Landscape evolution. An Anthropic landscape is the landscape modified by humans for their activities and life

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Landscape evolution. An Anthropic landscape is the landscape modified by humans for their activities and life"

Transcription

1 Landforms

2 Landscape evolution A Natural landscape is the original landscape that exists before it is acted upon by human culture. An Anthropic landscape is the landscape modified by humans for their activities and life

3 Landscape Natural landscape Anthropic landscape

4 Endogenous processes Many different geological processes shaped The Earth. The endogenous forces that cause these processes come from both above and beneath the Earth surface.

5 Endogenous forces There are three main endogenous processes: folding (piegamento), faulting (frattura)and volcanism. They take place mainly along the plate boundaries, which are the zones that lay on the edges of the plates. Endogenous processes cause many major landform features.

6 Mountain-Building The term orogenesis ( mountain-building ) refers to the formation of mountains and relief by the convergence of tectonic plates.

7 Millions of years ago mountains were not mountains at all. They were part of a flat plain under the oceans. This is the reason why we can find fossil seashells on the mountains

8

9 Exogenous processes destroy and model landscape By contrast, exogenous processes come from forces on or above the Earth surface. Weathering and Erosion are exogenous process. Erosion happens as a result of : Ice, rainfall, snowfall, tsunamis, winds, wave currents and so on Water, sediment transport and deposition in fluvial systems such as rivers. Movement of material on hill slopes (versanti); More events such as rock falls People, animals or plants digging ( to dig= scavare) in the Earth.

10 Old mountains disappear new mountains form

11 Mountains Mountains have high relief (over 600 metres). Mountains exert great influences on populations, river courses, regional climate, agriculture, tourism industry.

12 Mountain shape

13 U-SHAPED VALLEYS U-shaped valleys or glacial troughs, are formed by the process of glaciation. They have a characteristic U shape, with steep, straight sides and a flat bottom. They are formed when a glacier travels across and down a slope, carving the valley by the action of scouring. Examples of U-valleys are found in mountainous regions, like the Alps, Scottish Highlands, Scandinavia.

14

15 V-SHAPED VALLEYS A valley having a cross-sectional profile in the form of the letter V, commonly produced by stream erosion. Also known as V-shaped valley. Vertical erosion in the river channel results in the formation of a steep sided valley. Over time the side of this valley are weakened by weathering processes and continued vertical erosion at the base of the valley.

16

17 EUROPEAN RELIEFS In northern Europe, mountain chains are lower and rounded. Most of the continent is occupied by old mountains. In the east there are large flat plains. Scandinavian Alps The Pennines

18 In southern Europe there are young mountains and the mountain chains are high. The Pyrenees, the Alps, the Carpathian, Caucaus the Appennines, Sierra Nevada

19 HILLS A hill is a natural area elevation of the earth surface, smaller than a mountain ( metres) Hills may form through geomorphic phenomena: faulting, erosion of larger landforms, such as mountains and movement and deposition of sediment by glaciers (e.g. moraines and drumlins or by erosion exposing solid rock which then weathers down into a hill.)

20 PLAINS A plain is a broad area of relatively flat land. (0-300 meters). Plains are one of the major landforms on Earth They cover more than one-third of the world land area. Plains exist on every continent. Plains form in many different ways. Some plains form as ice and water erode. Water and ice carry the bits of dirt, rock, and other material, called sediment. Volcanic activity can also form plains. The movement of rivers sometimes forms plains. Many rivers run through valleys. As rivers move they gradually erode the valley, creating broad plains. As a river floods, it overflows its bank. The flood carries mud, sand, and other sediment out over the land. Flood plains are often rich in nutrients and create fertile farmland. The flood plain surrounding Africa s Nile River has helped Egyptian civilization thrive for thousands of years. Alluvial plains form at the base of mountains. Water carrying sediment flows downhill until it hits flat land.. The Po River in Italy has created an alluvial plain, the Padana Plain. Many rivers deposit their sediment in the sea. As the sediment builds up, it might rise above sea level, forming a coastal plain. The Adriatic Coastal Plain stretches along much of the eastern coast of Italy.

Name. 4. The diagram below shows a soil profile formed in an area of granite bedrock. Four different soil horizons, A, B, C, and D, are shown.

