Brief Introduction to the Animal Kingdom

Save this PDF as:

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Brief Introduction to the Animal Kingdom"

Transcription

1 Brief Introduction to the Animal Kingdom

2 Vocabulary Vertebrate Invertebrate Detritivore Asymmetry Bilateral symmetry Radial symmetry Cephalization Coelum Pseudocoelum Acoelomates Blastula Blastophore Protosome Deuterosome Key Concepts What are the characteristics of an animal? What are essential functions for animals to survive?

3 Which of these are animals?

4 Characteristics all animals share: Eukaryotic Multicellular Heterotrophic Reproduce sexually Have specialized tissue that forms nervesand muscles Cells do nothave a cell wall

5 Diversity in the Animal kingdom is so vast and the differences among the organisms are great Therefore, animals are divided into two major groups Invertebrates Organisms without a backbone Vertebrates (Chordates) Organisms with a backbone 95% of all animals are invertebrates while 5% are vertebrates Invertebrates Vertebrates

6 How do animals obtain food? Herbivore = eats plants Carnivore = eats animals Omnivore = eats plants and animals Detritivore = feed on decaying organic material Filter Feeders = aquatic animals that strain food from water Parasite = lives in or on another organism Scavenger = consumes carcasses of other organisms

7 Respiration All animals take in oxygen and give off carbon dioxide Respire through lungs, gills, skin, or simple diffusion Circulation Smaller animals depend on diffusion Larger animals depend on a circulatory system

8 Excretion: Primary waste product is ammonia Response: Receptor cells = sound, light, external stimuli Nerve cells => nervous system Movement: Most animals move

9 Reproduction Most reproduce sexually = genetic diversity Many invertebrates can also reproduce asexually to increase their numbers rapidly

10 Body Symmetry Body Symmetry the body plan of an animal, how its parts are arranged Types of Symmetry Asymmetry -no pattern (corals, sponges) Radial Symmetry -shaped like a wheel (starfish, hydra, jellyfish) Bilateral Symmetry -has a right and left side (humans, insects, cats, etc)

11

12 Cephalization-an anterior concentration of sense organs (to have a head) Animals with bilateral symmetry tend to exhibit cephalization The more complexthe animals becomes the more pronounced their cephalization

13

14

15 Body Sides anterior -towards the head posterior -towards the tail dorsal -back side ventral-belly side

16 Segmentation "advanced" animals have body segments, and specialization of tissue (even humans are segmented, look at the ribs and spine) Segmented

17 Body Cavity Most animals have some type of body cavity A fluid-filled space between digestive tract and body wall Allows digestive organs to grow Coelum(prounounced see lum ) Body cavity that develops within the mesoderm and is completely lined with tissue derives from mesoderm More complex organisms have

18

19 Pseudocoelum Body cavity is partially lined with mesoderm Example: Pinworm Acoelomate Organism lacks body cavity all together Examples: Jellyfish, tapeworms

20

21 Animal Development Early Development Animals begin life as a zygote(fertilized egg)

22 The cells in the zygote divide to form the BLASTULA-a hollow ball of cells

23 The blastula pinches inward to form three GERM LAYERS Ectoderm: Outermost layer Develops into the sensory organs, nerves, outer layer of skin Mesoderm: Middle layer Develops into the muscles, most of the circulatory system, reproductive system, and excretory organ system reproductive system, and excretory organ system Endoderm: Innermost layer Develops into the digestive system and much of respiratory system

24 Blastophore: digestive tract that only has one opening to outside Protosomes: an animal whose mouth is formed from the blastophore Example: most invertebrates Deuterosomes: an animal whose anus is formed from the blastophoreand the mouth is formed for a second opening later in development Examples: Echinoderms and Chordates

25

26 Animal Kingdom Phyla Phylum Porifera sponges Phylum Cnidaria sea anemones, jellyfish, hydra

27 Phylum Platyhelminthes- Flatworms (e.g. tapeworms, planarian) Phylum Nematoda roundworms (e.g. pinworm) Phylum Annelidasegmented worms (e.g. earthworms) Tapeworm Pinwor rm Earthworm

28 Phylum Molluska clams, squid snails

29 Phylum Arthropoda-crustaceans, insects, spiders This is the largest phylum in the animal kingdom and contains the most number of species

30 Phylum Echinodermata starfish Phylum Chordata all vertebrates

KINGDOM ANIMALIA CHARACTERISTICS

KINGDOM ANIMALIA CHARACTERISTICS KINGDOM ANIMALIA CHARACTERISTICS EUKARYOTIC MULTICELLULAR HETEROTROPHIC (by ingestion) MOVE AT SOME POINT IN LIFE (not all - sponges are sessile) DIGEST FOOD TO GET NUTRIENTS LACK CELL WALLS CHARACTERISTICS

More information

Revision Based on Chapter 25 Grade 11

Revision Based on Chapter 25 Grade 11 Revision Based on Chapter 25 Grade 11 Biology Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles

More information

Are these organisms. animals or not?

