Section 1 Matter and Energy

Size: px
Start display at page:

Transcription

1 CHAPTER OUTLINE Section 1 Matter and Energy Key Idea questions > What makes up matter? > What is the difference between a solid, a liquid, and a gas? > What kind of energy do all particles of matter have? Kinetic Theory > What makes up matter? > According to the kinetic theory of matter, all matter is made of atoms and molecules. These atoms and molecules act like tiny particles that are always in motion. The following rules determine the speed of the particles: The higher the temperature of the substance is, the faster the particles move. At the same temperature, more massive particles move slower than less massive ones. The kinetic theory helps to explain the differences between the three common states of matter: solid, liquid, and gas. States of Matter > What is the difference between a solid, a liquid, and a gas? > You can classify matter as a solid, a liquid, or a gas by determining whether the shape and volume are definite or variable. Solids have a definite shape and volume. Liquids change shape, not volume. Super Summary Chapter Outline p. 1

2 Gases change both shape and volume. fluid: a nonsolid state of matter in which the atoms or molecules are free to move past each other, as in a gas or liquid Plasma is the most common state of matter. plasma: a state of matter that consists of free-moving ions and electrons Energy s Role > What kind of energy do all particles of matter have? > Because they are in motion, all particles of matter have kinetic energy. energy: the capacity to do work Temperature is a measure of average kinetic energy. temperature: a measure of how hot (or cold) something is; specifically, a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in an object Thermal energy depends on particle speed and number of particles. thermal energy: the total kinetic energy of a substance s atoms Super Summary Chapter Outline p. 2

3 Section 2 Changes of State Key Idea questions > What happens when a substance changes from one state of matter to another? > What happens to mass and energy during physical and chemical changes? Energy and Changes of State > What happens when a substance changes from one state of matter to another? > The identity of a substance does not change during a change of state, but the energy of a substance does change. Some changes of state require energy. Changes of state that require energy are melting, evaporation, and sublimation. evaporation: the change of state from a liquid to a gas sublimation: the process in which a solid changes directly into a gas Energy is released in some changes of state. Changes of state that release energy are freezing and condensation. condensation: the change of state from a gas to a liquid Conservation of Mass and Energy > What happens to mass and energy during physical and chemical changes? > Mass and energy are both conserved. Neither mass nor energy can be created or destroyed. Super Summary Chapter Outline p. 3

4 Mass cannot be created or destroyed. In chemical changes, as well as in physical changes, the total mass of the substances undergoing the change stays the same before and after the change. This is the law of conservation of mass. Energy cannot be created or destroyed. Energy may be changed to another form during a physical or chemical change, but the total amount of energy present before and after the change is the same. This is the law of conservation of energy. Super Summary Chapter Outline p. 4

5 Section 3 Fluids Key Idea questions > How do fluids exert pressure? > What force makes a rubber duck float in a bathtub? > What happens when pressure in a fluid changes? > What affects the speed of a fluid in motion? Pressure > How do fluids exert pressure? > Fluids exert pressure evenly in all directions. pressure: the amount of force exerted per unit area of a surface example: when you pump up a bicycle tire, air particles constantly push against each other and against the tire walls Pressure can be calculated by dividing force by the area over which the force is exerted: pressure = force area P = F A The SI unit for pressure is the pascal. pascal: the SI unit of pressure; equal to the force of 1 N exerted over an area of 1 m 2 (symbol, Pa) Buoyant Force > What force makes a rubber duck float in a bathtub? > All fluids exert an upward buoyant force on matter. buoyant force: the upward force that keeps an object immersed in or floating on a fluid Super Summary Chapter Outline p. 5

