THE CELL CYCLE EOC QUIZ

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "THE CELL CYCLE EOC QUIZ"

Transcription

1 THE CELL CYCLE EOC QUIZ This quiz is composed of 8 EOC type questions Each question is followed by the same question with the correct answer highlighted Therefore, Read the questions and the choices, & make a selection before proceeding to the next page

2 1. The picture shows the 8-cell stage in the development of a rat embryo. A researcher will compare the proteins found in the cells of the embryo. Which results are most likely from this comparison? A The proteins are very similar to each other from one cell to the next. B The proteins in each of the cells are distinct from those in each of the other cells. C The cells can be divided into two equal groups, with similar proteins only among the cells in each group. D The cells can be divided into two unequal groups, with similar proteins only among the cells in each group

3 1. The picture shows the 8-cell stage in the development of a rat embryo. A researcher will compare the proteins found in the cells of the embryo. Which results are most likely from this comparison? A The proteins are very similar to each other from one cell to the next. B The proteins in each of the cells are distinct from those in each of the other cells. C The cells can be divided into two equal groups, with similar proteins only among the cells in each group. D The cells can be divided into two unequal groups, with similar proteins only among the cells in each group

4 2. Which statement correctly describes how mitosis and meiosis are similar? A They both result in two daughter cells. B They both create genetic diversity within a species. C They both begin with DNA replicating a single time. D They both require a cell to evenly divide cytoplasm and organelles.

5 2. Which statement correctly describes how mitosis and meiosis are similar? A They both result in two daughter cells. B They both create genetic diversity within a species. C They both begin with DNA replicating a single time. D They both require a cell to evenly divide cytoplasm and organelles.

6 3. What is the correct sequence of diagrams for the cell cycle, beginning with prophase? A 5, 3, 1, 2, 4 B 3, 1, 4, 2, 5 C 4, 1, 2, 5, 3 D 2, 3, 1, 5, 4

7 3. What is the correct sequence of diagrams for the cell cycle, beginning with prophase? A 5, 3, 1, 2, 4 B 3, 1, 4, 2, 5 C 4, 1, 2, 5, 3 D 2, 3, 1, 5, 4

8 4. Before a cell goes through either mitosis or meiosis, which process must be carried out by the DNA in the nucleus? A replication B mutation C transcription D translation

9 4. Before a cell goes through either mitosis or meiosis, which process must be carried out by the DNA in the nucleus? A replication B mutation C transcription D translation

10 5. Which term best describes the type of cell division in which parent cells produce daughter cells with the same number of chromosomes as the parent cells? A mitosis B meiosis C spermatogenesis D oogenesis

11 5. Which term best describes the type of cell division in which parent cells produce daughter cells with the same number of chromosomes as the parent cells? A mitosis B meiosis C spermatogenesis D oogenesis

12 6. The fertilized eggs of most mammals follow a similar pattern of early development. Which sequence is the typical pattern, beginning with the earliest stage? A fetus embryo zygote B fetus zygote embryo C zygote fetus embryo D zygote embryo fetus

13 6. The fertilized eggs of most mammals follow a similar pattern of early development. Which sequence is the typical pattern, beginning with the earliest stage? A fetus embryo zygote B fetus zygote embryo C zygote fetus embryo D zygote embryo fetus

14 7. Which would most likely be caused by environmental conditions? A lung cancer B hemophilia C cystic fibrosis D sickle cell anemia

15 7. Which would most likely be caused by environmental conditions? A lung cancer B hemophilia C cystic fibrosis D sickle cell anemia

16 8. Sexual reproduction provides for what to occur? A cloning B budding C genetic stability D genetic variation

17 8. Sexual reproduction provides for what to occur? A cloning B budding C genetic stability D genetic variation

Cell Division: the process of copying and dividing entire cells The cell grows, prepares for division, and then divides to form new daughter cells.

Cell Division: the process of copying and dividing entire cells The cell grows, prepares for division, and then divides to form new daughter cells. Mitosis & Meiosis SC.912.L.16.17 Compare and contrast mitosis and meiosis and relate to the processes of sexual and asexual reproduction and their consequences for genetic variation. 1. Students will describe

More information

= Sexual Reproduction. 2 Types of Reproduction. Key Terms Gonads- sex organs (testes, ovaries) Sexual Reproduction. What is Meiosis?

