Bellringer 11/12/ CO H Light C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2. Law of conservation. Recall: Photosynthesis Overview.

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Bellringer 11/12/ CO H Light C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2. Law of conservation. Recall: Photosynthesis Overview."

Transcription

1 Photosynthesis Bellringer A.1 Identify the following as: heterotroph, autotroph, photosynthesis reactant, or photosynthesis product State Biology Standards H.B.3A1-3 and H.B.2A.1 A.1 Plants take in carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) through tiny openings in leaves called stomata (singular: stoma). Stomata open and close to: Take in CO 2 Release O 2 Law of conservation Matter can not be created or destroyed BUT can be transformed. CO 2 and H 2 O are transformed into different molecules. REMEMBER from unit 2 C,H,O The carbon in carbon dioxide is used to make sugar. The oxygen that is released is the very oxygen that we ourselves need to breathe! Recall: Carbohydrates (Main energy source) CHO in a 1:2:1 ratio Lipids (stored energy/long term energy source) CHO with a lot of CH and a little O Proteins (structure) CHON Energy is stored in the bonds Bonds made= energy stored Bonds broken= energy released Photosynthesis Overview Autotrophs make their own food by trapping light energy and converting it to chemical energy (carbohydrates). Occurs in the chloroplasts Occurs in 2 main stages: 1. -dependent reactions 2. -independent reactions (a.k.a.) Calvin Cycle) Overall equation for Photosynthesis: 6 CO H C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2 1

2 Chloroplast Structure: Chloroplast Stroma Outer membrane Granum Thylakoid (folded inner membrane) Chloroplasts Structure of the chloroplast: Inner membrane is folded to form thylakoids, which are stacked to form grana Fluid around grana is called the stroma Thylakoid membranes contain photosystems, which contain a pigment called chlorophyll There are two types of chlorophyll chlorophyll a and chlorophyll b The two types of chlorophyll mostly absorb red and blue wavelengths of light and reflect green wavelengths of light, which is why plants look green Learning Check 1. What is the main source of Energy on earth? 2. What are the two stages of photosynthesis? 3. Where does photosynthesis occur? 4. What are the overall reactants of photosynthesis? 5. What are the overall products of photosynthesis? dependent reactions -Dependent Reactions Overview The first stage of photosynthesis Requires sunlight (AKA: -dependent reactions) Where does it happen? thylakoid membranes What goes in? sunlight (light/solar energy), water, NADP + (electron acceptor), ADP, and a phosphate group What comes out? oxygen, NADPH (energy carrying molecule), and ATP Steps of -Dependent Reactions 1. Electrons absorb light energy and become energized. 2. Those excited electrons travel through an electron transport chain pumping H+ ions into the thylakoid membranes. At the end, electron is accepted by NADP+ to become NADPH 3. Water is split into H +, O 2 and electrons. This replaces electrons (allows process to occur again) and releases oxygen as waste product back into the environment. * Through this series of reactions-- oxygen, NADPH, and ATP are produced. 2

3 -dependent animation Making ATP 1. H+ ions inside the thylakoid membranes are in high concentration (crowded). 2. H+ ions travel through thylakoid membranes via ATP synthase (- ase = enzyme) from inside the thylakoid lumen out to stroma. 3. ATP synthase then takes a phosphate group and adds it to ADP to make ATP. Thylakoid membrane Reactants water NADP+ ADP Products Oxygen NADPH ATP -Dependent Reactions Overview Learning Check Where do the light dependent reactions occur? What is produced in the light reactions? What is NADP+? What is NADPH? What is released into the atmosphere during the light reactions? Bell Ringer 11/6 (yes you have to draw the graph!!!) 1. What is the overall chemical equation for photosynthesis? Label the reactants and the products. 2. What are the two stages of photosynthesis? Where does each stage take place? 3. Look at the graph to the right. As carbon dioxide levels increase, plants will produce more. 4. What is happening at C in the graph to the right? independent reactions a.k.a. The Calvin Cycle 3

4 -Independent Reactions Overview The second stage of photosynthesis DOES NOT require sunlight (AKA dark reactions or Calvin Cycle) NADPH and ATP made in the light reactions are used to make sugars (specifically glucose) Where does it happen? stroma (fluid) of the chloroplast What goes in? NADPH, ATP, and CO 2 What comes out? glucose, ADP, phosphate group, and NADP+ Steps of -Independent Reactions 1. CO 2 enters the cycle and is attached to a 5 carbon molecule. This breaks into two 3 carbon molecules. 2. ATP and NADPH (both from light reactions) give their energy to these 3C sugars, making them more stable. Does this 6 times = 6 turns of the cycle carbons link together to form glucose (6 carbon, long-term energy storing molecule) 4. NADP+, ADP, and a phosphate group are recycled back to the light reactions to be re-energized -independent animation html Try this at home and answer these questions on a separate sheet of paper for extra credit: 1) Rubisco is an enzyme that catalyzes the reaction between and. 2) ATP and NADPH are supplied by the. 3) ATP and NADPH are used to make 6 molecules of G3P. 4) One molecule of glucose results from turn(s) of the Calvin Cycle. What it looks like (RuBP) What it looks like Dark Stroma Reactants: ATP CO 2 NADPH -independent Reactions Overview Products: glucose NADP+ ADP 4

5 The Calvin Cycle Label each step; include ATP and NADPH State Biology Standards B-3.3 and B-3.1 5

Photosynthesis. Photosynthesis is the process of harnessing the energy of sunlight to make carbohydrates (sugars).

