Turf Growth and Development

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Turf Growth and Development"

Transcription

1 Turf Growth and Development Germination and Seedling Development Spikelet borne in Inflorescence Germination and Seedling Development Leaf and Stem Formation Inflorescence Roots Spikelet s Apex Caryopsis Palea Lemma Base of Callus Front View Side View Back View Lemma Palea 1

2 Caryopsis Caryopsis Caryopsis Pericarp Seed Coat Aleurone Layer Embryo Endosperm Scutellum Fescue Bluegrass Bentgrass Germination Favorable seed-to-soil contact Endosperm Reserves Planting Depth Moisture Light Temperature Light Germinating Seed Second Seminal Root Coleoptile Colerhiza First Seminal Root Germination Process Enlargement of the coleorhiza Emergence of root-hair like structures t for anchoring. Emergence of the primary root (radicle) Emergence of the coleoptile 2

3 Germination Process Elongation of first leaf within the coleoptile Photosynthesis begins Second leaf emerges Growing point enclose in coleoptile Adventitious roots develop from nodes at base of shoot 3

4 Growth and Development Germination and Seedling Development Leaf and Stem Formation Roots Inflorescence Grass Shoot Grass Shoot Leaf Blade Leaf Sheath Developing Leaves Crown Leaf Sheath Grass Crown Crown Youngest Leaf Apical Meristem Primordial Leaves Growing Point Growing Point Axillary Bud Internode Node Apical Meristem Leaf Primordia Adventitious Root Primary Root 4

5 From leaf primordia on top of crown New primordia continually formed Leaf Formation Young Primordia Leaf Formation Apical Meristem Young Leaves Emerging leaf Leaf Formation Completely hidden within several mature leaf sheaths h Young Leaf Senescing Leaf New Leaf Mature Leaf Developing New Leaf Roots Leaf Photosynthetic Rate Stems Newly emerging leaves Use all the food they manufacture plus more Young fully expanded leaves Highest photosynthetic th ti rate Food for own growth plus storage Older leaves Maintenance production Senescing leaves Recycling of essential building blocks Three types Crown Flowering culm Flowering culm Lateral Stems Rhizomes and stolons 5

6 Crown Highly contracted stem Forms wherever new shoot develop Develops leaves, roots, tillers, stems Stores carbohydrates reserves Grass Crown Axillary Bud Crown Youngest Leaf Apical Meristem Primordial Leaves Internode Node Growing Point Adventitious Root Primary Root Axillary Buds Branching Tillers Intravaginal branching Builds shoot density in the immediate vicinity of the parent shoots Lateral shoots Extravaginal branching Extend the plant population beyond the parent shoots Intravaginal Extravaginal Lateral Shoots Lateral Shoots Stolon Rhizome Stolons Grow along the surface Form new shoots and roots at nodes or at the stolon tip (terminal) Branching at the nodes forms network of lateral stems 6

7 Lateral Shoots Stolonifreous Turfgrasses Creeping Bentgrass Rough hbluegrass Zosiagrass Lateral Shoots Rhizome Grows beneath the ground via stem internode elongation Determinate and indeterminate types Lateral Shoots Determinate rhizome Short Growth in three phases Aerial shoot formation upon reaching the surface Indeterminate Long and branched at nodes Aerial shoots from axillary buds Rhizome Growth Extensor rhizomes Sprout rhizomes 7

8 Lateral Shoots Rhizomatous Turfgrasses Kentucky Bluegrass Creeping Red Fescue Tillering New aerial shoots emerge intravaginally from axillary buds Tillering Tillering Inflorescence Turf Growth and Development Spiklet Borne in Inflorescence Inflorescence 8

9 Inflorescence Inflorescence Flowering portion of the grass shoot The basic unit of organization within the inflorescence is the spikelet. The spikelet is composed of florets, glumes and rachilla. Callus Rachilla Glume Inflorescence Types of Inflorescence Glumes Bent Grass Glume Rye Grass Raceme Panicle Spike Types of Inflorescence Grass Species Raceme Spikelets borne on short stalks, called pedicels, coming off a main culm. Spike Spikelets attached directly to the main culm. Panicle Spikelets spaced along spreading or compressed branches. Raceme Zoysiagrass Panicle Bluegrass St.Augustinegrass Bentgrass Bahiagrass Centipedegrass Fescue Spikes Ryegrass Wheatgrass Bermudagrass 9

10 Glumes Palea Lemma Anther Filament Stigma Style Ovary Stamen Pistil Turf Growth and Development Root Growth Turfgrass Roots Adventitious Roots Adventitious Roots Grow from crowns as well as nodes along rhizomes and stolons Variable lifspan May live as long as the shoot they support Climate specific (cool-season versus warm-season grasses) Species specific 10

11 Root Tip Root Hairs Root Cap Turfgrass Root Root cap Protects the root meristem Senses up and down Aiding root elongation through soil with slime sheath Root hairs Specialized epidermal cells Absorb water and nutrients Longitudinal Section of a Root Epidermis Root Hairs Cortex Steele Branch Root Formation Meristematic Region Root Cap Root Growth Unfavorable soil conditions High soil temperatures ph <5.0 and > 7.0 Oxygen deficiency High salt concentration Root Growth Unfavorable cultural conditions Close mowing Excessive nitrogen fertilization Excessive nitrogen fertilization Potassium deficiency Excessive thatch 11

