Unit 2 Lesson 1 What Objects Are Part of the Solar System? Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Unit 2 Lesson 1 What Objects Are Part of the Solar System? Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company"

Transcription

1 Unit 2 Lesson 1 What Objects Are Part of the Solar System?

2 Florida Benchmarks SC.5.E.5.2 Recognize the major common characteristics of all planets and compare/contrast the properties of inner and outer planets. SC.5.E.5.3 Distinguish among the following objects of the Solar System Sun, planets, moon, asteroids, comets and identify Earth s position in it.

3 The Solar System Earth, other planets, and moons are part of a solar system. Solar systems are made up of a star and the planets and other space objects that revolve around it. Planets are large, round bodies that revolve around a star.

4 The Solar System There are eight planets in our solar system. All planets rotate, or spin, around an axis. An axis is an imaginary line that goes through the center of the planet.

5 The Solar System Earth rotates once on its axis every 24 hours. That is the length of one day on Earth.

6 The Solar System In our solar system, the planets orbit the sun. The orbits are oval-shaped, or elliptical. The planets in our solar system are very far from one another.

7 The Solar System Moons are small, natural objects that revolve around other objects. Earth has one moon that revolves around Earth about every 27 days. Some planets have more than one moon. Mercury and Venus do not have any moons.

8 The Inner Planets The four inner planets are Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars. The inner planets are very dense and rocky. They also have thin atmospheres and small diameters. The inner planets have large solid cores and few moons.

9 Mercury Mercury is the smallest planet in our solar system. The surface of Mercury is full of craters. Mercury is the closest planet to the sun.

10 Venus Temperatures on Venus are high enough to melt lead. Thick clouds on Venus are made up mostly of carbon dioxide. There are more than 1,000 volcanoes on Venus s surface.

11 Earth Earth has an atmosphere made of mostly nitrogen, oxygen, and carbon dioxide. Earth is the only planet known to have abundant liquid water. Water helps keep Earth at temperatures that allow life.

12 Mars Mars is known as the Red Planet because of its red, rocky surface. Giant dust storms cover the entire planet. There are also huge volcanoes on Mars.

13 The Outer Planets The planets farthest from the sun are Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. The outer planets are known as gas giants. They are huge and made up mostly of gases. All of the outer planets have many moons and ring systems.

14 Jupiter Jupiter is the largest planet in the solar system. Massive, spinning storms, such as the Great Red Spot, are visible on Jupiter. Jupiter has rings, but they are faint.

15 Saturn Saturn is the second-largest planet in the solar system. Saturn has thousands of rings around it. The rings are made of ice and chunks of rock. Saturn has many moons and large storms, like Jupiter.

16 Uranus The axis of Uranus is tilted so far that it appears to rotate on its side. Heated gases deep inside Uranus bubble and burst onto the surface, causing bright clouds to form. Uranus has at least 13 faint rings.

17 Neptune Winds on Neptune can reach 2,000 km/hr. The Great Dark Spot on Neptune is a storm that travels around the planet. Neptune has nine rings around it.

18 Compare Inner and Outer Planets Size, surface features, distance from the sun, temperatures, number of moons, and diameter make the inner and outer planets different. The period of revolution of a planet is the time it takes for a planet to revolve around the sun. The period of rotation of a planet is the time it takes to rotate on its axis.

19 The Flying Objects Moons Moons in our solar system differ from each other. Some moons may contain a lot of ice. Some moons have many volcanoes.

20 Dwarf Planets Pluto was once classified as a planet. Now it is classified as a dwarf planet. Dwarf planets are nearly round bodies whose orbits cross the orbits of other bodies. Dwarf planets are very far away and hard to study.

21 Asteroids Asteroids are rock and iron objects that orbit the sun. Millions of asteroids are found in the wide region between Mars and Jupiter known as the asteroid belt. Asteroids range in size from as small as a city block to the size of an ocean.

22 Meteoroids, Meteors, and Meteorites Meteoroids are pieces of rock that break off asteroids and travel through space. Meteor is a term used to describe the streak of light caused when a meteoroid burns up in Earth s atmosphere. If a meteoroid reaches Earth s surface, it is called a meteorite.

23 Comets A chunk of frozen gases, rock, ice, and dust is known as a comet. As comets pass close to the sun, part of the frozen surface breaks away and turns into gases and dust. These particles reflect sunlight and look like long tails that always point away from the sun.

24 Space Watch Objects such as comets, meteoroids, and asteroids can hit the surface of other bodies in the solar system. The impact, or hit, from space objects creates impact craters. Scientists keep track of the size, position, and motion of space objects near Earth using telescopes.

Unit 12 Lesson 1 What Objects Are Part of the Solar System?

