Capacitance. A different kind of capacitor: Work must be done to charge a capacitor. Capacitors in circuits. Capacitor connected to a battery


 Allison Bruce
 3 years ago
 Views:
Transcription
1 Capacitance The ratio C = Q/V is a conductor s self capacitance Units of capacitance: Coulomb/Volt = Farad A capacitor is made of two conductors with equal but opposite charge Capacitance depends on shape and distance apart between the conductors Special case: parallel plate capacitor (derivation) A different kind of capacitor: Find the expression for the capacitance of a cylindrical capacitor consisting of two conductors, each of length L. One, a cylinder of radius R 1 and the other a shell of larger radius R 2. Strategy for a capacitor problem: 1. Draw the capacitor shape 2. Pretend there is charge + and Q on the plates 3. Determine the E field between the plates 4. Use E to find the potendal difference across the plates 5. Compute C=Q/V 6. Important: Q should cancel out! Work must be done to charge a capacitor Energy stored in a capacitor is related to the potential difference across the capacitor Capacitors in circuits What s a circuit? 1. Wires are represented by lines 2. The battery has its own symbol 3. The capacitor has its own symbol 4. Think of charge as water flowing through the wires from the positive to negative terminals (current) The battery shares its charge with the capacitor plates Capacitor connected to a battery E is zero in a conductor (wires in circuits are conductors) So there is equal potential all along the wires of a circuit, but capacitor plates don t touch, so the potential value can be different across a capacitor. A battery connected to a capacitor will move charge from one plate to the other The battery retains a voltage across its terminals and will impose the same voltage across the capacitor The amount of charge moved is Q=CV, where C= the equivalent capacitance of the whole circuit Parallel and series Parallel there s a fork in the road Series No splitting in the current s path Sometimes it s not obvious what is is parallel and what is in series. Example
2 If the area of the plates of a parallelplate capacitor is doubled, the capacitance is A. not changed. B. doubled. C. halved. D. increased by a factor of 4. E. decreased by a factor of 1/4. Which of the following statements about a parallel plate capacitor is false? A. The two plates have equal charges of the same sign. B. The capacitor stores charges on the plates. C. The capacitance is proportional to the area of the plates. D. The capacitance is inversely proportional to the separation between the plates. E. A charged capacitor stores energy. If C 1 < C 2 < C 3 < C 4 for the combination of capacitors shown, the equivalent capacitance is A. less than C 1. B. more than C 4. C. between C 1 and C 4. Beginning Chapter 25 Direct current vs. Alternating current Alternating current is what comes out of the wall outlet, but direct current is easier to analyze so here we focus on DC circuits (direct current circuits) Definition of current SI Units of current Introducing Resistance Ohms law If there is a potential drop (change in potential) in a wire, that wire has some resistance Resistance of a conducting wire Define resistivity (not to be confused with density, same symbol) A Light bulb is an example of a resistor Example 253 Calculate the resistance per unit length of a copper wire with a diameter of mm (the resistivity is found in table 251, for copper, it is 1.7X108 Ohmmeters). 2
3 If electrons pass a particular point in a wire every second, what is the current in the wire? A. 4.7 ma B. 7.5 A C. 2.9 A D. 7.5 ma E A Energy in Circuits Change in potential energy depends on the charge moved from one potential to another Power = rate of potential energy loss Joule Heating Law Power delivered to a resistor can be found from Ohm s Law Emf (electromotive force) Not a force!! Energy is required to maintain a current in a wire This energy supply is called source of emf Emf has units of volts (like potential) An example of an ideal source of emf is a battery which maintains a constant potential difference across the terminals (converts chemical energy into electrical energy) In an ideal battery, potential and emf are interchangeable Real battery A real battery is not ideal, meaning it has internal resistance r Example 256 (work in groups, students will present) An 11 ohm resistor is connected across a real battery of emf 6.00V and internal resistance 1.00 ohms. Find a) the current b) the terminal voltage of the battery c) power supplied by the battery (total power) d) power delivered to the external resistor e) and the power delivered to the battery s internal resistance. Hint: d and e should add up to c Example 257 For a battery that has an emf equal to E and internal resistance equal to r, what value of external resistance R should be placed across the terminals to obtain maximum power to the resister? 3
