Name Date Class. Earth in Space

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Name Date Class. Earth in Space"

Transcription

1 Chapter Review Earth in Space Part A. Vocabulary Review Directions: Select the term from the following list that matches each description. axis orbit rotation revolution equinox solstice lunar eclipse Moon phases solar eclipse craters asteroids comets solar system astronomical unit nebula 1. depressions caused by large meteorites 2. the spinning of Earth on its axis 3. cloud of gas, ice, and dust in space 4. composed of the Sun, planets, asteroids, comets, and other objects in orbit around the Sun 5. the orbiting of Earth around the Sun 6. imaginary line that runs from the north geographic pole through Earth to the south geographic pole 7. distance of about 150,000,000 km 8. small, rocky objects that lie in a belt between Mars and Jupiter 9. the changing views of the Moon as seen from Earth 10. when Earth blocks sunlight from reaching the Moon 11. when the Sun reaches its greatest distance from the equator 12. when the Moon blocks sunlight from reaching Earth s surface 13. when the Sun is directly above Earth s equator 14. objects made mainly of rock and ice that partly vaporize and form tails as they approach the Sun 15. curved path that Earth follows around the Sun Part B. Concept Review 1. Number the planets in the order they appear from the Sun, with the planet closest to the Sun being number 1 and the planet farthest from the Sun being number 9. a. Neptune d. Saturn g. Venus b. Jupiter e. Earth h. Uranus c. Mercury f. Pluto i. Mars Earth in Space 39

2 Chapter Review (continued) Directions: Answer the following questions on the lines provided. 2. How were maria probably formed? 3. Describe the two types of Earth s motions. How long does each one last? 4. How are Earth and Venus similar? How are they different? 5. What is the asteroid belt and where is it located? 6. What is the current scientific explanation of the origin of Earth s Moon? Directions: Complete the following sentences using the correct terms. 7. The planets are solid, rocky, and Earth-sized. 8. Most of the planets are gaseous and have thick atmospheres. 9. The hemisphere tilted the Sun receives more daylight than the other hemisphere. 10. Of the five outer planets, the one that seems out of place is. 40 Earth in Space

3 Chapter Test Earth in Space I. Testing Concepts Directions: For each of the following, write the letter of the term or phrase that best completes the sentence. 1. Dark areas on the Moon s surface created by lava flows are. a. highlands b. nebulas c. maria d. craters 2. Earth s axis is. a. tilted b. curved c. vertical d. horizontal 3. Light-colored areas on the Moon are. a. maria b. highlands c. moon phases d. high cliffs 4. Earth completes one each year. a. revolution b. rotation c. solstice d. phase 5. A occurs when Earth moves into the Moon s shadow. a. lunar eclipse b. solar eclipse c. solstice d. moon phase 6. are the changing views of the Moon as seen from Earth. a. Waning moons b. Waxing moons c. Orbits d. Moon phases 7. During a(n), Earth s tilt is not toward or away from the Sun. a. solstice b. revolution c. solar eclipse d. equinox 8. Both Earth and the Moon around an axis. a. orbit b. rotate c. co-form d. revolve 9. Earth s curved path around the Sun is a(n). a. axis b. rotation c. orbit d. equinox 10. The includes the Sun, planets, asteroids, and comets. a. solar system b. nebula c. solstice d. asteroid belt 11. are used to measure distances between objects in the solar system. a. Kilometers b. Solar units c. Nebulas d. Astronomical units 12. When the Sun, Earth, and the Moon are lined up and the full moon moves into Earth s shadow, a(n) occurs. a. moon phase b. lunar eclipse c. solar eclipse d. equinox 13. Meteorites striking the surface of the Moon created. a. highlands b. craters c. the crust d. a dense iron core 14. During each, the Sun is directly over either the Tropic of Cancer or the Tropic of Capricorn. a. solstice b. equinox c. season d. moon phase 15. Earth s orbit around the Sun is. a. circular b. angular c. elliptical d. unpredictable Earth in Space 41

4 Chapter Test (continued) II. 16. Almost all in our solar system are located beyond Neptune. a. asteroids b. gaseous planets c. rocky planets d. comets 17. The separates the inner and outer planets. a. Moon b. nebula c. asteroid belt d. highland 18. Our solar system is thought to have formed from a large, a rotating cloud of gas, ice, and dust. a. comet b. asteroid belt c. nebula d. Oort Cloud Understanding Concepts Skill: Identifying and Labeling Illustrations Directions: Study the following diagram. Then identify each phase by filling in each blank below Skill: Concept Mapping Directions: Complete the concept map using the correct terms from the chapter. 8. Earth 11. on its 9. causing us to experience 10. around the 12. causing us to experience Earth in Space

