PHOTOSYNTHESIS. blshpbsu

Save this PDF as:

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "PHOTOSYNTHESIS. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pme blshpbsu"

Transcription

1 PHOTOSYNTHESIS blshpbsu

2 Energy needs of life All life needs a constant input of energy Heterotrophs (Animals) get their energy from eating others eat food = other organisms = organic molecules make energy through respiration Autotrophs (Plants) produce their own energy (from self ) convert energy of sunlight build organic molecules (CHO) from CO 2 make energy & synthesize sugars through photosynthesis

3 PHOTOSYNTHESIS

4 Photosynthesis Involves the Use Of light Energy to convert: Water (H 2 0) and Carbon Dioxide (CO 2 ) into Oxygen (O 2 ) and High Energy Carbohydrates (sugars, e.g. Glucose) & Starches 4

5 The Photosynthesis Equation 5

6 PHOTOSYNTHESIS HAPPENS IN CHLOROPLASTS THYLAKOIDS = sac-like photosynthetic membranes inside chloroplast GRANUM (pl. grana) = stack of thylakoids

7 THYLAKOID SPACE Gel-filled space Inside the thylakoid sac SPACES STROMA Gel-filled space inside chloroplast surrounding thylakoid sac cytoplasm Gel-filled space OUTSIDE chloroplast but inside the cell membrane

8 PHOTOSYNTHESIS HAPPENS IN CHLOROPLASTS Proteins that are part of the thylakoid membrane organize Light absorbing PIGMENTS into clusters called PHOTOSYSTEMS

9 Light Light energy from the sun must be captured for photosynthesis to occur. Sunlight is white light actually a mixture of different wavelengths.

10 Chlorophyll Photosynthetic organisms capture energy from sunlight with pigments principally with chlorophyll.

11 Light and Pigments Light contains a mixture of wavelengths Different wavelengths have different colors 11

12

13 Light: absorption spectra Photosynthesis gets energy by absorbing wavelengths of light chlorophyll a absorbs best in red & blue wavelengths & least in green accessory pigments with different structures absorb light of different wavelengths chlorophyll b, carotenoids, xanthophylls Why are plants green?

14 An Overview of Photosynthesis Photosynthesis uses the energy of sunlight to convert water and carbon dioxide (low-energy reactants) into high-energy sugars and oxygen (products). light Carbon dioxide + Water Sugars + Oxygen 6CO 2 6H 2 O C 6 H 12 O 6 6O 2 + light +

15 Photosynthesis and Light Photosynthesis involves two sets of reactions: Light-dependent reactions Light-independent reactions

16 Light-Dependent Reactions (in Thylakoids!) Light-dependent reactions require the direct involvement of light and light-absorbing pigments. Water: source of electrons Oxygen: byproduct

17 Light-Independent Reactions (in the stroma) Light-independent reactions use ATP and NADPH molecules produced in the light-dependent reactions to produce high-energy sugars from carbon dioxide Carbon Dioxide Sugars and Other carbohydrates

18 Interdependence of Reactions Light-dependent and light-independent reactions have an interdependent relationship.

19 4 Factors that Affect Photosynthesis 1. Carbon Dioxide (CO 2 ) Without CO 2, the plant would not have one of the raw materials needed in the photosynthesis equation CO 2 is used in the first step of the Calvin Cycle 2. Temperature The temperature must be in the appropriate range for the plant in order for photosynthesis to properly occur

20 4 Factors that Affect Photosynthesis 3. Intensity of Light If the intensity of light is lower, the available energy for photosynthesis is lower. In a greenhouse, if the light source is further away, intensity is lower and less photosynthesis can occur If light is not available at all, the light-dependent reactions cannot occur (nor can they provide the materials used in the light-independent reactions)

21 4 Factors that Affect Photosynthesis 4. Water: A shortage of water can slow or stop photosynthesis. Desert plants and conifers that live in dry conditions have a waxy coating on their leaves to prevent water loss.

22 C3, C4 and CAM Plants Do you have friends with bad habits? Maybe they procrastinate a lot, forget your birthday, or never remember to brush their teeth. You wouldn't stop being friends with them for these reasons, yet from time to time, you might find yourself wishing they would clean up their act.

23 C3, C4 and CAM Plants All photosynthetic plants need carbon to build sugars, and all get their carbon from CO 2 in the air. C3 Pathway (most plants): carbon fixation occurs when CO 2 reacts with a five-carbon compound called RuBP (ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate). The product splits immediately to form a pair of three-carbon compounds. C4 and CAM plants are plants that use certain special compounds to gather carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) during photosynthesis. Using these compounds allows these plants to extract more CO 2 from a given amount of air, helping them prevent water loss.

24 C3 Plants Rubisco has a major flaw: instead of always using CO 2 as a substrate, it sometimes picks up O 2 instead. This side reaction initiates a pathway called photorespiration, which, rather than fixing carbon, actually leads to the loss of already-fixed carbon as CO 2. Photorespiration wastes energy and decreases sugar synthesis, so when rubisco initiates this pathway, it's committing a serious molecular faux pas.

