Introduction to Animal Kingdom. Invertebrates and Vertebrates

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Introduction to Animal Kingdom. Invertebrates and Vertebrates"

Transcription

1 Introduction to Animal Kingdom Invertebrates and Vertebrates

2 Introduction To Animals Vertebrate animal with a backbone. Invertebrate animal without a backbone; includes more than 95% of all animal species alive today.

3 Characterisitcs 1.) Multicellular Organization - adult human has about 50 trillion cells - no cell walls Specialization the differentiation of a cell for a particular function; such as cells designed for digestion or reproduction. Cell Junctions connections between cells that hold the cells together as a unit; this leads to the formation tissues.

4 2.) Heterotrophy Ingestion when an animal takes in organic material, usually in the form of other living things. 3.) Sexual Reproduction & Development - most animals reproduce sexually & some asexually. Zygote - the first cell of a new individual, which then undergoes repeated mitotic divisions.

5 Differentiation a process in which the cells of a multicellular individual become specialized during development. 4.) Movement - most animals move about their environment. - movement results from the interrelationship of two types of tissue found only in animals: Nervous tissue & Muscle tissue. Neurons cells of nervous tissue that conduct electrical signals throughout an animal s body.

6 Origin & Classification The first animals probably arose in the sea in the form of colonial protests. Colonial organisms may have exhibited basic cell specialization early in evolutionary history.

7 Body Structure Dorsal top Ventral bottom Anterior head Posterior tail(end)

8 Symmetry refers to consistent overall pattern of structure Radial Symmetry similar parts branch out in all directions from a central line. Cnidarians, such as sea anemones, jellyfishes and hydra are radially symmetrical. Bilateral Symmetry having two similar halves on either side of a central plane. bilaterally symmetrical animals tend to exhibit cephalization.

9 Cephalization the concentration of sensory and brain structures in the anterior end of the animal; a cephalized animal has a head. head precedes the rest of the body, sensing danger, prey or a potential mate! Germ layers a specific layer of cells in an embryo from which specific organ systems are derived. Cnidarians and Ctenophores have 2 germ layers All other animals have 3 germ layers. Body Cavities a fluid-filled space that forms between the digestive tract and the outer wall of the body during development. some animals, such as flatworms lack a body cavity

10 Animal Diversity Invertebrates no backbone; 10 phyla. Phylum Porifera (sponges) Phylum Cnidaria (hydras, jellyfish, corals, sea anemones) Phylum Ctenophora (comb jellies) Phylum Platyhelminthes (flat worms) Phylum Rotifera (wormlike or spherical animals) Phylum Nematoda (tiny, parasitic, unsegmented worms; pin worms, hook worms, round worms) Phylum Mollusca (clams, snails, octopuses, squids, mussels, slugs) Phylum Annelida (sandworms, earthworms, leeches) Phylum Arthropoda (crabs, shrimp, lobsters, spiders, insects, centipedes, millipedes, sowbugs) Phylum Echinodermata (sea lilies, sea stars, brittle stars, sea urchins, sand dollars, sea cucumbers)

11

12 Phylum Chordata Phylum Chordata organisms with a notochord, dorsal nerve cord pharyngeal pouches and postanal tail. Notochord a firm, flexible rod of tissue located in the dorsal part of the body. - found in all chordates at some stage of development. - develops into backbone. Dorsal Nerve Cord a neural tube dorsal to the notochord. develops into the brain and spinal cord in most vertebrates.pharyngeal Pouches small outpockets of the anterior part of the digestive tract. Pharyngeal Pouches small outpockets of the anterior part of the digestive tract. develops into gills in fish. Postanal Tail consists of muscle tissue and lies behind the posterior opening of the digestive tract. Subphylum Vertebrata animals whose notochord is replaced by a spinal column composed of vertebrae that protect the dorsal nerve cord. recognizable head containing brain. about 45,000 species.

13 COMPARISON OF INVERTEBRATES AND VERTEBRATES

14 Invertebrate Characteristics 1.) Radial or Bilateral symmetry 2.) Segmentation division of a body into a series of repeating similar units. 3.) Support of the Body supported by the pressure of a fluid-filled body cavity, protein fibers (spongin), exoskeleton. Exoskeleton a rigid outer covering that protects the soft tissues of many animals, including arthropods. must be shed and replaced as the animal grows. 4.) Respiratory & Circulatory Systems Gas Exchange carbon dioxide in the blood is exchanged with oxygen. Gills organs specialized for gas exchange in water. Circulatory System moves blood or a similar fluid through the body to transport oxygen and nutrients to cells and carbon dioxide and wastes away from cells. Open Circulatory System bloodlike circulatory fluid is pumped from vessels in the body into the body cavity, and then is returned to the vessels. found in Arthropods & some Mollusks. Closed Circulatory System blood circulates through the body in tubular vessels. The exchange of gases, nutrients and wastes occurs between body cells and very small blood vessels that lie near each cell.

15 5.) Digestive & Excretory Systems Gut a digestive tract running through the body of most invertebrates. 6.) Nervous System Large degree of diversity. No neurons in sponges to complex decision-making behavior in the octopus. 7.) Reproduction & Development Asexual & Sexual reproduction in some species. Hermaphrodite an organism that produces both male and female gametes, allowing a single individual to function as both a male and a female. Indirect Development animals that have a larval stage during their development. Larva a free-living, immature form of an organism. Direct Development an organism is born or hatched with the same appearance and way of life it will have as an adult; no larval stage occurs.

