Protists. Simple Eukaryotes. Regents Biology Common ancestor. Domain Archaebacteria. Domain Eukaryotes. Domain Bacteria

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Protists. Simple Eukaryotes. Regents Biology Common ancestor. Domain Archaebacteria. Domain Eukaryotes. Domain Bacteria"

Transcription

1 Protists Simple Eukaryotes Domain Bacteria Domain Archaebacteria Domain Eukaryotes Regents Biology Common ancestor

2 General characteristics Classification criteria eukaryotes not animal, plant or fungi That s more of what they re not & not what they are! Regents Biology

3 Protist Diversity A great variety in ways of life one-celled to many-celled autotrophs (photosynthesis) to heterotrophs (have to eat) asexual to sexual reproduction pathogens to beneficial sessile to mobile Regents Biology

4 Mobility How Protists move flagellum cilia pseudopod Regents Biology

5 Protist Diversity Animal-like Protists heterotrophs, predators Amoeba Paramecium Stentor Amoeba ingesting a Paramecium Paramecium with food vacuoles stained red Regents Biology

6 Protist Diversity Plant-like Protists autotrophs, photosynthesis Euglena algae diatoms Regents Biology

7 Protist Diversity Parasitic & pathogen Protists malaria Giardia trypanosomes Plasmodium Giardia Regents Biology Trypanosoma

8 Protist Diversity Beneficial & necessary Protists phytoplankton small algae + diatoms much of the world s photosynthesis produces ~90% of atmospheric oxygen zooplankton heterotroph protists key ecological role at base of marine food web Regents Biology Mmmmmm! Keeps me goin!

9 Kingdom: Animals Complex Eukaryotes Domain Bacteria Domain Archaea Domain Eukarya Common ancestor

10 Animal Characteristics Heterotrophs must ingest others for nutrients Multicellular complex bodies No cell walls allows active movement Sexual reproduction

11 Animal Evolution sponges jellyfish flatworms roundworms mollusks segmented worms insects spiders starfish vertebrates segmented body internal skeleton separate digestive system left-right symmetry tissues many-celled Ancestral Protist

12 Invertebrate: Porifera Sponges no organized tissues or organs food goes in & waste comes out same opening food taken into each cell separately

13 Invertebrate: Cnidaria Jellyfish, hydra, sea anemone, coral tissues, but no organs two cell layers predators tentacles surround mouth opening digested material absorbed into cells

14 Invertebrate: Platyhelminthes Flatworms tapeworm, planaria mostly parasitic digestive tube now have separate mouth & anus tapeworm

15 Invertebrate: Nematoda Roundworms digestive tube have separate mouth & anus many are parasitic hookworm

16 Invertebrate: Mollusca Mollusks clams, snails, squid soft bodies, mostly protected by hard shells digestive tube

17 Invertebrate: Annelida Segmented worms earthworms, leeches segments are all the same digestive tube fan worm leech

18 Invertebrate: Arthropoda Spiders, insects, crustaceans most successful animal group segmented allows jointed legs & arms exoskeleton

19 Arthropod groups arachnids 8 legs, 2 body parts spiders, ticks, scorpions crustaceans gills, 2 pairs antennae crab, lobster, barnacles, shrmp insects 6 legs, 3 body parts

20 Invertebrate: Echinodermata Starfish, sea urchins, sea cucumber radial symmetry spiny exoskeleton

21 Vertebrata Vertebrates fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals internal bony skeleton backbone skull-encased brain becomes brain & spinal cord Oh, look your first baby picture! becomes gills or Eustachian tube becomes tail or tailbone becomes vertebrae

22 450 mya Vertebrates: Fish Characteristics body structure paired fins scales body function breathe with gills two-chambered heart cold-blooded (ectotherm) reproduction external fertilization external development in aquatic egg Lampreys, salmon, trout, sharks gills body

23 350 mya Vertebrates: Amphibian Characteristics body structure legs (walk on land) moist skin body function lung breathe with lungs & through skin glottis closed three-chambered heart cold-blooded (ectotherm) reproduction external fertilization external development in aquatic egg metamorphosis (tadpole to adult) buccal cavity frogs salamanders toads

24 250 mya Vertebrates: Reptiles Characteristics body structure dry skin, scales, armor (shells) body function breathe with lungs three-chambered heart cold-blooded (ectotherm) reproduction internal fertilization external development in hard-shelled egg dinosaurs, turtles lizards, snakes alligators, crocodile leathery embryo shell amnion chorion allantois yolk sac

