Classification. The three-domains. The six-kingdom system. The traditional five-kingdom system. Bacteria Archaea Eukarya

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Classification. The three-domains. The six-kingdom system. The traditional five-kingdom system. Bacteria Archaea Eukarya"

Transcription

1 Classification The three-domains Bacteria Archaea Eukarya The six-kingdom system Bacteria Archaea Protista Plantae Fungi Animalia The traditional five-kingdom system Monera Protista Plantae Fungi Animalia

2 (Forams and Radiolarians) Rhizarians Rhodophyta Alveolates Stramenopile CHLOROPHYTA AMOEBOZOANS Euglenozoa

3 Evidence indicates that animals evolved from choanoflagellates (protists) ~ 570 mya Single cells Often clonal Heterotroph No specialization or coodination between cells

4 Animal Classification 1. DNA sequencing 2. Body Symmetry 3. Presence or absence of body cavity 4. Embyonic Development

5 Symmetry

6 Body Cavity Most bilateral animals have body cavities Body cavities are fluid-filled cavities between the digestive tube and the outer body wall Functions: skeleton, providing support for the body and a framework against which muscles can act protective buffer between the internal organs and the outside world They can allow organs to move independently of the body wall

7 Body Cavity? epidermis gut cavity A No coelom (acoelomate animal) organs packed between gut and body wall Fig. 25-4a, p. 405

8 Body Cavity? epidermis gut cavity B Pseudocoel (pseudocoelomate animal) unlined body cavity around gut Fig. 25-4b, p. 405

9 Body Cavity? epidermis gut cavity C Coelom (coelomate animal) body cavity with a lining (dark blue) derived from mesoderm Fig. 25-4c, p. 405

10 Protostomes Embryonic Development Blastopore forms mouth first Deuterostomes Blastopore forms anus first

11

12 Porifora - sponges Sessile (Larva motile) No true tissues or organs Exhibit asymmetry or radial symmetry Filter feeders

13 Sponge Anatomy (water flow out of the sponge) epithelial cell pore spicules (water flow into the sponge) amoeboid cell pore cell collar cell (water flow) Fig. 23-5

14 Sponge filtration/feeding Collar Cell Collar Cell watch?v=t7e1rq7zhlc&feat ure=player_embedded =29W77870BgE&list=PLVN5247pO BYcE1Mn_pWHIL9l0sMIx19TI

15 Figure 23-4 The diversity of sponges Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

16

17 Cnidaria Sea Anemone Radial symmetry Two tissue layers Filled with water supports body Nerve net Nematocysts -stinging organelles that release toxins

18 Cnidarian Weaponry: The Cnidocyte trigger filament trigger nuclei (b) Cnidocytes Fig. 23-8

19 Cnidaria: Symbiosis Coral is a mutualism between photosynthetic dinoflagellates (protist) and a cniderian (animal) Algae in coral called zooxanthelle

20 In many coral species polyps form colonies Cnideria video Colonial polyps secrete a hard external skeleton of calcium carbonate The skeleton remains after the polyp dies New polyps build on the skeletal remnants of earlier generations

21 Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 23-6a Anemone

22 Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 23-6b Sea jelly

23 Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 23-6c Coral

24 Figure 23-7a Polyp mouth lining of gastrovascular cavity body wall tentacle gastrovascular cavity (a) Polyp foot Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

25 Medusa lining of gastrovascular cavity gastrovascular cavity body wall tentacle (b) Medusa mouth Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

26

27 Nematoda - round worms Exoskeleton (molts) Unsegmented Psuedocoelom (false body cavity) Bilateral worms 3 tissue layers Parasites and decomposers

28 A freshwater nematode posterior end intestine anterior end ovary vagina eggs mouth cuticle Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

29 Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

30

31 Platyhelminthes - flatworms Bilateral symmetry 3 tissue layers Cephalization (nerve mass) True organs and organ systems Aceolomate (no body cavity) Parasitic forms but some free living

32 Figure 23-9 Flatworm diversity Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

33

34

35 Figure The exoskeleton allows precise movements Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

36 Figure The exoskeleton must be molted periodically Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

37 antennae abdomen thorax head compound eye mouth parts wing Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

38 Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

39 Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 23-21a Aphid

40 Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 23-21b Ant

41 Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 23-21c Beetle flying

42 Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

43 Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

44 Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

45 Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

46 Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. The diversity of myriapods

47 Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 23-24c Hermit Crab

48 Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 23-24d Barnacles

49 Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 23-24b Sowbug

50

51 Annelida - segmented worms Polychaetes- many hairlike chetae 12,000 species Mostly marine Oligochaets- few or no chetae Earthworms 10,000 species Aquatic or terrestrial decomposers Hirudinia- leeches 700 species

52 coelom intestine nephridia excretory pore ventral nerve cord anus coelom brain mouth pharynx ventral vessel hearts esophagus crop gizzard intestine ventral nerve cord Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

53 Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Diverse annelids

54

55 Mollusca (clams, snails, slugs, octopuses & squids) unsegmented bilateral symmetry coelomates aquatic & terrestrial possess all organ systems

