WHAT DO CELLS DO? CHALLENGE QUESTION. What are the functions of the structures inside of cells?

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "WHAT DO CELLS DO? CHALLENGE QUESTION. What are the functions of the structures inside of cells?"

Transcription

1

2 WHAT DO CELLS DO? CHALLENGE QUESTION What are the functions of the structures inside of cells?

3 WHAT DO CELLS DO? Understanding normal cell structures and their functions help scientists understand how diseases adapt and evolve, including infectious diseases caused by microbes, like bacteria. For example, in response to antibiotics, some types of bacterial microbes of have adapted ways to form resistant strains that make antibiotics ineffective [useless]. Although there are many differences between cells of various organisms, there are some key similarities in cells. One structure common to every cell is a cell membrane that separates the cell itself from the outside environment. Similarly, every cell has genetic material in the form of DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid). Cells also have a large number of proteins and other molecules that carry out the chemical reactions needed for the cell to grow, develop, and reproduce. However, there are some organisms which composed one or more cells with structures that are surrounded by a membrane [covering], which creates a barrier between the inside of the structure and the rest of the cell. These membranebound structures are called organelles. Key terms: infectious, microbes, adapt, evolve, cell membrane, organelles Second-tier vocabulary: cell structures, cell functions, antibiotics, resistant strains, various, DNA, proteins, molecules

4 WHAT DO CELLS DO? Animal and plant cell groups are two different ways life has found a way to exist in nature. You will now use a computer simulation to compare the similarities and differences between animal and plant cells commonly found in the world that surrounds you. To run the simulation: Carefully read the information presented from the simulation this will help you understand and construct two different types of eukaryotic cells: animal and plant Use the Student Sheet (or create a table in your science notebook) to record information List ALL of the cell structures seen in the simulation Record the function (the organelle purpose) for each cell structure (the organelle itself) After you have completed the simulation, try the Venn diagram test Transfer the Venn diagram results from the computer screen on to your Student Sheet Turn in Student Sheet (or show the teacher the information recorded within the table from your science notebook) at the end of class

5 You should see this:

6 WHAT DO CELLS DO? CHALLENGE QUESTION What are the functions of the structures inside of cells?

7

8 COMPARING BACTERIAL CELLS TO EUKARYOTES Look at the Venn diagram that you created earlier in the activity Use the diagram to help you draw a new, three-circle Venn diagram with the addition of a bacterial cell group in your science notebook. Complete the new Venn diagram by recording each cell group s similar and different structures (organelles) in the appropriate part of your new, three-circle Venn diagram. Where can you find information on bacterial cells to complete the diagram?

9 COMPARING BACTERIAL CELLS TO EUKARYOTES New Venn diagram comparing animal, plant, and bacterial cells. A P B

10 COMPARING BACTERIAL CELLS TO EUKARYOTES Bacterial Cell Structure A bacterial cell does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound structures. Organisms having cells with no nucleus and no membrane-bound cell parts are classified as prokaryotic. The genetic information of bacterial cells is stored in a large circular chromosome in the cytoplasm. Chromosomes contain an organism s DNA or genetic instructions. The cell membrane of a bacterial cell performs the same functions of many of the organelles found in the cells of other organisms, such as plants, animals, and Protists. For example, bacterial cells use specific enzymes located in its cell membrane to perform cellular jobs, like generating energy to move around. Some bacterial cells can even perform photosynthesis at the cell membrane. On the other hand, eukaryotic organisms organisms containing cells with true membrane-bound structures use certain cell organelles in the cytoplasm to make specific enzymes that help generate the cell s energy. The ribosomes in bacteria cells differ from ribosome in eukaryotes in size and molecular composition, but like the ribosomes in eukaryotes, their function is to synthesize [make] proteins needed by the cell. In bacteria, as it does in eukaryotes, the cytoplasm also contains numerous enzymes that speed up reactions, such as those involved in digestion. Bacteria have a cell wall outside of their cell membrane that makes them rigid and gives them shape. The cytoskeleton of a prokaryotic cell serves some of the same functions as those found in eukaryotic cells. However, prokaryotic cells are made of different kinds of proteins. To move around, some bacteria use long tail-like structures called flagella, or short hair-like structures called cilia. Although these flagella and cilia appear similar to those of eukaryotes, they are made of different proteins and produce their motion by through a different mechanism than that of cilia and flagella eukaryotic organisms.

11 WHAT DO CELLS DO? CHALLENGE QUESTION What are the functions of the structures inside of cells?

Cell Structure and Function

Cell Structure and Function Cell Structure and Function Cell size comparison Animal cell Bacterial cell What jobs do cells have to do for an organism to live Gas exchange CO 2 & O 2 Eat (take in & digest food) Make energy ATP Build

More information

NAME: PERIOD: DATE: A View of the Cell. Use Chapter 8 of your book to complete the chart of eukaryotic cell components.

