# Chapter 3. States of Matter

Size: px
Start display at page:

## Transcription

1 Chapter 3 States of Matter

2 1. Solid 2. Liquid 3. Gas States of Matter Two More (discuss later) Plasma Bose-Einstein condensate

3 States of Matter Solid (definite shape and volume) Particles are tightly packed Stuck to each other in a pattern Vibrate in place Can t t flow Constant volume

4 Liquids Liquid (definite volume, no definite shape) Spread out on their own Particles are tightly packed Able to slide past each other Can flow Constant volume

5 States of Matter Gas(no definite shape, no definite volume) Particles are spread out Flying all over the place Can flow Take the volume of whatever container their in

6 Gases Fill the available space Particles hitting things causes pressure

7 Kinetic Theory Kinetic means motion Three main parts of the theory All matter is made of tiny particles These particles are in constant motion and the higher the temperature, the faster they move At the same temperature, heavier particles move slower.

8 Explaining the Behavior of Gases The constant motion of particles in a gas allows a gas to fill a container of any shape or size 3 Main points on pg. 73

9 Explaining the Behavior of Liquids A liquid takes the shape of its container because particles in a liquid can flow to new locations. The volume of a liquid is constant because forces of attraction keep the particles close together.

10 Explaining the Behavior of Solids Solids have a definite volume and shape because particles in a solid vibrate around fixed locations.

11 3.2 The Gas Laws

12 Pressure Defn.. The result of a force distributed over an area Units: N/m 2 or Pascal ---Pa or KPa Other units: mmhg psi

13 Pressure Collisions between particles of a gas and the walls of the container cause the pressure in a closed container of gas

14 Factors That Affect Gas Pressure Temperature Volume Number of Particles

15 1. Temperature Raising the Temperature will increase the pressure (assuming volume and number of particles are kept constant)

16 2. Volume Reducing the volume of a gas increases its pressure. (assuming temperature and the number of particles are kept constant)

17 3. Number of Particles Increasing the number of particles will increase the pressure (assuming temperature and volume are kept constant)

18 Charles s s Law The volume of a gas is directly proportional to its temperature in Kelvins if the pressure and the number of particles are constant V 1 /T 1 = V 2 /T 2

19 Boyle s s Law The volume of a gas is inversely proportional to its pressure if the temperature and the number of particles are constant P 1 /V 1 = P 2 /V 2

20 The Combined Gas Law P 1 V 1 T 2 = P 2 V 2 T 1

21 3.3 Phase Changes

22 Characteristics of Phase Changes Defn. the reversible physical change that occurs when a substance changes from one state of matter to another

23 Examples Melting Freezing Vaporization Condensation Sublimation Deposition

24 Temperature and Phase Change The temperature of a substance does not change during a phase change

25 Heating Curve for Water

26 Energy and Phase Changes Energy is either absorbed or released during a phase change

27 Endothermic v/s Exothermic Endothermic The system absorbs energy from the surrounding Into the system.from the surroundings Examples Evaporation, melting,

28 Endothermic v/s Exothermic Exothermic The system releases energy to its surroundings Out of the system To the surroundings Examples Condensing, Freezing, Burning

29 Common Terms Fusion Another term for melting Heat of Fusion The energy a substance must absorb in order to change from a solid to a liquid Vaporization Substance changes from a liquid to a gas Heat of Vaporization The energy a substance must absorb in order to change from a liquid to a gas

30 Common Terms Evaporation The process that changes a substance from a liquid to a gas at a temperature below the substance s s boiling point Vapor Pressure The pressure caused by the collisions of a vapor with the walls of its container

31 Boiling When does it occur? When the vapor pressure becomes equal to atmospheric pressure

32 More Terms Condensation The phase change in which a substance changes from a gas or vapor to a liquid Sublimation The phase change in which a substance changes from a solid to a gas or vapor without changing to a liquid first Deposition The reverse of sublimation

33

34 The Gas Laws Describe HOW gases behave. Can be predicted by the theory. Amount of change can be calculated with mathematical equations.