12 Seasonal Root Growth Cool-Season Warm-Season Turfgrasses Perennials Dying shoots and roots are continually replaced Management facilitates replacement growth Spring Summer Fall Root : Shoot Ratio 12

Seed Development and Yield Components. Thomas G Chastain CROP 460/560 Seed Production

Seed Development and Yield Components. Thomas G Chastain CROP 460/560 Seed Production Seed Development and Yield Components Thomas G Chastain CROP 460/560 Seed Production The Seed The zygote develops into the embryo which contains a shoot (covered by the coleoptile) and a root (radicle).

More information

Pollination and Seed Yield in Grass Seed Crops. Thomas G Chastain Oregon State University

Pollination and Seed Yield in Grass Seed Crops. Thomas G Chastain Oregon State University Pollination and Seed Yield in Grass Seed Crops Thomas G Chastain Oregon State University Seed Yield Potential vs. Actual Yield An example for perennial ryegrass Florets not pollinated, fertilized, or aborted

More information

Plant Growth and Development Part I. Levels of Organization

Plant Growth and Development Part I. Levels of Organization Plant Growth and Development Part I Levels of Organization Whole Plant Organs Tissues Cells Organelles Macromolecules Levels of Organization Whole Plant Organs Tissues Cells Organelles Macromolecules 1

More information

Level 2 Part II. MSU Extension Horticulture Associate Specialist. Pages Montana Master Gardener Handbook

Level 2 Part II. MSU Extension Horticulture Associate Specialist. Pages Montana Master Gardener Handbook Plant Growth and Development Level 2 Part II Toby Day MSU Extension Horticulture Associate Specialist Pages 24-48 Montana Master Gardener Handbook Vegetative parts of a plant Definitions Apical bud or

More information

Wheat Rice Corn The parts are often very small Diagnostic microscope Magnifies to 45 x Compound microscope Magnifies to 400 x

Wheat Rice Corn The parts are often very small Diagnostic microscope Magnifies to 45 x Compound microscope Magnifies to 400 x Turf and Weed Grasses Identification and Management World consumption Wheat, Corn & Rice 206 Turf Pest Control Pest Management Workshop February 19, 2013 Wheat Corn Rice Grasses are monocots 644 genera

More information

1 Rice Growth and Development

1 Rice Growth and Development 1 Rice Growth and Development Karen Moldenhauer and Nathan Slaton Rice is an annual grass (Figure 1-1) with round, hollow, jointed culms; narrow, flat, sessile leaf blades joined to the leaf sheaths with

More information

Growth and Seed Yield in Kentucky Bluegrass. Thomas G Chastain George Hyslop Professor of Crop and Soil Science

Growth and Seed Yield in Kentucky Bluegrass. Thomas G Chastain George Hyslop Professor of Crop and Soil Science Growth and Seed Yield in Kentucky Bluegrass Thomas G Chastain George Hyslop Professor of Crop and Soil Science Central Oregon Grass Seed Urban Grass Seed Winter Wheat Spring Wheat Barley Corn Beans Peas

More information

Primary Plant Body: Embryogenesis and the Seedling

Primary Plant Body: Embryogenesis and the Seedling BIOL 221 Concepts of Botany Primary Plant Body: Embryogenesis and the Seedling (Photo Atlas: Figures 1.29, 9.147, 9.148, 9.149, 9.150, 9.1, 9.2) A. Introduction Plants are composed of fewer cell types,

More information

Roots and Soil Chapter 5

Roots and Soil Chapter 5 Roots and Soil Chapter 5 Plant Organs Plant organs are groups of several types of tissues that together perform a particular function. Vegetative organs roots, stems, leaves make and use food, absorb water

More information

Chapter 15 PLANT STRUCTURES AND TAXONOMY

Chapter 15 PLANT STRUCTURES AND TAXONOMY Chapter 15 PLANT STRUCTURES AND TAXONOMY Chapter 15: Parts of a plant Manufactures food by photosynthesis Attracts insects for pollination Contains seeds Supports branches and transports food and water

More information

Botany Physiology. Due Date Code Period Earned Points

Botany Physiology. Due Date Code Period Earned Points Botany Physiology Name C/By Due Date Code Period Earned Points Bot Phys 5N5 Stem Forms Bot Phys 5-05 Identify the major forms of stems in plants I. Identify the major forms of stems in plants A. internal

More information

Slide 1 / 86. Angiosperms: The Flowering Plants

Slide 1 / 86. Angiosperms: The Flowering Plants Slide 1 / 86 Angiosperms: The Flowering Plants Slide 2 / 86 Brief Phylogeny of Plants Monocot Dicot This presentation will focus on angiosperms Angiosperm Gymnosperm Seeded Plants Non-Seeded plants Vascular