16 Vertebrate Characteristics 1.) Support of the Body Endoskeleton an internal skeleton that can support a large, heavy body. Vertebrae repeating bony units of the backbone. 2.) Body Coverings Integument outer covering of an animal (the skin). 3.) Respiratory & Circulatory Systems Lungs organs for gas exchange composed of moist, membranous surfaces deep inside the animal s body. evolved in terrestrial vertebrates Closed circulatory system

17 4.) Digestive & Excretory Systems Kidneys organs that filter wastes from the blood while regulating water levels in the body of most vertebrates. 5.) Nervous System Highly organized brains. Control of specific functions occurs in specific centers in the brain. 6.) Reproduction & Development Sperm & Egg Zygote

18 Fertilization & Development in Animals Gametes sperm & egg Fertilization the egg and sperm fuse together creating a zygote. Cleavage & Blastula Formation Cleavage divisions of the zygote immediately following fertilization. Blastula a hollow ball of cells formed when a zygote undergoes repeated cycles of cell division. Blastocoel the central cavity of a blastula.

19

20 Gastrulation an area of the blastula begins to collapse inward. Blastopore infolded region of the blastula. Gastrulation the inward collapsing of the blastula that forms a blastopore. Gastrula multilayered embryo. Archenteron a deep cavity that develops in the cup-shaped embryo (gastrula). functions as the gut. Ectoderm outer germ layer of the gastrula. forms the skin, hair, nails and nervous system. Endoderm inner germ layer Mesoderm a third layer that forms between the endoderm and the ectoderm. forms the skeleton, innerlayer of skin, circulatory system and lining of body Endoderm cavity.

21 Patterns of Development Coelom body cavity completely lined by mesoderms. Blastopore Fate & Cleavage Two different patterns of development in animals that have a coelom. Protostomes organisms whose blastopore develops into a mouth, and anotheropening eventually arises and develops into anus seen in the embryos of mollusks, arthropods and annelids. Spiral Cleavage where the cells divide in a spiral arrangement. seen in many protostomes. Deuterostomes organisms whose blastopore develops into an anus, and a second opening in the embryo becomes the mouth. seen in the embryos of echinoderms and chordates. Radial Cleavage where the cell divisions are parallel to or at right angles to the axis from one pole of the blastula to the other.

22 Determinate Cleavage a process in which each cell develops into a specific part of the gastrula. seen in many protostomes. Indeterminate Cleavage a pattern of development in which the functional destiny of each cell is not determined early in the development of the embryo. seen in many deuterostomes. can result in identical twins when it occurs very early in human embryo development.

23

24 Coelom Formation Schizocoely (split body cavity) the method of coelom formation in protostomes that Involves splitting the embryonic mesoderm into two layers. Enterocoely (gut body cavity) - the process of mesoderm formation in deuterostomes in which the coelom forms in folded mesoderm.

25 Types of Body Cavities Acoelomates an animal with no coelom, or body cavity. seen in flatworms Pseudocoelom in animals, a cavity between the mesoderm and the endoderm. means false body cavity Pseudocoelomates animals with a pseudocoelom. Coelomates animals with a true coelom. the mesoderm lines the body cavity and surrounds and supports the endodermic gut. Mollusks, Annelids, Arthropods, Chordates & Echinoderms.

26

Chapter 32. Objectives. Table of Contents. Characteristics. Characteristics, continued. Section 1 The Nature of Animals

Chapter 32. Objectives. Table of Contents. Characteristics. Characteristics, continued. Section 1 The Nature of Animals Introduction to Animals Table of Contents Objectives Identify four important characteristics of animals. List two kinds of tissues found only in animals. Explain how the first animals may have evolved

More information

What Is an Animal? Section 25.1 Typical Animal Characteristics. I. Characteristics of Animals. Biology II Mrs. Michaelsen

What Is an Animal? Section 25.1 Typical Animal Characteristics. I. Characteristics of Animals. Biology II Mrs. Michaelsen What Is an Animal? Section 25.1 Typical Animal Characteristics Biology II Mrs. Michaelsen I. Characteristics of Animals A. All animals are eukaryotic, multicellular, have ways of moving to reproduce, obtain

More information

Biology 11. The Kingdom Animalia

Biology 11. The Kingdom Animalia Biology 11 The Kingdom Animalia Objectives By the end of the lesson you should be able to: Describe the 5 ways we classify animals Symmetry Germ layers Body plan Segmentation Animal Evolution Hank Video

More information

The Radiata-Bilateria split. Second branching in the evolutionary tree

The Radiata-Bilateria split. Second branching in the evolutionary tree The Radiata-Bilateria split Second branching in the evolutionary tree Two very important characteristics are used to distinguish between the second bifurcation of metazoans Body symmetry Germinal layers

More information

8/23/2014. Introduction to Animal Diversity

8/23/2014. Introduction to Animal Diversity Introduction to Animal Diversity Chapter 32 Objectives List the characteristics that combine to define animals Summarize key events of the Paleozoic, Mesozoic, and Cenozoic eras Distinguish between the

More information

Animal Origins and Evolution

Animal Origins and Evolution Animal Origins and Evolution Common Features of Animals multicellular heterotrophic motile Sexual reproduction, embryo Evolution of Animals All animals are multicellular and heterotrophic, which means

More information

What Is an Animal? Animals come in many shapes, forms, and sizes. About 98 percent of all animals are invertebrates. The Kingdom Animalia

