The Living Environment Unit 4 History of Biological Diversity Unit 17: Organizing the Diversity of Life-class key.

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "The Living Environment Unit 4 History of Biological Diversity Unit 17: Organizing the Diversity of Life-class key."

Transcription

1 Name: Period:

2 Chapter 17 assignments Pages/Sections Date Assigned Date Due

3 Topic: The Tree of Life Objective: How may we organize so many different organisms? The Tree of Life o organize organisms by structure & function. o how they are built. o how they live. o Organize them into groups of closely related organisms.

4 Topic: Classification & Taxonomy Objective: Describe and define classification and taxonomy. Classification o _classification_ grouping_ of different types of _things_ based upon _similarities_ in structure and timeline relationships. Taxonomy o _taxonomy_ the branch of biology that groups and names organisms based on studies of their different _characteristics_.

5 Topic: Taxonomy Objective: Describe the use of taxonomy in biology. Taxonomy: A useful tool o grouping organisms on the basis of their _evolutionary_ relationships makes it easier to understand biological diversity. o Can be a useful tool for scientists who work in agriculture, forestry, and medicine. o It often happens that the discovery of new sources of lumber, medicines, and energy results from the work of _taxonomists_.

6 Topic: Dichotomous Keys Objective: Describe and define using keys in taxonomy. Dichotomous key: A useful tool o Anyone can learn to identify many organisms using a dichotomous key. o A key is made up of sets of numbered statements. Each set deals with a single characteristic of an organism, such as leaf shape or arrangement.

7 Topic: Classification in History Objective: Describe the origins of modern classification. How Classification Began o Aristotle s system: ( B.C.) Classified all the organisms he knew into two groups: plants and animals. o Carolus Linnaeus ( ) System was based on physical and structural similarities of organisms. each species has a two part name comprised of: Genus species

8 Topic: Latin Binomial Naming Objective: Describe and define the two-name system. Latin binomial o two part scientific name Genus larger group to which organism belongs. Always capitalized. species specific name for that organism. Always lowercase. When typing or writing they are in italics. Example: Linnaeus named humans Homo sapiens. Means wise man.

9 Topic: Genus Objective: Describe and define Genus groupings. Genus groupings o Classify organisms into broader groups. o species that are closely related are grouped into the same genus. Spotted leopard: Panthera pardus African lion: Panthera leo Bengal tiger: Panthera tigris

10 Topic: Reasons for Latin names Objective: Describe the reasoning behind binomial naming. Why not use common names? o Misleading Starfish-not a fish Dragonfly-not a dragon o Confusing blue jay, blue coat, corn thief-all the same animal dog, perro, chien-all the same animal

11 Topic: Classification & Taxonomy Objective: Describe and define classification and taxonomy. many common names in different languages_, but they all have only one scientific name.

12 Classifying Organisms using taxa.

13 Topic: Classifying of Organisms Objective: Describe and define classification of living things. How Living Things Are Classified o A group of organisms is called a taxon. o Organisms are ranked in taxa that range from having very broad characteristics to very specific ones. o The broader a taxon, the more general its characteristics, and the _more species_ it contains.

14 Notes page:

15 Name: Period: Carefully remove this sheet from your packet to hand in. Work silently and alone to complete this graded exercise. Check for Understanding 1. Describe in your own words why we need to use taxonomy systems to name organisms. a. 2. The common rat is named rattus norwegius. Check if that name is written correctly, and if not, correctly write it. a. 3. According to the chart on page 12 of this packet, what order would you expect killer whales, grizzly bears, and wolves to belong? a. (Cont d on back)

16 4. Think of a name for humans, not using the scientific Latin two-name system, but only using descriptive terms. Your name can be as long as necessary to adequately describe a human. a.

17 Notes page:

18 Bacteria & Archae Six Kingdom biology taxonomy

19 Topic: Domains Objective: Describe and define the six domains of organisms. Six Domain ( Kingdom ) system Prokaryotes o no separate _organelles_ in their cells. 1. bacteria 2. Archaea 3. Eukaryotes o Separate _organelles_ in their cells. o Protists 4. Plants 5. Fungi 6. Animals

20 Topic: Kingdoms Objective: Describe and define the broadest level of taxonomy. Kingdoms o based on the following criteria : 1. absence or presence of a nuclear membrane. 2. _unicellular_ or _multicellular_. 3. Type of nutrition.

21 Topic: Bacteria & Archea Objective: Describe and define the prokaryotic Kingdoms. bacteria and Archaea ( six kingdom ) o more modern divided Bacteria & Archaea ( Archaea inhabit extreme environments). o _Prokaryotes_ Most primitive life forms on Earth. most are _unicellular_. asexual reproduction. Many have a cell wall.