6 Archimedes principle is used to find buoyant force: The buoyant force on an object in a fluid is an upward force equal to the weight of the fluid that the object displaces. An object will float or sink based on its density. If an object is less dense than the fluid in which it is placed, it will float. If an object is more dense than the fluid in which it is placed, it will sink. Pascal s Principle > What happens when pressure in a fluid changes? > Pascal s principle states that a change in pressure at any point in an enclosed fluid will be transmitted equally to all parts of the fluid. In other words, if the pressure in a container is increased at any point, the pressure increases at all points by the same amount Mathematically, Pascal s principle is stated as P 1 = P 2. Because P = F/A, Pascal s principle can also be expressed as F 1 /A 1 = F 2 /A 2. Hydraulic devices are based on Pascal s principle. Fluids in Motion > What affects the speed of a fluid in motion? > Fluids move faster through small areas than through larger areas, if the overall flow rate remains constant. Fluids also vary in the rate at which they flow. Viscosity depends on particle attraction. viscosity: the resistance of a gas or liquid to flow Super Summary Chapter Outline p. 6

7 Fluid pressure decreases as speed increases. This is known as Bernoulli s principle. Super Summary Chapter Outline p. 7

States of Matter Unit

Learning Target Notes Section 1: Matter and Energy What makes up matter? Matter is made of atoms and molecules that are in constant motion. Kinetic Theory of Matter A. Particles that make up matter are

Chapter 3 Phases of Matter Physical Science

Chapter 3 Phases of Matter Physical Science CH 3- States of Matter 1 What makes up matter? What is the difference between a solid, a liquid, and a gas? What kind of energy do all particles of matter have?

CHAPTER 4 - STATES OF MATTER. Mr. Polard Physical Science Ingomar Middle School

CHAPTER 4 - STATES OF MATTER Mr. Polard Physical Science Ingomar Middle School SECTION 1 MATTER VOCABULARY SECTION 1 Matter : anything that takes up space and has mass (pg 72, 102) Solid : Matter with

Chapter 2. States of Matter

Chapter 2 States of Matter 2-1 Matter Matter Matter Anything that takes up space and has mass. Is air matter? Yes. It takes up space and has mass. It has atoms. All matter is made up of atoms. ( Dalton

Chapter: States of Matter

Table of Contents Chapter: States of Matter Section 1: Matter Section 2: Changes of State Section 3: Behavior of Fluids 1 What is matter? Matter is anything that takes up space and has mass. Matter Matter

Unit 4: The Nature of Matter

16 16 Table of Contents Unit 4: The Nature of Matter Chapter 16: Solids, Liquids, and Gases 16.1: Kinetic Theory 16.2: Properties and Fluids 16.3: Behavior of Gases 16.1 Kinetic Theory Kinetic Theory kinetic

Matter. Energy- which is a property of matter!! Matter: anything that takes up space and has mass

Matter Matter: anything that takes up space and has mass Can you think of anything that is not made of matter? Energy- which is a property of matter!! Matter is made up of moving particles! Instead of

Physical Science Exam 3 Study Guide. Dr. Karoline Rostamiani. Chapter 3

Chapter 3 Section 1 States of Matter What is matter made of? What are the three most common states of matter? How do particles behave in each state of matter? Solids, Liquids, and Gases Materials can be

Matter and Thermal Energy

Section States of Matter Can you identify the states of matter present in the photo shown? Kinetic Theory The kinetic theory is an explanation of how particles in matter behave. Kinetic Theory The three

Matter & Energy. Objectives: properties and structures of the different states of matter.

Matter & Energy Objectives: 1. Use the kinetic theory to describe the properties and structures of the different states of matter. 2. Describe energy transfers involved in changes of state. 3. Describe

Kinetic Theory. States of Matter. Thermal Energy. Four States of Matter. Kinetic Energy. Solid. Liquid. Definition: How particles in matter behave

Kinetic Theory Definition: How particles in matter behave States of Matter All Matter is composed of small particles. Particles are in constant random motion. Particles collide with each other and walls

There are three phases of matter: Solid, liquid and gas

FLUIDS: Gases and Liquids Chapter 4 of text There are three phases of matter: Solid, liquid and gas Solids: Have form, constituents ( atoms and molecules) are in fixed positions (though they can vibrate