25 C4 and CAM Plants C4 plants and CAM plants bind carbon dioxide using a much more efficient enzyme, which allows for a more efficient harvest of CO 2. C4 Plants: hot, dry climates (angiosperms!) Ex: sugar cane, corn CAM Plants: hot, cry climates Ex: cacti, pineapple

26 DAY 2

27 Photosynthesis Light reactions light-dependent reactions energy conversion reactions convert solar energy to chemical energy ATP & NADPH Calvin cycle light-independent reactions sugar building reactions uses chemical energy (ATP & NADPH) to reduce CO 2 & synthesize C 6 H 12 O 6

28 Photosystems (Light Reactions) of photosynthesis 2 photosystems in thylakoid membrane collections of chlorophyll molecules act as light-gathering molecules Photosystem II chlorophyll a P 680 = absorbs 680nm wavelength red light Photosystem I chlorophyll b P 700 = absorbs 700nm wavelength red light reaction center antenna pigments

29 Light reactions chloroplast H +H+ H + H + H +H+ H + H + H+ H + thylakoid H + Electron Transport Chain proteins in organelle membrane NADPH = electron acceptors proton (H + ) gradient across inner membrane + charge on the inside find the double membrane! ATP synthase enzyme ATP H +H+ H + H + H +H+ H + H + H+ H + H +

30 ETC of Photosynthesis Chloroplasts transform light energy into chemical energy of ATP use electron carrier NADPH generates O 2

31 Photosystem II chlorophyll a Photosystem I ETC of Photosynthesis chlorophyll b

32 WHY DOES PHOTOSYSTEM II COME BEFORE PHOTOSYSTEM I? It was discovered and named 1st PHOTOSYSTEM II PHOTOSYSTEM I

33 Experimental evidence Where did the O 2 come from? radioactive tracer = O 18 Experiment 1 6CO 2 + 6H 2 O + light C 6 H 12 O 6 6O energy + 2 Experiment 2 6CO 2 + 6H 2 O + light C 6 H 12 O 6 6O energy + 2 Proved O 2 came from H 2 O not CO 2 = plants split H 2 O!

34 Light-Independent Reactions The second phase of photosynthesis does not require light and is called the Calvin Cycle. The Calvin Cycle occurs in the stroma of the chloroplast.

35 Light-independent Reactions The Calvin Cycle uses the ATP and NADPH that was built during the light-dependent reactions

36 CALVIN CYCLE (OCCURS IN THE STROMA) Calvin Cycle: Series of steps that build up compounds using carbon dioxide from the air. 1. Electrons and ATP from light reaction get dumped into the Calvin Cycle to run it. 2. Energy from ATP and Hydrogen from NADPH combine to form glucose.

37 Calvin Cycle (8E) Click the image to play the video segment.

38 Photosynthesis Equation Light Energy 6CO 2 + 6H 2 O C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2 chlorophyll Carbon Dioxide from the air Used in the Calvin Cycle during the Dark Reactions Water Split during Photolysis in the Light Reactions Glucose Made in the Calvin Cycle during the Dark Reactions Oxygen Released during Photolysis in the Light Reactions Plants can use this glucose molecule for energy during Cellular Respiration. Plants can also convert this glucose molecule into other organic compounds such as proteins and fats/lipids or other carbohydrates like starch and cellulose

39 What goes in and out

40 So what do plants do with all the stored glucose (starch)? Growth Repair Reproduction

41 3 Factors that Affect Photosynthesis 1. Carbon Dioxide (CO 2 ) Without CO 2, the plant would not have one of the raw materials needed in the photosynthesis equation CO 2 is used in the first step of the Calvin Cycle 2. Temperature The temperature must be in the appropriate range for the plant in order for photosynthesis to properly occur

42 3 Factors that Affect Photosynthesis 3. Intensity of Light If the intensity of light is lower, the available energy for photosynthesis is lower. In a greenhouse, if the light source is further away, intensity is lower and less photosynthesis can occur If light is not available at all, the lightdependent reactions cannot occur (nor can they provide the materials used in the lightindependent reactions)

43 Concept Map Section 8-3 Photosynthesis includes use take place in takes place in uses to produce of to produce

44 Concept Map Section 8-3 Photosynthesis includes use Lightdependent reactions take place in takes place in Calvin cycle uses Energy from sunlight Thylakoid membranes Stroma ATP NADPH to produce of to produce ATP NADPH O 2 Chloroplasts High-energy sugars

Lesson Overview. Photosynthesis: An Overview. Lesson Overview. 8.2 Photosynthesis: An Overview

Lesson Overview. Photosynthesis: An Overview. Lesson Overview. 8.2 Photosynthesis: An Overview Lesson Overview 8.2 Photosynthesis: An Overview Light and pigments Energy from the sun travels to Earth in the form of light. Sunlight is a mixture of different wavelengths. The wavelengths we see is known

More information

AP Biology

AP Biology Chapter 10. Photosynthesis: Life from Light Energy needs of life All life needs a constant input of energy Heterotrophs get their energy from eating others consumers of other organisms consume organic

More information

AP Biology

AP Biology Chapter 10. Photosynthesis: Life from Light Energy needs of life All life needs a constant input of energy Heterotrophs get their energy from eating others consumers of other organisms consume organic

More information

Photosynthesis: Life from Light and Air

Photosynthesis: Life from Light and Air Photosynthesis: Life from Light and Air 2007-2008 Energy needs of life All life needs a constant input of energy consumers producers Heterotrophs (Animals) get their energy from eating others eat food

More information

Ch. 10- Photosynthesis: Life from Light and Air

Ch. 10- Photosynthesis: Life from Light and Air Ch. 10- Photosynthesis: Life from Light and Air 2007-2008 Ch. 10 Photosynthesis: Life from Light and Air 2007-2008 Energy needs of life All life needs a constant input of energy consumers Heterotrophs

