How do we define what it means to be alive?

Save this PDF as:
Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "How do we define what it means to be alive?"

Transcription

1

2 How do we define what it means to be alive?

3 Defining Life There is no universal definition of life. To define life in unequivocal terms is still a challenge for scientists. Conventional definition: must exhibit the following criteria: 1. Homeostasis: Regulation of the internal environment to maintain a constant state; for example, sweating to reduce temperature. 2. Organization: Being composed of one or more cells, which are the basic units of life. 3. Metabolism: Consumption of energy 4. Growth: A growing organism increases in size in all of its parts, rather than simply accumulating matter. 5. Adaptation: The ability to change over a period of time in response to the environment 6. Response to stimuli: A response can take many forms, from the contraction of a unicellular organism when touched to complex reactions involving all the senses of higher animals. A response is often expressed by motion, for example, the leaves of a plant turning toward the sun or an animal chasing its prey. 7. Reproduction: The ability to produce new organisms.

4 Cell Theory - Review 1. All living things are made of cells 2. Cells are the basic units of structure (form) and function (purpose) in living things. 3. Living cells come only from other living cells Brainpop: Cells

5 What are cells? Cells are the basic unit of structure and function in living things. All living things are made up of cells Cell are the building blocks of life Cells are specialized to do certain jobs in different regions of your body. There 200 different types of cells in your body. Cells are so tiny you could fit more than a million of them on a period at the end of a sentence.

6 What technology was created that allowed cells to be discovered? Hint: you could not SEE a cell without this piece of equipment. Another hint: we used this piece of equipment during our last unit of study.

7 Cells were named by Robert Hooke. 1 st scientist to call spaces in cork cells he observed under the microscope cells. Comes from the Latin word cella which means little rooms. Unicellular: one cell bacteria. Multicellular: many cells humans have over 200 different types of cells (blood, bone, skin) and an estimated 100 trillion total cells.

8 Cells Each cell is an amazing world unto itself: it can take in nutrients, convert these nutrients into energy, carry out specialized functions, and reproduce as necessary. Each cell stores its own set of instructions for carrying out each of these activities. Organelles: small structures, or organs within cells that perform a specific function

9 Cell Membrane Outer structure that surrounds the cell Supports & protects the cell Controls movement of materials in and out of the cell Barrier between cell and its environment

10 Cytoplasm Cell s environment or inner space The jellylike material outside the cell nucleus. Made of mostly water Contains the organelles Site of most cell activity

11 Nucleus The cell s computer, brain, or manager Controls the cell activities Contains all the information the cell needs to do specific jobs, grow, and divide Information is stored in DNA molecules Contains the nucleolus which makes ribosomes Determines what proteins will be made

12 Nuclear Membrane Protects and guards the nucleus Controls movement of materials in and out of the nucleus Keeps the DNA inside the nucleus Allows other materials to pass in and out of the nucleus

13 Ribosomes Makes the proteins the cell needs to survive and grow Produces the Protein which is the Product of the cell

14 Endoplasmic Reticulum (E.R.) The transportation system of the cell Carries material through cell Allows reactions to happen in the cell Where the ribosomes do their work Rough ER has ribosomes attached to it so the proteins they make can be released directly into the ER for transport Smooth ER collects things and contains them

15 Golgi Bodies Packs & carries the proteins Prepares the proteins for use or delivery outside the cell

16 Mitochondria Cell s powerhouse or power generator Supplies the energy Breaks down sugar molecules into energy Need oxygen to make energy and give off carbon dioxide as waste

17 Lysosomes Cell s recyclers Breaks down larger food molecules into smaller molecules Contains enzymes which break down the proteins Digests old cell parts

18 THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ANIMAL & PLANT CELLS

19 PLANT AND ANIMAL CELLS

20

21 CELL WALL: PLANT Function: Gives the cell most of its support and structure A thick, rigid membrane that surrounds a plant cell Bonds with other cell walls to form the structure of the plant

22 Cell Wall Plant cells only Made of cellulose Surrounds the cell membrane Gives plants their shape, structure, and protection Allows H2O, O2, and CO2, to pass in and out of the cell

23 Chloroplast Function: Where photosynthesis takes place An elongated or disc-shaped organelle containing chlorophyll

24 Chloroplasts Plant cells only Power generator for the plant Give plants their green color Uses energy from the sun to make food for the plant through photosynthesis

25 Can you remember the function of each? Cut out the symbols and glue them next to the correct cell part.

26

27 B. C. A. Cell = City G. D. H. I. E. J. F.

How do we define what it means to be alive?

