BYU Astronomical Society Observation Log Book

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1 BYU Astronomical Society Observation Log Book The earth rolls upon her wings, and the sun giveth his light by day, and the moon giveth her light by night, and the stars also give their light, as they roll upon their wings in their glory, in the midst of the power of God. Unto what shall I liken these kingdoms, that ye may understand? Behold, all these are kingdoms, and any man who hath seen any or the least of these hath seen God moving in his majesty and power. Doctrine and Covenants 88:45-47 iii

2 ! 2008 Nicholas Herrick Do not reproduce any part of this pamphlet, electronically or physically, without the author s written consent. Suggestions, corrections, and additions are welcome. This log book and observation program originally developed for use by members of the Brigham Young University Astronomical Society. However, the author retains all rights associated with this book. iv

3 BYU Astronomical Society Observation Log Book Table of Contents Introduction Introduction Object Type Abbreviation Key Constellation Abbreviation Key Greek Alphabet Transparency and Seeing Reference Observational Challenge Levels Beginner Basic Elite vii viii ix ix ix x x xi xiii volume II Log Pages Solar System 1 Messier 4 NGC 40 Double Stars 54 Variable Stars 69 Misc. Objects 72 Blank Log Pages 76 Indexes Catalog Entry Season Constellation appendix a appendix b appendix c v

4 vi

5 BYU Astronomical Society Observation Log Book Introduction The NightLog is a combination of two elements designed for the amateur astronomer: an observation program, and a log book. Brigham Young University Astronomical Society NightLog was originally produced for the Brigham Young University Astronomical Society. Members of the society are entitled to a free copy and are encouraged to actively pursue each level of the observation program. Use of this log book is optional, but to qualify for club awards you must keep a record of your observations in some form. Log Book The NightLog Observation Log Book is intended to assist you in keeping a detailed record of your observations. Keeping an observation log structures your observing sessions and provides a personal record of your activities. In Volume I you will find entries for all of the Messier, bright solar system, and select NGC objects. Many of the best double stars, variable stars, and other miscellaneous objects are also included in this volume. Volume II contains entries for the Herschel 400. Observation Program The observation program is intended to help newcomers to the hobby of astronomy become experienced amateur astronomers. It is designed to be accessible using telescopes within an amateur s capabilities. By working to individually observe and record observations of celestial objects, you will learn to love and appreciate the night sky as well as become able to teach others about astronomy. Completing each level will bring a sense of accomplishment and increase your enjoyment of astronomy. The program consists of five levels. The first three levels explore the easiest and brightest objects in the night sky - mostly comprising the Messier list. The last two levels require observations of the most difficult objects within amateur astronomers capabilities. Volume I contains the logs accompanying the Beginner through levels. Volume II encompasses the Elite level. Observation Program Details To complete each program, observe the required objects for that level. It is recommended that you keep a detailed log to successfully complete each level. For a more enjoyable experience do not use the go-to functions of some telescopes. Sketch, photograph, or write a detailed description of each object. In addition to your sketch, photograph, or description, it is helpful to include: Your location Date and time of observation Model of telescope/binoculars used Magnifications used Seeing conditions (scale from 1-5) Astronomical transparency (scale from 1-7) o See pp. ix for additional information on these scales vii

6 Observation Program Levels Beginner 6 objects Observe any six objects. Refer to the Beginner list for suggestions on what to observe. The Beginner list includes the best and easiest to locate objects in the night sky. Learning to find and observe these objects will familiarize you with your equipment and the night sky. Basic 30 objects Choose any thirty objects from the basic or beginner lists to observe. Objects in the basic level will give you a taste of what the deep sky has to offer. These include well-known galaxies, the best nebulae, and the brightest globular and open clusters. ~90 objects By completing the intermediate program you will have observed all of the objects on the Messier list, plus some. By now you should know the night sky better than the back of your hand! 101 objects Taken from sci.astro.amateur s list of the 200 best non-messier objects, the purpose of the advanced program is to take you beyond Messier. The SAA 200 list is crossreferenced with the Herschel 400 with duplicate items removed. Subsequent removal of all objects below -40 declination comprises this list. Elite 400+ objects The elite program consists of two goals: complete the Herschel 400 and photograph at least three very dim solar system objects such as Neptune (dim planet), Pluto (dwarf planet), Ceres (asteroid), Deimos (dim moon), or a comet. Object Type Abbreviation Key CLD DBL GC Glx Moon NbDF NbDRK NbEM NbOC NbRF OC Pla PN QSR SNR VAR Star Cloud Double Star Globular Cluster Galaxy Planetary Moon Diffuse Nebula Dark Nebula Emission Nebula Nebula/Open Cluster Reflection Nebula Open Cluster Planet Planetary Nebula Quasar Super Nova Remnant Variable Star viii

7 Constellation Abbreviation Key Greek Alphabet And Andromeda Lac Lacerta Ant Antlia Leo Leo Aps Apus LMi Leo Minor Aqr Aquarius Lep Lepus Aql Aquila Lib Libra Ara Ara Lup Lupus Ari Aries Lyn Lynx Aur Auriga Lyr Lyra Boo Boötes Men Mensa Cae Caelum Mic Microscopium Cam Camelopardalis Mon Monoceros Cnc Cancer Mus Musca CVn Canes Venatici Nor Norma CMa Canis Major Oct Octans CMi Canis Minor Oph Ophiuchus Cap Capricornus Ori Orion Car Carina Pav Pavo Cas Cassiopeia Peg Pegasus Cen Centaurus Per Perseus Cep Cepheus Phe Phoenix Cet Cetus Pic Pictor Cha Chamaeleon Psc Pisces Cir Circinus PsA Piscis Austrinus Col Columba Pup Puppis Com Coma Berenices Pyx Pyxis CrA Corona Austrina Ret Reticulum CrB Corona Borealis Sge Sagitta Crv Corvus Sgr Sagittarius Crt Crater Sco Scorpius Cru Crux Scl Sculptor Cyg Cygnus Sct Scutum Del Delphinus Ser Serpens Dor Dorado Sex Sextans Dra Draco Tau Taurus Equ Equuleus Tel Telescopium Eri Eridanus Tri Triangulum For Fornax TrA Triangulum Australe Gem Gemini Tuc Tucana Gru Grus UMa Ursa Major Her Hercules UMi Ursa Minor Hor Horologium Vel Vela Hya Hydra Vir Virgo Hyi Hydrus Vol Volans Ind Indus Vul Vulpecula Astronomical Seeing Scale 1 - Severely disturbed skies: Even low power views are uselessly shaky. 2 - Poor seeing: Low power images are pretty steady, but medium powers are not. 3 - Good seeing: You can use about half the useful magnification of your scope. High powers produce fidgety planets. 4 - Excellent seeing: Medium-powers are crisp and stable. High-powers are good, but a little soft. 5 - Superb seeing: Any power eyepiece produces a good crisp image. Astronomical Transparency Scale 0 - Completely cloudy or precipitating. 1 - Very Poor - Mostly Cloudy. 2 - Poor - Partly cloudy or heavy haze. 1 or 2 Little Dipper stars visible. 3 - Somewhat Clear - Cirrus or moderate haze. 3 or 4 Little Dipper stars visible. 4 - Partly Clear - Slight haze. 4 or 5 Little Dipper stars visible. 5 - Clear - No clouds. Milky Way visible with averted vision. 6 Little Dipper stars visible. 6 - Very Clear - Milky Way and M31 visible. 7 Little Dipper stars visible. 7 - Extremely Clear - M33 and/or M81 visible. Courtesy of the American Association of Amateur Astronomers ix

