Photosynthesis: Life from Light AP Biology

Save this PDF as:

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Photosynthesis: Life from Light AP Biology"

Transcription

1 Photosynthesis: Life from Light

2 Supporting a biosphere On global scale, photosynthesis is the most important process for the continuation of life on Earth u each year photosynthesis synthesizes 160 billion tons of carbohydrate u Heterotrophs are dependent on plants as food source for fuel & raw materials

3 How are they connected? Heterotrophs and Autotrophs making energy & organic molecules from ingesting organic molecules glucose + oxygen carbon + water + energy dioxide C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2 6CO 2 + 6H 2 O + ATP exergonic Autotrophs making energy & organic molecules from light energy carbon dioxide + water + energy glucose + oxygen 6CO 2 + 6H 2 O + light C 6 H 12 O 6 6O energy + 2 endergonic

4 Plant structure Obtaining raw materials u sunlight leaves = solar collectors u CO 2 stomates = gas exchange u H 2 O uptake from roots u Nutrients N, P, K, S, Mg, Fe uptake from roots

5 Chloroplast structure Double membrane Thylakoids Grana (stacks) Stroma (surrounds thylakoids) Chlorophyll & ETC in thylakoid membrane u H + gradient built up within thylakoids H +H+ H + H + H + H + H+ H + H +H+ H +

6 Visible Light: absorption spectra What structures absorb the light? PIGMENTS u Chlorophyll a (dominant pigment) absorbs best in red & blue wavelengths & least in green u Chlorophyll b, carotenoids, anthocyanins, xanthophylls (accessory pigments) Why are plants green? Reflect GREEN light

7 Photosynthesis Light reactions u convert solar energy to chemical energy ATP & NADPH Calvin cycle u sugar production reactions Uses (ATP & NADPH) to reduce CO 2 & synthesize C 6 H 12 O 6

8 Photosystems The light-gathering antenna complexes Photosystem II Photosystem I Special chlorophyll a molecules that absorb best at different pigments: P680 & P700

9 Light Reaction Absorbs light to excite electrons Oxidation of H 2 O forming O 2 (Photolysis!) u Electrons replaced u H + concentration building u Oxygen is released

10 Linear Electron Flow Noncyclic photophosphorylation PS II generates energy as ATP PS I generates energy as NADPH

11 Light Reaction con t Electron Transport Chain u Pumps H+ s to maintain gradient u NADP+ final e- acceptor in chain = NADPH Chemiosmosis to generate ATP u Diffusion of H + s down gradient into Stroma

12 Comparing Chemiosmosis

13 Light Reaction of Photosynthesis Photosystem II Photosystem I Video Video

14 Cyclic Electron Flow Cyclic Photophosphorylation If PS I can t pass electron to NADP, it cycles back makes more ATP, but no NADPH No oxygen is released First type of photosynthesis Ex: Bacteria with one photosystem

15 Moving on to Calvin cycle Location: stroma Uses products of light reactions to drive synthesis reactions u ATP u NADPH

16 From CO 2 C 6 H 12 O 6 CO 2 has very little chemical energy u fully oxidized C 6 H 12 O 6 contains a lot of chemical energy u reduced u endergonic Reduction of CO 2 C 6 H 12 O 6 proceeds in many small steps u each catalyzed by specific enzyme

17 Calvin cycle (3 CO 2 enter one at a time) 3. Regeneration of RuBP PGAL to make glucose 3 ATP 3 ADP ribulose bisphosphate RuBP 5C 1C CO 2 Rubisco -enzyme that Binds CO 2 to RuBP 6C 1. Carbon fixation sucrose cellulose etc. PGAL 3C x2 2x 3C PGA 6 NADPH 6 NADP 2. Reduction 2x 3C 6 ATP 6 ADP

18 Calvin cycle 6 turns of Calvin Cycle = 1 glucose u 6 CO 2 is needed u 18 ATP is needed u 12 NADPH is needed PGAL important intermediate! u can be used to make: Glucose, sucrose, lipids, amino acids etc.

19 Summary Light reactions u produced ATP u produced NADPH u consumed H 2 O u produced O 2 as by product Calvin cycle u consumed CO 2 u produced Glucose u regenerated ADP u regenerated NADP ADP NADP

20 Factors that affect Photosynthesis Enzymes are responsible for several photosynthetic processes, therefore, temperature and ph can affect the rate of photosynthesis. The amount and type of light can affect the rate. A shortage of any of the reactants,co2 and/or H2O, can affect the rate.

21 Energy Cycle sun Photosynthesis CO 2 H 2 O glucose O 2 Cellular Respiration ATP

22 Summary of photosynthesis 6CO 2 + 6H 2 O + light C 6 H 12 O 6 6O energy + 2 Where did the CO 2 come from? Where did the CO 2 go? Where did the H 2 O come from? Where did the H 2 O go? Where did the energy come from? What s the energy used for? What will the C 6 H 12 O 6 be used for? Where did the O 2 come from? Where will the O 2 go? What else is involved that is not listed in this equation?