= Sexual Reproduction. 2 Types of Reproduction. Key Terms Gonads- sex organs (testes, ovaries) Sexual Reproduction. What is Meiosis? Sexual And Meiosis 2 Types of Asexual Sexual Sexual Increases survival for both plants and animals by passing genetic material within generations. Creates VARIETY in a species by the reassortment (mixing)

More information

Meiosis. What is meiosis? How is it different from mitosis? Stages Genetic Variation

Meiosis. What is meiosis? How is it different from mitosis? Stages Genetic Variation Meiosis What is meiosis? How is it different from mitosis? Stages Genetic Variation Reproduction Asexual reproduction resulting from mitosis (or a similar process) that involves only one parent; the offspring

More information

10.2 The Process of Cell Division

10.2 The Process of Cell Division 10.2 The Process of Cell Division Lesson Objectives Describe the role of chromosomes in cell division. Name the main events of the cell cycle. Describe what happens during the four phases of mitosis. Describe

More information

Lesson Overview Meiosis

Lesson Overview Meiosis 11.4 THINK ABOUT IT As geneticists in the early 1900s applied Mendel s laws, they wondered where genes might be located. They expected genes to be carried on structures inside the cell, but which structures?

More information

Anaphase, Telophase. Animal cells divide their cytoplasm by forming? Cleavage furrow. Bacteria, Paramecium, Amoeba, etc. reproduce by...

Anaphase, Telophase. Animal cells divide their cytoplasm by forming? Cleavage furrow. Bacteria, Paramecium, Amoeba, etc. reproduce by... The 4 phases of mitosis Animal cells divide their cytoplasm by forming? Bacteria, Paramecium, Amoeba, etc. reproduce by... Cell which after division is identical to the original is called a Prophase, Metaphase,

More information

Unit 2: Cellular Chemistry, Structure, and Physiology Module 5: Cellular Reproduction

Unit 2: Cellular Chemistry, Structure, and Physiology Module 5: Cellular Reproduction Unit 2: Cellular Chemistry, Structure, and Physiology Module 5: Cellular Reproduction NC Essential Standard: 1.2.2 Analyze how cells grow and reproduce in terms of interphase, mitosis, and cytokinesis

More information

Unit 6 : Meiosis & Sexual Reproduction

Unit 6 : Meiosis & Sexual Reproduction Unit 6 : Meiosis & Sexual Reproduction 2006-2007 Cell division / Asexual reproduction Mitosis produce cells with same information identical daughter cells exact copies clones same number of chromosomes

More information

Meiosis and Sexual Reproduction Chapter 11. Reproduction Section 1

Meiosis and Sexual Reproduction Chapter 11. Reproduction Section 1 Meiosis and Sexual Reproduction Chapter 11 Reproduction Section 1 Reproduction Key Idea: An individual formed by asexual reproduction is genetically identical to its parent. Asexual Reproduction In asexual

More information

Cell Division: the process of copying and dividing entire cells The cell grows, prepares for division, and then divides to form new daughter cells.

Cell Division: the process of copying and dividing entire cells The cell grows, prepares for division, and then divides to form new daughter cells. Mitosis & Meiosis SC.912.L.16.17 Compare and contrast mitosis and meiosis and relate to the processes of sexual and asexual reproduction and their consequences for genetic variation. 1. Students will describe

More information

Mitosis & Meiosis. PPT Questions. 4. Why must each new cell get a complete copy of the original cell s DNA?

Mitosis & Meiosis. PPT Questions. 4. Why must each new cell get a complete copy of the original cell s DNA? 1. From where do new cells arise? Mitosis & Meiosis PPT Questions 2. Why does the body constantly make new cells? 3. Is cell division the same in all cells? Explain. 4. Why must each new cell get a complete

More information

1. The diagram below shows two processes (A and B) involved in sexual reproduction in plants and animals.

1. The diagram below shows two processes (A and B) involved in sexual reproduction in plants and animals. 1. The diagram below shows two processes (A and B) involved in sexual reproduction in plants and animals. Which statement best explains how these processes often produce offspring that have traits not

More information

Meiosis & Sexual Life Cycle

Meiosis & Sexual Life Cycle Chapter 13. Meiosis & Sexual Life Cycle 1 Cell reproduction Mitosis produce cells with same information identical daughter cells exact copies (clones) same amount of DNA same number of chromosomes asexual

More information

Chapter 2 Cells and Cell Division

Chapter 2 Cells and Cell Division Chapter 2 Cells and Cell Division MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. The process of meiosis results in: A. the production of four identical cells B. no change in chromosome number from parental cells C. a doubling of

More information

Meiosis and Fertilization Understanding How Genes Are Inherited 1

Meiosis and Fertilization Understanding How Genes Are Inherited 1 Meiosis and Fertilization Understanding How Genes Are Inherited 1 Almost all the cells in your body were produced by mitosis. The only exceptions are the gametes sperm or eggs which are produced by a different