25 150 mya Vertebrates: Birds Characteristics body structure feathers & wings thin, hollow bone; flight skeleton body function very efficient lungs & air sacs four-chambered heart warm-blooded (endotherm) reproduction internal fertilization external development in hard-shelled egg trachea anterior air sacs finches, hawk ostrich, turkey lung posterior air sacs

26 220 mya / 65 mya Vertebrates: Mammals Characteristics body structure hair specialized teeth body function muscles contract breathe with lungs, diaphragm four-chambered heart warm-blooded (endoderm) reproduction internal fertilization internal development in uterus nourishment through placenta birth live young mammary glands make milk mice, ferret elephants, bats whales, humans diaphragm contracts

27 That s the buzz Any Questions?

What Is an Animal? Animals come in many shapes, forms, and sizes. About 98 percent of all animals are invertebrates. The Kingdom Animalia

What Is an Animal? Animals come in many shapes, forms, and sizes. About 98 percent of all animals are invertebrates. The Kingdom Animalia What Is an Animal? What characteristics do all animals have? Animals come in many shapes, forms, and sizes. Scientists estimate that there are between 1 and 2 million species of animals! Some, like whales

More information

TYPES OF SKELETONS 28 MAY 2014

TYPES OF SKELETONS 28 MAY 2014 TYPES OF SKELETONS 28 MAY 2014 In this lesson we: Lesson Description Different types of skeletons Summary A skeleton is the part of an animal that provides support and shape for the rest of the body A

More information

7. Where do most crustaceans live? A. in the air B. in water C. on the land D. underground. 10. Which of the following is true about all mammals?

7. Where do most crustaceans live? A. in the air B. in water C. on the land D. underground. 10. Which of the following is true about all mammals? 1 A flounder is a type of fish The flounder can change its color to match the surroundings If a shark approaches, the flounder lays still, blending into the sandy ocean bottom This is known as 2 Which

More information

Biology 11. The Kingdom Animalia

Biology 11. The Kingdom Animalia Biology 11 The Kingdom Animalia Objectives By the end of the lesson you should be able to: Describe the 5 ways we classify animals Symmetry Germ layers Body plan Segmentation Animal Evolution Hank Video

More information

Nonvascular Plants mosses, liverworts and hornworts are nonvascular plants. These lack vascular tissue which is a system of tubes that transport

Nonvascular Plants mosses, liverworts and hornworts are nonvascular plants. These lack vascular tissue which is a system of tubes that transport Nonvascular Plants mosses, liverworts and hornworts are nonvascular plants. These lack vascular tissue which is a system of tubes that transport food, water and minerals throughout the plant. Water and

More information

Classification. The three-domains. The six-kingdom system. The traditional five-kingdom system. Bacteria Archaea Eukarya

Classification. The three-domains. The six-kingdom system. The traditional five-kingdom system. Bacteria Archaea Eukarya Classification The three-domains Bacteria Archaea Eukarya The six-kingdom system Bacteria Archaea Protista Plantae Fungi Animalia The traditional five-kingdom system Monera Protista Plantae Fungi Animalia

More information

GENERAL TOPIC SPECIFIC TOPIC

GENERAL TOPIC SPECIFIC TOPIC SUBJECT: TEACHER: DATE: GRADE: DURATION: GENERAL TOPIC: SPECIFIC TOPIC: Integrated Science Mr. S. Campbell 7 2 wks Grouping Grouping- Plants And Animals Grouping- Plants And Animals Students will be able

More information

The Evolution of Animal Diversity. Dr. Stephen J. Salek Biology 130 Fayetteville State University

The Evolution of Animal Diversity. Dr. Stephen J. Salek Biology 130 Fayetteville State University The Evolution of Animal Diversity Dr. Stephen J. Salek Biology 130 Fayetteville State University Create your own animal? Start with a basic plant. Make the plant into a simple animal such as a worm. Consider:

More information

ATHENA GLOBAL SCHOOL GRADE: IX

ATHENA GLOBAL SCHOOL GRADE: IX ATHENA GLOBAL SCHOOL GRADE: IX SUB: SCIENCE CHAPTER-7-DIVERSITY IN LIVING ORGANISMS The Hierarchy of classification: Five kingdom of classification: (i) Monera (ii)protista (iii)fungi (iv)plantae (v)animalia

More information

Student Instruction Book

Student Instruction Book Student Instruction Book Sample selections from the Biodiversity unit This sampler includes: Unit Opener... 41 Animal Groups Quiz... 42 Photo Match Game Scientific Classification... 44 Informational Explanation