56 Figure The diversity of gastropod mollusks Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

57 The diversity of bivalve mollusks Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

58 Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 23-16a Octopus

59 Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Squid

60 Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 23-16c Nautilus

61

62 Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 23-27a Sea cucumber

63 Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 23-27b Sea urchin

64 Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 23-27c Sea star

The Evolution of Animal Diversity. Dr. Stephen J. Salek Biology 130 Fayetteville State University

The Evolution of Animal Diversity. Dr. Stephen J. Salek Biology 130 Fayetteville State University The Evolution of Animal Diversity Dr. Stephen J. Salek Biology 130 Fayetteville State University Create your own animal? Start with a basic plant. Make the plant into a simple animal such as a worm. Consider:

More information

What Is an Animal? Section 25.1 Typical Animal Characteristics. I. Characteristics of Animals. Biology II Mrs. Michaelsen

What Is an Animal? Section 25.1 Typical Animal Characteristics. I. Characteristics of Animals. Biology II Mrs. Michaelsen What Is an Animal? Section 25.1 Typical Animal Characteristics Biology II Mrs. Michaelsen I. Characteristics of Animals A. All animals are eukaryotic, multicellular, have ways of moving to reproduce, obtain

More information

Biology 11. The Kingdom Animalia

Biology 11. The Kingdom Animalia Biology 11 The Kingdom Animalia Objectives By the end of the lesson you should be able to: Describe the 5 ways we classify animals Symmetry Germ layers Body plan Segmentation Animal Evolution Hank Video

More information

Kingdom: Animals. AP Biology Common ancestor. Domain Eukarya. Domain Archaea. Domain Eubacteria

Kingdom: Animals. AP Biology Common ancestor. Domain Eukarya. Domain Archaea. Domain Eubacteria Kingdom: Animals Domain Eukarya Domain Eubacteria Domain Archaea Domain Eukarya 2007-2008 Common ancestor Animal Characteristics Heterotrophs must ingest others for nutrients Multicellular complex bodies

More information

Chapter 7. Marine Animals Without a Backbone

Chapter 7. Marine Animals Without a Backbone Chapter 7 Marine Animals Without a Backbone General Characteristics of Animals Multicellular, diploid organisms with tissues, organs or organ systems in most Heterotrophic Require oxygen for aerobic

More information

Sponge and Cnidarian Review

Sponge and Cnidarian Review Name Period Date Sponge and Cnidarian Review Matching On the lines provided, write the letter of the definition that matches each term. 1. Invertebrate 2. Filter feeder 3. Asymmetry 4. Radial 5. Medusa

More information

Animal Body Plans. Aggregate Blind sac Tube-within-a-tube Segmented Molluscan Arthropod. Sponges. Acoelomate -Eucoelomate Annelid Mollusca Arthropoda

Animal Body Plans. Aggregate Blind sac Tube-within-a-tube Segmented Molluscan Arthropod. Sponges. Acoelomate -Eucoelomate Annelid Mollusca Arthropoda Animal Body Plans Aggregate Blind sac Tube-within-a-tube Segmented Molluscan Arthropod Sponges Cnidaria, Ctenophora, Platyhelminthes Acoelomate -Eucoelomate Annelid Mollusca Arthropoda Size Constraints

More information

Animal Origins and Evolution

Animal Origins and Evolution Animal Origins and Evolution Common Features of Animals multicellular heterotrophic motile Sexual reproduction, embryo Evolution of Animals All animals are multicellular and heterotrophic, which means

More information

Protists. Simple Eukaryotes. Regents Biology Common ancestor. Domain Archaebacteria. Domain Eukaryotes. Domain Bacteria

Protists. Simple Eukaryotes. Regents Biology Common ancestor. Domain Archaebacteria. Domain Eukaryotes. Domain Bacteria Protists Simple Eukaryotes Domain Bacteria Domain Archaebacteria Domain Eukaryotes Regents Biology 2006-2007 Common ancestor General characteristics Classification criteria eukaryotes not animal, plant

More information

An Introduction to the Invertebrates, Part One Phyla Placozoa, Porifera, Cnidaria, Ctenophora. Reference: Chapter 33.1, 33.2

An Introduction to the Invertebrates, Part One Phyla Placozoa, Porifera, Cnidaria, Ctenophora. Reference: Chapter 33.1, 33.2 An Introduction to the Invertebrates, Part One Phyla Placozoa, Porifera, Cnidaria, Ctenophora Reference: Chapter 33.1, 33.2 Overview: Life Without a Backbone v Invertebrates are animals that lack a backbone

More information

31.1 What Evidence Indicates the Animals Are Monophyletic?

31.1 What Evidence Indicates the Animals Are Monophyletic? 31.1 What Evidence Indicates the Animals Are Monophyletic? What traits distinguish the animals from the other groups of organisms? In contrast to the Bacteria, Archaea, and most microbial eukaryotes, all

