INSTITUTE OF AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING Dundigal, Hyderabad AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING QUESTION BANK : AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING.


 Roy Hill
 2 years ago
 Views:
Transcription
1 Course Name Course Code Class Branch INSTITUTE OF AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING Dundigal, Hyderabad AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING : Mechanics of Fluids : A00 : III B. Tech Year : 0 0 Course Coordinator Course Faculty OBJECTIVES QUESTION BANK : AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING : C.Satya Sandeep : C.Satya Sandeep, A. Balaji Himakar, P. Dileep The objectives of the course are to enable the student; I. To understand the basic principles of fluid mechanics II. To identify various types of flows III. To understand boundary layer concepts and flow through pipes IV. To the performance of hydraulic turbines V. To understand the functioning and characteristic curves of pumps. Group  A (Short Answer Questions) S. No Question UNITI Course DIMENSIONS AND UNITS Define density, weight density. Define specific volume and specific gravity. Define Newton s laws of viscosity. Define surface tension. P a g e
2 Define compressibility. Define viscosity. Define vapor pressure. Define atmospheric gauge and vacuum pressure. Define compressible and incompressible fluid. 0 Define and classify the manometers. UNITII FLUID KINEMATICS Define path line, stream line, stream tube and streak line. Define steady and unsteady flows. Define rotational and irrotational flows. Define uniform and nonuniform flows. Define and state the applications of momentum equation. Define laminar and turbulent flows. Define compressible and incompressible flows. Define the equation of continuity. Define the terms velocity potential and stream functions. Define the terms vertex, free vortex flows and forced vortex flows. 0 P a g e
3 UNITIII FLUID DYNAMICS Name the different forces present in a fluid flow. understanding What is Euler s equation of motion? understanding What is ventuimeter? understanding Define an orifice meter. understanding What is a pilot tube? Define moment of momentum equation. understanding Define continuity and Bernoulli s equation. Remembering What is a free jet of a liquid? What are the different forms of energy in a flowing fluid? 0 Explain different types of pivot tubes. Evaluate UNITIV BOUNDARY LAYER THEORY What do you understand by the terms boundary layer theory. understanding What is meant by boundary layer? understanding What do you mean by boundary layer separation? Define displacement thickness. What are the different methods of preventing the separation of boundary layers? understanding What is the effect of pressure gradient on boundary layer separation. Define laminar boundary layer and turbulent boundary layer. understanding Define laminar sub layer and boundary layer thickness. Define the terms drag, lift and momentum thickness. Define Magnus effect. 0 P a g e
4 UNITV CLOSED CONDUIT FLOW Define Reynolds s experiment. 0 What are the characteristics of laminar flows? Remembering 0 What are the characteristics of laminar flows? Remembering 0 What is the flow between parallel lines? Remembering What are the laws of fluid friction? Define Darcy s equation. What are minor losses in pipes in series? 0 What are minor losses in pipes in parallel? What is energy line? Remembering 0 What is hydraulic gradient line? P a g e
5 . Group  II (Long Answer Questions) S. No Question UNITI DIMENSIONS AND UNITS State Newton s law viscosity and explain how viscosity varies with temperature for liquids and gases Derive an expression for surface tension on a liquid jet. analyze Derive an expression for surface tension on a liquid droplet. analyze How do you measure the pressure by using manometers and mechanical gauges? Prove that volumetric strain of a cylindrical rod which is subjected to an axial tensile load is equal to the strain in the length minus twice the strain if diameter. 0 Why does the viscosity of a gas increases with the increases in temperature while that of a liquid decreases with increase in temperature? Calculate density, specific weight and weight of liter of petrol of specific gravity 0. Explain the phenomenon of capillarity.obtain an expression for capillarity rise of a fluid. Develop the expression for the relation between gauge pressures P inside a droplet of liquid and the surface tension. UNITII FLUID KINEMATICS Sketch the flow pattern of an ideal fluid past a cylinder with circulation. Derive the condition for irrotational flow. Prove that for potential flow, both the stream function and velocity potential function must satisfy Laplace equation. Derive an expression for total pressure on a plane surface P a g e
6 S. No Question submerged in a liquid of specific weight with an inclination an angle θ. Obtain an expression for continuity equation for a D Flow. Bring out the mathematical and physical distinction between rotational and irrotational flows. Describe the use and limitations of flow nets Obtain an expression for continuity equation for a D Flow Derive path line, stream line, and streak line. 0 State the properties of stream function and prove each one of them. What is a stream tube and explain are its characteristics. UNITIII FLUID DYNAMICS Derive an expression for displacement thickness due to formation of boundary layer How do you distinguish sharp crested weir from a broad crested weir? Derive the expression for discharge over a sharp crested rectangular weir? For the Euler s equation of motion which forces are taken into consideration? What is Euler s equation? How will you obtain Bernoulli s equation from it? Discuss the relative merits and demerits of ventuimeter with respect to orifice meter. What is the difference between the pivot tube and pivot static tube. P a g e
7 S. No Question 0 What is the difference between the momentum equation and impulse momentum equation? Derive Euler s equation of motion along a stream line for an ideal fluid and clearly the assumptions. Why is divergence more gradual than convergence in a ventuimeter? Explain the principle of ventuimeter with a neat sketch. Derive the expression rate of flow of fluid through it. UNITIV BOUNDARY LAYER THEORY Derive an expression for displacement thickness due to formation of boundary layer. Explain with sketches the three methods of boundary layer control. Derive an expression for momentum thickness of boundary layer. Explain Magnus effect and theory of lift for airfoils. Derive the expression for the energy and momentum correction factor What are the boundary conditions that must be satisfied by a given velocity profile in laminar boundary layer flows. Obtain Von Karman momentum integral equation. Explain boundary layer separation? Mention few methods to prevent or delay the separation of boundary layer? Evaluate,0,0 Derive Prandtl s boundary layer equation. Evaluate 0 Derive expressions for boundary layer thickness,boundary shear stress and friction drag in a turbulent boundary layer P a g e