35 The effect of adding gas. When we blow up a balloon we are adding gas molecules. Doubling the the number of gas particles doubles the pressure. (of the same volume at the same temperature).

36 Pressure and the number of molecules are directly related More molecules means more collisions. Fewer molecules means fewer collisions. Gases naturally move from areas of high pressure to low pressure because there is empty space to move in.

37 If you double the number of molecules 1 atm

38 If you double the number of molecules You double the pressure. 2 atm

39 4 atm As you remove molecules from a container

40 2 atm As you remove molecules from a container the pressure decreases

41 1 atm As you remove molecules from a container the pressure decreases Until the pressure inside equals the pressure outside Molecules naturally move from high to low pressure

42 Changing the size of the container In a smaller container molecules have less room to move. Hit the sides of the container more often. As volume decreases pressure increases.

43 1 atm As the pressure on a gas increases 4 Liters

44 2 atm 2 Liters As the pressure on a gas increases the volume decreases Pressure and volume are inversely related

45 Temperature Raising the temperature of a gas increases the pressure if the volume is held constant. The molecules hit the walls harder. The only way to increase the temperature at constant pressure is to increase the volume.

46 300 K If you start with 1 liter of gas at 1 atm pressure and 300 K and heat it to 600 K one of 2 things happens

47 600 K 300 K Either the volume will increase to 2 liters at 1 atm

48 300 K 600 K Or the pressure will increase to 2 atm. Or someplace in between

49

### Name: Class: Date: Figure 3-1

Name: Class: Date: Chapter 3 test Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. A gas has a. a definite volume but no definite shape. b. a definite shape

### 4 Discuss and evaluate the 5th state of matter. 3 - Differentiate among the four states of matter in terms of energy,

Goal: Differentiate among the four states of matter in terms of energy, particle motion, and phase transitions. 4 States of Mater Sections 3.1, 3.2 4 Discuss and evaluate the 5 th state of matter. 3 -

### Physical Science Exam 3 Study Guide. Dr. Karoline Rostamiani. Chapter 3

Chapter 3 Section 1 States of Matter What is matter made of? What are the three most common states of matter? How do particles behave in each state of matter? Solids, Liquids, and Gases Materials can be

### Everything in the universe can be classified as either matter or energy. Kinetic Energy Theory: All particles of matter are in constant motion.

Physical Science Everything in the universe can be classified as either matter or energy. Kinetic Energy Theory: All particles of matter are in constant motion. State of Matter Bose- Einstein Condensate

### Chapter 3. Preview. Section 1 Three States of Matter. Section 2 Behavior of Gases. Section 3 Changes of State. States of Matter.

States of Matter Preview Section 1 Three States of Matter Section 2 Behavior of Gases Section 3 Changes of State Concept Mapping Section 1 Three States of Matter Bellringer In the kitchen, you might find

### Solids (cont.) Describe the movement of particles in a solid and the forces between them.

Solids A solid is matter that has a definite shape and a definite volume. The attractive forces between the particles in a solid are strong and pull them close together. Solids (cont.) Describe the movement

### Vocabulary. Pressure Absolute zero Charles Law Boyle s Law (take a moment to look up and record definitions in your notes)

The Gas Laws Vocabulary Pressure Absolute zero Charles Law Boyle s Law (take a moment to look up and record definitions in your notes) Key Concepts What causes gas pressure in a closed container? What

### STATES OF MATTER STATES OF MATTER. The Four States of Matter 3/5/2015. Solid. Liquid Commonly found on Gas Earth Plasma

Unit 10: States of Matter Lesson 10.1: States and Their Changes (Review) STATES OF MATTER The Four States of Matter Solid } Liquid Commonly found on Gas Earth Plasma STATES OF MATTER Based upon particle

### STATES OF MATTER STATES OF MATTER. The Four States of Matter 3/5/2015

The Four States of Matter Unit 10: States of Matter Lesson 10.1: States and Their Changes (Review) Solid } Liquid Commonly found on Gas Earth Plasma Based upon particle arrangement Based upon energy of

### States of Matter. Essential Question: How does the movement of atoms and molecules relate to matter s different phases?