Unit 12 Lesson 1 What Objects Are Part of the Solar System? Unit 12 Lesson 1 What Objects Are Part of the Solar System? The Solar System Earth, other planets, and the moon are part of a solar system. A solar system is made up of a star and the planets and other

More information

Unit 6 Lesson 4 What Are the Planets in Our Solar System? Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

Unit 6 Lesson 4 What Are the Planets in Our Solar System? Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company Unit 6 Lesson 4 What Are the Planets in Our Solar System? What other objects are near Earth in this part of space? Earth and millions of other objects make up our solar system. In Our Corner of Space A

More information

Starting from closest to the Sun, name the orbiting planets in order.

Starting from closest to the Sun, name the orbiting planets in order. Chapter 9 Section 1: Our Solar System Solar System: The solar system includes the sun, planets and many smaller structures. A planet and its moon(s) make up smaller systems in the solar system. Scientist

More information

Celestial Objects. Background Questions. 1. What was invented in the 17 th century? How did this help the study of our universe? 2. What is a probe?

Celestial Objects. Background Questions. 1. What was invented in the 17 th century? How did this help the study of our universe? 2. What is a probe? Background Questions Celestial Objects 1. What was invented in the 17 th century? How did this help the study of our universe? 2. What is a probe? 3. Describe the Galileo probe mission. 4. What are scientists

More information

OUR SOLAR SYSTEM. James Martin. Facebook.com/groups/AstroLSSC Twitter.com/AstroLSSC

OUR SOLAR SYSTEM. James Martin. Facebook.com/groups/AstroLSSC Twitter.com/AstroLSSC OUR SOLAR SYSTEM James Martin Facebook.com/groups/AstroLSSC Twitter.com/AstroLSSC It s time for the human race to enter the solar system. -Dan Quayle Structure of the Solar System Our Solar System contains

More information

Which of the following planets are all made up of gas? When a planets orbit around the Sun looks like an oval, it s called a(n)

Which of the following planets are all made up of gas? When a planets orbit around the Sun looks like an oval, it s called a(n) When a planets orbit around the Sun looks like an oval, it s called a(n) - ellipse - circle - axis - rotation Which of the following planets are all made up of gas? - Venus, Mars, Saturn and Pluto - Jupiter,

More information

STUDENT RESOURCE 1.1 INFORMATION SHEET. Vocabulary

STUDENT RESOURCE 1.1 INFORMATION SHEET. Vocabulary Vocabulary STUDENT RESOURCE 1.1 INFORMATION SHEET asteroids thousands of rocky objects that orbit the Sun Most asteroids orbit in a belt between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter. More than 9, asteroids have

More information

Inner and Outer Planets

Inner and Outer Planets Inner and Outer Planets SPI 0607.6.2 Explain how the relative distance of objects from the earth affects how they appear. Inner Planets Terrestrial planets are those that are closest to the Sun. Terrestrial

More information

The Outer Planets. Video Script: The Outer Planets. Visual Learning Company

The Outer Planets. Video Script: The Outer Planets. Visual Learning Company 11 Video Script: 1. For thousands of years people have looked up at the night sky pondering the limits of our solar system. 2. Perhaps you too, have looked up at the evening stars and planets, and wondered

More information

CLASS PERIOD STUDENT NAME SOLAR SYSTEM PROJECT 2.2 P THE INNER & OUTER PLANETS

CLASS PERIOD STUDENT NAME SOLAR SYSTEM PROJECT 2.2 P THE INNER & OUTER PLANETS STUDENT NAME CLASS PERIOD 2.2 P SOLAR SYSTEM PROJECT THE INNER & OUTER PLANETS ROCKY 59 DAYS 88 DAYS NO THIN ZERO MERCURY WHAT MAKES MERCURY UNIQUE OR DIFFERENT FROM THE OTHERS? IT IS THE SMALLEST PLANET.

More information

What is the Solar System?

What is the Solar System? What is the Solar System? Our Solar System is one of many planetary systems. It consists of: The Sun Eight planets with their natural satellites Five dwarf planets Billions of asteroids, comets and meteors

More information

Name: Date: Hour: 179 degrees celsius. 5% of Earth A 70 pound person would weigh 27 pounds on Mercury.

Name: Date: Hour: 179 degrees celsius. 5% of Earth A 70 pound person would weigh 27 pounds on Mercury. Planet Exploration- http://www.kidsastronomy.com/solar_.htm Mercury 1 87.9 days 58.6 days 57 million Km 465 degrees celsius Minimum -184 degrees celsius 179 degrees celsius Moons Terrestrial or Gaseous?