More information

Animal Phyla: A Summary. Danilo V. Rogayan Jr. Faculty, College of Education, Arts and Sciences Ramon Magsaysay Technological University

Animal Phyla: A Summary. Danilo V. Rogayan Jr. Faculty, College of Education, Arts and Sciences Ramon Magsaysay Technological University Animal Phyla: A Summary Danilo V. Rogayan Jr. Faculty, College of Education, Arts and Sciences Ramon Magsaysay Technological University Phylum Platyhelminthes The phylum consists of four classes Turbellaria

More information

Kingdom. Phylum. Class. Order. Family. Genus. Species

Kingdom. Phylum. Class. Order. Family. Genus. Species 5.5 - Classification 5.5.1 - Outline the binomial system of nomenclature In this system, each species has two names - a noun and an adjective. The first is the genus, which starts with an upper case letter,

More information

Ph. Porifera and Ph. Cnidaria

Ph. Porifera and Ph. Cnidaria I. Phylum Porifera (sponges; pore bearer ) A. General characteristics 1. simplest animals 2. asymmetric 3. aquatic habitats a. typically marine 4. live alone or in colonies a. often members of reef habitats

More information

Architectural Pattern of an animal. Chapter 9

Architectural Pattern of an animal. Chapter 9 Architectural Pattern of an animal Chapter 9 What is an animal? Levels of organization and organismal complexity 5 major levels of complexity Unicellular Metazoan? Tissue Organ Organ systems Levels of

More information

CHAPTER 32 INTRODUCTION TO ANIMAL EVOLUTION. Section A: What is an animal?

CHAPTER 32 INTRODUCTION TO ANIMAL EVOLUTION. Section A: What is an animal? CHAPTER 32 INTRODUCTION TO ANIMAL EVOLUTION Section A: What is an animal? 1. Structure, nutrition, and life history define animals 2. The animal kingdom probably evolved from a colonial, flagellated protist

More information

8/23/2014. Introduction to Animal Diversity

8/23/2014. Introduction to Animal Diversity Introduction to Animal Diversity Chapter 32 Objectives List the characteristics that combine to define animals Summarize key events of the Paleozoic, Mesozoic, and Cenozoic eras Distinguish between the

More information

Natural Sciences 360 Legacy of Life Lecture 07 Dr. Stuart S. Sumida ANIMALIA. (More Similar to Fungi than Plants)

Natural Sciences 360 Legacy of Life Lecture 07 Dr. Stuart S. Sumida ANIMALIA. (More Similar to Fungi than Plants) Natural Sciences 360 Legacy of Life Lecture 07 Dr. Stuart S. Sumida ANIMALIA (More Similar to Fungi than Plants) ANIMAL SIMILARITIES PLANTS FUNGI Cell Walls - Immobile - Often need - substrate - Heterotrophs

More information

Kingdom Animalia: Phyla Porifera and Cnidaria

Kingdom Animalia: Phyla Porifera and Cnidaria Kingdom Animalia: Phyla Porifera and Cnidaria Essential Question(s): What are key characteristics to the animal kingdom? Objectives: 1. Students will be able to distinguish essential characteristics in

More information

Lab 2 Phylum Porifera and phylum Cnidaria. Grantia. Phylum Porifera. Kingdom :- Animalia. Phylum:- Porifera. Class:- Calcarea. Order:- Leucosolenida

Lab 2 Phylum Porifera and phylum Cnidaria. Grantia. Phylum Porifera. Kingdom :- Animalia. Phylum:- Porifera. Class:- Calcarea. Order:- Leucosolenida Lab 2 Phylum Porifera and phylum Cnidaria Phylum Porifera Adults sessile and attached Radial symmetry or asymmetrical Multi-cellular ; loose aggregation of cells Skeleton made of collagen and spicules

More information

Invertebrates 2. Cladograms. Cladograms. Cladograms. Cladistics example. Cladogram of Phyla covered in Bio 11

Invertebrates 2. Cladograms. Cladograms. Cladograms. Cladistics example. Cladogram of Phyla covered in Bio 11 Invertebrates 2 Cladogram of Phyla covered in Bio 11 Cladograms Cladograms are constructed using a method known as cladistics. This method analyzes a collection of heritable character data compiled by

More information

Chapter 8. Sponges Phylum Porifera Basic characteristics: simple asymmetric sessile

Chapter 8. Sponges Phylum Porifera Basic characteristics: simple asymmetric sessile Chapter 8 Key Concepts Sponges are asymmetric, sessile animals that filter food from the water circulating through their bodies. Sponges provide habitats for other animals. Cnidarians and ctenophores exhibit

More information

Blastocoelomates. General Features. General Features. Phylogenetic Relationships. Phylogenetic Relationships

Blastocoelomates. General Features. General Features. Phylogenetic Relationships. Phylogenetic Relationships General Features Blastocoelomates 1. A large and heterogeneous group. a. also known as "Aschelminthes" - cavity worms. General Features b. Nearly any source you consult will have a different arrangement

