Name: Date: Period: Biology End of Course Vocabulary 1. This is an organism s unique role in the environment that includes the habitat, function, and

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Name: Date: Period: Biology End of Course Vocabulary 1. This is an organism s unique role in the environment that includes the habitat, function, and"

Transcription

1 1. This is an organism s unique role in the environment that includes the habitat, function, and activities of the organism. a. Niche 2. This is a inter-species relationship in which one species benefits and the other species is harmed. a. Parasitism 3. This is a inter-species relationship in which one species benefits and the other species is unaffected. a. Commensalism 4. This is a inter-species relationship in which both species benefit. a. Mutualism 5. This is an inter-species relationship in which one species captures, kills, and consumes another species for food. a. Predation 6. This is any type of inter-species relationship in which two species live in a close relationship with each other. a. Symbiosis 7. This principle states that no two species can share the same niche in the same environment. a. Competitive Exclusion 8. This is an organism that produces its own food using either sunlight and/or specific chemicals. a. Autotroph 9. This is an organism that cannot produce its own food through chemical means. a. Heterotroph 10. This is the process by which organisms obtain energy in the form of ATP from carbohydrates. a. Aerobic Cellular Respiration 11. This is the metabolic process that organisms will go through if there is no oxygen available after glycolysis. a. Fermentation 12. This is the step of cellular respiration in which one glucose molecule is decomposed in order to produce pyruvate, ATP, and electron carriers. a. Glycolysis 13. This is the step of cellular respiration that requires oxygen in order to decompose pyruvate into carbon dioxide, ATP, and electron carriers. a. Krebs Cycle 14. This is the step of cellular respiration that requires oxygen in order to produce the majority of the cells ATP using electron carriers and enzymes. a. Electron Transport Chain 15. This is the process that uses sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide in order to produce carbohydrates and oxygen. a. Photosynthesis 16. This is the step of photosynthesis that uses sunlight in order to split water molecules, produce oxygen, and store energy in ATP and electron carriers. a. Light Dependent Reaction 17. This is the step of photosynthesis that uses carbon dioxide and the chemical energy stored in ATP and electron carriers to produce glucose. a. Calvin Cycle 18. This is the green pigment that is responsible for absorbing sunlight in order to make glucose. a. Chlorophyll 19. This is the level of classification that is determined by the ability of organisms to mate and produce fertile offspring. a. Species

2 20. This is the shift of allele frequencies in a population over generations of time. a. Evolution 21. This is the mechanism of evolution that states that certain variations of traits which provide a reproductive advantage will become more frequent in the population. a. Natural Selection 22. This is the type of selection in which one organism chooses a mate based upon specific phenotypes. a. Sexual Selection 23. This is the type of selection in which both extreme phenotypes are more beneficial than intermediate phenotypes. a. Disruptive Selection 24. This is the type of selection in which intermediate phenotypes are more beneficial than the extreme phenotypes. a. Stabilizing Selection 25. This is the type of selection in which one particular phenotype is more beneficial than the other phenotypes. a. Directional Selection 26. This is the type of selection in which humans choose mates for individual organisms based upon specific phenotypes. a. Artificial Selection 27. This is any inheritable trait that improves an organism s ability to survive and reproduce. a. Adaptation 28. This is an organism s relative position in a sequence of energy transfers in a food chain or an energy pyramid. a. Trophic Level 29. This is the amount of organic matter or living tissue produced within an ecosystem. a. Biomass 30. This is a type of growth rate in which the population continues to grow at a constant rate because resources are plentiful. a. Exponential 31. This is a type of growth rate in which the population growth begins to slow and eventually reaches an equilibrium with the environment because of limited resources. a. Logistic 32. This is the maximum number of individuals of a species that the environment can support due to limited resources. a. Carrying Capacity 33. This is the development of a climax community that begins with bare soil. The primary species are usually short grasses. a. Secondary Succession 34. This is the development of a climax community that begins with bare rock. The primary species are usually lichen. a. Primary Succession 35. This is the level of organization that includes all biotic and abiotic factors in the environment. a. Ecosystem 36. This is the level of organization that includes all biotic factors but no abiotic factors in the environment. a. Community 37. This is the level of organization that includes similar ecosystems. a. Biome

3 38. This is the level of organization that includes all of the portions of Earth that can sustain life. a. Biosphere 39. This is the level of organization that includes all of the organisms of the same species in a specified area. a. Population 40. This is the level of organization that is considered the smallest unit of life. a. Cell 41. This organelle is responsible for producing energy for a cell. a. Mitochondria 42. This organelle is responsible for producing lipids and detoxification of poisonous materials. a. Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum 43. This organelle is responsible for modifying proteins before they are packaged for export. a. Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum 44. This organelle is responsible for digestion of large molecules. a. Lysosome 45. This organelle is responsible for making food through photosynthesis. a. Chloroplast 46. This is the organelle responsible for processing and packaging proteins prior to export. a. Golgi Apparatus 47. This is the organelle responsible for protein synthesis. a. Ribosome 48. This is when a vesicle fuses with the cell membrane in order to release substances such as proteins into the extracellular environment. a. Exocytosis 49. This is when the cell membrane forms a vesicle around fluid or solids in order to bring substances into the cytoplasm. a. Endocytosis 50. This type of cell does not have a nucleus or membrane bound organelles. a. Prokaryote 51. This type of cell has a nucleus and organelles with membranes, such as the endoplasmic reticulum. a. Eukaryote 52. This type of eukaryotic cell does not have a cell wall and are all heterotrophs. a. Animal 53. This type of eukaryotic cell has a large central vacuole and are all autotrophs. a. Plant 54. All prokaryotes are. a. Bacteria 55. This is the type of cellular transport that does not use energy but requires a protein channel to cross the cell membrane. a. Facilitated Diffusion 56. This is the type of cellular transport that moves molecules against the concentration gradient and requires the input of energy. a. Active Transport 57. This is the diffusion of water across a semipermeable membrane. a. Osmosis 58. This is the movement of molecules from high concentration to low concentration.