States of Matter Essential Question: How does the movement of atoms and molecules relate to matter s different phases? These notes come from pages 60 to 73 in your Physical Science Textbook All Matter

### Chapter 8. Chapter 8. Preview. Bellringer. Chapter 8. Particles of Matter. Objectives. Chapter 8. Particles of Matter, continued

States of Matter Preview Bellringer Section 2 Behavior of Gases In the kitchen, you might find three different forms of water. What are these three forms of water, and where exactly in the kitchen would

### Chemistry Joke. Once you ve seen 6.02 x You ve seen a mole!

States of Matter Chemistry Joke Once you ve seen 6.02 x 10 23 atoms You ve seen a mole! Kinetic Theory Kinetic Theory explains the states of matter based on the concept that the particles in all forms

### Chapter 6 The States of Matter. Examples of Physical Properties of Three States of Matter

Chapter 6 The States of Matter Examples of Physical Properties of Three States of Matter 1 Three States of Matter Solids: Fixed shape, fixed volume, particles are held rigidly in place. Liquids: Variable

### THE PARTICLE MODEL AND PROPERTIES OF THE GASES, LIQUIDS AND SOLIDS. STATES CHANGES

THE PARTICLE MODEL AND PROPERTIES OF THE GASES, LIQUIDS AND SOLIDS. STATES CHANGES The particle model of a gas A gas has no fixed shape or volume, but always spreads out to fill any container. There are

### Unit 1 Lesson 6 Changes of State. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

The Fact of the Matter What happens when matter changes state? The three most familiar states of matter are solid, liquid, and gas. A change of state is the change of a substance from one physical form

### OUTLINE. States of Matter, Forces of Attraction Phase Changes Gases The Ideal Gas Law Gas Stoichiometry

UNIT 6 GASES OUTLINE States of Matter, Forces of Attraction Phase Changes Gases The Ideal Gas Law Gas Stoichiometry STATES OF MATTER Remember that all matter exists in three physical states: Solid Liquid

### Classify each of these statements as always true, AT; sometimes true, ST; or never true, NT.

Chapter 11 THE NATURE OF GASES States of Matter Describe the motion of gas particles according to the kinetic theory Interpret gas pressure in terms of kinetic theory Key Terms: 1. kinetic energy 2. gas

### Section 16.3 Phase Changes

Section 16.3 Phase Changes Solid Liquid Gas 3 Phases of Matter Density of Matter How packed matter is (The amount of matter in a given space) Solid: Liquid: Gas: High Density Medium Density Low Density

### Kinetic Theory. States of Matter. Thermal Energy. Four States of Matter. Kinetic Energy. Solid. Liquid. Definition: How particles in matter behave

Kinetic Theory Definition: How particles in matter behave States of Matter All Matter is composed of small particles. Particles are in constant random motion. Particles collide with each other and walls

### Solids, Liquids, and Gases. Chapter 14

Solids, Liquids, and Gases Chapter 14 Matter & Thermal Energy Matter can exist as a solid, a liquid, a gas or a plasma. The Molecular Kinetic Theory of Matter explains their differences and how they can

### Unit 4: The Nature of Matter

16 16 Table of Contents Unit 4: The Nature of Matter Chapter 16: Solids, Liquids, and Gases 16.1: Kinetic Theory 16.2: Properties and Fluids 16.3: Behavior of Gases 16.1 Kinetic Theory Kinetic Theory kinetic

### States of Matter Unit

Learning Target Notes Section 1: Matter and Energy What makes up matter? Matter is made of atoms and molecules that are in constant motion. Kinetic Theory of Matter A. Particles that make up matter are

### A).5 atm B) 1 atm C) 1.5 atm D) 2 atm E) it is impossible to tell

1. ne atmosphere is equivalent to A) 1.00 g ml 1 B) 22,400 ml ) 273 K D) 760. mmhg E) 298 K 2. A cylinder contains 2.50 L of air at a pressure of 5.00 atmospheres. At what volume, will the air exert a

