kzhwi hnhm-l-\n-jvtbv v FXnsc

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1 Pq hmeyw. 19 e w. 11 hne `.4.00 MEMBER NEWS PAPERS ASSOCIATION OF INDIA Tel Published from Thiruvalla on ka-im-eni ]{XnI kzhwi hnhm-l-\n-jvtbv v FXnsc ItØm-en m bmt m-_mb kwbp- - k-ac kanxn tim- -bw: Iv-\m-\m-b k-aq-l- Øn \n-e-\n - p- kz-hw-i hn-hm-l-\n-jvt-s -Xn-sc si.-kn.- B.-Fw. s t\-xr-xz-øn si.-kn.-b.-fw. Iv-\m-\m-b {^o- Uw aq-hv-sa v \n-e-hn h- p. {^o-uw aq-hv-sa n-s {]-h -Ø- \-߃- m-bn 101 Aw-K F-Iv-kn- Iyq- o-hv I-Ω- n-sb-bpw 15 Aw-K D-]-tZ-i-I-k-an-Xn-sb-bpw ]m-em tsmw-kv tn-º- lm-fn, si.-kn.- B.-Fw. hpw Iv-\m-\m-b I- tøm-en- m \-ho-i-c-w-k-an-xn si.-kn.-f.-f-kv. bpw kw-bp- -am-bn kw-l-sn- n- s]m-xptbm-kw sx-c-s -Sp-Øp. tim- -bw cq-]-x-bp-ss a-\p-jy- Xz-c-ln-X-am-b c- -ip- n-hm-zw a- \p-jym-h-im-i-ew-l-\-am-sw- pw, A-Xv km-am-\y-\o-xn- pw P-\m-[n-]-Xy-a-cym-Z-Iƒ- pw hn-cp- -am-sw- pw k-tω-f-\w {]-Jym- ]n- p. Cu hw-io-b hn-th-n-\- -sim- p- m- {InkvXob ip{iq-j-iƒ hnizm-kn-i-fpss Ah-Im-i-am-Wv. IqZm-i-Iƒ v ]Ww hmßp- Xv simspw ]mx-i-am-wv. {^m knkv ]m am - m- -bv- p \n-thz-\w tim-s-xn-sb k-ao-]n pw Øn-s\-Xn-sc i- -am-bn t]m-cm- Sp- -Xn-\pw Cu Zp-cm-Nm-c-sØ F-t - p-am-bn D- m-s-\w sn-øp- -Xn-\p-am-Wv, si.-kn.-b.-fw.- -Iv-\m-\m-b {^o-uw aq-hv-sa v F- {]-ÿm-\-øn-\p s]m-xptbm-kw cq-]w sim-sp-ø-xv. kw-bp- -k-a-c-k-an-xn cq-]o- I-cn- p- -Xn-\p-ap-ºv si.-kn.- B.-Fw. kw-ÿm-\ {]-kn-u v si.-tpm -Pv tpm-k-^n-s A- y- -X-bn \-S- N - m k-tωf-\-øn kz-hw-i-hn-hm-l-\njvt-bpw {]-iv-\-ß-fpw F- hnj-b-a-h-x-cn- n- v, si.-kn.-f.-fkv. {]-kn-u v Sn.-H. tpm-k-^v txm- p- kw-km-cn- p-i-bp- m-bn. Cu Zp-cm-Nm-cw k-ap-zmb-øn kr-jv-sn- p- \m-\m-hn- [-ß-fm-b {]-iv-\-ß-sf A-t±-lw \yqtbm v: 19- m-axv C y s] -tim-kvx s^temjn- ns tziob I h j Pq hsc Iyp kv hnt -Pn-se Iyp kv N v Hm^v tkm-un \S- pw. ]mã _m-_p tpm- Pv apjy {]kw-k-i-\m-wv. {InkvXphns c mw hc-hn-\mbn Hcpßmw F -XmWv Nn- m-hn-jbw. ]mã amxyp iaps^tem-jn- v tim {^ kv \yqtbm n th (\mj-w tim- -Un-t\ ) ]mã txmakv h -Kokv ({]-kn- U v), Pnw F{_-lmw (sk-{i- dn), sp-bnwkv txma-kv(bqøv tim Un-t\- ), B-eobv B {Upkv (teuokv tim- Unt\- ), ]mã F{_m-lmw Cu (sshkv {]kn-u v), shpn-tam txmakv ({S-j-dm ) F n-hcpw {]h Øn- p p. k-z- n-\p-ap-ºn A-\m-h-c-Ww sn-bv-xp. tim- -bw cq-]-x-bn -\n- pw ]p-d-øm- -s -Sp- hn-izmkn-iƒ A-\p-`-hn-t - n-h-cp- hn-th-n-\-hpw, a- p cq-]-x-i-fn tn-t -dp-hm sim-sp-t - n-hcp- h tim-g- -W-hpw, aq- mw- In-S ]u-c- m-cm-bn A-hn-sS I-gntb- n-h-cp- ÿn-xn-hn-ti-jhpw h-f-sc lr-z-b-kv-]r- m-bn A-t±-lw hn-h-cn- p. Xp-S - v, si.-kn.-b.-fw. tim- -bw: tim- -bw cq-]-x-bnse ]p-cp-j- m a- p cq-]-x-bnep- kv-{xo-i-sf hn-hm-lw I- gn- p- -Xn-s t]-cn X-ßfp-sS cq-]-x-bn -\n- p ]p-d- Øm- -s -Sp- \-S-]-Sn th-zim-kv-{x-]-c-am-bpw C- y- \nb-a-{]-im-c-hpw a-\p-jym-h-imi-]-c-am-bpw sx- m-sw- p ]- Zv-a-`q-j P-Ãn-kv si.-sn. txma-kv {]-kv-xm-hn- p. A-ß-s\ ]p-d-øm- m Cu cq-]-x-bv- v B-cn -\n- v A-h-Im-iw In- n-sb- pw, A-Xn-\v F- p-tc- J-I-fm-Wv lm-p-cm- m-\p- sx- p-ap- tnm-zy-ap-b -Ønb A-t±-lw, H-cp tc-j-bp-an- msx \-S- m- p- Cu \-S-]-Sn \n -Ø-em- -W-sa- v B-h-iys -Sp-I-bpw sn-bv-xp. tim- -bw sd-uv-t{im-kv S- h Hm-Un-t m-dn-b-øn \-S- Iv-\m-\m-b I-tØm-en- m \-ho- I-c-W-k-an-Xn-bp-sS hm -jn-i k-tω-f-\w D-Zv-Lm-S-\w sn-bv- Xp kw-km-cn- p-i-bm-bn-cp- p A-t±-lw. Xp-S - v, I-gn- h -jw A- -cn- Iv-\m-\m-b kw-ÿm-\ Hm -K-ss\-knw-Kv sk- {I- -dn {io. sd-pn R- m-\n, kzhw-i-hn-hm-l-\n-jvt F- Zp-cm- Nm-c-sØ ti-c-f-a-æn -\n- v F- t - p-am-bn D- m-s-\w-sn-øm-\p- I -Ω-]-cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ A-h-X-cn- n- p. A-t±-l-am-Wv, si.-kn.- B.-Fw. Dw si.-kn.-f.-f-kv. Dw H- p-tn - v H-cp Iv-\m-\m-b {^o-uw aq-hv-sa v cq-]o-i-cn- - W-sa- \n -t±-iw ap-t m- p-h- -Xv. A-ß-s\-sbm-cp _m-\-dn-\p I-tØm-en- m \-ho-i-c-w-k-an- Xn ÿm-]-i t\-xm-hv, D-Xp- v H- d-h-w- -f-sø A-\p-kv-a-cn- v H- t -sd {]-ap-j F-gp-Xn-b ip- -c- -hn-hm-lw F- kv-a-c-wn-i {]-Im-i-\w sn-ø-s - p. {]-Im-i- \-I -Ωw \n -Δ-ln- p-sim- v Koh -Ko-kv tam Ip-dn-tem-kv sa- {Xm-t m-eo-øm, Hm-tcm ]p-d-øm- -en-eq-ss-bpw {In-kv-Xp-hn-s\-Øs -bm-wv ]p-d-øm- n-s m- ncn- p- -sx- p a-\- n-em- n cq- ]-X Cu \-S-]-Sn \n -Ø-em- - W-sa- v A-`y - n- p. sf.]n.kn. an-uv sh-ãv do-pn-b jmpn Um\n-tb {]kn-u v ]n- n H- n- -Wn-\n-c- m-\pw L- w-l- -am-bp- {]-h -Ø-\-]- -Xn-I-fn ]- m-fn-i-fm-im-\pw X-øm-dp-s - n, tim- -bw cq-]- X-sb-s m- v c-t m aq-t m-h - jw-sim- v Cu Pm-Xn-hn-jw O -±n- n- p I-f-bm-\m-Ip-sa- pw A-t±-lw ]-d- p. lm-fn Xnßn-\n-d- p-\n- n-cp- ap-gp-h t]-cpw B \n -t±-iw ssi-b-sn- w-ko-i-cn- p. tijw t]-pv 8 kzhwi hnhm-l-\njvt a\p-jym-h-im-i- ew-l\w: PÃnkv si.-sn. txmakv tum. sp-bnw-kv tim- q, A-Uz. Ip-am-cn C-μp-te-J, a- W -Im-Sv am-xyp Xp-S-ßn-b-h kw-km-cn- p. D- -bv- p-ti-jw Iv-\m-\m-b kz-hw-i-hn-hm-lhpw Ip-Spw-_-in-Yn-eo-I-c-Whpw F- hn-j-b-øn \-S- sk-an-\m-dn tpm -Pv sp. ]q-gn- m-e (bp.-f-kv.-f.) ap- Jy-{]-`m-j-Ww \-S-Øn. kn.- Fw. kn-dn-b- v tam-u-td- v snbv-xp. N - -bn si.-kn.-b.- Fw.- -s\ {]-Xn-\n-[o-I-cn- v si.- si. tpm-kv I- -Øn. sd- Pn R- m-\n, F- n-h-cpw Iv- \m-\m-b I-tØm-en- m \-ho- I-c-W-k-an-Xn (si.-kn.-f.-fkv.) sb {]-Xn-\n-[o-I-cn- v ]n.si. txm-a-kv Iq-S- q-cpw, jm-pn tpm-kv I-Æq-cpw {]-Xn- I-c-W-{]-kw-K-߃ \-S-Øn. k-an-xn {]-kn-u v n.-h. tpm-k-^v txm- p- tbm-k- Øn A- y- -\m-bn-cp- p. P-\-d sk-{i- -dn eq-t m-kv am-xyp kzm-k-x-hpw, sk-{i- dn tpm-wn Ip-cp-hn-f Ir-X- - X-bpw {]-Im-in- n- p. ih-kw-kvim-c-ip-{iq-j-isf CXn \n pw Hgn-hm- -tw. jm-pn Um-\n-tb ]n. kn. tp- - v tpm-kv im-ap-th G-{_-lmw ]n. G-{_-lmw sh- n am-xyp si.hn. txm-a-kv F-kv. ]n. P-bnw-kv am-xyp Ão-^ kmw txm-a-kv Um-f-kv: C -Uym s]- -t m-kv- tbm-k-øn- sk-{i- -dn ]m-ã U v, ]m-ã ]n. kn. tp- - v (H- (Um-f-kv) Hm-Un- F- n-h Xnc-s -Sp- -s - p. Xv ssz-h-k-`-bp-ts h-s-t A-tacn- -bn-se {]-[m-\ do-pn-b-wp-i- j-sø dn-t m - v A-h-X-cn- n- p. {S- P-bnw-kv (Um-f-kv) tpm. sk-{i- - `m-c-x kp-hn-ti-jo-i-c-w-øn-\pw, si.hn. txm-a-kv {]-h -Ø-\ h - -e-tlm-a) sk-{i- -dn, F-kv.]n. fn H- m-b an-uv sh-ãv do-pn-b j-d tpm-bn Xp-º-a h-c-hv-nn-ehv I-W- pw A-h-X-cn- n- p. Xp-S - tlm-a) {S-j-dm, G-{_-lmw ]n. \-Iƒ \ -In-bn- p- an-uv sh-ãv dn, tpm-kv im-ap-th ( H- -e- k-`m-h-f - -bv- pw G-sd kw-`m-h h -j-sø ]p-xn-b `-c-wk-an-xn-sb Xn-c-s -Sp-Øp. ÿm- p \-S- Xn-c-s -Sp- n G-{_-lmw (Um-f-kv) P-\-d do-pn-b Aw-Kp-eo-]-cn-an- \w H-gn-bp- {]-kn-u v ]m-ã 2018 h -j-sø `m-c-hm-ln-i-fm-bn Iu -kn Aw-Kw, sh- n am-xyp X-am-b k-`-i-fp-am-bn \n-e-hn h- txm-a-kv tim-in-bp-ss A- y- -Xbn sf. ]n. kn. Sm-_ -\m- nƒ à ) {]-kn-u v, ]m-ã si.hn. Xyp Ão-^ (Um-f-kv) Nm-cn- n U v ]m-ã jm-pn Um-\n-tb ]m-ã jm-pn Um-\n-tb (lyq- (Um-f-kv) ]-ªn-kn- n I-Wzo-\, am- -Xm-Wv. kzm-k-xw \n-bp- {]-knk-`m a-μn-c-øn- Iq-Sn-b s]m-xp- txm-a-kv (Um-f-kv) ssh-kv {]-kn- tim -Un-t\-, kmw txm-a-kv A-dn-bn- p.

2 2 ka-im-eni ]{XnI snb am tpm h Kokv bp.- F-kv. -P-\-d tim -Hm Un-t\- ^n n cmpp lqã No^v FUn- A Ip v Ce- q Hmh kokv FUn- DΩ F_-t\-k Hmh kokv Ub-d-Œ tum. Fw.-F-kv. kmap-h dkn-u v FUn- Ipcym-t mkv txm -Øn Atkm-kn-tb v FUn-t gvkv h Kokv amxyp Nm eokv amxyp sdpn aqtesw amxyqkv ]n. tpm tpmkv sf -c- Sn sd n tp _v tpm Pv s_ n sim p-h-s-t k_v FUn-t gvkv sp n h Kokv spbv -txm-akv amen-bn s]m Ω kmw kvs]jy dnt m t gvkv osbkv I -amw-aq- n sdpn h Kokv shæn- pfw ^n n s_ -an h Kokv PÃkv N{μ-t_mkv kmw amxyp bp. -si. P\-d tim -Hm Un-t\- PnPn _tdmu bp.-f.-c. P\. tim -Hm Un-t\- tpm aømbn AXn-cp- kmw ]Wn- tpm. tim -Hm Un-t\- spbnwkv taa\ tim -Hm Un-t\-t gvkv si.- n.-tpm-jz tpm Im p-]-d-ºn- cmp G{_lmw tpm k tpm v Umf v tpmbn kmw tp _v Im\U hm jni hcn-kwjy C y-bn : 150 cq] bp.-f-kv.-f. & Im\U : $ 50 Cw v : 20 ]u v Kƒ^v cmpy-߃ : 2000 cq] hcn-kwjy Ab-bvt hnemkw acp- πmt m w timwπivkv Xncp-h- - 1, tic-f. t^m : FUn-t m-dn-b Iv\m\m-b- m-cpss hwi-ip n temi-n-cn-{x-ønse G hpw ]mh-\-amb ]ndhn \S- Xv t_xve-tl-an-em-wv. adnb F I\yI ]cn-ip- m-flm-hn\m K `w [cn p tbip F Ip n\p P w simsp- p- p. tpmk-^v tbip-hns hf Ø- -\mbn Xo p. blq-z Ah-cpsS ain-lm-bv mbn ImØp-Im-Øn-cp Ime- L- -am-bn-cp p AXv. Zmho-Zns Ipe-Øn \n m-bn-cn- Ww Ah-cpsS ainl htc- -Xv. blqz P\-X-bpsS c -I\pw kam- [m-\-{]-`phpw B ainl Bbn-cn- pw. aømbn tbip-hns P\-\-sØ- n Fgp-Xp- -Xn-ßs\: A{_-lm-ans ]p{x-\mb Zmho-Zns ]p{x tbip-{in-kvxp-hns hwim-h-en. t_xve-tl-anse Ip n Ncn-hn BSp-Isf cm{xn ImØpsIm- n-cp CS-b- m-tcmsp amemj ]d p : "`b-s -ts, C-Xm kie P\-Øn\pw th n-bp henb kt m-j-øns kzzm Ø Rm \nßsf Adn-bn- p- p. Zmho- Zns ] -W-Øn \n-ß-ƒ- mbn Hcp c -I I Øm-hmb {InkvXp C p P\n- n-cn- p- p. tbip-hns\ {InkvXp-hmbn, ain-l-bmbn AwKo-I-cn- m ]ptcm-ln-x- m pw im-kv- {Xn-am pw Ign-bmsX t]mbn. blqz Xncpsh-gp-Øp-I-fn ]d- n-cn- p c -I-\mWv tbip-sb- -h v kω-xn- m-\m-hp- n-. ]m]-c-ln-x-amb PohnXw \bn tbip-hns ip{iq-j-iƒ c -I-t -Xm-bn-cp- p. Ahn- Sp p _ - msc hnsp-hn- p. Ipcp-S v ImgvN \- In. tcmkn-iƒ v kujy-ta-in. acn- -hsc D-bn n- p. sszh-cm-py-øns kphn-tijw hnfw-_cw snbvxp. Xncp-sh-gp-Øp-I-fn {]Imcw Ahn-Sp p acn- p. Ahn-SpsØ ac-w-øm a\p-jy-h - Øn-\p sszh-tømsp \nc p e`n- p. Ahn-Sp p I- -d hn p-bn sø-gp-t - -Xn-\m \ap v D- bn- - ns {]Xymi e`n- p. Dbn sø-gp-t - - h-\mb tbip-{inkvxp temi c n-xm-hm-wv. Zmho-Zns k -Xn-bmbn P\n p acn p Dbn sø-gp-t tbip-{in-kvxp-hns\ Hm Øp-sImƒI. AXm-Ip p Fs kphntijw F- m-wv ]utemkv «olm ]d-bp- - Xv. kz -hw-i-øn s -h-sc-bm-bn-cp p tbip-{inkvxp injy- m-cmbn sxc-s -Sp-Ø- Xv. kz- -Øn-te v h p-sh- nepw kz - m tbip-hns\ ssis m- n-. Ahs\ {Iqin {Iq-in- F p Bt{Im-in- Xv kz w P\X X-s -bm-bn-cp- p. tbip-{in-kvxp-hns\ C pw blq-z-p-\x {InkvXp-hmbn, ain-l-bmbn AwKo-I-cn- p- n-. tbip-{in-kvxp-hns Dbn sø-gp-t ev]pw kz