How do we define what it means to be alive? How do we define what it means to be alive? Defining Life-7 Characteristics of Life There is no universal definition of life. To define life in unequivocal terms is still a challenge for scientists. Conventional

More information

Discovery of the Cell

Discovery of the Cell Cells Chapter 4 Discovery of the Cell 1665 Robert Hooke used a microscope to examine a piece of cork. He saw little boxes in the cork and called them cells. 1673 Anton van Leeuwenhoek was the first person

More information

Discovery of the Cell

Discovery of the Cell Cell Structure Discovery of the Cell Who discovered cells? 1665 Robert Hooke used a compound microscope to examine a piece of cork (20X magnification) He saw little boxes in the cork and called them cells

More information

What is a cell? A cell is the basic unit of structure and function in living things. Who discovered cells?

What is a cell? A cell is the basic unit of structure and function in living things. Who discovered cells? INTRODUCTION TO THE CELL What is a cell? A cell is the basic unit of structure and function in living things. Who discovered cells? Robert Hooke (by looking at a piece of cork under a microscope What is

More information

Cell Theory. The cell is the basic unit of structure and function for all living things, but no one knew they existed before the 17 th century!

Cell Theory. The cell is the basic unit of structure and function for all living things, but no one knew they existed before the 17 th century! Cell Notes Cell Theory All living organisms are made of. cells The cell is the basic unit of structure and function for all living things, but no one knew they existed before the 17 th century! In 1665,

More information

Parts of the Cell book pgs

Parts of the Cell book pgs Parts of the Cell book pgs. 12-18 Animal Cell Cytoplasm Cell Membrane Go to Section: Eukaryotic Cell: Organelles & Functions 1. Cell Membrane (Nickname: skin ) Function: A protective layer that covers

More information

Cell Organelles Tutorial

Cell Organelles Tutorial 1 Name: Cell Organelles Tutorial TEK 7.12D: Differentiate between structure and function in plant and animal cell organelles, including cell membrane, cell wall, nucleus, cytoplasm, mitochondrion, chloroplast,

More information

A Look At Cells Graphics: Microsoft Clipart

A Look At Cells Graphics: Microsoft Clipart CELLS, CELLS, CELLS A Look At Cells Graphics: Microsoft Clipart Cells Defined as the basic unit of living things. Cell Theory All living things are made of cells Cells are the basic units of structure

More information

Cell Structure: What cells are made of. Can you pick out the cells from this picture?

Cell Structure: What cells are made of. Can you pick out the cells from this picture? Cell Structure: What cells are made of Can you pick out the cells from this picture? Review of the cell theory Microscope was developed 1610. Anton van Leeuwenhoek saw living things in pond water. 1677

More information

Cell Structure: Organelles. Unit Seventh Grade

Cell Structure: Organelles. Unit Seventh Grade Cell Structure: Organelles Unit 3 --- Seventh Grade Cells are everywhere. Even though most cells cannot be seen with the naked eye, they make up every living thing. Your body contains trillions of cells.

More information

protein synthesis cell theory Centrioles specialization. unicellular ribosomes. mitochondria cell interdependence prokaryotes

protein synthesis cell theory Centrioles specialization. unicellular ribosomes. mitochondria cell interdependence prokaryotes All cells must generate proteins. Cells make protein through a process called protein synthesis All living things are made of cells, Cells are the basic units of structure and function in all organisms,

More information

Chapter: Life's Structure and Classification

Chapter: Life's Structure and Classification Table of Contents Chapter: Life's Structure and Classification Section 1: Living Things 1- What is an organism? Any living thing is called an organism. Organisms vary in size: 1)one-celled or unicellular

More information

LIFE SCIENCE CHAPTER 3 FLASHCARDS

LIFE SCIENCE CHAPTER 3 FLASHCARDS LIFE SCIENCE CHAPTER 3 FLASHCARDS Human beings are A. machines. B. organisms. C. systems. D. protists. One benefit of being a large organism is that you have A. larger cells. B. simpler functions. C. fewer

More information

Science Interactive Notebook ZcienceClass.com

Science Interactive Notebook ZcienceClass.com Science Interactive Notebook ZcienceClass.com Mr. Zamarripa If found return to room 206 Week of 09/12/2016 65A Warm-Up Tuesday A student walks 2 km in 30 minutes. What is the student s average speed in

More information

Cells. basic structure of life

Cells. basic structure of life Cells basic structure of life Cells are the smallest unit of life Cells (the smallest unit of life)- make up all living things, including your own body. Cells can differ in shape and sizes. The different

More information

What is a cell? Recall your work yesterday. When classifying cells, what are the two groups scientists separate cells into?