### STATES OF MATTER. The Four States of Ma/er. Four States. Solid Liquid Gas Plasma

STATES OF MATTER The Four States of Ma/er Solid Liquid Gas Plasma Four States STATES OF MATTER Ø What makes a substance a par:cular state of ma

### Chemistry Day 5. Friday, August 31 st Tuesday, September 4 th, 2018

Chemistry Day 5 Friday, August 31 st Tuesday, September 4 th, 2018 Do-Now Title: BrainPOP: States of Matter 1. Write down today s FLT 2. List two examples of gases 3. List two examples of things that are

### The Can Demonstration

The Can Demonstration With your table, make a prediction as to what will happen to the can. Discuss why you think that the can imploded. What are some reasons? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xg5niowf_zw&t=28s

### Unit 8 Kinetic Theory of Gases. Chapter 13-14

Unit 8 Kinetic Theory of Gases Chapter 13-14 This tutorial is designed to help students understand scientific measurements. Objectives for this unit appear on the next slide. Each objective is linked to

### Name Date Class THE NATURE OF GASES

13.1 THE NATURE OF GASES Section Review Objectives Describe the assumptions of the kinetic theory as it applies to gases Interpret gas pressure in terms of kinetic theory Define the relationship between

### Ch10.4 Attractive Forces

Ch10.4 Attractive Forces Intermolecular Forces are the forces holding molecules to each other. Solids have strong forces Gases (vapor) have weak forces Intermolecular forces determine the phase of matter.

### Chapter 3 Phases of Matter Physical Science

Chapter 3 Phases of Matter Physical Science CH 3- States of Matter 1 What makes up matter? What is the difference between a solid, a liquid, and a gas? What kind of energy do all particles of matter have?

### Conceptual Chemistry

Conceptual Chemistry Objective 1 Describe, at the molecular level, the difference between a gas, liquid, and solid phase. Solids Definite shape Definite volume Particles are vibrating and packed close

### CHAPTER 4 - STATES OF MATTER. Mr. Polard Physical Science Ingomar Middle School

CHAPTER 4 - STATES OF MATTER Mr. Polard Physical Science Ingomar Middle School SECTION 1 MATTER VOCABULARY SECTION 1 Matter : anything that takes up space and has mass (pg 72, 102) Solid : Matter with

### Chapter 14 9/21/15. Solids, Liquids & Gasses. Essential Questions! Kinetic Theory! Gas State! Gas State!

Chapter 14 Solids, Liquids & Gasses Essential Questions What is the kinetic theory of matter? How do particles move in the different states of matter? How do particles behave at the boiling and melting

### Matter & Energy. Objectives: properties and structures of the different states of matter.

Matter & Energy Objectives: 1. Use the kinetic theory to describe the properties and structures of the different states of matter. 2. Describe energy transfers involved in changes of state. 3. Describe

### Matter. Energy- which is a property of matter!! Matter: anything that takes up space and has mass

Matter Matter: anything that takes up space and has mass Can you think of anything that is not made of matter? Energy- which is a property of matter!! Matter is made up of moving particles! Instead of

### Ch Kinetic Theory. 1.All matter is made of atoms and molecules that act like tiny particles.

Ch. 15.1 Kinetic Theory 1.All matter is made of atoms and molecules that act like tiny particles. Kinetic Theory 2.These tiny particles are always in motion. The higher the temperature, the faster the

### States of Matter. What physical changes and energy changes occur as matter goes from one state to another?

Name States of Matter Date What physical changes and energy changes occur as matter goes from one state to another? Before You Read Before you read the chapter, think about what you know about states of

### Unit 6. Unit Vocabulary: Distinguish between the three phases of matter by identifying their different

*STUDENT* Unit Objectives: Absolute Zero Avogadro s Law Normal Boiling Point Compound Cooling Curve Deposition Energy Element Evaporation Heat Heat of Fusion Heat of Vaporization Unit 6 Unit Vocabulary:

### Name. Objective 1: Describe, at the molecular level, the difference between a gas, liquid, and solid phase.

Unit 6 Notepack States of Matter Name Unit 4 Objectives 1. Describe, at the molecular level, the difference between a gas, liquid, and solid phase. (CH 10) 2. Describe states of matter using the kinetic

