Iran University of Science & Technology School of Mechanical Engineering Advance Fluid Mechanics


 Isabel Nicholson
 1 years ago
 Views:
Transcription
1 1. Consider a sphere of radius R immersed in a uniform stream U0, as shown in 3 R Fig.1. The fluid velocity along streamline AB is given by V ui U i x Find (a) the position of maximum fluid acceleration along AB and (b) the time required for a fluid particle to travel from A to B. Fig.1 2. A piston compresses gas in a cylinder by moving at constant speed, as in Fig.2. Let the gas density and length at t = 0 be 0 and L 0, respectively. Let the gas velocity vary linearly from u = V at the piston face to u = 0 at x = L. If the gas density varies only with time, find an expression for (t). Fig.2 3. A viscous liquid of constant and falls due to gravity between two plates a distance 2h apart, as in Fig.1. The flow is fully developed, with a single velocity component w = w(x). There are no applied pressure gradients, only gravity. Solve the NavierStokes equation for the velocity profile between the plates. Fig.3
2 4. The velocity profile for laminar flow between two plates, as in Fig.4 is: 4u max y h y u, v w 0 2 h If the wall temperature is T w at both walls, use the incompressible flow energy equation to solve for the temperature distribution T(y) between the walls for steady flow. Fig.4 5. A twodimensional, incompressible, frictionless fluid is guided by wedgeshaped walls into a small slot at the origin, as in Fig.5. The width into the paper is b, and the volume flow rate is Q. At any given distance r from the slot, the flow is radial inward, with constant velocity. Find an expression for the polarcoordinate stream function of this flow. Fig.5 Ky Kx 6. A twodimensional incompressible flow is defined by u v x y x y where K = cte. Is this flow irrotational? If so, find its velocity potential, sketch a few potential lines, and interpret the flow pattern. 7. A Consider a viscous film of liquid draining uniformly down the side of a vertical rod of radius a, as in Fig.7. At some distance down the rod the film will approach a terminal or fully developed draining flow of constant outer radius b, with v z = v z (r), v = v r = 0. Assume that the atmosphere offers no shear resistance to the film motion. Derive a differential equation for v z, state the proper boundary conditions, and solve for the film velocity distribution. How does the film radius b relate to the total film volume flow rate Q?
3 Fig.7 8. The flow pattern in bearing lubrication can be illustrated by Fig.8, where a viscous oil (, ) is forced into the gap h(x) between a fixed slipper block and a wall moving at velocity U. If the gap is thin, h << L, it can be shown that the pressure and velocity distributions are of the form p = p(x), u = u(y), v = w = 0. Neglecting gravity, reduce the Navier Stokes equations to a single differential equation for u(y). What are the 1 dp proper boundary conditions? Integrate and show that: 2 y u y yh U 1, 2 dx h where h = h(x) may be an arbitrary slowly varying gap width. Fig The viscous oil in Fig.9 is set into steady motion by a concentric inner cylinder moving axially at velocity U inside a fixed outer cylinder. Assuming constant pressure and density and a purely axial fluid motion, solve NavierStokes equations for the fluid velocity distribution v z (r). What are the proper boundary conditions? Fig. 9
4 10. Find the resultant velocity vector induced at point A in Fig. 10 by the uniform stream, vortex, and line source. Fig A Rankine halfbody is formed as shown in Fig. 11. For the stream velocity and body dimension shown, compute (a) the source strength m in m 2 /s, (b) the distance a, (c) the distance h, and (d) the total velocity at point A. Fig Wind at U and p flows past a Quonset hut which is a halfcylinder of radius a and length L (Fig. 12). The internal pressure is pi. Using inviscid theory, derive an expression for the upward force on the hut due to the difference between pi and ps. Fig It is desired to simulate flow past a twodimensional ridge or bump by using a streamline which passes above the flow over a cylinder, as in Fig. 13. The bump is to
5 be a/2 high, where a is the cylinder radius. What is the elevation h of this streamline? What is U max on the bump compared with stream velocity U? Fig The steady plane flow in Fig. 14 has the polar velocity components v = Ωr and v r =0. Determine the circulation around the path shown. Fig Consider three equal sources m in a triangular configuration: one at (a/2, 0), one at (a/2, 0), and one at (0, a). Plot the streamlines for this flow. Are there any stagnation points? Hint: Try the MATLAB contour command. 16. Air at 20 C and 1 atm flows at 20 m/s past the flat plate in Fig. 1. A pitot stagnation tube, placed 2 mm from the wall, develops a manometer head h = 16 mm of Meriam red oil, SG = Use this information to estimate the downstream position x of the pitot tube. Assume laminar flow. Fig.16