Name. 4. The diagram below shows a soil profile formed in an area of granite bedrock. Four different soil horizons, A, B, C, and D, are shown. Name 1. In the cross section of the hill shown below, which rock units are probably most resistant to weathering? 4. The diagram below shows a soil profile formed in an area of granite bedrock. Four different

More information

Constructive and Destructive Forces. Processes That Act Upon Earth s Surface Features

Constructive and Destructive Forces. Processes That Act Upon Earth s Surface Features Constructive and Destructive Forces Processes That Act Upon Earth s Surface Features What are Constructive and Destructive Forces? Constructive Force A constructive force is a process that raises or builds

More information

4. The map below shows a meandering stream. Points A, B, C, and D represent locations along the stream bottom.

4. The map below shows a meandering stream. Points A, B, C, and D represent locations along the stream bottom. 1. Sediment is deposited as a river enters a lake because the A) velocity of the river decreases B) force of gravity decreases C) volume of water increases D) slope of the river increases 2. Which diagram

More information

Question #1: What are some ways that you think the climate may have changed in the area where you live over the past million years?

Question #1: What are some ways that you think the climate may have changed in the area where you live over the past million years? Reading 5.2 Environmental Change Think about the area where you live. You may see changes in the landscape in that area over a year. Some of those changes are weather related. Others are due to how the

More information

Chapter 1 Section 2. Land, Water, and Climate

Chapter 1 Section 2. Land, Water, and Climate Chapter 1 Section 2 Land, Water, and Climate Vocabulary 1. Landforms- natural features of the Earth s land surface 2. Elevation- height above sea level 3. Relief- changes in height 4. Core- most inner

More information

Landforms in Canada. Canada is made up of three dis;nct types of landforms: Canadian Shield Highlands Lowlands

Landforms in Canada. Canada is made up of three dis;nct types of landforms: Canadian Shield Highlands Lowlands Canada s Landforms What is a Landform? A landform is any physical feature of the Earth s surface having a characteris;c, recognizable shape, produced by natural causes. Landforms include major features

More information

PALEOGEOGRAPHY of NYS. Definitions GEOLOGIC PROCESSES. Faulting. Folding 9/6/2012. TOPOGRAPHIC RELIEF MAP of NYS GRADATIONAL TECTONIC

PALEOGEOGRAPHY of NYS. Definitions GEOLOGIC PROCESSES. Faulting. Folding 9/6/2012. TOPOGRAPHIC RELIEF MAP of NYS GRADATIONAL TECTONIC TOPOGRAPHIC RELIEF MAP of NYS PALEOGEOGRAPHY of NYS Prof. Anthony Grande AFG 2012 Definitions GEOLOGIC PROCESSES Geography: study of people living on the surface of the earth. Geology: the scientific study

More information

Chapter 2. Wearing Down Landforms: Rivers and Ice. Physical Weathering

Chapter 2. Wearing Down Landforms: Rivers and Ice. Physical Weathering Chapter 2 Wearing Down Landforms: Rivers and Ice Physical Weathering Weathering vs. Erosion Weathering is the breakdown of rock and minerals. Erosion is a two fold process that starts with 1) breakdown

More information

Which landscape best represents the shape of the valleys occupied by glaciers? A) B) C) D)

Which landscape best represents the shape of the valleys occupied by glaciers? A) B) C) D) 1. Glaciers often form parallel scratches and grooves in bedrock because glaciers A) deposit sediment in unsorted piles B) deposit rounded sand in V-shaped valleys C) continually melt and refreeze D) drag

More information

What landforms make up Australia?!

What landforms make up Australia?! What landforms make up Australia? The tectonic forces of folding, faulting and volcanic activity have created many of Australia's major landforms. Other forces that work on the surface of Australia, and

More information

Bell Ringer. Are soil and dirt the same material? In your explanation be sure to talk about plants.

Bell Ringer. Are soil and dirt the same material? In your explanation be sure to talk about plants. Bell Ringer Are soil and dirt the same material? In your explanation be sure to talk about plants. 5.3 Mass Movements Triggers of Mass Movements The transfer of rock and soil downslope due to gravity is

More information

A physical feature of the Earth s surface

A physical feature of the Earth s surface Earth s Landforms A physical feature of the Earth s surface A physical feature of the Earth s surface LANDFORM Highest of Earth s physical features Highest of Earth s physical features MOUNTAIN Low area

More information

Prentice Hall EARTH SCIENCE

Prentice Hall EARTH SCIENCE Prentice Hall EARTH SCIENCE Tarbuck Lutgens Chapter 7 Glaciers, Desert, and Wind 7.1 Glaciers Types of Glaciers A glacier is a thick ice mass that forms above the snowline over hundreds or thousands of