### CHM Solids, Liquids, and Phase Changes (r15) Charles Taylor 1/9

CHM 111 - Solids, Liquids, and Phase Changes (r15) - 2015 Charles Taylor 1/9 Introduction In CHM 110, we used kinetic theory to explain the behavior of gases. Now, we will discuss solids and liquids. While

### Chapter 6: The States of Matter

Spencer L. Seager Michael R. Slabaugh www.cengage.com/chemistry/seager Chapter 6: The States of Matter PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF MATTER All three states of matter have certain properties that help distinguish

### Chapter 13 - States of Matter. Section 13.1 The nature of Gases

Chapter 13 - States of Matter Section 13.1 The nature of Gases Kinetic energy and gases Kinetic energy: the energy an object has because of its motion Kinetic theory: all matter is made if particles in

### Physical Science Chapter 5 Cont3. Temperature & Heat

Physical Science Chapter 5 Cont3 Temperature & Heat What are we going to study? Heat Transfer Phases of Matter The Kinetic Theory of Gases Thermodynamics Specific Heat (Capacity) Specific Heat Latent Heat

### Unit 13 Lesson 1 What Are Solids, Liquids, and Gases? Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

Unit 13 Lesson 1 What Are Solids, Liquids, and Gases? Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company What s the Matter? Matter has mass and volume. It cannot be created or destroyed. Mass is the

### Unit 3: States of Matter, Heat and Gas Laws

Unit 3 - Stevens 1 Unit 3: States of Matter, Heat and Gas Laws Vocabulary: Solid Term Definition Example Liquid Gas No definite shape, but definite volume; Particles close together, but can move around

### SOLIDS, LIQUIDS, AND GASES

CHAPTER 2 SOLIDS, LIQUIDS, AND GASES SECTION 2 1 States of Matter (pages 56-60) This section explains how shape, volume, and the motion of particles are useful in describing solids, liquids, and gases.

### Thermal Physics. Temperature (Definition #1): a measure of the average random kinetic energy of all the particles of a system Units: o C, K

Thermal Physics Internal Energy: total potential energy and random kinetic energy of the molecules of a substance Symbol: U Units: J Internal Kinetic Energy: arises from random translational, vibrational,

### Phase Changes. Courtesy

Phase Changes Courtesy www.lab-initio.com Three Phases of Matter Kinetic Molecular Theory (KMT) ki net ic 1. pertaining to motion. 2. caused by motion. 3. characterized by movement: Running and dancing

### THE PHASES OF MATTER. Solid: holds its shape and does not flow. The molecules in a solid vibrate in place, but on average, don t move very far.

THE QUESTIONS What are the phases of matter? What makes these phases different from each other? What is the difference between melting, freezing, boiling and condensation? How do you interpret a Temperature

### Gas Laws. Gas Properties. Gas Properties. Gas Properties Gases and the Kinetic Molecular Theory Pressure Gas Laws

Gas Laws Gas Properties Gases and the Kinetic Molecular Theory Pressure Gas Laws Gas Properties 1) Gases have mass - the density of the gas is very low in comparison to solids and liquids, which make it

### Name Date Class STATES OF MATTER

13 STATES OF MATTER Chapter Test A A. Matching Match each description in Column B with the correct term in Column A. Write the letter of the correct description on the line. Column A Column B 1. amorphous

### Matter and Thermal Energy

Section States of Matter Can you identify the states of matter present in the photo shown? Kinetic Theory The kinetic theory is an explanation of how particles in matter behave. Kinetic Theory The three

### States of Matter. The Solid State. Particles are tightly packed, very close together (strong cohesive forces) Low kinetic energy (energy of motion)

States of Matter The Solid State Particles are tightly packed, very close together (strong cohesive forces) Low kinetic energy (energy of motion) Fixed shape and volume Crystalline or amorphous structure

### CHAPTER 1 Matter in our Surroundings CONCEPT DETAILS

CHAPTER 1 Matter in our Surroundings CONCEPT DETAILS KEY CONCEPTS : [ *rating as per the significance of concept] 1. Particle nature of Matter *** 2. States of Matter **** 3. Interchange in states of Matter