More information

Crop Development and Components of Seed Yield. Thomas G Chastain CSS 460/560 Seed Production

Crop Development and Components of Seed Yield. Thomas G Chastain CSS 460/560 Seed Production Crop Development and Components of Seed Yield Thomas G Chastain CSS 460/560 Seed Production White clover seed field Seed Yield Seed yield results from the interaction of the following factors: 1. Genetic

More information

Plant Structure. Objectives At the end of this sub section students should be able to:

Plant Structure. Objectives At the end of this sub section students should be able to: Name: 3.2 Organisation and the Vascular Structures 3.2.1 Flowering plant structure and root structure Objectives At the end of this sub section students should be able to: 1. Label a diagram of the external

More information

Plant Structure. Lab Exercise 24. Objectives. Introduction

Plant Structure. Lab Exercise 24. Objectives. Introduction Lab Exercise Plant Structure Objectives - Be able to identify plant organs and give their functions. - Learn distinguishing characteristics between monocot and dicot plants. - Understand the anatomy of

More information

Anatomy of Plants Student Notes

Anatomy of Plants Student Notes Directions: Fill in the blanks. Anatomy of Plants Student Notes Plant Cell Biology Segment 1. Plants Plants are organisms are incapable of movement produce food through 2. Animals Animals are multicellular

More information

a. capture sunlight and absorb CO 2

a. capture sunlight and absorb CO 2 BIO 274-01 Exam 1 Name Matching (10 pts) 1. Match each plant part with its function: root c a. capture sunlight and absorb CO 2 for photosynthesis leaves a b. provides support, conducts water and nutrients

More information

Bring Your Text to Lab!!!

Bring Your Text to Lab!!! Bring Your Text to Lab!!! Vascular Plant Anatomy: Flowering Plants Objectives: 1. To observe what the basic structure of vascular plants is, and how and where this form originates. 2. To begin to understand

More information

*Modifications in reproduction were key adaptations enabling plants to spread into a variety of terrestrial habitats.

*Modifications in reproduction were key adaptations enabling plants to spread into a variety of terrestrial habitats. Plant Reproduction *Modifications in reproduction were key adaptations enabling plants to spread into a variety of terrestrial habitats. Reproduction In Plants Plant reproduction is the production of new

More information

Basic Botany Master Gardener and Horticulture Training. Mark Heitstuman. WSU Asotin and Garfield County Director January 12, 2016

Basic Botany Master Gardener and Horticulture Training. Mark Heitstuman. WSU Asotin and Garfield County Director January 12, 2016 Basic Botany 2016 Master Gardener and Horticulture Training Mark Heitstuman WSU Asotin and Garfield County Director January 12, 2016 Topics we ll discuss in Chapter 1- Basic Botany Plant life cycles Internal

More information

Scientific Identification & Classification

Scientific Identification & Classification Scientific Identification & Classification Plant Parts Leaves Stems Roots Flowers Leaves-External Petiole-leaf stalk or part that connects the leaf to the stem Blade-the large, flat part of the leaf Midrib-the

More information

PLANTS FORM AND FUNCTION PLANT MORPHOLOGY PART I: BASIC MORPHOLOGY. Plant Form & Function Activity #1 page 1

PLANTS FORM AND FUNCTION PLANT MORPHOLOGY PART I: BASIC MORPHOLOGY. Plant Form & Function Activity #1 page 1 AP BIOLOGY PLANTS FORM AND FUNCTION ACTIVITY #1 NAME DATE HOUR PLANT MORPHOLOGY PART I: BASIC MORPHOLOGY Plant Form & Function Activity #1 page 1 PART II: ROOTS 1. Examine the examples of the two root

More information

SESSION 6: SUPPORT AND TRANSPORT SYSTEMS IN PLANTS PART 1

SESSION 6: SUPPORT AND TRANSPORT SYSTEMS IN PLANTS PART 1 SESSION 6: SUPPORT AND TRANSPORT SYSTEMS IN PLANTS PART 1 KEY CONCEPTS In this session we will focus on summarising what you need to know about: - Anatomy of dicotyledonous plants Root and stem: distribution

More information

Plant Tissues and Organs. Topic 13 Plant Science Subtopics , ,

Plant Tissues and Organs. Topic 13 Plant Science Subtopics , , Plant Tissues and Organs Topic 13 Plant Science Subtopics 13.1.2, 13.1.3, 13.1.4 Objectives: List and describe the major plant organs their structure and function List and describe the major types of plant

More information

Chapter 6. Biology of Flowering Plants. Anatomy Seedlings, Meristems, Stems, and Roots

Chapter 6. Biology of Flowering Plants. Anatomy Seedlings, Meristems, Stems, and Roots BOT 3015L (Outlaw/Sherdan/Aghoram); Page 1 of 6 Chapter 6 Biology of Flowering Plants Anatomy Seedlings, Meristems, Stems, and Roots Objectives Seedling germination and anatomy. Understand meristem structure

More information

Forms strands that conduct water, minerals, and organic compounds. Much of the inside of nonwoody parts of plants. Includes roots, stems, and leaves