Photosynthesis. Photosynthesis is the process of harnessing the energy of sunlight to make carbohydrates (sugars). Photosynthesis Photosynthesis is the process of harnessing the energy of sunlight to make carbohydrates (sugars). Plants do photosynthesis to make their own food (sugars) and are called, photoautotrophs.

More information

Photosynthesis Prep Test

Photosynthesis Prep Test Photosynthesis Prep Test Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. What are the three parts of an ATP molecule? a. adenine, thylakoid, and a phosphate

More information

Overview of Photosynthesis

Overview of Photosynthesis Overview of Photosynthesis Introduction to Biochemistry - Part II 1 Autotrophs & Heterotrophs The energy available in most food comes from the sun, whether directly or indirectly Plants and some other

More information

Photosynthesis Prep Test 2

Photosynthesis Prep Test 2 Photosynthesis Prep Test 2 Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Energy is released from ATP when a. a phosphate group is added. b. adenine bonds

More information

Chapter 4 Photosynthesis

Chapter 4 Photosynthesis Chapter 4 Photosynthesis RECAP Autotrophs Organisms that make their own food Heterotrophs cannot make their own food get energy from other organisms Photoautotroph use the suns energy Chemoautotroph use

More information

Photosynthesis

Photosynthesis Student Expectations: Cellular Energy Understand that cellular energy is temporarily stored in the nucleotide ATP (adenosine triphosphate) Describe how energy is released by ATP When the outer phosphate

More information

Photosynthesis. From Sunlight to Sugar

Photosynthesis. From Sunlight to Sugar Photosynthesis From Sunlight to Sugar What is Photosynthesis? Photosynthesis is a process that captures energy from sunlight to make sugars used as food for producers. The light energy is stored as chemical

More information

THE BASICS OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS

THE BASICS OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS THE BASICS OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS Almost all plants are photosynthetic autotrophs, as are some bacteria and protists Autotrophs generate their own organic matter through photosynthesis Sunlight energy is transformed

More information

Photosynthesis and Life

Photosynthesis and Life 7-1 Chapter 7 Photosynthesis and Life During photosynthesis Organisms use the energy of light to build highenergy organic molecules. Plants, algae, and some bacteria can do this. Can make their own food

More information

AP Biology. Photosynthesis

AP Biology. Photosynthesis Photosynthesis Redox Reactions break bonds & move electrons from one molecule to another as electrons move they carry energy with them that energy is stored in another bond, released as heat or harvested

More information

Photosynthesis. light

Photosynthesis. light Photosynthesis light 6CO + 6H 0 C 6 H 1 O 6 + 6O light Carbon dioxide + water sugar + oxygen Chlorophyll pigment that absorbs light energy Absorbs red and blue light Reflects green and yellow light Chlorophyll

More information

Complete the notes on photosynthesis in the spaces below.

Complete the notes on photosynthesis in the spaces below. Section: 3.2 Name: Opening Activity: What type of energy is absorbed by pigment molecules in plant cells to start photosynthesis? Latin Root Word: Review of Old Information: ATP then provides the energy

More information

Chapter 8 Notes Photosynthesis

Chapter 8 Notes Photosynthesis Name: Date: Chapter 8 Notes Photosynthesis Section 8-2 & 8-3 Photosynthesis: An Overview (p. 204-214) The study of energy capture and use begins with. Photosynthesis is the process in which plants use

More information

Ch. 10- Photosynthesis: Life from Light and Air

Ch. 10- Photosynthesis: Life from Light and Air Ch. 10- Photosynthesis: Life from Light and Air 2007-2008 Ch. 10 Photosynthesis: Life from Light and Air 2007-2008 Energy needs of life All life needs a constant input of energy consumers Heterotrophs

More information

Energy Transfer. Photosynthesis

Energy Transfer. Photosynthesis Energy Transfer Photosynthesis Energy All living organisms use energy. Energy is needed for metabolism to function. When organisms use energy they use it in the chemical form, ATP (adenosine triphosphate)

More information

Photosynthesis: Life from Light and Air

Photosynthesis: Life from Light and Air http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wi60tqa8jfe Photosynthesis: Life from Light and Air 2011-2012 Energy needs of life All life needs a constant input of energy consumers producers Heterotrophs (Animals) obtain

