Icn-kvam- niv apt w s]s -t mkvxp {]ÿm-\sø _e-s -SpØn: _nj]v dmt^

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1 20 sabv 2018 hmeyw. 24 e w. 10 MEMBER: NEWS PAPERS ASSOCIATION OF INDIA hne Bcm-[-\m-Km-\-߃ kwko-x-ta-f-i-fm- -cpxv tim- -bw: B-cm-[-\-bn kw-kotxm-]-i-c-w-ß-fp-ss i-_v-zw hnizm-kn-i-fp-ss i-_v-z-sø- mƒ A-[n-I-am-Ip-hm H-cp Im-c-W-him-epw ]m-sn- m-ø-xm-ip- p-sb- p Hm -Ø-tUm-Iv-kv k-`m ta-e- y- _-t -en-tbm-kv am - tøm-ωm ]u-sem-kv Zzn-Xo-b. H-cm-fp-sS i-_v-zw am-{xw D-b - p tiƒ- p- -Xpw \n -_- -ambn H-gn-hm- -W-sa- pw k-tμ-i- Øn ]-d-bp- p. H-cp ip-{iq-j- m-c am-{xw \-S-Øp- C-S-hmb-\-I-fp-sS k-a-b-sam-gn-si a-s mcp k-a-b-øpw ssa- n-eq-ss-bp- H- -bmƒ i-_v-zw B-cm-[-\mk-a-b-ß-fn D- m-ip-hm ]m- Sp- -X-. s]m-xp {]m - -\-Ifpw hm-b-\-i-fpw Km-\-ß-fpw B- cm-[-\m-{i-a-øn-se \n -Øp-Iƒ t\m- n Iq- -am-bn-ø-s snm- nbn-cn-t - -Xm-Wv. B-cm-[-\-bn ap-gp-h hnizm-kn-i-sf-bpw k-po-h-am-bn ]- s -Sp- n- p- -Xn-\v t\-xr-xzw \ -Ip-I F- -Xm-Wv Km-b-I-kw- -sim- p- m- Imen-Øo- -t kv : hn[n ]d PUvPn v ÿew am w ÿew am p- Xv A{X tamiw Imcy-amtWm. L-Øn-s Np-a-X-e. ]-t ]-e tz-hm-e-b-ß-fn-epw B-cm-[-\-sb- -Xv Km-b-I-kw-L-Øn-s am- {Xw ]-cn-]m-sn-bm-bn am-dp- co-xnbm-wv I- p-h-cp- -Xv. B-Ibm, B-cm-[-\m-{I-a-Øn-ep- Km-\-߃ am-{xw, kw-_- n- p- F- m-h - pw ]m-sm-hp- X- Xn-cp-h- : N-cn-{X-߃- v hn-f-\ne-am-b a-e-bm-f- -c-bp-ss km-aqln-i ]-cn-h -Ø-\-Øn-\v \n - Æm-b-I kzm-[o-\w sn-ep-øn-b \-thm- m-\-øn-s lr-z-b-`q-anbn a-s m-cp N-cn-{X-kw-K-a-Øn- \v km- n-bm-ip- p. 2018se {In-kv-a-kv Zn-\-am-b Un-kw-_ 25 \v Xn-cp-h- ]-ªn- Iv tã-un-b-øn B-bn-cw kw- Ko-X- -cpw e- w t{im-xm- fp-am-bn a-[y Xn-cp-hn-Xmw-Iq-dn-s B-flo-b N-cn-{X-Øn-\v ]p-ø G-Sp-Iƒ Xo - p- -Xm-Ipw ""H- m-bv ]m-smw tb-ip-hn-\m-bv'' kw- Ko-X-a-lm-kw-K-aw. \-ho-i-c-w-øn-s kw-l-sn-x ap-t - -Øn-\n-sS ssz-h-h-n-\- ` 4.00 ka-im-eni ]{XnI c-øn-ep- ]-c-º-cm-k-x Cu-W߃ D-]-tbm-Kn- v Km-b-I-kw- Lw B-e-]n-t - -Xm-Wv. \-ΩpsS B-cm-[-\m-Ko-X-߃ tim-d-kv (Iq- -am-bn ]m-sp- -Xv) co-xn-bn B-e-]n-t - -h B-I-bm G- Imw-K B-em-]-\-hpw H-cm-fp-sS i- _v-zw am-{xw D-b - v tiƒ- p- - Xpw \n -_- -am-bpw H-gn-hm-t - -Xm-Wv. kw-ko-x D-]-I-c-W߃ \-Ωp-sS B-cm-[-\-bn \n -_- -an- m-ø-xm-ip- p. A- Y-hm B-h-iy-sa- n h-f-sc e- fn-x-am-b H-cp-]-I-c-Ww am-{xw D- ]-tbm-kn- m a-xn-bm-ipw. Km-\- ta-f-iƒ- v D-]-tbm-Kn- p- co- Xn-bn-ep- D-]-I-c-W-߃ \n - _- -am-bpw H-gn-hm-t - -Xm- Wv. kw-ko-txm-]-i-c-w-ß-fp-ss i-_v-zw hn-izm-kn-i-fp-ss i-_v-zsø- mƒ A-[n-I-am-Ip-hm H- cp Im-c-W-h-im-epw ]m-sn- m-ø- Xm-Ip- p. Im -Ωn-I-t\m C-S-hmb-\-Iƒ \n -Δ-ln- p- ip-{iqj-i-tcm {]m - -\-I-tfm hm-b-\- Icn-kvam- niv apt w s]s -t mkvxp {]ÿm-\sø _e-s -SpØn: _nj]v dmt^ ]m-em-cn-h- w: I-cn-kv-am- n-iv \-ho- I-c-Ww ti-c-f I-tØm-en- m k- `-bn kw-`-hn- n- m-bn-cp-s - n bq-tdm- n-se k-` t]m-se ti-c-f k-`-bpw H-cp a-cp-`q-an B- Ip-am-bn-cp- p-sb- v _n-j- v am dm-t^ X- n. ""I-cn-kv-am- n-iv {]-ÿm-\-øn-s G- -hpw h-en-b ]m -iz-^-ew, C-Xp s]- -t mkv-xp ap-t - -sø _-e-s -Sp-Øn F- p- -Xm-Wv. I-cn-kv-am- n-iv {]- ÿm-\w h-f - -t mƒ s]- t m-kv-xv {Kq- p-i-fn-te- pw B- fp-iƒ t]m-im Ip-s-d-sbm-s Im-c-W-am-bn'' _n-j- v am dmt^ hn-e-bn-cp-øp- p. B-[p-\n-I Im-e-L- -Øn-se I-tØm-en- I-cn-kv-am- n-iv \-ho- I-c-W-sa-s m-s ]-d-bp- -Xv c- mw h-øn- m kq-\-l-tzmkn {]-I-S-am-b ]-cn-ip- m-fl hn-kv-t^m-s-\-øn-s Xp-S -I -a- ]- -Xn-bm-Wv. I-cn-kv-am- n-iv {]- _-t -en-tbm-kv am -tøm-ωm ]u-sem-kv Zzn-Xo-b ÿm-\w B-cw-`n- v A-º-Xp h - jw I-gn-bp-tºmƒ I-cn-kv-am- n-iv {]-ÿm-\-sø \mw a-\-kn-em- p- -Xv B-Zn-a k-`-bn-ep- m-b s]- -t m-kv-xv ]p-\x-kr-jv-sn- m \-S-Øn-b ssz-hn-i C-S-s]-S-em-bn- m-wv. C- y-bp-ss {]-txy-in- v ti-cf-øn-s km-l-n-cy-øn Cu s]- -t m-kv-xp A-\p-`-h-sØ hn-e-bn-cp-øp-tºmƒ C- v a- v ]- e k-`-i-fpw ar-x-{]m-b A-h-ÿbn-em-Ip-tºm-gpw ti-c-f I-tØmen- k-`-bn B-[ym-fln-I \-\- hp- a-æp- v. A-Xn-s {]-[m-\ Im-c-Ww ti-c-f-øn-se I-cn-kv-am- n-iv {]-ÿm-\w A-\p-{K-l-a-g-bmbn \-Ωp-sS \m- n s]-bv-xn-d-ßnb-xp-x-s -bm-wv. I-cn-kv-am- n-iv {]-ÿm-\-øns ]m -iz-^-e-ß-sf- p-dn- v ]- e-t m-gpw \n-tj-[m-fl-i-am-bn Nn- n- m-dp- v. ]-t I-cn-kv-am- n- (ti-jw t]-pv 9) _n-j- v am dm-t^ X n Iv \-ho-i-c-ww ti-c-f k-`-bn kw-`-hn- n- m-bn-cp-s - n bqtdm- n-se k-`-t]m-se ti-c-f k- `-bpw H-cp a-cp-`q-an B-Ip-am-bncp p. h-n-\m-[n-jvtn-x-am-b kp-hnti-j {]-tlm-j-ww ti-c-f I- tøm-en- k-`-bn im-kv-{xo-bam-bpw {]m-tbm-kn-i-am-bpw B-cw- `n- p- -Xv I-cn-kv-am- n-iv {]-ÿm- \-Øn-\p-ti-j-am-Wv. ]- p-im-e-øv \-Ωp-sS ssh- Zn-I-cp-sS {]-kw-k-sø- p-dn- v H- cp B-t -]-ap- m-bn-cp- p. hmbn txm- p- -Xv I-Y-bp-sS tasºm-sn tn -Øv hn-fn- p ]-d-bp- p-sh- v. A-Xn-\v h-n-\-hp-am-bp- _- w ip-jv- -am-bn-cp- p. F- m kp-hn-ti-j {]-tlm-j- W-߃ h-n-\m-[n-jvtn-x-am-i-wsa- v ti-c-f I-tØm-en- k-`sb ]Tn- n- -Xv I-cn-kv-am- n-iv {]- ÿm-\-am-wv. h-n-\w hm-bn- m, ]Tn- m, {]-kw-kn- m, {]-N-cn- n- m-\p-ap- H-c-`n-\n-th-iw ti-cf I-tØm-en- k-`-bn kr-jv- Sn- -Xv I-cn-kv-am- n-iv {]-ÿm-\-am- Wv. C- v Xn-cp-\m-fp-I-fp-sS H-cp- -ip-{iq-j-bp-ss `m-k-am-bn- v h-n- \-{]-tlm-j-w-ap- v. A-Xm-b-Xv ss_-_nƒ I -h -j. Cu h- (ti-jw t]-pv 9) Published from Thiruvalla on Xn-cp-h- : s{si-kv-x-h F-gp-Øp- Im-c-\pw bp-h-p-\-{]-h -Ø-I-\pam-b kmw sim- m-gn hn- n-^v C- y-bp-ss ]p-xn-b kn-c-h-bm-bn Np-a-X-e-tb- p. A-e-Iv-kv am-xyp hn-c-an- H-gn-hn-te- m-wv kmw sim- m-gn-sb hn- n-^v C- y-bpss t_m -Uv Xn-sc-s -Sp-Øv. Im-en- - v bq-wn-th-gv-kn- n-bn-se Fw-kn-F ]T-\-Øn-\p-ti-jw A- t±-lw hn- n-^v C- y-bn tn-cp-i-bpw Xp-S - v hn-im-j-]- -Ww, \m-kn-iv, su-dm-uq F- n-hn-s-ß-fn Xm-a-kn- v `m-jm- (ti-jw t]-pv 9) kmw sim- m-gn hn- n-^v C- y-bp-ss ]p-xn-b kn-.c-.h. Bbn-cw Km-b-IcpsS {In-kva-kv Km-\k y ]mã si.-kn.- F.Fw.- ]mã n.-fw.- tpmpn sf v tpm cmpp ` -h- -e amxyp amxyqkv Øn-s -bpw k-xy-kp-hn-ti-j- Øn-s -bpw Dƒ- m-ºp-iƒ lr- Z-b-Øn G- p-hm-ßn cq-]m- -c- Øn-s ku-ay-`m-h-am-bn am-dn-b P-\-k-aq-l-Øn-s B-cm-[-\- bn k-t m-j-øn-s sim- m- w H-cp- n-b-xv kw-ko-x-am-wv. ssz-h-øn- -te- v am-{xw I- Æp-Iƒ D-b -Øn {]m - -\m- ]q -Δw ap-t -dn-b ]n-xm- - m-cpss-bpw am-xm- -fp-ss-bpw I-Æocpw hn-b - pw ho-w a-e- -c-bnse a-æn B-flm- ƒ cq-]w sim- p. Du-j-c-am-bn-cn- p- I- \ - m- p-iƒ A-h-cp-sS lr-z-b- X-{ n-i-sf sxm- p-w -Øn-bt mƒ A-S - v ho-w h-cn-iƒ (ti-jw t]-pv 9)

2 2 ka-im-eni ]{XnI FUn-t m-dn-b sabv 20 snb am tpm h Kokv amt\-pnwkv FUn- ^n n cmpp lqã No^v FUn- A Ip v Ce- q Hmh kokv FUn- DΩ F_-t\-k Hmh kokv Ub-d-Œ tum. Fw.-F-kv.kmap-h dkn-u v FUn-t gvkv Ipcym-t mkv txm -Øn Pm kn F. h Kokv Atkm-kn-tb v FUn-t gvkv jn_p ap -wim- n h Kokv amxyp Nm eokv amxyp sdpn aqtesw amxyqkv ]n. tpm tpmkv sf -c- Sn sd n tp _v tpm Pv s_ n sim p-h-s-t k_v FUn-t gvkv sp n h Kokv spbv -txm-akv amen-bn s]m Ω kmw kvs]jy dnt m t gvkv osbkv I -amw-aq- n sdpn h Kokv shæn- pfw ^n n s_ -an h Kokv PÃkv N{μ-t_mkv kmw amxyp \yqtbm v bp.si. P\-d tim -Hm Un-t\- PnPn _tdmu bp.-f.-c. P\. tim -Hm Un-t\- tpm aømbn AXn-cp- tpm. tim -Hm Un-t\- spbnwkv taa\ tim -Hm Un-t\-t gvkv a p ]osn-tb- s_ n ]m - H etlma cmp G{_lmw tam kn hf- -h w Umf v tpmbn kmw tp _v Im\U hm jni hcn-kwjy C y-bn : 150 cq] bp.-f-kv.-f. & Im\U : $ 50 Cw v : 20 ]u v Kƒ^v cmpy-߃ : 2000 cq] hcn-kwjy Ab-bvt hnemkw acp- πmt m w timwπivkv Xncp-h- - 1, tic-f. t^m : kp-\-μm-]p-jv-i ti-kn X-\n-s -Xn-sc U -ln s]meo-kv B-fl-l-Xym-t{]-c-W-Ip- w Np-a-Øn-b-t mƒ i-in-x-cq Szn- -dn \n- p X - m-ew ssk Hm-^v sn-bv-xp. F- n- m-cn- kn k-ln- m h-øm-ø-xn-\m-em-sw- p hn-i-zo-i-c-ww. F- m- Wv F- n- m-cn- -kn F- v i-in-x-cq \n -Δ-Nn- p- -Xn-ß-s\- bm-wv. ""a- p- -h-cp-ss \n -`m-ky-øn k-t m-jw I-s -Øp- -Xm-Wv F- n- m-cn- -kn.'' Iq-Sp-X F- n- m-cn- -kn t\-cn- Sp- -Xn-\p- ap-tº X-cq Szn- -dn \n- p Hm-Sn c- -s]- p. F- n- m-cn- -kn H-cp _m-[-t]m-se km-aq-ly-am-[y-a-ß-fn ]-S-cp-I-bm-Wv. {i- n- n-s - n F-{X am-\-kn-i ]-Iz-X-bp- -hsc-bpw A-Xp Io-gv-s -Sp-Øpw. Xn- -bp-ss ]-I - -bm-bn C-Xn-s\ Im-Wmw. C -s\- n-se B-{^n- ]m-b-em-wv F- n- m-cn- -kn. F-hn-tS- pw H-gp-In \-S- p ]-S - p ]n-sn- mw. G-Xp hn-f-\n-e-søbpw \-in- n- mw. km-aq-ly-xn- -bpss hym-]-\-am-wv F- n- m-cn- -kn. A-[-a hm-k-\-i-sf h-f -Øp- am- \-kn-i X-e-am-Wv C-Xv. ]q -Æ-X-bn-te- p- {]-bm-w- Øn a-\p-jy-s\ \-bn- p- -Xv A- h-s Np- p-]m-sp-i-fm-wv. X-e-ap-d-Ifn-eq-sS cq-]-s - p h- \- -bp-ss kw-kv-im-c-am-wv aq-ey-߃. A-hbn-e-[n-jvTn-X-am-b Po-hn-X co-xn-bm- Wv \- a-\p-jy-s\ kr-jv-sn- p- - Xv. Ip-Spw-_w, hn-zym-e-b-߃, a- X-ÿm-]-\-߃ {]-Xy-b-im-kv-{X߃ C-h-sb- mw Ip-eo-\-am-b a- \- n-s\ kr-jv-sn- mw. \- -Xn- -Isf th -Xn-cn- -dn-bm-\p- I-gn-hns\-bm-Wv hn-th-iw F- p hn-fn- p- -Xv. hn-zym-`ym-kw A-dn-hp \ - Ip- p. hn-th-i-am-wv a-\p-jy-s\ m-\n-bm- p- -Xv. A-dn-hp-Iƒ Xn- -bv- v D-]-tbm-Kn- mw. D- -X hn-zym-`ym-k-ap- -h-cn Nn-e h- en-b {In-an-\-ep-I-fm-Ip- -Xv I- n- n-t? A-h-cp-sS ta-j-e-bn-se A- dn-hp-iƒ Iq-Sn Xn- -bv- v