8 S. No Question UNITV CLOSED CONDUIT FLOW Obtain the condition for maximum efficiency in transmission of power through pipeline Derive formulas for hydraulic gradient and total energy lines Derive the equation for head loss in pipes due to friction DarcyWeisbach equation. 0 What are the minor losses in pipes? Give the appropriate formulae to calculate the losses. What do you understand by turbulent flow? What factor decides the type of flow in pipes? Derive an expression for the loss of head due to friction in pipes. Derive DarcyWeisbach equation. What is the velocity defect? Derive an expression for velocity defect in pipes? Why are the pipes connected in parallel? 0 Explain what you understand by hydraulic grade line and total energy line. Discuss its practical significance in analysis of fluid flow problems. 0 P a g e
9 . Group  III (Analytical Questions) S.No QUESTIONS UNITI DIMENSIONS AND UNITS A plate of a certain oil weighs 0 KN. Calculate the specific weight, mass density and specific gravity of this oil. ) A plate 0.0 mm distant from a fixed plate, moves at cm/sec and requires a force of 0. kgf/m to maintain this speed. Determine the dynamic viscosity of the fluid between the plates. A rectangular plate of size cm by 0 cm and weighing kgf slides down a 0 0 inclined surface at a uniform velocity of m/sec. If the uniform mm gap between the plate and the inclined surface is filled with oil determine the viscosity of the oil. Calculate the capillary effect in mm in a glass tube mm in diameter when immersed in (a) water (b) mercury. Both the liquids are at 0 0 c and the values of the surface tensions for water and mercury at 0 0 c in contact with air are respectively 0.0 N/m and 0. N/m. Contact angle for water = 0 0 and for mercury = 0 0. What is the pressure within a droplet of water 0.0 mm in diameter at 0 0 c, if the pressure outside the droplet is standard atmospheric pressure of.0 kg (f) / cm. Given = 0.00 kg (f)/m for water at 0 0 C. If the equation of a velocity profile over a plate is V=y / in which V is the velocity in m/sec at a distance of y meters above the plate. Determine the shear stress at y=0 and y=0.0m given H = 0.N.S/m. P a g e
10 S.No QUESTIONS Convert a pressure head of 00m of water to a) Kerosene of specific gravity 0. b) Carbon tetra chloride of specific gravity. 0 A trapezoidal channel m wide at the bottom and m deep has side slopes :. Determine: the total pressure and the center pressure on the vertical gate closing the channel when it is full of water. A flat plate weighing 0.KN has a surface area of 0.m. It slides down an inclined plane at 0 0 to the horizontal at a constant speed of m/s. if the inclined plane is lubricated with an oil of viscosity 0.Ns/m. Find the thickness of the oil film. A rectangular plane surface m wide and m deep lies in water in such a way that its plane making an angle of 0 0 with the surface of water. Determine the total pressure force and position of center of pressure, when upper edge is m below the free surface. UNITII FLUID KINEMATICS An open circular cylinder of cm diameter and 00cm long contains water up to a height of 0cm.find the speed at which the cylinder is to be rotated about its vertical axis so that the axial depth becomes zero. A vessel cylindrical in shape and closed at the bottom contains water up to a height of 0cm.the diameter of the vessel is 0cm and length of vessel is 0cm. the vessel is rotated at a speed of 00r.p.m about its vertical axis. Find the height of parabolic formed. In a free cylindrical vortex flows at a point in the fluid at a radius of 00mm and a height of 00mm.The velocity and pressures are 0m/s and.kn/m.find the pressure at a radius of 00mm and at a height of 00mm. the fluid is air having density equal to.kg/m. 0 P a g e
11 S.No QUESTIONS A uniform flow with a velocity of 0m/s is flowing over a source of strength 0m /s. The uniform flow and source flow are in the same plane 0 A vessel cylindrical in shape and closed at the bottom and the top contains water at a height of 00mm. The dia of the vessel is 00mm and length of the vessel is.m. Find the speed of rotation of the vessel if the axial depth of the water is Zero. An open circular cylinder of 0cm dia and 00cm long contains water up to a height of 0cm. It is rotated about its vertical axis. Find the speed of rotation when there is no water spills and axial depth is Zero. In a free cylindrical vortex flow of water at a point at a radius of 0mm the velocity and pressure are m/s and.n/cm. Find the pressure at a radius of 00mm. If the cylindrical vessel of dia cm and length 00cm contains water at a height of 0cm is rotated at 0r.p.m. About its vertical axis, find the Area uncovered at the base of the tank. A rectangular pontoon of size m length, m width and. m height has a length of 0.m in sea water of specific weight 00 n/m. Determine its metacentric height assuming it to have a uniform composition. A triangular gate which has a base of. m and an altitude of m lies in a vertical plane. The vertex of the gate is m below the surface in a tank which contains oil of specific gravity 0.. Find the force exerted by the oil on the gate and the position of the center of pressure P a g e
12 S.No QUESTIONS UNITIII FLUID DYNAMICS When 00 liters of water flows per minute through a 0.m diameter pipe which later reduces to a 0. diameter pipe, calculate the velocities of flow in the two pipes. A pipe of dia 00mm carries water at a velocity of m/s. The pressures at a point are given as.n/cm and.n/cm while the datum head at A and B are m and 0m. Find the loss of head between A and B. A horizontal ventuimeter with inlet and throat and diameters 0cm and cm is used to measure the flow of water. The reading of differential manometer connected to the inlet and the throat is 0cm of mercury. Determine the rate of flow. Take C d = 0.. Two velocity components are given in the following case, find the third component such that they satisfy the continuity equation. U= x + y +z V= x y  yz xy The velocity components in a twodimensional flow field for an incompressible fluid are expressed as U= y / + xx y v= xy yx /. a) Show that these functions represent a possible case of an irrotational flow. b) Obtain an expression for stream function c) Obtain an expression for velocity potential For a threedimensional flow field described by V = (y +z ): + (x +z )j + (x +y )k find at (,,). (i) the component of acceleration (ii) the components of rotation P a g e