4 Resistors in circuits Resistors in series Resistors in parallel Example 258 Example 259 An ideal battery supplies 12 V across the parallel combination of resistors (4.0 Ω and 6.0 Ω) a) Find the equivalent resistance, b) the total current (coming out of the battery), c) the current through each resistor, d) the power delivered to each resistor and e) the power supplied by the battery. Example An ideal battery supplies 12 V across the series combination of resistors (4.0 Ω and 6.0 Ω) a) Find the equivalent resistance, b) the total current in the circuit, c) the potential drop across each resistor, d) the power delivered to each resistor and e) the power supplied by the battery. What if the circuit is just too complicated? How do you analyze a circuit that can t be replaced by equivalent resistances? KIRCHHOFF s RULES You need to be able to solve systems of equations (brush up on your algebra!) Organize your equations, be clear and specific about what you are solving for and what the knowns are PLEASE don t plug in numbers until you have solved completely for the variables in question Kirchhoff s rules (2): 1. junction rule At any junction in a circuit (when wires meet) when current can divide, the sum of the currents in must equal the sum of the currents out of the junction 2. loop rule When any closed loop is traversed in a circuit, the algebraic sum of the changes in potential around the loop must be zero How to use these rules to generate useful equations: Is the junction rule useful in single loop circuits? Steps: 1. Draw the circuit 2. Label current arbitrarily in each branch of circuit 3. Choose the (positive) direction around which you will traverse the loop 4. Generate as many equations as you have unknowns 5. Solve equations with algebra 4
5 Example Don t plug in numbers until the end!!! a) Find the current in each branch of the circuit. (to be drawn) (I ll just set up this problem and leave the algebra for you to practice on your own) Another example for you to try 5
Chapter 28. Direct Current Circuits
Chapter 28 Direct Current Circuits Circuit Analysis Simple electric circuits may contain batteries, resistors, and capacitors in various combinations. For some circuits, analysis may consist of combining
More informationAP Physics C. Electric Circuits III.C
AP Physics C Electric Circuits III.C III.C.1 Current, Resistance and Power The direction of conventional current Suppose the crosssectional area of the conductor changes. If a conductor has no current,
More informationChapter 28. Direct Current Circuits
Chapter 28 Direct Current Circuits Electromotive Force An electromotive force device, or emf device, is a source of constant potential. The emf describes the work done per unit charge and has units of
More informationAC vs. DC Circuits. Constant voltage circuits. The voltage from an outlet is alternating voltage
Circuits AC vs. DC Circuits Constant voltage circuits Typically referred to as direct current or DC Computers, logic circuits, and battery operated devices are examples of DC circuits The voltage from
More informationMasteringPhysics: Assignment Print View. Problem 30.50
Page 1 of 15 Assignment Display Mode: View Printable Answers phy260s08 homework 13 Due at 11:00pm on Wednesday, May 14, 2008 View Grading Details Problem 3050 Description: A 15cmlong nichrome wire is
More informationChapter 18 Electric Currents
Chapter 18 Electric Currents 1 The Electric Battery Volta discovered that electricity could be created if dissimilar metals were connected by a conductive solution called an electrolyte. This is a simple
More informationin series Devices connected in series will have the same amount of charge deposited on each capacitor. But different potential difference. That means
Electric Field Electricity Lecture Series Electric Field: Field an area where any charged object will experience an electric force Kirchoff s Laws The electric field lines around a pair of point charges
More informationReview. Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
Review Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. When more devices are added to a series circuit, the total circuit resistance: a.
