A. the spinning of Earth on its axis B. the path of the Sun around Earth

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "A. the spinning of Earth on its axis B. the path of the Sun around Earth"

Transcription

1 stronomy 1 Packet Write answers on your own paper 1. The Sun appears to move across the sky each day. What causes this?. the spinning of Earth on its axis. the path of the Sun around Earth. the production of nuclear energy by the Sun. the tilt of Earth on its axis 2. Which of these is caused by the rotation of Earth?. Tides. ays and nights. Spring and fall. Rainfall 3. Which statement explains the position of the side of Earth where it is night?. The side of Earth is facing the moon.. The side of Earth is facing away from the sun.. The side of Earth is being blocked by the moon.. The side of Earth is between the sun and the moon. 4. The period of rotation for each planet in our solar system is different. The period of rotation for Earth is. 24 hours. 28 days. 13 weeks. 1 year 5. pproximately how long does Earth take to complete its orbit around the Sun?. one day. one month. one year. one century 6. The picture below shows the position of Earth as it orbits the Sun. t which point will Earth be six months after it reaches point?.... page 1

2 7. Which statement best describes the orbit of Earth around the sun?. Earth s orbit is elliptical.. Earth s orbit is irregularly-shaped.. Earth s orbit takes about 30 days to complete.. Earth s orbit takes about 24 hours to complete. 8. Why do the Sun and Moon appear to move across the sky?. The rotation of the solar system makes the Sun and Moon seem to move.. The rotation of Earth makes the Sun and Moon seem to move.. The Sun and Moon revolve around Earth.. Earth revolves around the Sun and the Moon. 9. The seasons of the year on Earth are determined by the.. speed of the Earth s revolution. speed of the Earth s rotation. shape of the Earth s orbit relative to the sun. tilt of the Earth s axis relative to the sun 10. Which of these causes summer in the northern hemisphere?. The Sun is closer to Earth during the summer.. The North Pole is tilted away from the Sun during the summer.. The northern hemisphere receives more direct sunlight during the summer. Earth s northern axis is tilted away from the Sun during the summer. 11. Which location on Earth receives the most direct sunlight?. the deserts. the South Pole. the equator. the Western Hemisphere 12. Which statement describes how the sun appears to move in the sky as observed each day?. The sun sets in the north in the evening.. The sun rises in the east in the morning.. The sun sets in the east in the evening.. The sun rises in the south in the morning. Write answers on your own paper page 2 stronomy 1 Packet

3 13. The diagram below shows the relative positions of Earth and the Sun at a certain time of year. ased on the diagram, which season is occurring in the Southern Hemisphere of Earth?. winter. spring. summer. fall 14. Twice a year on Earth, the number of hours of darkness is equal to the number of hours of sunlight. These events, where both day and night are 12 hours, are the spring and autumn equinoxes. Which of these describes the orientation of the sun and Earth on these two days?. Earth is located at its most distant point away from the sun.. The tilt of Earth s axis is neither toward nor away from the sun.. The axes of the sun and Earth are pointed in the same direction.. Earth is located at its closest point to the sun, and its axis is pointed away from the sun. 15. The length of daylight changes as the seasons change during the year. What causes these changes in daylight?. Earth s tilt on its axis. the Sun s tilt on its axis. Earth spinning on its axis. the Sun spinning on its axis 16. Gravity is responsible for the. orbits of the planets around the Sun.. rotation of a planet on its axis.. tilt of Earth s axis.. phases of the Moon. 17. stronauts can jump higher on the Moon than they can on Earth. Which of the following best explains why astronauts can jump higher on the Moon?. The Moon has less mass than Earth.. The Moon has more mass than Earth.. The Moon s atmosphere has less oxygen.. The Moon s atmosphere has more oxygen. Write answers on your own paper page 3 stronomy 1 Packet

4 18. Use the information below to answer the following question(s). The data table below shows the time of sunrise and sunset in four different cities on May 2. Each city is located within the same time zone of the United States. TIMES OF SUNRISE N SUNSET ON MY 2 ity Sunrise Sunset Total aylight Minutes 1 6:43.M. 7:53 P.M :38.M. 7:45 P.M :14.M. 10:24 P.M. 1, :12.M. 7:58 P.M. 826 On which of these days will the total hours of daylight be the greatest in each of the four cities?. January 28. March 21. June 21. November The diagram below shows a moon revolving around a planet in an elliptical orbit. t which location is the gravitational pull between the moon and the planet the weakest?. location 1. location 2. location 3. location Science students investigated the cause of the different phases of the moon. The model that would best demonstrate the cause of the phases of the moon would include representations of. the moon and Earth. the moon and the sun. the moon, the sun, and Earth. the moon, the sun, and Venus Write answers on your own paper page 4 stronomy 1 Packet

5 21. Which of Jupiter s moons experiences the greatest gravitational force of attraction to Jupiter? Why is there a full Moon approximately once a month?. The Moon revolves around the Earth once a month.. The Moon rotates on its axis once a month.. The Moon revolves around the Sun once a month.. The Moon does not rotate on its axis. Write answers on your own paper page 5 stronomy 1 Packet

6 23. On Earth, Johanna weighs 100 lbs. She calculated what her weight would be at several other locations in the solar system. The results are shown in the table below. Which of the following statements is best supported by the information in the table?. Venus has more gravitational force than Earth.. Mars has less gravitational force than the Moon.. Earth has four times the gravitational force of Mars.. Jupiter has more than twice the gravitational force of Earth. 24. Which diagram correctly shows the orbits of Earth (E) and the moon (M) around the sun (S)?.... Write answers on your own paper page 6 stronomy 1 Packet

7 25. student observed the shape of the Moon once every 7 days during the month of June. Which of the following sets of drawings shows how the Moon s shape could have changed during the month of June? The picture below shows the positions of Earth, the Moon, and the Sun. What is the phase of the Moon in this picture?. Full. New. Quarter. rescent 27. Which diagram shows the relative positions of Earth (E), the sun (S) and the moon (M) during a full moon? Note: iagrams are not drawn to scale Which of the following describes the locations of the Moon and planets during a solar eclipse on Earth?. Venus passes between Earth and the Sun.. Earth passes between the Sun and the Moon.. The Moon passes between Earth and the Sun.. The Sun passes between Earth and the Moon. Write answers on your own paper page 7 stronomy 1 Packet

