fold back north-east Celebrating the International Year of Astronomy 2009 Carefully cut out this oval window on the inside of the black line.

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1 front 8:00 PM 21 9:00 PM :00 PM 11:00 PM Southern Star Wheel 00 MIDNIGHT 01 1:00 AM 02 2:00 AM For latitude 3 S (South Africa, southern South America, Australia and New Zealand) 03 3:00 AM 4:00 AM :00 PM 6:00 PM evening west W sunset direction south-west SW south S south-east SE Celebrating the International Year of Astronomy 09 east E sunrise direction :00 AM morning 0 6:00 AM :00 PM 7:00 AM 07 Carefully cut out this oval window on the inside of the black line. This line represent the horizon. Designed by Auke Slotegraaf and first used for SAASTA s National Astronomy th 08. Licensed under an Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 Creative Commons license. Version Auke Slotegraaf. north-west NW north-east NE north N How to assemble your Star Wheel The neater you cut, the better your Star Wheel will work 1. Cut out the front part of the Wheel - but don t cut off the five tabs (marked )! 2. Carefully cut out the oval window by cutting along the inside of the black line; this will leave a black frame. 3. Cut out the back part of the Wheel. 4. Place the front part on top of the back, so that you can read the How to use your Star Wheel through the oval window you cut out in step 2.. Fold back the five tabs (marked ) and glue them to the reverse side of the back part, creating a pocket. 6. Cut out the round Star Disks. 7. Sit back and admire your handiwork - you re done.

2 back Cut on the outside of this black line How to use your Star Wheel 1. Choose which Star Disk you want to view: Bright Stars (only the brightest stars, typically visible from light-polluted urban areas) igenous Stars (some of the stars recorded by the indigenous peoples of southern Africa) Advanced Disk 1 (showing all constellations visible from your location, stars down to 4th magnitude, and the brightest deep sky objects) Advanced Disk 2 (same as the Advanced Disk 1 but without labels and constellation lines) 2. Slide the loose Disk into the Star Wheel. 3. Turn the Star Disk to the date and time. The stars on the Disk visible through the opening in the Wheel will be the stars visible in the night sky at that date and time. 4. To see the stars visible in, say, the west, hold the Star Wheel straight up and orient it so that the West marking is nearest the ground. The curved thick black line represents the horizon. If you now stand looking west, you can match up the stars you see in the sky with those shown on the Wheel. Other Star Disks may be available for free download from my website from time to time. Visit or me at I hope you enjoy using your Star Wheel and have fun observing the beautiful night sky! Learning the constellations During the course of a single evening, new stars appear above the eastern horizon, while other stars set below the western horizon. This changing aspect is caused by the Earth s rotation on its own axis (once in 24 hours). During the course of a month, different stars can be seen as the nights follow each other. This more gradual change is caused by the Earth moving along its orbit around the Sun. The table below suggests approximate times of the year when individual constellations may be seen early in the evening: Early January rus, Eridanus, lum Late January on, Lepus, iga Early February Columba, tor, Dorado Late February Canis Major, Canis Minor, Gemini, oceros Early March Vela, pis, is, Cancer Late March Carina, ans, Hydra, x Early April Corvus, Crater, Hydra, Antlia Late April, Minor, tans Early May Crux, ca, Chamaeleon, Ursa Major Late May Virgo, Coma Berenices, Canes Venatici Early June Centaurus, angulum Australe, Circinus, Apus Late June Boötes, Corona Borealis, Libra Early July Lupus, ma, pens Late July rpius, iuchus,, Hercules Early August Sagittarius, pens, a Late August Aquila, Corona Australis, Scutum, escopium Early September o, ans, Cygnus, Sagitta, pecula Late September Capriconus, Delphinus, Equuleus, us, roscopium Early ober Aquarius, Grus, Piscis Austrinus Late ober asus, erta, Tucana Early November Pisces, Sculptor Late November Cetus, Fornax, Phoenix Early December Andromeda, es, angulum Late December seus, sa, iculum, ologium, Hydrus