More information

Section 2: Photosynthesis

Section 2: Photosynthesis Section 2: Photosynthesis Preview Bellringer Key Ideas Harvesting Light Energy Two Electron Transport Chains Producing Sugar Factors that Affect Photosynthesis Summary Bellringer Write down the primary

More information

Overview of Photosynthesis

Overview of Photosynthesis Photosynthesis Overview of Photosynthesis During photosynthesis, autotrophs/producers use the sun s energy to make carbohydrate molecules from water and carbon dioxide, releasing oxygen as a by-product

More information

AP Biology

AP Biology Chapter 10. Photosynthesis: Life from Light Energy needs of life All life needs a constant input of energy Heterotrophs get their energy from eating others consumers of other organisms consume organic

More information

AP Biology

AP Biology Chapter 10. Photosynthesis: Life from Light Energy needs of life All life needs a constant input of energy Heterotrophs get their energy from eating others consumers of other organisms consume organic

More information

Chapter 8: Photosynthesis

Chapter 8: Photosynthesis Name: KEY Class: Date Chapter 8: Photosynthesis Section 8-1 Energy and Life (pages 201-203) Autotrophs and Heterotrophs (page 201) 1. Where does the energy of food originally come from? The sun, plants

More information

Photosynthesis: Life from Light and Air

Photosynthesis: Life from Light and Air Photosynthesis: Life from Light and Air 2007-2008 Energy needs of life All life needs a constant input of energy consumers producers Heterotrophs (Animals) get their energy from eating others eat food

More information

6CO 2 + 6H 2 O C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2. sun. Occurs in chloroplasts ATP. enzymes CO 2 O 2 H 2 O. sugars

6CO 2 + 6H 2 O C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2. sun. Occurs in chloroplasts ATP. enzymes CO 2 O 2 H 2 O. sugars 4.2 8.2 Overview Photosynthesis: of Photosynthesis An Overview Photosynthesis process by which plants make food using energy from the sun Plants are autotrophs that make their own source of chemical energy.

More information

8.2 Photosynthesis Draw and label a diagram showing the structure of a chloroplast as seen in electron micrographs

8.2 Photosynthesis Draw and label a diagram showing the structure of a chloroplast as seen in electron micrographs 8.2 Photosynthesis 8.2.1 - Draw and label a diagram showing the structure of a chloroplast as seen in electron micrographs double membrane starch grain grana thylakoid internal membrane - location of the

More information

ATP. Chapter 4. Photosynthesis. Cell Respiration. Energy of Life. All organisms need energy in order to survive

ATP. Chapter 4. Photosynthesis. Cell Respiration. Energy of Life. All organisms need energy in order to survive ATP Chapter 4 Photosynthesis Energy of Life All organisms need energy in order to survive 2 Major groups of organisms: A. autotrophs make their own food Ex: plants B. heterotrophs must eat others living

More information

6CO 2 + 6H 2 O + Sunlight C 6 H 12 O 6 +6O 2

6CO 2 + 6H 2 O + Sunlight C 6 H 12 O 6 +6O 2 6CO 2 + 6H 2 O + Sunlight C 6 H 12 O 6 +6O 2 Process Location Reactants (Starting) Products (Ending) Light Reactions Calvin Cycle Introduction to Photosynthesis Mrs. Meyer Target SWBAT describe the reactants

More information

PHOTOSYNTHESIS Autotrophs Heterotrophs ENERGY

PHOTOSYNTHESIS Autotrophs Heterotrophs ENERGY Did You Know? How Plants Make Food That most of the Oxygen in the air is thought to be from PHOTOSYNTHESIS Nutrition Autotrophs (make their own food) Ex) Green plants, protists, algae, phytoplankton Nutrition

More information

Photosynthesis in Detail

Photosynthesis in Detail 4.3 Photosynthesis in Detail KEY CONCEPT Photosynthesis requires a series of chemical reactions. MAIN IDEAS The first stage of photosynthesis captures and transfers energy. The second stage of photosynthesis

More information

2015 Biology Unit #3 Quiz 1 Photosynthesis, Cellular Respiration and Fermentation Week of November

2015 Biology Unit #3 Quiz 1 Photosynthesis, Cellular Respiration and Fermentation Week of November Name: Class: Date: 2015 Biology Unit #3 Quiz 1 Photosynthesis, Cellular Respiration and Fermentation Week of 02-09 November 1 Which of the following statements is true for all cells? a They use solar energy

More information

4.1 Chemical Energy and ATP. KEY CONCEPT All cells need chemical energy.

4.1 Chemical Energy and ATP. KEY CONCEPT All cells need chemical energy. 4.1 Chemical Energy and ATP KEY CONCEPT All cells need chemical energy. 4.1 Chemical Energy and ATP The chemical energy used for most cell processes is carried by ATP. Molecules in food store chemical

