ n-\-øn-epw G-sX- nepw H-cp Io-S-\m-in-\n-bp-sS km- n- y-ap- -Xm-bn- m-wv ]-cn-tim- [-\m dn-t m - n I-s -Øn-b- Xv. hn-jmw-i-øn-s txm-xv A-\p-k-cn- v hn-j-c-ln-xw, hn-jmw-iw Ip-d-hp- -Xv, A-]-I-S- km-[y-xbp- -Xv F- nß-s\ aq- v hn-`m-k-ß-fm-bn C-h-sb X-cw-Xn-cn- p. C-Xns hn-i-zmw-i-ß-f-s-ßn-b ]- n-i-bpw Hm-tcm C-\w ]- - -dn-bn \n- pw hn-jmw-iw F-ß-s\ \o- w -sn-øm-sa- pw D- -Xn-s hn-i-zmw-i-ß-f-s-ßn-b dn-t m - p-iƒ aq p am-k-sø C-S-th-f-I-fn, K-th-j-Ww hn-`m-kw tic-f k - m-cn-s kerala.gov.in F- sh-_v t]m - -en Reports and manual F- en n Ir-Xy-am-bn {]-kn- o- I-cn- p- p- v. C-Xp-h-sc-bm-bn 32 dn-t m - p-iƒ {]-kn- o-i-cn- n- p- v. 32- masø dnt m- n ho -Ω-am- v th "` y-kp-c- nx ]mt Pv' BWv Dƒ-s -Sp-Ønbn-cn- p- -Xv. hn-j-hn-f-i-fp-b -Øpw `o-j-wn-iƒ ]- - -dn-i-fn-se A-]-I-S-I-c-am-b hn-jmw-ikm- n-[yw a- 5 \yq hnj t^m F sn-bn- nmv thƒ-uv 5 G{]n 2017

6 \p-jym-hb - h - f - p-ss kp-ka - a - m-b {]-h -Ø\ - Ø - n-\v X-Skw kr- n- p-ib - pw Kp-cp-Xc - tcm-kß - ƒ- v h-gn-sbmcp- p-ib - pw sn-øp-sa- v C -s\- n-ep- hn-zk - [ -v dn-t m p-iƒ kq-nn- n- p- p. Io-S\ - m-in-\n-iƒ t\-cn- v D- nse-øn-bm I-cƒ tcm-kß - ƒ, A -_p-zw, Xz- v tcm-k߃, Aƒ-k, Im-gN v- - p-dh - v, hr- Ø - I - c - m, P-\n-XI ssh-ie - y-߃ F- n-hb - s -v - mw Im-cW - a - mip- X - mbpw dn-t m- - p-iƒ kq-nn- n- p- p. Izn-\m -t^m-kv, t{]ms^-t\m-t^m-kv, s^ -hm-et- v, Im-] v- m, am-eøn-tbm, ssu-at- Xm-tb- v, F -tum-kƒ-^m F n-ßs - \ \o-fp- Io-S\ - m-in-\n-iƒ ]-ex - pw sn-sn-if - n Im-bI v- f - p- m-bx - n-\p ti-jh - pw {]-tbm-kn- p- X - p-aq-ew G-sd Zp-c - ƒ D- m-tb- mw. ]- - n-if - n-se hn-jmw-iø - n-s txm-xv A-\p-kc - n- v Xn-cn- ]- n-ib - n A-]I - S- I - c - a - m-b txm-xn hn-jmwiw I- X - v tim-fn-^f v- h -, Im-t_-Pv (sh-, h-be - - v), ]-b. Np-h - No-c, s\- n-, ]- ap-fi - v, a- n-bn-e, I-dnth- n-e, ap-cn-ß -, X- m-fn, Im-]k v- n- w (a-, Np-h v), ]p-xn-\b - n-e, tim-h -, sh- - F- n-hb - n-em-wv. hn-jmw-iw Ip-dh - vi - - X - v _o- vd - q- v, I-Øn-cn, Im-c - v, Imt_-Pv, sh-fp-øp- n F- n-hb - n-em-wv. Ir-jn-hI - p- pw ti-cf - Im -jn-i k - I - e - m-im-eb - pw kw-bp- a - m-bn \-SØ - p- ]- X - n tk-^v p Cu- v am - - n-se-øp- ]gw ]- - n-if - n-se Io-S\ - m-in-\ni-fp-ss A-hi - n- w ]-cn-tim-[n- v A-]I - S- I - c - a - m-b txmxn hnjmw-ia - p- Xpw hn-jc - l - n-xh - p-am-b D-e] -v - ƒ I-s -Øn, A-hb - p-ss ÿn-xn hn-hc - - W - - p-iƒ IrXy-am-bn s]m-xp-p\ - ƒ- v e-`y-am- p- X - n-\pw ]-cn-lmc-am -Kß - ƒ \n -t±-in- p- X - n-\pw th- n Ir-jn-hI - p n-s [-\k - l - m-bt- Øm-sS 2013 P-\p-hc - n H- p ap-x Im -jn-i k - I - e - m-im-eb - n Cu ]- X - n B-cw-`n- p. A- s - Ø Ir-jn-hI - p- v sk-{i- d - n si.b tpym-xnem hn-fn- v tn -Ø tbm-kx - o-cp-am-\{- ]-Im-cw, sh- mb-wn Im -jn-i tim-tf-pn-se Io-S\ - m-in-\n hn-jmw-i ]cn-tim-[\ - m e-t_m-d - n-bn-em-wv C - u ]- X - n Bcw-`n- - G{]n G{]n Xv. C-Xp {]-Imcw ]- - n-ifn-se hn-jmwi ]-cn-tim-[\-bv- m-wv ap -Xq- w. Hcp km-ºnƒ ]cn- t im- [ n- p -Xn-\v 3,500-cq] ap-x 8,000cq-] h-sc sne-hv th- n-hcpw. Cu Xp-I Ir-jn h-ip- v h-ln- m X-øm-dm-bn. A-ßs - \ tk-^v p Cu- v- ]- n-iƒ kw-ÿm-\ø - n-s ]-e `m-kø - pw hn-e] v- \ - \-SØ - n h-cp- p. ti-cf - Ø - n-se F- m Pn- I - f - n-te-bpw s]m-xp-hn-]w - n-bnse-øp- ]-gw ]- - n km-ºn-fp-iƒ ti-jc - n- v ti-cf Im jni k - I - e - m-im-eb - p-ss sh- m-bw - n Im jn-i tim-tf-pn {]-h -Øn- p- e-t_m-d - n-bn, hnjmw-i ]-cn-tim-[\ - \-SØ - n h-cp- p. C-Xp-hs - c-bm-bn 7500 ]-gw- ] n kp-k hy-rp v- \ - km-ºn-fp-iƒ sim p h- v ]-cn-tim-[n- p-ib - pw aq- p am-kø - n-sem-cn ho-xw k - m-cn-s sh-_v ssk- n- hn-jmw-i ]-cn-tim-[\ n-t m- - p-iƒ {]-kn- o-ic - n- p-ib - pw snbvx - p-hc - p- p. Cu e-t_m-d - n-bn ]-cn-tim-[\ - - p- F- m A-Xym-[p-\n-I ku-ic - y-ßf - p-ap-.v 100 tim-sn-bn H-cp Aw-iw h-sc Io-S\ - m-in-\n A-f - m-\p- Kym-kv t{im-at- m-{km-^v, en-izn-uv, t{im-at- m-{km-^v, am-kv kvs]-t{œm-ao- F- n-ßs - \ A- c - m-{ \n-eh - m-ca - p- D]-Ic - W - ƒ D- k - m X-eØ - n-se H-tc-sbm-cp A-{I-Un- U - v e-t_m-d - n-bm-wn-xv. ti-cf - Ø - n-se s]m-xp-ka - q-lø - n-\v hn-jmw-is - Ø- - n hkvx - p-\n-jvta - m-b A-dn-hp In- n-bx - v Cu dn-t m - p-if - n-eqss-bm-wv. C-Xp-hg- n ti-cf - Ø - n ssp-hi - r-jn v IqSpX {]Nmcw In n-sb v h-ip- n-\p-xs - t_m-[y-s - hn-h-c-߃ {]-kn- o-i-cn- n- p- v. I-gn- -h jw em-Wv G- h - pw k-po-ha - m-b ssp-hi - r-jn {]-h Ø-\w Ir-jn h-ip- v \-SØ - n-bx - v. h-ip- n-s {]-h -Ø\-Øn-ep-]c - n-bm-bn s]m-xp-ka - q-lh - pw k - m-cn-xc - k - kw-ls- \ - I - f - pw (F.Pn.H) I -ji - Iq- m-ba v- I - fpw cm-{ o-b ]m - n-if - pw A-hc - p-ss t]m-ji - kw-ls- \-If - pw h-sc Ir-jn kz-bw G-s -Sp- m-\p- km-ln - cy-sam-cp- n F- X - v a-s m-cp {]-txy-ix - b - m-wv. ]- n Ir-jn- v {]m-[m\yw sim-sp-øp-sim- v ssp-hi - r-jn a p- m-hnepw ho p-hf - - nepw hym-]n- n- p- X - n-\v ti-cf - Øn-se s]m-xp-ka - q-lw H- S- - w ap-tºm- v h- p. C-Øc-Øn hn-jc - l - n-xa - m-b ]- - n D -]m-z\ - Ø - n-\v G- \yq \yqhnj hnj t^m t^m F FsNsN-bbn- n- nmv nmvthƒthƒ-uuv v

7 h-cpw ssi-tim -Øv ap-t m- v h- X - v ti-cf - N-cn-{X-Øn B-Zy-am-bm-Wv P-\p-hc - n 1 ap-x Un-kw-_ 31 h-sc-bp- 21 mw dnt m - v {]-Im-cw Xn-cp-h\ - - ] - p-cw, ]-Ø\ - w-xn-, a-e - pdw, Im-k -tim-uv Pn- I - f - n-se kq- - ssl- am - p-iƒ, ]- - n- - I - ƒ F- n-hn-sß - f - n \n- v 58 C\w ]- - n-if - p-ss 477 km-ºn-fp-ii - ƒ ti-jc - n- p ]-cntim-[n- X - n I-dn-th- n-e (2), ]p-xn-\ C-e (6), ]-b (1), a- Im-]k v- n- w (1), a- n-bn-e (1) F- n-hb - n F^v.F-kv.F-kv.F.sF (Food safety and Standards Authortiy of India) \n -t±-in- X - n-epw Iq-Sp-X hn-jmw-iw I-s Øn. ]-cn-[n \n- b - n- n- n- m-øt- Xm, ]-cn-[n- v Xm-tgsbm B-bn hn-jmw-iw I-s -Øn-bX - v. km-ºm ap-fi - v (2), ]m-h- (1), ]- Im-]k v- n- w (2), ]- ap-fi - v (5), X- m-fn (1), _-Pn ap-fi - v (1), Np-h Im-]v-kn- w (1), ]m - k - e n (1), kmºm an-ik -v v (1) F- nh-bp-ss km-ºn-fp-ifn hn-jmw-iw Is -Øn-bn-. D-]t- bmkn- p h- n-cp- Io-S\m-in-\n-If - n `q-cn-`mk-hpw ]-cn-[n \n- b - n -s - n- n- m-øx - v B-bX - p-sim- v C-Øc - w D-e] -v - ƒ hn-e -v p- h - -s -Xn-sc \n-ba - \-S] - S- n-iƒ A-km- y-amwv. Xn-cp-h\ - - ] - p-cw \-Kc - Ø - n-se Bdv {_m -Uv ssp-h] - - d - n am - - p-if - n \n- v Ccp-]Ø - n-sb n-\w ]- n-if - p-ss \q n-cc - p-]ø - n-b v km-ºn-fp-if - n H-cp ]-b km-ºn--fn am-{xw hn-jmw-iw ]-cn-[n- v ap-if - n-ep- X - mbpw k-em-uv sh- c - n (1), _Pn ap-fi - v (1), Im-c - v (2) F n-hb - p-ss km-ºn-fp-if - n ]-cn-[n- v Xm-sg-tbm, ]-cn-[n \n- b - n- n- n- m-øt- Xm B-b \n-eb - n-epw hn-jmw-iw Is -Øn. ti-jn- km-ºn-fp-iƒ ]q -Æa - m-bpw hn-jc - l - nx-am-bn Im-Ws - - p. _ -sp- n (1), Ip-cp C- m-ø ap- n-cn (3) F- n-hb - p-ss km-ºn-fp-if - n B-Wv. s]m-xp-sh Cu ]-cn-tim-[\ nt m - p-if - \ - p-kc - n- v ]-gh - -Kß - f - n ap ncn Hgn-sI-bp -hs - b mw Xm-cX - t- ay-\ hn-jmw-iw Ip-dh - m-wv. Xn-cp-h\ - - ] - p-cw: Im-k -tkm-uv Pn- I - f - n-se kq- -am - p-if - n \n- v ti-jc - n- \men\w DW-ßn-b ]-gh - Kß-fp-sS km-ºn-fp-if - n hn-jmw-iø - n-s txm-xv ]cn-[n- v ap-if - n H- n-ep-ap- m-bn-cp- n-. D-W - a - p- ncn-bn (a- 2) am-{xw ]-cn-[n \n- b - n- n- n- m-øt- Xm ]-cn-[n- v Xm-sgtbm hn-jmw-iw I-s -Øn. Xn-cp-h\ - - ] - p-cw, Im-k - t- Km-Uv Pn- I - f - n-se kq- ssl am - - p-if - n \n- v ti-jc - n- ap -tøgn-\w kpk- h - y-rp -v \ - ƒ, a-km-es m- S n- I ƒ F- n- h - b p- s S Fgp- q n-ap- Xv km-ºn-fp-ifn, G-e- m-bp-ss Bdv km-ºn-fp-if - n ]-cn-[n- v api-fn hn-jmw-iw I-s Øn. ]-cn-[n \n- b - n- n- n- mø-txm, ]-cn-[n- v Xm-sgtbm B-bn A-bt- am-zi - w (4), h- ap-fi - v s]m-sn (10), km[m-cw - ap-fi - v s]m-sn (13), a- n (1), N-X - ap-fi - v (7), Poc-Iw (10), Np- p-s]m-sn (1), K-cw a-km-e (1), tkm-_n a q-cn-b a-km-e (1), ssx-cv ap-fi - v (1), I-dn a-km-e (4), s]-cpw Zo-cI - w (3), Im-ia v- o-cn ap-fi - p-s]m-sn (10), A- m s]m-sn (2), tx-bn-e (4), D-ep-h (1), s]-cpw Po-cI - s - m-sn (1), km-ºm s]m-sn (2) F- n-hb - p-ss km-ºn-fp-if - n hn-jmw-iw I-s -Øn. ti-jn- km-ºn-fp-iƒ ]q -Æa- mbpw hn-jc- l - n-xa- m-bn I- p. kp-k - h - y-rp -v \ - f - n-se Ah-in-jSv hn-jmw-is - Ø- - n hn-iz- a- m-b ]T\-߃ th- Xp-s v Cu ]-cn-tim-[\ - m^ - e - ƒ kq-nn- n- p- p. Xn-cp-h\ - - ] - p-cw, Im-k - t- Km-Uv, tim- b - w, sim- w, CSp- n Pn- I - f - n \n- v \m -Øn-tbgv C\w ]-gh - -Kß-fp-sS Ccp- q- n-bn-cp-]xv km-ºn-fp-if - n \n- v F^v.F-kv.F-kv.F.sF \n-ji v- -jn- n-cn- p- ]-cn-[n- v ap-if - n- H-cp km-ºn-fn t]m-epw hn-jmw-iw I-s Øn-bn-. ]-cn-[n \n- b - n- n- n- m-øt- Xm ]-cn-[n- p Xmsg-tbm B-bn hn-jmw-iw I-s -Øn-bX - v ap-kmw-_n (1) I-dp-Ø ap- n-cn (1) t]-cb - v- (1), I-dp-Ø tkm-\ ap- ncn (1), h-en-b I-dp-Ø ap- n-cn (1), knw B- nƒ (1), k- \yq \yqhnj hnj t^m t^m F FsNsN-bbn- n- nmv nmvthƒthƒ-uuv v G{]n G{]n

8 hn-jc - l - n-xa - m-b ]- - n D - m-z\ - Ø - n-\v, ti-cf - N-cn{X-Øn X-s B-Zy-am-bn G-hc - pw ssi-tim -Øv apt m- v h- v, Hm-Ww, hn-jp {]-am-wn- p- "hn-jc - l - n-x ]- - n Ir-jn' B-cw-`n- p. C-Xn-\p ]p-ds - a, Ir-jn hip- n-s t\-cn- p- ta -t\m- Ø - n Ccp- qtdmfw Ct m tjm- p-iƒ {]-h -Øn- p- p- v. F- mw H-tc-t]mse {]-h -Ø\ - - a - a - s - - n-epw C-h am-xr-im-]c - a - m-wv. {]-txy-in- pw B-e - p-g Pn- b - n-se a-æt- -cn Ir-jn `h-s B-`n-ap-Jy-Øn-ep- - C-t m tjm- v. C-Xv B-e p-g F-dW - m-ip-fw dq- n tz-io-b ]m-x - c - n-in Be- p-gb - n \n- pw ]Øp In-ao A-Is - e h-ex - p-`m-kø - mbn h-en-b t_m -tum-up-iq-sn X-s -bm-bx - n-\m bm{x- m-cp-ts-xs- - w {i- B-I -jn- p- p. A- - v sim p-h - v hn - p- Hm-tcm ]- - n-bpw D - m-zn- n- G-Xv I -ji - s - D - - a - m-sw- hn-iz- hn-hc - ƒ Hm-tcm Zn-hk - h - pw c-pn-k v- s - N-bX v- m-wv C-hn-sS hn-]w-\w sn-øp- X - v. t_m -Un Cu hni-zh - n-hc - ƒ I- v D-]t- `m- m-hn-\v ]- - n-iƒ hm-ßmw. bq-tdm]y km-ºø - n-i k-aq-lø - n Aw-Ko-Ic - n- s - - t{sk-_n-en- n k-{º-zm-bw C-hn-sS ]n- p-sc - p- p. a-æt- cn-bn-te-xv H-cp \- am-xr-ib - m-w.v C-tX-t]m-se a- p ÿe-ßf - n-epw Ir-jn h-ip- v ap-tj-\ C-t m-tjm- p-iƒ B-cw-`n- m {i-aa - m-cw-`n- n- p-.v Xn-cp-h\ - - ] - p-cø - v IpS- \ - - p- v Ir-jn `-hs - B-`n-ap-Jy-Øn, C-tX-t]mse hn-iz- h - n-hc - ƒ k-ln-xw X-\n \m-s hn-`h - ƒ (hm-g - q-ºv, hm-g - n- n Xp-Sß - n-bh - ) hn - m-\pw hmßm-\p-ap- kw-hn-[m-\w B-hn-j v- c - n- n- p- v. C-hn-sSsb- mw {]-k - a - m-b tnm-zyw C-hn-sS hn - p- h - s - b mw hn-jc - l - n-xa - m-sw- X - n-s sx-fn-hp-iƒ G-sXm-s F- X - m-wv. Ir-jn-hI - p- n-s \n -t±-i{- ]-Im-cw C-hn-sS \n-s - mw km-ºn-fp-is - f-sp-øv sh- m-bw - n Im -jn-i tim-fp - n-se e-t_m-d - n-bn ]-cn-tim-[n- t- mƒ C-hsb- mw 100% hn-jc - l - n-xa - m-sw- m-wv I- X - v. km-ºnfp-is - f-sp-ø C-\ß - ƒ- v I -ji - s - t]-cpw, ta -hnem-kh - pw k-ln-xw D - - ]-cn-tim-[\ - m km- y-]- G{]n G{]n 88 {Xw \ -Ip-Ib - pw- C-h A-hn-sS Iu- d - n {]-Z -in- n p-ib - pw sn-øp- p. A-t mƒ D-]t- `m- m-hn-\v H-cp D-d v In- p-ib - pw I -ji - \ - v X-s D-e] v- - s - Ø- p-dn- v Hcp a-xn- v txm- p-ib - pw sn-øp- p. X-s Ir-jn co-xnbn \n- v am-dm-xn-cn- m C-Xv I -ji - \ - v {]-tnm-z\ - am-bn-øo-cp- p. ]m-e - m-sv Pn- b - n h-ip- v B-cw-`n- tk^v - - p- C - u- v AYhm ` y-kp-c - nx am - - n, F- m Xn- f - m-gn v- bpw ]- - n D - - ƒ hn-]w - \ - w sn-øp- p. C-hnsS \n- pw ti-jc - n- km-ºn-fp-if - pw Xp-S - b - m-bn ]-cntim-[n- v A-Xn-s ]-cn-tim-[\ - m ^-ew I -ji - s - \-bpw Ir-jn B-^o-ks -bpw A-dn-bn- p-ib - pw sn-øp- p. Hmtcm km-ºn-fn-\pw 3500 cq-]b - n-e[ - n-iw s - N-eh - p h-cp- Xv I -ji - \ - v Xm-ßm-\m-hm-ØX - n-\m C-Xv ]q -Æa - mm-bpw ku-p\ - y tk-h\ - a - m-bn- m-wv sn-øp- X - v. Ir-jn h-ip m-wv C-Xn-s ap-gp-h sn-eh - pw h-ln- p- X - v. ]-cn-tim-[\ - m-^e - w h-en-bn-cp-øn-bm Im-cy-am-b hy-xymk-ßs - fm- pw Im-Wm-\n-s - n-epw B-cw-`L - - Ø - n AXy-[n-Ia - m-bn I- hnjmwiw IqSnb C\-ßf - pss km n- y-hpw A-fh - pw Ip-sd-s - n-epw Ip-d n- p-s - pw Im-Wmw. {]-txy-in- pw ti-cf - Ø - n \n- v X-s Irjn sn-bs v- X-Sp- p- ]-gw ]- - n-if - n, No-cb - n-epw \o-f ]-bd - n-ep-sam-gn-si _m- n-bp- h - an- h - m-dpw kpc- n-xa - m-sw- p I- p. F- m X-an-g\ v- m- n \n- pw h-cp- I-dn-th- n-e, ]- a - p-fi - v, ]p-xn-\b - n-e, a- n-bn-e, Im-]k v- n- w, Im-c - v, tim-fn-^f v- h -, h-gp-x\ - C-ßs - \ G-Xm- v H-cp U-kt- \m-fw ]- - n-if - n-se hn-jk - m- n y-øn-\v C-t m-gpw H-cp am- h - p-an-. C-Xn X-s a-ebm-fn-bp-ss B-tcm-Ky-sØ _m-[n- p- X-cØ - n hnj km- n- y-ap- X - v kp-k - h - y-rp v- \ - f - n-em-wv. CXn G- h - pw A-]I - S- I - c - a - m-bx - v hn-hn-[ C-\w ap-fi - p-ifn-em-wv. ap-fi - m-wv h v- n-. h- ap-fi - m-bm-epw ]- a - p-fim-bm-epw ap-fi - p-s]m-sn-bm-bm-epw Im-ia v- o-cn ap-fi - m-bmepw, ]-cn-tim-[n- AºXp i-xa - m-\w km-ºn-fp-if - n-epw H p ap-x \mepxcw Io-S\ - m-in-\n-if - m-wv I-s -Øn- \yq hnj hnj t^m t^m F F snsn-b bn- n- nmv nmv thƒthƒ-u Uv v \yq