22 Topic: Protista Objective: Describe and define the eukaryotic Kingdom. Protista o _Eukaryotes_ o Moist environments. o Mostly _unicellular_. o Most diversity. o Most _nutritionally diverse.

23 Topic: Fungi Objective: Describe and define the fungi Kingdom. Fungi o Eukaryotes. o Mostly multicellular. o Asexual and sexual-_reproduction_. o _heterotrophic_ -absorption.

24 Topic: Plantae Objective: Describe and define the plant Kingdom. Plantae o Eukaryotes. o multicellular. o sexual / asexual. o _autotrophic_ (photosynthesis).

25 Topic: Animalia Objective: Describe and define the animal Kingdom. Animalia o Eukaryotes. o multicellular. o sexual / asexual. o _heterotrophic_ - ingestion.

26 Topic: Species Classification Objective: Describe and define what makes a species. Determining a species 1. biological species o Organisms that breed in nature and create fertile offspring. o Exceptions: dogs & wolves; some plants. o Still is most common definition of species. 2. _phylogenic_ species o Organisms showing a distinct timeline ancestry. o Useful for classifying extinct organisms.

27 3. _morphological_ species o Organisms showing very structural similar characteristics. o birds and dinosaurs. 4. _biochemical_ species o Organisms that have very closely matched _biochemical_ (amino acids, proteins, & nucleic acids) makeup. o Organisms that may/may not look similar may be much closer related chemically and genetically.

28 Notes page:

29 Name: Period: Carefully remove this sheet from your packet to hand in. Work silently and alone to complete this graded exercise. Check for Understanding 1. How many domains do modern biologists use today? List them in order from least complex to most complex. a. 2. What main difference separates prokaryotic organisms from eukaryotic organisms? a. 3. Which Kingdom has the most diverse types of organisms? Explain your answer. a. (Cont d on back)

30 4. There are four ways to determine a species. Choose two and compare and/or contrast the ways they determine a species. a.

31 Notes page:

Taxonomy and Biodiversity

Taxonomy and Biodiversity Chapter 25/26 Taxonomy and Biodiversity Evolutionary biology The major goal of evolutionary biology is to reconstruct the history of life on earth Process: a- natural selection b- mechanisms that change

More information

Biology Classification Unit 11. CLASSIFICATION: process of dividing organisms into groups with similar characteristics

Biology Classification Unit 11. CLASSIFICATION: process of dividing organisms into groups with similar characteristics Biology Classification Unit 11 11:1 Classification and Taxonomy CLASSIFICATION: process of dividing organisms into groups with similar characteristics TAXONOMY: the science of classifying living things

More information

Learning Outcome B1 13/10/2012. Student Achievement Indicators. Taxonomy: Scientific Classification. Student Achievement Indicators

Learning Outcome B1 13/10/2012. Student Achievement Indicators. Taxonomy: Scientific Classification. Student Achievement Indicators Classification of Living Organisms Learning Outcome B1 Learning Outcome B1 Apply the Kingdom System of classification to study the diversity of organisms. Student Achievement Indicators Students who have

More information

Background: Why Is Taxonomy Important?

Background: Why Is Taxonomy Important? Background: Why Is Taxonomy Important? Taxonomy is the system of classifying, or organizing, living organisms into a system based on their similarities and differences. Imagine you are a scientist who

More information

Station 1. Explain how scientists use each item below to determine the evolutionary relationships among organisms. 1. Structural similarities:

Station 1. Explain how scientists use each item below to determine the evolutionary relationships among organisms. 1. Structural similarities: Station 1 Explain how scientists use each item below to determine the evolutionary relationships among organisms. 1. Structural similarities: 2. Breeding behavior: 3. Geographical distribution: 4. Chromosome

More information

Objectives. Classification. Activity. Scientists classify millions of species

Objectives. Classification. Activity. Scientists classify millions of species Objectives Classification Notes 8.1 Summarize classification Describe the evidence used to classify organisms. List the seven levels of classification. Describe and list the six kingdoms of living organisms

More information

CLASSIFICATION OF LIVING THINGS

CLASSIFICATION OF LIVING THINGS CLASSIFICATION OF LIVING THINGS 1. Taxonomy The branch of biology that deals with the classification of living organisms About 1.8 million species of plants and animals have been identified. Some scientists

More information

Biology Test Review: Classification/Taxonomy

Biology Test Review: Classification/Taxonomy Name: Period: Biology Test Review: Classification/Taxonomy MAKE SURE YOUR BOOKLET IS COMPLETELY FINISHED! If you are missing information, it can be found on your teacher s webpage. I. Definitions Try to