13 S.No QUESTIONS In a straight uniform pipe, the discharge is reduced from 0. m /s to zero in 0 seconds. If the crosssectional area of the pipe is 00 sq. cm, state the nature and value of acceleration. A nozzle is so shaped that the velocity of flow along the centerline changes linearly from  m/s to m/s in a distance of 0.. Determine the magnitude of the convective acceleration at the beginning and end of this distance. 0 In a 00mm dia horizontal pipe a ventuimeter of 0. contraction ratio has been fixed the head of water on the meter when there is no flow is m. Find the rate of flow for which the throat pressure will be m of water absolute. Take atmospheric pressure head= 0.m of water. The coefficient of meter is 0.. For a twodimensional flow = xy and x = / (y x ). Determine the velocity components at the points (, ) and (, ). Also find the discharge passing between the streamlines passing through the points given above. A plate of 00mm length and 00mm wide is immersed in a fluid of specific gravity 0. and kinematic viscosity v=0  m /s. The fluid is moving with a velocity of m/s. determine boundary layer thickness, shear stress at the end of the plate and drag force one side of the plate. Air flows at 0m/s past a smooth rectangular flat plate 0.m wide and m long. Assuming that s the turbulence level in the oncoming stream is low and that transition occurs at R e = X 0, Calculate ratio of total drag when the flow is parallel to the length of the plate to the value when the flow is parallel to the width. Oil with a free stream velocity of m/s flows over a thin plate m wide and m long. Calculate the boundary layer thickness and the shear stress at the trailing end point and P a g e
14 S.No QUESTIONS determine the total surface resistance of the plate. Take specific gravity 0. and kinematic viscosity 0  m /s. 0 A thin plate is moving in still atmospheric air at a velocity of m/s. The length of plate is 0.m and width is 0.m, calculate the thickness of boundary layer at the end of the plate and the drag force on one side of the plate. Take density of air is.kg/m and kinematic viscosity 0. stokes. A smooth flat plate of size 0 cm X 0 cm is placed in a stream of water of uniform velocity 0 cm/sec. Flow takes parallel to the 0 cm length of the plate. If the kinematic viscosity of water is 0.0 stoke, is the boundary layer formed on the plate laminar or turbulent? Determine the shear stress at the trailing edge, maximum boundary layer thickness, mean drag coefficient and the work done by the fluid on one side of the plate per unit time in Joules. A stream lined train is 0 m long and has an average crosssection with a perimeter of 0. m above the wheels. Assuming that the boundary layer is completely turbulent, compute the surface drag for a speed of 0 mph and power required to overcome this drag. Dynamic viscosity of air = poise and specific weight = N/m. A smooth flat plate of size m by m is towed in a liquid of density 00kg/ m and viscosity 0. poises at a uniform velocity of. m/s. The motion is parallel to the m side of the plate. What is the length of the plate over which the boundary layer is laminar?> Calculate the surface drag on both sides of plate. UNITV CLOSED CONDUIT FLOW Determine the distance from the pipe wall at which the P a g e
15 S.No QUESTIONS local velocity is equal to the average velocity for turbulent flow in pipes. A smooth pipe of diameter 00mm and length 00mm carries water at the rate of 0.0m /s. determine the head lost due to friction, wall shear stress, center line velocity and thickness of laminar sub layer. Take kinematic viscosity of water as 0.0 stokes. Water is flowing through a rough pipe of diameter 00mm at the rate 00liters/sec. the wall roughness is mm. find the power lost for km length of pipe. A 0.m diameter pipe 0m long is connected with a reservoir whose surface is m above the discharging end of the pipe. If for the last 0m, a second pipe of the same diameter be laid beside the first and connected to it. What would be the increase in the discharge? Take f=0.0 A compound piping system consists of 00m of 0.0m, 00m of 0.0m and 00m of 0.0m new cast iron pipes connected in series. Convert the system to (a) an equivalent length of 0.0m pipe and (b) Equivalent size pipe 00m long. A pipe having a length of km and diameter 0.0m connects two reservoirs A and B, the difference between their water levels is 0m. Half way along the pipe there is a branch through which water can be supplied to a third reservoir C. Taking f = 0.0 determine the rate of flow of reservoir B when a) no water is discharged to reservoir C b) The quantity of water discharged to reservoir C is 0. m /s neglect minor losses. Evaluate 0 A pipeline 0. m in diameter and 0m long has a slope of in 00 for the first 0m and in 00 for the next 0m. The pressure at the upper end of the pipeline is 0. kpa and at the lower end is. kpa. Taking P a g e
16 S.No QUESTIONS f=0.0 determine the discharge through the pipe. 0 The velocities of water through a pipe of diameter 0cm are m/s and.m/s at the center of the pipe and cm from the pipe center. Determine the wall shearing stress in the pipe for turbulent flow. Determine the average height of the roughness for a rough pipe of diameter 0cm when the velocity at a point cm from wall is 0% more than the velocity at a point cm from pipe wall. For turbulent flow in a pipe diameter 00mm, find the discharge when the center line velocity is m/s and the velocity at a point 00mm from the center as measured by pivot tube is.m/s. Prepared By: C.Satya Sandeep, Balaji Himakar and Satya Dileep 0 P a g e
UNIT I FLUID PROPERTIES AND STATICS
SIDDHARTH GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS :: PUTTUR Siddharth Nagar, Narayanavanam Road 517583 QUESTION BANK (DESCRIPTIVE) Subject with Code : Fluid Mechanics (16CE106) Year & Sem: IIB.Tech & ISem Course & Branch:
More informationR09. d water surface. Prove that the depth of pressure is equal to p +.
Code No:A109210105 R09 SET1 B.Tech II Year  I Semester Examinations, December 2011 FLUID MECHANICS (CIVIL ENGINEERING) Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 75 Answer any five questions All questions carry equal
More informationFE Fluids Review March 23, 2012 Steve Burian (Civil & Environmental Engineering)
Topic: Fluid Properties 1. If 6 m 3 of oil weighs 47 kn, calculate its specific weight, density, and specific gravity. 2. 10.0 L of an incompressible liquid exert a force of 20 N at the earth s surface.