9 - b-xv. C-h F-Ø-tbm, t m -ss]-dn-t^m-kv, ssk- - sa-{xn, s^ hm-e-td- v F- n-h-bm-wv. H-tc km-ºnfn X-s H-cp Io-S-\m-in-\n-bp-sS-tbm A-s - n aqt m \m-tem Io-S-\m-in-\n-bp-tS-bpw H- n- p- km- n- y-tam I- p. H-cp X-cw tim-iv-ss-bn {]-tbm-kamwv an apfiv I j-icpw \SØn hcp- -Xv. A-\y-kw-ÿm-\-sØ ap-f-ip I -j-i - v Cu {]-tbm- Kw \-S-Øm-sX ap-f-ip -]m-zn- n- p-hm km-[n- n- F- -Xv th-sd h-kv-xp-x. hn-f-hn-d- m `o-a-am-b hm-bv-]- sb-sp- p- I -j-i-\v, hn-f-hn h-cp- C-e-t, a- fi-cn, X- pw Im-bpw Xn- p- ]p-gp- ƒ F- n-h-sbbpw hn-hn-[ tcm-k-ß-sf-bpw C- m-xm- m cm-k-io-s- \m-in-\n-i-fpw Ip-anƒ-\m-in-\n-I-fpw {]-tbm-kn- m-sx thsd h-gn-bn-. G- -dp I-W- n-\v ap-f-ip Ir-jn sn-øp- Hm-tcm I -j-i-\pw I-S-s -Wn-bn \n- v c- -s]-sm a-s m-cp am -K-hp-an-. A-Xp-sIm- v c-t m aq-t m \mtem Io-S-\m-in-\n-Iƒ A-[n-I am-{x-bn Iq- n-i-e -Øn {]-tbm-kn- p- m- n-sb-sp-ø ap-f-im-wv \mw cm-hn-e-sø {]m-x `- -W-Øn-\p- N-Ω- n ap-x A-Øm-gw h- sc hn-hn-[ `- -W-ß-fn D-]-tbm-Kn- p- -Xv. H-cmƒ k-kym-lm-cn-bm-sw- n-epw G- -hpw Iq-Sp-X hn-jmwiw D- n F-Øp- -Xv ap-f-in Iq-Sn-bm-Wv. A- m-cm-{ - X-e-Øn-ep- ÿn-xn-hn-h-c- -W- p-i-f-\p-k-cn- v C-hbn Nn-e-Xn-\v Im -k-dp- m- m km- y-x-bp-s - v kw-i-bn- p- p. do-p-w Im -k sk -dn-s (RCC) I-W- -\p-k-cn- v ti-c-f-øn Hm-tcm h -j-hpw ]p-xp- Xm-bn Im -k tcm- -Kn-I-fm-Wv Nn-In- -s -Øp- Xv. C-Xn-s\m- -ap- Im-c-W-ß-fn H- m-bn h-cp- - Xv ]-gw- -]- - -dn-i-fn-se cm-k-io-s-\m-in-\n-i-fp-ss hn-jmwi-øn-s km- n- y-am-sw- km- y-x X- n- -f-b-\m- In-. Cu cw-k-øv h-f-sc A-Sn-b- n-c-am-bpw ssh-zy-cw- K-Øp- -h K-th-j-Ww \-S-Øp- -Xn-\v th- \-S-]-Sn- Iƒ- v k - m ap -ssisb-sp- -Ww. G-sXm-s cmk-h-kv-xp- -fm-wv A-]-I-S-Im-cn-I-sf- pw A-h Hm-tcm- pw h-cp-øp- A-]-I-S-ß-fp-sS txm-xv F-{X-sb- pw I- p-]n-sn- -Ww. {]-iv-\-]-cn-lm-c-øn-\v -\-ap- v F- v sn-øm I-gn-bp-sa- pw I-s -Ø-Ww kw-ÿm-\ `- y-kp-c- m hn-`m-kw kw-ÿm-\m- Xn- -Øn-I-fn- ]-cn-tim-[-\ \-S-Øn-bn-cp- p. ti-c-f- Øns A-Xn -Øn-I-fn X-s ]-cn-tim-[-\m e-t_md- -dn-iƒ ÿm-]n- m B-tem-Nn- n-cp-s - n-epw C-Xph-sc A-Xv km- y-am-bn- n-. `- y kp-c- m h-ip- ptzym-k-ÿ- m X-an-gv-\m- n t\-cn- v sn- v A-hn-S-sØ Ir-jn h-ip- p-tzym-k-ÿ- m-cp-am-bn, am-c-i-am-b hn-j-{]- tbm-kw -C- m-xm- p- -Xv kw-_- n- v N - -Iƒ \-S-Øn hn-i-z-am-b dn-t m - v k - m-cn-\v k-a - n- n-cp- p. F- n-epw C-Xn-\v ^-ew In- n-bn- n-. Irjn h-ip- p sk-{i- -dn Xp-S-ßn-sh- B-i-bw hn-]- W-\w h-sc {]m-tbm-kn-i-am- n-b-t mƒ ]-e _p- n-ap- p- I-fpw t\-cn- p. D-]-t`m- m- ƒ- v B-h-iy-ap- F- m D-ev-]- -ß-fpw C-Ø-c-Øn {_m -Uv sn-bv-xv hn - p- -Xn-\v F- m -Zn-h-k-hpw e-`n- m-sx h- -Xp-X-s -bmbn-cp- p {]-[m-\ {]-Xn-k- n. {_m -Uv -ssp-h I-S-Ifn ""hn-j-c-ln-x D-ev- - -߃'' \ -In-bn- -cp- I-Ωoj G-P p-am, C-Ø-cw k-µ -`-ß-fn ssp-h-co-xnbn A- m-sx D - m-zn- n- D-ev-]- -ß-fpw \ -In-b- Xm-bn ]-cn-tim-[-\ ^-ew Im-Wn- p- p. ]cn-tim-[-\- Iƒ IqSp-X hym]-i-am- p-i, ssph-ir-jn, \ -Irjn XpS-ßn-bh IqSp-X i -am- pi Ch-sbms Xs bmwv Cu {]iv\-ß-fpss imiz-x-]-cn-lm-cw. P -Zn-\m-iw-k-Iƒ \yqhn-j amkn-i-bpss c m-[n-im-cnbmbn t\xrxzw \ Ip ^nen-t mkv am {IntkmÃw -h-enb sa{xm-s m-en-ømbv v 2017 G{]n 27\v sxmæq- n-sbmºxv hbkv XnI- v \qdmw hb-knte v {]th-in- pw. BtKmf Xe-Øn Adp-]-Xn cw h jw _nj- m-bn-cp GI hy nbpw {Intkm-k w Xncp-ta\nbmWv. \qdmw ]nd- mƒ BtLm-jn- p-hm km[n c m-asø _nj pw Ct±lw Xs. (2015 \qdmw ]nd- m-fm-tlm-jn v Pohn- n-cn- p knf-kvsf I Wm-SI t\m tø alm-bn-shi _nj v hneyw Imƒ H m-a ). \yqhn-j amkni c m- [n-im-cn-bmb {IntkmÃw Xncp-ta\n k`-b pw kaq-l-øn\pw shfn w ]I-cp Zo]-ambn hcpw h j-ß-fnepw Pzen v {]Imin- s -sb v \yqhn-j IpSpw_w Biw-kn- p p. 9 \yq \yq hnj t^m F sn-bn- nmv thƒ-uv 9 9 G{]n 2017

10 ssz-hw Ab- c- p s]m-eo-kv D-tZym-K-ÿ- m PÃnkv si.- n. txmakv aq- v {][m-\ kw-`-h-ß-fp-ss kw-k-a-am-wv ChnsS hn-h-cn- - p- -Xv. Rm ti-c-f-øn-se t]m-eokv ]-cn-jvi-c-w k-an-xn-bp-ss A- y- -\m-bn-cp- -t mƒ Rm\pw k-an-xn Aw-K-ßfpw Pn m X-e-ÿm-\-ß-fn sn- v hnhn-[ hn-`m-k-ß-fn s h-cn \n pw A-`n-{]m-b-߃ kzo-i-cn p-sim- ncp- th-f-bn-em-wv B-Zy-sØ kw-`-h-sø - n tiƒ- m-\n-s-bm-bxv. Im-k - -tkm-uv k - nƒ C kv-s]-œ B-bncp- Ir-jv-W-Ip-am t]m-eo-kp-im - v t\-cn-ts- n-h-cp- bm-x-\-i-sf - n ]-d- Iq- -Øn ]-et mgpw Xß-sf {Inan-\ ti-kp-i-fn {]-Xn-I-fm- ns m- v kz-imcy A-\ym-b-ßfm-bn ti-kp-iƒ sim-sp- m-dp- m-bn-cp-s - pw, A-h-bn X-ß-fp-sS `m-kw \-S- Øp- -Xn-\p th- n h- n- p- h- o ^o-kpƒ-s -ssbp- sn-e-hp-iƒ K-h-s p X-cm-dn-s pw ]-d- p. A-{]-Im-cw X-\n- p- mm-b H-cp Xn- m-\p`-hw hn-h-cn- -Xn-s kw- n-]v-x-cq-]w C-ß-s\-bm-Wv. Imk -tkm-uv k - nƒ C -kv -s]-œ B-bn-cp- -t mƒ hen-b kzm-[o-\-ap- H-cp N-µ-\ hy-h-km-bn (I- - -S- Øp-Im-c-s\- m-wv A-bmƒ hn-ti-jn- s - ncp Xv) {]- Xn-bm-bn h- H-cp ti-kn a-pn-kv-t{s- p tim-s-xn-bn \n- v A-bmƒ- v BZyw k-a -kpw ]n osv ]-e-t m-gmbn A-d-kv- p-hm-d v A-b- n- pw A-bm-sf ]n-sn- m km- [n- n-. k - nƒ C -kv-s]-œ Ir-jv-W-Ip-am A-bmsf H-cn- h-f- p-]n-sn- v a-pn-kv-ts- n-\p ap-ºm-si lm- P-cm- n. A-bmƒ Pm-ay-Øn ]p-d-øp-h- -t mƒ Irjv-W-Ir-am-dn-s\ {]-Xn-tN -Øp H-cp {In-an-\ -ti-kv a- s m-cp a-pn-kv-t{s- p tim-s-xn-bn ^-b sn-bvxp. Irjv-W-Ip-am A-bm-sf tz-tlm-]-{z-hw G - n- p F p ]-d- m-wv ti-kv ^-b sn-bv-xxv. B ti-kn-te- v {]-Xn-`m-Kw \-S-tØ- -Xn-\v hf-sc ]-Ww -sn-e-hp- mbn F- pw Ir-jv-W-Ip-am R-ß-tfm-Sp ]-d p. Rm\- Xp ti- -t mƒ Iq-Sp-X hnh-c-߃ A-dn-bm-\p- Pn m-k {]-I-Sn- n p. Rm A-`n-`m-j-I-\m-bn ]e tim-s-xn-i-fnepw ti-kp-iƒ \-S-Øn-bn-cp- -Xp-aq-ew Irjv-WIp-amdn-t\m-Sv B ti-kn X-\n- v F- p kw-`-hn- p F v F-s t\-cn - p hn-h-c-߃ \ -I-Wsa- v Rm B-h-iy-s p. ]n- o-sv A-t±-lw F-\n- p \ In-b hn-hc-ß-fn \n- v a-pn-kv-t{s- v A-t±l-sØ G{]n Ip- - m-c-\m-bn - v in- n- p F- pw, B-dp-am-kw ITn-\-X-S-hn-\p hn[n p F pw F- \n- p a-\- n- embn. B hn-[ns -Xn-cm-bn A-t±lw A- o \ - In- in- Xm - m-en-i-am-bn a-chn- n-s pw Xm Ip- - m-c-\m-sw- p- D-Øc-hv tã sn-bv-xp In- m ssl-t ms-xn h-sc t]m-ti- n h-s pw F-t m-sp ]-d p. B ti-kn-se F m dn-t mup-ifpw F-\n- p I- m sim- m-sa- v Rm A-`n-{]m-b-s - -Xns\ Xp-S - v At±lw A-h k-t m-j-]q - w F-s G - n- p. Rm B ti-kv kq- v-a-am-bn ]Tn- -t mƒ k - nƒ C -kv-s]-œ Ir-jv-W-Ip-am in n -s - Sm ]m-sn m-ø-xm-sw v F-\n- p txm- p-i-bm B ti-kn-se A- o-en ]-d-tb- hm-z-ap-jß-sf kw-_- n- v km-am\yw Zo -Lam-b H-cp t\m- v X-øm-dm- n Rm A-t±-l-Øn-\p sim-spøp. Iq-Sm-sX- A-t±-l-Øn- \p th- n sk-j -kv tims-xn ap-ºm-si A- o-en hm-zn p -Xn-\p th- n H-cp- \ A-`n-`m-jI-s\ Rm ip-]m -i sn-bvxp. Rm ]d- p-sim-spø hnh-c߃ v F-\n- p {]-Xn^-ew \ -Im Ir-jv-W-Ip-am X-øm-dm-sb- nepw Rm H pw kzo-i-cn- n. A-t±-lw Rm ip-]m -i snbv-x A-`n-`m-jI-s\ ti-kv G - n- p-ibpw \n- -bn- ^o-kv sim-sp- p-ibpw sn-bvxp. A-`n-`m-jI-s hm-zw ti- -ti-jw sk-j -kv P-Uv-Pn A- o A-\p-h-Zn- v ti-kn Ir-jv-W-Ip-am-dn-s\ sh-dpsx hn- p. A-t±-l-Øn-\p ti-kv \-S-Øn- n-\p th- n-h- sne-hv K-h-s v ]n- osv \ -In-tbmsbs -\n dn-bn. G-Xm\pw Znh-k߃ I-gn- v Rm GtXm ]-cn-]m-snbn kw-_- n- p-hm F-s A -sø em -k Im-dn ]-Ø-\w-Xn- h-sc t]m-bn. F-s ÿn-cw ss{uh B-bn-cp tpmk-^v B-Wv A pw Im Hm-Sn- n-cp- Xv. Ft mgpw hf-sc {i- -tbm-sp Iq-Sn Im Hm-Sn- p- B-fm-Wv tpm-k^v. A-bmƒ tim-s-xn-bn m-kv t^m Po-h-\- m-c-\m-bn-cp p. B Im-e-b-f-hn \yq hnj t^m F sn-bn- nmv thƒ-uv