4 a. Diffusion 59. In this type of solution, a cell will gain mass and swell because of osmosis. a. Hypotonic 60. In this type of solution, a cell will shrink and lose mass because of osmosis. a. Hypertonic 61. In this type of solution, a cell will stay the same size and mass because it is at equilibrium with the solution. a. Isotonic 62. This is the amount of solutes per unit of solvent within any given solution. a. Concentration 63. This type of cell division produces 4 genetically different haploid gametes. a. Meiosis 64. This type of cell division produces 2 genetically identical diploid body cells. a. Mitosis 65. This means that the cell has one complete set of chromosomes with 2 alleles for every gene. a. Diploid 66. This means that the cell has half the original number of chromosomes with 1 allele for every gene. a. Haploid 67. These are chromosomes that contain the same genes but not necessarily the same alleles. a. Homologous 68. This the process that begins in Prophase I of Meiosis that increases genetic diversity. a. Crossing Over 69. This is the first stage of Mitosis in which the spindle forms, chromatin condenses into chromosomes, and the nuclear membrane dissolves. a. Prophase 70. This is the phase of Mitosis where chromosomes are lined up along the equator of the cell. a. Metaphase 71. This is the phase of Mitosis where the sister chromatids are separated and pulled to opposite poles of the cell. a. Anaphase 72. This is the final stage of Mitosis in which the spindle dissolves, chromosomes unwind into chromatin, and the nuclear membrane reforms. a. Telophase 73. This can produce genetic disorders such as Down s Syndrome if chromosomes do not separate correctly during Meioisis. a. Nondisjunction 74. This organ system is responsible for producing hormones and includes the thyroid and adrenal glands. a. Endocrine 75. This organ system is responsible for filtering the blood and includes the kidneys. a. Urinary/Excretory 76. This organ system is responsible for transporting blood from the heart to all of the other tissues of the body. a. Cardiovascular 77. This organ system is responsible for gas exchange and includes the lungs. a. Respiratory 78. This organ system is responsible for communication of stimuli and coordinating responses within the body. a. Nervous 79. This is the part of the experiment that is purposefully changed and causes the change in the measured variable.

5 a. Independent Variable 80. This is the part of the experiment that is the measured effect of changing the manipulated variable. a. Dependent Variable 81. This is the part of an experiment that is used for comparison because the independent variable is not changed. a. Control Group 82. This is the part of an experiment in which the independent variable is changed. a. Experimental Group 83. This is a different form of a gene. a. Allele 84. This is the segment of DNA that codes for a specific protein. a. Gene 85. This is a compound that contains carbon. a. Organic 86. This is a compound that does not contain carbon. a. Inorganic 87. This is a macromolecule that is used for energy and includes monosaccharides and polysaccharides. a. Carbohydrates 88. This is a macromolecule that is used for providing a waterproof barrier and storing long-term energy which includes fatty acids and triglycerides. a. Lipids 89. This is a macromolecule that is used for controlling the rate of reactions, transport of substances, fighting infection, and building tissues. a. Proteins 90. This is a macromolecule that is used for storing and transmitting genetic information. a. Nucleic Acids 91. This is the monomer that makes up a protein. a. Amino acid 92. This is a monomer that makes up a nucleotide and consists of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogen base. a. Nucleotide 93. This is a double ringed nucleotide that includes Guanine and Adenine. a. Purine 94. This is a single ringed nucleotide that includes Cytosine, Thymine, and Uracil. a. Pyrimidine 95. This is the nucleic acid that is the genetic code of a cell and is transmitted to the next generation. a. DNA 96. This is the nucleic acid that is responsible for making a copy of the genetic code within the nucleus and carrying the instructions into the cytoplasm. a. Messenger RNA 97. This is the nucleic acid that is responsible for decoding the RNA copy of the gene and transferring the amino acids to the ribosome in the correct sequence. a. Transfer RNA 98. This is the nucleic acid that is responsible for bonding the amino acids together to form a polypeptide. a. Ribosomal RNA

6 99. This is the enzyme that is responsible for adding complementary base pairs to the new strands of DNA during DNA replication. a. DNA polymerase 100. This is the enzyme that is responsible for breaking the hydrogen bonds that hold the two complementary strands of DNA together during DNA replication. a. Helicase 101. This is the process of copying the DNA sequence into the complementary sequence of RNA within the nucleus. a. Transcription 102. This is the process of bonding the correct sequence of amino acids together in order to build a protein. a. Translation 103. This is the physical expression of a specific inheritable trait. a. Phenotype 104. This is the genetic makeup of an organism that determines the expression of a specific trait. a. Genotype 105. This is a form of a gene that only requires one allele in order to be expressed in the phenotype. a. Dominant 106. This is a form of a gene that requires two alleles in order to be expressed in the phenotype. a. Recessive 107. This is an inheritance pattern in which two alleles are equally expressed in the phenotype. a. Codominance 108. This is an inheritance pattern in which two alleles are expressed in order to produce an intermediate phenotype. a. Incomplete Dominance 109. This is an inheritance pattern in which males and females have an equal chance of inheriting the trait. Both males and females must inherit two alleles in order to express the trait. a. Autosomal Recessive 110. This is an inheritance pattern in which males have a higher chance of inheriting the trait than females. Females must inherit two alleles but males only have to inherit one allele in order to express the trait. a. Sex-linked Recessive 111. This means that an individual has two identical alleles for a particular trait. a. Homozygous 112. This means that an individual has two different alleles for a particular trait. a. Heterozygous 113. This is the ability for an organism to maintain a stable internal environment. a. Homeostasis 114. This type of molecule makes up the two distinct layers of biological membranes. a. Phospholipid 115. This type of molecule is a protein that speeds up chemical reactions by lowering the amount of activation energy required for the reaction to occur. a. Enzyme 116. This is type of molecule is the major source of energy for the cell. a. ATP 117. This type of chemical bond is the strongest and forms because electrons are shared. a. Covalent 118. This type of chemical bond is the weakest and is and forms because of electric charges between molecules.