More information

Arthropoda ARTHRO JOINTED PODA FEET

Arthropoda ARTHRO JOINTED PODA FEET Arthropoda ARTHRO JOINTED PODA FEET The arthropods are a group of animals which has attained the greatest biological success largest number of species and individuals and occupy the greatest number of

More information

Bacillus anthracis. Causes Anthrax Especially deadly when inhaled

Bacillus anthracis. Causes Anthrax Especially deadly when inhaled Eubacteria Bacteria are the most abundant organisms on earth. An estimated 5 X 1030individuals. One bacterium can give rise to 10 million in 24 hours. Both aerobic (with oxygen) and anaerobic (without

More information

A. Carranza Physiology Study Guide Bio 10

A. Carranza Physiology Study Guide Bio 10 Plants Types (gradual adaptations to land) Byrophytes: Mosses, hornwart, liverwarts Development of cuticle to conserve water Ferns, lycophytes and horsetails Cuticle plus rudimentary vascular and root

More information

What Is an Animal? Animals come in many shapes, forms, and sizes. About 98 percent of all animals are invertebrates. The Kingdom Animalia

What Is an Animal? Animals come in many shapes, forms, and sizes. About 98 percent of all animals are invertebrates. The Kingdom Animalia What Is an Animal? What characteristics do all animals have? Animals come in many shapes, forms, and sizes. Scientists estimate that there are between 1 and 2 million species of animals! Some, like whales

More information

1/30/2009. Copyright The McGraw Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.

1/30/2009. Copyright The McGraw Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. CHAPTER 9 Architectural Pattern of an Animal New Designs for Living Zoologists recognize 34 major phyla of living multicellular animals Survivors of around 100 phyla that appeared 600 million years ago

More information

Biology B. There are no objectives for this lesson.

Biology B. There are no objectives for this lesson. Biology B Course Summary This is the second of two courses that comprise Biology. This course is designed to prepare the student to confidently enter and complete college-level biology courses. The Glencoe

More information

DO NOT OPEN EXAM UNTIL INSTRUCTED TO DO SO

DO NOT OPEN EXAM UNTIL INSTRUCTED TO DO SO Name: Last KEY First ID# Lab. Date and Time Lab. TA Biological Sciences 1B Dr. Herrlinger Summer Sessions I 2000 Midterm 2 July 21, 2000 DO NOT OPEN EXAM UNTIL INSTRUCTED TO DO SO Multiple Choice Questions

More information

Overview of Animal Diversity

Overview of Animal Diversity Chapter 32 CHAPTER Overview of Animal Diversity Chapter Outline 32.1 Some General Features of Animals 32.2 Evolution of the Animal Body Plan 32.3 The Classification of Animals 32.4 The Roots of the Animal

More information

Ms. SASTRY 1 Chapter in class follow along lecture notes

Ms. SASTRY 1 Chapter in class follow along lecture notes Ms. SASTRY 1 Chapter 26 34 in class follow along lecture notes Chp 26 Origin of life: 1) When did earth form? 2) What is the order of evolution of life forms on earth? 3) What were their modes of nutrition

More information

What defines the zygote, the blastula, and the gastrula? Draw pictures.

What defines the zygote, the blastula, and the gastrula? Draw pictures. What makes a multicellular organism multicellular? a) Multiple cells b) Multiple cells that work together c) Specialized cells d) Multiple specialized cells that work together What defines the zygote,

More information

Chapter 13. Radiate Animals. Biological Contributions. Biological Contributions. Phylum Cnidaria. Definition. Position in Animal Kingdom

Chapter 13. Radiate Animals. Biological Contributions. Biological Contributions. Phylum Cnidaria. Definition. Position in Animal Kingdom Copyright The McGraw Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Chapter 13 Radiate Animals Position in Animal Kingdom Both phyla Cnidaria and Ctenophora make up the radiate animals.

More information

basal animalia porifera, cnidaria

basal animalia porifera, cnidaria basal animalia porifera, cnidaria PHYLUM PORIFERA porifera Sponges, no tissues or organs, cellular level of organization outer layer is made of cells called pinacocytes choanocytes (collar cells) Flagella

More information

The Radiata-Bilateria split. Second branching in the evolutionary tree

The Radiata-Bilateria split. Second branching in the evolutionary tree The Radiata-Bilateria split Second branching in the evolutionary tree Two very important characteristics are used to distinguish between the second bifurcation of metazoans Body symmetry Germinal layers

More information

Workshop: The Evolution of Animalia body symmetry embryonic germ layers ontogenetic origins I. What is an Animal?