More information

CHAPTER 13 MEIOSIS AND SEXUAL LIFE CYCLES. Section A: An Introduction to Heredity

CHAPTER 13 MEIOSIS AND SEXUAL LIFE CYCLES. Section A: An Introduction to Heredity CHAPTER 13 MEIOSIS AND SEXUAL LIFE CYCLES Section A: An Introduction to Heredity 1. Offspring acquire genes from parents by inheriting chromosomes 2. Like begets like, more or less: a comparison of asexual

More information

Name Class Date. Term Definition How I m Going to Remember the Meaning

Name Class Date. Term Definition How I m Going to Remember the Meaning 11.4 Meiosis Lesson Objectives Contrast the number of chromosomes in body cells and in gametes. Summarize the events of meiosis. Contrast meiosis and mitosis. Describe how alleles from different genes

More information

Chapter 11 Meiosis and Sexual Reproduction

Chapter 11 Meiosis and Sexual Reproduction Chapter 11 Meiosis and Sexual S Section 1: S Gamete: Haploid reproductive cell that unites with another haploid reproductive cell to form a zygote. S Zygote: The cell that results from the fusion of gametes

More information

Biology Semester 1 Study Guide

Biology Semester 1 Study Guide Name Per Date Biology Semester 1 Study Guide The following Gizmos meet the standards assessed by the Biology EOC and should be reviewed during the first semester: 1. Rabbit Population by Season Gizmo 2.

More information

EOC - Unit 4 Review - Genetics

EOC - Unit 4 Review - Genetics EOC - Unit 4 Review - Genetics Part A: Benchmark Standard SC.912.L.16.1 Use Mendel s laws of segregation and independent assortment to analyze patterns of inheritance. Also Assesses SC.912.L.16.2 Discuss

More information

Chapter 11: The Continuity of Life: Cellular Reproduction. What is Cellular Reproduction?

Chapter 11: The Continuity of Life: Cellular Reproduction. What is Cellular Reproduction? Chapter 11: The Continuity of Life: Cellular Reproduction What is Cellular Reproduction? Answer: The division of a parent cell into two daughter cells Requirements of Each Daughter Cell: 1) Necessary genomic

More information

Sexual Reproduction and Meiosis. Chapter 11

Sexual Reproduction and Meiosis. Chapter 11 Sexual Reproduction and Meiosis Chapter 11 1 Sexual life cycle Made up of meiosis and fertilization Diploid cells Somatic cells of adults have 2 sets of chromosomes Haploid cells Gametes (egg and sperm)

More information

Meiosis. The form of cell division by which gametes, with half the regular number of chromosomes, are produced.

Meiosis. The form of cell division by which gametes, with half the regular number of chromosomes, are produced. MEIOSIS Meiosis The form of cell division by which gametes, with half the regular number of chromosomes, are produced. diploid (2n) haploid (n) (complete set of chromosomes) (half the regular number of

More information

Meiosis & Sexual Reproduction (Ch. 13)

Meiosis & Sexual Reproduction (Ch. 13) Meiosis & Sexual Reproduction (Ch. 13) Cell division / Asexual reproduction Mitosis produce cells with same information identical daughter cells exact copies clones same amount of DNA same number of chromosomes

More information

Foldable. You need 6 pieces of printer paper. Stagger the pages about 1cm (width of pinky finger) DO NOT make the tabs too large!!!!!

Foldable. You need 6 pieces of printer paper. Stagger the pages about 1cm (width of pinky finger) DO NOT make the tabs too large!!!!! Meiosis Notes Foldable You need 6 pieces of printer paper Stagger the pages about 1cm (width of pinky finger) DO NOT make the tabs too large!!!!! Fold the stack of pages to make the foldable as diagramed

More information

Sexual and Asexual Reproduction. Cell Reproduction TEST Friday, 11/13

Sexual and Asexual Reproduction. Cell Reproduction TEST Friday, 11/13 Sexual and Asexual Reproduction Cell Reproduction TEST Friday, 11/13 How many chromosomes do humans have? What are Chromosomes? How many chromosomes came from your mom? How many chromosomes came from your

More information

Meiosis & Sexual Reproduction

Meiosis & Sexual Reproduction Meiosis & Sexual Reproduction 2007-2008 Cell division / Asexual reproduction Mitosis produce cells with same information identical daughter cells exact copies clones same amount of DNA same number of chromosomes

More information

CHAPTER 12 THE CELL CYCLE. Section A: The Key Roles of Cell Division

CHAPTER 12 THE CELL CYCLE. Section A: The Key Roles of Cell Division CHAPTER 12 THE CELL CYCLE Section A: The Key Roles of Cell Division 1. Cell division functions in reproduction, growth, and repair 2. Cell division distributes identical sets of chromosomes to daughter