More information

CLASSIFICATION NOTES

CLASSIFICATION NOTES CLASSIFICATION NOTES Classification Classification = arrangement of living things into groups according to their observed similarities. Important because it allows us to be able to study life easier Living

More information

Zoology. Classification

Zoology. Classification Zoology Zoology involves studying all aspects of organisms belonging to the animal kingdom taxonomy, animal physiology, comparative anatomy, and ecology. Our study of Zoology will be focused on the different

More information

Name: Class: Date: ID: A

Name: Class: Date: ID: A Class: _ Date: _ Ch 17 Practice test 1. A segment of DNA that stores genetic information is called a(n) a. amino acid. b. gene. c. protein. d. intron. 2. In which of the following processes does change

More information

Classification of Living Things. Unit II pp 98

Classification of Living Things. Unit II pp 98 Classification of Living Things Unit II pp 98 Why There is a Need for Classifying There are over 2 million different types of organisms known. biologists can organize living things into groups. Taxonomy

More information

Taxonomy. The science of naming organisms.

Taxonomy. The science of naming organisms. Taxonomy The science of naming organisms. Why Classify? Aristotle Did It Plant or animal? If an animal, does it Fly Swim Crawl Simple classifications Used common names Carolus Linnaeus did it better

More information

Classification Notes

Classification Notes Name Living Environment Classification Notes Characteristics of Living Things All living things have a cellular organization, contain similar chemicals, use energy, grow and develop, respond to their surroundings,

More information

What are living things, and how can they be classified?

What are living things, and how can they be classified? Classifying Organisms What are living things, and how can they be classified? binomial nomenclature species genus dichotomous key cladogram Classifying Living Things Classification: organizing information

More information

9.3 Classification. Lesson Objectives. Vocabulary. Introduction. Linnaean Classification

9.3 Classification. Lesson Objectives. Vocabulary. Introduction. Linnaean Classification 9.3 Classification Lesson Objectives Outline the Linnaean classification, and define binomial nomenclature. Describe phylogenetic classification, and explain how it differs from Linnaean classification.

More information

CLASSIFICATION. Similarities and Differences

CLASSIFICATION. Similarities and Differences CLASSIFICATION Similarities and Differences TEKS 8A: Students will define taxonomy and recognize the importance of a standard system to the scientific community 8B: Students will categorize organisms using

More information

Unit Two: Biodiversity. Chapter 4

Unit Two: Biodiversity. Chapter 4 Unit Two: Biodiversity Chapter 4 A. Classifying Living Things (Ch.4 - page 100) Scientific knowledge is constantly evolving ( changing ): new evidence is discovered laws and theories are tested and possibly

More information

9/19/2012. Chapter 17 Organizing Life s Diversity. Early Systems of Classification

9/19/2012. Chapter 17 Organizing Life s Diversity. Early Systems of Classification Section 1: The History of Classification Section 2: Modern Classification Section 3: Domains and Kingdoms Click on a lesson name to select. Early Systems of Classification Biologists use a system of classification

More information

A. Aristotle ( B.C.) Greek philosopher. 2 groups: plants & animals

A. Aristotle ( B.C.) Greek philosopher. 2 groups: plants & animals Classification = the grouping of objects or organisms based on a set of criteria. i TAXONOMY = A branch of biology that groups and names organisms. I. History A. Aristotle (384-322 B.C.) Greek philosopher

More information

Outline. Classification of Living Things

Outline. Classification of Living Things Outline Classification of Living Things Chapter 20 Mader: Biology 8th Ed. Taxonomy Binomial System Species Identification Classification Categories Phylogenetic Trees Tracing Phylogeny Cladistic Systematics

More information

Classification Systems. Classification is just a fancy word for organization. So this chapter is equivalent to Biology cleaning its room!

Classification Systems. Classification is just a fancy word for organization. So this chapter is equivalent to Biology cleaning its room! Classification Systems Classification is just a fancy word for organization. So this chapter is equivalent to Biology cleaning its room! A Vast Science Biology, the study of life, is no simple science.

More information

Classification Practice Test

Classification Practice Test Classification Practice Test Modified True/False Indicate whether the statement is true or false. If false, change the identified word or phrase to make the statement true. 1. An organism may have different

More information

BIOLOGY UNIT 4 COMMON ASSESSMENT

BIOLOGY UNIT 4 COMMON ASSESSMENT 1. Scientists used to group fungi with plants. Which of the following is a major factor that determines why fungi are not classified as part of the plant kingdom? A. Fungi do not have chitin B. Fungi grow

More information

The most widely used biological classification system has six kingdoms within three domains.