More informationCE 6303 MECHANICS OF FLUIDS L T P C QUESTION BANK 3 0 0 3 UNIT I FLUID PROPERTIES AND FLUID STATICS PART  A 1. Define fluid and fluid mechanics. 2. Define real and ideal fluids. 3. Define mass density
More informationS.E. (Mech.) (First Sem.) EXAMINATION, (Common to Mech/Sandwich) FLUID MECHANICS (2008 PATTERN) Time : Three Hours Maximum Marks : 100
Total No. of Questions 12] [Total No. of Printed Pages 8 Seat No. [4262]113 S.E. (Mech.) (First Sem.) EXAMINATION, 2012 (Common to Mech/Sandwich) FLUID MECHANICS (2008 PATTERN) Time : Three Hours Maximum
More informationENGINEERING FLUID MECHANICS. CHAPTER 1 Properties of Fluids
CHAPTER 1 Properties of Fluids ENGINEERING FLUID MECHANICS 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Development of Fluid Mechanics 1.3 Units of Measurement (SI units) 1.4 Mass, Density, Specific Weight, Specific Volume, Specific
More informationVALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE SRM Nagar, Kattankulathur
VALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE SRM Nagar, Kattankulathur 603 203 DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING QUESTION BANK III SEMESTER CE 8302 FLUID MECHANICS Regulation 2017 Academic Year 2018 19 Prepared by Mrs.
More informationV/ t = 0 p/ t = 0 ρ/ t = 0. V/ s = 0 p/ s = 0 ρ/ s = 0
UNIT III FLOW THROUGH PIPES 1. List the types of fluid flow. Steady and unsteady flow Uniform and nonuniform flow Laminar and Turbulent flow Compressible and incompressible flow Rotational and irrotational
More informationFigure 3: Problem 7. (a) 0.9 m (b) 1.8 m (c) 2.7 m (d) 3.6 m
1. For the manometer shown in figure 1, if the absolute pressure at point A is 1.013 10 5 Pa, the absolute pressure at point B is (ρ water =10 3 kg/m 3, ρ Hg =13.56 10 3 kg/m 3, ρ oil = 800kg/m 3 ): (a)
More informationExperiment To determine the coefficient of impact for vanes. Experiment To determine the coefficient of discharge of an orifice meter.
SUBJECT: FLUID MECHANICS VIVA QUESTIONS (M.E 4 th SEM) Experiment To determine the coefficient of impact for vanes. Q1. Explain impulse momentum principal. Ans1. Momentum equation is based on Newton s
More informationFundamentals of Fluid Mechanics
Sixth Edition Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics International Student Version BRUCE R. MUNSON DONALD F. YOUNG Department of Aerospace Engineering and Engineering Mechanics THEODORE H. OKIISHI Department
More informationCLASS SCHEDULE 2013 FALL
CLASS SCHEDULE 2013 FALL Class # or Lab # 1 Date Aug 26 2 28 Important Concepts (Section # in Text Reading, Lecture note) Examples/Lab Activities Definition fluid; continuum hypothesis; fluid properties
More informationPROPERTIES OF FLUIDS
Unit  I Chapter  PROPERTIES OF FLUIDS Solutions of Examples for Practice Example.9 : Given data : u = y y, = 8 Poise = 0.8 Pas To find : Shear stress. Step  : Calculate the shear stress at various
More informationNPTEL Quiz Hydraulics
Introduction NPTEL Quiz Hydraulics 1. An ideal fluid is a. One which obeys Newton s law of viscosity b. Frictionless and incompressible c. Very viscous d. Frictionless and compressible 2. The unit of kinematic
More informationME3560 Tentative Schedule Spring 2019
ME3560 Tentative Schedule Spring 2019 Week Number Date Lecture Topics Covered Prior to Lecture Read Section Assignment Prep Problems for Prep Probs. Must be Solved by 1 Monday 1/7/2019 1 Introduction to
More informationFluid Mechanics. du dy
FLUID MECHANICS Technical English  I 1 th week Fluid Mechanics FLUID STATICS FLUID DYNAMICS Fluid Statics or Hydrostatics is the study of fluids at rest. The main equation required for this is Newton's
More informationME3560 Tentative Schedule Fall 2018
ME3560 Tentative Schedule Fall 2018 Week Number 1 Wednesday 8/29/2018 1 Date Lecture Topics Covered Introduction to course, syllabus and class policies. Math Review. Differentiation. Prior to Lecture Read
More informationDetailed Outline, M E 320 Fluid Flow, Spring Semester 2015
Detailed Outline, M E 320 Fluid Flow, Spring Semester 2015 I. Introduction (Chapters 1 and 2) A. What is Fluid Mechanics? 1. What is a fluid? 2. What is mechanics? B. Classification of Fluid Flows 1. Viscous
More informationChapter 4 DYNAMICS OF FLUID FLOW
Faculty Of Engineering at Shobra nd Year Civil  016 Chapter 4 DYNAMICS OF FLUID FLOW 41 Types of Energy 4 Euler s Equation 43 Bernoulli s Equation 44 Total Energy Line (TEL) and Hydraulic Grade Line
More informationEXPERIMENT No.1 FLOW MEASUREMENT BY ORIFICEMETER
EXPERIMENT No.1 FLOW MEASUREMENT BY ORIFICEMETER 1.1 AIM: To determine the coefficient of discharge of the orifice meter 1.2 EQUIPMENTS REQUIRED: Orifice meter test rig, Stopwatch 1.3 PREPARATION 1.3.1
More informationLesson 6 Review of fundamentals: Fluid flow
Lesson 6 Review of fundamentals: Fluid flow The specific objective of this lesson is to conduct a brief review of the fundamentals of fluid flow and present: A general equation for conservation of mass
More informationChapter 1 Fluid and their Properties
June 15 Jan  16 GTU Paper Analysis (New Syllabus) Chapter 1 Fluid and their Properties Sr. No. Questions Theory 2. Explain the following terms: Relative density 2. Kinematic viscosity 3. Cavitation 4.