8 29. The diagram below shows the relative positions of Earth and the Moon and rays of sunlight. ased on the diagram, which of the following best represents how the Moon would appear as seen from Earth? Which of the following diagrams best shows the relative positions of Earth, the Moon, and the Sun during a lunar eclipse? Which sentence explains why the Moon can be seen at night from Earth?. The Moon reflects light from the Sun.. The Moon burns gases that give off light.. The Moon reflects light from the lights on Earth.. The Moon absorbs light during the day and then gives off light at night. Write answers on your own paper page 8 stronomy 1 Packet

9 32. planet in our solar system orbits the sun in approximately 225 Earth days. Which of these conclusions is best supported by this information?. The planet orbits closer to the sun than Earth does.. The planet s orbit is more circular than Earth s orbit.. The planet orbits the sun at a slower speed than Earth does.. The planet s orbit is more elliptical than Earth s orbit. 33. year on Jupiter is 4,344 days long. This tells you how long it takes. Jupiter to orbit the sun.. Jupiter to rotate one time on its axis.. the sun to orbit Jupiter.. Earth to orbit Jupiter. 34. Tides, such as those along the coast of Massachusetts, are caused by gravitational attractions acting on Earth. Why is the gravitational attraction of the Moon a greater factor in determining tides than the gravitational attraction of the much larger Sun?. Earth is much closer to the Moon than to the Sun.. The Sun s gravity is a factor only during the day.. The Moon s core has a much greater density than the Sun s core.. The Sun s mass is smaller than the mass of the Moon. 35. In laska, there are fewer hours of daylight in the winter than in the summer. Which statement best explains why this difference occurs?. The Sun burns hotter in the summer.. The Sun moves below the horizon in the summer.. The Northern Hemisphere is closer to the Sun in the winter.. The Northern Hemisphere is tilted away from the Sun in the winter. 36. When and where would the number of daylight hours each day be greatest?. during the winter near the equator. during the summer near the equator. during the winter near the North Pole. during the summer near the North Pole 37. day on Saturn takes about 10 Earth hours. Which fact would best explain this short day?. Saturn is less dense than Earth.. Saturn is much farther from the Sun than Earth.. Saturn rotates more rapidly than Earth.. Saturn s orbit has greater eccentricity than Earth s. Write answers on your own paper page 9 stronomy 1 Packet

10 38. What positions of the moon (M) will create the greater tidal range?. or. or. or. or 39. How long would a complete day (day and night) on Earth be if it did not spin on its axis?. 24 hours. 1 month. 3 months. 1 year 40. Four stages in the progression of a solar eclipse are shown above. 2:00 pm? How would the eclipse most likely look at In October, students saw the pattern of stars in the sky called Orion. In July, they could not see Orion. Why was Orion no longer visible in July?. The stars rotated around the Sun.. Earth was tilted on its axis.. Earth revolved around the Sun. The stars moved away from Earth. 42. t 9:00 pm on a clear night, Martin observed the stars in a constellation. One hour later on the same night, the constellation appeared in a different location in the night sky. Which statement explains why the constellation appeared in a different location in the night sky after one hour?. Earth had rotated on its axis.. Earth had moved closer to the stars in the constellation.. Earth had orbited the sun.. Earth had tilted farther away from the stars in the constellation. Write answers on your own paper page 10 stronomy 1 Packet

11 43. The distance from Earth to the Moon is approximately 384,000 km. If the distance were to increase to 500,000 km, which statement about the tides would be correct?. There would be no high tides or low tides.. The difference between high and low tide would be much greater.. The difference between high and low tide would be much less.. The difference between high and low tide would not change. 44. The Sun s gravitational attraction causes a comet s path to curve as shown in the illustration below. Which of the following statements best explains the fact that the Sun does not appear to move due to the comet s gravitational attraction?. The Sun s mass is much greater than the comet s mass.. The comet is too far away for its gravity to affect the Sun.. In this gravitational interaction only the comet exerts a pull on the Sun.. The path of the comet reduces the Sun s gravity 45. When you are getting up to go to school in Louisiana, a student on the other side of Earth is getting ready for bed. What is the reason for this?. Earth revolves around the Sun.. Earth rotates on its axis.. The Sun rotates on its axis.. The Moon revolves around Earth. 46. In October, the constellations Gemini and Orion appear in the sky after midnight. In January, Orion appears at sunset. t which time will Gemini most likely appear in January?. at noon. at sunset. after midnight. before sunrise Write answers on your own paper page 11 stronomy 1 Packet

12 47. The time at which high and low tides occur changes by about 50 minutes each day. Which of the following best explains this occurrence?. The ocean currents delay the tides.. The prevailing winds act in opposition to the tides in most areas.. The moon is not in the same position relative to the Earth each day.. The pull of the sun slows down the cycle. 48. Which diagram most accurately represents the effect of the gravitational pull of the Moon on Earth s ocean tides? If the Moon did not rotate at the same rate that it revolved, which of the following would be true?. There would be no more tides.. We would no longer see eclipses.. The cycle of the Moon s phases would repeat faster.. We would be able to see all sides of the Moon. Write answers on your own paper page 12 stronomy 1 Packet

13 50. The picture below shows an analemma, which appears as a figure eight. n analemma is produced by photographing the Sun s position at noon from the same place throughout the year. Which position indicates the time of year with the greatest amount of sunlight?. position W. position X. position Y. position Z 51. The diagrams below show the tilt of a planet s axis relative to a star it is orbiting. This planet has an orbit that is similar to Earth s. In which diagram does the planet have no seasons?.... Write answers on your own paper page 13 stronomy 1 Packet