Workshop: The Evolution of Animalia body symmetry embryonic germ layers ontogenetic origins I. What is an Animal? Workshop: The Evolution of Animalia by Dana Krempels Perhaps even more than the other Eukarya, Animalia is characterized by a distinct progression of complexity in form and function as one moves from the

More information

Survey of the Phyla- Animalia, Invertebrates

Survey of the Phyla- Animalia, Invertebrates Survey of the Phyla- Animalia, Invertebrates The Kingdom Animalia is in the domain Eukarya and in the supergroup Unikonta. They are in the group Opisthkonta with fungi. Both groups have different unicellular

More information

If done properly, is based on evolutionary relationships (at least to some extent). Kingdom -> Phylum -> Class -> Order -> Family -> Genus -> species

If done properly, is based on evolutionary relationships (at least to some extent). Kingdom -> Phylum -> Class -> Order -> Family -> Genus -> species Taxonomy. (Your text makes a real mess of this. Use these notes as a guide through the book.) Study of classifying and naming organisms. Founded by Linnaeus. If done properly, is based on evolutionary

More information

Worms and Mollusks (pp )

Worms and Mollusks (pp ) Worms and Mollusks (pp. 424 432) This section tells about the characteristics of the three main groups of worms and the main characteristics of mollusks. Use Target Reading Skills As you read, take notes

More information

Kingdom Animalia - Evolution of Form and Function by Dana Krempels

Kingdom Animalia - Evolution of Form and Function by Dana Krempels Kingdom Animalia - Evolution of Form and Function by Dana Krempels A. Identification of synapomorphies defining major animal taxa Note the characters in the table below. Each should be placed on the phylogenetic

More information

Unit B: Diversity of Living Things

Unit B: Diversity of Living Things Unit B: Diversity of Living Things Chapter 3: Multicellular Diversity - Considerable diversity exists among multicellular organisms, as well. Specific Expectations: In the chapter you will learn how to

More information

Dun dun dun dun dun watch out what may be lurking behind you, like a shark.its the AP Biology summer assignment! Name:

Dun dun dun dun dun watch out what may be lurking behind you, like a shark.its the AP Biology summer assignment! Name: Dun dun dun dun dun watch out what may be lurking behind you, like a shark.its the AP Biology summer assignment! Name: Due Date: September 10 th & 11 th, 2014 Mrs. Amanda J. Smith: Amanda.smith@lcps.org

More information

ATHENA GLOBAL SCHOOL GRADE: IX

ATHENA GLOBAL SCHOOL GRADE: IX ATHENA GLOBAL SCHOOL GRADE: IX SUB: SCIENCE CHAPTER-7-DIVERSITY IN LIVING ORGANISMS The Hierarchy of classification: Five kingdom of classification: (i) Monera (ii)protista (iii)fungi (iv)plantae (v)animalia

More information

TYPES OF SKELETONS 28 MAY 2014

TYPES OF SKELETONS 28 MAY 2014 TYPES OF SKELETONS 28 MAY 2014 In this lesson we: Lesson Description Different types of skeletons Summary A skeleton is the part of an animal that provides support and shape for the rest of the body A

More information

*Add to Science Notebook Name 1

*Add to Science Notebook Name 1 *Add to Science Notebook Name 1 Arthropods, Ch. 13, pg. 374-382 Characteristics of Arthropods *Arthropods are the largest group of animals. *Arthropods have jointed and include,,, and. *Arthropod appendages

More information

CHAPTER 33 INVERTEBRATES

CHAPTER 33 INVERTEBRATES CHAPTER 33 INVERTEBRATES OUTLINE I. The Parazoa A. Phylum Porifera: sponges are sessile with porous bodies and choanocytes II. The Radiata A. Phylum Cnidaria: cnidarians have radial symmetry, a gastrovascular

More information

Phylum Cnidaria (a stinging thread)

Phylum Cnidaria (a stinging thread) Phylum Cnidaria (a stinging thread) Also known as Phylum Coelenterata (-hollow gut) This phylum contains about 10,000 species worldwide. They are mostly marine with a few freshwater species. Cnidarians

More information

The Organization of Life Section 3. Chapter 4 The Organization of Life Section 3: The Diversity of Living Things DAY 1

The Organization of Life Section 3. Chapter 4 The Organization of Life Section 3: The Diversity of Living Things DAY 1 Chapter 4 The Organization of Life Section 3: The Diversity of Living Things DAY 1 The Diversity of Living Things Most scientists classify organisms into six kingdoms based on different characteristics.

More information

C. Body is platelike, no symmetry, organs, muscular or nervous systems present. D. 2-3 mm E. marine F. glide over food and secrete digestive enzyme an

C. Body is platelike, no symmetry, organs, muscular or nervous systems present. D. 2-3 mm E. marine F. glide over food and secrete digestive enzyme an Chapter 9 (multicellularity) I. Similarities A. cells are grouped B. groups of cells are specialized for various functions C. All cells in an organism is interdependent. II. Multicelled life appeared ~

More information

The Domain Eukarya is a large, diverse and complex group or organisms that consist of one or more Eukaryotic Cells

The Domain Eukarya is a large, diverse and complex group or organisms that consist of one or more Eukaryotic Cells The Domain Eukarya is a large, diverse and complex group or organisms that consist of one or more Eukaryotic Cells This domain is divided into four fairly distinct kingdoms: - Protists (Protista) - Plants