What Is an Animal? Animals come in many shapes, forms, and sizes. About 98 percent of all animals are invertebrates. The Kingdom Animalia What Is an Animal? What characteristics do all animals have? Animals come in many shapes, forms, and sizes. Scientists estimate that there are between 1 and 2 million species of animals! Some, like whales

More information

The Evolution of Animal Diversity. Dr. Stephen J. Salek Biology 130 Fayetteville State University

The Evolution of Animal Diversity. Dr. Stephen J. Salek Biology 130 Fayetteville State University The Evolution of Animal Diversity Dr. Stephen J. Salek Biology 130 Fayetteville State University Create your own animal? Start with a basic plant. Make the plant into a simple animal such as a worm. Consider:

More information

Kingdom: Animals. AP Biology Common ancestor. Domain Eukarya. Domain Archaea. Domain Eubacteria

Kingdom: Animals. AP Biology Common ancestor. Domain Eukarya. Domain Archaea. Domain Eubacteria Kingdom: Animals Domain Eukarya Domain Eubacteria Domain Archaea Domain Eukarya 2007-2008 Common ancestor Animal Characteristics Heterotrophs must ingest others for nutrients Multicellular complex bodies

More information

Classification. The three-domains. The six-kingdom system. The traditional five-kingdom system. Bacteria Archaea Eukarya

Classification. The three-domains. The six-kingdom system. The traditional five-kingdom system. Bacteria Archaea Eukarya Classification The three-domains Bacteria Archaea Eukarya The six-kingdom system Bacteria Archaea Protista Plantae Fungi Animalia The traditional five-kingdom system Monera Protista Plantae Fungi Animalia

More information

INTRODUCTION TO ANIMALS

INTRODUCTION TO ANIMALS CHAPTER 32 INTRODUCTION TO ANIMALS The diversity of animal life is staggering. Animals have adapted to Earth s lushest environments and to its harshest environments. This Sally Lightfoot crab, Grapsus

More information

What defines the zygote, the blastula, and the gastrula? Draw pictures.

What defines the zygote, the blastula, and the gastrula? Draw pictures. What makes a multicellular organism multicellular? a) Multiple cells b) Multiple cells that work together c) Specialized cells d) Multiple specialized cells that work together What defines the zygote,

More information

1/30/2009. Copyright The McGraw Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.

1/30/2009. Copyright The McGraw Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. CHAPTER 9 Architectural Pattern of an Animal New Designs for Living Zoologists recognize 34 major phyla of living multicellular animals Survivors of around 100 phyla that appeared 600 million years ago

More information

Protists. Simple Eukaryotes. Regents Biology Common ancestor. Domain Archaebacteria. Domain Eukaryotes. Domain Bacteria

Protists. Simple Eukaryotes. Regents Biology Common ancestor. Domain Archaebacteria. Domain Eukaryotes. Domain Bacteria Protists Simple Eukaryotes Domain Bacteria Domain Archaebacteria Domain Eukaryotes Regents Biology 2006-2007 Common ancestor General characteristics Classification criteria eukaryotes not animal, plant

More information

Architectural Pattern of an animal. Chapter 9

Architectural Pattern of an animal. Chapter 9 Architectural Pattern of an animal Chapter 9 What is an animal? Levels of organization and organismal complexity 5 major levels of complexity Unicellular Metazoan? Tissue Organ Organ systems Levels of

More information

Porifera Sponges Features:

Porifera Sponges Features: Porifera Sponges The Phylum Porifera consists only of sponges, which is unique since these animals are entirely aquatic; with 98% found only in marine environments and a small percentage found in freshwater

More information

Questions in developmental biology. Differentiation Morphogenesis Growth/apoptosis Reproduction Evolution Environmental integration

Questions in developmental biology. Differentiation Morphogenesis Growth/apoptosis Reproduction Evolution Environmental integration Questions in developmental biology Differentiation Morphogenesis Growth/apoptosis Reproduction Evolution Environmental integration Representative cell types of a vertebrate zygote => embryo => adult differentiation

More information

introduction to the Animal Kingdom (pages $55-560) Formulating a Definition: Building Vocabulary Skills

introduction to the Animal Kingdom (pages $55-560) Formulating a Definition: Building Vocabulary Skills STUDY GUIDE CHAPTER Sponges, Cnidarians, and Unsegmented Worms Section 26-1 introduction to the Animal Kingdom (pages $55-560) SECTION REVIEW With this section you began your study of the animal kingdom.

More information

Animal Body Plans. Aggregate Blind sac Tube-within-a-tube Segmented Molluscan Arthropod. Sponges. Acoelomate -Eucoelomate Annelid Mollusca Arthropoda

Animal Body Plans. Aggregate Blind sac Tube-within-a-tube Segmented Molluscan Arthropod. Sponges. Acoelomate -Eucoelomate Annelid Mollusca Arthropoda Animal Body Plans Aggregate Blind sac Tube-within-a-tube Segmented Molluscan Arthropod Sponges Cnidaria, Ctenophora, Platyhelminthes Acoelomate -Eucoelomate Annelid Mollusca Arthropoda Size Constraints

More information

Of all the kingdoms of organisms, the animal kingdom is the

Of all the kingdoms of organisms, the animal kingdom is the 26 1 Introduction to the Animal Kingdom Of all the kingdoms of organisms, the animal kingdom is the most diverse in appearance. Some animals are so small that they live on or inside the bodies of other

More information

Chapter 7. Marine Animals Without a Backbone

Chapter 7. Marine Animals Without a Backbone Chapter 7 Marine Animals Without a Backbone General Characteristics of Animals Multicellular, diploid organisms with tissues, organs or organ systems in most Heterotrophic Require oxygen for aerobic