Km-tcm-l- Whpw blqz axsø _e-lo-\-am- n. Ahn-SpsØ bmkw aqew Ft - p-ap hos Sp p km[n-s -Sp-Øp. C\n ]m]- ß-fpsS ]cn-lm-c-øn-\mbn Hcp bmkhpw Bh-iy-an-. alm-]ptcm-kn-x\pw th. ss[cy-tømsp Ir]m-k-\-tØm-S-SpØp sn- mw. Hen-hp-a-e-bn \n pw I Ømhp kz Km-tcm-lWw snbvxtijw injy- m amfn-i-ap-dn-bn Hcp-an- p-iq-sn, ]cn-ip- m-flmhns kv\m\-øn-\m-bn. simsp- m- -Sn- p- -Xp-t]m-ep i_vzw s]s v BIm-i-Øp-\n- p mbn. Ah ktω-fn hosp apgph \nd- p. Ah A\y-`m-j-I-fn kwkm-cn- p. AhnsS BZna k`-cq]w sim p. B k`-bnse As m-kvx-e- mcpw P\-ß-fp-sa mw blqzm ax-øn s - -h-cm-bn-cp- p. tbip-{inkvxp blq-z- m-cpss am{xw c -I-\m-sW p injy- m t]mepw Icp-Xn-bn-cp- p. Cu [mc-w-iƒ ]n o-sp-amdn h- p. ]s{xm-kn-\p- mb shfn- msv ]pxnb ZuXy-Øn\p t{]c- W-bm-bn. CXc PmXn-I-fn s -hcpw tbip-{in-kvxp-hns k`bpss AwK-ß-fm-sW v injy- m v t_m[y-s - p. tbip-{inkvxp blq-z- m-cpss am{xw ain-l-b-. Ahn-Sp p kie P\-Øn-s bpw c -I-\m-Wv. Ahn-sSsØ {Iqip-a-c-W- Øm a\p-jy-h K-Øn\p tamn\w e`n- p. tbip-{in-kvxp-hn hniz-kn- p- -h-cpss Iq -amwv Xncp-k-`. blq-z-s\t m, bh- \-s\t m C. tbip-{in-kvxp-hn hniz-kn p ]m]- a {]m]n- p- -h F mw Xncp-k-`-bn s -h-cm-wv. \qdp-\q-dm-bncw kaq-l-ß-fmbn ss{ikvx-h \ne-\n-ev p- p. \nc-h[n Bcm-[\m coxn-iƒ, BNm-c-߃. ]t tbip- {InkvXp am{xw c n-xmhpw I Øm-hp-am-sW p F m ss{ikvxh kaq-l-ßfpw hniz-kn- p- p. {InkvXp-am{Xw Bcm-[y! tbip-{in-kvxp-hns\ c n-xm-hmbn kzoi-cn c p-e- tømfw blq-z- m-cp- v. Ah ain-lm-\niv Pyqkv F t]-cn- Adn-b-s -Sp- p. Ah-cn `qcn-`m-khpw Ata-cn- -bn-em-wv. blq-z-hw-i-p F v Ah-Im-i-s -Sp thsdmcp kaq-l-amwv Iv\m\m-b- m. F.Un. 345 anun CuÃn \n pw Iv\mbn txmam-bpss t\xr-xz-øn simsp-ß- q-cn h n-d-ßn-b-h-cm- Wn-h. c p-e- -tømfw hcpw ItØm-en m bm-t m-_mb Iv\m\m-b- m. Cu k`-iƒ hnts- n-h Iv\m-\m-b- m-cpss kwjy AXn-tesd hcpw. Iv\m\m-b- m-cmb amxm-]n-xm- ƒ p P\n- -h-cpss a fpss hnhmlw am{xta Iv\m\mb k`-iƒ \S-Øn-sIm-Sp- -bp- q. hwi-ip- n-bn A`n-am\w sim p Iv\m\mb k`-bpss ip -c- -hm-z-øn-s\-xnsc k`m-p-\-߃ Xs {]Xn-tj[w blq-z- m-cm-sw [mc-w-bn bn{k-tb-en-te p sim p-h- -hcpss Imcy-Øn t]mepw Xocp-am- \-sa-sp- m-\m-hmsx bn{k-tb Ipg p \nev p-i-bm-wv. ip c- -hmzw blq-z\v Hcp ]g- Y am{x-am-wv. blq-z hwiip nsb n ]d-bp- -Xn Imcyap-s p hmz-øn-\p-th n kω-xn- mw. ]t Iv\m\mb- m v Fßs\ Cßs\ Hcp \ne-]msp kzoi-cn- m\mhpw? Iv\m\mb kap-zmbw Hcp {InkvXo-b k`-bt? {InkvXym-\n-Xz- Øn ip c -hm-z-øn\p {]k- n-bpt m? tbip-{in-kvxphns ]pwyml c -tø- mƒ hep-xmtwm blqz c w? Iv\m\mb c -Øn\v tbiphns c -tø- mƒ ]cn-ip- nbpt m? Db Øp- p. Iv\m\mb kaqlw Hcp {InkvXob k`m hn`m-k-am-sw v ]-d-bp- p. tbip-{in-kvxp-hn hniz-kn- p Gh pw {InkvXpk`-bpsS AwK-am-Imw. CXmWv F m ss{ikvxh k`- I-fpw kzoi-cn- n-cn- p \ne-]m-sv. \mb t m \ºq-Xn-cnt m Zfn-Xt\m CXc kpdn-bm-\n-{in-kvxym-\nt m Iv\m\mb k`bpss AwKXzw e`n- -bn. a tømωm mcn s] Ip- nsb Iv\m\m-b- m-c hnhmlw Ign- m k` hnts- n-h-cpw. hwi-ip- n-bpss t]cn AwKXzw simsp- mø GsX- nepw ss{ikvxh k`-iƒ Dt m-sb- -dn-bn-. Iv\m\mb k`- Iƒ F.-kn.-kn-bn AwK-am-Wv. Iv\m\mb k`-bpss ip -c- -hmzw ss{ikvx-h-hn-izm-k-øn\p Xs FXn-ct? anun CuÃnse ]e-ÿ-e-ß-fn \n pw h Ggp tkm- {X-ß-fn s -h-cmwv Iv\m\m-b- m F- p hmzn- p- -h-cp- v. I -h-s- m-c-\mb Iv-\mbntXm-a-bmWv Chsc tic-f-øn sim p-h - Xv. ss{ikvxh ]ou-\-øn \n pw c s]-sm- h -h-cmimw Ch. Iv\mbn sxmωt\m-ssm w tpmen- p-h- -h-cm-sw pw Nne hmzn- p- p. Iv\m\mb m GXp tzi-øp-\n pw FØn-b-Xm-sW- -Xn-s\- n X -ap- v. F n-epw Ah hntz-in-i-fmsw p ]d-bmw. ASp-Ø ImeØv \S-Ønb Un.-F.F ssãp-iƒ shfn-s -Sp-Øp- -Xv anun CuÃn-sebpw C- y-bn-sebpw Po\p- I-fpsS Hcp k -c-k-aq-l-am-wn-h-sc- v. 345 apx 1910 hsc ip -c- -hmzw C mbn-cp- p. Iv\mbn-tXmam \mb kv{xosb hnhm-lw Ign- n-cp- -Xmbn ]cm-a i-ap- v. blq-z-\p-t]mepw hwi-ip n Ah-Im-i-s - Sm-\m-hn-. m\n-i-fn m\n-bm-bn-cp item-tam cmpm-hn\v GsXms cmpy-ßfnse kv{xoiƒ `mcy-am-cm-bp- m-bn-cp- p. Ah-cn P\n a -fpss ]c-º-c-iƒ v F p hw-i-ip n? A{_-lm-an-\p-t]mepw A\y-hw-i-P-bmb lmkm-dn k -Xn-bp- mbnt? C-kv-am-tb-ens B ]mc-º-cy-at Ad_v P\-X-bv p- Xv? temi-øns F m timwn-te pw NnXdn-t mb blq-z\v F v hwi-ip n? Ct mƒ C{k-tb-en-te v IpSn-tbdns m n-cn- p blq-z- m-sc mw ip -c- -ap- -h-cmtwm? blq-z- m-cm-sw [mc-w-bn bn{k-tben-te p sim p-h- -h-cpss Imcy-Øn t]m-epw Xocp-am-\-sa-Sp- m-\m-hmsx bn{ktb Ip-g p \nev p-i-bm-wv. ip -c- -hmzw blq-z\v Hcp ]g- Y am{x-am-wv. blq-z hwi-ip nsb n ]d-bp- -Xn Imcy-ap-s p hm-z-øn-\p-th n kω-xn- mw. ]t Iv\m\mb m v F- ßs-\ Cßs\ Hcp \ne-]msp kzoi-cn- m\mhpw? Iv\m\mb kap-zmbw Hcp {InkvXob k`-bt? {InkvXym-\n-Xz-Øn ip c -hm-z-øn\p {]k- n-bpt m? tbip-{in-kvxp-hns ]p-wyml c -tø- mƒ hep-xmtwm blqz c w? Iv\m\mb c - Øn\v tbip-hns c -tø- mƒ ]cn-ip- n-bpt m? tbiphns c w kie ]m]hpw t]m n \sω ip o-i-cn- p- p. si-sp _op-øm-e sismø _op-øm ho pw P\n- ncn- p- p. tbip-hns c w \sω sszh-øns a -fm n Xo- Øp. tbip-{inkvxp Ahn-SpsØ c -Øm kºm-zn- - XmWv Xncp-k-`. PmXntbm axtam hwitam H pw {InkvXp-hpam-bp kjn-xz-øn\p XS- -a-. kzhwi hnhm-l-\njvt sim v tzmj-a-t -bp- q. blq-z- m-cpss CS-bn-emWv G hpw IqSp-X P\n-XI-ssh-I-ey-߃ Im-Wp- -Xv. Iv\m\mb \mb kap-zm-b-ß-fnse P\n-XI sshi-ey-ß-fpss {][m\ ImcWw kzhwi hnhm-l-\n-jvt-bmsw v ]T\ dnt m p-iƒ D v. Iv\m\mb kaqlw {InkvXob hn`m-k-am-sw- n kzhw-ihn-hml\njvt Dt]- n- -Ww. ss{ikvxh hncp- -amb \ne- ]m-smwv kzhwi-ip- n-hm-zw. tbip-{in-kvxp-hns k`-bn GXp a\p-jy\pw {]th-i-\- ap- v. Iv\m\mb k` AXn\p A\p-hmZw \ Ip- n-s - n F-t m ] n-ti-sp- v. blq-z-c-cp-a {InkvXym-\n-I-fp-a Iv\m\m-b- m F -\ne-bn-emwv Iv\m\mb kap-zm-bw. CXns DØ-c-hm-ZnXzw B mwv? c p-e w hcp ItØm-en m bmt m-_mb Iv\m- \mb kaqlw C\n F{X-\mƒ IqSn ti-c-f-øns {InkvXob `q]-s-øn- tijn pw? k`-hn- p-t]mbhcpss FÆ-amWv k`-bn-ep- -Xn-t\- mƒ F p-iqsn Iv\m\mb sa{xm- m Hm p-i. kzhwi hnhm-l-\njvt ss{ikvx-ha p am{x-a a\p-jym-h-imi \ntj[w IqSn-bm-Wv. sszh-øn\p apj-]- -an ; F n- ]ns...

3 3 Ih -tãm-dn Iv\m\m-b k-aqlw ka-im-eni ]{XnI hwi-au-eo-i-x-bpss P\nXI {]iv\-߃ tum. sdpp Fw. timc bp.-f-kv.f. Ct mƒ Ata-cn- -bnse tb bqwn-th-gvkn- n-bn kb nãv Bb tej-i Ign c p ]Xn- m- mbn Ata-cn- -bn kvx\m _pz imkv{x- \pw A ym-]-i- \p-am-wv. Iv\m\mb ]mc-º-cy- Øn A`n-am-\n- p At±lw B[p\nI sshzy- P-\-XnI imkv{x-cw-ksø Adn-hp-I-fpsS ] m-ø-e- Øn Iv\m\m-b- m-cpss CSbnse hwi-au-en-i-x-bpss A]-I-S-ß-sf- p-dn v \njv]- -amb Hcp imkv{xob hni- I-e\w \S-ØpI-bmWv Cu tej-\-øn. GItZiw ]Xn-t\gv \q m- p-iƒ v ap ]v a y-]q Δ-tZi-Øp-\n pw tic-f-øn-tebv v IpSn-tbdn ]m Ø Fgp-]-Ønc v IpSpw-_-ß-fpsS ]n Xp- S - m-cmwv Iv\m\mb {InkvXym-\n-Iƒ F v hniz-kn- s -Sp- p. hyxykvx ItØmen m kpdn-bm\n hnizm-km-nmc-߃ ]n p-s-cp c p-e- tømfw Iv\m\m-b- m C v temi-sa-ºmspw hym]n p InS- p- p. {]txy-i-amb ]e BNmcm-\p-jvTm-\-ßfpw Iv\m\m-b- m ]n p-s-cp- p-s - nepw a v {InkvXob k`m kap-zm-b-ß-fn- -\n v Ahsc th Xn-cn- p- \n Øp- Xv ]Xn-t\gv \q m- p- I-fmbn ]n p-s p-t]m-cp p F v ]d-b-s -Sp kzhw-i-hnhm-l-\njvt F k{º-zm-b-am- Wv. temi kmaq-ly-n-cn-{x- Øn Xs A]q Δ-ambn ImWp F tum-kman k{º- ZmbamWv Iv\m\mb c,-hw-iip n hmz-ß-fp-ssbpw AXn - \n pw Dcp-Øn-cn- p-h hwi auen-i-x-bp-ssbpw ASn-ÿm-\w. DZv`-hhpw ]cn-wm-ahpw Iv\m\mb hwi-au-eo-i-x-bpss ASn-ÿm-\-Im-cWw F tum- Km-an-bpsS ]n Xp-S m-hn-p-b-am- W-t m. BZna Iv\m\mb IpSntb- - m F tum-kman F hnhm-l-k-{º-zmbw sxc-s -Sp- ØXv {][m-\-ambn c p Imcy߃ sim m-bn-cn- mw. 1. IpSn-tb-dn-]m Ø ]pxnb tzisø k o Æ-amb kmaqlni kmwkv m-cn-i-x-i-tfm- Sp `bhpw ]pxnb tzisø `mj-i-fpss ku-lr-zan- m-bvabpw tn p kmaq-lni H -s -Sp-Ø. 2. a y-]q Δ-tZ-i-Øp-\n pw IpSn-tb-dnb Iv\m\m-b- m Ah Dt]- n- p-t]m tziøv ]nxm-a-l ]n p- S n-cp F tum-kman am -an- msx ]pxnb \m nepw {]mh Øn-I-am- n. Cu Imc-W-ß-fn GsX- nepw H -bvt m, As - n c- pw Iq m-tbm, AXp-a-s - n Cu Imc-W-ß-fpsS IqsS k o Æ-ß-fmb Imen-I, kmwkvim-cni hyhÿn-xn-iƒ CS-tN v F tum-kman k{º-zm-b-øn\v ASn-ÿm-\-an- n-cn- mw. CXn- \n pw Hs hyxy-kvxambn BZy-Im-e-L- -ß-fn ]nxr-tzi BNm-c-߃ kwc- n- m-\mbn XpSßn ]n osv aueo-i-x-bpss A`nam-\-`mhw ssis m- -Xp-amhmw. ta -d c v Imc- W-ß-sfbpw Ipdn v hni-zambn ]cn-tim-[n- mw. \m-emw \q- m- n ti-c-f- Øn ss{i-kv-x-h D- m-bn-cp- p F- v hn-iz-kn- -s -Sp- ps - n-epw ss{i-kv-x-h H-cp B-kq-{Xn-X a-x-sa- \n-e-bn i- -am-bn-cp- n-. A-tX k-a-bw Pm-Xn-hy-h-ÿ-bpw A-Xn-t\m-S-\p- _- n- p- A-bn-Øw t]m-ep- B-Nm-c-ß-fpw i- -am-bn-øs \n-e-\n- n-cp- p. a- y-]q - Δ-tZ-i-Øp-\n- p t]m-cm-\p- Im-c-Ww km-aq-ln-i-tam, km-º- Øn-I-tam, cm-jv-{so-b-tam B-bncp- m-epw, ti-c-f-øn ÿn-c-xma-kw Xp-S-ßn-b-t mƒ Iv-\m-\mb- m sf-u n- n ss{i-knkn -Iq-Sn I-S- p-t]m-hm-sx X- c-hp-an-. Pm-Xn, a-x, B-Nm-c-ßfp-sS-bpw `m-j-bp-ss-bpw th-ens - p-i-fn H-Xp-ßn- -gn-bm \n -_- n-x-cm-bn-øo - Iv-\m- \m-b- m - v hw-i-h - -\-hn-\v F -tum-km-an kzo-i-cn- m-sx am - -an- m-xm-bn. X-e-ap-d-Iƒ a- dn- v Aw-K-kw-Jy s]-cp-in-bt mƒ a-e-bm-f-`m-j kz- -am- nb ]p-xn-b-x-e-ap-d F -tum-kman-bp-ss H- -s -Sp-Ø-en -\n- pw ]p-d-øp h-cm-xn-cp- -Xn-\v A- sø km-aq-ln-i hy-h-ÿ-iƒ h- en-b ]- v h-ln- p. sn-t -Sv-Ifn tc-j-s -Sp-Øn-bn-cn- p- -{]- Im-cw ]p-xn-b \m- n-se `-c-wm- [n-im-cn-iƒ A-\p-h-Zn- p sim-sp- Ø Pm-Xn ÿm-\w X- n-epw Xmsg-bp- Pm-Xn-I-fn-ep-am-bn _- -s -Sp- -Xn-\v X-S- -am-bn. tate- n-s-bn-ep- Pm-Xn- m A- h-cp-ss hw-i-ip- n ]-cn-]m-e-\- Øn-\m-bn Iv-\m-\m-b- m-cp-am-bp- hn-hm-l-_- w t{]m- m-ln- n- p-an-. Cu km-l-n-cy-øn F -tum-km-an H-cp tnm-bn-kv F- -Xn-ep-]-cn-bm-bn Iv-\m-\m-b- mcp-ss B-h- -iy-i-x-bm-bn am-dn. ]p-d-s - p-t]m- a- y-]q -ΔtZ-i-Øv B-N-cn- n-cp- F tum-km-an-bp-ss ]n- p-s - am-{xam-wv ]p-xn-b tz-i-øv Xp-S - v t]m- -Xv F- c- m-a-sø hm- Z-am-Wv Iv-\m-\m-b- m - v Iq-Sp- X kzo-im-cyw. B-Zy \q- m- p- I-fn a- p- Pm-Xn-I-fn A- ]q -Δ-am-bn-cp- hw-i-ip- n b- lq-z hn-izm-k-d-d- n-s ]-cn-]me-\-øn-\m-bn ]n- p-s - p F- - Xpw, Iv-\m-\m-b- m-cp-ss ]q -Δn- I {In-kv-Xym-\n-I-fm-bn am-dn-b b-lq-z-cm-bn-cp- p F- p- hnizm-k-hpw B-bn-cp- n-cn- -Ww Cu Nn- m-k-xn-bp-ss A-Sn-ÿm- \w. Xn-c-s -Sp- -s - P-\w F- v b-lq-z-sc- - n th-z-]p-kv-x-i- Øn-se ]-cm-a -i-hpw b-lq-z-]mc-º-cyw A-h-Im-i-s -Sm Iv-\m- \m-b- m - v {]-tnm-z-\-am-bn-cn- mw. b-lq-z-]m-c-º-cyw Dƒ-s ss-bp- hw-i-ip- n Nn- ]n- o- Sp- X-e-ap-d-I-fn Iv-\m-\m-tb- X-c hn-hm-l-_- -߃- v i- - am-b am-\-kn-i X-S- -am-bn-\n- p. ti-c-f-øn Xp-S -Im-e L- -ßfn-ep- m-b Pm-Xn a-x, km-aq-ln- I ]-cn-h -Ø-\-߃ Iv-\m-\m-b- m-cp-ss hw-i-t_m-[w h-f -Øm- \pw A-Xp-h-gn Iv-\m-\m-b km-aqly in-yn-e-x H-gn-hm- m-\pw Imc-W-am-bn. Im-e-{I-a-Øn a- p ss{i-kv-x-h k-ap-zm-b-ß-fp-ss Aw-Ko-Im-c-hpw _-lp-am-\-hpw Iv- \m-\m-b- m-cp-ss hw-i-t_m-[w, hw-i-ip- n hm-z-øn-te-bv- pw c- -ip- n hn-izm-k-øn-te-bv- pw h-f - p. Aw-K-kw-Jy-bn h-f - s - n-epw `q-an-im-kv-{x-]-c-am-bn H- -s - ti-{μ-ß-fn kz-bw H- Xp-ßn-Iq-Sn-b Iv-\m-\m-b- m-cn Cu `q-an-im-kv-{x-]-c-am-b H- -s - Sp-Ø hw-i au-en-i-xm-t_m- [w i- n-s -Sp-Øm D-]-I-cn- p. b-lq-z ]m-c-º-cy-hm-z-hpw Iv-\m-\m-b ]n- p-s - -bpw bp- n-bn-e-[n-jvtn-x-am-wv Iv- \m-\m-b- m-cp-ss b-lq-z-]m-c-ºcy-hn-izm-kw. b-lp-z hw-i-au-en- I-X-sb- p-dn- pw b-lq-z-b-nm-cm- \p-jvtm-\-ß-sf Ip-dn- pw h-f-sc hn-]p-e-am-b sx- n- m-c-w-iƒ hym-]-i-am-bn {]-N-cn- n- p- v. D- Zm-l-c-W-Øn-\v Iv-\m-\m-b hw-iau-en-i-x-bpw b-lq-z-hw-i-au-en- I-X-bpw H- p-x-s -bm-sw- pw, B-Zy-tØ-Xv c- m-a-tø-xn-s ]n- p-s - -bm-sw- pw D- [mc-w- au-en-i-am-bn sx- m-wv. ap - ]v ]-cm-a -in- n-cn- p- -Xp-t]mse Iv-\m-\m-b hw-i-au-en-i-x-bpss A-Sn-ÿm-\-X-Xzw F -tum- B-[p-\n-I A-dn-hp-I-fp-sS sh-fn- -Øn im-kv-{xw hw-i-ip- n-bp-ss-bpw hw-i-au-en-i-x-bp-ss-bpw `m-hn-sb kw-i-b-zr-jvsn-tbm-ss-bm-wv ho- n- p- - Xv. b-lq-z-cp-ss _p- n-iq -Ω-X-bp-sS hn-e A-h-cp-sS am-dm-tcm-k-ß-fm-sw- p- A-dn-hv H-cp R-Sp- -tøm-ss-bm-wv A-Sp-Ø-Im-e-Øv tem-iw a-\- n- em- n-b-xv. km-aq-ln-i-am-tbm kmw-kv-im-cn-i-am-tbm `q-an-im-kv-{x-]-c-am-tbm H- -s - a-\p-jy-hw-i, h - ]n- p-s - -Iƒ hm-cn- q- n-b P-\n-X-I-tcm-K-ßfp-sS I-W- v F-Sp-Øv Xp-S-ßn-bn-t -bp- q. ^u- F-^-Iv-Sv F- Hm-a- \-t -cn A-dn-b-s -Sp- F -tum-km-an-bp-ss ^-e-am-b P-\n-X-I-am-dm-tcm-K߃ A-jv-I-\m-jn b-lq-z-sc ]n-sn-iq-sn-b-xp-t]m-se b-lq-z-cn-epw I - -iam-bn F -tum-km-an ]-cn-]m-en- p- Iv-\m-\m-b- m-sc _m-[n- n- p-t m F- -Xv hn-iz-am-b ]T-\-Øn-eq-sS-tb a-\-kn-em- m km-[n- q. Km-an B-sW- n b-lq-z-hw-iau-en-i-x-bp-ss A-Sn-ÿm-\w b- lq-z-hn-izm-k B-Nm-c-A-\p-jvTm- \-ß-fm-Wv. b-lq-z-hw-i-au-en-i-x b-lq-z N-cn-{X-Øn-ep-S-\o-fw tkm-{x, hn-izm-k, B-Nm-c-A-\pjvTm-\ ip- n-iƒ- v A-Xo-h-{]m- [m-\yw sim-sp-øn-cn- p- -Xm-bn Im-Wmw. hn-ip- th-z-]p-kv-x-i- Øn-se ]-g-b-\n-b-a-øn (b-lq- Z-cp-sS txm-d) Nn-e {]-txy-i kml-n-cy-ß-fn cm-jv-{so-b Im-c-Wß-fm A-\y-a-X hn-hm-l-_- - ߃ \n-cp- m-l-s -Sp-Øp- kw-`-h-߃ tc-j-s -Sp-Øn-bn- ps - n-epw a- p ]-e k-μ -`-ßfn-epw hn-hm-l-øn-eq-ss A-\y-a- X-ÿ b-lq-z-cm-bn ]-cn-h -Ø- \w sn-bv-x kw-`-h-߃ hn-i-zam-bn {]-Xn-]m-Zn- p- p. b-lq-z- P-\-X-sb A-Sn-a-Xz-Øn -\n- pw tam-nn- n- v cm-jv-{s-au-en-i-x-bv- v cq-]w sim-sp- m G- -hpw A- [n-iw {]-b-xv-\n- v tam-i b-lq-zhw-i-øn s]-sm-ø I-dp-Ø h - -Im-cn-bm-b kn-t m-d-sb hnhm-lw I-gn- -Xv H-cp D-Zm-l-c-Ww am-{xw. A-Xp-t]m-se th-z-]p-kv- X-I-Øn-se k-zm-nm-c-i-y-i-fn-se {]-[m-\-i-ym-]m-{x-hpw Zm-ho-Zv cm- Pm-hn-s -bpw an-in-lm-bp-ss-bpw am-xm-a-ln-am-b dq-øv (\-tbm-anbp-ss a-cp-a-iƒ) b-lq-z-b- m-ø sam-_m-b hw-i-øn -\n- pw b- lq-z-bm-bn ]-cn-h -Ø-\w sn-bv- X-h-fm-W-t m. N-cn-{X-Øn-se b- lq-z a-x-]-cn-h -Ø-\-Øn-s {]- [m-\ \n-jv-ir-jv-x X-s b-lq- Z a-x-hn-izm-k-\ym-b-{]-am-w-ßtfm-sp- Iq-dv {]-Jym-]-\-hpw A- h-bp-ss I - -i-am-b B-N-c-Whpw B-bn-cp- p. k-ao-]-im-e b-lq-z-n-cn-{xw hn-izm-k-øn-s h-f - -bn a- X-]-cn-h -Ø-\-Øn-\p ]- v F- Sp-Øv Im-Wn- p- p. aq- mw \q- m- n ss{i-kv-x-h-k-`-bp-ss hym-]-i-am-b {]-N-c-W-sØ t\- cn-sm G-jym-ssa-\-dn (B-[p- \n-i Xp - n Dƒ-s -Sp- {]-tziw) B-bn-c- -W- n-\v a- p Pm-

4 4 ka-im-eni ]{XnI Ih -tãm-dn Iv\m\m-b k-aqlw v hf-sc-b-[niw P\n-X-I-tcm- K-߃ hmcn- q- n ]q- - Æ-am- nb Hcp ]T\w AjvI- \m-jn blq-z-cpss _p n-iq- Ω- Xbpw Te-Saehs t]mep- Rc- ºp-tcm-K-ß-fpw F -tum-km-anbpss ^-e-ambn H n- p ]cn-wan p {]-Xy- -s kz`m-h-ß-fmsw v sxfn-bn- p. CXp-Iq-SmsX P\n-X-I-{]m-cm-_v[ß-fp-sS Hcp hen-b `mwvu-s - p-xs AjvI-\mjn blq-z Npa- p- -Xmbn sxfn- n- p- v. Chcn hyxy-kvx-ambn F -tum- Kman I -i-ambn BN-cn- m- Xn-cn- m-xn-cp a[y-]q Δ-tZi blq-z v Cu P\n-XI im]- Øns ^ew A\p-`hn-t - nh- n-. Iv\m\mb hwi-ip- n-bpss P\n-X-I-{]-iv\-߃ A-jv-I-\m-jn b-lq-z-cp-ss C- S-bn \-S-Øn-b-Xp-t]m-se hn-]pe-am-b-txm sx-t C- y {_mlv-a-w-cp-ss C-S-bn \-S-Øn-b- Xp-t]m-se \n-b-{ n-x-am-tbm B- b P-\n-X-I ]T-\-߃ H- pw Iv- \m-\m-b- m-cp-ss C-S-bn \-S- Øn-bn- n-. ss{i-kv-x-h k-`-iƒ t{]-jn-x k-`-i-fm-sw- hn-izmkw sx- n- p- -Xp-sIm- p- Ip- -t_m-[w aq-e-tam A-tXm Ime-l-c-W-s - Pm-Xn-hy-h-ÿ-bpsS ]n- p-s - - m-cm-sw- p- ]-gn H-gn-hm- m th- n-bm-twm F- -dn-bn- ; G-Xm-bm-epw Iv-\m- \m-b- m-cp-ss F -tum-km-an F- h-kv-xp-x ]p-dw-tem-iw A-[n- Iw {i- n- n- n-. {]-txy-in- pw tz-io-b, A- -tz-io-b im-kv-{xcw-k-øv Iv-\m-\m-b F -tum-kman N - m-hn-j-b-ta B-bn- n-. A- Xp-sIm- p-x-s ssh-zy-im-kv- {X-]-c-tam P-\n-X-I-im-kv-{X-]-c-amtbm ]T-\-߃ H- pw X-s \- S- n- n-. F-gp- q-dp-h -j-øn-e- [n-iw F -tum-km-an k-º-zm-bwsim- v A-jv-I-\m-jn b-lq-z hm-cn- q- n-b I-Sp-Ø P-\n-X-I {]m-cm-_v-[-ß-fp-ss Xn-cn- -dn-hn-, A-Xn-s C-c- n-bn-e-[n-iw F -tum-km-an B-N-cn- Iv-\m-\mb- m ssh-zy, am-\-kn-i, P-\n- X-I {]-iv-\-ß-fp-ss C-cp- n X- p- -Xv i-cn-b-. A-{]n-b sh-fns -Sp-Ø-ep-I-sf `-b- v `m-hn-bpss im-]-am-tb- m-hp- A-dn-hp- Iƒ I- n- F- v \-Sn- p- -Xv B - pw Kp-W-I-c-a-. hw-i-au-en-i-x-bp-ss Im-en-I {]-iv-\-߃ t{]-jn-x-k-` F- {In-kv-Xob A-Sn-ÿm-\-X-Xzw Iv-\m-\m-b hw-i-au-en-i-x-bv- v F- pw H-cp {]-iv-\-am-bn-cp- p. B-Zn-a Ip-Sntb- - m - v D- m-bn-cp- hw-ik- -c `o-xn A- -sø ti-c-f- Øn-se km-aq-ln-i hy-h-ÿ-bn- a- p Pm-Xn-a-X-ÿ A-\p-`-hnhwi-au-eo-I-X-bpsS P\nXI {]iv\- Ä Xn- m-sc t{]m- m-ln- n- v b-lq- Z-a-X-]-cn-h -Ø-\w \-S-Øn-b-Xmbn N-cn-{Xw tc-j-s -Sp-Øn-bn-cn- p- p. B-[p-\n-I b-lq-z-n-cn-{x- Øn-em-I-s, `q-ao-im-kv-{x-]-c-ambn H- -s - p-t]m-b G-Xm-\pw b- lq-z D-]-h - -ß-fn-sem-gn-sI (A- -a-\m-jn, tdm-a-b-lq-z ) ap-jy- [m-c-bn-ep- b-lq-z a-x-]-cn-h - Ø-\w ]-c-s kzm-k-xw sn-øp- -Xm-bn Im-Wmw. B-Nm-cm-\pjvTm-\-ß-fp-sS Im - -iy-kz-`mh-ß-fp-ss hy-xym-k-øn c- mbn-xn-cn- m-hp- Hm -Ø-tUm-Ivkv, dn-t^mw-uv b-lq-z - v hy-xykv-x ]-cn-h -Ø-\ \n-_- -\- Iƒ D- - - m-sx b-lq-z a-x- Øn-te-bv- v hn-hm-lw aq-e-tam hn-izm-kw aq-e-tam D- ]-cn-h - Ø-\-Øn-\v H-cp hn-e- pw \n-ehn-en se b-lq-z k -tδ- {]-Im-cw 52% b-lq-z-hn-hm-l-ßfn-epw H-cp ]- m-fn (h-c-t\m, h- [p-thm) b-lq-tz-x-c a-x-hn-izmkn-bm-sw- v Nq- n- m-wn- p- p. \n-e-\n - n-s\ `-b- v b-lq- Z-a-X {]-ap-j A-\y-a-X hn-hml-øn-te -s -Sp- b-lq-z-bp-hm- -sf A-h-cp-sS b-lq-z-a-x-ønte-bv- v ]-cn-h -Ø-\w sn-øn- m \n-c- -c-am-bn t{]m- m-ln- n- p- -Xn-\m-bn Im-Wmw. ta - -d- ap-jy-[m-c-bn-ep- b-lq-z-cn -\n- pw hy-xy-kv- X-am-bn F -tum-km-an A-\p-jvTn- p-t]m- Nn-e b-lq-z-hn-`m-k-ßfpw D- v. F-gp- q-dv h -j-øn-e- [n-iw A-jv-I-\m-jn b-lq-z-cpw tdm-am b-lq-z-cpw F -tum-km-an km-am-\yw I - -i-am-bn-x-s ]n- p-s - n-cp- p. bq-tdm- n H- -s - p-t]m-b Cu b-lq-z-hn-`m-k߃ k-aq-l A-h-K-W-\-sIm- pw H-cp ]-cn-[n-h-sc a- v sh-fp- Iv-\m-\m-b- m-cp-ss B-Nm-cm-\p-jvTm-\-߃ b-lq-z-cn -\n- pw sa- n-bm-\n-iv b-lq-z-cn - \n- pw h-f-sc hy-xy-kv-x-am-wv. ti-c-fo-b-x-bp-ss A-\p-`-h-ß-fn-eq-sS I-S- p-h- -h-bmsw- n-epw ]-e hn-hm-lm-\p-_- -am-b Iv-\m-\m-bm-Nm-c-ß-fpw a- y-]q -Δ tz-i-ß-fn-se kmw-kv- m-cn-i N-S-ßp-I-fp-am-bm-Wv Iq-Sp-X _- w. sa- n-bm-\n-iv b-lq-z c- m-bncw h -j-ß-fm-bn ss{i-kv-x-h hn-izm-k-hpw b-lq-z A-\p-jvTm-\-ß-fpw ap-dp-si ]n-sn- p-tºmƒ b-lq-z-]m-c-º-cy-hpw A-h-Im-i-s -Sp- Iv-\m-\m-b- m N-cn-{X-K-Xn-bn F- hn-ss sh- m-wv A-Sn-ÿm-\ b-lq-zm-nm-c-߃ \-jv-s-s -Sp-Øn-b-Xv F- -Xv Nn- m-hn-jb-am-t - -Xm-Wv. {]-txy-in- v ]-Xn-t\-gv \q- m-t m-fw F -tum-km-an Im - -iy-am-bn Im- Øp kq- n- m-\p- b- m-i- n Im-Wn- -t mƒ ]m-c-º-cym-\p-_- -am-b a- p B-Nmc-߃ F- n-\v ssi-hn- p F- -Xv tnm-zy-nn-lv-\-am-bn A-h-ti-jn- p- p. Ø h - - m-cp-ss {`-jvtv sim- p-am-wv F -tum-km-an ]n -Xp- S-cm \n -_- n-x-cm- -s - -Xv. B-[p-\n-I-Im-e-Øv C-h-cpw a- v ap- Jy-[m-cm b-lq-z-sc-t m-se a-x- ]-cn-h -Ø-\w Aw-Ko-I-cn- p-ibpw H-cp ]-cn-[n-h-sc t{]m- mln- n- p-i-bpw sn-øp- p. b-lq-z ss{i-kv-x-h {In-kv-Xp-a-Xm-cw-`-Im-e-Ø b- lq-z-a-x-øn -\n- pw ]-cn-h -Ø- \w sn-bv-xv {In-kv-Xym-\n-I-fm-sb- n-epw b-lq-zn-zm-nm-c-߃ ]n- p- S-cp- H-cp hn-`m-kw b-lq-z-cm-wv sa- n-bm-\n- v b-lq-z. a-[y-]q - Δ-tZ-i-Øv Xp-S-ßn-b Cu {]- ÿm-\-øn-\v C-t mƒ c- p e- -tøm-fw Aw-K-kw-Jy-bp- v. C-h-cn `q-cn-`m-k-hpw C-t mƒ A-ta-cn- -bn I-gn-bp- p. A-{K- N -Ω ]-cn-to-z-\-t]m-ep- A- Sn-ÿm-\ b-lq-zm-nm-c-߃ Xp-S - p-t]m-cp- C-h {In-kv-Xp-hns\ c- -I-\m-bn Aw-Ko-I-cn- p- p. a-[y-]q -Δ-tZ-i-Øp X-s k-am-\-im-e-l- -ß-fn a-x-]-cnh -Ø-\w \-S-Øn-sb- v hn-iz-kn- -s -Sp- Iv-\m-\m-b- m C- Ø-cw B-Nm-c-߃ Ip-Sn-tb-dn- ]m - p- -Xn-\v ap -]v B-N-cn- ncp- p-thm F- v tc-j-s -Sp-Ønbn- n-. Iv-\m-\m-b- m-cp-ss b-lq-z-]m-c-º-cyw Iv-\m-\m-b- m-cp-ss B-Nm-cm- \p-jvtm-\-߃ b-lq-z-cn -\n- pw sa- n-bm-\n-iv b-lq-z-cn - \n- pw h-f-sc hy-xy-kv-x-am-wv. ti-c-fo-b-x-bp-ss A-\p-`-h-ß-fneq-sS I-S- p-h- -h-bm-sw- n-epw ]-e hn-hm-l-\p-_- -am-b Iv-\m- \m-bm-nm-c-ß-fpw a- y-]q -Δ tzi-ß-fn-se kmw-kv- m-cn-i N-Sßp-I-fp-am-bm-Wv Iq-Sp-X _- w. sa- n-bm-\n-iv b-lq-z c- m-bn-cw h -j-ß-fm-bn ss{i-kv- X-h hn-izm-k-hpw b-lq-z A-\pjvTm-\-ß-fpw ap-dp-si ]n-sn- ptºmƒ b-lq-z-]m-c-º-cy-hpw A- h-im-i-s -Sp- Iv-\m-\m-b- m N-cn-{X-K-Xn-bn