7 a. Hydrogen 119. This type of molecule is partially charged due to the unequal sharing of electrons. a. Polar 120. This is formed when atoms gain or lose electrons and therefore become electrically charged. a. Ion 121. This is formed when atoms gain or lose neutrons and therefore have a different atomic mass. a. Isotope 122. This is the property of water that allows water to rise. a. Capillary Action 123. This is the property of water that causes water molecules to form hydrogen bonds with other water molecules. a. Cohesion 124. This is a solution that has a higher concentration of H + ions and a lower concentration of OH - ions. a. Acid 125. This is a solution that has a lower concentration of H + ions and a higher concentration of OH - ions. a. Base

2. Draw two water molecules. Using a dotted line, show a hydrogen bond that could form between them.

2. Draw two water molecules. Using a dotted line, show a hydrogen bond that could form between them. Biology Final Review Packet Directions: Answer the questions below. You may use any notes, worksheets, or your textbook to find the answers. The questions are divided up based on the different units we

More information

Honors Biology Fall Final Exam Study Guide

Honors Biology Fall Final Exam Study Guide Honors Biology Fall Final Exam Study Guide Helpful Information: Exam has 100 multiple choice questions. Be ready with pencils and a four-function calculator on the day of the test. Review ALL vocabulary,

More information

Biology Semester 1 Study Guide

Biology Semester 1 Study Guide Name Per Date Biology Semester 1 Study Guide The following Gizmos meet the standards assessed by the Biology EOC and should be reviewed during the first semester: 1. Rabbit Population by Season Gizmo 2.

More information

Biology Semester Review

Biology Semester Review Chapter 1 The Science of Biology Biology Semester Review 1 1 What is Science? One goal of science is to provide natural explanations for events in the natural world. Science also aims to use those explanations

More information

Name Date Block. Biology EOCT Review

Name Date Block. Biology EOCT Review Name Date Block Biology EOCT Review Section 1: Nature of Science 1. Bobby thinks that eating fish for breakfast will make people smarter. He gets 10 of his friends and divides them into 2 groups. Group

More information

Prokaryotic cell: 1. Pili 2. n/a 3. ribosomes 4. cytoplasm 5. cell membrane 6. cell wall 7. cpsule 8. nucleoid (DNA) 9. flagella

Prokaryotic cell: 1. Pili 2. n/a 3. ribosomes 4. cytoplasm 5. cell membrane 6. cell wall 7. cpsule 8. nucleoid (DNA) 9. flagella Unit 1 Basic Biological Principles 1. What are the 7 characteristics of life? a. Made of cells b. reproduction c. metabolism d. homeostasis e. heredity f. responsiveness g. growth & development 2. What

More information

Biology Mid-Term Study Guide

Biology Mid-Term Study Guide Name: Date: Chapter 1: The Science of Biology 1. List the 8 characteristics of all living things: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 2. What is biology? 3. What is homeostasis? 4. Define sexual and asexual reproduction.

More information

Biology Fall Semester Exam Review. Unit 1: Scientific method, characteristics of life What are the characteristics of life (pg. 6)

Biology Fall Semester Exam Review. Unit 1: Scientific method, characteristics of life What are the characteristics of life (pg. 6) Biology Fall Semester Exam Review Unit 1: Scientific method, characteristics of life What are the characteristics of life (pg. 6) Define the following terms: biology observation hypothesis dependent variable

More information

REVIEW 2: CELLS & CELL DIVISION UNIT. A. Top 10 If you learned anything from this unit, you should have learned:

REVIEW 2: CELLS & CELL DIVISION UNIT. A. Top 10 If you learned anything from this unit, you should have learned: Period Date REVIEW 2: CELLS & CELL DIVISION UNIT A. Top 10 If you learned anything from this unit, you should have learned: 1. Prokaryotes vs. eukaryotes No internal membranes vs. membrane-bound organelles

More information

Objective 3.01 (DNA, RNA and Protein Synthesis)

Objective 3.01 (DNA, RNA and Protein Synthesis) Objective 3.01 (DNA, RNA and Protein Synthesis) DNA Structure o Discovered by Watson and Crick o Double-stranded o Shape is a double helix (twisted ladder) o Made of chains of nucleotides: o Has four types

More information

2017 DECEMBER BIOLOGY SEMESTER EXAM DISTRICT REVIEW

2017 DECEMBER BIOLOGY SEMESTER EXAM DISTRICT REVIEW Name: Period: 2017 DECEMBER BIOLOGY SEMESTER EXAM DISTRICT REVIEW 1. List the characteristics of living things. (p 7) 2. Use the Aquatic Food Web above to answer the following questions (Ch. 2) a. Which

More information

Describe the structure and composition of the cell membrane. (make a sketch) What does the Theory of Endosymbiosis state?