NAME: PERIOD: DATE: A View of the Cell. Use Chapter 8 of your book to complete the chart of eukaryotic cell components. NAME: PERIOD: DATE: A View of the Cell Use Chapter 8 of your book to complete the chart of eukaryotic cell components. Cell Part Cell Wall Centriole Chloroplast Cilia Cytoplasm Cytoskeleton Endoplasmic

More information

BIO 2 GO! 3216a The Cell Organelles and Nucleus Function

BIO 2 GO! 3216a The Cell Organelles and Nucleus Function BIO 2 GO! 3216a The Cell Organelles and Nucleus Function The cell is the smallest unit of life. Each living cell has a nucleus which functions to control the actions of the rest of the cell. Upon successful

More information

Unit 4: Cells. Biology 309/310. Name: Review Guide

Unit 4: Cells. Biology 309/310. Name: Review Guide Unit 4: Cells Review Guide LEARNING TARGETS Place a checkmark next to the learning targets you feel confident on. Then go back and focus on the learning targets that are not checked. Identify the parts

More information

Warm-Up. Answer the following questions in a complete sentence and explain why each answer is correct.

Warm-Up. Answer the following questions in a complete sentence and explain why each answer is correct. Warm-Up Answer the following questions in a complete sentence and explain why each answer is correct. Unlike a eukaryotic cell, a prokaryotic does not have A. DNA. B. a cell membrane. C. cytoplasm. D.

More information

Chapter 4. Table of Contents. Section 1 The History of Cell Biology. Section 2 Introduction to Cells. Section 3 Cell Organelles and Features

Chapter 4. Table of Contents. Section 1 The History of Cell Biology. Section 2 Introduction to Cells. Section 3 Cell Organelles and Features Cell Structure and Function Table of Contents Section 1 The History of Cell Biology Section 2 Introduction to Cells Section 3 Cell Organelles and Features Section 4 Unique Features of Plant Cells Section

More information

Name: Class: Date: ID: A

Name: Class: Date: ID: A Class: Date: Ch 7 Review Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Researchers use fluorescent labels and light microscopy to a. follow

More information

Ch 7: Cell Structure and Functions. AP Biology

Ch 7: Cell Structure and Functions. AP Biology Ch 7: Cell Structure and Functions AP Biology The Cell Theory 1. All living things are made of cells. 2. New cells come from existing cells. 3. Cells are the basic units of structure and function of living

More information

3.2. Eukaryotic Cells and Cell Organelles. Teacher Notes and Answers. section

3.2. Eukaryotic Cells and Cell Organelles. Teacher Notes and Answers. section section 3.2 Eukaryotic Cells and Cell Organelles Teacher Notes and Answers SECTION 2 Instant Replay 1. Answers will vary. An example answer is a shapeless bag. 2. store and protect the DNA 3. mitochondria

More information

http://koning.ecsu.ctstateu.edu/cell/cell.html 4A: Students will compare and contrast prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells Robert Hooke (1665) Used a compound microscope to look at thin slices of cork (oak

More information

What is a cell? Recall your work yesterday. When classifying cells, what are the two groups scientists separate cells into?

What is a cell? Recall your work yesterday. When classifying cells, what are the two groups scientists separate cells into? What is a cell? Recall your work yesterday. When classifying cells, what are the two groups scientists separate cells into? Light Microscopes and Total Power Magnification We can use microscopes to observe

More information

2 The Cell Cycle. TAKE A LOOK 2. Complete Prokaryotic cells divide by.

2 The Cell Cycle. TAKE A LOOK 2. Complete Prokaryotic cells divide by. CHAPTER 5 2 The Cell Cycle SECTION The Cell in Action BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: How are new cells made? What is mitosis? What happens when

More information

Cell Structure. Chapter 4

Cell Structure. Chapter 4 Cell Structure Chapter 4 Cell Theory Cells were discovered in 1665 by Robert Hooke. Early studies of cells were conducted by - Mathias Schleiden (1838) - Theodor Schwann (1839) Schleiden and Schwann proposed

More information

Complete the table by stating the function associated with each organelle. contains the genetic material.... lysosome ribosome... Table 6.