F-hn-sS sh- m- Wv A-Sn-ÿm-\ b-lq-zm-nm-c߃ \-jv-s-s -Sp-Øn-b-Xv F- - Xv Nn- m-hn-j-b-am-t - -Xm-Wv. {]-txy-in- v ]-Xn-t\-gv \q- m-t mfw F -tum-km-an Im - -iy-ambn Im-Øp kq- n- m-\p- b- m-i- n Im-Wn- -t mƒ ]mc-º-cym-\p-_- -am-b a- p B-Nmc-߃ F- n-\v ssi-hn- p F- - Xv tnm-zy-nn-lv-\-am-bn A-h-tijn- p- p. hw-i-au-en-i-x-bp-ss P-\n-X-I-`m-cw B-[p-\n-I A-dn-hp-I-fp-sS sh-fn- -Øn im-kv-{xw hw-i-ip- n-bp-ss-bpw hw-i-au-en-i-x-bpss-bw `m-hn-sb kw-i-b-zr-jvsntbm-ss-bm-wv ho- n- p- -Xv. b- lq-z-cp-ss _p- n-iq -Ω-X-bp-sS hn-e A-h-cp-sS am-dm-tcm-k-ß-fmsw- p- A-dn-hv H-cp R-Sp- tøm-ss-bm-wv A-Sp-Ø-Im-e-Øv tem-iw a-\- n-em- n-b-xv. km-aqln-i-am-tbm kmw-kv-im-cn-i-amtbm `q-an-im-kv-{x-]-c-am-tbm H- - s - a-\p-jy-hw-i, h - ]n- p- S - -Iƒ hm-cn- q- n-b P-\n-X-Itcm-K-ß-fp-sS I-W- v F-Sp-Øv Xp-S-ßn-bn-t -bp- q. ^u- F-^-Iv-Sv F- Hma-\-t -cn A-dn-b-s -Sp- F tum-km-an-bp-ss ^-e-am-b P-\n-X- I-am-dm-tcm-K-߃ A-jv-I-\m-jn b-lq-z-sc ]n-sn-iq-sn-b-xp-t]m-se b-lq-z-cn-epw I - -i-am-bn F tum-km-an ]-cn-]m-en- p- Iv-\m- \m-b- m-sc _m-[n- n- p-t m F- -Xv hn-iz-am-b ]T-\-Øn-eq-sSsb a-\-kn-em- m km-[n- q. blq-zs P\n-XI {]mcm_v[w Endogamy, inbreeding, consanguinous marriage XpSßnb {]P-\-\-co-Xn-Iƒ birth developmental abnormalities, congenital defects, mental retardation XpS-ßnb Akp-J߃ h n- m CS-bm pw F imkv{x-kxyw hfsc Ime-ambn P\n-XI imkv{x- ASn-h-c-bn p ]Tn- n- p h- kvxp-x-i-fm-wv. AjvI-\m-jn, tdmam blq-z-cpss CS-bn A- [n-i-ambn ImW-s -Sp CØcw P\n-XI tcmk-ß-fpss DZv`hw F tum-kmanbnte-bv mwv hnc Nq p- -Xv. CØ-c-Øn ]T-\-hn-j-b-am-bn- p ]e amdmtcm-k-ßfpw early onset tcmk߃ F hn`m-k-øn s]sp- p. CXp-Iq-SmsX ASp-Ø-Im-e- Ømbn {i n- m XpS-ßn-bncn- p late onset P\n-XI tcmk-ß-fpw IqSpX i -ambn F tum-kman ]n Xp-S-cp blq-z-scbpw a y-]q Δ-{]-tZisØ ]e ap ow hn`m-k-søbpw bqtdm- nepw djy-bnepw Zzo- ]p-i-fn H -s - p-t]mb a p h- - m-scbpw BWv A[n-I-ambn ]nsn-iq-sn-bn-cn- p- -Xv. hnhn- [ A _p-z-tcm-k-߃, lm v, In-Uv\n tcmk-߃ ssl- - ss -j F n-h-tbm-ssm w schezophrenia, depression, lipolar disease XpS-ßnb am\- kni tcmk-߃ Dƒs -ss-bp late onset tcmk-߃ v F tum-kmanbpss ^e-ambn henb h -\-bp- -Xmbn ASp-Ø-ImeØv sxfn-bn- -s - n-cn- p-i-bm- Wv. hfsc hni-z-ambn P\n-X-I- ]-T\w F-Øn-bn- p Hcp kaql-amwv AjvI-\mjn blq-z. Fgp- q-dp h j-øn-e-[niw kmaq-ln-i-ambn H -s v F t-um- Kman XpS-cm \n _- n-x-cmb Ch Ipd Ime-L- w-sim- tijw t]-pv 8

5 5 ka-im-eni ]{XnI Ih -tãm-dn ss nƒ \msp-iƒ at -h sim mcw Chn-sS-bmWv kv\m]i tbml- ms\ XS-hn C Xpw hnip- s inc v tozn- Xpw tbml- msâ XS-h-d-bpsS ine-iä n-s-bnâ tkymtkm thmtdmkv at -h tltdm-tzkv cmpmhns tim -bv p- nse sim mc-am-bn-cp- p. {Sm -kvtpm- -Zm-\n Xmsg Nmhp-I-S ImW-Ø- -co- Xn-bn ]Wn-Xn-cn- p sim mcw. Ncn-{X-]-c-amb Cu ÿe- ØmWv kv\m]i tbml- ms\ ss{sm mb sltdmzv A n- mkv Imcm-Kr-l-Øn AS- Xpw hnip- s inc v tozn- Xpw F mwv ^vtfhn-bkv tpmkn- ^kv (A/XVIII, 5,2) ]d-bp- -Xv. tpmkn-^-kns A`n-{]m-b-Øn A- m-eøv Pohn- n-cp G -hpw hnip- -cmb a\p-jy-cn Hcm-fmbn-cp p tbml- m ( m-\- kv\m\w \evin-bn-cp- -Xn-\m kv\m]-i F -dn-b-s - n-cp- p. tbip-{in-kvxp-hns apt msn; bmly _n k -dnb F {]- hm-n-i ). GXm v 2000 h -jw ap ]mwv tbml- ms in-cto-zw \S- -Xv Pqsse ap- X- "lwtk-dn-b A m-zan Hm- ^v B Svkpw' "tpm tz-\n-b Un- m p-sa v Hm^v B n-izn- o-kpw' kl-i-cn v cmp-sim- m-c-ønepw at -dkv \Kcw ÿn-xn snbvxncp Ip n ap-i-fnepw ]pcm-hkvxp- ƒ kw_- n v J\\w \S-Øn-h-cn-I-bm-Wv. at -dkv tim -sbbpw AXn- \v Xmsg-bp ] -W-sØbpw tpmko-^kv hfsc hni-z-ambn hnh-cn- n- p v (B/VII,6). Dƒdn- v Pmkv] ko- vsk F P Ω ]cy-th-j-i-\mwv at dkv tim ho pw Is -ØnbXv (1807). Xmsg-bp ] Ww I p-]n-sn- Xv ^mz s^en-ivkv ado Bt_ (1909) F {^ v suman-\n- k-\ymkn Bbncp- p. alm-\mb tim -Ã-ss N{I-h Øn-bp-sS Im-ew apx am{xta hn-ip- -\m-sp-i-fn-te v ss{ikvx-h Xo- m-s\w \S- Øn-bn-cp- p- q F hkvxpx at -h te v sim p-t]m-bn. tpm Zm- Kh sa ns A\p-hm-Z-tØm- Sp-Iq-Sn-bmWv Cßs\ sn-bvx- -Xv. F m XnI pw hnp-b-i-c-am-bncp Cu at -dkv J\\w kw- _- n v Ch bm-sxm pw {]kn- o-i-cn- n-. c -ma-søbpw aq- -m-a-søbpw a-t -dkv J\-\-߃ v t\xr-xzw \evin-bxv 'Studium Biblicum Franciscanum' F Pdp-k-se-anse ÿm]-\-øn-se {]i-kvx-cmb s{]m^-k am B-bn-cp hn- - Po-entbm Im\n-tbm tim t_m ( ) bpw ant te ]n ndnt m ( ) bpw Bbn-cp- p. BZ-y-sØ J\\w Ime-L- -Ønepw c m-am-tøxv ImeØpw Bbn-cp- p. ]pcm-h-kv-xp ]T\w kw_- n A n-a dnt m n Cu J\- \ß-fpsS ^ew Dƒs -Sp-Øn-bncp- n-. F- nepw {it -b-amb {]mcw-`-hn- -h-c-߃ Dƒs m- n- psim v GXm\pw tej-\-߃ {]kn- o-i-cn- n-cp- p. tim -t_m kwl-ønse AwK-ß-fm-bn-cp kvx-\n mthm semt{^-ubpw antj-te ]n n-dn-t mbpw Ifna ]m-{x-ß-sf- p-dn pw \mw-bß-sf- p-dn pw bym-{iaw Hcp {]_- hpw Hcp tej-\hpw {]kn- o-i-cn- n- p- v. ]p-cm-hkvxp \mw hnkva-cn- -cp-xv. At mtg pw at -dkv Hcp hnp-\-{]- tz-i-am-bn v c c \q m v Ign- n-cp- p. 19- mw \q m- n ]pcm-h-kvxp-]-cy-th-j-i Cu ] Ww ho pw I- p-]n-sn- -Xn-\ptijw Ctßm- v Xo m-s-i h p-xp-s-ßn-bp- q. Ata-cn- -bn h v A`n-jn- -\mb C. spdn hm U-am ( ) 1968 PqWn Hcp {]mcw-`-]-co- -W-J-\\w \S-Øn. C- Xv aq m-gvn- mew \o p-\n- p. CXn-\nsS Ah at -d-kn Is -Ønb 4, 973 ]pcm-hkvxp Ah-in-jvS-߃ Ata-cn- -bnimkv{x-øns ImgvN- m-sn ^mz tim t_m {i ti{μo- I-cn- Xv {][m-\-ambpw tim bpss J\-\-Øn-em-bn-cp- p. CXns ^e-ambn Ah-km\w tim -bpss πm\ns Hcp Nn{Xw Xøm-dm- n. Ip n -ap-i-fn-ep- mbn-cp sim m-c-øns Dƒ`m-K- Øns Xd-bpsS πm BZyambn At±lw Xøm-dm- n. alm- \mb sltdmzv cmpm-hns \m\mh Æ Nn{X-the snbvx tim tbm-sp-iq-snb sim- m-c-ß-fn H m-bn-cp p at -dkv tim F v BZy-ambn sxfn-bn- Xpw ^mz tim t_m \bn kwl- am-bn-cp- p. hm-kvxp-in-ev]w kw- _- n pw Ifn-a ]m-{x-ßfpw \mw-b-ßfpw kw_- n pw D- sxfn-hp-iƒ-sim- v, spmko- ^kv lmkvtam-wn-b Iem-]- sø- p-dn pw H mw blq-z-i-em- ]-sø- p-dn pw \-evip- hnhc-߃ icn-bmwv F v BZyambn Dd- p-h-cp-øn-bxpw Cu At\z-j-I-kw-L-am-bn-cp- p. ^mz ]n n-dt m A{]-Xo- n-x-ambn s]s v acn- p. AXn-\p-ti-j-amWv lwtk-dnb kwlw J\\w ]p\-cm-cw- `n- -Xv. 'Studium Biblicum Franciscanum se c- v X-e-apd C- m-en-b {^m -kn-kv-i ]- fin-x J-\-\w A-h-km-\n- n- n- S-Øp-\n- m-wv lw-tk-dn-b kw- Lw J-\-\w B-cw-`n- -Xv. J-\-\-Øn-\v D-]-tbm-Kn- m-\p- D-]-I-c-W-ß-fpw km-a-{kn-i-fpw km-t -Xn-I hn-zy-bpw 21- mw \q- m- n-t -Xm-bn-cp- p. hn-i-z-am-b B - n-tbm-f-pn- k -th-bv- pw J-\-\-߃- pw ti-jw lwtk-dn-b A- m-z-an Hm-^v A -Svkn-s K-th-j-W-kw-Lw sl-tdm-zn-s tim- -tbm-sp-iq-sn-b cm-p-sim- m-c-øn-s -bpw Xm-g-sØ ]- -W-Øn-s -bpw hn-i-z-am-b H-cp h-kv-xp-in-ev-] hn-h-c-w-hpw H-cp ]p-\-cm-hn-jv -I-c-W-hpw X-øm-dm- n. R-ß-fp-sS J-\-\-Øn-s G- -hpw h-en-b ^-e-ß-fn H- v, tim- -bp-ss i-h-ip-so-c-ß-fp-ss, ap -]p {]-Xo- n- n- n- m-ø, ew- _-am-\-am-b am-\w B-bn-cp- p. D- Zm-l-c-W-Øn-\v, 1.5 ao- -dn Xmsg D-b-c-ta-bp- q F- v I-cp-Xnbn-cp- ]-Sn- m-td tim- -bp-ss a-xn-en 8.75 ao- D-b-c-ap- H- cp a-xn-ep- m-bn-cp- p. th-sdm-cp D-Zm-l-c-Ww tim- -bp-ss 15.5 ao- B-g-ap- lm-kv-tam-wn-b P-ekw-`-c-Wn R-߃ I- p-]n-sn- v ]q -Æ-am-bpw Ip-gn- p. tl-tdm-zns Im-e-Øp-X-s C-Xv D-]-tbm- Kn- n-cp- p F- v sx-fn-bn- m I-gn-bpw. Cu `m-k-øv h-f-sc k-º- am-b ]p-cm-h-kv-xp A-h-in-jv-S߃ ]p-d-øp-sim- p-h-cm I- gn- p. B-sI 50 K-th-j-W-In- S-ßp-Iƒ Ip-gn- p. a-t -d-kn-s Ip-So-c-ß-sf- p-dn- v sa- -s - A- dn-hv e-`n- p- -Xn-\m-Wv C-h Ipgn- -Xv. A-Xp-t]m-se-X-s, Xm-gsØ ]- -W-sØ- p-dn- pw Iq-Sp- X A-dn-bp- -Xn-\v C-Xm-h-iy-ambn-cp- p. hm-kv-xp-in-ev-]w kw-_- n- ]T-\-sØ- p-dn- p ]-d- m R- ß-fp-sS A-t\z-j-W-Øn-s {]- [m-\-s - ^-ew a-t -d-kv ]- -W- Øn-s N-cn-{X-]-c-am-b aq- v L- -߃ \n -Æ-bn- m I-gn- psh- -Xm-Wv. A-Xp-t]m-se-X-s si- n-s-ßfn-se ÿ-ew hm-kv-xp-in-ev-]- Øn F-ß-s\ hn-i-kn- n- p F- v a-\- n-em- -epw. si- n-s-ß-sf H- -bv- pw si- n-s-k-ap- -b-ß-fmbpw ]Tn- p. A-h-bp-sS kn- m- m-sn-ÿm-\-øn-ep- ]p-\ -\n - Ωn-Xn X-øm-dm- p-i-bpw sn-bv-xp. kv-am-c-i-ß-fp-ss hm-kv-xp-in-ev-]- hn-h-c-ww k-nn-{x-hpw k-aq -Øhp-am-b tc-j-i-tfm-sp-iq-sn B-bncp- p. ]q -Æ-am-b Cu hn-h-c-ww C-t mƒ Cu K-th-j-W-`q-an-bn Im-Wm-\n- m-ø si- n-s-ß-fn-te- pw hym-]n- n- p. hm-kv-xp-in-ev-] \n-co- -W߃- p-ti-jw R-߃ {Xn-am- \ Ip-So-c-am-Xr-I-Iƒ D- m- n. ]n- o-sv kn- m- -]-c-am-b ]p-\ - \n -Ωn-Xn- v C-Xv H-c-Sn-Ø-d-bm-bncn- pw. tum-dn- v kv-xw-`-ß-fp-ssbpw A-tbm-Wn-Iv ({Ko- v) kv-xw- `-ß-fp-sS-bpw k-hn-ti-j-am-b Nn- {Xo-I-c-W-hpw tl-tdm-tz-kn-s sim- m-c-øn-s kn- m- -]-c-am-b ]p-\ -\n -Ωm-W-hpw R-ß-fp-sS {]-h -Ø-\-Øn-s \n-e-hm-cw kq- Nn- n- p- -Xm-Wv. hn-i-z-am-b si- n-s-hn-i-i-e-\- Øn-\pw ]p-cm-h-kv-xp-im-kv-{x-ønse X- p-iƒ \n -Æ-bn- -en-\pw tbml- ms\ XS-hn-en ÿew Ip-So-c-ß-fp-sS Np-h-cp-I-fp-sS ]- cn-tim-[-\-bv- p-a- p-dw, R-ß-fpsS K-th-j-W-co-Xn ]n -Xp-S - - Xv Xm-c-X-ay-]p-cm-h-kv-Xp \n-co- - W-hpw hm-kv-xp-in-ev-]-\n-co- -Whp-am-Wv. ssk-\n-im-h-iy-߃- m-bn \n -Ωn- H-cp-Iq- w tim- - I-fn H- m-bn-cp- p a-t -d-kv. tijw t]-pv 8