Photosynthesis: Life from Light and Air

Photosynthesis: Life from Light and Air Photosynthesis: Life from Light and Air 2007-2008 Energy needs of life All life needs a constant input of energy consumers producers Heterotrophs (Animals) get their energy from eating others eat food

More information

Ch. 10- Photosynthesis: Life from Light and Air

Ch. 10- Photosynthesis: Life from Light and Air Ch. 10- Photosynthesis: Life from Light and Air 2007-2008 Ch. 10 Photosynthesis: Life from Light and Air 2007-2008 Energy needs of life All life needs a constant input of energy consumers Heterotrophs

More information

Photosynthesis: Life from Light and Air

Photosynthesis: Life from Light and Air http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wi60tqa8jfe Photosynthesis: Life from Light and Air 2011-2012 Energy needs of life All life needs a constant input of energy consumers producers Heterotrophs (Animals) obtain

More information

AP Biology

AP Biology Chapter 10. Photosynthesis: Life from Light Energy needs of life All life needs a constant input of energy Heterotrophs get their energy from eating others consumers of other organisms consume organic

More information

AP Biology

AP Biology Chapter 10. Photosynthesis: Life from Light Energy needs of life All life needs a constant input of energy Heterotrophs get their energy from eating others consumers of other organisms consume organic

More information

AP Biology. Warm-up. Photosynthesis: Life from Light and Air. Energy needs of life. Energy needs of life. Objective: Warm-up:

AP Biology. Warm-up. Photosynthesis: Life from Light and Air. Energy needs of life. Energy needs of life. Objective: Warm-up: Warm-up Objective: Explain how photosynthesis converts light energy into chemical energy. Warm-up: In the light reactions, what is the electron donor? Where do the electrons end up? 2006-2007 Photosynthesis:

More information

Located in the thylakoid membranes. Chlorophyll have Mg + in the center. Chlorophyll pigments harvest energy (photons) by absorbing certain

Located in the thylakoid membranes. Chlorophyll have Mg + in the center. Chlorophyll pigments harvest energy (photons) by absorbing certain a review Located in the thylakoid membranes. Chlorophyll have Mg + in the center. Chlorophyll pigments harvest energy (photons) by absorbing certain wavelengths (blue-420 nm and red-660 nm are most important).

More information

Energy Conversions. Photosynthesis. Plants. Chloroplasts. Plant Pigments 10/13/2014. Chapter 10 Pg

Energy Conversions. Photosynthesis. Plants. Chloroplasts. Plant Pigments 10/13/2014. Chapter 10 Pg Energy Conversions Photosynthesis Chapter 10 Pg. 184 205 Life on Earth is solar-powered by autotrophs Autotrophs make their own food and have no need to consume other organisms. They are the ultimate source

More information

PHOTOSYNTHESIS. Chapter 10

PHOTOSYNTHESIS. Chapter 10 PHOTOSYNTHESIS Chapter 10 Modes of Nutrition Autotrophs self-feeders Capture free energy from physical sources in the environment Photosynthetic organisms = sunlight Chemosynthetic organisms = small inorganic

More information

1. Plants and other autotrophs are the producers of the biosphere

1. Plants and other autotrophs are the producers of the biosphere 1. Plants and other autotrophs are the producers of the biosphere Photosynthesis nourishes almost all of the living world directly or indirectly. All organisms require organic compounds for energy and

More information

1. Plants and other autotrophs are the producers of the biosphere

1. Plants and other autotrophs are the producers of the biosphere 1. Plants and other autotrophs are the producers of the biosphere Photosynthesis nourishes almost all of the living world directly or indirectly. All organisms require organic compounds for energy and

More information

Ch. 10 Photosynthesis: The Calvin Cycle Life from Air

Ch. 10 Photosynthesis: The Calvin Cycle Life from Air Ch. 10 Photosynthesis: The Calvin Cycle Life from Air 2007-2008 Whoops! Wrong Calvin The Calvin Cycle 1950s 1961 Remember what it means to be a plant Need to produce all organic molecules necessary for

More information

Photosynthesis: The Calvin Cycle

Photosynthesis: The Calvin Cycle Whoops! Wrong Calvin 1950s 1961 Photosynthesis: The Calvin Cycle Remember what it means to be a plant Need to produce all organic molecules necessary for growth carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic

More information

8.2 Photosynthesis Draw and label a diagram showing the structure of a chloroplast as seen in electron micrographs

8.2 Photosynthesis Draw and label a diagram showing the structure of a chloroplast as seen in electron micrographs 8.2 Photosynthesis 8.2.1 - Draw and label a diagram showing the structure of a chloroplast as seen in electron micrographs double membrane starch grain grana thylakoid internal membrane - location of the

More information

Photosynthesis is the main route by which that energy enters the biosphere of the Earth.