6 17. Suppose you buy a 4 by 8ft sheet of plywood and put it on your roof rack. (See Fig. 2.) You drive home at 35 mi/h. (a) Assuming the board is perfectly aligned with the airflow, how thick is the boundary layer at the end of the board? (b) Estimate the drag on the sheet of plywood if the boundary layer remains laminar. (c) Estimate the drag on the sheet of plywood if the boundary layer is turbulent (assume the wood is smooth), and compare the result to that of the laminar boundarylayer case. Fig For flow past a cylinder of radius R as in Fig. 3, the theoretical inviscid velocity distribution along the surface is U = 2U 0 sin (x/r), where U 0 is the oncoming stream velocity and x is the arc length measured from the nose. Compute the laminar separation point x sep and sep by Thwaites method, and compare with the digital computer solution x sep /R = ( sep = ) given by R. M. Terrill in Fig The cross section of a cylinder is shown in Fig. 4. Assume that on the front surface the velocity is given by potential theory, V =2U sin, from which the surface pressure is computed by Bernoulli s equation. In the separated flow on the rear, the pressure is assumed equal to its value at = 90. Compute the theoretical drag coefficient and compare with Table 7.2 (White). Fig.19
SPC Aerodynamics Course Assignment Due Date Monday 28 May 2018 at 11:30
SPC 307  Aerodynamics Course Assignment Due Date Monday 28 May 2018 at 11:30 1. The maximum velocity at which an aircraft can cruise occurs when the thrust available with the engines operating with the
More informationFluid Mechanics Qualifying Examination Sample Exam 2
Fluid Mechanics Qualifying Examination Sample Exam 2 Allotted Time: 3 Hours The exam is closed book and closed notes. Students are allowed one (doublesided) formula sheet. There are five questions on
More informationREE Internal Fluid Flow Sheet 2  Solution Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics
REE 307  Internal Fluid Flow Sheet 2  Solution Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics 1. Is the following flows physically possible, that is, satisfy the continuity equation? Substitute the expressions for
More informationFigure 3: Problem 7. (a) 0.9 m (b) 1.8 m (c) 2.7 m (d) 3.6 m
1. For the manometer shown in figure 1, if the absolute pressure at point A is 1.013 10 5 Pa, the absolute pressure at point B is (ρ water =10 3 kg/m 3, ρ Hg =13.56 10 3 kg/m 3, ρ oil = 800kg/m 3 ): (a)
More informationThe Bernoulli Equation
The Bernoulli Equation The most used and the most abused equation in fluid mechanics. Newton s Second Law: F = ma In general, most real flows are 3D, unsteady (x, y, z, t; r,θ, z, t; etc) Let consider
More informationMAE 101A. Homework 7  Solutions 3/12/2018
MAE 101A Homework 7  Solutions 3/12/2018 Munson 6.31: The stream function for a twodimensional, nonviscous, incompressible flow field is given by the expression ψ = 2(x y) where the stream function has
More informationMeasurements using Bernoulli s equation
An Internet Book on Fluid Dynamics Measurements using Bernoulli s equation Many fluid measurement devices and techniques are based on Bernoulli s equation and we list them here with analysis and discussion.
More informationSome Basic Plane Potential Flows
Some Basic Plane Potential Flows Uniform Stream in the x Direction A uniform stream V = iu, as in the Fig. (Solid lines are streamlines and dashed lines are potential lines), possesses both a stream function
More information4 Mechanics of Fluids (I)
1. The x and y components of velocity for a twodimensional flow are u = 3.0 ft/s and v = 9.0x ft/s where x is in feet. Determine the equation for the streamlines and graph representative streamlines in
More informationDetailed Outline, M E 320 Fluid Flow, Spring Semester 2015
Detailed Outline, M E 320 Fluid Flow, Spring Semester 2015 I. Introduction (Chapters 1 and 2) A. What is Fluid Mechanics? 1. What is a fluid? 2. What is mechanics? B. Classification of Fluid Flows 1. Viscous
More informationINSTITUTE OF AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING Dundigal, Hyderabad AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING QUESTION BANK : AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING.