What is a cell? Recall your work yesterday. When classifying cells, what are the two groups scientists separate cells into? What is a cell? Recall your work yesterday. When classifying cells, what are the two groups scientists separate cells into? Light Microscopes and Total Power Magnification We can use microscopes to observe

More information

http://koning.ecsu.ctstateu.edu/cell/cell.html 4A: Students will compare and contrast prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells Robert Hooke (1665) Used a compound microscope to look at thin slices of cork (oak

More information

Unit 4: Cells. Biology 309/310. Name: Review Guide

Unit 4: Cells. Biology 309/310. Name: Review Guide Unit 4: Cells Review Guide LEARNING TARGETS Place a checkmark next to the learning targets you feel confident on. Then go back and focus on the learning targets that are not checked. Identify the parts

More information

Directions for Plant Cell 3-Part Cards

Directions for Plant Cell 3-Part Cards Directions for Plant Cell 3-Part Cards 1. Print out copy of 3 part cards and control cards Laminate for durability. Cut apart description and labels from 3 part cards. 2. As an introductory lesson, students

More information

Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. chapter 7 Test Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Who was one of the first people to identify and see cork cells? a. Anton van

More information

CELL PART Expanded Definition Cell Structure Illustration Function Summary Location ALL CELLS DNA Common in Animals Uncommon in Plants Lysosome

CELL PART Expanded Definition Cell Structure Illustration Function Summary Location ALL CELLS DNA Common in Animals Uncommon in Plants Lysosome CELL PART Expanded Definition Cell Structure Illustration Function Summary Location is the material that contains the Carry genetic ALL CELLS information that determines material inherited characteristics.

More information

Biology. Mrs. Michaelsen. Types of cells. Cells & Cell Organelles. Cell size comparison. The Cell. Doing Life s Work. Hooke first viewed cork 1600 s

Biology. Mrs. Michaelsen. Types of cells. Cells & Cell Organelles. Cell size comparison. The Cell. Doing Life s Work. Hooke first viewed cork 1600 s Types of cells bacteria cells Prokaryote - no organelles Cells & Cell Organelles Doing Life s Work Eukaryotes - organelles animal cells plant cells Cell size comparison Animal cell Bacterial cell most

More information

Chapter 4 Cells: The Basic Units of Life The Big Idea All organisms are composed of one or more cells.

Chapter 4 Cells: The Basic Units of Life The Big Idea All organisms are composed of one or more cells. Chapter 4 Cells: The Basic Units of Life The Big Idea All organisms are composed of one or more cells. Section 1 The Characteristics of Cells Key Concept Cells function similarly in all living organisms.

More information

Biology. Introduction to Cells. Tuesday, February 9, 16

Biology. Introduction to Cells. Tuesday, February 9, 16 Biology Introduction to Cells Biology Biology is the study of life. In Biology, we are going to start small (the cell) and end with explaining a larger system (organisms) How small? http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/

More information

Function and Illustration. Nucleus. Nucleolus. Cell membrane. Cell wall. Capsule. Mitochondrion

Function and Illustration. Nucleus. Nucleolus. Cell membrane. Cell wall. Capsule. Mitochondrion Intro to Organelles Name: Block: Organelles are small structures inside cells. They are often covered in membranes. Each organelle has a job to do in the cell. Their name means little organ. Just like

More information

CELL STRUCTURE. What are the basic units of life? What are the structures within a cell and what are they capable of? How and why do cells divide?

CELL STRUCTURE. What are the basic units of life? What are the structures within a cell and what are they capable of? How and why do cells divide? CELL STRUCTURE What are the basic units of life? What are the structures within a cell and what are they capable of? How and why do cells divide? YEAR 8 BODY SYSTEMS Cells alive! Cells are the smallest

More information

CELL STRUCTURE & FUNCTION

CELL STRUCTURE & FUNCTION 7-1 Life Is Cellular CELL STRUCTURE & FUNCTION Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall The Discovery of the Cell 1665: Robert Hooke used an early compound microscope to look at a thin slice of cork. Cork looked

More information

The Unity of Life. All living things are made up of small individual units called cells.

The Unity of Life. All living things are made up of small individual units called cells. The Unity of Life All living things are made up of small individual units called cells. Robert Hooke (1600 s) - examined slices of cork with a magnifying glass and observed box-like structures which he

More information

Cell-ebrate Cells Cell Structure & Function Notes. April 11, 2017

Cell-ebrate Cells Cell Structure & Function Notes. April 11, 2017 Cell-ebrate Cells Cell Structure & Notes April 11, 2017 Warm-Up: Tuesday True or False? True Cells can only come from other cells Today we are Learning: I can describe that cells are the basic unit of

More information

CELL THEORY & FUNCTION

CELL THEORY & FUNCTION CELL THEORY & FUNCTION DISCOVERY OF THE CELL Can t see cells, so who knew they existed? Discovered after the microscope was invented. Mid 1600s when scientists began using microscopes Robert Hooke

More information

The Discovery of Cells

The Discovery of Cells The Discovery of Cells Microscope observations! General Cell & Organelle Discovery 1600s Observations made by scientists using more powerful microscopes in the 1800s led to the formation of the cell theory.