8 NightLog Observation Program Beginner List 6 Objects Observe any six objects through a telescope or binoculars. This list will help you choose some of the brighter and easier-to-find targets. Date(s) Observed Object Level Type Const Mag Season pp Beta Cygni Beg DBL Cyg 3.4 Su/F 58 Beta Mon Beg DBL Mon 5.4 W 58 Epsilon Lyra Beg DBL Lyr 6 Su 60 Jupiter Beg Pla 2 Mars Beg Pla 1 Moon - Crater Beg Moon 2 Moon - Mountain Range Beg Moon 3 Per Double Cluster Beg OC Per 4.5 F/W 73 Saturn Beg Pla 2 Venus Beg Pla 1 Zeta Uma Beg DBL UMa 2 Sp/Su 69 M 5 Beg GC Ser 5.6 Su 5 M 11 Beg OC Sct 6.3 Su 7 M 13 Beg GC Her 5.8 Su 8 M 31 Beg Glx And 3.4 F/W 14 M 37 Beg OC Aur 6.2 W 16 M 41 Beg OC CMa 4.6 W 17 M 42 Beg NbDF Ori 4 W 17 M 45 Beg OC Tau 1.6 F/W 18 M 57 Beg PN Lyr 8.8 Su 22 Basic List 30 Objects Observe thirty objects from the beginner and basic lists. Date(s) Observed Object Level Type Const Mag Season pp 4 Galilean Moons Bas Moon 3 Mizar Bas DBL UMa 2 Sp/Su 64 Titan Bas Moon 3 Trapezium Bas OC Ori W 73 M 1 Bas SNR Tau 8.4 W 4 M 2 Bas GC Aqr 6.5 F 4 M 3 Bas GC CVn 6.2 Sp/Su 4 M 4 Bas GC Sco 5.6 Su 5 M 6 Bas OC Sco 5.3 Su 5 M 7 Bas OC Sco 4.1 Su 6 M 8 Bas NbEM Sgr 6 Su 6

9 M 15 Bas GC Peg 6.2 F 8 M 16 Bas NbOC Ser 6.4 Su 9 M 17 Bas NbOC Sgr 7 Su 9 M 19 Bas GC Oph 6.8 Su 10 M 20 Bas NbOC Sgr 9 Su 10 M 21 Bas OC Sgr 6.5 Su 10 M 22 Bas GC Sgr 5.1 Su 11 M 23 Bas OC Sgr 6.9 Su 11 M 24 Bas CLD Sgr 4.6 Su 11 M 25 Bas OC Sgr 6.5 Su 12 M 27 Bas PN Vul 7.4 Su/F 12 M 28 Bas GC Sgr 6.8 Su 13 M 32 Bas Glx And 8.1 F/W 14 M 33 Bas Glx Tri 5.7 F/W 14 M 34 Bas OC Per 5.5 F/W 15 M 35 Bas OC Gem 5.3 W 15 M 36 Bas OC Aur 6.3 W 15 M 39 Bas OC Cyg 4.6 F 16 M 40 Bas DBL UMa 8.4 Sp 17 M 43 Bas NbDF Ori 9 W 18 M 51 Bas Glx CVn 8.4 Sp/Su 20 M 65 Bas Glx Leo 9.3 Sp 25 M 66 Bas Glx Leo 8.9 Sp 25 M 81 Bas Glx UMa 6.9 Sp 30 M 92 Bas GC Her 6.4 Su 34 M 93 Bas OC Pup 6 W/Sp 34 M 104 Bas Glx Vir 8 Sp 38 M 110 Bas Glx And 8.5 F/W 40 List ~90 Objects Observe the remainder of the Messier list plus Mercury. Date(s) Observed Object Level Type Const Mag Season pp Mercury Int Pla 1 M 9 Int GC Oph 7.7 Su 6 M 10 Int GC Oph 6.6 Su 7 M 12 Int GC Oph 6.7 Su 7 M 14 Int GC Oph 7.6 Su 8 M 18 Int OC Sgr 7.5 Su 9 M 26 Int OC Sct 8 Su 12 M 29 Int OC Cyg 7.1 Su/F 13 M 30 Int GC Cap 7.2 F 13 M 38 Int OC Aur 7.4 W 16 M 44 Int OC Cnc 3.7 W/Sp 18 M 46 Int OC Pup 6 W/Sp 19 M 47 Int OC Pup 5.2 W/Sp 19 M 48 Int OC Hya 5.5 W/Sp 19 M 49 Int Glx Vir 8.4 Sp 20 M 50 Int OC Mon 6.3 W/Sp 20 M 52 Int OC Cas 7.3 F 21

10 M 53 Int GC Com 7.6 Sp/Su 21 M 54 Int GC Sgr 7.6 Su 21 M 55 Int GC Sgr 6.3 Su/F 22 M 56 Int GC Lyr 8.3 Su/F 22 M 58 Int Glx Vir 9.7 Sp 23 M 59 Int Glx Vir 9.6 Sp 23 M 60 Int Glx Vir 8.8 Sp 23 M 61 Int Glx Vir 9.7 Sp 24 M 62 Int GC Oph 6.5 Su 24 M 63 Int Glx CVn 8.6 Sp/Su 24 M 64 Int Glx Com 8.5 Sp 25 M 67 Int OC Cnc 6.1 W/Sp 26 M 68 Int GC Hya 7.8 Sp 26 M 69 Int GC Sgr 7.6 Su 26 M 70 Int GC Sgr 7.9 Su 27 M 71 Int GC Sge 8.2 Su/F 27 M 72 Int GC Aqr 9.3 Su/F 27 M 73 Int OC Aqr 9 Su/F 28 M 74 Int Glx Psc 9.4 F/W 28 M 75 Int GC Sgr 8.5 Su/F 28 M 76 Int PN Per 10.1 F/W 29 M 77 Int Glx Cet 8.9 F/W 29 M 78 Int NbEM Ori 8.3 W 29 M 79 Int GC Lep 7.7 W 30 M 80 Int GC Sco 7.3 Su 30 M 82 Int Glx UMa 8.3 Sp 31 M 83 Int Glx Hya 7.6 Sp/Su 31 M 84 Int Glx Vir 9.1 Sp 31 M 85 Int Glx Com 9.1 Sp 32 M 86 Int Glx Vir 8.9 Sp 32 M 87 Int Glx Vir 8.6 Sp 32 M 88 Int Glx Com 9.6 Sp 33 M 89 Int Glx Vir 9.8 Sp 33 M 90 Int Glx Vir 9.5 Sp 33 M 91 Int Glx Com 10.2 Sp 34 M 94 Int Glx CVn 8.2 Sp 35 M 95 Int Glx Leo 9.7 Sp 35 M 96 Int Glx Leo 9.2 Sp 35 M 97 Int PN UMa 9.9 Sp 36 M 98 Int Glx Com 10.1 Sp 36 M 99 Int Glx Com 9.9 Sp 36 M 100 Int Glx Com 9.3 Sp 37 M 101 Int Glx UMa 7.9 Su 37 M 102 Int Glx Dra 9.9 Su 37 M 103 Int OC Cas 7.4 F/W 38 M 105 Int Glx Leo 9.3 Sp 38 M 106 Int Glx CVn 8.4 Sp 39 M 107 Int GC Oph 7.9 Su 39 M 108 Int Glx UMa 10 Sp 39 M 109 Int Glx UMa 9.8 Sp 40