Course Name Course Code Class Branch INSTITUTE OF AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING Dundigal, Hyderabad  00 0 AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING : Mechanics of Fluids : A00 : III B. Tech Year : 0 0 Course Coordinator
More informationME3560 Tentative Schedule Spring 2019
ME3560 Tentative Schedule Spring 2019 Week Number Date Lecture Topics Covered Prior to Lecture Read Section Assignment Prep Problems for Prep Probs. Must be Solved by 1 Monday 1/7/2019 1 Introduction to
More informationSignature: (Note that unsigned exams will be given a score of zero.)
Neatly print your name: Signature: (Note that unsigned exams will be given a score of zero.) Circle your lecture section (1 point if not circled, or circled incorrectly): Prof. Dabiri Prof. Wassgren Prof.
More informationME3560 Tentative Schedule Fall 2018
ME3560 Tentative Schedule Fall 2018 Week Number 1 Wednesday 8/29/2018 1 Date Lecture Topics Covered Introduction to course, syllabus and class policies. Math Review. Differentiation. Prior to Lecture Read
More informationGiven a stream function for a cylinder in a uniform flow with circulation: a) Sketch the flow pattern in terms of streamlines.
Question Given a stream function for a cylinder in a uniform flow with circulation: R Γ r ψ = U r sinθ + ln r π R a) Sketch the flow pattern in terms of streamlines. b) Derive an expression for the angular
More informationENGINEERING FLUID MECHANICS. CHAPTER 1 Properties of Fluids
CHAPTER 1 Properties of Fluids ENGINEERING FLUID MECHANICS 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Development of Fluid Mechanics 1.3 Units of Measurement (SI units) 1.4 Mass, Density, Specific Weight, Specific Volume, Specific
More information6.1 Momentum Equation for Frictionless Flow: Euler s Equation The equations of motion for frictionless flow, called Euler s
Chapter 6 INCOMPRESSIBLE INVISCID FLOW All real fluids possess viscosity. However in many flow cases it is reasonable to neglect the effects of viscosity. It is useful to investigate the dynamics of an
More information10.52 Mechanics of Fluids Spring 2006 Problem Set 3
10.52 Mechanics of Fluids Spring 2006 Problem Set 3 Problem 1 Mass transfer studies involving the transport of a solute from a gas to a liquid often involve the use of a laminar jet of liquid. The situation
More informationPHYSICAL MECHANISM OF CONVECTION
Tue 8:54:24 AM Slide Nr. 0 of 33 Slides PHYSICAL MECHANISM OF CONVECTION Heat transfer through a fluid is by convection in the presence of bulk fluid motion and by conduction in the absence of it. Chapter
More informationDesign and Modeling of Fluid Power Systems ME 597/ABE Lecture 7
Systems ME 597/ABE 591  Lecture 7 Dr. Monika Ivantysynova MAHA Professor Fluid Power Systems MAHA Fluid Power Research Center Purdue University Content of 6th lecture The lubricating gap as a basic design
More informationFundamentals of Fluid Mechanics
Sixth Edition Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics International Student Version BRUCE R. MUNSON DONALD F. YOUNG Department of Aerospace Engineering and Engineering Mechanics THEODORE H. OKIISHI Department
More informationPart A: 1 pts each, 10 pts total, no partial credit.
Part A: 1 pts each, 10 pts total, no partial credit. 1) (Correct: 1 pt/ Wrong: 3 pts). The sum of static, dynamic, and hydrostatic pressures is constant when flow is steady, irrotational, incompressible,
More informationS.E. (Mech.) (First Sem.) EXAMINATION, (Common to Mech/Sandwich) FLUID MECHANICS (2008 PATTERN) Time : Three Hours Maximum Marks : 100
Total No. of Questions 12] [Total No. of Printed Pages 8 Seat No. [4262]113 S.E. (Mech.) (First Sem.) EXAMINATION, 2012 (Common to Mech/Sandwich) FLUID MECHANICS (2008 PATTERN) Time : Three Hours Maximum
More information5 ENERGY EQUATION OF FLUID MOTION
5 ENERGY EQUATION OF FLUID MOTION 5.1 Introduction In order to develop the equations that describe a flow, it is assumed that fluids are subject to certain fundamental laws of physics. The pertinent laws
More informationCE 6303 MECHANICS OF FLUIDS L T P C QUESTION BANK 3 0 0 3 UNIT I FLUID PROPERTIES AND FLUID STATICS PART  A 1. Define fluid and fluid mechanics. 2. Define real and ideal fluids. 3. Define mass density
More informationWhat we know about Fluid Mechanics. What we know about Fluid Mechanics
What we know about Fluid Mechanics 1. Survey says. 3. Image from: www.axs.com 4. 5. 6. 1 What we know about Fluid Mechanics 1. MEB (single input, single output, steady, incompressible, no rxn, no phase
More informationDetailed Outline, M E 521: Foundations of Fluid Mechanics I
Detailed Outline, M E 521: Foundations of Fluid Mechanics I I. Introduction and Review A. Notation 1. Vectors 2. Secondorder tensors 3. Volume vs. velocity 4. Del operator B. Chapter 1: Review of Basic
More informationUNIT I FLUID PROPERTIES AND STATICS
SIDDHARTH GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS :: PUTTUR Siddharth Nagar, Narayanavanam Road 517583 QUESTION BANK (DESCRIPTIVE) Subject with Code : Fluid Mechanics (16CE106) Year & Sem: IIB.Tech & ISem Course & Branch:
More informationFE Fluids Review March 23, 2012 Steve Burian (Civil & Environmental Engineering)
Topic: Fluid Properties 1. If 6 m 3 of oil weighs 47 kn, calculate its specific weight, density, and specific gravity. 2. 10.0 L of an incompressible liquid exert a force of 20 N at the earth s surface.
