A D A E J (L) J(s) K L

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1 I A E A D G C B C F G E F H B J (L) H K L J(s)

2 Animal Cells Less Support Needed Large, multicellular organisms made of animal cells often have support systems such as bones or exoskeletons Plant and Animal Cells Plant Cells More Support Needed Large, multicellular organisms made of plant cells do not have a skeleton, so the cell walls and central vacuoles are important for support More flexible - NO CELL WALL I. Cell Wall - provides structure to the plant cell J (s) Small Vacuoles - small vacuoles are used to store materials within the cell L. Lysosome - break down materials (clean up) NO CHLOROPLASTS - animal cells make up organisms that are heterotrophic and must consume other organisms (or parts) for food J (L). Central Vacuole - a large storage area - helps give plant cells their shape and help digest food K. Chloroplasts - contain chlorophyll that is used to make food for the plant cell using photosynthesis

3 Cells and the Cell Theory Cell - smallest unit that makes up all living things (a single Lego in a Lego castle) Cell Theory - Basic Scientific Rules Regarding Cells All living things are made of one or more cells Cells are the basic unit of life All cells come from other cells Important Scientists that Studied Cells Hooke - discovered cells by looking at a slice of cork - named them "cells Anton Van Leeuwenhoek - discovered bacteria - called them animalcules Schleiden - studied plants and determined that all plants are made of cells Schwann - studied animals and determined that all animals are made of cells Virchow - supported part of the cell theory that all cells come from other cells

4 Cells and the Cell Theory - smallest unit that makes up all living things (a single Lego in a Lego castle) Cell Theory - Basic Scientific Rules Regarding Cells Cells and the Cell Theory - smallest unit that makes up all living things (a single Lego in a Lego castle) Cell Theory - Basic Scientific Rules Regarding Cells All living things are made of or All living things are of or Cells are the Cells are the All come from other All come from other Important Scientists that Studied Cells - by looking at a slice of cork - named them "cells - discovered - called them animalcules - studied plants and determined that all are made of cells Important Scientists that Studied Cells - by looking at a slice of cork - named them "cells - discovered - called them animalcules - studied plants and determined that all are made of cells - studied animals and determined that all are made of cells - studied animals and determined that all are made of cells - supported part of the cell theory that all come other - supported part of the cell theory that all come other

5 Animal Cells Less Support Needed made of animal cells often have support systems such as _bones_ or exoskeletons_ More flexible - No CELL WALL J (s) - small vacuoles are used to store materials within the cell L. - break down materials ( ) Plant and Animal Cells A. Cell Membrane (plasma membrane) - forms the Outer Boundary of the cell Controls what enters and leaves the cell B. _Cytoplasm_ - a gel-like material inside the cell; it supports the organelles C. Ribosomes = make Proteins D. _Nucleus - Directs_/ Controls the cell contains chromosomes/dna E. Nuclear Membrane - separates _ the nucleus from the cytoplasm. contains pores/openings F. Mitochondria - Cellular Respiration break down food and release energy Plant Cells More Support Needed made of plant cells do, so the cell walls and central vacuoles are important for support I. - provides to the plant cell J (L). - a - helps give plant cells their shape and help digest food - animal cells make up organisms that are and must consume other organisms (or parts) for food G. Endoplasmic Reticulum - produces and modifies Proteins and Lipids, Transport materials to Golgi Body H. Golgi Body - _packages molecules and moves them throughout the cell K. - contain chlorophyll that is used to make food for the plant cell using

6 Animal Cells Less Support Needed made of animal cells often have support systems such as or More flexible - J (s) - small vacuoles are used to store materials within the cell L. - break down materials ( ) Plant and Animal Cells A. (plasma membrane) - forms the of the cell what and the cell B. - a gel-like material inside the cell; it the C. = make D. - / the cell contains chromosomes/dna E. - the from the. contains pores/openings F. - break down food and release energy Plant Cells More Support Needed made of plant cells do, so the cell walls and central vacuoles are important for support I. - provides to the plant cell J (L). - a - helps give plant cells their shape and help digest food - animal cells make up organisms that are and must consume other organisms (or parts) for food G. - produces and modifies and, Transport materials to Golgi Body H. - and moves them throughout the cell K. - contain chlorophyll that is used to make food for the plant cell using

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