The most widely used biological classification system has six kingdoms within three domains. Section 3: The most widely used biological classification system has six kingdoms within three domains. K What I Know W What I Want to Find Out L What I Learned Essential Questions What are the major characteristics

More information

Taxonomy. Taxonomy is the science of classifying organisms. It has two main purposes: to identify organisms to represent relationships among organisms

Taxonomy. Taxonomy is the science of classifying organisms. It has two main purposes: to identify organisms to represent relationships among organisms Taxonomy Taxonomy Taxonomy is the science of classifying organisms. It has two main purposes: to identify organisms to represent relationships among organisms Binomial Nomenclature Our present biological

More information

The Tree of Life. Chapter 17

The Tree of Life. Chapter 17 The Tree of Life Chapter 17 1 17.1 Taxonomy The science of naming and classifying organisms 2000 years ago Aristotle Grouped plants and animals Based on structural similarities Greeks and Romans included

More information

Chapter 18: Classification

Chapter 18: Classification Chapter 18: Classification Dichotomous Key A way to identify unknown organisms Contains major characteristics of groups of organisms Pairs of CONTRASTING descriptions 4. After each description key either

More information

NAME: DATE: PER: CLASSIFICATION OF LIFE Powerpoint Notes

NAME: DATE: PER: CLASSIFICATION OF LIFE Powerpoint Notes NAME: DATE: PER: CLASSIFICATION OF LIFE Powerpoint Notes 1. Species of Organisms a) There are known species of organisms b) This is only of all organisms that ever lived. c) are still being found and identified.

More information

Section 18-1 Finding Order in Diversity

Section 18-1 Finding Order in Diversity Name Class Date Section 18-1 Finding Order in Diversity (pages 447-450) Key Concepts How are living things organized for study? What is binomial nomenclature? What is Linnaeus s system of classification?

More information

Chapter 17. Organizing Life's Diversity

Chapter 17. Organizing Life's Diversity Chapter 17 Organizing Life's Diversity Key Concepts: Chapter 17 1. List the 3 domains and the 6 kingdoms. 2. Our current system of classification was originally based on structures; scientists now base

More information

Taxonomy Taxonomy: field of biology that identifies and classifies organisms

Taxonomy Taxonomy: field of biology that identifies and classifies organisms Taxonomy Taxonomy: field of biology that identifies and classifies organisms Why do we need it? problems with different languages common names can be confusing examples: woodchuck, groundhog crayfish,

More information

SECTION 17-1 REVIEW BIODIVERSITY. VOCABULARY REVIEW Distinguish between the terms in each of the following pairs of terms.

SECTION 17-1 REVIEW BIODIVERSITY. VOCABULARY REVIEW Distinguish between the terms in each of the following pairs of terms. SECTION 17-1 REVIEW BIODIVERSITY VOCABULARY REVIEW Distinguish between the terms in each of the following pairs of terms. 1. taxonomy, taxon 2. kingdom, species 3. phylum, division 4. species name, species

More information

Unit 8 Classification

Unit 8 Classification Unit 8 Classification Chapter 18: Classification www.pearsonrealize.com 18.1 Finding Order in Diversity (510) 18.2 Modern Evolutionary Classification (516) 18.3 Building the Tree of Life (523) Name: Teacher:

More information

Unit 9: Taxonomy (Classification) Notes

Unit 9: Taxonomy (Classification) Notes Name Exam Date Class Unit 9: Taxonomy (Classification) Notes What is Classification? is when we place organisms into based on their. Classification is also known as. Taxonomists are scientists that & organisms

More information

Unit 2 Biodiversity Ch. 4 Patterns of Life

Unit 2 Biodiversity Ch. 4 Patterns of Life Unit 2 Biodiversity Ch. 4 Patterns of Life Name: 4.1 Characteristics of Life In order to be considered living, an organism must possess the following Six (6) characteristics: 1. Living things are organized

More information

Classification Cladistics & The Three Domains of Life. Biology Mrs. Flannery

Classification Cladistics & The Three Domains of Life. Biology Mrs. Flannery Classification Cladistics & The Three Domains of Life Biology Mrs. Flannery Finding Order in Diversity Earth is over 4.5 billion years old. Life on Earth appeared approximately 3.5 billion years ago and

More information

DO NOW (On notecard):

DO NOW (On notecard): Learner Profile: Communicators Monday, September 28 AGENDA 15 min Enter the classroom silently and find your seat. 1. Take out pencils, HAWK card, agenda, and classification notes 2. Everything else gets

More information

Classification of Living Things Ch.11 Notes

Classification of Living Things Ch.11 Notes Classification of Living Things Ch.11 Notes Why do we classify things?! Supermarket aisles! Libraries! Classes! Teams/sports! Members of a family! Roads! Cities! Money What is classification?! Classification:

More information

Classification Highlight Packet

Classification Highlight Packet Name: Period: Date: 1. Which kingdom is NOT prokaryotic? A. Eubacteria B. Archaeabacteria C. Protists 2. Which kingdom contains "extremophiles"? A. eubacteria B. archaebacteria C. fungi 3. Which example

More information

TAXONOMY. The Science of Classifying Organisms

TAXONOMY. The Science of Classifying Organisms TAXONOMY The Science of Classifying Organisms Why do we need to classify? Imagine a store..how do you know where to find the milk or the cereal? Are they in the same aisle? How is the store organized?