14 52. The diagram shows the relative positions of Earth and the Sun for each of the four seasons. ecause Earth travels in an elliptical orbit, it is about two million miles closer to the Sun in the winter than in the summer. If Earth is closer to the Sun in winter, why is Mississippi colder in the winter than in other seasons?. The Sun releases less energy in the winter.. The Eastern Hemisphere faces the Sun during the winter.. The Moon is between the Sun and Earth during the winter.. The Northern Hemisphere is pointed away from the Sun in the winter. 53. Steve is demonstrating how the seasons change by using a flashlight and a piece of cardboard. He is representing winter by the model shown below. Which of the following would best represent summer?.... Write answers on your own paper page 14 stronomy 1 Packet

15 54. What change would occur if Earth s rate of rotation significantly increased?. The year would be shorter.. The year would be longer.. The day would be shorter.. The day would be longer. 55. hris conducted an experiment with shadow sticks. The pictures below were drawn from his observations of the Sun s movement across the sky. Which picture shows the time of the day when the Sun was highest in the sky?.... Write answers on your own paper page 15 stronomy 1 Packet

16 Problem-ttic format version c Educide Software Licensed for use by Kerry North Terms of Use at Write answers on your own paper stronomy 1 Packet 04/14/

17 Teacher s Key Page

A) M D) The Moon s distance from Earth varies in a cyclic manner.

A) M D) The Moon s distance from Earth varies in a cyclic manner. Base your answers to questions 1 and 2 on the diagram below, which shows Earth in orbit around the Sun, and the Moon in orbit around Earth. M 1, M 2, M 3, and M 4 indicate positions of the Moon in its

More information

Name Regents Review Packet #2 Date

Name Regents Review Packet #2 Date Name Regents Review Packet #2 Date Base your answers to questions 1 through 5 on diagram below, which represents the Sun s apparent paths and the solar noon positions for an observer at 42 N latitude on

More information

Earth Moon Motions A B1

Earth Moon Motions A B1 Earth Moon Motions A B1 1. The Coriolis effect provides evidence that Earth (1) rotates on its axis (2) revolves around the Sun (3) undergoes cyclic tidal changes (4) has a slightly eccentric orbit 9.

More information

Chapter Introduction Lesson 1 Earth s Motion Lesson 2 Earth s Moon Lesson 3 Eclipses and Tides Chapter Wrap-Up. Jason Reed/Photodisc/Getty Images

Chapter Introduction Lesson 1 Earth s Motion Lesson 2 Earth s Moon Lesson 3 Eclipses and Tides Chapter Wrap-Up. Jason Reed/Photodisc/Getty Images Chapter Introduction Lesson 1 Earth s Motion Lesson 2 Earth s Moon Lesson 3 Eclipses and Tides Chapter Wrap-Up Jason Reed/Photodisc/Getty Images What natural phenomena do the motions of Earth and the Moon

More information

D. most intense and of longest duration C. D.

D. most intense and of longest duration C. D. Astronomy Take Home Test Answer on a separate sheet of paper In complete sentences justify your answer Name: 1. The Moon s cycle of phases can be observed from Earth because the Moon 4. The accompanying

More information

Practice Seasons Moon Quiz

Practice Seasons Moon Quiz 1. Which diagram represents the tilt of Earth's axis relative to the Sun's rays on December 15? A) B) C) D) 2. The diagram below represents Earth in space on the first day of a season. 5. Base your answer

More information

SAMPLE First Midterm Exam

SAMPLE First Midterm Exam Astronomy 1000 Dr C. Barnbaum SAMPLE First Midterm Exam Note: This is a sample exam. It is NOT the exam you will take. I give out sample exams so that you will have an understanding of the depth of knowledge

More information

C) the seasonal changes in constellations viewed in the night sky D) The duration of insolation will increase and the temperature will increase.

C) the seasonal changes in constellations viewed in the night sky D) The duration of insolation will increase and the temperature will increase. 1. Which event is a direct result of Earth's revolution? A) the apparent deflection of winds B) the changing of the Moon phases C) the seasonal changes in constellations viewed in the night sky D) the

More information

Earth s Motion. Lesson Outline LESSON 1. A. Earth and the Sun 1. The diameter is more than 100 times greater than

Earth s Motion. Lesson Outline LESSON 1. A. Earth and the Sun 1. The diameter is more than 100 times greater than Lesson Outline Earth s Motion LESSON 1 A. Earth and the Sun 1. The diameter is more than 100 times greater than Earth s diameter. a. In the Sun, atoms combine during, producing huge amounts of energy.

More information

Mid Term Prep-Moon Review 2

Mid Term Prep-Moon Review 2 Base your answers to questions 1 through 3 on the diagram below, which shows positions of the Moon in its orbit and phases of the Moon as viewed from New York State. 1. Which statement best explains why

More information

Astronomy Section 2 Solar System Test

Astronomy Section 2 Solar System Test is really cool! 1. The diagram below shows one model of a portion of the universe. Astronomy Section 2 Solar System Test 4. Which arrangement of the Sun, the Moon, and Earth results in the highest high

More information

Regents Review Packet #2 Multiple Choice

Regents Review Packet #2 Multiple Choice A) B) Regents Review Packet #2 Multiple Choice 1. Which diagram best represents the regions of Earth in sunlight on June 21 and December 21? [NP indicates the North Pole and the shading represents Earth's

More information

Earth is rotating on its own axis

Earth is rotating on its own axis Earth is rotating on its own axis 1 rotation every day (24 hours) Earth is rotating counterclockwise if you are looking at its North pole from other space. Earth is rotating clockwise if you are looking

More information

AY2 Winter 2017 Midterm Exam Prof. C. Rockosi February 14, Name and Student ID Section Day/Time

AY2 Winter 2017 Midterm Exam Prof. C. Rockosi February 14, Name and Student ID Section Day/Time AY2 Winter 2017 Midterm Exam Prof. C. Rockosi February 14, 2017 Name and Student ID Section Day/Time Write your name and student ID number on this printed exam, and fill them in on your Scantron form.

