AMS-02 Antiprotons Reloaded

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1 AMS-02 Antiprotons Reloaded Martin W. Winkler in collaboration with R. Kappl and A. Reinert based on JCAP 09/2014 and arxiv: TAUP 2015 Torino September Martin W. Winkler (Bonn University) AMS-02 Antiprotons September / 14

2 Why Antiprotons? low fraction of antimatter in cosmic rays p/p 10 4 very sensitive probe for new physics complemantary to gamma ray searches 10 1 p m 2 s sr GeV Background 200GeV Higgsino example: dark matter pair-annihilation no clear spectral features expected precise prediction for the p-background is indispensable Martin W. Winkler (Bonn University) AMS-02 Antiprotons September / 14

3 Secondary Antiprotons scattering of primary cosmic rays (p,he) on the interstellar matter q sec (T ) dt ( ) dσ dt p prod n A ISM Φ A A = H, He,... Φ i TOA T 2.7 [ m -2 sr -1 s -1 (GeV/n) 1.7 ] Proton Helium AMS-02 CREAM primary proton and helium fluxes Yoon et al., Astrophys. J. 728 (2011) Aguilar et al., Phy. Rev. Lett. 114 (2015) clear indication of spectral breaks T [GeV/n] Martin W. Winkler (Bonn University) AMS-02 Antiprotons September / 14

4 Antiproton Cross Sections dn dx f 10 1 new calculation of p production di Mauro et al., Phys. Rev. D90 (2014) Kappl et al., JCAP 09 (2014) experimental data from NA49 NA49 collaboration, Eur. Phys. J. C65 (2010) hyperon decay dndx f 0.2 dndx f x f data from Alt et al., Eur. Phys. J. C45 (2006) isospin enhanced n production dndx f x f p p Data p n Data isospin factor 1 isospin factor 1.37 data from Fischer et al., Heavy Ion Phys. 17 (2003) improved modeling of proton-nucleus scattering Martin W. Winkler (Bonn University) AMS-02 Antiprotons September / 14

5 Propagation propagation: random walk through the galaxy diffusion equation from D. Maurin ( K N p + V c N p ) + E (b loss N p K EE E N p ) + Γ ann N p = q p semi-analytic solution in two-zone diffusion model Maurin et al., Astrophys. J. 555 (2001), Donato et al., Astrophys. J. 563 (2001) five transport parameters: K 0, δ, L, V c, V a = B/C analysis Martin W. Winkler (Bonn University) AMS-02 Antiprotons September / 14

6 Antiproton Excess in AMS-02? preliminary data on the antiproton fraction in cosmic rays A. Kounine, Talk at the AMS Days at CERN (2015) dark matter interpretation Ibe et al., Phys. Rev. D91 (2015), Hamaguchi et al., Phys. Lett. B747 (2015) background underestimated? Giesen et al., arxiv: (2015) Martin W. Winkler (Bonn University) AMS-02 Antiprotons September / 14

7 A Glance at B/C preliminary B/C data A. Oliva, Talk at the AMS Days at CERN (2015) / / / R [] indicate that propagation parameters are outdated = reanalysis Martin W. Winkler (Bonn University) AMS-02 Antiprotons September / 14

8 Primary Fluxes Carbon Oxygen 10-2 B/C ratio used to determine propagation parameters B is pure secondary [ m -2 sr -1 s -1 (GeV/n) 1.7 ] Φ i TOA T Nitrogen 10-4 Neon 10-6 Magnesium 10-8 Silicon ACE PAMELA HEAO CREAM-II C, N, O, Ne, Mg, Si spallation contributes 98% to B flux data from ACE, HEAO, CREAM-II, PAMELA Lave et al., Astrophys. J. 770 (2013), Engelmann et al., Astronom. Astrophys. 233 (1990), Ahn et al., Astrophys. J. 707 (2009), Adriani et al., Astrophys. J. 791 (2014) T [GeV/n] Martin W. Winkler (Bonn University) AMS-02 Antiprotons September / 14

9 Spallation Cross Sections σ spall : straight-ahead approximation constant at T 10 GeV σ ( ) [] Webber parameterization Astrophys. J. Suppl. 144 (2003) large uncertainties, no high-energy data introduce energy bias Maurin et al., Astron. Astrophys. 516 (2010) [] needed: experimental data on spallation cross sections Martin W. Winkler (Bonn University) AMS-02 Antiprotons September / 14

10 B/C Analysis new AMS-02 data on B/C ratio A. Oliva, Talk at the AMS Days at CERN (2015) selected 500 configurations, trend towards smaller δ = Martin W. Winkler (Bonn University) AMS-02 Antiprotons September / 14

11 B/C Analysis new AMS-02 data on B/C ratio A. Oliva, Talk at the AMS Days at CERN (2015) MED V c kpc Myr 1 selected 500 configurations, trend towards smaller δ = Martin W. Winkler (Bonn University) AMS-02 Antiprotons September / 14

12 Antiproton Fraction comparison of p background with new AMS-02 data A. Kounine, Talk at the AMS Days at CERN (2015) 10-4 / - / / [/] updated background consistent with data Martin W. Winkler (Bonn University) AMS-02 Antiprotons September / 14

13 Antiproton Fraction comparison of p background with new AMS-02 data A. Kounine, Talk at the AMS Days at CERN (2015) 10-4 / - / / [/] updated background consistent with data Martin W. Winkler (Bonn University) AMS-02 Antiprotons September / 14

14 Antiproton Fraction comparison of p background with new AMS-02 data A. Kounine, Talk at the AMS Days at CERN (2015) 10-4 / - / [/] updated background consistent with data Martin W. Winkler (Bonn University) AMS-02 Antiprotons September / 14

15 Comparison of p/p and B/C 10-1 ( / ) / R [] Martin W. Winkler (Bonn University) AMS-02 Antiprotons September / 14

16 Comparison of p/p and B/C 10-1 ( / ) / R - R - p/p flatter by R R [] Martin W. Winkler (Bonn University) AMS-02 Antiprotons September / 14

17 Comparison of p/p and B/C R p/p flatter by R 0.25 ( / ) / R R [] explained by injection / Φ _ / Φ Martin W. Winkler (Bonn University) AMS-02 Antiprotons [/] September / 14

18 Remark on Propagation Unceratinties 50 σ ( ) [] [] Martin W. Winkler (Bonn University) AMS-02 Antiprotons September / 14

19 Remark on Propagation Unceratinties 50 σ ( ) [] [] Martin W. Winkler (Bonn University) AMS-02 Antiprotons September / 14

20 Conclusion substantial progress in modeling antiproton production AMS-02 B/C data have strong impact on propagation parameters: higher slope of diffusion coefficient AMS-02 antiproton data are consistent with background Martin W. Winkler (Bonn University) AMS-02 Antiprotons September / 14

AMS-02 Antiprotons Reloaded

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