More information

CHAPTER 14 Flatworms Phylum Platyhelminthes, Mesozoa, Nemertea

CHAPTER 14 Flatworms Phylum Platyhelminthes, Mesozoa, Nemertea CHAPTER 14 Flatworms Phylum Platyhelminthes, Mesozoa, Nemertea 14-1 14-2 General Features n Two major evolutionary advances n Cephalization n Concentrating sense organs in the head region n Primary bilateral

More information

Cells and Microscopes Biology Concepts of Biology 2.1

Cells and Microscopes Biology Concepts of Biology 2.1 Cells and Microscopes Biology 100 - Concepts of Biology 2.1 Name Instructor Lab Section Objectives: To gain an understanding of how to: Correctly use the compound light microscope Differentiate between

More information

Biology 11 Kingdom Plantae: Algae and Bryophyta

Biology 11 Kingdom Plantae: Algae and Bryophyta Biology 11 Kingdom Plantae: Algae and Bryophyta Objectives By the end of the lesson you should be able to: State the 3 types of algae Why we believe land plants developed from algae Lifecycle of a bryophyte

More information

An Introduction to the Invertebrates

An Introduction to the Invertebrates An Introduction to the Invertebrates Janet Moore New Hall, Cambridge niustrations by Raith Overhill Second Edition. :::.. CAMBRIDGE :: UNIVERSITY PRESS ~nts ao Paulo, Delhi rcss, New York._ MOO 586 List

More information

Major Events in the History of Earth

Major Events in the History of Earth Major Events in the History of Earth Cenozoic Humans Land plants Animals Origin of solar system and Earth Multicellular eukaryotes 1 Proterozoic eon 2 Archaean eon 3 4 Single-celled eukaryotes Atmospheric

More information

Introduction to Animals (Chapter 32) Identify what type of body symmetry is being exhibited by each of the following organisms

Introduction to Animals (Chapter 32) Identify what type of body symmetry is being exhibited by each of the following organisms NAME Introduction to Animals (Chapter 32) Identify what type of body symmetry is being exhibited by each of the following organisms. 1. 2. 3. 4. What view is Figure A giving of the human body? 5. Which

More information

Nonvascular Plants mosses, liverworts and hornworts are nonvascular plants. These lack vascular tissue which is a system of tubes that transport

Nonvascular Plants mosses, liverworts and hornworts are nonvascular plants. These lack vascular tissue which is a system of tubes that transport Nonvascular Plants mosses, liverworts and hornworts are nonvascular plants. These lack vascular tissue which is a system of tubes that transport food, water and minerals throughout the plant. Water and

More information

Zoological Systematics & Taxonomy

Zoological Systematics & Taxonomy Name: PRE-LAB This lab is designed to introduce you to the basics of animal classification (systematics) and taxonomy of animals. This is a field that is constantly changing with the discovery of new animals,

More information

Science 316 Sample questions, exam 3. Sun

Science 316 Sample questions, exam 3. Sun Notes: This sample exam contains questions primarily relevant to the final 3 rd of the class (though some will also require remembering earlier material). Remember, however, that your final will be cumulative

More information

BIOLOGY. Classification & Phylogeny. Slide 1 / 92. Slide 2 / 92. Slide 3 / 92. Vocabulary Click on each word below to go to the definition.

BIOLOGY. Classification & Phylogeny. Slide 1 / 92. Slide 2 / 92. Slide 3 / 92. Vocabulary Click on each word below to go to the definition. Slide 1 / 92 Slide 2 / 92 BIOLOGY Classification & Phylogeny April 2013 www.njctl.org Vocabulary Click on each word below to go to the definition. Slide 3 / 92 acoelomate angiosperm bilateral symmetry

More information

EXTERNAL ANATOMY OF INSECTS

EXTERNAL ANATOMY OF INSECTS External Anatomy of Insects 1 The insect s exoskeleton is made up of a series of plates EXTERNAL ANATOMY OF INSECTS These plates make up the insect s exoskeleton. These plates are connected by joints or

More information

Zoology Mollusks Block 1 Nabinger

Zoology Mollusks Block 1 Nabinger Mollusks Block 1 Nabinger Purpose This lesson is intended to introduce the phylum Mollusca and to go over its general physical characteristics. It will also be used to setup a comparison between the major

More information

Living Things are Highly Organized. Levels of Organization

Living Things are Highly Organized. Levels of Organization Living Things are Highly Organized Levels of Organization Characteristics of Living Things 1.Made Up of Cells 2. Reproduction 3. Contains DNA; Living things are based on a universal genetic code. 4. Growth

More information

Kingdom Protista. Mr. Krause Edina Public Schools ISD273 EXIT 2/16/2005

Kingdom Protista. Mr. Krause Edina Public Schools ISD273 EXIT 2/16/2005 Kingdom Protista Mr. Krause Edina Public Schools ISD273 Kingdom Protista General Characteristics Animal-Like Protists Plant-Like Protists Fungus-Like Protists General Characteristics Protozoa - Greek name