Photosynthesis is the main route by which that energy enters the biosphere of the Earth. Chapter 5-Photosynthesis Photosynthesis is the main route by which that energy enters the biosphere of the Earth. To sustain and power life on Earth, the captured energy has to be released and used in

More information

6.3 Overview of Photosynthesis

6.3 Overview of Photosynthesis 6.3 Overview of Photosynthesis Chloroplast location of photosynthesis in plants and protists 3 membranes 2 make up the stroma Semifluid matrix Location of sugar production 1 makes up the thylakoid membrane

More information

AP Biology. Photosynthesis

AP Biology. Photosynthesis Photosynthesis Redox Reactions break bonds & move electrons from one molecule to another as electrons move they carry energy with them that energy is stored in another bond, released as heat or harvested

More information

Harvesting energy: photosynthesis & cellular respiration part 1

Harvesting energy: photosynthesis & cellular respiration part 1 Harvesting energy: photosynthesis & cellular respiration part 1 Agenda I. Overview (Big Pictures) of Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration II. Making Glucose - Photosynthesis III. Making ATP - Cellular

More information

Photosynthesis and Life

Photosynthesis and Life 7-1 Chapter 7 Photosynthesis and Life During photosynthesis Organisms use the energy of light to build highenergy organic molecules. Plants, algae, and some bacteria can do this. Can make their own food

More information

Photosynthesis Overview

Photosynthesis Overview Photosynthesis 1 2 Photosynthesis Overview Energy for all life on Earth ultimately comes from photosynthesis 6CO 2 + 12H 2 O C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6H 2 O + 6O 2 Oxygenic photosynthesis is carried out by Cyanobacteria

More information

PHOTOSYNTHESIS. Chapter 10

PHOTOSYNTHESIS. Chapter 10 PHOTOSYNTHESIS Chapter 10 Modes of Nutrition Autotrophs Capture from physical sources in the environment Photosynthetic organisms = sunlight Chemosynthetic organisms = small inorganic molecules (occurs

More information

The summary equation of photosynthesis including the source and fate of the reactants and products. How leaf and chloroplast anatomy relates to

The summary equation of photosynthesis including the source and fate of the reactants and products. How leaf and chloroplast anatomy relates to 1 The summary equation of photosynthesis including the source and fate of the reactants and products. How leaf and chloroplast anatomy relates to photosynthesis. How photosystems convert solar energy to

More information

Photosynthesis Overview

Photosynthesis Overview Photosynthesis Chapter 8 Photosynthesis Overview Energy for all life on Earth ultimately comes from photosynthesis. 6CO 2 + 12H 2 O C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6H 2 O + 6O 2 Oxygenic photosynthesis is carried out by:

More information

AP Biology. Chloroplasts: sites of photosynthesis in plants

AP Biology. Chloroplasts: sites of photosynthesis in plants The summary equation of photosynthesis including the source and fate of the reactants and products. How leaf and chloroplast anatomy relates to photosynthesis. How photosystems convert solar energy to

More information

PHOTOSYNTHESIS. Light Reaction Calvin Cycle

PHOTOSYNTHESIS. Light Reaction Calvin Cycle PHOTOSYNTHESIS Light Reaction Calvin Cycle Photosynthesis Purpose: use energy from light to convert inorganic compounds into organic fuels that have stored potential energy in their carbon bonds Carbon

More information

PHOTOSYNTHESIS. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pme blshpbsu

PHOTOSYNTHESIS. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pme blshpbsu PHOTOSYNTHESIS https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pme blshpbsu Energy needs of life All life needs a constant input of energy Heterotrophs (Animals) get their energy from eating others eat food = other organisms

More information

1 Which of the following organisms do NOT carry on photosynthesis?

1 Which of the following organisms do NOT carry on photosynthesis? 1 Which of the following organisms do NOT carry on photosynthesis? plants algae some bacteria 2 3 animals The correct description of the relationship between photosynthesis and the living world is. herbivores,

More information

6CO 2 + 6H 2 O + Sunlight C 6 H 12 O 6 +6O 2

6CO 2 + 6H 2 O + Sunlight C 6 H 12 O 6 +6O 2 6CO 2 + 6H 2 O + Sunlight C 6 H 12 O 6 +6O 2 Process Location Reactants (Starting) Products (Ending) Light Reactions Calvin Cycle Introduction to Photosynthesis Mrs. Meyer Target SWBAT describe the reactants

More information

Photosynthesis Overview. Photosynthesis Overview. Photosynthesis Overview. Photosynthesis

Photosynthesis Overview. Photosynthesis Overview. Photosynthesis Overview. Photosynthesis Photosynthesis Photosynthesis Overview Chapter 8 Energy for all life on Earth ultimately comes from photosynthesis. 6CO2 + 12H2O C6H12O6 + 6H2O + 6O2 Oxygenic photosynthesis is carried out by: cyanobacteria,

More information

Photosynthesis. I. Photosynthesis overview A. Purpose B. Location. The light vs. the dark reaction Chloroplasts pigments A. Light absorption B.