11 tpmk^v ]-e -Pp-Uo-jy Hm-^o-kd m-cp-ssbpw hml-\߃ Hm-Sn- p- -am-bn-cp p. A-bmƒ hnc-an A-tX h -jw X-s -bm-wv Rm kp-{]ow tim-s-xn-bn \n pw hnc-an Xv. AXp-sIm- v tpm-k-^n-s\ F-s ss{u-h B-bn \n-ban- p- -Xn-\v F-\n- v hf-sc Ffp- -am-bn. ]-Ø-\w-Xn- -bn \n pw R-ß-ƒ Xn-cn-sI h-cp- k- ab-øv N-ß-\m-ti-cn I-gn- v Ip-cn-ipw-aq-Sv F- ÿ- e-øp- H-cp hf-hv I-gn- t mƒ tdm-un tim -{Io- v D m-b kw`-hw I- -bps-s\ ss{u-h s]m-sp- s\ _-kv \n -Ønb-Xp aq-ew ]-Xn\- p ao- \o-f-øn Sm tdm-un S-b Dc ]msv ]-Xn- p In-S- n-cp p. Cu c- p ]- m-ø-e-߃ sim- m-wv ss{u-h-dp-ss t]-cn {In-an-\ -ti-kv F-Sp- p- Xn-t\m-Sp F-\n- p tbm-pn- m km- -[n- m-sx h- Xv. ]n-d-in Iq-Snh- v F-s Im-dns ]n -`mk-øp C-Sn- Xp-sIm- v tim-s-xnbn A-bmƒ {]-Xn-bm-bn ti-kp h- m A-bm-fp-sS tpm-en \- -s]-sm F m km- y-x-i-fp-ap-s - v F- Rm G-Xm\pw I-S-em-kp-I-fn H- n- p -sim-sp-øm C -jp-d kv D-tZym-K-ÿ- m ]-g-b Xob- Xn h- v C -jp-d -kv ]p-xp- n X-cp-sa pw A-h ]-d p. A- Xn-\p Rm X-øm-d-s - pw F- s ssibn \n- pw Hcp-e- Øn \m -Xn-\m-bncw cq] sim-sp-t - n h-cp- -Xm-Wv F- s kw-_ n- v Iq-Sp-X em-`- I-c-sa pw Rm Ah-sc A-dnbn p. \n- -dn-bm-hp- - Xp-sIm- mwvv A-bm-fp-sS t]-cn {In-an-\ ti-kv F-Sp- -cpsx- v t]m-eokn-t\m-sv Rm \n -_- -]q - w B-h-iy-s - -Xv. F-s em -k Im \- m- p- -Xn-\v sim- p-sn- h - v-tjm- v D-S-a A- Xp \ m- p- -Xn-\v -th- n-h-cp- sn-e-hn-s F- Ãn-ta- v Xøm-dm- n-b-t mƒ H ce- w cq-]-bp-ss ]- Wn-Iƒ D- m-ip-sa- p ]- dbpibpw Im-dn-s C jp-d -kv {]-am-w-߃ A- h hm-ßn-s m- p t]mhp-ibpw sn-bvxp. F- m A-h DS-s\ Xn-cnsIh- p. F-s Im-dn-s C -jp-d -kv ]-cn-c aq p Znh-kw ap-tº Xo - s pw Rm G- Xm\pw I-S-em-kp-I-fn H- n- p -sim-sp-øm C -jpd -kv D-tZym-K-ÿ- m ]-g-b Xob-Xn h- v C -jp-d kv ]p-xp- n X-cp-sa pw A-h ]-d p. A-Xn-\p Rm X-øm-d-s - pw F-s ssibn \n- pw Hcp-e- Øn - m-_v- Cf-In am-dn- n-s- p - Xp I- v tpmk-^v s]-s - v t{_- v sn-bv-xp h- n \n- Øn. ]n-d-ine-sø ko- n-encp- Rm Ip-Xn- v ap -hisø ko- n C-Sn p. ]n- n \n pw h- H-cp {Sm kvt]m - v (kq- -^m-ãv) _-kv k-u t{_- n- v \n-c-ßnh- v F-s Im-dn-s ]n- n i- n-bm-bn C-Sn- pibpw Im-dns tum Xm-s\ Xp-d- p- Ibpw Rm ]p-d-tø- p hogp-ibpw sn-bvxp. s]-s - v Ipsd B-fp-Iƒ A-hnsS Hm-Sn- qsn. B Iq- -Øn H-cp tamt m ssk- n-fn B ÿ- e-tø- p h- n-cp- H-cp t]meo-kv D-tZym-K-ÿ- (At±lw Du-Wp I-gn- p- -Xn-\mbn X-s Izm -t -gv-kn-te- v t]m-bn-s m- n-cp- -t m-gmwv A]-ISw ImWp- Xvv) tamt m ssk- nƒ s]-s - v \ndp-øn F-s -b-sp-tø- p h p. ho-wp In-S- p- -Xp Rm-\m-sW- v A-t±-l-Øn-\p a-\- n-embn. B DtZym- K-ÿ k - nƒ C -kv-s]-iv-s Ir-jv-WIp-am B- bn-cp p. F-s Im-dn-s ]n -`m-kw \n-ti-jw X-I - ncp Xp-sIm- v Imdv h v-tjm- n- F-Øn- p- - \m -Xn-\m-bncw cq] sim-sp-t - n h-cp- -Xm-Wv F- Xn\pw a-s m-cp Im-dn F-s B-ip-]{Xn-bn B p- s kw-_- - n- v Iq-Sp-X em-`-i-c-sa pw Rm Ahsc A-dn-bn p. F- m \ -hcm-b h -Iv tjm- v D-S-a- -Xn\pw B-h-iyam-b F m {I-ao-I-c-W-ßfpw sn-bvxp X p. B-ip-]-{Xn-bn F-IvkvtdF-Sp-Ø-t mƒ F-\n- ÿ- m F-s Im \- m- p- -Xn-\p- sne-hv Ipd m i-an- -Xn-s ^-e-am-bn C-Sn- Im-dn-s ]-e `m- p `-b-s - n-cp- ]-cp- p-iƒ D- m-bn- n-s - p a-\-knembn, Xp-S - v F-s F-s ho- n-se-øn- p. K-ßfpw D-]-tbm-Kn- v ]-Wn-I-sf mw ]q -Øn-bm- n Im {Sm kv-t]m - p _-kn-s ss{u-h-dp-ss t]-cn t]m-eokv ti-kv F-SpØp. ]-s B ss{u-h - v {In-an-\ Xn-\m-bncw cq-]bpss _n v Ah F-\n- p X-cnIbpw Xn-cn-sI F-s G - n p. sam-øw sne-hmb F ]- _m- y-x-bn-s - p F-\n- p t_m- y-amb-xp c- p Imc-W-ß-fm-emWv. H v, B _-kv kq- ^m-ãmbn Hm- Sp pibpw snbvxp. XpI ap-gp-h\pw Rm h - v tjm- p-im - p sim- Sn-t -Xv ss{u-h-dp-ss Xo-cp-am-\-{]-Im-cw A m-bn-cp- _-kn-s ss{u-h-dp-ss ta {In-an-\ -ti-kv F-Sp-t - p. -{Sm kv-t]m - v I-º-\n-bp-sS I-ev-]-\-{]-Im-c-am-Wv -Xn-s - p F-\n- -`n-{]m-bw D m-bn-cps nepw A-bmƒ- v A-ß-s\ sn-tø- n h- Xv. c v, ap-ºn {Sm kv-t]m p I-º-\n- v A-h-cp-sS kn-hn _m- y-xbn \n pw H-gn-hm- m 11 km- y-x-bn-s - v F-\n- p- \yq hnj t^m F sn-bn- nmv thƒ-uv 11 G{]n 2017

12 d- p- m-bn-cp p. Ip-sd B-tem-Nn- -Xn-\p ti-jw H-cp I-Øv Rm si.f-kv.b.sn.kn-bp-ss am-t\-pnmv Un-d- Œ - v Ab- p, A-Xn-s Np-cp- wan-xm-wv. \n-ß-fp-ss kq- ^m-ãv _-kv F-s Im-dn-s ]n- n h- n-sn -Xp aq-ew F-s Im-dns ]n -`m-kw ]-IpXntbm-fw X-I - p t]mb-xp \- m- n-b-xn-\p F-\n- p F ]-Xn-\m-bncw cq-] h vtjm- v-im-cp-ss _n {]- Im-cw sim-sp-t - n h- p B kw-jy C -jp-d -kv I- º-\n-bn \n pw -\n -`m-ky-h-im F-\n- p e-`n- msx h p, aq- p Znh-kw ap-ºp C -jp-d -kv Im-e-l-c- W-s - p t]m-bxp-sim- v ]-g-b Xo-b-Xn C- v C -jpd -kv ]p-xp- m Rm X-øm-dm-Im-Xn-cp -Xp aq-ew B kw-jy F-\n- p C -jp-d -kv I-º-\n-bn \n pw e-`n- n. _-kn-s ss{uh-sd {In-an-\ _m- y-x-ifn \n pw Rm-\n-S-s]- v H-gn-hm- n-sb- nepw tsm v (Tort) \n-b-a-{]-im-cw A-bmƒ- v kn-hn _m- y-x-bp- Xp-sIm- v A-bm-fp-sS D-S-abm-b si.f-kv B Snkn- v dn -hdn e-b-_n-en- n D v. AXp-sIm- v kw- Jy F-\n- p X-cm-\p- Npa-X-e {Sm kv-t]m- v I-º- \n- p-s pw Rm hn-iz-kn- p p. F-\n- p snehm-b kw-jy-bp-ss _n p-i-fp-ss ]-I v Cu IØnt\m-sSm- w Rm h-bv- p p. B kw-jy Iº-\n F- \n- p X-cnI-bm-sW- n \ m-bn-cp p. F- m Aß-s\ X-cp- n-s - n A-Xn-s\Xnsc tikpsim- Sp- m Rm D-t±-in- p- pan. B I-Øp t]m-kv- p sn-bv-xv G-I-tZ-iw Hcmgv-N I-gn- -t m-ƒ n.]n sk -Ip-am F- sf-]nf-kv D- tzym-k-ÿ F-s ho- n h- p. B Ime-Øv A-t±lw si-f-kv-b -Sn-kn-bp-sS am-t\-pnmv Un-d-Œ B- bn U-]yq-t -j-\nn tpm-en sn-øp-i-bm-bn-cp p. ]n - meøv A-t±-lw ti-c-f-øn-s Un-dŒ P-\d Hm- ^v t]m-eo-kv B-hp-Ibpw hf-sc \- m-bn tim-`n- p- Ibpw sn-bv -Xp. n-]n sk Ip-am F-s ssibnte- v Rm -tnm-zn- ap-gp-h kw-jy-bv pw H-cp sn- p-x p. C-{X-th-Kw si-f-kv -B -Sn-kn {]-Xn-I-cn- p-sa- p Rm {]-Xo- n- n-s pw A-t±-l-tØm-Sp ]-d- -t mƒ A- t±-lw C-ßs\-bm-Wv -a-dp]-sn ]d- -Xv. si.f-kv.b.sn-.kn-bn Rm am-t\-pnmv Un-d-Œ B- bn-cn- p- n-s-tøm-fw Im-ew \n-b-a-]-c-am-bpw k-xy-k- ambpw H-cp s -bnapw \n-c-kn- -s -Sm Rm Iq- p-\n - pibn. km-dn-s s bnw k- -Xy-am-sW- p F- \n- pø-a-t_m- y-ap- -Xn-\m C-Xv t_m -Un k- a - n- v ]mkm m F-\n- p km-[n- p AXp-sIm- m- Wv Rm Xs Cu sn- v km-dn-\v C-hn-sS FØn- Xv. B Ime-Øv si-f-kv-b -Sn-kn-bp-sS am-t\-pnmv UndŒ B-bn a- m-sc- n-ep-am-bn-cp-s - n C-{X-am{Xw ip-jv-im- n-tbmss \-S-]-Sn-Iƒ ]q -ØnIcn ptam F- v F-\n- v ]-d-bm-\m-in. ta - -d- c- p t]m-eo-kv D-tZym-K-ÿ-scbpw c- p k-µ -`-ß-fn-em-bn ssz-hw A-b- -h-cm-bn-cp- p F- v F-\n- p txm- p- p-s - n AXp i-cnbm-b \n-k-a- \-a-s? Ir-jv-W-Ip-am-dn-\p C-t mƒ Un-ssh-F-kv.]n bmbn ÿm-\- b- w In- n-bn- p v. A-Sp-Ø-Ime-Øv G-jym-s\- v \-SØnb s_ãv ^manen s^ãv F- ]-cn-]m-sn-bn A-t±-lhpw a-i\pw ]s -Sp-Øv H mw ÿm-\w t\-sp- Xpw kωm-\-øp-i-bmbn e`n Hcp-e- -Øn-\m -Xn-\m-bncw cq-] do-p-w Im -k sk -dn-\v kw-`m-h-\ \ -Ip Xpw I p. \ ]pxnb {K-Ÿ-߃ {]-kn- -s -Sp-Øptºm-sg mw H-cp tim- n F-\n- p hmßn-ø-cp ]Xnhpw At±-l-Øn-\p- v hmb-\- m-cpss {i bv v \yp hnj amkni hmb-\- m-cpss kw`m-h-\-iƒsim p am{x-amwv Hmtcm amkhpw IS-an- msx {]kn- o-i-cn p -Xv. Ih-dn 100 cq]-sb v A -Sn- n-cn- p- Xv k m-cn\v \ Inb UnIvf-td-j am p-hm Xmakw t\cn-sp- XpsIm m-wv. h jw txmdpw 200 cq] kw`m-h-\-bmbn hcn- m Xs - n am{xta amkni aps-ßmsx {]kn- o-i-cn- p-hm km[n- p-i-bp- p. am\yhmb-\- m 200 cq] IW- m n hm jni kw`m-h\bmbn Ab- -W-sa- -`y n- p- p. c p h j-tø v 350 cq]bpw aq p h j-tø v 500 cq]-bp-amwv kw`m-h-\-bmbn \ ti- -Xv. amkni {Ia-ambn F m amkhpw In - W-sa v B{K-ln- p- -hcpw A mw XobXn hsc In n-bn-s - n ssen-t^m-wn Rß-tfmSv _ - s -Sp-Ibpw snøp \qdp IW- n\v hcn- m-cmwv amkni p- -Xv. amkw-txm-dp-ap kw`m-h-\-ifpw hmb-\- m-cpss BtLm-j-th-f-I-fn \ Ip {]txyi kw`m-h-\-i-fp-amwv 1992 apx Hcp e hpw aps-ßmsx amkni {]kn- o-i-cn m klmbn p -Xv. ani ss{ikvxh {]kn- o-i-c-w-ambn Xocphm \yqhn-js\ klm-bn F m am\y hmb-\- m pw lrzbw \nd \µn. hnhml ]c-ky-߃, t^mt m-iƒ, kavcwm-rvp-en-iƒ F n-hbpw a v ]c-ky-ßfpw \yqhn-j- \n {]kn- o-i-cn phm Xocp-am-\n- n- p- v. ]c-ky-ßfpw, kw`m-h-\-ifpw \ In \yphn-j amkn- Isb klm-bn- -W-sa- -`y n- p- p. IpSn-inJbp -h pw, ]cn-n-b-s -Sp-Øp- -Xns `mk-ambn Ab p sim n-cn- p- -h pw s^{_p-hcn 15\v tijw amkni Ab- p- -X-. G{]n tpm Pv amxyp kn (amt\-pnmv FUn- ) , \yq hnj t^m F sn-bn- nmv thƒ-uv

13 \yp-hn-j am-kn-i 1992em-Wv {]-kn- o-i-c-w-am-cw- sf v-f n-h-c-ßp- D-]-tZ-i-I k-an-xn-bpw \n-e-hn `n- p-hm {I-ao-I-c-W-߃ D- m-ip- -Xv. _n-j- v aq - h- p. A-ta-cn- -bn-se {]-Xn-\n-[n-I-fm-bn d-h Sn- F-kv - tim-f-pv {]n -kn- -em-bn Ccp-]-Øn-b ph -j- m-ew ss\-\m-\pw tpm si am-xyp-hpw sp. n. h- - m-w-bvtk-h-\-a-\p-jvtn- p-i-bpw ]n- osv ]-Øp h -j- m-ew -epw. km-º-øn-i C-S-]m-Sp-Iƒ ap-gp-h si- kn am- B-ep-hm bq-kn tim-f-pv am-t\-p-cmbn-cp si kn am- Xyp A- -\n Iq-Sn-bm-bn-cp- p. A- -s _- p- -fpw, Xyp A- -\m-wv am-kn-i-bp-ss ÿm-]-i. A- hncan- -Xn\p ti-jw A-ta-cn- - kµ in -t mƒ A- -s lm- -bn- n-cp- p. Nn- m-tkm-bn-ep- am-xyp C-Sn- p-f B- kv-t\-ln-x-cpw, hn-zym - n-i-fpw km-º-øn-i-am-bn k- hn-zym - n-i-fpw kv-t\-ln-x-cpw ss{i-kv-x-h hn-izm-k Zy-Im-e-ß-fn am-kn-ibv- v km-º-øn-i k-lm-bw {Iao-I-cn- p X- n-cp- p. am-kn-i-bv p- tej-\-ß-ƒ tij- k-aq-l-øn-\v kz-x-{ -am-bn A-`n-{]m-b-߃ ]-d-bp-hm- \pw N - sn-øp-hm-\pw kw-l-s-\-i-fp-ss-tbm,k-`-bp-sstbm ap-j-]-{x-a- m-ø H-cp kz-x-{ {]-kn- o-i-c-ww Øn- p-i-sb- -Xm-bn-cp- p F-s tpm-en. am-kn-i Incn v am-kn-i A- -Sn- v si- kn -am-xyp A- -s ho- n-se- Xp-S-ßp-hm km-[n- p-tam-sb- v tnm-zn- p-i-bp- m-bn. n- -gn- m dm- H- n- v t]m-ãv sn-øp- tpm-en A- A- Xn-cn-sI h- -Xn-\v ti-jw H-cp I-Øv F-\n- v -s -bpw sim- -Ω-bp-sS-bpw. A- F-t m-gpw ]-d-bp- Ab p. ""ss{i-kv-x-h k-`-bp-ss Im-en-I {]-k- -am-b H-cp hm-n-i-ap- m-bn-cp- p. F- m am-k-hpw I-W- v Zu-Xy-sØ- p-dn- p- A-t\z-j-W-ß-fpw ]T-\-ß-fpw t\m- pw. H-cp e- w Iq-Sn A- -Sn- p-hm am-{x-ta ]- Dƒ-s m- p- H-cp {]-kn- o-i-c-ww Xp-S-ßp-hm km- W-ap- p-sh- n Cu e- -tøm-ss- w {]-kn- o-i-c-ww [n- p-tam?. A-Xn-\v t\-xr-xzw sim-sp- p-i-bm-sw- n \n -Øp- p-sh- v hm-b-\- m-sc A-dn-bn- n-cn- pw. hm- H-cp h -jw {]-kn- o-i-cn- p-hm-\p- ]-Ww Rm I- b- -\- m-cp-ss k-l-i-c-w-an- m-sx am-kn-i \-S-Øn-bn- v s -Øn X-cmw''. IØns D -S- -an-xm-bn-cp- p. A- Im-cy-an-s - v km-cw. sxm-cp sh- p-hn-fn-bm-bn Rm kzo-i-cn- p. A- -s hn- kw-l-s-\-bp-ss-tbm, k-`-bp-ss-tbm Hu-tZym-Kn-I {]-kn- Zym - n-bpw ]n- o-sv k-l-{]-h ØI-\p-am-bn-cp- F- o-i-c-w-a- m-ø H-cp am-kn-i F-{X Im-ew \n-e-\n-ev- n A- A - n- hn-izm-k-øn-\v \-µn tc-j-s -Sp- p-sa- kw-i-bw si kn am-xyp A- -s\ A-e- n-bn-cp- Øn-s m- v Rm B Np-a-X-e G-s -Sp-Øp. p \-h-z -i {S-Ãn-s Io-gn c-pn-tã -Uv amkn-i-bm-bn {]-kn- o-i-cn- p-hm Xp-S-ßn. ti-c-f Iu - Rm No-^v F-Un- -dmbpw si-kn am-xyp A- ]-ªnj-dpw am-t\-p-cp-am-bn BZy-e w amkni {]-kn- o-i-cn- kn Hm-^v N - -kn-s Io-gn {]-kn- o-i-cn- m amkn-i-bp-ss k - p-te-j h - n- p-i-bpw k-`-iƒ- p p. A qdv t] - v am-kn-i ku-p-\y-am-bn A-b- p. ]-e ta-j-e-i-fn \n- pw e-`n- a-dp-]-sn R-߃- v B- Iq-Sp-X ]- m-fn-øw e-`n- p- -sa- [m-c-w-bn 2003 th-iw ]-I - p. aq- p e- w ]p-d-øv h- p I-gn- t mƒ H-cp ]-{Xm-[n-] k-an-xn-bpw D-]-tZ-i-I k-an-xn- c- p Hm-^o-kp-I-fpw H-tc si- n-s-øn {]-h -Øn- p- am-kn-i-bp-ss {]-kn- o-i-c-ww si-kn-kn-sb G-ev-]n- p. bpw D- m-ti- -Xm-h-iy-am-sW- v txm- n. {]-^.-am-xyp p-sh- -XmWv Cu Nn- -b- v C-S-bm- n-b-xv. Cu- {Iao-I-c-W-tØm-Sv hm-b-\- m i- -am-bn {]-Xn-I-cn- p. tim-in, d-h. F kn D-Ω-, d-h.- ]n- n txm-a-kv(am-ßm- \w ss{i-kv-xm-hm-{i-aw), d-h si kn am-xyp F- n-h At\Iw h-cn- m am-kn-i-bp-ss Aw-K-Xzw \n - ]-{Xm-[n-]-k-an-X-bw-K-ß-fm-bpw _n-j- v n- _n _- an A- y- -\pw _n-j- v ssa- nƒ tpm, Ko-h -Kocp- -Xv ]-Øp am-kw I-gn- -t mƒ 500 cq-]-bm-bn. am- Øem n. am-kw 5000-Øn-e-[n-Iw cq-] e`n psim- nkv am H-kv-Xm-Øn-tbm-kv sa-{xm-s m-en-ø, txm-a-kv kn-i-bp-ss Xp-S- -Øn-ep- m-bn-cp- ]-e-cpw Hm-^n-kn am A-Øm-\m-kn-tbm-kv sa-{xm-s m-en-ø _n-j- v tum.- h- v C-Xn-s\-Xn-sc {]-Xn-I-cn- p-i-bpw sn-bv-xp. \n-b-asf-k- v am ]oe-iv-kn-t\m-kv, kn tpm a-øm-bn, ]-c-am-b D-S-a-ÿ-h-Im-iw ssi-am-dm-xn-cp- -Xn-\m amkn-i- si-kn-kn-bp-am-bn N - -Iƒ \-S-Øn Xn-cn-sI-sb- kn-ã td tpm, hn -sp tpm-k-^v, A-Uz.sI sf ss\-\m, {]-^.-am-ω h - n, d-h. tum. si hn Sp-Øp. am-xyp,- am-xyp C-Sn- p-f(dh.tum), tum.-tim-in C- n ]-Øp h -j- m-ew am-kn-i-bp-ss \-S-Øn- v \n - -ln \yq hnj t^m F sn-bn- nmv thƒ-uv 13 G{]n 2017