3 Antares 2 1 Vega Constellation checklist Tick off the constellations as you learn to identify them. Constellation Date learnt Constellation Date learnt And Andromeda LMi Minor Ant Antlia Lep Lepus Aps Apus Lib Libra Aqr Aquarius Lup Lupus Deneb Aquila x 1 Altair 2 1 es iga Boötes lum a sa roscopium oceros ca 2 Arcturus Cancer ma CVn Canes Venatici ans CMa Canis Major iuchus 2 1 Diphda Fomalhaut Alnair Achernar Peacock + SCP Pointers Acrux Spica Denebola 2 1 Cmi Canis Minor Cap Capricornus Car Carina Cen Centaurus Cet Cetus Cha Chamaeleon Cir Circinus Col Columba Com Coma Berenices CrA Corona Australis CrB Corona Borealis on o asus seus Phoenix tor Pisces Piscis Austrinus pis is iculum Canopus Crv Crt Corvus Crater Sagitta Sagittarius 1 2 Pleiades des Rigel Betelgeuse Sirius Procyon Alphard Regulus 2 1 Cru Cyg Del Dor Equ Eri For Crux Cygnus Delphinus Dorado Equuleus Eridanus Fornax Scl rpius Sculptor Scutum pens (Caput) pens (Cauda) tans rus Mirphak Aldebaran Castor Pollux Gem Gemini Gru Grus Her Hercules escopium angulum angulum Australe ologium Tuc Tucana 2 1 Capella kalinan 2 1 Hydra Hydrus us UMa Ursa Major Vel Vela Vir Virgo 2 1 erta ans pecula

4 Constellation checklist Tick off the constellations as you learn to identify them. Constellation Date learnt Constellation Date learnt And Andromeda LMi Minor Ant Antlia Lep Lepus Aps Apus Lib Libra Aqr Aquarius Lup Lupus Aquila x es iga Boötes lum a sa roscopium oceros ca 2 Cancer ma CVn Canes Venatici ans CMa Canis Major iuchus Cmi Canis Minor Cap Capricornus Car Carina Cen Centaurus Cet Cetus Cha Chamaeleon Cir Circinus Col Columba Com Coma Berenices CrA Corona Australis CrB Corona Borealis on o asus seus Phoenix tor Pisces Piscis Austrinus pis is iculum Crv Corvus Sagitta Crt Crater Sagittarius Cru Cyg Del Dor Equ Eri For Crux Cygnus Delphinus Dorado Equuleus Eridanus Fornax Scl rpius Sculptor Scutum pens (Caput) pens (Cauda) tans rus Gem Gemini escopium Gru Grus angulum Her Hercules angulum Australe ologium Tuc Tucana Hydra Hydrus us UMa Ursa Major Vel Vela Vir Virgo 2 1 erta ans pecula

5 Scl 18 Antares Sargas Shaula Kaus Australis 2 Cyg 1 19 Vega 2 1 Her Constellation checklist Tick off the constellations as you learn to identify them. Constellation Date learnt Constellation Date learnt And Andromeda LMi Minor Ant Antlia Lep Lepus Aps Apus Lib Libra Aqr Aquarius Lup Lupus 21 Deneb Aquila x 22 1 Del Altair CrB es iga Boötes lum a sa roscopium oceros ca 2 Cancer ma Equ Cap CrA Lib And 0 Algol Aqr Cet Diphda Mira Fomalhaut Pleiades Eri For Gru des Alnair 60 Achernar Tuc Peacock Bellatrix Lep Rigel Alnilam Dor Col + SCP Cha Canopus Aps Car CMa Murzim Sirius Betelgeuse Adara Cir Diamond Miaplacidus Avior Wezen Pointers False Suhail Acrux Cru Lup Mimosa Cen Vel Ant Procyon CMi C r v C r t Alphard Spica Vir Regulus Denebola Com LMi 2 1 CVn UMa 13 UMa Mirphak Aldebaran Alnath Alhena Gem Pollux Castor Capella kalinan Arcturus CVn Canes Venatici CMa Canis Major ans iuchus Cmi Canis Minor Cap Capricornus Car Carina Cen Centaurus Cet Cetus Cha Chamaeleon Cir Circinus Col Columba Com Coma Berenices CrA Corona Australis CrB Corona Borealis Crv Corvus Crt Crater Cru Crux Cyg Cygnus Del Delphinus Dor Dorado Equ Equuleus Eri Eridanus For Fornax Scl on o asus seus Phoenix tor Pisces Piscis Austrinus pis is iculum Sagitta Sagittarius rpius Sculptor Scutum pens (Caput) pens (Cauda) tans rus Gem Gemini Gru Grus Her Hercules escopium angulum angulum Australe ologium Hydra Hydrus us Tuc Tucana UMa Ursa Major Vel Vela Vir Virgo 2 1 erta ans pecula