More informationElectric Current & DC Circuits
Electric Current & DC Circuits Circuits Click on the topic to go to that section Conductors Resistivity and Resistance Circuit Diagrams Measurement EMF & Terminal Voltage Kirchhoff's Rules Capacitors*
More informationChapter 27. Circuits
Chapter 27 Circuits 1 1. Pumping Chagres We need to establish a potential difference between the ends of a device to make charge carriers follow through the device. To generate a steady flow of charges,
More informationCapacitance, Resistance, DC Circuits
This test covers capacitance, electrical current, resistance, emf, electrical power, Ohm s Law, Kirchhoff s Rules, and RC Circuits, with some problems requiring a knowledge of basic calculus. Part I. Multiple
More information6. In a dry cell electrical energy is obtained due to the conversion of:
1. If a wire of uniform area of cross section is cut into two halves (equal in size), the resistivity of each part will be: a) Halved. b) Doubled. c) Becomes four times its initial value. d) Remains the
More informationChapter 21 Electric Current and Direct Current Circuits
Chapter 21 Electric Current and Direct Current Circuits 1 Overview of Chapter 21 Electric Current and Resistance Energy and Power in Electric Circuits Resistors in Series and Parallel Kirchhoff s Rules
More informationDirect Current Circuits. February 18, 2014 Physics for Scientists & Engineers 2, Chapter 26 1
Direct Current Circuits February 18, 2014 Physics for Scientists & Engineers 2, Chapter 26 1 Kirchhoff s Junction Rule! The sum of the currents entering a junction must equal the sum of the currents leaving
More informationDirectCurrent Circuits
DirectCurrent Circuits A'.3/.". 39 ' )232./ 32,+/" 7+3(5.)232./ 7 3244)'03,.5B )*+," &'&./( 01*234 352567+ *7 2829*4& )"< 35 )*+,"= 94 3563 A0.5.C2/'231).D')232.')21 < /633">&@5:836+0"1464625"4*43"
More informationNotes on Electricity (Circuits)
A circuit is defined to be a collection of energygivers (batteries) and energytakers (resistors, light bulbs, radios, etc.) that form a closed path (or complete path) through which electrical current
More informationEXPERIMENT 12 OHM S LAW
EXPERIMENT 12 OHM S LAW INTRODUCTION: We will study electricity as a flow of electric charge, sometimes making analogies to the flow of water through a pipe. In order for electric charge to flow a complete
More informationCapacitance and Dielectrics
Slide 1 / 39 Capacitance and Dielectrics 2011 by Bryan Pflueger Capacitors Slide 2 / 39 A capacitor is any two conductors seperated by an insulator, such as air or another material. Each conductor has
More informationPhysics 219 Question 1 January
Lecture 616 Physics 219 Question 1 January 30. 2012. A (nonideal) battery of emf 1.5 V and internal resistance 5 Ω is connected to a light bulb of resistance 50 Ω. How much power is delivered to the
More informationPHYSICS 171. Experiment 3. Kirchhoff's Laws. Three resistors (Nominally: 1 Kilohm, 2 Kilohm, 3 Kilohm).
PHYSICS 171 Experiment 3 Kirchhoff's Laws Equipment: Supplies: Digital Multimeter, Power Supply (020 V.). Three resistors (Nominally: 1 Kilohm, 2 Kilohm, 3 Kilohm). A. Kirchhoff's Loop Law Suppose that
More informationAP Physics C  E & M
Slide 1 / 27 Slide 2 / 27 AP Physics C  E & M Current, Resistance & Electromotive Force 20151205 www.njctl.org Slide 3 / 27 Electric Current Electric Current is defined as the movement of charge from
More informationM. C. Escher: Waterfall. 18/9/2015 [tsl425 1/29]
M. C. Escher: Waterfall 18/9/2015 [tsl425 1/29] Direct Current Circuit Consider a wire with resistance R = ρl/a connected to a battery. Resistor rule: In the direction of I across a resistor with resistance
More informationPhys 2025, First Test. September 20, minutes Name:
Phys 05, First Test. September 0, 011 50 minutes Name: Show all work for maximum credit. Each problem is worth 10 points. Work 10 of the 11 problems. k = 9.0 x 10 9 N m / C ε 0 = 8.85 x 101 C / N m e
More information1) Two lightbulbs, one rated 30 W at 120 V and another rated 40 W at 120 V, are arranged in two different circuits.
1) Two lightbulbs, one rated 30 W at 120 V and another rated 40 W at 120 V, are arranged in two different circuits. a. The two bulbs are first connected in parallel to a 120 V source. i. Determine the
More information11. ELECTRIC CURRENT. Questions and Answers between the forces F e and F c. 3. Write the difference between potential difference and emf. A.