More information

Photosynthesis: Life from Light AP Biology

Photosynthesis: Life from Light AP Biology Photosynthesis: Life from Light Supporting a biosphere On global scale, photosynthesis is the most important process for the continuation of life on Earth u each year photosynthesis synthesizes 160 billion

More information

Photosynthesis: Life from Light and Air

Photosynthesis: Life from Light and Air http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wi60tqa8jfe Photosynthesis: Life from Light and Air 2011-2012 Energy needs of life All life needs a constant input of energy consumers producers Heterotrophs (Animals) obtain

More information

Photosynthesis. Dr. Bertolotti

Photosynthesis. Dr. Bertolotti Photosynthesis Dr. Bertolotti Photosynthesis: Life from Light and Air How do plants and other organisms capture energy from the sun? What is ATP and why is it useful in cells? Plants are energy producers

More information

pigments AP BIOLOGY PHOTOSYNTHESIS Chapter 10 Light Reactions Visible light is part of electromagnetic spectrum

pigments AP BIOLOGY PHOTOSYNTHESIS Chapter 10 Light Reactions Visible light is part of electromagnetic spectrum AP BIOLOGY PHOTOSYNTHESIS Chapter 10 Light Reactions http://vilenski.org/science/safari/cellstructure/chloroplasts.html Sunlight is made up of many different wavelengths of light Your eyes see different

More information

The summary equation of photosynthesis including the source and fate of the reactants and products. How leaf and chloroplast anatomy relates to

The summary equation of photosynthesis including the source and fate of the reactants and products. How leaf and chloroplast anatomy relates to 1 The summary equation of photosynthesis including the source and fate of the reactants and products. How leaf and chloroplast anatomy relates to photosynthesis. How photosystems convert solar energy to

More information

Photosynthesis. All Materials Cmassengale

Photosynthesis. All Materials Cmassengale Photosynthesis All Materials Cmassengale I. Capturing the Energy of Life A. All organisms require energy B. Some organisms (autotrophs) obtain energy directly from the sun and store it in organic compounds

More information

Pearson Biology Chapter 8 Class Notes

Pearson Biology Chapter 8 Class Notes Pearson Biology Chapter 8 Class Notes Photosynthesis Chemical Energy and ATP Why is ATP useful to cells? Energy is the Ability to do Work. Cells use Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) to Store and Release Energy

More information

Photosynthesis: An Overview. Lesson Overview. Lesson Overview. 8.2 Photosynthesis: An Overview

Photosynthesis: An Overview. Lesson Overview. Lesson Overview. 8.2 Photosynthesis: An Overview Lesson Overview 8.2 Photosynthesis: An Overview Chlorophyll and Chloroplasts What role do pigments play in the process of photosynthesis? Photosynthetic organisms capture energy from sunlight with pigments.

More information

AP Biology. Warm-up. Photosynthesis: Life from Light and Air. Energy needs of life. Energy needs of life. Objective: Warm-up:

AP Biology. Warm-up. Photosynthesis: Life from Light and Air. Energy needs of life. Energy needs of life. Objective: Warm-up: Warm-up Objective: Explain how photosynthesis converts light energy into chemical energy. Warm-up: In the light reactions, what is the electron donor? Where do the electrons end up? 2006-2007 Photosynthesis:

More information

Photosynthesis. Photosynthesis is the process of harnessing the energy of sunlight to make carbohydrates (sugars).

Photosynthesis. Photosynthesis is the process of harnessing the energy of sunlight to make carbohydrates (sugars). Photosynthesis Photosynthesis is the process of harnessing the energy of sunlight to make carbohydrates (sugars). Plants do photosynthesis to make their own food (sugars) and are called, photoautotrophs.

More information

Chapter 4 Photosynthesis

Chapter 4 Photosynthesis Chapter 4 Photosynthesis RECAP Autotrophs Organisms that make their own food Heterotrophs cannot make their own food get energy from other organisms Photoautotroph use the suns energy Chemoautotroph use

More information

Photosynthesis and Life

Photosynthesis and Life 7-1 Chapter 7 Photosynthesis and Life During photosynthesis Organisms use the energy of light to build highenergy organic molecules. Plants, algae, and some bacteria can do this. Can make their own food

More information

Energy and Life. Lesson Overview. Lesson Overview. 8.1 Energy and Life

Energy and Life. Lesson Overview. Lesson Overview. 8.1 Energy and Life 8.1 Chemical Energy and ATP Energy is the ability to do work. Your cells are busy using energy to build new molecules, contract muscles, and carry out active transport. Without the ability to obtain and

More information

THE BASICS OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS

THE BASICS OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS THE BASICS OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS Almost all plants are photosynthetic autotrophs, as are some bacteria and protists Autotrophs generate their own organic matter through photosynthesis Sunlight energy is transformed

More information

Section 1 The Light Reactions. Section 2 The Calvin Cycle. Resources

Section 1 The Light Reactions. Section 2 The Calvin Cycle. Resources How to Use This Presentation To View the presentation as a slideshow with effects select View on the menu bar and click on Slide Show. To advance through the presentation, click the right-arrow key or

More information

photosynthesis notes Biology Junction Everything you need in Biology Photosynthesis All Materials Cmassengale I. Capturing the Energy of Life

photosynthesis notes Biology Junction Everything you need in Biology Photosynthesis All Materials Cmassengale I. Capturing the Energy of Life Biology Junction Everything you need in Biology photosynthesis notes Photosynthesis All Materials Cmassengale I. Capturing the Energy of Life 1. All organisms require energy 2. Some organisms (autotrophs)

More information

The main form of energy from the sun is in the form of electromagnetic radiation. Visible radiation (white light) used for photosynthesis ROY G.