Phy 212: General Physics II. Daniel Bernoulli ( )

Phy 1: General Physics II Chapter 14: Fluids Lecture Notes Daniel Bernoulli (1700-178) Swiss merchant, doctor & mathematician Worked on: Vibrating strings Ocean tides Kinetic theory Demonstrated that as

Chapter 12: Gravity, Friction, & Pressure Physical Science, McDougal-Littell, 2008

SECTION 1 (PP. 381-388): GRAVITY IS A FORCE EXERTED BY MASSES. Georgia Standards: S8P3b Demonstrate the effect of balanced and unbalanced forces on an object in terms of gravity, inertia, and friction;

Matter. Anything that has mass and occupies space. Chemistry. is the study of matter and how it changes.

Matter Chapter 2.1 Matter Anything that has mass and occupies space. Chemistry is the study of matter and how it changes. PLEASE KEEP YOUR HANDS IN THE BOAT AND PLEASE DON T FEED THE ANIMALS. Pure

4.3.1 Changes of state and the particle model Density of materials. ρ = m. Content. Key opportunities for skills development

4.3 Particle model of matter The particle model is widely used to predict the behaviour of solids, liquids and gases and this has many applications in everyday life. It helps us to explain a wide range

Chapter 8. Chapter 8. Preview. Bellringer. Chapter 8. Particles of Matter. Objectives. Chapter 8. Particles of Matter, continued

States of Matter Preview Bellringer Section 2 Behavior of Gases In the kitchen, you might find three different forms of water. What are these three forms of water, and where exactly in the kitchen would

Term Info Picture. Anything that has mass and takes up space; everything is made of matter.

Characteristics, Changes, and States of Matter S8P1. Obtain, evaluate, and communicate information about the structure and properties of matter. B. Develop and use models to describe the movement of particles

Name Date Class THE NATURE OF GASES

13.1 THE NATURE OF GASES Section Review Objectives Describe the assumptions of the kinetic theory as it applies to gases Interpret gas pressure in terms of kinetic theory Define the relationship between

Chapter 3. States of Matter

Chapter 3 States of Matter 1. Solid 2. Liquid 3. Gas States of Matter Two More (discuss later) Plasma Bose-Einstein condensate States of Matter Solid (definite shape and volume) Particles are tightly packed

Chapter 3. Preview. Section 1 Three States of Matter. Section 2 Behavior of Gases. Section 3 Changes of State. States of Matter.

States of Matter Preview Section 1 Three States of Matter Section 2 Behavior of Gases Section 3 Changes of State Concept Mapping Section 1 Three States of Matter Bellringer In the kitchen, you might find

Solids (cont.) Describe the movement of particles in a solid and the forces between them.

Solids A solid is matter that has a definite shape and a definite volume. The attractive forces between the particles in a solid are strong and pull them close together. Solids (cont.) Describe the movement

PROPERTIES OF MATTER

PROPERTIES OF MATTER LAW OF CONSERVATION OF MATTER Matter cannot be created nor destroyed, it can only be changed from one form to another. Matter and energy are interchangeable according to E=mc 2 (E=amount

MATTER AND HEAT. Chapter 4 OUTLINE GOALS

Chapter 4 MATTER AND HEAT OUTLINE Temperature and Heat 4.1 Temperature 4.2 Heat 4.3 Metabolic Energy Fluids 4.4 Density 4.5 Pressure 4.6 Buoyancy 4.7 The Gas Laws Kinetic Theory of Matter 4.8 Kinetic Theory

Kinetic Theory of Matter

1 Temperature and Thermal Energy Kinetic Theory of Matter The motion of the particles in matter is described by kinetic theory of matter. Matter is composed of particles that are atoms, molecules, or ions

States of Matter: Study Guide

Name: nswer KEY States of Matter: Study Guide Period: Date: 1. Describe the volume, shape and molecular arrangement in the following states of matter: Solid Volume Shape Molecular rrangement Definite Definite