More information

Animal Origins and Evolution

Animal Origins and Evolution Animal Origins and Evolution Common Features of Animals multicellular heterotrophic motile Sexual reproduction, embryo Evolution of Animals All animals are multicellular and heterotrophic, which means

More information

Classification Flow Chart

Classification Flow Chart Classification Flow Chart THINGS To classify plants, see page warm 8 cold 6 9 7 air 0 water dry skin, eggs on land moist skin, eggs in water = the five classes of vertebrates eggs pouch placenta classification

More information

Arthropoda ARTHRO JOINTED PODA FEET

Arthropoda ARTHRO JOINTED PODA FEET Arthropoda ARTHRO JOINTED PODA FEET The arthropods are a group of animals which has attained the greatest biological success largest number of species and individuals and occupy the greatest number of

More information

What defines the zygote, the blastula, and the gastrula? Draw pictures.

What defines the zygote, the blastula, and the gastrula? Draw pictures. What makes a multicellular organism multicellular? a) Multiple cells b) Multiple cells that work together c) Specialized cells d) Multiple specialized cells that work together What defines the zygote,

More information

Lesson Plan Taxonomy and Classiicaion

Lesson Plan Taxonomy and Classiicaion Lesson Plan Taxonomy and Classiicaion Summary This lesson will introduce students to the classiicaion of living things, how animals are grouped and why all living things have a scieniic name. Content Area

More information

CTY Course Syllabus - Zoology

CTY Course Syllabus - Zoology CTY Course Syllabus - Zoology Day 1: Monday Topics: Introductions/What is living? Introductions, Goals & Expectations, Course Objectives/Syllabus, Class Procedures, Pre-Assessment What is a living organism?

More information

GRADE 6: Life science 3. UNIT 6L.3 6 hours. Classification. Resources. About this unit. Previous learning. Expectations

GRADE 6: Life science 3. UNIT 6L.3 6 hours. Classification. Resources. About this unit. Previous learning. Expectations GRADE 6: Life science 3 Classification UNIT 6L.3 6 hours About this unit This unit is the third of five units on life science for Grade 6. The unit is designed to guide your planning and teaching of lessons

More information

Life Science Grade 4 Life Cycles

Life Science Grade 4 Life Cycles Life Science Grade 4 Life Cycles Standards: Recognizes that animals go through predictable life cycles Teacher Background Life cycle is a simple enough concept, but there are many variations in the animal

More information

Worms and Mollusks (pp )

Worms and Mollusks (pp ) Worms and Mollusks (pp. 424 432) This section tells about the characteristics of the three main groups of worms and the main characteristics of mollusks. Use Target Reading Skills As you read, take notes

More information

Biology B. There are no objectives for this lesson.

Biology B. There are no objectives for this lesson. Biology B Course Summary This is the second of two courses that comprise Biology. This course is designed to prepare the student to confidently enter and complete college-level biology courses. The Glencoe

More information

*Add to Science Notebook Name 1

*Add to Science Notebook Name 1 *Add to Science Notebook Name 1 Arthropods, Ch. 13, pg. 374-382 Characteristics of Arthropods *Arthropods are the largest group of animals. *Arthropods have jointed and include,,, and. *Arthropod appendages

More information

Animal Body Plans. Aggregate Blind sac Tube-within-a-tube Segmented Molluscan Arthropod. Sponges. Acoelomate -Eucoelomate Annelid Mollusca Arthropoda

Animal Body Plans. Aggregate Blind sac Tube-within-a-tube Segmented Molluscan Arthropod. Sponges. Acoelomate -Eucoelomate Annelid Mollusca Arthropoda Animal Body Plans Aggregate Blind sac Tube-within-a-tube Segmented Molluscan Arthropod Sponges Cnidaria, Ctenophora, Platyhelminthes Acoelomate -Eucoelomate Annelid Mollusca Arthropoda Size Constraints

More information

Bacillus anthracis. Causes Anthrax Especially deadly when inhaled

Bacillus anthracis. Causes Anthrax Especially deadly when inhaled Eubacteria Bacteria are the most abundant organisms on earth. An estimated 5 X 1030individuals. One bacterium can give rise to 10 million in 24 hours. Both aerobic (with oxygen) and anaerobic (without

More information

Class Webpage. Forms of Diversity. biol170/biol170syl.htm

Class Webpage. Forms of Diversity.  biol170/biol170syl.htm Class Webpage http://userwww.sfsu.edu/~efc/classes/ biol170/biol170syl.htm What is an animal? While there are exceptions, five criteria distinguish animals from other life forms. (1)Animals are multicellular,