The main form of energy from the sun is in the form of electromagnetic radiation. Visible radiation (white light) used for photosynthesis ROY G. PHOTOSYNTHESIS The main form of energy from the sun is in the form of electromagnetic radiation Visible radiation (white light) used for photosynthesis ROY G. BIV The electromagnetic spectrum A Red Object

More information

Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration

Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration All cellular activities require energy. Directly or indirectly nearly all energy for life comes from the sun. Autotrophs:

More information

Photosynthesis. From Sunlight to Sugar

Photosynthesis. From Sunlight to Sugar Photosynthesis From Sunlight to Sugar What is Photosynthesis? Photosynthesis is a process that captures energy from sunlight to make sugars used as food for producers. The light energy is stored as chemical

More information

Photosynthesis. Chapter 8, Section #2. SC.912.L.18.7 Identify the reactants, products, and basic functions of photosynthesis.

Photosynthesis. Chapter 8, Section #2. SC.912.L.18.7 Identify the reactants, products, and basic functions of photosynthesis. Photosynthesis Chapter 8, Section #2 SC.912.L.18.7 Identify the reactants, products, and basic functions of photosynthesis. Essential Questions 1.What are the two phases of photosynthesis? 2.What is the

More information

Chapter 8: Cellular Energy

Chapter 8: Cellular Energy Chapter 8: Cellular Energy Section 1: How Organisms Obtain Energy Transformation of Energy All cellular activities require Energy!! ( The ability to do work). The study of flow and the transformation of

More information

Where It Starts - Photosynthesis

Where It Starts - Photosynthesis Where It Starts - Photosynthesis What Is Photosynthesis? The Rainbow Catchers Making ATP and NADPH Making Sugars Alternate Pathways What is Photosynthesis? Energy flow through ecosystems begins when photosynthesizers

More information

AP Biology. Photosynthesis

AP Biology. Photosynthesis Photosynthesis Redox Reactions break bonds & move electrons from one molecule to another as electrons move they carry energy with them that energy is stored in another bond, released as heat or harvested

More information

Where It Starts: Photosynthesis. Chapter 5

Where It Starts: Photosynthesis. Chapter 5 Where It Starts: Photosynthesis Chapter 5 Photosynthesis Metabolic Pathways Converts light energy to chemical energy. Photoautotrophs Organisms that can perform photosynthesis Cyanobacteria (prokaryotic-no

More information

Overview - the process that feeds the biosphere. Photosynthesis: transformation of solar energy into chemical energy.

Overview - the process that feeds the biosphere. Photosynthesis: transformation of solar energy into chemical energy. Chapter 7 Capturing Solar Energy: Photosynthesis Overview - the process that feeds the biosphere Photosynthesis: transformation of solar energy into chemical energy. Responsible for O 2 in our atmosphere

More information

PHOTOSYNTHESIS Chapter 6

PHOTOSYNTHESIS Chapter 6 PHOTOSYNTHESIS Chapter 6 5.1 Matter and Energy Pathways in Living Systems Chapter 5 Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration 1 2 5.1 Matter and Energy Pathways in Living Systems In this section you will:

More information

Biology Chapter 8: The Process of Photosynthesis. Ms. Nguyen

Biology Chapter 8: The Process of Photosynthesis. Ms. Nguyen Biology Chapter 8: The Process of Photosynthesis Ms. Nguyen Add to a new section of IAN Left side. Chapter 8 Big Idea: Cellular Basis of Life Essential Question: How do plants and other organisms capture

More information

8.2 Photosynthesis Overview

8.2 Photosynthesis Overview 8.2 Photosynthesis Overview Chlorophyll and Chloroplasts What role do pigments play in the process of photosynthesis? Photosynthetic organisms capture energy from sunlight with pigments. Light Energy from

More information

Lesson Overview. 8.3 The Process of Photosynthesis

Lesson Overview. 8.3 The Process of Photosynthesis 8.3 The Process of Photosynthesis The Light-Dependent Reactions: Generating ATP and NADPH The light-dependent reactions encompass the steps of photosynthesis that directly involve sunlight. The light-dependent

More information

6CO 2 + 6H 2 O C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2. sun. Occurs in chloroplasts ATP. enzymes CO 2 O 2 H 2 O. sugars

6CO 2 + 6H 2 O C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2. sun. Occurs in chloroplasts ATP. enzymes CO 2 O 2 H 2 O. sugars 4.2 8.2 Overview Photosynthesis: of Photosynthesis An Overview Photosynthesis process by which plants make food using energy from the sun Plants are autotrophs that make their own source of chemical energy.

More information

Harvesting energy: photosynthesis & cellular respiration part 1

Harvesting energy: photosynthesis & cellular respiration part 1 Harvesting energy: photosynthesis & cellular respiration part 1 Agenda I. Overview (Big Pictures) of Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration II. Making Glucose - Photosynthesis III. Making ATP - Cellular

More information

Photosynthesis (Outline)

Photosynthesis (Outline) Photosynthesis (Outline) 1. Overview of photosynthesis 2. Producers, consumers, and decomposers of the ecosystem (source of carbon and energy) 3. Plant structures: organ, tissue, cells, sub-cellular organelle,

More information

Located in the thylakoid membranes. Chlorophyll have Mg + in the center. Chlorophyll pigments harvest energy (photons) by absorbing certain

Located in the thylakoid membranes. Chlorophyll have Mg + in the center. Chlorophyll pigments harvest energy (photons) by absorbing certain a review Located in the thylakoid membranes. Chlorophyll have Mg + in the center. Chlorophyll pigments harvest energy (photons) by absorbing certain wavelengths (blue-420 nm and red-660 nm are most important).