14 Xv ]-tc-x-\m-b {]-^ k-j-cn-bm am-xyp-hm-bn-cp- p. A- t±-l-øn-s tk-h-\-߃ hn-e-a-xn- m-\m-hm-ø-xm-bncp- p.h-cp h -j- m-ew am-kn-i-bp-ss {]-h -Ø-\-ß-fn {]-^. tpm -Pv P-bn- -_v k-lm-bn- p am-kn-i-bp-ss c- m-[n-im-cn-bm-bn {In-tkm-Ãw h- en-b Xn-cp-ta-\n-bpw sn-b -am-\m-bn _n-j- v kmw am- Xyp-hpw No-^v F-Un- -dm-bn Fw-Pn bq-wn-th-gv-kn- n ap ssh-kv Nm -k-e tum.-kn-dn-b- v txm-a-kpw Npa-Xe-tb p. hn-hn-[ ta-j-e-i-fn \n- pw k-`-i-fn \n- p-ap- -h-sc tn -Øv ]-{Xm-[n-] k-an-xn hn-]p-e-s -Sp- ØpIbpw snbvxp A-ta-cn- -bn {]-kn- o-icn- ncp- Zv ao- nmv t]m-b v \yq-hn-j-\n e-bn- p tn-cp-i-bpw A-Xn-s No- ^v F-Un- -dm-b _n-j- v tpm -Pv ss\-\m-\pw am-t\-pnmv F-Un- -dm-b tim-in tpm -Ppw ]-{Xm-[n-] k-an-xn-bw-k-amb n am-xyp-hpw \yq-hn-j-s `m-k-amhpi.bpw snbvxp. H-cp k-`-bp-ss-bpw Hu-]-Nm-cn-I Aw-Ko-Im-c-an- m-sx, P-\-߃ \ -Ip- kw-`m-h-\-bm, P-\-ß-fp-sS A-`n- {]m-b-߃ {]-kn- o-i-cn- p- am-kn-i-bm-bn \yq hnj \m-fn-xph-sc I-S-an msx {]-kn- o-i-cn- m km[n- p. ]-cn-ÿn-xn, a-zy-h -P-\w, \o-xn- v th- n-bp- P- \-Io-b t]m-cm- -߃, k-`-iƒ- p- n-ep- m-ti- am- - ߃ Xq-S-ßn-b-h-sb- p-dn- v \n-e-]m-sp-iƒ F-Sp- p-hm am-kn-i {i-an- -Xn-s ^-e-am-bm-wv F- m k-`-i-fn \n- p-ap- ]p-tcm-k-a-\ kz-`mh-ap- hm-b-\- m am-kn- I- v th- ssi-øm-ß-ep-iƒ \ -Ip- -Xv. F- m e- -hpw 28\v B - pw sh-_v-ssk- n ku-p-\y-am-bn hm-bn- m-hp- co-xn-bn-em-wv {]-kn- o-i-cn- p- -Xv. sh- _v ssk- pƒ-s -ss Hm-tcm e- -hpw ]-Xn-\m-bn-c-tØmfw t] hm-bn- p- p- v. {I-ao-I-c-W-ß-fn-ep- m-b Nne A-]m-I-X-Iƒ aqew F- m \yp-hn-j kv-t\-ln-x-tcbpw cpx Pq_nen k-tω-f-\-øn\v t\-cn- p Wn phm km-[n- m -Xn tj-zn- p- p. \yp-hn-j amkn-i-bn {]kn- o-i-cn -W- -Øn-s sh-fn- - Øn C-cp-\q-tdm-fw t] k-tω-f-\-øn ]-s -Sp- p- I-bp- m-bn. \yq hn-j kv-t\-ln-x-tc-bpw hm-b-\- msc-bpw Dƒ-s -Sp-Øn c-p-x Pq-_n-en-bm-tLm-j-ß-fp-sS k-am-]-\w {I-ao-I-cn- p-hm D-t±-in- p- p. (\yqhn-j cp-x-pq-_nen ktω-f-\-øn tum.-amxyp timinbpss kzmkx{]kw-k-øn \n v) Statement about ownership and other particulars about NEW VISION FOR A CHANGING WORLD Form IV Place of Publication : Kocuhukaleekal, Rubber Board PO, Kottayam Periodicity of the Publication : Monthly Printers Name Dr.Mathew Koshy Punnackadu Whether a citizen of India Yes Address Malayil PG Bhavan, Punnackadu, Kozhencherry Publishers Name Dr.Mathew Koshy Punnackadu Whether a citizen of India Yes Address Malayil PG Bhavan, Punnackadu, Kozhencherry Editor s Name Dr.Mathew Koshy Punnackadu Whether a citizen of India Yes Address Malayil PG Bhavan, Punnackadu, Kozhencherry Name and address of individuals Rev.Prof.K.C.Mathew And partners of share holders Chairperson, Nava Darshan Trust Holding more than one percent of the total Kochukaleekal, Rubber Board PO Kottayam Capital I, Dr.Mathew Koshy Punnackadu, hereby declare that the particulars given above are true to the best of my knowledge and belief. Dated Sd/ Signature of Publisher G{]n \yq hnj t^m F sn-bn- nmv thƒ-uv

15 THE LORD IS RISEN; HE IS RISEN INDEED, HALLELUJAH Valson Thampu One of the most heart-rending scenes in world thing about life. It is strange and mysterious for the reason literature is in Dostoevsky s Crime and Punishment. that God made life. The hallmark of all of God s creation The central character is a University drop-out called is "fullness" or "wholeness". Creation, as recorded in Raskolnikov. He kills a pawn-broker, Alyona. This Genesis, is a festival, a celebration. Celebration denotes plunges him into a cauldron of guilt. In the meanwhile fullness. The extravagance that goes with it issues from he falls in love with Sonia, the daughter of a drunkard our uncomprehending endorsement of what we intuit, and a terminally ill woman. Poverty forces her into but not comprehend. We do not comprehend because prostitution. But she keeps the purity of her soul intact. we are stuck at the level of mechanism, and fail to attain Her daily solace is a bible gifted to her, as the level of meaning. Dostoevsky s penchant for irony would have it,by Time is a zone of imperfection. Whatever is imperfect Alyona. or incomplete will end in time. Eternity, in contrast, is a One day, staggering on the precarious edge of zone of perfection (Rev.21: 26, 27) Time has no right or emotional disintegration, but also spiritual re-birth, authority to consume or keep back what is perfect and Raskolnikov visits Sonia. All he wants is her help in whole. It was the power of this truth that rolled away the locating the event recorded somewhere in the gospels stone at the mouth of the rock-hewn cave in which the of Jesus raising a dead man to life. body of Jesus was kept for three days. "The living" "Read it to me," he pleads. cannot stay stuck in the domain of death, which denotes Sonia takes Alyona s Bible and opens on the 11 th incompleteness and imperfection. chapter of the Gospel According to St. John and reads it That is why He who came to be the "resurrection and to the man who killed Alyona in cold blood. the life" said so very emphatically, "I have come that Dostoevsky describes the scene, they may have life in all its fullness." "The dying candle wick on the battered candle stand Given this, we can understand the desperate lighted up that poverty-stricken room in which a murder difficulties that the world has in endorsing the idea of and a prostitute sat together reading the Book of Life". resurrection. The world is a garden of imperfection, the garden of Gethsemane in which the Son of Man sweated For Raskolnikov, withering under the unmanning blood. The eyes of imperfection can behold only as per burden of guilt, which nothing in the world can mitigate the logic of incompleteness. It can believe in death, but or wash away, there is only one palliative: the hope of not triumphant life. It can believe in life under sentence resurrection, the assurance that there is light beyond the of death, but not life under the authority of God, in whom terrifying doors of death. there is no darkness or death at all. For most of us Resurrection is only an anaemic article "Be you perfect," Jesus said, "even as your Father in of faith that we are reminded of now and then. It is a Heaven is prefect" (Mtt. 5:48). vague and hazy thing. The main reason, if we read Dostoevsky aright, is that we are not fully alive. That is the narrow road that leads to everlasting life Dostoevsky uses the sting of crime to quicken his (Mtt. 7: 13, 14). In this world where imperfection and characters to life. incompleteness are the reigning norm, perfection is doomed to live besieged. The cross is a continual witness So it is with Raskolnikov s awareness of the to this reality. So, if we want to follow Jesus, we have to incomparable value of life, as in the case of deny ourselves, take up his cross and follow him. We Shakespeare s Macbeth as well. Only after he murders have to accept the logic of life in this world of his king and forfeits the right to live does Macbeth realize imperfection. Spirituality is sanctified logic, not senseless that he has an "immortal jewel" that he threw away so magic. nonchalantly to the eternal enemy of man. Those who seek to save their life will lose it and those So, what does Easter mean to us? This question has who lose their life for Jesus sake will find it (Jn. 12: to be answered with reference to a further question, "So, 24). what does life mean to us?" Losing life for Jesus sake is a spiritual metaphor for Life cannot mean much, or anything, to us unless we seeking perfection. The way of Jesus (Jn. 14:6) is the have it "in all its fullness (Jn. 10; 10). That is the odd way of perfection. The suffering that necessarily attends 15 \yq hnj t^m F sn-bn- nmv thƒ-uv 15 G{]n 2017

16 to this pilgrimage is the proof and assurance that we are on the right track. The world will not persecute its children. It will not spare the children of God, for the reason that they live according to a contrary direction of life. The Jews killed Jesus, not because he was guilty, but because he was perfect. Imperfection is the sin against the Holy Spirit that will not be forgiven; whereas perfection is the crime against the world which too will not be forgiven by the world. That completes the symmetry of man s natural existence with a supernatural destiny. From a divine point of view, the giant agony of the world stems from a small seed; that of imperfection. It is so very small and subtle. Laughably immaterial. But upon this little thing hangs the destiny of man. It is not mega crimes or humungous transgressions that measure the distance between heaven and hell for a vast majority of humankind. It is a small thing: "one thing you lack." (Rev. 2:4). The Kingdom of God is a way of life oriented to perfection. Perfection of this kind does not entail backbreaking effort, as in the case of a Shudra aspiring to be a Brahmin. Hegel in his Philosophy of Historyrecounts the instance of one who underwent the prescribed process and end up as a corpse. He had to stand on his feet for twelve years, without sitting down even once. The next twelve years he had to keep his hands raised with fingers crossed, without once separating them. In the third and final stage he had to undergo trial by fire for three hours. He was taken out bleeding within half an hour. He died soon after. All that we are required to do is to abide in Jesus. What this involves should not be understood on the analogy of night shelters! Our abiding in Jesus is complemented by his abiding in us. This implies a complete reorientation of our life. Hence it is that, "He who is in Christ Jesus is a new creation, the old has passed away." (2 Cor. 5: 17). That this involves a radical reorientation to perfection is abundantly clear from his assurance, "He who believes in me will do not only what I have done, but greater things than I have done. (Jn. 14:12). Jesus is risen from the dead; but if that has no bearing on human destiny, why would we say "hallelujah"? He is the pattern and the promise of what our spiritual entitlements are, given that we are given the right and authority to become the children of God (Jn. 1: 12). It is over 2000 years since Jesus was raised from the dead. Yet, it is remembered and celebrated annually by people across the continents. That is because it is an event and an assurance that humankind cannot afford to leave behind. We have little else, if this assurance is excluded from the repertoire of our faith. G{]n Resurrection is, above all, the assurance and attestation of worth. Even in worldly contexts we talk of a work of art of exquisite quality as immortal. Immortality has a reference to worth. Perfection is the logic of worth. In its practical sense, it enfolds the discipline of setting our minds on things high". That we cannot do, unless we function in terms of our best or highest self. What is mean will seek only what is low. Jesus or thirty pieces of silver? The choice will tell you, not who Jesus is, but who you are. The challenge immanent in resurrection to our contemporary world is to face the reality of our ruined worth. Never before has man achieved so much in material and technological terms; yet, never before has our species sunk so low into worthlessness. Human worth is at its lowest ebb today. Only look at the escalating epidemic of suicide, no further argument is needed. The Good News is that the light of resurrection can penetrate this tomb of worthlessness. It can inaugurate a new beginning. The tyranny of the old will pass away. The new will come. A new heaven. A new hearth. This is beyond the logic or scope of the world. The world sees events in terms of an inward turning spiral. It can move only towards a dead-end. There is no margin for breakthrough in the vision of the world. Worth is under sentence of death. It must inch towards inevitable death. Once that happens, the worthless is put away like a corpse. The tomb is slammed shut. Hope is ended. So we say, "There is no return journey in history". Never mind, there is an upward journey: to a new orbit of life. The only challenge is, do we believe this? The fact that we celebrate Easter proves nothing. Each person has to face and answer the question: If Jesus is risen from the dead, so what? How does that impact my plight and personal destiny? Else, we will celebrate, at best, like the five foolish virgins who did not have oil in their lamps (Mtt. 25: 1-13). We will be seen to be celebrating Easter; but without really believing in it. We may say, "Hallelujah" with our tongues, but not with our hearts. Our words will ascend, our hearts will stay below. And that is not to celebrate. I often wonder how far away we are from the electrifying excitement that the First Easter unleashed to a beleaguered, terrorized community. To them this was an event of life and death significance, not an annual ritual or commemoration. Their hopes in this world and their assurance of an eternity beyond it hinged on it. When they shouted hallelujah heaven would have resounded with it. \yq hnj t^m F sn-bn- nmv thƒ-uv

17 1974 ap-x 1992 h-sc kn-f-kvf bp-h-p-\- -{]-ÿm-\w P-\-d I-Ωn- n-bw-kw, h - nmv I-Ωn- n-bw-kw, bp-h-p-\- {]-ÿm-\w {]-kn-u v, bp-h-tem-iw No-^v F-Un- F- o \n-e-i-fn hn-hn-[ Im-e-b-f-hp-I-fn tk-h-\-a-\pjv-tn- -Xn-s sh-fn- -Øn A-Sp-Ø-Im-e-Øv ]p-d-øn-dßn-b N-cn-{X-c-N-\-I-fn hn- p t]m-b Im-cy-߃ tc-js -Sp-Øp-hm-\p- F-fn-b {i-a-am-wn-xv. a-lm-bn-s-h-i bph-p-\-{]-ÿm-\-øn-\v \qdph-b-km-bn F- p ]-d-bp- - Xv sx- m-wv kn-fwf-kv Xn-cp-sIm- n a-lm-bn-sh-i-bn-se bp-h-p-\-ß-fp-ss t\-xr-xz-øn Xp-S-ßn-bbp-h-P-\ k-tω-f-\-øn-\v \q-dp h-b-km-bn F- p ]-d-bp- -Xm-Wv i-cn. Kn _n-j- v sim-sss- -\m-en A-h- [n- m-ew sn-e-hn-sp-hm t]m-bn-cp- -Xn-\m A- -sø bp-h-p-\ k-tω-f-\-øn ]-s -Sp-Øn-cp- n-. Kn _nj- v a-lm-bn-s-h-i _n-j- m-bn-cn- p-tºm-fm-wv a-lm-bn- S-h-I-bn-se bp-h-p-\-ß-fp-ss t\-xr-xz-øn C-{]-Im-csam-cp k-tω-f-\w \-S- -Xv. Kn _n-j- n-s A-dn-thmsS-bm-bn-cn- pw Xp-S-ßn-b-sX- v ]-d- m sx- p- m- I-bn-. a-lm-bn-s-h-i A-Sp-Ø-ImeØv ]p-d-øn-d- n-b t{]-jn-x {]-bm-w N-cn-{X-Øn, Kn _n-j- n-s {]- h -Ø-\-ß-ƒ hn-h-cn- p- H-cp `m-k-øpw bp-h-p-\ k- tω-f-\-sø- p-dn- v hn-h-cn- p- n-. a-lm-bn-s-h-i-bn ]-e ta-j-e-i-fn-epw kz-ta-[-bm {]-ÿm-\-߃ a-lm-bn- S-h-I-bp-sS Hu-tZym-Kn-I Aw-Ko-Im-c-an- m-sx Xp-S-ßp-Ibpw ]n- o-sv a-lm-bn-s-h-i-bp-ss `m-k-am-ip-i-bpw sn-bv- X N-cn-{X-ap- -Xn-\m bp-h-p-\-k-tω-f-\-hpw A-{]-Imc-am-bn-cn- p-hm-\m-wv km- y-x. Kn _n-j- n-s\ bp-h- P-\ {]-ÿm-\-øn-s X-e-sXm- - -\m-bn Nn-{Xo-I-cn- p- -Xv i-cn-b-. a-lm-bn-s-h-i bp-h-p-\ k-jyw a-lm-bn-s-h-i F-Iv-kn-Iyq- n-hn-s Xo-cp-am-\-{]-Im-cw Xp-S-ßn-b-X ap-x a- lm-bn-s-h-i-bn-se bp-h-p-\-ß-fp-ss t\-xr-xz-øn Xp- S-ßn-b N - -I-fp-sS `m-k-am-bn- m-wv 1950 bp-h-p-\-k- Jy-w ]n-d- p- -Xv G-{]n 29 Xo-b-Xn ]- w _p- m-\m kviqfn h- v kn tpm a-øm-bn-bp-ss A- y- -X-bn Iq-Sn-b k-tω-f-\-am-wv, B-Zy-sØ {]-kn- U m-bn tpm a-øm-bn-sb sx-c-s -Sp-Ø-Xv. F.kn D-Ω-\m-Wv kw-l-s-\-bp-ss B-h-iy-I-X-sb- - n-bpw, `mhn-{]-h -Ø-\-ß-sf- - n-bpw {]-kw-kn- -Xv. F kn D-Ω (dh), P-bn- -_v h -Ko-kv(-d-h) si -sp km-ap-h, G- {_-lmw tpm-jzm, Fw- Fw G-{_-lmw, Fw sf A- - Ω, td tpm-k-^v, d-h kn n txm-a-kv, dh. t]møm ^nen v, km-dm txm-a-kv, adn-bmω ^nen v, P-bn- -_v h -Ko-kv, C.kn tpm Xp-S-ßn-b-h-cm-bn-cp- p A- sø k-tω-f-\-øn ]-s -Sp-Ø-h. ]n sf kmaph (d-h) B-bn-cp- p B-Zy-sØ bq-øv sk-{i- -dn.bp-h-p-\- kw-l-s-\-bp-ss Hm -K-ss\-k-dm-bpw bp-h-tem-iw ]-{Xm- [n-] k-an-xn Aw-K-am-bpw H-cp \o- Im-e-b-f-hv t\-xr- Xzw sim-sp-ø-xpw F -kn D-Ω-\m-bn-cp- p. bp-h-p-\ k-jy-hpw bp-h-p-\ k-tω-f-\-hpw a-lm-bn-s-h- I-bn-se c- p {]-ÿm-\-ß-fm-bn-cp- p.bp-h-p-\ k-jy- Øn-s `-c-w-l-s-\ a-lm-bn-s-h-i D- m- n-b-x-. a-lmbn-s-h-i bp-h-p-\-k-jyw `-c-w-l-s-\-bp- m- n A-Xv _nj- n-\v \ -Ip-hm t]m-b Im-cyw Fkn D-Ω-\- hnh-cn- p- -Xv Rm ti- n- p- v. bp-h-p-\-k-jy-øn-s `- c-w-l-s-\ 1984 h-sc a-lm-bn-s-h-i Iu -kn-en A-h- X-cn- n- n- n-. bq-øv t_m -Un am-{x-ta A-h-X-cn- ncp- p- p I-fn a-lm-bn-s-h-i t\-xr-xzw ]p-xn-b bp-h-p-\-{]-ÿm-\-hpw bp-h-p-\ k-tω-f-\-hpw B-cw-`n- p. c- p {]-ÿm-\-ß-fpw c- p bp-h-p-\-k-tω-f-\-ßfpw C-cp-]-Xn -]-cw h -j-߃ \n-e-\n- n-cp- p. N-ß- \m-ti-cn ti-{µ-am-bn {]-h -Øn- n-cp- bp-h-p-\-{]-ÿm- \-Øn-\v \n-b-a-]-c-am-bn \n-e-\n - p-hm km-[n- m-sx h- -Xv, a-lm-bn-s-h-i Iu -kn bp-h-p-\-{]-ÿm-\ `- c-w-l-s-\ Aw-Ko-I-cn- n- n- m-sb- a-lm-bn-s-h-i hm-zw ssl-t m-s-xn-bw-ko-i-cn- -Xv sim- m-wv. bp-h-tem-iw am-kn-i-bpw kz-x-{ -am-bn Xp-S-ßn-b-Xm-Wv. F-kn D-Ω (-d-h),p-bn- -_v h -Ko-kv(-d-h), C -kn tpm (d-h)si kn am-xyp(-d-h), d-h tpm-k-^v am-xyp, si.sf ss\-\m, ss\-\m tim-in, tpm -Pv tim-in, Xp-S-ßn-b-h-cp-sS t]-cp-iƒ bp-h-tem-i-øn-s 1964 h- sc-bp- Xm-fp-I-fn Im-Wmw.(en-Ãv A-]q -Æ-am-Wv) C-h-sc-sb- mw N-cn-{X c-n-\-bn A-\p-kv-a-cn-t - -Xv I-S-a-bm-sW- v Rm I-cp-Xp- p. a-lm-bn-s-h bp-h-p-\ tim -{^ -kv, bp-h-p-\ k-jyw, bph-tem-iw F- n-h-bn {]-h -Øn- n-cp- -h-sc- mw H-tc Bƒ- m-cm-bn-cp- p-sh- -Xp sim- v, aq- n-s\-bpw H- m-bn Im- Wp-hm ]- n-.a-lm-bn-s-h-i-bp-h-p-\ {]-ÿm-\-øn-s N- cn-{x-øn-s k-hn-ti-j-x-iƒ a-\- n-em- -W-sa- n 1947 ap-x-ep- bp-h-tem-iw am-kn-i hm-bn- -Ww. A- v bp-h-p-\-{]-ÿm-\w D-b -Øn-b {]-[m-\ Nn- - Iƒ Xm-sg- -d-bp- -h-bm-bn-cp- p. 1. ap-x-em-fn-ø-hy-h-ÿ-tbm-sp- k-`-bp-ss N-ßm-Øw 17 \yq hnj t^m F sn-bn- nmv thƒ-uv 17 G{]n 2017