More information

Lab 6: An Introduction to Animal Diversity

Lab 6: An Introduction to Animal Diversity Bio 10 Lab #6 1 Animal Kingdom Major characteristics: Lab 6: An Introduction to Animal Diversity Most people, when they think of animals, think of those similar to ourselves: dogs, cats, horses, apes,

More information

A. Carranza Physiology Study Guide Bio 10

A. Carranza Physiology Study Guide Bio 10 Plants Types (gradual adaptations to land) Byrophytes: Mosses, hornwart, liverwarts Development of cuticle to conserve water Ferns, lycophytes and horsetails Cuticle plus rudimentary vascular and root

More information

Overview of Animal Diversity

Overview of Animal Diversity Chapter 32 CHAPTER Overview of Animal Diversity Chapter Outline 32.1 Some General Features of Animals 32.2 Evolution of the Animal Body Plan 32.3 The Classification of Animals 32.4 The Roots of the Animal

More information

Arthropoda ARTHRO JOINTED PODA FEET

Arthropoda ARTHRO JOINTED PODA FEET Arthropoda ARTHRO JOINTED PODA FEET The arthropods are a group of animals which has attained the greatest biological success largest number of species and individuals and occupy the greatest number of

More information

Workshop: The Evolution of Animalia body symmetry embryonic germ layers ontogenetic origins I. What is an Animal?

Workshop: The Evolution of Animalia body symmetry embryonic germ layers ontogenetic origins I. What is an Animal? Workshop: The Evolution of Animalia by Dana Krempels Perhaps even more than the other Eukarya, Animalia is characterized by a distinct progression of complexity in form and function as one moves from the

More information

31.1 What Evidence Indicates the Animals Are Monophyletic?

31.1 What Evidence Indicates the Animals Are Monophyletic? 31.1 What Evidence Indicates the Animals Are Monophyletic? What traits distinguish the animals from the other groups of organisms? In contrast to the Bacteria, Archaea, and most microbial eukaryotes, all

More information

Unit 4 Lesson 5 How Do Animals Grow and Reproduce? Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

Unit 4 Lesson 5 How Do Animals Grow and Reproduce? Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company Meerkats Have a Backbone? How are birds and fish similar? One of the major factors scientists use when classifying animals is whether an animal has a backbone. Have a Backbone? Vertebrates are animals

More information

Ph. Porifera and Ph. Cnidaria

Ph. Porifera and Ph. Cnidaria I. Phylum Porifera (sponges; pore bearer ) A. General characteristics 1. simplest animals 2. asymmetric 3. aquatic habitats a. typically marine 4. live alone or in colonies a. often members of reef habitats

More information

CHAPTER 32 INTRODUCTION TO ANIMAL EVOLUTION. Section A: What is an animal?

CHAPTER 32 INTRODUCTION TO ANIMAL EVOLUTION. Section A: What is an animal? CHAPTER 32 INTRODUCTION TO ANIMAL EVOLUTION Section A: What is an animal? 1. Structure, nutrition, and life history define animals 2. The animal kingdom probably evolved from a colonial, flagellated protist

More information

Kingdom Animalia - Evolution of Form and Function by Dana Krempels

Kingdom Animalia - Evolution of Form and Function by Dana Krempels Kingdom Animalia - Evolution of Form and Function by Dana Krempels A. Identification of synapomorphies defining major animal taxa Note the characters in the table below. Each should be placed on the phylogenetic

More information

Animal Phyla: A Summary. Danilo V. Rogayan Jr. Faculty, College of Education, Arts and Sciences Ramon Magsaysay Technological University

Animal Phyla: A Summary. Danilo V. Rogayan Jr. Faculty, College of Education, Arts and Sciences Ramon Magsaysay Technological University Animal Phyla: A Summary Danilo V. Rogayan Jr. Faculty, College of Education, Arts and Sciences Ramon Magsaysay Technological University Phylum Platyhelminthes The phylum consists of four classes Turbellaria

More information

An Introduction to the Invertebrates, Part One Phyla Placozoa, Porifera, Cnidaria, Ctenophora. Reference: Chapter 33.1, 33.2

An Introduction to the Invertebrates, Part One Phyla Placozoa, Porifera, Cnidaria, Ctenophora. Reference: Chapter 33.1, 33.2 An Introduction to the Invertebrates, Part One Phyla Placozoa, Porifera, Cnidaria, Ctenophora Reference: Chapter 33.1, 33.2 Overview: Life Without a Backbone v Invertebrates are animals that lack a backbone

More information

Introduction to Animals (Chapter 32) Identify what type of body symmetry is being exhibited by each of the following organisms

Introduction to Animals (Chapter 32) Identify what type of body symmetry is being exhibited by each of the following organisms NAME Introduction to Animals (Chapter 32) Identify what type of body symmetry is being exhibited by each of the following organisms. 1. 2. 3. 4. What view is Figure A giving of the human body? 5. Which

More information

Worms and Mollusks (pp )

Worms and Mollusks (pp ) Worms and Mollusks (pp. 424 432) This section tells about the characteristics of the three main groups of worms and the main characteristics of mollusks. Use Target Reading Skills As you read, take notes

More information

Kingdom. Phylum. Class. Order. Family. Genus. Species

Kingdom. Phylum. Class. Order. Family. Genus. Species 5.5 - Classification 5.5.1 - Outline the binomial system of nomenclature In this system, each species has two names - a noun and an adjective. The first is the genus, which starts with an upper case letter,

