Sky Quest This event has 12 stations. Print in color, use as many sets as you need for the number of teams you have.

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1 Sky Quest 2012 This event has 12 stations. Print in color, use as many sets as you need for the number of teams you have. Student response sheet and answer key are at the end.

2 Station 1- Planet Questions 1. If you leave the Earth traveling towards the Sun which planet will you come to first? a. Mars b. Venus c. Neptune d. Mercury 2. Which planet has the strongest gravity? a. Jupiter b. Saturn c. Earth d. Earth 3. Which planet does not have rings? a. Uranus b. Mercury c. Jupiter d. Saturn 4. Which of the following planets has no moons? a. Earth b. Venus c. Mars d. Saturn 5. Which planet rotates almost horizontally on its axis? a. Uranus b. Earth c. Neptune d. Mercury 6. Mars has the largest volcanic mountain and the largest known. a. natural satellites b. polar ice caps c. canyon d. river system

3 Station 2 Parts of a Comet Look at the picture of the comet and place the letter that you think best matches the description of the comet part. 7. Nucleus The smaller glowing area within the comet made of rock, ice and frozen gas. 8. Tail of ionized gases the solar wind pushes the ionized gas away, sometimes looks more "bluish" and more like a thin straight line away from the sun. 9. Tail composed of dust Radiation pressure pushes the dust directly away from the Sun, sometimes more "yellowish" and is more spread out. 10. Coma This is the glowing head formed as the Sun vaporizes the frozen gases.

4 Station 3 Answer the following question in the space provided under Station 3 on your answer sheet. Partial credit will be given for answers that are partially correct. 11. What is the difference between a Meteoroid, Meteorite, and Meteor?

5 Identify the major constellations shown here: Station 4 Constellations Choose from: Andromeda, Aquarius, Aquila, Bootes, Cancer, Canis Major, Canis Minor, Cassiopeia, Cepheus, Cygnus, Draco, Gemini, Leo, Lyra, Orion, Pegasus, Sagittarius, Scorpio, Taurus, Ursa Major, Ursa Minor, Virgo

6 Station 5 Major Stars Identify the major stars circled in each of the constellations shown here: Bootes 21. & Virgo Choose from: Major Stars: Aldemarin, Altair, Alpha Centauri, Arcturus, Bellatrix, Betelgeuse, Capella, Castor, Deneb, Polaris, Pollux, Procyon, Regulus, Rigel, Sirius, Spica, Vega

7 Sky Quest 2012 Station 6 Eclipses A B C D 25. Is the diagram above showing a lunar eclipse or a solar eclipse? 26. Use the following words to identify the parts in the diagram: sun moon Earth penumbra umbra A C B D 27. Is this picture showing a lunar eclipse or a solar eclipse? 28. Is this picture showing a lunar eclipse or a solar eclipse?

8 Station 7 The Sun 29. E F A B C D 30. True or False: The sun is solid like a planet.

9 Station 8 Phases of the moon Put the phases of the moon in the correct order: 31. Full Moon 35. New Moon 32. Waxing Crescent 36. Waning Crescent 33. Waxing Gibbous 37. Waning Gibbous 34. First Quarter 38. Third Quarter A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H.

10 Station 9 Seasons Match the correct letter in the diagram to the descriptions below. Some of the letters may be used more than once. A. D. B. C. 39. shows the vernal (spring) equinox 43. first day of winter 40. first day of summer 44. first day of spring 41. first day of fall 45. shows the winter solstice 42. shows the summer solstice 46. shows the autumnal (fall) equinox 47. The tilt of the Earth on its axis is what causes the seasons. How much is the Earth tilted on its axis?

11 Station 10 Tides 48. What is the major cause of tides on Earth? Identify if there will be a high or low tide in the spot indicated: Does Figure 1 show a neap tide or spring tide? Figure Does Figure 2 show a neap tide or spring tide? Figure 2

12 Station 11 Planetary Data Use the following table to answer the questions: Planet Approximate Distance from Sun (millions of km) Approximate Diameter (km) Approximate Rotation Period Approximate Revolution Period Approximate Orbital Speed (km/s) Mercury days 0.2 year 48 Venus days 0.6 year 35 Earth hours 1 year 30 Mars hours 1.9 years 24 Jupiter hours 11.9 years 13 Saturn hours 29.5 years 10 Uranus hours 84 years 7 Neptune hours years List the nine planets in order from the sun. 56. List the nine planets in order from smallest to largest. 57. In terms of astronomy, what is a day on Earth 58. Which planet has the shortest day? 59. Which planet has the longest day? 60. Which planet has the shortest year? 61. Which planet has the longest year?

13 2012 Sky Quest NCSO Event- Student Response Sheet Names:, School: Station 1: Station 2: Station 3: 11. Station 4: Station 5: Station 6: A B C D Station 7: 29. A B C D E F 30. Station 8: Station 9: Station 10: Station 11:

14 2012 Sky Quest NCSO Event- ANSWER KEY Names:, School: Station 1: 20. Acturus 1. Venus 21. Pollux 2. Jupiter 22. Castor 3. Mercury 23. Sirius 4. Venus 24. Spica 5. Uranus 6.C Station 2: 7. B 8. A 9. C 10. D Station 3: 11. Meteoroids are in space, meteors are the light given off as they move through the Earth s atmosphere, and a meteorite is what it is called when it lands on Earth. Station 4: 12. Orion 13. Canis Major 14. Leo 15. Gemini 16. Pegasus 17. Cassiopeia Station 5: 18. Polaris 19. Betelgeuse Station 6: 25. Solar 26. A- Sun B- Moon C- umbra D- penumbra 27. lunar 28. solar Station 7: 29. A- core B- radiation layer C- convection layer D- photosphere E- chromosphere F- corona 30. false Station 8: 31. D 32. B 33. C 34. A 35. H 36. F 37. G 38. E Station 9: 39. C 40. B 41. A 42. B 43. D 44. C 45. D 46. A Sky Quest 2012 Station 10: 48. gravitational pull of the moon 49. low 50. high 51. low 52. high 53. spring 54. neap Station 11: 55. Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Nepune, 56. Mercury, Mars, Venus, Earth, Neptune, Uranus, Saturn, Jupiter hours 58. Jupiter 59. Venus 60. Mercury 61. Neptune

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