Describe the structure and composition of the cell membrane. (make a sketch) What does the Theory of Endosymbiosis state? Station 1. Analyze the nature of the relationships between structures and functions in living cells. a. Explain the role of cell organelles for both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, including the cell

More information

Miller Levine Biology

Miller Levine Biology A Correlation of To the 2018 Mississippi College and Career-Readiness Standards for Biology A Correlation of to the Biology BIO.1 Cells as a System Conceptual Understanding: Biologists have determined

More information

10 th Grade Biology K

10 th Grade Biology K 10 th Grade Biology K Scranton School District Scranton, PA 10 th Grade Biology K Prerequisite: Successful completion of General Science This course is designed to prepare students for proficient and advanced

More information

Bio/Life: Cell Biology

Bio/Life: Cell Biology Bio/Life: Cell Biology 1a The fundamental life processes of plants and animals depend on a variety of chemical reactions that occur in specialized areas of the organism's cells. As a basis for understanding

More information

Chapter 3: Cells and Their Functions. Copyright 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Chapter 3: Cells and Their Functions. Copyright 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Chapter 3: Cells and Their Functions Overview Key Terms active transport filtration mitochondria cancer gene mitosis carcinogen hemolysis mutation chromosome hypertonic nucleus cytology hypotonic organelle

More information

Module A Unit 1 Basic Biological Principles. Mr. Mitcheltree

Module A Unit 1 Basic Biological Principles. Mr. Mitcheltree Module A Unit 1 Basic Biological Principles Mr. Mitcheltree Biochemistry Cytology Genetics Evolution Taxonomy Microbiology Mycology Botany Zoology Ecology Branches of Biology Characteristics of Life Made

More information

Biology Keystone Exam Review Packet

Biology Keystone Exam Review Packet Biology Keystone Exam Review Packet 2012 2013 1. Which characteristic is shared by all prokaryotes and eukaryotes? A. Ability to store hereditary information B. Use of organelles to control cell processes

More information

Biology 141 General Biology Fall 2014 Dr. Carey Final Exam

Biology 141 General Biology Fall 2014 Dr. Carey Final Exam Biology 141 General Biology Fall 2014 Dr. Carey Final Exam Name Part I Multiple choice 1 pt. each. 1. The oldest fossils yet discovered on Earth are approximately billion years old. A) 4.5 B) 4.0 C) 2.2

More information

Mr. Jensen/Period: 1. The diagram below illustrates the distribution of fossils in undisturbed layers of silt at the bottom of the ocean.

Mr. Jensen/Period: 1. The diagram below illustrates the distribution of fossils in undisturbed layers of silt at the bottom of the ocean. Name: 1. The diagram below illustrates the distribution of fossils in undisturbed layers of silt at the bottom of the ocean. Date: /Page#: Mr. Jensen/Period: 3. In the diagram below of undisturbed sedimentary

More information

Cell Structure and Function How do the structures and processes of a cell enable it to survive?

Cell Structure and Function How do the structures and processes of a cell enable it to survive? Name Cell Structure and Function Date How do the structures and processes of a cell enable it to survive? Before You Read Before you read the chapter, think about what you know about the topic. Record

More information

7. Which letter in the diagram below indicates the structure that is most closely associated with excretion?

7. Which letter in the diagram below indicates the structure that is most closely associated with excretion? 1. Which sequence of terms is in the correct order from simplest to most complex? 1) cells tissues organs organ systems 2) tissues organisms cells organ systems 3) cells tissues organ systems organs 4)

More information

Characteristics of Life

Characteristics of Life Characteristics of Life All living things share some basic characteristics: 1. Organization 2. Movement 3. Made up of cells 4. Reproduce 5. Grow and / or develop 6. Obtain and use energy 7. Respond to

More information

Introduction to Biology

Introduction to Biology Introduction to Biology Course Description Introduction to Biology is an introductory course in the biological sciences. Topics included are biological macromolecules, cell biology and metabolism, DNA

More information

Anaphase. Third phase of mitosis in which the chromosomes separate and move to opposite ends of the cell. Animal Cell

Anaphase. Third phase of mitosis in which the chromosomes separate and move to opposite ends of the cell. Animal Cell Anaphase Third phase of mitosis in which the chromosomes separate and move to opposite ends of the cell. Animal Cell Antony Van Leevwenhoek 1643- Dutch microscope maker and merchant, observed and described

More information

CELL GROWTH AND DIVISION. Chapter 10

CELL GROWTH AND DIVISION. Chapter 10 CELL GROWTH AND DIVISION Chapter 10 Cell division = The formation of 2 daughter cells from a single parent cell Increases ratio of surface area to volume for each cell Allows for more efficient exchange

More information

Cell Structure and Function Unit 4

Cell Structure and Function Unit 4 Cell Structure and Function Unit 4 Definition of Cell A cell is the smallest unit that is capable of performing life functions. RECALL... Levels of Organization! Why do we call them cells? In 1665, Robert

More information

Organelles & Cells Student Edition. A. chromosome B. gene C. mitochondrion D. vacuole

Organelles & Cells Student Edition. A. chromosome B. gene C. mitochondrion D. vacuole Name: Date: 1. Which structure is outside the nucleus of a cell and contains DNA? A. chromosome B. gene C. mitochondrion D. vacuole 2. A potato core was placed in a beaker of water as shown in the figure

More information

Chapter 2 Cells and Cell Division

Chapter 2 Cells and Cell Division Chapter 2 Cells and Cell Division MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. The process of meiosis results in: A. the production of four identical cells B. no change in chromosome number from parental cells C. a doubling of

More information

Chemical Basis of Life

Chemical Basis of Life Chemical Basis of Life Jan 30 11:42 AM In order to understand digestion and nutrition, we need some basic biochemistry Chemistry studies the composition of matter and its changes as well as the change

More information

Summary of changes (certificate to new GCSE)

Summary of changes (certificate to new GCSE) Summary of changes (certificate to new GCSE) This resource outlines the main changes that have been made to the assessment and subject content from our legacy Level 1/2 Certificate in Biology (8401) to