More information

Chapter 8. Sponges Phylum Porifera Basic characteristics: simple asymmetric sessile

Chapter 8. Sponges Phylum Porifera Basic characteristics: simple asymmetric sessile Chapter 8 Key Concepts Sponges are asymmetric, sessile animals that filter food from the water circulating through their bodies. Sponges provide habitats for other animals. Cnidarians and ctenophores exhibit

More information

Blastocoelomates. General Features. General Features. Phylogenetic Relationships. Phylogenetic Relationships

Blastocoelomates. General Features. General Features. Phylogenetic Relationships. Phylogenetic Relationships General Features Blastocoelomates 1. A large and heterogeneous group. a. also known as "Aschelminthes" - cavity worms. General Features b. Nearly any source you consult will have a different arrangement

More information

If done properly, is based on evolutionary relationships (at least to some extent). Kingdom -> Phylum -> Class -> Order -> Family -> Genus -> species

If done properly, is based on evolutionary relationships (at least to some extent). Kingdom -> Phylum -> Class -> Order -> Family -> Genus -> species Taxonomy. (Your text makes a real mess of this. Use these notes as a guide through the book.) Study of classifying and naming organisms. Founded by Linnaeus. If done properly, is based on evolutionary

More information

Sponge and Cnidarian Review

Sponge and Cnidarian Review Name Period Date Sponge and Cnidarian Review Matching On the lines provided, write the letter of the definition that matches each term. 1. Invertebrate 2. Filter feeder 3. Asymmetry 4. Radial 5. Medusa

More information

What is a Cnidarian?

What is a Cnidarian? Invertebrate What is a Cnidarian? 9000 species of jellyfishes, corals, sea anemones, hydras Mostly marine animals Radially symmetrical One body opening Two layers of cells organized into tissues with specific

More information

Classification: Evolution:

Classification: Evolution: Review for Final Exam Suggestions All material covered in the course is testable. The following are suggested topics to cover, but is not meant to be an exhaustive list. Topics that are not listed but

More information

Lab 2 Phylum Porifera and phylum Cnidaria. Grantia. Phylum Porifera. Kingdom :- Animalia. Phylum:- Porifera. Class:- Calcarea. Order:- Leucosolenida

Lab 2 Phylum Porifera and phylum Cnidaria. Grantia. Phylum Porifera. Kingdom :- Animalia. Phylum:- Porifera. Class:- Calcarea. Order:- Leucosolenida Lab 2 Phylum Porifera and phylum Cnidaria Phylum Porifera Adults sessile and attached Radial symmetry or asymmetrical Multi-cellular ; loose aggregation of cells Skeleton made of collagen and spicules

More information

Diversity in Living Organisms

Diversity in Living Organisms Chapter-7 Diversity in Living Organisms Biodiversity means the diversity of life forms. It is a word commonly used to refer to the variety of life forms found in a particular region. Classification helps

More information

TYPES OF SKELETONS 28 MAY 2014

TYPES OF SKELETONS 28 MAY 2014 TYPES OF SKELETONS 28 MAY 2014 In this lesson we: Lesson Description Different types of skeletons Summary A skeleton is the part of an animal that provides support and shape for the rest of the body A

More information

Natural Sciences 360 Legacy of Life Lecture 07 Dr. Stuart S. Sumida ANIMALIA. (More Similar to Fungi than Plants)

Natural Sciences 360 Legacy of Life Lecture 07 Dr. Stuart S. Sumida ANIMALIA. (More Similar to Fungi than Plants) Natural Sciences 360 Legacy of Life Lecture 07 Dr. Stuart S. Sumida ANIMALIA (More Similar to Fungi than Plants) ANIMAL SIMILARITIES PLANTS FUNGI Cell Walls - Immobile - Often need - substrate - Heterotrophs

More information

BOOK 3 OUR PLANET SECTION 2 WORLD OF LIFE

BOOK 3 OUR PLANET SECTION 2 WORLD OF LIFE BOOK 3 OUR PLANET SECTION 2 WORLD OF LIFE ANIMAL AND PLANT CELLS There are two general types of cell - the animal cell and the plant cell. The animal cell is the most basic with the fewest parts. The plant

More information

Nonvascular Plants mosses, liverworts and hornworts are nonvascular plants. These lack vascular tissue which is a system of tubes that transport

Nonvascular Plants mosses, liverworts and hornworts are nonvascular plants. These lack vascular tissue which is a system of tubes that transport Nonvascular Plants mosses, liverworts and hornworts are nonvascular plants. These lack vascular tissue which is a system of tubes that transport food, water and minerals throughout the plant. Water and

More information

DO NOT OPEN EXAM UNTIL INSTRUCTED TO DO SO

DO NOT OPEN EXAM UNTIL INSTRUCTED TO DO SO Name: Last KEY First ID# Lab. Date and Time Lab. TA Biological Sciences 1B Dr. Herrlinger Summer Sessions I 2000 Midterm 2 July 21, 2000 DO NOT OPEN EXAM UNTIL INSTRUCTED TO DO SO Multiple Choice Questions

More information

*Add to Science Notebook Name 1

*Add to Science Notebook Name 1 *Add to Science Notebook Name 1 Arthropods, Ch. 13, pg. 374-382 Characteristics of Arthropods *Arthropods are the largest group of animals. *Arthropods have jointed and include,,, and. *Arthropod appendages

