# Laboratory Exercise #7 - Introduction to Atmospheric Science: The Seasons

Size: px
Start display at page:

Transcription

1 Laboratory Exercise #7 - Introduction to Atmospheric Science: The Seasons page - 1 Section A - Introduction: This lab consists of both computer-based and noncomputer-based questions dealing with atmospheric science. Noncomputer-based questions reinforce your general knowledge and computer-based questions ask you to analyze data from the Underground Weather website ( Section B An Overview of the Seasons: The seasons are caused by changes in solar radiation that occur throughout the year. Figure 1 illustrates the path of the earth around the sun during one year. Note that the axis of the earth is tilted at an angle of 23.5 o. Because of this tilt the northern and southern hemispheres are inclined toward the sun for part of the year (summer) and away from the sun during winter. If the earth s axis were not tilted then the earth would not experience seasons because no hemisphere would ever be tilted toward or away from the sun. March o June December September Figure 1. Diagram illustrating the earth s tilt with the earth at four positions in its orbit around the sun.

2 Additionally, the height of the sun above the horizon, called the solar angle, and length of day control the amount of solar radiation that the Earth s surface receives. During the summer the sun is higher above the horizon and the days are longer than in winter. Solar radiation is also influenced by latitude. In general, the solar angle is lower with increasing latitude (Figure 2). Note that the lower the solar angle is in an area the more area radiation is spread out and the lower the overall temperatures (Figure 3). These facts explain why summer is warmer than winter and also why the low latitudes are warmer than the higher latitudes. page - 2 S U N solar angle = 0 o solar angle = 30 o 60 o N 90 o N L I G H T solar angle = 60 o solar angle = 90 o Equator 30 o N Figure 2. Solar angle at noon on the equinox.

3 45 o N page - 3 sunlight sunlight Equator Figure 3. Diagram showing the relation between the solar angle and the area over which radiation is concentrated. Questions: 1. Describe the tilt of the earth s axis. Does it change its orientation during the course of a year? Explain in detail! (Look at Figure 1). 2. Complete the table below by indicating the dates of the beginning of the seasons based on an examination of Figure 1. Northern Hemisphere Southern Hemisphere Winter Spring Summer Fall

4 page In the northern hemisphere, during the equinox, the sun is directly overhead at the equator. Determine the height of the sun above the horizon at noon at the following latitudes (Fig. 2). Equator 60 o N 30 o N 90 o N 4. In general, when is the sun highest above the horizon, during summer or winter? Explain! Table 1 - Laredo, TX seasonal changes in daylight: Longest Day Summer Solstice Shortest Day Winter Solstice Spring Equinox Fall Equinox Date and Length of Daylight 13.5 hrs 10.5 hrs 12 hrs 12 hrs 5. During which season is the length of daylight the least? The greatest? 6. During the beginning of which 2 seasons is the length of daylight and night roughly the same? Questions 7 to 11 focus on a database archive of weather data from Laredo, TX presented in the Underground Weather website ( From this database we developed Figure 4 that illustrates seasonal changes in extreme temperature in Laredo, TX.

5 page - 5 Figure 4. Daily record high and low temperatures for Laredo, TX. Chart obtained from the Underground Weather website ( 7. What is the record low temperature for the month of December. 8. What is the record low temperature for the month of April. 9. Explain how changes in the length of daylight and height of the sun above the horizon between summer and winter can explain the occurrence of extremely cold and hot temperatures in South Texas! 10. Plants rarely face freezing conditions in Laredo. List all the months in which temperatures have dropped to below 32 o F in Laredo, TX.

6 11. List all the months in which high temperatures does not reach 100 o F in Laredo, TX. page - 6 Section C Seasonal Variations of Humidity: Temperature is not the only weather attribute that changes with the seasons. Relative humidity, a measure of water vapor in the atmosphere, changes greatly not only with the seasons but within a 24 hour period. The mathematical expression for relative humidity is given as follows: RH % = 100% [(Water Vapor Content) / (Water Vapor Capacity)] Where: Water Vapor Content is the measured concentration of water vapor in the atmosphere measure in grams of H 2 O vapor per kg of atmosphere Water Vapor Capacity is the maximum concentration of water vapor that can be present in the atmosphere at a given temperature (also measured in grams of H 2 O vapor per kg of atmosphere) Another method for quantifying water vapor content in the atmosphere is the dew point temperature. The dew point temperature is defined as the temperature at which when air is cooled its relative humidity reaches 100%, which is the maximum RH % that can exist in the atmosphere. When the atmosphere reaches a RH % = 100% water vapor will condense from the atmosphere forming liquid (or solid) water depending upon temperature. Basically, the higher the dew point temperature the greater amount of water vapor that is present in the atmosphere. Table 2. Relationship between temperature (F) and water vapor capacity (g / kg) Grams of water Temperature ( o F) vaper per kg of air (g/kg)

