Forms strands that conduct water, minerals, and organic compounds. Much of the inside of nonwoody parts of plants. Includes roots, stems, and leaves

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Forms strands that conduct water, minerals, and organic compounds. Much of the inside of nonwoody parts of plants. Includes roots, stems, and leaves"

Transcription

1 Biology II

2 Vascular plants have 3 tissue systems: Dermal Protective outer layer of plant Vascular Forms strands that conduct water, minerals, and organic compounds Ground Much of the inside of nonwoody parts of plants Includes roots, stems, and leaves

3 Green Ground Purple Vascular Tan - Dermal

4 Covers outside of plant s body Forms skin called epidermis Made up of single layer of flat cells in most plants Often have hair-like extensions to slow water loss by trapping moisture Called root hairs help increase water absorption

5

6 Waxy cuticle protects epidermis of stems and leaves Also prevents water loss Made it possible for plants to live in drier environments Water lilies also have cuticle protects leaves and repel water Cork on woody stems and roots Several layers of dead cells Contains a waterproof material not covered by cuticle Functions in gas exchange and absorption of mineral nutrients in addition to protection

7

8 Stomata, singular stoma permits plants to exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide (since the cuticle does not) Extend through cuticle and outer layer of cells Found on at least some parts of most plants Guard cells border each stoma Stomata open to gain CO 2 from air also loses water this way When closed, plant conserves water, but photosynthesis slows (shortage of CO 2 )

9 Why does photosynthesis slow down when stomata are closed?

10 Two kinds of vascular tissue Xylem Phloem Composed of cells that are stacked end to end like sections of pipe Allow most vascular plants to grow much larger than nonvascular plants

11 Composed of thick-walled cells that conduct water and mineral nutrients from a plant s roots through its stems to its leaves At maturity, cells are dead still has strong cell walls Conducting cells Tracheids Water flows from one to the next through pits, or thin areas in cell walls Vessel elements Link to form vessels Have large perforation in ends that allow water to flow quickly between elements

12

13 Made up of cells that conduct sugars and nutrients throughout a plant s body Cells have cell wall, cell membrane, and cytoplasm Lack organelles or have modified organelles Conducting cells Sieve-tube members Link to form sieve tubes Pores in walls connect the cytoplasms and allow substances to pass from cell to cell Companion cells Contain organelles Carry out cellular respiration, protein synthesis, and other metabolic functions

14

15 Makes up much of the inside of nonwoody plants Surrounds and supports vascular tissue Most consists of thin-walled cells that remain alive and keep their nucleus after maturity Also contains some that do the opposite (die, thick-walled cells) Contain many specialized structures In leaves packed with chloroplasts In stems and roots vacuoles (water storage) In angiosperms, makes up flesh of fruits Largely absent in woody parts of plants

16

17 Roots, stems, and leaves contain all three tissue types

18 Anchor plants Absorb water and nutrient minerals Can function in storage of sugar and starch (organic) Monocots highly branched, fibrous roots Dicots central root, called taproot system

19 Has central core of vascular tissue surrounded by ground tissue Ground tissue surrounding vascular tissue called cortex Roots covered by dermal tissue Epidermis covers all of root except root tip Epidermal cells behind root tip often produce root hairs Increase surface area Roots hairs = extensions of epidermal cells Mass of calls called root cap covers and protects root tip

20

21 Stems support leaves and house vascular tissue Can be specialized for other functions Stems of cacti store water Potatoes stores nutrients Leaves attach to stems at nodes Internode space between two nodes

22 Herbaceous plants have stems that are flexible and usually green Vascular bundles bundles of xylem and phloem Surrounded by ground tissue In dicots, bundles are in a ring Ground tissue outside of bundles is called cortex Pith = ground tissue inside bundles Covered by epidermis

23 Stiff and nongreen Buds produce new growth, are found at the tips of nodes Young has central core of pith and a ring of vascular bundles Fuse into solid cylinders as stem matures Layers of xylem form innermost cylinder major component of wood Phloem lies outside cylinder of xylem Covered by cork protect from damage and water loss Cork and phloem make of layers(bark) of woody stem Wood in center is called heartwood Provides support but no longer conducts water Sapwood outside heartwood Contain vessel elements that can conduct water

24 Primary photosynthetic organs of plants Most have flattened portion called blade Attached to stem by a stalk, called petiole can be divided into 2+ sections called leaflets Undivided leaves are simple leaves 2+ leaflets are compound leaves

25 Leaf is mass of ground tissue covered by epidermis Cuticle coats upper and lower Xylem and phloem found in veins of leaves Veins are extensions of vascular bundles that run from tips of roots to edges of leaves In leaves, ground tissue is called mesophyll Packed with chloroplasts Most plants have 2 layers of mesophyll Palisade layer closely packed, columnar cells Spongy layer loosely packed cells Stomata usually located in lower epidermis of leaf

26

27 Water lily specialized for floating Stomata on upper surface Cactus modified as spines Protect plant from herbivores Garden pea form tendrils that climb Venus flytrap can catch insects