D-]-tbm- Kn- p- p. {In-an-\ a-\- p- H- cp F- -\o-b Xn- {]-h -Øn-bn-te- v Xn-cn- m A-Xn F- -\o-b-dnw-kv ssh-z-kv- yw Im-Wmw. tum-iv-s-td- v D- Bƒ B-cp-sS-sbm-s -sb- n-epw ]n- m- ºp-d I-Y-Iƒ A-t\z-jn- n-d-ßn-bm Iq-Sp-X I-Y-Iƒ I-s - Øp- -Xp kzm-`m-hn-iw am-{x-am-wv. A- -t m-ss Po-hn- m-\pw kw-km-cn- m-\pw I-gn-bp-I-sb- - Xp am-\y-x-bp-ss e- -W-am-Wv. \m-ev- -h-e-bn \n- v G-Xp am-\y-s\-bpw No-Ø-hn-fn- m B - pw I-gn-bpw. F- m No- Ø hn-fn- p- -h-t\m-sp A-tX `m-j-bn {]-Xn-I-cn- m-xn-cn- m A-ev-]w kw-b-\-hpw hn-th-i-hpw B-h-iy-am-Wv. tkm-kn- p-i-fn c-an- p- -Xv H-cp X-cw am-\-kn-i ssh-i-ey-am-wv. \-Ωƒ tiƒ- p- ]-e-xpw k-xy-am-bn-cn- -W-sa- n-. ]-e-xn-epw t\-cpw \p- W-bpw D- m-imw. H-cp hn-`m-kw B-fp-I-sf c- p ]-Xn- m- p-iƒ l-cw sim- n- H-cp ]-{Xw D- m-bn-cp- p. A-Xn h-cp- -sx- pw k-xy-amsw- p hn-iz-kn- n-cp- Ip-sd ]-c-am - n-iƒ C- pw A-Xn-s tim- n-iƒ \n-[n-t]m-se kq- n- p- p- v. B ]-{X- m-c-s\- bpw ]-{X-sØ-bpw A-Sp-Ø-dn- n-cp- -h - v A-Xn-s hn-izmky-x-bn _-lp-am-\w C-. A-Xn {]-Xy- -s - ]-e hm -Ø-I-fpw \q-dp-i-x-am-\w k- Xy-am-bn-cp- p. A-Xm-Wv Nn-e ]-c-am - n-i-sf Cu ]- -cm-tkmtbm-s-sp- n- -Xv. A-Xn F-gp-Xn-bn-cp- an- -Xpw k-xy-ß-fm-bncp- p; Nn-e-Xv \q-dp-i-x-am-\w A-k-Xy-ß-fpw. ]-e-xpw A - yk-xy-ß-fpw. dn-t m - nw-kn Im-Wn-t - Ir-Xy-X A-t±-lw ]m-en- m-sx-bm-wv ]-{X-{]-h -Ø-\w \-S-Øn-b-Xv. B-sc- n-epw ]-d-bp- -Xp ti- p I-Y-Iƒ ]-S- p-hn-spw. A-Xn-s k-xym-h-ÿ t{im-kv sn- p sn-øp-hm {i- n- n-. Nn-e-Xn k-xy-øn-s Aw-iw Im-Wpw. ]-t A-]-hm-Z-Øn-s Nn-d-Ip-I-fm-Wv I-Y-]- d-bp- -h kr-jv-sn- n-cp- -Xv. {In-an-\ ssa -Uv D- ]-{Xm-[n- ] C-sX- mw a-km-e tn -Øv C -s\- n hm-cn C-Sp- p. tkmjy ao-un-b-bn-se F- n- m-cn- -kn-iƒ A-h ssh-d-em- p- p. ]- -cm-kn-bpw F- n- m-cn- -kn-i-fpw tn - p \p-w-bp-ss k- o -Æ tem-iw kr-jv-sn- p- p. A-h ]-d-bp- -sx- mw k- Xy-sa- v s]m-xp-tem-iw sx- p [-cn- p- p. A-h-cp-sS hym-jym- \-Øn-\v hn-izm-ky-x-tb-dp- p. k-aq-l-sø kw-{`-a-øn-\-sn-a-ifm- m t]m-epw A-h - v I-gn-bp- p. Cu ssh-d- p _m-[- tb - p- -h ]n-s F- n- m-cn- -kn-i-fp-ss A-Sn-a-I-fm-Ip- -Xv kzm-`m-hn-iw. \-h am-[y-a-߃ G- -hpw h-en-b km-[y-x-bm-wv. a-\p-jy _- -߃ i- n-s -Sp-Øm-\pw \- -bp-ss Iq- m-bv-a-bv- pw A- F n- m-cn- kn Xe am{x-ap a\p-jy-sc-b \ap v th - Xv. lrzbw IqSn thww. Adnhv am{x-am-sw- n A]-I-S-am-Wv. AXp No n- p- -Xm-Wv. sim p- -Xm-Wv. hnthiw IqSn-th-Ww. AXn\p am{xta lrz-b-øns s\mº-c-߃ Adn-bm ] q. ] -cm-knbpw F n- m-cn- kn-ifpw IqSn kmaq-ly-am-[y-a-ßsf Iog-S- m A\p-h-Zn- m shfn w Ccp-fm-Ipw. Ccp- ns i n-iƒ IpSpw-_ß-sfbpw k`- I-sfbpw B{I-an- pw. Imf-s]-s p ti m Ib FSp- m hc-s. Xn -Iƒs Xn-scbp t]mcm w F \ne-bv mwv F m amen- \y-ßfpw C s\- n-te v hen- p-sim- n-sp- -Xv. hms timcn-iƒ v kpk- hpw Zp K- hpw Hcp-t]msebmWv. kuc-`y-hmk\bmti- -h hngn p `mfi-ß-fpss I h-s- m-cm-ip- Xp F{X Zb-\obw! h G-sd {]-tbm-p-\-s -Spw. \n -`m-ky-h-im C-h-bn {]-N-cn- p- tkm-kn- p-i-fm-wv C- v ssh-d-em-ip- -Xv. ap-jy-[m-cm am- [y-a-߃- pw C-jv-Sw s\-k- o-hv tãm-do-km-wv. A-Xn-t\ hm-b- \- m-cp- q F- m-wv am-[y-a D-S-a-I-fp-sS hn-i-zo-i-c-ww P-\- Øn-s\- m-wv C-jv-Sw A-Xp X-߃ sim-sp- p- p. U-b-_- n- Iv tcm-kn- v ]- -km-c-bn- Nm-b-sIm-Sp- p- -Xp-t]m-se. i-cn am-{xw sn-øm ]q -Æ-\- a-\p-jy. sx- p-ip- -߃ h-cmw. F- m Ip-Spw-_-ß-fpw `q-an-bn-se ]-dp-zo-k-bm-i-w-sa- n-. `mcy-bpw ` -Øm-hpw X-Ωn A-`n-{]m-b hy-xym-k-߃ Im-Wmw. a- ƒ h-gn-sx- n-sb- p h-cmw. A-b - m-c-s ho- n-te- v Iyma-d- -Æp-I-fp-am-bn C-cn- p- -Xv am-\y-x-b-. a-\p-jy-\m-bn Po-hn- p-i; s]- cp-am-dp-i F- -Xm-Wv \- kw-kv- Im-cw. G-sX- n-epw Z-º-Xn-Iƒ I- e-l-øn-em-sb- p ti- m s]m- Sn- p sxm-w-ep-sam-s tn -Øv A-h-sc- - n I-Y-Iƒ kr-jv-sn- p- p. k-aq-l-øn am-\y-cm-bn Pohn- p- kv-{xo-i-sf- - n A-]-hm- Z-I-Y-Iƒ {]-N-cn- n- p- -Xv F-{X lo-\-am-wv. F-{X-tbm Ip-Spw-_-ßsf-bm-Wv tkm-jy ao-un-b-bn-se a-t\m-tcm-kn-iƒ A-]-am-\n- n- p- Xv. a- -sf A- -S- -Øn h-f - Øm-\p- D-Ø-c-hm-Zn-Xzw am-xm- ]n-xm- ƒ- m-wv. hm- v-kv B- nse Bƒ-Iq- -߃- -. A- -\pw A-Ω-bv- pw txm- m-ø th-z-\ h- -h - pw txm-t - -Xn-. h- -hcp-ss-bpw Ip-Spw-_-ß-fn-te- v H-fn- p t\m- m C -s\- v am-[ya-߃- v A-h-Im-i-an-. s]m-enkn-s -bpw tim-s-xn-bp-ss-bpw tpmen B-cpw C-h - v D-S-º-Sn sim- Sp-Øn- n-. kz-im-cy-x-iƒ am-\n- -s -S- Ww. a-s m-cm-fp-ss X-I - -bn-tem ho-gv-n-bn-tem k-t m-jn- p- -Xv F-{X lo-\-am-wv. A-[-a-a-\- p- Iƒ- v am-{x-ta A-ß-s\ sn-øm I-gn-bq. Po-hn-X {]-iv-\-ß-fn s]-sp- -h-sc k-lm-bn- m {ian- -b-t th- -Xv. lr-z-bw X-I - -h-sc i- o-i-cn- p-hm I-S-a-bn-t? Po-hn-X-bm-{X-bn Xm-gv-N-I-fpw ho-gv-n-i-fp-sam-s h-cmw. F- m-h-cpw Zm-º-Xy-Øn hn-p-bn-s - p h-cn-. F-{X hn-ip- -s - bpw a- ƒ- v h-gn-sx- mw. A-ß-s\-bp- -h-sc- - n I-cp-X-epw hn-nm-c-hpw D- m-ip- -X-t am-\y-x? A-cp-Xv; a- p- -h-cp-ss kz-im-cy-x-i-fn-te- v I-S- p-sn- p- h-sc t{]m -km-ln- n- -cp-xv. A-h-cp-sS ao-un-bm {]-h -Ø-\- Øn \- -bp-ss {]-Im-i-an-. kv-t\-l-øn-s hym-]m-c-an-. sszhn-i ]- -Xn-bp-sS `m-k-a- A-h. i-cn X-cq-dn-s th-z-\ k-aql-øn-s th-z-\-bm-bn am-d-ww. F- n- m-cn- -kn- p Nn-In- I-s -Øn-tb a-xn-bm-iq. X-e am-{x-ap- a-\p-jy-sc-b- \-ap- v th- -Xv. lr-z-bw Iq- Sn th-ww. A-dn-hv am-{x-am-sw- n A-]-I-S-am-Wv. A-Xp No - n- p- -Xm-Wv. sim- p- -Xm-Wv. hn-th-iw Iq-Sn-th-Ww. A-Xn- \p am-{x-ta lr-z-b-øn-s s\m-º-c-߃ A-dn-bm ]- q. ]- -cm-kn-bpw F- n- m-cn- -kn-i-fpw Iq-Sn km-aq-ly-am-[y-aß-sf Io-g-S- m A-\p-h-Zn- m sh-fn- w C-cp-fm-Ipw. C-cp- ns i- n-iƒ Ip-Spw-_-ß-sf-bpw k-`-i-sf-bpw B-{I-an- pw. Im-f-s]-s - p ti- m I-b F-Sp- m h-c-s. Xn- -Iƒ-s - Xn-sc-bp- t]m-cm- w F- \n-e-bv- m-wv F- m am-en-\y-ß-fpw C -s\- n-te- v h-en- p-sim- n-sp- -Xv. hm-s tim-cn-iƒ- v kp- K- -hpw Zp -K- -hpw H-cp-t]m-se-bm-Wv. ku-c-`y-hm-k-\-bm-ti- -h hn-gn- p `m-fi-ß-fp-ss I- -h-s- m-cm-ip- -Xp F-{X Z-b- \o-bw! A-]-hm-Z-ß-fn-se k-xym-k-xy-߃ Xn-cn- -dn-bm G- sd {]-bm-k-am-wv. s]-s - v B-tc-bpw hn-[n- -cp-xv. B-tcm-sS- n-epw hm-in Xo - m tkm-jy ao-un-b-sb D-]-tbm-Kn- -cp- Xv. {In-an-\-en-s ssi-øn-se txm- p-t]mse-bm-wv F- n- m-cn- -kn- m-c-s ssi-øn \-h am-[y-a-߃. ]-e-xpw a- d- m-\pw a-d-bv- m-\pw D- -Xm-Wv. Im- Wp- -sx- mw hn-fn- p ]-d-b-cp-xv. tiƒ- p- -sx- mw hn-iz-kn- -cp-xv. ap-dn-hpsi- m I-gn- n-s - n-epw ap-dn-th- -hsc sxm-gn- -cp-xv. \-ap- v a-\p-jy-xz-ønte- v a-s-ßmw. kv-t\-l-hpw I-cp-X-epw I-cp-W-bpw kw-b-a-\-hpw D- kw-kv-imcw sh-fn- -Øn-t -Xm-Wv; {In-kv-Xp-hn-t - Xm-Wv.

3 3 ka-im-eni ]{XnI Ih -tãm-dn lmcm apx ]tflmkv hsc sabv 20 ]o-u-\-im-e-øp F-s^-tkm-kn h- p kp-hn-tij-th-e sn-bv-x-t mƒ I-\ym-a-dn-b-an-s\- q-sn sim- p-h- p F- p ]m-c-º-cyw ]-d-bp- p. A-ß-s\ a- c-ww h-sc F-s^-tkm-kn Xm-a-kn- p F- p ]mc-º-cyw ]-d-bp- p. Cu ÿ-e-øp I-tØm-en- -cm- Wv A-[n-Iw k-μ -in- p- -Xv. Cu ]m-c-º-cyw C-hnsS \n-e-\n - p-tºm-gm-wv sb-cp-i-te-an h- p I- \ym-a-dn-bw kz- - -Øn-te- v F-Sp- -s - p F- pw I-\ym-a-dn-bw a-cn- n- n-s - pw a-s m-cp ]m-c-º-cyw I- tøm-en- k-` D-b -Øn- n-sn- p- -Xv. Fs^-tkm-kv tej-\-ß-fpss dmwn ]mã t]mƒ ae-bsn ]-tflm-kv Zzo-]n \n- pw ho- pw t_m- n I-b-dn Ip-km- Um-kn-bn F-Øn. A-Sp-Ø bm- {X N-cn-{X-{]-kn- -am-b F-s^tkm-kn-te- m-wv. h-gn-bn R- ߃ Xp - n-bn h-f-sc {]-kn- -am-b ex tjm n Ib-dn. ChnsS \n Ωn- p sexdn-ep hkv{x-ß-sf- p-dn pw _mkp-i-sf- p-dn pw Ah hfsc hni-z-amb hnh-c-w-߃ \- -Ip- p. Look about Turkey s Leather (Xp n-bnse ex t\m- p-i). A-hn-sS F-Øn-bt mƒ tim-^n Ip-Sn- m X- p. Cu tim-^n b-a\n \n- pw h- cp- p. kp-μ-cn-i-fpw kp-μ-c- m-cpw A-Wn-s m-cp-ßn e-x-dn-ep- Pm- - p-iƒ [-cn- p Im-Wn- p-xcp- p. B - pw hn-e-iq-sn-b Pm- - p-iƒ hm-ßm I-gn-bn-. F- m H- p-c- p-t] hm-ßp-ibpw sn-bv-xp. C- -en- m Xp - n e-x Pm- - p-iƒ- v Hm -U sim-sp- p- p. A-h - v Xp - n-bn- \n- pw In- p- -Xv hn-e Ip-d- e- X-dp-I-fm-Wv. C- -en-bn-epw a- p bqtdm-]y cm-py-ß-fn-epw Xp - nbn-se e-x Pm- - p-iƒ- v {]nb-ap- v. Kƒ-^n-epw C-h I-b- n A-b- p- p \-hw-_ 4 -\v R-߃ F-s^-tkm-kn F-Øn. B-Zyw I-\ym-a-dn-b-Øn-s t]-cn-ep- B-{i-a-Øn t]m-bn. C-Xp I- tøm-en- k-`-bm-wv \-S-Øns m- p-t]m-ip- -Xv. am-\-h-s ]m-]-hn-tam-n-i-\mb tb-ip-{in-kv-xp-hn-s\ {Iq-in X-d- -t mƒ H-cp-Iq- w kv-{xo-ifpw Nn-e in-jy- m-cpw {Iq-in-\- cn-si A-Xn-I-Tn-\-am-b am-\-kn- I hy-y-bm I-c- pw ap-d-hnfn- pw sim- p \n- p. A- q- - Øn tem-i-{]-im-cw a-\p-jy-\mbn `q-an-bn sh-fn-s -Sp-hm ssz-hw sx-c-s -Sp-Ø K -`-]m- {Xw Np-a- I-\ym-a-dn-b G- -hpw A-[n-Iw Zpx-J-Øn Im -h-dnbp-ss Np-h- n \n- p. A-t mƒ tb-ip-i -Øm-hv G- -hpw A-[n- Iw kv-t\-ln- in-jy-\m-b tbml- m-\pw A-hn-sS D- m-bn-cp- p. tb-ip ]-d- p: -kv-{xo-tb, C-Xm \n-s a-i, C-Xm \n-s A-Ω- (tbm-l.19:26,27). A-ß-s\ ]o-u-\-im-e-øp F-s^-tkm-kn h- p kp-hn-tij-th-e sn-bv-x-t mƒ I-\ym-adn-b-an-s\- q-sn sim- p-h- p F- p ]m-c-º-cyw ]-d-bp- p. A-ßs\ a-c-ww h-sc F-s^-tkmkn Xm-a-kn- p F- p ]m-c-ºcyw ]-d-bp- p. Cu ÿ-e-øp I- tøm-en- -cm-wv A-[n-Iw k-μ - in- p- -Xv. Cu ]m-c-º-cyw C- hn-ss \n-e-\n - p-tºm-gm-wv sbcp-i-te-an h- p I-\ym-a-dn-b kz- - -Øn-te- v F-Sp- -s - p F- pw I-\ym-a-dn-b a-cn- n- n-s - pw a-s m-cp ]m-c-º-cyw I-tØm-en- k-` D-b -Øn- n-sn- p- -Xv. C-ßs\ hn-izm-k-øn-\pw k-xy-øn- \pw \n-c- m-ø ]m-c-º-cy si- p-i-y-iƒ {]-N-cn- n- p- -Xn- ln-μp- -sf-bpw ap- o-ß-sf-bpw t]m-se I-tØm-en- k-aq-lhpw ap- n-em-wv. an-tøm-f-pn-iƒ Cu a-x-ß-fp-ss-sb- mw A-Snÿm-\ I- p-iƒ D-d- n- m- {ian- p-h-cp- p. A- -sø Im-e-Øp P-\- ߃ a-e-ap-i-fn-epw Ip- n -{]-tzi-ß-fn-epw Xm-a-kn- n-cp- p. Imc-Ww bp- -߃ D- m-bm i- {Xp- ƒ h-cp- -Xp Im-Wm I- gn-bpw. I-\ym-a-dn-b-Øn-s B-{i-a- Øn Xm-sg ]-d-bpw-{]-im-cw F- gp-xn-h- n-cn- p- p: Meryem Ana is a place of worship. ChnsS {]m \Iƒ t] -dn Fgp-Xnh- n-cn- p- p. sbcp-i-te-an hnem-]-a-xn-en {]m -\-Iƒ Fgp-Xn-h-bv p- -Xp-t]m-se. The money paid at the Gate as an entrance fee goes completely to the municipality of selcuk. Cu ÿew henb Ip ns api-fnem-wv. R߃ Fs^-tkm-knse XI ] -W-Øn EFES OREN YER EPHESUS Archaeological site. ChnsS ]utemkv As mkvx-e ark-tømsv bp w snbvxp. Research History of Ephesos. The Early Ephesos Late 7th millennium 334 B.C. The Hellenistic Ephesos. 