Photosynthesis. I. Photosynthesis overview A. Purpose B. Location. The light vs. the dark reaction Chloroplasts pigments A. Light absorption B. Photosynthesis I. Photosynthesis overview A. Purpose B. Location II. III. The light vs. the dark reaction Chloroplasts pigments A. Light absorption B. Types IV. Light reactions A. Photosystems B. Photophosphorylation

More information

Photosynthesis. All Materials Cmassengale

Photosynthesis. All Materials Cmassengale Photosynthesis All Materials Cmassengale I. Capturing the Energy of Life A. All organisms require energy B. Some organisms (autotrophs) obtain energy directly from the sun and store it in organic compounds

More information

Chapter 10 Photosynthesis

Chapter 10 Photosynthesis Chapter 10 Photosynthesis Autotrophs and Heterotrophs Autotrophs are organisms that make their own food. They obtain everything they need by using CO 2 and inorganic compounds from the environment. Heterotrophs

More information

Where It Starts: Photosynthesis. Chapter 5

Where It Starts: Photosynthesis. Chapter 5 Where It Starts: Photosynthesis Chapter 5 Photosynthesis Metabolic Pathways Converts light energy to chemical energy. Photoautotrophs Organisms that can perform photosynthesis Cyanobacteria (prokaryotic-no

More information

4.1. Photosynthesis Light-Dependent Reactions

4.1. Photosynthesis Light-Dependent Reactions 4.1 Photosynthesis Light-Dependent Reactions Photosynthesis Each year, Canada s boreal forest convert 12.5 million tonnes of carbon into energy-rich compounds for billions of organisms Photosynthesis

More information

Outline - Photosynthesis

Outline - Photosynthesis Outlin Photosynthesis Photosynthesis 1. An Overview of Photosynthesis & Respiration 2. Autotrophs and producers 3. Electromagnetic Spectrum & light energy 4. Chloroplasts: Structure and Function 5. Photosynthetic

More information

Photosynthesis. Dr. Bertolotti

Photosynthesis. Dr. Bertolotti Photosynthesis Dr. Bertolotti Photosynthesis: Life from Light and Air How do plants and other organisms capture energy from the sun? What is ATP and why is it useful in cells? Plants are energy producers

More information

Photosynthesis 6CO 2 + 6H 2 O C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2

Photosynthesis 6CO 2 + 6H 2 O C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2 PHOTOSYNTHESIS Photosynthesis An anabolic, endergonic, carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) requiring process that uses light energy (photons) and water (H 2 O) to produce organic macromolecules (glucose). photons SUN

More information

pigments AP BIOLOGY PHOTOSYNTHESIS Chapter 10 Light Reactions Visible light is part of electromagnetic spectrum

pigments AP BIOLOGY PHOTOSYNTHESIS Chapter 10 Light Reactions Visible light is part of electromagnetic spectrum AP BIOLOGY PHOTOSYNTHESIS Chapter 10 Light Reactions http://vilenski.org/science/safari/cellstructure/chloroplasts.html Sunlight is made up of many different wavelengths of light Your eyes see different

More information

Photosynthesis (Chapter 7 Outline) A. For life based on organic compounds, two questions can be raised:

Photosynthesis (Chapter 7 Outline) A. For life based on organic compounds, two questions can be raised: Photosynthesis (Chapter 7 Outline) Sun, Rain, and Survival A. For life based on organic compounds, two questions can be raised: 1. Where does the carbon come from? 2. Where does the energy come from to

More information

Lecture 9: Photosynthesis

Lecture 9: Photosynthesis Lecture 9: Photosynthesis I. Characteristics of Light A. Light is composed of particles that travel as waves 1. Comprises a small part of the electromagnetic spectrum B. Radiation varies in wavelength

More information

Just Like the Guy From Krypton Photosynthesis

Just Like the Guy From Krypton Photosynthesis Just Like the Guy From Krypton Photosynthesis An Overview of Photosynthesis Most of the energy used by almost all living cells ultimately comes from the sun plants, algae, and some bacteria capture the

More information

THE BASICS OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS

THE BASICS OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS THE BASICS OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS Almost all plants are photosynthetic autotrophs, as are some bacteria and protists Autotrophs generate their own organic matter through photosynthesis Sunlight energy is transformed

More information

1. Photosynthesis is the process of making a simple organic molecule from inorganic compounds (molecules) utilizing light energy.

1. Photosynthesis is the process of making a simple organic molecule from inorganic compounds (molecules) utilizing light energy. PHOTOSYNTHESIS A. INTRODUCTION 1. Photosynthesis is the process of making a simple organic molecule from inorganic compounds (molecules) utilizing light energy. a. It takes energy input for synthesis.

