Global Climate Change, Weather, and Disasters

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Global Climate Change, Weather, and Disasters"

Transcription

1 Global Climate Change, Weather, and Disasters The Hype and the Available Data! K.E. Kelly

2 Is Climate Change Causing Extreme Weather? New Republic Zogby Analytics poll shortly after hurricane Sandy A strong majority (57 percent) says climate change is adding to the severity of recent extreme weather such as Superstorm Sandy and the summer droughts.

3 How Can Climate Change Any Ideas? Affect Severe Weather Rates of evapotranspiration (from soil, plants and water) increase, which can affect rainfall and droughts. A warmer atmosphere holds more water, which can affect the intensity of rainfall events. Changes in ocean surface temperature can alter ocean circulation, atmospheric circulation, and precipitation.

4 Changes in Distribution Can Change the Extremes Mean temperature increases (distribution same). Increased temperature variability (mean same). Asymetrical distribution. The effect of changes in temperature distribution on extremes (IPCC 2011). Dotted vertical line shows mean. Solid distribution: without climate change; dotted distribution: with climate change.

5 IPCC Highlights: Uncertainty Challenges: - How to account for natural variability, especially for rare events. - Lack of data, confounding factors - Prediction (especially about the future) and understanding the underlying process Higher quality data: - Temperatures - Sea level

6 What We Know: Ocean Heat Content Lines independently calculated using different methods by three agencies: the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Australia s Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), and Japan Meteorological Agency s Meteorological Research Institute (MRI/JMA). from

7 What We Know: Ocean Temperatures From 1901 through 2013, temperatures rose at an average rate of 0.13 F per decade. Earlier data have less certainty because of lower sampling frequency and less precise sampling methods. from

8 IPCC Highlights: Temperature Very likely decrease in the number of cold nights and increase of the number of warm days (North America, Europe, Australia). Likely increase in temperature extremes in Asia. Medium to low confidence for a change in temperature extremes in Africa. Medium confidence that the length and number of warm spells or heat waves has increased.

9 IPCC Highlights: Temperature Prediction Virtually certain of an increase in the frequency and magnitude of warm daily temperature extremes and a decrease in cold extremes. Very likely an increase in the length, frequency and intensity of heat waves.

10 What We Know: Sea Level Change Since 1880, sea level rose 0.06 inch/yr Since 1993, sea levels rose inches/yr Average absolute sea level change, the height of the ocean surface, measured from the center of the earth, regardless of whether nearby land is rising or falling From

11 IPCC Highlights: Water It is likely that there has been an increase in extreme coastal high water related to increases in mean sea level. Medium confidence that some regions (Europe & West Africa) have experienced more intense and longer droughts. Other regions have experienced less drought (North America and NW Australia). Limited evidence to assess climate-driven changes in flood frequency (data challenges and land-use changes). Although there are regional differences, there are statistically significant increases in the number of heavy precipitation events.

12 IPCC Highlights: Water Prediction Highly likely sea levels will continue to increase. Likely that the frequency of heavy precipitation events will increase Limited evidence to assess climate-driven changes in flood frequency and severity (data challenges and land-use changes).

13 Highlights: Cyclones and Tornados Low confidence in any long-term increases in cyclone activity Likely increases in average maximum wind speed Heavy rainfall associated with hurricanes likely to increase Projected sea level rise is expected to compound storm surge impacts. Difficult to predict impacts with geospatial resolution Low confidence in observed trends in small spatial-scale phenomena such as tornadoes and hail (data inhomogeneities an inadequacies in monitoring systems)

14 IPCC Highlights: Economic Impacts Economic losses (damaged assets) from weather- and climate-related disasters have increased (great annual variations) Annual worldwide losses range from a few billion t0 $200 billion (US 2010 dollars, Hurricane Katrina biggest year) Difficult to monetize a variety of impacts Economic losses are greatest in developed countries but losses as a fraction of GDP are greatest in developing countries.

15 US Billion Dollar Weather Disasters a statistically significant increasing trend of about 5 % per year in the frequency of billion-dollar disasters! A.B. Smith, R.W. Katz (2013) US billion-dollar weather and climate disasters: data sources, trends, accuracy and biases Natural Hazards Volume 67, Issue 2,

16 Climate, Weather and Disaster Risk

17 Exposure & Vulnerability Effects of a tornado differ dramatically depending on where it touches down. Extreme heat affects different populations (vulnerable populations old, low income) differently. Populations in coastal, megadeltas and the mountains are more vulnerable. Effects can compound, i.e., drought and extreme heat = wildfires.