More information

Class Work 31. Describe the function of the Golgi apparatus? 32. How do proteins travel from the E.R. to the Golgi apparatus? 33. After proteins are m

Class Work 31. Describe the function of the Golgi apparatus? 32. How do proteins travel from the E.R. to the Golgi apparatus? 33. After proteins are m Eukaryotes Class Work 1. What does the word eukaryote mean? 2. What is the one major difference between eukaryotes and prokaryotes? 3. List the different kingdoms of the eukaryote domain in the order in

More information

LIFE SCIENCE CHAPTER 4 FLASHCARDS

LIFE SCIENCE CHAPTER 4 FLASHCARDS LIFE SCIENCE CHAPTER 4 FLASHCARDS During the process of diffusion, A. cell surrounds and absorbs large particles. B. particles move from areas of lower concentration to higher concentration. C. a cell

More information

http://koning.ecsu.ctstateu.edu/cell/cell.html 4A: Students will compare and contrast prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells Robert Hooke (1665) Used a compound microscope to look at thin slices of cork (oak

More information

Cell Division: the process of copying and dividing entire cells The cell grows, prepares for division, and then divides to form new daughter cells.

Cell Division: the process of copying and dividing entire cells The cell grows, prepares for division, and then divides to form new daughter cells. Mitosis & Meiosis SC.912.L.16.17 Compare and contrast mitosis and meiosis and relate to the processes of sexual and asexual reproduction and their consequences for genetic variation. 1. Students will describe

More information

Objective: The Cell. The Cell Theory. Question of the day: The Plasma Membrane 11/2/09. The Generalized Cell: Parts and Organelles:

Objective: The Cell. The Cell Theory. Question of the day: The Plasma Membrane 11/2/09. The Generalized Cell: Parts and Organelles: Objective: The Cell Basic Unit of Life The student will become familiar with the structure and function of the basic cell :) The student will know the differences between and animal cell and a plant cell

More information

7.L.1.2 Plant and Animal Cells. Plant and Animal Cells

7.L.1.2 Plant and Animal Cells. Plant and Animal Cells 7.L.1.2 Plant and Animal Cells Plant and Animal Cells Clarifying Objective: 7.L.1.2 Compare the structures and functions of plant and animal cells; include major organelles (cell membrane, cell wall, nucleus,

More information

Name: Class: Date: ID: A

Name: Class: Date: ID: A Class: Date: Ch 7 Review Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Researchers use fluorescent labels and light microscopy to a. follow

More information

Class IX: Biology Chapter 5: The fundamental unit of life. Chapter Notes. 1) In 1665, Robert Hooke first discovered and named the cells.

Class IX: Biology Chapter 5: The fundamental unit of life. Chapter Notes. 1) In 1665, Robert Hooke first discovered and named the cells. Class IX: Biology Chapter 5: The fundamental unit of life. Key learnings: Chapter Notes 1) In 1665, Robert Hooke first discovered and named the cells. 2) Cell is the structural and functional unit of all

More information

Chapter 3: Cells. Lectures by Mark Manteuffel, St. Louis Community College

Chapter 3: Cells. Lectures by Mark Manteuffel, St. Louis Community College Chapter 3: Cells Lectures by Mark Manteuffel, St. Louis Community College Learning Objectives Be able to describe: what a cell is & two main classes of cells. structure & functions of cell membranes. how

More information

Cell Structure and Cell Cycle

Cell Structure and Cell Cycle E X E R C I S E 4 Cell Structure and Cell Cycle Materials model or diagram of a cell compound microscopes and lens paper prepared slides of human skeletal muscle cells, pseudostratified ciliated columnar

More information

Biology, Ongoing Expectations

Biology, Ongoing Expectations 2017.18 Biology, Ongoing Expectations Big Ideas/Key Concepts: Understandings about scientific inquiry and the ability to conduct inquiry are essential for living in the 21 st century. Society benefits

More information

1. Contains the sugar ribose instead of deoxyribose. 2. Single-stranded instead of double stranded. 3. Contains uracil in place of thymine.

1. Contains the sugar ribose instead of deoxyribose. 2. Single-stranded instead of double stranded. 3. Contains uracil in place of thymine. Protein Synthesis & Mutations RNA 1. Contains the sugar ribose instead of deoxyribose. 2. Single-stranded instead of double stranded. 3. Contains uracil in place of thymine. RNA Contains: 1. Adenine 2.

More information

BIOLOGY FIRST QUARTER EXAM EXTREME SURVIVAL GUIDE

BIOLOGY FIRST QUARTER EXAM EXTREME SURVIVAL GUIDE GOAL #1: SCIENTIFIC METHODS 1.01 - Identify biological questions and problems that can be answered through scientific investigations. 1.02 - Design and conduct scientific investigations to answer biological

More information

GENETICS UNIT VOCABULARY CHART. Word Definition Word Part Visual/Mnemonic Related Words 1. adenine Nitrogen base, pairs with thymine in DNA and uracil

GENETICS UNIT VOCABULARY CHART. Word Definition Word Part Visual/Mnemonic Related Words 1. adenine Nitrogen base, pairs with thymine in DNA and uracil Word Definition Word Part Visual/Mnemonic Related Words 1. adenine Nitrogen base, pairs with thymine in DNA and uracil in RNA 2. allele One or more alternate forms of a gene Example: P = Dominant (purple);

More information

Cells and Genetics. Life Science. Cell parts. Cell parts cont. Cell processes. Cell Division 5/4/2015

Cells and Genetics. Life Science. Cell parts. Cell parts cont. Cell processes. Cell Division 5/4/2015 Cells and Genetics Life Science SOL Review Hooke was 1 st person to observe cells Cells Basic Unit of structure and function of life Prokaryote: bacteria/no nucleus Eukaryote: membrane structures; everything

More information

Chapter 11: The Continuity of Life: Cellular Reproduction

Chapter 11: The Continuity of Life: Cellular Reproduction Chapter 11: The Continuity of Life: Cellular Reproduction Chapter 11: Cellular Reproduction What is Cellular Reproduction? Answer: The division of a parent cell into two daughter cells Requirements of

More information

Cell Structure and Function

Cell Structure and Function Cell Structure and Function Cell size comparison Animal cell Bacterial cell What jobs do cells have to do for an organism to live Gas exchange CO 2 & O 2 Eat (take in & digest food) Make energy ATP Build

More information

6-10 Sexual reproduction requires special cells (gametes) made by meiosis.