6 6 ka-im-eni ]{XnI JORDAN ISRAEL PALESTINE SINAI EGYPT ssz-h-]p-{xsâ \m-«n-eqss... TOURS FROM USA, UK, CANADA, Middle East & India... \yq-u ln, apw-ss_, _mw q, sim- n F- n-hn-s-ßfn \n pw bm-{xm-kw-l-߃. tami hmkvzø \msv Zqsc \n p I Xv s\t_m-bpss api-fn \n m-wv. B ImgvN \Ωp-sSbpw IÆp-Iƒ v Ipfn a \ Ip- p. CuPn]vXv ko\mbv C{k-tb ]me-kvxo - tpm ±m hnip- - \msv bm{x Kƒ^v, kμ in- p {][m\ ÿe-߃ CuPn]vXv : CuPn-]vjy ayq-knbw, ]nc-an-up-iƒ, kv^n-ßvkv, BZy \q m- p-i-fnse B-cm-[-\m-e-b-߃, ss\- \Zn-bn-eqsS t_m v bm{x, kqbkv I\m XocØp IqSn bm{x, apƒ -S v ko\m-bva-e, ]Øp Iev]-\-Iƒ e`n ÿew. bn{km-tb ]me-kvxo : sbcq-itew \K-cw, Heo-hv ae, I -Ømhp {]m - -\ ]Tn- n ÿew, Hm-im\ hoyn, KZvk-a-s\ txm- w, tb-ip ap p-ipøn {]m- - n- ]md. c m-bn-cw h j-øn- -]-cw ]g- -ap- Hen-hv hr -ß-fpw, t_-xv-e-tlw tbi-phn-s P -ÿ-ew, B- n-s-b- m v ZqX- m {]-Xy- -amb ÿ-ew, tbm-l- m- kv\m]-is P -ÿew, tkm tkm-ym, sbcn-t m, _Y\n : t_zvsk-bvzm-ip-fw, ZmhoZv cmpm-hns ih-ip-so-cw, ]co- m-a-e, k m-bn I Øm-hns\ ImWm Ib-dnb A-Øn-hr- w, a t m-kns amfn-i-ap-dn, s_sy-\n-bn adn-b-bp-ssbpw am Ø-bp-sSbpw `h-\w, emk-dns\ Dbn n I -d, Nmhp-I-S, tbip Ipcnipw Npa- p-t]mb hgn, ]oem-tømkv hn[n-{]-kvxm-hn aμn-cw, apƒ n-cosw NqSn-b-bn-Sw, Ipcn-ins hgn-bnse ]Xn- mev ÿe-߃, tb-ip-hns\ Ipcn-in Xd ÿ-ew, Xe-tbm-Sn-Sw, I -Øm-hns\ AS- nb I -d-txm- -Øn Bcm-[-\, I -Øm-hp-bn sø-gp-t I d. kntbm, \{k-øv, Im\, tbm ±m \Zn : K{_n-tb ZqX adn-bbv p {]Xy- -s - ÿ-ew, tbmk-^n-s - bpw adn-b-bp-ssbpw `h- \w, tbmk-^n-s ]Wnim-e, tb-ip _mey- Imew Nne-hn ÿ-e߃. ] -sh- -sø ho- m- n-b Im-\m-bnse I-eym-W-ho-Sv, Xm-t_m- ae, tb-ip kv\m\-ta tbm- ±m \Zn. Keoe XSm-I-Øn t_m p-bm-{x: ]cky ip{iq-j Bcw-`n I-^- - -lqw, Kn-cn-{]-`m-jWae, tbip sh- -Øn\p ao-sx \-S- Keoe XSm- I-Øn-eqsS t_m- pbm-{x. tpm ±m- s\t_m ] ΔXw : tamsi Ah-km-\-am-bn hmkv-z-ø \m-sv Z- in s\-t_m ] Δ-Xw. ASp-Ø bm-{x sk]v- w-_ 18 Ata-cn-, Cw v XpS-ßnb cmpy-ß-fn \n pw- t\cn p Sqdp-Iƒ. k`-iƒ pw anj kwl- S\Iƒ pw th n {]txyiw ]mt -PpIƒ! Ch Rß-fpsS {]txy-i-x-bmwv Ãm tlm -ep-i-fn Xmakw aq p-t\-chpw hn`-h-k-ar- -amb ` Ww ani- -bm{xm kui-cy-߃ tjm nwkv Ah-k-c-߃ Bflob Nn -Iƒ DW Øp ]T-\-ßfpw Bcm-[-\bpw {]K-Xv`-cmb sskup-i-fpss tkh-\w. acp- No^v FUn- A Ip v Ce- q t\xrxzw \evip- p. MARUPPACHA Ph: ,Mob: Website :

7 hm ØIƒ ka-im-eni ]{XnI am[y-a-{]-h Ø-I aqey-ß-fn \n p hyxn-n-en- -cpxv: tum. tdmkv h Kokv tim- -bw: [m -an-i aq-ey-ß-fn -\n- p hy-xn-n-en- m-øh-cm- I-Ww am-[y-a-{]-h -Ø-I-sc- p \m-j-w bq-wn-th-gv-kn- n Hm- ^v A-Uzm -kv-uv eo-k Ã-Uo-kv (\p-hm -kv) ssh-kv Nm k-e tum. tdm-kv h -Ko-kv. a-t\m-c-a kv-iqƒ Hm-^v I-ayq-Wnt -j (am-kv-timw) ]-Xn-aq- mw _m- n-s _n-cp-z-zm-\w \n - h-ln- p-i-bm-bn-cp- p A-h. Ip- - m-c-\- m-ø H-cm-sf hy- nl-xy \-S-Øp- X-c-Øn-ep- sx- m-b hm -Ø-I-tfm hn-h-cß-tfm a-s -s - n-epw Xm -]-cy-ß-fp-ss t]-cn H-cn- -epw \ -I-cp-Xv. tim-s-xn-bp-ss ]-cn-k-w-\-bn-ep- ti-kp-i-fn A- `yq-l-ß-fp-ss t]-cn am-[y-a-߃ hn-nm-c-w \-S-Øn Ip- - msc {]-Jym-]n- p- co-xn i-cn-b-. hm -Ø-I-sf-t m-se X-s A-h e-`n- p- h-gn-i-sf-bpw hn-a -i-\m-fl-i-am-bn am-{x-ta k- ao-]n- m-hq. hm -Ø-I-fn Ir-Xy-X-bpw hn-izm-ky-x-bpw D-d- m- p-i F- h-en-b sh- p-hn-fn F- pw am-[y-a-߃- p ap- n-ep-s - pw tdm-kv h -Ko-kv ]-d- p. sf.-]n.-kn.-ti-cfm tã v I h j Xriq-cn Ipº-\mSv: C ym s]s -t mkvxv sszh-k` ticfm tã ns 4 m-axv I h j Unkw-_ 2 6 hsc Xriq-cn \S- pw. Ign aq v I h j-\p-iƒ \ne-ºq-cn-em-bn-cp p \S- -Xv. tã v I h j\piƒ Pn -Iƒ amdn amdn \S-Ø-W-sa- p Iu kn Xocp-am-\-{]-Im-c-amWv Xriq-cn-te v am n-b-xv. -sf.-]n.-kn.ap P\- d tã v {]kn-u m-bn-cp ]mã si.-fw.-tpm-k-^v tã v I h j c m-[n-im-cn-bmbn {]h Øn- pw. I h j k_v IΩ- n-isf Xnc-s -Sp- p- -Xn\v th n tã v Iu kn-ens {]txyi tbmkw Pq 9 \v Xriq s\ n- p v sf.-]n.-kn.-lm-fn \S- pw. I h js hn]p-e-amb \S-Øn- n-s\- n Cu tbmk- Øn h v Xocp-am-\n- pw. Unkw-_ 6 \v tã v I h j kwbp k`m tbmk-øn ]me- m-sv, Xriq, Fd-Wm-Ipfw Pn - I-fnse k`m ip{iq-j-i- mcpw hnizm-kn-i-fpw ]s -Sp- -W-sa pw tã v I h j ka-bøv Cu Pn -I-fn sf.-]n.-kn-bpss sk /tem I h j-\p-iƒ \S-Ø-cp-sX pw tã v {]kn- U v ]mã si.-kn.-txm-akpw tã v sk{i n ]mã ^nen v ]n.- txm-akpw kwbp {]kvxm-h-\-bn-eqss Adn-bn- p. I WmSI tã v sf.]n.kn. ]mã n.un. txmakv {]knu v ]m-ã n. Un. txm-a-kv, ]m-ã h -Ko-kv am-xyp, C.hn.tkm-a s_w-k-fp-cp. C- ym s]- -t mkv-xv ssz-h-k-` (sf.]n.kn) I - Wm-S-I tã- n-\v ]p-xn-b `m-c-hmln-i-sf sx-c-s -Sp-Øp. ]m- à n. Un. txm-a-kv ({]-kn- U v), ]m-ã si. F-kv. tpmk-^v (ssh-kv {]-kn-u v), ]m- à h -Ko-kv am-xyp (sk-{i- dn), {_-Z ]n. hn. t]mƒ (tpmbn v sk-{i- -dn), {_-Z C. hn. tkm-a ({S-j-d ) F- n-h sxc-s -Sp- -s - -Xv. G-{]n 20\v slm-d-am-hn-se sl-uv-izm -t -gvkn \-S- sx-c-s -Sp- n-\v ]n. hn. am-xyp(no-^v C-e- I-Ωo-j-W ), si. ]n. tpm -Pv, tpm -Pp-Ip- n, si. Fw. tp- -_v F- n-h t\-xr-xzw \ -In. I - Wm-S-I tkm-h kw-ÿm-\-ß-fn \n- m-bn 500 Hm-fw hn-izm-kn-ifpw ip-{iq-j-i-cpw ]-s -Sp-Øp. ip-{iq-j-i-cn-epw hn-izm-kn-i-fn \n- pw 40 t]-sc Iu -kn Aw-K-ß-sf-bpw Xn-c-s -Sp-Øp. sf. ]n. kn P-\-d {]-kn-u v ]m-ã tp- -_v tpm sx-cs -Sp- -s - F-Iv-kn-Iyq- o-hv Aw-K-߃- pw, Iu -kn Aw-K-߃- pw k-xy-{]-xn- hm-n-iw snm- n sim-sp- p-i-bpw A-\p-{K-l {]m - -\ \-S-Øp-Ibpw sn-bv-xp. kzx-{ -k-`-i-fpss ktω-f\w Um-f-kv: 19- m-a-xv C- y s]- s -t m-kv-x s^-tem-jn- ns tz-io-b I -h -j- Pq h-sc \yq-tbm - v Iyq -kv hn-t -Pn- \S pw. Pq 21- -\v \-S- p- kw-bp- B-cm-[-\- tbm-ss k-am-]n- pw. A-ta-cn- bn-ep- kz-x-{ s]-s -t mkv-xv k-`-i-fp-ss Iq-Sn-h-c-hn-\v Cu h -jw kv-t]m -k snøp- -Xv Un-b ]m - n-ep- \yq-tbm - v tkm-kv-] A-kw- ªn-bm-Wv.]m-à _m-_p tpm - v {]-[m-\ {]-kw-k-i-\m-bn-cn- pw. {]-kn-u v txm-a-kv h - Ko-kv t\-xr-xzw \ -Ipw. tamfn cmpp, tacn tpmk-^v, _npn txma-kv, kn- n-bm ]m-h-a-wn cm-p B-cy- - n n-cn- p- -Xv. ]m-ã Um-\n-tb km-apth F-gp-Xn-b ""{In-kv-Xp-hn-s A- v-em m: t\m -Ø-ta-cn- -bnepw Im-\-U-bn-epw ]m - p- a- h-c-hpw A-\- -c-kw-`-h-ß-fpw'' e-bm-fn s]- -t m-kv-xp hn-izmkn-i-fp-ss C-S-bn-ep- F-gp-Øp- _- -am-b C-\-Øn-epw, kn-ã {In-kv-Xp-hn-s ]p-\-cm-k-a-\ kw- Im-sc t{]m- m-ln- n- p- tam-fn cm-pp-hn-s ""t{]-jn-x-{]- si.]n.u-ªp.f-^v Cu h -jsø A-hm -Up-Iƒ {]-Jym-]n- kw-_- -am-b C-\-Øn-epw ]p-kv- Im-iw'', kp-hn-ti-j-{]-h -Ø-\ p. hn-hn-[ am- y-a-ß-fn 2014 X-I hn-`m-k-߃- p- A-hm - A- -Sn- p-h- n- p- Ir-Xn- Un-\ -l-\-am-bn. kn-ã ta-cn Iƒ- m-wv tpm-k-^v F-gp-Xn ti-c-fm F-Ivkv-{]-kn {]-kn- o-i-cn- -Xm-b A-hm -Up-Iƒ \ -In-bn-cn- p- -Xv. ap h -j-ß-sf A-t]- ""en- n-tamƒ'' F- I-Y-bpw, n- v hn-hn-[ hn-`m-k-ß-fn-ep- C-tX {]-kn- o-i-c-w-øn {]- Ir-Xn-I-sf X-cw-Xn-cn- pw, bp-h-p- kn- o-i-cn- {_-Z km-ap-th \ hn-`m-k-sø {]-txy-iw ]-cn-k- Ko-h - o-kn-s ""Zn Hmƒ-Uv ]nbm-t\m'' F- Cw- o-jv Wn- p-am-wv A-hm -Uv \n -Æ-bn- I-hn-XtI-c-fm s]- -t m-kv-xv ssd-t -gv-kv t^m-dw A-hm -Up-Iƒ {]-Jym-]n- p ]mã Um\n-tb kmap-th, tum. hn.-pn. Ipcy, {_Z kmapth Koh Ko-kv, {_Z tpmbn-tam Koh Ko-kv, sht -j ss nƒ kviqƒ ^vtfmdnum: hnhn[ k`ifpss k-licwtømss F m-h -j-hpw \SØn hcp 19- maxv sht- j ss nƒ kviqƒ Pq 8 13 h-sc skuøv ^vtfmdnum sf-]n-kn k`bn \S pw. kam]-\- Znhkw Pq 13 sshin v 6.30 \v hn_n-fkv sken{_js `mkambn hnhn[ t{]m{kmapifpss {]-Z -i-\w D mbncn pw. ]mã- - amcmb si.kn.tpm (^vtfmdnum), tpm- txmakv, spbnwkv apf-h\ F- nh t\xrxzw \ Ipw. tpm Pv aømbn ho pw ikv{x-{in-b v hnt[-b-\m-bn H- -e-tlm-a: D-]-tZ-in-bp-sS a-i F- t]-cn {]-kn- -\m-b tpm -Pv a-ømbn kn.-]n.-f. v ho- pw In-Uv-\n am- n-sh-bv- i-kv-{x-{in-b. 14 h -jw ap - ]v In-Uv-\n am- n-sh- A-t±-l-Øn-\v ho- pw U-bm-en-kn-kv th- n h- km-l- N-cy-Øn A-{]-Xo- n-x-am-bn In-Uv-\n e-`y-am-hp-i-bm-bn-cp- p. C-Xn-\-Iw 28 k -P-dn-Iƒ- v hn-t[-b-\m-b tpm -Pv a-øm-bn Po-hn- n-cn- p- Xv A- p-x-am-wv. ssz-h-p-\-øn-s {]m - -\-bm-wv X-s hn-sp-x-en-s A-Sn-ÿm-\-sa- v A-t±lw ]-d- p. Xp-S - pw {]m - -\ A-t]- n- p- p. \Ωƒ XΩn Hcp Imcyw hmb-\- m-cmwv R߃ v Bfl-hnizmkw ]I-cp- -Xv. GsX- nepw k`m-hn-`m-k- Øns Bi-b-{]-N-c-W-Øn-\p {]kn- o-ic-w-a- acp-. tbip-{in-kvxphpw hnip Xncp-sh-gp-Ø-I-fp-amWv acp- - -bpss {]tnm- Z-\w. Hmtcm c m-gvn-bnepw acp- {]kn- o-i-cn- p- Xv henb kmº-øni _m[y-x-bm-wv. _lp-am-\ycmb hmb-\- m-cpss hcn-kw- Jybpw kw`m-h-\-bp-am-wv {][m\ hcp-am-\-am w. bpw, kn-ã kn- n-bm ]m-h-a- Wn F-gp-Xn kz - o-b-[z-\n-bn {]-kn- o-i-cn- ""hm-jv ssa ^o- v Hm tem -Uv'' F- Cw- o-jv te-j-\w B-fl-{]-tNm-Z-\ hn-`m- K-Øn-epw, kn-ã _n-pn txm-akv F-gp-Xn ssk-t^m-kv Iz - - fn-bn {]-kn- o-i-cn- ""ss{i-ãv C kmw-kv'' F- Cw- o-jv B - n- ƒ ssz-h im-kv-{x-]-cam-b hn-`m-k-øn-epw (bp-h-p-\ hn- `m-kw), tum-œ hn.pn. Ipcy F-gp-Xn Hm -sse-\n {]-kn- o- I-cn- ""C-tam-j-W-en t^m- -kv-sv sx-dm- n C A-tUm-f-k v-kv {Ko-^v h - v: hm- v sl -]v-kv sl -Øn {Ko-hnw-Kv'' Cw- o-jv Iu -kn-enw-kv hn-`m-k-øn-epw, tpm-tam Ko-h - o-kn-s ""\ns ssz-h-sø F-Xn-tc - m '' F- Km-\w kw-ko-x hn-`m-k-ønepw A-hm -Up-Iƒ- v A -l-ambn. A-hm -Up-Iƒ 2015 Pq-sse 02 ap-x 05 h- sc ku-øv I-tcm-en-\m-bn, {Ko hn- n h- v \-S-Ø-s -Sp- ]n.kn.f.f.si tim -^d -kn hn-x-c-ww sn-øp- -Xm- Wv. Xm-a-k-ku-I-cyw D-d- p-h-cp- Øp-hm A-hm -Up tp-xm- ƒ F-{X-bpw s]- - v tim -^-d kn-\v c-pn-kv-{s sn-øp-hm-\-`y - n- p- p. si.]n.u-ªp.f-^v t\m -Øv A-ta-cn- -bp-ss {]-kn-u m-bn tum-œ _m-_p txm-a- pw, ssh-kv {]-kn-u m-bn ]m-ã txm-a-kv In-S-ßm-en-epw, sk-{i- -dn-b-bn {_-Z cm-p B-cy- - n-bpw, tpm-bn v sk-{i- -dn-bmbn ]m-ã tpm txm-a- pw, {Sj-d-dm-bn {_-Z tpm-bn-kv ]n. am- Xyq-kpw te-un-kv tim -Un-t\- -dm-bn kn-ã tj -fn Nm-t mbpw {]-h -Øn- p h-cp- p. acp- - -bpss sabn-enwkv enãv ]pxp- p- p. IpSn-»n-I- msc sabn-enwkv enãn \n pw \ot - n-h-cp- -Xn tjz-ap- v. Pq c mw e w apx IpSn-»nI m v acp- e`n- p- -X-. sabn-enwkv enãn \n pw t]scm-gnhm-im km[y-x-bp- -h Zb-hmbn DS Xs Hm^o-kp-ambn _ -s -Sp-I. C ybn FhnsS \n pw t\cn v _m v A u- n acp- - -bpss hcn-kwjy Ab-bv mw. sam-ss_ : Ab- -Xn-\p-tijw Zb-hmbn Fkv -Fw-Fkv snøp- Itbm t^m hnfn- p-itbm snøp-i. acp- - -bpss {]h Ø- \-߃ Hcp sszhn-i-ip-{iq-j-bm- Wv. Zb-hmbn R߃- mbn {]m n- p-i. kw`m-h-\-ifpw hcn-kw-jybpw \ In kl-i-cn- p-i. acp- amt\-pnwkv t_m Uv ]Ww Abv p Bfns d^d kv \ºdpw t]cpw t^m \ºdpw Adn-bn- p-at m MARUPPACHA, South Indian Bank, Branch : Thiruvalla Account Number: , IFSC Code: SIBL