18 Adaptation: Managing Risks

19 Adaptation: Managing Risks Low-regret strategies: Early-warning systems (i.e., tornados and hurricanes) Disaster preparedness and communication Smart land-use strategies (i.e., preserving coastal wetlands, siting critical infrastructure) Development and enforcement of building codes Adequate sanitation, drainage and irrigation systems

20 Potential Resources indicators/weather-climate/index.html extreme-events publication/ WEO_Special_Report_2013_Redrawing_the_Energy_ Climate_Map.pdf

1990 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Impacts Assessment

1990 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Impacts Assessment 1990 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Impacts Assessment Although the variability of weather and associated shifts in the frequency and magnitude of climate events were not available from the

More information

CLIMATE READY BOSTON. Climate Projections Consensus ADAPTED FROM THE BOSTON RESEARCH ADVISORY GROUP REPORT MAY 2016

CLIMATE READY BOSTON. Climate Projections Consensus ADAPTED FROM THE BOSTON RESEARCH ADVISORY GROUP REPORT MAY 2016 CLIMATE READY BOSTON Sasaki Steering Committee Meeting, March 28 nd, 2016 Climate Projections Consensus ADAPTED FROM THE BOSTON RESEARCH ADVISORY GROUP REPORT MAY 2016 WHAT S IN STORE FOR BOSTON S CLIMATE?

More information

What is the IPCC? Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

What is the IPCC? Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change IPCC WG1 FAQ What is the IPCC? Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change The IPCC is a scientific intergovernmental body set up by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and by the United Nations

More information

Current and future climate of Vanuatu. Pacific-Australia Climate Change Science and Adaptation Planning Program

Current and future climate of Vanuatu. Pacific-Australia Climate Change Science and Adaptation Planning Program Pacific-Australia Climate Change Science and Adaptation Planning Program Hiu Torres Islands Vanua Lava Gaua Banks Islands Espiritu Santo Malekula Ambae Épi Maéwo Pentecost Ambrym Shepherd Islands Éfate

More information

Understanding Weather and Climate Risk. Matthew Perry Sharing an Uncertain World Conference The Geological Society, 13 July 2017

Understanding Weather and Climate Risk. Matthew Perry Sharing an Uncertain World Conference The Geological Society, 13 July 2017 Understanding Weather and Climate Risk Matthew Perry Sharing an Uncertain World Conference The Geological Society, 13 July 2017 What is risk in a weather and climate context? Hazard: something with the

More information

EARLY WARNING IN SOUTHERN AFRICA:

EARLY WARNING IN SOUTHERN AFRICA: EARLY WARNING IN SOUTHERN AFRICA: Enhancing the Meteorological Early Warning System Eugene Poolman South African Weather Service OUTLINE OF PRESENTATION Impact of Climate Change Meteorological Early Warning

More information

Changing Climate and Increased Volatility What it Means for the Energy Sector in the Future April 3, 2014 Jeff Johnson, Chief Science Officer

Changing Climate and Increased Volatility What it Means for the Energy Sector in the Future April 3, 2014 Jeff Johnson, Chief Science Officer Changing Climate and Increased Volatility What it Means for the Energy Sector in the Future April 3, 2014 Jeff Johnson, Chief Science Officer There is no doubt that the climate has changed, and it will

More information

Mozambique. General Climate. UNDP Climate Change Country Profiles. C. McSweeney 1, M. New 1,2 and G. Lizcano 1

Mozambique. General Climate. UNDP Climate Change Country Profiles. C. McSweeney 1, M. New 1,2 and G. Lizcano 1 UNDP Climate Change Country Profiles Mozambique C. McSweeney 1, M. New 1,2 and G. Lizcano 1 1. School of Geography and Environment, University of Oxford. 2.Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research http://country-profiles.geog.ox.ac.uk

More information

INCREASING HURRICANES, DROUGHTS, & WILDFIRES. Paul H. Carr AF Research Laboratory Emeritus

INCREASING HURRICANES, DROUGHTS, & WILDFIRES. Paul H. Carr AF Research Laboratory Emeritus INCREASING HURRICANES, DROUGHTS, & WILDFIRES Paul H. Carr AF Research Laboratory Emeritus www.mirrorofnature.org INCREASING HURRICANES, DROUGHTS, & WILDFIRES By Paul H. Carr, NES American Physical Society,

More information

A Tutorial on Climate Change Science: The. 4 th National Climate Assessment CLIMATE SCIENCE. Don Wuebbles

A Tutorial on Climate Change Science: The. 4 th National Climate Assessment CLIMATE SCIENCE. Don Wuebbles CLIMATE SCIENCE S P E C I A L R E P O R T A Tutorial on Climate Change Science: The Fourth National Climate Assessment Volume I 4 th National Climate Assessment Don Wuebbles Department of Atmospheric Sciences

More information

Global Climate Change and the Implications for Oklahoma. Gary McManus Associate State Climatologist Oklahoma Climatological Survey

Global Climate Change and the Implications for Oklahoma. Gary McManus Associate State Climatologist Oklahoma Climatological Survey Global Climate Change and the Implications for Oklahoma Gary McManus Associate State Climatologist Oklahoma Climatological Survey Our previous stance on global warming Why the anxiety? Extreme Viewpoints!

