Animals and Behaviors. Templeton Biology

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1 Animals and Behaviors Templeton Biology

2 Nueral- Nami Expl ai n t he behavi or s you see i n t he vi deo. Woul d t hi s be a gr oup or i ndi vi dual f eedi ng behavi or why?

3 Video of Prairie Dog Communication (HERE)

4 Chapter 36: Vocab Pr edat i on: act of one or gani sm ki l l i ng anot her f or f ood Par asi t i sm: one or gani sm f eeds on and usual l y l i ves on anot her Behavi or : an act i on or ser i es of act i ons per f or med by an ani mal i n r esponse t o a st i mul us I nnat e: a behavi or t hat an ani mal i s genet i cal l y pr ogr amed t o know ( exampl e: a cal f get t i ng up and nur si ng f or col ost r um)

5 Tr i al and Er r or Lear ni ng: per f or mi ng an act i on wi l l r esul t i n puni shment or a r ewar d Conditioning vs. Learning Condi t i oni ng: l ear ni ng by associ at i on Lear ni ng: devel opment of behavi or s t hr ough exper i ences Lear ni ng can i nf l uence i nnat e behavi or s

6 Learned or Conditioned Behavior?

7 Individual Behaviors Nat ur al sel ect i on f avor s t r ai t s t hat cont r i but e t o t he sur vi val and r epr oduct i on of i ndi vi dual s Mal e l i ons wi l l act i n ways t hat benef i t onl y t hem not t he pr i de Fi xed Pat t er n Behavi or : an i nnat e behavi or t hat pr ovi des no var i at i on Exampl e a spi der s web

8 Categories of Behaviors Types of Behavi or s For gai ng Mi gr at or y Def ensi ve Territorial Cour t shi p Parent al

9 Foraging Locat e, obt ai n, and consume f ood

10 MigratoryAni mal s wi l l move t o a mor e sui t abl e envi r onment.

11 Defensive Pr ot ect i on f r om pr edat or s

12 Territorial Pr ot ect a r esour ce f or excl usi ve use: ur i ne, cl aw mar ks, l eavi ng a scent.

13 Courtship At t r act a mat e: col or s, dances, gr eet i ngs, smel l s, et c

14 Parential Ensur i ng t he sur vi val of young t hr ough mat er nal car e

15 Communication Tr ansmi t vi sual and vocal si gnal s t hat ar e r ecei ved by anot her. Respondi ng t o st i mul i.

16 Hunting Types of Group Behavior Flocking Migrating Schooling Herding Swarming

17 Claim: Being part of a group increases your chance of survival Evidence: 1. Flocking A group of birds or animals that move together Reasoning Safety in numbers, easier foraging (finding food), protection from predators

18 Claim: Being part of a group increases your chance of survival Evidence: 2. Migrating seasonal movement of animals from one place to another, often long-distance

19 Claim: Being part of a group increases your chance of survival Reasoning In birds, the V-formation is more efficiently and they help each other navigate More likely to arrive at their destination, survive, and reproduce.

20 Claim: Being part of a group increases your chance of survival Evidence: 3. Schooling A group of fish swimming together Reasoning Schooling allows fish to swim longer, travel through colder temperatures, and avoid predators

21 Claim: Being part of a group increases your chance of survival Evidence: 4. Herding hoofed animals group together, eat and travel together Reasoning A herd provides protection from predators because while one animal has its head down for feeding, another will have its head up looking for predators. With more eyes looking for predators, it is more likely they will survive an attack.

22 Claim: Being part of a group increases your chance of survival Evidence: 5. Swarming A group of fire ants will move together as a single unit

23 Ants work together to reproduce, store food, and defend the colony Claim: Being part of a group increases your chance of survival Evidence: 5. Swarming A group of fire ants will move together as a single unit Reasoning Swarming is how ants keep their colonies safe

24 Claim: Being part of a group increases your chance of survival Evidence: 6. Hunting A group of animals will search for food together Reasoning By using strategy, the group can take down a much larger prey The group can protect the kill from scavengers

25 HUNTING: Blue Whale, bubble netting

26 California Endangered/Threatened Species Poster 1. Choose an endangered species 2. Include the following information about your species: when it was first listed as endangered -why it is endangered -is it an r-strategist or k-strategist (list the characteristics)

27 California Endangered/Threatened Species Poster

28 TPS: For Each behavior How would it help the individual survive? How does being in a group help you survive or help you get through something? Protection, support, Using claim, evidence, reasoning: how can being part of this help you survive? Describe why you think these behaviors

29 Claim-Evidence-Reasoning ASSESSMENT USE 3 PIECES OF EVIDENCE (schooling, migrating/flocking, herds,.that WE HAVE TALKED ABOUT TODAY TO SUPPORT THE CLAIM that group behavior enhances the chances of survival

30 Stay in Groups Animal Style *funny

31 Video on Group Behavior When watching the video, think about the group behavior of the lions and the water buffalos

32 Justify-Think-Pair-Share 1.Describe the group behavior of the lions. 2.Describe the group behavior of the water buffalos. 3.Describe the outcome of the group behavior of the water buffalo. 4.Does this normally happen in nature? Justify your answer

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