More information

Just Like the Guy From Krypton Photosynthesis

Just Like the Guy From Krypton Photosynthesis Just Like the Guy From Krypton Photosynthesis An Overview of Photosynthesis Most of the energy used by almost all living cells ultimately comes from the sun plants, algae, and some bacteria capture the

More information

Energy Conversions. Photosynthesis. Plants. Chloroplasts. Plant Pigments 10/13/2014. Chapter 10 Pg

Energy Conversions. Photosynthesis. Plants. Chloroplasts. Plant Pigments 10/13/2014. Chapter 10 Pg Energy Conversions Photosynthesis Chapter 10 Pg. 184 205 Life on Earth is solar-powered by autotrophs Autotrophs make their own food and have no need to consume other organisms. They are the ultimate source

More information

Chapter 8 Photosynthesis Class/Homework

Chapter 8 Photosynthesis Class/Homework 2011 Chapter 8 Photosynthesis Class/Homework Chapter 8 Vocabulary 8.1 Term Definition Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) Autotroph Heterotroph Photosynthesis Compound that cells use to store and release energy

More information

Photosynthesis is the main route by which that energy enters the biosphere of the Earth.

Photosynthesis is the main route by which that energy enters the biosphere of the Earth. Chapter 5-Photosynthesis Photosynthesis is the main route by which that energy enters the biosphere of the Earth. To sustain and power life on Earth, the captured energy has to be released and used in

More information

AP Biology. Chloroplasts: sites of photosynthesis in plants

AP Biology. Chloroplasts: sites of photosynthesis in plants The summary equation of photosynthesis including the source and fate of the reactants and products. How leaf and chloroplast anatomy relates to photosynthesis. How photosystems convert solar energy to

More information

Photosynthesis

Photosynthesis Student Expectations: Cellular Energy Understand that cellular energy is temporarily stored in the nucleotide ATP (adenosine triphosphate) Describe how energy is released by ATP When the outer phosphate

More information

(A) Calvin cycle (B) Cyclic electron transfer (C) Non-cyclic electron transfer (D) Photorespiration (E) Cellular respiration

(A) Calvin cycle (B) Cyclic electron transfer (C) Non-cyclic electron transfer (D) Photorespiration (E) Cellular respiration AP Biology - Problem Drill 08: Photosynthesis No. 1 of 10 #01 1. What term does the statement below refer to? In a photosynthesis process, an electron is excited from P700 and delivered to its receptor,

More information

Chapter 7 PHOTOSYNTHESIS

Chapter 7 PHOTOSYNTHESIS Chapter 7 PHOTOSYNTHESIS Photosynthesis Photosynthesis is the process of harnessing energy from sunlight to produce sugars. Photosynthesis equation: Energy + 6 CO 2 + 6 H 2 O C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6 O 2 C 6 H

More information

Chapter 7. Photosynthesis: Using Light to Make Food. Lectures by Edward J. Zalisko

Chapter 7. Photosynthesis: Using Light to Make Food. Lectures by Edward J. Zalisko Chapter 7 Photosynthesis: Using Light to Make Food PowerPoint Lectures for Campbell Essential Biology, Fifth Edition, and Campbell Essential Biology with Physiology, Fourth Edition Eric J. Simon, Jean

More information

Energy & Photosynthesis

Energy & Photosynthesis Energy & Photosynthesis Energy for Life Processes Energy is the ability to cause matter to move or to change The ability to do work Work for a cell includes: Growth & repair Active transport Reproduction

More information

1. Plants and other autotrophs are the producers of the biosphere

1. Plants and other autotrophs are the producers of the biosphere 1. Plants and other autotrophs are the producers of the biosphere Photosynthesis nourishes almost all of the living world directly or indirectly. All organisms require organic compounds for energy and

More information

1. Plants and other autotrophs are the producers of the biosphere

1. Plants and other autotrophs are the producers of the biosphere 1. Plants and other autotrophs are the producers of the biosphere Photosynthesis nourishes almost all of the living world directly or indirectly. All organisms require organic compounds for energy and

More information

Photosynthesis: Using Light to Make Food

Photosynthesis: Using Light to Make Food Chapter 7 Photosynthesis: Using Light to Make Food Lectures by Chris C. Romero, updated by Edward J. Zalisko PowerPoint Lectures for Campbell Essential Biology, Fourth Edition Eric Simon, Jane Reece, and

More information

Photosynthesis. Chapter 8

Photosynthesis. Chapter 8 Photosynthesis Chapter 8 Photosynthesis Overview Energy for all life on Earth ultimately comes from photosynthesis 6CO 2 + 12H 2 O C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6H 2 O + 6O 2 Oxygenic photosynthesis is carried out by

More information

Chapter 8 Notes Photosynthesis

Chapter 8 Notes Photosynthesis Name: Date: Chapter 8 Notes Photosynthesis Section 8-2 & 8-3 Photosynthesis: An Overview (p. 204-214) The study of energy capture and use begins with. Photosynthesis is the process in which plants use

More information

Photosynthesis (Chapter 7 Outline) A. For life based on organic compounds, two questions can be raised:

Photosynthesis (Chapter 7 Outline) A. For life based on organic compounds, two questions can be raised: Photosynthesis (Chapter 7 Outline) Sun, Rain, and Survival A. For life based on organic compounds, two questions can be raised: 1. Where does the carbon come from? 2. Where does the energy come from to

More information

Photosynthesis Overview

Photosynthesis Overview Photosynthesis Chapter 8 Photosynthesis Overview Energy for all life on Earth ultimately comes from photosynthesis. 6CO 2 + 12H 2 O C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6H 2 O + 6O 2 Oxygenic photosynthesis is carried out by:

More information

PHOTOSYNTHESIS Autotrophs Heterotrophs ENERGY

PHOTOSYNTHESIS Autotrophs Heterotrophs ENERGY Did You Know? How Plants Make Food That most of the Oxygen in the air is thought to be from PHOTOSYNTHESIS Nutrition Autotrophs (make their own food) Ex) Green plants, protists, algae, phytoplankton Nutrition

More information

METABOLISM. What is metabolism? Categories of metabolic reactions. Total of all chemical reactions occurring within the body

METABOLISM. What is metabolism? Categories of metabolic reactions. Total of all chemical reactions occurring within the body METABOLISM What is metabolism? METABOLISM Total of all chemical reactions occurring within the body Categories of metabolic reactions Catabolic reactions Degradation pathways Anabolic reactions Synthesis

More information

Photosynthesis Prep Test

Photosynthesis Prep Test Photosynthesis Prep Test Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. What are the three parts of an ATP molecule? a. adenine, thylakoid, and a phosphate

More information

Overall, photosynthesis is the conversion of the Sun s energy to stored chemical energy. (glucose) The overall reaction for photosynthesis:

Overall, photosynthesis is the conversion of the Sun s energy to stored chemical energy. (glucose) The overall reaction for photosynthesis: A.P. Biology Chapter 10- Photosynthesis Scale: 0 - No understanding of the concept and chemical process of photosynthesis. 1- With help, a partial understanding of the reactants and products of the photosynthesis

More information

Bellringer 11/12/ CO H Light C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2. Law of conservation. Recall: Photosynthesis Overview.

Bellringer 11/12/ CO H Light C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2. Law of conservation. Recall: Photosynthesis Overview. Photosynthesis Bellringer A.1 Identify the following as: heterotroph, autotroph, photosynthesis reactant, or photosynthesis product State Biology Standards H.B.3A1-3 and H.B.2A.1 A.1 Plants take in carbon

More information

Section 2: Photosynthesis

Section 2: Photosynthesis Section 2: Photosynthesis Preview Bellringer Key Ideas Harvesting Light Energy Two Electron Transport Chains Producing Sugar Factors that Affect Photosynthesis Summary Bellringer Write down the primary

More information

Photosynthesis. I. Photosynthesis overview A. Purpose B. Location. The light vs. the dark reaction Chloroplasts pigments A. Light absorption B.

Photosynthesis. I. Photosynthesis overview A. Purpose B. Location. The light vs. the dark reaction Chloroplasts pigments A. Light absorption B. Photosynthesis I. Photosynthesis overview A. Purpose B. Location II. III. The light vs. the dark reaction Chloroplasts pigments A. Light absorption B. Types IV. Light reactions A. Photosystems B. Photophosphorylation

More information

1 Which of the following organisms do NOT carry on photosynthesis?

1 Which of the following organisms do NOT carry on photosynthesis? 1 Which of the following organisms do NOT carry on photosynthesis? plants algae some bacteria 2 3 animals The correct description of the relationship between photosynthesis and the living world is. herbivores,

More information

Name 7 Photosynthesis: Using Light To Make Food Test Date Study Guide You must know: How photosystems convert solar energy to chemical energy.

Name 7 Photosynthesis: Using Light To Make Food Test Date Study Guide You must know: How photosystems convert solar energy to chemical energy. Name _ 7 Photosynthesis: Using Light To Make Food Test Date Study Guide You must know: How photosystems convert solar energy to chemical energy. How linear electron flow in the light reactions results

More information

6CO 2 + 6H 2 O + Sunlight C 6 H 12 O 6 +6O 2

6CO 2 + 6H 2 O + Sunlight C 6 H 12 O 6 +6O 2 6CO 2 + 6H 2 O + Sunlight C 6 H 12 O 6 +6O 2 Process Location Reactants (Starting) Products (Ending) Light Reactions Calvin Cycle Introduction to Photosynthesis Mrs. Meyer Target SWBAT describe the reactants

More information

Photosynthesis. 8Big idea. Cellular Basis of Life Q: How do plants and other organisms capture energy from the sun? Name Class Date WHAT I KNOW

Photosynthesis. 8Big idea. Cellular Basis of Life Q: How do plants and other organisms capture energy from the sun? Name Class Date WHAT I KNOW Name Class Date 8Big idea Photosynthesis Cellular Basis of Life Q: How do plants and other organisms capture energy from the sun? WHAT I KNOW WHAT I LEARNED 8.1 How do organisms store energy? 8.2 What

More information

Photosynthesis. Energy & Life

Photosynthesis. Energy & Life Photosynthesis Energy & Life 1 Overview of Photosynthesis 2 Autotrophs Plants and some other types of organisms that contain chlorophyll are able to use light energy from the sun to produce food. 3 Autotrophs

More information

Chapter 8: Photosynthesis

Chapter 8: Photosynthesis Name: KEY Class: Date Chapter 8: Photosynthesis Section 8-1 Energy and Life (pages 201-203) Autotrophs and Heterotrophs (page 201) 1. Where does the energy of food originally come from? The sun, plants