More information

SC.8.E.5.9. Summer and Winter Gizmo

SC.8.E.5.9. Summer and Winter Gizmo 8 th Grade Science Quarter 1 Recovery Packet SC.8.E.5.9 DAYS/YEARS/SEASONS Go to www.explorelearning.com and search for the Summer and Winter Gizmo. Answer the following questions: Gizmo Warm-up Summer

More information

drinking straw, protractor, string, and rock. observer on Earth. Sun across the sky on March 21 as seen by an

drinking straw, protractor, string, and rock. observer on Earth. Sun across the sky on March 21 as seen by an 1. The diagram below represents some constellations and one position of Earth in its orbit around the Sun. These constellations are visible to an observer on Earth at different times of the year. When

More information

Key Concepts Solar System, Movements, Shadows Recall that Earth is one of many planets in the solar system that orbit the Sun.

Key Concepts Solar System, Movements, Shadows Recall that Earth is one of many planets in the solar system that orbit the Sun. Key Concepts Solar System, Movements, Shadows 4-3.1 Recall that Earth is one of many planets in the solar system that orbit the Sun. It is essential for students to know that Earth is a planet that orbits

More information

Chapter 26 Section 1 pages Directed Reading Section: Viewing the Universe

Chapter 26 Section 1 pages Directed Reading Section: Viewing the Universe Name: Period: Chapter 26 Section 1 pages 659-666 Directed Reading Section: Viewing the Universe 1. How did observations of the sky help sailors in the past? 2. What is the main reason people study the

More information

Effective August 2007 All indicators in Standard / 14

Effective August 2007 All indicators in Standard / 14 8-4.1 Summarize the characteristics and movements of objects in the solar system (including planets, moons, asteroids, comets, and meteors). Taxonomy level: 2.4-B Understand Conceptual Knowledge Previous/Future

More information

Viewed from Earth's north pole, the rotation of Earth and its moon are counter-clockwise.!

Viewed from Earth's north pole, the rotation of Earth and its moon are counter-clockwise.! The Earth rotates around once in 24 hours The time it takes for the Earth to rotate completely around once is what we call a day. It's Earth's rotation that gives us night and day. Viewed from Earth's

More information

Earth rotates on a tilted axis and orbits the Sun.

Earth rotates on a tilted axis and orbits the Sun. Page of 7 KY CONCPT arth rotates on a tilted axis and orbits the Sun. BFOR, you learned Stars seem to rise, cross the sky, and set because arth turns The Sun is very large and far from arth arth orbits

More information

Physical Science. Chapter 22 The Earth in Space

Physical Science. Chapter 22 The Earth in Space Physical Science Chapter 22 The Earth in Space Earth s Rotation Axis imaginary line passing through the North and South Pole Earth s axis is tilted at 23 ½ degrees Rotation: the Earth spinning on its axis

More information

core temperature: more than surface Definition of revolution How long it takes Earth to make one revolution around the Sun

core temperature: more than surface Definition of revolution How long it takes Earth to make one revolution around the Sun Lesson 1 Earth s Motion kim Lesson 1 in your book. Read the headings and look at the photos and illustrations. Write three things you want to learn more about as you read the lesson. Write your ideas in

More information

4. What verb is used to describe Earth s

4. What verb is used to describe Earth s Name: Date: 1 Read the text and then answer the questions. No matter where on Earth you live, you have day and night. That happens because of a movement of Earth called rotation. Earth rotates, or turns,

More information

UNIT 1: EARTH AND THE SOLAR SYSTEM.

UNIT 1: EARTH AND THE SOLAR SYSTEM. UNIT 1: EARTH AND THE SOLAR SYSTEM. 1) A BRIEF HISTORY Theories of the Universe In the second century BC, the astronomer Ptolemy proposed that the Earth was the centre of the Universe, and that the Sun,

More information

UNIT 3: EARTH S MOTIONS

UNIT 3: EARTH S MOTIONS UNIT 3: EARTH S MOTIONS After Unit 3 you should be able to: o Differentiate between rotation and revolution of the Earth o Apply the rates of rotation and revolution to basic problems o Recall the evidence

More information

Scott Foresman Science 4.17

Scott Foresman Science 4.17 Genre Comprehension Skill Text Features Science Content Nonfiction Cause and Effect Captions Labels Diagrams Glossary Earth Cycles Scott Foresman Science 4.17 ISBN-13: 978-0-328-34240-2 ISBN-10: 0-328-34240-8

More information

Space Science Jeopardy!

Space Science Jeopardy! Space Science Jeopardy! Structure of the Universe Stars & HR Diagram Seasons, Tides, Phases, Eclipses Astronomical Bodies The Sun & Gravity 10 10 10 10 10 20 20 20 20 20 30 30 30 30 30 40 40 40 40 40 50

More information

4 th Grade: Sun, Moon, and Earth Unit Assessment Study Guide

4 th Grade: Sun, Moon, and Earth Unit Assessment Study Guide Name: Teacher: Test Date: 4 th Grade: Sun, Moon, and Earth Unit Assessment Study Guide Vocabulary: Solar System: A group of objects that revolve around a single star. Sun: The central (and only) star in

More information

b. So at 12:00 p.m., are the shadows pointing in the direction you predicted? If they are not, you must explain this observation.

b. So at 12:00 p.m., are the shadows pointing in the direction you predicted? If they are not, you must explain this observation. Astronomy 100 Name(s): Exercise 2: Timekeeping and astronomy The following exercise illustrates some basic ideas about time, and how our position in the solar system uniquely configures the measurement

More information

Name EMS Study Guide. Two important objects that travel around our star are: Planets are not - they don t give off light like stars do

Name EMS Study Guide. Two important objects that travel around our star are: Planets are not - they don t give off light like stars do Name EMS Study Guide Fill in the blank. 1. A is a star and the objects that travel around it. 2. A star is a huge of hydrogen and helium gas that give off its own. 3. Think about our own solar system.