More information

Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis

Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis Working Group I Contribution to the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report Presented by R.K. Pachauri, IPCC Chair and Bubu Jallow, WG 1 Vice Chair Nairobi, 6 February

More information

Climate Change in the Pacific: Scientific Assessment and New Research Volume 1: Regional Overview

Climate Change in the Pacific: Scientific Assessment and New Research Volume 1: Regional Overview Climate Change in the Pacific: Scientific Assessment and New Research Volume 1: Regional Overview Australian Bureau of Meteorology and Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO)

More information

1 What Is Climate? TAKE A LOOK 2. Explain Why do areas near the equator tend to have high temperatures?

1 What Is Climate? TAKE A LOOK 2. Explain Why do areas near the equator tend to have high temperatures? CHAPTER 17 1 What Is Climate? SECTION Climate BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What is climate? What factors affect climate? How do climates differ

More information

CLIMATE-SMART AGRICULTURE: THE POTENTIAL ROLE OF MODELLING AS PART OF

CLIMATE-SMART AGRICULTURE: THE POTENTIAL ROLE OF MODELLING AS PART OF CLIMATE-SMART AGRICULTURE: THE POTENTIAL ROLE OF MODELLING AS PART OF THE SOLUTION FOR THE CARIBBEAN Michael A. Taylor Climate Studies Group, Mona University of the West Indies, Mona. IN THE CONTEXT OF

More information

5.2 IDENTIFICATION OF HAZARDS OF CONCERN

5.2 IDENTIFICATION OF HAZARDS OF CONCERN 5.2 IDENTIFICATION OF HAZARDS OF CONCERN 2015 HMP Update Changes The 2010 HMP hazard identification was presented in Section 6. For the 2015 HMP update, the hazard identification is presented in subsection

More information

The Failed Science of Global warming: Time to Re-consider Climate Change

The Failed Science of Global warming: Time to Re-consider Climate Change The Failed Science of Global warming: Time to Re-consider Climate Change Madhav Khandekar Expert Reviewer IPCC 2007 Climate Change IPCC vs NIPCC IPCC: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change; A UN Body

More information

Global warming and Extremes of Weather. Prof. Richard Allan, Department of Meteorology University of Reading

Global warming and Extremes of Weather. Prof. Richard Allan, Department of Meteorology University of Reading Global warming and Extremes of Weather Prof. Richard Allan, Department of Meteorology University of Reading Extreme weather climate change Recent extreme weather focusses debate on climate change Can we

More information

US/Global Natural Catastrophe Update

US/Global Natural Catastrophe Update US/Global Natural Catastrophe Update NAIC's CIPR Symposium on Implications of Increasing Catastrophe Volatility on Insurers Carl Hedde, SVP, Head of Risk Accumulation Munich Reinsurance America, Inc. Source:

More information

West Baton Rouge Parish Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Public Meeting. September 9, 2015 Port Allen, LA

West Baton Rouge Parish Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Public Meeting. September 9, 2015 Port Allen, LA West Baton Rouge Parish Hazard Mitigation Plan Update Public Meeting September 9, 2015 Port Allen, LA Agenda Hazard Mitigation Planning Process SDMI Staff Risk Assessment SDMI Staff Update on Previous/Current

More information

Appendix 1: UK climate projections

Appendix 1: UK climate projections Appendix 1: UK climate projections The UK Climate Projections 2009 provide the most up-to-date estimates of how the climate may change over the next 100 years. They are an invaluable source of information

More information

Warm Up Vocabulary Check

Warm Up Vocabulary Check Warm Up Vocabulary Check Surface current Coriolis Effect global winds upwelling Gulf Stream deep current climate El Nino convection current continental deflection 1.The apparent curving of the path of

More information

1 What Is Climate? TAKE A LOOK 2. Explain Why do areas near the equator tend to have high temperatures?

1 What Is Climate? TAKE A LOOK 2. Explain Why do areas near the equator tend to have high temperatures? CHAPTER 3 1 What Is Climate? SECTION Climate BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What is climate? What factors affect climate? How do climates differ

More information

Climate and Weather Extremes What s the Relationship?

Climate and Weather Extremes What s the Relationship? Climate and Weather Extremes What s the Relationship? Deke Arndt Climate Monitoring Branch NOAA s National Climatic Data Center If You Can Only Stay One Minute Climate: it s complex it s changing Extreme

More information

The AIR Tropical Cyclone Model for Mexico

The AIR Tropical Cyclone Model for Mexico The AIR Tropical Cyclone Model for Mexico In September 214, Hurricane Odile made landfall near Cabo San Lucas, Mexico, as a Category 3 hurricane, then moved up the center of Baja California, bringing strong

More information

Current and future climate of the Solomon Islands. Pacific-Australia Climate Change Science and Adaptation Planning Program

Current and future climate of the Solomon Islands. Pacific-Australia Climate Change Science and Adaptation Planning Program Pacific-Australia Climate Change Science and Adaptation Planning Program Ontong Java Atoll Shortland Islands Choiseul South Pacific Ocean Vella Lavella Ranongga New Georgia Islands Rendova Kolombangara

More information

A changing climate leads to changes in extreme weather and climate events the focus of Chapter 3