5 Chapter Test (continued) III. Applying Concepts Directions: Match the planets in Column II with their descriptions in Column I. Write the letter of the correct planet in the blank at the left. Column I Column II 1. largest planet; has storm called the Great Red Spot a. Pluto 2. closest to the Sun; covered with craters 3. sometimes called Earth s twin because of its size and mass; surrounded by thick clouds 4. looks blue because of methane in its atmosphere; has the fastest winds of all the planets b. Uranus c. Jupiter d. Earth 5. has surface temperatures that allow water to exist in three states; has a protective ozone layer e. Mercury 6. has a striking ring system made up of seven major ring divisions; sixth planet from the Sun f. Neptune 7. sometimes called the red planet; has the largest volcano in the solar system g. Mars 8. looks blue-green because of methane in its atmosphere; has at least 18 moons and possibly 21 h. Saturn 9. farthest from the Sun; believed to be part ice and part rock Directions: Answer the following questions on the lines provided. 10. Name the inner planets. 11. Name the outer planets. 12. Which planet is the third from the Sun? 13. Which outer planet is not like the others? i. Venus 14. Which planet s satellites are called Galilean satellites and why? Earth in Space 43

6 Chapter Test (continued) IV. Writing Skills Directions: Answer the following questions using complete sentences. 1. How are comets and asteroids alike? How are they different? 2. Describe the two motions of the Moon. 3. Does South America experience the seasons at the same time as North America? Explain your answer. 4. Describe the surface of the Moon. 5. Why can Jupiter be considered a miniature solar system? 6. How does Earth s tilt affect its seasons? 44 Earth in Space

Unit 2 Lesson 1 What Objects Are Part of the Solar System? Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

Unit 2 Lesson 1 What Objects Are Part of the Solar System? Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company Unit 2 Lesson 1 What Objects Are Part of the Solar System? Florida Benchmarks SC.5.E.5.2 Recognize the major common characteristics of all planets and compare/contrast the properties of inner and outer

More information

Unit 12 Lesson 1 What Objects Are Part of the Solar System?

Unit 12 Lesson 1 What Objects Are Part of the Solar System? Unit 12 Lesson 1 What Objects Are Part of the Solar System? The Solar System Earth, other planets, and the moon are part of a solar system. A solar system is made up of a star and the planets and other

More information

What is in outer space?

What is in outer space? What is in outer space? Celestial Objects are any natural objects that move through space. Star:_a huge sphere of gas in space _Nuclear fusion within stars give off enormous amounts of energy such as light

More information

Astronomy Test Review. 3 rd Grade

Astronomy Test Review. 3 rd Grade Astronomy Test Review 3 rd Grade Match the vocabulary word to its definition. Outer Planets The path a planet takes around the sun. Inner Planets Orbit Sun The center of our solar system. Small, rocky

More information

Starting from closest to the Sun, name the orbiting planets in order.

Starting from closest to the Sun, name the orbiting planets in order. Chapter 9 Section 1: Our Solar System Solar System: The solar system includes the sun, planets and many smaller structures. A planet and its moon(s) make up smaller systems in the solar system. Scientist

More information

Unit 1: The Earth in the Universe

Unit 1: The Earth in the Universe Unit 1: The Earth in the Universe 1. The Universe 1.1. First ideas about the Universe 1.2. Components and origin 1.3. Sizes and distances 2. The Solar System 3. The planet Earth 3.1. Movements of the Earth

More information

Chapter 17 Solar System

Chapter 17 Solar System Chapter 17 Solar System Rotation Earth spinning on its axis (like a top) "TOP" imaginary rod running through the center of the Earth from North pole to South pole The Earth is tilted on its axis at an

More information

What s in Our Solar System?

What s in Our Solar System? The Planets What s in Our Solar System? Our Solar System consists of a central star (the Sun), the main eight planets orbiting the sun, the dwarf planets, moons, asteroids, comets, meteors, interplanetary

More information

refractors satellite electromagnetic radiation

refractors satellite electromagnetic radiation Chapter 19 Exploring Space space probe reflectors mirror refractors satellite electromagnetic radiation light lens thrust 1. All radiation is classified by wavelength in the. 2. Two types of telescopes

More information

Earth Science 11 Learning Guide Unit Complete the following table with information about the sun:

Earth Science 11 Learning Guide Unit Complete the following table with information about the sun: Earth Science 11 Learning Guide Unit 2 Name: 2-1 The sun 1. Complete the following table with information about the sun: a. Mass compare to the Earth: b. Temperature of the gases: c. The light and heat

More information

The Solar System. Sun. Rotates and revolves around the Milky Way galaxy at such a slow pace that we do not notice any effects.

The Solar System. Sun. Rotates and revolves around the Milky Way galaxy at such a slow pace that we do not notice any effects. The Solar System Sun Center of the solar system About 150,000,000 km from the Earth An averaged sized, yellow star Spherical in shape due to gravity Made of about ¾ hydrogen and ¼ helium, both of which

More information

Object Type Moons Rings Planet Terrestrial none none. Max Distance from Sun. Min Distance from Sun. Avg. Distance from Sun 57,910,000 km 0.

Object Type Moons Rings Planet Terrestrial none none. Max Distance from Sun. Min Distance from Sun. Avg. Distance from Sun 57,910,000 km 0. Mercury Mercury is the closest planet to the sun. It is extremely hot on the side of the planet facing the sun and very cold on the other. There is no water on the surface. There is practically no atmosphere.