11 List 101 Objects Date(s) Observed Object Level Type Const Mag Season pp 12 Lyncis Adv DBL Lyn 4.9 W Draconis Adv DBL Dra 5.1 Su Com Adv DBL Com 6.6 Sp Ophiuchi Adv DBL Oph 4 Su Herculis Adv DBL Her 4.3 Su 56 Acamar Adv DBL Eri 2.9 F/W 56 Achird Adv DBL Cas 3.4 F/W 56 Algieba Adv DBL Leo 2 Sp 57 Almaak Adv DBL And 2.1 F/W 57 Alrisha Adv DBL Psc 3.8 F/W 57 Antares Adv DBL Sco 0.9 Su 58 Barnard 143 Adv NbDRK Aql 6 Su/F 74 Barnard 86 Adv NbDRK Sgr 5 Su 74 Beta Scorpii Adv DBL Sco 2.6 Su 59 Castor Adv DBL Gem 1.6 W/Sp 59 Collinder 65 Adv OC Ori 3 W 72 Cor Caroli Adv DBL CVn 2.9 Sp 59 Delta Herculis Adv DBL Her 3.1 Su 60 Delta Ser Adv DBL Ser 3.8 Su 60 Eta Aquilae Adv VAR Aql 3.9 Su/F 69 Eta Orionis Adv DBL Ori 3.3 W 61 Eta Persei Adv DBL Per 3.8 F/W 61 Gamma Ceti Adv DBL Cet 3.5 F/W 61 Gamma Del Adv DBL Del 5.2 Su/F 62 Hatsya Adv DBL Ori 2.9 W 62 HorseheadNb Adv NbDRK Ori 11 W 75 IC 1295 Adv PN Sct 15 Su 75 IC 1396 Adv NbOC Cep 3.5 F 73 IC 1848 Adv NbOC Cas 6.5 F/W 74 IC 4756 Adv OC Ser 5.4 Su 72 Iota Cancri Adv DBL Cnc 6.6 W/Sp 62 Izar Adv DBL Boo 2.4 Su 63 Jabbah Adv DBL Sco 4.3 Su 63 Jones 1 Adv PN Peg 15.1 F 75 Lambda Ori Adv DBL Ori 3.4 W 63 Mesarthim Adv DBL Ari 3.9 F/W 64 Mu Bootis Adv DBL Boo 4.3 Su 64 Omicron Cyg Adv DBL Cyg 4 Su/F 65 Porrima Adv DBL Vir 2.7 Sp 65 QSO J1 Adv QSR UMa 17 Sp 76 R Leporis Adv VAR Lep 7.8 F/W 70 Rigel Adv DBL Ori 0.1 W 65 S Aquilae Adv VAR Aql 10.2 Su/F 70 S Cephei Adv VAR Cep 7.5 F 70 Sigma Orionis Adv DBL Ori 3.8 W 66 STF 2470 Adv DBL Lyr 7 Su/F 66 T Lyrae Adv VAR Lyr 7.6 Su 71 Theta Aurigae Adv DBL Aur 2.6 W 66

12 Theta Orionis Adv DBL Ori 5 W 67 Theta Ser Adv DBL Ser 4.1 Su 67 U Cephei Adv VAR Cep 6.9 F/W 71 U Sagittae Adv VAR Sge 6.5 Su/F 71 UGC5470 Adv Glx Leo 11.2 Sp 76 V Hydrae Adv VAR Hya 7 Sp 72 Wasat Adv DBL Gem 3.5 W/Sp 67 Xi Bootis Adv DBL Boo 4.5 Su 68 Xi Scorpii Adv DBL Sco 4.2 Su 68 Zeta Cancri Adv DBL Cnc 4.7 W/Sp 68 Zeta CrB Adv DBL CrB 5.9 Su 69 NGC 147 Adv Glx Cas 10.6 F/W 40 NGC 210 Adv Glx Cet 11.8 F/W 41 NGC 281 Adv NbOC Cas 7.4 F/W 41 NGC 520 Adv Glx Psc 12.3 F/W 41 NGC 541 Adv Glx Cet 13.2 F/W 42 NGC 896 Adv NbDF Cas F/W 42 NGC 1360 Adv PN For 9.6 F/W 42 NGC 1514 Adv PN Tau 10 F/W 43 NGC 1560 Adv Glx Cam 12.1 F/W 43 NGC 1807 Adv OC Tau 8.3 W 43 NGC 1909 Adv NbDF Ori W 44 NGC 2071 Adv NbRF Ori 8 W 44 NGC 2368 Adv OC Mon 11.8 W/Sp 44 NGC 2477 Adv OC Pup 5.7 W/Sp 45 NGC 3003 Adv Glx LMi 12.4 Sp 45 NGC 3132 Adv PN Vel 8.2 Sp 45 NGC 3600 Adv Glx UMa 14 Sp 46 NGC 3628 Adv Glx Leo 10.3 Sp 46 NGC 3718 Adv Glx UMa 11.6 Sp 46 NGC 3735 Adv Glx Dra 12.4 Sp 47 NGC 4124 Adv Glx Vir 12.5 Sp 47 NGC 4157 Adv Glx UMa 12.1 Sp 47 NGC 4395 Adv Glx CVn 11.4 Sp 48 NGC 4517 Adv Glx Vir 11.1 Sp 48 NGC 4605 Adv Glx UMa 10.9 Sp 48 NGC 5053 Adv GC Com 9 Sp/Su 49 NGC 5529 Adv Glx Boo 12.7 Su 49 NGC 5905 Adv Glx Dra 13 Su 49 NGC 5921 Adv Glx Ser 11.8 Su 50 NGC 5985 Adv Glx Dra 11.9 Su 50 NGC 6242 Adv OC Sco 8.2 Su 50 NGC 6334 Adv NbOC Sco Su 51 NGC 6503 Adv Glx Dra 10.8 Su 51 NGC 6539 Adv GC Ser 8.9 Su 51 NGC 6804 Adv PN Aql 12.2 Su/F 52 NGC 6821 Adv Glx Aql 13.7 Su/F 52 NGC 6822 Adv Glx Sgr 9.4 Su/F 52 NGC 6995 Adv NbEM Cyg 7 Su/F 53 NGC 7023 Adv NbOC Cep 7.1 F 53 NGC 7027 Adv PN Cyg 10.4 F 53 NGC 7635 Adv NbEM Cas 11 F 54 NGC 7814 Adv Glx Peg 11.5 F/W 54

13 NightLog Observation Log Book Volume I xv

14 xvi

15 Mars Type: Planet Const: Dec: Mag: Beginner Time: Notes: Mercury Type: Planet Const: Dec: Mag: Time: Notes: Venus Type: Planet Const: Dec: Mag: Beginner Time: Notes: 1

16 Moon - Crater Type: Moon Const: Dec: Mag: Beginner Time: Notes: Jupiter Type: Planet Const: Dec: Mag: Beginner Time: Notes: Saturn Type: Planet Const: Dec: Mag: Beginner Time: Notes: 2

17 4 Galilean Moons Type: Moon Const: Dec: Mag: Basic Time: Notes: Moon - Mountain Range Type: Moon Const: Dec: Mag: Beginner Time: Notes: Titan Type: Moon Const: Dec: Mag: Basic Time: Notes: 3

18 M 1 Crab nebula Type: Supernova Remnant Const: Taurus 05h34m32s Dec: '52" Mag: 8.4 Basic Time: Notes: M 2 Type: Globular Cluster Const: Aquarius 21h33m27s Dec: '24" Mag: 6.5 Basic Time: Notes: M 3 Type: Globular Cluster Const: Canes Venatici 13h42m11s Dec: '31" Mag: 6.2 Basic Time: Notes: 4

19 M 4 Type: Globular Cluster Const: Scorpius 16h23m36s Dec: '32" Mag: 5.6 Basic Time: Notes: M 5 Type: Globular Cluster Const: Serpens 15h18m34s Dec: '58" Mag: 5.6 Beginner Time: Notes: M 6 Type: Open Cluster Const: Scorpius 17h40m06s Dec: '00" Mag: 5.3 Basic Time: Notes: 5

20 M 7 Type: Open Cluster Const: Scorpius 17h53m54s Dec: '00" Mag: 4.1 Basic Time: Notes: M 8 Lagoon Nebula Type: Emission Nebula Const: Sagittarius 18h03m37s Dec: '12" Mag: 6 Basic Time: Notes: M 9 Type: Globular Cluster Const: Ophiuchus 17h19m12s Dec: '59" Mag: Time: Notes: 6

21 M 10 Type: Globular Cluster Const: Ophiuchus 16h57m09s Dec: '58" Mag: Time: Notes: M 11 Type: Open Cluster Const: Scutum 18h51m06s Dec: '00" Mag: 6.3 Beginner Time: Notes: M 12 Type: Globular Cluster Const: Ophiuchus 16h47m15s Dec: '52" Mag: Time: Notes: 7