A changing climate leads to changes in extreme weather and climate events the focus of Chapter 3 A changing climate leads to changes in extreme weather and climate events the focus of Chapter 3 Changes in Climate Extremes & their Impacts on the Natural Physical Environment Sonia Seneviratne, Neville

More information

MODELLING FROST RISK IN APPLE TREE, IRAN. Mohammad Rahimi

MODELLING FROST RISK IN APPLE TREE, IRAN. Mohammad Rahimi WMO Regional Seminar on strategic Capacity Development of National Meteorological and Hydrological Services in RA II (Opportunity and Challenges in 21th century) Tashkent, Uzbekistan, 3-4 December 2008

More information

Enhancing Weather Information with Probability Forecasts. An Information Statement of the American Meteorological Society

Enhancing Weather Information with Probability Forecasts. An Information Statement of the American Meteorological Society Enhancing Weather Information with Probability Forecasts An Information Statement of the American Meteorological Society (Adopted by AMS Council on 12 May 2008) Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 89 Summary This

More information

Extreme Weather Events: Trends and Implications for Transportation Emergency Management

Extreme Weather Events: Trends and Implications for Transportation Emergency Management Extreme Weather Events: Trends and Implications for Transportation Emergency Management Mike Savonis, ICF International on behalf of the AASHTO Center for Environmental Excellence Prepared for: AASHTO

More information

5.2 IDENTIFICATION OF NATURAL HAZARDS OF CONCERN

5.2 IDENTIFICATION OF NATURAL HAZARDS OF CONCERN 5.2 IDENTIFICATION OF NATURAL HAZARDS OF CONCERN To provide a strong foundation for mitigation strategies considered in Sections 6 and 9, County considered a full range of natural s that could impact area,

More information

Activity 2.2: Recognizing Change (Observation vs. Inference)

Activity 2.2: Recognizing Change (Observation vs. Inference) Activity 2.2: Recognizing Change (Observation vs. Inference) Teacher Notes: Evidence for Climate Change PowerPoint Slide 1 Slide 2 Introduction Image 1 (Namib Desert, Namibia) The sun is on the horizon

More information

CHAPTER 13 WEATHER ANALYSIS AND FORECASTING MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS

CHAPTER 13 WEATHER ANALYSIS AND FORECASTING MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS CHAPTER 13 WEATHER ANALYSIS AND FORECASTING MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS 1. The atmosphere is a continuous fluid that envelops the globe, so that weather observation, analysis, and forecasting require international

More information

Climate Change and Hurricane Loss: Perspectives for Investors. June By Karen Clark and John Lummis

Climate Change and Hurricane Loss: Perspectives for Investors. June By Karen Clark and John Lummis Climate Change and Hurricane Loss: Perspectives for Investors By Karen Clark and John Lummis June 2015 2 COPLEY PLACE BOSTON, MA 02116 T: 617.423.2800 F: 617.423.2808 The Big Picture Climate change gets

More information

Commercialisation. Lessons learned from Dutch weather market

Commercialisation. Lessons learned from Dutch weather market Commercialisation Lessons learned from Dutch weather market Where information comes together weather traffic public transport Weather, traffic and public transport. Daily actual information that influences

More information

SHAPING OUR FUTURE: THE CLIMATE CHALLENGE KS3 LESSON 1 TEACHER GUIDE HOW IS OUR CLIMATE CHANGING?

SHAPING OUR FUTURE: THE CLIMATE CHALLENGE KS3 LESSON 1 TEACHER GUIDE HOW IS OUR CLIMATE CHANGING? SHAPING OUR FUTURE: THE CLIMATE CHALLENGE KS3 LESSON 1 TEACHER GUIDE HOW IS OUR CLIMATE CHANGING? KS3 LESSON 1 TEACHER GUIDE HOW IS OUR CLIMATE CHANGING? Learning objective: To understand, through the

More information

Claim: Global warming is increasing the magnitude and frequency of droughts and floods.

Claim: Global warming is increasing the magnitude and frequency of droughts and floods. Claim: Global warming is increasing the magnitude and frequency of droughts and floods. REBUTTAL Our use of fossil fuels to power our civilization is not causing droughts or floods. NOAA found there is

More information

Suriname. General Climate. Recent Climate Trends. UNDP Climate Change Country Profiles. Temperature. C. McSweeney 1, M. New 1,2 and G.

Suriname. General Climate. Recent Climate Trends. UNDP Climate Change Country Profiles. Temperature. C. McSweeney 1, M. New 1,2 and G. UNDP Climate Change Country Profiles Suriname C. McSweeney 1, M. New 1,2 and G. Lizcano 1 1. School of Geography and Environment, University of Oxford. 2. Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research http://country-profiles.geog.ox.ac.uk

More information

New Directions in Catastrophe Risk Models

New Directions in Catastrophe Risk Models New Directions in Catastrophe Risk Models World Bank Brown-Bag Lunch Presentation October 9, 2007 Richard J. Murnane Baseline Management Company, Inc. Overview! Background on reinsurance and cat models!