6-10 Sexual reproduction requires special cells (gametes) made by meiosis. Do Now Answer the following questions: For every cell undergoing mitosis, how many cells are created? For a cell with 6 chromosomes, how many chromosomes are in the daughter cells? Why are daughter cells

More information

Behavioral Science, Math, Science, and Physical Education Fall COURSE OUTLINE Critical Concepts in Biology

Behavioral Science, Math, Science, and Physical Education Fall COURSE OUTLINE Critical Concepts in Biology Butler County Community College Susan Forrest/ William Langley Behavioral Science, Math, Science, and Physical Education Fall 2003 COURSE OUTLINE Critical Concepts in Biology Course Description: BI 106.

More information

Cellular Reproduction = Cell Division. Passes on Genes from Cells to Cells Reproduction of Organisms

Cellular Reproduction = Cell Division. Passes on Genes from Cells to Cells Reproduction of Organisms Cellular Reproduction = Cell Division Passes on Genes from Cells to Cells Reproduction of Organisms Genes DNA Chromatin fiber Chromosomes Fig. 9.6 Genes, the segments of DNA, are part of chromatin fiber

More information

Chapter 11: The Continuity of Life: Cellular Reproduction. What is Cellular Reproduction?

Chapter 11: The Continuity of Life: Cellular Reproduction. What is Cellular Reproduction? Chapter 11: The Continuity of Life: Cellular Reproduction What is Cellular Reproduction? Answer: The division of a parent cell into two daughter cells Requirements of Each Daughter Cell: 1) Necessary genomic

More information

Miller & Levine Biology 2014

Miller & Levine Biology 2014 A Correlation of Miller & Levine Biology To the Essential Standards for Biology High School Introduction This document demonstrates how meets the North Carolina Essential Standards for Biology, grades

More information

Reinforcement Unit 3 Resource Book. Meiosis and Mendel KEY CONCEPT Gametes have half the number of chromosomes that body cells have.

Reinforcement Unit 3 Resource Book. Meiosis and Mendel KEY CONCEPT Gametes have half the number of chromosomes that body cells have. 6.1 CHROMOSOMES AND MEIOSIS KEY CONCEPT Gametes have half the number of chromosomes that body cells have. Your body is made of two basic cell types. One basic type are somatic cells, also called body cells,

More information

SCOPE AND SEQUENCE COURSE TITLE: 10th Grade Biology (Trimester 1)

SCOPE AND SEQUENCE COURSE TITLE: 10th Grade Biology (Trimester 1) SCOPE AND SEQUENCE COURSE TITLE: 10th Grade Biology (Trimester 1) UNIT/T OPIC RESOURC ES/ CHAPTER S Essential Learning Outcomes/ I can Statements ACTIVITIES/ HOW ASSESS MENT Standards/ Benchmarks Technology

More information

Essential Questions. Meiosis. Copyright McGraw-Hill Education

Essential Questions. Meiosis. Copyright McGraw-Hill Education Essential Questions How does the reduction in chromosome number occur during meiosis? What are the stages of meiosis? What is the importance of meiosis in providing genetic variation? Meiosis Vocabulary

More information

Mitosis and Genetics Study Guide Answer Key

Mitosis and Genetics Study Guide Answer Key Mitosis and Genetics Study Guide Answer Key 1. Which of the following is true of Interphase? a. It is part of Meiosis b. It occurs before Meiosis c. The cell does normal cell activities during interphase

More information

and their organelles

and their organelles and their organelles Discovery Video: Cells REVIEW!!!! The Cell Theory 1. Every living organism is made of one or more cells. 2. The cell is the basic unit of structure and function. It is the smallest

More information

BCOR 11: Exam 1 Name Section Dr. G. Delay Red = Correct Answer Blue = partial Credit Fall, 2005

BCOR 11: Exam 1 Name Section Dr. G. Delay Red = Correct Answer Blue = partial Credit Fall, 2005 BCOR 11: Exam 1 Name Section Dr. G. Delay Red = Correct Answer Blue = partial Credit Fall, 2005 1) Which of the following statements concerning prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells is not correct? A) Prokaryotic

More information

Biology EOC Study Guide: Part 2, Cell Biology

Biology EOC Study Guide: Part 2, Cell Biology Biology EOC Study Guide: Part 2, Cell Biology Grades 9 11: Processes within cells: Cells contain the mechanisms for life functions, reproduction, and inheritance. Big Idea: Structures and Functions of

More information

Chapter 4. Table of Contents. Section 1 The History of Cell Biology. Section 2 Introduction to Cells. Section 3 Cell Organelles and Features

Chapter 4. Table of Contents. Section 1 The History of Cell Biology. Section 2 Introduction to Cells. Section 3 Cell Organelles and Features Cell Structure and Function Table of Contents Section 1 The History of Cell Biology Section 2 Introduction to Cells Section 3 Cell Organelles and Features Section 4 Unique Features of Plant Cells Section

More information

Chapter 8.1. How Organisms Obtain Energy

Chapter 8.1. How Organisms Obtain Energy Chapter 8.1 How Organisms Obtain Energy Main Idea All living organisms use energy to carry out all biological processes. Energy Energy is the ability to do work. Quick Review: Heterotrophs are organisms

More information

1.Study the statement above. Which cell organelle manages the process by which proteins are sorted and packaged to be sent where they are needed?