8 8 ka-im-eni ]{XnI G-jy-bn-se G- -hpw h-en-b Ip-cn-iv ]m- n-ÿm-\n I-dm- n: G-jy-bn-se G- -hpw h-en-b Ip-cn-iv ]m- n-ÿm- \n. 140 A-Sn D-b-c-Øn-ep- _p- - v {]q-^v Ip-cn-iv I-dm- n-bn-se tkm-c J-{_n-ÿm sk-an-tø-cn-bn-em-wv ÿm- ]n- p- -Xv. {In-kv-Xy hy-h-km-bn-bm-b ] -th-kv sl dn Kn- m-wv Ip-cn-iv \n -am-w-øn-\p ]-Ww ap-s- n-bn-cn- p- -Xv. \n -am-w-{]-h -Ø-\-ß-sf kw-_- n- hn-h-c-߃ \n -am-ww A-h-km-\n- pw-h-sc sh-fn-s -Sp-Øn-bn-cp- n-. F- m, 21 ap-kv-enw sxm-gn-em-fn-i-fn 20 t]-cpw \n -am- W-Øn-\n-sS a-s-ßn-t m-bn-cp- p. S I-W- n-\p Ão-epw C-cp-ºpw kn-a pw D-]-tbm-Kn- m-wp Ip-cn-in-s \n -am-ww ]q -Øn-bm- n-bn-cn- p- -Xv. _p- - v {]q-^m-b-xn-\m B- {I-a-W-ß-sf A-Xn-Po-hn- m-\pw km-[n- pw. 20 A-Sn Xm-gv- N-bn A-Sn-Ø-d \n -an- m-wv Ip-cn-iv ÿm-]n- n-cn- p- sx- v ] -th-kv sl -dn Kn ]-d- p. I-dm- n-bn-se 2.1 tim-sn h-cp- P-\-kw-Jy-bn ]-Øp-e- -Øn Xm-sg am-{x-am-wv {In-kv-Xy P-\-kw-Jy I-dm- n-bn-se {In-kv-Xy ]- n-bn \-S- Nm-th B-{I-a-W-Øn \qdn-e-[n-iw t] sim- -s - n-cp- p. kzhwi hnhm-l-\n-jvtbv v FXnsc 1 mw t]-pv Xp-S Xp-S - p \-S- N - -bn, hn-j-bm-h-x-c-w-tøm-spw I -Ω- ]- -Xn-I-tfm-Spw {]-Xn-I-cn- v, si.- kn.-f.-f-kv. s A-ta-cn- -bnep- k-am- -c-{]-ÿm-\-am-b Iv- \m-\m-b A-tkm-kn-tb-j Hm- ^v t\m -Øv A-ta-cn- (si.-f.- F.-F.)- -bp-ss {]-Xn-\n-[n-I-fmsb-Øn-b tpm-bn H-d-h-W- p-fw, tpm -Pv sp. ]q-gn- m-em F- nh-cpw bm-t m-_m-b k-`-bn-se Iv-\m-\m-b hn-`m-k-sø {]-Xn-\n- [o-i-cn- v Ip- p-]-d-ºn ]p- qkv, si.-kn.-b.fw s\ {]-Xn- \n-[o-i-cn- v si.-si. tpm-kv I- -Øn, A-Uz. C-μp-te-Jm tpm-k-^v, ^m. jn-_p si.-]n., s{]m-^. Cu- F- n-h-cpw kwkm-cn- p. {]-iv-\m-h-x-c-w-tøm- Spw I -Ω-]- -Xn-tbm-Spw si.-kn.- B.-Fw. Iv-\m-\m-b {^o-uw aqhv-sa v F- t]-cn i- -amsbm-cp kw-bp- k-a-c-k-an-xn cq-]o-i-cn- p {]-h -Øn- p- -Xnt\m-Spw ]q -Æ-am-bn tbm-pn- psim- p- -Xm-bn-cp- p. {]-Xn-Ic-W-ß-sf- mw. Cu kw-cw-`-øn- \v bm-t m-_m-b Iv-\m-\m-b hn- `m-k-øn-s Iq-Sn ]- m-fn-ø-ap- 5- mw t]-pv Xp-S m-ip-sa- v Ip- p-]-d-ºn ]p- q-kv D-d- p-\ -In. {]-ta-b-øneq-ss B-cw-`n- p- k-a-c-]-cn-]m- Sn-Iƒ-s m- w, _n-pp D-Xp- p-tikn-ep- m-b A-\p-Iq-e-hn-[n-bpsS A-Sn-ÿm-\-Øn-ep- \n-b-a- \-S-]-Sn-Iƒ- pw hn-p-b-km-[y-xbp-s - v A-Uz. C-μp-te-J A- `n-{]m-b-s - p. tim- -bw cq-]-x, Io-gn-sem-cp cq-]-x-bn- m-sx A- Xn-cq-]-X-bm-b-Xn-s -bpw H-cp kzbm-[n-im-c (kp-pp-cn-kv N - v) k- `-sb- -t]m-se {]-h -Øn- p- - Xn-s -bpw ]n- n-ep- I- - fn-iƒ h-øn- m Im-cym-e-b-hpam-bn _- -s - v sh-fn- -ØpsIm- p-h-tc- -Xp-s - v ^m. jn-_p si.]n. A-`n-{]m-b-s - p. kz-hw-i-hn-hm-l-\n-jvt F- Zp-cm-Nm-cw F-Sp-Øp-I-f-bp-hm th- A-\p-Iq-e \-S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzo-i-cn- -W-sa- v tim- -bw cq- ]-Xm- y- -t\m-sv B-h-iy-s - psim- p- {]-ta-bw k-tω-f-\w ]m- m- n Cu hn-j-bw kw-_- n- v {^m -ko-kv am - m- m-bv- p \n-th-z-\w \ -Ip- -Xn-\pw, C -Uy kn-hn tim-s-xn-sb k-ao-]n- p- -Xn-\pw Xo-cp-am-\n- p. tbml- msâ XS-h-d-bpsS In-g- p-\n- v B-{I-a-W-ap- mbm P-dp-k-se-an-s\ {]-Xn-tcm-[n- p-i F- e- y-am-wv C-Xn-\p ]n- n D- m-bn-cp- -Xv. {In-kv-Xphn-\v ap -]pw ]n -]p-ap- G-Xm- \pw \q- m- p-i-fn C-Ø-cw B- {I-a-Ww D- m-tb- pw F- v `-bs - n-cp- p. P-dp-k-se-an-\p-ti-jw Cu tim- -I-fm-Wv {Ko- v hm-kv-xp-inev-]-øn-s A- n-a-im-e (lm-kvtam-wn-b ) cq-]-hpw sl-tdm-znb, B-Zy-Im-e tdm-a F- o am-xr-i-iƒ- p D-Zm-l-c-W-hpw (amk-zm), sl-tdm-zn-tbm, ln -ti- \n-b, kn-t{]m-kv, tum- v, A-e- Iv-km-{ n-tbm F- n-h-bm-wv Cu tim- -Iƒ). A-Xp-sIm- v R- ß-fp-sS K-th-j-W-kw-Lw ]- na-xo-c-øv (sh-ãv _m- n ) G-sdk-a-bw sn-e-h-gn- v a-t -d-kn-s\ Iq-Sp-X sa- -s - co-xn-bn A- dn-bm {i-an- p. C-h-bp-sS ss]-xr-i-øn-s sh-fn- -Øn C-Xn-s kn- m- - ]-c-hpw hm-kv-xp-in-ev-]-]-c-hp-am-b ]p-\ -\n -Ωn-Xn kr-jv-sn- m I- gn- p. lw-tk-dn-b A- m-z-an Hm-^v B -Sv-kn-s ]p-cm-h-kv-xp-k-th-j- W-kw-Lw C-t mƒ {i-an- p- -Xv Ip-So-c-ß-fp-sS kw-c- -Ww \n-e- \n -Ø, A-\m-Ãn-tem-kn-kv ]p- \ -\n -Ωn-Xn F- n-h-bn-em-wv. {Sm -kv tpm -Zm-\n-se a-t -d-kns ]p-\ -\n -Ωn-Xn-sb- p-dn- v Cu te-j-\w F-gp-Xn-b Bƒ a- t -d-kn-s ]p-cm-h-kv-xp-im-kv-{xhpw hm-kv-xp-in-ev-]-hpw kw-_- n- v B-Zy-am-bn H-cp {]-_- w X-øm-dm- n {]-kn- o-i-cn- p. a-t -d-kn-s N-cn-{X-sØ- pdn- v im-kv-{xo-b-am-bn X-øm-dm- nb A- n-a-dn-t m - m-wv C-Xv. anem-\n-se F-Un-tkm-Wn tx-dm km- m {]-kn- o-i-cn-, "a-t -dkv' I F io j-i-ap, Pdpksew Jerusalem Studium Biblicum Franciscanums - s Collectio Maior F A m-z-aniv XpS {]kn- o-i-c-w-øn 53- mw hmey-ambn Cu dnt m v {]kn- o-i-cn- n- p- v. Ipº-\mSv sk ]n.ssh.]n.f. `mcm-hm-lniƒ Ipº-\mSv: C Uym s]s -t mkvxv sszh-k-`- Ipº-\mSv sk ]n. ssh ]n. F. bpss te p `c-w-k-an-xnsb amcma sf. ]n. kn. lmfn \S P\-d t_mun-bn sxc-s - Sp-Øp. {]kn-u mbn PÃn s\sp-th-en-, sk{i dn-bmbn Chm. ªk Ipgn- m-e, {Sj-dm-dmbn s\hn aßm v, ]ªn-kn n I ho- \-dmbn Um\n-tb tpm Pv Ipº-\m-Sv, sshkv {]kn-u p-am-cmbn Chm. Imte_v Pn. tpm Pv, Chm. G{_lmw h Ko-kv, tpmbn v sk{i- -dn-am-cmbn ^n n ^nen- v, Chm. spbvk si. kmw, tã v {]Xn-\n-[n-bmbn kp\n ]q - n- F n-h-scbpw IΩn n AwK-ßfmbn ªk txma-kv, PntPm Bd- p-f, Pnt\mbv tpm, sdbvk G{_lmw, imap-th tpm Pv, npn kn. X - F n-h Xncs Sp -s - p. ]mã G{_lmw iap-th dnt -WnwKv Hm^ok-dm-bn- {]h Øn- p. ]mã Sn. sp. G{_-lmw, ]mã jn_p s\sp-th-en, Chm. spbnwkv tpmbn F n-h {]kw-kn- p. hwi-au-eo-i-x-bpss P\nXI {]iv\-߃ 1 mw t]-pv Xp-S n-cp- co-xn-bn -\n- pw hy-xyÿ-am-bn-cp- p. A-Xy-]q -Δ-am-bn \-S- n-cp- Iv-\m-\m-b k- -c hnhm-l-߃ H- -s - k-ap-zm-b-{`jv-sp-i-fn-epw Ip-Spw-_-hn-em-]-ßfn-epw H-Xp-ßn-\n- p. I-gn- ]- Xn-t\-gv \q- m- p-i-fm-bn Iv-\m-\mb hw-i-au-en-i-x t\-cn- {]-iv- \-ß-fp-sS ]-Xn- -S-ßv C- -sø X-e-ap-d h-f-sc Np-cp-ßn-b Im-e- Øn-\p- n A-\p-`-hn- p-i-gn- p. tz-io-b-x \-jv-s-am-b hw-i-au-en-i-x ti-c-f-øn Ip-Sn-tb-dn- m - Ø Iv-\m-\m-b- m A-h-cp-sS a- y-]q -Δ-tZ-i tz-io-b-x ap-dp-si- n-sn- m {i-an- -Xv kzm-`m-hn-iam-w-t m. k-ln-jv-wp-x-bv- v t]-cp-ti- ti-c-f-am-i-s IpSn-tbdn-b Iv-\m-\m-b- m-cp-ss tz-io-b hn-{`m- n I-\n-thm-sS Dƒ-s m- p. Im-e-{I-a-Øn a- y-]q -ΔtZ-io-b-X F -tum-km-an F- hn-hm-l-k-{º-zm-b-øn-te-bv- pw hn-hm-lm-\p-_- -B-Nm-c-Øn-tebv- pw Np-cp-ßn. a-e-bm-f-`m-j kz- -am- n-b-txm-ss Im-e-{I-a- Øn A-Xn-{I-an- v Io-gv-s -Sp- Øm {i-an- m-ø Xn-cp-hn-Xmw- Iq - -sim- n (ti-c-f) tz-io-b-xbpw Iv-\m-\m-b- m {]-Xn-tj-[w H- pw C- m-sx kz- -am- n. I-gn- \q- m- n-s A- ytøm-ss D- m-b Iv-\m-\m-b- mcp-ss hn-]p-e-am-b A-ta-cn-, bq-tdm-]y Ip-Sn-tb- w c- mw Ip- Sn-tb- - m-cp-ss tz-io-b-hn-{`m- n- v ]p-xn-b am-\-߃ \ -In. {]- txy-in- v ]p-xn-b tz-i-sø c- N v Hm-^v tkm-uv ^m-an-en tim -{^ -kv Pq-sse 9 ap-x 12 h-sc \yq-tbm - v: t\m Øv A- tacn N v Hm^v tkmuns Ccp]XmaXv ^manen tim- -{^- -kv 2015 Pq-sse 9 ap-x 12 h- sc I-W-Œn - v kv m-t^m -Uv ln - tlm- - -en sh- v \-S- pw. d-h. dq-un t_m- v, _n-j- v B {Uq _n -U, ]m-ã {InkvU -tkm, ]m-ã H-a tpm - v F- n-h-cmwv Cu {]m-hn-iysø tim -{^- kn-s ap-jy {]-kw-k-i-. ""C-Xm Rm th-kw h-cp- p'' F- -Xm-Wv Nn mhnjbw. ]m-ã tam-\n am-xyp, \yqtbm- - v (\m-j-w {]-kn- mw Ip-Sn-tb- - m-cp-ss c- mw X-e-ap-d _-lp.-tz-io-b-x-bp-ss A-kz-`m-hn-I-X-bn Ip-cp-ßn hwi-ip- n-bp-ss {]-k-iv-xn-sb tnm- Zyw sn-øm -Xp-S-ßn. in-yn-e-amb Ip-Spw-_-_- -ß-fp-sS ]-dp-zok-bm-b A-ta-cn- -bn P-\n- p h-f - c- mw X-e-ap-d Iv-\m-\mb- m tz-io-b-x C- m-ø, hnizm-k-[n-jvtn-x-a- m-ø hw-i-auen-i-x-bp-ss D-d- n- m-bv-a Nq- n- m-wn- m Xp-S-ßn. {]-txy-in- v b-lq-z-]m-c-º-cyw A-h-Im-is -Sp- Iv-\m-\m-b- m, b-lq- Z ]n- p-s-cm-ø hw-i/c- -ip- n ]n -Xp-S-cp- -Xn-s {]-k- n F- m-wv? F- tnm-zy-øn-\p ap -]n ]-g-b-x-e-ap-d Ip-Sn-tb- - m ]-I- p \n - p- p. X-eap-d-Iƒ B-h -Øn- p-]-tn- b- lq-z-]m-c-º-cy hn-izm-k-sø- mƒ a- y-]q -Δ-tZ-i tz-io-b-xbm-wv Iv-\m-\m-b hw-i-au-en-i- X-bp-sS A-ÿn-hm-cw F- A- dn-hv Dƒ-s m- m I-gn-bm-Ø ]-g-b-x-e-ap-d ]p-xn-b X-e-ap-d-bpsS bp- n-bn-ep-d- p \ym-b-hm-z߃- p ap -]n aq-i-cm-ti- nh-cp- p. A-Xn -Øn-I-fn- m-ø tem-iw thƒuv sshuv sh_v (www) Ipcpßn A{]-Xy- am-ip `qan-im-kv{x, kmaq-ly, kmwkvim-cni AXn Øn-Iƒ tic-f-ønse bph-x-e-ap-d-bnse Iv\m\m-b- m-sc-s m v Atacn- -bnse c mw Xe-ap-d-bpsS tnmzy-߃ Bh Øn- n- p- p. kmaq-ly, k`m \nb-{ -W-ß-sf- Ibpw `b v ]ndp-]n-dp- -ep-iƒ am{x-amb C sø tnmzy-߃ Ime-Øn-s, Adn-hns ae-sh- U v), ]m-ã cm-p kv- -dn-b, \yq-tp-gv-kn (ssh-kv {]-kn- U v), {_-Z h -Ko-kv h -Ko-kv, Um-f-kv ({S-j-dm ), ]m-ã Ãm en tpm - v, ^n-em-z -^n-b (bq- Øv tim -Un-t\- ), F- n-h-cpss t\-xr-xz-øn hn-]p-e-am-b \m-j-w I-Ω- n-bpw ]m-ã -amcm-b F.Fw. h -Ko-kv, tpm-tpm Zm-\n-tb, ^n-tpm-bn tpm- k, cm-p G-{_-lmw, Nmt m tpm - v, ^n-en- v txm-akv, G-{_-lmw Sn. tpm-kv, tpm - v txm-a-kv, hn -k h -Kokv, Pm-hn tpm - v, ]n.fw.- tpm - v, Nmƒ-kv txm-a-kv, tpmtam tpm-, k-æn D-Æq-Æn - F- n-h \m-j-w- {]-Xn-\n-[n- I-fm-bpw ]m-ã k-æn Xm-gmw- ]- w (ao-un-b tim -Un-t\- ), ]m-ã tpm ]n. sk -hn (Hm-Un- ), kn-kv- Ip- ptamƒ am-xyp, kn-kv- kq-k _n tpm F- n-hcpw tim - {^ -kn-s {I-ao-I-c-W-߃- v t\-xr-xzw \ -Ip- p. d-h. kn- Un. G-{_-lmw tem- I- ho-\-dm-b-pw {_-Z tu-hn-uv Ipcp-hn-f tem- tim -Un-t\- -dmbpw, {_-Z tpm - v h -Ko-kv, d-h. sd-pn ]n. sn-dn-bm, d-h kn-kn am-xyp-f- n-h tem- I-Ω- n `m-c-hm-ln-i-fm-bpw {]-h -Øn- p h-cp- p. -]m- n-en Bc-h-ß-fmbn amdmsx Xc-an-. Imen-I, tziob kmaqly {]k- n-bn- mø F tum-kman k{ºzmbw sxfnbn- m Ign- n- n mø blq- Z-]m-c-º-cy-Øns t]cn am- {Xw hcpw-x-e-ap-dbv v kzoim-cyam-iptam F v I -dn-b-ww. B-i-b-ßfpw XXz-ßfpw {]Xyb-im-kv{X-߃t]mepw A\n-b- { nb Adn-hp-I-fpsS IpsØm-gp- n IS-]p-g-Ip-tºmƒ blq-z- ]m-c-º-cy-sa I n-xp-cp-ºn F -tum-km-an v F{X-Imew ]nsn- p-\n m-\mhpw F v Nn n-t - -Xm-Wv. hf-cp AwK-kwJy; Npcp-ßp P\n-XI ssuth kn n Iv\m\m-b- m-cpss am{x-amb P\n-X-I-L-S-\-sb- p-dn v imkv{xob ]T-\-߃ H pw \S- n- p- -Xmbn Adn-hn-. \q m- p-i-fpss P\n-XI hn m\w ]Xn-t\gp \q m- p-i-fpss inbreeding pattern D Iv\m\mb- m-cpss P\n-XI LS-\-sb- p-dn v Bg-ambn Nn n- m t{]cn- n- p- p. Iv\m\m-b- mcpss F tum-kman Ncn-{X-Øns ]Ip-Xn-bn Xmsg-am{Xw ]g- -ap AjvI-\mjn blq- Z-cpsS P\n-X-I-im-]-Øns A- dnhv Iv\m\m-b- m-cpss P\n-X- I-`m-hn-sb- p-dn- p `oxn-bv v Bgw-Iq-Sp- p. AwK-kw-Jy-h - n- p-t mdpw hni-kn-t - - Xn\p-]-Icw Npcp-ßp P\n-XI ssuth kn n ]mc-ºcy ]n p- S -bpss t]cn Hcp P\n-XI ZpxJm- y-øn-te-bv mtwm Iv\m\m-b- msc \bn- p- -Xv?