More information

Unit 3: Cells. Objective: To be able to compare and contrast the differences between Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells.

Unit 3: Cells. Objective: To be able to compare and contrast the differences between Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells. Unit 3: Cells Objective: To be able to compare and contrast the differences between Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells. The Cell Theory All living things are composed of cells (unicellular or multicellular).

More information

The endoplasmic reticulum (ER)

The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) Cell Dairy Farm 1. Pens and corrals The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a series of interconnecting flattened tunnels which are attached to the outer membrane of the nucleus. The ER is the transport network

More information

What in the Cell is Going On?

What in the Cell is Going On? What in the Cell is Going On? Robert Hooke naturalist, philosopher, inventor, architect... (July 18, 1635 - March 3, 1703) In 1665 Robert Hooke publishes his book, Micrographia, which contains his drawings

More information

Cell Organelles. Wednesday, October 22, 14

Cell Organelles. Wednesday, October 22, 14 Cell Organelles Cell/Plasma Membrane ALL cells have a cell membrane It is the layer that surrounds the cell and controls what goes in and out Bacteria (Prokaryotic Cell) Cell/Plasma Membrane ALL cells

More information

Unit 2: Cells. Students will understand that the organs in an organism are made of cells that have structures & perform specific life functions

Unit 2: Cells. Students will understand that the organs in an organism are made of cells that have structures & perform specific life functions Unit 2: Cells Students will understand that the organs in an organism are made of cells that have structures & perform specific life functions Vocabulary Cell Chloroplast Tissue Cell wall Organ Lysosome

More information

The Basic Unit of Life Copyright Amy Brown Science Stuff

The Basic Unit of Life Copyright Amy Brown Science Stuff Cell Structure and Function The Basic Unit of Life Copyright Amy Brown Science Stuff The Discovery of the Cell Robert Hooke looked at thin slices of cork (plant cells) under the microscope. Named it a

More information

Name: Class: Date: ID: A

Name: Class: Date: ID: A Class: Date: Ch 7 Review Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Researchers use fluorescent labels and light microscopy to a. follow

More information

Cells and Their Organelles

Cells and Their Organelles Mr. Ulrich Regents Biology Name:.. Cells and Their Organelles The cell is the basic unit of life. The following is a glossary of animal cell terms. All cells are surrounded by a cell membrane. The cell

More information

Cells and Their Organelles

Cells and Their Organelles Cells and Their Organelles The cell is the basic unit of life. The following is a glossary of animal cell terms. All cells are surrounded by a cell membrane. The cell membrane is semipermeable, allowing

More information

Cell Theory and Structure. Discoveries What are Cells? Cell Theory Cell Structures Organelles

Cell Theory and Structure. Discoveries What are Cells? Cell Theory Cell Structures Organelles Cell Theory and Structure Discoveries What are Cells? Cell Theory Cell Structures Organelles Discoveries In 1665 Robert Hooke observed a thin slice of cork from an oak tree What he saw reminded him of

More information

7 Characteristics of Life

7 Characteristics of Life 7 Characteristics of Life 1. Interdependence 2. Metabolism 3. Homeostasis 4. Cellular Structure and Function 5. Reproduction 6. Heredity 7. Evolution The Cell Theory All living things are composed of one

More information

A D A E J (L) J(s) K L

A D A E J (L) J(s) K L I A E A D G C B C F G E F H B J (L) H K L J(s) Animal Cells Less Support Needed Large, multicellular organisms made of animal cells often have support systems such as bones or exoskeletons Plant and Animal

More information

Ask yourself. Chapter 3 Cell Structure and Function. Examples of Cells. A is cell the smallest unit that is capable of performing life functions.

Ask yourself. Chapter 3 Cell Structure and Function. Examples of Cells. A is cell the smallest unit that is capable of performing life functions. Chapter 3 Cell Structure and Function Ask yourself If you were a scientist living in the 1500s, what kind of questions would you ask yourself if you were the one to discover cells? Let me think. Cell Video

More information

Name: Date: Hour:

Name: Date: Hour: Name: Date: Hour: 1 2 3 4 5 6 Comprehension Questions 1. At what level of organization does life begin? 2. What surrounds all cells? 3. What is meant by semipermeable? 4. What 2 things make up the cell

More information

Cell structure and functions

Cell structure and functions Cell structure and functions Cells: The cell is the basic structural and functional unit of life. All living organisms are made up of cells. Cells make tissues, tissues make organs, organs make organ systems