More information

ì<(sk$m)=beacee< +^-Ä-U-Ä-U

ì<(sk$m)=beacee< +^-Ä-U-Ä-U Space and Technology Genre Comprehension Skill Text Features Science Content by Carol Levine Nonfiction Main Idea and Details Captions Labels Diagrams Glossary Earth and Space Scott Foresman Science 6.19

More information

Practice Exam #3. Part 1: The Circumpolar Constellations

Practice Exam #3. Part 1: The Circumpolar Constellations Practice Exam #3 2002 Ann Bykerk-Kauffman, Dept. of Geological and Environmental Sciences, California State University, Chico * Some Comments on the Real Exam This exam covers all material related to astronomy.

More information

BROCK UNIVERSITY. Test 1: October 2014 Number of pages: 9 Course: ASTR 1P01, Section 2 Number of students: 950

BROCK UNIVERSITY. Test 1: October 2014 Number of pages: 9 Course: ASTR 1P01, Section 2 Number of students: 950 BROCK UNIVERSITY Page 1 of 9 Test 1: October 2014 Number of pages: 9 Course: ASTR 1P01, Section 2 Number of students: 950 Examination date: 3 October 2013 Time limit: 50 min Time of Examination: 20:00

More information

Unit 6 Lesson 1 How Do the Sun, Earth, and Moon Interact? Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

Unit 6 Lesson 1 How Do the Sun, Earth, and Moon Interact? Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company Unit 6 Lesson 1 How Do the Sun, Earth, and Moon Interact? Night and Day Earth rotates, or turns like a top. Earth s rotation causes day and night. Earth rotates around an imaginary line called an axis,

More information

Directed Reading. Section: Viewing the Universe THE VALUE OF ASTRONOMY. Skills Worksheet. 1. How did observations of the sky help farmers in the past?

Directed Reading. Section: Viewing the Universe THE VALUE OF ASTRONOMY. Skills Worksheet. 1. How did observations of the sky help farmers in the past? Skills Worksheet Directed Reading Section: Viewing the Universe 1. How did observations of the sky help farmers in the past? 2. How did observations of the sky help sailors in the past? 3. What is the

More information

The Sun-Earth-Moon System

The Sun-Earth-Moon System chapter 311 section 1 Earth The Sun-Earth-Moon System Before You Read What do you already know about Earth s shape, its size, and how it moves? Write what you know on the lines below. What You ll Learn

More information

Astronomy. What is the force that pulls objects toward the center of the earth, between the earth and the moon and the earth and other planets?

Astronomy. What is the force that pulls objects toward the center of the earth, between the earth and the moon and the earth and other planets? Astronomy Essential Questions and Answers: What is the force that pulls objects toward the center of the earth, between the earth and the moon and the earth and other planets? Students: Gravity is the

More information

Which letter on the timeline best represents the time when scientists estimate that the Big Bang occurred? A) A B) B C) C D) D

Which letter on the timeline best represents the time when scientists estimate that the Big Bang occurred? A) A B) B C) C D) D 1. The red shift of light from most galaxies is evidence that A) most galaxies are moving away from Earth B) a majority of stars in most galaxies are red giants C) the light slows down as it nears Earth

More information

Astronomy 291. Professor Bradley M. Peterson

Astronomy 291. Professor Bradley M. Peterson Astronomy 291 Professor Bradley M. Peterson The Sky As a first step, we need to understand the appearance of the sky. Important points (to be explained): The relative positions of stars remain the same

More information

Eclipses September 12th, 2013

Eclipses September 12th, 2013 Eclipses September 12th, 2013 Who was the favorite Star Wars character of the class? A) Obi-Wan B) Jar Jar C) Luke Skywalker D) Yoda News! Dark matter http://mcdonaldobservatory.org/news/releases/2013/09/10

More information

Rotation and Revolution

Rotation and Revolution On Earth, each day begins at sunrise and ends at sunset. You see the Sun come up or rise in the morning and go down or set at night. When we use these phrases, what do you think they imply about the way

More information

Before you Sit. Please Pick-up: Blue Information Sheet for Evening Observing. 1 Red and 1 Blue ticket for Observing/ Planetarium

Before you Sit. Please Pick-up: Blue Information Sheet for Evening Observing. 1 Red and 1 Blue ticket for Observing/ Planetarium Before you Sit Please Pick-up: Blue Information Sheet for Evening Observing. 1 Red and 1 Blue ticket for Observing/ Planetarium Evening Observing Observing at the Brooks Observatory: Three different weeks

More information

This clementine orange is an oblate spheroid. Earth is more rounded than this clementine, but it is still an oblate spheroid.

This clementine orange is an oblate spheroid. Earth is more rounded than this clementine, but it is still an oblate spheroid. On Earth, each day begins at sunrise and ends at sunset. You see the Sun come up or rise in the morning and go down or set at night. When we use these phrases, what do you think they imply about the way

More information

A) B) C) D) 2) The diagrams below show the phases of the Moon as viewed by an observer in New York State at different times in August.

A) B) C) D) 2) The diagrams below show the phases of the Moon as viewed by an observer in New York State at different times in August. Name: 1) Which weather station model indicates the highest relative humidity? 8605-1 - Page 1 A) B) C) D) 2) The diagrams below show the phases of the Moon as viewed by an observer in New York State at

More information

Daylight Data: Days and Nights Around the World

Daylight Data: Days and Nights Around the World Days & Nights 1 Name Daylight Data: Days and Nights Around the World Purpose: To investigate the number of hours of daylight received by countries at different latitudes. Materials: Daylight data sheet

More information

Knowing the Heavens. Goals: Constellations in the Sky

Knowing the Heavens. Goals: Constellations in the Sky Goals: Knowing the Heavens To see how the sky changes during a night and from night to night. To measure the positions of stars in celestial coordinates. To understand the cause of the seasons. Constellations

More information

Explain the Big Bang Theory and give two pieces of evidence which support it.