More information

Terrain Units PALEOGEOGRAPHY: LANDFORM CREATION. Present Geology of NYS. Detailed Geologic Map of NYS

Terrain Units PALEOGEOGRAPHY: LANDFORM CREATION. Present Geology of NYS. Detailed Geologic Map of NYS NYS TOPOGRAPHY Why so? PALEOGEOGRAPHY: LANDFORM CREATION Prof. Anthony Grande AFG 014 Present Geology of NYS Detailed Geologic Map of NYS Generalized Geology Detailed Geology Hot links to the fold out

More information

What is weathering and how does it change Earth s surface? Answer the question using

What is weathering and how does it change Earth s surface? Answer the question using 7 th Grade Lesson What is weathering and how does it change Earth s surface? Answer the question using the sentence frame. You have 4 minutes. Weathering is. This changes the Earth s surface because. 1

More information

deep within the planet. They are also shaped by conditions on the planet s surface. In

deep within the planet. They are also shaped by conditions on the planet s surface. In Chapter 4 Landforms, Water, and Natural Resources Earth is home to many different types of landforms. These landforms are shaped by forces deep within the planet. They are also shaped by conditions on

More information

EARTH S CHANGING SURFACE

EARTH S CHANGING SURFACE EARTH S CHANGING SURFACE Weathering Together, weathering and erosion work continuously to wear down the material on Earth s surface. weathering process that breaks down rock and other substances of Earth

More information

Changes to Land 5.7B. landforms: features on the surface of Earth such as mountains, hills, dunes, oceans and rivers

Changes to Land 5.7B. landforms: features on the surface of Earth such as mountains, hills, dunes, oceans and rivers All the landforms on Earth have changed over time and continue to change. Many of the changes were caused by wind, moving water, and moving ice. Mountains have grown and shrunk. Rivers have cut away land

More information

The Effect of Weather, Erosion, and Deposition in Texas Ecoregions

The Effect of Weather, Erosion, and Deposition in Texas Ecoregions The Effect of Weather, Erosion, and Deposition in Texas Ecoregions 7.8B: I can analyze the effects of weathering, erosion, and deposition on the environment in ecoregions of Texas Weathering The breakdown

More information

Read Across America. Listen as I read for facts about Volcanoes. In the Shadow of the Volcano

Read Across America. Listen as I read for facts about Volcanoes. In the Shadow of the Volcano Read Across America Listen as I read for facts about Volcanoes. In the Shadow of the Volcano Constructive & Destructive Processes Earth s surface is always changing. Blowing wind and flowing water causes

More information

water erosion lithosphere Describe the process of erosion and deposition. chemical weathering Dissolving limestone is an example of.

water erosion lithosphere Describe the process of erosion and deposition. chemical weathering Dissolving limestone is an example of. At one time, there was one large island off the coast of Mississippi and now it is two separate islands. What caused the island to be split into two? water erosion The crust and the top part of the upper

More information

Think about the landforms where you live. How do you think they have changed over time? How do you think they will change in the future?

Think about the landforms where you live. How do you think they have changed over time? How do you think they will change in the future? reflect All the landforms on Earth have changed over time and continue to change. Many of the changes were caused by wind, moving water, and moving ice. Mountains have grown and shrunk. Rivers have cut

More information

Chapter 2 Planet Earth

Chapter 2 Planet Earth Chapter 2 Planet Earth Section Notes Earth and the Sun s Energy Water on Earth The Land Close-up The Water Cycle World Almanac Major Eruptions in the Ring of Fire Quick Facts Chapter 2 Visual Summary Video

More information

Tips for Success on a Test

Tips for Success on a Test Number of Incorrect: Final Grade: Parent Signature: Top Tips for Success on a Test 1. Read the following statements at least two times. 2. Circle the key words in each question/ or statement. (*Remember

More information

Lecture Outlines PowerPoint. Chapter 6 Earth Science 11e Tarbuck/Lutgens

Lecture Outlines PowerPoint. Chapter 6 Earth Science 11e Tarbuck/Lutgens Lecture Outlines PowerPoint Chapter 6 Earth Science 11e Tarbuck/Lutgens 2006 Pearson Prentice Hall This work is protected by United States copyright laws and is provided solely for the use of instructors

More information

Erosion and Deposition

Erosion and Deposition Erosion and Deposition The Erosion-Deposition Process What do you think? Read the two statements below and decide whether you agree or disagree with them. Place an A in the Before column if you agree with