More information

CHAPTER 8 PHOTOSYNTHESIS

CHAPTER 8 PHOTOSYNTHESIS CHAPTER 8 PHOTOSYNTHESIS Con. 8.1 Photosynthesis process by which plants use light to make food molecules from carbon dioxide and water (chlorophyll) 6CO 2 + 12H 2 O + Light C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2 + 6H 2

More information

Autotrophs and Heterotrophs

Autotrophs and Heterotrophs Section 8-1 Notes Energy and Life Energy is the ability to do work. Living things depend on energy. Without the ability to obtain and use energy, life would cease to exist. Where does the energy that living

More information

Overview of Photosynthesis

Overview of Photosynthesis Overview of Photosynthesis Introduction to Biochemistry - Part II 1 Autotrophs & Heterotrophs The energy available in most food comes from the sun, whether directly or indirectly Plants and some other

More information

Lecture 9: Photosynthesis

Lecture 9: Photosynthesis Lecture 9: Photosynthesis I. Characteristics of Light A. Light is composed of particles that travel as waves 1. Comprises a small part of the electromagnetic spectrum B. Radiation varies in wavelength

More information

8.1 Photosynthesis and Energy

8.1 Photosynthesis and Energy BIOL 100 Ch. 8 1 8.1 Photosynthesis and Energy Photosynthesis and Energy Photosynthesis Making food from light energy Photoautotrophs Use CO2 and water to make sugars Made life possible as we know it Provides

More information

Sunlight as an Energy Source

Sunlight as an Energy Source Photosynthesis Sunlight as an Energy Source Photosynthetic organisms use pigments to capture the energy of sunlight Photosynthesis The synthesis of organic molecules from inorganic molecules using the

More information

Chapter 10 Photosynthesis

Chapter 10 Photosynthesis Chapter 10 Photosynthesis Autotrophs and Heterotrophs Autotrophs are organisms that make their own food. They obtain everything they need by using CO 2 and inorganic compounds from the environment. Heterotrophs

More information

Light form the sun is composed of a range of wavelengths (colors). The visible spectrum to the left illustrates the wavelengths and associated color

Light form the sun is composed of a range of wavelengths (colors). The visible spectrum to the left illustrates the wavelengths and associated color Photosynthesis Englemann Experiment In 1883, Thomas Engelmann of Germany used a combination of aerobic bacteria and a filamentous alga to study the effect of various colors of the visible light spectrum

More information

1. Which of these types of organisms produce the biosphere's food supply? A. autotrophs and heterotrophs

1. Which of these types of organisms produce the biosphere's food supply? A. autotrophs and heterotrophs Sample Questions: Chapter 7 1 Which of these types of organisms produce the biosphere's food supply? A autotrophs and heterotrophs B consumers and heterotrophs C heterotrophs D autotrophs E consumers 2

More information

Section 2 The Calvin Cycle

Section 2 The Calvin Cycle Section 2 The Calvin Cycle Objectives Summarize the main events of the Calvin cycle. Describe what happens to the compounds that are made in the Calvin cycle. Distinguish between C 3, C 4, and CAM plants.

More information

Biology: Life on Earth

Biology: Life on Earth Biology: Life on Earth Eighth Edition Lecture for Chapter 7 Capturing Solar Energy: Photosynthesis Chapter 7 Outline 7.1 What Is Photosynthesis? p. 118 7.2 Light-Dependent Reactions: How Is Light Energy

More information

Chapter 8 Photosynthesis

Chapter 8 Photosynthesis Chapter 8 Photosynthesis THE BASICS OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS Photosynthesis is used by plants, algae (protists), and some bacteria uses the energy from sunlight to convert water and carbon dioxide into high-energy

More information

Chapter 10 Photosynthesis

Chapter 10 Photosynthesis Chapter 10 Photosynthesis Overview: The Process That Feeds the Biosphere Photosynthesis is the process that converts solar energy into chemical energy Photosynthesis occurs in plants, algae, certain other

More information

Chemical Energy and ATP. Autotrophs and Heterotrophs. Living things need to survive.

Chemical Energy and ATP. Autotrophs and Heterotrophs. Living things need to survive. 8-1 Energy And Life Autotrophs and Heterotrophs Living things need to survive. This energy comes from food. The energy in most food comes from the. Where do plants get the energy they need to produce food?

More information

Chapter 6. Capturing Solar Energy: Photosynthesis. Lectures by Gregory Ahearn. University of North Florida. Copyright 2009 Pearson Education, Inc.

Chapter 6. Capturing Solar Energy: Photosynthesis. Lectures by Gregory Ahearn. University of North Florida. Copyright 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Chapter 6 Capturing Solar Energy: Photosynthesis Lectures by Gregory Ahearn University of North Florida Copyright 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. 6.1 What Is Photosynthesis? Life on earth depends on photosynthesis.