CLSS10 1. Explain how electron flow causes electric current with LorentzDrude theory of electrons?. Drude and Lorentz, proposed that conductors like metals contain a large number of free electrons while
More informationElectric Currents. Resistors (Chapters 2728)
Electric Currents. Resistors (Chapters 2728) Electric current I Resistance R and resistors Relation between current and resistance: Ohm s Law Resistivity ρ Energy dissipated by current. Electric power
More informationChapter 26 DirectCurrent Circuits
Chapter 26 DirectCurrent Circuits 1 Resistors in Series and Parallel In this chapter we introduce the reduction of resistor networks into an equivalent resistor R eq. We also develop a method for analyzing
More informationElectric Current & DC Circuits How to Use this File Electric Current & DC Circuits Click on the topic to go to that section Circuits
Slide 1 / 127 Slide 2 / 127 Electric Current & DC Circuits www.njctl.org Slide 3 / 127 How to Use this File Slide 4 / 127 Electric Current & DC Circuits Each topic is composed of brief direct instruction
More informationPhysics 102: Lecture 04 Capacitors (& batteries)
Physics 102: Lecture 04 Capacitors (& batteries) Physics 102: Lecture 4, Slide 1 I wish the checkpoints were given to us on material that we learned from the previous lecture, rather than on material from
More informationPhysics 142 Steady Currents Page 1. Steady Currents
Physics 142 Steady Currents Page 1 Steady Currents If at first you don t succeed, try, try again. Then quit. No sense being a damn fool about it. W.C. Fields Electric current: the slow average drift of
More informationPHYSICS ASSIGNMENT ES/CE/MAG. Class XII
PHYSICS ASSIGNMENT ES/CE/MAG Class XII MM : 70 1. What is dielectric strength of a medium? Give its value for vacuum. 1 2. What is the physical importance of the line integral of an electrostatic field?
More informationA free web support in Education. Internal resistance of the battery, r = 3 Ω. Maximum current drawn from the battery = I According to Ohm s law,
Exercises Question 3.1: The storage battery of a car has an emf of 12 V. If the internal resistance of the battery is 0.4Ω, what is the maximum current that can be drawn from the battery? Answer 3.1: Emf
More informationElectromagnetism Checklist
Electromagnetism Checklist Elementary Charge and Conservation of Charge 4.1.1A Convert from elementary charge to charge in coulombs What is the charge in coulombs on an object with an elementary charge
More informationClicker Session Currents, DC Circuits
Clicker Session Currents, DC Circuits Wires A wire of resistance R is stretched uniformly (keeping its volume constant) until it is twice its original length. What happens to the resistance? 1) it decreases
More informationPHY102 Electricity Course Summary
TOPIC 1 ELECTOSTTICS PHY1 Electricity Course Summary Coulomb s Law The magnitude of the force between two point charges is directly proportional to the product of the charges and inversely proportional
More informationTactics Box 23.1 Using Kirchhoff's Loop Law
PH203 Chapter 23 solutions Tactics Box 231 Using Kirchhoff's Loop Law Description: Knight/Jones/Field Tactics Box 231 Using Kirchhoff s loop law is illustrated Learning Goal: To practice Tactics Box 231
More informationChapter 6 DIRECT CURRENT CIRCUITS. Recommended Problems: 6,9,11,13,14,15,16,19,20,21,24,25,26,28,29,30,31,33,37,68,71.
Chapter 6 DRECT CURRENT CRCUTS Recommended Problems: 6,9,,3,4,5,6,9,0,,4,5,6,8,9,30,3,33,37,68,7. RESSTORS N SERES AND N PARALLEL  N SERES When two resistors are connected together as shown we said that
More information10/14/2018. Current. Current. QuickCheck 30.3
Current If QCurrent is the total amount of charge that has moved past a point in a wire, we define the current I in the wire to be the rate of charge flow: The SI unit for current is the coulomb per second,
More informationAgenda for Today. Elements of Physics II. Capacitors Parallelplate. Charging of capacitors
Capacitors Parallelplate Physics 132: Lecture e 7 Elements of Physics II Charging of capacitors Agenda for Today Combinations of capacitors Energy stored in a capacitor Dielectrics in capacitors Physics
More informationPhysics 420 Fall 2004 Quiz 1 Wednesday This quiz is worth 6 points. Be sure to show your work and label your final answers.