More information

Solar System revised.notebook October 12, 2016 Solar Nebula Theory

Solar System revised.notebook October 12, 2016 Solar Nebula Theory Solar System revised.notebook The Solar System Solar Nebula Theory Solar Nebula was a rotating disk of dust and gas w/ a dense center dense center eventually becomes the sun start to condense b/c of gravity

More information

The Outer Planets (pages )

The Outer Planets (pages ) The Outer Planets (pages 720 727) Gas Giants and Pluto (page 721) Key Concept: The first four outer planets Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune are much larger and more massive than Earth, and they do

More information

23.1 The Solar System. Orbits of the Planets. Planetary Data The Solar System. Scale of the Planets The Solar System

23.1 The Solar System. Orbits of the Planets. Planetary Data The Solar System. Scale of the Planets The Solar System 23.1 The Solar System Orbits of the Planets The Planets: An Overview The terrestrial planets are planets that are small and rocky Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars. The Jovian planets are the huge gas giants

More information

Chapter 3 The Solar System

Chapter 3 The Solar System Name: Date: Period: Chapter 3 The Solar System Section 1 Observing the Solar System (pp. 72-77) Key Concepts What are the geocentric and heliocentric systems? How did Copernicus, Galileo, and Kepler contribute

More information

Edmonds Community College ASTRONOMY 100 Sample Test #2 Fall Quarter 2006

Edmonds Community College ASTRONOMY 100 Sample Test #2 Fall Quarter 2006 Edmonds Community College ASTRONOMY 100 Sample Test #2 Fall Quarter 2006 Instructor: L. M. Khandro 10/19/06 Please Note: the following test derives from a course and text that covers the entire topic of

More information

known since prehistoric times almost 10 times larger than Jupiter

known since prehistoric times almost 10 times larger than Jupiter Mercury Venus Earth Mars Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune 40.329407-74.667345 Sun Mercury Length of rotation Temperature at surface 8 official planets large number of smaller objects including Pluto, asteroids,

More information

CVtpf 2-1. Section 1 Review. 3. Describe How did the process of outgassing help shape Earth's atmosphere?

CVtpf 2-1. Section 1 Review. 3. Describe How did the process of outgassing help shape Earth's atmosphere? ----------------------------- ---------- ------ Section 1 Review CVtpf 2-1 -- SECTION VOCABULARY planet a celestial body that orbits the sun, is round because of its own gravity, and has cleared the neighborhood

More information

1. thought the earth was at the center of the solar system and the planets move on small circles that move on bigger circles

1. thought the earth was at the center of the solar system and the planets move on small circles that move on bigger circles Earth Science Chapter 20: Observing the Solar System Match the observations or discoveries with the correct scientist. Answers may be used more than once. Answers that cannot be read will be counted as

More information

Planets. Chapter 5 5-1

Planets. Chapter 5 5-1 Planets Chapter 5 5-1 The Solar System Terrestrial Planets: Earth-Like Jovian Planets: Gaseous Sun Mercury Venus Earth Mars Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune Pluto Inferior Planets Superior Planets Inferior

More information

Astronomy Study Guide Answer Key

Astronomy Study Guide Answer Key Astronomy Study Guide Answer Key Section 1: The Universe 1. Cosmology is the study of how the universe is arranged. 2. Identify the type of cosmology a. The sun is the center of the Universe Heliocentric

More information

How did it come to be this way? Will I stop sounding like the

How did it come to be this way? Will I stop sounding like the Chapter 06 Let s Make a Solar System How did it come to be this way? Where did it come from? Will I stop sounding like the Talking Heads? What does the solar system look like? Big picture. The solar system

More information

Learning About Our Solar System

Learning About Our Solar System Learning About Our Solar System By debbie Routh COPYRIGHT 2004 Mark Twain Media, Inc. ISBN 978-1-58037-876-5 Printing No. 404007-EB Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers Distributed by Carson-Dellosa Publishing

More information

Astronomy Unit Notes Name:

Astronomy Unit Notes Name: Astronomy Unit Notes Name: (DO NOT LOSE!) To help with the planets order 1 My = M 2 V = Venus 3 Eager = E 4 M = Mars 5 Just = J 6 Served = Saturn 7 Us = Uranus 8 N = N 1 Orbit: The path (usually elliptical)

More information

WHAT WE KNOW. Scientists observe that every object in the universe is moving away from each other. Objects furthest away are moving the fastest. So..

WHAT WE KNOW. Scientists observe that every object in the universe is moving away from each other. Objects furthest away are moving the fastest. So.. ASTRONOMY THE BIG BANG THEORY WHAT WE KNOW Scientists observe that every object in the universe is moving away from each other. Objects furthest away are moving the fastest. So.. WHAT DOES THIS MEAN? If

More information

The Cosmic Perspective Seventh Edition. Asteroids, Comets, and Dwarf Planets: Their Natures, Orbits, and Impacts. Chapter 12 Review Clickers

The Cosmic Perspective Seventh Edition. Asteroids, Comets, and Dwarf Planets: Their Natures, Orbits, and Impacts. Chapter 12 Review Clickers Review Clickers The Cosmic Perspective Seventh Edition Asteroids, Comets, and Dwarf Planets: Their Natures, Orbits, and Impacts Asteroids a) are rocky and small typically the size of a grain of rice or

More information

Solar System Scoot. At the end of the game, collect all of the question cards and review the answers with the class.

