JOVIAN VS. TERRESTRIAL PLANETS. To begin lets start with an outline of the solar system.

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "JOVIAN VS. TERRESTRIAL PLANETS. To begin lets start with an outline of the solar system."

Transcription

1

2 JOVIAN VS. TERRESTRIAL PLANETS To begin lets start with an outline of the solar system.

3 JOVIAN VS. TERRESTRIAL PLANETS What are Jovian and Terrestrial planets? Terrestrial planets are Earth like planets, and they include Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars. These planets have hard, rocky surfaces with mountains, craters, valleys and volcanoes.

4 JOVIAN VS. TERRESTRIAL PLANETS What are Jovian planets? Jovian planets are Jupiter like planets, they include Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune! They are gas planets, and the visible surface features of a Jovian planet are actually cloud formations in the planets atmosphere

5 JOVIAN VS. TERRESTRIAL What is Pluto? Pluto is actually a dwarf planet. Dwarf planets are small masses of ice and rock that lie past Neptune out in the Kuiper Belt Pluto is one of the larger dwarf planets.

6 PHASES OF THE MOON 8 PHASES: NEW MOON, WAXING CRESCENT, FIRST QUARTER, WAXING GIBBOUS, FULL MOON, WANING GIBBOUS, THIRD QUARTER, WANING CRESCENT

7 8 PHASES OF THE MOON

8 NEW MOON WAXING CRESCENT FIRST QUARTER New Moon Moon is positioned between the earth and sun. No moon in the sky Waxing Crescent more of a shadow appears, looks like a quarter of the moon is lit up First Quarter moon is at a 90 degree angle with the sun. Half of the moon is lit up

9 WAXING GIBBOUS FULL MOON WANING GIBBOUS Waxing gibbous about three quarters of the moon is lit up Full Moon maximum brightness from the moon Waning Gibbous the brightness decreases and looks like three quarters of the moon is lit up

10 THIRD QUARTER WANING CRESCENT Third quarter The moon is again at a 90 degree angle with the Earth. Notice how the shadow is now on the right side of the moon Waning Crescent The shadow will contiune to get bigger until there is a new moon in the sky

11 LUNAR ECLIPSE Occurs when the moon is directly behind the Earth, and is in line with the sun, Earth being the middle Three types of eclipses Penumbral hard to see and don t last long at all Partial only a portion of the moon passes through the shadow, very easy to see Total the moon passes through the shadow and the moon will turn red

12 LUNAR AND SOLAR ECLIPSE

13

14 SOLAR ECLIPSE Occurs when the moon passes between the sun and earth and the moon is fully or partially blocks the sun

15 THE MILKY WAY GALAXY Home to our solar system It is a barred galaxy It is 100,000 light years across and 1,000 light years thick

16 THE MILKY WAY GALAXY What is the Milky Way we see in the night sky? Described by cultures past as a Path of Light or River of milk although it is actually the bar that goes through the center of our galaxy

17 THE MILKY WAY GALAXY Our galaxy is composed of two major arms, two minor arms and two spurs Earth s solar system is located in the Orion Arm between the major arms Perseus and Sagittarius.

18 What is a Black Hole? BLACK HOLES A region of space having a gravitational field so intense that no matter or radiation can escape. A black hole is a piece in space where gravity pulls so much that even light can not escape. Gravity is so strong because matter has been squeezed into a tiny space. They can only happen when a star is dying. Because no light can escape, people cant see black holes. Special tools can see how stars that surround black holes act differently than other stars, to see if stars are orbiting the black hole.

19 THE SIZE OF BLACK HOLES Can be big or small. The small ones are tiny but have the mass of a large mountain. Large black holes are called supermassive which have masses of more than 1 million suns. A supermassive black hole is located at the center of every large galaxy including ours which is called Sagittarius A.

20 STELLAR BLACK HOLES Stellar black holes can be 20 times greater than the sun. There may be several stellar mass black holes in our Milky Way galaxy.

21 HOW THEY FORM Stellar black holes form when a star collapses within itself, when this happens its called a supernova as the star explodes. Black holes have been around since the galaxy s began to form.

22 PARTS OF A BLACK HOLE A black hole is in the shape of a cone, so it begins wide and shrinks down to a point. The event horizon surrounds the black hole, this is where the escape speed from the hole equals the speed of light. The center of the black hole is called the singularity, this is where the black hole reaches a tiny point.

23 COULD A BLACK HOLE DESTROY THE EARTH? Black holes do not go around consuming stars. Earth will not fall into a black hole because there are no black holes that are close to us. Even if a black hole replaced the Sun we wouldn t be sucked in, we would continue to orbit the black hole the same as we do the Sun, because the gravity would be the same as the Suns.

24

25 WHAT IS THE GREAT IMPACT THEORY? The Great Impact Theory believes that the Moon was formed out of debris that were left over from a collision between the Earth and Theia about four and a half billion years ago Theia is named for the Greek Titan mother of Selene, goddess of the Moon. Supporting evidence includes: the similarities between Earth's and the Moon's orbit, Moon samples indicating that surface was once molten, evidence of similar collisions in other star systems, and that giant collisions are consistent with the leading theories of the solar system formation, and the stable isotope ratios of lunar and terrestrial rock are identical, implying a common origin.