Quiz 1 Wednesday This quiz is worth 6 points. Be sure to show your work and label your final answers. 1. A charge q 1 = +5.0 nc is located on the yaxis, 15 µm above the origin, while another charge q
More informationPhysics 7B1 (A/B) Professor Cebra. Winter 2010 Lecture 2. Simple Circuits. Slide 1 of 20
Physics 7B1 (A/B) Professor Cebra Winter 2010 Lecture 2 Simple Circuits Slide 1 of 20 Conservation of Energy Density In the First lecture, we started with energy conservation. We divided by volume (making
More informationPhysics 42 Exam 2 PRACTICE Name: Lab
Physics 42 Exam 2 PRACTICE Name: Lab 1 2 3 4 Conceptual Multiple Choice (2 points each) Circle the best answer. 1.Rank in order, from brightest to dimmest, the identical bulbs A to D. A. C = D > B > A
More informationand the charge on a proton is +e. We never see objects that have a charge which is not a whole number multiple of this number.
Name: Physics Chapter 17 Study Guide  Useful Information: e = 1.6"10 #19 C k = 9 "10 9 Nm 2 C 2 $ 0
More informationClass 8. Resistivity and Resistance Circuits. Physics 106. Winter Press CTRLL to view as a slide show. Class 8. Physics 106.
and Circuits and Winter 2018 Press CTRLL to view as a slide show. Last time we learned about Capacitance Problems ParallelPlate Capacitors Capacitors in Circuits Current Ohm s Law and Today we will learn
More informationChapter 7 DirectCurrent Circuits
Chapter 7 DirectCurrent Circuits 7. Introduction... 7. Electromotive Force... 7.3 Resistors in Series and in Parallel... 4 7.4 Kirchhoff s Circuit Rules... 6 7.5 VoltageCurrent Measurements... 8 7.6
More informationAP Physics C Electricity & Magnetism Mid Term Review
AP Physics C Electricity & Magnetism Mid Term Review 1984 37. When lighted, a 100watt light bulb operating on a 110volt household circuit has a resistance closest to (A) 102 Ω (B) 101 Ω (C) 1 Ω (D)
More informationElectrostatics and Charge. Creating Electric Fields
Electrostatics and Charge Creating Electric Fields Electric Charges Recall that all matter is made of atoms. Neutral atoms can acquire a charge in several different ways, all of which require movement
More informationCircuits. Electric Current & DC Circuits. Slide 1 / 127. Slide 2 / 127. Slide 3 / 127. Slide 4 / 127. Slide 5 / 127. Slide 6 / 127
Slide 1 / 127 Slide 2 / 127 New Jersey Center for Teaching and Learning Electric Current & DC Circuits www.njctl.org Progressive Science Initiative This material is made freely available at www.njctl.org
More informationChapter 3: Electric Current And DirectCurrent Circuits
Chapter 3: Electric Current And DirectCurrent Circuits 3.1 Electric Conduction 3.1.1 Describe the microscopic model of current Mechanism of Electric Conduction in Metals Before applying electric field
More informationAP Physics Electricity and Magnetism #3 Capacitors, Resistors, Ohm s Law, Electric Power
Name Period AP Physics Electricity and Magnetism #3 Capacitors, Resistors, Ohm s Law, Electric Power Dr. Campbell 1. The two plates of a capacitor hold +2500 µc and 2500 µc of charge, respectively, when
More informationChapter 3: Electric Current and DirectCurrent Circuit
Chapter 3: Electric Current and DirectCurrent Circuit n this chapter, we are going to discuss both the microscopic aspect and macroscopic aspect of electric current. Directcurrent is current that flows
More information(b) State the relation between work, charge and potential difference for an electric circuit.
Question Bank on ChElectricity 1. (a) Define the S.I unit of potential difference. (b) State the relation between work, charge and potential difference for an electric circuit. Calculate the potential
More informationScience Olympiad Circuit Lab
Science Olympiad Circuit Lab Key Concepts Circuit Lab Overview Circuit Elements & Tools Basic Relationships (I, V, R, P) Resistor Network Configurations (Series & Parallel) Kirchhoff s Laws Examples Glossary
More informationCh 28DC Circuits! 1.) EMF & Terminal Voltage! 9.0 V 8.7 V 8.7 V. V =! " Ir. Terminal Open circuit internal! voltage voltage (emf) resistance" 2.
Ch 28DC Circuits! 1.) EMF & Terminal Voltage! 9.0 V 8.7 V 8.7 V V =! " Ir Terminal Open circuit internal! voltage voltage (emf) resistance" 2.) Resistors in series! One of the bits of nastiness about
More informationLecture Outline Chapter 21. Physics, 4 th Edition James S. Walker. Copyright 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.