More information

Science Notes. P3 Diversity. Living Things

Science Notes. P3 Diversity. Living Things Science Notes P3 Diversity Living Things What are living things? Living things are things that Need Air Food Water Can Grow Reproduce Respond to changes What are non-living things? Non-Living things are

More information

L IFE S CIENCE BASIC. NotB oring. Inventive Exercises to Sharpen Skills and Raise Achievement. Imogene Forte & Marjorie Frank

L IFE S CIENCE BASIC. NotB oring. Inventive Exercises to Sharpen Skills and Raise Achievement. Imogene Forte & Marjorie Frank The BASIC NotB oring SERIES SCIENCE SKILLS IP 403-0 MIDDLE GRADES L IFE S CIENCE Inventive Exercises to Sharpen Skills and Raise Achievement Series Concept & Development by Imogene Forte & Marjorie Frank

More information

Notes - Microbiology Protista

Notes - Microbiology Protista Notes - Microbiology Protista Part 1 Animal like Protists - Kingdom Protista is a very diverse group of organisms. There are over 115 000 different kinds, with traits that fit with fungi, plants, and animals.

More information

Major Events in the History of Earth

Major Events in the History of Earth Major Events in the History of Earth Cenozoic Humans Land plants Animals Origin of solar system and Earth Multicellular eukaryotes 1 Proterozoic eon 2 Archaean eon 3 4 Single-celled eukaryotes Atmospheric

More information

Ch. 6 - Evolution and Biodiversity: Origins, Niches and Adaptation

Ch. 6 - Evolution and Biodiversity: Origins, Niches and Adaptation Ch. 6 - Evolution and Biodiversity: Origins, Niches and Adaptation Why should we care about the alligators? The alligator: is North America's largest reptile has no natural predators (except man) Ecological

More information

plant cell tissue nerve cell paramecium

plant cell tissue nerve cell paramecium plant or animal cell? these cells carry what cell? what cell? animal cell red blood oxygen sperm root hair cell (of plant) plant or animal cell? cell, tissue or organ? what cell? paramecium, amoeba or

More information

8/23/2014. Introduction to Animal Diversity

8/23/2014. Introduction to Animal Diversity Introduction to Animal Diversity Chapter 32 Objectives List the characteristics that combine to define animals Summarize key events of the Paleozoic, Mesozoic, and Cenozoic eras Distinguish between the

More information

PSI Biology Classification Classification

PSI Biology Classification Classification Classification Classification & Naming Classwork 1. What is the correct order of the current classification hierarchy, from most general to most specific? 2. Are two organisms in domain more or less closely

More information

BIOLOGY. Classification & Phylogeny. Slide 1 / 92. Slide 2 / 92. Slide 3 / 92. Vocabulary Click on each word below to go to the definition.

BIOLOGY. Classification & Phylogeny. Slide 1 / 92. Slide 2 / 92. Slide 3 / 92. Vocabulary Click on each word below to go to the definition. Slide 1 / 92 Slide 2 / 92 BIOLOGY Classification & Phylogeny April 2013 www.njctl.org Vocabulary Click on each word below to go to the definition. Slide 3 / 92 acoelomate angiosperm bilateral symmetry

More information

Chapter 8. Sponges Phylum Porifera Basic characteristics: simple asymmetric sessile

Chapter 8. Sponges Phylum Porifera Basic characteristics: simple asymmetric sessile Chapter 8 Key Concepts Sponges are asymmetric, sessile animals that filter food from the water circulating through their bodies. Sponges provide habitats for other animals. Cnidarians and ctenophores exhibit

More information

Kingdom Protista. Lab Exercise 20. Introduction. Contents. Objectives

Kingdom Protista. Lab Exercise 20. Introduction. Contents. Objectives Lab Exercise Kingdom Protista Contents Objectives 1 Introduction 1 Activity.1 Animal-like Protists 2 Activity.2 Fungal-like Protists 3 Activity.3 Plant-like Protists 3 Resutls Section 5 Introduction This

More information

Six Kingdoms By Cindy Grigg

Six Kingdoms By Cindy Grigg Six Kingdoms By Cindy Grigg Trevor 1 The first scientist to try to classify organisms was the Greek scholar Aristotle. He classified living things as either plants or animals. Then he divided each of these

More information

Living kingdoms. 120 Science Alive for VELS Level 5

Living kingdoms. 120 Science Alive for VELS Level 5 Living kingdoms I magine how difficult it would be to identify one of the millions of living things in the world if people couldn t agree on one system for classifying (or grouping) them. Fortunately,