More information

OUR SOLAR SYSTEM. James Martin. Facebook.com/groups/AstroLSSC Twitter.com/AstroLSSC

OUR SOLAR SYSTEM. James Martin. Facebook.com/groups/AstroLSSC Twitter.com/AstroLSSC OUR SOLAR SYSTEM James Martin Facebook.com/groups/AstroLSSC Twitter.com/AstroLSSC It s time for the human race to enter the solar system. -Dan Quayle Structure of the Solar System Our Solar System contains

More information

Astronomy 3. Earth Movements Seasons The Moon Eclipses Tides Planets Asteroids, Meteors, Comets

Astronomy 3. Earth Movements Seasons The Moon Eclipses Tides Planets Asteroids, Meteors, Comets Astronomy 3 Earth Movements Seasons The Moon Eclipses Tides Planets Asteroids, Meteors, Comets Earth s Movements Orbit- the path in which an object travels around another object in space Revolution the

More information

23.1 The Solar System. Orbits of the Planets. Planetary Data The Solar System. Scale of the Planets The Solar System

23.1 The Solar System. Orbits of the Planets. Planetary Data The Solar System. Scale of the Planets The Solar System 23.1 The Solar System Orbits of the Planets The Planets: An Overview The terrestrial planets are planets that are small and rocky Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars. The Jovian planets are the huge gas giants

More information

The Outer Planets (pages )

The Outer Planets (pages ) The Outer Planets (pages 720 727) Gas Giants and Pluto (page 721) Key Concept: The first four outer planets Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune are much larger and more massive than Earth, and they do

More information

Prentice Hall EARTH SCIENCE

Prentice Hall EARTH SCIENCE Prentice Hall EARTH SCIENCE Tarbuck Lutgens Chapter 23 Touring Our Solar System 23.1 The Solar System The Planets: An Overview The terrestrial planets are planets that are small and rocky Mercury, Venus,

More information

Physical Science 1 Chapter 16 INTRODUCTION. Astronomy is the study of the universe, which includes all matter, energy, space and time.

Physical Science 1 Chapter 16 INTRODUCTION. Astronomy is the study of the universe, which includes all matter, energy, space and time. INTRODUCTION Astronomy is the study of the universe, which includes all matter, energy, space and time. Although the universe is vast and almost beyond imagination, much is known about its make-up and

More information

The Solar Nebula Theory. This lecture will help you understand: Conceptual Integrated Science. Chapter 28 THE SOLAR SYSTEM

The Solar Nebula Theory. This lecture will help you understand: Conceptual Integrated Science. Chapter 28 THE SOLAR SYSTEM This lecture will help you understand: Hewitt/Lyons/Suchocki/Yeh Conceptual Integrated Science Chapter 28 THE SOLAR SYSTEM Overview of the Solar System The Nebular Theory The Sun Asteroids, Comets, and

More information

DO NOT WRITE ON THIS TEST PACKET. Test Booklet NSCD Invitational 2010

DO NOT WRITE ON THIS TEST PACKET. Test Booklet NSCD Invitational 2010 Solar System Science Olympiad Test Booklet NSCD Invitational 2010 Multiple Choice: On the answer sheet, write the letter of the choice that best answers each question. No credit will be given for answers

More information

Chapter: The Earth-Moon-Sun System

Chapter: The Earth-Moon-Sun System Chapter 7 Table of Contents Chapter: The Earth-Moon-Sun System Section 1: Earth in Space Section 2: Time and Seasons Section 3: Earth s Moon 1 Earth in Space Earth s Size and Shape Ancient Measurements

More information

1. The Sun is a huge ball of very hot gas in space, which radiates heat and light in one direction.

1. The Sun is a huge ball of very hot gas in space, which radiates heat and light in one direction. PLEASE ANSWER YOUR QUESTIONS ON THIS PROVIDED QUESTION PAPER. EACH QUESTION IS FOLLOWED BY ANSWERS MARKED A AND B, OR A, B, C AND D. ONLY ONE ANSWER IS CORRECT. CHOOSE THE MOST CORRECT ANSWER AND CIRCLE

More information

FCAT Review Space Science

FCAT Review Space Science FCAT Review Space Science The Law of Universal Gravitation The law of universal gravitation states that ALL matter in the universe attracts each other. Gravity is greatly impacted by both mass and distance

More information

Chapter 3 The Solar System

Chapter 3 The Solar System Name: Date: Period: Chapter 3 The Solar System Section 1 Observing the Solar System (pp. 72-77) Key Concepts What are the geocentric and heliocentric systems? How did Copernicus, Galileo, and Kepler contribute

More information

1/3/12. Chapter: The Earth-Moon-Sun System. Ancient Measurements. Earth s Size and Shape. Ancient Measurements. Ancient Measurements

1/3/12. Chapter: The Earth-Moon-Sun System. Ancient Measurements. Earth s Size and Shape. Ancient Measurements. Ancient Measurements // Table of Contents Chapter: The Earth-Moon-Sun System Section : Chapter 7 Section : Section : Earth s Size and Shape Ancient Measurements First, no matter where you are on Earth, objects fall straight

More information

SPACE REVIEW. 1. The time it takes for the Earth to around the sun is one year. a. rotate b. revolve