### Comparison of Solid, Liquid, and Gas

Gas Laws Comparison of Solid, Liquid, and Gas State Shape and Volume Compressibility Ability to Flow Gas Conforms to shape and volume of container Particles can move past one another High Lots of free

### Name Date Class STATES OF MATTER. SECTION 13.1 THE NATURE OF GASES (pages )

Name Date Class 13 STATES OF MATTER SECTION 13.1 THE NATURE OF GASES (pages 385 389) This section introduces the kinetic theory and describes how it applies to gases. It defines gas pressure and explains

### 2. If the volume of a container holding a gas is reduced, what will happen to the presure within the container?

1. Which gas law states that the volume of a fixed mass of a gas is directly proportional to its Kelvin temperature if the pressure is kept constant? A. Boyle s law B. Charles law C. Dalton s law D. Gay-Lussac

### Chemistry Review Unit 5 Physical Behavior of Matter

Chemistry Review Phases of Matter, Changes of Phase, Substances, Mixtures, Solutions, Effect of Solute on Solution, Energy, Kinetics of Solids, Liquids and Gases Matter, Phases and Gas Laws 1. Matter is

### Chapter 10 States of Matter

Chapter 10 States of Matter 1 Section 10.1 The Nature of Gases Objectives: Describe the assumptions of the kinetic theory as it applies to gases. Interpret gas pressure in terms of kinetic theory. Define

### Chapter 10. Gases. The Gas Laws

Page 1 of 12 10.1 Characteristics of Gases. Chapter 10. Gases. All substances have three phases; solid, liquid and gas. Substances that are liquids or solids under ordinary conditions may also exist as

### UNIT #8: Low Density: Compression and Expansion: Diffusion:

NAME: UNIT #8: Characteristics of Gases Gas Laws and Calculations Intermolecular Forces Phase Changes Energy Calculations Heating and Cooling Curves Vapor Pressure 1. GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OF GASES a)

### NOTES: States of Matter & Phase Changes

LAST NAME FIRST NAME Date Period NOTES: States of Matter & Phase Changes MAS = 9-10 (+ none missing) ADV = 7-8 (+ none missing) MTS = 5-6 APP = 3-4 BEG = 0-2 0 = No completion or does not show any understanding

### Study Guide for Chapters 2, 3, and 10

Study Guide for Chapters 2, 3, and 10 1. What is matter? Where can it be found? Anything that has mass and takes up space. 2. What units are used to measure volume? Liters and meters cubed 3. How would

### Lecture Presentation. Chapter 10. Gases. John D. Bookstaver St. Charles Community College Cottleville, MO Pearson Education, Inc.

Lecture Presentation Chapter 10 John D. Bookstaver St. Charles Community College Cottleville, MO Characteristics of Unlike liquids and solids, gases Expand to fill their containers. Are highly compressible.

### Kinetic Theory of Matter

1 Temperature and Thermal Energy Kinetic Theory of Matter The motion of the particles in matter is described by kinetic theory of matter. Matter is composed of particles that are atoms, molecules, or ions

### Some notes on sigma and pi bonds:

Some notes on sigma and pi bonds: SIGMA bonds are formed when orbitals overlap along the axis between two atoms. These bonds have good overlap between the bonding orbitals, meaning that they are strong.

### Chapter 7. Gases, liquids, and solids. Water coexisting in three states H 2 O (g) in air H 2 O (l) ocean H 2 O (s) iceberg

Chapter 7 Gases, liquids, and solids Water coexisting in three states H 2 O (g) in air H 2 O (l) ocean H 2 O (s) iceberg What s crack a lackin? Kinetic-molecular theory of gases Physical states and the

### Chemistry Topic 4. Physical Behavior of Matter

Chemistry Topic 4 Physical Behavior of Matter 11/30 Chemistry Unit 4 Physical Behavior of Matter Aim: What are the 3 states of matter? Obj: SWBAT compare and contrast the states of matter Do now: 2H 2