26

27 HOW DID THIS BECOME EVOLVED? The concept surrounding this theory was first presented in 1974 at a sattelite convention Hartman and David published Icarus, and with this the Great Impact theory was formed In the 1990's, Dr. Robin Canup wrote a Ph.D. dissertation on the moon's origin and the giant impact hypothesis, which produced new modeling of the aggregation of the debris into moonlets, and eventually, into the moon itself. Dr. Canup is continuing the modeling of the lunar accretion process.

28

29 WATCH THIS!!

SPI Use data to draw conclusions about the major components of the universe.

SPI Use data to draw conclusions about the major components of the universe. SPI 0607.6.1 - Use data to draw conclusions about the major components of the universe. o Stars are huge, hot, brilliant balls of gas trillions of kilometers away. A Galaxy is a collection of billions

More information

ASTRONOMY. S6E1 a, b, c, d, e, f S6E2 a, b, c,

ASTRONOMY. S6E1 a, b, c, d, e, f S6E2 a, b, c, ASTRONOMY S6E1 a, b, c, d, e, f S6E2 a, b, c, UNIVERSE Age 13.7 billion years old The Big Bang Theory Protons and Neutrons formed hydrogen and helium. This created heat that formed the stars. Other elements

More information

By Helen and Mark Warner

By Helen and Mark Warner By Helen and Mark Warner Teaching Packs - Space - Page 1 In this section, you will learn about... 1. About the objects in the Solar System. 2. How the Solar System formed. 3. About the Asteroid Belt, Kuiper

More information

Lunar Eclipse. Solar Eclipse

Lunar Eclipse. Solar Eclipse Lunar Eclipse SUN Moon Solar Eclipse SUN SUN Moon Total solar eclipse Partial solar eclipse Moon Phases What does the moon look like from at each position? G H F A E B D C SUNLIGHT Refracting Telescopes

More information

Which of the following planets are all made up of gas? When a planets orbit around the Sun looks like an oval, it s called a(n)

Which of the following planets are all made up of gas? When a planets orbit around the Sun looks like an oval, it s called a(n) When a planets orbit around the Sun looks like an oval, it s called a(n) - ellipse - circle - axis - rotation Which of the following planets are all made up of gas? - Venus, Mars, Saturn and Pluto - Jupiter,

More information

Unit 12 Lesson 1 What Objects Are Part of the Solar System?

Unit 12 Lesson 1 What Objects Are Part of the Solar System? Unit 12 Lesson 1 What Objects Are Part of the Solar System? The Solar System Earth, other planets, and the moon are part of a solar system. A solar system is made up of a star and the planets and other

More information

9/22/ A Brief Tour of the Solar System. Chapter 6: Formation of the Solar System. What does the solar system look like?

9/22/ A Brief Tour of the Solar System. Chapter 6: Formation of the Solar System. What does the solar system look like? 9/22/17 Lecture Outline 6.1 A Brief Tour of the Solar System Chapter 6: Formation of the Solar System What does the solar system look like? Our goals for learning: What does the solar system look like?

More information

The Sun s center is much hotter than the surface. The Sun looks large and bright in the sky. Other stars look much smaller.

The Sun s center is much hotter than the surface. The Sun looks large and bright in the sky. Other stars look much smaller. The Sun A star is a huge ball of hot, glowing gases. The Sun is a star. The width of the Sun is equal to the width of 100 Earths placed side by side. The Sun is extremely hot. The surface of the Sun has

More information

Earth s Formation Unit [Astronomy] Student Success Sheets (SSS)

Earth s Formation Unit [Astronomy] Student Success Sheets (SSS) Page1 Earth s Formation Unit [Astronomy] Student Success Sheets (SSS) HS-ESSI-1; HS-ESS1-2; HS-ESS1-3; HS-ESSI-4 NGSS Civic Memorial High School - Earth Science A Concept # What we will be learning Mandatory

More information

Astronomy Unit Notes Name:

Astronomy Unit Notes Name: Astronomy Unit Notes Name: (DO NOT LOSE!) To help with the planets order 1 My = M 2 V = Venus 3 Eager = E 4 M = Mars 5 Just = J 6 Served = Saturn 7 Us = Uranus 8 N = N 1 Orbit: The path (usually elliptical)

More information

Ch 23 Touring Our Solar System 23.1 The Solar System 23.2 The Terrestrial Planet 23.3 The Outer Planets 23.4 Minor Members of the Solar System

Ch 23 Touring Our Solar System 23.1 The Solar System 23.2 The Terrestrial Planet 23.3 The Outer Planets 23.4 Minor Members of the Solar System Ch 23 Touring Our Solar System 23.1 The Solar System 23.2 The Terrestrial Planet 23.3 The Outer Planets 23.4 Minor Members of the Solar System Ch 23.1 The Solar System Terrestrial planets- Small Rocky

More information

Astronomy 1504 Section 10 Final Exam Version 1 May 6, 1999

Astronomy 1504 Section 10 Final Exam Version 1 May 6, 1999 Astronomy 1504 Section 10 Final Exam Version 1 May 6, 1999 Reminder: When I write these questions, I believe that there is one one correct answer. The questions consist of all parts a e. Read the entire

More information

Earth & Space. Learning Target:

Earth & Space. Learning Target: Earth & Space Learning Target: Most of the cycles and patterns of motion between the Earth and sun are predictable. You understand this when you know: 1) 1 Revolution of the Earth takes approximately 365

More information

Object Type Moons Rings Planet Terrestrial none none. Max Distance from Sun. Min Distance from Sun. Avg. Distance from Sun 57,910,000 km 0.