More information

Microbiology: A Systems Approach

Microbiology: A Systems Approach Microbiology: A Systems Approach First Edition Cowan &Talaro Chapter 5 Eucaryotic cells and microorganisms Chapter 5 2 3 Eucaryotic cells 3 Flagella 4 Cilia similar in overall structure to flagella, but

More information

Cells and Genetics. Life Science. Cell parts. Cell parts cont. Cell processes. Cell Division 5/4/2015

Cells and Genetics. Life Science. Cell parts. Cell parts cont. Cell processes. Cell Division 5/4/2015 Cells and Genetics Life Science SOL Review Hooke was 1 st person to observe cells Cells Basic Unit of structure and function of life Prokaryote: bacteria/no nucleus Eukaryote: membrane structures; everything

More information

Student Instruction Book

Student Instruction Book Student Instruction Book Sample selections from the Biodiversity unit This sampler includes: Unit Opener... 41 Animal Groups Quiz... 42 Photo Match Game Scientific Classification... 44 Informational Explanation

More information

Classification and Viruses Practice Test

Classification and Viruses Practice Test Classification and Viruses Practice Test Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Biologists use a classification system to group organisms in part

More information

Microscopy and the Diversity of Microorganisms

Microscopy and the Diversity of Microorganisms Microscopy and the Diversity of Microorganisms Today we will learn how to use one of the most important tools a biologist has, the microscope. We will use the microscope to study organisms throughout the

More information

BIOLOGY II (BIO1201) SYLLABUS

BIOLOGY II (BIO1201) SYLLABUS New York City College of Technology School of Arts and Sciences Department of Biological Sciences BIOLOGY II (BIO1201) SYLLABUS Course Information Course Title: Biology II (Lecture and Laboratory) Course

More information

The Evolution of Animal Diversity

The Evolution of Animal Diversity The Evolution of Animal Diversity Objectives Introduction Describe the difficulties of classifying the duck-billed platypus and other Australian mammals. Animal Evolution and Diversity 18.1 Define animals

More information

MOLLUSCAN AQUACULTURE - INTRODUCTION

MOLLUSCAN AQUACULTURE - INTRODUCTION 1 MOLLUSCAN AQUACULTURE - INTRODUCTION Mollusks have been cultured since the time of the Romans, who in particular, considered oysters a delicacy. The latest aquaculture production figures from FAO (see

More information

Plant Diversity & Evolution (Outline)

Plant Diversity & Evolution (Outline) Plant Diversity & Evolution (Outline) Review the Life cycle of Fungi Characteristics of organisms in the Kingdom Plantae. Evolution of plants: Challenges and adaptations to living on land Highlights of

More information

Figure 14 p.385 5/11/2016. Plankton Production and Food Webs. Plankton Production and Food Webs

Figure 14 p.385 5/11/2016. Plankton Production and Food Webs. Plankton Production and Food Webs Plankton Production and Food Webs (Chapter 12) What is Plankton? Phytoplankton and Zooplankton Food Web: All the feeding relationships of a community including production, consumption, decomposition and

More information

Biology 13A Lab #3: Cells and Tissues

Biology 13A Lab #3: Cells and Tissues Biology 13A Lab #3: Cells and Tissues Lab #3 Table of Contents: Expected Learning Outcomes.... 28 Introduction...... 28 Activity 1: Eukaryotic Cell Structure... 29 Activity 2: Perspectives on Tissue Preparations.

More information

Notes - Microbiology Protista

Notes - Microbiology Protista Notes - Microbiology Protista Part 1 Animal like Protists - Kingdom Protista is a very diverse group of organisms. There are over 115 000 different kinds, with traits that fit with fungi, plants, and animals.

More information

GENERAL TOPIC SPECIFIC TOPIC

GENERAL TOPIC SPECIFIC TOPIC SUBJECT: TEACHER: DATE: GRADE: DURATION: GENERAL TOPIC: SPECIFIC TOPIC: Integrated Science Mr. S. Campbell 7 2 wks Grouping Grouping- Plants And Animals Grouping- Plants And Animals Students will be able

More information

Organizing Life s Diversity

Organizing Life s Diversity 17 Organizing Life s Diversity section 3 Domains and Kingdoms The most widely used biological classification system has six kingdoms within three domains. What You ll Learn major characteristics of the

More information

Class Webpage. Forms of Diversity. biol170/biol170syl.htm

Class Webpage. Forms of Diversity.  biol170/biol170syl.htm Class Webpage http://userwww.sfsu.edu/~efc/classes/ biol170/biol170syl.htm What is an animal? While there are exceptions, five criteria distinguish animals from other life forms. (1)Animals are multicellular,

More information

Dominant Types of Plankton. Phytoplankton Size. Diatoms. Diatoms. Each size has advantages & disadvantages Small cells

Dominant Types of Plankton. Phytoplankton Size. Diatoms. Diatoms. Each size has advantages & disadvantages Small cells Dominant Types of Plankton Phytoplankton Diatoms dominant in neritic & upwelling zones Microflagellates dominant in oceanic zone Dinoflagellates dominant in transitional situations Zooplankton Protozoa

More information

CTY Course Syllabus - Zoology

CTY Course Syllabus - Zoology CTY Course Syllabus - Zoology Day 1: Monday Topics: Introductions/What is living? Introductions, Goals & Expectations, Course Objectives/Syllabus, Class Procedures, Pre-Assessment What is a living organism?

