Explain the impact of location, climate, natural resources, and population distribution on Europe. a. Compare how the location, climate, and natural

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2 Explain the impact of location, climate, natural resources, and population distribution on Europe. a. Compare how the location, climate, and natural resources of Germany, the United Kingdom and Russia impact trade and affect where people live.

3 Location Climate and Natural Resources Where do people live in Europe? Europe How does Climate affect where people live in Europe? How does location affect where people live? United Kingdom Russia Germany How does Climate affect where people live? How do Natural resources affect where people live? How does location affect how people trade? How does Climate affect how people trade? How do Natural resources affect how people trade?

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6 Europe Where do people live in Europe? Central Europe is the most densely populated. How does Climate affect where people live in Europe?

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9 Europe Where do people live in Europe? Central Europe is the most densely populated. How does Climate affect where people live in Europe? Many live in the southern part to avoid the colder temperatures in the north.

10 The location of a country, its climate, and its natural resources have a tremendous impact on where its people live, how they make a living, and how they trade with other countries. The United Kingdom may be a small island nation, but it has had a tremendous impact on world history!

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13 How does location affect where people live? How does Climate affect where people live? How do Natural resources affect where people live? How does location affect how people trade? How does Climate affect how people trade? How do Natural resources affect how people trade? United Kingdom Can easily trade with much of Europe by ship

14 Has anyone traveled far up North? What was the weather like? What do you know about the climate of Canada? What would be your guess about the climate of the United Kingdom? United Kingdom Canada Central America You are here Africa

15 Although the UK is located very far north, a current of warm ocean water called the Gulf Stream flows by the British Isles and keeps temperatures mild.

16 watcyc.currents/the-role-of-ocean-currents-in-climate/

17 Major Cities in the United Kingdom

18 How does location affect where people live? United Kingdom Many people live in the cities because it is a small island with not much farming How does Climate affect where people live? They live in the southern part where it is warmer How do Natural resources affect where people live? How does location affect how people trade? Can easily trade with much of Europe by ship How does Climate affect how people trade? They can trade year round How do Natural resources affect how people trade?

19 The island of Great Britain has a jagged coastline with good harbors for trading vessels. Great Britain is divided into a highland zone (north and west) and a lowland zone (south and east). Important natural resources like coal, oil, and natural gas are found in the mountainous highland zone.

20 Most Britons live in the lowland zone, where farming and England s major cities are located. Only about 1% of British people work in agriculture, and the country has to import about one-third of its food. Most live in Urban areas. (Cities or towns) More than 7 million people live in London!

21 Great Britain also has thriving manufacturing industries, including iron and steel production and electronics.

22 Large reserves of oil and natural gas found recently in the North Sea have made Great Britain a major supplier of those resources.

23 How does location affect where people live? United Kingdom Many people live in the cities because it is a small island with not much farming How does Climate affect where people live? They live in the southern part where it is warmer How do Natural resources affect where people live? How does location affect how people trade? People live in cities (urban) where manufacturing jobs are located that use the natural resources of coal and oil Can easily trade with much of Europe by ship How does Climate affect how people trade? They can trade year round How do Natural resources affect how people trade? Have to import about one third of its food.

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26 Spans 2 continents: Europe & Asia! So wide that a train trip across takes a week! (It is the largest country in the world) Shares a border with 15 countries Eastern side is bound by Pacific Ocean Northern side is bounded by Arctic Ocean At its closest point, Russia & US are only 3 miles apart across Bering Strait!

27 How does location affect where people live? How does Climate affect where people live? How do Natural resources affect where people live? How does location affect how people trade? How does Climate affect how people trade? How do Natural resources affect how people trade? Russia Worlds largest country shares a border with 15 other countries

28 The Gulf Stream does not affect Russia; therefore, due to its location, Russia s climate is severe in many areas. In some areas it is so cold that the soil is permanently frozen which hinders farming and economic development. Russia is unfavorably located in relation to major sea lanes of the world which further inhibits trade.

29 Most citizens live in western Russia on the European Plain Russia s major cities, farms, grazing land for livestock, and the country s warmest temperatures are located in western Russia.