Object Type Moons Rings Planet Terrestrial none none. Max Distance from Sun. Min Distance from Sun. Avg. Distance from Sun 57,910,000 km 0. Mercury Mercury is the closest planet to the sun. It is extremely hot on the side of the planet facing the sun and very cold on the other. There is no water on the surface. There is practically no atmosphere.

More information

1. Galaxy (a) the length of a planet s day. 2. Rotational Period (b) dust and gases floating in space

1. Galaxy (a) the length of a planet s day. 2. Rotational Period (b) dust and gases floating in space Vocabulary: Match the vocabulary terms on the left with the definitions on the right 1. Galaxy (a) the length of a planet s day 2. Rotational Period (b) dust and gases floating in space 3. Orbital Period

More information

Moon Obs #1 Due! Moon visible: early morning through afternoon. 6 more due June 13 th. 15 total due June 25 th. Final Report Due June 28th

Moon Obs #1 Due! Moon visible: early morning through afternoon. 6 more due June 13 th. 15 total due June 25 th. Final Report Due June 28th Moon Obs #1 Due! Moon visible: early morning through afternoon 6 more due June 13 th 15 total due June 25 th Final Report Due June 28th Our Solar System Objectives Overview of what is in our solar system

More information

What is it like? When did it form? How did it form. The Solar System. Fall, 2005 Astronomy 110 1

What is it like? When did it form? How did it form. The Solar System. Fall, 2005 Astronomy 110 1 What is it like? When did it form? How did it form The Solar System Fall, 2005 Astronomy 110 1 Fall, 2005 Astronomy 110 2 The planets all orbit the sun in the same direction. The Sun spins in the same

More information

Astronomy Study Guide Answer Key

Astronomy Study Guide Answer Key Astronomy Study Guide Answer Key Section 1: The Universe 1. Cosmology is the study of how the universe is arranged. 2. Identify the type of cosmology a. The sun is the center of the Universe Heliocentric

More information

Introduction to the Universe

Introduction to the Universe What makes up the Universe? Introduction to the Universe Book page 642-644 Objects in the Universe Astrophysics is the science that tries to make sense of the universe by - describing the Universe (Astronomy)

More information

The Universe and Galaxies

The Universe and Galaxies The Universe and Galaxies 16.1 http://dingo.care-mail.com/cards/flash/5409/galaxy.swf Universe The sum of all matter and energy that exists, that has ever existed, and that will ever exist. We will focus

More information

Which letter on the timeline best represents the time when scientists estimate that the Big Bang occurred? A) A B) B C) C D) D

Which letter on the timeline best represents the time when scientists estimate that the Big Bang occurred? A) A B) B C) C D) D 1. The red shift of light from most galaxies is evidence that A) most galaxies are moving away from Earth B) a majority of stars in most galaxies are red giants C) the light slows down as it nears Earth

More information

Formation of the Universe

Formation of the Universe A. The Universe 1. 2. 3. How did the universe begin? Only one exists or are there more? Composed of space and 100 billion galaxies A galaxy is a grouping of millions or billions of stars kept together

More information

Read each slide then use the red or some underlined words to complete the organizer.

Read each slide then use the red or some underlined words to complete the organizer. Read each slide then use the red or some underlined words to complete the organizer. 1B Did it start as a bang! 1B The Expanding Universe A. The Big Bang Theory: Idea that all matter began in an infinitely

More information

Learning About Our Solar System

Learning About Our Solar System Learning About Our Solar System By debbie Routh COPYRIGHT 2004 Mark Twain Media, Inc. ISBN 978-1-58037-876-5 Printing No. 404007-EB Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers Distributed by Carson-Dellosa Publishing

More information

D. The Solar System and Beyond Name KEY Chapter 1 Earth, Moon, & Beyond STUDY GUIDE

D. The Solar System and Beyond Name KEY Chapter 1 Earth, Moon, & Beyond STUDY GUIDE Page1 D. The Solar System and Beyond Name KEY Chapter 1 Earth, Moon, & Beyond Date Lesson 1: How Do Earth and the Moon Compare? STUDY GUIDE A. Vocabulary Write the definition to each word below. 1. revolve

More information

How did it come to be this way? Will I stop sounding like the

How did it come to be this way? Will I stop sounding like the Chapter 06 Let s Make a Solar System How did it come to be this way? Where did it come from? Will I stop sounding like the Talking Heads? What does the solar system look like? Big picture. The solar system

More information

1star 1 star 9 8 planets 63 (major) moons asteroids, comets, meteoroids

1star 1 star 9 8 planets 63 (major) moons asteroids, comets, meteoroids The Solar System 1star 1 star 9 8 planets 63 (major) moons asteroids, comets, meteoroids The distances to planets are known from Kepler s Laws (once calibrated with radar ranging to Venus) How are planet

More information

Dive into Saturn.