Solar System Scoot. At the end of the game, collect all of the question cards and review the answers with the class. Scoot Objective: Materials: Preparation: This game will give students an opportunity to review basic solar system facts. Grid Worksheet (one per student) Scoot Question Cards (one per desk) Place a Scoot

More information

Comparative Planetology I: Our Solar System. Chapter Seven

Comparative Planetology I: Our Solar System. Chapter Seven Comparative Planetology I: Our Solar System Chapter Seven ASTR 111 003 Fall 2006 Lecture 07 Oct. 16, 2006 Introduction To Modern Astronomy I Introducing Astronomy (chap. 1-6) Planets and Moons (chap. 7-17)

More information

The Universe and Galaxies

The Universe and Galaxies The Universe and Galaxies 16.1 http://dingo.care-mail.com/cards/flash/5409/galaxy.swf Universe The sum of all matter and energy that exists, that has ever existed, and that will ever exist. We will focus

More information

Inner Planets (Part II)

Inner Planets (Part II) Inner Planets (Part II) Sept. 18, 2002 1) Atmospheres 2) Greenhouse Effect 3) Mercury 4) Venus 5) Mars 6) Moon Announcements Due to technical difficulties, Monday s quiz doesn t count An extra credit problem

More information

1. Galaxy (a) the length of a planet s day. 2. Rotational Period (b) dust and gases floating in space

1. Galaxy (a) the length of a planet s day. 2. Rotational Period (b) dust and gases floating in space Vocabulary: Match the vocabulary terms on the left with the definitions on the right 1. Galaxy (a) the length of a planet s day 2. Rotational Period (b) dust and gases floating in space 3. Orbital Period

More information

SOLAR SYSTEM. planet feature cards

SOLAR SYSTEM. planet feature cards SOLAR SYSTEM planet feature cards PLANET space FEATURE grab bag CARDS The Largest Space Volcano Shuttle in Challenger Solar System explodes (Olympus 73 Mons) seconds after launch, causing a nearly three-year

More information

Astronomy. physics.wm.edu/~hancock/171/ A. Dayle Hancock. Small 239. Office hours: MTWR 10-11am. Page 1

Astronomy.  physics.wm.edu/~hancock/171/ A. Dayle Hancock. Small 239. Office hours: MTWR 10-11am. Page 1 Astronomy A. Dayle Hancock adhancock@wm.edu Small 239 Office hours: MTWR 10-11am Planetology I Terrestrial and Jovian planets Similarities/differences between planetary satellites Surface and atmosphere

More information

28-Aug-17. A Tour of Our Solar System and Beyond. The Sun

28-Aug-17. A Tour of Our Solar System and Beyond. The Sun A Tour of Our Solar System and Beyond The Sun diameter = 1,390,000 km = 864,000 mi >99.8% of the mass of the entire solar system surface temperature 5800 C 600 x 10 6 tons H -> 596 x 10 6 tons He per second

More information

BELL WORK. What do you know about the planets in our solar system? Download today s keynote

BELL WORK. What do you know about the planets in our solar system? Download today s keynote BELL WORK What do you know about the planets in our solar system? Download today s keynote http://tinyurl.com/zm2lzwa THE PLANETS All time and distances in Earth calculations Objective: I can explain the

More information

The Solar System CHAPTER 6. Vocabulary. star an object in space that makes its own light and heat. moon an object that circles around a planet

The Solar System CHAPTER 6. Vocabulary. star an object in space that makes its own light and heat. moon an object that circles around a planet CHAPTER 6 The Solar System Vocabulary star an object in space that makes its own light and heat moon an object that circles around a planet Sun astronomical unit the distance between Earth and the Sun

More information

Mercury Named after: Mercury, the fast-footed Roman messenger of the gods. Mean Distance from the Sun: 57,909,175 km (35,983,093.1 miles) or 0.

Mercury Named after: Mercury, the fast-footed Roman messenger of the gods. Mean Distance from the Sun: 57,909,175 km (35,983,093.1 miles) or 0. Mercury Named after: Mercury, the fast-footed Roman messenger of the gods. Mean Distance from the Sun: 57,909,175 km (35,983,093.1 miles) or 0.387 astronomical units Diameter: 4,879.4 km (3,031.92 miles)

More information

Unit 3 Lesson 5 The Gas Giant Planets. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

Unit 3 Lesson 5 The Gas Giant Planets. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company Florida Benchmarks SC.8.E.5.3 Distinguish the hierarchical relationships between planets and other astronomical bodies relative to solar system, galaxy, and universe, including distance, size, and composition.

More information

UNIT 1: EARTH AND THE SOLAR SYSTEM.

UNIT 1: EARTH AND THE SOLAR SYSTEM. UNIT 1: EARTH AND THE SOLAR SYSTEM. 1) A BRIEF HISTORY Theories of the Universe In the second century BC, the astronomer Ptolemy proposed that the Earth was the centre of the Universe, and that the Sun,

More information

Our Solar System. Our Solar System LEVELED READER S. Visit for thousands of books and materials.