Chapter: Heat and States

Table of Contents Chapter: Heat and States of Matter Section 1: Temperature and Thermal Energy Section 2: States of Matter Section 3: Transferring Thermal Energy Section 4: Using Thermal Energy 1 Temperature

Name: Class: Date: Figure 3-1

Name: Class: Date: Chapter 3 test Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. A gas has a. a definite volume but no definite shape. b. a definite shape

Introduction to Chemistry

Introduction to Chemistry CHEMISTRY = the study of the composition of matter, its chemical and physical changes, and the changes that accompany these changes. Scientific law vs. theory: Scientific law-

Nicholas J. Giordano. Chapter 10 Fluids

Nicholas J. Giordano www.cengage.com/physics/giordano Chapter 10 Fluids Fluids A fluid may be either a liquid or a gas Some characteristics of a fluid Flows from one place to another Shape varies according

Matter and Its Properties. Unit 2

Matter and Its Properties Unit 2 Lesson 1: Physical & Chemical Properties & Changes Unit 2: Matter and Its Properties Section 1: Physical Properties & Change Lesson 1: Physical & Chemical Properties &

Chemistry Joke. Once you ve seen 6.02 x You ve seen a mole!

States of Matter Chemistry Joke Once you ve seen 6.02 x 10 23 atoms You ve seen a mole! Kinetic Theory Kinetic Theory explains the states of matter based on the concept that the particles in all forms

States of Matter CHAPTER 3. Chapter Preview

CHAPTER 3 States of Matter Chapter Preview 1 Matter and Energy Kinetic Theory Energy s Role Energy and Changes of State Conservation of Mass and Energy 2 Fluids Buoyant Force Fluids and Pressure Fluids

Fluid Mechanics. The atmosphere is a fluid!

Fluid Mechanics The atmosphere is a fluid! Some definitions A fluid is any substance which can flow Liquids, gases, and plasmas Fluid statics studies fluids in equilibrium Density, pressure, buoyancy Fluid

Physical Science. Thermal Energy & Heat

Physical Science Thermal Energy & Heat Sometimes called internal energy Depends on the object's mass, temperature, and phase (solid, liquid, gas) TOTAL potential and kinetic energy of all the particles

Matter: Properties & Change

Matter: Properties & Change Essential Vocabulary 6.P.2.1 Recognize that all matter is made up of atoms and atoms of the same element are all alike, but are different from the atoms of other elements. 6.P.2.2

Fluid Mechanics. Chapter 12. PowerPoint Lectures for University Physics, Thirteenth Edition Hugh D. Young and Roger A. Freedman

Chapter 12 Fluid Mechanics PowerPoint Lectures for University Physics, Thirteenth Edition Hugh D. Young and Roger A. Freedman Lectures by Wayne Anderson Goals for Chapter 12 To study the concept of density

Unit 1 Lesson 6 Changes of State. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

The Fact of the Matter What happens when matter changes state? The three most familiar states of matter are solid, liquid, and gas. A change of state is the change of a substance from one physical form

CIE Physics IGCSE. Topic 2: Thermal Physics

CIE Physics IGCSE Topic 2: Thermal Physics Summary Notes Simple kinetic molecular model of matter Molecular model Solids Molecules close together in regular pattern Strong intermolecular forces of attraction

Chapter 14. Lecture 1 Fluid Mechanics. Dr. Armen Kocharian

Chapter 14 Lecture 1 Fluid Mechanics Dr. Armen Kocharian States of Matter Solid Has a definite volume and shape Liquid Has a definite volume but not a definite shape Gas unconfined Has neither a definite

Lesson 6 Matter. Introduction: Connecting Your Learning

Lesson 6 Matter Introduction: Connecting Your Learning The previous lessons discussed mechanics and many forms of motion. Lesson 6 introduces the second major topic in physics, which is matter. This lesson

SOLIDS, LIQUIDS, AND GASES

CHAPTER 2 SOLIDS, LIQUIDS, AND GASES SECTION 2 1 States of Matter (pages 56-60) This section explains how shape, volume, and the motion of particles are useful in describing solids, liquids, and gases.