Dive into Saturn. Dive into Saturn http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/space/death-dive-to-saturn.html Read Ch. 3 By next class time Do practice online quiz 01 Axis tilt changes directness of sunlight during the year. Why Does

More information

Chapter 15: The Origin of the Solar System

Chapter 15: The Origin of the Solar System Chapter 15: The Origin of the Solar System The Solar Nebula Hypothesis Basis of modern theory of planet formation: Planets form at the same time from the same cloud as the star. Planet formation sites

More information

D. most intense and of longest duration C. D.

D. most intense and of longest duration C. D. Astronomy Take Home Test Answer on a separate sheet of paper In complete sentences justify your answer Name: 1. The Moon s cycle of phases can be observed from Earth because the Moon 4. The accompanying

More information

28-Aug-17. A Tour of Our Solar System and Beyond. The Sun

28-Aug-17. A Tour of Our Solar System and Beyond. The Sun A Tour of Our Solar System and Beyond The Sun diameter = 1,390,000 km = 864,000 mi >99.8% of the mass of the entire solar system surface temperature 5800 C 600 x 10 6 tons H -> 596 x 10 6 tons He per second

More information

Planets Inner vs. outer Composition inner planets are rocky/outer are gas Size inner are smaller/outer are much larger Distance from sun inner are

Planets Inner vs. outer Composition inner planets are rocky/outer are gas Size inner are smaller/outer are much larger Distance from sun inner are Planets Inner vs. outer Composition inner planets are rocky/outer are gas Size inner are smaller/outer are much larger Distance from sun inner are close/outer are farther. Earth is 1 AU from the sun Life

More information

Joy of Science Experience the evolution of the Universe, Earth and Life

Joy of Science Experience the evolution of the Universe, Earth and Life Joy of Science Experience the evolution of the Universe, Earth and Life Review Introduction Main contents Quiz Unless otherwise noted, all pictures are taken from wikipedia.org Review 1 The presence of

More information

Astronomy. physics.wm.edu/~hancock/171/ A. Dayle Hancock. Small 239. Office hours: MTWR 10-11am

Astronomy.  physics.wm.edu/~hancock/171/ A. Dayle Hancock. Small 239. Office hours: MTWR 10-11am Astronomy A. Dayle Hancock adhancock@wm.edu Small 239 Office hours: MTWR 10-11am Planetology II Key characteristics Chemical elements and planet size Radioactive dating Solar system formation Solar nebula

More information

Class Notes: Astronomy

Class Notes: Astronomy Name: Date: Period: Astronomy The Physical Setting: Earth Science Class Notes: Astronomy I. Apparent Motion Geocentric Universe -! Starts all rotate around the Earth on a single sphere at º/hour Planets

More information

WHAT WE KNOW. Scientists observe that every object in the universe is moving away from each other. Objects furthest away are moving the fastest. So..

WHAT WE KNOW. Scientists observe that every object in the universe is moving away from each other. Objects furthest away are moving the fastest. So.. ASTRONOMY THE BIG BANG THEORY WHAT WE KNOW Scientists observe that every object in the universe is moving away from each other. Objects furthest away are moving the fastest. So.. WHAT DOES THIS MEAN? If

More information

known since prehistoric times almost 10 times larger than Jupiter

known since prehistoric times almost 10 times larger than Jupiter Mercury Venus Earth Mars Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune 40.329407-74.667345 Sun Mercury Length of rotation Temperature at surface 8 official planets large number of smaller objects including Pluto, asteroids,

More information

Radioactive Dating. U238>Pb206. Halflife: Oldest earth rocks. Meteors and Moon rocks. 4.5 billion years billion years

Radioactive Dating. U238>Pb206. Halflife: Oldest earth rocks. Meteors and Moon rocks. 4.5 billion years billion years U238>Pb206 Halflife: 4.5 billion years Oldest earth rocks 3.96 billion years Meteors and Moon rocks 4.6 billion years This is the time they solidified The solar system is older than this. Radioactive Dating

More information

37. Planetary Geology p

37. Planetary Geology p 37. Planetary Geology p. 656-679 The Solar System Revisited We will now apply all the information we have learned about the geology of the earth to other planetary bodies to see how similar, or different,

More information

Unit 2 Lesson 1 What Objects Are Part of the Solar System? Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

Unit 2 Lesson 1 What Objects Are Part of the Solar System? Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company Unit 2 Lesson 1 What Objects Are Part of the Solar System? Florida Benchmarks SC.5.E.5.2 Recognize the major common characteristics of all planets and compare/contrast the properties of inner and outer

More information

Astronomy: Exploring the Universe

Astronomy: Exploring the Universe Course Syllabus Astronomy: Exploring the Universe Course Code: EDL028 Course Description The universe is truly the last unknown frontier and offers more questions than answers. Why do stars twinkle? Is