3 _n.-kn. ap-x 1 _n.-kn. h-sc. C-hn-sS-bm-Wv {]-kn- A- tbm-wn-b kn- n. _n.-kn. c- mw-\q- m- n-se tdm-a A-Uvan-\n-kv-t{S- -Uv ]m - v. Cu ]- - Ww en-kn-am- -bm-wv ÿm-]n- - ]-g-b \-K-c-Øn-s {]u-vn-bp-ss X-I - kv-am-c-i-߃ k- m-c-øn-\n- S-bn R-߃ I- p. hn-hn-[ i-{xp- -fp-ss B-{I-a-W-Øm-epw {]-Ir-Xnt m-`-øm-epw (h -`q-i-ºw) X-I - -Sn- \-K-c-Øn-s A-h-in-jv-S-ßfn-eq-sS k- -cn- p Im-Wm I-gn- p. si- n-s \n -Ωm-W-Øn-\p-]-tbm- Kn- n-cp- sim-øn-sb-sp-ø ]m-d-i-fpw cq-]-ß-fpw sim-øp-]-wn-i-fpw ]p-cm-h-kv-xp K-th-j-I-cp-sS Xp-S -am-\-am-b D -J-\-\-Øm Nn-I-s - Sp-Øv k- m-cn-i-fp-ss Nn- -bv- pw F-gp-Øn-\pw t^m-t m F-Sp- m-\pw C-S-bm- p- p. F-s Iq- -Øn h- an- B-fp-I-fpw A-h-cp-sS Iyma-d-I-fn Cu I- p-i-fpw C-Sn- p-s]m-fn- tim- -I-fpw a-xn-ep-i-fpw cq-]-ß-fpw ssi-bpw X-e-bpw Im-epw t]m-b tz-ho- -tz-h- m-cp-ss sn-fnbn s]m-xn- p-in-s- p- I -{]-Xn-a-I-fpw ]-I -Øn-bn- p- v. Xv. F-s^-tkm-kn-te- v a-e-bn \n- m-wv P-ew sim- p-h- -Xv. `q-i-º-øm X-I - p X-cn- -Wam-bn-cn- p- ]- -W-Øn-s sxcp-hn-eq-ss R-߃ k-μ -in- p h-en-b N-cn-{Xw D-d-ßp- F-s^tkm-kn : The library of Celsus The Temple of Domitian Hydeion The Heracles Gate Roman Emperor was the all world. The Nymphaeum Traiani The Varius Bath The so-called Alytrarchs stoa The Temple of Hadrian ChnsS tsmbvse- p-iƒ \n - Ωn- n-cp- p. G hpw [\n-i-\mb a\p-jy BZyw sh w D]- tbm-kn- pw. ]n osv a p- -h B sh w D]-tbm-Kn- pw. The Ochagon ChnsS ihkw-kvimcw \S-Øn-bn-cp- p. Emporors Valentinian Valens and Gration writes the following The so-called House of pleasure sex Tourism. A meøv skivkv Sqdn-k- Øn G hpw ap n \n Xv simcn- m-wv. c mw-ÿm\w Fs^-tkm-kn\pw Bbn-cp- p. s{xan-tømkv ChnsS Xma-kn- p kphn-ti-j-the snbvxp. F- s^-tkmkv henb hn{kl hm- Wn-`-im-e-bm-bn-cp p. AXm Im- Wp p The Great Theatre. ]utem-kns ImeØp Fs^tkm-kn hn{k-l-ßsf D m- n hn p ÿe-am-bn-cp- p t] v Ccn- m-hp tã- Un-b-am-bn-cp- p. ] nwn InS- ncp ark-ßsf Agn- p-hn p tã- Un-b-Øn {InkvXym-\n-Isf ]o-un- n- n-cp- p. knwl-ßsf Agn- p-hn- p. ]utemkv arkbp w snbvxp. R߃ tãun-b-ønse ]o- U-\-ÿ-eØp \n p-sim p {]m- n- p. sxm -Iƒ CS-dnt m-bn. ]e-cp-ssbpw IÆp-Iƒ \nd- p. ]ecpw hnxpºn Ic- p. Hellenistic Fountain House The Theatre Gymnasium Milestones The church of Mary. Chn- SpsØ {InkvXy ] n-ifpw ÿm]\ßfpw Xp n-bnse Hmt m-am (Ottoman) `cw-hmgvn-bn XI Øp. Harbour Gymnasium and the Hall of Verulanus. Fs^-tkm-knse The Church of Mary Cu N n-emwv aq mw kp -l-tzmkv (The council of church) IqSnbXv.

4 4 ka-im-eni ]{XnI Ih -tãm-dn lmcm apx ]tflmkv hsc sabv 20 s]mfn p XI ] nbpw ]cn-k-chpw The American society of Ephesus, Inc Cu ÿew Gs - Sp-Øn-cn- p- p. sk v tacokv N v \memw \q m- n ]Wn- X-Xm-Wv. Chn-sS- Ip- n-i-fp-ssbpw apxn - h-cpssbpw kv\m\- sxm niƒ Im-Wmw. AhnsS apxn -h-cpss kv\m\hpw apgp- I kv\m\hpw \S- p. F-^-tkm-kn-s N-cn-{X- G-Sp-I-fn-te- v ]p-cm-x-\ {Ko- v \-K-c-am-Wv F-^-tkm-kv. C-Xv C-t mƒ Xp - n-bp-ss (G-jym-ssa-\ ) ]-Sn- m-td Xo-c-Øv ÿn-xn sn-øp- p. G-jym-ssa-\-dn-se G- -hpw h-en-b \-K-c-am-bn-cp- p F-^tkm-kv. F-s^-tkm-kv F- hm- n-s A - w A-b- -Xv F- m-wv. Xp - n-bp-ss kv-ap - (C-kv-ao-dn-\p)-bn -\n- pw 72. In.- ao. sx- v ÿn-xn sn-øp- p. C- -sø t]-cv sk -kp-ti F- m-wv. B-Zy kv-t\-lw hn- p-if- p F- -Xm-Wv F-s^-tkmkv k-`-sb- - n sh-fn- m-sv ]p-kv- X-I-Øn tb-ip-{in-kv-xp B- flm-hn-eq-ss ]-d-bp- Ip- w. kv-t\-l-hpw hn-izm-k-hpw A- b- co-xn-bn sim- p-\-s- p- D-d- w Xq-ßn-I-fm-b hn-izmkn-iƒ Cu X-e-ap-d-bn-epw [mcm-fw Im-Wm I-gn-bpw. F-^-tkm-kv ssa-\ G-jymbp-sS G- -hpw h-ep-xpw kp-μ-chp-am-b \-K-c-am-bn-cp- p. A-tbm- Wn-b F- p a-s m-cp t] Cu \-K-c-Øn-\p- m-bn-cp- p. H-cp hn- I-kn- \-K-cw F- -t]m-se Xn- -bn-epw Zp-jv-S-X-I-fn-epw ap- n \n- n-cp- p. F-s^-tkm-kn k-ωn-{i P- \-X-bm-bn-cp- p. B-dp-tKm-{X-ßfn -s - P-\-X. b-h-\ ({Ko- v) P-\-X C-hn-sS Ip-Sn-tb-dn ]m - p- -Xn-\p ap-ºv C-hn-sS H-cp P-\- X D- m-bn-cp- p. Cu B-Zn-hmkn-I-sf Iq-Sm-sX {Ko-kn-se A- ty-\-bn \n- pw Ip-Sn-tb-dn ]m -Ø a-s m-cp tkm-{x-h - w D- m-bn-cp- p. am-{x-a-, b-h-\ P- \-X-sb Iq-Sm-sX sb-lq-z-cn -\n- pw th -Xn-cn- -s - v \m-em-samcp Iq- C-hn-sS-bp- m-bn-cp- p. A-Xp-sIm- p Iq-Sn-bm-Wv tbm-l- m-\pw ]u-tem-kpw tum.-eqt m-bp-sa- mw C-hn-sS an-j-wdn-am-cm-bn h-cm Im-c-W-am-b-Xv. am-{x-a- sim-cn- n-se-t m-se hy-h-km-b {]m-[m-\y-ap- H-cp Xp-d-ap-Jw C-hn-sS D- m-bn-cp- p. C-hn-sS kp-hn-ti-j-hp-am-bn Fs^-tkm-kv Ncn-{X-Øn F-Øp-tºmƒ A -Ø-ao-kv tz-hnbp-ss h-f-sc {]-kn- -am-b t - {Xw a-x-øn-epw A- -hn-izm-k- Øn-ep-sa- -t]m-se Ip- -Ir-Xy߃- pw A-gn-a-Xn- pw A-gn- m- -Øn-\pw hy-`n-nm-c-øn-epw F- m-hn-[ tæ- -X-Iƒ- pw t]-cpti- -Xm-bn-cp- p. N-cn-{X-Øn-s ]n-xm-hv F- -dn-b-s -Sp- sltdm-tum- -kv X-s {]-kn- N- cn-{x-]p-kv-x-i-øn Cu \-K-csØ- p-dn- v ]-d- n-cn- p- p. ssk-d-kv F- t] -jy (C-dm ) N-{I-h -Øn B-Zyw B- {I-an- \-K-c-am-Wv F-s^-tkmkv. A- m-e-øp tem-i-øn hym-h-km-bn-i-am-bpw a-x-]-c-ambpw D- -Xn {]m-]n- n-cp- \-K-cam-Wv F-s^-tkm-kv. ssk-d-kv B \-K-c-Øn D-]-tcm-[w G - s -Sp-Øn-b-t mƒ F-s^-tkmkp-Im A-h-cp-sS tim- -a-xnen \n- v H-cp h-sw A -Ø-aokv tz-hn-bp-ss t -{X-Øn-t-e- pw h-en- p ap-dp- n-s - n _- n- n- p. Im-c-Ww F-s^-tkmkv \-K-cw tz-hn-bp-ss kw-c- - W-Øn Io-gn-em-Wv F- m-bn-cp- p A-h-cp-sS hn-izm-kw. F- m tz-hn- p H-cp i- n-bpw F-s^-tkm-kn \n- pw t]m-bn- v \m-ep-h - jw I-gn- v ]u-tem-kv k-`-bv- v te-j-\-sagp-xn. ]u-tem-kn-s Im-e-Øv k-`-bv- v \- B-flo-b \n-e-hm-cw D- m-bn-cp- p. F- m A-Sp-Ø t\-xr-xz-øn-te- v h- t mƒ sim-sn-b sn- m-bv- ƒ A-hn-sS I- S- p-iq-sn. \n- em-hy a-x-ÿm-]-i-\m-b \ns m-em-thm-kv A-t m-iy- m-c-\m-b H-cp sb-lq-z a-xm-\p-km-cn-bm-bn-cp- p. \n- -emhy Nn- m-k-xn ]u-tem-kv ÿm-]n- ]p-xn-b \n-b-a-k-`-bn I-S- p-iq-sn. D- m-bn-cp- n-. c- n- m-\p-ambn-. A- mw \q- m- n-\p-ti-jw F-s^-tkm-kv ]- -Ww `q-i-º- Øm X-I - p. C-hn-Sp-sØ {Inkv-Xym-\n-Iƒ h-en-b ]o-u-\w G -t - n-h- p. G.-Un. 70 ap- X 170 h-sc B-bn-cp- p F-s^tkm-kv k-` \n-e-\n- -Xv. ]-g-b \-K-c-Øn-s {]u-vnbp-ss X-I - kv-am-c-i-߃ k- m-c-øn-\n-s-bn R-߃ I- p. hn-hn-[ i-{xp- -fp-ss B- {I-a-W-Øm-epw {]-Ir-Xn-t m-`- Øm-epw (h -`q-i-ºw) X-I - - Sn- \-K-c-Øn-s A-h-in-jv-Sß-fn-eq-sS k- -cn- p Im-Wm I-gn- p. si- n-s \n -Ωm-W-Øn- \p-]-tbm-kn- n-cp- sim-øn-sb- Sp-Ø ]m-d-i-fpw cq-]-ß-fpw sim- Øp-]-Wn-I-fpw ]p-cm-h-kv-xp K- th-j-i-cp-ss Xp-S -am-\-am-b D - J-\-\-Øm Nn-I-s -Sp-Øv k- m-cn-i-fp-ss Nn- -bv- pw F-gp- Øn-\pw t^m-t m F-Sp- m-\pw C- S-bm- p- p. F-s Iq- -Øn h- an- B-fp-I-fpw A-h-cp-sS Iym-a-d-I-fn Cu I- p-i-fpw C- Sn- p-s]m-fn- tim- -I-fpw a- Xn-ep-I-fpw cq-]-ß-fpw ssi-bpw X-e-bpw Im-epw t]m-b tz-ho- -tzh- m-cp-ss sn-fn-bn s]m-xn- p-in-s- p- I -{]-Xn-a-I-fpw ]-I -Øn-bn- p- v. H-cp-Im-e-Øv ssn-x-\yw D- m-bn-cp- t -{Xß-fp-sS A-h-in-jv-S-ß-fpw hn-{kl-ß-fpw ]p-cm-h-kv-xp K-th-j-Icp-sS ]T-\-Øn-\v D-]-I-cn- p- p. _n.-kn. 11- mw \q- m- n A- tbm-wn-b (C-tbm-Wn-b) {Ko- p-im ÿm-]n- p. Im-bv-sÃ, an-bm- F- o \-Zn-I-fp-sS k- a-x-e-øn-em-bn-cp- p Cu \-K-cw ÿn-xn-sn-bv-xn-cp- -Xv. F-s^tkm-kv G-jy-bn-se G- -hpw h- en-b Xp-d-ap-J ]- -W-am-bn-cp- p. tbm-l- m-\pw ]u-tem-kpw Cu Xp-d-ap-Jw h-gn-bm-wv F-^-tkmkn F-Øn-b-Xv. bq-{^- o-kv, sa-k-s m-øm-anb, sa-un- -td-\n-b, sim-temky, e-thm-zn-iy, K-em-Xy, k - Ko-kv ap-x-em-b A- -sø {]-[m- \ ÿ-e-ß-fn-te- v tdm-up-i-fpw h-gn-i-fpw F-s^-tkm-kn \n- pw D- m-bn-cp- p. a- p k-º- cm-py-ß-fn D- ev-]m-zn- n- -s -Sp- h-kv-xp- ƒ hn-ev- -s -Sp- h-en hn-ev-]-\-ime-bm-bn-cp- p F-s^-tkm-kv. C -Uy I-º-\n-Iƒ a- v kwÿm-\-ß-fn D-ev-]m-Zn- n- -s - Sp- h-kv-xp-h-i-i-fpw Kr-tlm- ]-I-c-W-ß-fpw B-Uw-_-c-km-[- \-ß-fpw B-Zyw hn- -gn- p- am - - v ti-c-fw F- -t]m-se-bm-bncp- p F-s^-tkm-kv. G-jy-bn-se h-en-b I-tºmf-\-K-cw F- \n-e-bn tdm-a K-h -W B-Zyw G-jy-bn h- n-d-ßn-b \-K-cw F-s^-tkm-kv B-bn-cp- p. tem-i-øn-se F- m hym-]m-cn-i-fp-ts-bpw hym-h-km-bn- I-fp-tS-bpw `-c-wm-[n-im-cn-i-fp-tsbpw Sq-dn-Ãp-I-fp-tS-bpw {]-[m-\ k-t -X-am-bn-cp- p C-hn-Sw. \-ΩpsS t_mw-s_-t]m-se-tbm I - -Ø t]m-se-tbm H-cn-Sw. C- v Zp-_m-bv tem-i-øn-se G- -hpw h-en-b I-tºm-f-hpw Sqdn-Ãp-tI-{μ-hpw B-b-t]m-se. ]- t {]-Ir-Xn-t m-`-߃ Ip- sxm- n-bm- n. C- -sø a-\p-jy- \n -Ωn-X-am-b h -\-K-c-ß-sf- mw \m-sf `q-i-º `o-j-wn t\- cn-sp-i-bm-wv. _n.