18 D-t]- n- -Ww. 2. a-x-]-cn-h -Ø-\-a- : a-dn- v tb-ip-{in-kv-xp D-b -Øn-b D- -X-aq-ey-߃ {]-N-cn- n- p-i-bm-wv k-`-bp-ss e- yw. 3. k-aq-l-øn \n-e-hn-en-cn- p- Pm-Xn-hy-h-ÿ km- º-Øn-I-{I-a-hp-am-bn _- -s - n-cn- p- -Xn-\m A- Xn-s ]-cn-lmm-cw cm-jv-{snb-am -Kam-Wv. 4. A-\o-Xn- pw A-gn-a-Xn- pw F-Xn-cm-b k-a-c-ß-fn k-`mw-k-߃ H- - pw Iq- m-bpw ]- p-tn-c-ww. 5. k-i-e a-\p-jy-cp-ss-bpw H- n- -epw ssz-h-cm-py-øns aq-ey-߃ Dƒ-s m- p- H-cp ]p-xn-b k-aq-l- Øn-s kr- n- -epw B-bn-cn- -Ww k-`-bp-ss e- yw. C- p-w ]-c-s Aw-Ko-Im-cw e-`n- n- n- m-ø Cu B-ib-߃ bp-h-p-\-{]-ÿm\w 1950I-fn D-b -Øn-sb- - Xm-Wv {i-t -bw. A- v Cu A-`n-{]m-b-߃ D-b -Ønb-Xv C- -tø-xn-epw i- -am-b F-Xn - p-iƒ t\-cn- psim- p-x-s B-bn-cp- p F- v bp-h-p-\-{]-ÿm-\-øns B-Zy-sØ {]-kn-u m-bn-cp- tpm a-øm-bn H- cn- ]-d-bp-i-bp- m-bn. Nn-e Ip-dn- p-iƒ D- -cn- -s. ì-cm-{ nb-cw-k-øv tk-h-\w A-\p-jvTn- p- -Xn-\pw km- yw h-ln- p- -Xn-\pw H-cp {In-kv-Xym-\n- v km-[n-t - -Xm-Wv. {In-kv-Xo-b {]-am-w-ß-sf _-en-i-gn- m-sx cm-{ n-b Im-cy-ß-fn C-S-s]- p cm-py-tk-h-\w A-\pjvTn-t - -Xp {In-kv-Xym-\n-bp-sS Np-a-X-e-bn s]- -Xm- Wv-î (]-{Xm-[n-]- p-dn- v 1950) ì-c- p \-Ωp-sS k-`-bv- v ]- n-bn-cn- p- G- -hpw h-enb tzm-jw Cu _m-ly-tbm-ky-x-iƒ am-{x-ap- B-fp- I-fm-Wv A-[n-Im-c-Øn {]-th-in- n-cn- p- -sx- p- - Xm-Wv. k-`-bn A-[n-Im-c-ÿm-\-tØ- v {]-th-in- p- -h, X-߃ G- -hpw Ku-c-h-X-c-am-b ÿm-\-tø- m- Wv {]-th-in- n-cn- p- -sx- p a-\- n-em-t - -Xm-h-iyam-Wv. A-[n-Im-cw \-S-Øp-I F- -X- tk-h-\-am-wv A- h-cp-ss I -Ø-hyw-î (]-{Xm-[n-]- p-dn- v 1950) ]- -Øp-h- p \-S- a-lm-bn-s-h-i bp-h-p-\-ktω-f-\-øn-se Xo-cp-am-\w C-{]-Im-c-am-Wv. ì-tb-ip-{in-kv- Xp-hnn ho- pw P-\n- H-cp hy- n, ]-cn-ip- m-flm-hn- \m \n-d-b-s - -h-\m-bn, \n-b-{ n- -s -Sp- -h-\m-b H- cp hy- n, tem-i-øn-se A-\o-Xn-]-c-am-b km-º-øn-i km-aq-lni hy-h-ÿn-xn-bn hn-π-hi-c-am-b am- -߃ kr- n- p-hm kp-\n- n-x-am-b ]-cn-]m-sn-i-tfm-sp Iq-Sn {]-h -Øn- p- sn-dn-b sk- p-iƒ cq-]-h-ev - -cn- -Ww. k-ap-zm-b-sø ap-gp-h-\m-bn kv-] -in- p cq-]m- -c-s -Sp- Øp- C-Ø-cw sk- p-iƒ tem-i-øn-s \m-\m-`m-kß-fn-epw cq-]-sa-sp- -Ww-î. ì-g-xm-bm-epw kv-iq-fp-iƒ A-\-h-[n-bm-bn D- m-ip- Cu Im-e-Øv am-xr-im-]-c-am-bn kv-iq-fp-iƒ \-S-Øp- Np-a-X-e-hn- p a- p tk-h-\-am -Kß-fn k-`-bpw {In-kv- G{]n Xo-b am-t\-pp-sa pw {]-th-in- p-i-bm-wv \- -Xv-î. (]- {Xm-[n-]- -dn- v 1951) ì-ss{i-kv -X-h-k-` X-ß-fp-sS-X-s hn-izm-k-øn-ep- hnπ-h-i-c-am-b B-i-b-ß-sf I-s -Øp- -Xn-\pw, B B- i-b-ß-sf A-\p-k-cn- p- -Xn-\pw k- - -am-im-sx ]- cm-p-b-a-s- -Xm-Wv I-Ωyq-Wn-k-Øn-s hn-p-bw. txm- -hn-b-s- {In-kv-Xo-b kw-kv-im-c-hpw {In-kv-Xo-b ta- [m-hn-xz-hpw \n-e-\n - p-tºmƒ Nq-jn-Xcm-b P-\-hn-`m- K-Øn-\p km-aq-ly-\o-xn I-Ωyq-Wn-kw \ -Ip- p-î. (]- {Xm-[n-]- p-dn- v 1951) G-{]n e- Øn Ku-c-h-am-b {]-iv-\-øn-te- v tpm Ip-cy hn-c Nq- p-i-bm-wv. ì-cm-jv-{sn-b -t_m- [-ap- sn-dp- - - m \n-cm-im-`-cn-x-cm-i-ø-h-æw km-ap- Zm-bn-I-hpw km-º-øn-i-hp-am-b A-k-a-Xz ]-cn-lm-c-sø kw-_- n- -S-tØm-fw k-` ]-cm-p-b-a-s- n-cn- p- p. ap- X-em-fn-Øhp-am-bp- k-`-bp-ss _- -hpw bp-hm- -sf k-`-bn \n- -I- p- -Xn-\pw Im-c-W-am-bn- p- v. k-`m t\- Xm- - m km-aq-lni ]-cn-jv-i -Øm- -fm-bn-cn- -Wwî Pq- e- -Øn ss\-\m -tim-in bp-h-p-\-ß-fpss hn-im-c-ß-sf H-cp te-j-\-øn-eq-ss A-dn-bn- p-i-bm- Wv. ì-k-`m t\-xr-xzw i-cn-bm-b D-tØ-P-\-hpw t{]m- ml-\-hpw D-W - pw bp-h-p-\-߃- v \ -Ip- p-sh- n, G-Xp h -Im-cy-hpw A-\m-bm-tk-\ {]-h -Øn-]-Y-Ønse-Øn- m-sa- p- -Xv A-hn-X - n-x-am-wv. {]-Xyp-X k- `-bn-se bp-h-p-\-ß-sf ti-h-ew D-]-cn-π-h-am-b Nn- m-k- Xn-I-fp-sS th-en-tb- -Øn ]n- n-cn- m B-i-b-ß-sf ap-dp-si ]n-sn- p-hm k-`m-t\-xr-xzw A-\p-h-Zn- p-i-bmsw- n h-cp- {]-Xn-tem-a-]-c-am-b {]-Xym-Lm-X-߃ Iq-Sp-X hn-j-aw ]n-sn- {]-iv-\-߃ A-gn- p-hn-sp-sa- p- -Xv {]-I-S-am-Wv. X-ß-fp-sS I -Ø-hy-߃ hn-kv-a-cn- m-sx B-flm - -tbm-ss {]-h -Øn-sb-Sp-Øm k-`bn \q-x-\ ssn-x-\y-hpw sh-fn- -hpw {]-I-S-am-Ip- {]-`m-xw A-{X-sbm- pw hn-zq-c-a-. B {]-`m-x-øn-\m-bn ]-S-sh- m, ]-Wn-sb-Sp- m -{]-`m-x-øn-s tim-`-\- am-b D-Z-b-Øn-\v k-`-bv- -I-Øv H-cp km-aq-lnihn-π-hw X-s D- m-i-ww- -bp-h-p-\-߃ Zr-V-{]-Xn- snøp-hm X-øm-dm-Ip-sa- n -î Pq-sse e- -Øn c- -sb- p-dn- p ]-{Xm-[n-]- pdn- v F-gp-Xn-bn- p- v. ì-hy- n-i-fp-ss am-{x-am-bp- c- sb- p-dn- p C-\n-bpw k-` Xp-S - v ]-Tn- n- p-i-bpw snbv-xm A-Xv -`q-x-im-e-øn-se H-cp A - -k-xyw am-{xam-wv F- v B-t -]n- -s - p-t]m-ip-hm-\n-s-bp- v-î. ì-a-lm-bn-s-h-i h-kv-xp- ƒ k-ºm-zn- -Xv an-j-\-dn-am-cpss {]-h -Ø-\-ß-fm k-`-bp-ss Iq- m-bv-a-bn-te- v h- -h - v Xm-a-kn- p- -Xn-\p ku-i-cy-ap- m- p- -Xn-\msW- pw, a-dn- v k-aq-l-øn-se D- -X-cm-b Bƒ- m - v -hn - p-hm-\p- {]-h-w-x A-]-e-]-\o-b-am-sW- pw ]-{Xm-[n-]- p-dn- p-i-fn Iq-Sn Nq- n- m-wn- p- p. dm- \yq hnj t^m F sn-bn- nmv thƒ-uv

19 n-bn-se ]p-c-bn-s CS-]m-Sp-Iƒ hn-a -i-\ hn-t[-b-am-hp- p- -îv. a-lm-bn-s-h-i bp-h-p-\-k-tω-f\w {]-kn-u mbn-cp- si.kn am-xyp (d-h.) C-ß-s\-bm-Wv -bp-h-tem- I-Øn Iq-sS {]-Xn-I-cn- p- -Xv. -k-aq-l-øn D- \o- N-Øt_m-[w h- p ]p-e -Øn I-cn-]p-c- h-i-ß-sf Xmtem-en- v am-\-h-k-ap-zm-b-øn-s ]p-tcm-k-xn- v hn-e-ßp- X-Sn-bm-bn \n - p- -Xv ap-x-em-fn-ø ]u-tcm-ln-xy -Iq- p-si- m-wv. a-xw F- p- hn-h- A- m-ss kzo-i-cn- p-hm A-km- y-am-sw- p ]-e-cpw hm-zn- p-sa- n-epw {]m-tbm-kn-i {]-h -Ø-\-Øn hm-kv-x-h-a-x-t F- p kw-i-bn- m Im-c-W-ß-fp- v. k-`-sb hn-a -in- p-hm-\pw Xn-cp-Øp-hm-\p-ap- A-h-Imiw bp-h-p-\-߃- v C- v \n-tj-[n- -s - n-cn- -bm-wv H-tŒm-_ e- w ]-{Xm-[n-]-k-an-Xn-bp-sS A-`n-{]mbw C- pw {]-k- -am-wv. ì-a-`n-{]m-b kzm-x-{ yw F- p- -Xv P-\m-[n-]-Xy `-c- W-Iq-S-ß-fn am-{x-a- {In-kv-Xo-b-k-`-bp-sS D- n-epw e-`n-t - au-en-i A-h-Im-i-ß-fn-sem- m-wv F- p R-߃ hn-iz-kn- p- p-. k-`-bp-ss D- n-se A-ss{Ikv-X-h-hpw A-\o-Xn-]-c-hp-am-b Im-cy-ß-sf tnm-zyw snøp- -Xp-aq-ew bp-h-p-\-߃- v k-`-tbm-sp- `- n Ipd-bp-I-bm-sW- n A-Xn F- m-wv `-b-s -Sm-\p- -Xv. ì-km-aq-lni A-k-a-Xz-ß-sf- p-dn- pw km-º-øn-i \o- Xn-sb- p-dn- pw [m- -Ωn-I-t_m-[-sØ- p-dn- pw `mc-s - Sp- bp-h-p-\-߃- v, A-h - p-th- n ssz-h-\m-a-øn t]m-cm-sp-hm k-`-bp-ss D- n- km- y-am-ip- n-s s - n I-Ωyq-Wn-kv- p ]m - n-bn-te- v X- n hn-sp-i-bm-wv \mw sn-øp- -sx- v Hm - n- p-sim- -s. I-Ωyq-Wn-ktØm-Sp hn-p-b-i-c-am-bn F-Xn - -W-sa- n km-aq-lni- \o-xn- p-th- n t]m-cm-sp-hm-\p- H-cp k-a-c-ta-j-e k- `-bp-ss D- n \n -Ωn- p- -Xp-sIm- p am-{x-am-bn-cn- pw. ì-\n-e-hn-en-cn- p- hy-h-ÿn-xn-iƒ A-h \n-e-hn-en-cn- p- -Xp-sIm- p-am-{xw ssz-h-ln-x-øn-\v A-\p-tbm-Pn- -Xm-sW- pw A-Xn-t\m-Sp a-dp-x-en- p- -h-sc- mw hn-πh-im-cn-i-fpw tzm-jn-i-fpw B-sW- p- Nn- {In-kv- Xo-b-am-sW- v C- -sø bp-h-tem-iw k-ω-xn- p sim- Sp- -bn- F- -Xv kp-\n- n-x-am-wv Pq-sse-bn Im-\w C.sP, I-]ym, ]- - m, _nj- p Xp-S-ßn ]-e ÿm-\- m-tc-bpw -\n- n-x-am-bn hna -in- v F-gp-Xn-b ""I-S-epw I-S-em-Sn-bpw'' F- te-j-\w 1947 ap-x 1990 h-sc-bp- bp-h-tem-i-øn-s e- -߃ hm-bn- p- G-sXm-cmƒ- pw Nn-e Im-cy-߃ hy- - am-bn ]-d-bp-hm km-[n- pw. k-aq-l-sø- - n-bpw k-`-sb- - n-bpw hy- -am-b Nn-e Imgv-N- m-sp-iƒ D- H-cp ]- w sn-dp- - m C-Xn-s ]n-d- In {]-h -Øn- p-sim- n-cn- p- p. \o-xn, a-\p-jy-xzw, kv-t\-lw, km-tlm-z-cyw, k-a-xzw F- o aq-ey-߃- v Du- \ -Ip- te-j-\-ß-fpw ]-{Xm-[n-]- p-dn- p-ifpw {]-kn- o-i-cn- v C-h-sb- p-dn- p- A-h-t_m-[w bph-p-\-ß-fn kr- n- p-hm {i-an- n-cp- p. ap-x-em-fn-ø hy-h-ÿn-xn-sb \ym-bo-i-cn- p-sim- p- H-cp te-j-\- tam, ]-{Xm-[n-]- p-dn- p-i-tfm H-cp e- -Øn-epw Im-Wphm km-[n- p-i-bn-. a-dn- v I-Ωyq-Wn-kv- p km-aq-lni hy-h-ÿn-xn-sb \ym-bo-i-cn- p- [m-cm-fw Ip-dn- p-iƒ bp-h-tem-i-øn Im-Wmw. I-Ωyq-Wn-kw F- p tiƒ- p-tºmƒ hn-d-fn-]n-sn- p- a-x t\-xm- - m-cpw {In-kv- Xym-\n-I-fpw Po-hn- n-cp- 1950I-fn A-Xn-\-\p-Iq-e-ambn ]-d-bp- -Xv Xn-I- pw km-l-kn-i-am-b G - m-sm-bn-cp- p. (I-Ωyq-Wn-Ãp ]m - n-tbm-sv Xm-Zm-fly-s - p F- v C-Xn-\ - -an- ) k-`-bn-se H-cp Xn-cp-Ø i- nbm-bn {]-h -Øn- p-hm \n-tbm-kn- -s - -h-cm-wv X-߃ F- t_m-[w {]-ÿm-\-øn-\pw bp-h-tem-iw am-kn-i-bv- pw D-f-f-Xm-bn hm-b-\- m-c-\v A-\p-`-h-s -Spw. 1970I-fn n- F-kv tpm-k-^v Xn-cp-ta-\n-sb _n-j- m- p-hm bp-h-p-\-{]-ÿm-\w \n-e-]m-ss-sp-øxv {i-t b-am-bn-cp- p. A- m-bn-cp-s n n -F-kv -tpm-k-^v Xncp-ta-\n a-lm-bn-s-h-i _n-j- m-in- m-bn-cp- p F- -Xm-Wv s]m-xp-sh-bp- hn-e-bn-cp-ø. A-Sn-b- -cm-h-ÿ-s -Xn-sc hy- -am-b \n-e-]m-ss-sp-ø k-`-bm-bn-cp- p kn-f-kv -sf. ]-t Cw-Kv -f- n-se H-cp ]- cn-]m-sn-bn ]-s -Sp-Ø-t mƒ A- -sø P-\-d sk-{i- dn A-Sn-b- cm-hm-ÿ-sb \ym-boi-cn- p kw-km-cn- p-i-bp- m-bn tim- -b-øv \-S- kn-\-un A-Xn-s\-Xnsc i- -am-bn {]-Xn-tj-[n- v bp-h-p-\-t\-xm- - m t\m- n-kn-d- n-b-xv h-en-b tim-fn-f- -ap- m- p-i-bp- m-bn. a-lm-bn-s-h-i bp-h-p-\-k-jy-tam, bp-h-p-\-k-tω-f- \-tam, bp-h-tem-iw am-kn-i-tbm a-lm-bn-s-h-i- \ -In-b km-º-øn-i k-lm-bw sim- p h-f - p h- -h-b-. ]- cn-]m-sn-iƒ {I-ao-I-cn- p-i, ]-Ww I-s -Øn-s m- p- I F- -Xm-bn-cp- p \-bw. a-lm-bn-s-h-i-bw-k-ß-fp-ss-bn- S-bn ]-Ww ]n-cn- p- -Xn-s\ a-lm-bn-s-h-i X-S-k-s - Sp-Øn-bn-cp- n-. {]-h -Ø-\ kzm-x-{ y-ap- -h-bm-bncp- p bp-h-p-\-{]-ÿm-\-hpw, bp-h-p-\ k-tω-f-\-hpw bph-tem-iw am-kn-i-bpw bp-h-p-\ {]-ÿm-\-øns -bpw bp-h-p-\-k-tω-f-\-øn-s -bpw kzm-x-{ yw \-jv- S-s - p bp-h-tem-iw am-kn-i-bp-ss {]-kn- o-i-c- Whpw \n-e- p. bp-h-p-\-{]-ÿm-\-øn-\v Adp-]-Øntbgph-b-kpw bp-h-p-\ k-tω-f-\-øn-\v \qdph-b-kpam- hm-b-\- m-cp-ss \n-in-x- -am-b hn-a -i-\-øn-\v C-S-bm-Ip- p. A-Xn-\p a-dp-]-sn-bm-bn F-gp-Xn-b ]-{Xm-[n-]- p-dn- nse H-cp hm-n-iw {i- n- p-i. ì-]p-cm-x-\-im-ew ap-x B-Z-cn- p-t]m- -Xv F- G-I Im-c-Ww aq-ew k-aq-l-øn-se G-sX- n-epw ÿm-\-tam, ÿm-]-\-tam, C- -sø bp-h-p-\-ß-fp-ss _-lp-am-\w tnm-zyw sn-ø-s -Sm-sX B - n- -W-sa- p Nn- n- p- p- v F- v h-cn-in A-Xp ti-h-ew an-yym-t_m-[-ambn-cn- pw-îbn. 19 \yq hnj t^m F sn-bn- nmv thƒ-uv 19 G{]n 2017