More information

Harvesting energy: photosynthesis & cellular respiration part 1

Harvesting energy: photosynthesis & cellular respiration part 1 Harvesting energy: photosynthesis & cellular respiration part 1 Agenda I. Overview (Big Pictures) of Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration II. Making Glucose - Photosynthesis III. Making ATP - Cellular

More information

Autotrophs and Heterotrophs

Autotrophs and Heterotrophs Section 8-1 Notes Energy and Life Energy is the ability to do work. Living things depend on energy. Without the ability to obtain and use energy, life would cease to exist. Where does the energy that living

More information

AP Biology. Warm-up. Photosynthesis: Life from Light and Air. Energy needs of life. Energy needs of life. Objective: Warm-up:

AP Biology. Warm-up. Photosynthesis: Life from Light and Air. Energy needs of life. Energy needs of life. Objective: Warm-up: Warm-up Objective: Explain how photosynthesis converts light energy into chemical energy. Warm-up: In the light reactions, what is the electron donor? Where do the electrons end up? 2006-2007 Photosynthesis:

More information

Photosynthesis Review Packet

Photosynthesis Review Packet Photosynthesis Review Packet Model 1 Chloroplast 6CO2 + 12H2O + sunlight energy C6H12O6 + 6O2 + 6H2O 12 H2O 6 CO2 6 O2 C6H12O6 1. Consider the organelle illustrated in Model 1. a. What is the name of the

More information

Located in the thylakoid membranes. Chlorophyll have Mg + in the center. Chlorophyll pigments harvest energy (photons) by absorbing certain

Located in the thylakoid membranes. Chlorophyll have Mg + in the center. Chlorophyll pigments harvest energy (photons) by absorbing certain a review Located in the thylakoid membranes. Chlorophyll have Mg + in the center. Chlorophyll pigments harvest energy (photons) by absorbing certain wavelengths (blue-420 nm and red-660 nm are most important).

More information

Cell Energy Photosynthesis Study Guide

Cell Energy Photosynthesis Study Guide Name Date Pd Circle the word or phrase that best completes the statement. Study all notes and read Ch 4.1-4.3. 1. All cells use adenosine triphosphate (ATP) for energy. ATP is a molecule / organelle that

More information

Outcome: Explain the process of photosynthesis.

Outcome: Explain the process of photosynthesis. Outcome: Explain the process of photosynthesis. Warm-up: 1. Compare the two types of cells. Give examples for each. 2. Using double bubble map, differentiate plants and animal cells. 3. What organelles

More information

Chemical Energy and ATP. Autotrophs and Heterotrophs. Living things need to survive.

Chemical Energy and ATP. Autotrophs and Heterotrophs. Living things need to survive. 8-1 Energy And Life Autotrophs and Heterotrophs Living things need to survive. This energy comes from food. The energy in most food comes from the. Where do plants get the energy they need to produce food?

More information

Unit 4.2: Photosynthesis - Sugar as Food

Unit 4.2: Photosynthesis - Sugar as Food Unit 4.2: Photosynthesis - Sugar as Food Lesson Objectives Outline the stages of photosynthesis. Describe the chloroplast and its role in photosynthesis. List the steps of the light reactions. Describe

More information

Energy & Photosynthesis

Energy & Photosynthesis Energy & Photosynthesis Energy for Life Processes Energy is the ability to cause matter to move or to change The ability to do work Work for a cell includes: Growth & repair Active transport Reproduction

More information

PHOTOSYNTHESIS STARTS WITH

PHOTOSYNTHESIS STARTS WITH Name Date Period PHOTOSYNTHESIS STARTS WITH 1. Molecules that collect light energy are called _P. 2. Chlorophyll a and b absorb _B -_V and _R wavelengths of light best. 3. _C is the main light absorbing

More information

Chapter 8 Photosynthesis

Chapter 8 Photosynthesis Chapter 8 Photosynthesis THE BASICS OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS Photosynthesis is used by plants, algae (protists), and some bacteria uses the energy from sunlight to convert water and carbon dioxide into high-energy

More information

Section 2 The Calvin Cycle

Section 2 The Calvin Cycle Section 2 The Calvin Cycle Objectives Summarize the main events of the Calvin cycle. Describe what happens to the compounds that are made in the Calvin cycle. Distinguish between C 3, C 4, and CAM plants.

More information

REACTIONS OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS 8-3 (pp )

REACTIONS OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS 8-3 (pp ) Name REACTIONS OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS 8-3 (pp 208-214) MULTIPLE CHOICE: Circle the letter of the answer that best completes the statement or answers the question. Photosystems I and II are A. found in the stroma

More information

PHOTOSYNTHESIS. Trapping the Sun s Energy

PHOTOSYNTHESIS. Trapping the Sun s Energy 1 PHOTOSYNTHESIS Trapping the Sun s Energy 2 Energy is trapped in chemical bonds But where does energy come from? GLUCOSE 3 Carbohydrate sugar molecule Simple sugar, known as a monosaccharide(ex: fructose,