More information

Name: Test date: Per:

Name: Test date: Per: Name: Test date: Per: Cell Cycle/Protein Synthesis Unit 1 Study Guide Always remember to use your notes/lectures first, then book, then other sources to help you find the right answers. Be as thorough

More information

Unit 4 Review - Genetics. UNIT 4 Vocabulary topics: Cell Reproduction, Cell Cycle, Cell Division, Genetics

Unit 4 Review - Genetics. UNIT 4 Vocabulary topics: Cell Reproduction, Cell Cycle, Cell Division, Genetics Unit 4 Review - Genetics Sexual vs. Asexual Reproduction Mendel s Laws of Heredity Patterns of Inheritance Meiosis and Genetic Variation Non-Mendelian Patterns of Inheritance Cell Reproduction/Cell Cycle/

More information

Question 1: What is the average cell cycle span for a mammalian cell? The average cell cycle span for a mammalian cell is approximately 24 hours. Question 2: Distinguish cytokinesis from karyokinesis.

More information

Cell Cycle & Meiosis Student Edition

Cell Cycle & Meiosis Student Edition Name: Date: 1. Jack bought a small turtle. Three months later, the turtle had grown to twice its original size. Which of the following statements best describes why Jack s turtle got bigger? A. Parts of

More information

The Importance of Cell Division Cell division

The Importance of Cell Division Cell division Cell Division The Importance of Cell Division Cell division allows organisms to carry out three necessary functions: REPRODUCE GROW REPAIR DAMAGE FERTILIZATION: You started life as a single cell, but today

More information

Chapter 13. Meiosis & Sexual Reproduction. AP Biology

Chapter 13. Meiosis & Sexual Reproduction. AP Biology Chapter 13. Meiosis & Sexual Reproduction Cell division / Asexual reproduction Mitosis produce cells with same information identical daughter cells exact copies clones same amount of DNA same number of

More information

CELL GROWTH AND DIVISION. Chapter 10

CELL GROWTH AND DIVISION. Chapter 10 CELL GROWTH AND DIVISION Chapter 10 Cell division = The formation of 2 daughter cells from a single parent cell Increases ratio of surface area to volume for each cell Allows for more efficient exchange

More information

5.3 Reproduction and Meiosis

5.3 Reproduction and Meiosis 5.3 Reproduction and Meiosis Lesson Objectives Compare and contrast asexual and sexual reproduction. Give an overview of sexual reproduction, and outline the phases of meiosis. Explain why sexual reproduction

More information

Cell Cycle and Cell Division

Cell Cycle and Cell Division Cell Cycle and Cell Division The Cell Cycle is the series of events that take place in the cell from one cell division to another. Cell Cycle includes: 1-Interphase 2-Mitosis 3-Cytokinesis Phases of the

More information

Meiosis & Sexual Reproduction

Meiosis & Sexual Reproduction Meiosis & Sexual Reproduction 2007-2008 Cell division / Asexual reproduction Mitosis u produce cells with same information identical daughter cells u exact copies clones u same amount of DNA same number

More information

Cell Reproduction Mitosis & Meiosis

Cell Reproduction Mitosis & Meiosis Cell Reproduction Mitosis & Meiosis Outcomes 1. Describe mitosis in detail (460-465) interphase, mitosis and cytokinesis (the cell cycle) explain the importance of maintaining chromosome number through

More information

THINK ABOUT IT. Lesson Overview. Meiosis. As geneticists in the early 1900s applied Mendel s laws, they wondered where genes might be located.

THINK ABOUT IT. Lesson Overview. Meiosis. As geneticists in the early 1900s applied Mendel s laws, they wondered where genes might be located. Notes THINK ABOUT IT As geneticists in the early 1900s applied Mendel s laws, they wondered where genes might be located. They expected genes to be carried on structures inside the cell, but which structures?

More information

Cell Division. the formation of new cells. 5/19/14 lev 1cell division.ppt 1

Cell Division. the formation of new cells. 5/19/14 lev 1cell division.ppt 1 Cell Division the formation of new cells 5/19/14 lev 1cell division.ppt 1 1. Bacteria divide in a simple form of reproduction called Binary Fission.! CHROMOSOME A. Bacterium - the single circular chromosome

More information

Biology, 7e (Campbell) Chapter 13: Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles

Biology, 7e (Campbell) Chapter 13: Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles Biology, 7e (Campbell) Chapter 13: Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles Chapter Questions 1) What is a genome? A) the complete complement of an organism's genes B) a specific sequence of polypeptides within

More information

Meiosis & Sexual Reproduction. AP Biology

Meiosis & Sexual Reproduction. AP Biology Meiosis & Sexual Reproduction Cell division / Asexual reproduction! Mitosis " produce cells with same information! identical daughter cells " exact copies! clones " same amount of DNA! same number of chromosomes!