More information

Astronomy: Exploring the Universe

Astronomy: Exploring the Universe Course Syllabus Astronomy: Exploring the Universe Course Description Why do stars twinkle? Is it possible to fall into a black hole? Will the sun ever stop shining? Since the first glimpse of the night

More information

BROCK UNIVERSITY. Test 1: October 2014 Number of pages: 9 Course: ASTR 1P01, Section 2 Number of students: 950

BROCK UNIVERSITY. Test 1: October 2014 Number of pages: 9 Course: ASTR 1P01, Section 2 Number of students: 950 BROCK UNIVERSITY Page 1 of 9 Test 1: October 2014 Number of pages: 9 Course: ASTR 1P01, Section 2 Number of students: 950 Examination date: 3 October 2013 Time limit: 50 min Time of Examination: 20:00

More information

Earth in the Universe Unit Notes

Earth in the Universe Unit Notes Earth in the Universe Unit Notes The Universe - everything everywhere, 15-20 billion years old Inside the universe there are billions of Galaxies Inside each Galaxy there are billions of Solar Systems

More information

The Solar System consists of

The Solar System consists of The Universe The Milky Way Galaxy, one of billions of other galaxies in the universe, contains about 400 billion stars and countless other objects. Why is it called the Milky Way? Welcome to your Solar

More information

Starting from closest to the Sun, name the orbiting planets in order.

Starting from closest to the Sun, name the orbiting planets in order. Chapter 9 Section 1: Our Solar System Solar System: The solar system includes the sun, planets and many smaller structures. A planet and its moon(s) make up smaller systems in the solar system. Scientist

More information

Formation of the Solar System Chapter 8

Formation of the Solar System Chapter 8 Formation of the Solar System Chapter 8 To understand the formation of the solar system one has to apply concepts such as: Conservation of angular momentum Conservation of energy The theory of the formation

More information

Galaxies and Stars. 3. Base your answer to the following question on The reaction below represents an energy-producing process.

Galaxies and Stars. 3. Base your answer to the following question on The reaction below represents an energy-producing process. Galaxies and Stars 1. To an observer on Earth, the Sun appears brighter than the star Rigel because the Sun is A) hotter than Rigel B) more luminous than Rigel C) closer than Rigel D) larger than Rigel

More information

Chapter 2 Discovering the Universe for Yourself

Chapter 2 Discovering the Universe for Yourself Chapter 2 Discovering the Universe for Yourself 2.1 Patterns in the Night Sky Our goals for learning: What does the universe look like from Earth? Why do stars rise and set? Why do the constellations we

More information

The History of the Earth

The History of the Earth The History of the Earth We have talked about how the universe and sun formed, but what about the planets and moons? Review: Origin of the Universe The universe began about 13.7 billion years ago The Big

More information

Chapter 2 Discovering the Universe for Yourself. What does the universe look like from Earth? Constellations. 2.1 Patterns in the Night Sky

Chapter 2 Discovering the Universe for Yourself. What does the universe look like from Earth? Constellations. 2.1 Patterns in the Night Sky Chapter 2 Discovering the Universe for Yourself 2.1 Patterns in the Night Sky Our goals for learning: What does the universe look like from Earth? Why do stars rise and set? Why do the constellations we

More information

North Carolina Science Olympiad Elementary Division 2010 Sky Quest. Sky Quest. NCSO Sample Event 2010 Elementary Tournament Grade 3 Goal 3

North Carolina Science Olympiad Elementary Division 2010 Sky Quest. Sky Quest. NCSO Sample Event 2010 Elementary Tournament Grade 3 Goal 3 NCSO Sample Event 2010 Elementary Tournament Grade 3 Goal 3 STATION 1 1. Which of the following is NOT one of the inner planets? a. Earth b. Neptune c. Venus d. Mercury 2. Which planet is famous for its

More information

7.4 Universal Gravitation

7.4 Universal Gravitation Circular Motion Velocity is a vector quantity, which means that it involves both speed (magnitude) and direction. Therefore an object traveling at a constant speed can still accelerate if the direction

More information

TEACHER BACKGROUND INFORMATION

TEACHER BACKGROUND INFORMATION TEACHER BACKGROUND INFORMATION (The Universe) A. THE UNIVERSE: The universe encompasses all matter in existence. According to the Big Bang Theory, the universe was formed 10-20 billion years ago from a

More information

The Outer Planets (pages )

The Outer Planets (pages ) The Outer Planets (pages 720 727) Gas Giants and Pluto (page 721) Key Concept: The first four outer planets Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune are much larger and more massive than Earth, and they do

More information

Astronomy I Exam 2 Sample

Astronomy I Exam 2 Sample NAME: Part I: Multiple Choice (2 points. ea.) Read carefully, choose the best answer 1. Which of the following occurs because of the orbital motion of the Earth about the Sun and cannot be accounted for

More information

Explain the Big Bang Theory and give two pieces of evidence which support it.