More informationPressure in stationary and moving fluid Lab Lab On On Chip: Lecture 2
Pressure in stationary and moving fluid LabOnChip: Lecture Lecture plan what is pressure e and how it s distributed in static fluid water pressure in engineering problems buoyancy y and archimedes law;
More informationFluid Dynamics: Theory, Computation, and Numerical Simulation Second Edition
Fluid Dynamics: Theory, Computation, and Numerical Simulation Second Edition C. Pozrikidis m Springer Contents Preface v 1 Introduction to Kinematics 1 1.1 Fluids and solids 1 1.2 Fluid parcels and flow
More informationFLUID MECHANICS. Chapter 9 Flow over Immersed Bodies
FLUID MECHANICS Chapter 9 Flow over Immersed Bodies CHAP 9. FLOW OVER IMMERSED BODIES CONTENTS 9.1 General External Flow Characteristics 9.3 Drag 9.4 Lift 9.1 General External Flow Characteristics 9.1.1
More informationCLASS SCHEDULE 2013 FALL
CLASS SCHEDULE 2013 FALL Class # or Lab # 1 Date Aug 26 2 28 Important Concepts (Section # in Text Reading, Lecture note) Examples/Lab Activities Definition fluid; continuum hypothesis; fluid properties
More information2 NavierStokes Equations
1 Integral analysis 1. Water enters a pipe bend horizontally with a uniform velocity, u 1 = 5 m/s. The pipe is bended at 90 so that the water leaves it vertically downwards. The input diameter d 1 = 0.1
More informationPART 1B EXPERIMENTAL ENGINEERING. SUBJECT: FLUID MECHANICS & HEAT TRANSFER LOCATION: HYDRAULICS LAB (Gnd Floor Inglis Bldg) BOUNDARY LAYERS AND DRAG
1 PART 1B EXPERIMENTAL ENGINEERING SUBJECT: FLUID MECHANICS & HEAT TRANSFER LOCATION: HYDRAULICS LAB (Gnd Floor Inglis Bldg) EXPERIMENT T3 (LONG) BOUNDARY LAYERS AND DRAG OBJECTIVES a) To measure the velocity
More informationAerodynamics. Basic Aerodynamics. Continuity equation (mass conserved) Some thermodynamics. Energy equation (energy conserved)
Flow with no friction (inviscid) Aerodynamics Basic Aerodynamics Continuity equation (mass conserved) Flow with friction (viscous) Momentum equation (F = ma) 1. Euler s equation 2. Bernoulli s equation
More informationSteady waves in compressible flow
Chapter Steady waves in compressible flow. Oblique shock waves Figure. shows an oblique shock wave produced when a supersonic flow is deflected by an angle. Figure.: Flow geometry near a plane oblique
More informationInviscid & Incompressible flow
< 3.1. Introduction and Road Map > Basic aspects of inviscid, incompressible flow Bernoulli s Equation Laplaces s Equation Some Elementary flows Some simple applications 1.Venturi 2. Lowspeed wind tunnel
More informationV (r,t) = i ˆ u( x, y,z,t) + ˆ j v( x, y,z,t) + k ˆ w( x, y, z,t)
IV. DIFFERENTIAL RELATIONS FOR A FLUID PARTICLE This chapter presents the development and application of the basic differential equations of fluid motion. Simplifications in the general equations and common
More informationOPEN QUIZ WHEN TOLD AT 7:00 PM
2.25 ADVANCED FLUID MECHANICS Fall 2013 QUIZ 1 THURSDAY, October 10th, 7:009:00 P.M. OPEN QUIZ WHEN TOLD AT 7:00 PM THERE ARE TWO PROBLEMS OF EQUAL WEIGHT Please answer each question in DIFFERENT books
More informationAll that begins... peace be upon you
All that begins... peace be upon you Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Department of Thermo Fluids SKMM 2323 Mechanics of Fluids 2 «An excerpt (mostly) from White (2011)» ibn Abdullah May 2017 Outline
More informationQ1 Give answers to all of the following questions (5 marks each):