20 Book Review Such a Man Did Live: Celebrating the Life of Suffragon Metropolitan Zacharias Mar Theophilos There are some initiatives that would stand out in history not only because of its monumental value but also because of the appropriateness of its timing. "Such a Man Did Live" is one such kairoticgift to all of us and as the title of book suggests it indeed is one expression of the celebration of the life and ministry of Suffragan Metropolitan Zacharias Mar Theophilos. It is on the one hand a reflection of hundred people of repute, who journeyed alongside Thirumeni. Like anyone else in the world they were also grieved by his loss since they walked closely with him or at least watched him closely as he went about ministering to the people of God. On the other hand it is a beautiful caricaturing of Thirumeni using a wide variety of verbal images that comes from the hearts of people who intimately interacted with him. There is no disputing the fact that Thirumeni was much more a towering personality than the book could capture, but at the same time one must admit that the larger than life impact of Thirumeni is very fairly captured in the kaleidoscope the book tries to offer to the reader. The 400 page volume published by the Notion Press stands out primarily for the galaxy of contributors. These wide ranging personalities include Bishop Zacharias classmates, colleagues, co- workers and co-travellers in life s pilgrimage. The fact that twenty five Bishops of global stature has written in itself tells of the influence Thirumeni was. The General Secretary of the Christian Conference of Asia and former General Secretaries of the World Council of Churches along with several other ecumenical personalities of repute have penned their impressions. The editors Rev. Vinod Victor, Mr. Jacob Chandy Varghese and Mr. Oommen Koruth have all had a very personal and passionate relationship with Bishop Zacaharias and that is evident in the care with which they have weaved together the tapestry of the book. The Publishers have done a good work in giving a professional touch to the book though one could have desired that the photographs were more obvious and patterns more uniform. There are gems culled from the life of Thirumeni in each of the hundred articles but that is best left for the reader to cherish grabbing a copy of the book. The Editorial board and the advisory team must be complemented for the meticulous work behind mustering such a variety of articles. Yes one could surely point out several key omissions. People who worked closely with Thirumeni and would have been able to give deeper insights about his personality. But not everything can be included in one book. The Glimpses of Thought though given without the context of each gives us several personal traits of the great man. The analysis of his songs, the sharing of his selected sermons and the attempt to read his theology and mission in the back drop of modern scholarship are worth the attempt. It is only appropriate that Santhigiri one of the most conspicuous living memorials of Thirumeni s vision and passion has taken up the onus to publish this book and to distribute it and as the Preface hopes, this book would help several people to be inspired to live a life which such a man lived. Rev. Sunny George Niranam Hcn- {Intkmkv w 20 Xncp-ta\n amcm-a I -sh j-\n {]kw-kn- -Xn-{]-Im-c-am-bn-cp- p. \Ωƒ H m-sw v F{X ]d- mepw icn-bm-in-. R߃ sa{xm- - m Itk-c-bn Ccn- p- p. \n߃ aw- p-d-øpw. R߃ hnnm-cn- m aw- p-d-øn-cn- mw. ]t \n߃ hnnm-cn- m ChnsS Ccn- m ] n-. ]nt -Zn-hkw _q n-{`-a-ap Hcp bphmhv Xncp-ta-\n-bpsS ASpØ Itk-c-bn Ib-dn-bn-cp- p. I sh j \S-Øn- ns Npa-X-e-bp- -bmƒ bphm-hns\ A\p- \-b-s -SpØn Fgp-t ev- n p sim p t]mbn. Xncp-ta\n Ah-km\w sbi-ømhv 29: 24 D -cn- p. at\m-hn-{`-a-ap- -h m\w {Kln- pw. Fs {]kwkw _p n-{`-a-ap- -h t a\- n-emiq F mwv txm p- -Xv. am {Intkmkv w G{]n \yq hnj t^m F sn-bn- nmv thƒ-uv

21 - n. tpm Pv _l- m Iu k-e & sxdm- n-ãv sj -fn Im-a-tdm ss_- v F- \m-aw ]-e - pw ]-cn-nn-x-a-. F- m ti-t m-fq. Adn-b-s Sm-Ø H-cp A- p-x h-\n-x-bm-wv A- h {_n- o-jv B -anbn tn-cm A-h sk-e- t_m -Un-s ap -]nse-øn. A-h - v Nn-cn h- p. ""H-cp ]p-cp-j-\v sn-øm I-gn-bp- F- m tpm-en-i-fpw G-Xv kv -{Xo- pw A-Xn-epw `w-kn-bm-bn sn-øm I-gn-bpw'' F- v sj -fn ]-d- -t mƒ ]n-s -bpw A-h ]-cn-lm-k-tøm-ss Nn-cn- p. F- mbm-epw C -hyq F- I-S-º I-S- A-h ]n-s Xn-cn- p-t\m- n-bn-. H-cp Xo-\m-ºm-bn, t]-am-cn-bm-bn, ]-\n- \o a-g-bm-bn A-h {_n- o-jv s]m-eo-kn-s F-Æ-a- ]- S-hp-Iƒ N-hn- n-i-b-dn. A-h-km-\w sj -fn Im-a-tdm ss_- v sa-t{sm-t]m-fn- hn-a s]m-eo-kn-s t\-xr- Xz-ÿm-\-Øv F-Øn. A-h H-cp C-Xn-lm-k-am-bn. A- h-sc ]-cn-l-kn- v Nn-cn- -h sj -fn-bp-ss D-Ø-c-hp-Iƒ ti- v sr- n. ss[-cy-øn-s -bpw k-xy-k- -X-bp-sS-bpw, C- m-i- n-bp-ss-bpw aq -Øn-`m-h-am-bn-cp- p A-h. ]- s \n-cm-i-bn X-I-cp- hy- n-xz-ß-sf A-h i- n-s -Sp-Øn ho-s -Sp-Øp. A-h F- m-h-sc-bpw H-cpt]m-se kv -t\-ln- p. A-h-cp-sS km- z-\-hm- p-i-fpw, a- [p-c-sam-gn-i-fpw A-h-sc hy-xy-kv -X-bm-b s]m-eo-kv Hm- ^o-k-dm- n. tum F-h-dn- v F-gp-Xn-b sj -fn-bp-ss Po-h-N-cn-{Xw h-en-b hm-b-\m-\p-`-h-߃ \-ap- v \ -Ipw. C-\n a-s m-cp h-\n-x-sb - n ]-d-bmw \-hw-_ \m-emw Xo-b-Xn-bn-se ]-{X-ß-fn-se G- -hpw h-en-b \yqkv Pn-Ωn Im - bp. F-kv. {]-kn-u m-b-xm-wv. A-tacn- I- a-lm- m-cm-b t\-xm- - m-cn H-cm-fm-bn-cp- p Im -. [m -Ωn-I-X-bn-epw, B-flo-b-X-bn-epw A-Snbp-d- v hn-iz-kn- p hn-iz-{]-i-kv -X-\m-bn, Pn-Ωn Im -. C- pw A-t±-lw A-ta-cn- -bn km-aq-lni]-h -Ø-\- ß-fn k-po-h-am-wv. {]-kn-u v sx-c-s -Sp- n spdmƒ-uv t^m -Uv F- i- -\m-b t\-xm-hn-s\ X-d-]- n- v A-ta-cn- -bp-ss 39-m-a-sØ {]-kn-u m-b Pn-Ωn Im - dn-s hy- n- am-lm-fly-øn-s s{i-un- v aq- v kv -{Xo-Iƒ- m-wv F- v A-t±-lw A-k- n-kv -[-am-bn ]-d-bp- p. Pn-Ωn Im - -dn-s A-Ω en- nb Im -, `m-cy tdm-ken -Uv Im - a-iƒ A-an-Im -. en- n-b Im - H-cp A-]q - hy- n-xz-ap- kv {Xo-bm-bn-cp- p. h -Ko-b-X-s -Xn-sc-bp- t]m-cm- -Øn ap -\n-c-bn-em-bn-cp- p A-h. Iq-Sm-sX {]-kn- -am-b ]okv tim ]vkn A-h tn - p. [m-cm-fw ]p-dw-cm-py-ß-fnƒ A-h {]-h -Øn- - p. B kw-l-s-\-bn-se G- -hpw {]mbw Iq-Sn-b kv -{Xo A-Xm-b-Xv 68m-a-sØ h-b-kn B-{^n- -bn-epw, C- y-bn-epw {]-h -Øn- m A-h Xo-cp-am- \n- p. -Xo-cp-am-\w ]-e-sc-bpw sr- n- p. A-h C- y-bnse-øn H-cp c-pn-tã -Uv t\gv -km-bn t_mw-s_-bn-se hnt{im-fn-bn-se tkm-zv -td-pv Ão ^ -Wn- ^m-iv -S-dn-bpam-bn _- -s - n-\n- n c- ph -jw kv -Xp-Xy -lam-b tk-h-\w snbvxp. C- y-sb A-Sp-Ø-dn- A- h C- y-bp-ss kp-lr-øm-bn. Adp-\q-tdmfw thzn-i-fn {]-kw-kn p. A- zm-\n- p- -h-sc a-\- n-em- m-\pw, [mcm-fw D-Ø-c-hm-Zn-Ø-߃ kz-bw G-s -Sp-Øv \-S-Øm-\pw A-h - v km-[n- p. H-cp t\-gv -kv F- \n-e-bn [m-cm-fw ]m-h-s - I-dp-Ø-h-sc A-h ip-{iq-jn- p. \- A-Ω-am -t \- a- ƒ D- m-iq F- snm- v C-hn-sS A-\z - -am-ip- p. H-cp Zn-h-kw G-Xm- v C-cp-]- Xv X-h-W {]m - n- m k-a-bw I-s -Øn-b {]-kn- U v Pn-Ωn Im - -dn-s Po-hn-X-sØ kzm-[o-\n- G- - hpw h-en-b hy- n en- n-b Im - -dm-bn-cp- p. tpm -Pnbm-bn-se \n-e- -S-e-Ir-jn- m-c-\m-b Pn-Ωn Im - A- ta-cn- {]-kn-u m-b-xn-s ]n n en- n-b Im - X-s. Pn-Ωn Im - -dn-s ]n-xm-hv 1953 a-cn- p. ]ns F- mw en- n-b Im - - Gs -Sp-Øp. C-\n a-s m-cp h-\n-x-sb ]-cn-n-b-s -Smw. cm-p-ÿm - Im tum-iv -S-dm n F- Hm-a-\-t -cv hn-fn- p- tum. {_n-p- v tpm-k-^v F- sxm-æq- nc- pim-cn C- pw I - Ω-\n-c-X-bm-Wv. I-gn- G-gv ]-Xn- m- m-bn ssh-zy-tkh-\-cw-k-øv k-po-h-am-bn {]-h -Øn- p- p. Cu kv -{Xo-c- Xv -\w cm-p-ÿm -Im-cp-sS {]n-b-s - -h-fm-wv. {_n- o-jp-imcp-ss Im-e-Øv A-Xm-b-Xv 1940 A-h cm-p-ÿm-\n-se- Øn. ssl-kv -Iqƒ ]T-\-Øn-\p-ti-jw B-{K-bn Fw.- _n.-_n.-f-kpw, t_mw-s_-bn \n- v ssk-\-t m-f-pn-bn Fw.-Unbp-sa-Sp-Øp. ]n-s t\-sc t]m-b-xv cm-p-ÿm- 21 \yq hnj t^m F sn-bn- nmv thƒ-uv 21 G{]n 2017