More information

Lesson Overview. Photosynthesis: An Overview. Lesson Overview. 8.2 Photosynthesis: An Overview

Lesson Overview. Photosynthesis: An Overview. Lesson Overview. 8.2 Photosynthesis: An Overview Lesson Overview 8.2 Photosynthesis: An Overview Light and pigments Energy from the sun travels to Earth in the form of light. Sunlight is a mixture of different wavelengths. The wavelengths we see is known

More information

Pearson Biology Chapter 8 Class Notes

Pearson Biology Chapter 8 Class Notes Pearson Biology Chapter 8 Class Notes Photosynthesis Chemical Energy and ATP Why is ATP useful to cells? Energy is the Ability to do Work. Cells use Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) to Store and Release Energy

More information

Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration

Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration What you will learn: GPS Standard SB3a Explain the cycling of energy through the processes of photosynthesis and respiration. IN OTHER WORDS Photosynthesis and Cellular

More information

Energy and Life. Lesson Overview. Lesson Overview. 8.1 Energy and Life

Energy and Life. Lesson Overview. Lesson Overview. 8.1 Energy and Life 8.1 Chemical Energy and ATP Energy is the ability to do work. Your cells are busy using energy to build new molecules, contract muscles, and carry out active transport. Without the ability to obtain and

More information

Photosynthesis. Chapter 8, Section #2. SC.912.L.18.7 Identify the reactants, products, and basic functions of photosynthesis.

Photosynthesis. Chapter 8, Section #2. SC.912.L.18.7 Identify the reactants, products, and basic functions of photosynthesis. Photosynthesis Chapter 8, Section #2 SC.912.L.18.7 Identify the reactants, products, and basic functions of photosynthesis. Essential Questions 1.What are the two phases of photosynthesis? 2.What is the

More information

Photosynthesis. Dr. Bertolotti

Photosynthesis. Dr. Bertolotti Photosynthesis Dr. Bertolotti Photosynthesis: Life from Light and Air How do plants and other organisms capture energy from the sun? What is ATP and why is it useful in cells? Plants are energy producers

More information

Just Like the Guy From Krypton Photosynthesis

Just Like the Guy From Krypton Photosynthesis Just Like the Guy From Krypton Photosynthesis An Overview of Photosynthesis Most of the energy used by almost all living cells ultimately comes from the sun plants, algae, and some bacteria capture the

More information

Section 1 The Light Reactions. Section 2 The Calvin Cycle. Resources

Section 1 The Light Reactions. Section 2 The Calvin Cycle. Resources How to Use This Presentation To View the presentation as a slideshow with effects select View on the menu bar and click on Slide Show. To advance through the presentation, click the right-arrow key or

More information

Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis Test

Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis Test Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis Test 1. When bonds are made energy is, when bonds are broken energy is. A. stored / released C. released / stored B. used / not used D. created / destroyed 2. Aerobic

More information

PHOTOSYNTHESIS Chapter 6

PHOTOSYNTHESIS Chapter 6 PHOTOSYNTHESIS Chapter 6 5.1 Matter and Energy Pathways in Living Systems Chapter 5 Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration 1 2 5.1 Matter and Energy Pathways in Living Systems In this section you will:

More information

4.3. Photosynthesis in Detail. The first stage of photosynthesis captures and transfers energy.

4.3. Photosynthesis in Detail. The first stage of photosynthesis captures and transfers energy. 4.3 Photosynthesis in Detail VOCABULARY photosystem electron transport chain ATP synthase Calvin cycle Key Concept Photosynthesis requires a series of chemical reactions. MAIN IDEAS The first stage of

More information

BIOLOGY REVISION SHEET FINAL EXAM TERM-I GRADE 10 Session:

BIOLOGY REVISION SHEET FINAL EXAM TERM-I GRADE 10 Session: BIOLOGY REVISION SHEET FINAL EXAM TERM-I GRADE 10 Session: 2018-19 Note: The students should first study from their textbook and then try to solve this revision sheet independently Materials included in

More information

1. Plants and other autotrophs are the producers of the biosphere

1. Plants and other autotrophs are the producers of the biosphere 1. Plants and other autotrophs are the producers of the biosphere Photosynthesis nourishes almost all of the living world directly or indirectly. All organisms require organic compounds for energy and

More information

1. Plants and other autotrophs are the producers of the biosphere

1. Plants and other autotrophs are the producers of the biosphere 1. Plants and other autotrophs are the producers of the biosphere Photosynthesis nourishes almost all of the living world directly or indirectly. All organisms require organic compounds for energy and

More information

pigments AP BIOLOGY PHOTOSYNTHESIS Chapter 10 Light Reactions Visible light is part of electromagnetic spectrum

pigments AP BIOLOGY PHOTOSYNTHESIS Chapter 10 Light Reactions Visible light is part of electromagnetic spectrum AP BIOLOGY PHOTOSYNTHESIS Chapter 10 Light Reactions http://vilenski.org/science/safari/cellstructure/chloroplasts.html Sunlight is made up of many different wavelengths of light Your eyes see different