More information

Metabolismo Biología de 12º

Metabolismo Biología de 12º DEPARTAMENTO DE CIENCIAS NATURALES Metabolismo Biología de 12º Nombre y Apellidos FOTOSÍNTESIS 1) Organisms that can exist with light as an energy source and an inorganic form of carbon and other raw materials

More information

The conversion of usable sunlight energy into chemical energy is associated with the action of the green pigment chlorophyll.

The conversion of usable sunlight energy into chemical energy is associated with the action of the green pigment chlorophyll. Photosynthesis Photosynthesis is the process by which plants, some bacteria and some protistans use the energy from sunlight to produce glucose from carbon dioxide and water. This glucose can be converted

More information

(A) Calvin cycle (B) Cyclic electron transfer (C) Non-cyclic electron transfer (D) Photorespiration (E) Cellular respiration

(A) Calvin cycle (B) Cyclic electron transfer (C) Non-cyclic electron transfer (D) Photorespiration (E) Cellular respiration AP Biology - Problem Drill 08: Photosynthesis No. 1 of 10 #01 1. What term does the statement below refer to? In a photosynthesis process, an electron is excited from P700 and delivered to its receptor,

More information

PHOTOSYNTHESIS. Botany Department B.N.D. College

PHOTOSYNTHESIS. Botany Department B.N.D. College PHOTOSYNTHESIS Botany Department B.N.D. College Photosynthesis An anabolic, endergonic, carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) requiring process that uses light energy (photons) and water (H 2 O) to produce organic macromolecules

More information

Photosynthesis. Photosynthesis is the process of harnessing the energy of sunlight to make carbohydrates (sugars).

Photosynthesis. Photosynthesis is the process of harnessing the energy of sunlight to make carbohydrates (sugars). Photosynthesis Photosynthesis is the process of harnessing the energy of sunlight to make carbohydrates (sugars). Plants do photosynthesis to make their own food (sugars) and are called, photoautotrophs.

More information

A + B = C C + D = E E + F = A

A + B = C C + D = E E + F = A Photosynthesis - Plants obtain energy directly from the sun - Organisms that do this are autotrophs (make their own food from inorganic forms) - Photosynthesis is a series of chemical reactions where the

More information

WJEC UNIT 3. ATP & Photosynthesis. Tyrone. R.L. John

WJEC UNIT 3. ATP & Photosynthesis. Tyrone. R.L. John WJEC UNIT 3 ATP & Photosynthesis 1 Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) Revision from unit 1 1. ATP is a nucleotide. Label the components of the ATP molecule below: In the space below draw a simplified diagram

More information

Photosynthesis. From Sunlight to Sugar

Photosynthesis. From Sunlight to Sugar Photosynthesis From Sunlight to Sugar What is Photosynthesis? Photosynthesis is a process that captures energy from sunlight to make sugars used as food for producers. The light energy is stored as chemical

More information

Lecture Series 13 Photosynthesis: Energy from the Sun

Lecture Series 13 Photosynthesis: Energy from the Sun Lecture Series 13 Photosynthesis: Energy from the Sun Photosynthesis: Energy from the Sun A. Identifying Photosynthetic Reactants and Products B. The Two Pathways of Photosynthesis: An Overview C. Properties

More information

PHOTOSYNTHESIS Chapter 6

PHOTOSYNTHESIS Chapter 6 PHOTOSYNTHESIS Chapter 6 5.1 Matter and Energy Pathways in Living Systems Chapter 5 Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration 1 2 5.1 Matter and Energy Pathways in Living Systems In this section you will:

More information

Photosynthesis

Photosynthesis Student Expectations: Cellular Energy Understand that cellular energy is temporarily stored in the nucleotide ATP (adenosine triphosphate) Describe how energy is released by ATP When the outer phosphate

More information

Sunlight as an Energy Source

Sunlight as an Energy Source Photosynthesis Sunlight as an Energy Source Photosynthetic organisms use pigments to capture the energy of sunlight Photosynthesis The synthesis of organic molecules from inorganic molecules using the

More information

Photosynthesis. Chapter 10. Biology Eighth Edition Neil Campbell and Jane Reece. PowerPoint Lecture Presentations for

Photosynthesis. Chapter 10. Biology Eighth Edition Neil Campbell and Jane Reece. PowerPoint Lecture Presentations for Chapter 10 Photosynthesis PowerPoint Lecture Presentations for Biology Eighth Edition Neil Campbell and Jane Reece Lectures by Chris Romero, updated by Erin Barley with contributions from Joan Sharp Overview:

More information

Photosynthesis. (in C 3 plants)

Photosynthesis. (in C 3 plants) Photosynthesis (in C 3 plants) WHAT DO I REMEMBER FROM GCSE ABOUT PHOTOSYNTHESIS? PS WS Photosynthesis uses sunlight energy to create complex organic compounds, initially glucose, from inorganic compounds.