Are these organisms. animals or not? 1 2 3 4 5 Are these organisms 6 7 8 animals or not? 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Typical Animal Characteristics Eukaryotic Multicellular Ability to move Reproduce Obtain food (heterotrophic)

More information

Biology 11. The Kingdom Animalia

Biology 11. The Kingdom Animalia Biology 11 The Kingdom Animalia Objectives By the end of the lesson you should be able to: Describe the 5 ways we classify animals Symmetry Germ layers Body plan Segmentation Animal Evolution Hank Video

More information

Kingdom Animalia. Zoology the study of animals

Kingdom Animalia. Zoology the study of animals Kingdom Animalia Zoology the study of animals Summary Animals are multicellular and eukaryotic. consume and digest organic materials thereby being heterotrophs. Most are motile at some time in their lives.

More information

Introduction to Animals

Introduction to Animals Introduction to Animals Moving Forward Quizlet Each section we cover, 1 group will go to our class on Quizlet and create 20 flash cards on the topic (/5mks) If I warn you about talking while I m talking,

More information

Kingdom Animalia. Special Features: Advanced nervous systems means cephalization (faces), brains, and efficient mobility (walk/run/swim/grab)

Kingdom Animalia. Special Features: Advanced nervous systems means cephalization (faces), brains, and efficient mobility (walk/run/swim/grab) Kingdom Animalia Kingdom Animalia Cell Number: Multicellular with extensive specialization Cell Type: Eukaryotic Animal Cells (no cell wall) Food: Heterotrophic Carnivore (meat), Herbivore (plants), Omnivore

More information

Introduction to Animal Kingdom. Invertebrates and Vertebrates

Introduction to Animal Kingdom. Invertebrates and Vertebrates Introduction to Animal Kingdom Invertebrates and Vertebrates Introduction To Animals Vertebrate animal with a backbone. Invertebrate animal without a backbone; includes more than 95% of all animal species

More information

Resources. Visual Concepts. Chapter Presentation. Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

Resources. Visual Concepts. Chapter Presentation. Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Chapter Presentation Visual Concepts Transparencies Standardized Test Prep Introduction to Animals Table of Contents Section 2 Animal Body Systems Objectives Identify the features that animals have in

More information

23.1 Animal Characteristics EQ Although diverse, what common characteristics do all animal share?

23.1 Animal Characteristics EQ Although diverse, what common characteristics do all animal share? 23.1 Animal Characteristics EQ Although diverse, what common characteristics do all animal share? Sea Slug 23.1 Animal Characteristics Animals are the most physically diverse kingdom of organisms and all

More information

What Is an Animal? Animals come in many shapes, forms, and sizes. About 98 percent of all animals are invertebrates. The Kingdom Animalia

What Is an Animal? Animals come in many shapes, forms, and sizes. About 98 percent of all animals are invertebrates. The Kingdom Animalia What Is an Animal? What characteristics do all animals have? Animals come in many shapes, forms, and sizes. Scientists estimate that there are between 1 and 2 million species of animals! Some, like whales

More information

Chapter 8-9 Intro to Animals. Image from:

Chapter 8-9 Intro to Animals. Image from: Chapter 8-9 Intro to Animals Image from: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/index.html Zoology Definition: the scientific study of the behavior, structure, physiology, classification, and distribution

More information

What Is an Animal? Section 25.1 Typical Animal Characteristics. I. Characteristics of Animals. Biology II Mrs. Michaelsen

What Is an Animal? Section 25.1 Typical Animal Characteristics. I. Characteristics of Animals. Biology II Mrs. Michaelsen What Is an Animal? Section 25.1 Typical Animal Characteristics Biology II Mrs. Michaelsen I. Characteristics of Animals A. All animals are eukaryotic, multicellular, have ways of moving to reproduce, obtain

More information

INVERTEBRATE DIVERSITY

INVERTEBRATE DIVERSITY INVERTEBRATE DIVERSITY 1 INVERTEBRATES Animals that lack a backbone Invertebrates 2 1 ANIMAL DEVELOPMENT Meiosis Egg Sperm Zygote Adult Blastula hollow ball of cells in a developing animal Gastrula Stage

More information

Invertebrate Diversity

Invertebrate Diversity CHAPTER 23 Invertebrate Diversity Summary of Key Concepts Concept 23.1 Diverse animals share several key characteristics. (pp. 494 496) More than a million living species of animals are organized into

More information

Introduction to Animal Diversity. Chapter 23.1, 23.2 and additional

Introduction to Animal Diversity. Chapter 23.1, 23.2 and additional Introduction to Animal Diversity Chapter 23.1, 23.2 and additional 1 Think of an Animal... Does your choice have hair or fur? Does it have a skeleton? Over a million species of animals described 95% have

More information

BIOLOGY - CLUTCH CH.32 - OVERVIEW OF ANIMALS.