9 9 ka-im-eni ]{XnI ip{iq-jm k-lmbn NncnbpwImcyhpw tum.-tpm Pv kmap-h 1 Xn-sam 2:5 ""ssz-hw H-cph-\-t m; ssz-h-øn-\pw a-\p-jy - pw a-[y-ÿ-\pw H-cp-h... a-\pjy-\m-b {In-kv-Xp-tb-ip X-s. K-em. 3:20 ""H-cp-Ø am-{xw F- n a-[y-ÿ th- n h-cn- I-bn- ; ssz-h-tam H-cp-Ø am- {Xw. tb-ip-{in-kv-xp-hn-s t]-cp-ifp-ss H-cp ]- n-i X-s ss_-_nfn-ep- v. A-h-s\, A -^-bpw H- ta-k-bpw, Im-cy-ÿ, kp-μ-c, D-Z-b-\- -{Xw, im-tcm-\n-se ]- \n-\o - q-hv, Xm-gv-h-c-bn-se Xm-ac, h-n-\w, Zm-ho-Zn-s th-cpw hwi-hpw, sb-lq-zm-bn-se knw-lw F- n-ß-s\ hn-fn- n-cn- p- p. \-Ωp-sS I -Øm-hn-\v ss_- _nƒ \ -In-bn-cn- p- A-t\- I t]-cp-i-fn H- m-wv ""a-[yÿ '' F- -Xv. th-z-`m-kw ho- pw hm-bn- p-i. F- m-wv a-[y-ÿ F- p ]-d- m? C-S-bn \n - p- hy- n-bm-wv a-[y-ÿ. c- p I- n-i-sf X-Ωn c- n- n- p- I-bm-W-bm-fp-sS tpm-en. hn-b- v-\mw bp- -Im-e-sØ a- [y-ÿ-\m-bn-cp- p sl -dn Inkn-Rv-P. Cu-Pn-]v- n-se {]-kn- U v A -h km-z-øn-\pw bn- {km-tb {]-[m-\-a-{ n sa-\- tlw s_-kn-\p-an-s-bn a-[y-ÿ- \m-bn {]-h -Øn- -bm-fm-wv A- ta-cn- {]-kn-u v Pn-Ωn Im -. ss_-_nƒ ]-d-bp- p, ""sszhw H-cp-h-\-t m, ssz-h-øn-\pw a-\p-jy - pw a-[y-ÿ-\pw H-cph... a-\p-jy-\m-b {In-kv-Xp X- t ''. C-Xn-t\m-Sp- _- - Øn \m-ep Im-cy-߃ Rm \n-ß-fp-ss {i- -bn sim- p h- cp- p: 1.c- p I- n-iƒ X-Ωn D- m-ip- A-`n-{]m-b-hy-Xym-k߃ F-fp- -Øn ]-cn-l-cn- m I-gn-bm-sX h-cp-tºm-gm-wv H-cp a-[y-ÿ-s\ hn-fn- p- -Xv. C-hn-sS k -Δ-i- -\m-b ssz-h-hpw a-\p-jy-ip-e-hpw X-Ωnem-Wv {]-iv-\w. B-Zn-bn sszsszh-øn\pw a\p-jy\pw at[y Hcp a[y-ÿ A-]m-I-X-I-fpw A-a-fn-Ifpw ]- p-tºmƒ Nn-e hn-zy-{]- tbm-kn- v h-f-sc th-k-øn X- Sn-X- m {i-an- p- -h-cp- v. A-{]-Im-c-ap- c- p {]-Xn-Ic-W-߃ \-ap- v t\m- mw. H-cp kv-iqƒ A- ym-]-i m- n C-cp- v Ip- n-i-sf ]Tn- n- m-sx D-d-ßp-I-bm-bncp- p. A-t mƒ A-Xm kv-iqƒ C -kv-s]-iv-s ]-cn-tim-[-\- bv- m-bn an- -th-k-øn {]-kv-xp-x m- n-te- v I-S- ph-cp- p. A- ym-]-i sr- nbp-w - v t\m- n-b-t mƒ tzjy-`m-h-øn \n-ev- p- C kv-s]-iv-s-sd-bpw, Nn-cn- p-sim- n-cn- p- hn-zym - n-i-sfbp-am-bn-cp- p I- -Xv. D-S -Xs - A- ym-]-i {]-tbm-kn- hn-zy: ""C-{]-Im-c-am-bn-cp- p X-]-kpw D-d- -hpw hm-ev-ao-in a-l -jn X-]-kv snbv-x-xv'' F- p ]-d- v A-`n-\- b-`m-h-øn A- ym-]-\w Xp-S - p. A-Xn-s A-Sn-ÿm-\-Øn A-`n-\-b-tØm-Sp-Iq-Sn ]Tn- n- phm A-km-[m-c-W I-gn-hp- A- ym-]-i-\m-bn A-t±-l-sØ ]-cn-k-wn- v tpm-en- -b- w \ - Ip-hm C -kv-s]-iv-s ip-]m - i sn-bv-x-xm-wv H-cp I-Y. H-cp h-en-b ]- - -dn- -S-bn H-cp kv-{xo-sn- v ]m-h-bv- m-bpss ]-Ip-Xn-`m-Kw th-w-sa- m-hiy-s - p. A-hn-sS ]-Ip-Xn ap-dn- ]m-h-bv- m hn-ev- p- ]-Xnhn- m-xn-cp- n- pw kv-{xo X-s B-h-iyw ]-d- v I-S-bn-se tpmen- m-c-s\ A-e- n. F-s - n-epw ]-cn-lm-cw I-s -Øm-sa- v I-cp- Xn tpm-en- m-c am-t\-p-cp-ss ap-dn-bn-te- v I-S- p-sn- p. F- m {]-kv-xp-x kv-{xo A-bmsf A-\p-K-an- -Im-cyw tpm-en- mc {i- n- m-sx-t]m-bn. am-t\- P-cp-sS ap-ºm-si sn- v: ""A-hnsS H-cp a- n- v ]-Ip-Xn ]m-h-bv- m th-w-sa- v itn- p- p'' sh- v D- -Øn hn-fn- p ]-d- -tijw Xn-cn- p t\m- n-b-t mƒ A-Xm B kv-{xo C-Xp ti- p-sim- hn\ Nn Iƒ tum. Fw.Fkv. km-aph v \n-ev- p- p. A-t mƒ amt\-p-tcm-sv tpm-en- m-c ]-d- -Xv: ""Cu am-\y h-\n-x-bv- v A-Xn-s a-t ]-Ip-Xn th- W-sa- v ]-d- n- p- v''. G-Xmbm-epw X-Sn-X- m {]-tbm-kn- hn-zy ^-en- p. ]-Ip-Xn ]mh-bv- m ap-dn- -Xv kv-{xo- v sim-sp-øv am-\y-x-tbm-ss bm- {X-]-d- p. ta - -d- c- p I-Y-Ifpw X-{ -]-c-am-bn hn-zy-{]-tbm- Kn- -Xn-s D-Zm-l-c-W-ß-fm-Wt m. H- pw ssh-im-sx {]-Xn- I-cn- -Xm-Wv a-s m-cp Im-cyw. C- Xv Nn-e-cp-sS I-gn-hm-Wv. A-Xv \- -bv- m-tbm Xn- -bv- m-tbm D-]-tbm-Kn- mw. sx- n- m-c-w- Iƒ A-I- p- -Xn-\pw, A-_- w ]n-w- -Xn \n- pw c- -s -Sp- -Xn-\pw a- pw C-{]- Im-c-ap- {]-Xn-I-c-W-߃ k- lm-b-i-c-am-sb- v h-cmw. F- m k-xy-sø h-f-s m-sn- p-hm-\p- ]-co- -bpw C- txm-ssm- w D- m-ip- p. k-xysø _-en-i-gn- p-sim- v {]- tbm-kn- p- hn-zy-iƒ ]n- o- Sv lm-\n-i-c-am-bn Xo-cp-hm-\n-Sbp- v. hw a-\p-jy-s\ X-s kz-cq-]-ønepw km-zr-iy-øn-epw kr-jv-sn- p. \-Ωƒ Ip-c-ßn \n- p- m-bsx- v hn-iz-kn- m-\m-wp \n߃- m-{k-l-sa- n A-Xm-bnt m-fq. Rm A-h-sb-t m-seb- C-cn- p- -Xv, Rm A-hsb-t m-se-b- {]-h -Øn- p- - Xv, F-\n- v hm-g- -gw C-jv-S-hp-a-! A-h-sc ssz-hw B- n-b txm- -Øn-se hr- -^-e-߃ A-h - v C-jv-Sw t]m-se Xn- mam-bn-cp- p, H-sc-Æw H-gn-sI- -\- -Xn- -I-sf- p-dn- p- A-dn-hns hr- -^-ew. Xn- p- \mfn A-h a-cn- pw F- p sszhw ]-d- p. B-Zm-apw `m-cy-bpw ssz-h-iev-]-\ ew-ln- p-i-bpw ]m-]n-ifm-bn-øo-cp-i-bpw sn-bv-xp. A- ß-s\ a-\p-jy-ip-ew ap-gp-h-\pw ]m-]-øn ho-wp. tdm-a. 5:12 ""A-Xp-sIm- v G- I a-\p-jy-\m ]m-]-hpw ]m-]- Øm a-c-w-hpw tem-i-øn I- S- p. C-ß-s\ F- m-h-cpw ]m-]w sn-bv-i-bm a-c-ww k-i-e a- \p-jy-cn-epw ]-c- n-cn- p- p''. B-Zmw A-\p-k-c-W-t -Sv Im- Wn- A-t -cw im-co-cn-i-am-bn a-cn- n- n-. F- m-e-h B-flo- I-am-bn a-cn- p. a-c-ww th -]m- Sm-Wv. im-co-cn-i a-c-ww F- -Xv tz-ln-bpw B-flm-hpw tz-l- Øn \n- pw th -s]-sp- -Xm- Wv. B-flo-b a-c-w-am-i-s, a-\pjy ssz-h-øn \n- pw th - s]-sp- -Nm-Wv. A-ß-s\ \mw kv-t\-l-hm-\mb ssz-h-øn-s i-{xp- -fm-bn am-dn. Xm-\p-am-bn Iq- m-bv-a B-Ncn- p- -Xn-\m-bn- m-bn-cp- p sszhw B-Zm-an-s\ kr-jv-sn- -Xv. B Iq- m-bv-a hn-t -Zn- -s - p. F- m ssz-hw B-Zm-an-s\-bpw A- h-s k- -Xn ]-c-º-c-i-sf-bpw hn-fn- p- p: ""a-s-ßn h-cq, Rm \n-ß-sf kv-t\-ln- p- p''. a-\p-jy-\pw X-s A-Sp-tØ- v a-s-ßn h-cp- -Xn-\p- G-I h-gn X-s ]p-{x-\m-b tb-ip-{inkv-xp B-sW- v ssz-h-øn-\-dnbm-am-bn-cp- p. H-cp ]p-tcm-ln-x- \n-eq-ss-b-, G-sX- n-epw k - {]-hr-øn-i-fn-eq-ss-b-, a-dn- v tbip-{in-kv-xp-hn-eq-ss. tb-ip ]-d- p ""Rm X-s h-gn-bpw k- Xy-hpw Po-h-\pw B-Ip- p...'' 2. a-[y-ÿ C-cp-I- n- I-fp-sS-bpw Xm-ev-]-cy-sØ ]-cn- K-Wn- p- p. A-h ]- w ]n-sn- p-i-bn-. K-em. 3:20 A-h H-cp-h-s a-[y-ÿ-\-. \-Ωp-sS a-[y-ÿ- \m-b tb-ip-{in-kv-xp ssz-h-øns Xm-ev-]-cy-߃ kw-c- n- ptºmƒ X-t km-[p- -fpw \n- -lm-b-h-cp-am-b \-jv-s-s - ]m- ]n-sb-bpw A-h ]-cn-k-wn- p- p. \mw Po-hn-X-Øn ITn-\-amb Im-cy-߃ sn-bv-xn-cn- p- p. C-\n \-ap- v Xn-cn- p t]m-bn ho- pw B-cw-`n- p-hm I-gn-I-bn-. H-cp ]- m-f- m-c-\v bp- -ap- - Wn-bn h- v ITn-\-am-bn ap-dn-th- p. Iym-]v- A-h-s A-Sp-Øp ap- p Ip-Øn-bn-cp- n- p tnm-zn- p ""tam-t\, Rm \n-\- p th- n F-s - n-epw sn-tø- -Xpt m?'' ]- m-f- m-c ]-d- p ""km, F-\n- p th- n F-s - n-epw sn-øp-hm H-cm-sf F-\n- m-h-iy-an-. Rm sn-bv-x Imcy-ß-sf \o- n- -f-bp-hm I-gnbp- H-cp-h-s\-bm-Wv F-\n- mh-iyw''. A-tX, A-Xm-Wv tb-ip snøp- -Xv. \n-߃ tb-ip-hn-s\ \nß-fp-ss Po-hn-X-Øn-te- p - Wn- p-i-bpw \n-ß-fp-ss ]m-]-ßsf G- p ]-d-bp-i-bpw sn-øptºmƒ, A-h \n-ß-fp-ss ]m-]- ß-sf -an- p-i am-{x-a-, C- Xp-h-sc-bpw H-cp ]m-]-hpw sn-bv- Xn- n- m-ø-h F- t]m-se \nß-sf ]-cn-k-wn- p-i-bpw snøpw. A-Xn-s\-bm-Wv \o-xo-i-c- Ww F- p hn-fn- p- -Xv. \mw \o- Xo-I-cn- -s -Sp- p. 3. H-cp a-[y-ÿ hn-p-bn- -W-sa- n, C-cp-I- n-i-fpw A-t\ym-\yw \n-c- p {]m-]n- m a-\- p- -h-cm-bn-cn- -Ww. c- p i-{xp- ƒ H-cp ta-i- ncp-h-i-hpw C-cn- p- p. A-h A- t\ym-\yw t\m- n-bn-cn- p- p. H- cp I- n ssz-hw. A-h ]m-]n- I-sf kv-t\-ln- p- p, A-h-sc I- cp-xp- p. A-h-\m-Wv ]m-]n-sb B ta-i-bv- -cn-in-te- p -Wn- -Xv sb-i 1:8 ""h-cp-ho, \-ap- p X-Ωn hm-zn- mw...'' 2 ]- s{xm. 3:9 B-cpw \-in- p t]m- Im-sX F- m-h-cpw am-\-km- -cs -Sp-hm ssz-hw C- n- p- p F- p Im-Wp- p. ]m-]n-i-sf kzo-i-cn- m ssz-hw H-cp- -ap- -h-\m-wv sh-fn 3:20 ""Rm hm- Xn - \n- p ap- p- p'' \n߃- v am-c-i-am-b H-cp tcm-kap-s - pw C-\n A- v B-gv-N Iq-Sn am-{x-ta \n-߃- v B-bpp- q F- pw I-cp-Xp-I. Cu tcm-k-øn-\v ^-e-{]-z-am-b a-cp- pw e-`y-a-. \m-emw B-gv-N-bn H-cp tum-iv-s \n-ß-sf k-ao-]n- n- p ]-d-bp- p ""Cu tcm-k-øn- \v H-cp a-cp- p R-߃ I- p-]n- Sn- p-. Cu Kp-fn-I I-gn- q, \n߃ ]q -Æ ku-jyw {]m-]n- pw''. Kp-fn-I I-gn- p- -Xn-\p ]- I-cw ""Rm I-gn- -bn- '' F- p ]-d- p \n-c-kn- m \n-߃ \- c-i-øn-te- p t]m-ipw, Xo -. Rm H-cp hn-hm-l-zq-xv \-S- Øp-I-bm-sW- p I-cp-Xp-I. Rm h-c tpm-wn-t\m-sv ""Cu \n - p- kv-{xo-sb X-s \nb-am-\p-kr-x `m-cy-bm-bn kzo-icn- p- -Xn-\p \n-\- p k-ω-x-amtwm? tcm-k-øn-epw B-tcm-Ky- Øn-epw Zm-cn-{Zy-Øn-epw k-º- Øn-epw A-h-sf kv-t\-ln- p-ibpw t]m- n ]p-e -Øp-I-bpw _- lp-am-\n- p-i-bpw sn-øp-tam? ""sn-øpw'' F- p h-c a-dp-]-sn ]-d- p. Xp-S - p Rm \-h-h-[p-hnt\m-sv C-tX tnm-zyw tnm-zn- ptºmƒ ""C- F-t m F-\n- p I-gn-I-bn- '' F-t m B-Wv D-Øc-sa- n A-h-sc `m-cym-` -Øm- - m-cm-bn {]-Jym-]n- p-hm F-\n- p I-gn-I-bn-. c- p t]- cpw X-øm-dm-I-Ww''. 4. H-cn- \n-߃ tb-ip-hns\ \n-ß-fp-ss c- -I-\m-bn kzo- I-cn- p I-gn- m \n-߃ A- h-\p-am-bn H- m-bn-øo-cpw''. A- h {Iq-in snm-cn- c- w sim- v A-h ap-jm- n-cw k- am-[m-\w D- m- n... X-t m-sp \nc- n- m-\pw...'' Nn-e \m-fp-iƒ- p ap-ºv i- n-tb-dn-b ]-i-bp-ss H-cp ]-ckyw Rm Im-Wp-I-bp- m-bn. ]-i-bp-ss _-e-sø- p-dn- v hni-zo-i-cn- p- -Xn-\m-bn A-h c- p a-c- -j-w-߃ tn -Øv H- n- p. Ip-d- p I-gn- v A-h-sb th -s]-sp-øm {i-an- p. ]-t km-[n- n-. Iq-Sp-X _-ew D-]- tbm-kn- -t mƒ a-c- -j-ww a- s m-cp `m-k-øv s]m- n F- n-epw ]-i tx- `m-kw C-f-Im-sX D-d- p X-s \n- p. ss_-_nƒ ]- d-bp- p ""ssz-h-øn \n- pw \-sω th -]n-cn- p- -Xm-cv?'' ssz-h-øn-\pw a-\p-jy - pw a-t[y H- a- y-ÿ... A-h-\m- Wv tb-ip. C- p X-s A-h-s\ kzo-i-cn- p-i. A-h-\p th- n Pohn- p-i. ]mã si.-c.g{_-lm-ans Bfl-I-Y-bpsS \memw ]Xn v ]pd-øn-d-ßn Ipº-\mSv: sf.-]n.-kn.-bpss ÿm]-i-cn-sem-cm-fmb ]mã si.-c. G{_-lm-ans {]kn- -amb Bfl-IY "tbip {InkvXp-hns Ffnb Zmk ' F {KŸ-Øns \mem-axv ]Xn v ]pd-øn-d-ßn. ]mã n.-f-kv. G{_lmw, Fw.-Fw. G{_-lm-an\v \ In {]Im-i\w \n hln- -p. kz Ko-b-[z\n ]ªn-t -j kn\mwv hnx-cw Npa-X-e. Atacn- -bnse hnhn[ tim {^ kp-i-fnepw tic-f-ønse {]apj ]pkvxiime-i-fnepw ]pkvxiw e`y-am-wv. tim n-iƒ v ^n n ]n.-amxyp: \bm-{km-bn bph-p-\-k-tω-f\w tsmsdmt m: Im\-Um-bnse hnhn[ ] -W-ß-fn \n p bph-p- \-߃ ]s -Sp- p Im\Um kv]ncn-nz bqøv dn{so v Hcp- ߃ ]q Øn-bm- p- p. Ncn-{X-{]-kn- -amb \bm-{k-bn n tk vkv Ae-b kv N v Iymºv sk -dn Pq 6 \v Bcw-`n- p Bflob ktω-f-\-øn tumivs n.]n.h Kokv m p-iƒ \bn- pw. ]mã _n\p tp _v A y- -X- hln- pw. kv]ncn- z bqøv ayqkniv Sow Km\-ip-{iq-j v t\xrxzw \ Ipw. \nc- -h[n {]txy-i-xif-s-ßnb Cu- k-tω-f-\-øns {]o dpn-kvt{s-j Bcw- `n- -Xmbn kwlm-s-i Adn-bn- p. {_Z kmw ]Sn- m-td- -c, PntPm tpm, spdmƒuv tp -_v, ªkn ^n n F n-h t\xrxzw \ Ipw. keme bqøv dn{so v keme: ]pxp-k-a -W-Øn\pw Bflob apt - -Øn\pw hgn-sbmcp n H.-]n.-F. keme bqøv dn{so- v kam-]n- p. s] -t m-kvx Akwªn akv - ns {_m v k`-bmb H.-]n.-F. kem-e-bn v {InkvXy A\Ivkv lmfn-emwv dn{so v \S- Xv. {_Z txmakv tpm Pns A y- -X-bn kmwk tpm Pv, kt mjv X -, s^bvøv F{_-lmw, A\ojv amth-en, su nkv sndn-bm, tpm_n txma-kv F n-h hnhn[ sk -\p-iƒ v t\xrxzw \ In. tum.amxyp kn.h Kokv apjy ktμiw \ In.