More information

Photosynthesis Review Packet

Photosynthesis Review Packet Photosynthesis Review Packet Model 1 Chloroplast 6CO2 + 12H2O + sunlight energy C6H12O6 + 6O2 + 6H2O 12 H2O 6 CO2 6 O2 C6H12O6 1. Consider the organelle illustrated in Model 1. a. What is the name of the

More information

Autotrophs and Heterotrophs

Autotrophs and Heterotrophs Section 8-1 Notes Energy and Life Energy is the ability to do work. Living things depend on energy. Without the ability to obtain and use energy, life would cease to exist. Where does the energy that living

More information

Section 1 The Light Reactions. Section 2 The Calvin Cycle. Resources

Section 1 The Light Reactions. Section 2 The Calvin Cycle. Resources How to Use This Presentation To View the presentation as a slideshow with effects select View on the menu bar and click on Slide Show. To advance through the presentation, click the right-arrow key or

More information

Question Answer Mark Guidance 1 (a) (i) 2 max

Question Answer Mark Guidance 1 (a) (i) 2 max Question Answer Mark Guidance 1 (a) (i) Mark the first answer on each prompt line. If the answer is correct and an additional answer is given that is incorrect or contradicts the A inner membrane (of,

More information

Where It Starts - Photosynthesis

Where It Starts - Photosynthesis Where It Starts - Photosynthesis What Is Photosynthesis? The Rainbow Catchers Making ATP and NADPH Making Sugars Alternate Pathways What is Photosynthesis? Energy flow through ecosystems begins when photosynthesizers

More information

PHOTOSYNTHESIS CHAPTER 7. Where It Starts - Photosynthesis

PHOTOSYNTHESIS CHAPTER 7. Where It Starts - Photosynthesis PHOTOSYNTHESIS CHAPTER 7 Where It Starts - Photosynthesis IMPACTS, ISSUES: SUNLIGHT AND SURVIVAL Plants are autotrophs, or self-nourishing organisms The first autotrophs filled Earth s atmosphere with

More information

Photosynthesis in Detail. 3/19/2014 Averett

Photosynthesis in Detail. 3/19/2014 Averett Photosynthesis in Detail 1 In photosynthesis many chemical reactions, enzymes and ions work together in a precise order. Enzymes Biological catalyst Substance that initiates or speeds up the rate of a

More information

Energy can be transformed from one form to another. FREE ENERGY (available for work) vs. HEAT (not available for work)

Energy can be transformed from one form to another. FREE ENERGY (available for work) vs. HEAT (not available for work) PHOTOSYNTHESIS Energy can be transformed from one form to another FREE ENERGY (available for work) vs. HEAT (not available for work) THE SUN: MAIN SOURCE OF ENERGY FOR LIFE ON EARTH THE BASICS OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS

More information

Sunday, August 25, 2013 PHOTOSYNTHESIS

Sunday, August 25, 2013 PHOTOSYNTHESIS PHOTOSYNTHESIS PREFACE The sun is the ultimate source of energy. The sun powers nearly all life forms. Photosynthesis converts solar energy into chemical energy. Photoautotrophs use solar energy to synthesize

More information

Overview - the process that feeds the biosphere. Photosynthesis: transformation of solar energy into chemical energy.

Overview - the process that feeds the biosphere. Photosynthesis: transformation of solar energy into chemical energy. Chapter 7 Capturing Solar Energy: Photosynthesis Overview - the process that feeds the biosphere Photosynthesis: transformation of solar energy into chemical energy. Responsible for O 2 in our atmosphere

More information

1 P a g e h t t p s : / / w w w. c i e n o t e s. c o m / Photosynthesis (chapter 12):

1 P a g e h t t p s : / / w w w. c i e n o t e s. c o m / Photosynthesis (chapter 12): 1 P a g e h t t p s : / / w w w. c i e n o t e s. c o m / Photosynthesis (chapter 12): Photosynthesis is the fixation of CO 2 and its subsequent reduction to carbohydrate, using hydrogen from water, taking

More information

Photosynthesis Prep Test

Photosynthesis Prep Test Photosynthesis Prep Test Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. What are the three parts of an ATP molecule? a. adenine, thylakoid, and a phosphate

More information

Chapter 10. Photosynthesis

Chapter 10. Photosynthesis Chapter 10 Photosynthesis Overview: The Process That Feeds the Biosphere Photosynthesis is the process that converts solar energy into chemical energy Directly or indirectly, photosynthesis nourishes almost

More information

Energy Exchanges Exam: What to Study

Energy Exchanges Exam: What to Study Energy Exchanges Exam: What to Study Here s what you will need to make sure you understand in order to prepare for our exam: Free Energy Conceptual understanding of free energy as available energy in a

More information

Chapter 8 Photosynthesis

Chapter 8 Photosynthesis Chapter 8 Photosynthesis 8-1 NRG and Living Things n Where does the NRG we use come from. n Directly or indirectly from the sun n Plants get their NRG directly from the sun n How? n Plants use photosynthesis