SPACE REVIEW. 1. The time it takes for the Earth to around the sun is one year. a. rotate b. revolve SPACE REVIEW 1. The time it takes for the Earth to around the sun is one year. a. rotate b. revolve 2. Which planet is known as the "Red Planet"? a. Earth b. Mars c. Uranus d. Venus 3. One complete revolution

More information

Unit 6 Lesson 4 What Are the Planets in Our Solar System? Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

Unit 6 Lesson 4 What Are the Planets in Our Solar System? Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company Unit 6 Lesson 4 What Are the Planets in Our Solar System? What other objects are near Earth in this part of space? Earth and millions of other objects make up our solar system. In Our Corner of Space A

More information

Chapter 15 & 16 Science Review (PATTERNS IN THE SKY, OUR SOLAR SYSTEM)

Chapter 15 & 16 Science Review (PATTERNS IN THE SKY, OUR SOLAR SYSTEM) Chapter 15 & 16 Science Review (PATTERNS IN THE SKY, OUR SOLAR SYSTEM) The Milky Way the galaxy that contains our solar system Our solar system is a speck in the Milky Way galaxy Pluto is now considered

More information

A. The moon B. The sun C. Jupiter D. Earth A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 4. Sky Science Unit Review Konrad. Here is a selection of PAT style questions.

A. The moon B. The sun C. Jupiter D. Earth A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 4. Sky Science Unit Review Konrad. Here is a selection of PAT style questions. Sky Science Unit Review Konrad Here is a selection of PAT style questions. Use the following information to answer the next question 1. 2. The source of light that allows astronimors to see Jupitor through

More information

Chapter 19 Exploring Space. I. Fill in the blank

Chapter 19 Exploring Space. I. Fill in the blank Chapter 19 Exploring Space 1. All radiation is classified by wavelength in the electromagnetic spectrum. 2. Two types of telescopes that collect visible light are refractors and reflectors. 3. An uncrewed

More information

SPI Use data to draw conclusions about the major components of the universe.

SPI Use data to draw conclusions about the major components of the universe. SPI 0607.6.1 - Use data to draw conclusions about the major components of the universe. o Stars are huge, hot, brilliant balls of gas trillions of kilometers away. A Galaxy is a collection of billions

More information

Chapter 29. The Solar System. The Solar System. Section 29.1 Models of the Solar System notes Models of the Solar System

Chapter 29. The Solar System. The Solar System. Section 29.1 Models of the Solar System notes Models of the Solar System The Solar System Chapter 29 The Solar System Section 29.1 Models of the Solar System 29.1 notes Models of the Solar System Geocentric: : Earth-centered model of the solar system. (Everything revolves around

More information

The Solar System. Presented By; Rahul Chaturvedi

The Solar System. Presented By; Rahul Chaturvedi The Solar System Presented By; Rahul Chaturvedi What s in Our Solar System? Our Solar System consists of a central star (the Sun), the eight planets and their satellites (or moon), thousand of other smaller

More information

Prentice Hall EARTH SCIENCE

Prentice Hall EARTH SCIENCE Prentice Hall EARTH SCIENCE Tarbuck Lutgens 23.1 The Solar System The Planets: An Overview The terrestrial planets are planets that are small and rocky Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars. The Jovian planets

More information

Which of the following planets are all made up of gas? When a planets orbit around the Sun looks like an oval, it s called a(n)

Which of the following planets are all made up of gas? When a planets orbit around the Sun looks like an oval, it s called a(n) When a planets orbit around the Sun looks like an oval, it s called a(n) - ellipse - circle - axis - rotation Which of the following planets are all made up of gas? - Venus, Mars, Saturn and Pluto - Jupiter,

More information

After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions:

After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: CHAPTER 16 4 Moons SECTION Our Solar System California Science Standards 8.2.g, 8.4.d, 8.4.e BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: How did Earth s moon

More information

Chapter 23 Earth Science 11

Chapter 23 Earth Science 11 Chapter 23 Earth Science 11 Inner planets: Closest planets to the sun A.k.a. terrestrial planets All have a rocky crust, dense mantle layer, and a very dense core Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars Outer

More information

Galaxies: enormous collections of gases, dust and stars held together by gravity Our galaxy is called the milky way

Galaxies: enormous collections of gases, dust and stars held together by gravity Our galaxy is called the milky way Celestial bodies are all of the natural objects in space ex. stars moons, planets, comets etc. Star: celestial body of hot gas that gives off light and heat the closest star to earth is the sun Planet:

More information

UNIT 1: EARTH AND THE SOLAR SYSTEM.