7 Questions: page Plot water vapor capacity data from Table 2 onto the graph (Figure 4). 13. As temperature increases water vapor capcity does the following? Examine Figure 5 and circle the correct answer. Increases or Decreases 14. If water vapor content stays the same, describe the affect of decreasing temperature on relative humidity. Circle the correct answer. Increases or Decreases Water Vapor Capacity (g/kg) Temperature ( o F) Figure 5. Graph showing relationship between temperature and water vapor capacity.

8 15. What is the maximum percentage for relative humidity in the earth s atmosphere? page What physically happens to water vapor when the relative humidity reaches its maximum value? Hint: it is the opposite of evaporation and no not necessarily precipitation. 17. Define dew point temperature. Section D Atmospheric Pressure To understand the occurrence of storms, and for that matter fair, sunny weather, we need to learn about how air moves within the atmosphere. The movement of air is driven by differences in atmospheric pressure that occur within the atmosphere. Most people that have even casually glanced at a weather map from the television or internet notices the presence of areas of high pressure (H) and low pressure (L) depicted on weather maps. Low Pressure Has rising air and as the air rises it cools. As the air cools the humidity increases until it reaches 100%. When the humidity reaches 100%, water vapor condenses to form clouds and precipitation. Or Low Pressure = Stormy Day High Pressure Has sinking air and as the air sinks it warms up. As the air warms up the humidity decreases, cloud formation is prevented and the weather is fair. Or High Pressure = Sunny Day Questions 18 to 32 focus on an archive of weather data from the Underground Weather website for Laredo, TX ( From this data we developed Figures 6 to 7. For Questions 18 to 24 refer to Figure 6 on the next page.

9 page - 9 Figure 6 illustrates how air temperature (square), dew point temperature (circle), and humidity (triangle) varies on a typical sunny day (with no rain; 8/22/17) in Laredo, TX. Questions: 18. At what time of day is the temperature the highest and lowest? List the temperature and the times when these temperature events occurred. 19. At what time of day is the humidity the highest and lowest? List the humidity and the times when these humidity events occurred.

10 page Describe the relationship between temperature and humidity. 21. Does the temperature drop to the dew point temperature during this date. If so indicate the time at which this event occurs. 22. Is dew point relatively constant (within 6 o F) during this day or does it vary greatly. Explain in detail. 23. Comment in detail on whether the data in Figure 6 supports the statement: if dew point is constant then temperature will have an inverse relationship with humidity. 24. The atmospheric pressure associated with 8/22/17 is what given the low relative humidities recorded on this date? Circle the correct answer. High or Low

11 page - 11 Figure 7 illustrates how air temperature (square), dew point temperature (circle), and humidity (triangle) varies on a day with winter precipitation (1/1/2018) in Laredo, TX. For Questions 25 to 30 refer to Figure 7 and Table 3. Draw a horizontal line on Figure 7 at 32 F. 25. At what time of day is the temperature lowest? List the temperature and the time when this event occurred. 26. Unlike high pressure days when the time of the lowest temperature is always at dawn. During low pressure days this is not always the case. Based on your answer to question 25 is the weather on 1/1/2018 consistent with high or low pressure. Explain in detail.

12 Examine Table 3 below and answer the following question 27 to 29. page - 12 Table 3 - Liquid equivalent precipitation on 1/1/2018 in Laredo Texas. Hour Precipitation (in) Precipitation Type to On Table 3, during the hours in which precipitation occurred indicate if it was rain or snow. Note water freezes at 32 F. 28. At what times of day is the humidity the lower (< 90%)? List the range of times when this occurred. 29. During the period with relatively low humidity is there any precipitation. Does this make sense. Explain! 30. The atmospheric pressure associated with 1/1/18 is? Circle the correct answer. High or Low

13 Record the following information for next week s laboratory page - 13 Examine Figure 6 and at 16:00 hours on 8/22/17 determine the following: Air Temperature Dew Point Temperature Sky Cover (Clear or Overcast) o F o F Examine Figure 7 and at 7:00 hours on 1/1//18 determine the following: Air Temperature Dew Point Temperature Weather Sky Cover (Clear or Overcast) o F o F