More information

WHAT CAN MAPS TELL US ABOUT THE GEOGRAPHY OF ANCIENT GREECE? MAP TYPE 1: CLIMATE MAPS

WHAT CAN MAPS TELL US ABOUT THE GEOGRAPHY OF ANCIENT GREECE? MAP TYPE 1: CLIMATE MAPS WHAT CAN MAPS TELL US ABOUT THE GEOGRAPHY OF ANCIENT GREECE? MAP TYPE 1: CLIMATE MAPS MAP TYPE 2: PHYSICAL AND/OR TOPOGRAPHICAL MAPS MAP TYPE 3: POLITICAL MAPS TYPE 4: RESOURCE & TRADE MAPS Descriptions

More information

Confronting Climate Change in the Great Lakes Region. Technical Appendix Climate Change Projections EXTREME EVENTS

Confronting Climate Change in the Great Lakes Region. Technical Appendix Climate Change Projections EXTREME EVENTS Confronting Climate Change in the Great Lakes Region Technical Appendix Climate Change Projections EXTREME EVENTS Human health and well-being, as well as energy requirements, building standards, agriculture

More information

Storm and Storm Systems Related Vocabulary and Definitions. Magnitudes are measured differently for different hazard types:

Storm and Storm Systems Related Vocabulary and Definitions. Magnitudes are measured differently for different hazard types: Storm and Storm Systems Related Vocabulary and Definitions Magnitude: this is an indication of the scale of an event, often synonymous with intensity or size. In natural systems, magnitude is also related

More information

On the Risk Assessment of Severe Convective Storms and Some Weather Hazards over Bulgaria ( ) - Meteorological Approach

On the Risk Assessment of Severe Convective Storms and Some Weather Hazards over Bulgaria ( ) - Meteorological Approach On the Risk Assessment of Severe Convective Storms and Some Weather Hazards over Bulgaria (1991 2008) - Meteorological Approach Lilia Bocheva, Petio Simeonov, Ilian Gospodinov National Institute of Meteorology

More information

The Climate of the Carolinas: Past, Present, and Future - Results from the National Climate Assessment

The Climate of the Carolinas: Past, Present, and Future - Results from the National Climate Assessment The Climate of the Carolinas: Past, Present, and Future - Results from the National Climate Assessment Chip Konrad Chris Fuhrmann Director of the The Southeast Regional Climate Center Associate Professor

More information

Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation for Coastal Transport Infrastructure in Caribbean SIDS

Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation for Coastal Transport Infrastructure in Caribbean SIDS UNCTAD National Workshop Jamaica 30 May 1 June 2017, Kingston, Jamaica Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation for Coastal Transport Infrastructure in Caribbean SIDS LISCoAsT Large Scale Integrated Sealevel

More information

Extreme Weather Events: Infrastructure Damage and Impact on Vulnerable Populations

Extreme Weather Events: Infrastructure Damage and Impact on Vulnerable Populations Extreme Weather Events: Infrastructure Damage and Impact on Vulnerable Populations Cindy L. Parker MD, MPH Physicians for Social Responsibility Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health 1 Climate

More information

2015: A YEAR IN REVIEW F.S. ANSLOW

2015: A YEAR IN REVIEW F.S. ANSLOW 2015: A YEAR IN REVIEW F.S. ANSLOW 1 INTRODUCTION Recently, three of the major centres for global climate monitoring determined with high confidence that 2015 was the warmest year on record, globally.

More information

Current and future climate of Vanuatu

Current and future climate of Vanuatu Hiu Torres Islands Vanua Lava Gaua Banks Islands Espiritu Santo Malekula Ambae Épi Maéwo Pentecost Ambrym Shepherd Islands Éfate PORT VILA South Pacific Ocean Erromango Tanna Aneityum Current and future

More information

Alignments of Master of Disaster (MoD) Lessons for Grades K-2 with the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) X X X X X X X X X X

Alignments of Master of Disaster (MoD) Lessons for Grades K-2 with the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) X X X X X X X X X X Alignments of Master of Disaster (MoD) Lessons for Grades K-2 with the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) Relevant Next Generation Science Standards Performance Expectations* MoD Lesson Purpose K-PS2-1

More information

3 Severe Weather. Critical Thinking

3 Severe Weather. Critical Thinking CHAPTER 2 3 Severe Weather SECTION Understanding Weather BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What are some types of severe weather? How can you stay

More information

Climates of NYS. Definitions. Climate Regions of NYS. Storm Tracks. Climate Controls 10/13/2011. Characteristics of NYS s Climates

Climates of NYS. Definitions. Climate Regions of NYS. Storm Tracks. Climate Controls 10/13/2011. Characteristics of NYS s Climates Definitions Climates of NYS Prof. Anthony Grande 2011 Weather and Climate Weather the state of the atmosphere at one point in time. The elements of weather are temperature, air pressure, wind and moisture.