UNIT 1: EARTH AND THE SOLAR SYSTEM. UNIT 1: EARTH AND THE SOLAR SYSTEM. 1) A BRIEF HISTORY Theories of the Universe In the second century BC, the astronomer Ptolemy proposed that the Earth was the centre of the Universe, and that the Sun,

More information

a. 1/3 AU b. 3 AU 5. Meteor showers occur

a. 1/3 AU b. 3 AU 5. Meteor showers occur 1 AST104 Sp. 2006: WELCOME TO EXAM 3 Multiple Choice Questions: Mark the best answer choice on the answer form. Read all answer choices before making selection. CHECK YOUR WORK CAREFULLY BEFORE HANDING

More information

Ag Earth Science Chapter 23

Ag Earth Science Chapter 23 Ag Earth Science Chapter 23 Chapter 23.1 Vocabulary Any of the Earth- like planets, including Mercury, Venus, and Earth terrestrial planet Jovian planet The Jupiter- like planets: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus,

More information

Inner and Outer Planets

Inner and Outer Planets Inner and Outer Planets Inner Planets Terrestrial planets are those that are closest to the Sun. Terrestrial planets are made mostly of rock and have similar characteristics to Earth. There are four terrestrial

More information

Space Notes 2. Covers Objectives 3, 4, and 8

Space Notes 2. Covers Objectives 3, 4, and 8 Space Notes 2 Covers Objectives 3, 4, and 8 Sun Average Size Star Sun 101 Sun s Mass almost 100 times the mass of all the planets combined. Most of the mass is hydrogen gas Thermonuclear Reaction Thermonuclear

More information

Science Practice Astronomy (AstronomyJSuber)

Science Practice Astronomy (AstronomyJSuber) Name: Date: 1. The pull of gravity on Earth is a direct result of the A. mass of Earth. B. magnetic field of Earth. C. rotation of Earth on its axis. D. weight of Earth's atmosphere. This online assessment

More information

3. The diagram below shows the Moon at four positions in its orbit around Earth as viewed from above the North Pole.

3. The diagram below shows the Moon at four positions in its orbit around Earth as viewed from above the North Pole. 1. Which object orbits Earth in both the Earth-centered (geocentric) and Sun-centered (heliocentric) models of our solar system? (1) Polaris (3) the Sun (2) Venus (4) the Moon 2. A cycle of Moon phases

More information

THE UNIVERSE AND THE EARTH

THE UNIVERSE AND THE EARTH ESO1 THE UNIVERSE AND THE EARTH Unit 1 What is the Universe like? Universe theories Ideas about the Universe: Geocentric theory Aristotle (B.C) and Ptolomy (A.D) Heliocentric theory Copernicus in 1542

More information

STANDARD. S6E1 d. Explain the motion of objects in the day/night sky in terms of relative position.

STANDARD. S6E1 d. Explain the motion of objects in the day/night sky in terms of relative position. STANDARD S6E1 d. Explain the motion of objects in the day/night sky in terms of relative position. S6E2 b. Explain the alignment of the earth, moon, and sun during solar and lunar eclipses. c. Relate the

More information

Solar System revised.notebook October 12, 2016 Solar Nebula Theory

Solar System revised.notebook October 12, 2016 Solar Nebula Theory Solar System revised.notebook The Solar System Solar Nebula Theory Solar Nebula was a rotating disk of dust and gas w/ a dense center dense center eventually becomes the sun start to condense b/c of gravity

More information

9.2 - Our Solar System

9.2 - Our Solar System 9.2 - Our Solar System Scientists describe our solar system as the Sun and all the planets and other celestial objects, such as moons, comets, and asteroids, that are held by the Sun s gravity and orbit

More information

Celestial Objects. Background Questions. 1. What was invented in the 17 th century? How did this help the study of our universe? 2. What is a probe?

Celestial Objects. Background Questions. 1. What was invented in the 17 th century? How did this help the study of our universe? 2. What is a probe? Background Questions Celestial Objects 1. What was invented in the 17 th century? How did this help the study of our universe? 2. What is a probe? 3. Describe the Galileo probe mission. 4. What are scientists

More information

The Solar System. Name Test Date Hour

The Solar System. Name Test Date Hour Name Test Date Hour Astronomy#3 - Notebook The Solar System LEARNING TARGETS I can describe the objects that make up our solar system. I can identify the inner and outer planets. I can explain the difference

More information

The Solar System LEARNING TARGETS. Scientific Language. Name Test Date Hour

The Solar System LEARNING TARGETS. Scientific Language. Name Test Date Hour Name Test Date Hour Astronomy#3 - Notebook The Solar System LEARNING TARGETS I can describe the objects that make up our solar system. I can identify the inner and outer planets. I can explain the difference

More information

Inner and Outer Planets

Inner and Outer Planets Inner and Outer Planets SPI 0607.6.2 Explain how the relative distance of objects from the earth affects how they appear. Inner Planets Terrestrial planets are those that are closest to the Sun. Terrestrial

More information

The Inner Planets. Chapter 3 Lesson 1. Pages Workbook pages 51-52

The Inner Planets. Chapter 3 Lesson 1. Pages Workbook pages 51-52 The Inner Planets Chapter 3 Lesson 1 Pages 152-159 Workbook pages 51-52 Create the Foldable on pg 159 The solar The planets system The four inner planets Compare and Contrast Question What are planets?