### Laboratory Exercise #7 - Introduction to Atmospheric Science: The Seasons and Daily Weather

Laboratory Exercise #7 - Introduction to Atmospheric Science: The Seasons and Daily Weather page - Section A - Introduction: This lab consists of questions dealing with atmospheric science. We beginning

### Student Exploration: Seasons in 3D

Name: Date: Student Exploration: Seasons in 3D Vocabulary: axis, equinox, latitude, Northern Hemisphere, revolve, rotate, solar energy, solar intensity, Southern Hemisphere, summer solstice, winter solstice

### Daylight Data: Days and Nights Around the World

Days & Nights 1 Name Daylight Data: Days and Nights Around the World Purpose: To investigate the number of hours of daylight received by countries at different latitudes. Materials: Daylight data sheet

### What causes the seasons? 2/11/09

2/11/09 We can recognize solstices and equinoxes by Sun s path across sky: Summer solstice: Highest path, rise and set at most extreme north of due east. Winter solstice: Lowest path, rise and set at most

### Seasons Page 520. A. What Causes Seasons?

Seasons Page 520 A. What Causes Seasons? 1. Seasons are caused by the tilt of the earth s axis as it moves around the sun. 2. Seasons happen because the Earth is tilted on its axis at a 23.5 angle. 3.

### Page 1. Name:

Name: 1) What is the primary reason New York State is warmer in July than in February? A) The altitude of the noon Sun is greater in February. B) The insolation in New York is greater in July. C) The Earth

### Name Period 4 th Six Weeks Notes 2013 Weather

Name Period 4 th Six Weeks Notes 2013 Weather Radiation Convection Currents Winds Jet Streams Energy from the Sun reaches Earth as electromagnetic waves This energy fuels all life on Earth including the

### Section 1: Overhang. Sizing an Overhang

Section 1: Overhang A horizontal overhang is a straightforward method for shading solar glazing in summer. Passive heating strategies call for major glazed areas (solar glazing) in a building to be oriented

### Viewed from Earth's north pole, the rotation of Earth and its moon are counter-clockwise.!

The Earth rotates around once in 24 hours The time it takes for the Earth to rotate completely around once is what we call a day. It's Earth's rotation that gives us night and day. Viewed from Earth's

### LAB 2: Earth Sun Relations

LAB 2: Earth Sun Relations Name School The amount of solar energy striking the Earth s atmosphere is not uniform; distances, angles and seasons play a dominant role on this distribution of radiation. Needless

### November 20, NOTES ES Rotation, Rev, Tilt.notebook. vertically. night. night. counterclockwise. counterclockwise. East. Foucault.

NOTES ES, Rev,.notebook, and Rotates on an imaginary axis that runs from the to the South North Pole Pole vertically North The of the axis points to a point in space near day Pole Polaris night Responsible

### What Is the Relationship Between Earth s Tilt and the Seasons?

Learning Set 2 Why Are There Differences in Temperature? Review Images and Graphics While reading about Earth s tilt and the seasons, pay particular attention to the graphics included. How do they help

### Topic # 11 HOW CLIMATE WORKS continued (Part II) pp in Class Notes

Topic # 11 HOW CLIMATE WORKS continued (Part II) pp 61-67 in Class Notes To drive the circulation, the initial source of energy is from the Sun: Not to scale! EARTH- SUN Relationships 4 Things to Know

### NAME; LAB # SEASONAL PATH OF THE SUN AND LATITUDE Hemisphere Model #3 at the Arctic Circle

NAME; PERIOD; DATE; LAB # SEASONAL PATH OF THE SUN AND LATITUDE Hemisphere Model #3 at the Arctic Circle 1 OBJECTIVE Explain how latitude affects the seasonal path of the Sun. I) Path of the Sun and Latitude.

### The Seasons. Presented by Kesler Science

The Seasons Presented by Kesler Science Essential Questions: 1. What causes day and night? 2. What causes the seasons to change? Quick Action INB Template Rotation and Revolution 1. Cut out the template

### Which Earth latitude receives the greatest intensity of insolation when Earth is at the position shown in the diagram? A) 0 B) 23 N C) 55 N D) 90 N

1. In which list are the forms of electromagnetic energy arranged in order from longest to shortest wavelengths? A) gamma rays, x-rays, ultraviolet rays, visible light B) radio waves, infrared rays, visible

### L.O: EARTH'S 23.5 DEGREE TILT ON ITS AXIS GIVES EARTH ITS SEASONS March 21 (SPRING), June 21(SUMMER), Sept 22 (AUTUMN) & Dec 21(WINTER)