More information

Pacific Catastrophe Risk Assessment And Financing Initiative

Pacific Catastrophe Risk Assessment And Financing Initiative Pacific Catastrophe Risk Assessment And Financing Initiative PALAU September is expected to incur, on average,.7 million USD per year in losses due to earthquakes and tropical cyclones. In the next 5 years,

More information

Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation for Coastal Transport Infrastructure in Caribbean SIDS

Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation for Coastal Transport Infrastructure in Caribbean SIDS UNCTAD National Workshop Saint Lucia 24 26 May 2017, Rodney Bay, Saint Lucia Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation for Coastal Transport Infrastructure in Caribbean SIDS LISCoAsT Large Scale Integrated

More information

Regional Flash Flood Guidance and Early Warning System

Regional Flash Flood Guidance and Early Warning System WMO Training for Trainers Workshop on Integrated approach to flash flood and flood risk management 24-28 October 2010 Kathmandu, Nepal Regional Flash Flood Guidance and Early Warning System Dr. W. E. Grabs

More information

Climate Change and Stormwater. Daniel Brown, Research Associate, GLISA

Climate Change and Stormwater. Daniel Brown, Research Associate, GLISA Climate Change and Stormwater Daniel Brown, Research Associate, GLISA Global Trends and Regional Trends Global trends are more certain than regional trends. Natural variability plays a larger role at the

More information

Natural Disasters in 2002: An Analytical Overview

Natural Disasters in 2002: An Analytical Overview Natural Disasters in 2002: An Analytical Overview Chapter 1: Impact of Natural Disasters This Chapter deals with the overall trend and impact of Natural Disasters in the year 2002. It also addresses regional

More information

US Drought Status. Droughts 1/17/2013. Percent land area affected by Drought across US ( ) Dev Niyogi Associate Professor Dept of Agronomy

US Drought Status. Droughts 1/17/2013. Percent land area affected by Drought across US ( ) Dev Niyogi Associate Professor Dept of Agronomy Droughts US Drought Status Dev Niyogi Associate Professor Dept of Agronomy Deptof Earth Atmospheric Planetary Sciences Indiana State Climatologist Purdue University LANDSURFACE.ORG iclimate.org climate@purdue.edu

More information

Multi-Jurisdictional Hazard Mitigation Plan. Table C.17 Disaster Declarations or Proclamations Affecting Perry County Presidential & Gubernatorial

Multi-Jurisdictional Hazard Mitigation Plan. Table C.17 Disaster Declarations or Proclamations Affecting Perry County Presidential & Gubernatorial Severe Weather General Severe weather affects the entire Commonwealth and can be expected any time of the year. Severe weather for Perry County is considered to include: blizzards and/or heavy snowfall,

More information

Projections of future climate change

Projections of future climate change Projections of future climate change Matthew Collins 1,2 and Catherine A. Senior 2 1 Centre for Global Atmospheric Modelling, Department of Meteorology, University of Reading 2 Met Office Hadley Centre,

More information

Climate Change Models: The Cyprus Case

Climate Change Models: The Cyprus Case Climate Change Models: The Cyprus Case M. Petrakis, C. Giannakopoulos, G. Lemesios National Observatory of Athens AdaptToClimate 2014, Nicosia Cyprus Climate Research (1) Climate is one of the most challenging

More information

Rising Sea Levels: Time for Proactive Action in Florida and the Caribbean?

Rising Sea Levels: Time for Proactive Action in Florida and the Caribbean? Rising Sea Levels: Time for Proactive Action in Florida and the Caribbean? Dr. Alan Fyall and Dr. Thomas Wahl National Center for Integrated Coastal Research, University of Central Florida Dr. Roberta

More information

GLOBAL CLIMATES FOCUS

GLOBAL CLIMATES FOCUS which you will learn more about in Chapter 6. Refer to the climate map and chart on pages 28-29 as you read the rest of this chapter. FOCUS GLOBAL CLIMATES What are the major influences on climate? Where

More information

El Niño / Southern Oscillation

El Niño / Southern Oscillation El Niño / Southern Oscillation Student Packet 2 Use contents of this packet as you feel appropriate. You are free to copy and use any of the material in this lesson plan. Packet Contents Introduction on

More information

Initiative. Country Risk Profile: papua new guinea. Better Risk Information for Smarter Investments PAPUA NEW GUINEA.

Initiative. Country Risk Profile: papua new guinea. Better Risk Information for Smarter Investments PAPUA NEW GUINEA. Pacific Catastrophe Risk Assessment And Financing Initiative PAPUA NEW GUINEA September 211 Country Risk Profile: papua new is expected to incur, on average, 85 million USD per year in losses due to earthquakes

More information

3. The map below shows an eastern portion of North America. Points A and B represent locations on the eastern shoreline.

3. The map below shows an eastern portion of North America. Points A and B represent locations on the eastern shoreline. 1. Most tornadoes in the Northern Hemisphere are best described as violently rotating columns of air surrounded by A) clockwise surface winds moving toward the columns B) clockwise surface winds moving

More information

Climate variability and the expected. Croatia

Climate variability and the expected. Croatia Climate variability and the expected effects of climate change scenario in Croatia Krešo Pandžić Meteorological and Hydrological Service Croatia National roundtable Adaptation to climate change, Zagreb,