More information

Unit B: Diversity of Living Things

Unit B: Diversity of Living Things Unit B: Diversity of Living Things Chapter 3: Multicellular Diversity - Considerable diversity exists among multicellular organisms, as well. Specific Expectations: In the chapter you will learn how to

More information

Kingdom. Phylum. Class. Order. Family. Genus. Species

Kingdom. Phylum. Class. Order. Family. Genus. Species 5.5 - Classification 5.5.1 - Outline the binomial system of nomenclature In this system, each species has two names - a noun and an adjective. The first is the genus, which starts with an upper case letter,

More information

Key Plant Unit Test Multiple Choice

Key Plant Unit Test Multiple Choice Plant Unit Test Multiple Choice For questions 1 25, circle the letter of the best answer from the choices provided. (2 pts each) For questions 1 3, refer to the diagram of the plant cell below: A B C D

More information

Kingdom Protista. Mr. Krause Edina Public Schools ISD273 EXIT 2/16/2005

Kingdom Protista. Mr. Krause Edina Public Schools ISD273 EXIT 2/16/2005 Kingdom Protista Mr. Krause Edina Public Schools ISD273 Kingdom Protista General Characteristics Animal-Like Protists Plant-Like Protists Fungus-Like Protists General Characteristics Protozoa - Greek name

More information

Invertebrates 2. Cladograms. Cladograms. Cladograms. Cladistics example. Cladogram of Phyla covered in Bio 11

Invertebrates 2. Cladograms. Cladograms. Cladograms. Cladistics example. Cladogram of Phyla covered in Bio 11 Invertebrates 2 Cladogram of Phyla covered in Bio 11 Cladograms Cladograms are constructed using a method known as cladistics. This method analyzes a collection of heritable character data compiled by

More information

Six Kingdoms By Cindy Grigg. 1 The first scientist to try to classify organisms was the

Six Kingdoms By Cindy Grigg. 1 The first scientist to try to classify organisms was the Six Kingdoms By Cindy Grigg 1 The first scientist to try to classify organisms was the Greek scholar Aristotle. He classified living things as either plants or animals. Then he divided each of these large

More information

BIOLOGICAL OCEANOGRAPHY

BIOLOGICAL OCEANOGRAPHY BIOLOGICAL OCEANOGRAPHY The Living Ocean Chap 14 Production and Life Chap 15 The Plankton: Drifters of the Open Sea Chap 16 The Nekton: Free Swimmers of the Sea Chap 16 Groups of Organisms How do we organize

More information

Bell Work. identify the phylum that each character belongs to. Tuesday, February 19, 13

Bell Work. identify the phylum that each character belongs to. Tuesday, February 19, 13 Bell Work identify the phylum that each character belongs to Bell Work identify the phylum that each character belongs to Porifera Bell Work identify the phylum that each character belongs to Porifera

More information

Classification is the grouping of objects based on similarities. Examine the evolutionary basis of modern classification systems.

Classification is the grouping of objects based on similarities. Examine the evolutionary basis of modern classification systems. 1 Classification is the grouping of objects based on similarities. Examine the evolutionary basis of modern classification systems. (six kingdoms) 2 Classification Classification is an important In understanding

More information

Introduction to Animals (Chapter 32) Identify what type of body symmetry is being exhibited by each of the following organisms

Introduction to Animals (Chapter 32) Identify what type of body symmetry is being exhibited by each of the following organisms NAME Introduction to Animals (Chapter 32) Identify what type of body symmetry is being exhibited by each of the following organisms. 1. 2. 3. 4. What view is Figure A giving of the human body? 5. Which

More information

The Domain Eukarya is a large, diverse and complex group or organisms that consist of one or more Eukaryotic Cells

The Domain Eukarya is a large, diverse and complex group or organisms that consist of one or more Eukaryotic Cells The Domain Eukarya is a large, diverse and complex group or organisms that consist of one or more Eukaryotic Cells This domain is divided into four fairly distinct kingdoms: - Protists (Protista) - Plants

More information

Biodiversity. The Road to the Six Kingdoms of Life

Biodiversity. The Road to the Six Kingdoms of Life Biodiversity The Road to the Six Kingdoms of Life How the 6 kingdoms came about At first, only two kingdoms were recognized Then Haeckel proposed a third kingdom Protista (where protists had both plant

More information

Organizing Life s Diversity

Organizing Life s Diversity 17 Organizing Life s Diversity section 3 Domains and Kingdoms The most widely used biological classification system has six kingdoms within three domains. What You ll Learn major characteristics of the

More information

Chapter 8 Understanding Populations

Chapter 8 Understanding Populations Chapter 8 Understanding Populations Section 2: How Species Interact with Each Other Key Terms: Niche Competition Predation Parasitism Mutualism Commensalism Symbiosis How Species Interact with Each Other

More information

Protists can be animal-like, plantlike, or funguslike.