BIOLOGY - CLUTCH CH.32 - OVERVIEW OF ANIMALS. !! www.clutchprep.com Animals are multicellular, heterotrophic eukaryotes that feed by ingesting their food Most animals are diploid, and produce gametes produced directly by meiosis Animals lack cell

More information

The Evolution of Animal Diversity. Dr. Stephen J. Salek Biology 130 Fayetteville State University

The Evolution of Animal Diversity. Dr. Stephen J. Salek Biology 130 Fayetteville State University The Evolution of Animal Diversity Dr. Stephen J. Salek Biology 130 Fayetteville State University Create your own animal? Start with a basic plant. Make the plant into a simple animal such as a worm. Consider:

More information

A. Incorrect! Sponges are mostly marine animals. This is a feature of sponges.

A. Incorrect! Sponges are mostly marine animals. This is a feature of sponges. College Biology - Problem Drill 15: The Evolution of Animal Diversity Question No. 1 of 10 1. Which is not a feature of the phyla porifera- sponges? Question #01 (A) Most are marine animals. (B) They have

More information

ANIMAL DIVERSITY AND THE EVOLUTION OF BODY PLANS

ANIMAL DIVERSITY AND THE EVOLUTION OF BODY PLANS ANIMAL DIVERSITY AND THE EVOLUTION OF BODY PLANS GENERAL FEATURES OF ANIMALS Heterotrophy - obtain energy and organic molecules by ingesting other organisms Multicellularity - Many have complex bodies

More information

Chapter 24 Introduction to Animals

Chapter 24 Introduction to Animals 1 Chapter 24 Introduction to Animals I. Animal characteristics A. General Animal Features Multicellular B. Feeding and Digestion a. acquire nutrients from various sources obtaining nutrients unique to

More information

Animals contain specialized cells

Animals contain specialized cells What is an Animal? Kingdom Animalia Main Characteristics Members of the Animal Kingdom are: Eukaryotic Multicellular Heterotrophic Have cells with membranes BUT NO cell wall Animals contain specialized

More information

Introduction to Animals

Introduction to Animals Introduction to Animals Characteristics of Animals multicellular Except for sponges, animal cells are arranged into tissues. Tissues are necessary to produce organs and organ systems. Tissues, organs,

More information

Name Class Date. After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions:

Name Class Date. After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: CHAPTER 14 3 Invertebrates SECTION Introduction to Animals BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What structures and systems perform basic life functions

More information

Chapter 32. Objectives. Table of Contents. Characteristics. Characteristics, continued. Section 1 The Nature of Animals

Chapter 32. Objectives. Table of Contents. Characteristics. Characteristics, continued. Section 1 The Nature of Animals Introduction to Animals Table of Contents Objectives Identify four important characteristics of animals. List two kinds of tissues found only in animals. Explain how the first animals may have evolved

More information

Life Science 7 th NOTES: Ch Animals Invertebrates

Life Science 7 th NOTES: Ch Animals Invertebrates Life Science 7 th NOTES: Ch 10-11 Animals Invertebrates Write the correct word in the blanks to show directions on an animal body: ** Word Bank (Posterior, Ventral, Dorsal, Anterior) top surface front

More information

Characteristics of Animals

Characteristics of Animals Characteristics of Animals Multicellular Cellular Organization What is this? Heterotrophic Adaptations CHAPTER 9 Cellular Organization 4 Major Functions of Animals Obtain food and water Sustain metabolism

More information

introduction to the Animal Kingdom (pages $55-560) Formulating a Definition: Building Vocabulary Skills

introduction to the Animal Kingdom (pages $55-560) Formulating a Definition: Building Vocabulary Skills STUDY GUIDE CHAPTER Sponges, Cnidarians, and Unsegmented Worms Section 26-1 introduction to the Animal Kingdom (pages $55-560) SECTION REVIEW With this section you began your study of the animal kingdom.

More information

Features of the Animal

Features of the Animal Features of the Animal Kingdom Bởi: OpenStaxCollege Even though members of the animal kingdom are incredibly diverse, animals share common features that distinguish them from organisms in other kingdoms.

More information

Intro to Animals. Chapter 32

Intro to Animals. Chapter 32 Intro to Animals Chapter 32 1) Multicellular Organization (Different cells have different functions) Specialization: adaptation of a cell for a particular function Remember: cells tissues organs organ

More information

Chapter 32 Intro to Animals. Image from:

Chapter 32 Intro to Animals. Image from: Chapter 32 Intro to Animals Image from: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/index.html Animals Invertebrates (animals without a backbone) Porifera Cnidaria Worms Mollusks Echinoderms Arthropods Animals

More information

Classification. Grouping & Identifying Living Things

Classification. Grouping & Identifying Living Things Classification Grouping & Identifying Living Things Classifying Living Things We put livings things into three Domains Eukarya Bacteria Archaea Which are divided into 6 Kingdoms Plant Animal Fungi Protist

More information

3. Choanoflagellates resemble what? What is the significance of this resemblance?

3. Choanoflagellates resemble what? What is the significance of this resemblance? I. Animal Diversity 1. What are some basic characteristics of the animal kingdom? What characteristics make them different from plants? - Eukaryotic, heterotrophic (we don t make our own food), we store