28 Seed develops from ovule and contains a plant embryo Embryo contains embryonic root and embryonic shoot Cotyledons, or seed leaves are attached to embryonic shoot Gymnosperm embryos =2+ cotyledons Angiosperms = monocot 1, dicot 2

29 Embryo within seed is in dormancy Can remain in dormancy for thousands of years Germination process of plant embryo resuming growth 1 st sign emergence of root

30 Sprout in response to certain changes in environment Rising temp, soil moisture, sometimes cold, fire, passing through digestive system of animal, falling onto a rock Must have water and oxygen penetrate seed coat Allows seed to swell and breaks seed coat

31 Part of plant s body that grows mostly upward is shoot Part that grows down = root Meristems active regions of growth Made of undifferentiated cells, develop into specialized tissues Primary growth increases length of height Result in primary tissues Secondary growth increases width of stems and roots Result in secondary tissues

32 Apical meristems located at the tips of stems and roots Produce primary growth via cell division Differentiate into roots, stems, and leaves Each plant has 2 one at the tip of the embryonic root, and one at tip of embryonic shoot Makes stems and roots get longer, not wider Primary growth would end if all cells in apical meristem differentiated Undifferentiated cells are left behind to produce new meristems New meristems found at buds at base of leaves and within roots

33 Some undifferentiated cells left behind as stems and roots lengthen to produce lateral meristems Responsible for increase in width of stems and roots Called secondary growth Most dramatic in woody plants Produced by cell division in two lateral meristems Form thin cylinders near outside of woody stems and roots Cork cambium lies within the bark and produces cork cells Vascular cambium Lies just under bark and produces secondary xylem and secondary phloem

34

Plant Anatomy: roots, stems and leaves

Plant Anatomy: roots, stems and leaves Plant Anatomy: roots, stems and leaves The plant body has a hierarchy of organs, tissues and cells Plants, like animals, have organs composed of different tissues, which are composed of cells. Tissue is

More information

Plant Tissues and Organs. Topic 13 Plant Science Subtopics , ,

Plant Tissues and Organs. Topic 13 Plant Science Subtopics , , Plant Tissues and Organs Topic 13 Plant Science Subtopics 13.1.2, 13.1.3, 13.1.4 Objectives: List and describe the major plant organs their structure and function List and describe the major types of plant

More information

Honors Biology I Ch 29 Plant Structure & Function

Honors Biology I Ch 29 Plant Structure & Function 3 Basic types of plant cells Honors Biology I Ch 29 Plant Structure & Function 1) Parenchyma cells- loosely packed or cells with a and thin, Involved in metabolic functions 2) Collenchyma cells- thicker

More information

Page 1. Gross Anatomy of a typical plant (Angiosperm = Flowering Plant): Gross Anatomy of a typical plant (Angiosperm = Flowering Plant):

Page 1. Gross Anatomy of a typical plant (Angiosperm = Flowering Plant): Gross Anatomy of a typical plant (Angiosperm = Flowering Plant): Chapter 43: Plant Form and Function Gross Anatomy of a typical plant (Angiosperm = Flowering Plant): Root System Anchor plant Absorb water / nutrients Store surplus sugars Transport materials from / to

More information

Biology 2 Chapter 21 Review

Biology 2 Chapter 21 Review Biology 2 Chapter 21 Review Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Which of the following is not a tissue system of vascular plants? a. vascular

More information

Plant Anatomy AP Biology

Plant Anatomy AP Biology Plant Anatomy 2006-2007 Basic plant anatomy 1 root root tip root hairs Roots 1 Roots anchor plant in soil, absorb minerals & water, & store food fibrous roots (1) mat of thin roots that spread out monocots

More information

Plant Organization. Learning Objectives. Angiosperm Tissues. Angiosperm Body Plan

Plant Organization. Learning Objectives. Angiosperm Tissues. Angiosperm Body Plan Plant Organization Learning Objectives 1. List and give the major function of the three main types of plant tissues 2. Identify a monocot verses a eudicot plant by observing either root, stem, leaf, or

More information

Plant Structure. Objectives At the end of this sub section students should be able to:

Plant Structure. Objectives At the end of this sub section students should be able to: Name: 3.2 Organisation and the Vascular Structures 3.2.1 Flowering plant structure and root structure Objectives At the end of this sub section students should be able to: 1. Label a diagram of the external

More information

Plant Structure. Lab Exercise 24. Objectives. Introduction

Plant Structure. Lab Exercise 24. Objectives. Introduction Lab Exercise Plant Structure Objectives - Be able to identify plant organs and give their functions. - Learn distinguishing characteristics between monocot and dicot plants. - Understand the anatomy of

More information

Plant Structure and Function. Roots, Stems, and Leaves

Plant Structure and Function. Roots, Stems, and Leaves Plant Structure and Function Roots, Stems, and Leaves What is a Plant? Plants are living things that have: roots, stems, and leaves (some have flowers) Plants are made of cells that have cell walls, a

More information

Plant Structure and Growth

Plant Structure and Growth Plant Structure and Growth A. Flowering Plant Parts: The flowering plants or are the most diverse group of plants. They are divided into 2 classes and. Examples of monocots: Examples of dicots: The morphology

More information

Plant Structure, Growth, and Development

Plant Structure, Growth, and Development Plant Structure, Growth, and Development Plant hierarchy: Cells Tissue: group of similar cells with similar function: Dermal, Ground, Vascular Organs: multiple kinds of tissue, very diverse function Organ

More information

Chapter C3: Multicellular Organisms Plants

Chapter C3: Multicellular Organisms Plants Chapter C3: Multicellular Organisms Plants Multicellular Organisms Multicellular organisms have specialized cells of many different types that allow them to grow to a larger size than single-celled organisms.

