Griffith Observatory Field Trip Guide

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1 To enter the Griffith Observatory you must make a reservation for a seat on a shuttle. There is a cost associated with each shuttle ticket and it is $8.00. There is no other way to enter Griffith Observatory! There are three ways to make a reservation; either access the reservation system online at call them at or buy tickets in person at the Griffith Reservation Center located at the Griffith Observatory Satellite Parking Lot. The lot can be found at 4800 Western Heritage Way, Los Angeles, CA, The reservation center hours are: Tuesday - Friday 10:00 a.m. - 8:00 p.m. Saturday- Sunday 8:30 a.m. - 8:00 p.m. Closed Mondays 1 Answer the following questions in the space provided below. Number your answers! Outside Grounds at Main Entrance: 1. Who are the 6 scientists named on the Astronomer s Monument? 2. What do you notice about the orbits of Neptune and Pluto? Foucault s Pendulum 3. How does Foucault s Pendulum prove that the Earth rotates on its axis? 4. Why would the pegs not be knocked over if the pendulum was at the equator? 5. Why would happen if the pendulum were in Antarctica?

2 Hall of the Eye 6. What was the original purpose of a Tesla coil? Is it possible? 7. What are the different types of waves in the electromagnetic spectrum? 8. How do we study the x-rays emitted from black holes? 9. Which 2 wave types can be detected by earth-based telescopes? 2 Extending the Eye 10. What does the spectrum of light tell us about an object? 11. How do objects look in bigger as opposed to smaller telescopes? 12. What do telescopes collect and focus into our eyes?

3 West Wing 3 Day and Night 13. What are the three factors that determine how much daylight we experience? 14. Why do we have day and night? Moon Phases 15. How long does it take for the moon to cycle through all its phases? 16. What is the difference between how the moon looks from Earth and how it looks from space at different times of its cycle? 17. Why do we always see the same side of the moon? Tides 18. What cases high and low tides? 19. What is the difference between Spring tides and Neap tides?

4 Sun and Stars Paths 20. Why do the sun and stars appear to be moving across the sky? 4 Seasons 21. What is the difference between the summer sun and the winter sun? 22. Why is it winter in the northern hemisphere when it is summer in the southern hemisphere? 23. Where on Earth would you experience the least amount of seasonal change? Why? Eclipses 24. What is a solar eclipse? 25. What is a lunar eclipse? 26. If you don t travel, how often will you see a lunar eclipse?

5 Our Sun is a Star 27. What are the five types of stars? 28. What kind of star is our Sun? 29. How do stars shine? 30. Is our star likely to become a black hole? Why? 31. What types of stars live the longest? 5 The Active Sun 32. What do the light and dark spots on the sun mean? 33. What does a Spectroscope do? 34. What wavelength is Magnesium? Hall of the Sky 35. What is the difference between the elements in stars and those in supernova? 36. What are the six most common elements in human bodies? 37. What do we consider to be the fingerprint of an element?

6 Downstairs Edge of Space 38. How do Elliptical and Spiral galaxies differ? 39. How do stars appear differently from galaxies? 6 Our Moon 40. What is displayed in front of the model of the Moon? 41. How far away is the Moon from Earth? 42. Does the moon have air, liquid, water or gravity? 43. Why does the Moon look pitted? 44. How much would you weight on the moon? Why? Milky Way Galaxy 45. How do we know that the Milky Way Galaxy is milky if we can t leave the galaxy? 46. What is found in the middle of the Milky Way Galaxy?

7 The Planets Our Solar System Fill in the chart. 7 Mercury Venus Earth Mars Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune 47. Distance from Sun 48. Structure 49. Temperature 50. Mass 51. Volume 52. Length of Day 53. Length of Night 54. Axial Tilt 55. Your Weight

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