More information

1. The Sun is the largest and brightest object in the universe. 2. The period that the Earth takes to revolve once around the Sun is approximately a

1. The Sun is the largest and brightest object in the universe. 2. The period that the Earth takes to revolve once around the Sun is approximately a PLEASE ANSWER YOUR QUESTIONS ON THIS PROVIDED QUESTION PAPER. EACH QUESTION IS FOLLOWED BY ANSWERS MARKED A AND B, OR A, B, C AND D. ONLY ONE ANSWER IS CORRECT. CHOOSE THE MOST CORRECT ANSWER AND CIRCLE

More information

Lesson 2 The Inner Planets

Lesson 2 The Inner Planets Lesson 2 Student Labs and Activities Page Launch Lab 25 Content Vocabulary 26 Lesson Outline 27 MiniLab 29 Content Practice A 30 Content Practice B 31 School to Home 32 Key Concept Builders 33 Enrichment

More information

ASTRO 120 Sample Exam

ASTRO 120 Sample Exam ASTRO 120 Sample Exam 1) If a planet has a reasonably strong magnetic field, we know that a. It is made entirely of iron b. There is liquid nitrogen below the surface c. It can harbor life d. It has a

More information

CVtpf 2-1. Section 1 Review. 3. Describe How did the process of outgassing help shape Earth's atmosphere?

CVtpf 2-1. Section 1 Review. 3. Describe How did the process of outgassing help shape Earth's atmosphere? ----------------------------- ---------- ------ Section 1 Review CVtpf 2-1 -- SECTION VOCABULARY planet a celestial body that orbits the sun, is round because of its own gravity, and has cleared the neighborhood

More information

UNIT 3: Chapter 8: The Solar System (pages )

UNIT 3: Chapter 8: The Solar System (pages ) CORNELL NOTES Directions: You must create a minimum of 5 questions in this column per page (average). Use these to study your notes and prepare for tests and quizzes. Notes will be turned in to your teacher

More information

The Sun Earth Moon System

The Sun Earth Moon System The Sun Earth Moon System Planet Earth Shape Spherical Oval shaped West to east* Rotation Fifteen degree /hour* Rotation is just less than 24 hours Magnetic field North and south magnetic poles Protect

More information

Sol o ar a r S yste t m e F o F r o m r at a i t on o The Ne N b e u b l u a a Hypothesis

Sol o ar a r S yste t m e F o F r o m r at a i t on o The Ne N b e u b l u a a Hypothesis Solar System Solar system- the sun and all objects that orbit the sun due to its gravity Solar System Formation The Nebula Hypothesis Parts of the Solar System Planet- a celestial body that is in orbit

More information

Your task for each planet...

Your task for each planet... Solar System Your task for each planet... Slide 1: What type of planet is it? (either rocky terrestrial world, gas giant or ice giant) What is it made of? Does it have any moons? What is its mass relative

More information

Topic 1: Earth s Motion Topic 2: The Moon Earth s Satellite Topic 3: Solar System Topic 4: The Planets Topic 5: Stars & Galaxies

Topic 1: Earth s Motion Topic 2: The Moon Earth s Satellite Topic 3: Solar System Topic 4: The Planets Topic 5: Stars & Galaxies Topic 1: Earth s Motion Topic 2: The Moon Earth s Satellite Topic 3: Solar System Topic 4: The Planets Topic 5: Stars & Galaxies Topic 1: Earth s Motion Essential Question: What causes the cycle of seasons

More information

ASTRONOMY SNAP GAME. with interesting facts

ASTRONOMY SNAP GAME. with interesting facts ASTRONOMY SNAP GAME with interesting facts Sun Sun The Sun is the largest object in the solar system The Sun's life expectancy is approximately 5 billion more years At its core, the Sun s temperature is

More information

Selected Topics Starry, Starry Night. Exploring the Universe of Science 1

Selected Topics Starry, Starry Night. Exploring the Universe of Science 1 Selected Topics Starry, Starry Night 2015 Exploring the Universe of Science 1 Revolution & Rotation Key concepts: What is the difference between revolution vs. rotation? Describe the basis for day, month,

More information

Comparative Planetology I: Our Solar System. Chapter Seven

Comparative Planetology I: Our Solar System. Chapter Seven Comparative Planetology I: Our Solar System Chapter Seven ASTR 111 003 Fall 2006 Lecture 07 Oct. 16, 2006 Introduction To Modern Astronomy I Introducing Astronomy (chap. 1-6) Planets and Moons (chap. 7-17)

More information

Motion of the planets

Motion of the planets Our Solar system Motion of the planets Our solar system is made up of the sun and the 9 planets that revolve around the sun Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune & Pluto (maybe?)

More information

The Outer Planets. Video Script: The Outer Planets. Visual Learning Company

The Outer Planets. Video Script: The Outer Planets. Visual Learning Company 11 Video Script: 1. For thousands of years people have looked up at the night sky pondering the limits of our solar system. 2. Perhaps you too, have looked up at the evening stars and planets, and wondered

More information

CHAPTER 2 Strand 1: Structure and Motion within the Solar System

CHAPTER 2 Strand 1: Structure and Motion within the Solar System CHAPTER 2 Strand 1: Structure and Motion within the Solar System Chapter Outline 2.1 EARTH, MOON, AND SUN SYSTEM (6.1.1) 2.2 GRAVITY AND INERTIA (6.1.2) 2.3 SCALE OF SOLAR SYSTEM (6.1.3) 2.4 REFERENCES

More information

Chapter 16 Astronomy Study Guide. VOCABULARY WORDS TO KNOW geocentric system meteorite meteoroid

Chapter 16 Astronomy Study Guide. VOCABULARY WORDS TO KNOW geocentric system meteorite meteoroid NAME: Period: asteroid asteroid belt comet ellipse force Galilean moons gas giants Chapter 16 Astronomy Study Guide VOCABULARY WORDS TO KNOW geocentric system meteorite gravity meteoroid greenhouse effect

More information

Name Class Date. Chapter 29. The Solar System. Review Choose the best response. Write the letter of that choice in the space provided.