FLUID MECHANICS First Year Exam Solutions 03 Q Give answers to all of the following questions (5 marks each): (a) A cylinder of m in diameter is made with material of relative density 0.5. It is moored
More informationFluid Dynamics Problems M.Sc MathematicsSecond Semester Dr. Dinesh KhattarK.M.College
Fluid Dynamics Problems M.Sc MathematicsSecond Semester Dr. Dinesh KhattarK.M.College 1. (Example, p.74, Chorlton) At the point in an incompressible fluid having spherical polar coordinates,,, the velocity
More informationChapter 3 Bernoulli Equation
1 Bernoulli Equation 3.1 Flow Patterns: Streamlines, Pathlines, Streaklines 1) A streamline, is a line that is everywhere tangent to the velocity vector at a given instant. Examples of streamlines around
More informationMass of fluid leaving per unit time
5 ENERGY EQUATION OF FLUID MOTION 5.1 Eulerian Approach & Control Volume In order to develop the equations that describe a flow, it is assumed that fluids are subject to certain fundamental laws of physics.
More informationProblem 4.3. Problem 4.4
Problem 4.3 Problem 4.4 Problem 4.5 Problem 4.6 Problem 4.7 This is forced convection flow over a streamlined body. Viscous (velocity) boundary layer approximations can be made if the Reynolds number Re
More informationPressure in stationary and moving fluid. LabOnChip: Lecture 2
Pressure in stationary and moving fluid LabOnChip: Lecture Fluid Statics No shearing stress.no relative movement between adjacent fluid particles, i.e. static or moving as a single block Pressure at
More informationBERNOULLI EQUATION. The motion of a fluid is usually extremely complex.
BERNOULLI EQUATION The motion of a fluid is usually extremely complex. The study of a fluid at rest, or in relative equilibrium, was simplified by the absence of shear stress, but when a fluid flows over
More informationPEMP ACD2505. M.S. Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru
TwoDimensional Potential Flow Session delivered by: Prof. M. D. Deshpande 1 Session Objectives  At the end of this session the delegate would have understood PEMP The potential theory and its application
More information3.8 The First Law of Thermodynamics and the Energy Equation
CEE 3310 Control Volume Analysis, Sep 30, 2011 65 Review Conservation of angular momentum 1D form ( r F )ext = [ˆ ] ( r v)d + ( r v) out ṁ out ( r v) in ṁ in t CV 3.8 The First Law of Thermodynamics and
More informationUNIVERSITY of LIMERICK
UNIVERSITY of LIMERICK OLLSCOIL LUIMNIGH Faculty of Science and Engineering END OF SEMESTER ASSESSMENT PAPER MODULE CODE: MA4607 SEMESTER: Autumn 201213 MODULE TITLE: Introduction to Fluids DURATION OF
More informationFluid Mechanics II Viscosity and shear stresses
Fluid Mechanics II Viscosity and shear stresses Shear stresses in a Newtonian fluid A fluid at rest can not resist shearing forces. Under the action of such forces it deforms continuously, however small
More informationDepartment of Mechanical Engineering
Department of Mechanical Engineering AMEE401 / AUTO400 Aerodynamics Instructor: Marios M. Fyrillas Email: eng.fm@fit.ac.cy HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT #2 QUESTION 1 Clearly there are two mechanisms responsible
More informationFLUID MECHANICS. Chapter 3 Elementary Fluid Dynamics  The Bernoulli Equation
FLUID MECHANICS Chapter 3 Elementary Fluid Dynamics  The Bernoulli Equation CHAP 3. ELEMENTARY FLUID DYNAMICS  THE BERNOULLI EQUATION CONTENTS 3. Newton s Second Law 3. F = ma along a Streamline 3.3
More information2.The lines that are tangent to the velocity vectors throughout the flow field are called steady flow lines. True or False A. True B.