Outline Chapter 5 Matter and Energy Temperature. Measuring Temperature Temperature Temperature. Measuring Temperature

Outline Chapter 5 Matter and Energy 5-1. Temperature 5-2. Heat 5-3. Metabolic Energy 5-4. Density 5-5. Pressure 5-6. Buoyancy 5-7. Gas Laws 5-8. Kinetic Theory of Gases 5-9. Molecular Motion and Temperature

Atoms and molecules are in motion and have energy

Atoms and molecules are in motion and have energy By now you know that substances are made of atoms and molecules. These atoms and molecules are always in motion and have attractions to each other. When

Unit 13 Lesson 1 What Are Solids, Liquids, and Gases? Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

Unit 13 Lesson 1 What Are Solids, Liquids, and Gases? Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company What s the Matter? Matter has mass and volume. It cannot be created or destroyed. Mass is the

Distillation & Pressure. States of Matter. Kinetic Theory. Phase Change H2O & D=M/V

Kinetic Theory States of Matter Phase Change Distillation & Pressure H2O & D=M/V 100 100 100 100 100 200 200 200 200 200 300 300 300 300 300 400 400 400 400 400 500 500 500 500 500 Question 1-100 When

Summary PHY101 ( 2 ) T / Hanadi Al Harbi

الكمية Physical Quantity القانون Low التعريف Definition الوحدة SI Unit Linear Momentum P = mθ be equal to the mass of an object times its velocity. Kg. m/s vector quantity Stress F \ A the external force

TOPICS. Density. Pressure. Variation of Pressure with Depth. Pressure Measurements. Buoyant Forces-Archimedes Principle

Lecture 6 Fluids TOPICS Density Pressure Variation of Pressure with Depth Pressure Measurements Buoyant Forces-Archimedes Principle Surface Tension ( External source ) Viscosity ( External source ) Equation

If we change the quantity causing the deformation from force to force per unit area, we get a relation that does not depend on area.

2/24 Chapter 12 Solids Recall the rigid body model that we used when discussing rotation. A rigid body is composed of a particles constrained to maintain the same distances from and orientations relative

WARM-UP. 1. What are the four states of matter? 2. What is melting point? 3. How does water change from a liquid to a gas? 4. Define viscosity.

WARM-UP 1. What are the four states of matter? 2. What is melting point? 3. How does water change from a liquid to a gas? 4. Define viscosity. STATES OF MATTER: WEB QUEST With your lab partner, you will

Classify each of these statements as always true, AT; sometimes true, ST; or never true, NT.

Chapter 11 THE NATURE OF GASES States of Matter Describe the motion of gas particles according to the kinetic theory Interpret gas pressure in terms of kinetic theory Key Terms: 1. kinetic energy 2. gas

CHAPTER 13. Liquids FLUIDS FLUIDS. Gases. Density! Bulk modulus! Compressibility. To begin with... some important definitions...

CHAPTER 13 FLUIDS Density! Bulk modulus! Compressibility Pressure in a fluid! Hydraulic lift! Hydrostatic paradox Measurement of pressure! Manometers and barometers Buoyancy and Archimedes Principle! Upthrust!

Do Now Monday, January 23, 201

Do Now Monday, January 23, 201 What do you recall about states of matter? Write your answer using complete sentences. 3.5 minutes Do Now Check By the end of the day today, IWBAT Describe the various states

Matter, Atoms & Molecules

Matter, Atoms & Molecules Matter is anything that has mass and takes up space. All matter is made of tiny particles called atoms, which are too small to see with the naked eye. Matter Matter is anything

CHAPTER 1 Matter in our Surroundings CONCEPT DETAILS

CHAPTER 1 Matter in our Surroundings CONCEPT DETAILS KEY CONCEPTS : [ *rating as per the significance of concept] 1. Particle nature of Matter *** 2. States of Matter **** 3. Interchange in states of Matter