Forms strands that conduct water, minerals, and organic compounds. Much of the inside of nonwoody parts of plants. Includes roots, stems, and leaves Biology II Vascular plants have 3 tissue systems: Dermal Protective outer layer of plant Vascular Forms strands that conduct water, minerals, and organic compounds Ground Much of the inside of nonwoody

More information

Plant Anatomy AP Biology

Plant Anatomy AP Biology Plant Anatomy 2006-2007 Basic plant anatomy 1 root root tip root hairs Roots 1 Roots anchor plant in soil, absorb minerals & water, & store food fibrous roots (1) mat of thin roots that spread out monocots

More information

23 2 Roots Slide 2 of 36

23 2 Roots Slide 2 of 36 2 of 36 Types of Roots Types of Roots What are the two main types of roots? 3 of 36 Types of Roots The two main types of roots are: taproots, which are found mainly in dicots, and fibrous roots, which

More information

Name Date Block. Plant Structures

Name Date Block. Plant Structures Name Date Block What are the Functions of Roots, Stems, and Leaves? Plant Structures Each part of a plant plays an important role in its structure and function. Roots, stems, and leaves are just three

More information

Plant Structure, Growth, and Development

Plant Structure, Growth, and Development Plant Structure, Growth, and Development Plant hierarchy: Cells Tissue: group of similar cells with similar function: Dermal, Ground, Vascular Organs: multiple kinds of tissue, very diverse function Organ

More information

Plant Anatomy: roots, stems and leaves

Plant Anatomy: roots, stems and leaves Plant Anatomy: roots, stems and leaves The plant body has a hierarchy of organs, tissues and cells Plants, like animals, have organs composed of different tissues, which are composed of cells. Tissue is

More information

Flowers Seeds Pollination Germination

Flowers Seeds Pollination Germination * Flowers Seeds Pollination Germination *In order for plants to be successful in many different environments they must be able to reproduce themselves. *The reproductive patterns of plants reflect the

More information

WHAT DO you think of when you

WHAT DO you think of when you Stem Anatomy WHAT DO you think of when you think of a stem? Do you think of a flower stalk, the trees in your area, or a soybean stalk? Most people probably visualize something like the flower or the bean

More information

The Shoot System: Primary Stem Structure - 1

The Shoot System: Primary Stem Structure - 1 The Shoot System: Primary Stem Structure - 1 Shoot System The shoot system comprises the leaves and stems of plants. Leaves are located at nodes on the stem; the distance along the stem between nodes is

More information

UNIT A: Basic Principles of Plant Science with a focus on Field Crops. Lesson 1: Examining Plant Structures and Functions

UNIT A: Basic Principles of Plant Science with a focus on Field Crops. Lesson 1: Examining Plant Structures and Functions UNIT A: Basic Principles of Plant Science with a focus on Field Crops Lesson 1: Examining Plant Structures and Functions 1 Terms Alternate leaf arrangement Bulb Cell Cell specialization Cladophyll Compound

More information

Early Development. Typical Body Plan 9/25/2011. Plant Histology Early development, cells & Chapters 22 & 23

Early Development. Typical Body Plan 9/25/2011. Plant Histology Early development, cells & Chapters 22 & 23 Plant Histology Early development, cells & tissues Chapters 22 & 23 Early Development Formation of the embryo The Mature Embryo & Seed Requirements for seed germination Embryo to Adult Apical meristems

More information

Plant parts and their functions

Plant parts and their functions UNIT 8 Plant parts and their functions In unit 2, we learnt about the classification and basic parts of plants. Here, we will learn in greater details about the different functions carried out by the plant

More information

Plant Development. Chapter 31 Part 1

Plant Development. Chapter 31 Part 1 Plant Development Chapter 31 Part 1 Impacts, Issues Foolish Seedlings, Gorgeous Grapes Gibberellin and other plant hormones control the growth and development of plants environmental cues influence hormone

More information

13.4 Roots Figure 2 primary root: primary root secondary root: secondary root taproots fibrous taproots: roots. fibrous roots: adventitious roots

13.4 Roots Figure 2 primary root: primary root secondary root: secondary root taproots fibrous taproots: roots. fibrous roots: adventitious roots 10. Why is it not surprising that many hydrophytes have little or no tissue? 11. The leaves of many underwater plants are finely divided, dramatically increasing the surface area that is in contact with

More information

Plant Organization. Learning Objectives. Angiosperm Tissues. Angiosperm Body Plan

Plant Organization. Learning Objectives. Angiosperm Tissues. Angiosperm Body Plan Plant Organization Learning Objectives 1. List and give the major function of the three main types of plant tissues 2. Identify a monocot verses a eudicot plant by observing either root, stem, leaf, or

More information

Root cross-section (Ranunculus)

Root cross-section (Ranunculus) Plant Lab Review Root cross-section (Ranunculus) Epidermis Cortex Vascular Cylinder Phloem Endodermis Xylem Ranunculus Root Cross section Give three functions of the root Anchor plant Absorb water and

More information

Student Learning Objectives: Instruction in this lesson should result in students achieving the following objectives:

Student Learning Objectives: Instruction in this lesson should result in students achieving the following objectives: Unit A: Basic Principles of Plant Science with a Focus on Field Crops Lesson 1: Examining Plant Structures and Functions Student Learning Objectives: Instruction in this lesson should result in students

More information

Biology Slide 1 of 36

Biology Slide 1 of 36 Biology 1 of 36 2 of 36 Types of Roots Types of Roots What are the two main types of roots? 3 of 36 Types of Roots The two main types of roots are: taproots, which are found mainly in dicots, and fibrous

More information

Plant Vocabulary. Define

Plant Vocabulary. Define Define Plant Vocabulary 1. Photosynthesis 2. Eukaryotic 3. Monocot 4. Dicot 5. Cotyledon 6. Roots 7. Stems 8. Leaves 9. Xylem 10. Phloem 11. Capillary action 12. Meristem 13. Apical meristem 14. Vascular

More information

How Plants Grow HOME GARDENING OSHER LIFELONG LEARNING SPRING 2015

How Plants Grow HOME GARDENING OSHER LIFELONG LEARNING SPRING 2015 How Plants Grow HOME GARDENING OSHER LIFELONG LEARNING SPRING 2015 What is a plant? 1.bp.blogspot.com What is a plant? Living organism that, unlike an animal, cannot move voluntarily, manufactures food

More information

Kingdom Plantae. Plants or metaphytes are, autotrophic multicellular eukaryotes, with tissues.

Kingdom Plantae. Plants or metaphytes are, autotrophic multicellular eukaryotes, with tissues. Kingdom Plantae Key words feature bryophytes herbaceous node to release pteridophytes sporangium, leaf (leaves) damp gymnosperms vascular apix cluster angiosperms rhizome sepal shrub tropism fronds calyx

More information

Measurements of quantitative characters yield continuous data (value ranges) (Ex: plant height),

Measurements of quantitative characters yield continuous data (value ranges) (Ex: plant height), Taxonomic Evidence- Vegetative Characteristics Character and Character States An aspect of a plant, such as leaf shape or petal color is a character. Each character can have a character state, such as

More information

Useful Propagation Terms. Propagation The application of specific biological principles and concepts in the multiplication of plants.

Useful Propagation Terms. Propagation The application of specific biological principles and concepts in the multiplication of plants. Useful Propagation Terms Propagation The application of specific biological principles and concepts in the multiplication of plants. Adventitious Typically describes new organs such as roots that develop

More information

Plant Structure and Growth

Plant Structure and Growth Plant Structure and Growth A. Flowering Plant Parts: The flowering plants or are the most diverse group of plants. They are divided into 2 classes and. Examples of monocots: Examples of dicots: The morphology

More information

Anatomy of dicotyledonous plants

Anatomy of dicotyledonous plants Anatomy of dicotyledonous plants Differences between Monocotyledons and Dicotyledons All plants are classified as producing seeds or not producing seeds. Those that produce seeds are divided into flowering

More information

23 Structure of Flowering Plants

23 Structure of Flowering Plants 23 Structure of Flowering Plants Flowering plants first evolved around 125 million years ago. www.mrcbiology.com 1 23 Structure of Flowering Plants www.mrcbiology.com 2 24 Structure of Flowering Plants

More information

can affect division, elongation, & differentiation of cells to another region of plant where they have an effect

can affect division, elongation, & differentiation of cells to another region of plant where they have an effect Note that the following is a rudimentary outline of the class lecture; it does not contain everything discussed in class. Plant Hormones Plant Hormones compounds regulators growth or can affect division,

More information

Angiosperms: The Flowering Plants

Angiosperms: The Flowering Plants Slide 1 / 86 ngiosperms: The Flowering Plants rief Phylogeny of Plants Slide 2 / 86 Monocot icot This presentation will focus on angiosperms ngiosperm Gymnosperm Seeded Plants Non-Seeded plants Vascular

More information

Plant Organs. Roots & Stems

Plant Organs. Roots & Stems Plant Organs Roots & Stems I. Roots A. F(x)s = grow underground 1. Absorb water & nutrients from soil 2. Anchor plant in the soil 3. Make hormones important for growth & development I. Roots B. Structure

More information

Chapter 31. Plant Structure, Reproduction, and Development. Lecture by L.Brooke Stabler

Chapter 31. Plant Structure, Reproduction, and Development. Lecture by L.Brooke Stabler Chapter 31 Plant Structure, Reproduction, and Development PowerPoint Lectures for Biology: Concepts & Connections, Sixth Edition Campbell, Reece, Taylor, Simon, and Dickey Copyright 2009 Pearson Education,

More information

KNOW YOUR WEEDS Anil Shrestha, IPM Weed Ecologist, Kearney Agricultural Center

KNOW YOUR WEEDS Anil Shrestha, IPM Weed Ecologist, Kearney Agricultural Center KNOW YOUR WEEDS Anil Shrestha, IPM Weed Ecologist, Kearney Agricultural Center Correct identification of weeds is an important key to effective weed control. The first step in understanding any problem

More information

PLANT STRUCTURE: PARTS (ORGANS) Roots Leaves Stems

PLANT STRUCTURE: PARTS (ORGANS) Roots Leaves Stems PLANT STRUCTURE: PARTS (ORGANS) Roots Leaves Stems ROOTS El Hiquieron. Strangulating Plant Ficusjimenezii The trees you see growing on the wall are the Higueron. The Higueronsare plants that can grow in

More information

Big Advantage!:Vegetative reproduction is a faster way to reproduce compared to sexual reproduction if the environment is favorable.