Our Solar System. Our Solar System LEVELED READER S.  Visit  for thousands of books and materials. Our Solar System A Reading A Z Level S Leveled Reader Word Count: 1,660 LEVELED READER S Our Solar System Written by Bruce D. Cooper Visit www.readinga-z.com for thousands of books and materials. www.readinga-z.com

More information

Astronomy 1140 Quiz 4 Review

Astronomy 1140 Quiz 4 Review Astronomy 1140 Quiz 4 Review Anil Pradhan December 6, 2016 I The Outer Planets in General 1. How do the sizes, masses and densities of the outer planets compare with the inner planets? The outer planets

More information

1star 1 star 9 8 planets 63 (major) moons asteroids, comets, meteoroids

1star 1 star 9 8 planets 63 (major) moons asteroids, comets, meteoroids The Solar System 1star 1 star 9 8 planets 63 (major) moons asteroids, comets, meteoroids The distances to planets are known from Kepler s Laws (once calibrated with radar ranging to Venus) How are planet

More information

Asteroids: Introduction

Asteroids: Introduction Asteroids: Introduction Name Read through the information below. Then complete the Fill-Ins at the bottom of page. Asteroids are rocky objects that orbit the Sun in our solar system. Also known as minor

More information

9/22/ A Brief Tour of the Solar System. Chapter 6: Formation of the Solar System. What does the solar system look like?

9/22/ A Brief Tour of the Solar System. Chapter 6: Formation of the Solar System. What does the solar system look like? 9/22/17 Lecture Outline 6.1 A Brief Tour of the Solar System Chapter 6: Formation of the Solar System What does the solar system look like? Our goals for learning: What does the solar system look like?

More information

Comets and Meteors. Sp a ce - Level 1 and 2. Concept This lesson introduces the students to comets and meteors.

Comets and Meteors. Sp a ce - Level 1 and 2. Concept This lesson introduces the students to comets and meteors. Concept This lesson introduces the students to comets and meteors. Comets From nineplanets.org Comets are a mixture of ices (both water and frozen gases) and dust that did not get incorporated into planets

More information

Tackling the 5 th Grade Science Test. A Study Guide

Tackling the 5 th Grade Science Test. A Study Guide Tackling the 5 th Grade Science Test A Study Guide Key terms to know and remember: Astronomy 1. Planets revolve around the sun in elliptical orbits. Some of the planets have moons and/or debris that orbit

More information

Know Your Planets. Learn about the properties of the Sun and planets in this card game. Space Awareness, Leiden Observatory. iau.

Know Your Planets. Learn about the properties of the Sun and planets in this card game. Space Awareness, Leiden Observatory. iau. Know Your Planets Learn about the properties of the Sun and planets in this card game. Space Awareness, Leiden Observatory Age 4-10 Supervised Unsupervised Core skills Asking questions, Analysing and interpreting

More information

The Planets and Scale

The Planets and Scale The Planets and Scale Elementary grades Lesson Summary Students practice reading data about the planets from a table and making numerical comparisons. Prior Knowledge & Skills Comparing numbers Reading

More information

The Space Around Us. A quick overview of the solar system. Reid Pierce Lincoln Jr. High Bentonville, Arkansas

The Space Around Us. A quick overview of the solar system. Reid Pierce Lincoln Jr. High Bentonville, Arkansas The Space Around Us A quick overview of the solar system Reid Pierce Lincoln Jr. High Bentonville, Arkansas The Universe The Universe is defined as the summation of all particles and energy that exist

More information

The Solar system. chapter 3

The Solar system. chapter 3 The Solar system chapter 3 29 What components make up the Solar System? Standard 3, Objective 1, 6th Grade Text Structure: Description; Compare and Contrast Have you ever looked at the sky and wondered

More information

Currently, the largest optical telescope mirrors have a diameter of A) 1 m. B) 2 m. C) 5 m. D) 10 m. E) 100 m.

Currently, the largest optical telescope mirrors have a diameter of A) 1 m. B) 2 m. C) 5 m. D) 10 m. E) 100 m. If a material is highly opaque, then it reflects most light. absorbs most light. transmits most light. scatters most light. emits most light. When light reflects off an object, what is the relation between

More information

A Science A Z Earth Series Word Count: 1,239. Written by David Dreier. Visit

A Science A Z Earth Series Word Count: 1,239. Written by David Dreier. Visit A Science A Z Earth Series Word Count: 1,239 Written by David Dreier Visit www.sciencea-z.com www.sciencea-z.com Key elements Used in This Book The Big Idea: Learning about our solar system can give students

More information

Which of the following statements best describes the general pattern of composition among the four jovian

Which of the following statements best describes the general pattern of composition among the four jovian Part A Which of the following statements best describes the general pattern of composition among the four jovian planets? Hint A.1 Major categories of ingredients in planetary composition The following

More information

Moon Obs #1 Due! Moon visible: early morning through afternoon. 6 more due June 13 th. 15 total due June 25 th. Final Report Due June 28th

Moon Obs #1 Due! Moon visible: early morning through afternoon. 6 more due June 13 th. 15 total due June 25 th. Final Report Due June 28th Moon Obs #1 Due! Moon visible: early morning through afternoon 6 more due June 13 th 15 total due June 25 th Final Report Due June 28th Our Solar System Objectives Overview of what is in our solar system

More information

The Gas Giants Astronomy Lesson 13

The Gas Giants Astronomy Lesson 13 The Gas Giants Astronomy Lesson 13 The four outer planets: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune, are much larger and more massive than Earth, and they do not have solid surfaces. Because these planets

More information

Space Science Jeopardy!