More information

3.2. Eukaryotic Cells and Cell Organelles. Teacher Notes and Answers. section

3.2. Eukaryotic Cells and Cell Organelles. Teacher Notes and Answers. section section 3.2 Eukaryotic Cells and Cell Organelles Teacher Notes and Answers SECTION 2 Instant Replay 1. Answers will vary. An example answer is a shapeless bag. 2. store and protect the DNA 3. mitochondria

More information

Cell Structure and Function

Cell Structure and Function Cell Structure and Function Cell size comparison Animal cell Bacterial cell What jobs do cells have to do for an organism to live Gas exchange CO 2 & O 2 Eat (take in & digest food) Make energy ATP Build

More information

Introduction to Cells. Intro to Cells. Scientists who contributed to cell theory. Cell Theory. There are 2 types of cells: All Cells:

Introduction to Cells. Intro to Cells. Scientists who contributed to cell theory. Cell Theory. There are 2 types of cells: All Cells: Intro to Cells Key Concept: Cells are the basic unit of life. Introduction to Cells Cells are the basic units of organisms Cells can only be observed under microscope Basic types of cells: 1 Animal Cell

More information

Cell City Introduction!

Cell City Introduction! Cell City Introduction! Floating around in the cytoplasm are small structures called organelles. Like the organs in your own body, each one carries out a specific function necessary for the cell to survive.

More information

UNIT 3 CP BIOLOGY: Cell Structure

UNIT 3 CP BIOLOGY: Cell Structure UNIT 3 CP BIOLOGY: Cell Structure Page CP: CHAPTER 3, Sections 1-3; HN: CHAPTER 7, Sections 1-2 Standard B-2: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the structure and function of cells and their

More information

Base your answers to questions 1 and 2 on the diagram below which represents a typical green plant cell and on your knowledge of biology.

Base your answers to questions 1 and 2 on the diagram below which represents a typical green plant cell and on your knowledge of biology. Base your answers to questions 1 and 2 on the diagram below which represents a typical green plant cell and on your knowledge of biology. 5. Which letter corresponds to that of the endoplasmic reticulum?

More information

BIO 2 GO! 3216a The Cell Organelles and Nucleus Function

BIO 2 GO! 3216a The Cell Organelles and Nucleus Function BIO 2 GO! 3216a The Cell Organelles and Nucleus Function The cell is the smallest unit of life. Each living cell has a nucleus which functions to control the actions of the rest of the cell. Upon successful

More information

Turns sunlight, water & carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) into sugar & oxygen through photosynthesis

Turns sunlight, water & carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) into sugar & oxygen through photosynthesis CELL PART/ ORGANELLE FUNCTION (what it does) PICTURE Plant, Animal, or Both Cell Membrane controls what goes in & out of the cell protects the cell Nucleus directs all the cell s activities contains cell

More information

A Framework for Function Lexile 930L

A Framework for Function Lexile 930L Plant and nimal ell Organelles Framework for Function Lexile 930L 1 What makes up a cell? id you know that there are billions of cells moving around in your body at this very moment? Without cells, our

More information

NAME: PERIOD: DATE: A View of the Cell. Use Chapter 8 of your book to complete the chart of eukaryotic cell components.

NAME: PERIOD: DATE: A View of the Cell. Use Chapter 8 of your book to complete the chart of eukaryotic cell components. NAME: PERIOD: DATE: A View of the Cell Use Chapter 8 of your book to complete the chart of eukaryotic cell components. Cell Part Cell Wall Centriole Chloroplast Cilia Cytoplasm Cytoskeleton Endoplasmic

More information

Honors Biology summer assignment. Review the notes and study them. There will be a test on this information the 1 st week of class

Honors Biology summer assignment. Review the notes and study them. There will be a test on this information the 1 st week of class Honors Biology summer assignment Review the notes and study them. There will be a test on this information the 1 st week of class Biomolecules Molecules that make up living things. There are 4 molecules

More information

The Cell. The basic unit of all living things

The Cell. The basic unit of all living things The Cell The basic unit of all living things 1 Robert Hooke was the first to name the cell (1665) 2 The Cell Theory The cell is the unit of Structure of all living things. The cell is the unit of Function

More information

T HE C ELL C H A P T E R 1 P G. 4-23

T HE C ELL C H A P T E R 1 P G. 4-23 T HE C ELL C H A P T E R 1 P G. 4-23 A CELL IS THE SMALLEST LIVING UNIT KNOWN. IT IS OFTEN CALLED THE BUILDING BLOCK OF THE BODY, AND IS THE BASIC STRUCTURAL AND FUNCTIONAL UNIT OF AN ORGANISM. CELL THEORY

More information

II. Eukaryotic Cell Structure A. Boundaries 1. plasma membrane a. serves as a boundary b/w the cell and its environment b. controls movement of