Explain the Big Bang Theory and give two pieces of evidence which support it. Name: OBJECTIVES Correctly define: asteroid, celestial object, comet, constellation, Doppler effect, eccentricity, eclipse, ellipse, focus, Foucault Pendulum, galaxy, geocentric model, heliocentric model,

More information

HEATING THE ATMOSPHERE

HEATING THE ATMOSPHERE HEATING THE ATMOSPHERE Earth and Sun 99.9% of Earth s heat comes from Sun But

More information

Student Exploration: Seasons: Earth, Moon, and Sun

Student Exploration: Seasons: Earth, Moon, and Sun Name: Date: Student Exploration: Seasons: Earth, Moon, and Sun Vocabulary: altitude, axis, azimuth, equinox, horizon, latitude, revolution, rotation, solstice Prior Knowledge Questions (Do these BEFORE

More information

The Reasons for the Seasons. By Allegra Dickson

The Reasons for the Seasons. By Allegra Dickson The Reasons for the Seasons By Allegra Dickson Vocabulary of the Seasons: 1. Axis- a line from the North Pole to the South Pole which is the fxed point around which the Earth rotates. The axis of the Earth

More information

Remember that for one of your observing projects you can go to a star party (stargazing). This is available at the Lawrence Hall of Science every 1st

Remember that for one of your observing projects you can go to a star party (stargazing). This is available at the Lawrence Hall of Science every 1st Observing Project Remember that for one of your observing projects you can go to a star party (stargazing). This is available at the Lawrence Hall of Science every 1st and 3rd Saturday of the month. For

More information

Mid Term Prep-The Moon

Mid Term Prep-The Moon 1. A high tide occurred at 6:00 a.m. at a beach on Long Island. The next high tide at this same beach would occur at approximately A) 12:15 p.m. on the same day B) 6:30 p.m. on the same day C) 12:45 p.m.

More information

Astronomy Unit Notes Name:

Astronomy Unit Notes Name: Astronomy Unit Notes Name: (DO NOT LOSE!) To help with the planets order 1 My = M 2 V = Venus 3 Eager = E 4 M = Mars 5 Just = J 6 Served = Saturn 7 Us = Uranus 8 N = N 1 Orbit: The path (usually elliptical)

More information

MOTIONS OF THE EARTH. Figure 3.1 : Inclination of the Earth s axis and the orbital plane. Figure 3.2 : Day and Night on the Earth due to rotation

MOTIONS OF THE EARTH. Figure 3.1 : Inclination of the Earth s axis and the orbital plane. Figure 3.2 : Day and Night on the Earth due to rotation 3 Let s Do Take a ball to represent the earth and a lighted candle to represent the sun. Mark a point on the ball to represent a town X. Place the ball in such a way that the town X is in darkness. Now

More information

Patterns on Earth 4.8C

Patterns on Earth 4.8C Have you ever made shadow puppets? If you put your hand between a flashlight and a wall, you will make a shadow. You might have made a rabbit shape or some other animal shape with your hands. Your hand

More information

GRADE 6: Earth and space 1. UNIT 6E.1 12 hours. The movement of the Earth and the Moon. Resources. About this unit. Previous learning.

GRADE 6: Earth and space 1. UNIT 6E.1 12 hours. The movement of the Earth and the Moon. Resources. About this unit. Previous learning. GRADE 6: Earth and space 1 The movement of the Earth and the Moon UNIT 6E.1 12 hours About this unit This unit is the only unit on Earth and space in Grade 6. The unit requires some knowledge of light

More information

Exam 1 Astronomy 114. Part 1

Exam 1 Astronomy 114. Part 1 Exam 1 Astronomy 114 Part 1 [1-40] Select the most appropriate answer among the choices given. 1. If the Moon is setting at 6AM, the phase of the Moon must be (A) first quarter. (B) third quarter. (C)

More information

Day, Night & the Seasons. Lecture 2 1/21/2014

Day, Night & the Seasons. Lecture 2 1/21/2014 Day, Night & the Seasons Lecture 2 1/21/2014 Logistics The following students see me after class: A. Gonzalez, Chen Anyone who was not here on first day see me after class Pin Numbers - if you have not

More information

Chapter 2 Discovering the Universe for Yourself. What does the universe look like from Earth? Constellations. 2.1 Patterns in the Night Sky

Chapter 2 Discovering the Universe for Yourself. What does the universe look like from Earth? Constellations. 2.1 Patterns in the Night Sky Chapter 2 Discovering the Universe for Yourself 2.1 Patterns in the Night Sky Our goals for learning: What does the universe look like from Earth? Why do stars rise and set? Why do the constellations we

More information

Earth in Space. Guide for Reading How does Earth move in space? What causes the cycle of seasons on Earth?

Earth in Space. Guide for Reading How does Earth move in space? What causes the cycle of seasons on Earth? Earth in Space How does Earth move in space? What causes the cycle of seasons on Earth? The study of the moon, stars, and other objects in space is called astronomy. Ancient astronomers studied the movements

More information

ì<(sk$m)=cdfdhh< +^-Ä-U-Ä-U

ì<(sk$m)=cdfdhh< +^-Ä-U-Ä-U Standards Preview Earth Sciences Standard Set 4. Earth Sciences 4. Objects in the sky move in regular and predictable patterns. As a basis for understanding this concept: 4.a. Students know the patterns

More information

Student Exploration: Seasons in 3D

Student Exploration: Seasons in 3D Name: Date: Student Exploration: Seasons in 3D Vocabulary: axis, equinox, latitude, Northern Hemisphere, revolve, rotate, solar energy, solar intensity, Southern Hemisphere, summer solstice, winter solstice

More information

March 21. Observer located at 42 N. Horizon

March 21. Observer located at 42 N. Horizon March 21 Sun Observer located at 42 N Horizon 48 June 21 March 21 A 48 90 S 23.5 S 0 23.5 N 42 N 90 N Equator (June 21) C (March 21) B A 71.5 48 Horizon 24.5 Observer Sun 40 Observer Sun 22 Observer Sun

More information

2.2 The Reason for Seasons

2.2 The Reason for Seasons 2.2 The Reason for Seasons Our goals for learning: What causes the seasons? How does the orientation of Earth's axis change with time? Thought Question TRUE OR FALSE? Earth is closer to the Sun in summer

More information

Exploration Phase What are the differences between these pictures?