CHAPTER 03 1. Write Newton's second law of motion. YOUR ANSWER: F = ma 2.The lines that are tangent to the velocity vectors throughout the flow field are called steady flow lines. True or False 3.Streamwise
More informationVARIED FLOW IN OPEN CHANNELS
Chapter 15 Open Channels vs. Closed Conduits VARIED FLOW IN OPEN CHANNELS Fluid Mechanics, Spring Term 2011 In a closed conduit there can be a pressure gradient that drives the flow. An open channel has
More informationME 309 Fluid Mechanics Fall 2010 Exam 2 1A. 1B.
Fall 010 Exam 1A. 1B. Fall 010 Exam 1C. Water is flowing through a 180º bend. The inner and outer radii of the bend are 0.75 and 1.5 m, respectively. The velocity profile is approximated as C/r where C
More informationR09. d water surface. Prove that the depth of pressure is equal to p +.
Code No:A109210105 R09 SET1 B.Tech II Year  I Semester Examinations, December 2011 FLUID MECHANICS (CIVIL ENGINEERING) Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 75 Answer any five questions All questions carry equal
More information10  FLUID MECHANICS Page 1
0  FLUID MECHANICS Page Introduction Fluid is a matter in a state which can flow. Liquids, gases, molten metal and tar are examples of fluids. Fluid mechanics is studied in two parts: ( i ) Fluid statics
More informationCandidates must show on each answer book the type of calculator used. Only calculators permitted under UEA Regulations may be used.
UNIVERSITY OF EAST ANGLIA School of Mathematics May/June UG Examination 2011 2012 FLUID DYNAMICS MTH3D41 Time allowed: 3 hours Attempt FIVE questions. Candidates must show on each answer book the type
More informationUNIVERSITY OF EAST ANGLIA
UNIVERSITY OF EAST ANGLIA School of Mathematics May/June UG Examination 2007 2008 FLUIDS DYNAMICS WITH ADVANCED TOPICS Time allowed: 3 hours Attempt question ONE and FOUR other questions. Candidates must
More informationWater is sloshing back and forth between two infinite vertical walls separated by a distance L: h(x,t) Water L
ME9a. SOLUTIONS. Nov., 29. Due Nov. 7 PROBLEM 2 Water is sloshing back and forth between two infinite vertical walls separated by a distance L: y Surface Water L h(x,t x Tank The flow is assumed to be
More informationPIPE FLOWS: LECTURE /04/2017. Yesterday, for the example problem Δp = f(v, ρ, μ, L, D) We came up with the non dimensional relation
/04/07 ECTURE 4 PIPE FOWS: Yesterday, for the example problem Δp = f(v, ρ, μ,, ) We came up with the non dimensional relation f (, ) 3 V or, p f(, ) You can plot π versus π with π 3 as a parameter. Or,
More informationTOPICS. Density. Pressure. Variation of Pressure with Depth. Pressure Measurements. Buoyant ForcesArchimedes Principle
Lecture 6 Fluids TOPICS Density Pressure Variation of Pressure with Depth Pressure Measurements Buoyant ForcesArchimedes Principle Surface Tension ( External source ) Viscosity ( External source ) Equation
More information1. Fluid Dynamics Around Airfoils
1. Fluid Dynamics Around Airfoils Twodimensional flow around a streamlined shape Foces on an airfoil Distribution of pressue coefficient over an airfoil The variation of the lift coefficient with the
More informationObjectives. Conservation of mass principle: Mass Equation The Bernoulli equation Conservation of energy principle: Energy equation
Objectives Conservation of mass principle: Mass Equation The Bernoulli equation Conservation of energy principle: Energy equation Conservation of Mass Conservation of Mass Mass, like energy, is a conserved
More informationLesson 6 Review of fundamentals: Fluid flow
Lesson 6 Review of fundamentals: Fluid flow The specific objective of this lesson is to conduct a brief review of the fundamentals of fluid flow and present: A general equation for conservation of mass
More informationFluid Mechanics. Chapter 9 Surface Resistance. Dr. Amer Khalil Ababneh
Fluid Mechanics Chapter 9 Surface Resistance Dr. Amer Khalil Ababneh Wind tunnel used for testing flow over models. Introduction Resistances exerted by surfaces are a result of viscous stresses which create
More informationvector H. If O is the point about which moments are desired, the angular moment about O is given:
The angular momentum A control volume analysis can be applied to the angular momentum, by letting B equal to angularmomentum vector H. If O is the point about which moments are desired, the angular moment
More informationLaminar Flow. Chapter ZERO PRESSURE GRADIENT
Chapter 2 Laminar Flow 2.1 ZERO PRESSRE GRADIENT Problem 2.1.1 Consider a uniform flow of velocity over a flat plate of length L of a fluid of kinematic viscosity ν. Assume that the fluid is incompressible