1.Study the statement above. Which cell organelle manages the process by which proteins are sorted and packaged to be sent where they are needed? Cell organelles carry out specific metabolic processes. 1.Study the statement above. Which cell organelle manages the process by which proteins are sorted and packaged to be sent where they are needed?

More information

Lesson Overview Meiosis

Lesson Overview Meiosis 11.4 THINK ABOUT IT As geneticists in the early 1900s applied Mendel s laws, they wondered where genes might be located. They expected genes to be carried on structures inside the cell, but which structures?

More information

Cells and Their Organelles

Cells and Their Organelles Mr. Ulrich Regents Biology Name:.. Cells and Their Organelles The cell is the basic unit of life. The following is a glossary of animal cell terms. All cells are surrounded by a cell membrane. The cell

More information

Mitosis & Meiosis. PPT Questions. 4. Why must each new cell get a complete copy of the original cell s DNA?

Mitosis & Meiosis. PPT Questions. 4. Why must each new cell get a complete copy of the original cell s DNA? 1. From where do new cells arise? Mitosis & Meiosis PPT Questions 2. Why does the body constantly make new cells? 3. Is cell division the same in all cells? Explain. 4. Why must each new cell get a complete

More information

Ch. 9 - Cellular Respiration/Fermentation Study Guide

Ch. 9 - Cellular Respiration/Fermentation Study Guide Ch. 9 - Cellular Respiration/Fermentation Study Guide A. Introduction 1. All living things need energy for metabolism. a. Plants produce glucose through photosynthesis; break down glucose during cellular

More information

BENCHMARK 1 STUDY GUIDE SPRING 2017

BENCHMARK 1 STUDY GUIDE SPRING 2017 BENCHMARK 1 STUDY GUIDE SPRING 2017 Name: There will be semester one content on this benchmark as well. Study your final exam review guide from last semester. New Semester Material: (Chapter 10 Cell Growth

More information

NGSS Biology Fall Semester Final Review Guided Questions

NGSS Biology Fall Semester Final Review Guided Questions NGSS Biology Fall Semester Final Review Guided Questions Unit 1 Scientific Method 1. Identify the following situations as examples of accuracy, precision, or both a. A basketball player shoots 100 shots

More information

Sexual Reproduction and Genetics

Sexual Reproduction and Genetics 10 Sexual Reproduction and Genetics section 1 Meiosis Before You Read Think about the traits that make people unique. Some people are tall, while others are short. People can have brown, blue, or green

More information

Cell cycle, mitosis & meiosis. Chapter 6

Cell cycle, mitosis & meiosis. Chapter 6 Cell cycle, mitosis & meiosis Chapter 6 Why do cells divide? Asexual reproduction Growth Replacement / repair Cell division: The big picture Two steps Before cells can divide, DNA needs to replicate DNA

More information

CLASS SET DO NOT WRITE ON THIS TEST! Please do not cross off answers, circle answers, or mark on this test in any way. Thank you!

CLASS SET DO NOT WRITE ON THIS TEST! Please do not cross off answers, circle answers, or mark on this test in any way. Thank you! CLASS SET DO NOT WRITE ON THIS TEST! Please do not cross off answers, circle answers, or mark on this test in any way. Thank you! 1) Unlike mitosis, meiosis in male mammals results in the formation of

More information

AP Biology Summer Assignment

AP Biology Summer Assignment AP Biology Summer Assignment 2017-18 Students must complete this assignment by the first week of school. The first exam, which will be the first week of school, will cover the information in this packet.

More information

Cells: 3 Star. Which row in the chart below best explains the movement of some molecules between the model cell and the solution in the beaker?

Cells: 3 Star. Which row in the chart below best explains the movement of some molecules between the model cell and the solution in the beaker? ells: 3 Star 1. ase your answer(s) to the following question(s) on the diagram below and on your knowledge of biology. The diagram represents a model cell setup. The locations of three different substances

More information

What is the role of the nucleus? What is the role of the cytoplasm? What is the role of the mitochondria? What is the role of the cell wall. membrane?

What is the role of the nucleus? What is the role of the cytoplasm? What is the role of the mitochondria? What is the role of the cell wall. membrane? Page 1 What is the role of the nucleus? What is the role of the cytoplasm? What is the role of the cell membrane? What is the role of the mitochondria? What is the role of ribosomes? What is the role of

More information

Ch. 4 Cells and Energy. Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration

Ch. 4 Cells and Energy. Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Ch. 4 Cells and Energy Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration 1 2 4.1 Chemical Energy and ATP Living organisms need energy Most comes indirectly from sun! Some change sunlight into organic compounds Others

More information

Cells: The Living Units

Cells: The Living Units Golgi Apparatus Cells: The Living Units Chapter 3, PPT 2 Membrane Yes, stacked and flattened Description Stacked and flattened membranous sacs Modify, concentrate, and package proteins & lipids made at

More information

Multiple Choice Review- Eukaryotic Gene Expression

Multiple Choice Review- Eukaryotic Gene Expression Multiple Choice Review- Eukaryotic Gene Expression 1. Which of the following is the Central Dogma of cell biology? a. DNA Nucleic Acid Protein Amino Acid b. Prokaryote Bacteria - Eukaryote c. Atom Molecule

More information

Keystone Biology Quick Review

Keystone Biology Quick Review Keystone Biology Quick Review Prefixes & Suffixes Homo= same Hetero= different Cyto= cell Karyote= nucleus Eu= true Pro= before Mono= one Poly= many Saccharide= sugar Hypo= below Hyper= above Iso= same