More information5 ENERGY EQUATION OF FLUID MOTION
5 ENERGY EQUATION OF FLUID MOTION 5.1 Introduction In order to develop the equations that describe a flow, it is assumed that fluids are subject to certain fundamental laws of physics. The pertinent laws
More informationCE MECHANICS OF FLUIDS
CE60  MECHANICS OF FLUIDS (FOR III SEMESTER) UNIT II FLUID STATICS & KINEMATICS PREPARED BY R.SURYA, M.E Assistant Professor DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING SRI VIDYA COLLEGE
More informationFE Exam Fluids Review October 23, Important Concepts
FE Exam Fluids Review October 3, 013 mportant Concepts Density, specific volume, specific weight, specific gravity (Water 1000 kg/m^3, Air 1. kg/m^3) Meaning & Symbols? Stress, Pressure, Viscosity; Meaning
More informationVisualization of flow pattern over or around immersed objects in open channel flow.
EXPERIMENT SEVEN: FLOW VISUALIZATION AND ANALYSIS I OBJECTIVE OF THE EXPERIMENT: Visualization of flow pattern over or around immersed objects in open channel flow. II THEORY AND EQUATION: Open channel:
More informationChapter 1 INTRODUCTION
Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION 11 The Fluid. 12 Dimensions. 13 Units. 14 Fluid Properties. 1 11 The Fluid: It is the substance that deforms continuously when subjected to a shear stress. Matter Solid Fluid
More informationUniversity of Engineering and Technology, Taxila. Department of Civil Engineering
University of Engineering and Technology, Taxila Department of Civil Engineering Course Title: CE201 Fluid Mechanics  I Prerequisite(s): None Credit Hours: 2 + 1 Contact Hours: 2 + 3 Text Book(s): Reference
More informationMass of fluid leaving per unit time
5 ENERGY EQUATION OF FLUID MOTION 5.1 Eulerian Approach & Control Volume In order to develop the equations that describe a flow, it is assumed that fluids are subject to certain fundamental laws of physics.
More informationBACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY IN MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (COMPUTER INTEGRATED MANUFACTURING)
No. of Printed Pages : 6 BME028 BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY IN MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (COMPUTER INTEGRATED MANUFACTURING) TermEnd Examination December, 2011 00792 BME028 : FLUID MECHANICS Time : 3 hours
More informations and FE X. A. Flow measurement B. properties C. statics D. impulse, and momentum equations E. Pipe and other internal flow 7% of FE Morning Session I
Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) Exam General Section Steven Burian Civil & Environmental Engineering October 26, 2010 s and FE X. A. Flow measurement B. properties C. statics D. impulse, and momentum
More informationChapter 3 Bernoulli Equation
1 Bernoulli Equation 3.1 Flow Patterns: Streamlines, Pathlines, Streaklines 1) A streamline, is a line that is everywhere tangent to the velocity vector at a given instant. Examples of streamlines around
More informationHydraulics. B.E. (Civil), Year/Part: II/II. Tutorial solutions: Pipe flow. Tutorial 1
Hydraulics B.E. (Civil), Year/Part: II/II Tutorial solutions: Pipe flow Tutorial 1 by Dr. K.N. Dulal Laminar flow 1. A pipe 200mm in diameter and 20km long conveys oil of density 900 kg/m 3 and viscosity
More informationFluid Mechanics c) Orificemeter a) Viscous force, Turbulence force, Compressible force a) Turbulence force c) Integration d) The flow is rotational
Fluid Mechanics 1. Which is the cheapest device for measuring flow / discharge rate. a) Venturimeter b) Pitot tube c) Orificemeter d) None of the mentioned 2. Which forces are neglected to obtain Euler
More informationNew Website: M P E il Add. Mr. Peterson s Address:
Brad Peterson, P.E. New Website: http://njut009fall.weebly.com M P E il Add Mr. Peterson s Email Address: bradpeterson@engineer.com If 6 m 3 of oil weighs 47 kn calculate its If 6 m 3 of oil weighs 47
More informationTOPICS. Density. Pressure. Variation of Pressure with Depth. Pressure Measurements. Buoyant ForcesArchimedes Principle
Lecture 6 Fluids TOPICS Density Pressure Variation of Pressure with Depth Pressure Measurements Buoyant ForcesArchimedes Principle Surface Tension ( External source ) Viscosity ( External source ) Equation
More informationApproximate physical properties of selected fluids All properties are given at pressure kn/m 2 and temperature 15 C.
Appendix FLUID MECHANICS Approximate physical properties of selected fluids All properties are given at pressure 101. kn/m and temperature 15 C. Liquids Density (kg/m ) Dynamic viscosity (N s/m ) Surface
More informationCE FLUID MECHANICS AND MECHINERY UNIT I
CE 6451 FLUID MECHANICS AND MECHINERY UNIT I 1. Define specific volume of a fluid and write its unit. [N/D14] Volume per unit mass of a fluid is called specific volume. Unit: m3 / kg. 2. Name the devices
More informationThe online of midtermtests of Fluid Mechanics 1
The online of midtermtests of Fluid Mechanics 1 1) The information on a can of pop indicates that the can contains 460 ml. The mass of a full can of pop is 3.75 lbm while an empty can weights 80.5 lbf.
More information2.The lines that are tangent to the velocity vectors throughout the flow field are called steady flow lines. True or False A. True B.