More information

11/18/2016. Meiosis. Dr. Bertolotti. How is meiosis different from mitosis?

11/18/2016. Meiosis. Dr. Bertolotti. How is meiosis different from mitosis? Meiosis Dr. Bertolotti How is meiosis different from mitosis? 1 3 Types of Cell Division 1. Binary fission- cell division in prokaryotes 2. Cell Cycle (with Mitosis)- cell division in eukaryotes to form

More information

Cell Division and Reproduction

Cell Division and Reproduction Cell Division and Reproduction What do you think this picture shows? If you guessed that it s a picture of two cells, you are right. In fact, the picture shows human cancer cells, and they are nearing

More information

Meiosis and Life Cycles - 1

Meiosis and Life Cycles - 1 Meiosis and Life Cycles - 1 We have just finished looking at the process of mitosis, a process that produces cells genetically identical to the original cell. Mitosis ensures that each cell of an organism

More information

Cell Differentiation and Meiosis

Cell Differentiation and Meiosis Cell Differentiation and Meiosis Study guide Compare the processes and products of meiosis I and meiosis II. Compare the overall processes and products of meiosis and mitosis. Explain how non disjunction

More information

Build a STRUCTURAL concept map of has part starting with cell cycle and using all of the following: Metaphase Prophase Interphase Cell division phase

Build a STRUCTURAL concept map of has part starting with cell cycle and using all of the following: Metaphase Prophase Interphase Cell division phase Build a STRUCTURAL concept map of has part starting with cell cycle and using all of the following: Metaphase Prophase Interphase Cell division phase Telophase S phase G1 phase G2 phase Anaphase Cytokinesis

More information

Cell division / Asexual reproduction

Cell division / Asexual reproduction Meiosis Ch. 13 Cell division / Asexual reproduction Mitosis produce cells with same information identical daughter cells exact copies clones same amount of DNA same number of chromosomes same genetic information

More information

Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles

Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles LECTURE PRESENTATIONS For CAMPBELL BIOLOGY, NINTH EDITION Jane B. Reece, Lisa A. Urry, Michael L. Cain, Steven A. Wasserman, Peter V. Minorsky, Robert B. Jackson Chapter 13 Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles

More information

Sexual Reproduction and Genetics

Sexual Reproduction and Genetics 10 Sexual Reproduction and Genetics section 1 Meiosis Before You Read Think about the traits that make people unique. Some people are tall, while others are short. People can have brown, blue, or green

More information

Meiosis. How is meiosis going to be different from mitosis? Meiosis is part of sexual reproduction

Meiosis. How is meiosis going to be different from mitosis? Meiosis is part of sexual reproduction Meiosis Meiosis How is meiosis going to be different from mitosis? Meiosis is part of sexual reproduction How is sexual reproduction different from asexual reproduction? Grab a book pg. 273 List your observations

More information

Mitosis and. Meiosis. Presented by Kesler Science

Mitosis and. Meiosis. Presented by Kesler Science Mitosis and Meiosis Presented by Kesler Science Essential Questions: 1. What are mitosis and meiosis? 2. What occurs at different phases in cell division? 3. How are mitosis and meiosis similar and different?

More information

Cell cycle, mitosis & meiosis. Chapter 6

Cell cycle, mitosis & meiosis. Chapter 6 Cell cycle, mitosis & meiosis Chapter 6 Why do cells divide? Asexual reproduction Growth Replacement / repair Cell division: The big picture Two steps Before cells can divide, DNA needs to replicate DNA

More information

Sexual Reproduction and Meiosis

Sexual Reproduction and Meiosis Sexual Reproduction and Meiosis Ultrasound: Chad Ehlers/Glow Images Copyright McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of McGraw-Hill

More information

Lecture 12 - Meiosis

Lecture 12 - Meiosis Lecture 12 - Meiosis In this lecture Types of reproduction Alternation of generations Homologous chromosomes and alleles Meiosis mechanism Sources of genetic variation Meiosis and Mitosis Mitosis the production

More information

Typical Life Cycle of Algae and Fungi. 5 Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.