Lecture Outline Chapter 21 Physics, 4 th Edition James S. Walker Chapter 21 Electric Current and Direct Current Circuits Units of Chapter 21 Electric Current Resistance and Ohm s Law Energy and Power
More informationBFF1303: ELECTRICAL / ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING
BFF1303: ELECTRICAL / ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING Introduction Ismail Mohd Khairuddin, Zulkifil Md Yusof Faculty of Manufacturing Engineering Universiti Malaysia Pahang Introduction BFF1303 ELECTRICAL/ELECTRONICS
More informationDC Circuits. Electromotive Force Resistor Circuits. Kirchoff s Rules. RC Circuits. Connections in parallel and series. Complex circuits made easy
DC Circuits Electromotive Force esistor Circuits Connections in parallel and series Kirchoff s ules Complex circuits made easy C Circuits Charging and discharging Electromotive Force (EMF) EMF, E, is the
More informationDC Circuits. Circuits and Capacitance Worksheet. 10 Ω resistance. second? on the sodium is the same as on an electron, but positive.
Circuits and Capacitance Worksheet DC Circuits 1. A current of 1.30 A flows in a wire. How many electrons are flowing past any point in the wire per second? 2. What is the current in amperes if 1200 Na
More informationPhysics 1214 Chapter 19: Current, Resistance, and DirectCurrent Circuits
Physics 1214 Chapter 19: Current, Resistance, and DirectCurrent Circuits 1 Current current: (also called electric current) is an motion of charge from one region of a conductor to another. Current When
More informationLecture #3. Review: Power
Lecture #3 OUTLINE Power calculations Circuit elements Voltage and current sources Electrical resistance (Ohm s law) Kirchhoff s laws Reading Chapter 2 Lecture 3, Slide 1 Review: Power If an element is
More informationChapter 28. Direct Current Circuits
Chapter 28 Direct Current Circuits Circuit Analysis Simple electric circuits may contain batteries, resistors, and capacitors in various combinations. For some circuits, analysis may consist of combining
More informationElectric Currents and Circuits
Nicholas J. Giordano www.cengage.com/physics/giordano Chapter 19 Electric Currents and Circuits Marilyn Akins, PhD Broome Community College Electric Circuits The motion of charges leads to the idea of
More informationVersion 001 CIRCUITS holland (1290) 1
Version CIRCUITS holland (9) This printout should have questions Multiplechoice questions may continue on the next column or page find all choices before answering AP M 99 MC points The power dissipated
More information4 Electric circuits. Serial and parallel resistors V 3 V 2 V Serial connection of resistors:
4 lectric circuits PHY67 Spring 006 Serial and parallel resistors Serial connection of resistors: As the current I through each of serially connected resistors is the same, one can use Ohm s law and write...
More informationPower in Resistive Electric Circuits
Chapter Solutions Resistance and Resistivity Description: Short conceptual problem on resistance and resistivity of an ohmic conductor of different sizes at the same temperature. Based on Young/Geller
More informationChapter 2. Engr228 Circuit Analysis. Dr Curtis Nelson
Chapter 2 Engr228 Circuit Analysis Dr Curtis Nelson Chapter 2 Objectives Understand symbols and behavior of the following circuit elements: Independent voltage and current sources; Dependent voltage and
More informationCapacitance: The ability to store separated charge C=Q/V. Capacitors! Capacitor. Capacitance Practice SPH4UW 24/08/2010 Q = CV
SPH4UW Capacitors! Capacitance: The ability to store separate charge C=Q/V Charge Q on plates V = V V B = E 0 Charge 2Q on plates V = V V B =2E 0 E=E 0 B E=2E 0 B Physics 102: Lecture 4, Slie 1 Potential
More informationSPS Presents: A Cosmic Lunch!