Space Science Jeopardy! Space Science Jeopardy! Structure of the Universe Stars & HR Diagram Seasons, Tides, Phases, Eclipses Astronomical Bodies The Sun & Gravity 10 10 10 10 10 20 20 20 20 20 30 30 30 30 30 40 40 40 40 40 50

More information

LEVEL 7. for EARTH SCIENCE

LEVEL 7. for EARTH SCIENCE LEVEL 7 for EARTH SCIENCE Table of Contents Historic Firsts... 1 Gems from the Earth... 2 Nature s Soil Builder... 4 Nature s Movers and Shapers... 6 Volcanic Eruptions... 8 Telling Earth s History...

More information

Which letter on the timeline best represents the time when scientists estimate that the Big Bang occurred? A) A B) B C) C D) D

Which letter on the timeline best represents the time when scientists estimate that the Big Bang occurred? A) A B) B C) C D) D 1. The red shift of light from most galaxies is evidence that A) most galaxies are moving away from Earth B) a majority of stars in most galaxies are red giants C) the light slows down as it nears Earth

More information

Effective August 2007 All indicators in Standard / 14

Effective August 2007 All indicators in Standard / 14 8-4.1 Summarize the characteristics and movements of objects in the solar system (including planets, moons, asteroids, comets, and meteors). Taxonomy level: 2.4-B Understand Conceptual Knowledge Previous/Future

More information

Which of the following correctly describes the meaning of albedo?

Which of the following correctly describes the meaning of albedo? Which of the following correctly describes the meaning of albedo? A) The lower the albedo, the more light the surface reflects, and the less it absorbs. B) The higher the albedo, the more light the surface

More information

Astronomy I Exam 2 Sample

Astronomy I Exam 2 Sample NAME: Part I: Multiple Choice (2 points. ea.) Read carefully, choose the best answer 1. Which of the following occurs because of the orbital motion of the Earth about the Sun and cannot be accounted for

More information

Earth Is Not the Center of the Universe

Earth Is Not the Center of the Universe Science Benchmark: 06:03 The solar system consists of planets, moons, and other smaller objects including asteroids and comets that orbit the sun. Planets in the solar system differ in terms of their distance

More information

Notes: The Solar System

Notes: The Solar System Notes: The Solar System The Formation of the Solar System 1. A gas cloud collapses under the influence of gravity. 2. Solids condense at the center, forming a protostar. 3. A falttened disk of matter surrounds

More information

Coriolis Effect - the apparent curved paths of projectiles, winds, and ocean currents

Coriolis Effect - the apparent curved paths of projectiles, winds, and ocean currents Regents Earth Science Unit 5: Astronomy Models of the Universe Earliest models of the universe were based on the idea that the Sun, Moon, and planets all orbit the Earth models needed to explain how the

More information

Name. Physical Science Astronomy Exam III

Name. Physical Science Astronomy Exam III Name Physical Science 113 - Astronomy Exam III For the following questions deal with the Jovian planets, choose the correct answer from the list below A) Jupiter B) Saturn C) Uranus D) Neptune 1. This

More information

Lesson 3 The Outer Planets

Lesson 3 The Outer Planets Lesson 3 Student Labs and Activities Page Launch Lab 44 Content Vocabulary 45 Lesson Outline 46 MiniLab 48 Content Practice A 49 Content Practice B 50 Language Arts Support 51 Math Skills 53 School to

More information

The Formation of the Solar System

The Formation of the Solar System The Formation of the Solar System Basic Facts to be explained : 1. Each planet is relatively isolated in space. 2. Orbits nearly circular. 3. All roughly orbit in the same plane. 4. Planets are all orbiting

More information

Strand 1: Structure and Motion Within the Solar System

Strand 1: Structure and Motion Within the Solar System Strand 1: Structure and Motion Within the Solar System Say Thanks to the Authors Click http://www.ck12.org/saythanks (No sign in required) To access a customizable version of this book, as well as other

More information

The Magic School Bus. A Science Chapter Book #4. Space Explorers. Lapbook. by Amy Yee. . Yee Shall Know.