Typical Life Cycle of Algae and Fungi. 5 Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Module 3B Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles In this module, we will examine a second type of cell division used by eukaryotic cells called meiosis. In addition, we will see how the 2 types of eukaryotic cell

More information

LS_C2-quizzes, Version: 1 1

LS_C2-quizzes, Version: 1 1 Name: Select the term that best completes the statement. A. cell division B. chromosomes C. cells D. divides E. centromere F. DNA G. chromatids H. nucleus Date: 1. is the chemical code that contains information

More information

Virtual Lab 7 Mitosis and Meiosis

Virtual Lab 7 Mitosis and Meiosis Name Period Assignment # Virtual Lab 7 Mitosis and Meiosis http://www.phschool.com/science/biology_place/labbench/lab3/intro.html Click Next 1) What are 4 processes that require mitosis? a. b. c. d. 2)

More information

BW #16. What are the phases of mitosis in order?

BW #16. What are the phases of mitosis in order? BW #16 What are the phases of mitosis in order? COMPARING MITOSIS & MEIOSIS CELL DIVISION! Cell Cycle.how living things GROW!! Interphase Prophase Metaphase Anaphase Telophase --------------- Cytokinesis

More information

Chromosome duplication and distribution during cell division

Chromosome duplication and distribution during cell division CELL DIVISION AND HEREDITY Student Packet SUMMARY IN EUKARYOTES, HERITABLE INFORMATION IS PASSED TO THE NEXT GENERATION VIA PROCESSES THAT INCLUDE THE CELL CYCLE, MITOSIS /MEIOSIS AND FERTILIZATION Mitosis

More information

Horse breeding and genetics

Horse breeding and genetics Horse breeding and genetics Pack 2 Meiosis Pack Code: EBS15 www.lbcnc.org.uk This pack will help you to: describe the stages of meiosis explain the genetic importance of meiosis About this pack Objectives

More information

Chapter 11: The Continuity of Life: Cellular Reproduction

Chapter 11: The Continuity of Life: Cellular Reproduction Chapter 11: The Continuity of Life: Cellular Reproduction Chapter 11: Cellular Reproduction What is Cellular Reproduction? Answer: The division of a parent cell into two daughter cells Requirements of

More information

2 The Cell Cycle. TAKE A LOOK 2. Complete Prokaryotic cells divide by.

2 The Cell Cycle. TAKE A LOOK 2. Complete Prokaryotic cells divide by. CHAPTER 5 2 The Cell Cycle SECTION The Cell in Action BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: How are new cells made? What is mitosis? What happens when

More information

6-10 Sexual reproduction requires special cells (gametes) made by meiosis.

6-10 Sexual reproduction requires special cells (gametes) made by meiosis. Do Now Answer the following questions: For every cell undergoing mitosis, how many cells are created? For a cell with 6 chromosomes, how many chromosomes are in the daughter cells? Why are daughter cells

More information

LAB 8 EUKARYOTIC CELL DIVISION: MITOSIS AND MEIOSIS

LAB 8 EUKARYOTIC CELL DIVISION: MITOSIS AND MEIOSIS LAB 8 EUKARYOTIC CELL DIVISION: MITOSIS AND MEIOSIS Name: Date: INTRODUCTION BINARY FISSION: Prokaryotic cells (bacteria) reproduce asexually by binary fission. Bacterial cells have a single circular chromosome,

More information

Chapter 13- Reproduction, Meiosis, and Life Cycles. Many plants and other organisms depend on sexual reproduction.

Chapter 13- Reproduction, Meiosis, and Life Cycles. Many plants and other organisms depend on sexual reproduction. Chapter 13- Reproduction, Meiosis, and Life Cycles Many plants and other organisms depend on sexual reproduction. Flowers are the sexual reproductive organ systems of angiosperms. Sexual reproduction gametes

More information

The Cell Cycle. The Cell Cycle

The Cell Cycle. The Cell Cycle The Cell Cycle Cells divide by Mitosis or Meiosis. Mitosis allows the organism to replace cells that have died or aren't working, and is how living things grow. It makes an exact copy of the parent cell.

More information

The Cell Cycle. Chapter 12

The Cell Cycle. Chapter 12 The Cell Cycle Chapter 12 Why are cells small? As cells get bigger they don t work as well WHY? Difficulties Larger Cells Have: More demands on its DNA Less efficient in moving nutrients/waste across its

More information

Cell Division. Use the following information to answer the next question. Use the following information to answer the next question

Cell Division. Use the following information to answer the next question. Use the following information to answer the next question Cell Division Jan 96,27 Use the following information to answer the next question In the life cycle of this jellyfish, the polyp stage is sessile. The medussa is a diploid, freeswimming animal. The planula

More information

Introduction. Key Concepts I: Mitosis. AP Biology Laboratory 3 Mitosis & Meiosis

Introduction. Key Concepts I: Mitosis. AP Biology Laboratory 3 Mitosis & Meiosis Virtual Student Guide http://www.phschool.com/science/biology_place/labbench/index.html AP Biology Laboratory 3 Mitosis & Meiosis Introduction For organisms to grow and reproduce, cells must divide. Mitosis

More information

1. Contains the sugar ribose instead of deoxyribose. 2. Single-stranded instead of double stranded. 3. Contains uracil in place of thymine.