More information

Developed in Consultation with Florida Educators

Developed in Consultation with Florida Educators Developed in Consultation with Florida Educators Table of Contents Next Generation Sunshine State Standards Correlation Chart... 7 Benchmarks Chapter 1 The Practice of Science...................... 11

More information

Day 3 Weathering and Erosion.notebook. October 02, Section 7.2. Erosion and Deposition. Objectives

Day 3 Weathering and Erosion.notebook. October 02, Section 7.2. Erosion and Deposition. Objectives Objectives Describe the relationship of gravity to all agents of erosion. Contrast the features left from different types of erosion. Analyze the impact of living and nonliving things on the processes

More information

mountain rivers fixed channel boundaries (bedrock banks and bed) high transport capacity low storage input output

mountain rivers fixed channel boundaries (bedrock banks and bed) high transport capacity low storage input output mountain rivers fixed channel boundaries (bedrock banks and bed) high transport capacity low storage input output strong interaction between streams & hillslopes Sediment Budgets for Mountain Rivers Little

More information

Page 1. Name:

Page 1. Name: Name: 1) Which property would best distinguish sediment deposited by a river from sediment deposited by a glacier? thickness of sediment layers age of fossils found in the sediment mineral composition

More information

Chapter 3 Erosion and Deposition. The Big Question:

Chapter 3 Erosion and Deposition. The Big Question: Chapter 3 Erosion and Deposition The Big Question: 1 Design a way to represent and describe the 4 types of mass movement. You may use pictures, diagrams, list, web, chart, etc 2 Chapter 3: Erosion and

More information

UNIT 3 GEOLOGY VOCABULARY FLASHCARDS THESE KEY VOCABULARY WORDS AND PHRASES APPEAR ON THE UNIT 3 CBA

UNIT 3 GEOLOGY VOCABULARY FLASHCARDS THESE KEY VOCABULARY WORDS AND PHRASES APPEAR ON THE UNIT 3 CBA UNIT 3 GEOLOGY VOCABULARY FLASHCARDS THESE KEY VOCABULARY WORDS AND PHRASES APPEAR ON THE UNIT 3 CBA A map that shows Earth s Topographic Map surface topography, which is Earth s shape and features Contour

More information

1- Water on Earth 2- Oceans and seas / continental waters 3- Uses, risks and problems of water

1- Water on Earth 2- Oceans and seas / continental waters 3- Uses, risks and problems of water Contents: I- Relief 1- Structure of the Earth and relief formation 2- Shaping of relief 3- Types of relief II- Water 1- Water on Earth 2- Oceans and seas / continental waters 3- Uses, risks and problems

More information

Social Studies. Chapter 2 Canada s Physical Landscape

Social Studies. Chapter 2 Canada s Physical Landscape Social Studies Chapter 2 Canada s Physical Landscape Introduction Canada s geography its landforms and climate - has a great impact on Canadians sense of identity. Planet Earth The earth is divided into

More information

Ch 10 Deposition Practice Questions

Ch 10 Deposition Practice Questions 1. Base your answer to the following question on the data table below. Six identical cylinders, A through F, were filled with equal volumes of sorted spherical particles. The data table shows the particle

More information

True or False: The Earth s surface has stayed the same for thousands of years

True or False: The Earth s surface has stayed the same for thousands of years True or False: The Earth s surface has stayed the same for thousands of years True or False: The Earth s surface has stayed the same for thousands of years The Earth s surface is always changing! Weathering

More information

The structure of the Earth and how its motion creates the seasons. The landforms of the earth and the forces that shape the land.

The structure of the Earth and how its motion creates the seasons. The landforms of the earth and the forces that shape the land. The structure of the Earth and how its motion creates the seasons. The landforms of the earth and the forces that shape the land. The role of wind and water in creating climate. The different climate and

More information

Erosion and Deposition

Erosion and Deposition Erosion and Deposition Erosion Sediment natural forces move rock/soil from one place to another. gravity, water, wind, glaciers, waves are causes material moved by erosion Deposition when erosion lays

More information

PiXL Independence: Geography Answer Booklet KS4. AQA Style, UK Physical Landscapes. Contents: Answers

PiXL Independence: Geography Answer Booklet KS4. AQA Style, UK Physical Landscapes. Contents: Answers PiXL Independence: Geography Answer Booklet KS4 AQA Style, UK Physical Landscapes Contents: Answers 1 I. Multiple Choice Questions 1 Where in the UK would you describe as having large areas of uplands?