Name Class Date. Chapter 29. The Solar System. Review Choose the best response. Write the letter of that choice in the space provided. The Solar System Review Choose the best response. Write the letter of that choice in the space provided. 1. Ptolemy modified Aristotle s model of the universe to include a. Oort clouds. b. retrograde motion.

More information

Physical Science Study Guide Semester

Physical Science Study Guide Semester Physical Science Study Guide Semester 1 2009 Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. The prefix kilo- means. a. 1,000 c. 0.01 b. 100 d. 0.001 2.

More information

TEKS Cluster: Space. identify and compare the physical characteristics of the Sun, Earth, and Moon

TEKS Cluster: Space. identify and compare the physical characteristics of the Sun, Earth, and Moon 5.8 Earth and space. The student knows that there are recognizable patterns in the natural world and among the Sun, Earth, and Moon system. 5.8(C) 5.8(D) demonstrate that Earth rotates on its axis once

More information

A medium-sized star. The hottest object found in our solar system.

A medium-sized star. The hottest object found in our solar system. A medium-sized star. The hottest object found in our solar system. It gives off heat, light, and energy. It affects the seasons, climate, and weather on Earth. The second smallest planet in our solar system.

More information

solar system outer planets Planets located beyond the asteroid belt; these are known as the gas giants. CELESTIAL BODIES

solar system outer planets Planets located beyond the asteroid belt; these are known as the gas giants. CELESTIAL BODIES solar system Region of our galaxy under the influence of the ; includes eight planets and their natural satellites as well as one dwarf planet, two plutoids, asteroids and comets. outer planets Planets

More information

ES - Astronomy Part 2 Post-Test

ES - Astronomy Part 2 Post-Test ES - Astronomy Part 2 Post-Test True/False Indicate whether the statement is true or false. 1. Compared to the human eye, telescopes can collect light over longer periods of time. 2. The inner planets

More information

SPACE NOTES 2. Covers Objectives 3, 4, and 8

SPACE NOTES 2. Covers Objectives 3, 4, and 8 SPACE NOTES 2 Covers Objectives 3, 4, and 8 THE SUN Average Size Star Sun 101 SUN S MASS o almost 100 times the mass of all the planets combined. o Most of the mass is hydrogen gas THERMONUCLEAR REACTION

More information

SOLAR SYSTEM NOTES. Scientists believe its at least 4.6 billion years old!!! 10/26/2017 ENERGY TRANSFERS RADIATION FROM THE SUN

SOLAR SYSTEM NOTES. Scientists believe its at least 4.6 billion years old!!! 10/26/2017 ENERGY TRANSFERS RADIATION FROM THE SUN SOLAR SYSTEM NOTES Our Solar System is composed of: 1. The Sun 2. The Planets 3. Asteroids 4. Comets 5. Meteors 6. Natural & Artificial satellites Remember: How old is our Solar System? Scientists believe

More information

The Solar System 6/23

The Solar System 6/23 6/23 The Solar System I. Earth A. Earth is the prototype terrestrial planet 1. Only planet in the solar system (we know of so far) with life 2. Temperature 290 K B. Physical Characteristics 1. Mass: 6

More information

Astronomy Unit Notes Name:

Astronomy Unit Notes Name: Astronomy Unit Notes Name: (DO NOT LOSE!) To help with the planets order 1 My = M 2 V = Venus 3 Eager = E 4 M = Mars 5 Just = J 6 Served = Saturn 7 Us = Uranus 8 N = N 1 Orbit: The path (usually elliptical)

More information

STUDENT RESOURCE 1.1 INFORMATION SHEET. Vocabulary

STUDENT RESOURCE 1.1 INFORMATION SHEET. Vocabulary Vocabulary STUDENT RESOURCE 1.1 INFORMATION SHEET asteroids thousands of rocky objects that orbit the Sun Most asteroids orbit in a belt between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter. More than 9, asteroids have

More information

Ch 23 Touring Our Solar System 23.1 The Solar System 23.2 The Terrestrial Planet 23.3 The Outer Planets 23.4 Minor Members of the Solar System

Ch 23 Touring Our Solar System 23.1 The Solar System 23.2 The Terrestrial Planet 23.3 The Outer Planets 23.4 Minor Members of the Solar System Ch 23 Touring Our Solar System 23.1 The Solar System 23.2 The Terrestrial Planet 23.3 The Outer Planets 23.4 Minor Members of the Solar System Ch 23.1 The Solar System Terrestrial planets- Small Rocky

More information

Intro to Earth Science Chapter 23 Study Guide

Intro to Earth Science Chapter 23 Study Guide Name _ Date _ Period _ Intro to Earth Science Chapter 23 Study Guide 1. is the planet that cannot be classified as either a terrestrial or a Jovian planet. 2. The densities of the planets are about five