CHAPTER 03 1. Write Newton's second law of motion. YOUR ANSWER: F = ma 2.The lines that are tangent to the velocity vectors throughout the flow field are called steady flow lines. True or False 3.Streamwise
More information1 FLUIDS AND THEIR PROPERTIES
FLUID MECHANICS CONTENTS CHAPTER DESCRIPTION PAGE NO 1 FLUIDS AND THEIR PROPERTIES PART A NOTES 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Fluids 1.3 Newton s Law of Viscosity 1.4 The Continuum Concept of a Fluid 1.5 Types
More informationExperiment (4): Flow measurement
Experiment (4): Flow measurement Introduction: The flow measuring apparatus is used to familiarize the students with typical methods of flow measurement of an incompressible fluid and, at the same time
More informationACE Engineering College
ACE Engineering College Ankushapur (V), Ghatkesar (M), R.R.Dist 501 301. * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * MECHANICS OF FLUIDS & HYDRAULIC
More informationFLOW IN CONDUITS. Shear stress distribution across a pipe section. Chapter 10
Chapter 10 Shear stress distribution across a pipe section FLOW IN CONDUITS For steady, uniform flow, the momentum balance in s for the fluid cylinder yields Fluid Mechanics, Spring Term 2010 Velocity
More informationSteven Burian Civil & Environmental Engineering September 25, 2013
Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) Exam Mechanics Steven Burian Civil & Environmental Engineering September 25, 2013 s and FE Morning ( Mechanics) A. Flow measurement 7% of FE Morning B. properties Session
More informationCE MECHANICS OF FLUIDS UNIT I
CE 6303 MECHANICS OF FLUIDS UNIT I 1. Define specific volume of a fluid and write its unit [N/D14][M/J11] Volume per unit mass of a fluid is called specific volume. Unit: m3 / kg. 2. Name the devices
More informationB.E/B.Tech/M.E/M.Tech : Chemical Engineering Regulation: 2016 PG Specialisation : NA Sub. Code / Sub. Name : CH16304 FLUID MECHANICS Unit : I
Department of Chemical Engineering B.E/B.Tech/M.E/M.Tech : Chemical Engineering Regulation: 2016 PG Specialisation : NA Sub. Code / Sub. Name : CH16304 FLUID MECHANICS Unit : I LP: CH 16304 Rev. No: 00
More informationFluids and their Properties
Chapter (1) Fluids and their Properties Dr. KHALIL MAHMOUD ALASTAL Eng.Mohammed AbuRahma Eng.Reem Sbaih 2017 Newton s Law of Viscosity:  / NonNewtonian Fluids:  Mass Density:  / Specific weight: 
More informationAPPLIED FLUID DYNAMICS HANDBOOK
APPLIED FLUID DYNAMICS HANDBOOK ROBERT D. BLEVINS H imhnisdia ttodisdiule Darmstadt Fachbereich Mechanik 'rw.nr.. [VNR1 VAN NOSTRAND REINHOLD COMPANY ' ' New York Contents Preface / v 1. Definitions /
More informationBRCM COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY Practical Experiment Instructions Sheet
Exp. Title FLUID MECHANICS I LAB Syllabus FMI Semester4 th Page No. 1 of 1 Internal Marks: 25 L T P External Marks: 25 0 0 2 Total Marks: 50 1. To determine the met centric height of a floating body
More information2 Internal Fluid Flow
Internal Fluid Flow.1 Definitions Fluid Dynamics The study of fluids in motion. Static Pressure The pressure at a given point exerted by the static head of the fluid present directly above that point.
More informationLecture 3 The energy equation
Lecture 3 The energy equation Dr Tim Gough: t.gough@bradford.ac.uk General information Lab groups now assigned Timetable up to week 6 published Is there anyone not yet on the list? Week 3 Week 4 Week 5
More informationUNIT IV. Flow through Orifice and Mouthpieces and Flow through Notchs and Weirs
SIDDHARTH GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS :: PUTTUR Siddharth Nagar, Narayanavanam Road 517583 QUESTION BANK (DESCRIPTIVE) Subject with Code : FM(15A01305) Year & Sem: IIB.Tech & ISem Course & Branch: B.Tech 
More informationUNIT II Real fluids. FMM / KRG / MECH / NPRCET Page 78. Laminar and turbulent flow
UNIT II Real fluids The flow of real fluids exhibits viscous effect that is they tend to "stick" to solid surfaces and have stresses within their body. You might remember from earlier in the course Newtons
More informationSUMMER 14 EXAMINATION
Important Instructions to examiners: 1) The answers should be examined by key words and not as wordtoword as given in the model answer scheme. 2) The model answer and the answer written by candidate
More informationREE 307 Fluid Mechanics II. Lecture 1. Sep 27, Dr./ Ahmed Mohamed Nagib Elmekawy. Zewail City for Science and Technology
REE 307 Fluid Mechanics II Lecture 1 Sep 27, 2017 Dr./ Ahmed Mohamed Nagib Elmekawy Zewail City for Science and Technology Course Materials drahmednagib.com 2 COURSE OUTLINE Fundamental of Flow in pipes
More informationWilliam В. Brower, Jr. A PRIMER IN FLUID MECHANICS. Dynamics of Flows in One Space Dimension. CRC Press Boca Raton London New York Washington, D.C.
William В. Brower, Jr. A PRIMER IN FLUID MECHANICS Dynamics of Flows in One Space Dimension CRC Press Boca Raton London New York Washington, D.C. Table of Contents Chapter 1 Fluid Properties Kinetic Theory
More informationBenha University College of Engineering at Benha Questions For Corrective Final Examination Subject: Fluid Mechanics M 201 May 24/ 2016
Benha University College of Engineering at Benha Questions For Corrective Final Examination Subject: Fluid Mechanics M 01 May 4/ 016 Second year Mech. Time :180 min. Examiner:Dr.Mohamed Elsharnoby Attempt
More informationCHAPTER 3 BASIC EQUATIONS IN FLUID MECHANICS NOOR ALIZA AHMAD
CHAPTER 3 BASIC EQUATIONS IN FLUID MECHANICS 1 INTRODUCTION Flow often referred as an ideal fluid. We presume that such a fluid has no viscosity. However, this is an idealized situation that does not exist.
More informationMECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF FLUIDS:
Important Definitions: MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF FLUIDS: Fluid: A substance that can flow is called Fluid Both liquids and gases are fluids Pressure: The normal force acting per unit area of a surface is
More informationIran University of Science & Technology School of Mechanical Engineering Advance Fluid Mechanics
1. Consider a sphere of radius R immersed in a uniform stream U0, as shown in 3 R Fig.1. The fluid velocity along streamline AB is given by V ui U i x 1. 0 3 Find (a) the position of maximum fluid acceleration
More informationMECHANICS OF FLUIDS. (For B.E. Mechanical Engineering Students) As per New Revised Syllabus of APJ Abdul Kalam Technological University
MECHANICS OF FLUIDS (For B.E. Mechanical Engineering Students) As per New Revised Syllabus of APJ Abdul Kalam Technological University Dr. S.Ramachandran, M.E., Ph.D., Mr. K.Pandian, M.E., Mr. YVS. Karthick,
More informationFor example an empty bucket weighs 2.0kg. After 7 seconds of collecting water the bucket weighs 8.0kg, then:
Hydraulic Coefficient & Flow Measurements ELEMENTARY HYDRAULICS National Certificate in Technology (Civil Engineering) Chapter 3 1. Mass flow rate If we want to measure the rate at which water is flowing
More informationPetroleum Engineering Dept. Fluid Mechanics Second Stage Dr. Ahmed K. Alshara
Continents Chapter 1. Fluid Mechanics Properties of fluids Density, specific gravity, specific volume and Viscosity Newtonian and non Newtonian fluids Surface tension Compressibility Pressure Cavitations
More informationHydromechanics: Course Summary
Hydromechanics: Course Summary Hydromechanics VVR090 Material Included; French: Chapters to 9 and 4 + Sample problems Vennard & Street: Chapters 8 + 3, and (part of it) Roberson & Crowe: Chapter Collection
More informationFluid Mechanics Testbank By David Admiraal
Fluid Mechanics Testbank By David Admiraal This testbank was created for an introductory fluid mechanics class. The primary intentions of the testbank are to help students improve their performance on
More informationFluid Dynamics: Theory, Computation, and Numerical Simulation Second Edition
Fluid Dynamics: Theory, Computation, and Numerical Simulation Second Edition C. Pozrikidis m Springer Contents Preface v 1 Introduction to Kinematics 1 1.1 Fluids and solids 1 1.2 Fluid parcels and flow
More informationApplied Fluid Mechanics
Applied Fluid Mechanics 1. The Nature of Fluid and the Study of Fluid Mechanics 2. Viscosity of Fluid 3. Pressure Measurement 4. Forces Due to Static Fluid 5. Buoyancy and Stability 6. Flow of Fluid and
More informationChapter 7 The Energy Equation
Chapter 7 The Energy Equation 7.1 Energy, Work, and Power When matter has energy, the matter can be used to do work. A fluid can have several forms of energy. For example a fluid jet has kinetic energy,
More informationApplied Fluid Mechanics
Applied Fluid Mechanics 1. The Nature of Fluid and the Study of Fluid Mechanics 2. Viscosity of Fluid 3. Pressure Measurement 4. Forces Due to Static Fluid 5. Buoyancy and Stability 6. Flow of Fluid and
More informationCH.1 Overview of Fluid Mechanics/22 MARKS. 1.1 Fluid Fundamentals.
Content : 1.1 Fluid Fundamentals. 08 Marks Classification of Fluid, Properties of fluids like Specific Weight, Specific gravity, Surface tension, Capillarity, Viscosity. Specification of hydraulic oil
More informationApplied Fluid Mechanics
Applied Fluid Mechanics 1. The Nature of Fluid and the Study of Fluid Mechanics 2. Viscosity of Fluid 3. Pressure Measurement 4. Forces Due to Static Fluid 5. Buoyancy and Stability 6. Flow of Fluid and
More informationHydraulics and hydrology
Hydraulics and hydrology  project exercises  Class 4 and 5 Pipe flow Discharge (Q) (called also as the volume flow rate) is the volume of fluid that passes through an area per unit time. The discharge
More information10.52 Mechanics of Fluids Spring 2006 Problem Set 3
10.52 Mechanics of Fluids Spring 2006 Problem Set 3 Problem 1 Mass transfer studies involving the transport of a solute from a gas to a liquid often involve the use of a laminar jet of liquid. The situation
More informationChapter Four fluid flow mass, energy, Bernoulli and momentum
41Conservation of Mass Principle Consider a control volume of arbitrary shape, as shown in Fig (41). Figure (41): the differential control volume and differential control volume (Total mass entering
More informationIf a stream of uniform velocity flows into a blunt body, the stream lines take a pattern similar to this: Streamlines around a blunt body
Venturimeter & Orificemeter ELEMENTARY HYDRAULICS National Certificate in Technology (Civil Engineering) Chapter 5 Applications of the Bernoulli Equation The Bernoulli equation can be applied to a great
More informationReynolds, an engineering professor in early 1880 demonstrated two different types of flow through an experiment:
7 STEADY FLOW IN PIPES 7.1 Reynolds Number Reynolds, an engineering professor in early 1880 demonstrated two different types of flow through an experiment: Laminar flow Turbulent flow Reynolds apparatus
More informationMECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF FLUIDS
CHAPTER10 MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF FLUIDS QUESTIONS 1 marks questions 1. What are fluids? 2. How are fluids different from solids? 3. Define thrust of a liquid. 4. Define liquid pressure. 5. Is pressure
More informationFluid Mechanics Discussion. Prepared By: Dr.Khalil M. AlAstal Eng.Ahmed S. AlAgha Eng.Ruba M. Awad
Discussion Prepared By: Dr.Khalil M. AlAstal Eng.Ahmed S. AlAgha Eng.Ruba M. Awad 20142015 Chapter (1) Fluids and their Properties Fluids and their Properties Fluids (Liquids or gases) which a substance
More informationFluid Mechanics Answer Key of Objective & Conventional Questions
019 MPROVEMENT Mechanical Engineering Fluid Mechanics Answer Key of Objective & Conventional Questions 1 Fluid Properties 1. (c). (b) 3. (c) 4. (576) 5. (3.61)(3.50 to 3.75) 6. (0.058)(0.05 to 0.06) 7.