22 M 13 Hercules globular cluster Type: Globular Cluster Const: Hercules 16h41m42s Dec: '36" Mag: 5.8 Beginner Time: Notes: M 14 Type: Globular Cluster Const: Ophiuchus 17h37m36s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: M 15 Type: Globular Cluster Const: Pegasus 21h29m58s Dec: '00" Mag: 6.2 Basic Time: Notes: 8

23 M 16 Type: Nebula/Open Cluster Const: Serpens 18h18m48s Dec: '00" Mag: 6.4 Basic Time: Notes: M 17 Omega or Swan Nebula Type: Nebula/Open Cluster Const: Sagittarius 18h20m26s Dec: '36" Mag: 7 Basic Time: Notes: M 18 Type: Open Cluster Const: Sagittarius 18h19m54s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: 9

24 M 19 Type: Globular Cluster Const: Ophiuchus 17h02m38s Dec: '05" Mag: 6.8 Basic Time: Notes: M 20 Trifid Nebula Type: Nebula/Open Cluster Const: Sagittarius 18h02m23s Dec: '48" Mag: 9 Basic Time: Notes: M 21 Type: Open Cluster Const: Sagittarius 18h04m36s Dec: '00" Mag: 6.5 Basic Time: Notes: 10

25 M 22 Type: Globular Cluster Const: Sagittarius 18h36m24s Dec: '12" Mag: 5.1 Basic Time: Notes: M 23 Type: Open Cluster Const: Sagittarius 17h56m48s Dec: '00" Mag: 6.9 Basic Time: Notes: M 24 Type: Star Cloud Const: Sagittarius 18h18m24s Dec: '00" Mag: 4.6 Basic Time: Notes: 11

26 M 25 Type: Open Cluster Const: Sagittarius 18h31m36s Dec: '00" Mag: 6.5 Basic Time: Notes: M 26 Type: Open Cluster Const: Scutum 18h45m12s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: M 27 Type: Planetary Nebula Const: Vulpecula 19h59m36s Dec: '00" Mag: 7.4 Basic Time: Notes: 12

27 M 28 Type: Globular Cluster Const: Sagittarius 18h24m36s Dec: '00" Mag: 6.8 Basic Time: Notes: M 29 Type: Open Cluster Const: Cygnus 20h23m54s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: M 30 Type: Globular Cluster Const: Capricornus 21h40m24s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: 13

28 M 31 Andromeda Galaxy Const: Andromeda 00h42m44s Dec: '06" Mag: 3.4 Beginner Time: Notes: M 32 Andr. Satellite Galaxy Const: Andromeda 00h42m42s Dec: '52" Mag: 8.1 Basic Time: Notes: M 33 Triangulum Galaxy Const: Triangulum 01h33m51s Dec: '37" Mag: 5.7 Basic Time: Notes: 14

29 M 34 Type: Open Cluster Const: Perseus 02h42m06s Dec: '00" Mag: 5.5 Basic Time: Notes: M 35 Type: Open Cluster Const: Gemini 06h08m56s Dec: '28" Mag: 5.3 Basic Time: Notes: M 36 Type: Open Cluster Const: Auriga 05h36m18s Dec: '27" Mag: 6.3 Basic Time: Notes: 15

30 M 37 Type: Open Cluster Const: Auriga 05h52m18s Dec: '11" Mag: 6.2 Beginner Time: Notes: M 38 Type: Open Cluster Const: Auriga 05h28m43s Dec: '18" Mag: Time: Notes: M 39 Type: Open Cluster Const: Cygnus 21h31m48s Dec: '55" Mag: 4.6 Basic Time: Notes: 16

31 M 40 Type: Double Star Const: Ursa Major 12h22m12s Dec: '58" Mag: 8.4 Basic Time: Notes: M 41 Type: Open Cluster Const: Canis Major 06h46m00s Dec: '00" Mag: 4.6 Beginner Time: Notes: M 42 Orion Nebula Type: Diffuse Nebula Const: Orion 05h35m12s Dec: '00" Mag: 4 Beginner Time: Notes: 17

32 M 43 de Mairan's Nebula Type: Diffuse Nebula Const: Orion 05h35m30s Dec: '00" Mag: 9 Basic Time: Notes: M 44 Type: Open Cluster Const: Cancer 08h40m22s Dec: '19" Mag: Time: Notes: M 45 Pleiades Type: Open Cluster Const: Taurus 03h47m00s Dec: '00" Mag: 1.6 Beginner Time: Notes: 18

33 M 46 Type: Open Cluster Const: Puppis 07h41m48s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: M 47 Type: Open Cluster Const: Puppis 07h36m36s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: M 48 Type: Open Cluster Const: Hydra 08h13m48s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: 19

34 M 49 Const: Virgo 12h29m48s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: M 50 Type: Open Cluster Const: Monoceros 07h02m42s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: M 51 Whirlpool Galaxy Const: Canes Venatici 13h30m00s Dec: '00" Mag: 8.4 Basic Time: Notes: 20

35 M 52 Type: Open Cluster Const: Cassiopeia 23h24m12s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: M 53 Type: Globular Cluster Const: Coma Berenices 13h12m54s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: M 54 Type: Globular Cluster Const: Sagittarius 18h55m06s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: 21

36 M 55 Type: Globular Cluster Const: Sagittarius 19h39m59s Dec: '44" Mag: Time: Notes: M 56 Type: Globular Cluster Const: Lyra 19h16m36s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: M 57 Ring Nebula Type: Planetary Nebula Const: Lyra 18h53m35s Dec: '44" Mag: 8.8 Beginner Time: Notes: 22

37 M 58 Const: Virgo 12h37m48s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: M 59 Const: Virgo 12h42m06s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: M 60 Const: Virgo 12h43m42s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: 23

38 M 61 Const: Virgo 12h36m54s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: M 62 Type: Globular Cluster Const: Ophiuchus 17h01m12s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: M 63 Const: Canes Venatici 13h15m48s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: 24

39 M 64 Const: Coma Berenices 12h56m42s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: M 65 Const: Leo 11h18m54s Dec: '00" Mag: 9.3 Basic Time: Notes: M 66 Const: Leo 11h20m12s Dec: '00" Mag: 8.9 Basic Time: Notes: 25

40 M 67 Type: Open Cluster Const: Cancer 08h51m20s Dec: '43" Mag: Time: Notes: M 68 Type: Globular Cluster Const: Hydra 12h39m28s Dec: '34" Mag: Time: Notes: M 69 Type: Globular Cluster Const: Sagittarius 18h31m23s Dec: '53" Mag: Time: Notes: 26

41 M 70 Type: Globular Cluster Const: Sagittarius 18h43m12s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: M 71 Type: Globular Cluster Const: Sagitta 19h53m42s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: M 72 Type: Globular Cluster Const: Aquarius 20h53m30s Dec: '38" Mag: Time: Notes: 27

42 M 73 Type: Open Cluster Const: Aquarius 20h59m00s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: M 74 Const: Pisces 01h36m36s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: M 75 Type: Globular Cluster Const: Sagittarius 20h06m06s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: 28

43 M 76 Type: Planetary Nebula Const: Perseus 01h42m18s Dec: '16" Mag: Time: Notes: M 77 Const: Cetus 02h42m41s Dec: '47" Mag: Time: Notes: M 78 Type: Emission Nebula Const: Orion 05h46m48s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: 29

44 M 79 Type: Globular Cluster Const: Lepus 05h24m11s Dec: '27" Mag: Time: Notes: M 80 Type: Globular Cluster Const: Scorpius 16h17m03s Dec: '30" Mag: Time: Notes: M 81 Const: Ursa Major 09h55m33s Dec: '55" Mag: 6.9 Basic Time: Notes: 30

45 M 82 Const: Ursa Major 09h55m48s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: M 83 Const: Hydra 13h37m06s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: M 84 Const: Virgo 12h25m06s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: 31