-kn en-un-b-bn-se t{im-k-kv Cu \-K-c-sØ Io-gvs -Sp-Øn. _n.-kn. 546 h-c t] - jy (C-dm ) `-c-wm-[n-]-cp-ss Io-gn-em-bn-cp- p-sh- v N-cn-{X-Imc-\m-b sl-tdm-tum- -kv tc-j-s - Sp-Øp- p. _n.-kn.412- Cu {]- tz-iw {Ko-kn-se B-X -kn-s\- Xn-sc Xn-cn- p. F- m _n.- kn a-lm-\m-b A-e-Iv-km- Z t{k- v Cu \-K-cw Io-g-S- n. _n.-kn.244- A-e-Iv-km- dp-ss ]n -Km-an-bm-b en-kn-am- kv tim- si- n Cu \-K-c-sØ kw-c- n- p. C- v Cu tim- -Isf- p-dn- p- kv-a-c-w-iƒ A- b-hn-d- mw. F- m F-s^tkm-kv \-K-c-Øn-s {]u-vn hnfn- -dn-bn- p- [m-cm-fw N-cn-{Xkw-`-h-߃ c- p {]m-h-iyw t\- cn- p Im-Wm I-gn- -Xv C-hn- Sp-sØ N-cn-{X-sa-gp-Øn-s an-ihm-bn-øo - p. _n.-kn. 133-h-sc kn-dn-b, s] -K-aw F- o cm-p-hw-i-ß-fpss \n-b-{ -W-Øn-em-bn-cp- p Cu \-K-cw! B-ky-bn-se G-gp k-`-i-fn {]-[m-\-s - k-` C- hn-ss-bm-bn-cp- p. ]u-tem-kv C- hn-ss aq- p-h -jw Xm-a-kn- psim- m-wv F-s^-tkm-kv k-` ÿm-]n- -Xv. F- m Cu k-`bv- v `m-hn-bn kw-`-hn- m t]m-ip- A-\ - -sø- p-dn- pw ]u-tem-kv {]-h-nn- n-cp- p (A.-{].20:29,30). ]u-tem-kv h-enb Xym-Kw k-ln- pw I-Æp-\o hm -Øpw sim- p _p- n D-]- tz-in- p-sim-sp-ø k-`-bm-wn-xv. F-s^-tkm-kn \n- pw t]m-bn- v \m-ep-h -jw I-gn- v ]u-tem-kv k-`-bv- v te-j-\-sagp-xn. ]u-tem-kn-s Im-e-Øv k- `-bv- v \- B-flo-b \n-e-hm-cw D- m-bn-cp- p. F- m A-Sp-Ø t\-xr-xz-øn-te- v h- -t mƒ sim-sn-b sn- m-bv- ƒ A-hn-sS I-S- p-iq-sn. \n- -em-hy a-x-ÿm- ]-I-\m-b \n-s m-em-thm-kv A- t m-iy- m-c-\m-b H-cp sb-lq-z a-xm-\p-km-cn-bm-bn-cp- p. \n-s mem-hy Nn- m-k-xn ]u-tem-kv ÿm-]n- ]p-xn-b \n-b-a-k-`-bn I-S- p-iq-sn. \n- em-en-t m-bn F- {Ko- p-]-z-øn-\v A-bv-ta-\n-I-fp-sSta A-[n-Im-cw \-S-Øp- -bmƒ F- A -X-Y-am-Wv. P-\-sØ Io-gv-s -Sp-Øn `-cn- p-i F- co- Xn. sb-lq-z a-xm-\p-km-cn-i-fn D- m-bn-cp- ]p-tcm-ln-x- m, (ti-jw t]-pv 8)

5 5 ka-im-eni ]{XnI Ih -tãm-dn lmcm apx ]tflmkv hsc sabv 20 tem-i-øn-se A- p-x-ßfn H- m-bn-cp- A -Ø-ao-kv (B -s -an-kv) tz-hn-bp-ss {]-[m- \-t -{Xw F-s^-tkm-kn-em-bncp- p. Cw- o-jn ""U-bm-\'' F- -dn-b-s -Sp- A -Ø-ao-kv tzhn-bp-ss ap-jy B-cm-[-\m-tI-{μam-Wn-Xv. B-I-bm hn-{k-lm-cm- [n-iƒ C-hn-sS H-gp-In F-Øn-bncp- p. {]m-no-\-im-e-sø G-gv A- p-x-ß-fn H- m-bn-cp- p A -Ø-ao-kv tz-hn-bp-ss t - {Xw. B-bn-cw kv-x-\-ß-fp- tzho-hn-{k-l-am-wv A -Ø-ao-kv tzhn-bp-ts-xv. F-s^-tkm-kn-se t -{X-Øn B-bn-cw th-iyam D- m-bn-cp- p F- p ]-d-bs -Sp- p. Cu tz-hn-bp-ss t]- cn C-h th-iym-hr-øn \-S- Øn-bn-cp- p. hy-h-km-b Xp-d-ap- J-\-K-c-sa- \n-e-bn C-hn-sS F-Øn-bn-cp- I- -h-s- m-cpw `- c-wm-[n-im-cn-i-fpw [-\n-i- m-cmb k- m-cn-i-fp-sa- mw C-hn-sS Xn- pw-ip-sn- pw a-zn- pw c-an- pw Xn-an -Øn-cp- p. A-t m-kv-x-e- m-cp-ss Im-e-Øv Cu \-K-cw hn- {K-lm-cm-[-\-sIm- pw ta- -XsIm- pw A-[m -Ωn-I-X-sIm- pw tkm-tzmw tkm-tam-d-t]mse A-[x-]-Xn- n-cp- p. 425 A- Sn \o-f-hpw 82 A-Sn ho-xn-bp-ap- A -Ø-ao-kv t -{X-Øn-\p 60 A-Sn D-b-c-ap- m-bn-cp- p. 120kv-Xq-]-ß-fm \n -Ωn- -s - t -{Xw a-\p-jy \n -Ωn-Xn-bpsS a-lm- p-x-am-bn-cp p. t -{Xw ]-Wn-X k-a-b-øv Hm-tcm kv-xq-]-ß-fpw Hm-tcm cm- Pm-hn-s kw-`m-h-\-bm-bn-cp- p. 36 F-Æw kz -Æ-X-In-Sp s]m-xn- v `w-kn-h-cp-øn-b-xm-bn-cp- p. Cu t -{X-Øn-s ta - -Wn \n -Ωn- -Xv ssk-{]-kn (Ips{]m-kv) \n- p sim- p-h- X- Sn-sIm- m-bn-cp- p. Iq-Sm-sX \otdm N-{I-h -Øn-bp-sS-bpw, s -\- Zn-sbm-kv, l-{zn-b, tk-th-dn-sbmkv F- o tdm-a ssi-k - m-cpss-bpw t]-cn-ep- \n-c-h-[n t - {X-߃ F-s^-tkm-kn D- m bn-cp- p. C- -sø C -Uyt]m-se hn-{k-lm-cm-[-\-bn F- s^-skm-kv h-f-sc {]-kn- -am-bncp- p. Po-h-\p- ssz-h-sø hn- {K-l-ß-fn H-Xp- n Im-Wp- A- -hn-izm-kn-i-fm-b a-\p-jy ssz-h-tøm-sv Im- p- {Iq-c-X-bm- Wv aq -Øo-]q-P-Iƒ. ssz-hw -an- m-ø ]m-]-am-wn-xv. A- -hn-izm-k-߃- pw A-\m-Nmc-߃- pw F-s^-tkm-kv Ip-{]- kn- -am-bn-cp- p. C-hn-sS G-ekp-I-fpw X-In-Sp-I-fpw a-{ -X-{ ß-fpw C-{μ-Pm-e-hn-Zy-I-fpw P-]- ß-fpw A -Ø-ao-kv tz-hn-bp-ss t]-cn-ep- F-s^-ky en-]n-ifn {]-Nm-c-Øn-ep- m-bn-cp- p. tcm-k \n-hm-c-ww, k- mt\m- -]m-z-\w, hn-hn-[ B-h-iy߃- p-th- n-bp- t\ - Imgv-N-I-ƒ (Im-cy-km- y-߃- v) F- n-h-bn F-s^-tkm-kv t -{Xw {]-kn- -am-bn-cp- p. A-t m-kv-x-e-\m-b tbm-l- m-s I- -d D-s - v ]-d-bp- hn-ip- tbm-l- m-s t]-cn-ep- ]- n-bp-ss A-h-in-jv-S-߃ I- n- v ]-Sn-Iƒ C-d-ßp-tºmƒ Cu {]-kn- t -{X-Øn-s H- cp kv-xq-]w am-{xw C- v A-hnsS Im-Sp-I-fp-sS C-S-bn \n-ev- p- -Xp Im-Wmw. eq-t m-kv kp-hn-ti-j-hpw A-s m-kv-x-e {]-hr-øn-i-fp-ss ]p-kv-x-i-hpw c- Nn- tum. eq-t m-kn-s I- d-bpw Cu `m-k-øm-wv. sh-dpw iv-a-im-\-aq-i-x A-hn-sS X-fw si- n \n-ev- p- p. G-jym ssa- \-dn-se tz-h-zm-kn-am-cp-ss A-Ωbm-bn \n-e-\n- Cu tz-hn-bp-ss A Ø-aokv tzhn-bpss t {Xw G-Xp Ip- -hm-fn-bpw A -Ø-ao-kv tz-hn-bp-ss t -{X-Øn-\p- n h m A-h kp-c- n-x-cm-bn-cp- p. A-hn-sS \n- pw Ip- -hm-fn-isf ]n-sn- p-sim- p-t]m-bn in- n- m I-gn- n-cp- n-. C pw ]e a-x-ti-{μ-ß-fn-epw Ip- -hm-fn-i-sf H-fn- n- p-h-bv- p- -Xp Im-Wmw. Xo-{h-hm-Zn-Iƒ H-fn- n-cn- p- -Xpw h-f-cp- -Xpw a-x-ti-{μ-ß-fn-em-wv. C-h k-am-[m-\-{]n-b-c-, a-\p-jy-sc txm- n-\pw t_mw-_n-\pw sim- p X-I - p- Zp-jv-S- m-cm-wv. i- n -bn- p-t]m-bn. C- mw cm-py-øn-s `m-k-am-bn am-dn-b F-sY-tkm-kn hn-{k-l-߃- v bm-sxm-cp ÿm-\-hp-an-. C -Uy-bn-se tz-h-zm-kn-am-cpss aq-e am-xm-hv sb- -Ω-bm-Wv. su- m ta-j-e-bn-se Zp -`q- X-ß-fn {]-[m-\n-bm-wv sb- - Ω. A-t mƒ X-t I -Æm-S-Ibn-se jn-tam-k-bn sb- -Ω-bv- v t -{X-ap- v. `r-kp-ip-e-ønse P-a-Z- n a-l -jn Im-in-cm- Pm-hm-b {]-tk-\-pn-øn-s a- Iƒ tc-wp-i-sb hn-hm-lw I-gn- p. A-h \ -Ω-Zm-Xo-c-sØ B- {i-a-øn Xm-a-kn- p. C-h - v A- v B -a- ƒ. H-cn- tc-wp-i \-Zn-bn sh- w F-Sp- m t]m-bn. A-hn-sS km-ezcm-pm-hm-b Nn-{X-c-Y-\pw `m-cybpw P-e-{Io-U sn-øp- -Xp tc- Wp-I I- p. Nn-{X-c-Y Ip-fn- p- -Xv H- p-iq-sn t\m- n. A- h-s i-co-cw I- p. H-cn- H- cp B-e- p-g- m-cn Xo-h- n-bn bm-{x sn-øp- p. Po -kpw Pm- - p-an- H-cp-hƒ. A-hƒ hn-hmlw C-jv-S-s -Sp- n-. F-s ssi-øn C- ym Sp-tU a-e-bmfw C-cn- p- p. A-Xn-se t]-pp- Iƒ a-dn- p t\m- p-tºmƒ ]-cky-øn H-cp ]p-cp-j. A-hsf B cq-]w A-{X B-I -jn- p, a-\- n D-S- n. \- kuμ-cy-ap- -h. bp-h-xn-bp-ss a-\- n B ]p-cp-j-s am-bm-ø Nn-{Xw ]-Xn- p. Iq-sS- q-ss A-Xp t\m- n c-kn- p-i-bm-bncp- p. A-Xp-t]m-se ]p-cp-j-kuμ-cy-am-kz-zn- tc-wp-i. sh- sa-sp- m-sx, ssh-in B-{i-a- Øn F-Øn. im-]w G- p-hmßn tz-h-zm-kn-am-cp-ss A-Ω-bmbn am-dn. s b- -Ω-bp-sS D-]-{Z-h-ap- [mcm-fw I- -S, a-dm-øn, sx-ep- v am-xr-`m-j-bp- kv-{xo-iƒ {]m - -\-bv- m-bn a-zv-\q-cn h- cm-dp- v. sb- -Ω-sb- - n hn-i-zam-bn an-j-\-dn-\m-zw am-kn-ibn F-gp-Xn am - n ku-zn A-td-_y-bn-se bm-{xbn Xn-cp-h-\- -]p-cw F-b - t]m - n -\n- pw -_p- -s\ F- dn- I- v- F- ]p-kv-x-iw hmßn-bn-cp- p. hym-k F-gp-Xn F- p ]-d-bp- Ko-X-bpw a-lm- `m-c-x-hpw c- p B-cy-{_m- -W tn - v F-gp-Xn-b-Xm-sW- pw Irjv-W H-cp k- - -I-Ym-]m-{Xam-sW- pw ]-d-bp- ]p-kv-x-i- Øn ]-c-ip-cm-a-s an-tøm-f-pn ]-d-bp-tºmƒ sb- -Ω-sb- - n-bpw ]-d-bp- p- v. tc-wp-i-sb ]n-xmhm-b a-l -jn-bp-ss B- A- \p-k-cn- v \m-em-a-sø a-i-\m-b ]-c-ip-cm-a sim- p. C -Uy-bn hn-{k-l-ß-fp- t -{X-ß-sf- mw ]p-\x-]-{xnjvtn- -bpw h -t -{X k-ap- b-ß-fm-bn si- n-s m- p-i-bpw sn-øp-tºmƒ G-jy-bn-epw bptdm- n-ep-am-bn \n-d- p \n- A -Ø-ao-kv tz-hn-bp-ss A-h-tijn- p- aq -Øn-bv- v ]-I-cw t -{X-Øn-s H-cp Xq-Wp am- {Xw A-h-ti-jn- n-cn- p- -Xp Im-Wm `m-kyw e-`n- p. `q-i-º- Øn t\- m-fn-se tz-ho- -tz-h- m-sc- mw X-I - -Sn- -Xm-bn ]-{X-ß-fn hm -Ø-bm-bn. a-\pjy-lr-z-b-ß-fn h-kn- m B-{K-ln- p- Po-h-\p- sszh-sø hn-{k-l-ß-fn Im- n-ipdp- n D-cp- n-h- n-cn- p- p! G-Xp Ip- -hm-fn-bpw A -Øao-kv tz-hn-bp-ss t -{X-Øn-\p- n h- m A-h kp-c- n- X-cm-bn-cp- p. A-hn-sS \n- pw Ip- -hm-fn-i-sf ]n-sn- p-sim- p-t]mbn in- n- m I-gn- n-cp- n-. C- pw ]-e a-x-ti-{μ-ß-fn-epw Ip- -hm-fn-i-sf H-fn- n- p-h-bv - p- - Xp Im-Wmw. Xo-{h-hm-Zn-Iƒ H-fn- n-cn- p- -Xpw h-f-cp- -Xpw a-xti-{μ-ß-fn-em-wv. C-h k-am-[m- \-{]n-b-c-, a-\p-jy-sc txm- n- \pw t_mw-_n-\pw sim- p X-I - p- Zp-jv-S- m-cm-wv. Cu t -{X-Øn-se B-bn-cw th-iy-iƒ sn-øp- Zp - -S- v tk-h-\-߃ tz-hn-bp-ss C-jv-S- {]-Im-c-ap- ]-hn-{x-x-bm-bn I- n-cp- p. C -Uy-bn tz-h-zmkn-am-cp-ss th-iym-hr-øn-sb ]- hn-{x-x-bm-bn Im-Wp- ln-μp antøm-f-pn -t]m-se. Cu ]m-]-]- n-e-am-b F-s^-tkm-kn-te- m- Wv ]m-]-hn-tam-n-i-\m-b tb-ip- {In-kv-Xp-hn-s kp-hn-ti-j-hp-ambn- tbm-l- m-\pw ]u-tem-kpw F-Øn-b-Xv. k-ωn-{i-p-\-x, [m - Ωn-I A-[x-]-X-\-Øn Iq- p-ip- Øn-b, k- m - o-b-x \-jv-s-s - P-\w. A- -hn-izm-k-øn-epw A-\m-Nm-c-Øn-epw si- p-]n-w- ]m-]n-i-fp-ss k-t -Xw. Ip- -hm-fn-i-fp-ss B-hm-k-tI-{μw. C-ß-s\-bp- \-K-c-Øn \n - Ω-e kp-hn-ti-jw i- n-tbm-ss {]-tlm-jn- m tbm-l- m-\pw ]u-sem-kn-\pw I-gn- p.