6 Ndemara, the Sweetheart Star (Shona) Ntshuna, the Kiss Me Star (Tswana) isilimela (Zulu, Xhosa); Kilimia (Kiswahili); Selemela (Sotho, Tswana), Shirimela (Tsonga), Tshilimela (Venda), The Digging Stars;!Khunuseti, the Stars of Spring (Khoikhoi) Female Steenbok (/Gwi Bushmen) Senakane, the Little n (Sotho, Tswana) Tshinanga (Venda) Male Hartebeest ( /Xam Bushmen) Male Steenbok (/Gwi Bushmen) Female Steenbok (/Gwi Bushmen) Spoor of senakane (Sotho) Makolobe (Sotho), Dikolobe (Tswana) The Pigs; Male Tortoises (/Xam Bushmen); Three Travellers (Rozi); Amakroza, Three Stars in a Row (Xhosa); Three old men pursued by lonesome widows (Masai) intshola, the Cattle Thief (Zulu) Setlhako sa naka, the spoor of Naka (Sotho) Dintshwa (Sotho), dintsa le Dikolobe (Tswana) Three Dogs chasing the Pigs; Female Tortoises (/Xam Bushmen); ondwenjana, The Long-Stemmed Flower (Zulu) Xami di mura, the Eyes of the Lion (Khoikhoi) Old Bag of Night (!Kung Bushmen) Naka, the n Star (Sotho, Tswana, Venda, Lobedu, Ndebele, Pedi) Ant Egg Star (/Xam) Magakgala (Tswana, Sotho) Female Hartebeest ( /Xam Bushmen) The Fire Finisher (!Xu Bushmen) (Sotho, Tswana) Dithutlwa, the Female Giraffes Thuda the Male Giraffes (Venda) Thudana, the Little Giraffe (Venda) iqhawe, The Champion (Xhosa); indonsa, Pulling (Zulu); Kgogamasigo, Pulls the Night Across (Tswana); Khohamutsho, Pulling out the Dawn (Venda); Kgogamashego, Draws up the night (Sotho) Male Eland ( /Xam Bushmen ) 2 1 Eland s wives ( /Xam Bushmen ) 2 1 inonqoyi, the Wildebeest (Zulu) ( /Gwi Bushmen) The Fire Finisher s Child The Fire Finisher ( /Gwi Bushmen) igenous stars shown on the Southern Star Wheel Scientific name English name igenous name Achernar The Little n Senakane (Sotho, Tswana); Tshinanga (Venda) Aldebaran The Male Hartebeest /Xam Bushmen alpha & beta Crucis The Male Giraffes Thuda (Venda) Altair The Female Steenbok /Gwi Bushmen Antares The Fire-Finishing!Xu Bushmen Star Arcturus The Fire Finisher s /Gwi Bushmen Child Betelgeuse Female Hartebeest /Xam Bushmen Canopus The n Star Naka (Sotho, Tswana, Venda, Lobedu, Ndebele, Pedi) Canopus The Ant Egg Star /Xam Bushmen Capella The Cattle Thief intshola (Zulu) Castor The Female Eland /Xam Bushmen Coal Sack Old Bag of the Night Nyae Nyae!Kung Bushmen Fomalhaut The Sweetheart Star Ndemara (Shona) Fomalhaut The Kiss Me Star Ntshuna (Tswana) gamma & delta Crucis The Little Giraffe Thudana (Venda) Large Magellanic Cloud The Spoor of the n Star Setlhako sa naka (Sotho) mu-1 & mu-2 The Eyes of the Lion xami di mura (Khoikhoi) on s Belt The Pigs Makolobe (Sotho); Dikolobe (Tswana) on s Belt The Male Tortoises /Xam Bushmen on s Belt The Three Travellers Rozi on s Belt Three Stars in a Row Amakroza (Xhosa) on s Belt Three old men Masai pursued by lonesome widows on s Sword Three Dogs chasing the Pigs Dintshwa (Sotho); dintsa le Dikolobe (Tswana) on s Sword The Female Tortoises /Xam Bushmen on s Sword The Long-Stemmed ondwenjana (Zulu) Flower Peacock The Female Steenbok /Gwi Bushmen Pleiades The Digging Stars isilimela (Zulu, Xhosa); Kilimia (Kiswahili); Selemela (Sotho, Tswana); Shirimela (Tsonga); Tshilimela (Venda) Pleiades The Stars of Spring!Khunuseti (Khoikhoi) Pointers The Female Giraffes Dithutlwa (Sotho, Tswana) Pollux The Female Eland /Xam Bushmen Procyon The Male Eland /Xam Bushmen Regulus The Fire Finisher /Gwi Bushmen Sirius The Champion iqhawe (Xhosa) Sirius Pulls the Night Across Kgogamasigo (Tswana); Kgogamashego (Sotho) Sirius Pulling out the Dawn Khohamutsho (Venda) Sirius Pulling indonsa (Zulu) Small Magellanic The Spoor of the Setlhako sa senakane (Sotho) Cloud Little n Star Spica The Wildebeest Star inonqoyi (Zulu) Vega The Male steenbok /Gwi Bushmen

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