1. Contains the sugar ribose instead of deoxyribose. 2. Single-stranded instead of double stranded. 3. Contains uracil in place of thymine. Protein Synthesis & Mutations RNA 1. Contains the sugar ribose instead of deoxyribose. 2. Single-stranded instead of double stranded. 3. Contains uracil in place of thymine. RNA Contains: 1. Adenine 2.

More information

Name 8 Cell Cycle and Meiosis Test Date Study Guide You must know: The structure of the replicated chromosome. The stages of mitosis.

Name 8 Cell Cycle and Meiosis Test Date Study Guide You must know: The structure of the replicated chromosome. The stages of mitosis. Name 8 Cell Cycle and Meiosis Test Date Study Guide You must know: The structure of the replicated chromosome. The stages of mitosis. The role of kinases and cyclin in the regulation of the cell cycle.

More information

5.1. Cells have distinct phases of growth, reproduction, and normal functions. G 1. Cell Growth and Division CHAPTER 5 THE CELL CYCLE KEY CONCEPT

5.1. Cells have distinct phases of growth, reproduction, and normal functions. G 1. Cell Growth and Division CHAPTER 5 THE CELL CYCLE KEY CONCEPT SECTION 5.1 THE CELL CYCLE Study Guide KEY CONCEPT Cells have distinct phases of growth, reproduction, and normal functions. VOCABULARY cell cycle mitosis cytokinesis The cell cycle has four main stages.

More information

Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles

Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles Chapter 13 Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles PowerPoint Lecture Presentations for Biology Eighth Edition Neil Campbell and Jane Reece Lectures by Chris Romero, updated by Erin Barley with contributions from

More information

The division of a unicellular organism reproduces an entire organism, increasing the population. Here s one amoeba dividing into 2.

The division of a unicellular organism reproduces an entire organism, increasing the population. Here s one amoeba dividing into 2. 1. Cell division functions in 3 things : reproduction, growth, and repair The division of a unicellular organism reproduces an entire organism, increasing the population. Here s one amoeba dividing into

More information

CHAPTER 10 : CELL CYCLE AND CELL DIVISION K C MEENA PGT BIOLOGY KVS

CHAPTER 10 : CELL CYCLE AND CELL DIVISION K C MEENA PGT BIOLOGY KVS CHAPTER 10 : CELL CYCLE AND CELL DIVISION K C MEENA PGT BIOLOGY KVS Cell cycle It is a series of events that takes place in a cell, leading to the formation of two daughter cells from a single mother cell.

More information

Meiosis and Fertilization Understanding How Genes Are Inherited 1

Meiosis and Fertilization Understanding How Genes Are Inherited 1 Meiosis and Fertilization Understanding How Genes Are Inherited 1 Introduction In this activity, you will learn how you inherited two copies of each gene, one from your mother and one from your father.

More information

1. If a eukaryotic cell has a single set of chromosomes, it is called A. haploid B. diploid C. polypoid

1. If a eukaryotic cell has a single set of chromosomes, it is called A. haploid B. diploid C. polypoid Reproduction 1. If a eukaryotic cell has a single set of chromosomes, it is called A. haploid B. diploid C. polypoid 2. Which of the following cell functions are maintained by cell division? A. growth,

More information

Meiosis and Sexual Reproduction. Chapter 9

Meiosis and Sexual Reproduction. Chapter 9 Meiosis and Sexual Reproduction Chapter 9 9.1 Genes and Alleles Genes Sequences of DNA that encode heritable traits Alleles Slightly different forms of the same gene Each specifies a different version

More information

SEXUAL REPRODUCTION & MEIOSIS

SEXUAL REPRODUCTION & MEIOSIS SEXUAL REPRODUCTION & MEIOSIS Living organisms are distinguished by their ability to reproduce their own kind. Offspring resemble their parents more than they do less closely related individuals of the

More information

Gametes are the reproductive cells - the egg or the sperm. Gametes.