Chapter 13 - States of Matter. Section 13.1 The nature of Gases

Chapter 13 - States of Matter Section 13.1 The nature of Gases Kinetic energy and gases Kinetic energy: the energy an object has because of its motion Kinetic theory: all matter is made if particles in

Physical Science Chapter 5 Cont3. Temperature & Heat

Physical Science Chapter 5 Cont3 Temperature & Heat What are we going to study? Heat Transfer Phases of Matter The Kinetic Theory of Gases Thermodynamics Specific Heat (Capacity) Specific Heat Latent Heat

Solids, Liquids, and Gases

Date Class _ Solids, Liquids, and Gases Chapter Test A Multiple Choice Write the letter of the correct answer on the line at the left. _ 1. The surface of water can act like a sort of skin due to a property

PHASE CHANGES. * melting * boiling * sublimation. * freezing * condensation * deposition. vs.

PHASE CHANGES endothermic * melting * boiling * sublimation vs. vs. exothermic * freezing * condensation * deposition H enthalpy: heat content of a system under constant pressure HEATING CURVE: Where is

Chapter 14. Fluid Mechanics

Chapter 14 Fluid Mechanics States of Matter Solid Has a definite volume and shape Liquid Has a definite volume but not a definite shape Gas unconfined Has neither a definite volume nor shape All of these

Chapter 9: Solids and Fluids

Chapter 9: Solids and Fluids State of matters: Solid, Liquid, Gas and Plasma. Solids Has definite volume and shape Can be crystalline or amorphous Molecules are held in specific locations by electrical

Chapter 22 States of matter. Section 1 matter Section 2 Changes of State

Chapter 22 States of matter Section 1 matter Section 2 Changes of State States of Matter is a physical property ***Matter is made of atoms Atoms form chemical bonds to make matter **** Atoms vibrate constantly

Study Guide for Chapters 2, 3, and 10

Study Guide for Chapters 2, 3, and 10 1. What is matter? Where can it be found? Anything that has mass and takes up space. 2. What units are used to measure volume? Liters and meters cubed 3. How would

E6 PROPERTIES OF GASES Flow-times, density, phase changes, solubility

E6 PROPERTIES OF GASES Flow-times, density, phase changes, solubility Introduction Kinetic-Molecular Theory The kinetic energy of an object is dependent on its mass and its speed. The relationship, given

LESSON 1: DESCRIBING MATTER pg.5. Chemistry = Is the study of matter & how matter changes. Liquid/Solid/Gas

Chemistry..CHAPTER 1: INTRO TO MATTER LESSON 1: DESCRIBING MATTER pg.5 Chemistry = Is the study of matter & how matter changes A. Matter = anything that has mass & takes up space à You, air, plastic, metal,

Liquids CHAPTER 13 FLUIDS FLUIDS. Gases. Density! Bulk modulus! Compressibility. To begin with... some important definitions...

CHAPTER 13 FLUIDS FLUIDS Liquids Gases Density! Bulk modulus! Compressibility Pressure in a fluid! Hydraulic lift! Hydrostatic paradox Measurement of pressure! Manometers and barometers Buoyancy and Archimedes

Name Date Class STATES OF MATTER

13 STATES OF MATTER Chapter Test A A. Matching Match each description in Column B with the correct term in Column A. Write the letter of the correct description on the line. Column A Column B 1. amorphous

Page 1. Physics 131: Lecture 23. Today s Agenda. Announcements. States of Matter

Physics 131: Lecture 3 Today s Agenda Description of Fluids at Rest Pressure vs Depth Pascal s Principle: hydraulic forces Archimedes Principle: objects in a fluid Bernoulli s equation Physics 01: Lecture

States of Matter. What physical changes and energy changes occur as matter goes from one state to another?

