STANDARD WHII.6a The student will demonstrate knowledge of scientific, political, economic, and religious changes during the sixteenth, seventeenth,

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1 AGE OF REVOLUTIONS

2 STANDARD WHII.6a The student will demonstrate knowledge of scientific, political, economic, and religious changes during the sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth centuries by a) describing the Scientific Revolution and its effects.

3 Scientific Revolution

4 Scientific Revolution

5 The new ideas emphasized reason, observation, and systematic measurement. This led to the Scientific Revolution. It changed the way people viewed the world and their place in it.

6 Pioneers of the scientific revolution

7 Nicolaus Copernicus

8 Nicolaus Copernicus Developed heliocentric theory.

9 Nicolaus Copernicus Developed heliocentric theory. Heliocentric Theory The belief that everything revolves around the sun, not the Earth

10 Nicolaus Copernicus Developed heliocentric theory. This went against the Church which taught the Geocentric Model

11 Nicolaus Copernicus Developed heliocentric theory. This went against the Church which taught the Geocentric Model Geocentric Model The belief that everything revolves around the Earth

12

13 Nicolaus Copernicus He believed the Earth, and everything else, revolved around the sun! He didn t have the tools to prove it though!

14 Galileo Galilei Galileo proved Copernicus right.

15 Galileo Galilei After playing with some pieces of glass, he realized he could magnify whatever he looked at.

16 Galileo Galilei After playing with some pieces of glass, he realized he could magnify whatever he looked at. He then built a telescope, studied the skies. And proved Copernicus s theory!

17 Galileo Galilei He saw the craters of the moon and even discovered Jupiter s four largest moons. They named the group of them after him. (Galilean Moons): Io, Europa, Ganymede, Callisto

18 Galileo Galilei Galileo went against the church teachings

19 Galileo Galilei Galileo went against the church teachings The church put him on trial.

20 Galileo Galilei Galileo went against the church teachings The church put him on trial. Galileo was put under house arrest for the rest of his life!

21 Johannes Kepler

22 Johannes Kepler Discovered the elliptical motion of the planets.

23 Johannes Kepler Discovered the elliptical motion of the planets. Also showed that the motion conformed to mathematical formulas.

24 Isaac Newton Was a math genius. He wrote the Law of Gravity and explained how the planets were held to their orbits!

25 Isaac Newton Law of Gravity Was a math genius. He wrote the Law of Gravity and explained how the planets were held to their orbits! Every mass in the universe attracts every other mass based on its size

26 Isaac Newton He also came up with the laws of motion based on his gravitational theories.

27 Isaac Newton 1. Objects at rest, stay at rest. Objects in motion stay in motion. Unless there are other forces.

28 Isaac Newton 1. Objects at rest, stay at rest. Objects in motion stay in motion. Unless there are other forces. 2. Acceleration is produced when a force acts on a mass. The greater the mass the greater the amount of force needed.

29 Isaac Newton 1. Objects at rest, stay at rest. Objects in motion stay in motion. Unless there are other forces. 2. Acceleration is produced when a force acts on a mass. The greater the mass the greater the amount of force needed. 3. For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction.

30 William Harvey He was the first to detail the circulation of the blood.

31 William Harvey He was the first to detail the circulation of the blood. He was also the first to correctly describe it was the heart that pumped it!

32 Importance of the Scientific Revolution A new emphasis was placed on reason and the systematic observation of nature What could be seen and tested was important!

33 Importance of the Scientific Revolution The scientific method of investigation was developed during this time

34 Importance of the Scientific 6 steps. 1. Ask a question 2. Do Research 3. Make a guess (Hypothesis) 4. Test the guess 5. Record your results Revolution 6. Decide if you are right or wrong

35 Scientific Method It was a way to examine the world and find out how it really works!

36 Importance of the scientific revolution It led to an expansion of scientific knowledge.

37 Importance of the scientific revolution It led to an expansion of scientific knowledge. The universe was ordered according to natural laws, not spiritual.

38 Importance of the scientific revolution It led to an expansion of scientific knowledge. The universe was ordered according to natural laws, not spiritual. De-Spiritualized and de-mystified the Universe

39 Importance of the scientific revolution It led to an expansion of scientific knowledge. The universe was ordered according to natural laws, not spiritual. De-Spiritualized and de-mystified the Universe It changed the way people viewed the world and their place in it.

40 Essential Questions What were some new scientific theories and discoveries? What were some of the effects of these new theories?

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