More information

Plant Structure and Function

Plant Structure and Function Plant Structure and Function A Meridian Biology AP Study Guide by John Ho and Tim Qi Plant Terms Growth: Growth Types Type Location Description Primary Primary Vertical growth (up-down), dominant direction

More information

Bring Your Text to Lab!!!

Bring Your Text to Lab!!! Bring Your Text to Lab!!! Vascular Plant Anatomy: Flowering Plants Objectives: 1. To observe what the basic structure of vascular plants is, and how and where this form originates. 2. To begin to understand

More information

Plant Organs. Roots & Stems

Plant Organs. Roots & Stems Plant Organs Roots & Stems I. Roots A. F(x)s = grow underground 1. Absorb water & nutrients from soil 2. Anchor plant in the soil 3. Make hormones important for growth & development I. Roots B. Structure

More information

Plant Structure, Growth, and Development

Plant Structure, Growth, and Development Chapter 35 Plant Structure, Growth, and Development PowerPoint Lecture Presentations for Biology Eighth Edition Neil Campbell and Jane Reece Lectures by Chris Romero, updated by Erin Barley with contributions

More information

Chapter 23: Plant Diversity and Life Cycles

Chapter 23: Plant Diversity and Life Cycles Chapter 23: Plant Diversity and Life Cycles Section 1: Introduction to Plants Cuticle: a waxy or fatty and watertight layer on the external wall of epidermal cells Spore: a reproductive cell or multicellular

More information

Introduction. Most land animals, including humans, depend on plants directly or indirectly for sustenance.

Introduction. Most land animals, including humans, depend on plants directly or indirectly for sustenance. Introduction With about 250,000 known species, the angiosperms are by far the most diverse and widespread group of land plants. As primary producers, flowering plants are at the base of the food web of

More information

Chapter 6. Biology of Flowering Plants. Anatomy Seedlings, Meristems, Stems, and Roots

Chapter 6. Biology of Flowering Plants. Anatomy Seedlings, Meristems, Stems, and Roots BOT 3015L (Outlaw/Sherdan/Aghoram); Page 1 of 6 Chapter 6 Biology of Flowering Plants Anatomy Seedlings, Meristems, Stems, and Roots Objectives Seedling germination and anatomy. Understand meristem structure

More information

Chapter 31. Plant Structure, Reproduction, and Development. Lecture by L.Brooke Stabler

Chapter 31. Plant Structure, Reproduction, and Development. Lecture by L.Brooke Stabler Chapter 31 Plant Structure, Reproduction, and Development PowerPoint Lectures for Biology: Concepts & Connections, Sixth Edition Campbell, Reece, Taylor, Simon, and Dickey Copyright 2009 Pearson Education,

More information

Earth Has a Rich Diversity of Plants. Plant Structure, Nutrition, and Transport. Angiosperms: Monocots and Dicots. Angiosperms: Dicots

Earth Has a Rich Diversity of Plants. Plant Structure, Nutrition, and Transport. Angiosperms: Monocots and Dicots. Angiosperms: Dicots Plant Structure, Nutrition, and Transport Earth Has a Rich Diversity of Plants There are over 280,000 different plant species organized into four major groups: bryophytes (mosses), seedless vascular plants,

More information

23 1 Specialized Tissues in Plants Slide 1 of 34

23 1 Specialized Tissues in Plants Slide 1 of 34 23 1 Specialized Tissues in Plants 1 of 34 Seed Plant Structure The three principal organs of seed plants are roots, stems, and leaves. These organs perform functions such as the transport of nutrients,

More information

Chapter 35: Plant Structure, Growth and Development - No two Plants Are Alike Plant structure

Chapter 35: Plant Structure, Growth and Development - No two Plants Are Alike Plant structure Chapter 35: Plant Structure, Growth and Development - No two Plants Are Alike Plant structure Systems Root and Shoot system Organs Roots, Stems, Leaves Tissues Dermal, Vascular, Ground Cells parencyma,

More information

PLANT STRUCTURE: PARTS (ORGANS) Roots Leaves Stems

PLANT STRUCTURE: PARTS (ORGANS) Roots Leaves Stems PLANT STRUCTURE: PARTS (ORGANS) Roots Leaves Stems ROOTS El Hiquieron. Strangulating Plant Ficusjimenezii The trees you see growing on the wall are the Higueron. The Higueronsare plants that can grow in

More information

The Plant Kingdom If you were to walk around a forest, what would you see? Most things that you would probably name are plants.