More information

Survey of the Phyla- Animalia, Invertebrates

Survey of the Phyla- Animalia, Invertebrates Survey of the Phyla- Animalia, Invertebrates The Kingdom Animalia is in the domain Eukarya and in the supergroup Unikonta. They are in the group Opisthkonta with fungi. Both groups have different unicellular

More information

Developmental Biology Biology 4361

Developmental Biology Biology 4361 Developmental Biology Biology 4361 The Anatomical Tradition 2009 A hen is only an egg s way of making a new egg. Samuel Butler, 1885 The Anatomical Tradition - Overview What is developmental biology? How

More information

MOLLUSCAN AQUACULTURE - INTRODUCTION

MOLLUSCAN AQUACULTURE - INTRODUCTION 1 MOLLUSCAN AQUACULTURE - INTRODUCTION Mollusks have been cultured since the time of the Romans, who in particular, considered oysters a delicacy. The latest aquaculture production figures from FAO (see

More information

Developmental Zoology. Ectodermal derivatives (ZOO ) Developmental Stages. Developmental Stages

Developmental Zoology. Ectodermal derivatives (ZOO ) Developmental Stages. Developmental Stages Developmental Zoology (ZOO 228.1.0) Ectodermal derivatives 1 Developmental Stages Ø Early Development Fertilization Cleavage Gastrulation Neurulation Ø Later Development Organogenesis Larval molts Metamorphosis

More information

Invertebrates. Careers in Biology. Chapter 24 Introduction to Animals. Chapter 25 Worms and Mollusks

Invertebrates. Careers in Biology. Chapter 24 Introduction to Animals. Chapter 25 Worms and Mollusks Invertebrates Chapter 24 Introduction to Animals Animal phylogeny is determined in part by animal body plans and adaptations. Chapter 25 Worms and Mollusks Worms and mollusks have evolved to have a variety

More information

Ms. SASTRY 1 Chapter in class follow along lecture notes

Ms. SASTRY 1 Chapter in class follow along lecture notes Ms. SASTRY 1 Chapter 26 34 in class follow along lecture notes Chp 26 Origin of life: 1) When did earth form? 2) What is the order of evolution of life forms on earth? 3) What were their modes of nutrition

More information

1. If a eukaryotic cell has a single set of chromosomes, it is called A. haploid B. diploid C. polypoid

1. If a eukaryotic cell has a single set of chromosomes, it is called A. haploid B. diploid C. polypoid Reproduction 1. If a eukaryotic cell has a single set of chromosomes, it is called A. haploid B. diploid C. polypoid 2. Which of the following cell functions are maintained by cell division? A. growth,

More information

What Is an Animal? (continued )

What Is an Animal? (continued ) What Is an Animal? (continued ) Structure of Animals 1. IVhat are cells? 2. Complete the flowchart to show how cells are organized in ammals. Levels ot Organization Arumal cells are grouped together to

More information

Invertebrates 2. Cladograms. Cladograms. Cladograms. Cladistics example. Cladogram of Phyla covered in Bio 11

Invertebrates 2. Cladograms. Cladograms. Cladograms. Cladistics example. Cladogram of Phyla covered in Bio 11 Invertebrates 2 Cladogram of Phyla covered in Bio 11 Cladograms Cladograms are constructed using a method known as cladistics. This method analyzes a collection of heritable character data compiled by

More information

Biology B. There are no objectives for this lesson.

Biology B. There are no objectives for this lesson. Biology B Course Summary This is the second of two courses that comprise Biology. This course is designed to prepare the student to confidently enter and complete college-level biology courses. The Glencoe

More information

CHAPTER 14 Flatworms Phylum Platyhelminthes, Mesozoa, Nemertea

CHAPTER 14 Flatworms Phylum Platyhelminthes, Mesozoa, Nemertea CHAPTER 14 Flatworms Phylum Platyhelminthes, Mesozoa, Nemertea 14-1 14-2 General Features n Two major evolutionary advances n Cephalization n Concentrating sense organs in the head region n Primary bilateral

More information

10.2 Sexual Reproduction and Meiosis

10.2 Sexual Reproduction and Meiosis 10.2 Sexual Reproduction and Meiosis There are thousands of different species of organisms. Each species produces more of its own. A species of bacteria splits to make two identical bacteria. A eucalyptus

More information

Cells and Genetics. Life Science. Cell parts. Cell parts cont. Cell processes. Cell Division 5/4/2015

Cells and Genetics. Life Science. Cell parts. Cell parts cont. Cell processes. Cell Division 5/4/2015 Cells and Genetics Life Science SOL Review Hooke was 1 st person to observe cells Cells Basic Unit of structure and function of life Prokaryote: bacteria/no nucleus Eukaryote: membrane structures; everything

More information

Sponges, Cnidarians and Worms

Sponges, Cnidarians and Worms '-napter Sponges, Cnidarians and Worms Structure and function What major functions do animals' bodies perform? Chapter Preview O What Is an Animal? Discover is It an Animal? Try This Get Moving O Animal

More information

McDougal Littell Science, Cells and Heredity MAZER PDF. IL Essential Lesson. IL Extend Lesson. Program Planning Guide LP page.