L.O: EARTH'S 23.5 DEGREE TILT ON ITS AXIS GIVES EARTH ITS SEASONS March 21 (SPRING), June 21(SUMMER), Sept 22 (AUTUMN) & Dec 21(WINTER) 1. The apparent daily path of the Sun changes with the seasons because

### Meteorology Pretest on Chapter 2

Meteorology Pretest on Chapter 2 MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. The earth emits terrestrial radiation a) only at night b) all the time c) only during winter d) only over the continents 2. If an imbalance occurs between

### 1 What Is Climate? TAKE A LOOK 2. Explain Why do areas near the equator tend to have high temperatures?

CHAPTER 17 1 What Is Climate? SECTION Climate BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What is climate? What factors affect climate? How do climates differ

### HEATING THE ATMOSPHERE

HEATING THE ATMOSPHERE Earth and Sun 99.9% of Earth s heat comes from Sun But

### Weather: Air Patterns

Weather: Air Patterns Weather: Air Patterns Weather results from global patterns in the atmosphere interacting with local conditions. You have probably experienced seasonal shifts, such as winter in New

### 1 What Is Climate? TAKE A LOOK 2. Explain Why do areas near the equator tend to have high temperatures?

CHAPTER 17 1 What Is Climate? SECTION Climate BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What is climate? What factors affect climate? How do climates differ

### C) wavelength C) eastern horizon B) the angle of insolation is high B) increases, only D) thermosphere D) receive low-angle insolation

1. What is the basic difference between ultraviolet, visible, and infrared radiation? A) half-life B) temperature C) wavelength D) wave velocity 2. In New York State, the risk of sunburn is greatest between

### Wind, Water, Weather and Seasons Test Review

Name: Wind, Water, Weather and Seasons Test Review Period: Please complete the following review to prepare for your exam over wind and ocean currents, weather, and the Earth- Moon- Sun systems. Your test

### Topic # 12 How Climate Works

Topic # 12 How Climate Works A Primer on How the Energy Balance Drives Atmospheric & Oceanic Circulation, Natural Climatic Processes pp 63-68 in Class Notes How do we get energy from this........ to drive

### Chapter 4: Weather & Climate. (Pg )

Chapter 4: Weather & Climate (Pg. 54 73) Introduction: Distinguish between the terms weather & climate. P. 54 Weather: the state of the atmosphere at any one place or time. (short term) Climate: the average

### Seasons. What causes the seasons?

Questions: Seasons What causes the seasons? How do we mark the progression of the seasons? What is the seasonal motion of the sun in the sky? What could cause the seasonal motion of the sun to change over

### CHAPTER 3. The sun and the seasons. Locating the position of the sun

zenith 90 observer summer solstice 75 altitude angles equinox 52 winter solstice 29 Figure 3.1: Solar noon altitude angles for Melbourne SOUTH winter midday shadow WEST summer midday shadow summer EAST

### Aim: What causes Seasons?

Notepack 28 Aim: What causes Seasons? Do Now: What is the difference between revolution and rotation? Earth s rotation The Earth rotates on its axis (imaginary vertical line around which Earth spins) every

### Fall equinox means 12 hours of sunlight for everyone, everywhere

Fall equinox means 12 hours of sunlight for everyone, everywhere By Washington Post, adapted by Newsela staff on 09.28.17 Word Count 738 Level 1130L Sunset over the southern part of the Atlantic Ocean.

### Grade 6 Standard 2 Unit Test Astronomy

Grade 6 Standard 2 Unit Test Astronomy Multiple Choice 1. Why does the air temperature rise in the summer? A. We are closer to the sun. B. The air becomes thicker and more dense. C. The sun s rays are

### Practice Seasons Moon Quiz

1. Which diagram represents the tilt of Earth's axis relative to the Sun's rays on December 15? A) B) C) D) 2. The diagram below represents Earth in space on the first day of a season. 5. Base your answer

### The Earth-Moon-Sun System

chapter 7 The Earth-Moon-Sun System section 2 Time and Seasons What You ll Learn how to calculate time and date in different time zones how to distinguish rotation and revolution what causes seasons Before

### Fall equinox levels the sunlight playing field all around the world

Fall equinox levels the sunlight playing field all around the world By Washington Post, adapted by Newsela staff on 09.28.17 Word Count 719 Level 950L Sunset over the southern part of the Atlantic Ocean.