The Plant Kingdom If you were to walk around a forest, what would you see? Most things that you would probably name are plants. INTRODUCTION TO PLANTS The Plant Kingdom If you were to walk around a forest, what would you see? Most things that you would probably name are plants. Plants are abundant in almost every environment that

More information

Roots, Shoots & Leaves

Roots, Shoots & Leaves Name Test Date Hour Plant Structure & Function #2 - Notebook Roots, Shoots & Leaves LEARNING TARGETS I can describe the functions of roots I can explain the nitrogen fixing process and why it is needed.

More information

BIOL 305L Laboratory One

BIOL 305L Laboratory One Please print Full name clearly: BIOL 305L Laboratory One General plant anatomy a great place to start! Introduction Botany is the science of plant life. Traditionally, the science included the study of

More information

UNIT A: Basic Principles of Plant Science with a focus on Field Crops. Lesson 1: Examining Plant Structures and Functions

UNIT A: Basic Principles of Plant Science with a focus on Field Crops. Lesson 1: Examining Plant Structures and Functions UNIT A: Basic Principles of Plant Science with a focus on Field Crops Lesson 1: Examining Plant Structures and Functions 1 Terms Alternate leaf arrangement Bulb Cell Cell specialization Cladophyll Compound

More information

Question 1: State the location and function of different types of meristem. Meristems are specialised regions of plant growth. The meristems mark the regions where active cell division and rapid division

More information

WHAT DO you think of when you

WHAT DO you think of when you Stem Anatomy WHAT DO you think of when you think of a stem? Do you think of a flower stalk, the trees in your area, or a soybean stalk? Most people probably visualize something like the flower or the bean

More information

23 2 Roots Slide 2 of 36

23 2 Roots Slide 2 of 36 2 of 36 Types of Roots Types of Roots What are the two main types of roots? 3 of 36 Types of Roots The two main types of roots are: taproots, which are found mainly in dicots, and fibrous roots, which

More information

Chapter 8: Plant Organs: Leaves

Chapter 8: Plant Organs: Leaves Leaf Form & Function Chapter 8: Plant Organs: Leaves Leaves are the most variable Composed of a and a May have (pair of leaf like outgrowths at petiole) : having a single blade : having a blade divided

More information

Name Date Block. Plant Structures

Name Date Block. Plant Structures Name Date Block What are the Functions of Roots, Stems, and Leaves? Plant Structures Each part of a plant plays an important role in its structure and function. Roots, stems, and leaves are just three

More information

Anatomy of dicotyledonous plants

Anatomy of dicotyledonous plants Anatomy of dicotyledonous plants Differences between Monocotyledons and Dicotyledons All plants are classified as producing seeds or not producing seeds. Those that produce seeds are divided into flowering

More information

23 Structure of Flowering Plants

23 Structure of Flowering Plants 23 Structure of Flowering Plants Flowering plants first evolved around 125 million years ago. www.mrcbiology.com 1 23 Structure of Flowering Plants www.mrcbiology.com 2 24 Structure of Flowering Plants

More information

Biology Slide 1 of 36

Biology Slide 1 of 36 Biology 1 of 36 2 of 36 Types of Roots Types of Roots What are the two main types of roots? 3 of 36 Types of Roots The two main types of roots are: taproots, which are found mainly in dicots, and fibrous

More information

Plant Form and Function I

Plant Form and Function I An overwiev of a flowering plant Main root Root Roots of most plants are covered with root hairs. Their function is to increase root surface area for more efficient absorption of water and nutrients from

More information

PLANTS FORM AND FUNCTION PLANT MORPHOLOGY PART I: BASIC MORPHOLOGY. Plant Form & Function Activity #1 page 1

PLANTS FORM AND FUNCTION PLANT MORPHOLOGY PART I: BASIC MORPHOLOGY. Plant Form & Function Activity #1 page 1 AP BIOLOGY PLANTS FORM AND FUNCTION ACTIVITY #1 NAME DATE HOUR PLANT MORPHOLOGY PART I: BASIC MORPHOLOGY Plant Form & Function Activity #1 page 1 PART II: ROOTS 1. Examine the examples of the two root

More information

UNIT 5: Plants: Anatomy, Growth, and Function. Chapter 13: Plants: Uses, Form, and Function What is the structure and function of plant organs?

UNIT 5: Plants: Anatomy, Growth, and Function. Chapter 13: Plants: Uses, Form, and Function What is the structure and function of plant organs? UNIT 5: Plants: Anatomy, Growth, and Function Chapter 13: Plants: Uses, Form, and Function What is the structure and function of plant organs? Chapter 14: Plants: Reproduction, Growth, and Sustainability

More information

Directed Reading A. Section: Structures of Seed Plants. is called a. shoots. c. phloem. b. xylem. d. leaves. is called ROOTS. size.