More information

PiXL Independence: Geography Answer Booklet KS4. AQA Style, UK Physical Landscapes. Contents: Answers

PiXL Independence: Geography Answer Booklet KS4. AQA Style, UK Physical Landscapes. Contents: Answers PiXL Independence: Geography Answer Booklet KS4 AQA Style, UK Physical Landscapes Contents: Answers 1 I. Multiple Choice Questions 1 Where in the UK would you describe as having large areas of uplands?

More information

discussion of North America s physical features, including its landforms and bodies of

discussion of North America s physical features, including its landforms and bodies of Chapter 7 Natural Environments of North America Chapter 7 focuses on the natural environments of North America. The chapter opens with a discussion of North America s physical features, including its landforms

More information

Science and Health EFFECT OF EROSION ON THE CONDITION OF SOIL AND LAND SHAPE

Science and Health EFFECT OF EROSION ON THE CONDITION OF SOIL AND LAND SHAPE 4 Module 51 Science and Health EFFECT OF EROSION ON THE CONDITION OF SOIL AND LAND SHAPE A DepEd-BEAM Distance Learning Program supported by the Australian Agency for International Development To the Learner

More information

Chapter 2 Earth s Interlocking Systems pg The Earth and Its Forces pg

Chapter 2 Earth s Interlocking Systems pg The Earth and Its Forces pg Chapter 2 Earth s Interlocking Systems pg. 24 55 2 1 The Earth and Its Forces pg. 27 33 Connecting to Your World and Internal Forces Shaping the Earth The Earth is unique in the solar system because it

More information

Earth s Dynamic Surface

Earth s Dynamic Surface Earth s Dynamic Surface Key Concepts What is the difference between physical and chemical weathering? How do water, ice, and wind change Earth s surface? Changing Earth s Surface What do you think? Read

More information

Social Studies 9 UNIT 2 GEOGRAPHIC INFLUENCES ON IDENTITY: PLACE AND PEOPLE

Social Studies 9 UNIT 2 GEOGRAPHIC INFLUENCES ON IDENTITY: PLACE AND PEOPLE Social Studies 9 UNIT 2 GEOGRAPHIC INFLUENCES ON IDENTITY: PLACE AND PEOPLE The Structure of the Earth To understand the forces that create Canada's physical landscape we must understand the structure

More information

LANDFORMS. Extra Credit. Name Date

LANDFORMS. Extra Credit. Name Date LANDFORMS Extra Credit Name Date 1. Label the drawing above using the words below that match the landforms. canyon meander plateau delta mountain valley 2. The bending of rock at plate boundaries is A.

More information

Exploring Geography. Chapter 1. Chapter 1, Section

Exploring Geography. Chapter 1. Chapter 1, Section Chapter 1, Section World Geography Chapter 1 Exploring Geography Copyright 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. Chapter 1, Section

More information

Chapter 5: Glaciers and Deserts

Chapter 5: Glaciers and Deserts I. Glaciers and Glaciation Chapter 5: Glaciers and Deserts A. A thick mass of ice that forms over land from the compaction and recrystallization of snow and shows evidence of past or present flow B. Types

More information

Science EOG Review: Landforms

Science EOG Review: Landforms Mathematician Science EOG Review: Landforms Vocabulary Definition Term canyon deep, large, V- shaped valley formed by a river over millions of years of erosion; sometimes called gorges (example: Linville

More information

Tuesday, September 05, 2017 Planet Earth

Tuesday, September 05, 2017 Planet Earth Tuesday, September 05, 2017 Planet Earth Objective: Describe the solar system and Earth s location in it. Identify Earth s shape. Discuss Earth s structure. List Earth s landforms Do Now: What is a compass

More information

Weathering, Erosion and Deposition

Weathering, Erosion and Deposition Weathering, Erosion and Deposition Shaping the Earth s Surface Weathering the process of breaking down rocks into smaller fragments Erosion the transport of rock fragments from one location to another

More information

EXTERNAL LAND FORMING PROCESSES

EXTERNAL LAND FORMING PROCESSES NAME SCHOOL INDEX NUMBER DATE EXTERNAL LAND FORMING PROCESSES WEATHERING 1 1998 Q 7 (a) (i) What is the difference between weathering and mass wasting (ii) List five processes involved in chemical weathering

More information

Erosion and Deposition

Erosion and Deposition CHAPTER 3 LESSON 2 Erosion and Deposition Landforms Shaped by Water and Wind Key Concepts What are the stages of stream development? How do water erosion and deposition change Earth s surface? How do wind