More information

Energy Conversions. Photosynthesis. Plants. Chloroplasts. Plant Pigments 10/13/2014. Chapter 10 Pg

Energy Conversions. Photosynthesis. Plants. Chloroplasts. Plant Pigments 10/13/2014. Chapter 10 Pg Energy Conversions Photosynthesis Chapter 10 Pg. 184 205 Life on Earth is solar-powered by autotrophs Autotrophs make their own food and have no need to consume other organisms. They are the ultimate source

More information

Unit 8 Cell Metabolism. Foldable Notes

Unit 8 Cell Metabolism. Foldable Notes Unit 8 Cell Metabolism Foldable Notes Silently read pages 94-96 of your biology textbook Middle Inside Top Vocabulary 1. ATP 2. ADP 3. Product 4. Reactant 5. Chloroplast 6. Mitochondria 7. Heterotroph

More information

Unit 3: Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration

Unit 3: Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration Unit 3: Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration Monday/Tuesday Wednesday/Thursday Friday Bell Ringer Answer Daily Goal HOMEWORK Bell Ringer Answer Monday/Tuesday Wednesday/Thursday Friday Daily Goal HOMEWORK

More information

Overall, photosynthesis is the conversion of the Sun s energy to stored chemical energy. (glucose) The overall reaction for photosynthesis:

Overall, photosynthesis is the conversion of the Sun s energy to stored chemical energy. (glucose) The overall reaction for photosynthesis: A.P. Biology Chapter 10- Photosynthesis Scale: 0 - No understanding of the concept and chemical process of photosynthesis. 1- With help, a partial understanding of the reactants and products of the photosynthesis

More information

BIOLOGY: Study Guide CA4: Photosynthesis. photosystem I/II chlorophyll electron transport chain chemiosmosis ATP/ADP NADP+/NAPDH ATP Synthase

BIOLOGY: Study Guide CA4: Photosynthesis. photosystem I/II chlorophyll electron transport chain chemiosmosis ATP/ADP NADP+/NAPDH ATP Synthase BIOLOGY: Study Guide CA4: Photosynthesis 1. Define: autotroph heterotroph chloroplast thylakoid thylakoid membrane stroma grana photosystem I/II chlorophyll electron transport chain chemiosmosis ATP/ADP

More information

Chapter 10 Photosynthesis

Chapter 10 Photosynthesis Chapter 10 Photosynthesis Autotrophs and Heterotrophs Autotrophs are organisms that make their own food. They obtain everything they need by using CO 2 and inorganic compounds from the environment. Heterotrophs

More information

The main form of energy from the sun is in the form of electromagnetic radiation. Visible radiation (white light) used for photosynthesis ROY G.

The main form of energy from the sun is in the form of electromagnetic radiation. Visible radiation (white light) used for photosynthesis ROY G. PHOTOSYNTHESIS The main form of energy from the sun is in the form of electromagnetic radiation Visible radiation (white light) used for photosynthesis ROY G. BIV The electromagnetic spectrum A Red Object

More information

Photosynthesis: Using Light to Make Food

Photosynthesis: Using Light to Make Food Chapter 7 Photosynthesis: Using Light to Make Food Lectures by Chris C. Romero, updated by Edward J. Zalisko PowerPoint Lectures for Campbell Essential Biology, Fourth Edition Eric Simon, Jane Reece, and

More information

Energy in the World of Life

Energy in the World of Life Cellular Energy Energy in the World of Life Sustaining life s organization requires ongoing energy inputs Assembly of the molecules of life starts with energy input into living cells Energy Conversion

More information

Photosynthesis. 8Big idea. Cellular Basis of Life Q: How do plants and other organisms capture energy from the sun? Name Class Date WHAT I KNOW

Photosynthesis. 8Big idea. Cellular Basis of Life Q: How do plants and other organisms capture energy from the sun? Name Class Date WHAT I KNOW Name Class Date 8Big idea Photosynthesis Cellular Basis of Life Q: How do plants and other organisms capture energy from the sun? WHAT I KNOW WHAT I LEARNED 8.1 How do organisms store energy? 8.2 What

More information

All Cells need energy. (Ability to perform work) What do cells use energy for? Mitosis. Repair. Active transport. Movement.

All Cells need energy. (Ability to perform work) What do cells use energy for? Mitosis. Repair. Active transport. Movement. Cell Energetics All Cells need energy. (Ability to perform work) What do cells use energy for? Mitosis. Repair. Active transport. Movement. What Is ATP? ATP adenosine triphosphate is a chemical molecule

More information

What cellular structure carries out respiration?