Complete the table by stating the function associated with each organelle. contains the genetic material.... lysosome ribosome... Table 6. 1 (a) Table 6.1 gives the functions of certain organelles in a eukaryotic cell. Complete the table by stating the function associated with each organelle. The first row has been completed for you. Organelle

More information

A Look At Cells Graphics: Microsoft Clipart

A Look At Cells Graphics: Microsoft Clipart CELLS, CELLS, CELLS A Look At Cells Graphics: Microsoft Clipart Cells Defined as the basic unit of living things. Cell Theory All living things are made of cells Cells are the basic units of structure

More information

Trading Card Activity--Cells

Trading Card Activity--Cells Animal Cell Eukaryotic Cell Characteristics of Animal Cells Complex and can be specialized for different jobs inside an animal. Has a nucleus with DNA inside Contains organelles. Many small vacuoles. Does

More information

THE DISCOVERY OF THE CELL

THE DISCOVERY OF THE CELL 1 THE DISCOVERY OF THE CELL It was not until the mid-1600 s that scientists began to use microscopes to observe cells. In 1665, Englishman Robert Hooke used an early compound microscope to look at a slice

More information

Parts of the Cell book pgs

Parts of the Cell book pgs Parts of the Cell book pgs. 12-18 Animal Cell Cytoplasm Cell Membrane Go to Section: Eukaryotic Cell: Organelles & Functions 1. Cell Membrane (Nickname: skin ) Function: A protective layer that covers

More information

Cell Structure and Function How do the structures and processes of a cell enable it to survive?

Cell Structure and Function How do the structures and processes of a cell enable it to survive? Name Cell Structure and Function Date How do the structures and processes of a cell enable it to survive? Before You Read Before you read the chapter, think about what you know about the topic. Record

More information

Cell Organelles. 2. Cells are the basic unit of organization in an organism Cells tissues organ organ system organism

Cell Organelles. 2. Cells are the basic unit of organization in an organism Cells tissues organ organ system organism Cell Organelles What are some of the differences you see between these two cells? A. Cell Theory 1. All organisms are made up of one or more cells 2. Cells are the basic unit of organization in an organism

More information

7.L.1.2 Plant and Animal Cells. Plant and Animal Cells

7.L.1.2 Plant and Animal Cells. Plant and Animal Cells 7.L.1.2 Plant and Animal Cells Plant and Animal Cells Clarifying Objective: 7.L.1.2 Compare the structures and functions of plant and animal cells; include major organelles (cell membrane, cell wall, nucleus,

More information

protein synthesis cell theory Centrioles specialization. unicellular ribosomes. mitochondria cell interdependence prokaryotes

protein synthesis cell theory Centrioles specialization. unicellular ribosomes. mitochondria cell interdependence prokaryotes All cells must generate proteins. Cells make protein through a process called protein synthesis All living things are made of cells, Cells are the basic units of structure and function in all organisms,

More information

Name Date Class. This section describes cell structure and function in plant cells, animal cells, and bacteria.

Name Date Class. This section describes cell structure and function in plant cells, animal cells, and bacteria. Name Date Class Cell Structure and Function Guided Reading and Study Looking Inside Cells This section describes cell structure and function in plant cells, animal cells, and bacteria. Use Target Reading

More information

Chapter 6: A Tour of the Cell

Chapter 6: A Tour of the Cell AP Biology Reading Guide Fred and Theresa Holtzclaw Chapter 6: A Tour of the Cell Name Period Chapter 6: A Tour of the Cell Concept 6.1 To study cells, biologists use microscopes and the tools of biochemistry

More information

CELL LAB OBJECTIVES INTRODUCTION: CELL UNIT. After completing this lab you should be able to:

CELL LAB OBJECTIVES INTRODUCTION: CELL UNIT. After completing this lab you should be able to: AP BIOLOGY CELL UNIT ACTIVITY #3 NAME DATE HOUR CELL LAB OBJECTIVES After completing this lab you should be able to: 1. Compare and contrast prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, 2. Prepare wet mount slides

More information

Honors Biology Fall Final Exam Study Guide

Honors Biology Fall Final Exam Study Guide Honors Biology Fall Final Exam Study Guide Helpful Information: Exam has 100 multiple choice questions. Be ready with pencils and a four-function calculator on the day of the test. Review ALL vocabulary,

More information

Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells. Structure and Function

Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells. Structure and Function Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells Structure and Function In general microbes or microorganisms may be either prokaryotic (bacteria) or eukaryotic (protists, fungi, and some animals). However, there are

More information

Class IX: Biology Chapter 5: The fundamental unit of life. Chapter Notes. 1) In 1665, Robert Hooke first discovered and named the cells.

Class IX: Biology Chapter 5: The fundamental unit of life. Chapter Notes. 1) In 1665, Robert Hooke first discovered and named the cells. Class IX: Biology Chapter 5: The fundamental unit of life. Key learnings: Chapter Notes 1) In 1665, Robert Hooke first discovered and named the cells. 2) Cell is the structural and functional unit of all

More information

Cell Structure and Function Unit 4

Cell Structure and Function Unit 4 Cell Structure and Function Unit 4 Definition of Cell A cell is the smallest unit that is capable of performing life functions. RECALL... Levels of Organization! Why do we call them cells? In 1665, Robert

More information

Eukaryotic Cells. Cell Wall. Key Concept Eukaryotic cells have organelles that perform important functions.