More information

core mantle crust the center of the Earth the middle layer of the Earth made up of molten (melted) rock

core mantle crust the center of the Earth the middle layer of the Earth made up of molten (melted) rock core the center of the Earth mantle the middle layer of the Earth made up of molten (melted) rock crust the surface layer of the Earth that includes the continents and oceans 1 continental drift the theory

More information

Unit 1: Geography. For additional information, refer to this website: 1 G e o g r a p h y

Unit 1: Geography. For additional information, refer to this website:  1 G e o g r a p h y Unit 1: Geography For additional information, refer to this website: http://mryoungtms.weebly.com/ 1 G e o g r a p h y Continents and Oceans SOL USI. 2a Essential Understanding: Continents are large land

More information

Chapter: Weathering and Erosion

Chapter: Weathering and Erosion Chapter: Weathering and Erosion Section 1: Weathering and Soil Formation Minerals form rocks Rocks form soil Weathering Weathering is a mechanical or chemical surface process that breaks rocks into smaller

More information

Exploring Geography. Chapter 1

Exploring Geography. Chapter 1 Exploring Geography Chapter 1 The Study of Geography Geography is the study of where people, places, and things are located and how they relate to each other. Greek meaning writing about or describing

More information

Unit 7.2 W.E.D. & Topography Test

Unit 7.2 W.E.D. & Topography Test Name: Score: Unit 7.2 W.E.D. & Topography Test 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 1. The formation of mountains is due mainly to while the destruction

More information

THE EARTH S RELIEF SOCIAL SCIENCES 1º ESO

THE EARTH S RELIEF SOCIAL SCIENCES 1º ESO THE EARTH S RELIEF SOCIAL SCIENCES 1º ESO 1. THE STRUCTURE OF THE EARTH The Earth is divided into layers: The crust is the surface layer. It is a thin, solid layer made of rock. The Earth s crust has a

More information

Physical Geography A Living Planet

Physical Geography A Living Planet Physical Geography A Living Planet The geography and structure of the earth are continually being changed by internal forces, like plate tectonics, and external forces, like the weather. Iguaçu Falls at

More information

SAMPLE PAGE. pulses. The Ice Age By: Sue Peterson

SAMPLE PAGE. pulses. The Ice Age By: Sue Peterson Page 61 Objective sight words (pulses, intermittent, isotopes, chronicle, methane, tectonic plates, volcanism, configurations, land-locked, erratic); concepts (geological evidence and specific terminology

More information

STUDY GUIDE FOR CONTENT MASTERY. Surface Water Movement

STUDY GUIDE FOR CONTENT MASTERY. Surface Water Movement Surface Water SECTION 9.1 Surface Water Movement In your textbook, read about surface water and the way in which it moves sediment. Complete each statement. 1. An excessive amount of water flowing downslope

More information

Name: Mid-Year Review #2 SAR

Name: Mid-Year Review #2 SAR Name: Mid-Year Review #2 SAR Base your answers to questions 1 through 3 on on the diagram below, which shows laboratory materials used for an investigation of the effects of sediment size on permeability,

More information

WHAT IS THE EARTH MADE OF? LITHOSPHERE AND HYDROSPHERE

WHAT IS THE EARTH MADE OF? LITHOSPHERE AND HYDROSPHERE UNIT 8 WHAT IS THE EARTH MADE OF? LITHOSPHERE AND HYDROSPHERE TABLE OF CONTENTS 1 THE STRUCTURE OF THE EARTH... 2 2 THE FORMATION OF THE RELIEF: INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL FORCES.... 2 2.1 Internal forces:

More information

Chapter 2. Denudation: Rivers and Ice

Chapter 2. Denudation: Rivers and Ice Chapter 2. Denudation: Rivers and Ice DENUDATION: process that lowers level of land - caused by rivers, glaciers, waves & wind - involves processes of WEATHERING & EROSION Weathering Def: breakdown of

More information

Examining the Terrestrial Planets (Chapter 20)

Examining the Terrestrial Planets (Chapter 20) GEOLOGY 306 Laboratory Instructor: TERRY J. BOROUGHS NAME: Examining the Terrestrial Planets (Chapter 20) For this assignment you will require: a calculator, colored pencils, a metric ruler, and your geology

More information

Erosion and Deposition

Erosion and Deposition Erosion and Deposition Chapter Test A Multiple Choice Write the letter of the correct answer on the line at the left. 1. Water erosion begins when runoff from rainfall flows in a thin layer over the land

More information

What type of land feature is located at Point A? A Cliff B Delta C Mountain D Valley

What type of land feature is located at Point A? A Cliff B Delta C Mountain D Valley 1 What type of land feature is located at Point A? A Cliff B Delta C Mountain D Valley Alfred Wegener s theory of continental drift was 2 not accepted by scientists when the theory was first proposed.