Explain the Big Bang Theory and give two pieces of evidence which support it. Name: OBJECTIVES Correctly define: asteroid, celestial object, comet, constellation, Doppler effect, eccentricity, eclipse, ellipse, focus, Foucault Pendulum, galaxy, geocentric model, heliocentric model,

More information

Comparative Planetology I: Our Solar System

Comparative Planetology I: Our Solar System Comparative Planetology I: Our Solar System Guiding Questions 1. Are all the other planets similar to Earth, or are they very different? 2. Do other planets have moons like Earth s Moon? 3. How do astronomers

More information

NAME: Log onto YouTube and search for jocrisci channel.

NAME: Log onto YouTube and search for jocrisci channel. NAME: Log onto YouTube and search for jocrisci channel. EARTH MOTIONS (Video 10.1) 1. Define rotation, how long it takes, which direction it happens, the proof it happens, and the result. 2. Define revolution,

More information

OUR SOLAR SYSTEM. James Martin. Facebook.com/groups/AstroLSSC Twitter.com/AstroLSSC

OUR SOLAR SYSTEM. James Martin. Facebook.com/groups/AstroLSSC Twitter.com/AstroLSSC OUR SOLAR SYSTEM James Martin Facebook.com/groups/AstroLSSC Twitter.com/AstroLSSC It s time for the human race to enter the solar system. -Dan Quayle Structure of the Solar System Our Solar System contains

More information

STUDENT RESOURCE 1.1 INFORMATION SHEET. Vocabulary

STUDENT RESOURCE 1.1 INFORMATION SHEET. Vocabulary Vocabulary STUDENT RESOURCE 1.1 INFORMATION SHEET asteroids thousands of rocky objects that orbit the Sun Most asteroids orbit in a belt between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter. More than 9, asteroids have

More information

Comparative Planetology I: Our Solar System. Chapter Seven

Comparative Planetology I: Our Solar System. Chapter Seven Comparative Planetology I: Our Solar System Chapter Seven ASTR 111 003 Fall 2006 Lecture 07 Oct. 16, 2006 Introduction To Modern Astronomy I Introducing Astronomy (chap. 1-6) Planets and Moons (chap. 7-17)

More information

Coriolis Effect - the apparent curved paths of projectiles, winds, and ocean currents

Coriolis Effect - the apparent curved paths of projectiles, winds, and ocean currents Regents Earth Science Unit 5: Astronomy Models of the Universe Earliest models of the universe were based on the idea that the Sun, Moon, and planets all orbit the Earth models needed to explain how the

More information

ASTR 1050: Survey of Astronomy Fall 2012 PRACTICE Exam #2 Instructor: Michael Brotherton Covers Solar System and Exoplanet Topics

ASTR 1050: Survey of Astronomy Fall 2012 PRACTICE Exam #2 Instructor: Michael Brotherton Covers Solar System and Exoplanet Topics ASTR 1050: Survey of Astronomy Fall 2012 PRACTICE Exam #2 Instructor: Michael Brotherton Covers Solar System and Exoplanet Topics Instructions This exam is closed book and closed notes, although you may

More information

Today. Solar System Formation. a few more bits and pieces. Homework due

Today. Solar System Formation. a few more bits and pieces. Homework due Today Solar System Formation a few more bits and pieces Homework due Pluto Charon 3000 km Asteroids small irregular rocky bodies Comets icy bodies Formation of the Solar System How did these things come

More information

UNIT 3: Chapter 8: The Solar System (pages )

UNIT 3: Chapter 8: The Solar System (pages ) CORNELL NOTES Directions: You must create a minimum of 5 questions in this column per page (average). Use these to study your notes and prepare for tests and quizzes. Notes will be turned in to your teacher

More information

Edmonds Community College Astronomy 100 Winter Quarter 2007 Sample Exam # 2

Edmonds Community College Astronomy 100 Winter Quarter 2007 Sample Exam # 2 Edmonds Community College Astronomy 100 Winter Quarter 2007 Sample Exam # 2 Instructor: L. M. Khandro 1. Relatively speaking, objects with high temperatures emit their peak radiation in short wavelengths

More information

Sky Quest This event has 12 stations. Print in color, use as many sets as you need for the number of teams you have.

Sky Quest This event has 12 stations. Print in color, use as many sets as you need for the number of teams you have. Sky Quest 2012 This event has 12 stations. Print in color, use as many sets as you need for the number of teams you have. Student response sheet and answer key are at the end. Station 1- Planet Questions

More information

Solar System Test Review

Solar System Test Review Solar System Test Review There are several planets in the solar system. What do all of these planets have in common? A.They all orbit the Sun. B. They are all close to the Moon. C.They are all called Earth.

More information

Chapter Outline. Earth and Other Planets. The Formation of the Solar System. Clue #1: Planetary Orbits. Clues to the Origin of the Solar System

Chapter Outline. Earth and Other Planets. The Formation of the Solar System. Clue #1: Planetary Orbits. Clues to the Origin of the Solar System Chapter Outline Earth and Other Planets The Formation of the Solar System Exploring the Solar System Chapter 16 Great Idea: Earth, one of the planets that orbit the Sun, formed 4.5 billion years ago from

More information

Chapter 19 Exploring Space. I. Fill in the blank

Chapter 19 Exploring Space. I. Fill in the blank Chapter 19 Exploring Space 1. All radiation is classified by wavelength in the electromagnetic spectrum. 2. Two types of telescopes that collect visible light are refractors and reflectors. 3. An uncrewed

More information

Our Universe: Creation, Galaxies, Stars and Celestial Objects

Our Universe: Creation, Galaxies, Stars and Celestial Objects Our Universe: Creation, Galaxies, Stars and Celestial Objects Big Bang Theory Our universe began with one huge exploding atom that relapsed all the energy and matter that exists in the universe today.