Eukaryotic Cells. Cell Wall. Key Concept Eukaryotic cells have organelles that perform important functions. 2 Eukaryotic Cells Key Concept Eukaryotic cells have organelles that perform important functions. What You Will Learn Eukaryotic cells have many parts such as cell s, a nucleus, and ribosomes in common.

More information

Class Work 31. Describe the function of the Golgi apparatus? 32. How do proteins travel from the E.R. to the Golgi apparatus? 33. After proteins are m

Class Work 31. Describe the function of the Golgi apparatus? 32. How do proteins travel from the E.R. to the Golgi apparatus? 33. After proteins are m Eukaryotes Class Work 1. What does the word eukaryote mean? 2. What is the one major difference between eukaryotes and prokaryotes? 3. List the different kingdoms of the eukaryote domain in the order in

More information

Burton's Microbiology for the Health Sciences

Burton's Microbiology for the Health Sciences Burton's Microbiology for the Health Sciences Chapter 3. Cell Structure and Taxonomy Chapter 3 Outline Introduction Eucaryotic Cell Structure Procaryotic Cell Structure Summary of Structural Differences

More information

10.2 The Process of Cell Division

10.2 The Process of Cell Division 10.2 The Process of Cell Division Lesson Objectives Describe the role of chromosomes in cell division. Name the main events of the cell cycle. Describe what happens during the four phases of mitosis. Describe

More information

How might the cells of a plant be like the cells of an animal? How might they be different? Write your ideas in the space below.

How might the cells of a plant be like the cells of an animal? How might they be different? Write your ideas in the space below. Cells Textbook pages 22 39 Before You Read How might the cells of a plant be like the cells of an animal? How might they be different? Write your ideas in the space below. Section 1.2 Summary Mark the

More information

Eukaryotic cells are more complex than prokaryotic cells. They are identified by the presence of certain membrane-bound organelles.

Eukaryotic cells are more complex than prokaryotic cells. They are identified by the presence of certain membrane-bound organelles. Eukaryotic Cells Eukaryotic cells are more complex than prokaryotic cells. They are identified by the presence of certain membrane-bound organelles. Prokaryotic cells have organelles too, but much fewer

More information

Anaphase. Third phase of mitosis in which the chromosomes separate and move to opposite ends of the cell. Animal Cell

Anaphase. Third phase of mitosis in which the chromosomes separate and move to opposite ends of the cell. Animal Cell Anaphase Third phase of mitosis in which the chromosomes separate and move to opposite ends of the cell. Animal Cell Antony Van Leevwenhoek 1643- Dutch microscope maker and merchant, observed and described

More information

Observing Living Things

Observing Living Things Observing Living Things Textbook pages 8 21 Before You Read Section 1.1 Summary This section describes the signs that scientists look for to help them decide if something is living or non-living. On the

More information

Cell structure and function

Cell structure and function Cell structure and function Modified True/False Indicate whether the statement is true or false. If false, write the word or phrase to make the statement true. 1. Prokaryotes were the first cells to evolve

More information

Pre-lab homework Lab 4: The Cell

Pre-lab homework Lab 4: The Cell Pre-lab homework Lab 4: The Cell Lab Section: Name: After reading over the lab and chapter 5 in your textbook, answer these questions to be turned in at the beginning of the lab! 1. Define organelle 2.

More information

Introduction 1) List the 3 types of cells you will be comparing in today s lesson. a. b. c.

Introduction 1) List the 3 types of cells you will be comparing in today s lesson. a. b. c. Name: Date: Period: Cell Structure Internet Lesson Directions: Answer the following question by visiting the web site below. http://www.wiley.com/legacy/college/boyer/0470003790/animations/cell_structure/cell_structure.htm

More information

2 Domains and Kingdoms

2 Domains and Kingdoms CHAPTER 11 2 s and Kingdoms SECTION Classification 7.1.a, 7.3.d California Science Standards BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: Which domains are

More information

Eukaryotic Cell Structure: Organelles in Animal & Plant Cells Why are organelles important and how are plants and animals different?

Eukaryotic Cell Structure: Organelles in Animal & Plant Cells Why are organelles important and how are plants and animals different? Why? Eukaryotic Cell Structure: Organelles in Animal & Plant Cells Why are organelles important and how are plants and animals different? The cell is the basic unit and building block of all living things.

More information

5.1 Cell Division and the Cell Cycle

5.1 Cell Division and the Cell Cycle 5.1 Cell Division and the Cell Cycle Lesson Objectives Contrast cell division in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Identify the phases of the eukaryotic cell cycle. Explain how the cell cycle is controlled.