More information

Marine Invertebrate Zoology Phylum Cnidaria

Marine Invertebrate Zoology Phylum Cnidaria Marine Invertebrate Zoology Phylum Cnidaria Introduction Cnidarians are the simplest animals with definite tissues; the cnidarian body consists of two well-defined tissue layers and a third intervening

More information

Kingdom Protista. Lab Exercise 20. Introduction. Contents. Objectives

Kingdom Protista. Lab Exercise 20. Introduction. Contents. Objectives Lab Exercise Kingdom Protista Contents Objectives 1 Introduction 1 Activity.1 Animal-like Protists 2 Activity.2 Fungal-like Protists 3 Activity.3 Plant-like Protists 3 Resutls Section 5 Introduction This

More information

2 Domains and Kingdoms

2 Domains and Kingdoms CHAPTER 11 2 s and Kingdoms SECTION Classification 7.1.a, 7.3.d California Science Standards BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: Which domains are

More information

Unit Objectives: Diversity of Life

Unit Objectives: Diversity of Life Unit Objectives: Diversity of Life Early Earth/Taxonomy 1. Define/describe geological time scale. 2. Describe Oparin s hypothesis and the Miller-Urey experiments. 3. Describe the proposed sequence of development

More information

Some sensory receptors are specialized neurons while others are specialized cells that regulate neurons Figure 50.4

Some sensory receptors are specialized neurons while others are specialized cells that regulate neurons Figure 50.4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Sensory and Motor Mechanisms Chapter 50 Sensory receptors transduce stimulus energy and transmit signals to the central nervous system Sensory Pathways Sensory pathways have four basic

More information

Building the Tree of Life

Building the Tree of Life Building the Tree of Life THINK ABOUT IT The process of identifying and naming all known organisms, living and extinct, is a huge first step toward the goal of systematics. Yet naming organisms is only

More information

Exploring Creation with General Science 2 nd Edition

Exploring Creation with General Science 2 nd Edition PRESENTS Exploring Creation with General Science 2 nd Edition Video Instruction DVD Legend View in Embedded Media Player View in Default Media Player Introduction to DVD DVD Introductory Video (25:42)

More information

Life Science Grade 4 Life Cycles

Life Science Grade 4 Life Cycles Life Science Grade 4 Life Cycles Standards: Recognizes that animals go through predictable life cycles Teacher Background Life cycle is a simple enough concept, but there are many variations in the animal

More information

Ecology Part 1: The Organization of Life

Ecology Part 1: The Organization of Life Ecology Part 1: The Organization of Life Name: Unit 2 1 In this first part of Unit 2, our big idea questions are: What are biotic and abiotic factors in an ecosystem, and how are they different? How does

More information

Invertebrate Animals. Underwater Rhy thmic Dancers SECTION 1 SECTION 2 SECTION 3 SECTION 4

Invertebrate Animals. Underwater Rhy thmic Dancers SECTION 1 SECTION 2 SECTION 3 SECTION 4 Invertebrates are animals without backbones. SECTION 1 What is an animal? Main Idea Animals are classified into groups with similar characteristics. Invertebrate Animals SECTION 2 Sponges, Cnidarians,

More information

19.1 Diversity of Protists. KEY CONCEPT Kingdom Protista is the most diverse of all the kingdoms.

19.1 Diversity of Protists. KEY CONCEPT Kingdom Protista is the most diverse of all the kingdoms. 19.1 Diversity of Protists KEY CONCEPT Kingdom Protista is the most diverse of all the kingdoms. 19.1 Diversity of Protists Protists can be animal-like, plantlike, or funguslike. Protists are eukaryotes

More information

Test Bank for Biology 7th edition by Neil Campbell and Jane Reece

Test Bank for Biology 7th edition by Neil Campbell and Jane Reece Test Bank for Biology 7th edition by Neil Campbell and Jane Reece Link download full: https://digitalcontentmarket.org/download/test-bank-for-biology-7th-edition-bycampbell-and-reece/ Chapter 1: Exploring

More information

Topic 17 Introduction to Domain Eukarya - Organisms with nucleated cells

Topic 17 Introduction to Domain Eukarya - Organisms with nucleated cells Topic 17 Introduction to Domain Eukarya - Organisms with nucleated cells Domain Eukarya. Eukaryotes have nucleated cells. Endosymbiosis has played an important role in the evolution of the group. Both

More information