Directed Reading A. Section: Structures of Seed Plants. is called a. shoots. c. phloem. b. xylem. d. leaves. is called ROOTS. size. Skills Worksheet Directed Reading A Section: Structures of Seed Plants 1. Vascular tissue that transports water and minerals through a plant is called a. shoots. c. phloem. b. xylem. d. leaves. 2. Vascular

More information

Chapter 31 Plant Structure, Growth,

Chapter 31 Plant Structure, Growth, Chapter 31 Plant Structure, Growth, and Reproduction Introduction Some plants, such as coast redwoods, are among the largest and oldest organisms on Earth. Coast redwoods are gymnosperms, a kind of plant

More information

What were some challenges that plants had to overcome as they moved to land? Drying out in the sun Conserving water Reproduction without water

What were some challenges that plants had to overcome as they moved to land? Drying out in the sun Conserving water Reproduction without water Classification of Plants (Ch. 22) The 3 major characteristics that make an organism a plant are: Multicellular eukaryote Cell walls with cellulose Carry out photosynthesis Plants most likely evolved from:

More information

Anatomy of Flowering Plants. K C Meena PGT Biology

Anatomy of Flowering Plants. K C Meena PGT Biology Anatomy of Flowering Plants K C Meena PGT Biology Tissues A group of similar cells performing same function. Types of plant tissues - Meristematic tissues and permanent tissues. Meristematic tissues Have

More information

Plant Structure, Growth, and Development

Plant Structure, Growth, and Development Chapter 35 Plant Structure, Growth, and Development PowerPoint Lecture Presentations for Biology Eighth Edition Neil Campbell and Jane Reece Lectures by Chris Romero, updated by Erin Barley with contributions

More information

2.5 : Cells are grouped into tissue

2.5 : Cells are grouped into tissue 2.5 : Cells are grouped into tissue 1 CELL STRUCTURE AND FUNCTIONS Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells Structures & functions: Cell membrane and organelles Animal Cells are grouped into tissue Plant Cell

More information

Chapter 21: Plant Structure & Function

Chapter 21: Plant Structure & Function Chapter 21: Plant Structure & Function Chapter 21: Plant Structure & Function All organisms must: Take in certain materials, e.g. O 2, food, drink Eliminate other materials, e.g. CO 2, waste products Chapter

More information

Directed Reading B. Section: Structures of Seed Plants. 1. What moves water and minerals through a plant? a. xylem c. seeds b. phloem d.

Directed Reading B. Section: Structures of Seed Plants. 1. What moves water and minerals through a plant? a. xylem c. seeds b. phloem d. Skills Worksheet Directed Reading B Section: Structures of Seed Plants 1. What moves water and minerals through a plant? a. xylem c. seeds b. phloem d. rhizomes 2. What moves food to all plant parts? a.

More information

Plant Structure, Growth, and Development

Plant Structure, Growth, and Development Chapter 35 Plant Structure, Growth, and Development PowerPoint Lectures for Biology, Seventh Edition Neil Campbell and Jane Reece Overview: No two Plants Are Alike To some people The fanwort is an intrusive

More information

Dynamic Plant. Adapted for Photosynthesis. Common Leaf Forms. An examination of leaves. Leaves are usually thin

Dynamic Plant. Adapted for Photosynthesis. Common Leaf Forms. An examination of leaves. Leaves are usually thin Dynamic Plant An examination of leaves Common Leaf Forms Adapted for Photosynthesis DICOT blade petiole axillary bud node MONOCOT sheath node blade Leaves are usually thin High surface area-to-volume ratio

More information

tree of life phylogeny morphology gram stain chapter 28-29, other groups of organisms Bacteria

tree of life phylogeny morphology gram stain chapter 28-29, other groups of organisms Bacteria tree of life chapter 28-29, other groups of organisms phylogeny key lineages of prokaryotes Domain Archaea (sister to eukarya) 3 clades defined by genetic characters Domain Bacteria Firmicutes Spirochaetes

More information

The Plant body has a hierarch of organs, tissues, and cells. [2]

The Plant body has a hierarch of organs, tissues, and cells. [2] GUIDED READING - Ch. 35 PLANT STRUCTURE NAME: Please print out these pages and HANDWRITE the answers directly on the printouts. Typed work or answers on separate sheets of paper will not be accepted. Importantly,

More information

SESSION 6: SUPPORT AND TRANSPORT SYSTEMS IN PLANTS PART 1

SESSION 6: SUPPORT AND TRANSPORT SYSTEMS IN PLANTS PART 1 SESSION 6: SUPPORT AND TRANSPORT SYSTEMS IN PLANTS PART 1 KEY CONCEPTS In this session we will focus on summarising what you need to know about: - Anatomy of dicotyledonous plants Root and stem: distribution

More information

Anatomy of Plants Student Notes

Anatomy of Plants Student Notes Directions: Fill in the blanks. Anatomy of Plants Student Notes Plant Cell Biology Segment 1. Plants Plants are organisms are incapable of movement produce food through 2. Animals Animals are multicellular

More information

The Shoot System: Primary Stem Structure - 1

The Shoot System: Primary Stem Structure - 1 The Shoot System: Primary Stem Structure - 1 Shoot System The shoot system comprises the leaves and stems of plants. Leaves are located at nodes on the stem; the distance along the stem between nodes is

More information

6H2O + 6CO2 C6H12O6 + 6O2

6H2O + 6CO2 C6H12O6 + 6O2 Use this as another study tool to help you narrow the focus of the notes down to the majority of what is going to be on the plant systems unit test. Keep in mind that memorizing just what is in this handout