### 5. In which diagram is the observer experiencing the greatest intensity of insolation? A) B)

1. Which factor has the greatest influence on the number of daylight hours that a particular Earth surface location receives? A) longitude B) latitude C) diameter of Earth D) distance from the Sun 2. In

### Motions of the Earth

Motions of the Earth Our goals for learning: What are the main motions of the Earth in space? How do we see these motions on the ground? How does it affect our lives? How does the orientation of Earth's

### (1) How does the annual average sun angle at solar noon (that is, the sun angle at noon averaged over a full year) depend on latitude?

(1) How does the annual average sun angle at solar noon (that is, the sun angle at noon averaged over a full year) depend on latitude? (A) * As latitude increases, average sun angle at solar noon decreases.

### LESSON PLAN - Optimum Orientation of Solar Panels Using Soltrex Data

LESSON PLAN - Optimum Orientation of Solar Panels Using Soltrex Data Title of Lesson: Optimum Orientation of Solar Panels Using Soltrex Data Description of class: High School physics, astronomy, or environmental

### Probabilistic Decision-Making and Weather Assessment

5 Student Packet Probabilistic Decision-Making and Weather Assessment Use contents of this packet as you feel appropriate. You are free to copy and use any of the material in this lesson plan. Packet Contents

### Chapter 2. Heating Earth's Surface & Atmosphere

Chapter 2 Heating Earth's Surface & Atmosphere Topics Earth-Sun Relationships Energy, Heat and Temperature Mechanisms of Heat Transfer What happens to Incoming Solar Radiation? Radiation Emitted by the

### Fluid Circulation Review. Vocabulary. - Dark colored surfaces absorb more energy.

Fluid Circulation Review Vocabulary Absorption - taking in energy as in radiation. For example, the ground will absorb the sun s radiation faster than the ocean water. Air pressure Albedo - Dark colored

### Exploring more with seasons Name: Block

Exploring more with seasons Name: Block Understanding Latitude of the Noon Sun The position of the Sun in the sky changes during the year as Earth orbits the Sun on its tilted axis. This causes a change

### TILT, DAYLIGHT AND SEASONS WORKSHEET

TILT, DAYLIGHT AND SEASONS WORKSHEET Activity Description: Students will use a data table to make a graph for the length of day and average high temperature in Utah. They will then answer questions based

### Chapter 3 Packet. and causes seasons Earth tilted at 23.5 / 365 1/4 days = one year or revolution

Name Chapter 3 Packet Sequence Section 1 Seasons and Weather : and causes seasons Earth tilted at 23.5 / 365 1/4 days = one year or revolution solstice - begins summer in N. hemisphere, longest day winter

### Natural Causes of Climate. 3B Day 2

Natural Causes of Climate 3B Day 2 Critical Content 3B: Investigate how daily weather over time determines climate patterns in a given region 2C: Recall the difference between weather and climate Describe

### 5) The amount of heat needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of a substance by 1 C is called: Page Ref: 69

Homework #2 Due 9/19/14 1) If the maximum temperature for a particular day is 26 C and the minimum temperature is 14 C, what would the daily mean temperature be? (Page Ref: 66) 2) How is the annual mean

### Seasons and Ecliptic Simulator

Overview: In this lesson, students access an online simulator to aid in understanding the relationship between seasons and Earth s tilt and the day/night cycle caused by Earth s rotation. Objectives: The

### For most observers on Earth, the sun rises in the eastern

632 CHAPTER 25: EARTH, SUN, AND SEASONS WHAT IS THE SUN S APPARENT PATH ACROSS THE SKY? For most observers on Earth, the sun rises in the eastern part of the sky. The sun reaches its greatest angular altitude

### Heat Transfer. Energy from the Sun. Introduction

Heat Transfer Energy from the Sun Introduction The sun rises in the east and sets in the west, but its exact path changes over the course of the year, which causes the seasons. In order to use the sun

### L.O: THE ANGLE OF INSOLATION ANGLE INSOLATION: THE ANGLE SUNLIGHT HITS THE EARTH

L.O: THE ANGLE OF INSOLATION ANGLE INSOLATION: THE ANGLE SUNLIGHT HITS THE EARTH 1. The graph below shows air temperatures on a clear summer day from 7 a.m. to 12 noon at two locations, one in Florida

### Celestial Sphere & Solar Motion Lab (Norton s Star Atlas pages 1-4)

Name: Date: Celestial Sphere & Solar Motion Lab (Norton s Star Atlas pages 1-4) Italicized topics below will be covered only at the instructor s discretion. 1.0 Purpose: To understand a) the celestial