46 M 85 Const: Coma Berenices 12h25m30s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: M 86 Const: Virgo 12h26m12s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: M 87 Const: Virgo 12h30m36s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: 32

47 M 88 Const: Coma Berenices 12h32m24s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: M 89 Const: Virgo 12h35m42s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: M 90 Const: Virgo 12h36m54s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: 33

48 M 91 Const: Coma Berenices 12h35m30s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: M 92 Type: Globular Cluster Const: Hercules 17h17m06s Dec: '00" Mag: 6.4 Basic Time: Notes: M 93 Type: Open Cluster Const: Puppis 07h44m36s Dec: '00" Mag: 6 Basic Time: Notes: 34

49 M 94 Const: Canes Venatici 12h50m54s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: M 95 Const: Leo 10h44m00s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: M 96 Const: Leo 10h46m42s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: 35

50 M 97 Type: Planetary Nebula Const: Ursa Major 11h14m48s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: M 98 Const: Coma Berenices 12h13m54s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: M 99 Const: Coma Berenices 12h18m54s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: 36

51 M 100 Const: Coma Berenices 12h23m00s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: M 101 Const: Ursa Major 14h03m18s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: M 102 Const: Draco 15h06m30s Dec: '47" Mag: Time: Notes: 37

52 M 103 Type: Open Cluster Const: Cassiopeia 01h33m22s Dec: '29" Mag: Time: Notes: M 104 Sombrero Galaxy Const: Virgo 12h39m59s Dec: '23" Mag: 8 Basic Time: Notes: M 105 Const: Leo 10h47m48s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: 38

53 M 106 Const: Canes Venatici 12h18m54s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: M 107 Type: Globular Cluster Const: Ophiuchus 16h32m32s Dec: '13" Mag: Time: Notes: M 108 Const: Ursa Major 11h11m30s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: 39

54 M 109 Const: Ursa Major 11h57m36s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: M 110 Andr. Satellite Galaxy Const: Andromeda 00h40m24s Dec: '00" Mag: 8.5 Basic Time: Notes: NGC 147 Const: Cassiopeia 00h33m12s Dec: '31" Mag: Time: Notes: 40

55 NGC 210 Const: Cetus 00h40m35s Dec: '21" Mag: Time: Notes: NGC 281 Type: Nebula/Open Cluster Const: Cassiopeia 00h52m59s Dec: '19" Mag: Time: Notes: NGC 520 Const: Pisces 01h24m34s Dec: '42" Mag: Time: Notes: 41

56 NGC 541 Const: Cetus 01h25m44s Dec: '49" Mag: Time: Notes: NGC 896 Type: Diffuse Nebula Const: Cassiopeia 02h25m28s Dec: '10" Mag: Time: Notes: NGC 1360 Type: Planetary Nebula Const: Fornax 03h33m15s Dec: '18" Mag: Time: Notes: 42

57 NGC 1514 Type: Planetary Nebula Const: Taurus 04h09m17s Dec: '33" Mag: Time: Notes: NGC 1560 Const: Camelopardalis 04h32m49s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: NGC 1807 Type: Open Cluster Const: Taurus 05h10m41s Dec: '52" Mag: Time: Notes: 43

58 NGC 1909 Type: Diffuse Nebula Const: Orion 05h04m55s Dec: '56" Mag: Time: Notes: NGC 2071 Type: Reflection Nebula Const: Orion 05h47m07s Dec: '39" Mag: Time: Notes: NGC 2368 Type: Open Cluster Const: Monoceros 07h21m06s Dec: '18" Mag: Time: Notes: 44

59 NGC 2477 Type: Open Cluster Const: Puppis 07h52m10s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: NGC 3003 Const: Leo Minor 09h48m36s Dec: '22" Mag: Time: Notes: NGC 3132 Type: Planetary Nebula Const: Vela 10h07m02s Dec: '12" Mag: Time: Notes: 45

60 NGC 3600 Const: Ursa Major 11h15m52s Dec: '27" Mag: Time: Notes: NGC 3628 Const: Leo 11h20m17s Dec: '20" Mag: Time: Notes: NGC 3718 Const: Ursa Major 11h32m35s Dec: '06" Mag: Time: Notes: 46

61 NGC 3735 Const: Draco 11h36m57s Dec: '08" Mag: Time: Notes: NGC 4124 Const: Virgo 12h08m10s Dec: '42" Mag: Time: Notes: NGC 4157 Const: Ursa Major 12h11m05s Dec: '08" Mag: Time: Notes: 47

62 NGC 4395 Const: Canes Venatici 12h25m49s Dec: '50" Mag: Time: Notes: NGC 4517 Const: Virgo 12h32m46s Dec: '48" Mag: Time: Notes: NGC 4605 Const: Ursa Major 12h40m00s Dec: '28" Mag: Time: Notes: 48

63 NGC 5053 Type: Globular Cluster Const: Coma Berenices 13h16m27s Dec: '52" Mag: Time: Notes: NGC 5529 Const: Boötes 14h15m34s Dec: '35" Mag: Time: Notes: NGC 5905 Const: Draco 15h15m23s Dec: '01" Mag: Time: Notes: 49

64 NGC 5921 Const: Serpens 15h21m56s Dec: '13" Mag: Time: Notes: NGC 5985 Const: Draco 15h39m37s Dec: '54" Mag: Time: Notes: NGC 6242 Type: Open Cluster Const: Scorpius 16h55m33s Dec: '39" Mag: Time: Notes: 50

65 NGC 6334 Type: Nebula/Open Cluster Const: Scorpius 17h20m50s Dec: '10" Mag: Time: Notes: NGC 6503 Const: Draco 17h49m24s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: NGC 6539 Type: Globular Cluster Const: Serpens 18h04m48s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: 51

66 NGC 6804 Type: Planetary Nebula Const: Aquila 19h31m36s Dec: '31" Mag: Time: Notes: NGC 6821 Const: Aquila 19h44m24s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: NGC 6822 Const: Sagittarius 19h44m56s Dec: '37" Mag: Time: Notes: 52

67 NGC 6995 Type: Emission Nebula Const: Cygnus 20h57m06s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: NGC 7023 Type: Nebula/Open Cluster Const: Cepheus 21h01m36s Dec: '11" Mag: Time: Notes: NGC 7027 Type: Planetary Nebula Const: Cygnus 21h07m02s Dec: '10" Mag: Time: Notes: 53

68 NGC 7635 Type: Emission Nebula Const: Cassiopeia 23h20m42s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: NGC 7814 Const: Pegasus 00h03m15s Dec: '43" Mag: Time: Notes: 12 Lyncis Type: Double Star Const: Lynx 06h46m14s Dec: '30" Mag: Time: Notes: 54

69 17 Draconis Type: Double Star Const: Draco 16h36m14s Dec: '27" Mag: Time: Notes: 24 Com Type: Double Star Const: Coma Berenices 12h35m08s Dec: '38" Mag: Time: Notes: 70 Ophiuchi Type: Double Star Const: Ophiuchus 18h05m27s Dec: '59" Mag: Time: Notes: 55

70 95 Herculis Type: Double Star Const: Hercules 18h01m30s Dec: '44" Mag: Time: Notes: Acamar Type: Double Star Const: Eridanus 02h58m16s Dec: '17" Mag: Time: Notes: Achird Type: Double Star Const: Cassiopeia 00h49m05s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: 56

71 Algieba Type: Double Star Const: Leo 10h19m58s Dec: '31" Mag: Time: Notes: Almaak Type: Double Star Const: Andromeda 02h03m54s Dec: '47" Mag: Time: Notes: Alrisha Type: Double Star Const: Pisces 02h02m03s Dec: '49" Mag: Time: Notes: 57

72 Antares Type: Double Star Const: Scorpius 16h29m24s Dec: '55" Mag: Time: Notes: Beta Cygni Alberio Type: Double Star Const: Cygnus 19h30m42s Dec: '00" Mag: 3.4 Beginner Time: Notes: Beta Mon Triple star system Type: Double Star Const: Monoceros 06h28m49s Dec: '59" Mag: 5.4 Beginner Time: Notes: 58