6 6 ka-im-eni ]{XnI Ih -tãm-dn PmXnbpw P-\-X-Ifpw sabv 20 -A-{_lmw s_ -l tim-gn-t m-sv \m-sv `-cn- n-cp- -Xv ]p-d-b- m-cm-bn-cp- p. A-Xp-sIm- v tim-gn-t m-sv "]p-d-b-s sxm- n" F- m-wv A-dn-bs - n-cp- -Xv. {Ko- p-im sxm- n-sb "Xn- o-kv" F- m-wv hn-fn- n-cp- -Xv. Xm-a-c-t»-cn -\m-zm-]p-cw tz-i-߃ Dƒ-s -Sp- `q-hn-`m-kw ]p-d-b-km-a- - m `-cn- n-cp- -Xp-sIm- v C-hn-Sw Ip-dpw-]p-d-b-\m-Sv F- m-wv hn-fn- n-cp Xv. PmXn-am-]n-\n-bp-sS Im-Wm- p-d߃ -Pm-Xn kw-h-c-ww sim- v B-Zn-hm-kn Z-fn-Xv iq-{z P-\-hn- `m-k-ß-sf ap- m- w sim- p-hcm-sa- `-c-w-l-s-\m-hm-kv-zm-\w kzo-i-cn- p-tºmƒ, Nm-Xp -h - Wy-hy-h ÿ-sb \mw Aw-Ko-Icn- m _m-[y-ÿ-cm-sw- p `- c-w-l-s-\ Hm -Ω-s -Sp-Øp- p. Pm-Xn kw-h-c-w-sa- -Xv ]- n-i- Pm-Xn- -]- n-i-h - - -iq-{z-p-\-hn-`m- K-߃- m-bn `-c-w-l-s-\ \ - Ip- hm-kv-zm-\-am-wv. iq-{z-\ps - n A-hn-sS {_m- -W-\pw, -{Xn-b-\pw, ssh-iy-\pw, kzm- `m-hn-i-am-bpw D- m-bn-cn- -W-at m. A-Xn-\ - w C- y `-c- W-L-S-\ Pm-Xn-hy-h-ÿ-tb-bpw Nm-Xp -h -Wy-tØ-bpw Aw-Ko-Icn- p- p-sh- m-wv. `-c-w-l-s-\m in-ev-]n-i-fn {]-[m-\n-bpw Z-fn-Xcp-sS an-in-lm F- v hn-ti-jn- n- -s -Sp- -h-\p-am-b tum: Awt_-Zv- Nm-Xp -h -Wy hy-hÿ-sb Aw-Ko-I-cn- p- p F- m- Wv, \mw a-\- n-em- p- -Xv. "Pm-Xn-am-]n-\n' C-hn-sS H-cp tnm-zy-ap-b-cp- p. Nm-Xp -h -Wy hy-h-ÿ {]-Imcw iq-{z Xm-gv- Pm-Xn- m-c-\msw- pw, {_m- -W D-b - Pm-Xn- m-c-\m-sw- pw \n- -bn- p- Xn-s A-f-hp-tIm - "Pm- Xn-am-]n-\n' B-cm-Wv I- p-]n-sn- -Xv? G-Xv ÿm-]-\-am-wv Pm-Xn am-]n-\n- v Aw-Ko-Im-cw \ -Inb-Xv? Nm-Xp -h -Wy hy-h-ÿ-sb Aw-Ko-I-cn- p- -h B-Zyw apt m- p-sh- B-]v-X hm-iyw Nm- Xp -h -Wyw am-b-kr-jv-sw F- m-wv. am-bm-kr-jv-sw F- -Xn- v ssz-h-z-øw; A-Y-hm ssz-h- Øm kr-jv-sn- -s - -Xv F- m- Wv hym-jym-\w. ln-μp- -fp-ss H- cp th-z{k-ÿ-sa- \n-e-bn B- Z-cn- -s -Sp- E-tKz-Z-Øn (10 mw a-fi-ew kq- w 90 Cu `m-kw ]n - m-e-øv Iq- n-tn - s - -Xv F- H-cp B-tcm-]-Whpw D- v) hn-cm-sv ]p-cp-j F- ssz-h-øn-s ap-j-øp-\n- pw {_m- -W-\pw ssi-øn -\n- v -{Xn b-\pw, Xp-S-bn -\n- v ssh-iy-\pw ]m-z-øn -\n- pw iq-{z-\pw D- -hn- p F- m-wv tc- J-s -Sp-Øn-bn-cn- p- -Xv. E-jn-h-cy- m kw-kv-ir-x- Øn F-gp-Xn sh- E-tKz-Z-hm- Iy-߃ ssz-h-h-n-\-ß fm-wv. A-Xv Xn-cp-Øp-hm a-\p-jy-\v A-\p-hm-Z-an-. th-z-h-n-\ {]- Imcw Hm-tcm Pm-Xn-bpw Cu-iz-c- \n- -b-am-wv. Pm-Xn-am-dm a-\pjy\v A-h-Im-i-an-. A-Xv {]-Ir- Xn \n-tj-[-hpw ssz-h-\n-tj-[-hpam-wv. ssz-h-z-ø-am-bn Nm-Xp -h - Wy hy-h-ÿ-bp- m- n-bn-cn- p- -Xv Hm-tcm Pm-Xn-bpw Hm-tcm I - Ω-߃ A-\p-jv-Sn- p- -Xn-\v th- n-bm-wv. ssz-h-]q-p-bv- m-bn hn-[n- -s - \-ºq-Xn-cn {_m- - W, X-s I -Ω-߃ A-\p-jv- Sn- p-tºmƒ {_m- -W-s ]m-ztk-h m-bn iq-{z \n-tbm-kn- -s - n-cn- p- p. {_m- -W-s I - -\ ew-ln- m iq-{z-\v A- h-im-i-an-. Nm-Xp -h -Wy-hy-hÿ-b-\p-k-cn- v \-ºq-Xn-cn {_m- -W D- -X Pm-Xn-bpw ]p-eb Xm-gv- Pm-Xn-bp-am-Wv. \-ºq- Xn-cn-bp-tS-bpw ]p-e-b-s -bpw I - Ωw F- m-wv? \-ºq-Xn-cn-bp-sS ap-jy-am-b I -Ωw Cu-iz-c-]q-P-bm-Wv. shbn-epw a-g-bpw sim- mø H-cp ta - q-c-bp-ss Xm-sg \m-ep-npa-cp-iƒ- p- n, I- n-s -tbm, tem-l-øn-s tbm H-cp hn-{k-lsø \n-xy-hpw Ip-fn- n- pw, ]- p-sp- n- pw, s]m- -Wn-bn- pw, ]qam-e sim- -e- -cn- pw ]m-epw, ]- g-hpw, A-hn-epw, a-e-cpw, i - c-bpw, tx-\pw, ]m - m-bk-hpw Xp-S-ßn-b A-ar-tX-Øv sim-sp- Øp \-ºq-Xn-cn tz-h-]q-p sn-øp- p. {]-]- -sø kr-jv-sn- p F- v hn-iz-kn- p- ssz-h-øn-s sn-dn-b-cq-]-am-wv Cu hn-{k-lw. s]m- pw sh- n-bpw ]- -teml-hpw sim- p- m- n-b Cu hn- {K-lw ssz-h-øn-s {]-Xn-cq-]-am- Wv. hn-{k-l-øn-\v k-a - n- p- - Xv ssz-h-øn-\v sim-sp- p- -Xpt]m-se bm-wv. ssz-h-øn-\p- - Xv, ssz-h-øn-s {]-Xn-]p-cp-j- \pw tk-h-i-\p-am-bpw ]q-pm-cn-sb G - n- p- p. A-h-sb- mw kzo- I-cn- v ]q-pm-cn ssz-h-øn-s t]- cn hn-izm-kn-sb A-\p-{K-ln- p- p. ssz-h-øn-s t]-cn `- k-a - n- p- F- m t\ - - -Imgv-N-I-fpw h-gn-]m-sp I-fpw ]q-pmcn ti-j-cn- p t -{X-]m-e-I-\mb cm-pm-hn-s\ (Du-cm-f-s\/k - m-cn-s\) G - n- p X-s I - Ωw ]q -Øn-bm- p- p. t -{X- N-{I-h -Øn-am-sc, cm-pm- - m-sc, \m-sp-hm-gn-i-sf N-cn-{X-Øn-s cm-p-]m-x-bn \n v iq-{z- m F- v ap-{z-ip-øn ]p-d-øm- n-b-xm-cm-wv? tem-i-n-cn-{x-øn X-s H-cp am-xr-im-cm-pm-hm-bn B-Z-cn- -s -Sp- au-cy-n-{i-h -Øn A-tim-I-s\ B-cm-Wv iq-{z- \m- n-b-xv? C- y-bp-ss kmw-kv-im-cn-i a-ln-a-sb A- n-a-dn- p au-cy- m-sc Xm-gv- PmXn- m-cm- n-b-xv B-cm-Wv? iq-{z-s \o-n-xz-hpw, {_m- -W-s Hu- -Xy-hpw \n -Æbn- p- A-f-hp-tIm - -Pm-Xn-am-]n-\n- -B-cm-Wv D- m- n-b-xv? au-cy- m, Xm-gv- iq{z Pm-Xn-bn -s]- -h-cm-sw- v I-ev-]n- m `-c-w-l-s-\m-hn-z-kv-z-sc Np-a-X-e-s -Sp-ØnbXv B-cm-Wv? bp.]n.bn-se D-]-ap-Jy-a-{ n si.]n.au-cy, A-tim-I-N-{I-h -Øn-bp-sS ]n pd m-c Z-fn-Xv-]- w Nm -Øn iq-{z-\m-bn- m-wv `-cn- p- -Xv. a-\p-jy-s\ Xm-gv- Pm-Xn- mc, F- pw D-b - Pm-Xn- m-c F- p X-cw-Xn-cn- m `-c-w-l-s-\m in-ev-]n- Iƒ- v A-[n-Im-cw \ -In-b-Xv B-cm-Wv? ]m-e-i, -{Xn-b-\m-Wv, cm-pmhmwv. cm-pm-hn-s sf-iz-cyw Irjn-bp-tS-bpw hym-]m-c-øn-s -bpw hn-i-k-\-øn-eq-ss bm-wv. A-Xn- \ - w I -j-i-cpw hym-]m-cn-ifp-am-b ssh-iy A-`n-hr- n-s - S-W-sa- mwv. Nm-Xp -h -Wy-hy-h-ÿ-bn {_m- -W, -{Xn-b, sshiy F- n-h-cp-sssb- mw Xm-sg- X- n \n - p- -Xv iq-{z-\m-wv. iq-{z ]m-z-ß-fm-wv. C-h-bm-Wv a-æn kv-] -in- p \n - p- - Xv. a-æn-se s]m-sn-bpw A-gp- pw iq-{z-\n-ep- v. hr-øn-bn- m-ø iq-{z-\v t -{X-Øn-\v ]p-d-øp- \n - p-hm-t\ A-h-Im-i-ap- q. A-ip- -am-b Im-ep sim- v A- º-e-ap- -Øv N-hn- m ]m-sn-. A- h A-ip- - m-c - "sf- Ø' m-c-\m-wv. A-h Ip-fn- pip- n-bm-bn h- m-epw A-º-e-ap- -Øv {]-th-i-\-an-. ho- pw A- h I -Ωw A-\p-jvTn- m a- Æn-te- pw, sn-fn-bn-te- pw t]m-im-\p- -Xm-Wv. A-tX k-abw A-h, a-æn In-f- p, I- p-]q- n, s\- p-hn-x- pw, \-ºq-Xncn- pw A- -P-\ Øn-\pw D-Æn- \-ºq-Xn-cn-Iƒ- pw A-ar-tX-Øn- \p- A- -hpw a-s - mw D- m- p- -h \m-wv. A-h-\p- m- p- -sx- mw tz-h-\v kzo-i-cn- mw. ]q-pm-cn- v `p-pn- mw. F- m tz-h-\pw ]q-pm-cn-bp-ap-f-f A-ºe-ap- -Øv ]p-e-b N-hn- m ]m- Sn-. ]- n- pw, ]- n- pw, ]-iphn-\pw \-S- m-hp- h-gn-bn -Iq- Sn ]p-e-b-\v \-S- m -t]m-epw A- \p-hm-z-ap- m-bn-cp n-. A-Xmb-Xv, k-h -W-ln-μp-Xz- -a-\p-hm-zn- I-fp-sS Nm-Xp -h -Wy-hy-h-ÿ, Nm-Xp h -Wy-hpw A-kvv-] -iz- X-bpw kr-jv-sn- km-l-n-cy- Øn {_m- -W-\v ]m-z-]q-p snøp-i, F- I-S-a-b- m-sx iq-{z- \v a-s m-cp Nn- m-tem-i-tam `u- Xn-I-tem-I-tam C-. C-Xm-Wv Z- fn-x s A-h-ÿ. Cu A-h-ÿ Pm-Xn kw-h-c-ww-sim- v k - m D-tZym-Kw t\-sn, am- m-sa- m-wv C- y `-c-w-l-s-\-bpw Z-fn-Xv _p- n-po-hn-i-fpw ]-d-bp- Xv. iq-{z-km-{am-pyw A-\m-Zn-Im-ew-ap-X Nm-Xp - h -Æy-hy-h-ÿ \n-e-\n- n-cp- psh- k-h -Æ ln-μp-xz-hm-zw N- cn-{x-]-c-am-bn A-Sn-ÿm-\-an- m- Ø-Xm-Wv. 16 \m- p cm-pm- - m h-s-t -C- y-bn-epw tn-c- -tnm-f- -]m-fiy-cm-p- - m sx- n- y- (ti-jw t]-pv 8)

7 7 hm -ØIƒ ka-im-eni ]{XnI sabv 20 Uªyp. Fw. C. kwko-x-\ni kz o-b-\n Qcn dm n-bn I-cn-bw-πm-hv: 2019 P-\p-h-cn-bn \-S- p-hm t]m-ip- I-cn-bwπm-hv I -h -j-s k-]v-x-xn B-tLm-j-ß-fp-sS `m-k-am-bn {]- i-kv-x Km-b-I-sc A-Wn-\n-c-Øns m- v U-ªyp. Fw. C. k-t kv-iqƒ an-\n-kv-{sn H-cp- p- kz - o-b-\n -Q-cn F- kw-ko- X-\n-i-bpw kp-hn-ti-j {]-`m-j- W-hpw sa-bv 20- -\v dm- n Im- m- W-Øv G-_-t\-k {Ku- n \-S- pw. U-ªyp. Fw. C. P-\-d -{]- kn-u v d-h. tum. H. Fw. cm- Pp- p- n D-Xv-Lm-S-\w sn-øp- k- tω-f-\-øn Km-b-I-cm-b tpm- _n tpm, Pn-Pn kmw, _n-pp Xn-cp-h- : ssh.]n.c. Xn-cp-h- tkm-w {]-Y-a Iym-ºv Imt_m-Zv Xn-cp-h- I -h -j kv-t -Un-b-Øn \-S- p. ssh.- ]n.c. kw-ÿm-\ {]-kn-u -dv ]m-ã F. n. tpm-k-^v D-Zv-Lm- S-\w sn-bv-xp. ]m-ã _m-_p sn-dn-bm A- y- -X h-ln- p. sk-{i- -dn km-_p hm-g- q- - Øn, ssh.-]n.-c.kw-ÿm-\ sk-{i- -dn am-xyp t_-_n, k-t kv-iqƒ kw-ÿm-\ sk-{i- -dn ]m- Ã km-ep h -Ko-kv F- n-h {]-kw-kn- p. ayq-kn-iv ss\- n ]m-ã kn.kn.txm-a-kv ap-jy {]- `m-j-ww \-S-Øn. hn-hn-[ sk-j-\p-i-fn tum-. P-bn-k txm-a-kv, tum. F- _n txm-a-kv, C-hm. Pn-^n tbml- m, ]m-ã -am-cm-b jn-_p si.am-xyp, A-\o-jv G-e- m-d, m-uv-k tpm, {]n -kv dm- n F- n-h m-kp-iƒ \-bn- p. _n-tl-hn-b-d s{s-bn-\n-mv, ]mã cmp Nmt m t_mtum-em Uv dopn-b {]kn-u v _m-en-]m-d (A-kmw): C- ym s]-s -t m-kv-xv ssz-h-k-` t_m-tum- -em -Uv do-pn-b {]- kn-u m-bn ]m-ã cm-p Nmt m \n-b-an-x-\m-bn. sf-]n-kn A-cp-Wm-N -{]-tz-iv tã- v {]-kn- U m-bn-cp- ]m-ã cm-p Nmt m X -ÿm-\w cm-pn-h- -Xns\ Xp-S - v G-{]n 12 \v Iq-Snb P-\-d Iu- -kn-em-wv \nb-a-\w \-S-Øn-b-Xv. I-gn- \m-ev ]-Xn- m- n-e- [n-i-am-bn D-Ø-tc- y-bn kphn-ti-j {]-h -Ø\w \-S-Øn-hcp- ]m-ã cm-p Nm-t m A- cp-wm-n {]-tz-in-se B-ZysØ s]-s -t m-kv-xv an-j-\-dnbm-wv. \n-c-h-[n k-`-i-fp-ss ÿm- ]-I-\m-b A-t±-lw kp-hn-ti-j hn-tcm-[n-i-fp-ss {Iq-c-am-b a -±- \-Øn-\v ]-e {]m-h-iyw hn-t[-b- \m-bn- p- v. F-Xn - p-i-fp-ss \- Sp-hn-epw X-t±-in-b-cm-b B-bn-c- ]-ºm-hm-en, cm-po-kv ]m-ºm-sn, Pn- _n tu-hn-uv, kmw-k tpm-, Pm -k tpm-k-^v, sim- ptam dm- n F- n-h Km-\-ß- fm-e- -]n- pw. P-bv-k Zm-\n-tb Hm -s -kv-t{s-j \n -Δ-ln- pw. k-t -kv-iqƒ an-\n-kv-{sn U-b-d- Iv-S tum. Fw. si. kp-tc-jv t\-xr-xzw \ -Ipw. I-gn- G- gp Z-i-I-ß-fm-bn kw-ko-x-øn-eqss ssz-hw U-ªyp. Fw. C. {]- ÿm-\-tø-bpw t\-xr-xz-søbpw ssz-h-cm-py-øn-s hn-i-k- \-Øn-\m-bn D-]-tbm-Kn- p- -Xns\-tbm -Øp- kv-txm-{x-ip-{iqj-bm-bn- m-wv kz - o-b-\n -Q-cn H-cp- n-bn- p- -Xv. ayq-kn-iv ss\- v, Un-thm-j, anj N-e- v, Sm-e v ss\- v, skbnw-kv, sk-j-\p-iƒ D- m-bncp p. ]-Øv t] ]q -Æ k-a-b kphn-ti-j th-e-bv- p th- n k- a - n- p. tkm- -W t]-{s ]m- Ã ssh.