Gametes are the reproductive cells - the egg or the sperm. Gametes. Meiosis Meiosis is the type of cell division for that produces the cells ( ) which are also known as gametes. Two important characteristics of meiosis is that it reduces the number of chromosomes to half

More information

Cellular Reproduction = Cell Division. Passes on Genes from Cells to Cells Reproduction of Organisms

Cellular Reproduction = Cell Division. Passes on Genes from Cells to Cells Reproduction of Organisms Cellular Reproduction = Cell Division Passes on Genes from Cells to Cells Reproduction of Organisms Genes DNA Chromatin fiber Chromosomes Fig. 9.6 Genes, the segments of DNA, are part of chromatin fiber

More information

MEIOSIS CELL DIVISION Chapter

MEIOSIS CELL DIVISION Chapter Section 6.1: Meiosis MEIOSIS CELL DIVISION Chapter 6.1 6.2 WHAT DETERMINES WHAT YOU LOOK LIKE? Meiosis Animation Meiosis creates 4 genetically different gametes (haploid) Mitosis creates 2 identical daughter

More information

Chromosomes and Inheritance

Chromosomes and Inheritance Chromosomes and Inheritance Overview Number of instructional days: 14 (1 day = 50 minutes) Content to be learned Describe the structure of DNA as a way to demonstrate an understanding of the molecular

More information

CLASS XI CHAPTER 10 CELL CYCLE AND CELL DIVISION

CLASS XI CHAPTER 10 CELL CYCLE AND CELL DIVISION CLASS XI CHAPTER 10 CELL CYCLE AND CELL DIVISION Cell cycle It is a series of events that takes place in a cell, leading to the formation of two daughter cells from a single mother cell. Phases of cell

More information

Science 9 - Unit A Review Sheet

Science 9 - Unit A Review Sheet Science 9 - Unit A Review Sheet Learning Outcomes Can you? describe the relative abundance of species on Earth and in different environments describe examples of variation among species and within species

More information

Chapters 12&13 Notes: DNA, RNA & Protein Synthesis

Chapters 12&13 Notes: DNA, RNA & Protein Synthesis Chapters 12&13 Notes: DNA, RNA & Protein Synthesis Name Period Words to Know: nucleotides, DNA, complementary base pairing, replication, genes, proteins, mrna, rrna, trna, transcription, translation, codon,

More information

Biology Semester Review

Biology Semester Review Chapter 1 The Science of Biology Biology Semester Review 1 1 What is Science? One goal of science is to provide natural explanations for events in the natural world. Science also aims to use those explanations

More information

THE CELL CYCLE & MITOSIS. Asexual Reproduction: Production of genetically identical offspring from a single parent.

THE CELL CYCLE & MITOSIS. Asexual Reproduction: Production of genetically identical offspring from a single parent. THE CELL CYCLE & MITOSIS Asexual Reproduction: Production of genetically identical offspring from a single parent. Sexual Reproduction: The fusion of two separate parent cells that produce offspring with

More information

GENERAL SAFETY: Follow your teacher s directions. Do not work in the laboratory without your teacher s supervision.

GENERAL SAFETY: Follow your teacher s directions. Do not work in the laboratory without your teacher s supervision. Name: Bio AP Lab: Cell Division B: Mitosis & Meiosis (Modified from AP Biology Investigative Labs) BACKGROUND: One of the characteristics of living things is the ability to replicate and pass on genetic

More information

Modeling Genetic Variation in Gametes PSI AP Biology

Modeling Genetic Variation in Gametes PSI AP Biology Modeling Genetic Variation in Gametes PSI AP Biology Name: Objective Students will model the processes of gamete formation that increase genetic variation: independent assortment, crossing-over, and fertilization.

More information

CELL CYCLE, MITOSIS AND MEIOSIS NOTES

CELL CYCLE, MITOSIS AND MEIOSIS NOTES CELL CYCLE, MITOSIS AND MEIOSIS NOTES DNA - Genetic information is stored in the DNA strand in the form of genes. DNA stands for deoxyribose nucleic acid Genes located on the DNA strand 2 Types of DNA

More information

SOALAN ULANGKAJI BAB 5 BIOLOGI TINGKATAN 4

SOALAN ULANGKAJI BAB 5 BIOLOGI TINGKATAN 4 SOALAN ULANGKAJI BAB 5 BIOLOGI TINGKATAN 4 SECTION A: OBJECTIVES QUESTIONS. Diagram shows the phases in a cell cycle. Diagram 3 Diagram What is V? A Mitosis B Cytokinesis C Stage S D Stage G What is the

More information

Miller Levine Biology

Miller Levine Biology A Correlation of To the 2018 Mississippi College and Career-Readiness Standards for Biology A Correlation of to the Biology BIO.1 Cells as a System Conceptual Understanding: Biologists have determined

More information