Big Advantage!:Vegetative reproduction is a faster way to reproduce compared to sexual reproduction if the environment is favorable. DAY 5 OF CHAPTER 25 NOTES http://www.toto.com/misha/mavica/folliage2.jpg Asexual reproduction in plants is also known as vegetative reproduction. Methods of vegetative reproduction include plant structures

More information

What were some challenges that plants had to overcome as they moved to land? Drying out in the sun Conserving water Reproduction without water

What were some challenges that plants had to overcome as they moved to land? Drying out in the sun Conserving water Reproduction without water Classification of Plants (Ch. 22) The 3 major characteristics that make an organism a plant are: Multicellular eukaryote Cell walls with cellulose Carry out photosynthesis Plants most likely evolved from:

More information

Unit 10 Plants/ Study Guide

Unit 10 Plants/ Study Guide Name Class Date Section 20.1: Origins of Plant Life Unit 10 Plants/ Study Guide KEY CONCEPT Plant life began in the water and became adapted to land. VOCABULARY plant vascular system seed cuticle stomata

More information

Chapter 8: Plant Organs: Leaves

Chapter 8: Plant Organs: Leaves Leaf Form & Function Chapter 8: Plant Organs: Leaves Leaves are the most variable Composed of a and a May have (pair of leaf like outgrowths at petiole) : having a single blade : having a blade divided

More information

STUDY GUIDE SECTION 27-1 Plants and People

STUDY GUIDE SECTION 27-1 Plants and People STUDY GUIDE SECTION 27-1 Plants and People You may work with one partner, but each student must turn in their own completed packet. For the Multiple Choice-please choose the best answer. For the Short

More information

Honors Biology I Ch 29 Plant Structure & Function

Honors Biology I Ch 29 Plant Structure & Function 3 Basic types of plant cells Honors Biology I Ch 29 Plant Structure & Function 1) Parenchyma cells- loosely packed or cells with a and thin, Involved in metabolic functions 2) Collenchyma cells- thicker

More information

Plant Growth & Development. Growth Processes Photosynthesis. Plant Growth & Development

Plant Growth & Development. Growth Processes Photosynthesis. Plant Growth & Development Plant Growth & Development Growth Processes Growth Requirements Types of Growth & Development Factors Growth Processes Photosynthesis Creating carbohydrates (stored energy) from CO 2 + water + sunlight

More information

Directed Reading A. Section: Structures of Seed Plants ROOTS. Skills Worksheet

Directed Reading A. Section: Structures of Seed Plants ROOTS. Skills Worksheet Skills Worksheet Directed Reading A Section: Structures of Seed Plants Write the letter of the correct answer in the space provided. 1. What supplies a seed plant with the things it needs to survive? a.

More information

Directed Reading A. Section: Structures of Seed Plants. is called a. shoots. c. phloem. b. xylem. d. leaves. is called ROOTS. size.

Directed Reading A. Section: Structures of Seed Plants. is called a. shoots. c. phloem. b. xylem. d. leaves. is called ROOTS. size. Skills Worksheet Directed Reading A Section: Structures of Seed Plants 1. Vascular tissue that transports water and minerals through a plant is called a. shoots. c. phloem. b. xylem. d. leaves. 2. Vascular

More information

Name Class Date. Complete each of the following sentences by choosing the correct term from the word bank.

Name Class Date. Complete each of the following sentences by choosing the correct term from the word bank. Skills Worksheet Chapter Review USING KEY TERMS Complete each of the following sentences by choosing the correct term from the word bank. pistil rhizoid vascular plant rhizome xylem phloem pollen stamen

More information

BIOL 305L Laboratory One

BIOL 305L Laboratory One Please print Full name clearly: BIOL 305L Laboratory One General plant anatomy a great place to start! Introduction Botany is the science of plant life. Traditionally, the science included the study of

More information

WEED IDENTIFICATION - TERMINOLOGY. C. Shumway B. Scott

WEED IDENTIFICATION - TERMINOLOGY. C. Shumway B. Scott WEED IDENTIFICATION - TERMINOLOGY C. Shumway B. Scott THIS IS A GLOSSARY OF TERMS USED IN THE IDENTIFICATION OF WEED SPECIES. PROPER IDENTIFICATION IS A KEY COMPONENT ON THE EFFICIENT USE OF WEED CONTROL

More information

1. Rearrange the following zones as seen in the root in vertical section and choose the correct option.

1. Rearrange the following zones as seen in the root in vertical section and choose the correct option. MORPHOLOGY OF FLOWERING PLANTS 21 21 CHAPTER 5 MORPHOLOGY OF FLOWERING PLANTS MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS 1. Rearrange the following zones as seen in the root in vertical section and choose the correct option.