More information

Chapter: Life's Structure and Classification

Chapter: Life's Structure and Classification Table of Contents Chapter: Life's Structure and Classification Section 1: Living Things 1- What is an organism? Any living thing is called an organism. Organisms vary in size: 1)one-celled or unicellular

More information

Cells & Bacteria Notes

Cells & Bacteria Notes Cells & Bacteria Notes 4 Major Macromolecules Macromolecules are large molecules. The four groups of macromolecules are essential to the structure and function of a cell. Group Building Block Large Molecule

More information

Introduction to Microbiology. CLS 212: Medical Microbiology Miss Zeina Alkudmani

Introduction to Microbiology. CLS 212: Medical Microbiology Miss Zeina Alkudmani Introduction to Microbiology CLS 212: Medical Microbiology Miss Zeina Alkudmani Microbiology Micro- means very small (that needs a microscope to see). Microbiology is the study of very small living organisms.

More information

Anatomy of a Cell. Think for a minute about your body. It is organized into parts that perform specific functions.

Anatomy of a Cell. Think for a minute about your body. It is organized into parts that perform specific functions. Think for a minute about your body. It is organized into parts that perform specific functions. For example, your heart functions to help transport materials throughout your body. Your stomach works to

More information

Characteristics of Life

Characteristics of Life Characteristics of Life All living things share some basic characteristics: 1. Organization 2. Movement 3. Made up of cells 4. Reproduce 5. Grow and / or develop 6. Obtain and use energy 7. Respond to

More information

(A) Heterotrophs produce some organic nutrients, and must absorb inorganic nutrients from the environment.

(A) Heterotrophs produce some organic nutrients, and must absorb inorganic nutrients from the environment. MCAT Biology - Problem Drill 09: Prokaryotes and Fungi Question No. 1 of 10 Instructions: (1) Read the problem and answer choices carefully; (2) Work the problems on paper as needed; (3) Pick the correct

More information

Miller & Levine Biology 2014

Miller & Levine Biology 2014 A Correlation of Miller & Levine Biology To the Essential Standards for Biology High School Introduction This document demonstrates how meets the North Carolina Essential Standards for Biology, grades

More information

Cells: 3 Star. Which row in the chart below best explains the movement of some molecules between the model cell and the solution in the beaker?

Cells: 3 Star. Which row in the chart below best explains the movement of some molecules between the model cell and the solution in the beaker? ells: 3 Star 1. ase your answer(s) to the following question(s) on the diagram below and on your knowledge of biology. The diagram represents a model cell setup. The locations of three different substances

More information

Introduction to Microbiology BIOL 220 Summer Session I, 1996 Exam # 1

Introduction to Microbiology BIOL 220 Summer Session I, 1996 Exam # 1 Name I. Multiple Choice (1 point each) Introduction to Microbiology BIOL 220 Summer Session I, 1996 Exam # 1 B 1. Which is possessed by eukaryotes but not by prokaryotes? A. Cell wall B. Distinct nucleus

More information

Life is Cellular. At the cellular level, what is the difference between animal cells and bacterial cells? How do microscopes work?

Life is Cellular. At the cellular level, what is the difference between animal cells and bacterial cells? How do microscopes work? Life is Cellular At the cellular level, what is the difference between animal cells and bacterial cells? How do microscopes work? Objectives 8a) I can state the cell theory and distinguish between prokaryotes

More information

DNA Technology, Bacteria, Virus and Meiosis Test REVIEW

DNA Technology, Bacteria, Virus and Meiosis Test REVIEW Be prepared to turn in a completed test review before your test. In addition to the questions below you should be able to make and analyze a plasmid map. Prokaryotic Gene Regulation 1. What is meant by

More information

2. Draw two water molecules. Using a dotted line, show a hydrogen bond that could form between them.

2. Draw two water molecules. Using a dotted line, show a hydrogen bond that could form between them. Biology Final Review Packet Directions: Answer the questions below. You may use any notes, worksheets, or your textbook to find the answers. The questions are divided up based on the different units we

More information

Biology Test Review Science 8

Biology Test Review Science 8 Biology Test Review Science 8 Introduction to Cells, Tissues, Organs and Systems 304-7 Explain structural and functional relationships between and among cells, tissues, organs and systems in the human

More information

Eukaryotic Cells: The Inside Story. Day 1

Eukaryotic Cells: The Inside Story. Day 1 Eukaryotic Cells: The Inside Story Day 1 Objective 1. I will describe each part of a eukaryotic. 2. I will explain the function of each part of a eukaryotic cell. 3. I will describe the difference between

More information

Concept 6.1 To study cells, biologists use microscopes and the tools of biochemistry

Concept 6.1 To study cells, biologists use microscopes and the tools of biochemistry Name Period Chapter 6: A Tour of the Cell Concept 6.1 To study cells, biologists use microscopes and the tools of biochemistry 1. The study of cells has been limited by their small size, and so they were

More information

I m knocking on this cell wall to see what s inside. He doesn t look happy with me.