More information

Current and future climate of Tuvalu

Current and future climate of Tuvalu Nanumea Fualefeke Amatuku Nanumaga Niutao Tepuka Tepuka Savilivili Fualopa Fuafatu Funafuti Fogafale VAIAKU Fuakea Tefala Vasafua Falaigo Teafuafou Fatato Papa Elise Funamanu Falefatu Mateika Funafala

More information

FLORA: FLood estimation and forecast in complex Orographic areas for Risk mitigation in the Alpine space

FLORA: FLood estimation and forecast in complex Orographic areas for Risk mitigation in the Alpine space Natural Risk Management in a changing climate: Experiences in Adaptation Strategies from some European Projekts Milano - December 14 th, 2011 FLORA: FLood estimation and forecast in complex Orographic

More information

Weather Elements (air masses, fronts & storms)

Weather Elements (air masses, fronts & storms) Weather Elements (air masses, fronts & storms) S6E4. Obtain, evaluate and communicate information about how the sun, land, and water affect climate and weather. A. Analyze and interpret data to compare

More information

Contents. Properties of the Atmosphere 1. Weather Maps 45. Meteorological Measurements 21. Forecasting and Simulating Hazardous Weather 59.

Contents. Properties of the Atmosphere 1. Weather Maps 45. Meteorological Measurements 21. Forecasting and Simulating Hazardous Weather 59. Contents Preface xiii Acknowledgements xvii Biographies xviii Chapter 1 Properties of the Atmosphere 1 Key Words 1 Temperature 3 FUN FACT Degree-days A Measure of Energy Consumption 4 Pressure 7 FUN FACT

More information

South West Queensland Region

South West Queensland Region Climate change in the South West Queensland Region Rainfall Data Temperature Data This regional summary describes the projected climate change for the South West Queensland (SWQ) region. Bulloo Shire Council

More information

Overview of a Changing Climate in Rhode Island

Overview of a Changing Climate in Rhode Island Overview of a Changing Climate in Rhode Island David Vallee, Hydrologist in Charge, National Weather Service Northeast River Forecast Center, NOAA Lenny Giuliano, Air Quality Specialist, Rhode Island Department

More information

Queensland Floods- Part A

Queensland Floods- Part A Queensland Floods- Part A Floods Flooding is when the water level in a creek, river, lake or the sea rises and covers land that is normally dry. The rise in water can be due to numerous causes, although

More information

Drought Impacts in the Southern Great Plains. Mark Shafer University of Oklahoma Norman, OK

Drought Impacts in the Southern Great Plains. Mark Shafer University of Oklahoma Norman, OK Drought Impacts in the Southern Great Plains Mark Shafer University of Oklahoma Norman, OK Causes of Drought: Large-Scale, Stationary High Pressure Air rotates clockwise around high pressure steers storms

More information

WEATHER & CLIMATE: VOLATILITY OR CHANGE IN THE AIR?

WEATHER & CLIMATE: VOLATILITY OR CHANGE IN THE AIR? WEATHER & CLIMATE: VOLATILITY OR CHANGE IN THE AIR? JOSH DARR LEAD METEOROLOGIST, SENIOR VICE PRESIDENT MAY 18, 2017 NLC-RISC TRUSTEES CONFERENCE, INDIANAPOLIS, IN AGENDA VOLATILITY OR CHANGE IN THE AIR?

More information

4 Forecasting Weather

4 Forecasting Weather CHAPTER 16 4 Forecasting Weather SECTION Understanding Weather BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What instruments are used to forecast weather?

More information

Monthly Long Range Weather Commentary Issued: APRIL 18, 2017 Steven A. Root, CCM, Chief Analytics Officer, Sr. VP,

Monthly Long Range Weather Commentary Issued: APRIL 18, 2017 Steven A. Root, CCM, Chief Analytics Officer, Sr. VP, Monthly Long Range Weather Commentary Issued: APRIL 18, 2017 Steven A. Root, CCM, Chief Analytics Officer, Sr. VP, sroot@weatherbank.com MARCH 2017 Climate Highlights The Month in Review The average contiguous

More information

At the Midpoint of the 2008

At the Midpoint of the 2008 At the Midpoint of the 2008 Atlantic Hurricane Season Editor s note: It has been an anxious couple of weeks for those with financial interests in either on- or offshore assets in the Gulf of Mexico and

More information

Impact assessment on disasters

Impact assessment on disasters The 5th International Coordination Group (ICG) Meeting GEOSS Asian Water Cycle Initiative (AWCI), Dec. 16, 2009. Impact assessment on disasters Eiichi Nakakita Disaster Prevention Research Institute Kyoto

More information

Climate Change in Newfoundland & Labrador

Climate Change in Newfoundland & Labrador Climate Change in Newfoundland & Labrador Impacts and Adaptation Newleef Conference 08 October 2015 Met-Ocean Services The Team 55 personnel; 24/7 operational weather forecast desk; Equipment technician