Exploration Phase What are the differences between these pictures? Light Power and seasons Exploration Phase What are the differences between these pictures? 1 Lab Activity: Lab Activity Obtain a Styrofoam ball. This will represent the earth. Stick a push pin into the

More information

ASTRONOMY 1010 Exam 1 September 21, 2007

ASTRONOMY 1010 Exam 1 September 21, 2007 ASTRONOMY 1010 Exam 1 September 21, 2007 Name Please write and mark your name and student number in the Scantron answer sheet. FILL THE BUBBLE IN THE "TEST FORM" BOX CORRESPONDING TO YOUR TEST VERSION

More information

Chapter 19 Exploring Space. I. Fill in the blank

Chapter 19 Exploring Space. I. Fill in the blank Chapter 19 Exploring Space 1. All radiation is classified by wavelength in the electromagnetic spectrum. 2. Two types of telescopes that collect visible light are refractors and reflectors. 3. An uncrewed

More information

James T. Shipman Jerry D. Wilson Charles A. Higgins, Jr. Chapter 15 Place and Time

James T. Shipman Jerry D. Wilson Charles A. Higgins, Jr. Chapter 15 Place and Time James T. Shipman Jerry D. Wilson Charles A. Higgins, Jr. Chapter 15 Place and Time Place & Time Read sections 15.5 and 15.6, but ignore the math. Concentrate on those sections that help explain the slides.

More information

You have learned that Earth s 24-hour day night cycle is caused

You have learned that Earth s 24-hour day night cycle is caused 76 A Year Viewed from Space C O M P U T E R S I M U L AT I O N You have learned that Earth s 24-hour day night cycle is caused by Earth s rotation around its axis. The year is another cycle caused by Earth

More information

TILT, DAYLIGHT AND SEASONS WORKSHEET

TILT, DAYLIGHT AND SEASONS WORKSHEET TILT, DAYLIGHT AND SEASONS WORKSHEET Activity Description: Students will use a data table to make a graph for the length of day and average high temperature in Utah. They will then answer questions based

More information

Tilted Earth Lab Why Do We Have Seasons?

Tilted Earth Lab Why Do We Have Seasons? Name Class Tilted Earth Lab Why Do We Have Seasons? Purpose: In this investigation, you are going to figure out how the axis (or tilt) of the Earth, combined with the revolution (orbit) of Earth around

More information

Lecture 19: The Moon & Mercury. The Moon & Mercury. The Moon & Mercury

Lecture 19: The Moon & Mercury. The Moon & Mercury. The Moon & Mercury Lecture 19: The Moon & Mercury The Moon & Mercury The Moon and Mercury are similar in some ways They both have: Heavily cratered Dark colored surfaces No atmosphere No water They also have some interesting

More information

Introduction To Modern Astronomy I: Solar System

Introduction To Modern Astronomy I: Solar System ASTR 111 003 Fall 2007 Lecture 02 Sep. 10, 2007 Introduction To Modern Astronomy I: Solar System Introducing Astronomy (chap. 1-6) Planets and Moons (chap. 7-15) Chap. 16: Our Sun Chap. 28: Search for

More information

Page 1. Name:

Page 1. Name: Name: 1) What is the primary reason New York State is warmer in July than in February? A) The altitude of the noon Sun is greater in February. B) The insolation in New York is greater in July. C) The Earth

More information

The celestial sphere, the coordinates system, seasons, phases of the moon and eclipses. Chapters 2 and S1

The celestial sphere, the coordinates system, seasons, phases of the moon and eclipses. Chapters 2 and S1 The celestial sphere, the coordinates system, seasons, phases of the moon and eclipses Chapters 2 and S1 The celestial sphere and the coordinates system Chapter S1 How to find our way in the sky? Let s

More information

Astronomy Club of Asheville December 2017 Sky Events

Astronomy Club of Asheville December 2017 Sky Events December 2017 Sky Events The Planets this Month - page 2 December 13-16 Crescent Moon with Jupiter and Mars page 8 Planet Highlights - page 9 Moon Phases - page 12 December 13 th Geminid Meteor Shower

More information

3rd Grade Object in the Sky Assessment

3rd Grade Object in the Sky Assessment Name Date 1. Which of the following below would be the best model to study how the Earth rotates on its axis? A. map B. cross-section of Earth C. photo of Earth D. globe 2. The water featured in the picture

More information

Which of the following planets are all made up of gas? When a planets orbit around the Sun looks like an oval, it s called a(n)

Which of the following planets are all made up of gas? When a planets orbit around the Sun looks like an oval, it s called a(n) When a planets orbit around the Sun looks like an oval, it s called a(n) - ellipse - circle - axis - rotation Which of the following planets are all made up of gas? - Venus, Mars, Saturn and Pluto - Jupiter,

More information

How can we describe the motion of the sun in the sky? Where is the Sun at noon today? What about the path of the Sun?

How can we describe the motion of the sun in the sky? Where is the Sun at noon today? What about the path of the Sun? The changing position of the Sun during the year! How can we describe the motion of the sun in the sky? X Zenith or overhead How can we describe the motion of the sun in the sky? Where is the Sun at noon

More information

Motion of the Sun. motion relative to the horizon. rises in the east, sets in the west on a daily basis. Basis for the unit of time, the DAY

Motion of the Sun. motion relative to the horizon. rises in the east, sets in the west on a daily basis. Basis for the unit of time, the DAY Motion of the Sun motion relative to the horizon rises in the east, sets in the west on a daily basis Basis for the unit of time, the DAY noon: highest point of Sun in sky relative to the horizon 1 altitude:

More information

Go to Click on the first animation: The north pole, observed from space

Go to  Click on the first animation: The north pole, observed from space IDS 102 The Seasons on a Planet like Earth As the Earth travels around the Sun, it moves in a giant circle 300 million kilometers across. (Well, it is actually a giant ellipse but the shape is so close

More information

Science - 4th grade practice test

Science - 4th grade practice test Name: Instructions: Bubble the correct answer. Read each choice before marking your answer. Copyright 2000-2002 Measured Progress, All Rights Reserved : Use the picture below to answer question 1. 1. A

More information

Griffith Observatory Field Trip Guide

Griffith Observatory Field Trip Guide To enter the Griffith Observatory you must make a reservation for a seat on a shuttle. There is a cost associated with each shuttle ticket and it is $8.00. There is no other way to enter Griffith Observatory!