73 Beta Scorpii Graffias Type: Double Star Const: Scorpius 16h05m26s Dec: '19" Mag: Time: Notes: Castor Type: Double Star Const: Gemini 07h34m36s Dec: '19" Mag: Time: Notes: Cor Caroli Type: Double Star Const: Canes Venatici 12h56m02s Dec: '05" Mag: Time: Notes: 59

74 Delta Herculis Type: Double Star Const: Hercules 17h15m02s Dec: '22" Mag: Time: Notes: Delta Serpentis Type: Double Star Const: Serpens 15h34m48s Dec: '20" Mag: Time: Notes: Epsilon Lyra Double-double Type: Double Star Const: Lyra 18h44m20s Dec: '12" Mag: 6 Beginner Time: Notes: 60

75 Eta Orionis Type: Double Star Const: Orion 05h24m29s Dec: '49" Mag: Time: Notes: Eta Persei Miram Type: Double Star Const: Perseus 02h50m42s Dec: '44" Mag: Time: Notes: Gamma Ceti Type: Double Star Const: Cetus 02h43m18s Dec: '10" Mag: Time: Notes: 61

76 Gamma Delphini Type: Double Star Const: Delphinus 20h46m39s Dec: '27" Mag: Time: Notes: Hatsya Type: Double Star Const: Orion 05h35m26s Dec: '35" Mag: Time: Notes: Iota Cancri Type: Double Star Const: Cancer 08h46m40s Dec: '54" Mag: Time: Notes: 62

77 Type: Double Star Const: Boötes 14h44m59s Dec: '27" Mag: Time: Notes: Izar Jabbah Type: Double Star Const: Scorpius 16h12m00s Dec: '38" Mag: Time: Notes: Lambda Orionis Type: Double Star Const: Orion 05h35m06s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: 63

78 Mesarthim Type: Double Star Const: Aries 01h53m32s Dec: '38" Mag: Time: Notes: Mizar Type: Double Star Const: Ursa Major 13h23m54s Dec: '32" Mag: 2 Basic Time: Notes: Mu Bootis Alkalurops Type: Double Star Const: Boötes 15h24m30s Dec: '37" Mag: Time: Notes: 64

79 Omicron Cygni Type: Double Star Const: Cygnus 20h13m38s Dec: '29" Mag: Time: Notes: Porrima Type: Double Star Const: Virgo 12h41m40s Dec: '58" Mag: Time: Notes: Rigel Type: Double Star Const: Orion 05h14m32s Dec: '06" Mag: Time: Notes: 65

80 Sigma Orionis Type: Double Star Const: Orion 05h38m45s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: STF 2470 Type: Double Star Const: Lyra 19h08m48s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: Theta Aurigae Type: Double Star Const: Auriga 05h59m43s Dec: '46" Mag: Time: Notes: 66

81 Theta Orionis Type: Double Star Const: Orion 05h35m18s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: Theta Serpentis Type: Double Star Const: Serpens 18h56m13s Dec: '13" Mag: Time: Notes: Wasat Type: Double Star Const: Gemini 07h20m07s Dec: '56" Mag: Time: Notes: 67

82 Xi Bootis Type: Double Star Const: Boötes 14h51m23s Dec: '02" Mag: Time: Notes: Xi Scorpii Type: Double Star Const: Scorpius 16h04m22s Dec: '25" Mag: Time: Notes: Zeta Cancri Type: Double Star Const: Cancer 08h12m12s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: 68

83 Zeta CrB Type: Double Star Const: Corona Borealis 15h39m24s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: Zeta Uma Alcor/Mizar Type: Double Star Const: Ursa Major 13h23m54s Dec: '00" Mag: 2 Beginner Time: Notes: Eta Aquilae Type: Variable Star Const: Aquila 19h52m28s Dec: '20" Mag: Time: Notes: 69

84 R Leporis Type: Variable Star Const: Lepus 04h59m36s Dec: '23" Mag: Time: Notes: S Aquilae Type: Variable Star Const: Aquila 20h11m37s Dec: '15" Mag: Time: Notes: S Cephei Type: Variable Star Const: Cepheus 21h35m13s Dec: '28" Mag: Time: Notes: 70

85 T Lyrae Type: Variable Star Const: Lyra 18h32m20s Dec: '56" Mag: Time: Notes: U Cephei Type: Variable Star Const: Cepheus 01h02m18s Dec: '32" Mag: Time: Notes: U Sagittae Type: Variable Star Const: Sagitta 19h18m48s Dec: '38" Mag: Time: Notes: 71

86 V Hydrae Type: Variable Star Const: Hydra 10h51m37s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: Collinder 65 Type: Open Cluster Const: Orion 05h25m53s Dec: '35" Mag: Time: Notes: IC 4756 Type: Open Cluster Const: Serpens 18h39m00s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: 72

87 NGC 869 & 884 Persius Double Cluster Type: Open Cluster Const: Perseus Dec: Mag: 4.5 Beginner Time: Notes: Trapezium Type: Open Cluster Const: Orion 05h34m15s Dec: '00" Mag: Basic Time: Notes: IC 1396 Type: Nebula/Open Cluster Const: Cepheus 21h39m06s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: 73

88 IC 1848 Type: Nebula/Open Cluster Const: Cassiopeia 02h51m12s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: Barnard 143 Type: Dark Nebula Const: Aquila 19h40m40s Dec: '01" Mag: Time: Notes: Barnard 86 Type: Dark Nebula Const: Sagittarius 18h03m02s Dec: '00" Mag: Time: Notes: 74

89 Horsehead Nebula Type: Dark Nebula Const: Orion 05h40m59s Dec: '30" Mag: Time: Notes: IC 1295 Type: Planetary Nebula Const: Scutum 18h54m37s Dec: '37" Mag: Time: Notes: Jones 1 Type: Planetary Nebula Const: Pegasus 23h35m54s Dec: '36" Mag: Time: Notes: 75

90 QSO J1 Type: Quasar Const: Ursa Major 10h01m21s Dec: '56" Mag: Time: Notes: UGC5470 Const: Leo 10h08m28s Dec: '23" Mag: Time: Notes: 76 Type: Const: Dec: Mag: Time: Notes:

91 77 Type: Const: Dec: Mag: Time: Notes: Type: Const: Dec: Mag: Time: Notes: Type: Const: Dec: Mag: Time: Notes:

92 78 Type: Const: Dec: Mag: Time: Notes: Type: Const: Dec: Mag: Time: Notes: Type: Const: Dec: Mag: Time: Notes:

93 79 Type: Const: Dec: Mag: Time: Notes: Type: Const: Dec: Mag: Time: Notes: Type: Const: Dec: Mag: Time: Notes:

94 80 Type: Const: Dec: Mag: Time: Notes: Type: Const: Dec: Mag: Time: Notes: Type: Const: Dec: Mag: Time: Notes:

95 81 Type: Const: Dec: Mag: Time: Notes: Type: Const: Dec: Mag: Time: Notes: Type: Const: Dec: Mag: Time: Notes:

96 82 Type: Const: Dec: Mag: Time: Notes: Type: Const: Dec: Mag: Time: Notes: Type: Const: Dec: Mag: Time: Notes:

97 83 Type: Const: Dec: Mag: Time: Notes: Type: Const: Dec: Mag: Time: Notes: Type: Const: Dec: Mag: Time: Notes:

98 84 Type: Const: Dec: Mag: Time: Notes: Type: Const: Dec: Mag: Time: Notes: Type: Const: Dec: Mag: Time: Notes:

99 85 Type: Const: Dec: Mag: Time: Notes: Type: Const: Dec: Mag: Time: Notes: Type: Const: Dec: Mag: Time: Notes:

100 86 Type: Const: Dec: Mag: Time: Notes: Type: Const: Dec: Mag: Time: Notes: Type: Const: Dec: Mag: Time: Notes:

101 Index by Catalog Entry Messier # pp Messier # pp NGC # pp Name pp Messier M M NGC HorseheadNb 75 Number M M NGC IC M M NGC IC Messier # pp M M NGC IC M 1 4 M M NGC IC M 2 4 M M NGC Iota Cancri 62 M 3 4 M M NGC Izar 63 M 4 5 M M NGC Jabbah 63 M 5 5 M M NGC Jones 1 75 M 6 5 M M NGC Lambda Ori 63 M 7 6 M M NGC Mesarthim 64 M 8 6 M M NGC Mizar 64 M 9 6 M M NGC Mu Bootis 64 M 10 7 M M NGC Omicron Cyg 65 M 11 7 M M NGC Per Dbl Cluster 73 M 12 7 M M NGC Porrima 65 M 13 8 M M QSO J1 76 M 14 8 M M Alphabetical R Leporis 70 M 15 8 M Rigel 65 M 16 9 M NGC Number Name pp S Aquilae 70 M 17 9 M Lyncis 54 S Cephei 70 M 18 9 M NGC # pp 17 Draconis 55 Sigma Orionis 66 M M NGC Com 55 STF M M NGC Ophiuchi 55 T Lyrae 71 M M NGC Herculis 56 Theta Aurigae 66 M M NGC Acamar 56 Theta Orionis 67 M M NGC Achird 56 Theta Ser 67 M M NGC Algieba 57 Trapezium 73 M M NGC Almaak 57 U Cephei 71 M M NGC Alrisha 57 U Sagittae 71 M M NGC Antares 58 UGC M M NGC Barnard V Hydrae 72 M M NGC Barnard Wasat 67 M M NGC Beta Cygni 58 Xi Bootis 68 M M NGC Beta Mon 58 Xi Scorpii 68 M M NGC Beta Scorpii 59 Zeta Cancri 68 M M NGC Castor 59 Zeta CrB 69 M M NGC Collinder Zeta Uma 69 M M NGC Cor Caroli 59 M M NGC Delta Herculis 60 M M NGC Delta Ser 60 M M NGC Epsilon Lyra 60 M M NGC Eta Aquilae 69 M M NGC Eta Orionis 61 M M NGC Eta Persei 61 M M NGC Gamma Ceti 61 M M NGC Gamma Del 62 M M NGC Hatsya 62

102 Index by Season Const Name Level Type Mag pp Const Name Level Type Mag pp W Aur M 36 Bas OC Sp Vel NGC 3132 Adv PN W Aur M 37 Beg OC Sp Dra NGC 3735 Adv Glx W Aur M 38 Int OC Sp Leo M 65 Bas Glx W Aur Theta Aur Adv DBL Sp Leo M 66 Bas Glx W Lep M 79 Int GC Sp Leo NGC 3628 Adv Glx W Ori M 42 Beg NbDF 4 17 Sp UMa M 97 Int PN W Ori M 43 Bas NbDF 9 18 Sp UMa M 108 Int Glx W Ori M 78 Int NbEM Sp UMa M 109 Int Glx W Ori NGC 1909 Adv NbDF 44 Sp UMa NGC 3600 Adv Glx W Ori NGC 2071 Adv NbRF 8 44 Sp UMa NGC 3718 Adv Glx W Ori Eta Orionis Adv DBL Sp Com M 64 Int Glx W Ori Hatsya Adv DBL Sp Com M 85 Int Glx W Ori Lambda Ori Adv DBL Sp Com M 88 Int Glx W Ori Rigel Adv DBL Sp Com M 91 Int Glx W Ori Sigma Ori Adv DBL Sp Com M 98 Int Glx W Ori Theta Ori Adv DBL 5 67 Sp Com M 99 Int Glx W Ori Collinder 65 Adv OC 3 72 Sp Com M 100 Int Glx W Ori Trapezium Bas OC 73 Sp Com 24 Com Adv DBL W Ori HorseheadNb Adv NbDRK Sp CVn M 94 Int Glx W Tau M 1 Bas SNR Sp CVn M 106 Int Glx W Tau NGC 1807 Adv OC Sp CVn NGC 4395 Adv Glx W CMa M 41 Beg OC Sp CVn Cor Caroli Adv DBL W Gem M 35 Bas OC Sp Hya M 68 Int GC W Lyn 12 Lyncis Adv DBL Sp UMa M 40 Bas DBL W Mon Beta Mon Beg DBL Sp UMa NGC 4157 Adv Glx W/Sp Gem Castor Adv DBL Sp UMa NGC 4605 Adv Glx W/Sp Gem Wasat Adv DBL Sp Vir M 49 Int Glx W/Sp Mon M 50 Int OC Sp Vir M 58 Int Glx W/Sp Mon NGC 2368 Adv OC Sp Vir M 59 Int Glx W/Sp Pup M 46 Int OC 6 19 Sp Vir M 60 Int Glx W/Sp Pup M 47 Int OC Sp Vir M 61 Int Glx W/Sp Pup M 93 Bas OC 6 34 Sp Vir M 84 Int Glx W/Sp Pup NGC 2477 Adv OC Sp Vir M 86 Int Glx W/Sp Cnc M 44 Int OC Sp Vir M 87 Int Glx W/Sp Cnc M 67 Int OC Sp Vir M 89 Int Glx W/Sp Cnc Iota Cancri Adv DBL Sp Vir M 90 Int Glx W/Sp Cnc Zeta Cancri Adv DBL Sp Vir M 104 Bas Glx 8 38 W/Sp Hya M 48 Int OC Sp Vir NGC 4124 Adv Glx Sp LMi NGC 3003 Adv Glx Sp Vir NGC 4517 Adv Glx Sp UMa M 81 Bas Glx Sp Vir Porrima Adv DBL Sp UMa M 82 Int Glx Sp/S Com M 53 Int GC Sp Hya V Hydrae Adv VAR 7 72 Sp/S Com NGC 5053 Adv GC 9 49 Sp Leo M 95 Int Glx Sp/S CVn M 3 Bas GC Sp Leo M 96 Int Glx Sp/S CVn M 51 Bas Glx Sp Leo M 105 Int Glx Sp/S CVn M 63 Int Glx Sp Leo Algieba Adv DBL 2 57 Sp/S Hya M 83 Int Glx Sp Leo UGC5470 Adv Glx Sp/S UMa Mizar Bas DBL 2 64 Sp UMa QSO J1 Adv QSR Sp/S UMa Zeta Uma Beg DBL 2 69