More information

Animal Origins and Evolution

Animal Origins and Evolution Animal Origins and Evolution Common Features of Animals multicellular heterotrophic motile Sexual reproduction, embryo Evolution of Animals All animals are multicellular and heterotrophic, which means

More information

6 characteristics blastula

6 characteristics blastula Animals Characteristics The animal kingdom is divided into approximately 35 phyla with diverse species. However, all organisms in the animal kingdom share these 6 characteristics Eukaryotic Lack cell walls

More information

Of all the kingdoms of organisms, the animal kingdom is the

Of all the kingdoms of organisms, the animal kingdom is the 26 1 Introduction to the Animal Kingdom Of all the kingdoms of organisms, the animal kingdom is the most diverse in appearance. Some animals are so small that they live on or inside the bodies of other

More information

Eukaryote Phylogeny. Glycogen. Kingdom Animalia. Amoebozoa Animalia. Plantae. Chromalveolata Rhizaria. Fungi. Excavata

Eukaryote Phylogeny. Glycogen. Kingdom Animalia. Amoebozoa Animalia. Plantae. Chromalveolata Rhizaria. Fungi. Excavata Eukaryote Phylogeny most protozoans, brown algae, & water molds Excavata Chromalveolata Rhizaria Plantae Amoebozoa Animalia Fungi cpsts. w/ 2 memb. chitin, hyphae glycogen eukaryotic cells (nucleus, etc.)

More information

Sponges. What is the sponge s habitat. What level of organization do sponges have? Type of symmetry?

Sponges. What is the sponge s habitat. What level of organization do sponges have? Type of symmetry? Sponges What is the sponge s habitat Marine (few freshwater species) What level of organization do sponges have? Cell level Type of symmetry? None Type of digestive system (none, complete or incomplete)?

More information

Sponges and Cnidarians

Sponges and Cnidarians The Animal Kingdom Multicellular Sponges and Cnidarians Biology : Chapter 26 Eukaryotic Heterotrophs Cells lack cell walls 95% are invertebrates What Animals Do to Survive Feeding Response Respiration

More information

Protists. Simple Eukaryotes. Regents Biology Common ancestor. Domain Archaebacteria. Domain Eukaryotes. Domain Bacteria

Protists. Simple Eukaryotes. Regents Biology Common ancestor. Domain Archaebacteria. Domain Eukaryotes. Domain Bacteria Protists Simple Eukaryotes Domain Bacteria Domain Archaebacteria Domain Eukaryotes Regents Biology 2006-2007 Common ancestor General characteristics Classification criteria eukaryotes not animal, plant

More information

The Radiata-Bilateria split. Second branching in the evolutionary tree

The Radiata-Bilateria split. Second branching in the evolutionary tree The Radiata-Bilateria split Second branching in the evolutionary tree Two very important characteristics are used to distinguish between the second bifurcation of metazoans Body symmetry Germinal layers

More information

Chps : Animals. Characteristics of kingdom Animalia: Multicellular Heterotrophic Most are motile Possess sense organs

Chps : Animals. Characteristics of kingdom Animalia: Multicellular Heterotrophic Most are motile Possess sense organs Chps 23-26: Animals Chps. 23-27: Animals Characteristics of kingdom Animalia: Multicellular Heterotrophic Most are motile Possess sense organs Animal Characteristics Forms of symmetry: Radial Bilateral

More information

Animal Diversity. Features shared by all animals. Animals are multicellular, heterotrophic eukaryotes with tissues that develop from embryonic layers

Animal Diversity. Features shared by all animals. Animals are multicellular, heterotrophic eukaryotes with tissues that develop from embryonic layers Animal Diversity Animals are multicellular, heterotrophic eukaryotes with tissues that develop from embryonic layers Nutritional mode Ingest food and use enzymes in the body to digest Cell structure and

More information

An Introduction to Animal Diversity

An Introduction to Animal Diversity Chapter 32 An Introduction to Animal Diversity PowerPoint Lectures for Biology, Seventh Edition Neil Campbell and Jane Reece Lectures by Chris Romero Overview: Welcome to Your Kingdom The animal kingdom

More information

BIOS1101 Lab Notes. Contents ANIMALS. Lab 1: Animal Diversity invertebrates. Lab 2: Animal Diversity 2 vertebrates

BIOS1101 Lab Notes. Contents ANIMALS. Lab 1: Animal Diversity invertebrates. Lab 2: Animal Diversity 2 vertebrates Contents ANIMALS Lab 1: Animal Diversity invertebrates Lab 2: Animal Diversity 2 vertebrates Lab 3: Animal Structure 1 Gross morphology Lab 4: Animal Structure 2 Histology Lab 5: The Nervous System & Sensory

More information

Kingdom: Animals. Domain Archaea. Domain Eukarya. Domain Bacteria. Common ancestor