Protists can be animal-like, plantlike, or funguslike. SECTION 19.1 DIVERSITY OF PROTISTS Study Guide KEY CONCEPT Kingdom Protista is the most diverse of all the kingdoms. VOCABULARY protist Protists can be animal-like, plantlike, or funguslike. 1. Are protists

More information

Living Things are Highly Organized. Levels of Organization

Living Things are Highly Organized. Levels of Organization Living Things are Highly Organized Levels of Organization Characteristics of Living Things 1.Made Up of Cells 2. Reproduction 3. Contains DNA; Living things are based on a universal genetic code. 4. Growth

More information

Chp. 26 Notes The Protista Kingdom

Chp. 26 Notes The Protista Kingdom Chp. 26 Notes The Protista Kingdom Most protists are unicellular, microscopic organisms, but a few are complex and multicellular. These are the most diverse (different) organisms according to life cycles,

More information

Specialized Cells, Tissues, Organs and Organ Systems. Chap 2, p. 67 Chap 9, p. 295 Chap 14, p

Specialized Cells, Tissues, Organs and Organ Systems. Chap 2, p. 67 Chap 9, p. 295 Chap 14, p Specialized Cells, Tissues, Organs and Organ Systems Chap 2, p. 67 Chap 9, p. 295 Chap 14, p. 468-471 2. I. Cell (Review) basic unit of structure and function in a living thing. They carry out the processes

More information

SPIDERS. Classification. By Rebecca K. Fraker. SPIDERS UNIT Spiders: Classification

SPIDERS. Classification. By Rebecca K. Fraker. SPIDERS UNIT Spiders: Classification SPIDERS Classification By Rebecca K. Fraker Atlantic Union Conference Teacher Bulletin www.teacherbulletin.org Page 1 of 8 Table of Contents Classification...3 Phylum Arthropoda: Five of the Orders...5

More information

Phylogeny 9/8/2014. Evolutionary Relationships. Data Supporting Phylogeny. Chapter 26

Phylogeny 9/8/2014. Evolutionary Relationships. Data Supporting Phylogeny. Chapter 26 Phylogeny Chapter 26 Taxonomy Taxonomy: ordered division of organisms into categories based on a set of characteristics used to assess similarities and differences Carolus Linnaeus developed binomial nomenclature,

More information

Chapter Niches and Community Interactions

Chapter Niches and Community Interactions Chapter 4 4.2 Niches and Community Interactions Key Questions: 1) What is a niche? 2) How does competition shape communities? 3) How do predation and herbivory shape communites? 4) What are three primary

More information

31.1 What Evidence Indicates the Animals Are Monophyletic?

31.1 What Evidence Indicates the Animals Are Monophyletic? 31.1 What Evidence Indicates the Animals Are Monophyletic? What traits distinguish the animals from the other groups of organisms? In contrast to the Bacteria, Archaea, and most microbial eukaryotes, all

More information

Chapter 26 Phylogeny and the Tree of Life

Chapter 26 Phylogeny and the Tree of Life Chapter 26 Phylogeny and the Tree of Life Biologists estimate that there are about 5 to 100 million species of organisms living on Earth today. Evidence from morphological, biochemical, and gene sequence

More information

Biology is Everywhere: Finding Nemo. Devon Regal. Biology PAP. Mrs. Smith 12/13/2015

Biology is Everywhere: Finding Nemo. Devon Regal. Biology PAP. Mrs. Smith 12/13/2015 Biology is Everywhere: Finding Nemo Devon Regal Biology PAP Mrs. Smith 12/13/2015 Introductory Paragraph: Biology is the study of life. It can be found anywhere in the world, from a sports competition

More information

Figure 14 p.385 5/11/2016. Plankton Production and Food Webs. Plankton Production and Food Webs

Figure 14 p.385 5/11/2016. Plankton Production and Food Webs. Plankton Production and Food Webs Plankton Production and Food Webs (Chapter 12) What is Plankton? Phytoplankton and Zooplankton Food Web: All the feeding relationships of a community including production, consumption, decomposition and