-tpm-kv, ]m-kv-t -gv-kv si.fw.sn-dn-bm, Fw.C.km-apth, n.fw.am-ω-, A-\n-b - Ip- v km-ap-th, su- o-kv h -Ko-kv, si.hn.ko-h - o-kv, tdm- _n am-xyp, _n-pn _n.sn-dnbm, F-_n Ip-cy, F- n-h hn-hn-[ sk-j-\p-i-fn A- y- -X h-ln- p. C-hm.tdm-j, F-_n, ª- F- n-h kw-ko-x ip-{iqj- v t\-xr-xzw \ -In. ]m-ã si.hn.ko-h - o-kv, km-_p hmg- q- -Øn, F-_n Cu-, kmw-k n.kmw, ]m-ã _n- Pn _n.sn-dn-bm F- n-h t\-xr-xzw \ -In. -W- n-\v hn-izm-kn-i-sf {In-kv- Xp-hn-\m-bn t\-sp- -Xn-\v A-t±-l- Øn-\p I-gn- n- p- v. B-km-an-se A- p-pn- -Iƒ Dƒ-s - -Xm-Wv kz-x-{ t_mtum-em v Iu -kn. A-Sp- Ø c- p h -j-øn-\p- n Cu {]-tz-i-ß-fn \q-dp k-`-iƒ ÿm-]n- p-i F- -Xm-Wv e- ysa- v ]m-ã cm-p Nm-t m ]- d- p. \yq C Uym ss nƒn v ]p{xnim kwl-s-\-iƒ p ]pxnb `mc-hm-ln-iƒ ssh.]n.c. Xn-cp-h- m tkm-w Iym-ºv k-am-]n- p ]m-bn- m-sv: \yq C- ym ss_- _nƒ N - n-s ]p-{xn-im kw-l- S-\-I-fm-b k-t -kv- qƒ, \yq sse-^v bq-øv s^-t m-jn- v, \yq C- ym hn-a -kv s^-t m-jn- v F- n-h-bv- v ]p-xn-b `m-c-hm-ln- I-fm-bn- C-hm.-A-`n-em-jv am-xyp (k-t -kv- qƒ), C-hm.-kmw ]o- (-bq-øv-s^-t m-jn- v), kn-ã - en-k-ω cm-tp-jv (hn-a -kv s^t m-jn- v) F- n-h-sc Xn-c-s - Sp-Øp. ÿm-\-sam-gn-bp- sk-{i- -dnam-cm-b ]m-ã tpm - v Nmt m, ]m-ã sp.-tb-ip-zm-kv,- kn-ã Ip- p -tam-ƒ ]o-, - tpm-bn v sk-{i- -dn-am-cm-b kphn.-kmw tbm-l- m-,- kp-hn.- si.f.-ãm- -en F- n-h - pw ip- {iq-j-bn \n- pw hn-c-an- p- ko-\n-b ip-{iq-j-i ]m-ã si.kn.-]o-, ]m-ã si.fw am- Xyp F- n-h - pw G-{]n 12\p k-`m B-ÿm-\-Øp \-S- k- tω-f-\-øn bm-{x-b-b- p \ - sim - -Ø: _-ty hn-kv-uw Nm-cn- n ^u-t -j-s B-`n-ap- Jy-Øn- B-cw-`n- _-ty ss_-_n-ƒ tim-f-pn-s D -Lm- S-\w ta-bv 6 \v {]-kn-u v d-h: tum: si. tpm- -Pv txm-a-kv \n - Δ-ln- p. sim - -Ø t\-lm- n tim-f-pv-nm- -en \-S- k-tωf-\-øn sf.-]n.-kn. Xn-tbm-f- Pn- t_m -Uv sn-b -am d- h: si.]n txm-a-kv A- y- -X h-ln- p.d-h: tum: F-Un-k txm-a-kv ap-jy-k-tμ-iw \ -In. In.- ]p-xn-b `m-c-hm-ln-iƒ- p kzo-i-c-w-hpw \ -In. k-`m {]-kn-u v d-h.-txm-akv ^n-en- v ip-{iq-j-iƒ- p t\- Xr-Xzw \ -In. -tum.-sp-bv-k txm-a-kv,- d-h.-jm-pn kn.un F- n-h {]-kw-kn- p. ss nƒ timfpv DZvLmS\w ]m-ã kq-c-pv tam-l, ]m-ã ]n.tb-ip-zm-k F- n-h {]-kw- Kn- p. h-s-t C- y-bn-se kphn-ti-jo-i-c-w-øn-\v k-tlm-zcn k-tlm-z-c- -am-sc {]m-]v-x-cm- p-i F- e- y-tøm-ss B- cw-`n- tim-f-pn-\v A-bm- Aw- Ko-Im-c-ap- v. Cu ÿm-]-\-øn ku-p- \y {]-th-i-\w B-{K-ln- p- h Xm-sg sim-sp-øn-cn- p- \- º-dn _- -s -Sp-I (si.]n txm-a-kv ) ASp-Ø-bm{X sk-]v- w-_ 10

8 8 ka-im-eni ]{XnI sabv 20 4 mw t]pv XpS te-hy, km-am-\y-p-\w F- o ÿm-\-߃ {In-kv-Xym-\n-I-fp-sS C-S-bn-epw k-`-bn-epw \-S- m- m {i-an- -h-cm-wn-h. C- pw Nn-e sa-bn sse k-`-i-fn Cu co-xn Xp-S-cp- p- v. G-I a-\-t m-ss h -Øn- ncp- k-tlm-z-c-kw-l-sø A- bv-ta-\n-sb- pw A-[n-Im-cn-I-sf- pw c- m-bn Xn-cn- p. C-ß-s\ k-`-bn D- -\o-n-xz-߃ sim- p-h- p. C- -sø \-Ωp-sS C -Uy k-`-i-fn-epw Cu-hn-[w D- -\o-n-xz-ß-fpw k-h -W-cpw A-h -W-cpw F- `n- -X-I-fpw D-S-se-Sp-Øn- p- v. sh-fn- m-sv ]p-k-v-x-i-øn F-s^-tkm-kv k-`-bp-ss G-gp- Kp- W-߃ ]-d-bp- p: Rm \n-s {]-hr-øn-bpw {]-b-xv-\-hpw k-lnjv-w-x-bpw sim- -cp-xm-ø-h-sc \n-\- p k-ln- p-iq-sm-ø-xpw A- s m-kv-x-e- m-c- m-xn-cn-s R- ߃ A-s m-kv-x-e- m F- p ]-d-bp- -h-sc \o ]-co- n- p I- - m F- p I- -Xpw \n-\- p k-ln-jv-a-w-x-bp- -Xpw F-s \m-aw \n-an-øw \o k-ln- -Xpw X-f - p-t]m-im-ø-xpw Rm A-dn-bp- p (sh-fn.2:1 3). C-{X-bpw \- Kp-W-߃ D- m-bn- pw B-Zy-kv-t\-lw hn- p- I-f- p F- Kp-cp-X-c-am-b Ip- -ap- v. ssz-h-kv-t\-lw hn- p F- p ]-d- m A-h P-Un-I-cmbn, ssz-h-i-ev-]-\-sb D-t]- n- p F- m-w - w. ssz-h-h-n-\w hn- p ssz-th-jv-sw D-t]- n- p kz- -_p- n-bn-epw kz- w i- n-bn-epw kzm - -X-bn-ep-am-Ip- hn-izm-kn ssz-h-kv-t\-l-sø Fs^-tkm-kv Ncn-{X-Øn hn- p tem-i-kv-t\-l-øn-\p A-Sna-bm-Ip- p. A-h kzm - -cpw A-l- m-cn-i-fpw B-bn am-dp- p. ssz-h-k-`-bp-ss A-Y-hm {In-kv- Xp-k-`-bp-sS {]m-[m-\y-sø te- J-\-Øn-eq-sS F-Sp-Øp-]-d-bp- p. ]u-tem-kn-s Im-cm-Kr-l-te-J- \-ß-fn H- m-a-tø-xm-wv F- s^-ky - p F-gp-Xn-b te-j-\w. A-Xp-sIm- p Iq-Sn-bm-Wv te-j- \-ß-fp-sS dm-wn F- p hn-fn- s - -Xv. Cu te-j-\-øn k-` {In-kv-Xp-hn-s i-co-cw, k-` {Inkv-Xp-hn-s a-μn-cw, k-` H-cp a - Ωw, k-` a-w-hm- n, k-` H-cp t]m - -fw F- o hn-j-b-ß-sf h-f-sc B-g-ta-dn-b B-flo-b-ho- -W-Øn ]u-tem-kv k-`-sb A-h-X-cn- n- p- p. hn-ip- - m-cpw hn-izm-kn-ifpw, k-` {In-kv-Xp-hn kz - - Øn-se k-i-e B-fln-Im-\p-{K-l߃, ssz-hw hn-izm-kn-iƒ- pth- n sn-bv-x h -Im-cy-߃, {In-kv-Xp-hn-s c- -Øm-ep- hn-sp-x, ssz-h-ln-x-øn-s a - Ωw, kz - -Øn-epw `q-an-bn-epw {In-kv-Xp-hn H- m-bn-t -cp- A-\p-`-hw, A- m-c-am-b ]-cn-ip- m-flm-hv, hn-izm-kn ]-cn-ip- mflm-hn-\m ap-{z-bn- n-cn- p- p F- k-xyw, ssz-h-i- n-bp-ss {]-Z -i-\w, hn-izm-kn kz - - Øn, Ir-]-bm-ep- c-, {Inkv-Xp \-ap- p-th- n sn-bv-x 10 Im-cy-߃ Xp-S-ßn k-`-bp-ss A- t\-i a -Ω-߃ ]u-tem-kv te- J-\-Øn-eq-sS F-gp-Xn Hm -Ωn- n- p- p. {In-kv-Xp tb-ip X-s aq-e-i- m-bn-cn-s \n-ß-sf A- t m-kv-x-e- m-cpw {]-hm-n-i- mcpw F- A-Sn-ÿm-\-Øn ]- Wn-b-s - n-cn- p- p- (F-s^.2:19-22). ({In-kv-Xym-\n-Xzw t\-tcm-snb \m-sp-i-fn-eq-ss, t]mƒ a-e-b- Sn, t]-pv 64). PmXn-am-]n-\n-bp-sS Im-Wm- p-d߃ 6 mw t]pv XpS bn-epw `-cn- n-cp- _n.kn 400 Ime-Øv. C- y-bn Nm-Xp -h -Wy hy-h-ÿ-bp- m-bn-cp- n-. C- t mƒ iq-{z- m F- v ap-{z-ip- Ø-s - au-cy- m B-Wv _n.kn. 320 C- y-bn-se G- -hpw h-en-b iq-{z-km-{am-pyw ÿm-]n- p- -Xv. {_m- -W-\m-b Nm-W-Iy-\m-Wv ip-{z N-{I-h -Øn N-{μ-Kp-]v-X-au-c-s {]-[m-\-a-{ nbm-bn-cp- -Xv. Cu kw-`-hw aucy-bp-k Øn Nm-Xp -h -Æy-hyh-ÿ D- m-bn-cp- n- F- Imcyw \-sω Hm -Ω-s -Sp-Øp- p. au-cy km-{am-py ÿm-]-i-sc iq- {Z- m F- v ap-{z-ip-øn-b-xv B- cm-wv? au-cy-im-e-sø {]m-no-\-x-ang-i-øn \m-sp-hm-gn-i-fm-b tnc- -tnm-f- -]m-fiy P-\-X-bpw, Ipdn- n ap-ss, ]m-sse, a-cp-xw, sx-bv-x Xn-W-I-fn h-kn- ncp- th-s, th-e, D-g-h, ao- \-h, ]-c-x-h F- o P-\-hn-`m- K-ß-fpw X-Ωn Pm-Xn-]-c-am-b D- b - - -Xm-gv-N-Iƒ D- -bn-cp- n- F- m-wv kw-l-im-e km-ln-xy߃ \-sω t_m-[y s -Sp-Øp- -Xv. C-S-b-cn -\n- p tn-c-cm-p- - m-cpw, ]-c-x-h-cn \n- v ]mfiy-cm-pm- m-cpw D-b - p-h- p-sh- m-wv N-cn-{Xw. tn-c-cm-p- - m-cn c- p-im- J-I-fp- m-bn-cp- p. B-X -im-jbpw; ]p-d-b-im-j bpw. H- mw tnc-km-{am-py ÿm-]-i, s\-spwtn-c-em-x I-c-hq B-Wv X-eÿm-\-am n-bn-cp- -Xv. ]p-d-bim-j-bn -s]- tn-c-n-{i-h -Øn C-cpw-]p-d-bv-tk-e-Øn-\-Sp-Øv X- I-Sq B-Wv X-e-ÿm-\-am- n \m-sp-hm-wn-cp- -Xv. A- v \m-sph-gn-i-fm-b s\-spw-]p-d-bcpw, tzi-hm-gn-i-fm-b Ip-dpw-]p-d-b-cp-ap- m-bn-cp- p. tim-gn-t m-sv \m-sv `-cn- n-cp- -Xv ]p-d-b- m-cm-bn-cp- p. A-Xp-sIm- v tim-gn-t m-sv "]p-d-b-s sxm- n" F- m-wv A-dn-b s - n-cp- -Xv. {Ko- p-im sxm- n-sb "Xn- o-kv" F- m-wv hn-fn- n-cp- -Xv. Xm-a-c-t»-cn -\m- Zm-]p-cw tz-i-߃ Dƒ-s -Sp- `qhn-`m-kw ]p-d-b-km-a- - m `-cn- n-cp- -Xp-sIm- v C-hn-Sw Ip-dpw- ]p-d-b-\m-sv F- m-wv hn-fn- n-cp- -Sn-ÿm-\-Ønem-Wv? `m-c-x- p-g ap-x s]-cn-bm h-sc-bp- `q-{]-tz-i-߃ sim- p- s\-spw-]p-d-b \m- n-se ]pd-b-cm-pm- - m F-hn-sS-t m-bn? ]p-e-b-\m tim- -si- n-b ]p-e-b cm-pm- m-cp-ss ]n- p-d- m C- s -hn-ss-bm-wv? ]p-e-b-cm-pm- - m-cp-ss N-cn-{Xw F-ßn-s\ bm- Wv A-{]-Xy- -am-b-xv? N-{I-h -Øn-am-sc, cm-pm- - m-sc, \m-sp-hm-gn-i-sf N-cn-{X- Øn-s cm-p-]m-x-bn \n- v iq- {Z- m F- v ap-{z-ip-øn ]p-d- Øm- n-b-xm-cm-wv? tem-i-n-cn-{x- Øn X-s H-cp am-xr-im-cm-pmhm-bn B-Z-cn- -s -Sp- au-cy-n- {I-h -Øn A-tim-I-s\ B-cm-Wv iq-{z-\m- n-b-xv? C- y-bp-ss kmw-kv-im-cn-i a-ln-a-sb A- n-adn- p au-cy- m-sc Xm-gv- Pm-Xn- m-cm- n-b-xv B-cm-Wv? iq-{z-s \o-n-xz-hpw, {_m- -W-s Hu- - Xy-hpw \n -Æbn- p- A-f-hptIm - -Pm-Xn-am-]n-\n- -B-cm-Wv D- m- n-b-xv? au-cy- m, Xm-gv- iq-{z Pm-Xn-bn -s]- -h-cm-sw- v I-ev-]n- m `-c-w-l-s-\m-hn-z-kv- Z-sc Np-a-X-e-s -Sp-Øn b-xv B- cm-wv? bp.]n.bn-se D-]-ap-Jy-a- { n si.]n.au-cy, A-tim-I-N-{Ih -Øn-bp-sS ]n- p-d m-c Z- fn-xv-]- w Nm -Øn iq-{z-\m-bn- m- Wv `-cn- p- -Xv. a-\p-jy-s\ Xmgv- Pm-Xn- m c, F- pw D-b - Pm-Xn- m-c F- p X-cw-Xncn- m `-c-w-l-s-\m in-ev-]n- Iƒ- v A-[n-Im-cw \ -In-b-Xv B-cm-Wv? C-Xn-s ]n- n H-cph Kq-Vm-tem-N-\ \-S- n- p s - v C- y-bp-ss kmw-kv-imcn-i-n-cn-{x-hpw `-c-w-n-cn-{x-hpw \-sω t_m-[y-s -SpØp- p. iq-{z-pm-xn- m - v kw-h-c- Ww F- B-i-bw `-c-w-l-s-\min-ev-]n-i-fp-ss H-cp Hu-Zm-cy-am-bn- m-wv {]-Io -Øn- -s -Sp- -Xv. Nq-j-I-cp-sS-bpw X- n- p-im-cp-ssbpw Hu-Zmcy-am-bn- p hn-a -in- s -Sp-I-bpw sn-øp- p. H-cp Imcyw hy- w: "Cu Hu-Zm-cy- Øn-\v th- n h-en-sbm-cp P-\- hn-`m-k-sø `n- mw-tz-ln-i-fm- n am- n-sb-sp-øp'. A-Xn-\v `-c- W L-S-\-sb- a-lm-i- n-sb X-s C-t m-gpw D-]-tbm-K-s -Sp- Øp- p. Nm-Xp -h -Wy-hy-h-ÿ-sb cq-]-s -Sp-Øn-b Pm-Xn-am-]n-\n X- I -sø-dn- p N-cn-{Xm-[n-jvTn-X k-aq-l-sa- ]-Z-hn ho-s -Sp-Øv A-[n-Im-c-tI-{μ-߃ ]n-sn-s -Sp- p-i F- -Xm-Wv iq-{z-p-\-hn-`m- K-sa- v ap-{z-ip-ø-s - -h-cp-ss P- \m-[n-]-xy I-S-a. ]n- m- w \n - p- P-\-X-bp-sS kmw-kv-im-cn- I-hpw km-º-øn-i-hp-am-b tam- N-\w `q-an ho-sv, sxm-gn F- o au-eo-im-h-im-i-߃ km- m-xv- I-cn- pw-hn-[w `-c-w-l-s-\ s]mfn-s gp-xp- -Xn-eq-sS am-{xw F- v A-h X-s Xn-cn- -dn-b-ww. A-h-cp-sS N-cn-{Xw A-h X-s ]Tn- -Ww. N-cn-{Xw A-dn-bm-Ø H-cp P-\-X-bv- v N-cn-{Xw kr-jv- Sn- m I-gn-bn-.