More informationUNIT IV BOUNDARY LAYER AND FLOW THROUGH PIPES Definition of boundary layer Thickness and classification Displacement and momentum thickness Development of laminar and turbulent flows in circular pipes
More informationCENG 501 Examination Problem: Estimation of Viscosity with a Falling  Cylinder Viscometer
CENG 501 Examination Problem: Estimation of Viscosity with a Falling  Cylinder Viscometer You are assigned to design a fallingcylinder viscometer to measure the viscosity of Newtonian liquids. A schematic
More informationVelocity Measurement in Free Surface Flows
Velocity Measurement in Free Surface Flows Generally, the flow is assumed as one dimensional and standard. Pitot tube is used for measurement of velocity using either an inclined manometer or other type
More informationChapter 14. Lecture 1 Fluid Mechanics. Dr. Armen Kocharian
Chapter 14 Lecture 1 Fluid Mechanics Dr. Armen Kocharian States of Matter Solid Has a definite volume and shape Liquid Has a definite volume but not a definite shape Gas unconfined Has neither a definite
More informationGiven the water behaves as shown above, which direction will the cylinder rotate?
water stream fixed but free to rotate Given the water behaves as shown above, which direction will the cylinder rotate? ) Clockwise 2) Counterclockwise 3) Not enough information F y U 0 U F x V=0 V=0
More informationF11AE1 1. C = ρν r r. r u z r
F11AE1 1 Question 1 20 Marks) Consider an infinite horizontal pipe with circular crosssection of radius a, whose centre line is aligned along the zaxis; see Figure 1. Assume noslip boundary conditions
More information1. Introduction, tensors, kinematics
1. Introduction, tensors, kinematics Content: Introduction to fluids, Cartesian tensors, vector algebra using tensor notation, operators in tensor form, Eulerian and Lagrangian description of scalar and
More informationFluid Dynamics Exercises and questions for the course
Fluid Dynamics Exercises and questions for the course January 15, 2014 A two dimensional flow field characterised by the following velocity components in polar coordinates is called a free vortex: u r
More informationProf. Scalo Prof. Vlachos Prof. Ardekani Prof. Dabiri 08:30 09:20 A.M 10:30 11:20 A.M. 1:30 2:20 P.M. 3:30 4:20 P.M.
Page 1 Neatly print your name: Signature: (Note that unsigned exams will be given a score of zero.) Circle your lecture section (1 point if not circled, or circled incorrectly): Prof. Scalo Prof. Vlachos
More informationChapter 9. Solids and Fluids. 1. Introduction. 2. Fluids at Rest. 3. Fluid Motion
Chapter 9 Solids and Fluids 1. Introduction 2. Fluids at Rest 3. Fluid Motion 1 States of Matter Solid Liquid Gas Plasma 2 Density and Specific Gravity What is Density? How do I calculate it? What are
More informationApplied Fluid Mechanics
Applied Fluid Mechanics 1. The Nature of Fluid and the Study of Fluid Mechanics 2. Viscosity of Fluid 3. Pressure Measurement 4. Forces Due to Static Fluid 5. Buoyancy and Stability 6. Flow of Fluid and
More informationHOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT ON BERNOULLI S EQUATION
AMEE 0 Introduction to Fluid Mechanics Instructor: Marios M. Fyrillas Email: m.fyrillas@frederick.ac.cy HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT ON BERNOULLI S EQUATION. Conventional sprayguns operate by achieving a low pressure
More informationFluid Dynamics for Ocean and Environmental Engineering Homework #2 Viscous Flow
OCEN 678600 Fluid Dynamics for Ocean and Environmental Engineering Homework #2 Viscous Flow Date distributed : 9.18.2005 Date due : 9.29.2005 at 5:00 pm Return your solution either in class or in my mail
More informationFluids. Fluids in Motion or Fluid Dynamics
Fluids Fluids in Motion or Fluid Dynamics Resources: Serway  Chapter 9: 9.79.8 Physics B Lesson 3: Fluid Flow Continuity Physics B Lesson 4: Bernoulli's Equation MIT  8: Hydrostatics, Archimedes' Principle,
More informationThe Pilot Design StudioClassroom. Joseph Cataldo The Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art
The Pilot Design StudioClassroom Joseph Cataldo The Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art Studio Method Used for Many decades in Architectural and Art Schools Origins The concept of the
More informationCHEN 3200 Fluid Mechanics Spring Homework 3 solutions
Homework 3 solutions 1. An artery with an inner diameter of 15 mm contains blood flowing at a rate of 5000 ml/min. Further along the artery, arterial plaque has partially clogged the artery, reducing the
More informationIn which of the following scenarios is applying the following form of Bernoulli s equation: steady, inviscid, uniform stream of water. Ma = 0.