More information

Division Ave. High School Regents Biology. Kingdom: Plants. Photosynthetic Eukaryotes. Domain Bacteria. Regents Biology Common ancestor

Division Ave. High School Regents Biology. Kingdom: Plants. Photosynthetic Eukaryotes. Domain Bacteria. Regents Biology Common ancestor Kingdom: Plants Photosynthetic Eukaryotes Domain Bacteria Domain Archaea Domain Eukarya 2006-2007 Common ancestor Plants General characteristics eukaryotes autotrophs, photosynthetic cell wall cellulose

More information

Root cross-section (Ranunculus)

Root cross-section (Ranunculus) Plant Lab Review Root cross-section (Ranunculus) Epidermis Cortex Vascular Cylinder Phloem Endodermis Xylem Ranunculus Root Cross section Give three functions of the root Anchor plant Absorb water and

More information

Roots and Soil Chapter 5

Roots and Soil Chapter 5 Roots and Soil Chapter 5 Plant Organs Plant organs are groups of several types of tissues that together perform a particular function. Vegetative organs roots, stems, leaves make and use food, absorb water

More information

Big Advantage!:Vegetative reproduction is a faster way to reproduce compared to sexual reproduction if the environment is favorable.

Big Advantage!:Vegetative reproduction is a faster way to reproduce compared to sexual reproduction if the environment is favorable. DAY 5 OF CHAPTER 25 NOTES http://www.toto.com/misha/mavica/folliage2.jpg Asexual reproduction in plants is also known as vegetative reproduction. Methods of vegetative reproduction include plant structures

More information

Early Development. Typical Body Plan 9/25/2011. Plant Histology Early development, cells & Chapters 22 & 23

Early Development. Typical Body Plan 9/25/2011. Plant Histology Early development, cells & Chapters 22 & 23 Plant Histology Early development, cells & tissues Chapters 22 & 23 Early Development Formation of the embryo The Mature Embryo & Seed Requirements for seed germination Embryo to Adult Apical meristems

More information

ARE YOU familiar with the sayings Get to

ARE YOU familiar with the sayings Get to Root Anatomy ARE YOU familiar with the sayings Get to the root of the problem or the root of all evil? Both these sayings suggest that the root is an essential part of something. With plants, the essential

More information

Introduction to Plants

Introduction to Plants Introduction to Plants Name 5 reasons why we think plants are A OK 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 1. Plant Cells: Plants are multicellular eukaryotes that have cell walls made of cellulose. They develop from multicellular

More information

Visit For All NCERT solutions, CBSE sample papers, Question papers, Notes for Class 6 to 12. Chapter-6 ANATOMY OF FLOWERING PLANTS

Visit  For All NCERT solutions, CBSE sample papers, Question papers, Notes for Class 6 to 12. Chapter-6 ANATOMY OF FLOWERING PLANTS Chapter-6 ANATOMY OF FLOWERING PLANTS POINTS TO REMEMBER Anatomy : Anatomy is the study of internal structure of organisms. Plant anatomy includes organisation and structure of tissues. Tissue : A group

More information

Ginkgo leaf. Ginkgo is dioecious, separate sexes: male and female plants are separate. Monoecious plants have both male and female parts.

Ginkgo leaf. Ginkgo is dioecious, separate sexes: male and female plants are separate. Monoecious plants have both male and female parts. Ginkgo leaf Figure 22-30 Ginkgo tree. Ginkgo is dioecious, separate sexes: male and female plants are separate. Monoecious plants have both male and female parts. The vein pattern is dichotomous: Divided

More information

b. Leaf: 7. Where are most of the plants carbohydrates made? 8. Where are carbohydrates stored for future use?

b. Leaf: 7. Where are most of the plants carbohydrates made? 8. Where are carbohydrates stored for future use? Plant Structures 1. Circle the three main parts of the plant to the left. 2. What does each part below do for the plant? a. Stem: b. Leaf: c. Root: 3. Where does most photosynthesis occur? 4. Where are

More information

Botany Physiology. Due Date Code Period Earned Points

Botany Physiology. Due Date Code Period Earned Points Botany Physiology Name C/By Due Date Code Period Earned Points Bot Phys 5N5 Stem Forms Bot Phys 5-05 Identify the major forms of stems in plants I. Identify the major forms of stems in plants A. internal

More information

Germinating sunflowers, turgor and nutation. From:

Germinating sunflowers, turgor and nutation. From: Germinating sunflowers, turgor and nutation From: http://sunflower.bio.indiana.edu/~rhangart/plantmotion Nutation is Sunflower due to unequal Germination rates of growth in that continuous is dependent

More information

BRAINSTORM ACTIVITY What do we depend on plants for?