More information

12/2/2010 BIOLOGICAL OCEANOGRAPHY

12/2/2010 BIOLOGICAL OCEANOGRAPHY BIOLOGICAL OCEANOGRAPHY The Living Ocean Chap 14 Production and Life Chap 15 The Plankton: Drifters of the Open Sea Chap 16 The Nekton: Free Swimmers of the Sea Chap 16 Groups of Organisms How do we organize

More information

Back Lesson Print Directed Reading A Section: Fungi CHARACTERISTICS OF FUNGI

Back Lesson Print Directed Reading A Section: Fungi CHARACTERISTICS OF FUNGI Skills Worksheet Directed Reading A Section: Fungi CHARACTERISTICS OF FUNGI 1. What are fungi? 2. How do fungi get nutrients? 3. Many fungi are, which feed on dead plant or animal matter, while other fungi

More information

Doc #1 Evidence of Evolution Name: Period:

Doc #1 Evidence of Evolution Name: Period: Doc #1 Evidence of Evolution Name: Period: Convergent Evolution What does it mean to converge? What is the same about the animals under convergent evolution? Divergent Evolution What does it mean to diverge?

More information

Lab Exercise: Diversity of Eukaryotic Microbes

Lab Exercise: Diversity of Eukaryotic Microbes Lab Exercise: Diversity of Eukaryotic Microbes OBJECTIVES 1. To observe representatives of major types of microbes. 2. To cultivate select representatives of major types of microbes. 3. Understand key

More information

Classification of Living Things

Classification of Living Things Classification of Living Things Heather Spalding: University of Hawaii-Manoa GK-12 program VOCABULARY Write the term next to the definition. You will need to know these terms to understand the classification

More information

Animal Phyla: A Summary. Danilo V. Rogayan Jr. Faculty, College of Education, Arts and Sciences Ramon Magsaysay Technological University

Animal Phyla: A Summary. Danilo V. Rogayan Jr. Faculty, College of Education, Arts and Sciences Ramon Magsaysay Technological University Animal Phyla: A Summary Danilo V. Rogayan Jr. Faculty, College of Education, Arts and Sciences Ramon Magsaysay Technological University Phylum Platyhelminthes The phylum consists of four classes Turbellaria

More information

Kentucky Core Content for Science Assessment Correlations

Kentucky Core Content for Science Assessment Correlations Kentucky Core Content for Science LIFE SCIENCE STANDARDS THE CELL 3.1.1: Cells have particular structures that underlie their function. Every cell is surrounded by a membrane that separates it from the

More information

Unit 5: Living beings

Unit 5: Living beings Unit 5: Living beings 1. Characteristics of living beings 2. Composition of living beings 3. The cell 4. The vital functions 5. Levels of organisation Think and answer? a. What living beings can you see

More information

Face area (cm 2 ) Brain surface area (cm 2 ) Cranial capacity (cm 3 ) 1, Jaw Angle ( º )

Face area (cm 2 ) Brain surface area (cm 2 ) Cranial capacity (cm 3 ) 1, Jaw Angle ( º ) Honors Biology Test : Evolution GOOD LUCK! You ve learned so much! Multiple Choice: Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. (2 pts each) 1. As we move through the

More information

BIOLOGY II (BIO1201) SYLLABUS

BIOLOGY II (BIO1201) SYLLABUS New York City College of Technology School of Arts and Sciences Department of Biological Sciences BIOLOGY II (BIO1201) SYLLABUS Course Information Course Title: Biology II (Lecture and Laboratory) Course

More information

Unit 3: Taxonomy and Classification. Name: Test Date:

Unit 3: Taxonomy and Classification. Name: Test Date: Unit 3: Taxonomy and Classification Name: Period: Test Date: 1 Table of Contents Title of Page Page Number Due Date Unit 3 Warm Ups 3-4 Unit 3 KUDs 5 Sorting Activity 6-7 Taxon Bullseye 8 Taxonomy and

More information

Ph. Porifera and Ph. Cnidaria

Ph. Porifera and Ph. Cnidaria I. Phylum Porifera (sponges; pore bearer ) A. General characteristics 1. simplest animals 2. asymmetric 3. aquatic habitats a. typically marine 4. live alone or in colonies a. often members of reef habitats

More information

Cell Organelles. 2. Cells are the basic unit of organization in an organism Cells tissues organ organ system organism

Cell Organelles. 2. Cells are the basic unit of organization in an organism Cells tissues organ organ system organism Cell Organelles What are some of the differences you see between these two cells? A. Cell Theory 1. All organisms are made up of one or more cells 2. Cells are the basic unit of organization in an organism