103 Index by Season Const Name Level Type Mag pp Const Name Level Type Mag pp Su Boo NGC 5529 Adv Glx Su Sgr M 17 Bas NbOC 7 9 Su Boo Izar Adv DBL Su Sgr M 18 Int OC Su Boo Xi Bootis Adv DBL Su Sgr M 20 Bas NbOC 9 10 Su UMa M 101 Int Glx Su Sgr M 21 Bas OC Su Boo Mu Bootis Adv DBL Su Sgr M 22 Bas GC Su CrB Zeta CrB Adv DBL Su Sgr M 24 Bas CLD Su Dra M 102 Int Glx Su Sgr M 25 Bas OC Su Dra NGC 5905 Adv Glx Su Sgr M 28 Bas GC Su Dra NGC 5985 Adv Glx Su Sgr M 54 Int GC Su Ser M 5 Beg GC Su Sgr M 69 Int GC Su Ser NGC 5921 Adv Glx Su Sgr M 70 Int GC Su Ser Delta Ser Adv DBL Su Sgr Barnard 86 Adv NbDRK 5 74 Su Dra 17 Draconis Adv DBL Su/F Aql NGC 6804 Adv PN Su Her M 13 Beg GC Su/F Aql NGC 6821 Adv Glx Su Oph M 10 Int GC Su/F Aql Eta Aquilae Adv VAR Su Oph M 12 Int GC Su/F Aql Barnard 143 Adv NbDRK 6 74 Su Oph M 107 Int GC Su/F Cyg Beta Cygni Beg DBL Su Sco M 4 Bas GC Su/F Lyr M 56 Int GC Su Sco M 80 Int GC Su/F Lyr STF 2470 Adv DBL 7 66 Su Sco NGC 6242 Adv OC Su/F Sge M 71 Int GC Su Sco Antares Adv DBL Su/F Sge U Sagittae Adv VAR Su Sco Beta Scorpii Adv DBL Su/F Sgr M 55 Int GC Su Sco Jabbah Adv DBL Su/F Sgr NGC 6822 Adv Glx Su Sco Xi Scorpii Adv DBL Su/F Vul M 27 Bas PN Su Dra NGC 6503 Adv Glx Su/F Aql S Aquilae Adv VAR Su Her M 92 Bas GC Su/F Aqr M 72 Int GC Su Her Delta Her Adv DBL Su/F Aqr M 73 Int OC 9 28 Su Oph M 9 Int GC Su/F Cyg M 29 Int OC Su Oph M 14 Int GC Su/F Cyg NGC 6995 Adv NbEM 7 53 Su Oph M 19 Bas GC Su/F Cyg Omicron Cyg Adv DBL 4 65 Su Oph M 62 Int GC Su/F Del Gamma Del Adv DBL Su Sco M 6 Bas OC Su/F Sgr M 75 Int GC Su Sco M 7 Bas OC F Aqr M 2 Bas GC Su Sco NGC 6334 Adv NbOC 51 F Cap M 30 Int GC Su Sgr M 23 Bas OC F Cep NGC 7023 Adv NbOC Su Her 95 Herculis Adv DBL F Cep S Cephei Adv VAR Su Lyr M 57 Beg PN F Cep IC 1396 Adv NbOC Su Lyr Epsilon Lyra Beg DBL 6 60 F Cyg M 39 Bas OC Su Lyr T Lyrae Adv VAR F Cyg NGC 7027 Adv PN Su Oph 70 Ophiuchi Adv DBL 4 55 F Peg M 15 Bas GC Su Sct M 11 Beg OC F Cas M 52 Int OC Su Sct M 26 Int OC 8 12 F Cas NGC 7635 Adv NbEM Su Sct IC 1295 Adv PN F Peg Jones 1 Adv PN Su Ser M 16 Bas NbOC F/W And M 31 Beg Glx Su Ser NGC 6539 Adv GC F/W And M 32 Bas Glx Su Ser Theta Ser Adv DBL F/W And M 110 Bas Glx Su Ser IC 4756 Adv OC F/W Cas NGC 147 Adv Glx Su Sgr M 8 Bas NbEM 6 6 F/W Cas NGC 281 Adv NbOC

104 Index by Season Const Name Level Type Mag pp F/W Cas Achird Adv DBL F/W Cet NGC 210 Adv Glx F/W Peg NGC 7814 Adv Glx F/W Ari Mesarthim Adv DBL F/W Cas M 103 Int OC F/W Cep U Cephei Adv VAR F/W Cet NGC 541 Adv Glx F/W Per M 76 Int PN F/W Psc M 74 Int Glx F/W Psc NGC 520 Adv Glx F/W Tri M 33 Bas Glx F/W And Almaak Adv DBL F/W Cas NGC 896 Adv NbDF 42 F/W Cas IC 1848 Adv NbOC F/W Cet M 77 Int Glx F/W Cet Gamma Ceti Adv DBL F/W Eri Acamar Adv DBL F/W Per M 34 Bas OC F/W Per Eta Persei Adv DBL F/W Per Per Dbl Cluster Beg OC F/W Psc Alrisha Adv DBL F/W For NGC 1360 Adv PN F/W Tau M 45 Beg OC F/W Cam NGC 1560 Adv Glx F/W Lep R Leporis Adv VAR F/W Tau NGC 1514 Adv PN 10 43

105 Index by Constellation Const Name Level Type Mag pp Const Name Level Type Mag pp And M 31 Beg Glx CVn M 94 Int Glx And M 32 Bas Glx CVn M 106 Int Glx And M 110 Bas Glx CVn NGC 4395 Adv Glx And Almaak Adv DBL CVn Cor Caroli Adv DBL Aql NGC 6804 Adv PN Cyg M 29 Int OC Aql NGC 6821 Adv Glx Cyg M 39 Bas OC Aql Eta Aquilae Adv VAR Cyg NGC 6995 Adv NbEM 7 53 Aql S Aquilae Adv VAR Cyg NGC 7027 Adv PN Aql Barnard 143 Adv NbDRK 6 74 Cyg Beta Cygni Beg DBL Aqr M 2 Bas GC Cyg Omicron Cyg Adv DBL 4 65 Aqr M 72 Int GC Del Gamma Del Adv DBL Aqr M 73 Int OC 9 28 Dra M 102 Int Glx Ari Mesarthim Adv DBL Dra NGC 3735 Adv Glx Aur M 36 Bas OC Dra NGC 5905 Adv Glx Aur M 37 Beg OC Dra NGC 5985 Adv Glx Aur M 38 Int OC Dra NGC 6503 Adv Glx Aur Theta Aurigae Adv DBL Dra 17 Draconis Adv DBL Boo NGC 5529 Adv Glx Eri Acamar Adv DBL Boo Izar Adv DBL For NGC 1360 Adv PN Boo Mu Bootis Adv DBL Gem M 35 Bas OC Boo Xi Bootis Adv DBL Gem Castor Adv DBL Cam NGC 1560 Adv Glx Gem Wasat Adv DBL Cap M 30 Int GC Her M 13 Beg GC Cas M 52 Int OC Her M 92 Bas GC Cas M 103 Int OC Her 95 Herculis Adv DBL Cas NGC 147 Adv Glx Her Delta Herculis Adv DBL Cas NGC 281 Adv NbOC Hya M 48 Int OC Cas NGC 896 Adv NbDF 42 Hya M 68 Int GC Cas NGC 7635 Adv NbEM Hya M 83 Int Glx Cas Achird Adv DBL Hya V Hydrae Adv VAR 7 72 Cas IC 1848 Adv NbOC Leo M 65 Bas Glx Cep NGC 7023 Adv NbOC Leo M 66 Bas Glx Cep S Cephei Adv VAR Leo M 95 Int Glx Cep U Cephei Adv VAR Leo M 96 Int Glx Cep IC 1396 Adv NbOC Leo M 105 Int Glx Cet M 77 Int Glx Leo NGC 3628 Adv Glx Cet NGC 210 Adv Glx Leo Algieba Adv DBL 2 57 Cet NGC 541 Adv Glx Leo UGC5470 Adv Glx Cet Gamma Ceti Adv DBL Lep M 79 Int GC CMa M 41 Beg OC Lep R Leporis Adv VAR Cnc M 44 Int OC LMi NGC 3003 Adv Glx Cnc M 67 Int OC Lyn 12 Lyncis Adv DBL Cnc Iota Cancri Adv DBL Lyr M 56 Int GC Cnc Zeta Cancri Adv DBL Lyr M 57 Beg PN Com M 53 Int GC Lyr Epsilon Lyra Beg DBL 6 60 Com M 64 Int Glx Lyr STF 2470 Adv DBL 7 66 Com M 85 Int Glx Lyr T Lyrae Adv VAR Com M 88 Int Glx Mon M 50 Int OC Com M 91 Int Glx Mon NGC 2368 Adv OC Com M 98 Int Glx Mon Beta Mon Beg DBL Com M 99 Int Glx Oph M 9 Int GC Com M 100 Int Glx Oph M 10 Int GC Com NGC 5053 Adv GC 9 49 Oph M 12 Int GC Com 24 Com Adv DBL Oph M 14 Int GC CrB Zeta CrB Adv DBL Oph M 19 Bas GC CVn M 3 Bas GC Oph M 62 Int GC CVn M 51 Bas Glx Oph M 107 Int GC CVn M 63 Int Glx Oph 70 Ophiuchi Adv DBL 4 55

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