The Magic School Bus. A Science Chapter Book #4. Space Explorers. Lapbook. by Amy Yee. . Yee Shall Know. The Magic School Bus A Science Chapter Book #4 Space Explorers Lapbook by Amy Yee. Yee Shall Know http:///www.yeeshallknow.com Lapbook Basics Follow the instructions in the following page(s) to complete

More information

Investigating Astronomy Timothy F. Slater, Roger A. Freeman Chapter 7 Observing the Dynamic Giant Planets

Investigating Astronomy Timothy F. Slater, Roger A. Freeman Chapter 7 Observing the Dynamic Giant Planets Investigating Astronomy Timothy F. Slater, Roger A. Freeman Chapter 7 Observing the Dynamic Giant Planets Observing Jupiter and Saturn The disk of Jupiter at opposition appears about two times larger than

More information

26. Introduction to the Solar System page 1

26. Introduction to the Solar System page 1 26. Introduction to the Solar System page 1 A. To get a sense of scale: Here is a "scale model for the Solar System" illustrating the relative sizes of, and distances between, the planets and the Sun.

More information

What You Already Know

What You Already Know Mars: The Red Planet What You Already Know The Sun is a star, a huge ball of very hot gas that gives off energy. Our Sun is an average star. It is located at the center of the solar system, which consists

More information

Key Concepts Solar System, Movements, Shadows Recall that Earth is one of many planets in the solar system that orbit the Sun.

Key Concepts Solar System, Movements, Shadows Recall that Earth is one of many planets in the solar system that orbit the Sun. Key Concepts Solar System, Movements, Shadows 4-3.1 Recall that Earth is one of many planets in the solar system that orbit the Sun. It is essential for students to know that Earth is a planet that orbits

More information

Contents of the Solar System

Contents of the Solar System The Solar System Contents of the Solar System Sun Planets 9 known (now: 8) Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars ( Terrestrials ) Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune ( Jovians ) Pluto (a Kuiper Belt object?) Natural

More information

2. Which of the following planets has exactly two moons? A) Venus B) Mercury C) Uranus D) Mars E) Neptune

2. Which of the following planets has exactly two moons? A) Venus B) Mercury C) Uranus D) Mars E) Neptune Summer 2015 Astronomy - Test 2 Test form A Name Do not forget to write your name and fill in the bubbles with your student number, and fill in test form A on the answer sheet. Write your name above as

More information

Uranus & Neptune: The Ice Giants. Discovery of Uranus. Bode s Law. Discovery of Neptune

Uranus & Neptune: The Ice Giants. Discovery of Uranus. Bode s Law. Discovery of Neptune Uranus & Neptune: The Ice Giants Discovery of Uranus Discovery of Uranus & Neptune Properties Density & Composition Internal Heat Source Magnetic fields Rings Uranus Rotational Axis by William Herschel

More information

ALL ABOUT THE PLANETS

ALL ABOUT THE PLANETS Venus Earth Mercury Mars ALL ABOUT THE PLANETS and a few other things By:James Cooper Elsberry Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune Mercury First I will start off with Mercury. Mercury is extremely difficult

More information

Chapter 19 Exploring Space. I. Fill in the blank

Chapter 19 Exploring Space. I. Fill in the blank Chapter 19 Exploring Space 1. All radiation is classified by wavelength in the electromagnetic spectrum. 2. Two types of telescopes that collect visible light are refractors and reflectors. 3. An uncrewed

More information

ASTRONOMY. S6E1 a, b, c, d, e, f S6E2 a, b, c,

ASTRONOMY. S6E1 a, b, c, d, e, f S6E2 a, b, c, ASTRONOMY S6E1 a, b, c, d, e, f S6E2 a, b, c, UNIVERSE Age 13.7 billion years old The Big Bang Theory Protons and Neutrons formed hydrogen and helium. This created heat that formed the stars. Other elements

More information

Comets and Kuiper Belt Objects 4/24/07

Comets and Kuiper Belt Objects 4/24/07 and Kuiper Belt Objects Announcements Reading Assignment -- Chapter 30 quiz today In-class activity and course evaluations on Thursday Public lecture tonight 7:30PM, this room Prof. Alfed McEwan, Mars

More information

Small Bodies in our Solar System. Comets, Asteroids & Meteoroids

Small Bodies in our Solar System. Comets, Asteroids & Meteoroids Small Bodies in our Solar System Comets, Asteroids & Meteoroids * A Small Body is any object in the solar system that is smaller than a planet or moon, such as a comet, an asteroid, or a meteoroid. Compiled

More information

Making a Solar System

Making a Solar System Making a Solar System Learning Objectives! What are our Solar System s broad features? Where are asteroids, comets and each type of planet? Where is most of the mass? In what direction do planets orbit

More information

Galaxies and the Solar System

Galaxies and the Solar System Galaxies and the Solar System by Lynn Durrant 1 10 tips for learning success Be independent and responsible for your own learning. Work collaboratively in pairs or groups. Use different strategies to help

More information

ì<(sk$m)=bdjgee< +^-Ä-U-Ä-U

ì<(sk$m)=bdjgee< +^-Ä-U-Ä-U Space and Technology by Donna Latham Genre Comprehension Skill Text Features Science Content Nonfiction Make Inferences Captions Charts Diagrams Glossary The Solar System Scott Foresman Science 5.17 ì

More information

D. most intense and of longest duration C. D.

D. most intense and of longest duration C. D. Astronomy Take Home Test Answer on a separate sheet of paper In complete sentences justify your answer Name: 1. The Moon s cycle of phases can be observed from Earth because the Moon 4. The accompanying

More information

Lecture: Planetology. Part II: Solar System Planetology. Orbits of Planets. Rotational Oddities. A. Structure of Solar System. B.