More information

Chapter 3 Cell Processes and Energy

Chapter 3 Cell Processes and Energy Chapter 3 Cell Processes and Energy 1 Chapter 3 Objectives Section 1: Chemical Compounds in Cells 1. Define elements and compounds 2. Explain how water is important to the function of cells 3. Identify

More information

Organelle Description Function Animal, Plant or Both

Organelle Description Function Animal, Plant or Both Biology Name: Date: Period: Organelle Description Function Animal, Plant or CELL WALL Rigid, tough, made of cellulose Protects and supports the cell Plant CELL MEMBRANE Thin, covering, protects cells Protects

More information

Biology Test Review Science 8

Biology Test Review Science 8 Biology Test Review Science 8 Introduction to Cells, Tissues, Organs and Systems 304-7 Explain structural and functional relationships between and among cells, tissues, organs and systems in the human

More information

ISTEP+: Biology I End-of-Course Assessment Released Items and Scoring Notes

ISTEP+: Biology I End-of-Course Assessment Released Items and Scoring Notes ISTEP+: Biology I End-of-Course Assessment Released Items and Scoring Notes Introduction Indiana students enrolled in Biology I participated in the ISTEP+: Biology I Graduation Examination End-of-Course

More information

Biology 126 Syllabus Exploring Biology: Cycles of Life

Biology 126 Syllabus Exploring Biology: Cycles of Life B R O O K D A L E C O M M U N I T Y C O L L E G E Biology 126 Syllabus Exploring Biology: Cycles of Life Biology Program Science & Health Science Division 2 CODE: BIOL 126 TITLE: Exploring Biology: Cycles

More information

This is DUE: Come prepared to share your findings with your group.

This is DUE: Come prepared to share your findings with your group. Biology 160 NAME: Reading Guide 11: Population Dynamics, Humans, Part I This is DUE: Come prepared to share your findings with your group. *As before, please turn in only the Critical Thinking questions

More information

Full Name: Date: Per:

Full Name: Date: Per: Full Name: Date: Per: Quiz: Cell Processes and Microscope (60 points) DIRECTIONS: Clearly label the microscope below using the word bank WORD BANK: (words may be used more than once) Arm Base Body Tube

More information

Cells and Tissues PART B

Cells and Tissues PART B 3 Cells and Tissues PART B PowerPoint Lecture Slide Presentation by Jerry L. Cook, Sam Houston University ESSENTIALS OF HUMAN ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY EIGHTH EDITION ELAINE N. MARIEB Cellular Physiology: Membrane

More information

Anatomy of Plants Student Notes

Anatomy of Plants Student Notes Directions: Fill in the blanks. Anatomy of Plants Student Notes Plant Cell Biology Segment 1. Plants Plants are organisms are incapable of movement produce food through 2. Animals Animals are multicellular

More information

Model Worksheet Teacher Key

Model Worksheet Teacher Key Introduction Despite the complexity of life on Earth, the most important large molecules found in all living things (biomolecules) can be classified into only four main categories: carbohydrates, lipids,

More information

Biology EOC Review Fall 2012 Essential Standard 1 1. Define: a. Selectively permeable

Biology EOC Review Fall 2012 Essential Standard 1 1. Define: a. Selectively permeable Biology EOC Review Fall 2012 Essential Standard 1 a. Selectively permeable f. Chromosome membrane g. Sister chromatids b. Diffusion h. Centromere c. Dynamic equilibrium i. Sexual reproduction d. Osmosis

More information

Unit 2: Cellular Chemistry, Structure, and Physiology Module 5: Cellular Reproduction

Unit 2: Cellular Chemistry, Structure, and Physiology Module 5: Cellular Reproduction Unit 2: Cellular Chemistry, Structure, and Physiology Module 5: Cellular Reproduction NC Essential Standard: 1.2.2 Analyze how cells grow and reproduce in terms of interphase, mitosis, and cytokinesis

More information

Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis Test

Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis Test Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis Test 1. When bonds are made energy is, when bonds are broken energy is. A. stored / released C. released / stored B. used / not used D. created / destroyed 2. Aerobic

More information

THE CELL CYCLE & MITOSIS. Asexual Reproduction: Production of genetically identical offspring from a single parent.

THE CELL CYCLE & MITOSIS. Asexual Reproduction: Production of genetically identical offspring from a single parent. THE CELL CYCLE & MITOSIS Asexual Reproduction: Production of genetically identical offspring from a single parent. Sexual Reproduction: The fusion of two separate parent cells that produce offspring with

More information

8.L.5.1 Practice Questions

8.L.5.1 Practice Questions Name: ate: 1. The diagram below represents a series of events that occur in living cells. Which molecule is indicated by X?. glucose. TP. carbon dioxide. protein 2. The diagram represents one metabolic

More information

the spatial arrangement of atoms in a molecule and the chemical bonds that hold the atoms together Chemical structure Covalent bond Ionic bond

the spatial arrangement of atoms in a molecule and the chemical bonds that hold the atoms together Chemical structure Covalent bond Ionic bond Chemical structure the spatial arrangement of atoms in a molecule and the chemical bonds that hold the atoms together Covalent bond bond formed by the sharing of valence electrons between atoms Ionic bond

More information

Cell Organelles. 2. Cells are the basic unit of organization in an organism Cells tissues organ organ system organism

Cell Organelles. 2. Cells are the basic unit of organization in an organism Cells tissues organ organ system organism Cell Organelles What are some of the differences you see between these two cells? A. Cell Theory 1. All organisms are made up of one or more cells 2. Cells are the basic unit of organization in an organism

More information