protein synthesis cell theory Centrioles specialization. unicellular ribosomes. mitochondria cell interdependence prokaryotes

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1 All cells must generate proteins. Cells make protein through a process called protein synthesis All living things are made of cells, Cells are the basic units of structure and function in all organisms, All cells are produced from existing cells. cell theory are made up of microtubules which help organize cell division. The cells in a multicellular organism have specific jobs. This is called cell. The cells of organisms are able to carry out all of the functions necessary for life. Cells that need to make a lot of protein are expected to have a large number of. The cell uses which structure to transfer energy from organic molecules to ATP? Centrioles specialization. unicellular ribosomes. mitochondria The concept in multicellular organisms that cells depend on other cells for survival The correct order of organization of structures in living things, from simplest to most complex Do not have membrane-bound organelles and membrane-bound cell interdependence atoms, molecules, organelles, cells, tissues, organs, organ systems prokaryotes

2 Have membrane-bound organelles and membrane-bound eukaryotes An important factor in limiting cell growth because the cell may become too large to take in enough food and to remove enough wastes. Surface area Looking at a cell under a microscope, you note that it is a prokaryote. How do you know? Not all cells are alike. Name some differences between cells. The cell lacks a and membrane-bound organelles shape, size, and function Numerous short, hairlike organelles that protrude from the surface of a cell and are packed in tight rows are called The organelles associated with photosynthesis are the Organelle that helps maintain homeostasis by moving supplies from one part of cell to others Organelle which contains digestive enzymes and breaks down organelles that are no longer useful? Organelle which stores DNA cilia. chloroplasts Endoplasmic reticulum lysosome The packaging and distribution center of the cell is the Golgi apparatus.

3 A particularly active cell might contain large numbers of mitochondria. The phospholipid bilayer surrounding the is called the nuclear envelope. Plant cells have a large membrane-bound space in which water, waste products, and nutrients are stored. This place is known as a central vacuole. The primary function of this organelle is to regulate the movement of materials into and out of the cell The primary function of this organelle is to support and protect the cell. cell membrane cell wall Proteins are made on the ribosomes. Ribosomes that synthesize proteins are found on the. rough endoplasmic reticulum Scientist who worked with animal cells Scientist who worked with plant cells The small, dense region where ribosomes are formed Theodor Schwann Matthias Schleiden nucleolus

4 The smallest units of life in all living things are Substances that are produced in a cell and exported outside of the cell would pass through these two organelles cells. Endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi apparatus This organelle stores coded instructions for making the cell's proteins, usually contains a nucleolus where ribosome assembly begins, and is surrounded by nuclear envelope that lets things in & out. Which 3 scientists contributed to the development of the cell theory? Matthias Schleiden, Theodore Schwann, and Rudolph Virchow Which organelles are involved in energy conversion? Which organelles would you expect to find in plant cells but not animal cells? Which structure in the cell modifies, sorts, and packages proteins and other materials for storage or release from the cell? mitochondria and chloroplasts cell wall, chloroplasts, and central vacuole Golgi apparatus Which structure in the cell stores materials, such as water, salts, proteins, and carbohydrates? Which structures are involved in cell movement? Which two organelles have double membranes and their own DNA? central vacuole microtubules and microfilaments Chloroplasts and mitochondria

5 Who used a compound microscope to see chambers within cork and named them "cells"? Who was the first to observe living cells? He called these Protists "wee beasties." Robert Hooke Anton van Leeuwenhoek

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