Lecture: Planetology. Part II: Solar System Planetology. Orbits of Planets. Rotational Oddities. A. Structure of Solar System. B. Part II: Solar System Planetology 2 A. Structure of Solar System B. Planetology Lecture: Planetology C. The Planets and Moons Updated: 2012Feb10 A. Components of Solar System 3 Orbits of Planets 4 1. Planets

More information

Evolution of the Solar System

Evolution of the Solar System DATE DUE: Name: Ms. Terry J. Boroughs Geology 305 Section: Evolution of the Solar System Instructions: Read each question carefully before selecting the BEST answer or option. Use GEOLOGIC vocabulary where

More information

Solar system Stars and Galaxies

Solar system Stars and Galaxies 5/18/16 Solar system Stars and Solar system, stars and galaxies The life cycle of stars inner planets/outer planets nebular theory novae and supernovae gravita>onal contrac>on white dwarf and black holes

More information

Earth, Uranus, Neptune & Pluto. 14a. Uranus & Neptune. The Discovery of Uranus. Uranus Data: Numbers. Uranus Data (Table 14-1)

Earth, Uranus, Neptune & Pluto. 14a. Uranus & Neptune. The Discovery of Uranus. Uranus Data: Numbers. Uranus Data (Table 14-1) 14a. Uranus & Neptune The discovery of Uranus & Neptune Uranus is oddly tilted & nearly featureless Neptune is cold & blue Uranus & Neptune are like yet dislike Jupiter The magnetic fields of Uranus &

More information

Lecture 2: The Solar System

Lecture 2: The Solar System Lecture 2: The Solar System 1) WileyPLUS (online) registration? homework? 2) Final Exam scheduled Tuesday, December 15 (12-2) 3) iclickers assigned on Tuesday 4) Big Island Field Trip Fall 2015 Big Island

More information

Chapter 11 Jovian Planet Systems. Comparing the Jovian Planets. Jovian Planet Composition 4/10/16. Spacecraft Missions

Chapter 11 Jovian Planet Systems. Comparing the Jovian Planets. Jovian Planet Composition 4/10/16. Spacecraft Missions Chapter 11 Jovian Planet Systems Jovian Planet Interiors and Atmospheres How are jovian planets alike? What are jovian planets like on the inside? What is the weather like on jovian planets? Do jovian

More information

What is above your head? By Prof Clare E. Parnell University of St Andrews

What is above your head? By Prof Clare E. Parnell University of St Andrews What is above your head? By Prof Clare E. Parnell University of St Andrews Above your head are birds soaring The most common bird in Britain is a Chaffinch Birds fly at about 150 m although during migration

More information

Lecture 11 The Structure and Atmospheres of the Outer Planets October 9, 2017

Lecture 11 The Structure and Atmospheres of the Outer Planets October 9, 2017 Lecture 11 The Structure and Atmospheres of the Outer Planets October 9, 2017 1 2 Jovian Planets 3 Jovian Planets -- Basic Information Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune Distance 5.2 AU 9.5 AU 19 AU 30 AU Spin

More information

The Solar System. From the Big Bang to Planets, Asteroids, Moons. and eventually humans!

The Solar System. From the Big Bang to Planets, Asteroids, Moons. and eventually humans! The Solar System From the Big Bang to Planets, Asteroids, Moons. and eventually humans! SOLAR SYSTEM A SUN, AND ALL THE OBJECTS ORBITING IT But First! The Uncertainty Clause Big Bang! First Generation

More information

Astronomy Ch. 11 Jupiter. MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

Astronomy Ch. 11 Jupiter. MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Name: Period: Date: Astronomy Ch. 11 Jupiter MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) Jupiter is noticeably oblate because: A) it has a

More information

Uranus and Neptune. Uranus and Neptune Properties. Discovery of Uranus

Uranus and Neptune. Uranus and Neptune Properties. Discovery of Uranus Uranus and Neptune Uranus and Neptune are much smaller than Jupiter and Saturn, but still giants compared to Earth Both are worlds we know relatively little about Voyager 2 is the only spacecraft to visit

More information

Astronomy Ch. 6 The Solar System: Comparative Planetology

Astronomy Ch. 6 The Solar System: Comparative Planetology Name: Period: Date: Astronomy Ch. 6 The Solar System: Comparative Planetology MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) The largest asteroid,

More information

Assessment Vocabulary Instructional Strategies

Assessment Vocabulary Instructional Strategies Inner Planets and the similarities for each of the inner planets? (Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars - such as Size, atmosphere, moons/rings, ) What are the unique characteristics and details of each of

More information