Kingdom: Animals. Domain Archaea. Domain Eukarya. Domain Bacteria. Common ancestor Kingdom: Animals Domain Eukarya Domain Bacteria Domain Archaea Domain Eukarya Common ancestor 1 Animal Characteristics Heterotrophs must ingest others for nutrients Multicellular complex bodies No cell

More information

Outline. v Definition and major characteristics of animals v Dividing animals into groups based on: v Animal Phylogeny

Outline. v Definition and major characteristics of animals v Dividing animals into groups based on: v Animal Phylogeny BIOSC 041 Overview of Animal Diversity: Animal Body Plans Reference: Chapter 32 Outline v Definition and major characteristics of animals v Dividing animals into groups based on: Body symmetry Tissues

More information

Animal Kingdom Characteristics

Animal Kingdom Characteristics ANIMAL KINGDOM Animal Kingdom Characteristics 1. No Cell Wall 2. Symmetry 3. Body Symmetry 4. Heterotrophic and Motility 5. Survival Behavior and Adaptations 6. Diploid Reproduction 7. Multicellular formation

More information

Biology 211 (1) Exam 2 Worksheet!

Biology 211 (1) Exam 2 Worksheet! Biology 211 (1) Exam 2 Worksheet Chapter 33 Introduction to Animal Diversity Kingdom Animalia: 1. Approximately how many different animal species are alive on Earth currently. How many those species have

More information

Invertebrates. Invertebrate Characteristics. Body Symmetry

Invertebrates. Invertebrate Characteristics. Body Symmetry 3 Invertebrates Key Concept Invertebrates do not have backbones, but they do have other structures to perform their life functions. What You Will Learn Invertebrates have many specialized structures that

More information

1. General Features of Animals

1. General Features of Animals Chapter 32: An Overview of Animal Diversity 1. General Features of Animals 2. The History of Animals 1. General Features of Animals General Characteristics of Animals animals are multicellular eukaryotic

More information

v Scientists have identified 1.3 million living species of animals v The definition of an animal

v Scientists have identified 1.3 million living species of animals v The definition of an animal Biosc 41 9/10 Announcements BIOSC 041 v Genetics review: group problem sets Groups of 3-4 Correct answer presented to class = 2 pts extra credit Incorrect attempt = 1 pt extra credit v Lecture: Animal

More information

Tuesday February 26, 2013 Invertebrate Animals Animals: Multicellular, no cell wall or chlorophyll, eukaryotic, heterotrophs

Tuesday February 26, 2013 Invertebrate Animals Animals: Multicellular, no cell wall or chlorophyll, eukaryotic, heterotrophs Name: Class: Biology Weekly Packet February 25 th - March 1 st, 2013 Monday February 25, 2013 Catalyst Tuesday February 26, 2013 Invertebrate Animals Animals: Multicellular, no cell wall or chlorophyll,

More information

Animal Diversity. Animals are multicellular, heterotrophic eukaryotes with tissues that develop from embryonic layers 9/20/2017

Animal Diversity. Animals are multicellular, heterotrophic eukaryotes with tissues that develop from embryonic layers 9/20/2017 Animal Diversity Chapter 32 Which of these organisms are animals? Animals are multicellular, heterotrophic eukaryotes with tissues that develop from embryonic layers Animals share the same: Nutritional

More information

Chapter 32 Introduction to Animal Diversity. Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings

Chapter 32 Introduction to Animal Diversity. Copyright 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings Chapter 32 Introduction to Animal Diversity Welcome to Your Kingdom The animal kingdom extends far beyond humans and other animals we may encounter 1.3 million living species of animals have been identified

More information

Marine Invertebrates

Marine Invertebrates Name: Date: Period: Marine Invertebrates Porifera Annelida Cnidaria Mollusca Platyhelminthes Arthropoda Nematoda Echinodermata Name Class Date Section 26 2 Sponges (pages 664 667) This section explains

More information

Section 4 Professor Donald McFarlane

Section 4 Professor Donald McFarlane Characteristics Section 4 Professor Donald McFarlane Lecture 11 Animals: Origins and Bauplans Multicellular heterotroph Cells lack cell walls Most have nerves, muscles, capacity to move at some point in

More information

Chapter 33: Invertebrates

Chapter 33: Invertebrates Name Period Chapters 31, 32, and 33 should be considered as a single unit, and you should try to put all of them together in a single conceptual framework. Due to the scope of our course, you are likely

More information

The Animal Kingdom: The Protostomes. Protostomes 4/16/2012. Chapter 30

The Animal Kingdom: The Protostomes. Protostomes 4/16/2012. Chapter 30 Porifera Acoelomates ates The Animal Kingdom: The Protostomes Chapter 30 Protostome Bilateral Protostomes Acoelomates ates Characterized by spiral cleavage determinate cleavage (fixed fate of cells) of

More information

Biosc 41 9/10 Announcements

Biosc 41 9/10 Announcements Biosc 41 9/10 Announcements v Genetics review: group problem sets Groups of 3-4 Correct answer presented to class = 2 pts extra credit Incorrect attempt = 1 pt extra credit v Lecture: Animal Body Plans

More information

Chapter 32 Introduction to Animal Diversity

Chapter 32 Introduction to Animal Diversity Chapter 32 Introduction to Animal Diversity Review: Biology 101 There are 3 domains: They are Archaea Bacteria Protista! Eukarya Endosymbiosis (proposed by Lynn Margulis) is a relationship between two

More information

An Introduction to Animal Diversity

An Introduction to Animal Diversity Chapter 32 An Introduction to Animal Diversity PowerPoint Lecture Presentations for Biology Eighth Edition Neil Campbell and Jane Reece Lectures by Chris Romero, updated by Erin Barley with contributions

More information

Animals. What are they? Where did they come from? What are their evolutionary novelties? What characterizes their diversification?