More information

Bald cypress Taxodium distichum in a swamp in North Carolina

Bald cypress Taxodium distichum in a swamp in North Carolina Bald cypress Taxodium distichum in a swamp in North Carolina Bald cypress is another deciduous gymnosperm. It is native to the SE United States. It can tolerate a wide range of soil conditions. It is not

More information

I. ESSAY QUESTIONS (5 Points Each)

I. ESSAY QUESTIONS (5 Points Each) PLSC 210-Horticulture Science Fall Semester, 2003 Exam I Name I. ESSAY QUESTIONS (5 Points Each) 1. Define the term horticulture, and discuss the role of horticulture in enhancing human well-being and

More information

ARE YOU familiar with the sayings Get to

ARE YOU familiar with the sayings Get to Root Anatomy ARE YOU familiar with the sayings Get to the root of the problem or the root of all evil? Both these sayings suggest that the root is an essential part of something. With plants, the essential

More information

Organization of Plant Tissue. Wednesday, March 2, 16

Organization of Plant Tissue. Wednesday, March 2, 16 Organization of Plant Tissue Plant Systems Shoot System The Leaf The Stem The Flower Root System The Shoot System Has two main functions: to conduct photosynthesis and to produce flowers for sexual reproduction

More information

The Plant Kingdom If you were to walk around a forest, what would you see? Most things that you would probably name are plants.

The Plant Kingdom If you were to walk around a forest, what would you see? Most things that you would probably name are plants. INTRODUCTION TO PLANTS The Plant Kingdom If you were to walk around a forest, what would you see? Most things that you would probably name are plants. Plants are abundant in almost every environment that

More information

Chapter 31 Plant Structure, Growth,

Chapter 31 Plant Structure, Growth, Chapter 31 Plant Structure, Growth, and Reproduction Introduction Some plants, such as coast redwoods, are among the largest and oldest organisms on Earth. Coast redwoods are gymnosperms, a kind of plant

More information

Parts of the stem. What does a stem do? Botany for Master Gardeners Part II

Parts of the stem. What does a stem do? Botany for Master Gardeners Part II Botany for Master Gardeners Part II Selected plant parts and their reasons for being What you should know by the end of today s session How to tell a stem from a root How to recognize a simple and compound

More information

Chapter #35~ Plant Structure and Growth

Chapter #35~ Plant Structure and Growth Chapter #35~ Plant Structure and Growth What part of a plant is represented by each of these: Carrot Celery Red Pepper Tomato Lettuce Garbanzo Bean Angiosperm structure Three basic organs: Roots (root

More information

8 Reproduction in flowering plants

8 Reproduction in flowering plants Self-assessment questions 8.01 8 Reproduction in flowering plants 1 Which is the most accurate statement? The principal role of a flower in the life cycle of a plant is: (a) attracting insects (b) producing

More information

Chapter 23: Plant Diversity and Life Cycles

Chapter 23: Plant Diversity and Life Cycles Chapter 23: Plant Diversity and Life Cycles Section 1: Introduction to Plants Cuticle: a waxy or fatty and watertight layer on the external wall of epidermal cells Spore: a reproductive cell or multicellular

More information

6H2O + 6CO2 C6H12O6 + 6O2

6H2O + 6CO2 C6H12O6 + 6O2 Use this as another study tool to help you narrow the focus of the notes down to the majority of what is going to be on the plant systems unit test. Keep in mind that memorizing just what is in this handout

More information

Propagation by Specialized Stems and Roots

Propagation by Specialized Stems and Roots Unit 6. Propagation by Specialized Stems and Roots Today's lab will deal with propagation by specialized vegetative structures (modified stems and modified roots). During this lab the specialized vegetative

More information

Plant Juvenility Text Pages: 15 18,

Plant Juvenility Text Pages: 15 18, 45 Plant Juvenility Text Pages: 15 18, 613 619. Objectives: 1. Be able to describe and explain terms related to plant aging. 2. Be able to explain how a woody plant contains tissue of different ontogenetic

More information

Page 1. Gross Anatomy of a typical plant (Angiosperm = Flowering Plant): Gross Anatomy of a typical plant (Angiosperm = Flowering Plant):

Page 1. Gross Anatomy of a typical plant (Angiosperm = Flowering Plant): Gross Anatomy of a typical plant (Angiosperm = Flowering Plant): Chapter 43: Plant Form and Function Gross Anatomy of a typical plant (Angiosperm = Flowering Plant): Root System Anchor plant Absorb water / nutrients Store surplus sugars Transport materials from / to

More information

Kingdom Plantae. Biology : A Brief Survey of Plants. Jun 22 7:09 PM

Kingdom Plantae. Biology : A Brief Survey of Plants. Jun 22 7:09 PM Kingdom Plantae Biology 2201 6.1 6.2 : A Brief Survey of Plants The study of plants is called botany. Plants are believed to have evolved from green algae. The main plant (land) characteristics are as

More information

Plant Characteristics: 1. They obtain and use resources for energy need food, oxygen, and water, which provide required energy to perform the basic