More information

The Radiata-Bilateria split. Second branching in the evolutionary tree

The Radiata-Bilateria split. Second branching in the evolutionary tree The Radiata-Bilateria split Second branching in the evolutionary tree Two very important characteristics are used to distinguish between the second bifurcation of metazoans Body symmetry Germinal layers

More information

a. They get energy directly from sunlight c. They make their own food

a. They get energy directly from sunlight c. They make their own food 1) In which food chain is the most energy lost from the ecosystem? a. algae snail crane osprey b. algage zooplankton sunfish c. algae zooplankton sunfish tuna humans d. algae zooplankton sunfish heron

More information

CN Cell Differentiation #69

CN Cell Differentiation #69 Questions: Five study Questions EQ: What factors influence how and when cells differentiate within different organisms? Cell theory states that living things are made of cells some are unicellular (one

More information

Lab 2 Phylum Porifera and phylum Cnidaria. Grantia. Phylum Porifera. Kingdom :- Animalia. Phylum:- Porifera. Class:- Calcarea. Order:- Leucosolenida

Lab 2 Phylum Porifera and phylum Cnidaria. Grantia. Phylum Porifera. Kingdom :- Animalia. Phylum:- Porifera. Class:- Calcarea. Order:- Leucosolenida Lab 2 Phylum Porifera and phylum Cnidaria Phylum Porifera Adults sessile and attached Radial symmetry or asymmetrical Multi-cellular ; loose aggregation of cells Skeleton made of collagen and spicules

More information

SCIENCE Student Book. 5th Grade Unit 10

SCIENCE Student Book. 5th Grade Unit 10 SCIENCE Student Book 5th Grade Unit 10 Unit 10 LOOK AHEAD SCIENCE 510 LOOK AHEAD Introduction 3 1. Living Things...5 The Life of Plants, Fungi, Protists, and Monerans 7 Life of Animals and Animal-Like

More information

Characteristics of Living Things

Characteristics of Living Things Characteristics of Living Things What is biology? The study of living things All living things share certain characteristics The Characteristics of Living Things Living things are called organisms. All

More information

Biology 3rd Edition Sample Questions

Biology 3rd Edition Sample Questions Biology 3rd Edition Sample Questions Name: 1) Which is the correct identification of the parts of the DNA nucleotide in the diagram below? 6) The following diagram represents a part of the central nervous

More information

B2 Revision Questions Part 1

B2 Revision Questions Part 1 B2 Revision Questions Part 1 Higher only questions are underlined Question 1 What are the two different ways that things can be classified? Answer 1 Artificially and naturally Question 2 What is natural

More information

The Eras of the Earth In this lesson, we will study the changes that have taken place on the earth since it was formed 4.5 billion years ago. There have been big changes in the temperature of the land,

More information

2 Domains and Kingdoms

2 Domains and Kingdoms CHAPTER 11 2 s and Kingdoms SECTION Classification 7.1.a, 7.3.d California Science Standards BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: Which domains are

More information

Characteristics of Life

Characteristics of Life Name Date Claas Score Characteristics of Life READ AND HILITE THE MAIN IDEAS IN EACH PASSAGE THEN ANSWER THE QUESTIONS. Most people feel confident that they could identify a living thing from a nonliving

More information

Abraham Darby Academy KS3 Biology Cells, tissue, organs

Abraham Darby Academy KS3 Biology Cells, tissue, organs Abraham Darby Academy KS3 Biology Cells, tissue, organs Knowledge series Study Booklet 2017 Key terms Adaptation: A feature of an organism's body which helps it to survive. Bacteria: Single-celled micro-organisms.

More information

TWGHs Chen Zao Men College S3 Biology Teaching Schedule ( )

TWGHs Chen Zao Men College S3 Biology Teaching Schedule ( ) TWGHs Chen Zao Men College S3 Biology Teaching Schedule (2015-2016) Date Period Topics Practical / Activities 2/9 4/9 1 Laboratory safety Note taking skills 7/9 20/10 11 Ch 1 Molecules of life Chemicals

More information

Science 316 Sample questions, exam 3. Sun

Science 316 Sample questions, exam 3. Sun Notes: This sample exam contains questions primarily relevant to the final 3 rd of the class (though some will also require remembering earlier material). Remember, however, that your final will be cumulative

More information

Where Do Bat Wings Come From?

Where Do Bat Wings Come From? Where o at Wings ome From? 1 ats are the only mammals that have evolved the power of flight. They can avoid obstacles and slip through tight spaces. Many species are nocturnal and use echolocation to guide

More information