Animals. What are they? Where did they come from? What are their evolutionary novelties? What characterizes their diversification? Animals What are they? Where did they come from? What are their evolutionary novelties? What characterizes their diversification? What synapomorphies unite Animals Multicellular Heterotrophs (Metazoans)?

More information

What defines the zygote, the blastula, and the gastrula? Draw pictures.

What defines the zygote, the blastula, and the gastrula? Draw pictures. What makes a multicellular organism multicellular? a) Multiple cells b) Multiple cells that work together c) Specialized cells d) Multiple specialized cells that work together What defines the zygote,

More information

Worms and Mollusks (pp )

Worms and Mollusks (pp ) Worms and Mollusks (pp. 424 432) This section tells about the characteristics of the three main groups of worms and the main characteristics of mollusks. Use Target Reading Skills As you read, take notes

More information

Today: Animal Body Plans. Animal Body Plans: The Gut. The Animal Kingdom- General Characteristics: Animal Body Plans: Symmetry

Today: Animal Body Plans. Animal Body Plans: The Gut. The Animal Kingdom- General Characteristics: Animal Body Plans: Symmetry Today: Exploring the Animal Kingdom Introduction to Ecology The Animal Kingdom- General Characteristics: Multicellular Heterotrophic (via ingestion) Eukaryotes Require Oxygen for aerobic respiration Reproduce

More information

Invertebrate Survey Lab

Invertebrate Survey Lab Answer these questions before lab. 1. What kingdom do all animals fall into? a. Protist b. Animalia c. Eukarya 2. How many phyla of invertebrates are in appendix E on pages 1074-1076? a. 9 b. 7 c. 8 3.

More information

Notes - Porifera and Cnideria

Notes - Porifera and Cnideria Notes - Porifera and Cnideria - Animals exist on every continent on the planet. Most people consider animals to be the most important kingdom as we are considered animals. But, what is an animal? What

More information

Chapter 32, 10 th edition Q1.Which characteristic below is shared by plants, fungi, and animals? ( Concept 32.1)

Chapter 32, 10 th edition Q1.Which characteristic below is shared by plants, fungi, and animals? ( Concept 32.1) Chapter 32, 10 th edition Q1.Which characteristic below is shared by plants, fungi, and animals? ( Concept 32.1) A) They are multicellular eukaryotes. B) They are heterotrophs. C) Their cells are supported

More information

Animal Diversity I: Porifera, Cnidaria, Ctenophora, Platyhelminthes, Rotifera, Annelida

Animal Diversity I: Porifera, Cnidaria, Ctenophora, Platyhelminthes, Rotifera, Annelida 1 Animal Diversity I: Porifera, Cnidaria, Ctenophora, Platyhelminthes, Rotifera, Annelida Objectives: Be able to distinguish radial symmetry from bilateral symmetry. Be able to identify which of the phyla

More information

Unit 10: Animals Guided Reading Questions (80 pts total)

Unit 10: Animals Guided Reading Questions (80 pts total) Name: AP Biology Biology, Campbell and Reece, 7th Edition Adapted from chapter reading guides originally created by Lynn Miriello Chapter 32 An Introduction to Animal Diversity 1. Define the following

More information

What is an animal? Introduction to Animals. Germ Layers. Tissues and Organs. Structural Support. Types of Symmetry 11/3/2015

What is an animal? Introduction to Animals. Germ Layers. Tissues and Organs. Structural Support. Types of Symmetry 11/3/2015 What is an animal? Introduction to Animals Multicellular chemoorganoheterotrophs Eukaryotes that lack cell walls and chloroplasts Have mitochondria Are motile at some point in their lives Contain collagen

More information

8/23/2014. Introduction to Animal Diversity

8/23/2014. Introduction to Animal Diversity Introduction to Animal Diversity Chapter 32 Objectives List the characteristics that combine to define animals Summarize key events of the Paleozoic, Mesozoic, and Cenozoic eras Distinguish between the

More information

COMPARISON BETWEEN PORIFERA AND CNIDARIA. Colwyn Sleep

COMPARISON BETWEEN PORIFERA AND CNIDARIA. Colwyn Sleep COMPARISON BETWEEN PORIFERA AND CNIDARIA Colwyn Sleep INTRODUCTION Porifera Cnidaria Porifera and Cnidaria are organisms which share similar characteristics with one another. -They are both multicellular,