More information

Overview of the Solar System. Solar system contents one star, several planets, lots of debris.

Overview of the Solar System. Solar system contents one star, several planets, lots of debris. Overview of the Solar System Solar system contents one star, several planets, lots of debris. Most of it is the Sun! 99.8% of the mass of the Solar System resides in the Sun. A hot ball of mostly hydrogen

More information

Our Planetary System. Chapter 7

Our Planetary System. Chapter 7 Our Planetary System Chapter 7 Key Concepts for Chapter 7 and 8 Inventory of the Solar System Origin of the Solar System What does the Solar System consist of? The Sun: It has 99.85% of the mass of the

More information

outline 1. in the beginning. The Big Bang 2. galaxies -- different types 3. stars -- life cycle 4. the solar system -- sun and planets

outline 1. in the beginning. The Big Bang 2. galaxies -- different types 3. stars -- life cycle 4. the solar system -- sun and planets Earth s Place in the Universe outline 1. in the beginning. The Big Bang 2. galaxies -- different types 3. stars -- life cycle 4. the solar system -- sun and planets the big bang the universe is expanding

More information

Explain how Earth's movement and the moon's orbit cause the phases of the moon. Explain the difference between a solar eclipse and a lunar eclipse.

Explain how Earth's movement and the moon's orbit cause the phases of the moon. Explain the difference between a solar eclipse and a lunar eclipse. Explain how Earth's movement and the moon's orbit cause the phases of the moon. Explain the difference between a solar eclipse and a lunar eclipse. The Earth- Moon System Have you ever wondered why the

More information

What is the Solar System?

What is the Solar System? What is the Solar System? Our Solar System is one of many planetary systems. It consists of: The Sun Eight planets with their natural satellites Five dwarf planets Billions of asteroids, comets and meteors

More information

Practice Test DeAnza College Astronomy 04 Test 1 Spring Quarter 2009

Practice Test DeAnza College Astronomy 04 Test 1 Spring Quarter 2009 Practice Test DeAnza College Astronomy 04 Test 1 Spring Quarter 2009 Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Mark answer on Scantron.

More information

The Solar System Teacher Background Information

The Solar System Teacher Background Information The Solar System Teacher Background Information What is a solar system? Our solar system consists of the sun and all the objects that revolve around it: nine planets and their moons, thousands of asteroids

More information

ASTRONOMY CURRICULUM Unit 1: Introduction to Astronomy

ASTRONOMY CURRICULUM Unit 1: Introduction to Astronomy Chariho Regional School District - Science Curriculum September, 2016 ASTRONOMY CURRICULUM Unit 1: Introduction to Astronomy OVERVIEW Summary Students will be introduced to the overarching concept of astronomy.

More information

2/24/2014. Early Earth (Hadean) Early Earth. Terms. Chondrule Chondrite Hadean Big Bang Nucleosynthesis Fusion Supernova

2/24/2014. Early Earth (Hadean) Early Earth. Terms. Chondrule Chondrite Hadean Big Bang Nucleosynthesis Fusion Supernova Early (Hadean) Early Terms Chondrule Chondrite Hadean Big Bang Nucleosynthesis Fusion Supernova Hadean Time Nucleosynthesis The elements H, He, and traces of Li were formed in the original Big Bang. Latest

More information

The Outer Planets. Video Script: The Outer Planets. Visual Learning Company

The Outer Planets. Video Script: The Outer Planets. Visual Learning Company 11 Video Script: 1. For thousands of years people have looked up at the night sky pondering the limits of our solar system. 2. Perhaps you too, have looked up at the evening stars and planets, and wondered

More information

AST Section 2: Test 2

AST Section 2: Test 2 AST1002 - Section 2: Test 2 Date: 11/05/2009 Name: Equations: E = m c 2 Question 1: The Sun is a stable star because 1. gravity balances forces from pressure. (!) Miniquiz 7, Q3 2. the rate of fusion equals

More information

Formation of the Solar System

Formation of the Solar System Formation of the Solar System What theory best explains the features of our solar system? The nebular theory states that our solar system formed from the gravitational collapse of a giant interstellar

More information

It Might Be a Planet If...

It Might Be a Planet If... It Might Be a Planet If... What is a planet? Until recently, there was no exact definition. There were historically six planets. Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto were discovered after the invention of the telescope.