22 \n-se Bƒ-hm-dn-te- v. A-hn-sS-sbØn-b B-Zy a-e-bmfn tum-iv -S. C- v tum-iv -S-dm n k-po-h-am-bn cw-k-øp- v.v kz- w tpm-en-sb- - n-bp- ip-jv -Im- n, tk-h-\- Øn-ep- Pm-{K-X F- mw tum. {_n-p- v tpm-k-^n-s\ a- l-xzøn-te- v \-bn- n-cn- p- p. C-\n ssn-{x sf.-]n.-f-kv F- an-sp- n-sb ]-cn-n-bs -Smw. an-i- Hmƒ du- v h-\n-xm s{]m-t_-j-w, an- I- h-\n-x Hu- v -tum s{]m-t_-j-w F- n-h- p- t{sm-^n-i-ƒ A-h G- p-hm-ßn. ssl-z-cm-_m-zv t]m-eo-kv A- m-z-an-bp-ss N-cn-{X-Øn B-Zy-am-bm-Wv H-cmƒ Cu c- v t{sm-^n-i-fw I-c-ÿ-am- p- -Xv. a-e-bm-fn-bp-ss A- `n-am-\-am-bn am-dn-b ssn-{x ti-c-f ti-u-dn-te- v X-s bm-wv h-cp- -Xv. tkm-tjym-f-pn-bn am-ã _n-cp-z-ap- ssn-{x F- an-sp- n s] -Ip- n ti-c-f-øn-se bp-h- X-e-ap-d-bv - v {]-tnm-z-\-am-ipw. h-c-pm-jm F- s] -Ip- n-sb Iq-Sn ]-cn-n-b-s -Sp- Ømw. Cu ]-Xn-\m-dp-Im-cn \n- -Zm -Vy-tØm-sS ap-t m- v Ip-Xn- p- p. tz-io-b-x-e-øn ss- o-kv Xm-c-am-Wv ]-s A-h - v hn-am-\w ]-d-øm-\m-wv Xm-ev -]-cyw. Kp- P-dm-Øn \n- pw hn-am-\w ]-d-øm-\p- sse-k -kv t\-sp- G- -hpw {]m-bw Ip-d- B-fm-Wv h-cp. ssek -kv t\-sn-b A- v h-c-p-bp-ss 16- mw P- -Zn-\w Iq-Sn-bm- Wv. ]n-xm-hv {]-im- n-\v A-h-sf ss]-e- m-bn Im-Wm-\m- Wv B-{K-lw. A-Ω ]p -hn tam-zn-jm-bv - v a-i-sf ss- okv Xm-c-am- m-\m-wv B-{K-lw. C-cp-h-cp-sS-bpw B-{K-l߃ Cu sim- p-an-sp- n k-^-eo-i-cn- n-cn- p- p. sf-iy-cm-jv -{S k-` am - v 8 tem-i h-\n-xm-zn-\-am-bn B-N-cn- p- p. am - v F- v \-Ω-fpw B-tLm-jn- p. B- tlm-j-øn-s `m-k-am-bn- m-wv C-hn-sS h-\n-x-i-sf- - n F-gp-Xn-b-Xv. k-am-[m-\-øn-\pw, k-a-xz-øn-\pw, ]p-tcm-k- Xn- pw- th- n-bp- t]m-cm- -Øn kv -{Xo-Iƒ- v F- v sn-ømw F- v Nn- n- m Iq-Sn-bm-Wv Cu Zn-h-kw. am- - Øn-\p-th- n ss[-cy-ap- -h-cm-bn-cn- p-i F- -Xm-Wv 2017 se tem-i-h-\n-xm-zn-\ Nn- m-hn-j-bw. am- -sø- - n hmtxm-cm-sx kw-km-cn- m, sk-an-\m-dp-iƒ kw-l-sn- n- m am- -߃ D- m-in-. s] -Ip- n-iƒ- v ]-cn-io-e-\w In-t - k-a-b-øv A- Xv In- p- n-., A-Xv B-Zyw In-t - -Xv ho- n-em-wv. B- [p-\n-i A-Ω-am - v kz- w Ip- n-i-sf h-f -Øp- -Xn-s\- - n-bp- A- -X h-f-sc h-enbxm-wv. h- -t m-gpw h- en-b h-\n-x-iƒ {]-Xy- -s - m t]m-cm.! h-f-cp- Hmtcm s] -Ip- n-bpw Ip-Spw-_-Øn-\pw k-aq-l-øn-\pw {]- tbm-p-\-ap- -h-cm-bn am-dn-sb- n am-{x-ta \-Ωp-sS k-aqlw \- m-iq. A-Xn-\p- ]-cn-io-e-\w ho- n X-s ssi-i-h-øn-epw _m-ey-øn-epw \ I-Ww. Cu c-l-kyw am-xm-]n-xm- ƒ- v A-dn-bn-. Iu-am-c-Øn ]-cn-io-e-\w Xp-S-ßp-tºm-gm-Wv s] -a- -tfm-sv am-xm-]n-xm- ƒ- v "Ae-bv -t '- n- h-cp- -Xv. C- -sø s] -Ip- n-iƒ- v hn-h-c-hpw, hn-th-i-hpw Ip- G{]n d-bp- p., im-c-o-cn-i-hpw am-\-kn-i-hpambn A-h Zp -_- e-cm-ip- p F- k-xyw a-\ n-em- q. A-h I-gn- p- `- -W-hpw A-h hm-bn- p- ]p-kv -X-I-ß-fpw \n-ehm-cw Ip-d- -Xm-Wv. ]-e - pw H- pw hm-b-\m-io-e-an- F- p- -Xv ]-c-a-k-xyw. Cu-bn-sS H-cp ^-Ãv t{k-uv tim-tfn G- -hpw \- aq- v hn-zym - n-i-sf Xn-c-s -Sp- p- C -hyq \-S- Øm sn- -t mƒ a-\- n-em-b H-cp Im-cyw c-k-i-c-am- Wv. C -hyq-hn\v h- Ccp-]Xv hn-zym - n-i-fn ]søm ]Xv s] -Ip- n-iƒ H-cp B -Ip- n. ]-e-c-pw H- pw hm-b-\m-io-e-an- m-ø-h, Zn-\-]-{Xw t]m-epw hm-bn- m-ø-h. A-h hm-bn- n- p- ]p-kv -X-I-߃ X-s ss]- n-fn ]p-kv -X-I-߃. tn-x -`-K-Øn-s ]p-kv -X-Iß-sf Nn-e hm-bn- n- p- q. \- m-kn- p-iƒ hm-bn- n- p- -h H-t m c-t m t]. Cu ]-cn-xm-]-i-c-am-b A-h-ÿ-bp-sS A-\- -c-^-e-ß-fm-wv \mw k-aq-l-øn Im-Wp- -Xv. hm- v -kvb- n-s -bpw. n.-hn.-bp-ss-bpw, C - s\- n-s -bpw ]n-sn-bn-em-b [m-cm-fw s] -Ip- n-iƒ- v F- v D-Zm-Ø-am-b a-t\m-`m-h-am-wv D- m-ti- -Xv. Iu -k-enmns\-øn-b s] -Ip- n-i-fp-ss hm- p-iƒ tiƒ- q, "k R-߃ s] -Ip- n-i-f-t ]-e-bn-s-øpw H-Xp-ßn sim-sp-t - -Xv R-ß-ft.' Cu a-t\m-`m-hw hn-h-c-t -Spw a-\x-im-kv -{X ssh-i-ey-hp-am-wv. H-cp hy- n- Xz {]-Xn-k- n-bm-wnxv - (Identity Crisis). kz-bw A-_-e-Ifm-sW- v Nn- n- v F- m-h-sc-bpw X-e-bn ti-dm A- \p-h-zn- p- -Xm-Wv C- -sø {]-Xn-k- n- v Im-c-Ww. I-Æp-cp- p- -h-s -bpw I-a -Sn- p- -h-s -bpw ap-j-øv t\m- n "t]m-sm ]p-t ' F- v ]-d-bm-\p- X-t -Sw s] -Ip- n-iƒ- p- m-i-ww. A-Xv A-l- m-c-a-. ss[-cyw. C- Xv \-Ωƒ sn-dp- -Øn-te s] -Ip- n-i-fn D- m- n-sb- Sp- -Ww. h-f-sc sn-dp- -Øn -X-s A-h - v D-Ø-chm-Zn-Ø-߃ sim-sp- -Ww, t_m-[-h - -cn- -Ww B -Ip- n-iƒ sn-øp- F- m Im-cy-ß-fpw A-h-cpw snø-ww. A-t mƒ A-h X-t -S-ap- -h-cm-ipw, A-ß-s\ enw-k-k-a-xzw km-h-[m-\w D- m-bn-sim- pw. ]-e-cp-ss-bpw R-c-ºns bp- n D-d- p-in-s- p- ]p-cp-j-ta-[m-hn-xz- Øn-s Aw-iw A-en- p-t]m-ipw. C-hn-sS \-c \-cn-bmbm \m-cn ]p-en-bm-bn-t m-fpw kw-i-bn- -. C-hn-sS ]ƒ-k kp-\n-am-cpw tkm-hn-µ- m-an-am-cpw cw-k-øv h-cn-. A-Xn-\v ss[-cy-ap- A-Ω-am D- m-i-ww. ]-s \-Ωp-sS `q-cn-]- w A-Ω-am-cpw tim-a-un-tjm-bn-se hn-e- Ip-d- kw-`m-j-w-hpw, ko-cn-b-en-se sk n-sa -kpw, ]n-s hm- v -kv -B- n-se sa-tk-pp-i-fpw sim- v Xr-]v -Xns -Sp- -h-cm-wv. A-Xp-sIm- v k-aq-l-sø Ip- w ]-d-bcp-xv. {]-iv -\w Ip-Spw-_-Øn X-s -bm-wv. A-Ω-am A-h-cp-sS D-Ø-c-hm-Zn-Ø߃ a-d- m-xn-cn- p-i. \-ΩpsS s] -Ip- p-߃ an-sp- n-i-fm-i-s \yq hnj t^m F sn-bn- nmv thƒ-uv

23 ]-{X- -Zr-iy am-[-y-a-ß-fn-se a-ø-ß X-e-s - p- hm -Ø: "ar-k-im-e Und-Iv-S {io-ip-am-c- p-dp- ns\ Im- m-\n-.' t]m-eo-kv s\-t m- -tam-sn, t]m-eo-kn B-dp-X-h- W A-gn- p-]-wn \-S-Øn, am-[-y-a-ß-sf `-b- v B-`-y- -c h-ip- p-a-{ n tim- - -en ]n-gn- n-en-\v A-Uv-an- m-bn. Ip-dp- n-s ho- p-im ]-Xn-hp k-^-dnmv lotdm-i-sf-t m-se sk-{i- -dn-tb- p ]-Sn- Ip-Øn-bncn- p \n-cm-lm-c k-x-ym-{k-lw Xp-S-ßn. ar-k-im-e Poh-\- m ln-t m-s]m- m-a-kn-s\ F-gp-s - n- v \-Kcw Np- n {]-Xn-tj-[ {]-I-S-\ bm-{x \-S-Øn. "Ip-dp- v an-knmv' hn-j-b-øn h -Ko-b-X a-w- p- p-s - v h -Ko-b I- n-i-fpw cm-jv-{snb-ap-s - v cm-jv-{snb I- n-i-fpw \yq-\-]- -a-x]o-u-\-amsw- v a-x-t\-xm- -am-cpw kv-t{sm-ßv-en A-t -Uv! ap-j-y {Sm- n-em-bn, ssk-_ - -sss-k s]m-eo-kp- Im A-cn- p s]-dp- n-bn- pw s]m-sn-t]m-ep-an- I- p ]n-sn- m. Ip-dp- v an-knmv t^m tx - n -tu-bv-kv H-Sp-hn sn-{ m- n- n {io. N-{µ- P-Uv-Pn tl- _n-b-kv tim -]-kv dn- v ]p-d-s -Sp-hn- p. ]n-s -Zn-h-kw Un-sF-Pn- v H-cp A-t\m-\n-a-kv sa-tk-pv: "Ip-dp- v F- s I-Ã-Un-bn Po-h-t\m-Sp- v. \n-cp-]m-[n-iw tim- S-Xn-bn Io-g-S-ßp-hm A-\p-h-Zn- m sxm- n ap- X-ep-am-bn tim-s-xn-bn-se-ømw.' sa-tk-pn-s D-d-hn-Sw tx-sn ssk-_ ss{iw _yqtdm s]-sm- m-sp-s]- n- pw ^-ew Im-Wm-Xm-b-t mƒ sf- Pn am-[-y-a-߃ h-gn ]-d- p: "A-d-Ãv D- m-hn- m \n߃- p h-cmw.' ho pw A-t\m-\n-a-kv sa-tk-pv: "Im- n-bn hni-zm-k-an-, bp-h Hm-W N-{µ- km ]-d-b-ww.' N-{µ- km Un- -tb -Uv: "Rm \n-߃- p-th- n \m-sf c- p-a-wn-h-sc a- p ti-kp-i-sf- mw H-gnhm- n F-s tn-º-dn Im-Øn-cn- p- -Xm-Wv. ss[- c-y-am-bn h-t m-fp, B-cpw \n-ß-sf A-d-Ãv sn-ø-øn-.' ]n-s -Zn-h-kw tim-s-xn h-f- n h P-\m-h-en-bpw s]m-eo-kpw kn-bm - n-bpw Pm-{K-X ]m-en- p \n - ptºmƒ, 12:30-\v tim-s-xn h-f- n-te- v Im-hn-ap- pw ta - -Sn Pp- -bpw [-cn- H-cm-fp-sS ssk- n-fn-s ]n -ko- n-en-cp- v an-knmv Ip-dp- p lm-p-cm-bn. A-]-cn-Nn-X P-Uv-Pn-sb kz-bw ]-cn-n-b-s -Sp-Øn: bp-h Hm-W, "C-t m-f-pn- Cw-πn-t -j -kv Hm- ^v Un-s^-Iv-So-hv A-\n-a ^mw am-t\-pv-sa v Un- Zn C-t m C- o-c ^m-z -Pn kn-j -kv' F- hn-j-b-øn ]n-f- v Un _n-cp-zw t\-sn-b C-t m C- o-c-bm-wv Rm. A-hn-Sp- v A-\ph-Zn- m Rm hn-j-b-øn-te- v I-S- mw. P-Uv-Pn-bn \n- v "s{]m-ko-uv' kn- In- n-bt mƒ C-t m C- o-c Xp-S - p: bp-h Hm-W, Rm H-cp {]-Ir-Xn kv-t\-ln-bm- Wv. a-\p-j-y am-{x-a- k-i-e Po-h-Pm-e-ß-fpw k- k-y-ß-fpw Cu `q-an-bp-ss Xp-ey A-h-Im-in-I-fm-sW- v hn-i-z-kn- p- H-cp F-fn-b ]-cn-ÿn-xn hm-zn. ap- -Xp Zn-h-kw-ap-ºv an. Ip-dp- v Und-Iv-S-dm-bn-cn- p- ar-k-im-e-bn Rm t]m-bn. sh-cn sh-cn sd-kv-s]- Iv-S-Uv bp-h Hm-W, A-hn-Sp-sØ Z-b-\o-b Im-gv-N I- -t mƒ F-s lr-z-bw X-I - p-t]m-bn. F-{X {Iq-c-am-b Im-gv-N-bm-Wp k Rm-\-hn-sS I- -Xv! s]mcn-bp- Nq-Sn C-cp-º-gn-Iƒ- p- n _-µn-i-fm- n ]q- n-bn- n-cn- p- {]-Ir-Xn-bp-sS A-h-Im-i-ap- {]nb a- ƒ. Zp -K- -]q-cn-x-am-b A- -co-jw, a-\p-j-y- X-z-an- m-ø {`m- k-µ -i-i-cp-ss I-t -dpw Xp- -epw I-fn-bm- -epw k-ln- v, Xz- v tcm-kw ]n-sn-s]- v, Xq-hep-Iƒ s]m-gn- v, A-`n-i-]v-X hn-[n-bp-ss hn-jm-z ta- Lm-hr-X-am-b I-Æp-I-tfm-sS N-Øp Po-hn- p- \n-c- ]-cm-[n-iƒ. ar-k-cm-p-\v c- p-in-tem _o-^v, ln-t m- v H-cp _- - v sh- w, ln-a- -c-sn- v c- p-in-tem sf-kv Iyq-_v, cm-p-sh-ºm-e- v H-cp Np-s -en. F- p {Iq-c-X-I-fm-Wn-sXm-s? C-h F- p t{zm-l-am-wv sszh-øn-s kz- w \m- n-ep- -h-tcm-sp sn-bv-x-xv? k - t -i-z-c Cu Po-hn-Iƒ- v Xo-sd-gp-Xn-s m-sp-ø Im- Spw A-Xn-se ssk-z-cy hn-lm-c-hpw \n-tcm-[n- m G- Xp t m-km-wp k `-c-w-l-s-\-bn D- -Xv? Rm B-fl-tcm-j-tØm-sS Ip-dp- n-s Hm- ^o-kn-se-øn. Fkn dq-an-se Cu-kn sn-b-dn-en-cp- v Sn-hn I- p-sim n-cn- p- C-t±-l-tØm-Sp ]-d- p: a-\p-j-y-x-z-an-s - n-epw ar-ko-b-x-z-sa- n-epw Cu k-l- Po-hn-I-tfm-Sp Im-Wn- -W-sa- v. ho- pw B-h -Øn- -t mƒ, Nn- -d `o-j-wn-s -Sp-Øn-b-t mƒ, C-bm-sfs sk- u- v A-Sn- p. C-Xn-s\m-cp ]-cn-lm-c-ap- m- phm th- n-bm-wp km, C-bm-sf In-Uv-\m- v sn-bv- Xv A-Sn-am-en a- mw-i w tim-f-\n-bn-se H-cp Kp-l- -I-Øv Im-en N-ß-e-bn- v ]q- n ssh-t m-epw Im- Sn-sh- -hpw sim-sp-øv ap- -Xp Zn-h-kw _-µn-bm- nb-xv. km-aq-lni-_- -Øn \n- p ]n-sn- p-am- n-bmep- hn-j-aw ^m-ãv-^p-uv I-gn- p kp-jn- p- C- tß-cpw H- -dn-b-w-a-t m. A-\n-a sh -s^-b B-Iv-Spw F -su-bv-t - 23 \yq hnj t^m F sn-bn- nmv thƒ-uv 23 G{]n 2017

24 - Uv kv-]o-jn-kv B-Iv-Spw Cu {Iq-c-X-bv- p- Aw-Ko- Im-c-am-tWm k? Ip- n-iƒ- v ar-k-ß-tf-bpw Im-Spw Im-Wp-hm A-\n-a πm-\- pw Un-kv- -h-dn Nm-\-epw sh - -z C-ta-PnMpw H-s -bp- C- m-e-øv F- n- \m-wp k Cu {Iq-c-X? te-j-\-ß-sf-gp-xn, t_m-[-h - -c-w mkp- I-sf-Sp-Øp, A-[n-Im-cn-Iƒ- v \n-th-z-\-߃ sim-sp- Øp t\m- n. B-cp tiƒ- m? H-Sp-hn F-\n- p \n-b-aw ssibn-se-sp-t - n-h- p k. \-Ωp-sS \m- n H-cp \ym-b-am-b Im-cyw A-[n-Ir-X-sc-s m- p sn-øn- -W-sa- n H- p-in kz-bw a-cn- -Ww, A- s - n B-sc-sb- n-epw sim- -Ww. A-Xp-c- pw H- gn-hm- n-s m- p- e-lp {In-b-bm-Wp k Rm sn-bv-x-xv. C-Xp-am-{X-a- k {]-Ir-Xn-bp-sS A-h-Im-in- I-tfm-Sp- {Iq-c-X-Iƒ: ho-sp-i-fn ]m- p-]m-sn- m Iq- n-e-s- n-cn- p- ]- n-iƒ, k - -kv Iq-Sm-c-ß-fn tim-am-fn-th-jw si- n- p- ]- n-ar-km-zn-iƒ, ]-Wnsb-Sp- n- p-hm-\pw B-tLm-j-߃ sim-gp- n- m-\pw \-tsm-\-s \-S-Øp- B-\-Iƒ, A-\m-Y-cm-bn sx-cphn P-\n- p-t]m-bn F- Ip- -Øn-\v sim-e-sn-ø-s - Sp- sx-cp-hp-\m-bv- ƒ. B-cm-Wn-h-cp-sS k-l-\-߃- v ]-cn-lm-c-ap- m- p-i? P-Uv-Pn: sx-cp-hp-\m-bv- ƒ {]-iv-\w F-ß-s\ ]- cn-l-cn- -W-sa- m? bp-h Hm-W, A-\m-Y-cm-bn ]n-d- p-ho-w sx-cphp-\m-bv- ƒ i-e-y-am-sw- n A-h-sc hn-im-e-am-b Im- n-te- p kz-x-{ -am-bn hn- p-iq-ss? a-\p-j-y-xz-ap- h-\-hm-kn-iƒ A-h-sc kv-t\-l-tøm-ss t\m- ns m- pw. I- -Ø-Sn sh- m-\pw h-\-y-ar-k-th- -bv- pw h-cp- km-aq-lni-hn-cp- -sc C-h Xp-c-Øn-s m- pw. A- m-sx H-cp Po-hn-bp-sS P- m-h-im-i-am-b ]u-cp-jw Im-kv-t{S- v sn-øm Hm -U-dn-Sm tim-s-xn- pw k - m-cn-\pw F- m-w-[n-im-cw? sx-cp-hp \m-bv- -tf- mƒ s]m-xp i-e-y-ß-fm-b a-x- -cm-jv-{sn-b t\-xm- am - pw kv-{xo ]o-v-\- m - pw C-tX in- sim- Sp- m Hm -U-dn-Sm-Ø-sX- m-sw- m-wv bp-h Hm- W? kv-t\- v am-ã hm-h-kp-tc-jn-\v H-cp {S- pw A- \p-hm-z-hpw sim-sp-øm, H-scm- am-kw-sim v sxcp-hn-se A-Xn-Yn-I-sf-sb- mw "hm-h Zv s{k-bn- v' ]p-\- c-[n-h-kn- n- pw. P-Uv-Pn: C-\n-sb- m-wp ]-cn-]m-sn? k-ω -± X-{ -ß-fpw t_m-[-h - -c-w-ß-fpw Xp- S-cpw bp-h Hm-W. ]n- m-dp- {]-iv-\-an-. ssz-h- Øn-s kz- -\m- n H-cp Po-hn-t]m-epw _- -\-Ønem-bn-cn- m Rm k-ω-xn- n- k. a-c-ww-h-sc Cu {]-Ir-Xn-bn-se A-Xn-Yn-Iƒ- m-bn Rm ]-S-sh- pw. "F- m-wp ]-d-bm-\p- -Xv?' Ip-dp- n-t\m-sv P-Uv- Pn tnm-zn- p. sx- p-]- n-t m-bn k. C-t m C- o-c F- a-lm- \m-b ]-cn-ÿn-xn im-kv-{x- -s hm-z-߃ A- cw {]-Xn i-cn-bm-wv. Rm-s\-s tpm-en-cm-pn-h- v, C- t±-l-tøm-ssm- w ]o-v-\w A-\p-`-hn- p- Po-hn-Ifp-sS ]p-\-c-[n-hm-k-øn-\m-bn {]-h -Øn- m Xo-cpam-\n- n-cn- -bm-wv. ar-k-im-e-bn-se \n-x-y-_- n-x-cpss tam-n-\w A-Sn-b- -c B-h-iy-am-Wp bp-h Hm-W. P-Uv-Pn sim-t m-sn F-Sp-Øv B-dp {]m-h-iyw tai-bn-e-sn- p. tim-s-xn-hm-kn-iƒ sr- n. C-t m C- o-c-bp-ss D-t±-iyip- n-sb tim-s-xn am- \n- p- p. ar-k-im-e-i-fn-se A-Xn-Yn-I-sf ]p-\-c-[nh-kn- n- p-hm-\pw A-hn-sS Ip- n-iƒ- m-bn sh - -z Un-Pn- A-\n-a Un-kv-tπ ÿm-]n- p-hm-\pw ar-kim-e-i-sf- mw sa- -am-b Nn-In- ku-i-c-y-ß-fp- ar-km-ip-]-{xn-i-fm- p-hm-\p-ap- km- -y-x-iƒ ]Tn- phm-\m-bn C-t m-c- o-c A- -y- -\m-bn H-cp I-Ωo-js\ tim-s-xn \n-b-an- n-cn- p- p. k - -kv, B-tLmj-߃, tlm-_n Xp-S-ßn-b-h- m-bn ]- n ar-km-zn-ifp-ss ta-ep- {Iq-c-X-bpw sx-cp-hp-\m-bv- -fp-ss ]p-\- c-[n-hm-k-hpw Cu I-Ωo-j-s A-t\-z-j-W ]-cn-[n-bn h-cp- -Xm-Wv. e- yw \- -Xm-sW- n-epw am -Kw i-cnb- m-ø-xp-sim- pw \n-b-aw ssibn-se-sp-øp-sim- pw ]-cn-ÿn-xn kv-t\-ln-bm-b C-t m C- o-c- p- in- -bm-bn s]-cp-ºm-hq N- c- m-gv-n A-Sn- p-hr- Øn-bm- p-hm C-Xn-\m D-Ø-c-hm-bn-cn- p- p. Ah-cpsS kt m-j-amwv Hcn- {Intkmkv w Xncp-ta\n IpS-h-b XS-hn-s m v I sh j-\n tnmzn p Fs IpS-h-b \mƒ v \mƒ ho p- Xv F p sim m-sw v ]d-bmtam? tiƒhn- m DØ-c-a-dn-bmsX hnj-an- p. Fs k`m-p-\-ß-fpss kt m-j-am-wn-xn-\-i-øv. Rm `h-\-ß-fn sn p-tºmƒ Ah v \n _ amwv Hcp I v Nmb IpSn- -W-sa- v. Rm F{X I v Nmb IpSn-t n hcpw. F nepw Rm IpSn- pw. Rm Nmb-b Ah-cpsS kt m-j-amwv IpSn- p- -Xv. adn v F\n v {]j-dm-wv, jpkdmwv, ]nø-amwv Ft ms ]d- m Ah s v ZpxJ-am-bn-cn- pw. am {Intkmkv w G{]n \yq hnj t^m F sn-bn- nmv thƒ-uv