Plant Characteristics: 1. They obtain and use resources for energy need food, oxygen, and water, which provide required energy to perform the basic 1 Plant Characteristics: 1. They obtain and use resources for energy need food, oxygen, and water, which provide required energy to perform the basic processes of life, such as growing and developing,

More information

Examining Plant Structures and Functions

Examining Plant Structures and Functions Lesson C2 2: Examining Plant Structures and Functions Unit C. Plant and Soil Science Problem Area 2. Basic Principles of Plant Science Lesson 2. Examining Plant Structures and Functions Learning Goal:

More information

Directed Reading B. Section: Structures of Seed Plants. 1. What moves water and minerals through a plant? a. xylem c. seeds b. phloem d.

Directed Reading B. Section: Structures of Seed Plants. 1. What moves water and minerals through a plant? a. xylem c. seeds b. phloem d. Skills Worksheet Directed Reading B Section: Structures of Seed Plants 1. What moves water and minerals through a plant? a. xylem c. seeds b. phloem d. rhizomes 2. What moves food to all plant parts? a.

More information

Biology 2 Chapter 21 Review

Biology 2 Chapter 21 Review Biology 2 Chapter 21 Review Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Which of the following is not a tissue system of vascular plants? a. vascular

More information

Respiration and Carbon Partitioning. Thomas G Chastain CROP 200 Crop Ecology and Morphology

Respiration and Carbon Partitioning. Thomas G Chastain CROP 200 Crop Ecology and Morphology Respiration and Carbon Partitioning Thomas G Chastain CROP 200 Crop Ecology and Morphology Respiration Aerobic respiration is the controlled oxidation of reduced carbon substrates such as a carbohydrate

More information

Topic 14. The Root System. II. Anatomy of an Actively Growing Root Tip

Topic 14. The Root System. II. Anatomy of an Actively Growing Root Tip Topic 14. The Root System Introduction. This is the first of two lab topics that focus on the three plant organs (root, stem, leaf). In these labs we want you to recognize how tissues are organized in

More information

1. Bud or node: Out of this either a leaf or a fruit-bearing shoot will develop.

1. Bud or node: Out of this either a leaf or a fruit-bearing shoot will develop. 8 2 0 4 Bud Bud or or node: node: Out Out of of this this either either a leaf leaf or or a fruit-bearing fruit-bearing shoot shoot will will develop. develop. 2 Inflorescence: The flowers of the grapevine.

More information

23 1 Specialized Tissues in Plants Slide 1 of 34

23 1 Specialized Tissues in Plants Slide 1 of 34 23 1 Specialized Tissues in Plants 1 of 34 Seed Plant Structure The three principal organs of seed plants are roots, stems, and leaves. These organs perform functions such as the transport of nutrients,

More information

UNIT 8: ANGIOSPERMS 3 (Early Development of the Plant, Cells, and Tissues)

UNIT 8: ANGIOSPERMS 3 (Early Development of the Plant, Cells, and Tissues) 55 UNIT 8: ANGIOSPERMS 3 (Early Development of the Plant, Cells, and Tissues) th Biology of Plants, Raven et al., 7 Ed. - Chapter 22 OBJECTIVES The fruit is the dispersal vehicle for angiosperms seeds;

More information

Plant Structure, Growth, and Development

Plant Structure, Growth, and Development Chapter 35 Plant Structure, Growth, and Development PowerPoint Lecture Presentations for Biology Eighth Edition Neil Campbell and Jane Reece Lectures by Chris Romero, updated by Erin Barley with contributions

More information

THINK! Why is it important for a cotyledon to take up so much room inside a seed? (Respond in your science notebook.)

THINK! Why is it important for a cotyledon to take up so much room inside a seed? (Respond in your science notebook.) Germination Plant Unit Reading and Activity Guide When are dispersed from the plant, they can either lay or they can begin to grow immediately given the right conditions. This early stage of seed growth

More information

Learning objectives: Gross morphology - terms you will be required to know and be able to use. shoot petiole compound leaf.

Learning objectives: Gross morphology - terms you will be required to know and be able to use. shoot petiole compound leaf. Topic 1. Introduction to Plants Introduction: Because of its history, several unrelated taxa have been grouped together with plants into the discipline of botany. Given this context, in this first lab

More information

Downloaded from

Downloaded from Getting to Know Plants 1 1.Plants having leaves with reticulate venation have. (A) Fibrous roots. (B) Supporting roots. (C) Tap root. (D) 2.On a hot summer day the leaves of a plant drop down because

More information

Earth Has a Rich Diversity of Plants. Plant Structure, Nutrition, and Transport. Angiosperms: Monocots and Dicots. Angiosperms: Dicots

Earth Has a Rich Diversity of Plants. Plant Structure, Nutrition, and Transport. Angiosperms: Monocots and Dicots. Angiosperms: Dicots Plant Structure, Nutrition, and Transport Earth Has a Rich Diversity of Plants There are over 280,000 different plant species organized into four major groups: bryophytes (mosses), seedless vascular plants,

More information