### STP : standard temperature and pressure 0 o C = 273 K kpa

GAS LAWS Pressure can be measured in different units. For our calculations, we need Pressure to be expressed in kpa. 1 atm = 760. mmhg = 101.3 kpa R is the Universal Gas Constant. Take note of the units:

### Phase Change Diagram. Rank Solids, liquids and gases from weakest attractive forces to strongest:

Unit 11 Kinetic molecular theory packet Page 1 of 13 Chemistry Unit 11 Kinetic Theory Unit Quiz: Test Objectives Be able to define pressure and memorize the basic pressure units. Be able to convert to/from:

### Chapter 10: States of Matter

CP Chemistry Mrs. Klingaman Chapter 10: States of Matter Name: Mods: Chapter 10: States of Matter Reading Guide 10.1 The Kinetic Molecular Theory of Matter (pgs. 311-314) 1. The kinetic-molecular theory

### Chapter 2: Properties of Matter Student Outline 2.1 Classifying Matter A. Pure Substances

Name: Date: Physical Science Period: Chapter 2: Properties of Matter Student Outline GA Performance Standards SPS1. Students will investigate our current understanding of the atom. SPS2. Students will

### SOLID 1. Make sure your state of matter is set on solid. Write your observations below:

Chemistry Ms. Ye Name Date Block Properties of Matter: Particle Movement Part 1: Follow the instructions below to complete the activity. Click on the link to open the simulation for this activity: http://phet.colorado.edu/sims/states-of-matter/states-of-matterbasics_en.jnlp***note:

### Phase Change: solid to liquid. Melting

Phase Change: solid to liquid Melting Most solids shrink in size when frozen. What substance is an exception and actually expands? water Use the phase diagram below to answer the following question. What

### Hood River Valley High

Chemistry Hood River Valley High Name: Period: Unit 7 States of Matter and the Behavior of Gases Unit Goals- As you work through this unit, you should be able to: 1. Describe, at the molecular level, the

### Matter & Energy. Kinetic Theory of Matter. Kinetic Theory of Matter. Kinetic Theory of Matter. Kinetic Theory of Matter. Temperature.

Matter & Energy 1) All matter is made up of atoms and molecules that act as tiny particles. 1 2 2) These tiny particles are always in motion. State of matter depends on its molecular motion as measured

### The Gas Laws. Learning about the special behavior of gases

The Gas Laws Learning about the special behavior of gases The States of Matter What are the 3 states of matter that chemists work with? Solids, liquids, and gases We will explain the behavior of gases

### Chemistry B11 Chapter 6 Gases, Liquids, and Solids

Chapter 6 Gases, Liquids, and Solids States of matter: the physical state of matter depends on a balance between the kinetic energy of particles, which tends to keep them apart, and the attractive forces

### Chemistry States of Matter Lesson 9 Lesson Plan David V. Fansler

Chemistry States of Matter Lesson 9 Lesson Plan David V. Fansler States of Matter The Nature of Gases Objectives: Describe the motion of gas particles according to the kinetic theory; Interpret gas pressure

### Chapter 12 Intermolecular Forces of Attraction

Chapter 12 Intermolecular Forces of Attraction Intermolecular Forces Attractive or Repulsive Forces between molecules. Molecule - - - - - - Molecule Intramolecular Forces bonding forces within the molecule.

### SOLIDS AND LIQUIDS - Here's a brief review of the atomic picture or gases, liquids, and solids GASES

30 SOLIDS AND LIQUIDS - Here's a brief review of the atomic picture or gases, liquids, and solids GASES * Gas molecules are small compared to the space between them. * Gas molecules move in straight lines

### Lecture Outline Chapter 17. Physics, 4 th Edition James S. Walker. Copyright 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.