I m knocking on this cell wall to see what s inside. He doesn t look happy with me. 1 2 Flowers, like Roses, brighten up many gardens with green leaves and colorful blossoms. How do Roses carry out all the functions necessary to stay alive? To answer this question, you must look inside

More information

Cells [6th grade] Digital Trinity. Trinity University. Roxanne Hammonds Trinity University

Cells [6th grade] Digital Trinity. Trinity University. Roxanne Hammonds Trinity University Trinity University Digital Commons @ Trinity Understanding by Design: Complete Collection Understanding by Design 7-2-2008 Cells [6th grade] Roxanne Hammonds Trinity University Follow this and additional

More information

Student Exploration: Cell Types

Student Exploration: Cell Types 3. Name: Date: Student Exploration: Cell Types Vocabulary: ATP, bacteria, carbon dioxide (CO 2), cell, cellular respiration, compound light microscope, eukaryote, multicellular, muscle cell, neuron, organelle,

More information

Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells (6th grade)

Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells (6th grade) Trinity University Digital Commons @ Trinity Understanding by Design: Complete Collection Understanding by Design 6-2016 Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells (6th grade) Samantha Bos Trinity University, the.samantha.bos@gmail.com

More information

What Organelle Makes Proteins According To The Instructions Given By Dna

What Organelle Makes Proteins According To The Instructions Given By Dna What Organelle Makes Proteins According To The Instructions Given By Dna This is because it contains the information needed to make proteins. assemble enzymes and other proteins according to the directions

More information

Chapter 4 Active Reading Guide A Tour of the Cell

Chapter 4 Active Reading Guide A Tour of the Cell Name: AP Biology Mr. Croft Chapter 4 Active Reading Guide A Tour of the Cell Section 1 1. The study of cells has been limited by their small size, and so they were not seen and described until 1665, when

More information

Welcome to Bio 10. Cell Shape and Movement. Maintaining Cell Shape. Motor proteins. How cells move. Ch. 5 How Cells Use Energy

Welcome to Bio 10. Cell Shape and Movement. Maintaining Cell Shape. Motor proteins. How cells move. Ch. 5 How Cells Use Energy Welcome to Bio 10 Last day to add classes: Sat Apr 16 Peer-tutoring groups Meet Tu at 11:30, Th at 12:30 or Fri at 10:30 Skills Center in ATC302 Today: ATP, enzymes (Ch 5), Photosynthesis (Ch 7) Test 1

More information

Unit 5: Living beings

Unit 5: Living beings Unit 5: Living beings 1. Characteristics of living beings 2. Composition of living beings 3. The cell 4. The vital functions 5. Levels of organisation Think and answer? a. What living beings can you see

More information

Pre-lab Homework Lab 4: The Cell

Pre-lab Homework Lab 4: The Cell Lab Section: Name: Pre-lab Homework After reading over the lab and the cell chapter in your textbook, answer these questions to be turned in at the beginning of the lab! 1. Define organelle : Two examples

More information

Microscope History Robert Hooke

Microscope History Robert Hooke 1 Microscope History Robert Hooke First described cells in 1665. He viewed thin slices of cork and compared the boxy partitions he observed to the cells (small rooms) in a monastery. (1635 1702) 2 Microscope

More information

Organelle Description Function Animal, Plant or Both

Organelle Description Function Animal, Plant or Both Biology Name: Date: Period: Organelle Description Function Animal, Plant or CELL WALL Rigid, tough, made of cellulose Protects and supports the cell Plant CELL MEMBRANE Thin, covering, protects cells Protects

More information

Directed Reading A. Section: The Cell Cycle. you finish reading this sentence? THE LIFE OF A CELL. cell. Skills Worksheet

Directed Reading A. Section: The Cell Cycle. you finish reading this sentence? THE LIFE OF A CELL. cell. Skills Worksheet Skills Worksheet Directed Reading A Section: The Cell Cycle 1. Why is it important for your body to produce millions of new cells by the time you finish reading this sentence? THE LIFE OF A CELL 2. When

More information

CELLS Summarize the structures and functions of the

CELLS Summarize the structures and functions of the CELLS 7-2.1 Summarize the structures and functions of the major components of plant and animal cells (including the cell wall, the cell membrane, the nucleus, chloroplasts, mitochondria, and vacuoles).

More information

Name Date Class. PAP Unit 10: Bacteria, Viruses, Protist, and Fungi TEST REVIEW. d. Do viruses contain nucleic acids/genetic material (Yes or No)?