II. Eukaryotic Cell Structure A. Boundaries 1. plasma membrane a. serves as a boundary b/w the cell and its environment b. controls movement of I. History of the cell theory A. Anton van Leeuwenhoek (1600s) - dutch lens maker could see things with his lenses that were invisible to the naked eye - developed the simple microscope B. Robert Hooke

More information

All living things are made of cells

All living things are made of cells All about CELLS! 12F recognize that according to cell theory all organisms are composed of cells and cells carry on similar functions such as extracting energy from food to sustain life 12C recognize levels

More information

CELL THEORY & FUNCTION

CELL THEORY & FUNCTION UNIT 1- THE CELL CELL THEORY & FUNCTION A Word From Bill Record your observations about the picture to the right. What do you think you are you looking at? Describe the structure with as much detail

More information

VOCABULARY. Cell Membrane Nucleus Cell Wall Chloroplast Vacuole Tissue Organ Organ System

VOCABULARY. Cell Membrane Nucleus Cell Wall Chloroplast Vacuole Tissue Organ Organ System CELLS VOCABULARY Cell Membrane Nucleus Cell Wall Chloroplast Vacuole Tissue Organ Organ System THE IMPORTANCE OF CELLS Cells are the smallest unit of life in all living things They are organized structures

More information

Class IX: Biology Chapter 5: The fundamental unit of life. Chapter Notes. 1) In 1665, Robert Hooke first discovered and named the cells.

Class IX: Biology Chapter 5: The fundamental unit of life. Chapter Notes. 1) In 1665, Robert Hooke first discovered and named the cells. Class IX: Biology Chapter 5: The fundamental unit of life. Key learnings: Chapter Notes 1) In 1665, Robert Hooke first discovered and named the cells. 2) Cell is the structural and functional unit of all

More information

Van Leeuwenhoek. 1 st crude microscope made by the Dutchman

Van Leeuwenhoek. 1 st crude microscope made by the Dutchman The Cell History of Cells In 1665, English scientist Robert Hooke used the first compound light microscope to see plant tissues He viewed several thin slices of cork He called the small chambers within

More information

Biology. 7-2 Eukaryotic Cell Structure 10/29/2013. Eukaryotic Cell Structures

Biology. 7-2 Eukaryotic Cell Structure 10/29/2013. Eukaryotic Cell Structures Biology Biology 1of 49 2of 49 Eukaryotic Cell Structures Eukaryotic Cell Structures Structures within a eukaryotic cell that perform important cellular functions are known as organelles. Cell biologists

More information

Chapter 4. Table of Contents. Section 1 The History of Cell Biology. Section 2 Introduction to Cells. Section 3 Cell Organelles and Features

Chapter 4. Table of Contents. Section 1 The History of Cell Biology. Section 2 Introduction to Cells. Section 3 Cell Organelles and Features Cell Structure and Function Table of Contents Section 1 The History of Cell Biology Section 2 Introduction to Cells Section 3 Cell Organelles and Features Section 4 Unique Features of Plant Cells Section

More information

Cells Cytology = the study of cells. Nonliving Levels. Organization Levels of Life. Living Levels 11/14/13. More Living Levels

Cells Cytology = the study of cells. Nonliving Levels. Organization Levels of Life. Living Levels 11/14/13. More Living Levels Cells Cytology = the study of cells What Are the Main Characteristics of organisms? 1. Made of CELLS 2. Require ENERGY (food) 3. REPRODUCE (species) 4. Maintain HOMEOSTASIS 5. ORGANIZED 6. RESPOND to environment

More information

The diagram below represents levels of organization within a cell of a multicellular organism.

The diagram below represents levels of organization within a cell of a multicellular organism. STATION 1 1. Unlike prokaryotic cells, eukaryotic cells have the capacity to a. assemble into multicellular organisms b. establish symbiotic relationships with other organisms c. obtain energy from the

More information

02/02/ Living things are organized. Analyze the functional inter-relationship of cell structures. Learning Outcome B1

02/02/ Living things are organized. Analyze the functional inter-relationship of cell structures. Learning Outcome B1 Analyze the functional inter-relationship of cell structures Learning Outcome B1 Describe the following cell structures and their functions: Cell membrane Cell wall Chloroplast Cytoskeleton Cytoplasm Golgi

More information

Biology Test 2 The Cell. For questions 1 15, choose ONLY ONE correct answer and fill in that choice on your Scantron form.

