# ECE 305 Exam 3: Spring 2015 March 6, 2015 Mark Lundstrom Purdue University

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1 NAME: PUID: : ECE 305 Exam 3: March 6, 2015 Mark Lundstrom Purdue University This is a closed book exam You may use a calculator and the formula sheet at the end of this exam Following the ECE policy, the calculator must be a Texas Instruments TI- 30X IIS scientific calculator There are three equally weighted questions To receive full credit, you must show your work (scratch paper is attached) The exam is designed to be taken in 50 minutes Be sure to fill in your name and Purdue student ID at the top of the page DO NOT open the exam until told to do so, and stop working immediately when time is called The last page is an equation sheet, which you may remove, if you want 75 points possible, 10 per question 1) 25 points (5 point per part) 2) 25 points (5 points per part) 3) 25 points (5 points per part) Course policy I understand that if I am caught cheating in this course, I will earn an F for the course and be reported to the Dean of Students Read and understood: signature ECE

2 Exam 3: ECE 305 Answer the five multiple choice questions below by drawing a circle around the one, best answer 1a) What is Δn = n i 2 ( ) called? ( N A ) e qv A k B T 1 a) The Einstein relation b) The Caughey- Thomas relation c) The second law of thermodynamics d) Moore s Law e) The Law of the Junction 1b) What is the primary reason for the strong temperature dependence of the diode saturation current, I 0, in an NP junction with N D >> N A? a) The D n term in I 0 b) The L n term in I 0 c) The N A term in I 0 d) The n i 2 term in I 0 e) None of the above 1c) What is the physical meaning of the area under E ( x) vs x in equilibrium? a) It is the total doping density in the transition region b) It is equal to the bandgap of the semiconductor c) It is the net space- charge density in the transition region d) It is the net dipole moment of the junction e) It is the built- in potential of the junction 1d) Ion implantation is a technique to do what? a) Dope a semiconductor b) Deposit an insulating layer on a semiconductor c) Deposit a metallic layer on a semiconductor d) Deposit an insulating layer on an insulator e) Deposit a metallic layer on an insulator 1e) What is lithography used for in semiconductor manufacturing? a) To dope semiconductors b) To deposit amorphous films on semiconductors c) To deposit polycrystalline films on semiconductors d) To grow crystalline films on semiconductors e) To produce patterns in the films deposited on semiconductors ECE

3 Exam 3 ECE 305 2) The electric field vs position for a Si junction in equilibrium is sketched below (The depletion approximation is assumed) Given the information provided, answer the following questions 2a) What is the built- in voltage for this junction? 2b) Assume that a reverse bias of magnitude V R = 3V bi is applied to this junction Sketch the electric field versus position being careful to indicate the values on the vertical and horizontal axes (The dotted line is the equilibrium electric field) Briefly explain your answer ECE

4 Exam 3 ECE 305 2c) What is the doping density on the N- side? (Hint: You will first need to determine which is the N- side) 2d) What is the doping density on the P- side? 2e) If the voltage in equilibrium is zero at x = cm, then what is the voltage at x = 0? ECE

5 Exam3 ECE 305 3) The sketch below shows the carrier concentrations in a PN junction at room temperature Only the quasi- neutral N- side of the junction is shown Answer the following questions 3a) Is the junction forward or reverse biased? Explain your answer 3b) Is the N- side of this PN junction long or short Explain your answer 3c) What is the intrinsic carrier concentration? ECE

6 Exam 3 ECE 305 3d) What voltage is applied to this diode? 3e) At what location, x, where x x n, is the splitting of the quasi- Fermi levels the biggest? Explain your answer ECE

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Name: Section: Recitation/Instructor: INSTRUCTIONS Fill in your name, etc. on this first page. Without fully opening the exam, check that you have pages 1 through 11. Show all your work on the standard

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Name: Section: Recitation Instructor: INSTRUCTIONS Fill in your name, etc. on this first page. Without fully opening the exam, check that you have pages 1 through 11. Show all your work on the standard