BRAINSTORM ACTIVITY What do we depend on plants for? SBI3U1 BRAINSTORM ACTIVITY What do we depend on plants for? STOP! THINK! PAIR! SHARE! With your partner, brainstorm 5 significant uses of plants. Write them down. Now share your ideas with the rest of

More information

STUDY GUIDE SECTION 27-1 Plants and People

STUDY GUIDE SECTION 27-1 Plants and People STUDY GUIDE SECTION 27-1 Plants and People You may work with one partner, but each student must turn in their own completed packet. For the Multiple Choice-please choose the best answer. For the Short

More information

Bald cypress Taxodium distichum in a swamp in North Carolina

Bald cypress Taxodium distichum in a swamp in North Carolina Bald cypress Taxodium distichum in a swamp in North Carolina Bald cypress is another deciduous gymnosperm. It is native to the SE United States. It can tolerate a wide range of soil conditions. It is not

More information

Unit 10 Plants/ Study Guide

Unit 10 Plants/ Study Guide Name Class Date Section 20.1: Origins of Plant Life Unit 10 Plants/ Study Guide KEY CONCEPT Plant life began in the water and became adapted to land. VOCABULARY plant vascular system seed cuticle stomata

More information

Stems BI 103: Plant & Animal A & P. Learning Objectives

Stems BI 103: Plant & Animal A & P. Learning Objectives Stems BI 103: Plant & Animal A & P Outline: 1. Stems: monocots vs dicots--handout 2. Woody plant growth 3. Discussion problems 4. Monocots & soutside Learning Objectives What are the differences between

More information

Biology 102 Environmental Biology Plants/Agriculture Unit Page 1 of 5

Biology 102 Environmental Biology Plants/Agriculture Unit Page 1 of 5 Biology 102 Environmental Biology Plants/Agriculture Unit Page 1 of 5 Based on Mader, Sylvia S. 1996. Biology - 5th Ed. WCB and Cox, G.W. 1997. Conservation Biology - 2nd ed. WCB and Levine, J.S. and K.R.

More information

Key Plant Unit Test Multiple Choice

Key Plant Unit Test Multiple Choice Plant Unit Test Multiple Choice For questions 1 25, circle the letter of the best answer from the choices provided. (2 pts each) For questions 1 3, refer to the diagram of the plant cell below: A B C D

More information

Chapter 36~ Transport in Plants

Chapter 36~ Transport in Plants Chapter 36~ Transport in Plants Structural Features Used for Resource Acquistion Roots and stems to do transport of resources Diffusion, active transport, and bulk flow Work in vascular plants to transport

More information

Student Learning Objectives: Instruction in this lesson should result in students achieving the following objectives:

Student Learning Objectives: Instruction in this lesson should result in students achieving the following objectives: Unit A: Basic Principles of Plant Science with a Focus on Field Crops Lesson 1: Examining Plant Structures and Functions Student Learning Objectives: Instruction in this lesson should result in students

More information

ANATOMY OF FLOWERING PLANTS

ANATOMY OF FLOWERING PLANTS ANATOMY OF FLOWERING PLANTS Finish Line & Beyond The Tissues The Tissue System Anatomy of Dicotyledonous and Monocotyledonous Plants Secondary Growth THE TISSUES A tissue is a group of cells having a common

More information

Plants and Photosynthesis

Plants and Photosynthesis Plants and Photosynthesis Name: Look for more resources at www.burtbooks.com 1 Date: Let s revise the parts of the plant. Look at the names of the parts carefully. Then turn to the next page and fill in

More information

Exercise 3: Plant Form and Function

Exercise 3: Plant Form and Function Exercise 3: Plant Form and Function Goals Identify basic plant body structures. Recognize that the plant body has a hierarchical organizational structure, like animals. Identify different organ, tissue

More information

13.4 Roots Figure 2 primary root: primary root secondary root: secondary root taproots fibrous taproots: roots. fibrous roots: adventitious roots

13.4 Roots Figure 2 primary root: primary root secondary root: secondary root taproots fibrous taproots: roots. fibrous roots: adventitious roots 10. Why is it not surprising that many hydrophytes have little or no tissue? 11. The leaves of many underwater plants are finely divided, dramatically increasing the surface area that is in contact with

More information

BIOL 1030 TOPIC 8 LECTURE NOTES. Topic 8: Structure and Function of Vascular Plant Cells and Tissues (Chs )

BIOL 1030 TOPIC 8 LECTURE NOTES. Topic 8: Structure and Function of Vascular Plant Cells and Tissues (Chs ) Topic 8: Structure and Function of Vascular Plant Cells and Tissues (Chs. 35-39) I. INTRODUCTION A. Most vascular plants continue growing throughout their lives 1. can achieve great size and attain great

More information

Directed Reading A. Section: Structures of Seed Plants ROOTS. Skills Worksheet

Directed Reading A. Section: Structures of Seed Plants ROOTS. Skills Worksheet Skills Worksheet Directed Reading A Section: Structures of Seed Plants Write the letter of the correct answer in the space provided. 1. What supplies a seed plant with the things it needs to survive? a.