Name States of Matter Date What physical changes and energy changes occur as matter goes from one state to another? Before You Read Before you read the chapter, think about what you know about states of

The Can Demonstration

The Can Demonstration With your table, make a prediction as to what will happen to the can. Discuss why you think that the can imploded. What are some reasons? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xg5niowf_zw&t=28s

CHEM. Ch. 12 Notes ~ STATES OF MATTER

CHEM. Ch. 12 Notes ~ STATES OF MATTER NOTE: Vocabulary terms are in boldface and underlined. Supporting details are in italics. 12.1 topics States of Matter: SOLID, LIQUID, GAS, PLASMA I. Kinetic Theory

Physics 207 Lecture 18

Physics 07, Lecture 8, Nov. 6 MidTerm Mean 58.4 (64.6) Median 58 St. Dev. 6 (9) High 94 Low 9 Nominal curve: (conservative) 80-00 A 6-79 B or A/B 34-6 C or B/C 9-33 marginal 9-8 D Physics 07: Lecture 8,

Chapter 7.1. States of Matter

Chapter 7.1 States of Matter In this chapter... we will learn about matter and different states of matter, many of which we are already familiar with! Learning about Kinetic Molecular Theory will help

Unit 3: States of Matter, Heat and Gas Laws

Unit 3 - Stevens 1 Unit 3: States of Matter, Heat and Gas Laws Vocabulary: Solid Term Definition Example Liquid Gas No definite shape, but definite volume; Particles close together, but can move around

Ch Kinetic Theory. 1.All matter is made of atoms and molecules that act like tiny particles.

Ch. 15.1 Kinetic Theory 1.All matter is made of atoms and molecules that act like tiny particles. Kinetic Theory 2.These tiny particles are always in motion. The higher the temperature, the faster the

Phase Change: solid to liquid. Melting

Phase Change: solid to liquid Melting Most solids shrink in size when frozen. What substance is an exception and actually expands? water Use the phase diagram below to answer the following question. What

Physical Sciences: Matter & Energy. What is physical science? A. Physical science is a field of science that studies matter and energy.

Physical Sciences: Matter & Energy What is physical science? A. Physical science is a field of science that studies matter and energy. B. Physical science has 2 main branches: 1.PHYSICS: the study of how

PROPERTIES OF MATTER Review Stations

PROPERTIES OF MATTER Review Stations PROPERTIES OF MATTER STATION 1 Where did the water droplets on the outside of this cup come from? Answer: The droplets came from the air surrounding the cup. What phase

11.1 Mass Density. Fluids are materials that can flow, and they include both gases and liquids. The mass density of a liquid or gas is an

Chapter 11 Fluids 11.1 Mass Density Fluids are materials that can flow, and they include both gases and liquids. The mass density of a liquid or gas is an important factor that determines its behavior

4 Discuss and evaluate the 5th state of matter. 3 - Differentiate among the four states of matter in terms of energy,

Goal: Differentiate among the four states of matter in terms of energy, particle motion, and phase transitions. 4 States of Mater Sections 3.1, 3.2 4 Discuss and evaluate the 5 th state of matter. 3 -

Aluminum is OXIDIZED during this process. We say that metallic aluminum is a REDUCING AGENT!

131 REDOX LANGUAGE - "Oxidation" is loss of electrons, but an OXIDIZING AGENT is something that causes ANOTHER substance to lose electrons. An oxidizing agent is itself reduced during a redox reaction.

CHAPTER 10. States of Matter

CHAPTER 10 States of Matter Kinetic Molecular Theory Kinetikos - Moving Based on the idea that particles of matter are always in motion The motion has consequences Explains the behavior of Gases, Liquids,

CHAPTER 10. Kinetic Molecular Theory. Five Assumptions of the KMT. Atmospheric Pressure

Kinetic Molecular Theory CHAPTER 10 States of Matter Kinetikos - Moving Based on the idea that particles of matter are always in motion The motion has consequences Explains the behavior of Gases, Liquids,

relatively narrow range of temperature and pressure.