25 Fgp-Øp-s] n krjvsn-iy P-\ph-cn e- w \yp hn-j am-kn-i-bn-se d-h.fw.kn txm-a-kn-s kr- n-i-y-bn-se hn-]- co-x-bp- n-iƒ F- te-j-\-amwv Cu I-Øn-\m-[mcw. te-j-\-øn-s D- -S- -tøm-sv tbm-pn- p-tºmƒ X-s A-Xn-s ap-jy-i- o-i-c-w-hp-am-bn s]m-cp-ø-s -Sm-Ø Nne sszh-im-kv-{x k-a-ky-iƒ Nq- n- m-wn- s. H- v: te-j-i ]-d-bp p. Xn- bm-wv \- kr- n- Xv. h-kv-{x-am-wv \- -X kr- n- Xv. ssz-hw F mw \ -sx- v I p. F m \- -bv- p- nepw Xn- -bp-ss km- y-x-i-fp- v F- v {In-tkm-kv- w hen-b sa-{xm-t m-eo-øm ]-d-bm-dp -Xv C-hn-sS {i-t -b-am-wv. AY-hm \- -bp-ss A-]-N-b-am-Wv Xn- ]m-]w a-\p-jy-s {]-hrøn-t]m-se X-s H-cp A-h-ÿbn Po-hn- p- -Xn-\m ]m-]w sn-øm t{]-cn- n- -s -Sp-I-bmWv. F- m \- A-Sn-t -ev-]n- m I-gn-bn. ssz-hw a-\p-jy-s ta \- A-Sn-t - n- p- n DZm. C-Xm Rm Po-h\pw a-c-w-hpw, \- bpw Xn- bpw R-ß-fp-sS ap-ºn sh- n-cn- p p. \n-ßfpw \n-ß-fp-ss k- -Xn-Ifpw Po-hn- n-cn-t - -Xn-\v Ch-s\ sx-cs -Sp- p-i (B-h Ø\w. 30:19). c v: te-j-i Xp-S-cp- ac-ww H-cp an-yy-bm-wv Po-h-\m-Wv k-xyw. F- m ]m-]w a-\p-jy-\n ac-ww H-cp bm-ym- y-am-sw- `o-xn D-f-hm- n F- Nn- {In-kvXob ssz-h-im-kv-{x-øn-\p \n-c- p- X. Im-cWw, kr- n-hy-h-ÿ-bn Po-h t]m-se X-s a-c-whpw bm-ym - y-amwv, an-yyb. tb-ip-{in-kv-xp Po-h-s\bpw a-c-w-søbpw bm-ym -t_m-[-tøm-ss k-ao-]n- m \-tωm-sv B-h-iy-s -Sp p. AY-hm Po-h ssz-h-øn- \n- m-cw-`n v, tem-i-øn ssz-h-tøm-ssm- w ]p-tcm-k-an v, ssz-h-øn- B-Xy- n-i-am-bn F-Øn-t -cm- \p- -XmWv. Cu ]m-x-bn G-h pw H-cp im-cocn-i... A-t mƒ Death is the end of life F- Life includes death F- k-ao-]-\-am-wv A-`n-Im-ayw. am-{xa, B-Zn-a-\p-jy ]m-]w sn-bv-xn m-bn-cp-s - n ac-ww F- bm- Ym yw H-gn-hm- -s -Sp-am-bn-cp- p F- v Nn- n- m-\m-hn, {In-kvXo-b {]-Xym-i a-c-w `o-xn C m-sx Po-hn- m-\m-wv \-sω k-lm-bn- p-i. a-cw-sø an-yy-bm-bn Im-Wm-\-, am-{x-a a-cw-sø H-cp Zpc- -am-bn Im- Wm-sX a-c-w-sa- bm-ym - y-sø kzo-i-cn-t - -Xm-h-iy-amWv. aq- v: hni-k-\ k- -ev]w. hn-ik-\w F- hm- p X-s lnw-km-xm-fl-i-am-wv F- m-wv te-ji-s ] w. C sø tim -]-td v -kw-kv-im-c-øn-se (DZm. {Sw-]v tam-un A-hn-ip- Iq- p-si v) em-`w am{xw e- y-am- nbp- {]-Ir-Xn-bn-se Po-h-t{kmX-kpI-sf si-sp-øn- -f-bp- hn-ik-\w X- n- -f-tb- -XmWv. F- m H- cp hn-[-ønepw {]-Ir-Xn-sb sxm-sm-sx a-\p-jy\v Po-hn- m\pw km- y-a-. Np-cp- -Øn hn-ik-\w a-\p-jys A-Snÿm-\ B-h-iy-ß-fp-sS ]q -Øo-I-c-W-Øn-\v ap -Xq- w \ -Ip- -Xm-cmI-Ww F- v tum. Fw.F. DΩ, kn. n. Ip-cy F- o km-º-øn-i-im-kv-{x-nn- -I Nq- n- m- n-bn- p v. AY-hm F m-h pw amen\yw I-e-cp- `- Ww, ip- -hmbp, ip- -Pew, hn-zym-`ymkw, B-tcmKyw C-h. C-Xn \-Ωp-sS B-tcm-Ky- Øn\pw `- -W-Øn\pw Ip- n-i-fp-ss hn-zym-`ym-k-øn\pw H-cp ]- p- v F- Xpw {]m-[m-\y-a -ln- p p. a-\p-jy kr- n-bn-se H-cp I-Æn am{xw F- v te-j-i ]-d-bp-tºm-gpw... ssz-h-øn-s Po-h-izm-kw F-s - v ]-d-bm -Iq-Sn I-gn-bWw. ]u-c-kv-xy ssz-h-im-kv{xw C-Xns\ Transcendence B-bm-Wv Im-Wp- -Xv. (A- Xo-X-Xzw) Transcendence \v c- v X-e-߃ D- -Xm-bn... Fw.Fw txm-a-kv -Nq- n- m- p p. 1. Transcendence in terms of the future in secular transcendence in terms of the ultimate in religions dh.tum.si.f G-{_lmw, sp.fw-fw kv -Un sk B nen apøin Xn-cp-h-\- -]p-cw Xm- -fp-ss am-kn-i-bn ss\-\m si tp -_v F-gpXn-b "Cu X-W-en C-Øn-cn-t\-cw' F- ^o- R-߃ hm-bn p. B- n-en ap-ø-in-sb A -ln- p- {]m-[m-\y-tøm-ss {]-kn- o-i-cn- p-ibpw \yphnj-s tim- n-iƒ D-]-lm-c-am-bn \ Ip-Ibpw sn-bv-x-xn kv-iq-fn-se A-[ym-]-I-cp-sSbpw Ip- n-i-fpssbpw t]-cn \n-ko-aam-b \-µn -A-dn-bn- p- p. kv-iqƒ A-kw-ªn-bn kvv-iqƒ eou Cu tej-\w hm-bn- -t mƒ Ip- n-iƒ A-h - p m-b hn-im-c߃ FgpXnØ Ip-dn- piƒ Cu IØn-t\m-sSm- w A-b- p-x-cp p- Xp-S pw k-l-ic-ww {]-Xo- n psim- v \n -Øp p. kv-t\ltøm-ss Aw_n-I sl-uv-an-kv-{skv K-h.F.]n kv-iqƒ, Nn-d- S-hv 25 \yq hnj t^m F sn-bn- nmv thƒ-uv 25 G{]n 2017

26 hm Ø-Ifpw hnti-j-ßfpw cmp si. h Kokv I-Æq : Pq- H- p -ap-x cm-{xn-im-e-ß-fn s]-t{smƒ ]-ºp-Iƒ {]-h -Øn- n- n-s - v F-sI-]n-Sn kw-ÿm-\ {]-kn-u v txm-a-kv ssh-zy. s]- t{smƒ ]-ºv Po-h-\- m -s -Xn-tc \-S-Øp- A-{I-a-ß-fn {]-Xn-tj-[n- v ]-ºp-S-a-I-fpw Po-h-\- m-cpw I-Æq I-f-Œ-td- n-te- v \-S-Øn-b am - v D- Zv-Lm-S-\w sn-bv-xp kw-km-cn- p-i-bm-bn-cp- p A-t±-lw. s]-t{smƒ ]ºp-Iƒ- p-t\-sc \n-c- -c-am-bp- m-ip- A-{I-a-߃ X-S-bm \n-b-aw-sim- p-h-c-w-sa- v B-h-iy-s - v ap-jy-a-{ n- v \n-th-z-\w \ -In-bn-cp- p. F- m, H-cp-h -j-am-bn C- m-cy-øn Xo-cp-am-\-sa-Sp- m-ø-xn {]-Xn-tj- [n- m-wv cm-{xn-bn ]-ºp-Iƒ {]-h -Øn- n- n-s - Xo-cp-am-\-sa-Sp- p- -sx- pw A-t±-lw hy- -am- n. hn-t\m-z-k- m-c ta-j-e-i-fn ]p-i-h-en- p I -i-\ \n-tcm-[-\w Xn-cp-h-\- -]p-cw: th-\ ITn-\-am-Ipw txm-dpw Im- p-xo-aq-ew hym-]-i-am-bn h-\-hpw h-\-hn-`-h-ß-fpw I-Øn-\-in- p- km-l-n-cy-øn I -i-\ \-S-]- Sn-bp-am-bn k - m. Im- p-xo aq-ew Iq-Sp-X \m-i-\- -ß-fp- m-hp- -Xv X-S-bm A-Sn-b- -c \-S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzo-i-cn- n- p-s - pw Im- p-xo \n-b-{ n- p- -Xn-\pw \n-co- n- p- -Xn-\pw am-{x-am-bn A-b -kw-ÿm-\-ß-fn-se h-\w-h-ip- p-am-bn tbm-pn- v tim-hm -Un-t\-j I-Ωn- n cq-]o-i-cn- p-sa- pw ap-jy-a-{ n A-dn-bn- p. Im- p-xo X-S-bp- -Xn-\p h-\m-xn -Øn-bn-epw k-ao-]-{]-tz-i-ß-fn-ep-ap- sxm-gn-ep-d- p sxm-gn-em-fn-i-fp-ss tk-h-\-hpw k - m-cn-x-c kw-l-s-\-i-fp-ss {]-h -Ø-\-hpw G-tIm-]n- n- pw. Cu ta-j-e-i-fn ^-b -t^m-gv-kn-s tk-h-\w e-`y-am-ip- p- v F- Im-cyw D-d- m- pw. Im- p-xo \n-b-{ -Wm-Xo-X-am-sW- n sl-en-tim-]v- D-]-tbm-Kn- p- A-Kv-\n-i-a-\-Øn-\p- {i-a-߃ \-S-Øpw. ta-bv A-h-km-\w h-sc F- m h-\m-xn -Øn-I-fn-epw s]m-xp-ÿ-e-ß-fn-epw Xo-bn-Sp- -Xv Ip- -I-c-am-bn {]-Jym-]n- pw. A-Xp-t]m-se-X-s, h-\-{]-tz-i-øpw hn-t\m-z k- m-c-ta- J-e-I-fn-epw ]p-i-h-en I -i-\-am-bn \n-tcm-[n- -s -Spw. C- m-cy-øn {Xn-X-e ]- m-b-øp-iƒ h-gn s]m-xp-p-\-]- m-fn-øw D-d- m- p-hm-\p- \-S- ]-Sn-Iƒ kzo-i-cn- p-sa- pw k - m A-dn-bn- p.. G{]n Pq- H- p- ap-x cm-{xn-im-e-ß-fn s]-t{smƒ ]-ºp-Iƒ {]-h -Øn- n- n- s{s-bn Sn- - n-\pw B-[m B-[m-c-am- p- p \yq-u -ln: Hm -sse ap-tj-\ s{s-bn Sn- - v _p- v sn-øp- -Xn-\v B-[m \n -_- -am- n-tb- p-sa- v dn-t m - v. \q-dp-i-w- n-\v Sn- - p-iƒ Iq- -tøm-ss _p- v sn-øp- -Xv X-S-bm-\m-Wv ]p-xn-b \-S-]-Sn. {Sm-h G-P -kn-iƒ hym-p-t]-cp-i-fn Sn- - v kºm-zn- v I-cn- - -bn hn - p- - Xv X-S-bm-\pw \-S-]-Sn k-lmbicam-ip-sa- m-wv I-cp-Xp- -Xv. sf-b -kn- n-kn Sn- - nmv ssk- n h sssw c-pn-kv-t{s-j-\v B-[m \-º \n -_- -am- m-\m-wv Xo-cp-am-\w. C-Xn-\m-bp- tkm-^v vshb cq-]-s -Sp-Øp- -Xv A-h-km-\ L- -Øn-em-Wv. A-Sp-Ø am-kw H- p-ap-x ap-xn - ]uc -am-cp-ss A-\p-Iq-eyw e-`n- p- -Xn-\v B-[m \n -_- -am- n-bn- p- v. Hm -sse Sn- - nw-kv hym-]-i-am- p- -Xn-\v ti-{µw \n-c-h-[n ]- -Xn-I-fm- Wv \-S- n-em- m -t]m-ip- -Xv. C-Xn-s `m-k-am-bn cm-py-hym-]-i-am-bn 6,000 sskz nmv sa-jo-\p-i-fpw 1,000 Hm-t m-am- n-iv Sn- - v sh -UnMv sa-jo-\p- I-fpw ÿm-]n- pw. Hm sse Sn- - n-\p- sd-bn -sh-bp-ss ]p-xn-b B- pw sa-bv am-k-tøm-ss ]p-d-øn-d-ßpw. P -a kv-iq-fn ap- nw hn-zym -Yn-Iƒ ]-c-ky-am-bn {]m -Yn- p- -Xv \n-tcm-[n- p _ -en : P -a kv-iq-fn ap- nw hn-zym -Yn-Iƒ ]-c-ky-am-bn {]m -Yn- p- -Xv \n-tcm-[n- p. P -a-\n-bn-se ]-Sn- m-d \-K-c-am-b hp-s -ss-en-se kv- Iq-fn-em-Wv ]-c-ky-am-bp- {]m -Y-\ \n-tcm-[n- -Xv. ]-c-ky-am-bn kv-iq-fn {]m -Yn- p- hn-zym -Yn-I-fp-sS t]-cp hn-h-c-߃ kv-iqƒ am-t\-pv-sa nv-s\ A- dn-bn- -W-sa- p A-[ym-]-I - p \n -tz-iw \ -In. kv-iq-fn-s Cu Xo-cp-am-\-sØ A-\p-Iq-en- pw {]-Xn-Iq-en- pw \n-c-h-[n t] cw-k-øp-h- p. A-Sp- Øn-sS-bm-bn ap- nw hn-zym -Yn-Iƒ ]-c-ky-am-bn {]m -Yn- p- -Xv h -[n- p h-cn-i-bm-wv. F- m-h-cpw Im-Wp- hn-[-øn-ep- A-h-cp-sS {]m -Y-\-Iƒ A- \p-h-zn- n-s - pw kv-iqƒ {]-Xn-\n-[n tpm-l -kv tdm ]-d- p. Nm -k-e Aw-K-e sa - -en-s v \-b-ß-fp-ss `m-k-am-bn cm-py-øv A-`-bm -Yn-I-fp-sS F- Æw h -[n- p. A-`-bm -Yn-I-fn G-dn-b-]- pw ap- n-ß-fm-wv. \n-e-hn cm-py-sø P-\-kw-Jy-bp-sS A- v i-x-am-\w ap- n-ß-fm-wv. ssn-\-bn H-cp {Km-a-Øn 160 ZºXn-Iƒ th -]n-cn-bp- p s_-bv-pnmv ssn-\-bn-se Pn-bm -Mv-kp {]-hn-iy-bn-se Pn-bm -jn {Km-a-Øn 160 Z-º-Xn-Iƒ th -]n-cn-bp- p. B-[p-\n-I-h-Xv-I-c-W-Øn-\m-bn k - m Pn-bm -jn-bn-se ÿ-e-߃ G-s -Sp- p- p- v. C-Xn-s - `m-k-am-bn Z-º-Xn-I-sf- mƒ Iq-Sp-X \- -]-cn-lm-cw X-\n- v Po-hn- p- -h - p e-`n- pw. C- m-c-w-øm-em-wv Z-º-Xn-Iƒ th -]n-cn-bm H-cp-ßp- -Xv. th -]n-cn-bp- -h - v c- v ]p-xn-b ho-spw 12 e- w cq-]-bp-am-wv \- -]-cn-lm-cam-bn e-`n- p- -Xv. ]m-cº-cy-am-bn {]-tz-i-øv Po-hn- p- -h-cpw C-tXm-sS k - m \ -In-b ]p-xn-b ho- n-te- p am-dn Xm-a-kn-t - n-h-cpw. Z-º-Xn- Iƒ- p 220 N-Xp-c-{i ao- ho-sv am-{x-am-wv e-`n- p- -Xv \yq hnj t^m F sn-bn- nmv thƒ-uv

27 27 \yq hnj t^m F sn-bn- nmv thƒ-uv 27 G{]n 2017

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