SPS Presents: A Cosmic Lunch! Who: Dr. Brown will be speaking about Evolution of the Elements: from Periodic table to Standard Model and Beyond! When: October 7 th at am Where: CP 79 (by the front office)
More informationMansfield Independent School District AP Physics C: Electricity and Magnetism Year at a Glance
Mansfield Independent School District AP Physics C: Electricity and Magnetism Year at a Glance First SixWeeks Second SixWeeks Third SixWeeks Lab safety Lab practices and ethical practices Math and Calculus
More informationDirect Current (DC) Circuits
Direct Current (DC) Circuits NOTE: There are short answer analysis questions in the Participation section the informal lab report. emember to include these answers in your lab notebook as they will be
More informationELECTRIC CURRENT INTRODUCTION. Introduction. Electric current
Chapter 7 ELECTRIC CURRENT Introduction Electric current Charge conservation Electric conductivity Microscopic picture Electric power Electromotive force Kirchhoff s rules Summary INTRODUCTION The first
More informationTest Review Electricity
Name: Date: 1. An operating television set draws 0.71 ampere of current when connected to a 120volt outlet. Calculate the time it takes the television to consume 3.0 10 5 joules of electric energy. [Show
More informationChapter 26 & 27. Electric Current and Direct Current Circuits
Chapter 26 & 27 Electric Current and Direct Current Circuits Electric Current and Direct Current Circuits Current and Motion of Charges Resistance and Ohm s Law Energy in Electric Circuits Combination
More informationPhysics 22: Homework 4
Physics 22: Homework 4 The following exercises encompass problems dealing with capacitor circuits, resistance, current, and resistor circuits. 1. As in Figure 1, consider three identical capacitors each
More informationNotes on Electricity (Circuits)
A circuit is defined to be a collection of energygivers (active elements) and energytakers (passive elements) that form a closed path (or complete path) through which electrical current can flow. The
More informationElectromotive Force. The electromotive force (emf), ε, of a battery is the maximum possible voltage that the battery can provide between its terminals
Direct Current When the current in a circuit has a constant magnitude and direction, the current is called direct current Because the potential difference between the terminals of a battery is constant,
More informationPhy207 Exam II (Form1) Professor Zuo Fall Semester Signature: Name:
Phy207 Exam II (Form1) Professor Zuo Fall Semester 2015 On my honor, I have neither received nor given aid on this examination Signature: Name: #1 14 #15 ID number: Total Enter your name and Form 1 (FM1)
More informationChapter 25 Current, Resistance, and Electromotive Force
Chapter 25 Current, Resistance, and Electromotive Force Lecture by Dr. Hebin Li Goals for Chapter 25 To understand current and how charges move in a conductor To understand resistivity and conductivity
More informationCalculus Relationships in AP Physics C: Electricity and Magnetism
C: Electricity This chapter focuses on some of the quantitative skills that are important in your C: Mechanics course. These are not all of the skills that you will learn, practice, and apply during the
More informationA Review of Circuitry
1 A Review of Circuitry There is an attractive force between a positive and a negative charge. In order to separate these charges, a force at least equal to the attractive force must be applied to one
More informationResistivity and Temperature Coefficients (at 20 C)
Homework # 4 Resistivity and Temperature Coefficients (at 0 C) Substance Resistivity, Temperature ( m) Coefficient, (C )  Conductors Silver.59 x 00.006 Copper.6 x 00.006 Aluminum.65 x 00.0049 Tungsten
More informationPhysics 2212 GJ Quiz #3 Solutions Fall I. (16 points) The electric potential in a certain region of space depends on position according to
Physics 2212 GJ Quiz #3 Solutions Fall 2015 I. (16 points The electric potential in a certain region of space depends on position according to V (x, y, z = ( 2.0 V/m 2 ( x 2 + y 2 ( z + (3.0 V sin + 6.0
More informationPhysics 212 Midterm 2 Form A
1. A wire contains a steady current of 2 A. The charge that passes a cross section in 2 s is: A. 3.2 1019 C B. 6.4 1019 C C. 1 C D. 2 C E. 4 C 2. In a Physics 212 lab, Jane measures the current versus
More informationChapter 1 The Electric Force
Chapter 1 The Electric Force 1. Properties of the Electric Charges 1 There are two kinds of the electric charges in the nature, which are positive and negative charges.  The charges of opposite sign