10 10 ka-im-eni ]{XnI F.-sF. tpm p-ip n hn-hm-l-zn-h-kw ho- n -\n- pw ]pd-s -Sm-\m-bn X-øm-sd-Sp-Øp-\n-ev- p- F-s kv-t\-ln-x-s A-cn-In-se-Ønb H-cp hr- -am-xm-hv B ssi-i-fn ]n- Sn- v, ap-j-tø- v kq- n- p-t\m- ns m- v ]-d- p- -\n-s ]- -bp-ss A- tx Om-b X-s -bm-wv \n-\- p- -Xv. \n-s I- -t mƒ Rm A-dn-bm-sX A-h-s\ Hm -Øp-t]m-bn! F-s kv-t\- ln-x-s ssi-i-h-{]m-b-øn -Ø-s A-t±-l-Øn-s ]n-xm-hv a-cn- p-t]m-bncp- p. X-s ]n-xm-hn-s cq-]w Hm -Ωns -Sp- m kv-t\-ln-x-\p-t]m-epw {]- bm-k-am-bn-cp- n-cn- mw. F- m h-f-sc h -j-߃- p-ap- ºv tem-i-øn -\n- v a-s-ßn-b ]n-xmhn-s cq-]w B hr- -bp-ss a-\- n am-bm-sx In-S- n-cp- p. tkm-jy ao- Un-b-I-fpw t^m-t m-{km-^n-bp-ss \q-x- \-km-t -Xn-I-X-bpw ho-un-tbm-bpw C- [ym\w Z i\w ]- -bp-ss Nn-{Xw.!! c-øn Xm-a-kn- n- p, \n-xy-hpw X- t m-ssm- w `- -W-Øn-\v C-cp-Øn. `- -Ww I-gn- p- -Xn-\n-S-bn Zm-ho-Zv B ap-j-tø- v ]-e-{]m-h-iyw t\m- n- m-wpw. X-t m-ssm- w C-cn- p- -Xv tbm-\m-ym X-s -sb- v txm- n- n- pw-hn-[w B a-i-\v ]n-xm-hn-s A-tX Om-b B-bn-cp- n-cn- -Ww. \n-s Cu ap-jw Im-Wp-tºmƒ Rm A-dn-bm-sX \n-s ]n-xm-hn-s\ Hm -Øp-t]m-Ip- p F- v F-s kv-t\-ln-x-t\m-sv B hr- -am-xm-hv ]-d- -t]m-se sa-^o-t_msi-øn-t\m-sv Zm-ho-Zv cm-pm-hpw ]-d- p- Im-Wpw. ap-s- -sc-bpw Ip-cp-S-sc-bpw shdp- p- kz-`m-h- m-c-\m-wv Zm-ho-Zv F- v Xn-cp-sh-gp-Øv ]-d-bp- p. F- m ap-s- -\m-b sa-^o-t_m-si-øn-s\ Im- Wp-tºmƒ sh-dp- -, kv-t\-l-am-wv txm- n-bn-cn- p-i. tbm-\m-ym-s Nn-{X- Øn t\m- p- -Xn-t\- mƒ hy- -ambn, sa-^o-t_m-si-øn-eq-ss tbm-\m-yms\ Po-h-t\m-sS- Im-Wp- -Xp-t]m-sebpw H- -an-cp- v `- n- p- -Xp-am-b {]- Xo-Xn Zm-ho-Zn-\v A-\p-`-h-s - n-cn- mw. \-h-pm-x-in-ip-hn-s\ Im-Wp-hm h- \-h-pm-x-in-ip-hn-s\ Im-Wp-hm h-cp- -h Ip- n-\v A- -s A-tX I-Æp-I-fm-Wv, A-Ω-bp-sS s\- n A-ß-s\ X-s - In- o- p- v F- n-ß-s\ in-ip-hn-\v B-cp-sS Om-b-bm-Wv F- v Nn-e-t mƒ N - sn-øm-dp- v. am-xm-hns -tbm ]n-xm-hn-s -tbm A-h-cp-sS ]q -Δn-Icp-sS-tbm Om-b \-Ωn Hm-tcm-cp-Ø-cn-epw P-\n-X-I-am-bn F-Øn-t -cp- -t]m-se, ho- pw P-\n- \-Ωn B-cp-sS Om-b-bm-Wv D- -sx- v a- p- -h D- p-t\m- p- p- v cp- -h Ip- n-\v A- -s A-tX I- Æp-I-fm-Wv, A-Ω-bp-sS s\- n A-ß-s\ X-s - In- o- p- v F- n-ß-s\ in-ip-hn- \v B-cp-sS Om-b-bm-Wv F- v Nn-et mƒ N - sn-øm-dp- v. am-xm-hn-s - tbm ]n-xm-hn-s -tbm A-h-cp-sS ]q -Δn- I-cp-sS-tbm Om-b \-Ωn Hm-tcm-cp-Øcn-epw P-\n-X-I-am-bn F-Øn-t -cp- t]m-se, ho- pw P-\n- \-Ωn B-cpsS Om-b-bm-Wv D- -sx- v a- p- -h D- p-t\m- p- p- v. D-b-c-Øn \n- pw P-\n- -h- ]n-xm-hn-s kz-cq-]w h-ln- p- p- v. kz-`m-hw, hm- p-i-ƒ, {]-hr- Øn-I-ƒ F- n-h-bn-eq-ss \-ap- p-th- n a-cn- \m-y-s\ a- p- -h Hm - phm C-S-bm-Ipw. Ir-{Xn-a-am-bn A-Xv D- m- p-hm-t\m, hym-p-am-bn A-tX `mhw A-\p-I-cn- m-t\m {i-an- p- -Xn Im-cy-an-, ssz-hw \-Ωn-te- v ]p-{x-s tx-p- v ]-cn-ip- m-flm-hn-eq-ss ]-I - v -X-cp-tºmƒ A-Xv kzo-i-cn- p-i-bpw sh-fn-s -Sm A-\p-h-Zn- p-i-bpw snbv-xm a-xn. Zm-ho-Zn-t\m-sSm- w `- -Ww I-gn- p- sa-^o-t_m-si-øv tbm-\m-ym- \m-bn A-`n-\-bn- m-t\m, tbm-\m-ym-s ssi-en-iƒ Ir-{Xn-a-am-bn A-\p-I-cn- mt\m H-cp-sº-tS- -Xn-. F-s kv-t\- ln-x hn-hm-l-zn-h-kw X-s ]n-xm-hns\ A-\p-I-cn- m {i-an- -tx-bn-, ]- t, X-s I- B hr- -am-xm-hn-\v X-s ]n-xm-hn-s\ Hm -Ω-h- -t]m-se \-ap- pw, \n-jv-i-f- -hpw \n -hym-p-hpam-b `- n-bn-eq-ss a- p- -h-cp-ss a-\- n kzm-`m-hn-i-am-bn {In-kv-Xp-hn-s cq-]w ]-Xn- p-\-ev-ip-hm C-S-bm-I-s. m-xn-cp- A- m-e-øv t^m-t m-tbm Nn-{X-ß-tfm H-s h-c- v Nn- n- v h-bv- p- -Xv Nn-e-th-dn-b Im-cy-am-bn-cp- -Xn- \m ]n-xm-hn-s Nn-{Xw A-t±-l-Øns ho- n C- m-bn-cp- p, a-\- n-epw C- m-bn-cp- p. F- n-epw X-s B-Ir-Xnbpw {]-Ir-Xn-bp-sa- mw Xm kz- -]n- Xm-hn-s cq-]w h-ln- p- -h-\m-sw- v B am-xm-hn-s hm- p-iƒ A-t±-lsØ Hm -Ω-s -Sp-Øn. ss_-_n-fn iu-en-s a-i-\m-b tbm-\m-ym-\p-am-bn Zm-ho-Zn-\p- _- w \-sω hn-kv-a-bn- n- pw. A-fn-b F- _- p-xz-øn-\- p-dw {]m-w-kv-t\-ln-x- \m-bn tbm-\m-ym-s\ A-t±-lw I-W- m- n-bn-cp- p. Zm-ho-Zn-s\ sim- p-hm iu cm-pm-hv ]-cn-{i-an- -t m-sg- mw tbm-\m-ym Zm-ho-Zn-\v A-\p-Iq-e-am-bn kw-km-cn- p-i-bpw c- -s -Sm h-gnsbm-cp- p-i-bpw sn-bv-xp. F- m \o cm-pm-hm-ip-tºmƒ F-s Ip-Spw-_- tøm-sv Z-b Im-Wn- -Ww F- v ap- ta X-s tbm-\m-ym Zm-ho-Zn-t\m-Sv A- `y - n- p-i-bpw A-t±-l-sØ-s m- v k-xyw sn-øn- p-i-bpw sn-bv-xn-cp- p. Ip-sd- m-ew I-gn- v s^-en-kv-xy-cp-ambp- bp- -Øn iu-epw tbm-\m-ym- \p-w a-cn- p-t]m-bn. ]n- o-sv Zm-ho-Zv cm-pmhm-bn-øo - p. tbm-\m-ym-t\m-sv sn-bv-x k-xyw Hm -Øv iu-en-s Ip-Spw-_-tØm-Sv Z-b Im-Wn- m Zm-ho-Zv Xo-cp-am-\n- p. c- p- Im-epw ap-s- m-bn-t m-b sa-^o-t_m-si- Øv F- H-cp a-i tbm-\m-ym-\v tijn- n-cn- p- p-sh- v A-dn- v, A-hs\ tx-sn- n-sn- v sim- p-h- v sim- mka-cn- kv t møv _m v Xncp-h m kphm Øm-`-h ti{μam n {]h Øn- p ""ka-cn- kv t møv _m v '' F- hkv{x tijcww tic-f-øn-\p ]pd-øp {Kma-ß-fnepw tn-cn {]tz-i-ß-fnepw, A l-x-bp- km[p- ƒ pw IqSmsX kp-hn-ti-jo-i-cww \S- p-sim- n-cn- p hnt -Pp-I-fn-epw, Bh-iym-\p-k-cWw anj-\dn kw-l-s-\-ifneqss hnx-cww sn-øp p. Cu {]h Ø-\-Øn ] p tncp- -Xn\v k`m-hy-xym-kan- msx Ghscbpw Wn- p sim p- p. tij-cn- p hkv{x-ßfpw, kw`m-h- \-Ifpw Xmsg ImWp- hnem-k-øn FØn-bv p-itbm, t^mwn _ -s -SpItbm snømw. kphm Øm `h, Sn.-sI. tdmuv, Xncph. t^m : {]h Ø-\- ssien 1. k`-i-fn \n pw, {InkvXo-b ÿm]-\-ß-fn \n- pw, kv qfp-i-fn \n pw. h-kv{x-ßfpw, kw`m-h-\-ifpw kzoi-cn- p- p. 2. hkv{x-߃ hnhn[ anj-\dn kwl-s-\-iƒ hgnbmbpw, t\cn pw hnxcww \S-Øpw. 3. h-kv{x-߃ hnx-cww snøp Xv kmº-øn-i-tijn Ipd- -h mbn-cn- pw. 4. D]-tbm-KtbmKy-amb hkv{x-߃ am{xta kzoi-cn- p-i-bp- q. 5. hkv{x-߃ Ae- n, as- n-ø-cww. t møv _m n \n v hkv{x-߃ kzoi-cn- p h 1. hkv{x-߃ FØn- p- -Xn-\p snehv ssi - p- -h Øs hln- Ww. AXn\v Ign-hn- m-ø-h v {]txyi ]cn-k-w-\-bn snehv hln v FØn pw. 2. GXp ÿe-øv, Ft mƒ, F{X-t] v hnx-cww \SØn F Hcp dnt m v Fgp-Xn-b-dn-bn- -Ww. hkv{x-߃ kzoi-cn- p ÿe-߃ : 1. FIvk _m -dn, imkv{xn tdmuv, tim bw t^m : , 2. Izbn-tem GP kokv sim w t^m , 3. timhq {]n v B Svkv IS-h-{, sim n t^m : , {]Imiv sh kv, FSXz Su, FSXz t^m , 5. ssk_ tim ]tdj, IhSnbm, Xncph\ ]pcw t^m , F nhn-s-ß-fmwv hkv{x-߃ kzoi-cn- p ÿe-߃. t møv _m p-ambn kl-i-cn- p-hm Xmev]-cy-ap- -h I ho\, t møv_m v, kphm Øm `h, Sn.sI. tdmuv, Xncp-h t^m : F hnem-k-øn _ -s -Sp-I. ho-spw ÿ-e-hpw hn-ev-]-\-bv- v ]m-bn- m-sv ap- p-tim- -bn 5 sk v ÿ-e-hpw ]p-xn-b-ho-spw, 5 sk pw C-cp-\n-e ho-spw hn-ev-]-\-bv- v TPM CONVENTION CALENDAR Kuala Lumpur... Jun USA (Ohio)... Jul Toronto... Jul Trinidad/El Salvador... Jul Germany... Jul Aug Switzerland... Aug. 7-9 Sierra Leone (Freetown)... Aug Paris... Aug London... Aug Mount Hagen (PNG)... Sept Port Moresby (PNG)... Sept Fiji... Sept New Zealand... Sept Australia (Melbourne)... Oct. 1-4 Nepal... Oct Tirupati... Oct Jammu/Cuttack... Oct Delhi/Andamans... Oct Kohima/Nagpur... Oct Nov Secunderabad... Nov. 5-8 Dubai... Nov Punalur... Nov Kenya (Nairobi)... Nov International Youth Camp... Nov Ernakulam/Vellore... Dec. 3-6 Kokkawila (Sri Lanka)... Nov

11 11 ka-im-eni ]{XnI hnhml ]c-ky-߃ v 750 cq] ]c-ky-߃ ssen-t^m-wnepw kzoi-cn pw t^m : acp- - -bn {]kn- o-i-cn- p ]ckyßfpss XpI \nß-fp-ss A- u n \n pw t\cn v _m n AS-bv mw. hnhml ]cky߃ kup-\y-ambn sh_vssk- n {]kn- o-i-cn pw. MARUPPACHA South Indian Bank, Branch : Thiruvalla Account Number: IFSC Code: SIBL Pentecostal parents invite proposal for their daughter D.O.B. 24/4/87, height 5''3, B.Sc Nursing (Goa), MBA (UK), from parents of professionally qualified boys interested in God's ministry along with job , ]p\ hn-hmlw jm P-bn \n pw Hcp amksø Ah-[n v \m n h- cp- Xpw ]p\ hn-hmlw B- {K-ln- p- -Xp-amb kndn-b {InkvXy s] -t m-kvxv bphmhv 42, 5'6, SSLC _m-[y- X-Iƒ C. _m[y-x-i-ƒ C- mø s] -t m-kvxp bph- Xn-I-fpsS amxm-]n-xm- -fn \n pw Btem-N-\-Iƒ - Wn- p-sim- p- p P \m ImgvN C m-øxpw \n- -b-a-]-c-ambn hnhm-l-_- w th s -Sp-Ønb s] -t mkvxp bphmhv 38, 160 cm, BA, ]p\ hnhmlw B-{K-ln- p _m[y-x-iƒ C- mø A\p-tbm-Py-amb hn-hm-lmtem-n-\-iƒ Wn- p- p , hospw ÿ-e-hpw hn-ev-]-\-bv v I q- md F n-\n-bdnwkv timf-pn\p kao]w 80 sk v ÿ-e-hpw hospw Suitable proposal invited from Born Again boys for our daughter, 23 years, B- Tech. Working in IT Company in Hyderabad Syrian Christian pentecostal parents from Chennai invites marriage proposal for their daughter (27, 158cm, B.Sc. Nursing, working in Chennai) from the parents of pentecostal professional boys preferably working abroad with details. interested parents may please contact Pentecostal NRI Parents Invite Proposal for their Daughter (23/156cm) Working as BSc Nurse in Bangalore. Parents from God Fearing Professionally Qualified Working Boys may Contact or ]p-\ -hn-hmlw \n-b-a-]-c-am-bn hn-hm-l_- w th -s]-sp-øn-bxpw bmsxm-cp _m- y-x-ifpw C m- Ø kn-dn-b {In-kv-Xobs] -t mkvxv bp-hm-hv 40 h- bkv 5.8 hn-tzi-øv tlm-kv- ]n- -en tdun-tbmf-pn ss-iv- \n-jy-\m-bn tpm-en sn-øp p. _m- y-x-iƒ C m-ø-xpw (_n.f-kv.kn. t\-gv-kv/_n.f- Uv) ssz-h-`-bhpw D- bp-h- Xn-I-fp-sS am-xm-]n-xm- -fn \n pw hn-hmlm-tem-n-\-iƒ -Wn- p-sim- p- p. (hn-tzi-øp- -h - v ap -KW-\, km-º-øn-iw {]-iv-\-a.) , Proposals invited from a suitable groom for a BSc Nurse. 25 years old 167 cm fair color from a known pentecostal family. Please contact mobile Or apw-_-bn am-xm-hn-t\m-ssm- w Xm-a-kn- p- a-iƒ hnhm-l-tam-n-\w t\snb t\-gvkv 35 h-b-kv, 5'4,' Ip- n-iƒ 2, s]- -t m--kv-xv, `m-cy a-cn- ]p-cp-j- m- v ap -K-W-\ kndn-b s]-s -t m-kv-xp bp-hm-hv 38, 5.7, ITI π-_nw-kv h - v sn-øp p. A-\p-tbm- Pycm-b s]-s -t m-kv-xp bph-xn-i-fp-ss am-xm-]n-xm- -fn- \n pw hn-hm-lm-tem-n\- I-ƒ -Wn- p p , ho-spw ÿ-e-hpw hn-ev-]-\-bv- v ]m-bn- m-sv sh- m- - n-bn 5 sk v ÿ-e-hpw ]p-xn-b C-cp-\n-e-ho-Spw, Xn-cp-h- s]-cn-ß-c-bn 6 sk v ÿ-e-hpw ho-spw hn-ev-]-\-bv- v sn-ß- q ]p-ø -ho- n -]-Sn- v G-g-c sk v ÿ-e-hpw ]p-xn-b C-cp-\n-e-ho-Spw hn-ev-]-\-bv- v (t{_m- th- ) MATRIMONIALS Xt X- mø Imc-W-Øm hnhml_ w th s]-sp-ønb s]s -t mkvxv bphmhv 36/170 sk.-ao, sf.- n.sf Ign v Ce-Iv{So-j t^m- - am-\mbn JØ-dn tpmen snøp- p. A\p-tbm-Py-amb hnhmlm-tem-n-\-iƒ Wn- p-sim- p- p. (t\-gvkp-am v ap K- W-\) , ]p\ hn-hmlw B{K-ln- p- Xpw Bkvt{S-en-bm-bn ÿn-cw tpmen-bp- Xpw I- tøm-en- - -bn \n pw c n- -s kpμ-c-\mb s]s t mkvxp bphmhv 36, 5'6 B.Com A\p-tbm-Pyamb bph- Xn-I-fpsS amxm-]n-xm- -fn \n pw hnhm-lm-tem-n-\-iƒ Wn- p-sim- p- p , kmºh s] -t mkvxp bphxn 24, 152 cm P\-d t\gvkv. s] -t mkvxp bphm- -fpss amxm-]n-xm- fn \n pw hnhm-lm-tem-n- \-Iƒ Wn- p-sim- p- p , s] -t mkvxv bphmhv (ItØm-en m k`-bn \n pw X\n v hnizm-k-øn h - Xv) 33 hb- v, Dbcw 5'10. Ccp- \n-dw. tpmen sp.kn._n Hm td-. c n- -s v hnizm-k- Øn \n p amxm-]n- Xm- -fn \n pw hnhm-lmtem-n-\-iƒ Wn- p- p (Pentecostal parents invite proposal for their legally divorced boy, 33 yrs./5.9" doing own business in Kerala. Parents from born again & God fearing girls, please respond with details and photograph to kv\m\-s v hnizm-k-k-`bn Bbn-cn- p bphmhv (MA) 27 5'5 (im-co-cn-i-ambn sndnb sshi-ey-ap- v) kam- \-am-btxm A m-øtxm Bb hnizm-k-k-`-bn D s] Ip- n-i-fpss amxm-]n-xm- -fn \n pw hnhm-lm-tem- N-\-Iƒ Wn- p- p. Ct m-ƒ amxm-]n-xm- -tfmssm w Zp_m-bn Bbn-cn- p- p. sk]v w-_ BZyhmcw \m n hcpw Second marriage proposals (widows or divorced) are invited for pentecostal boy (29/ 178) well educated and working, fair and interested in ministry of Lord along with job. To see his photos in WhatsApp No from the parents of girls (pentecostal any) with no liabilities preferably working from abroad. Kindly contact Mob of parent s]- -t m-kv-xp ]m-ã-dn-s a- Iƒ, 24/162 sk.ao, _n.-timw, Fw._n.F. tpm-en sn-øp p. hn-zym-`ym-khpw tpm-en-bp-ap- B-flo-bcm-b bp-hm- -fpss am-xm-]n-xm- -fn \n- v hn-hmlm-tem-n-\-i-ƒ Wn- p- p. (hn-tzi-øv tpm-en D- -h - v ap- -KW-\) , ho p-tpm-en v Zp_m-bn s]s t mkvxp `h-\-ønte v ho p-tpm-en v kv{xosb Bh-iy-ap v ÿ-ew hn-ev-]-\-bv- v I-t m-sv 5 sk v ÿ-e-hpw ]p-xn-b C-cp-\n-e-ho-Spw, hn-ev-]-\-bv- v

12 MARUPPACHA Planthottam Complex Tiruvalla , Phone: R.N.I. Reg No.67619/97 Postal Reg. No. KL/TLA/100/ License No. KL/TLA/WPP-116/ Licensed to Post without Prepayment Date of Publication lm shãv Sohn-tbm-sSm w Ct mƒ cpnã snøp- -h v {]txyi kup-\yw. FOLLOWING IN THE FOOT STEPS OF ST. PAUL THE ISLAND OF PATMOS SEVEN CHURCHES OF REVELATION 13 DAYS JOURNEY Fs^-skmkv s] - -sam-kv k -±nkv e-shm-zn ym AMPHIPOLIS NEAPOLIS BEREA KALAMBAKA ROME Kƒ^v, Ata-cn-, Cw v XpS-ßnb cmpy-ß-fn \n p h pw bm{xm kwl-øn tncm {Iao-I-c-W-߃ snøp- p. Christianity and its Beginnings kv-ap m Xp-b-ssY-c ^n-e-sz -^y PHILIPPI THESSALONICA VERGINA ANCIENT CORINTH VATICAN ]utemkv k -cn \msp-i-ƒ tbml- ms\ \msp-i-s-ønb ]tflmkv Zzo]v shfn- msp ]pkvx-i-ønse 7 k`-i-fpss \msp-iƒ ]pxnb \nb-a-im-esø \mspw \K-c-ßfpw kphn-ti-j-øn\p km yw hln \msp-iƒ ss nƒ ]Tn- p- -h v ]pxnb Z i\w \ Ip- p. Beyond PATMOS H-tŒm-_ 6\v bm{x ]tflmkv >S n > {Kokv > tdmw > høn- m shfn msv ]pkvx-i-ønse k`-iƒ ]utemkv k -cn \msp-iƒ Contact: , ]pxnb\nb-aøns -\m- n-eqss Hcp Znhy k mcw Patmos Printed, published and owned by Achenkunju Elanthoor, Planthottam Complex, Tiruvalla-1. Printed at Rashtra Deepika for MGM Offset Press, Kottayam, Published at Planthottam Complex, Tiruvalla-1 Editor : Achenkunju Elanthoor.

s]s -t mkvxp kaqlw H n p

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