More information

Photosynthesis (Outline)

Photosynthesis (Outline) Photosynthesis (Outline) 1. Overview of photosynthesis 2. Producers, consumers, and decomposers of the ecosystem (source of carbon and energy) 3. Plant structures: organ, tissue, cells, sub-cellular organelle,

More information

Chapter 8: Cellular Energy

Chapter 8: Cellular Energy Chapter 8: Cellular Energy Section 1: How Organisms Obtain Energy Transformation of Energy All cellular activities require Energy!! ( The ability to do work). The study of flow and the transformation of

More information

Chapter 5: Photosynthesis: The Energy of Life pg : Pathways of Photosynthesis pg

Chapter 5: Photosynthesis: The Energy of Life pg : Pathways of Photosynthesis pg UNIT 2: Metabolic Processes Chapter 5: Photosynthesis: The Energy of Life pg. 210-240 5.2: Pathways of Photosynthesis pg. 220-228 Light Dependent Reactions Photosystem II and I are the two light capturing

More information

Light form the sun is composed of a range of wavelengths (colors). The visible spectrum to the left illustrates the wavelengths and associated color

Light form the sun is composed of a range of wavelengths (colors). The visible spectrum to the left illustrates the wavelengths and associated color Photosynthesis Englemann Experiment In 1883, Thomas Engelmann of Germany used a combination of aerobic bacteria and a filamentous alga to study the effect of various colors of the visible light spectrum

More information

Chapter 10 Photosynthesis

Chapter 10 Photosynthesis Chapter 10 Photosynthesis Overview: The Process That Feeds the Biosphere Photosynthesis is the process that converts solar energy into chemical energy Photosynthesis occurs in plants, algae, certain other

More information

Chapter 7: Photosynthesis

Chapter 7: Photosynthesis Chapter 7: Photosynthesis Electromagnetic Spectrum Shortest wavelength Longest wavelength Gamma rays X-rays UV radiation Visible light Infrared radiation Microwaves Radio waves Photons Packets of light

More information

Photosynthesis Thursday, July 7, 2011

Photosynthesis Thursday, July 7, 2011 Photosynthesis Photosynthesis in Overview Process by which plants and other autotrophs store the energy of sunlight into sugars. Requires sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide. Overall equation: 6 CO 2

More information

DAY 1 Photosynthesis. - Chemical reaction - Compared to respiration

DAY 1 Photosynthesis. - Chemical reaction - Compared to respiration DAY 1 Photosynthesis - Chemical reaction - Compared to respiration Photosynthesis Photosynthesis Song Brainpop Photosynthesis The Sun is the ultimate source of mostly all energy on Earth! Autotrophs: are

More information

photosynthesis notes Biology Junction Everything you need in Biology Photosynthesis All Materials Cmassengale I. Capturing the Energy of Life

photosynthesis notes Biology Junction Everything you need in Biology Photosynthesis All Materials Cmassengale I. Capturing the Energy of Life Biology Junction Everything you need in Biology photosynthesis notes Photosynthesis All Materials Cmassengale I. Capturing the Energy of Life 1. All organisms require energy 2. Some organisms (autotrophs)

More information

Photosynthesis. light

Photosynthesis. light Photosynthesis light 6CO + 6H 0 C 6 H 1 O 6 + 6O light Carbon dioxide + water sugar + oxygen Chlorophyll pigment that absorbs light energy Absorbs red and blue light Reflects green and yellow light Chlorophyll

More information

Photosynthesis 05/03/2012 INTRODUCTION: Summary Reaction for Photosynthesis: CO 2 : H 2 O: chlorophyll:

Photosynthesis 05/03/2012 INTRODUCTION: Summary Reaction for Photosynthesis: CO 2 : H 2 O: chlorophyll: Photosynthesis INTRODUCTION: metabolic process occurring in green plants, algae, some protists and cyanobacteria Photosynthesis is an PROCESS (building organic molecules which store radiant energy as chemical

More information

Photosynthesis: Life from Light and Air. Regents Biology

Photosynthesis: Life from Light and Air. Regents Biology Photosynthesis: Life from Light and Air Plants are energy producers Like animals, plants need energy to live unlike animals, plants don t need to eat food to make that energy Plants make both FOOD & ENERGY

More information

Bio 111 Study Guide Chapter 8 Photosynthesis

Bio 111 Study Guide Chapter 8 Photosynthesis Bio 111 Study Guide Chapter 8 Photosynthesis BEFORE CLASS: Reading: Read the whole chapter from pp. 161-179. Figure 8.16 puts all of the light reactions together for you. Study it and understand it well!

More information

Life on Earth is solar powered. Photosynthesis => conversion of light energy to chemical energy (stored in sugars and other organic molecules).