Biology Test 2 The Cell. For questions 1 15, choose ONLY ONE correct answer and fill in that choice on your Scantron form. Name Block Date Biology Test 2 The Cell For questions 1 15, choose ONLY ONE correct answer and fill in that choice on your Scantron form. 1. Which pair of structures best shows that plant cells have functions

More information

Biology. Introduction to Cells. Sunday, November 8, 15

Biology. Introduction to Cells. Sunday, November 8, 15 Biology Introduction to Cells Cell Theory Biology is the study of life. Ideas about cells are built on the cell theory which states: 1. All living things are made of cells and their products. 2. The cell

More information

Discovering Cell/ The Cell Theory. * Cells are the basic, smallest units of structure and function of living things.

Discovering Cell/ The Cell Theory. * Cells are the basic, smallest units of structure and function of living things. Discovering Cell/ The Cell Theory * Cells are the basic, smallest units of structure and function of living things. Since they are so small, before the invention of the microscope (around 1590), no one

More information

BASIC BIOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES

BASIC BIOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES BASIC BIOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES A1 A1. Basic Biological Principles 1. Describe the characteristics of life shared by all prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms 2. Compare cellular structures and their function

More information

STUDENT PACKET #1 Student Exploration: Cell Structure

STUDENT PACKET #1 Student Exploration: Cell Structure STUDENT PACKET #1 Student Exploration: Cell Structure Big Idea 14: Organization and Development of Living Organisms SC.6.L.14.1 Describe and identify patterns in the hierarchical organization of organisms

More information

CELL THEORY, STRUCTURE & FUNCTION

CELL THEORY, STRUCTURE & FUNCTION CELL THEORY, STRUCTURE & FUNCTION History of Cells Robert Hooke (1665) observed cork under a microscope Thought they looked like the rooms monks lived in called cells. History of Cells Antony Van Leeuwenhoek

More information

Cell Organelles. a review of structure and function

Cell Organelles. a review of structure and function Cell Organelles a review of structure and function TEKS and Student Expectations (SE s) B.4 Science concepts. The student knows that cells are the basic structures of all living things with specialized

More information

The Cell Theory. Prokaryotic (Pre) ( Nucleus) Cells 10/28/2013. Types of Cells. All living things have cells. Always single- celled lacks organelles

The Cell Theory. Prokaryotic (Pre) ( Nucleus) Cells 10/28/2013. Types of Cells. All living things have cells. Always single- celled lacks organelles Types of Cells Cells 1. I can explain the cell theory The Cell Theory 1. All living things are composed of one or more cells. 2. Cells are the basic units of structure and function. 3. Cells are produced

More information

Cells. Part 1: Characteristics of Living Things

Cells. Part 1: Characteristics of Living Things Cells Part 1: Characteristics of Living Things Introduction Living or Non-living? How do you know? What characteristics does it have that makes you think that way? Living? What makes something living?

More information

8/25/ Opening Questions: Are all living things made of cells? What are at least five things you know about cells?

8/25/ Opening Questions: Are all living things made of cells? What are at least five things you know about cells? Chapter 3 The Cell: Module Hyperlinks 3.1 Cells are the fundamental units of life 3.2 Plant vs. animal cells 3.3 Membranes: structure 3.4 Membranes: function 3.5 The nucleus 3.6 Organelles in protein production

More information

Some history. Now, we know that Robert Hooke was not looking at living cells, but the remains of dead cell walls.

Some history. Now, we know that Robert Hooke was not looking at living cells, but the remains of dead cell walls. The Life of a Cell Some history In 1665, Robert Hooke examined the bark of an oak tree under an early microscope. He thought he was looking at something similar to the small rooms of dormitories and prisons;

More information

Day 1. What You ll Learn. 1. Organisms are living things. 2. All organisms are made of one or more cells.

Day 1. What You ll Learn. 1. Organisms are living things. 2. All organisms are made of one or more cells. What You ll Learn Day 1 1. Organisms are living things. 2. All organisms are made of one or more cells. 3. There are two main types of cells: Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic A cell is the basic unit and structure

More information

Name Class Date. Complete each of the following sentences by choosing the correct term from the word bank.

Name Class Date. Complete each of the following sentences by choosing the correct term from the word bank. Skills Worksheet Chapter Review USING KEY TERMS Complete each of the following sentences by choosing the correct term from the word bank. cell organ cell membrane prokaryote organelles eukaryote cell wall

More information

7.L.1.2 Plant and Animal Cells. Plant and Animal Cells

7.L.1.2 Plant and Animal Cells. Plant and Animal Cells 7.L.1.2 Plant and Animal Cells Plant and Animal Cells Clarifying Objective: 7.L.1.2 Compare the structures and functions of plant and animal cells; include major organelles (cell membrane, cell wall, nucleus,

More information

Cell Structure and Function. Chapter 4

Cell Structure and Function. Chapter 4 Cell Structure and Function Chapter 4 Chapter 4: Cell Structure Section 1: The History of Cell Biology Section 2: Introduction to Cells Section 3: Cell Organelles and Features Section 4: Unique Features