More information

Chapter 17. Organizing Life's Diversity

Chapter 17. Organizing Life's Diversity Chapter 17 Organizing Life's Diversity Key Concepts: Chapter 17 1. List the six kingdoms. 2. Our current system of classification was originally based on structures; scientists now base classification

More information

Biologists use a system of classification to organize information about the diversity of living things.

Biologists use a system of classification to organize information about the diversity of living things. Section 1: Biologists use a system of classification to organize information about the diversity of living things. K What I Know W What I Want to Find Out L What I Learned Essential Questions What are

More information

Classification of Living Things Test Review

Classification of Living Things Test Review Classification of Living Things Test Review #1 What is taxonomy? a. the scientific study of how living things are classified b. the name of Aristotle s classification system c. the process used by geologists

More information

Vocabulary Classification the process of arranging organisms into groups based on similarities Taxonomy the science of naming and classifying

Vocabulary Classification the process of arranging organisms into groups based on similarities Taxonomy the science of naming and classifying Classification.. Vocabulary Classification the process of arranging organisms into groups based on similarities Taxonomy the science of naming and classifying organisms trait a characteristic or behavior

More information

TAXONOMY. The Science of Classifying Organisms

TAXONOMY. The Science of Classifying Organisms TAXONOMY The Science of Classifying Organisms Why do we need to classify? Imagine a store..how do you know where to find the milk or the cereal? Are they in the same aisle? How is the store organized?

More information

UNIT 4 TAXONOMY AND CLASSIFICATION

UNIT 4 TAXONOMY AND CLASSIFICATION UNIT 4 TAXONOMY AND CLASSIFICATION CHAPTER 13 IN TEXT READ P. 4.0 CLASSIFICATION AND TAXONOMY 4.1 Define taxonomy 4.2 Discuss the reasons for classifying organisms 4.3 Define species and binomial nomenclature

More information

Classification. copyright cmassengale

Classification. copyright cmassengale Classification 1 Species of Organisms There are 13 billion known species of organisms This is only 5% of all organisms that ever lived!!!!! New organisms are still being found and identified 2 What is

More information

Thursday, February 28. Bell Work: On the picture.

Thursday, February 28. Bell Work: On the picture. Thursday, February 28 Bell Work: On the picture. 1 Classification Chapter 17 This is a pangolin. Though it may not look like any other animal that you are familiar with, it is a mammal the same group of

More information

Chapter 18: Classification Structured Notes

Chapter 18: Classification Structured Notes Chapter 18: Classification Structured Notes Why Classify? 1) ) Taxon = Taxonomy = Field of biology that deals with classifying and naming organisms Taxonomist = is a scientists who determines relationships

More information

Fig. 26.7a. Biodiversity. 1. Course Outline Outcomes Instructors Text Grading. 2. Course Syllabus. Fig. 26.7b Table

Fig. 26.7a. Biodiversity. 1. Course Outline Outcomes Instructors Text Grading. 2. Course Syllabus. Fig. 26.7b Table Fig. 26.7a Biodiversity 1. Course Outline Outcomes Instructors Text Grading 2. Course Syllabus Fig. 26.7b Table 26.2-1 1 Table 26.2-2 Outline: Systematics and the Phylogenetic Revolution I. Naming and

More information

Sorting It All Out CLASSIFICATION OF ORGANISMS

Sorting It All Out CLASSIFICATION OF ORGANISMS Sorting It All Out CLASSIFICATION OF ORGANISMS 1 WHAT DO I NEED TO LEARN FROM THIS UNIT? Classify organisms into the currently recognized kingdoms according to characteristics that they share. Be familiar

More information

How are living things classified?