What cellular structure carries out respiration? What cellular structure carries out photosynthesis? Label it s parts Chloroplast double membrane grana thylakoid membrane with chlorophyll stroma What cellular structure carries out respiration? Mitochondrian

More information

Photosynthesis. Energy & Life

Photosynthesis. Energy & Life Photosynthesis Energy & Life 1 Overview of Photosynthesis 2 Autotrophs Plants and some other types of organisms that contain chlorophyll are able to use light energy from the sun to produce food. 3 Autotrophs

More information

Lesson Overview. 8.3 The Process of Photosynthesis

Lesson Overview. 8.3 The Process of Photosynthesis 8.3 The Process of Photosynthesis The Light-Dependent Reactions: Generating ATP and NADPH The light-dependent reactions encompass the steps of photosynthesis that directly involve sunlight. The light-dependent

More information

Photosynthesis. All Materials Cmassengale

Photosynthesis. All Materials Cmassengale Photosynthesis All Materials Cmassengale I. Capturing the Energy of Life A. All organisms require energy B. Some organisms (autotrophs) obtain energy directly from the sun and store it in organic compounds

More information

Photosynthesis: An Overview. Lesson Overview. Lesson Overview. 8.2 Photosynthesis: An Overview

Photosynthesis: An Overview. Lesson Overview. Lesson Overview. 8.2 Photosynthesis: An Overview Lesson Overview 8.2 Photosynthesis: An Overview Chlorophyll and Chloroplasts What role do pigments play in the process of photosynthesis? Photosynthetic organisms capture energy from sunlight with pigments.

More information

Chapter 8: Cellular Energy

Chapter 8: Cellular Energy Chapter 8: Cellular Energy Section 1: How Organisms Obtain Energy Transformation of Energy All cellular activities require Energy!! ( The ability to do work). The study of flow and the transformation of

More information

CELLULAR ENERGETICS PHOTOSYNTHESIS SUMMARY EQUATION SITE OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS -- PLANTS. Cellular Energetics Activity #4 page 1

CELLULAR ENERGETICS PHOTOSYNTHESIS SUMMARY EQUATION SITE OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS -- PLANTS. Cellular Energetics Activity #4 page 1 Cellular Energetics Activity #4 page 1 AP BIOLOGY NAME CELLULAR ENERGETICS ACTIVITY #4 DATE HOUR PHOTOSYNTHESIS SUMMARY EQUATION SITE OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS -- PLANTS Cellular Energetics Activity #4 page 2

More information

UNIT 2: CELLS Chapter 4: Cells and Energy

UNIT 2: CELLS Chapter 4: Cells and Energy CORNELL NOTES Directions: You must create a minimum of 5 questions in this column per page (average). Use these to study your notes and prepare for tests and quizzes. Notes will be stamped after each assigned

More information

1 Which of the following organisms do NOT carry on photosynthesis?

1 Which of the following organisms do NOT carry on photosynthesis? 1 Which of the following organisms do NOT carry on photosynthesis? plants algae some bacteria 2 3 animals The correct description of the relationship between photosynthesis and the living world is. herbivores,

More information

PHOTOSYNTHESIS: THE LIGHT REACTIONS

PHOTOSYNTHESIS: THE LIGHT REACTIONS PHOTOSYNTHESIS: THE LIGHT REACTIONS ECOSYSTEM Photosynthesis CO 2 +H 2 O Organic + O molecules 2 Cellular respiration in mitochondria 1 PHOTOAUTOTROPHS The producers of the biosphere AUTOTROPH means self

More information

photosynthesis notes Biology Junction Everything you need in Biology Photosynthesis All Materials Cmassengale I. Capturing the Energy of Life

photosynthesis notes Biology Junction Everything you need in Biology Photosynthesis All Materials Cmassengale I. Capturing the Energy of Life Biology Junction Everything you need in Biology photosynthesis notes Photosynthesis All Materials Cmassengale I. Capturing the Energy of Life 1. All organisms require energy 2. Some organisms (autotrophs)

More information

Biology I Photosynthesis. O + sunlight energy C 6. Outer membrane. Inner membrane

Biology I Photosynthesis. O + sunlight energy C 6. Outer membrane. Inner membrane Name: Why? Biology I Photosynthesis How do light-dependent and light-independent reactions provide food for a plant? Plants are the original solar panels. Through photosynthesis a plant is able to convert

More information

Photosynthesis An Overview

Photosynthesis An Overview Photosynthesis Photosynthesis An Overview Living things get energy from food Food is broken down and energy is stored as ATP Heterotrophs have to consume other organisms for energy Autotrophs are able

More information

CP Biology Unit 5 Cell Energy Study Guide. Electron Carriers Electron Transport Chain Fermentation Glycolysis Krebs cycle Light-Dependent Reactions

CP Biology Unit 5 Cell Energy Study Guide. Electron Carriers Electron Transport Chain Fermentation Glycolysis Krebs cycle Light-Dependent Reactions Name: KEY CP Biology Unit 5 Cell Energy Study Guide Vocabulary to know: ATP ADP Aerobic Anaerobic ATP Synthases Cellular Respiration Chlorophyll Chloroplast Electron Carriers Electron Transport Chain Fermentation

More information

Name 7 Photosynthesis: Using Light To Make Food Test Date Study Guide You must know: How photosystems convert solar energy to chemical energy.