More information

Photosynthesis. light

Photosynthesis. light Photosynthesis light 6CO + 6H 0 C 6 H 1 O 6 + 6O light Carbon dioxide + water sugar + oxygen Chlorophyll pigment that absorbs light energy Absorbs red and blue light Reflects green and yellow light Chlorophyll

More information

Chapter 10. Photosynthesis

Chapter 10. Photosynthesis Chapter 10 Photosynthesis Overview: The Process That Feeds the Biosphere Photosynthesis is the process that converts solar energy into chemical energy Directly or indirectly, photosynthesis nourishes almost

More information

Photosynthesis (Outline)

Photosynthesis (Outline) Photosynthesis (Outline) 1. Overview of photosynthesis 2. Producers, consumers, and decomposers of the ecosystem (source of carbon and energy) (Autotrophs: photo-autotrophs, chemo-autotrophs, electro-autotrophs,

More information

Unit 4.2: Photosynthesis - Sugar as Food

Unit 4.2: Photosynthesis - Sugar as Food Unit 4.2: Photosynthesis - Sugar as Food Lesson Objectives Outline the stages of photosynthesis. Describe the chloroplast and its role in photosynthesis. List the steps of the light reactions. Describe

More information

Photosynthesis 6CO 2 + 6H 2 O C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2

Photosynthesis 6CO 2 + 6H 2 O C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2 PHOTOSYNTHESIS Photosynthesis An anabolic, endergonic, carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) requiring process that uses light energy (photons) and water (H 2 O) to produce organic macromolecules (glucose). photons SUN

More information

Chapter 7. Introduction. Introduction. Photosynthesis: Using Light to Make Food. Plants, algae, and certain prokaryotes

Chapter 7. Introduction. Introduction. Photosynthesis: Using Light to Make Food. Plants, algae, and certain prokaryotes Chapter 7 hotosynthesis: Using to Make Food oweroint Lectures for Campbell Biology: Concepts & Connections, Seventh Edition Reece, Taylor, Simon, and Dickey Lecture by Edward J. Zalisko Introduction lants,

More information

Photosynthesis Overview. Photosynthesis Overview. Photosynthesis Overview. Photosynthesis

Photosynthesis Overview. Photosynthesis Overview. Photosynthesis Overview. Photosynthesis Photosynthesis Photosynthesis Overview Chapter 8 Energy for all life on Earth ultimately comes from photosynthesis. 6CO2 + 12H2O C6H12O6 + 6H2O + 6O2 Oxygenic photosynthesis is carried out by: cyanobacteria,

More information

Photosynthesis in Detail. 3/19/2014 Averett

Photosynthesis in Detail. 3/19/2014 Averett Photosynthesis in Detail 1 In photosynthesis many chemical reactions, enzymes and ions work together in a precise order. Enzymes Biological catalyst Substance that initiates or speeds up the rate of a

More information

Outline - Photosynthesis

Outline - Photosynthesis Outlin Photosynthesis Photosynthesis 1. An Overview of Photosynthesis & Respiration 2. Autotrophs and producers 3. Electromagnetic Spectrum & light energy 4. Chloroplasts: Structure and Function 5. Photosynthetic

More information

Photosynthesis. Chapter 10. Biology Eighth Edition Neil Campbell and Jane Reece. PowerPoint Lecture Presentations for

Photosynthesis. Chapter 10. Biology Eighth Edition Neil Campbell and Jane Reece. PowerPoint Lecture Presentations for Chapter 10 Photosynthesis PowerPoint Lecture Presentations for Biology Eighth Edition Neil Campbell and Jane Reece Lectures by Chris Romero, updated by Erin Barley with contributions from Joan Sharp Copyright

More information

PHOTOSYNTHESIS. Light Reaction Calvin Cycle

PHOTOSYNTHESIS. Light Reaction Calvin Cycle PHOTOSYNTHESIS Light Reaction Calvin Cycle Photosynthesis Purpose: use energy from light to convert inorganic compounds into organic fuels that have stored potential energy in their carbon bonds Carbon

More information

Overview of Photosynthesis

Overview of Photosynthesis Photosynthesis Overview of Photosynthesis During photosynthesis, autotrophs/producers use the sun s energy to make carbohydrate molecules from water and carbon dioxide, releasing oxygen as a by-product

More information

Unit 1 Matter & Energy for Life. Biology Photosynthesis

Unit 1 Matter & Energy for Life. Biology Photosynthesis Unit 1 Matter & Energy for Life Biology 2201 3.2 The Process of Photosynthesis Photosynthesis The process by which an organism captures the energy of the sun to convert CO 2 and water into glucose. Light

More information

Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Unit

Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Unit Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Unit All cellular activities require energy. Directly or indirectly nearly all energy for life comes from the sun. Autotrophs: organisms that can make their own

More information

Photosynthesis. Chapter 10. Biology Eighth Edition Neil Campbell and Jane Reece. PowerPoint Lecture Presentations for

Photosynthesis. Chapter 10. Biology Eighth Edition Neil Campbell and Jane Reece. PowerPoint Lecture Presentations for Chapter 10 Photosynthesis PowerPoint Lecture Presentations for Biology Eighth Edition Neil Campbell and Jane Reece Lectures by Chris Romero, updated by Erin Barley with contributions from Joan Sharp Overview:

More information

Photosynthesis. (in C 3 plants)

Photosynthesis. (in C 3 plants) Photosynthesis (in C 3 plants) WHAT DO I REMEMBER FROM GCSE ABOUT PHOTOSYNTHESIS? PS WS Photosynthesis uses sunlight energy to create complex organic compounds, initially glucose, from inorganic compounds.

More information

Life on Earth is solar powered. Photosynthesis => conversion of light energy to chemical energy (stored in sugars and other organic molecules).

Life on Earth is solar powered. Photosynthesis => conversion of light energy to chemical energy (stored in sugars and other organic molecules). Photosynthesis Life on Earth is solar powered. Photosynthesis => conversion of light energy to chemical energy (stored in sugars and other organic molecules). Organisms obtain organic compounds by one

More information