9 9 ka-im-eni ]{XnI hm -ØIƒ sabv 20 {In-kva-kv Km-\k y 1 mw t]pv XpS B-bn-c-ß-fp-sS B-cm-[-\m-Ko-Xß-fm-bn am-dn. \q- m- v I-gn- n- pw ]p-xp-a \-jv-s-s -Sm-Ø B Km-\-ß-fp-sS \-hym-hn-jv-im-c-am- Wv Un-kw-_ 25 {In-kv-a-kv k- y-bn Xn-cp-h- ]-ªn-Iv tã- Un-b-Øn A-c-tß-dp- -Xv. a-lm-i-hn si.-hn. ssk-a, a-[p-c-km-b-i Fw.-C. sn-dn-bm-, Sn.-sI. km-ap-h, km-[p sim- p-ip- v D-]-tZ-in, A- -Ω am- Ω, kn.-f-kv. am-xyp, C.-hn. h - Ko-kv, ]n.-hn. Np-Ωm, hn. \m- K, sp.-hn. ]o- Xp-S-ßn-b a -a-d- `- - m-cp-ss \mhn \n- pw A-S - v ho-w h- cn-iƒ C- pw e- -߃ G- p ]m-sp-tºmƒ A-Xn-s A-\p-`-hß-fn-eq-sS-bp- ]q -Δ-Im-e-bm- {X Iq-Sn-bm-Ipw ""H- m-bv ]m-smw tb-ip-hn-\m-bv''. B-bn-cw kw-ko-x- Unkw-_ 25 (snm-δ) ssh-in- v A- n-\v Xn-cp-h- ]-ªn-Iv tã-unb-øn A-Wn-\n-c- pw. A- p Km-\-߃ ho-x-ap- aq- v ]-c- º-c-Iƒ- n-ss {]-ap-j kw-ko-x- Ão-^ tz-h-ky, Km-b- I tum. sª-k ta-a-\ Xp-Sßn-b-h-cp-sS km- n-[y-hpw kw- Ko-X-k- y-bv- v am- v Iq- pw. ]- h -hn-j Nm-\ sn-b -am d-h. tum. si.-kn. tpm e-lpk-tμ-iw \ -Ipw. d-h.tum. si.-kn. tpm ({]- kn-u v), F.-Fw. cm-pp (snb -am ), n.-fw. am-xyp (P-\-d I -ho-\ ), `- -h -k-e (ayq-kn-iv P-\-d I -ho-\ ), tpm-pn sf- v am-xyq-kv (sk-{i- -dn), _n- n am-xyp (ayq-kn-iv I -ho-\ ), _n-\p h-s-ti-cn- c (t{]m-{kmw I -ho-\ ) F- nh-cp-ss t\-xr-xz-øn-ep- I-Ωn- THE ORDER OF WORSHIP AND MINISTRY Author Rev. Dr. T.K. Koshy Vaidyan TABLE OF CONTENTS Leading a worship A worship service (model) Order of worship service with lord s supper Baptismal service Procedure of the baptismal service Dedication Child dedication The laying of a foundation stone for house Dedication of a christian home Ground breaking ceremony for the church building Dedication of a church building Opening and dedication of a business center Ordination service Installation service for a n {]m-y-an-i {]-h -Ø-\-߃ Xp- S-ßn. hn-]p-e-am-b {I-ao-I-c-W߃- m-bn P-\-d I-Ωn- n cq- ]o-i-c-ww D-S \-S- p-sa- v `mc-hm-ln-iƒ A-dn-bn- p. Km-b-I-sc Xn-c-s -Sp- p- - Xn-\p- i-_v-z-]-cn-tim-[-\ tic-f-øn-se hn-hn-[ ti-{μ-ß-fn-embn sk-]v- w-_ 30\v ap -]v \-S- pw. Xm- -]-cy-ap- bp-h-xo-bphm- -fpw hn-zym - n-i-fpw k-`m- ]m-ã-dp-ss-bpw c- n-xm- -fp-ssbpw ip-]m -i-tbm-ss ]q-cn- n- t^m-ap-iƒ Xn-cn-sI \ -I-Ww. t^m-ap-iƒ B-h-iy-ap- -h onnai padam yeshuvinayi F- t^-kv-_p- v t]-pn e`n pw. B-bn-cw t] tn - p- A-hkm-\-L- -]-cn-io-e-\w Un-kw- _ B-Zyw Xn-cp-h- -bn \-S- pw. \q-dv t]-cv ho-x-ap- kw- L-am-Ipw {]m-tz-in-i-x-e-øn B-Zy-L- -]-cn-io-e-\w \-S-Øp- sx- v sn-b -am F.-Fw. cm- Pp, ayq-kn-iv I -ho-\ `- - h -k-e F- n-h A-dn-bn- p. t^m : , Rs. 450/- +(postage Rs. 100) pastor Recognition and installation of sunday school teachers: A service for leadership day The marriage ceremony Marriage engagement program: Betrothal A sample wedding service Sample of another wedding service An actual wedding ceremony The funeral service Order of funeral service Burial service Tips for leading effective meetings The church official board meeting The annual business meeting An event planning meeting A committee meeting 62 SERMONS FOR SPECIAL OCCASIONS HYMNS FOR SPECIAL OCCASSIONS s]s -t mkvxp {]ÿm-\sø _e-s -SpØn 1 mw t]pv XpS N-\ {]-tlm-j-ww ssi-en-bm- n am- m ti-c-f k-`-sb k-lmbn- -Xv I-cn-kv-am- n-iv {]-ÿm-\-am- Wv. ap-ºv H-cp bm-{ n-i Ip-º-kmc-am-bn-cp-s - n C- v hn-im-eam-bpw hn-i-z-am-bpw ]m-]-߃ G- p-]-d-b-epw {]m-b- n-øw snø-ep-sam-s \-ap- v kp-]-cn-nn-xam- n-b-xv I-cn-kv-am- n-iv, ap-t - - am-wv. A-Xp-t]m-se \-ap- v aqt m \m-tem ]m- p-i-tf D- m-bncp- p- q. "hm-hm tb-ip-\m-ym...', "Hm-im-\ Cu-i-\p k-x-xw..' Xp- S-ßn-b-h. F- m-en- v \-Ωp-sS B-cm-[-\-{I-a-ß-fn-epw {]m - - \m k-tω-f-\-ß-fn-epw ]m-sp- H- cp-]m-sv ]m- p-iƒ I-cn-kv-am- n-iv cw- K-Øp-\n- pw h- -h-bm-wv. B I-cn-kv-am- n-iv Km-\-ß-fp-sS-sbms h-en-b D-d-h s]m- n-b-xv Cu I-cn-kv-am- n-iv ap-t - -Øn-em-Wv. Ip-Spw-_-Po-hn-X-Øn-epw H-cp-]m-Sv \-ho-i-c-w-߃ \-S- p. a-zy-]m- \n-i-fp-ss am-\-km- -cw, th -s]- v t]m-b-h-cp-ss ]p-\-tc-io-i-c- Ww, Ip-Spw-_-ß-fn-se ]p-xn-b Bcm-[-\m-Km-\-߃ kwko-x-ta-f-i-fm- -cpxv 1 mw t]pv XpS I-tfm \-S-Øp-tºm-tfm, Iq- -am-bn {]m - -\-Iƒ \-S-Øp-tºm-tgm kw-ko-txm-]-i-c-w-ß-fn-eq-ss-bp- A-I-º-Sn i-_v-zw tiƒ- n- p- -Xv H-gn-hm- -Ww. Im -Ωn-I-s ]n- pw i-_v-z-hpw a-\- n-em- n A-X-\p-k-cn- v Km-b-I-kw-L-ßfpw C-S-hm-b-\- m-cpw hm-b-\-ifpw Km-\-ß-fpw B-e-]n-t - - Xm-Wv. ]m- m-xy-co-xn-bn-ep- kz-c-ß-fpw cm-k-ß-fpw \-Ωp-sS B-cm-[-\-bn D-]-tbm-Kn- phm ]m-sn-. Km-\-ß-fpw {]-Xnhm-Iy-ß-fpw B-cw-`n- p- -Xn-\pap-ºp- C-t{ m ayq-kn-iv Km-\- ß-fp-sS Hm-tcm Kp-Zm-I-fp-sS-bpw C-S-bn-ep- A-\m-h-iy-ssZ - Lyw, ap-x-em-bn hn-izm-kn-i-fp-ss A-\p-kyq-X-am-b B-cm-[-\m kw- _- -Øn-\v X-S- -am-ip- H- pw-x-s D- m-i-cp-xv. _n-j- ns k-tμ-i-øn ]-d-bp- p. Po-hn-X-ssi-en-Iƒ C-sXm-s I- cn-kv-am- n-iv Kp-W-^-e-am-Wv. A- Xp-sIm- v \-Ωp-sS Ip-Spw-_-ßsf \-ho-i-cn- p- {]-{In-b-bn I-cn-kv-am- n-iv {]-ÿm-\w H-cp-]m- Sv \- sn-bv-xn- p- v. F-{X-tbm a- Zy-]m-\n-Iƒ a-zy-h -P-\-Øn-te- v h- p, F-{X-tbm Ip-Spw-_- ߃ kp-hn-ti-j th-e- n-d-ßn- Øn-cn- p- C-sXm-s I-cn-kv-am- n- Iv ap-t - -Øn-s h-en-b kw-`mh-\-i-fm-bn F-\n- v txm- p- p. Im-cp-Wy-{]-h -Ø-\-߃ h -[n- p. C-S-hI-X-e-Øn B-{i-a-ßfn-te- v, B-Im-i-]-d-h-I-fp-sS A- Sp-tØ- v, _p- n-am-μy-ap- -h-sc ip-{iq-jn- p- ti-{μ-øn-te- v F- n-hn-s-ß-fn-sem-s k-μ -i- \w \-S-Øp- {]-h-w-x Iq-Sp-Xem-bn. B-ip-]-{Xn-I-fn-se `- - W-hn-X-c-Ww, s]m-xn-t m-dv \ - I Xp-S-ßn-b am-xr-im-]-c-am-b \- -{]-h -Ø-\-߃ \-Ωp-sS k- aq-l-øn-ep- m-im Im-c-W-ambn. a-s m-cp h-en-b kw-`m-h-\-bm- Wv Z-imw-iw. \n-ß-fp-ss kz-ønse H-tcm-l-cn, ]- n- pw ]m-hs - -h - pw B-ew-_-lo-\ - psam-s sim-sp- -W-sa- v ]Tn- n- -Xv I-cn-kv-am- n-iv ap-t - -am- Wv. "k-t im-te-'an BWv s]-s -t m-kv-xp ap-t - -sø- - n _n-j-]v am dm-t^ C-ßs\ A-`n-{]m-b-s - -Xv. 1 mw t]pv XpS im-kv-{x-]-c-am-b _- -s - kmt -Xn-I-ta-J-e-bn {]-h -Øn- p-i-bpw sn-bv-xp. {]-ap-j A- m-cm-{ ss_- _nƒ ]-cn-`m-jm kw-l-s-\-bm-b hn- n-^n-\v C- y-bn-e-s- w 105 cm- Py-ß-fn {]-h -Ø-\-ap- v em-wv tim- -bw kz-tz-in d-h. tp- -_v tpm -Pv Nn-e kv-t\-ln-xcp-am-bn tn - v hn- n-^v ss_- _nƒ ]-cn-`m-jm-{]-h -Ø-\-߃ C- y-bn B-cw-`n- -Xv. Xn-cp-h- ti-{μ-am-bn {]-h -Øn- p-h-cp- hn- n-^v C- y-bv- v C- v 28 `m-j-i-fn ss_-_nƒ ]-cn-`mjm-{]-h -Ø-\-ß-fpw hn-hn-[-kmaq-ln-i-hn-i-k-\ ]- -Xn-I-fpw D- v. su-dm-uq-wn-se ]-cn-io-e-\- ti-{μ-øn hn-hn-[ `m-jm-im-kv- {X-]-c-am-b ]-cn-io-e-\-߃ C- y-bn-se F- m ]-cn-`m-jm-kw- L-S-\-߃- pw \ -In h-cp- p. C-Xp-h-sc-bpw ss_-_nƒ e-`y-akmw sim- m-gn ]p-xn-b kn-.c-.h. m-ø `m-jm-k-aq-l-ß-fn I- S- p-sn- v `m-jm-]tn- v en-]n-xøm-dm- n `m-jm-hn-i-k-\-{]-h - Ø-\-ß-fpw ss_-_nƒ ]-cn-`mj-bpw hn- n-^v ]-cn-`m-jm-{]-h - Ø-I sn-bv-xp-h-cp- p. Kp-Uv-\yq-kv _m-e-tem-iw kwÿm-\ ssh-kv-{]-kn-u- v, ]nssh-]n-f P-\-d ssh-kv-{]-kn- U- v, `m-c-x- p-g I -sh -j B-Zy- m-e-kw-lm-s-i F- o \n-e-i-fn kmw sim- m-gn tic-f-øn tk-h-\w A-\p-jvTn- n- p- v. s{si-kv-x-h B-\p-Im-en- I-ß-fn Xp-S - -bm-bn F-gp-Xp- A-t±-lw Kp-Uv-ko-Uv am-kn- I-bp-sS No-^v F-Un- -dpw Hm sse Kp-Uv-\yq-kn-s sf-sn No-^v I -kƒ- -dp-am-wv. `m-cy: s_ -kn (ssl-kv - qƒ A-[ym-]n-I), a- ƒ: tpm-h-, Pm- \o-kv, tu-hv-tpm Im-tX- v. Xriq sim- m-gn Im-tX- v si.kn a-øm-bn, km-dm-ω F- n-h-cm-wv am-xm-]n-xm- ƒ. hne 95/ Xncp-h Zo]vXn _p vtjm- n ]pkvx- I-߃ t\cn v e`n- p- p. cpn-tã Uv X]m-en e`n-t - h Hmtcm ]pkvx-i-øn\pw 50 cq] A[nIw Ab-bv p-i. DEEPTHI PUBLICATIONS Planthottam Complex, Tiruvalla, Pathanamthitta, Kerala , India. Ph: , Mob: ,

10 10 ka-im-eni ]{XnI [ym\w sabv 20 F.-sF. tpm p-ip n hn-tz-i-øv sxm-gn snøp- -h a-s-ßn-sb-øp- -Xv ssi \n-d-sb ]-W-hp-am-bn- m- Wv F- H-cp [m-c-w s]m- Xp-sh _- p-an-{xm-zn-iƒ- pw \m- p-im - pw D-s - v ]-d-bmw. th-j-hn-[m-\-߃, [m-cm-fn-øw, Zm-\-[ -Ω-߃ ap-x-em-b-h I- v Bƒ h-enb [-\n-i-\m-bn F- v [-cn- p- I kzm-`m-hn-i-am-wv. Nn-e A-Xn-\v a-dp-]-sn-bm-bn: A-hnsS ]-Ww Im-bv- p- a-c-sam- p-an-, s]m-cn-sh-bn-e-øv tnm-c \o-cm- n ]-Wn-sb-Sp- Øn- m-wv k-ºm-zyw D- m- p- -Xv- F- v ]-d-bp- H-cp ssi-en \-Ωp-sS \m- n-ep- v. ]-Ww Im-bv- p- a-cw F- snm- v A-Ωq-Ω- -Y-bn-se `mh-\-bm-imw. am-º-g- m-e-øv Im- -Øv a-cw Ip-ep-ßp-tºmƒ am-hn - \n- v am-º-gw D-Xn - p-ho-gptºm-se, I-d -kn t\m- p-iƒ A-tX-]-Sn Im-bv- p-in-s- p- hr- -߃ H-cn-S-Øpw C-. ]-t, a-s m-cp-hn-[-øn ]- ]-Ww Im-bv- p- a-c-߃..! d- m \-ap- p-np- pw ]-Ww Im-bv- p- [m-cm-fw a-c-ß-fps - v ]-d-bmw. d-, sx-ßv, I-ap-Iv, sim-t m, Pm-Xn, {Km-ºq, Im- n, s\- n, I-ip-am-hv, am-hv, ]p-fn F- n-ß-s\- \-ap- v B- Zm-bw \-ev-ip- F-{X-sb-{X hr- -ß-fm-Wp- -Xv! hm-g, ss]-\m- nƒ, Np- v, Ip-cp-ap-f-Iv, G-ew, hm-\n-e, tx-bn-e, a- ƒ ap-xem-bn \m-wy-hn-f-iƒ F- hn- `m-k-øn -s -Sp-Øn-b \n-c-h-[n Ir-jn-Iƒ \-ap- p- v. A-Xm-Xv a-\p-jy-cn Hm-tcm-cp-Ø- -cp-ss-bpw K- w hy-xy-ÿ-am-wv. Ip- -Ir-Xy-߃ \-S- ÿ-e-øv t]m-eo-kv-\m-b-sb D-]-tbm-Kn- v A-t\z-j-Ww \-S-Øp- - Xv \-ap- v ]-cn-n-b-ap- v. Po-hn- n-cn- p-tºmƒ Hm-tcm- n-\pw sh-tδ-sd hm-k-\-bm-sw- n-epw Po-h \-jv-s-s -Sp-tºmƒ _m-iv-so-cn-b-i-fp-ss-bpw a- v kq- v-am-wp- -fp-ss-bpw {]-h -Ø-\-^-e-am-bn- A-h-bv- v s]m-xp-hmb a-s m-cp (Zp )K- w-, a-c-w-øn-s hm-k-\ D- m-ip- p. tz-i-sø Im-em-h-ÿ-bv- pw `q- {]-Ir-Xn- pw C-W-ßp- -h Xnc-s -Sp-Øv Ir-jn sn-ø-w-sa- p-am-{xw. N-, ]- -b ap-x-emb-h \-Ωp-sS \m- n kp-e-`-amb-xn-\m A-Xn-s {]m-[m-\yw \mw Xn-cn- -dn-bm-dn-. a- v kwÿm-\-ß-fn A-h-bv- v h-enb hn-e-bm-wv e-`n- p- -Xv. Npcp- -Øn, C-h-sb- mw ]-Ww Im-bv- p- a-c-߃ X-s..! Nn-e-X-cw ^-e-hr- -ß-fn h-en-b-txm-xn Im-bv- p-in-s- p- in-j-c-߃ `m-cw Xm-ßm \n Ä v Adn-bmtam? sf.-]n.-kn, F.Pn, NÀ v Hm^v tkmuv, imtcm³ Cu \mev {]apj s]s -t mkvxv k`-ifpss Bcw`w Fß-s\-bmWv? ticfm s]s -t m-kvxns Bcw-`-Ime Ncn{Xw ]pxnb Xe-ap-d v efn-x-ambn a\- n-em- mhp ]T-\w. Bcp-sSbpw ] w tncmsx XnI pw kxy-k- -amb Ah-X-c-Ww. Bcw-`-Ime s]s -t mkvxv {]h Ø-I-\mb ]mã hn.-sn.-txm-a-kns PohnX IY-bpsS ] m-ø-e-øn sf.-]n.