1) Of solids, liquids, and gases, the least common state of matter is the liquid state. a) Liquids can exist only within a relatively narrow range of temperature and pressure. 2) The kinetic-molecular

Fluid Mechanics. Chapter 14. Modified by P. Lam 6_7_2012

Chapter 14 Fluid Mechanics PowerPoint Lectures for University Physics, Twelfth Edition Hugh D. Young and Roger A. Freedman Lectures by James Pazun Modified by P. Lam 6_7_2012 Goals for Chapter 14 To study

THE PARTICLE MODEL AND PROPERTIES OF THE GASES, LIQUIDS AND SOLIDS. STATES CHANGES

THE PARTICLE MODEL AND PROPERTIES OF THE GASES, LIQUIDS AND SOLIDS. STATES CHANGES The particle model of a gas A gas has no fixed shape or volume, but always spreads out to fill any container. There are

Quiz Review Topical Questions

Quiz Review Topical Questions Kinetic Theory of Matter Expansion and Contraction Solids, Liquids, Gases States of Matter Phase Changes Distillation Water Properties Kinetic Theory 1. The kinetic theory

Name. Objective 1: Describe, at the molecular level, the difference between a gas, liquid, and solid phase.

Unit 6 Notepack States of Matter Name Unit 4 Objectives 1. Describe, at the molecular level, the difference between a gas, liquid, and solid phase. (CH 10) 2. Describe states of matter using the kinetic

THE PHASES OF MATTER. Solid: holds its shape and does not flow. The molecules in a solid vibrate in place, but on average, don t move very far.

THE QUESTIONS What are the phases of matter? What makes these phases different from each other? What is the difference between melting, freezing, boiling and condensation? How do you interpret a Temperature

Vocabulary. Pressure Absolute zero Charles Law Boyle s Law (take a moment to look up and record definitions in your notes)

The Gas Laws Vocabulary Pressure Absolute zero Charles Law Boyle s Law (take a moment to look up and record definitions in your notes) Key Concepts What causes gas pressure in a closed container? What

1 Three States of Matter

CHAPTER 3 1 Three States of Matter SECTION States of Matter BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What is matter made of? What are the three most common

COURSE NOTES - PART 1

WEEK 2 ATOMS, THE PERIODIC TABLE, AND CHEMICAL BONDING COURSE NOTES - PART 1 Section 1: Atoms Atoms are like the Legos of all matter. All matter is built from atoms. Atoms have different types like the

* Defining Temperature * Temperature is proportional to the kinetic energy of atoms and molecules. * Temperature * Internal energy

* Defining Temperature * We associate temperature with how hot or cold an object feels. * Our sense of touch serves as a qualitative indicator of temperature. * Energy must be either added or removed from

Heat and Temperature

Heat and Temperature Temperature What does temperature have to do with energy? What three temperature scales are commonly used? What makes things feel hot or cold? Intro: Discussion A person from Seattle

Temperature, Thermal Energy and Heat

Temperature You use the words hot and cold to describe temperature. Something is hot when its temperature is high. When you heat water on a stove, its temperature increases. How are temperature and heat

Solid to liquid. Liquid to gas. Gas to solid. Liquid to solid. Gas to liquid. +energy. -energy

33 PHASE CHANGES - To understand solids and liquids at the molecular level, it will help to examine PHASE CHANGES in a little more detail. A quick review of the phase changes... Phase change Description

States of Matter. Reviewing Vocabulary. Match the definition in Column A with the term in Column B.

Name Date Class States of Matter Reviewing Vocabulary Match the definition in Column A with the term in Column B. Column A 1. A measure of the resistance of a liquid to flow 2. The energy required to increase

Chapter 14 Temperature and Heat

Nicholas J. Giordano www.cengage.com/physics/giordano Chapter 14 Temperature and Heat Thermodynamics Starting a different area of physics called thermodynamics Thermodynamics focuses on energy rather than