More informationUNIT II CONVECTION HEAT TRANSFER
UNIT II CONVECTION HEAT TRANSFER Convection is the mode of heat transfer between a surface and a fluid moving over it. The energy transfer in convection is predominately due to the bulk motion of the fluid
More informationA Model Answer for. Problem Set #7
A Model Answer for Problem Set #7 Pipe Flow and Applications Problem.1 A pipeline 70 m long connects two reservoirs having a difference in water level of 6.0 m. The pipe rises to a height of 3.0 m above
More informationFluid Dynamics Exercises and questions for the course
Fluid Dynamics Exercises and questions for the course January 15, 2014 A two dimensional flow field characterised by the following velocity components in polar coordinates is called a free vortex: u r
More informationFluid Mechanics Qualifying Examination Sample Exam 2
Fluid Mechanics Qualifying Examination Sample Exam 2 Allotted Time: 3 Hours The exam is closed book and closed notes. Students are allowed one (doublesided) formula sheet. There are five questions on
More informationChapter (6) Energy Equation and Its Applications
Chapter (6) Energy Equation and Its Applications Bernoulli Equation Bernoulli equation is one of the most useful equations in fluid mechanics and hydraulics. And it s a statement of the principle of conservation
More informationPhysics 123 Unit #1 Review
Physics 123 Unit #1 Review I. Definitions & Facts Density Specific gravity (= material / water) Pressure Atmosphere, bar, Pascal Barometer Streamline, laminar flow Turbulence Gauge pressure II. Mathematics
More informationContents. I Introduction 1. Preface. xiii
Contents Preface xiii I Introduction 1 1 Continuous matter 3 1.1 Molecules................................ 4 1.2 The continuum approximation.................... 6 1.3 Newtonian mechanics.........................
More information150A Review Session 2/13/2014 Fluid Statics. Pressure acts in all directions, normal to the surrounding surfaces
Fluid Statics Pressure acts in all directions, normal to the surrounding surfaces or Whenever a pressure difference is the driving force, use gauge pressure o Bernoulli equation o Momentum balance with
More informationSignature: (Note that unsigned exams will be given a score of zero.)
Neatly print your name: Signature: (Note that unsigned exams will be given a score of zero.) Circle your lecture section (1 point if not circled, or circled incorrectly): Prof. Dabiri Prof. Wassgren Prof.
More informationFluid Mechanics Lab (ME216F) List of Experiments
Fluid Mechanics Lab (ME216F) List of Experiments 1. To determine the coefficient of discharge C d, velocity C v, and contraction C c of various types of orifices 2. Determine of discharge coefficients
More informationHydraulics for Urban Storm Drainage
Urban Hydraulics Hydraulics for Urban Storm Drainage Learning objectives: understanding of basic concepts of fluid flow and how to analyze conduit flows, free surface flows. to analyze, hydrostatic pressure
More informationPressure and Flow Characteristics
Pressure and Flow Characteristics Continuing Education from the American Society of Plumbing Engineers August 2015 ASPE.ORG/ReadLearnEarn CEU 226 READ, LEARN, EARN Note: In determining your answers to
More informationUNIT II. Buoyancy and Kinematics of Fluid Motion
SIDDHARTH GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS :: PUTTUR Siddharth Nagar, Narayanavanam Road 517583 QUESTION BANK (DESCRIPTIVE) Subject with Code : FM(15A01305) Year & Sem: IIB.Tech & ISem Course & Branch: B.Tech 
More informationQ1 Give answers to all of the following questions (5 marks each):
FLUID MECHANICS First Year Exam Solutions 03 Q Give answers to all of the following questions (5 marks each): (a) A cylinder of m in diameter is made with material of relative density 0.5. It is moored
More information6.1 Momentum Equation for Frictionless Flow: Euler s Equation The equations of motion for frictionless flow, called Euler s
Chapter 6 INCOMPRESSIBLE INVISCID FLOW All real fluids possess viscosity. However in many flow cases it is reasonable to neglect the effects of viscosity. It is useful to investigate the dynamics of an
More informationEngineering Fluid Mechanics
Engineering Fluid Mechanics Eighth Edition Clayton T. Crowe WASHINGTON STATE UNIVERSITY, PULLMAN Donald F. Elger UNIVERSITY OF IDAHO, MOSCOW John A. Roberson WASHINGTON STATE UNIVERSITY, PULLMAN WILEY
More informationCIVE HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING PART I Pierre Julien Colorado State University
CIVE 401  HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING PART I Pierre Julien Colorado State University Problems with and are considered moderate and those with are the longest and most difficult. In 2018 solve the problems with
More informationPart A: 1 pts each, 10 pts total, no partial credit.
Part A: 1 pts each, 10 pts total, no partial credit. 1) (Correct: 1 pt/ Wrong: 3 pts). The sum of static, dynamic, and hydrostatic pressures is constant when flow is steady, irrotational, incompressible,
More informationLECTURE 6 ENERGY LOSSES IN HYDRAULIC SYSTEMS SELF EVALUATION QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
LECTURE 6 ENERGY LOSSES IN HYDRAULIC SYSTEMS SELF EVALUATION QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS 1. What is the head loss ( in units of bars) across a 30mm wide open gate valve when oil ( SG=0.9) flow through at a
More informationFLUID MECHANICS. Dynamics of Viscous Fluid Flow in Closed Pipe: DarcyWeisbach equation for flow in pipes. Major and minor losses in pipe lines.
FLUID MECHANICS Dynamics of iscous Fluid Flow in Closed Pipe: DarcyWeisbach equation for flow in pipes. Major and minor losses in pipe lines. Dr. Mohsin Siddique Assistant Professor Steady Flow Through
More information