Name 7 Photosynthesis: Using Light To Make Food Test Date Study Guide You must know: How photosystems convert solar energy to chemical energy. Name _ 7 Photosynthesis: Using Light To Make Food Test Date Study Guide You must know: How photosystems convert solar energy to chemical energy. How linear electron flow in the light reactions results

More information

Chapter 7. Photosynthesis: Using Light to Make Food. Lectures by Edward J. Zalisko

Chapter 7. Photosynthesis: Using Light to Make Food. Lectures by Edward J. Zalisko Chapter 7 Photosynthesis: Using Light to Make Food PowerPoint Lectures for Campbell Essential Biology, Fifth Edition, and Campbell Essential Biology with Physiology, Fourth Edition Eric J. Simon, Jean

More information

Photosynthesis: Life from Light AP Biology

Photosynthesis: Life from Light AP Biology Photosynthesis: Life from Light Supporting a biosphere On global scale, photosynthesis is the most important process for the continuation of life on Earth u each year photosynthesis synthesizes 160 billion

More information

Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration

Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration All cellular activities require energy. Directly or indirectly nearly all energy for life comes from the sun. Autotrophs:

More information

Chapter 11 Photosynthesis

Chapter 11 Photosynthesis Chapter 11 Photosynthesis 2.2 Cell Metabolism Learning Objectives 2.2.4 Photosynthesis 1. Definition, balanced equation and role of "photosynthesis". 2. An explanation of the process of photosynthesis.

More information

Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Note-taking Guide

Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Note-taking Guide Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Note-taking Guide Preview to Photosynthesis glucose, reactions, light-dependent, Calvin cycle, thylakoid, photosystem II, oxygen, light-harvesting, two, chloroplasts,

More information

Cellular Energy. How Organisms Obtain Energy Section 2: Photosynthesis Section 3: Cellular Respiration. Click on a lesson name to select.

Cellular Energy. How Organisms Obtain Energy Section 2: Photosynthesis Section 3: Cellular Respiration. Click on a lesson name to select. Section 1: How Organisms Obtain Energy Section 2: Photosynthesis Section 3: Cellular Respiration Click on a lesson name to select. Section 1 How Organisms Obtain Energy Transformation of Energy Energy

More information

Chapter 8 Photosynthesis Class/Homework

Chapter 8 Photosynthesis Class/Homework 2011 Chapter 8 Photosynthesis Class/Homework Chapter 8 Vocabulary 8.1 Term Definition Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) Autotroph Heterotroph Photosynthesis Compound that cells use to store and release energy

More information

PHOTOSYNTHESIS. Botany Department B.N.D. College

PHOTOSYNTHESIS. Botany Department B.N.D. College PHOTOSYNTHESIS Botany Department B.N.D. College Photosynthesis An anabolic, endergonic, carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) requiring process that uses light energy (photons) and water (H 2 O) to produce organic macromolecules

More information

PHOTOSYNTHESIS. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pme blshpbsu

PHOTOSYNTHESIS. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pme blshpbsu PHOTOSYNTHESIS https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pme blshpbsu Energy needs of life All life needs a constant input of energy Heterotrophs (Animals) get their energy from eating others eat food = other organisms

More information

ATP. Pentose Sugar (ribose) 3 phosphate groups. adenine. Does this structure look familiar?

ATP. Pentose Sugar (ribose) 3 phosphate groups. adenine. Does this structure look familiar? Photosynthesis The Big Picture Photosynthesis and Respiration work together in plants to make energy for the plant they are autotrophs Animals only use cellular respiration why? They are heterotrophs!

More information

Chloroplasts and Mitochondria

Chloroplasts and Mitochondria Chloroplasts and Mitochondria Plant cells and some Algae contain an organelle called the chloroplast. The chloroplast allows plants to harvest energy from sunlight to carry on a process known as Photosynthesis.

More information

Photosynthesis Part I: Overview & The Light-Dependent Reac<ons

Photosynthesis Part I: Overview & The Light-Dependent Reac<ons Photosynthesis Part I: Overview & The Light-Dependent Reac

More information

Photosynthesis 6CO 2 + 6H 2 O C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2

Photosynthesis 6CO 2 + 6H 2 O C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2 PHOTOSYNTHESIS Photosynthesis An anabolic, endergonic, carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) requiring process that uses light energy (photons) and water (H 2 O) to produce organic macromolecules (glucose). photons SUN

More information

Chapter 7 PHOTOSYNTHESIS

Chapter 7 PHOTOSYNTHESIS Chapter 7 PHOTOSYNTHESIS Photosynthesis Photosynthesis is the process of harnessing energy from sunlight to produce sugars. Photosynthesis equation: Energy + 6 CO 2 + 6 H 2 O C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6 O 2 C 6 H

More information