-kn-bpss ka{k Ncn-{Xhpw CXc s]s -t mkvxv k`-i-fpss Bcw` Ncn-{Xhpw Hcp t\mh t]mse hmbn p t]mim-hp Ncn{X cn-\. kmwip n Nmt m \ne-ºq sf.-]n.kn Ncn-{Xhpw ]mã- hn.-sn.- txm-akpw t]pv 280/hne 200-cq] Ct mƒ 170 cq] v hn.-]n.-]n.- Bbn e`n- pw. hn.-]n.-]n.-bbn ]pkvxiw e`n- p-hm \nß-fpss hnemkw Fkv.-Fw.-F-kv.-Btbm hmsvkv B v Btbm F t^m \º-dnte v Ab- p- I. t]mãp-am ]pkvx-i-hp-ambn hcp-tºmƒ 170 cq]m \ In ]pkvxiw kzoi-cn- p-i. Ph: si-ev-]n- m-sx Im- -Øv H-Sn- pho-gm-dp- v. h-f-sc-tb-sd Im-bv- Iƒ D- m-bm hr- -Øn-\v A- h-bp-ss `m-cw h-ln- m {]m-]v- Xn- Im-Wp-I-bn-. Im-bv-Iƒ hnf-bpw-ap-ºv in-j-cw H-Sn- p-ho- Wm h-en-b \-jv-s-am-wv kw-`hn- p-i. A-Xn-\v {]-Xn-hn-[n-bmbn D-W-ßn-b I-ºp-Iƒ-sIm- v A-\p-tbm-Py-am-b Xm-ßv \-ev-ip- - co-xn-bp- v. hm-g, sx-ßv ap- X-em-b-h-sb I-ºp-Iƒ-sIm- v Du- v \-ev-in-bpw Im- n- D-e- v \n-ew-]-xn- m-sx I-b-dpsIm- v h-en- p-si- n-bpw kw-c- n- p- p. A-Xm-b-Xv, ^-ew \nd- p-\n-ev- p- in-j-c-߃- pw D-W- - -ºp-I-fp-sS Xm-ßv B-h-iy-am-bn-h-cmw F- v km-cw. ]-Ww Im-bv- p- a-c-߃- v D-W-ßn-b I-ºp-I-fp-sS Xmßv {]-tbm-p-\-s -Sp- -Xp-t]mse, \-Ωp-sS Po-hn-X-Øn-epw kw- `-hn- p- p- v. tcm-kw, hm - - Iyw, Zm-cn-{Zyw, Aw-K-ssh-I-eyw ap-x-em-b \n-c-h-[n ]-cn-an-xn-iƒ \n-an-øw Rm B - pw H-cp {]-tbm-p-\-an- m-ø sh-dpw D-Wßn-b I-ºv am-{x-am-wv F- v kzbw hn-e-bn-cp-øn \n-cm-i-cm-bnt m-ip- A-t\-I-cp- v. H-cn- G-eo-bm-hv Nq-c-s -Sn-bp-sS X-W-en In-S- v, C-t mƒ a-xn, b-tlm-th, F-s {]m-w-s\ F- Sp-Øp-sIm-t -W-ta, Rm F- s ]n-xm- - m-sc- mƒ H- pw \- -h-\- -t m F- v {]m - n- p (1-cm-Pm.19:4). \-Ωn-te- v X-s t\m- n kz- w t]m-cm-bv-a-i-fpw ssh-i-ey-ß-fpw tcm-k-ß-fp-sa- mw \n-an-øw, Rm B - pw {]-tbm-p-\-an- m-ø-h F- v kz-bw hn-e-bn-cp-øp- -h-cn hnjm-zw h- v \n-d-bmw. ssz-hw X- s Zq-X-s\ A-b- v G-eo-bm-hns\ X- n-bp-w -Øp- -Xm-bn Xncp-sh-gp-Øv ]-d-bp- p. X-f - ncn- p- -h-s\ hm- p-sim- v Xmßp-hm A-dn-tb- -Xn-\v b- tlm-h-bm-b I -Øm-hv F-\n- v in-jy- m-cp-ss \m-hv X- n-cn- p- p F- v sb-i-øm-{]-hm-n-i (50:4) ]-d-bp- p. \mw D-W-ßnb I-ºv am-{x-am-sw- v [-cn- ptºm-gpw a- p- -h-sc Xm-ßp- -Xn-\v, ^-ew \n-d- p-\n-ev- p- in-j-c-߃- v Du- v sim-sp- p- -Xn-\v {]-tbm-p-\- s -Smw. tbm -±m \-Zn-bp-sS Xo-cß-fn a-cw ap-dn- p-hm-s\- Øn-b G-eo-im {]-hm-n-i-s in-jy- m-cn H-cp-h-s tim- Sm-en Du-cn sh- -Øn ho- Wp (2-cm-Pm.6:5). A-tøm, I-jv- Sw b-p-am-\-t\, A-Xv hm-bv-] hm-ßn-b-xm-bn-cp- p F- v A- h \n-e-hn-fn- -t mƒ B tim-sm-en F-hn-sS-bm-Wv ho-w- Xv F- v tnm-zn- G-eo-i, A- h Nq- n- m-wn- ÿ-ew e- y-am- n H-cp tim sh- n F-dn- p. A- p-x-i-c-am-bn B C-cn-ºv s]m-ßn-h- p. h hr- -߃- n-s-bn \n- H- cp sn-dn-b I-ºn-s\ sh- n-sb- Sp-Øv h-en-b A- p-xw {]-h - Øn- -Xp-t]m-se, tem-iw \nm-c-sa- v K-Wn- p- H-cp D- W-ßn-b h-sn t]m-se-bp- -hsc-bpw ssz-h-øn-\v {]-tbm-p- \-s -Sp-Øm-\m-Ipw. tam-i-bpss h-sn A- p-xw {]-h -Øn- p- -Xn-\v D-]-tbm-Kn- -s - p. A-l-tcm-s D-W-ßn-b h- Sn H- cm-{xn-sim- v X-fn -Øv ]q-øv _-Zmw ^-ew Im-bv- p! \-Ωp-sS h-æ-hpw s]m- -hpw km-a - y-hpw hn-zym-]-cn- m-\-hpw Im-bn-I _-e-hpw a- v _m-ly-am-b I-gn-hp-I-fp-a-, ssz-hw Xn-c-s -Sp- p- hy- n-i-fp-ss F- m _-e-lo- \-X-I-fpw k-ln-xw A-h-sc D- ]-tbm-kn- m I -Øm-hn-\v km-[n- pw. sf.-]n.kn th-ßq sk `m-c-hm-ln-iƒ sn-dp-h- : sf.-]n.kn th-ßq sk h -j-sø `m-c-hm-ln-i-sf sx-scs -Sp-Øp. d-h. tum. tpm -k Um- \n-tb ({]-kn-u v), ]m-ã si. jm-pn, ]m-ã si. s_- n (ssh-kv {]-kn-u pam ), ]m-ã Pn-\p tpm (sk-{i- -dn), ]m- à _n-\p tam Fw., {_-Z Un. tpm - sim- m-c- -c: sf-]n-kn k-t -kv-iqƒ-kv A-tkm-kn-tb-j sim- m-c- -c ta-j-em k- tω-f-\-hpw hn-zym-`ym-k k-lm-b hn-x-c-whpw sim- m-c- -c t_ -ti-_ lm-fn \-S- p. ta-j-em {]-kn-u v ^n- n ]n. am-xyphn-s A-[y- -X-bn Iq-Sn-b k-tω-f-\w sim- m-c- -c sk ip-{iq-j-i ]m-ã Ip- n (tpm-bn v sk-{i- -dn-am ), ]m-ã tpm -k F. (]-ªn-kn- n), C-hm- en-ãv sp. tpm -k ({S-j-d ), ]m-ã si. cm-p, ]m-ã Fw.-kn.-tPm (Chm- -en-kw), ]m-ã {^m -kn-kv am-xyp ({]-b ) F- n-h Dƒ-s -ss 25 Aw-K I- Ω- n-sb sx-sc-s -Sp-Øp. k-t -kv-iqƒ ta-j-em k-tω-f-\w Zm-\n-tb tpm -Pv D-Zv-Lm-S-\w sn-øv-xp. tum.f-_n ]o- ap-jy {]-`m-j-ww \-S- Øn. ]m-ã -am-cm-b _n-pp-tam In-fn-h-b, tpm -Pv cm-p, h -Ko-kv G-{_-lmw, Ip- p-tam tim-in, sd-pn ]n.-sp. F- nh t\-xr-xzw \ -In.

11 11 ka-im-eni ]{XnI MATRIMONIALS / CLASSIFIEDS sabv 20 Pentecostal parents invites proposal for their son (28/181cm) working in Muscut as a Mechanical Engineer. He is coming on leave at second week of May Seeking Proposals from parents of God fearing, spiritual filled and proffesionally qualified girls preferably working abroad , (Whatsapp) SYRIAN CHRISTIAN PENTACOSTAL PAR- ENTS INVITE PROPOS- ALS FOR THEIR DAUGHTER (26/165) B.D.S., FROM PARENTS OF PROFESSIONALLY QUALIFIED BOYS. PLEASE CONTACT ]p\ hnhmlw hn-hm-l-tam-n-\w t\-sn-b kn-dn-b {In-kv-Xy s]- s -t m-kv-xp bp-h-xn. 33/ 165cm, US ]u-c-xzw, F.^n. s^-b, H-cp Ip- n-bp- v. hn-zym-`ym-k-tbm- Ky-X-bp- c- n- -s - US, Canda bp-hm- -fp-ss B-tem-N-\ -Wn- p- p , ]p\ hn-hmlw Xt -X- mø Imc-W-Øm- \nb-a-{]-imcw hnhm-ltam-nn-x-bmb s]s -t mkvxv bph-xn, (D.O.B 06/ 07/18) Ipssh v Fw.-H.-F- n t\gvkv Bbn tpmen snøp- p. _m y-x-i-fn-. sszh-`-bhpw hnzym-`ym-khp-ap- -Xp-amb bphm- fn \n pw hnhm-lm-tem- N-\-Iƒ Wn- p-sim- p- p. Ipssh- n tpmen-bp- -h p ap K-W-\ , hospw-ÿ-ehpw hn -\bv v Xncp-h, C-c-hn-t]-cq 8 sk pw ]pxn-b hospw hn-ev-]-\-b- v ae-bmf Bcm-[\ BhSn ta ss v FPn-\n-b-dnwKv timtfpv kao]w ]mã kn. A Ip v No. 70, I.P.C Peniel Prayer House, Srinivasan Nagar Etrn Veltech Vellanoor, Avadi Chennai, Mob: ]p\ hnhmlw ]p-\ hn-hm-lw B-{K-ln- p- am -tøm-ωm-bn \n- pw s]-s -t m-kv-xnte- p h- bp-h-xn 45 h- b-kv. an-un - m-kv ^m-anen. ]p-\ -hn-hm-lw I-gn- m B-{K-ln- p- -htcm, H-cp Ip- n-bp- -h-tcm B-b bp-hm- -fn \n- pw hn-hm-lm-tem-n-\ -Wn- p- p Pentecostal girl (re-marriage) 30 ys, Msc Nurse, 5'2', seeking spiritual and educated boys from pentecostal family. European countries preferred tnc-a {In-kv-Xy bph-xn, 27, 148cm, Zp-_m-bn B.Sc. t\-gvkv. hn-zym-`ym-kap- s]-s -t m-kv-xp bphm- -fp-ss am-xm-]n-xm- fn \n pw hn-hmlm-tem- N-\-Iƒ -Wn- p p REMARRIAGE Pentecostal girl 38, MA, No encumbrances. Seeking a spiritual pentecostal boy , ss_-_n-fp-iƒ, {In-kv-Xy _p-iv-kv, {In-kv-Xy `- n-km-\ kn.un.iƒ Zo-]v-Xn ]-ªn-t -j -kv πm-t m- w timw-π-iv-kv, Xn-cp-h- 1 snss -bn ae-bmfw Bcm-[-\ Pastor. C.K. Reji Law Office of Mathew Vairamon Dr.Mathew M Vairamon, M.S., LL.M., Ph.D Houston, Texas Attorney & Counselor at Law Accredited General and Family Mediator Notary Practice in Immigration Law, Social Security, Non profit exemption from IRS, Personal injury, Business Law, Contract, Power of Attorney and Wills Phone # RE LOCATE TO DALLAS FOR YOUR DREAM HOUSE!!! CALL REALTOR MATHEW C. SAMUEL SFR, ABR, SRES, SRS, GRI, AHWD cell BEAM REAL, ESTATE LLC WEBB CHAPEL RD DALLAS TX Tel: , Zn s]-s -t m-kv-xv an-j 2018 I sh -j I-e Izmem-e-ºq Pq 3 knwk-]q... Pq 7 10 bp.-f-kv.f... Pqsse {Sn\n-Um-Uv, F k h-tum.. Pqsse P a\n kzn vk e v... BK.3 5 kndm entbm ({^o-su ) ]mcokv e au v tlk (]n.-f.-pn)... sk]v w t]m v tamgvkv_n (]n.-f.-pn) ^npn \yqkn-em Uv snss -bn ]pxn-b-xmbn hcp- h-sc ae-bm-fw Bcm-[-\-bn-te v kzm-kxw snøp- p. ÿew Chromepet, Airport \pw Tambaram -Øn\pw \Sp v Church of God (Full Gospel) In India No: 25/2 New colony 13th cross street Chromepet Chennai - 44 SUNDAY CLASS 9-10 AM MALAYALAM WORSHIP 10 AM PM Phone , Mob: sa _ A tz-iob bph-p-\-iymºv... HIvtSm. 4 7 PΩp, I v U ln, B U-am kv simln-a, \mkv]q htum-z-c, Xncp- Xn... \hw. 1 4 Zp_mbv ]p\-eq, sim si\nb (s\-bvtdm-_n) t\ mƒ sk {Um-_mZv Fd-Wm-Ip-fw, sh q... ''29 Unkw.2 sim m-hnf ({io-e- )... Unkw acp- bpss sh_vssk v kμ in- pi 19 th August 2018

12 MARUPPACHA Planthottam Complex Tiruvalla Ph: sabv 20 R.N.I. Reg No.67619/97 Postal Reg. No. KL/TLA/100/ License No. KL/TLA/WPP-116/ Licensed to Post without Prepayment Date of Publication Kƒ^v, Ata-cn-, Cw v XpS-ßnb cmpy-ß-fn \n pw- t\cn p Sqdp-Iƒ. k`-iƒ pw anj kwl-s\iƒ pw th n {]txyiw ]mt -PpIƒ! \yq-u ln, apw-ss_, _mw q, sim- n F- n-hn-s-ßfn \n pw bm-{xm-kw-l-߃. JORDAN ISRAEL PALESTINE EGYPT Departures from USA, UK, CANADA, MIDDLE EAST & INDIA.. Cu bm{x-bpss {]txy-i-x-iƒ tami hmkvzø \msv Zqsc-\n pw Z in s\t_m ] Δ-X-Øn \n pw bm{xm-cw`w Keoem S-en t_m p-bm{x tbip tbml- m-\m kv\m\-ta tpm ±m- \Zn- -S-hn kvtxm{x ip{iqj Ipcn-ins hgnsb [ym\-bm{x Acn-a-Xy- m-c tpmk-^ns I d txm -Øn Bcm-[-\bpw I Ør-ta-ibpw ]q Δ ]nxm- - m-cpss I -d-i-fp slt{_m kμ i\w sl Ω KtZm bp w \S- m t]mip sakntzm Xmgvhcbn-eqsS bm{x ^nen- ns ssik-cy-bn kμ i\w sbcp-itew tzhm-ebw \n Ωn- m Xøm-sd-Sp- p ÿew Nmhp-I-S-ense A\p-`-h-߃ bn{k-tb a ƒ XmhfaSn ÿeøp IqSn {]bmww sn -S XocØv cm{xn hn{iaw kqbkv I\m IS p sibvtdm-bn-te v ss\ \Zn-bn I bm{xbpw AØm-ghpw CuPn-]vjy ayqkn-bw, ]nc-anup-iƒ, kv^nßvkv, tpmk^pw adn-bbpw tbip p- p-ambn Hfn p ]m Ø ÿe-߃.. bm{x snøp {][m\ ÿe-߃ tpm -±m : A-tΩm, tam-hm-_v, ]n-kv- Im sim-sp-ap-sn, Kn-e-bm-Zv, tpm -±m Xmgv-h-c. bn-{km-tb : tkmem Ip- p-iƒ, ^nen- n-s ssi-k-cy, tbm-, ssl-^, ss A-ho-hv, I -tω ] -Δ-Xw, s_- lm-bv Km -U, sb-cn-tlm ]- -Ww, \- t{k-øv {Km-aw, Kn -Km, Nm-hp-I-S, a-kv-z-e-{km-aw, i-a-cy, _-ty, \-bow, Im- \, bm-t m-_n-s In-W, a-iv-t]-e, sl-t{_m, G-em-Xm-gv-h-c, sl -Ω-KtZm, K-eo-e- -S, tpm -±m \-Zn, sb-cp-i-tew, _-Y-\n, t_-xv-e-tlw, Xmt_m -a-e, ko-tbm -a-e, H-en-hp-a-e, tkm -tkm-ym, I-øm-^m-hn-s A-c-a-\, Ip-cn-in-s h-gn, A-cn-a-Xy- m-c tpmk-^n-s I- -d-tøm- w, Jpw-{_m. Cu-Pn-]v-Xv: ko-\m-bv, tlm-tc-_v, am-dm, F-en-w, ^-d-thm-\n-iv hn-t -Pv, sn- -S, kq-b-kv I-\m, ss\, kv-^nw-kv-kv, ]n-c-an-up-iƒ, ]p-cm-x-\ k-`-iƒ. Hm Ω-bn kq n- m F{X-sb{X ÿe-ßfpw ImgvN-Ifpw... ASp-Ø bm-{x Hm-K-kv- v 19 Printed, published and owned by Achenkunju Elanthoor, Planthottam Complex, Tiruvalla-1. Printed at Rashtra Deepika for MGM Offset Press, Kottayam, Published at Planthottam Complex, Tiruvalla-1 Editor : Achenkunju Elanthoor.

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