More information

7.4 Universal Gravitation

7.4 Universal Gravitation Circular Motion Velocity is a vector quantity, which means that it involves both speed (magnitude) and direction. Therefore an object traveling at a constant speed can still accelerate if the direction

More information

Name(s): Date: yourself (representing the Earth, with your nose representing the location of Las Cruces) Work in Groups of Three People!

Name(s): Date: yourself (representing the Earth, with your nose representing the location of Las Cruces) Work in Groups of Three People! Name(s): Date: 3 Phases of the Moon 3.1 Introduction You will need the following materials for this lab: small spheres (representing the Moon), with two different colored hemispheres. The dark hemisphere

More information

Astronomy 100 Section 2 MWF Greg Hall

Astronomy 100 Section 2 MWF Greg Hall Astronomy 100 Section 2 MWF 1200-1300 100 Greg Hall Leslie Looney Phone: 217-244-3615 Email: lwl @ uiuc. edu Office: Astro Building #218 Office Hours: MTF 10:30-11:30 a.m. or by appointment Class Web Page

More information

Meteorology Pretest on Chapter 2

Meteorology Pretest on Chapter 2 Meteorology Pretest on Chapter 2 MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. The earth emits terrestrial radiation a) only at night b) all the time c) only during winter d) only over the continents 2. If an imbalance occurs between

More information

THE SOLAR SYSTEM. Base your answers to questions 2 through 6 on the diagram below, which shows a portion of the solar system.

THE SOLAR SYSTEM. Base your answers to questions 2 through 6 on the diagram below, which shows a portion of the solar system. THE SOLAR SYSTEM 1. The atmosphere of Venus is composed primarily of A hydrogen and helium B carbon dioxide C methane D ammonia Base your answers to questions 2 through 6 on the diagram below, which shows

More information

The Sky Perceptions of the Sky

The Sky Perceptions of the Sky The Sky Perceptions of the Sky An Observer-Centered Hemisphere Night & Day - Black & Blue - Stars & Sun Atmospheric & Astronomical Phenomena Weather, Clouds, Rainbows,... versus Sun, Moon, Stars, Planets,...

More information

Chapter 2 Lecture. The Cosmic Perspective Seventh Edition. Discovering the Universe for Yourself

Chapter 2 Lecture. The Cosmic Perspective Seventh Edition. Discovering the Universe for Yourself Chapter 2 Lecture The Cosmic Perspective Seventh Edition Discovering the Universe for Yourself Discovering the Universe for Yourself 2.1 Patterns in the Night Sky Our goals for learning: What does the

More information

ASTRONOMY. Chapter 4 EARTH, MOON, AND SKY PowerPoint Image Slideshow

ASTRONOMY. Chapter 4 EARTH, MOON, AND SKY PowerPoint Image Slideshow ASTRONOMY Chapter 4 EARTH, MOON, AND SKY PowerPoint Image Slideshow FIGURE 4.1 Southern Summer. As captured with a fish-eye lens aboard the Atlantis Space Shuttle on December 9, 1993, Earth hangs above

More information

Astronomy 101 Lab: Seasons

Astronomy 101 Lab: Seasons Name: Astronomy 101 Lab: Seasons Pre-Lab Assignment: In class, we've talked about the cause of the seasons. In this lab, you will use globes to study the relative positions of Earth and the Sun during

More information

REVIEW CH #0. 1) Right ascension in the sky is very similar to latitude on the Earth. 1)

REVIEW CH #0. 1) Right ascension in the sky is very similar to latitude on the Earth. 1) REVIEW CH #0 TRUE/FALSE. Write 'T' if the statement is true and 'F' if the statement is false. 1) Right ascension in the sky is very similar to latitude on the Earth. 1) 2) Latitude and right ascension

More information

EARTH S REVOLUTION -and- EARTH S ROTATION

EARTH S REVOLUTION -and- EARTH S ROTATION EARTH S REVOLUTION -and- EARTH S ROTATION Earth s Revolution Have you ever noticed that your classroom globe is tilted? This is no accident. Globes are made to be replicas, or models, of the Earth. Earth

More information

Tutoring information, as announced in class

Tutoring information, as announced in class Announcements Register for Connect, register your iclickers - Register iclickers at https://www1.iclicker.com/ or REEF account profile - Purchase the REEF polling app, create an account, register and get

More information

Question 1. What motion is responsible for the apparent motion of the constellations (east to west) across the sky?

Question 1. What motion is responsible for the apparent motion of the constellations (east to west) across the sky? What motion is responsible for the apparent motion of the constellations (east to west) across the sky? Question 1 1) the motion of Earth around the Sun 2) the motion of the Moon around Earth 3) the motion

More information

Which graph best shows the relationship between intensity of insolation and position on the Earth's surface? A) B) C) D)

Which graph best shows the relationship between intensity of insolation and position on the Earth's surface? A) B) C) D) 1. The hottest climates on Earth are located near the Equator because this region A) is usually closest to the Sun B) reflects the greatest amount of insolation C) receives the most hours of daylight D)

More information

Unit 2. Cycles of the Sky

Unit 2. Cycles of the Sky Unit 2 Cycles of the Sky The Celestial Sphere Vast distances to stars prevent us from sensing their true 3-D arrangement Naked eye observations treat all stars at the same distance, on a giant celestial

More information

TEKS Cluster: Space. identify and compare the physical characteristics of the Sun, Earth, and Moon

TEKS Cluster: Space. identify and compare the physical characteristics of the Sun, Earth, and Moon 5.8 Earth and space. The student knows that there are recognizable patterns in the natural world and among the Sun, Earth, and Moon system. 5.8(C) 5.8(D) demonstrate that Earth rotates on its axis once

More information