How are living things classified? Classification Systems How are living things classified?! Learning Goals 12, 13, 14, 15 & 16 on your rubric! TAXONOMY: The study of classification, or how living things are grouped! Aristotle classified

More information

S T U D E N T G U I D E

S T U D E N T G U I D E How do scientists organize organisms? Part IA: In what domain do I belong? Scientists sort life forms into categories based on their characteristics. First, scientists look at the types of cells an organism

More information

Classification of Living Things

Classification of Living Things Classification of Living Things What is classification? Classification: putting things into orderly groups based on similar characteristics. Ways we classify things Supermarket aisles Libraries Classes

More information

Chapter 17. Table of Contents. Objectives. Taxonomy. Classifying Organisms. Section 1 Biodiversity. Section 2 Systematics

Chapter 17. Table of Contents. Objectives. Taxonomy. Classifying Organisms. Section 1 Biodiversity. Section 2 Systematics Classification Table of Contents Objectives Relatebiodiversity to biological classification. Explainwhy naturalists replaced Aristotle s classification system. Identifythe main criterion that Linnaeus

More information

What makes things alive? CRITERIA FOR LIFE

What makes things alive? CRITERIA FOR LIFE What makes things alive? CRITERIA FOR LIFE Learning Goals I can determine if something is alive based on the criteria for life. I can describe the history of life on Earth. I can describe how organisms

More information

Introduction. Recall: 1) Life is both similar and diverse 2) Evolution helps us understand who is related to who

Introduction. Recall: 1) Life is both similar and diverse 2) Evolution helps us understand who is related to who Biology 11 Taxonomy Objectives By the end of the lesson you should be able to: State the levels of classification and the man who created the classification system Describe the 3 domains and the 4 kingdoms

More information

Carolus Linnaeus System for Classifying Organisms. Unit 3 Lesson 2

Carolus Linnaeus System for Classifying Organisms. Unit 3 Lesson 2 Carolus Linnaeus System for Classifying Organisms Unit 3 Lesson 2 Students will be able to: Conclude some of the classification benefits and importance. Define what is meant by species. Describe the binomial

More information

Unit 5: Taxonomy. KEY CONCEPT Organisms can be classified based on physical similarities.

Unit 5: Taxonomy. KEY CONCEPT Organisms can be classified based on physical similarities. KEY CONCEPT Organisms can be classified based on physical similarities. Linnaeus developed the scientific naming system still used today. Taxonomy is the science of naming and classifying organisms. White

More information

Prokaryote vs. Eukaryote

Prokaryote vs. Eukaryote DIVERSITY OF LIVING THINGS Prokaryote vs. Eukaryote 1. Test Monday 2. Lab Report Rough Draft (typed) due Wednesday 3. Lab Report Due Friday Oct 7th 4. Letter to MP due Tuesday Oct 11 th CAROLUS LINNAEUS

More information

Classification Systems. - Taxonomy

Classification Systems. - Taxonomy Classification Systems - Taxonomy Why Classify? 2.5 million kinds of organisms Not complete- 20 million organisms estimated Must divide into manageable groups To work with the diversity of life we need

More information

Cladograms. A diagram that shows evolutionary relationships

Cladograms. A diagram that shows evolutionary relationships Cladograms A diagram that shows evolutionary relationships TAXONOMY The Science of Classifying Organisms Why do we need to classify? Imagine a store..how do you know where to find the milk or the cereal?

More information

When I vomit it Makes me want To throw up That s so Escher!? Famous. I Love Words That Rhyme With Bipalicontorsinectomy

When I vomit it Makes me want To throw up That s so Escher!? Famous. I Love Words That Rhyme With Bipalicontorsinectomy When I vomit it Makes me want To throw up That s so Escher!? I Love Words That Rhyme With Bipalicontorsinectomy High Fructose Pancreas Destroyer YUM? Famous Weasel Oligarchies. Well perhaps famous Is a

More information

Kingdoms in Eukarya: Protista, Fungi, Plantae, & Animalia Each Eukarya kingdom has distinguishing characteristics:

Kingdoms in Eukarya: Protista, Fungi, Plantae, & Animalia Each Eukarya kingdom has distinguishing characteristics: NAME pg. 1 Classification Domain Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus species Eukarya Animalia Chordata Mammalia Primate Hominidae Homo sapiens Mnemonic: DUMB KING PHILIP CAME OVER FOR GOOD SOUP Domain

More information

What are Kingdoms and Domains?

What are Kingdoms and Domains? What are Kingdoms and Domains? There is far too much structural diversity among organisms to compare them all at the species level. For this reason, biologists look at the kingdom and domain levels for

More information

TAXONOMY. The Science of Classifying Organisms. Chapter 18

TAXONOMY. The Science of Classifying Organisms. Chapter 18 TAXONOMY The Science of Classifying Organisms Chapter 18 Why do we need to classify? Imagine a store..how do you know where to find the milk or the cereal? Are they in the same aisle? How is the store

More information

Classification. Species of Organisms. What is Classification?

Classification. Species of Organisms. What is Classification? Classification 1 Species of Organisms There are known species of organisms This is organisms that ever lived!!!!! are still being found and identified 2 What is Classification? is the arrangement of organisms

More information

Taxonomy. Branch of Biology dealing with classification and naming of living things

Taxonomy. Branch of Biology dealing with classification and naming of living things Taxonomy Branch of Biology dealing with classification and naming of living things Species of Organisms There are an estimated 3 to 100 million species of organisms (most agree with 11 million) This is

More information

Concept Modern Taxonomy reflects evolutionary history.