Name Date Class. PAP Unit 10: Bacteria, Viruses, Protist, and Fungi TEST REVIEW. d. Do viruses contain nucleic acids/genetic material (Yes or No)? Name Date Class PAP Unit 10: Bacteria, Viruses, Protist, and Fungi TEST REVIEW Part A: Viruses 1. a. Are viruses biotic or abiotic? b. Are viruses made of cells (Yes or No)? c. Do viruses contain proteins

More information

Lesson 23 Taxonomy GUIDED INSTRUCTION DIRECTIONS. Guided Questions

Lesson 23 Taxonomy GUIDED INSTRUCTION DIRECTIONS. Guided Questions Lesson 23 Taxonomy You will learn how scientists have developed a branch of biology known as taxonomy, the goal of which is to organize the great diversity of life. You will also learn why this organization

More information

Characteristics of Living Things

Characteristics of Living Things Characteristics of Living Things Answer Activity No. 2.1 CHARACTERISTICS OF LIFE The study of life Living things are known as organisms. The living world and the non-living world are mixed. As you look

More information

Cell Structures and Organelles. Reading Preview. Cytoplasm and Cytoskeleton. Cell Structures. Essential Questions

Cell Structures and Organelles. Reading Preview. Cytoplasm and Cytoskeleton. Cell Structures. Essential Questions 2.3.d Cell Structures and Organelles functions within the cell. Eukaryotic cells contain organelles that allow the specialization and the separation of Real-World Reading Link Suppose you start a company

More information

Name Class Date. Complete each of the following sentences by choosing the correct term from the word bank.

Name Class Date. Complete each of the following sentences by choosing the correct term from the word bank. Skills Worksheet Chapter Review USING KEY TERMS Complete each of the following sentences by choosing the correct term from the word bank. cell organ cell membrane prokaryote organelles eukaryote cell wall

More information

Student Exploration: Cell Types

Student Exploration: Cell Types 3. Names: Date: Student Exploration: Cell Types Prior Knowledge Questions (Do these BEFORE using the Gizmo.) 1. What are you supposed to be learning in this activity? 2. Why do you think learning this

More information

COMPLETE THIS ENTIRE PACKET AND TURN IN NO LATER THAN FRIDAY, 3/9/18 AT 9:00 A.M. NO EXCEPTIONS, NO EXCUSES!!!!!!!

COMPLETE THIS ENTIRE PACKET AND TURN IN NO LATER THAN FRIDAY, 3/9/18 AT 9:00 A.M. NO EXCEPTIONS, NO EXCUSES!!!!!!! REDO INSTRUCTIONS.. UNIT 5 MASTERY EXIT SLIP 2: THE CELL THEORY AND CELL STRUCTURE COMPLETE THIS ENTIRE PACKET AND TURN IN NO LATER THAN FRIDAY, 3/9/18 AT 9:00 A.M. NO EXCEPTIONS, NO EXCUSES!!!!!!! UNIT

More information

AP Biology Summer Assignment

AP Biology Summer Assignment AP Biology Summer Assignment 2017-18 Students must complete this assignment by the first week of school. The first exam, which will be the first week of school, will cover the information in this packet.

More information

Biology Semester 1 Study Guide

Biology Semester 1 Study Guide Name Per Date Biology Semester 1 Study Guide The following Gizmos meet the standards assessed by the Biology EOC and should be reviewed during the first semester: 1. Rabbit Population by Season Gizmo 2.

More information

Diversity of Life Unit Map Grade 7

Diversity of Life Unit Map Grade 7 Diversity of Life Unit Map Grade 7 Course Goal and Description: Diversity of Life emphasizes the use of knowledge and evidence for students to construct explanations for the structures and functions of

More information

CELL STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION. Chapter 3 Day 1

CELL STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION. Chapter 3 Day 1 CELL STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION Chapter 3 Day 1 REVIEW: CHARACTERISTICS OF LIVING THINGS 1. Made of CELLS 2. Require ENERGY (food) 3. REPRODUCE (species) 4. Maintain HOMEOSTASIS 5. ORGANIZED 6. RESPOND to

More information

10.1 Cell Growth, Division, and Reproduction

10.1 Cell Growth, Division, and Reproduction 10.1 Cell Growth, Division, and Reproduction Lesson Objectives Explain the problems that growth causes for cells. Compare asexual and sexual reproduction. Lesson Summary Limits to Cell Size There are two

More information

GRADE 7 SCIENCE Post-Assessment

GRADE 7 SCIENCE Post-Assessment ORANGE PUBLIC SCHOOLS OFFICE OF CURRICULUM AND INSTRUCTION OFFICE OF SCIENCE GRADE 7 SCIENCE Post-Assessment Answer Key and Scoring Guide School Year 2013-2014 SGO Post-Assessment Grade 7 KEY 44 pts total