Life on Earth is solar powered. Photosynthesis => conversion of light energy to chemical energy (stored in sugars and other organic molecules). Photosynthesis Life on Earth is solar powered. Photosynthesis => conversion of light energy to chemical energy (stored in sugars and other organic molecules). Organisms obtain organic compounds by one

More information

Chapter 7 PHOTOSYNTHESIS

Chapter 7 PHOTOSYNTHESIS Chapter 7 PHOTOSYNTHESIS Photosynthesis Photosynthesis is the process of harnessing energy from sunlight to produce sugars. Photosynthesis equation: Energy + 6 CO 2 + 6 H 2 O C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6 O 2 C 6 H

More information

Energy can be transformed from one form to another

Energy can be transformed from one form to another LEARNING OBJECTIVES By the end of this lecture you will be able to: Photosynthesis 1. Understand that ENERGY can be transformed from one form to another. 2. Know that energy exist in two forms; free energy

More information

light-dependent reactions (i.e., light reactions)

light-dependent reactions (i.e., light reactions) LEARNING OBJECTIVES By the end of this lecture you will be able to: 1. Understand that ENERGY can be transformed from one form to another. 2. Know that energy exist in two forms; free energy - available

More information

Photosynthesis. Light-dependent Reactions

Photosynthesis. Light-dependent Reactions Photosynthesis Light-dependent Reactions video http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hj_wkgnl 6MI&feature=related Overview Photosynthesis transforms the radiant energy from the sun into the chemical energy of

More information

Unit 4.2: Photosynthesis - Sugar as Food

Unit 4.2: Photosynthesis - Sugar as Food Unit 4.2: Photosynthesis - Sugar as Food Lesson Objectives Outline the stages of photosynthesis. Describe the chloroplast and its role in photosynthesis. List the steps of the light reactions. Describe

More information

Photosynthesis Part I: Overview & The Light-Dependent Reac<ons

Photosynthesis Part I: Overview & The Light-Dependent Reac<ons Photosynthesis Part I: Overview & The Light-Dependent Reac

More information

Photosynthesis Lecture 7 Fall Photosynthesis. Photosynthesis. The Chloroplast. Photosynthetic prokaryotes. The Chloroplast

Photosynthesis Lecture 7 Fall Photosynthesis. Photosynthesis. The Chloroplast. Photosynthetic prokaryotes. The Chloroplast Photosynthesis Lecture 7 Fall 2008 Photosynthesis Photosynthesis The process by which light energy from the sun is converted into chemical energy 1 Photosynthesis Inputs CO 2 Gas exchange occurs through

More information

CHAPTER 8 PHOTOSYNTHESIS

CHAPTER 8 PHOTOSYNTHESIS CHAPTER 8 PHOTOSYNTHESIS Con. 8.1 Photosynthesis process by which plants use light to make food molecules from carbon dioxide and water (chlorophyll) 6CO 2 + 12H 2 O + Light C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2 + 6H 2

More information

Photosynthesis. Chapter 8

Photosynthesis. Chapter 8 Photosynthesis Chapter 8 Photosynthesis Overview Energy for all life on Earth ultimately comes from photosynthesis 6CO 2 + 12H 2 O C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6H 2 O + 6O 2 Oxygenic photosynthesis is carried out by

More information

Metabolism 2 Photosynthesis

Metabolism 2 Photosynthesis Metabolism 2 Photosynthesis Light energy is trapped in the form of high energy electrons. High energy electrons are used to synthesize ATP and reduce CO 2 to form carbohydrates. Oxygen is produced as a

More information

1. Which of these types of organisms produce the biosphere's food supply? A. autotrophs and heterotrophs

1. Which of these types of organisms produce the biosphere's food supply? A. autotrophs and heterotrophs Sample Questions: Chapter 7 1 Which of these types of organisms produce the biosphere's food supply? A autotrophs and heterotrophs B consumers and heterotrophs C heterotrophs D autotrophs E consumers 2

More information

Chapter 8 Photosynthesis

Chapter 8 Photosynthesis Chapter 8 Photosynthesis THE BASICS OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS Photosynthesis is used by plants, algae (protists), and some bacteria uses the energy from sunlight to convert water and carbon dioxide into high-energy

More information

Bio 111 Study Guide Chapter 10 Photosynthesis

Bio 111 Study Guide Chapter 10 Photosynthesis Bio 111 Study Guide Chapter 10 Photosynthesis BEFORE CLASS: Reading: Read the whole chapter from p. 185-207. You can skip the topic of cyclic electron flow on p. 196-197. Figure 10.18 puts all of the light

More information

PHOTOSYNTHESIS: converts light energy to the chemical energy of food 6CO 2 + 6H 2 O + light energy C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2

PHOTOSYNTHESIS: converts light energy to the chemical energy of food 6CO 2 + 6H 2 O + light energy C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2 Photosynthesis Life on Earth is solar powered Photosynthesis nourishes almost all the living world directly or indirectly All organisms use organic compounds for energy and for carbon skeletons. Organisms

More information