More information

Phys 214. Planets and Life

Phys 214. Planets and Life Phys 214. Planets and Life Dr. Cristina Buzea Department of Physics Room 259 E-mail: cristi@physics.queensu.ca (Please use PHYS214 in e-mail subject) Lecture 8. The scale of time and nature of worlds (Page

More information

Physical Science. Chapter 22 The Earth in Space

Physical Science. Chapter 22 The Earth in Space Physical Science Chapter 22 The Earth in Space Earth s Rotation Axis imaginary line passing through the North and South Pole Earth s axis is tilted at 23 ½ degrees Rotation: the Earth spinning on its axis

More information

Prentice Hall EARTH SCIENCE

Prentice Hall EARTH SCIENCE Prentice Hall EARTH SCIENCE Tarbuck Lutgens 23.1 The Solar System The Planets: An Overview The terrestrial planets are planets that are small and rocky Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars. The Jovian planets

More information

1UNIT. The Universe. What do you remember? Key language. Content objectives

1UNIT. The Universe. What do you remember? Key language. Content objectives 1UNIT The Universe What do you remember? What are the points of light in this photo? What is the difference between a star and a planet? a moon and a comet? Content objectives In this unit, you will Learn

More information

The reason is that the Moon s rotation takes 27.3 days the same amount of time it takes to revolve once around Earth. Because these two motions take

The reason is that the Moon s rotation takes 27.3 days the same amount of time it takes to revolve once around Earth. Because these two motions take Moon Phases 6.E.1.1 Explain how the relative motion and relative position of the sun, Earth and moon affect the seasons, tides, phases of the moon, and eclipses. Motions of the Moon Just as Earth rotates

More information

Module 3: Astronomy The Universe Topic 2 Content: The Milky Way Galaxy Presentation Notes

Module 3: Astronomy The Universe Topic 2 Content: The Milky Way Galaxy Presentation Notes On a clear night, you can go outside and view the Moon and the stars scattered throughout the night sky. At times, you can also see neighboring planets. When you look at the sky and these objects, almost

More information

Solar System revised.notebook October 12, 2016 Solar Nebula Theory

Solar System revised.notebook October 12, 2016 Solar Nebula Theory Solar System revised.notebook The Solar System Solar Nebula Theory Solar Nebula was a rotating disk of dust and gas w/ a dense center dense center eventually becomes the sun start to condense b/c of gravity

More information

SOLAR SYSTEM NOTES. Scientists believe its at least 4.6 billion years old!!! 10/26/2017 ENERGY TRANSFERS RADIATION FROM THE SUN

SOLAR SYSTEM NOTES. Scientists believe its at least 4.6 billion years old!!! 10/26/2017 ENERGY TRANSFERS RADIATION FROM THE SUN SOLAR SYSTEM NOTES Our Solar System is composed of: 1. The Sun 2. The Planets 3. Asteroids 4. Comets 5. Meteors 6. Natural & Artificial satellites Remember: How old is our Solar System? Scientists believe

More information

23.1 The Solar System. Orbits of the Planets. Planetary Data The Solar System. Scale of the Planets The Solar System

23.1 The Solar System. Orbits of the Planets. Planetary Data The Solar System. Scale of the Planets The Solar System 23.1 The Solar System Orbits of the Planets The Planets: An Overview The terrestrial planets are planets that are small and rocky Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars. The Jovian planets are the huge gas giants

More information

Clicker Question: Clicker Question: Clicker Question:

Clicker Question: Clicker Question: Clicker Question: Test results Last day to drop without a grade is Feb 29 Grades posted in cabinet and online F D C B A In which direction would the Earth move if the Sun s gravitational force were suddenly removed from

More information

Know Your Planets. Learn about the properties of the Sun and planets in this card game. Space Awareness, Leiden Observatory. iau.

Know Your Planets. Learn about the properties of the Sun and planets in this card game. Space Awareness, Leiden Observatory. iau. Know Your Planets Learn about the properties of the Sun and planets in this card game. Space Awareness, Leiden Observatory Age 4-10 Supervised Unsupervised Core skills Asking questions, Analysing and interpreting

More information

Solar system Stars and Galaxies

Solar system Stars and Galaxies 5/18/16 Solar system Stars and Solar system, stars and galaxies The life cycle of stars inner planets/outer planets nebular theory novae and supernovae gravita>onal contrac>on white dwarf and black holes

More information

Lecture 2: The Solar System

Lecture 2: The Solar System Lecture 2: The Solar System 1) WileyPLUS (online) registration? homework? 2) Final Exam scheduled Tuesday, December 15 (12-2) 3) iclickers assigned on Tuesday 4) Big Island Field Trip Fall 2015 Big Island

More information

ASTR 200 : Lecture 6 Introduction to the Solar System Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Addison-Wesley

ASTR 200 : Lecture 6 Introduction to the Solar System Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Addison-Wesley ASTR 200 : Lecture 6 Introduction to the Solar System 1 2004 Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Addison-Wesley Comparative Planetology Studying the similarities among and differences between the planets

More information

SOLAR SYSTEM NOTES. Surface of the Sun appears granulated: 10/2/2015 ENERGY TRANSFERS RADIATION FROM THE SUN

SOLAR SYSTEM NOTES. Surface of the Sun appears granulated: 10/2/2015 ENERGY TRANSFERS RADIATION FROM THE SUN SOLAR SYSTEM NOTES 10.7.15 ENERGY TRANSFERS Radiation - a process in which energy travels through vacuum (without a medium) Conduction a process in which energy travels through a medium Convection - The

More information