McDougal Littell Science, Cells and Heredity MAZER PDF. IL Essential Lesson. IL Extend Lesson. Program Planning Guide LP page. s7an-ppg-pc-il-002-012.indd 2 7/18/05 2:46:40 PM 2 McDougal Littell Science, Cells and Heredity Chapter 1: The Cell, pp. 6 37 1.1 The cell is the basic unit of living things. pp. 9 17 Explore: Activity

More information

Chapter 10 Development and Differentiation

Chapter 10 Development and Differentiation Part III Organization of Cell Populations Chapter Since ancient times, people have wondered how organisms are formed during the developmental process, and many researchers have worked tirelessly in search

More information

Kingdom Animalia: Phyla Porifera and Cnidaria

Kingdom Animalia: Phyla Porifera and Cnidaria Kingdom Animalia: Phyla Porifera and Cnidaria Essential Question(s): What are key characteristics to the animal kingdom? Objectives: 1. Students will be able to distinguish essential characteristics in

More information

CTY Course Syllabus - Zoology

CTY Course Syllabus - Zoology CTY Course Syllabus - Zoology Day 1: Monday Topics: Introductions/What is living? Introductions, Goals & Expectations, Course Objectives/Syllabus, Class Procedures, Pre-Assessment What is a living organism?

More information

Life Science Grade 4 Life Cycles

Life Science Grade 4 Life Cycles Life Science Grade 4 Life Cycles Standards: Recognizes that animals go through predictable life cycles Teacher Background Life cycle is a simple enough concept, but there are many variations in the animal

More information

ATHENA GLOBAL SCHOOL GRADE: IX

ATHENA GLOBAL SCHOOL GRADE: IX ATHENA GLOBAL SCHOOL GRADE: IX SUB: SCIENCE CHAPTER-7-DIVERSITY IN LIVING ORGANISMS The Hierarchy of classification: Five kingdom of classification: (i) Monera (ii)protista (iii)fungi (iv)plantae (v)animalia

More information

1. Why Dissect. Why are frogs a good model to use when studying the digestive system (as well as other systems)?

1. Why Dissect. Why are frogs a good model to use when studying the digestive system (as well as other systems)? Name: Date: Period: Frog Dissection Virtual Lab Use the frog Dissection link that follows to answer the questions. http://www.mhhe.com/biosci/genbio/virtual_labs/bl_16/bl_16.html Introduction 1. Why Dissect.

More information

An Introduction to the Invertebrates

An Introduction to the Invertebrates An Introduction to the Invertebrates Janet Moore New Hall, Cambridge niustrations by Raith Overhill Second Edition. :::.. CAMBRIDGE :: UNIVERSITY PRESS ~nts ao Paulo, Delhi rcss, New York._ MOO 586 List

More information

Phylum Cnidaria Test True/False Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false. Mark a for true and b for false.

Phylum Cnidaria Test True/False Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false. Mark a for true and b for false. PLEASE WRITE YOUR NAME HERE: 1 Phylum Cnidaria Test True/False Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false. Mark a for true and b for false. 1. Polyps are a body form of cnidarians that

More information

CHAPTER 33 INVERTEBRATES

CHAPTER 33 INVERTEBRATES CHAPTER 33 INVERTEBRATES OUTLINE I. The Parazoa A. Phylum Porifera: sponges are sessile with porous bodies and choanocytes II. The Radiata A. Phylum Cnidaria: cnidarians have radial symmetry, a gastrovascular

More information

The Organization of Life Section 3. Chapter 4 The Organization of Life Section 3: The Diversity of Living Things DAY 1

The Organization of Life Section 3. Chapter 4 The Organization of Life Section 3: The Diversity of Living Things DAY 1 Chapter 4 The Organization of Life Section 3: The Diversity of Living Things DAY 1 The Diversity of Living Things Most scientists classify organisms into six kingdoms based on different characteristics.

More information

Carolina Biological Supply Company. SQUID INK-QUIRY: Inquiry-Based Invertebrate Anatomy Through Squid Dissection

Carolina Biological Supply Company. SQUID INK-QUIRY: Inquiry-Based Invertebrate Anatomy Through Squid Dissection Carolina Biological Supply Company SQUID INK-QUIRY: Inquiry-Based Invertebrate Anatomy Through Squid Dissection Objectives Learn ways to incorporate inquiry methods in dissection laboratories Motivate,

More information

Zoology Name: Block: Exercise #7: The Sponges, Phylum Porifera Lab Guide

Zoology Name: Block: Exercise #7: The Sponges, Phylum Porifera Lab Guide Zoology Name: Block: Exercise #7: The Sponges, Phylum Porifera Lab Guide Members of the phylum Porifera are considered the simplest metazoans, they are little more than a loose grouping of cells, with

More information

Comparing Plants & Animals

Comparing Plants & Animals Section 6.1 Comparing Plants & Animals p. 164-168 Major Similarities: They are both multi-cellular, eukaryotes. Their sizes both range from microscopic to very large. Major Differences: How they obtain

More information

Class Webpage. Forms of Diversity. biol170/biol170syl.htm

Class Webpage. Forms of Diversity.  biol170/biol170syl.htm Class Webpage http://userwww.sfsu.edu/~efc/classes/ biol170/biol170syl.htm What is an animal? While there are exceptions, five criteria distinguish animals from other life forms. (1)Animals are multicellular,

More information

1. by far, the largest and most diverse kingdom. more mitochondria than cells of any other kingdom need much more energy, much more active

1. by far, the largest and most diverse kingdom. more mitochondria than cells of any other kingdom need much more energy, much more active What is an Animal? Animals: General Characteristics 1. by far, the largest and most diverse kingdom 2. eukaryote cells eucaryotic heterotrophs no chloroplasts lack cell walls around cells aerobic require

More information

Science 316 Sample questions, exam 3. Sun

Science 316 Sample questions, exam 3. Sun Notes: This sample exam contains questions primarily relevant to the final 3 rd of the class (though some will also require remembering earlier material). Remember, however, that your final will be cumulative

More information

BIOLOGY II (BIO1201) SYLLABUS

BIOLOGY II (BIO1201) SYLLABUS New York City College of Technology School of Arts and Sciences Department of Biological Sciences BIOLOGY II (BIO1201) SYLLABUS Course Information Course Title: Biology II (Lecture and Laboratory) Course

More information

Slide 1 / Arrange the following in order from least complex to most complex: organ, tissue, cell, organism, organ system.