More information

Microscope History Robert Hooke

Microscope History Robert Hooke 1 Microscope History Robert Hooke First described cells in 1665. He viewed thin slices of cork and compared the boxy partitions he observed to the cells (small rooms) in a monastery. (1635 1702) 2 Microscope

More information

Name Hour. Section 7-1 Life Is Cellular (pages )

Name Hour. Section 7-1 Life Is Cellular (pages ) Name Hour Section 7-1 Life Is Cellular (pages 169-173) Introduction (page 169) 1. What is the structure that makes up every living thing? The Discovery of the Cell (pages 169-170) 2. What was Anton van

More information

Cell Review: Day "Pseudopodia" literally means? a) False feet b) True motion c) False motion d) True feet

Cell Review: Day Pseudopodia literally means? a) False feet b) True motion c) False motion d) True feet Cell Review: Day 1 1. "Pseudopodia" literally means? a) False feet b) True motion c) False motion d) True feet Cell Review: Day 1 2. What is the primary method of movement for Euglena? a) Flagella b) Cilia

More information

Cell Is the basic structural, functional, and biological unit of all known living organisms. Cells are the smallest unit of life and are often called

Cell Is the basic structural, functional, and biological unit of all known living organisms. Cells are the smallest unit of life and are often called The Cell Cell Is the basic structural, functional, and biological unit of all known living organisms. Cells are the smallest unit of life and are often called the "building blocks of life". The study of

More information

Name: Period: Date: Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

Name: Period: Date: Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Name: Period: _ Date: _ Cell Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. The invention of the microscope made it possible for people to discover a.

More information

What is a cell? (*Know the parts of the microscope!)

What is a cell? (*Know the parts of the microscope!) Cells What is a cell? All living things have cells whether it is one or many! Therefore, a cell is the basic unit of all life. The invention of the microscope was pivotal to the study of cell biology.

More information

B05 comparison of plant and animal cells.notebook. November 22, 2012

B05 comparison of plant and animal cells.notebook. November 22, 2012 Worksheet:List of Cell Organelles and Functions Instructions: After watching the video, complete the following table http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o1gqycijata&feature=related Organelle Location Function

More information

COMMON CORE Lessons & Activities

COMMON CORE Lessons & Activities T E AC H I T SA M PL E COMMON CORE Lessons & Activities DAY! O T Common Core Lessons & Activities: Cell Structure By Carole Marsh Published by Gallopade International, Inc. Carole Marsh/Gallopade Printed

More information

Chapter Life Is Cellular

Chapter Life Is Cellular Chapter 7 7-1 Life Is Cellular The Discovery of the Cell Anton van Leeuwenhoek used a single-lens microscope to observe tiny little organisms in pond water. The Discovery of the Cell In 1665, Robert Hooke

More information

prokaryotic eukaryotic

prokaryotic eukaryotic Cell Basics Two Basic Cell Types All cells are either prokaryotic or eukaryotic Prokaryotic Cells a.k.a. Bacteria Prokaryotes, which includes all bacteria. They are the simplest cellular organisms. They

More information

Basic Structure of a Cell

Basic Structure of a Cell Basic Structure of a Cell Prokaryotic Cells No nucleus Archaea & Eubacteria One circular chromosome Extremely small Eukaryotic Cells Has a nucleus!!! Membrane-bound organelles Plants, Animals, Fungi, &

More information

STEMscopedia: CELL STRUCTURES AND HOMEOSTASIS B1A

STEMscopedia: CELL STRUCTURES AND HOMEOSTASIS B1A Reflect B1A Have you wondered why you shiver in the cold? Or maybe why your stomach gets upset after eating something bad? These and many other reactions are ways your body is responding to a change in

More information

CELL Readings BCMS 1/1/2018

CELL Readings BCMS 1/1/2018 CELL Readings BCMS 1/1/2018 3.1 Cell Biology Learning Objectives Explain how cells are observed. Define the three main parts of the cell theory. Explain the levels of organization in an organism. Introduction

More information

STUDY GUIDE SECTION 4-1 The History of Cell Biology

STUDY GUIDE SECTION 4-1 The History of Cell Biology STUDY GUIDE SECTION 4-1 The History of Cell Biology Name Period Date Multiple Choice-Write the correct letter in the blank. 1. One early piece of evidence supporting the cell theory was the observation

More information

I m knocking on this cell wall to see what s inside. He doesn t look happy with me.

I m knocking on this cell wall to see what s inside. He doesn t look happy with me. 1 2 Flowers, like Roses, brighten up many gardens with green leaves and colorful blossoms. How do Roses carry out all the functions necessary to stay alive? To answer this question, you must look inside

More information