Biology Test Review: Classification/Taxonomy

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1 Name: Period: Biology Test Review: Classification/Taxonomy MAKE SURE YOUR BOOKLET IS COMPLETELY FINISHED! If you are missing information, it can be found on your teacher s webpage. I. Definitions Try to only use 3-4 key words that will help you remember what the term means 1. Taxonomy 2. Taxonomist 3. Taxon 4. Phylogeny 5. Cladistics 6. Dichotomous Key 7. Binomial nomenclature 8. Divisions 9. Linnaeus 10. Morphology 11. Species 12. Strains 13. Variation 14. Varieties II. Short Answer 1. List the levels of classification (taxa) from the most inclusive (largest) to the most exclusive (smallest). 2. What is the only taxon in which members can interbreed and produce fertile offspring with each other?

2 3. True or False: All organisms have a universal genetic code. 4. Scientific names. According to Linnaeus system, every species has a Latin scientific name composed of the genus and species names. This naming system is called. The first letter of the is always capitalized. The first letter of the is lowercase. The entire scientific name should be italicized or. Use the table below to answer the questions. 5. How many common names are there for this organism? 6. Correctly write the scientific name for this organism: 7. Based on your answers to questions 5 and 6, what is the benefit of using the scientific name (binomial nomenclature) instead of a common name for organisms?

3 III. Complete the classification chart below and memorize it! It will be in a different order on your test! Then use it to answer the questions that follow. Kingdom Unicellular or multicellular Prokaryotic or Eukaryotic Auto or Heterotroph or Both Cell wall Composition Animalia Archaebacteria Eubacteria Fungi Plantae Protista 1. What is a Eukaryote? 2. What do the Kingdom in the Domain Eukarya have in common? 3. Which kingdoms are Eukaryotes? 4. Which kingdoms are prokaryotic & always unicellular? 5. Organisms from which kingdom never have a cell wall? 6. Which kingdoms are multicellular always? 7. Which kingdoms have cell walls that are made of cellulose? 8. Which two kingdoms are always unicellular?

4 9. Which two domains are always unicellular? 10. Which kingdom is mostly unicellular? 11. What is the main structural difference between the two prokaryotic kingdoms? 12. What are the 2 major differences between fungi & plantae? 13. Which kingdoms are only heterotrophic? 14. Which kingdom is only autotrophic? 15. In order for an organism to be autotrophic, they must have what cell organelle? 16. Which kingdom contains organisms that are heterotrophs and have cell walls made of chitin? 17. Plants and animals have different modes of nutrition. What organelle do plants have that animals do not have, that allows them to capture and use solar energy? 18. In which kingdom would you place organisms found in Hot Springs National Park or in the Great Salt Lake? 19. In which kingdom would you find multicellular eukaryotes that are usually mobile and obtain food from other organisms?

5 IV. Use the cladogram to answer the questions follow. 1. List all the characteristics that humans have. 2. Which characteristics do the fish and amphibian share? 3. Which characteristic do all the organisms have in common? 4. Which characteristics do humans have that birds do not? 5. Which characteristic do fish have that insects do not?

6 V. Use the following chart to answers the questions below. 1. Which organism in the table is most closely related to the American Badger? 2. Which is most closely related to the Gray Wolf? 3. List the taxa that all five organisms have in common. 4. Write the binomial nomenclature for the Leopard. 5. If 2 organisms are in the same species, list the other taxa that they share. 6. In which of the following taxonomic groups do organisms have the least number of similarities? 7. Based on their names, the Canis latrans and Canis lupis do not share which taxa?

7 VI. Use the TREE OF LIFE to answer the questions below. 1. Which organism would be considered the oldest on the chart? 2. Is the Eubacteria or Protista more closely related to Archaebacteria? 3. Which algae is the oldest?

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