More information

Microbiology: A Systems Approach

Microbiology: A Systems Approach Microbiology: A Systems Approach First Edition Cowan &Talaro Chapter 5 Eucaryotic cells and microorganisms Chapter 5 2 3 Eucaryotic cells 3 Flagella 4 Cilia similar in overall structure to flagella, but

More information

REVIEW 2: CELLS & CELL DIVISION UNIT. A. Top 10 If you learned anything from this unit, you should have learned:

REVIEW 2: CELLS & CELL DIVISION UNIT. A. Top 10 If you learned anything from this unit, you should have learned: Period Date REVIEW 2: CELLS & CELL DIVISION UNIT A. Top 10 If you learned anything from this unit, you should have learned: 1. Prokaryotes vs. eukaryotes No internal membranes vs. membrane-bound organelles

More information

Chapter 3: Cells. Lectures by Mark Manteuffel, St. Louis Community College

Chapter 3: Cells. Lectures by Mark Manteuffel, St. Louis Community College Chapter 3: Cells Lectures by Mark Manteuffel, St. Louis Community College Learning Objectives Be able to describe: what a cell is & two main classes of cells. structure & functions of cell membranes. how

More information

Have you had a cold, flu, or other infectious disease recently? Do you

Have you had a cold, flu, or other infectious disease recently? Do you 45 The World of Microbes r e a d i n g Have you had a cold, flu, or other infectious disease recently? Do you know what caused your illness? Microbes cause most infectious diseases. Microbes include the

More information

Directions for Plant Cell 3-Part Cards

Directions for Plant Cell 3-Part Cards Directions for Plant Cell 3-Part Cards 1. Print out copy of 3 part cards and control cards Laminate for durability. Cut apart description and labels from 3 part cards. 2. As an introductory lesson, students

More information

Student Exploration: Cell Types

Student Exploration: Cell Types Name: Period: Student Exploration: Cell Types Vocabulary: ATP, bacteria, carbon dioxide (CO 2 ), cell, cellular respiration, compound light microscope, eukaryote, multicellular, muscle cell, neuron, organelle,

More information

LS_C2-quizzes, Version: 1 1

LS_C2-quizzes, Version: 1 1 Name: Select the term that best completes the statement. A. cell division B. chromosomes C. cells D. divides E. centromere F. DNA G. chromatids H. nucleus Date: 1. is the chemical code that contains information

More information

Cell Division and Reproduction

Cell Division and Reproduction Cell Division and Reproduction What do you think this picture shows? If you guessed that it s a picture of two cells, you are right. In fact, the picture shows human cancer cells, and they are nearing

More information

KnowIT Questions AQA GCSE Cell Biology

KnowIT Questions AQA GCSE Cell Biology A. Cell structure part 1 Eukaryotes, prokaryotes and animal and plant cells 1. Where is the genetic material in a prokaryotic cell? 2. Where is the genetic material in a eukaryotic cell? 3. Complete the

More information

BIODIVERSITY I BIOL 1051 What are Bacteria? INTRODUCTION WHAT ARE MICROORGANISMS? INTRODUCTION WHAT ARE MICROORGANISMS?

BIODIVERSITY I BIOL 1051 What are Bacteria? INTRODUCTION WHAT ARE MICROORGANISMS? INTRODUCTION WHAT ARE MICROORGANISMS? BIODIVERSITY I BIOL 1051 INTRODUCTION WHAT ARE MICROORGANISMS? Professor Marc C. Lavoie marc.lavoie@cavehill.uwi.edu Seen only under the microscope Usually unicellular INTRODUCTION WHAT ARE MICROORGANISMS?

More information

Organelles. Paloma Maldonado Valerie Hart Dena Hazelwood Joshua Ratliff

Organelles. Paloma Maldonado Valerie Hart Dena Hazelwood Joshua Ratliff Organelles Paloma Maldonado Valerie Hart Dena Hazelwood Joshua Ratliff Cells are like amusement parks... Prokaryotic Cells No nucleus is present. Cell usually divides by binary fission. Prokaryotic cells

More information

The Fundamental Unit Of Life. Prokaryotes. Eukaryotes. Specialized Structures of the Cell. How Plant and Animal Cells differ.

The Fundamental Unit Of Life. Prokaryotes. Eukaryotes. Specialized Structures of the Cell. How Plant and Animal Cells differ. UNIT 4 THE CELL The Fundamental Unit Of Life Prokaryotes Eukaryotes Specialized Structures of the Cell How Plant and Animal Cells differ Homeostasis Cell membranes Membrane Transport Osmosis THE FUNDAMENTAL

More information