30 How does location affect where people live? How does Climate affect where people live? Russia Russia is a far north country but does not benefit from the warm gulf stream. The Atlantic ocean brings very cold temperatures from the archtic. People live in the European side where it is warmer. Most of Russia is extremely cold much of the year. How do Natural resources affect where people live? How does location affect how people trade? Worlds largest country shares a border with 15 other countries How does Climate affect how people trade? How do Natural resources affect how people trade?

31 Russia has a very cold climate, thanks to its location near the Arctic Ocean. Russia does not get a lot of rainfall, and only about 10% of Russia s total land is suitable for agriculture. Grains like wheat and barley are major crops. Russia imports a lot of its food, particularly meat.

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37 Russia is rich in mineral resources, with huge deposits of coal, oil, and natural gas, and massive forests. Unfortunately, it is difficult and expensive to harvest and transport these resources because of the harsh climate and remote locations.

38 Many Russian goods are transported by railroad because rivers and major ports are blocked by ice in the winter. Russia s mining, manufacturing, and fishing industries are fueled by the country s natural resources.

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40 How does location affect where people live? How does Climate affect where people live? How do Natural resources affect where people live? How does location affect how people trade? How does Climate affect how people trade? How do Natural resources affect how people trade? Russia Russia is a far north country but does not benefit from the warm gulf stream. The Atlantic ocean brings very cold temperatures from the arctic. People live in the European side where it is warmer. Most of Russia is extremely cold much of the year. Many natural resources are in the Cold Asia part of Russia, so some people live in a harsh difficult climate to get to them. Worlds largest country shares a border with 15 other countries Many of Russia s ports are in the arctic ocean which freezes over during the winter so they have to do much of their trade with trains. it is difficult and expensive to harvest and transport these resources because of the harsh climate and remote locations.

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44 Germany is a very prosperous nation, with one of the largest populations in Europe and the strongest economy. Germany truly owes much of its success to its location, climate, and natural resources! Germany enjoys a moderate climate with warm, mild summers and cool winters.

45 Due to Germany s location, its climate is moderate Germany is in central Europe, so it can trade easily with other European countries. Germany s location is favorable for producing many crops The Rhine River allows Germany to transport goods to the North Sea and the Atlantic Ocean

46 Most Germans live in western Germany Ruhr Valley The Ruhr Valley in western German is the most densely populated area in the country filled with factories, cities, and towns.

47 Germany s Germany Climate Germany s climate is moderate with warm, mild summers and cool winters. This allows people to live all over Germany.

48 Although Germany produces many crops, and live all over Germany, manufacturing drives the country s economy. Many live in cities and towns near the Rhine river. Most Germans live in the cities and towns of western Germany. (East Germany use to be part of the U.S.S.R. (Soviet Union) Many people fled the Soviet Union in favor of West Germany.

49 How does location affect where people live? How does Climate affect where people live? Germany Many people live in western Germany. East Germany was apart of the Soviet Union after World War II and many people moved to the democratic western part. Germany enjoys a moderate climate with warm moderate summers and cool winters that allow people to live all over Germany How do Natural resources affect where people live? How does location affect how people trade? How does Climate affect how people trade? Germany is in central Europe and can easily trade with many countries. The moderate weather allows for trade year round. How do Natural resources affect how people trade?

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52 Population: 82,000,000 Germany is one of the most densely populated countries in Europe 85% of population live in urban areas Berlin is the largest city and capital

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55 How does location affect where people live? How does Climate affect where people live? How do Natural resources affect where people live? How does location affect how people trade? How does Climate affect how people trade? How do Natural resources affect how people trade? Germany Many people live in western Germany. East Germany was apart of the Soviet Union after World War II and many people moved to the democratic western part. Germany enjoys a moderate climate with warm moderate summers and cool winters that allow people to live all over Germany Germany has many resources for manufacturing. The good farm lands allows them to produce much of Europe's food. Germany is in central Europe and can easily trade with many countries. The moderate weather allows for trade year round. They can be easily transported up the Rhine river to the Atlantic Ocean for trade.

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