More information

Unit 7 ~ Learning Guide

Unit 7 ~ Learning Guide Unit 7 ~ Learning Guide Name: INSTRUCTIONS Complete the following notes and questions as you work through the related lessons. You are required to have this package completed BEFORE you write your unit

More information

Partnerships Implementing Engineering Education Worcester Polytechnic Institute Worcester Public Schools

Partnerships Implementing Engineering Education Worcester Polytechnic Institute Worcester Public Schools Partnerships Implementing Engineering Education Worcester Polytechnic Institute Worcester Public Schools Supported by: National Science Foundation Life Sciences: 4.E.4 Seeds Part 1 of 3 Grade Level 4 Sessions

More information

Ch Plants.Biology.Landis

Ch Plants.Biology.Landis Nom de plume Chapt2 Chapter 22 - Plant Diversity Section 22 1 Introduction to Plants (pages 551 555) This section explains what a plant is and describes what plants need to survive. It also explains how

More information

Read through Section 2.1 starting on page 57 and read/answer the questions below

Read through Section 2.1 starting on page 57 and read/answer the questions below SNC 2DI Plant Cells, Tissues, and Organs SOLUTIONS Read through Section 2.1 starting on page 57 and read/answer the questions below Tree planters help to speed the process of regrowth in a forest that

More information

Slide 1 / 86. Angiosperms: The Flowering Plants

Slide 1 / 86. Angiosperms: The Flowering Plants Slide 1 / 86 Angiosperms: The Flowering Plants Slide 2 / 86 Brief Phylogeny of Plants Monocot Dicot This presentation will focus on angiosperms Angiosperm Gymnosperm Seeded Plants Non-Seeded plants Vascular

More information

Chapter 15 PLANT STRUCTURES AND TAXONOMY

Chapter 15 PLANT STRUCTURES AND TAXONOMY Chapter 15 PLANT STRUCTURES AND TAXONOMY Chapter 15: Parts of a plant Manufactures food by photosynthesis Attracts insects for pollination Contains seeds Supports branches and transports food and water

More information

Dynamic Plant. Functions of Primary Systems. History of Plants. Plants invaded the land around 400 mya.

Dynamic Plant. Functions of Primary Systems. History of Plants. Plants invaded the land around 400 mya. Dynamic Plant Roots & Water Acquisition Roots 1) Anchor the plant 2) Absorb water 3) Absorb minerals 4) Store surplus sugars 5) Transport water, minerals and sugars and hormones 6) Produce some hormones

More information

Classification of Plants

Classification of Plants Classification of Plants Plants Aquatic Plants Ex. green algae Similarities between green algae and land plants: A) have chlorophylls a and b B) cellulose cell walls C) store food energy in the form of

More information

1. Which of these organelles are found only in plant cells? a) cell membranes c) mitochondria b) chloroplast d) ribosome

1. Which of these organelles are found only in plant cells? a) cell membranes c) mitochondria b) chloroplast d) ribosome BIOLOGY UNIT REVIEW SNC 2D PART A: KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING 1. Which of these organelles are found only in plant cells? a) cell membranes c) mitochondria b) chloroplast d) ribosome 2. The replicated

More information

THE TISSUES A tissue is a group of cells having a common origin and usually performing a common function. Tissues. Parenchyma

THE TISSUES A tissue is a group of cells having a common origin and usually performing a common function. Tissues. Parenchyma 1 CHAPTER 6 ANATOMY OF FLOWERING PLANTS Study of internal structure of plants is called anatomy. Plants have cells as the basic unit, cells are organised into tissues and in turn the tissues are organised

More information

ì<(sk$m)=bdjidf< +^-Ä-U-Ä-U

ì<(sk$m)=bdjidf< +^-Ä-U-Ä-U Genre Comprehension Skill Text Features Science Content Nonfiction Compare and Contrast Labels Captions Plants Diagrams Glossary Scott Foresman Science 6.5 ì

More information

Scientific Identification & Classification

Scientific Identification & Classification Scientific Identification & Classification Plant Parts Leaves Stems Roots Flowers Leaves-External Petiole-leaf stalk or part that connects the leaf to the stem Blade-the large, flat part of the leaf Midrib-the

More information

DAY 1 Leaf Structure

DAY 1 Leaf Structure DAY 1 Leaf Structure Design a Leaf!! What would be the best structure for a leaf to carry out its major function PHOTOSYNTHESIS!!!??? Place the following in order from the top of the leaf to the bottom.

More information

Plant Structure, Growth, and Development

Plant Structure, Growth, and Development Chapter 35 Plant Structure, Growth, and Development Lecture Outline Overview A head of romanesco, an edible relative of broccoli, grows according to a repetitive program. o Romanesco is unusual in adhering

More information

~*~ Roots ~*~ BI 103: Plant-Animal A&P

~*~ Roots ~*~ BI 103: Plant-Animal A&P ~*~ Roots ~*~ BI 103: Plant-Animal A&P Outline: 1. Quiz #1 2. Leaves review 3. Lecture 4. Outside: roots? Plant Anatomy: Vegetative Organs Leaves: Photosynthesis Gas exchange Light absorption Stem: Support

More information

Kingdom Plantae. A Brief Survey of Plants

Kingdom Plantae. A Brief Survey of Plants Kingdom Plantae A Brief Survey of Plants The study of plants is called botany. Plants are believed to have evolved from green algae. The main plant (land) characteristics are as follows: 1. Common cellular

More information