More information

Lecture XII Origin of Animals Dr. Kopeny

Lecture XII Origin of Animals Dr. Kopeny Delivered 2/20 and 2/22 Lecture XII Origin of Animals Dr. Kopeny Origin of Animals and Diversification of Body Plans Phylogeny of animals based on morphology Porifera Cnidaria Ctenophora Platyhelminthes

More information

An Introduction to Animal Diversity

An Introduction to Animal Diversity Chapter 32 An Introduction to Animal Diversity PowerPoint Lecture Presentations for Biology Eighth Edition Neil Campbell and Jane Reece Lectures by Chris Romero, updated by Erin Barley with contributions

More information

Introduction to Animal Diversity Lecture 7 Winter 2014

Introduction to Animal Diversity Lecture 7 Winter 2014 Introduction to Animal Diversity Lecture 7 Winter 2014 Evolution of Animals 1 Prokaryotes Eukaryotes Prokaryotes No nucleus Nucleoid region Simple No membrane bound organelles Smaller (1-5 nm) Evolutionarily

More information

Evolution and Biodiversity Laboratory Identifying Microorganisms in Aquatic Samples

Evolution and Biodiversity Laboratory Identifying Microorganisms in Aquatic Samples Evolution and Biodiversity Laboratory Identifying Microorganisms in Aquatic Samples Being able to identify organisms is important if you wish to discover what is already known about their natural history,

More information

Ph. Porifera and Ph. Cnidaria

Ph. Porifera and Ph. Cnidaria I. Phylum Porifera (sponges; pore bearer ) A. General characteristics 1. simplest animals 2. asymmetric 3. aquatic habitats a. typically marine 4. live alone or in colonies a. often members of reef habitats

More information

BIOLOGY. An Introduction to Invertebrates CAMPBELL. Reece Urry Cain Wasserman Minorsky Jackson

BIOLOGY. An Introduction to Invertebrates CAMPBELL. Reece Urry Cain Wasserman Minorsky Jackson CAMPBELL BIOLOGY TENTH EDITION Reece Urry Cain Wasserman Minorsky Jackson 33 An Introduction to Invertebrates Lecture Presentation by Nicole Tunbridge and Kathleen Fitzpatrick Figure 33.UN08 Metazoa Eumetazoa

More information

Chapter 32: An Introduction to Animal Diversity

Chapter 32: An Introduction to Animal Diversity Chapter 32: An Introduction to Animal Diversity Chapter 32: An Introduction to Animal Diversity Name Period Concept 32.1 Animals are multicellular, heterotrophic eukaryotes with tissues that develop from

More information

Learning Objectives. The Animal Kingdom: An Introduction to Animal Diversity. Sexual Reproduction

Learning Objectives. The Animal Kingdom: An Introduction to Animal Diversity. Sexual Reproduction Learning Objectives The Animal Kingdom: An Introduction to Animal Diversity Chapter 29 What characters are common to most animals? Advantages and disadvantages of different environments Searching for relationships

More information

Architectural Pattern of an animal. Chapter 9

Architectural Pattern of an animal. Chapter 9 Architectural Pattern of an animal Chapter 9 What is an animal? Levels of organization and organismal complexity 5 major levels of complexity Unicellular Metazoan? Tissue Organ Organ systems Levels of

More information

Characteristics of Echinoderms

Characteristics of Echinoderms Characteristics of Echinoderms Adult echinoderms have a body plan with five parts organized symmetrically around a center Does not have an anterior nor posterior end or a brain Most echinoderms are two

More information

Choanoflagellates. Porifera (sponges) Ctenophora (comb jellies) Cnidaria (jellyfish, corals, sea anemones) Acoela (acoels)

Choanoflagellates. Porifera (sponges) Ctenophora (comb jellies) Cnidaria (jellyfish, corals, sea anemones) Acoela (acoels) Choanoflagellates Fungi Choanoflagellates ANIMALIA Porifera (sponges) ANIMALIA Multicellularity Ctenophora (comb jellies) Diploblasty Cnidaria (jellyfish, corals, sea anemones) Acoela (acoels) Triploblasty

More information

BIOLOGY. Chapter 27 Introduction to Animal Diversity

BIOLOGY. Chapter 27 Introduction to Animal Diversity BIOLOGY Chapter 27 Introduction to Animal Diversity Fig. 32-1 An Overview of Animal Diversity Multicellular Nutrition mode: Heterotrophic (ingestion) Cell structure & specialization Tissues develop from

More information

Distinguishes between unicellular and multicellular organisms. Understands that kingdoms are subdivided into phylum etc.