More information

UNIT 1 - Major Land and Water Forms

UNIT 1 - Major Land and Water Forms UNIT 1 - Major Land and Water Forms Chapter 1 - Landform Patterns and Processes Topography the natural and human features of the Earth s surface. ie. Surface features elevation - the height of a particular

More information

Topic 6: Weathering, Erosion and Erosional-Deposition Systems (workbook p ) Workbook Chapter 4, 5 WEATHERING

Topic 6: Weathering, Erosion and Erosional-Deposition Systems (workbook p ) Workbook Chapter 4, 5 WEATHERING Topic 6: Weathering, Erosion and Erosional-Deposition Systems (workbook p. 95-125) Workbook Chapter 4, 5 THE BIG PICTURE: Weathering, erosion and deposition are processes that cause changes to rock material

More information

Weathering, Erosion, Deposition, and Landscape Development

Weathering, Erosion, Deposition, and Landscape Development Weathering, Erosion, Deposition, and Landscape Development I. Weathering - the breakdown of rocks into smaller particles, also called sediments, by natural processes. Weathering is further divided into

More information

How do glaciers form?

How do glaciers form? Glaciers What is a Glacier? A large mass of moving ice that exists year round is called a glacier. Glaciers are formed when snowfall exceeds snow melt year after year Snow and ice remain on the ground

More information

Page 1 of 9 Name: Base your answer to the question on the diagram below. The arrows show the direction in which sediment is being transported along the shoreline. A barrier beach has formed, creating a

More information

Chapter 6, Part Colonizers arriving in North America found extremely landscapes. It looked different to region showing great.

Chapter 6, Part Colonizers arriving in North America found extremely landscapes. It looked different to region showing great. Social Studies 9 Unit 1 Worksheet Chapter 6, Part 1. 1. Colonizers arriving in North America found extremely landscapes. It looked different to region showing great. 2. The Earth is years old and is composed

More information

Name: Which rock layers appear to be most resistant to weathering? A) A, C, and E B) B and D

Name: Which rock layers appear to be most resistant to weathering? A) A, C, and E B) B and D Name: 1) The formation of soil is primarily the result of A) stream deposition and runoff B) precipitation and wind erosion C) stream erosion and mass movement D) weathering and biological activity 2)

More information

Glacial processes and landforms NGEA01, 2014

Glacial processes and landforms NGEA01, 2014 Glacial processes and landforms NGEA01, 2014 Cecilia Akselsson Department of Physical Geography and Ecosystem Science Lund University Geomorphological processes and landforms all over the world Periglacial

More information

PHYSICAL FEATURES OF EUROPE. Europe Unit

PHYSICAL FEATURES OF EUROPE. Europe Unit PHYSICAL FEATURES OF EUROPE Europe Unit PENINSULA OF PENINSULAS Europe is a large peninsula that consists of many smaller peninsulas Most places in Europe are no more than 300 miles from an ocean or sea

More information

Midterm Review. Nata/Lee

Midterm Review. Nata/Lee Name: 1. Which statement best supports the theory that all the continents were once a single landmass? (1) Rocks of the ocean ridges are older than those of the adjacent sea floor. (2) Rock and fossil

More information

Analyzing our Topic IF SO, MAKE THE CHANGES AND BE READY TO REPORT OUT!

Analyzing our Topic IF SO, MAKE THE CHANGES AND BE READY TO REPORT OUT! Analyzing our Topic Look at the opening slide. Does anything there (words, pictures) make you want to change your thoughts from the smarties and chalk activities? IF SO, MAKE THE CHANGES AND BE READY TO

More information

2018 Geography Mock Examination

2018 Geography Mock Examination 2018 Geography Mock Examination Your Geography mock examination will test your understanding of Paper 1 (Living with the physical environment) and Section B (Fieldwork) from Paper 2. Attached are the necessary

More information

Wednesday, November 15, 2017

Wednesday, November 15, 2017 Wednesday, November 15, 2017 Northern Europe: Physical Geography Objective: Locate and describe the various traditional regions of Western Europe. Outline how the physical geography varies from region