More information

Lesson 1 The Structure of the Solar System

Lesson 1 The Structure of the Solar System Lesson 1 Student Labs and Activities Page Launch Lab 8 Content Vocabulary 9 Lesson Outline 10 MiniLab 12 Content Practice A 13 Content Practice B 14 School to Home 15 Key Concept Builders 16 Enrichment

More information

Edmonds Community College Astronomy 100 Winter Quarter 2007 Sample Exam # 2

Edmonds Community College Astronomy 100 Winter Quarter 2007 Sample Exam # 2 Edmonds Community College Astronomy 100 Winter Quarter 2007 Sample Exam # 2 Instructor: L. M. Khandro 1. Relatively speaking, objects with high temperatures emit their peak radiation in short wavelengths

More information

The Solar System. Chapter Test A. Multiple Choice. Write the letter of the correct answer on the line at the left.

The Solar System. Chapter Test A. Multiple Choice. Write the letter of the correct answer on the line at the left. The Solar System Chapter Test A Multiple Choice Write the letter of the correct answer on the line at the left. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. The fact that each planet s orbit is an ellipse was discovered by a. Copernicus.

More information

1. Cosmology is the study of. a. The sun is the center of the Universe. b. The Earth is the center of the Universe

1. Cosmology is the study of. a. The sun is the center of the Universe. b. The Earth is the center of the Universe Section 1: The Universe 1. Cosmology is the study of. 2. Identify the type of cosmology a. The sun is the center of the Universe b. The Earth is the center of the Universe 3. The two most abundant gases

More information

Earth & Space Science ~ The Solar System

Earth & Space Science ~ The Solar System Earth & Space Science ~ The Solar System In e r Sci Uni 11 I. Sun, Earth & Moon A. The Solar System 1. the sun & the objects orbiting it a. incl. 8 planets, other stars, asteroids, meteoroids, dwarf planets,

More information

Solar Noon The point at which the Sun is highest in the sky (and when shadows are shortest).

Solar Noon The point at which the Sun is highest in the sky (and when shadows are shortest). Solar Noon The point at which the Sun is highest in the sky (and when shadows are shortest). Rotation The movement of one object as it turns or spins around a central point or axis. Revolution The movement

More information

Which of the following statements best describes the general pattern of composition among the four jovian

Which of the following statements best describes the general pattern of composition among the four jovian Part A Which of the following statements best describes the general pattern of composition among the four jovian planets? Hint A.1 Major categories of ingredients in planetary composition The following

More information

Comparative Planetology I: Our Solar System. Chapter Seven

Comparative Planetology I: Our Solar System. Chapter Seven Comparative Planetology I: Our Solar System Chapter Seven ASTR 111 003 Fall 2006 Lecture 07 Oct. 16, 2006 Introduction To Modern Astronomy I Introducing Astronomy (chap. 1-6) Planets and Moons (chap. 7-17)

More information

1star 1 star 9 8 planets 63 (major) moons asteroids, comets, meteoroids

1star 1 star 9 8 planets 63 (major) moons asteroids, comets, meteoroids The Solar System 1star 1 star 9 8 planets 63 (major) moons asteroids, comets, meteoroids The distances to planets are known from Kepler s Laws (once calibrated with radar ranging to Venus) How are planet

More information

Exploring Our Solar System

Exploring Our Solar System Exploring Our Solar System Our Solar System What do you think? Read the two statements below and decide whether you agree or disagree with them. Place an A in the Before column if you agree with the statement

More information

Exploring Our Solar System

Exploring Our Solar System CHAPTER 21 Exploring Our Solar System LESSON 1 Our Solar System What do you think? Read the two statements below and decide whether you agree or disagree with them. Place an A in the Before column if you

More information

Name Period Chapter 12 &13 Study Guide

Name Period Chapter 12 &13 Study Guide Name Period Chapter 12 &13 Study Guide Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. When are tides highest? a. during the moon s first quarter phase

More information

10-20 billion years old

10-20 billion years old Universe : 10-20 billion years old Big Bang Theory * the universe started at a single point * that point was extremely dense * it became unstable and expanded outward * The universe is still expanding

More information

1 Describe the structure of the moon 2. Describe its surface features 3. Summarize the hypothesis of moon formation

1 Describe the structure of the moon 2. Describe its surface features 3. Summarize the hypothesis of moon formation Loulousis 1 Describe the structure of the moon 2. Describe its surface features 3. Summarize the hypothesis of moon formation moon -a body that revolves around a planet and that has less mass than the

More information

CHAPTER 11. We continue to Learn a lot about the Solar System by using Space Exploration

CHAPTER 11. We continue to Learn a lot about the Solar System by using Space Exploration CHAPTER 11 We continue to Learn a lot about the Solar System by using Space Exploration Section 11.1 The Sun page 390 -Average sized star -Millions of km away -300,000 more massive then Earth, 99% of all

More information

Chapter 23: Touring Our Solar System

Chapter 23: Touring Our Solar System Chapter 23: Touring Our Solar System The Sun The is the center of our solar system. The Sun makes up of all the mass of our solar system. The Sun s force holds the planets in their orbits around the Sun.

More information