Lecture Outline Chapter 17 Physics, 4 th Edition James S. Walker Chapter 17 Phases and Phase Changes Ideal Gases Kinetic Theory Units of Chapter 17 Solids and Elastic Deformation Phase Equilibrium and

### Chemistry A: States of Matter Packet Name: Hour: Page!1. Chemistry A States of Matter Packet

Chemistry A: States of Matter Packet Name: Hour: Page!1 Chemistry A States of Matter Packet Chemistry A: States of Matter Packet Name: Hour: Page!2 Worksheet #1: States of Matter In this packet we will

### When liquid water crystallizes it has six sides. Create a snowflake with six sides.

When liquid water crystallizes it has six sides. Create a snowflake with six sides. Purpose: To create a supersaturated solution and observe the crystal lattice of borax snowflakes. The state of matter

### Science 8 Chapter 7 Section 1

Science 8 Chapter 7 Section 1 Describing Fluids (pp. 268-277) What is a fluid? Fluid: any thing that flows; a liquid or a gas While it would seem that some solids flow (sugar, salt, etc), they are not

### Chapter 14: Liquids and Solids

I. Phases of matter and phase changes a. Recall the three main phases of matter: Chapter 14: Liquids and Solids Energy is involved during the transition from one phase of matter to another. You should

### Gases, Liquids and Solids

Chapter 5 Gases, Liquids and Solids The States of Matter Gases Pressure Forces between one molecule and another are called intermolecular forces. Intermolecular forces hold molecules together and kinetic

### States of Matter 1 of 21 Boardworks Ltd 2016

States of Matter 1 of 21 Boardworks Ltd 2016 States of Matter 2 of 21 Boardworks Ltd 2016 What are the three states of matter? 3 of 21 Boardworks Ltd 2016 At any given temperature, all substances exist

### Chapter 7.1. States of Matter

Chapter 7.1 States of Matter In this chapter... we will learn about matter and different states of matter, many of which we are already familiar with! Learning about Kinetic Molecular Theory will help

### Gases, Liquids, Solids, and Intermolecular Forces

Chapter 6 Gases, Liquids, Solids, and Intermolecular Forces Solids: The particles of a solid have fixed positions and exhibit motions of vibration. Liquids: The particles of a liquid are free to move within

### Unit 08 Review: The KMT and Gas Laws

Unit 08 Review: The KMT and Gas Laws It may be helpful to view the animation showing heating curve and changes of state: http://cwx.prenhall.com/petrucci/medialib/media_portfolio/text_images/031_changesstate.mov

### Unit 4: Gas Laws. Matter and Phase Changes

Unit 4: Gas Laws Matter and Phase Changes ENERGY and matter What is 에너지 A fundamental property of the universe that cannot be easily defined. Energy No one knows what energy is, only what it does or has

### Name: Regents Chemistry: Mr. Palermo. Student Version. Notes: Unit 6A Heat

Name: Regents Chemistry: Mr. Palermo Student Version Notes: Unit 6A Heat Name: KEY IDEAS Heat is a transfer of energy (usually thermal energy) from a body of higher temperature to a body of lower temperature.

### Thermal Properties Of Matter

Thermal Properties Of Matter 3.2.2 Explain why different substances have different specific heat capacities. Heat two same size objects of different materials for the same amount of time they will not

### Chapter: States of Matter

Table of Contents Chapter: States of Matter Section 1: Matter Section 2: Changes of State Section 3: Behavior of Fluids 1 What is matter? Matter is anything that takes up space and has mass. Matter Matter

### Section 2: Changes of State (p. 68) 20 HOLT SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

Plasmas (p. 67) 24. More than 99 percent of the known matter in the universe is in the plasma state. 25. Plasmas are made up of particles that have broken apart. 26. Plasmas have a definite shape and volume.

### Revision Sheet Final Exam Term

Revision Sheet Final Exam Term-1 2018-2019 Name: Subject: Chemistry Grade: 11 A, B, C Required Materials: Chapter: 10 Section: 1,2,3,4,5 (Textbook pg. 311-333) Chapter: 11 Section: 1,2, (Textbook pg. 341-355)

### CBSE Class 9 Science Revision Notes CHAPTER 1 Matter in our Surroundings

CBSE Class 9 Science Revision Notes CHAPTER 1 Matter in our Surroundings Anything that occupies space and has mass and is felt by senses is called matter. According to indian ancient philosphor, matter