Concept Modern Taxonomy reflects evolutionary history. Concept 15.4 Modern Taxonomy reflects evolutionary history. What is Taxonomy: identification, naming, and classification of species. Common Names: can cause confusion - May refer to several species (ex.

More information

Friday April 8 th 2016

Friday April 8 th 2016 Friday April 8 th 2016 Warm-Up Select a highlighter. Get a bottle of glue. Update your Table of Contents (see whiteboard). Today In Science Classification Presentation and Notes How many different types

More information

Vocabulary: Fill in the definition for each word. Use your book and/or class notes. You can put the words in your own words. Animalia: Archaea:

Vocabulary: Fill in the definition for each word. Use your book and/or class notes. You can put the words in your own words. Animalia: Archaea: Name: _ Due Date: _ Per: _ Unit 4.2 Study Guide Directions: Complete all sections to the best of your ability. On the day of the Quiz (the due date for this assignment) turn this in with all of your Unit

More information

Biology. 1. a) leaves are needle like.. White pine (Pinus) b) leaves are broad. Go to statement 2

Biology. 1. a) leaves are needle like.. White pine (Pinus) b) leaves are broad. Go to statement 2 Biology DICHOTOMOUS KEYING Name Period: 1 Date : Identify the names of the plants using the dichotomous keys: 1. a) leaves are needle like.. White pine (Pinus) b) leaves are broad. Go to statement 2 2.

More information

What is classification? Basically classification is a fancy word for organization.

What is classification? Basically classification is a fancy word for organization. Classification What is classification? Basically classification is a fancy word for organization. Some Scientists believe there are as many as 200 million different kinds of living things on our planet.

More information

Chapter 26 Phylogeny and the Tree of Life

Chapter 26 Phylogeny and the Tree of Life Chapter 26 Phylogeny and the Tree of Life Chapter focus Shifting from the process of how evolution works to the pattern evolution produces over time. Phylogeny Phylon = tribe, geny = genesis or origin

More information

Organizing Life s Diversity Section 17.1 Classification

Organizing Life s Diversity Section 17.1 Classification Organizing Life s Diversity Section 17.1 Classification Scan Section 1 of your book. Write three questions that come to mind from reading the headings and the illustration captions. 1. 2. 3. Review species

More information

DO NOW: Four Square Do Now

DO NOW: Four Square Do Now Learner Profile: Communicators Thursday, September 24 AGENDA 15 min Enter the classroom silently and find your seat. 1. Take out pencils, HAWK card, agenda, and cells guided notes 2. Everything else gets

More information

Chapter 1. How Do Biologists Study Life?

Chapter 1. How Do Biologists Study Life? Chapter 1 How Do Biologists Study Life? Biology is the study of life Biologists ask questions about all aspects of living organisms Bios logos means a discourse on life in Greek Biology has many sub-disciplines

More information

Finding Order in Diversity

Finding Order in Diversity Finding Order in Diversity Videos Scishow Taxonomy: https://youtu.be/f38bmgpcz_i Bozeman Taxonomy: https://youtu.be/tyl_8gv7rie Terms to Know 1. Radiometric Dating 12. Miller and Urey s 2. Geologic Time

More information

Classification of Living Things

Classification of Living Things Classification of Living Things Heather Spalding: University of Hawaii-Manoa GK-12 program VOCABULARY Write the term next to the definition. You will need to know these terms to understand the classification

More information

Phylogeny 9/8/2014. Evolutionary Relationships. Data Supporting Phylogeny. Chapter 26

Phylogeny 9/8/2014. Evolutionary Relationships. Data Supporting Phylogeny. Chapter 26 Phylogeny Chapter 26 Taxonomy Taxonomy: ordered division of organisms into categories based on a set of characteristics used to assess similarities and differences Carolus Linnaeus developed binomial nomenclature,

More information

Classification. A. Why classify?