More information

GEOGRAPHY EYA NOTES. Weather. atmosphere. Weather and climate

GEOGRAPHY EYA NOTES. Weather. atmosphere. Weather and climate GEOGRAPHY EYA NOTES Weather and climate Weather The condition of the atmosphere at a specific place over a relatively short period of time Climate The atmospheric conditions of a specific place over a

More information

Natural Hazards. Earthquakes (Geologic hazard)

Natural Hazards. Earthquakes (Geologic hazard) Earthquaes (Geologic hazard) The shaing of the ground that results from the fracturing and displacement of roc, that is produced by a fault, or that results from subsequent movement along the fault. Earthquaes

More information

Water in the Atmosphere The Role of Water in Earth s Surface Processes. Hurricane Warning

Water in the Atmosphere The Role of Water in Earth s Surface Processes. Hurricane Warning Hurricane Warning 1 Earth, the lue Planet. What makes Earth blue? It has to do with all of the water on Earth. There is water in more places than the vast oceans. Water is also in the atmosphere. High

More information

12/05/2016. The First step in Adaptation to future climate change Reduce Vulnerability and Exposure to present Climate Variability (IPCC 2014)

12/05/2016. The First step in Adaptation to future climate change Reduce Vulnerability and Exposure to present Climate Variability (IPCC 2014) Integrating CCA, DRR and L+D to Address Emerging Challenges due to Slow Onset Processes Joy Jacqueline Pereira (Project Leader), SEADPRI-Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Nguyen Van Thang (Collaborator),

More information

Fire Weather Drivers, Seasonal Outlook and Climate Change. Steven McGibbony, Severe Weather Manager Victoria Region Friday 9 October 2015

Fire Weather Drivers, Seasonal Outlook and Climate Change. Steven McGibbony, Severe Weather Manager Victoria Region Friday 9 October 2015 Fire Weather Drivers, Seasonal Outlook and Climate Change Steven McGibbony, Severe Weather Manager Victoria Region Friday 9 October 2015 Outline Weather and Fire Risk Environmental conditions leading to

More information

Name period date assigned date due date returned. Natural Disasters

Name period date assigned date due date returned. Natural Disasters Name period date assigned date due date returned Match the following natural disaster to its description. Write the capital letter of the definition in the blank in front of the natural disaster. 1. tornado

More information

Comments by William M. Gray (Colorado State University) on the recently published paper in Science by Webster, et al

Comments by William M. Gray (Colorado State University) on the recently published paper in Science by Webster, et al Comments by William M. Gray (Colorado State University) on the recently published paper in Science by Webster, et al., titled Changes in tropical cyclone number, duration, and intensity in a warming environment

More information

Agrometeorological activities in RHMSS

Agrometeorological activities in RHMSS Republic of Serbia Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia Agrometeorological activities in RHMSS Department for applied climatology and agrometeorology www.hidmet.gov.rs Meteorological Observing

More information

Global Warming: The known, the unknown, and the unknowable

Global Warming: The known, the unknown, and the unknowable Global Warming: The known, the unknown, and the unknowable Barry A. Klinger Jagadish Shukla George Mason University (GMU) Institute of Global Environment and Society (IGES) January, 2008, George Mason

More information

United States Multi-Hazard Early Warning System

United States Multi-Hazard Early Warning System United States Multi-Hazard Early Warning System Saving Lives Through Partnership Lynn Maximuk National Weather Service Director, Central Region Kansas City, Missouri America s s Weather Enterprise: Protecting

More information

1. Oceans. Example 2. oxygen.

1. Oceans. Example 2. oxygen. 1. Oceans a) Basic facts: There are five oceans on earth, making up about 72% of the planet s surface and holding 97% of the hydrosphere. Oceans supply the planet with most of its oxygen, play a vital

More information

New Multi-Hazard and Multi-Risk. (MATRIX) project

New Multi-Hazard and Multi-Risk. (MATRIX) project New Multi-Hazard and Multi-Risk Assessment Methods for Europe (MATRIX) project Kevin Fleming Earthquake Risk and Early Warning Helmholtz Centre Potsdam GeoForschungsZentrum Multi-type interactions (1)

More information

The Effect of the North Atlantic Oscillation On Atlantic Hurricanes Michael Barak-NYAS-Mentors: Dr. Yochanan Kushnir, Jennifer Miller

The Effect of the North Atlantic Oscillation On Atlantic Hurricanes Michael Barak-NYAS-Mentors: Dr. Yochanan Kushnir, Jennifer Miller The Effect of the North Atlantic Oscillation On Atlantic Hurricanes Michael Barak-NYAS-Mentors: Dr. Yochanan Kushnir, Jennifer Miller Abstract Tropical cyclone behavior in the Gulf of Mexico (GM) and East

More information

4.1 Hazard Identification: Natural Hazards

4.1 Hazard Identification: Natural Hazards data is provided in an annex, it should be assumed that the risk and potential impacts to the affected jurisdiction are similar to those described here for the entire Sacramento County Planning Area. This

More information