bernoulli_11 In which of the following scenarios is applying the following form of Bernoulli s equation: p V z constant! g + g + = from point 1 to point valid? a. 1 stagnant column of water steady, inviscid,
More informationUNIT II CONVECTION HEAT TRANSFER
UNIT II CONVECTION HEAT TRANSFER Convection is the mode of heat transfer between a surface and a fluid moving over it. The energy transfer in convection is predominately due to the bulk motion of the fluid
More informationFundamentals of Aerodynamics
Fundamentals of Aerodynamics Fourth Edition John D. Anderson, Jr. Curator of Aerodynamics National Air and Space Museum Smithsonian Institution and Professor Emeritus University of Maryland Me Graw Hill
More informationLecture4. Flow Past Immersed Bodies
Lecture4 Flow Past Immersed Bodies Learning objectives After completing this lecture, you should be able to: Identify and discuss the features of external flow Explain the fundamental characteristics
More informationShell Balances in Fluid Mechanics
Shell Balances in Fluid Mechanics R. Shankar Subramanian Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering Clarkson University When fluid flow occurs in a single direction everywhere in a system, shell
More informationFUNDAMENTALS OF AERODYNAMICS
*A \ FUNDAMENTALS OF AERODYNAMICS Second Edition John D. Anderson, Jr. Professor of Aerospace Engineering University of Maryland H ' McGrawHill, Inc. New York St. Louis San Francisco Auckland Bogota Caracas
More informationChapter 1: Basic Concepts
What is a fluid? A fluid is a substance in the gaseous or liquid form Distinction between solid and fluid? Solid: can resist an applied shear by deforming. Stress is proportional to strain Fluid: deforms
More informationVisualization of flow pattern over or around immersed objects in open channel flow.
EXPERIMENT SEVEN: FLOW VISUALIZATION AND ANALYSIS I OBJECTIVE OF THE EXPERIMENT: Visualization of flow pattern over or around immersed objects in open channel flow. II THEORY AND EQUATION: Open channel:
More informationChapter 14. Fluid Mechanics
Chapter 14 Fluid Mechanics States of Matter Solid Has a definite volume and shape Liquid Has a definite volume but not a definite shape Gas unconfined Has neither a definite volume nor shape All of these
More informationMA3D1 Fluid Dynamics Support Class 5  Shear Flows and Blunt Bodies
MA3D1 Fluid Dynamics Support Class 5  Shear Flows and Blunt Bodies 13th February 2015 Jorge Lindley email: J.V.M.Lindley@warwick.ac.uk 1 2D Flows  Shear flows Example 1. Flow over an inclined plane A
More information5.1 Fluid momentum equation Hydrostatics Archimedes theorem The vorticity equation... 42
Chapter 5 Euler s equation Contents 5.1 Fluid momentum equation........................ 39 5. Hydrostatics................................ 40 5.3 Archimedes theorem........................... 41 5.4 The
More informationFriction Factors and Drag Coefficients
Levicky 1 Friction Factors and Drag Coefficients Several equations that we have seen have included terms to represent dissipation of energy due to the viscous nature of fluid flow. For example, in the
More informationUnit C1: List of Subjects
Unit C: List of Subjects The elocity Field The Acceleration Field The Material or Substantial Derivative Steady Flow and Streamlines Fluid Particle in a Flow Field F=ma along a Streamline Bernoulli s
More informationUNIT 4 FORCES ON IMMERSED BODIES. Lecture01
1 UNIT 4 FORCES ON IMMERSED BODIES Lecture01 Forces on immersed bodies When a body is immersed in a real fluid, which is flowing at a uniform velocity U, the fluid will exert a force on the body. The
More information