Classification. A. Why classify? Classification A. Why classify? 1. Organize in a meaningful way Too many living things to talk about without organization 2. Universal naming All scientists everywhere use the one same name. For example:

More information

First things first: What IS classification and WHY do we do it (or DO we)? How are living things classified? Classification Systems

First things first: What IS classification and WHY do we do it (or DO we)? How are living things classified? Classification Systems How are living things classified? Objective: Describe the system used today to classify organisms (including the seven levels of classification as well as scientific names) First things first: What IS

More information

Evolution and Biodiversity 5.3- Classification and Biodiversity

Evolution and Biodiversity 5.3- Classification and Biodiversity Essential idea: Species are named and classified using an internationally agreed system. Evolution and Biodiversity 5.3- Classification and Biodiversity Nature of science: Cooperation and collaboration

More information

PHYLUM CLASS ORDER FAMILY SPECIES

PHYLUM CLASS ORDER FAMILY SPECIES CLASSIFICATION LEVELS KINGDOM PHYLUM CLASS ORDER FAMILY GENUS SPECIES Classification of ME! Animalia Multicellular, mobile, eukaryotic, heterotroph Chordata Dorsal nerve chord, pharyngeal gill slits, bilateral

More information

What is classification?

What is classification? Classification Table of Contents Objectives Explain why and how organisms are classified. List the eight levels of classification. Explain scientific names. Describe how dichotomous keys help in identifying

More information

LS CH 7 practice. Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

LS CH 7 practice. Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. LS CH 7 practice Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic that all living things share? a. a cellular

More information

CLASSIFICATION. Why Classify? 2/18/2013. History of Taxonomy Biodiversity: variety of organisms at all levels from populations to ecosystems.

CLASSIFICATION. Why Classify? 2/18/2013. History of Taxonomy Biodiversity: variety of organisms at all levels from populations to ecosystems. Why Classify? Classification has been around ever since people paid attention to organisms. CLASSIFICATION One primeval system was based on harmful and non-harmful organisms. Life is easier when we organize

More information

Autotrophs capture the light energy from sunlight and convert it to chemical energy they use for food.

Autotrophs capture the light energy from sunlight and convert it to chemical energy they use for food. Prokaryotic Cell Eukaryotic Cell Autotrophs capture the light energy from sunlight and convert it to chemical energy they use for food. Heterotrophs must get energy by eating autotrophs or other heterotrophs.

More information

Characteristics of Life

Characteristics of Life UNIT 2 BIODIVERSITY Chapter 4- Patterns of Life Biology 2201 Characteristics of Life All living things share some basic characteristics: 1) living things are organized systems made up of one or more cells

More information

Lesson 23 Taxonomy GUIDED INSTRUCTION DIRECTIONS. Guided Questions

Lesson 23 Taxonomy GUIDED INSTRUCTION DIRECTIONS. Guided Questions Lesson 23 Taxonomy You will learn how scientists have developed a branch of biology known as taxonomy, the goal of which is to organize the great diversity of life. You will also learn why this organization

More information

Summary Finding Order in Diversity Modern Evolutionary Classification

Summary Finding Order in Diversity Modern Evolutionary Classification ( Is (.'I.isiifiuilimi Summary 18-1 Finding Order in Diversity There are millions of different species on Earth. To study this great diversity of organisms, biologists must give each organ ism a name.

More information

Organizing Diversity Taxonomy is the discipline of biology that identifies, names, and classifies organisms according to certain rules.

Organizing Diversity Taxonomy is the discipline of biology that identifies, names, and classifies organisms according to certain rules. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Outline 1.1 Introduction to AP Biology 1.2 Big Idea 1: Evolution 1.3 Big Idea 2: Energy and Molecular Building Blocks 1.4 Big Idea 3: Information Storage, Transmission, and Response

More information

What is Life? Characteristics of Living Things. Needs of Living Things. Experiments of Redi & Pasteur. Bacteria to Plants - Ch 1 Living Things

What is Life? Characteristics of Living Things. Needs of Living Things. Experiments of Redi & Pasteur. Bacteria to Plants - Ch 1 Living Things What is Life? Bacteria to Plants - Ch 1 Living Things aka: organisms What are the six characteristics of living things? - briefly describe each What are the major chemicals found in cells? Do organisms

More information

An Introduction to the Science of Botany. Chapter 1

An Introduction to the Science of Botany. Chapter 1 An Introduction to the Science of Botany Chapter 1 TTU MS 43131 LEARNING OBJECTIVES Briefly describe the field of botany, and give short definitions of at least five subdisciplines of plant biology Summarize

More information

Biology Unit 02 Biodiversity Section 01 Test Taxonomy/Classification

Biology Unit 02 Biodiversity Section 01 Test Taxonomy/Classification Biology 2201(A) Unit 02 Biodiversity Page 1 of 12 Biology 2201 Unit 02 Biodiversity Section 01 Test Taxonomy/Classification Instructions for Students: 1. This test is composed of two parts. Part 1 consists

More information

Chapter 26 Phylogeny and the Tree of Life

Chapter 26 Phylogeny and the Tree of Life Chapter 26 Phylogeny and the Tree of Life Biologists estimate that there are about 5 to 100 million species of organisms living on Earth today. Evidence from morphological, biochemical, and gene sequence

More information