More informationPhysics 102: Lecture 05 Circuits and Ohm s Law
Physics 102: Lecture 05 Circuits and Ohm s Law Physics 102: Lecture 5, Slide 1 Summary of Last Time Capacitors Physical C = ke 0 A/d C=Q/V Series 1/C eq = 1/C 1 + 1/C 2 Parallel C eq = C 1 + C 2 Energy
More informationNABTEB Past Questions and Answers  Uploaded online
MAY/JUNE 2008 Question & Model Answer IN BASIC ELECTRICITY 194 QUESTION 1 1(a) Explain the following terms in relation to atomic structure (i) Proton Neutron (iii) Electron (b) Three cells of emf 1.5 volts
More informationChapter 28 Direct Current Circuits
Chapter 28 Direct Current Circuits Multiple Choice 1. t what rate is thermal energy being generated in the 2resistor when = 12 V and = 3.0 Ω? 2 a. 12 W b. 24 W c. 6.0 W d. 3.0 W e. 1.5 W 2. t what rate
More informationCLASS X ELECTRICITY
Conductor Insulator: Materia Materials through which electric current cannot pass are called insulators. Electric Circuit: A continuous a CLASS X ELECTRICITY als through which electric current can pass
More informationCircuits. 1. The Schematic
+ ircuits 1. The Schematic 2. Power in circuits 3. The Battery 1. eal Battery vs. Ideal Battery 4. Basic ircuit nalysis 1. oltage Drop 2. Kirchoff s Junction Law 3. Series & Parallel 5. Measurement Tools
More information2. In words, what is electrical current? 3. Try measuring the current at various points of the circuit using an ammeter.
PS 12b Lab 1a Fun with Circuits Lab 1a Learning Goal: familiarize students with the concepts of current, voltage, and their measurement. Warm Up: A.) Given a light bulb, a battery, and single copper wire,
More informationName: Class: Date: Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
Name: Class: Date: AP REVIEW 4 Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. If a positively charged glass rod is used to charge a metal
More informationOutline. Week 5: Circuits. Course Notes: 3.5. Goals: Use linear algebra to determine voltage drops and branch currents.
Outline Week 5: Circuits Course Notes: 3.5 Goals: Use linear algebra to determine voltage drops and branch currents. Components in Resistor Networks voltage source current source resistor Components in
More informationAP Physics C  E & M. Slide 1 / 39 Slide 2 / 39. Slide 4 / 39. Slide 3 / 39. Slide 6 / 39. Slide 5 / 39. Capacitance and Dielectrics.
Slide 1 / 39 Slide 2 / 39 P Physics & M apacitance and ielectrics 20151205 www.njctl.org Slide 3 / 39 apacitors capacitor is any two conductors seperated by an insulator, such as air or another material.
More informationAgenda for Today. Elements of Physics II. Capacitors Parallelplate. Charging of capacitors
Capacitors Parallelplate Physics 132: Lecture e 7 Elements of Physics II Charging of capacitors Agenda for Today Combinations of capacitors Energy stored in a capacitor Dielectrics in capacitors Physics
More informationAP Physics C  E & M
AP Physics C  E & M Current and Circuits 20170712 www.njctl.org Electric Current Resistance and Resistivity Electromotive Force (EMF) Energy and Power Resistors in Series and in Parallel Kirchoff's
More informationThe next two questions pertain to the situation described below. Consider a parallel plate capacitor with separation d:
PHYS 102 Exams Exam 2 PRINT (A) The next two questions pertain to the situation described below. Consider a parallel plate capacitor with separation d: It is connected to a battery with constant emf V.
More informationElectroscope Used to are transferred to the and Foil becomes and
Electricity Notes Chapter 17 Section 1: Electric Charge and Forces Electric charge is a variety of independent all with one single name. Electricity is related to, and both () and (+) carry a charge.
More information2. Basic Components and Electrical Circuits
1 2. Basic Components and Electrical Circuits 2.1 Units and Scales The International System of Units (SI) defines 6 principal units from which the units of all other physical quantities can be derived
More informationChapter 24: Capacitance and Dielectrics
Chapter 24: Capacitance and Dielectrics When you compress/stretch a spring, we are storing potential energy This is the mechanical method to store energy It is also possible to store electric energy as
More informationPhysics 201. Professor P. Q. Hung. 311B, Physics Building. Physics 201 p. 1/3
Physics 201 p. 1/3 Physics 201 Professor P. Q. Hung 311B, Physics Building Physics 201 p. 2/3 Summary of last lecture Equipotential surfaces: Surfaces where the potential is the same everywhere, e.g. the
More information