Distinguishes between unicellular and multicellular organisms. Understands that kingdoms are subdivided into phylum etc. August Living Things - Develops an understanding of the organism. Classification Distinguishes between unicellular and multicellular organisms. Recognizes organisms are organized into tissues, organs,

More information

BIOLOGY. An Introduction to Animal Diversity CAMPBELL. Reece Urry Cain Wasserman Minorsky Jackson

BIOLOGY. An Introduction to Animal Diversity CAMPBELL. Reece Urry Cain Wasserman Minorsky Jackson CAMPBELL BIOLOGY TENTH EDITION Reece Urry Cain Wasserman Minorsky Jackson 32 An Introduction to Animal Diversity Lecture Presentation by Nicole Tunbridge and Kathleen Fitzpatrick A Kingdom of Consumers

More information

BOOK 3 OUR PLANET SECTION 2 WORLD OF LIFE

BOOK 3 OUR PLANET SECTION 2 WORLD OF LIFE BOOK 3 OUR PLANET SECTION 2 WORLD OF LIFE ANIMAL AND PLANT CELLS There are two general types of cell - the animal cell and the plant cell. The animal cell is the most basic with the fewest parts. The plant

More information

Lab 37 Platyhelminthes and Nematoda

Lab 37 Platyhelminthes and Nematoda Lab 37 Platyhelminthes and Nematoda - Bilateral symmetry - Protostome (mouth 1 st ) development - Mesoderm present - Two groups: lophotrochozoa and edcysozoa - Body cavity may be present or absent Phylum

More information

Chapter 7. Marine Animals Without a Backbone

Chapter 7. Marine Animals Without a Backbone Chapter 7 Marine Animals Without a Backbone General Characteristics of Animals Multicellular, diploid organisms with tissues, organs or organ systems in most Heterotrophic Require oxygen for aerobic

More information

Classification. The three-domains. The six-kingdom system. The traditional five-kingdom system. Bacteria Archaea Eukarya

Classification. The three-domains. The six-kingdom system. The traditional five-kingdom system. Bacteria Archaea Eukarya Classification The three-domains Bacteria Archaea Eukarya The six-kingdom system Bacteria Archaea Protista Plantae Fungi Animalia The traditional five-kingdom system Monera Protista Plantae Fungi Animalia

More information

Name: Date: ID: 3. What are some limitations to scientific models? - Most models include simplifications, approximations, and/or lack details

Name: Date: ID: 3. What are some limitations to scientific models? - Most models include simplifications, approximations, and/or lack details Name: Date: ID: 2 ND 9-WEEKS STUDY GUIDE Shared Answers Communication Skills 1. Define the term Scientific Model in your own terms. - A description of a system, theory, or phenomenon 2. List 5 things we

More information

INVERTEBRATES. The Earth and Living Things. Carme Font Casanovas 1

INVERTEBRATES. The Earth and Living Things. Carme Font Casanovas 1 INVERTEBRATES Living Things. Carme Font Casanovas 1 How many animals can you see? ant rose coral snake anemone fish grass bee Living Things. Carme Font Casanovas 2 Invertebrates There are animals without

More information

BIOLOGY. An Overview of Animal Diversity CAMPBELL. Reece Urry Cain Wasserman Minorsky Jackson

BIOLOGY. An Overview of Animal Diversity CAMPBELL. Reece Urry Cain Wasserman Minorsky Jackson CAMPBELL BIOLOGY TENTH EDITION Reece Urry Cain Wasserman Minorsky Jackson 32 An Overview of Animal Diversity Lecture Presentation by Nicole Tunbridge and Kathleen Fitzpatrick Concept 32.1: Animals are

More information

09/12/2012. Classification. Characteristics. Learning Outcome G2. Student Achievement Indicators. Phylum Porifera The Sponges

09/12/2012. Classification. Characteristics. Learning Outcome G2. Student Achievement Indicators. Phylum Porifera The Sponges Learning Outcome G2 Analyse the increasing complexity of the Phylum Porifera and the Phylum Cnidaria Learning Outcome G2 Phylum Porifera & Phylum Cnidaria Student Achievement Indicators Students who have

More information

Animal Diversity. Name Date Period

Animal Diversity. Name Date Period Name Date Period Laboratory Objectives: After completing this lab topic, you should be able to: 1. Compare the anatomy of the representative animals, describing similarities and differences in organs and

More information

Animals. Chapters Exam November 22, 2011

Animals. Chapters Exam November 22, 2011 Animals Chapters 32-35 Exam November 22, 2011 Overview of Animals Chapter 32 General Features of Animals and Evolution of the Body Plan General Features of Animals Heterotrophs Multicellular No Cell Walls

More information

The Animals, or Metazoa. Approximate proportions of animal species presently known; The true diversity of animals may be more than 90% Arthropods

The Animals, or Metazoa. Approximate proportions of animal species presently known; The true diversity of animals may be more than 90% Arthropods The Animals, or Metazoa Are some of the best-studied organisms Comprise over a million known species Originated c. the Cambrian (~550 MYA) Most animal phyla are marine; however, due to the diversity of

More information

Animal Adaptation REVIEW GAME

Animal Adaptation REVIEW GAME Question 1 Animal Adaptation REVIEW GAME What are animals that can t produce their own food called? Question 2 Heterotrophs What is the difference between eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells? 1 Question 3

More information