Slide 1 / Arrange the following in order from least complex to most complex: organ, tissue, cell, organism, organ system. Slide 1 / 64 1 Arrange the following in order from least complex to most complex: organ, tissue, cell, organism, organ system. Slide 2 / 64 2 List the four major groups of tissues in animals. Slide 3 /

More information

Unit 9: Animals & Plants Guided Reading Questions (100 pts total)

Unit 9: Animals & Plants Guided Reading Questions (100 pts total) Name: AP Biology Biology, Campbell and Reece, 7th Edition Adapted from chapter reading guides originally created by Lynn Miriello Chapter 32 An Introduction to Animal Diversity 1. Define the following

More information

Chapter 13. Radiate Animals. Biological Contributions. Biological Contributions. Phylum Cnidaria. Definition. Position in Animal Kingdom

Chapter 13. Radiate Animals. Biological Contributions. Biological Contributions. Phylum Cnidaria. Definition. Position in Animal Kingdom Copyright The McGraw Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Chapter 13 Radiate Animals Position in Animal Kingdom Both phyla Cnidaria and Ctenophora make up the radiate animals.

More information

1. In regards to shoot systems, which of the following is NOT TRUE?

1. In regards to shoot systems, which of the following is NOT TRUE? General Biology Summer 2014 Exam I Sample Questions 1. In regards to shoot systems, which of the following is NOT TRUE? a. Leaves attach to stems at nodes b. Elongation of the internodes accounts for most

More information

a type of reproduction in which one parent organism produces offspring without meiosis and fertilization

a type of reproduction in which one parent organism produces offspring without meiosis and fertilization Define the following terms: Term Final Exam Vocabulary Review 2016-2017 Definition adaptation an inherited trait that increases an organism's chance of surviving and reproducing in a particular environment

More information

Chapter 12. Life of the Paleozoic

Chapter 12. Life of the Paleozoic Chapter 12 Life of the Paleozoic Paleozoic Invertebrates Representatives of most major invertebrate phyla were present during Paleozoic, including sponges, corals, bryozoans, brachiopods, mollusks, arthropods,

More information

BIOLOGY. Classification & Phylogeny. Slide 1 / 92. Slide 2 / 92. Slide 3 / 92. Vocabulary Click on each word below to go to the definition.

BIOLOGY. Classification & Phylogeny. Slide 1 / 92. Slide 2 / 92. Slide 3 / 92. Vocabulary Click on each word below to go to the definition. Slide 1 / 92 Slide 2 / 92 BIOLOGY Classification & Phylogeny April 2013 www.njctl.org Vocabulary Click on each word below to go to the definition. Slide 3 / 92 acoelomate angiosperm bilateral symmetry

More information

Student Instruction Book

Student Instruction Book Student Instruction Book Sample selections from the Biodiversity unit This sampler includes: Unit Opener... 41 Animal Groups Quiz... 42 Photo Match Game Scientific Classification... 44 Informational Explanation

More information

Introduction. 1 Background Information...2 Adaptation Scavenger Hunt...3 Science Standards.. 4

Introduction. 1 Background Information...2 Adaptation Scavenger Hunt...3 Science Standards.. 4 Please arrive 30 minutes before your program. Teachers and chaperones must be present during the staff-facilitated 45-minute program. Introduction. 1 Background Information.....2 Adaptation Scavenger Hunt......3

More information

Big Concepts-Classification and Evolution

Big Concepts-Classification and Evolution Marine Life Classification and Evolution Big Concepts-Classification and Evolution Life on Earth has both great diversity and unity Diversity = Millions of different species of living organisms Unity =

More information

The Evolution of Animal Diversity

The Evolution of Animal Diversity The Evolution of Animal Diversity Objectives Introduction Describe the difficulties of classifying the duck-billed platypus and other Australian mammals. Animal Evolution and Diversity 18.1 Define animals

More information

Microbiology: A Systems Approach

Microbiology: A Systems Approach Microbiology: A Systems Approach First Edition Cowan &Talaro Chapter 5 Eucaryotic cells and microorganisms Chapter 5 2 3 Eucaryotic cells 3 Flagella 4 Cilia similar in overall structure to flagella, but

More information

C. Body is platelike, no symmetry, organs, muscular or nervous systems present. D. 2-3 mm E. marine F. glide over food and secrete digestive enzyme an

C. Body is platelike, no symmetry, organs, muscular or nervous systems present. D. 2-3 mm E. marine F. glide over food and secrete digestive enzyme an Chapter 9 (multicellularity) I. Similarities A. cells are grouped B. groups of cells are specialized for various functions C. All cells in an organism is interdependent. II. Multicelled life appeared ~

More information

Phylum Cnidaria (a stinging thread)

Phylum Cnidaria (a stinging thread) Phylum Cnidaria (a stinging thread) Also known as Phylum Coelenterata (-hollow gut) This phylum contains about 10,000 species worldwide. They are mostly marine with a few freshwater species. Cnidarians

More information