More information

Class Notes: Surface Processes

Class Notes: Surface Processes Name: Date: Period: Surface Processes The Physical Setting: Earth Science Class Notes: Surface Processes I. Weathering and Soils Weathering -! Sediments -! Weathering occurs when rocks are exposed to:

More information

PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY General Information

PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY General Information PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY General Information By understanding the environment we can understand why one place is different or the same as another. See handout Geomorphology Geo --Land morph --Change ology --Study

More information

REVIEW. There are 2 types of WEATHERING: 1. CHEMICAL 2. PHYSICAL. What is WEATHERING? The breakdown of rocks at or near Earth s surface

REVIEW. There are 2 types of WEATHERING: 1. CHEMICAL 2. PHYSICAL. What is WEATHERING? The breakdown of rocks at or near Earth s surface REVIEW What is WEATHERING? Def: The breakdown of rocks at or near Earth s surface There are 2 types of WEATHERING: 1. CHEMICAL 2. PHYSICAL CHEMICAL WEATHERING EXAMPLES: 1. OXIDATION (rust) CHEMICAL WEATHERING

More information

Conceptual Understandings for K-2 Teachers

Conceptual Understandings for K-2 Teachers AFK12SE/NGSS Strand Disciplinary Core Ideas ESS1: Earth s Place in the Universe What is the universe, and what is Earth s place in it? ESS1. A: The Universe and Its Stars What is the universe, and what

More information

Earth s Surface. Name Date. Key Concepts Choose the letter of the best answer.

Earth s Surface. Name Date. Key Concepts Choose the letter of the best answer. Earth s Surface Key Concepts Choose the letter of the best answer. Unit Test A 1. A river starts as a steep channel in the mountains. It then leaves the mountains and enters a flatter area of land. It

More information

Earth s Layers. Earth s Surface

Earth s Layers. Earth s Surface CHAPTER 1 LESSON 3 Earth s Layers Earth s Surface Key Concepts What are Earth s major landforms and how do they compare? What are the major landform regions of the United States? What do you think? Read

More information

Continental Landscapes

Continental Landscapes Continental Landscapes Landscape influenced by tectonics, climate & differential weathering Most landforms developed within the last 2 million years System moves toward an equilibrium Continental Landscapes

More information

2 Georgia: Its Heritage and Its Promise

2 Georgia: Its Heritage and Its Promise TERMS region, erosion, fault, elevation, Fall Line, aquifer, marsh, climate, weather, precipitation, drought, tornado, hurricane, wetland, estuary, barrier island, swamp PLACES Appalachian Mountains, Appalachian

More information

UNIT SEVEN: Earth s Water. Chapter 21 Water and Solutions. Chapter 22 Water Systems. Chapter 23 How Water Shapes the Land

UNIT SEVEN: Earth s Water. Chapter 21 Water and Solutions. Chapter 22 Water Systems. Chapter 23 How Water Shapes the Land UNIT SEVEN: Earth s Water Chapter 21 Water and Solutions Chapter 22 Water Systems Chapter 23 How Water Shapes the Land Chapter Twenty-Three: How Water Shapes the Land 23.1 Weathering and Erosion 23.2

More information

Unit 3 Study Guide -- Greenberg science, 6C

Unit 3 Study Guide -- Greenberg science, 6C Unit 3 Study Guide -- Greenberg science, 6C Name Pd. Date / / 2018 + +5 extra credit points on the test if submitted complete and correct ON THE TEST DATE. + A copy can be found on my website mgreenberg.weebly.com

More information

Surface Events & Landforms. Mrs. Green

Surface Events & Landforms. Mrs. Green Surface Events & Landforms Mrs. Green Bell Work 1) Which event MOST likely causes the slowest change to the surface of Earth? a) Earthquake b) Landslide c) Volcano d) Wind 2) When cold weather freezes

More information

Grade 9 Social Studies Canadian Identity. Chapter 2 Review Canada s Physical Landscape

Grade 9 Social Studies Canadian Identity. Chapter 2 Review Canada s Physical Landscape Grade 9 Social Studies Canadian Identity Chapter 2 Review Canada s Physical Landscape Name: Unit 1: Empowerment Terms (notes or textbook) 1. Core 2. Crust 3. Mantle 4. Magma 5. Continental drift 6. Plate

More information

FOSSILS IN YOUR BACKYARD

FOSSILS IN YOUR BACKYARD MOR BACKYARD 12 Activity Overview BIG IDEA OBJECTIVE BACKGROUND Millions of years ago, dinosaurs roamed all over our planet Why is it then that we only find dinosaurs in certain geographical locations?

More information