### Topic # 12 Natural Climate Processes

Topic # 12 Natural Climate Processes A Primer on How the Energy Balance Drives Atmospheric & Oceanic Circulation, Natural Climatic Processes pp 63-68 in Class Notes RADIATION / ENERGY BALANCE Radiation

### Planet Earth. Part 2

Planet Earth Part 2 Sun, Earth and Moon Motions The Solar System revolves around the Milky Way galaxy center. The Sun rotates on its own axis. Earth revolves around the Sun (1 year) and rotates on its

### Seasons, Global Wind and Climate Study Guide

Seasons, Global Wind and Climate Study Guide Seasons 1. Know what is responsible for the change in seasons on Earth. 2. Be able to determine seasons in the northern and southern hemispheres given the position

### Meteorology. Circle the letter that corresponds to the correct answer

Chapter 3 Worksheet 1 Meteorology Name: Circle the letter that corresponds to the correct answer 1) If the maximum temperature for a particular day is 26 C and the minimum temperature is 14 C, the daily

### Lesson Overview. Climate. Lesson Overview. 4.1 Climate

Lesson Overview 4.1 THINK ABOUT IT When you think about climate, you might think of dramatic headlines: Hurricane Katrina floods New Orleans! or Drought parches the Southeast! But big storms and seasonal

### Lecture 3: Global Energy Cycle

Lecture 3: Global Energy Cycle Planetary energy balance Greenhouse Effect Vertical energy balance Latitudinal energy balance Seasonal and diurnal cycles Solar Flux and Flux Density Solar Luminosity (L)

### 2/22/ Atmospheric Characteristics

17.1 Atmospheric Characteristics Atmosphere: the gaseous layer that surrounds the Earth I. In the past, gases came from volcanic eruptions A. Water vapor was a major component of outgassing B. Other gases

### 3 Weather and Climate

CHAPTER 22 3 Weather and Climate SECTION The Atmosphere KEY IDEAS As you read this section, keep these questions in mind: What are fronts? What are some types of severe weather? How is climate different

### UNIT TEST PRACTICE TEST

Page 1 of 1 Directions: Match the best answer to complete each question. Some words may be used more than once and some may not be used at all. e 1. The condition of Earth s atmosphere at a given time

### Chapter 4 Earth, Moon, and Sky 107

Chapter 4 Earth, Moon, and Sky 107 planetariums around the world. Figure 4.4 Foucault s Pendulum. As Earth turns, the plane of oscillation of the Foucault pendulum shifts gradually so that over the course

### Astronomy#2 - Notebook

Name Test Date Hour Astronomy#2 - Notebook Planet Earth LEARNING TARGETS I can describe a sphere and give evidence used to prove Earth is spherical. I can explain the difference between rotation and revolution.

### Geography Class 6 Chapters 3 and

CHAPTER 3 MOTIONS OF THE EARTH The Earth is always travelling in Space. That makes each person on Earth, a Space Traveller. No one feels the movement of the Earth because humans are too tiny when compared

### Average Weather In March For Fukuoka, Japan

Average Weather In March For Fukuoka, Japan Location This report describes the typical weather at the Fukuoka Airport (Fukuoka, Japan) weather station over the course of an average March. It is based on

### Name Homeroom. Science Quiz Day/Night, Sun s Energy, Seasons September 24, 2012

Name Homeroom Science Quiz Day/Night, Sun s Energy, Seasons September 24, 2012 1. The winter solstice occurs on either December 21 or 22, depending on the year. Which of the following statements best explains

### Average Weather For Coeur d'alene, Idaho, USA

Average Weather For Coeur d'alene, Idaho, USA Information courtesy of weatherspark.com Location This report describes the typical weather at the Coeur d'alene Air Terminal (Coeur d'alene, Idaho, United

### Prentice Hall EARTH SCIENCE. Tarbuck Lutgens

Prentice Hall EARTH SCIENCE Tarbuck Lutgens Chapter 17 The Atmosphere: Structure and Temperature 17.1 Atmosphere Characteristics Composition of the Atmosphere Weather is constantly changing, and it refers

### Earth rotates on a tilted axis and orbits the Sun.

Page of 7 KY CONCPT arth rotates on a tilted axis and orbits the Sun. BFOR, you learned Stars seem to rise, cross the sky, and set because arth turns The Sun is very large and far from arth arth orbits

### Climate Change or Climate Variability?

Climate Change or Climate Variability? Key Concepts: Greenhouse Gas Climate Climate change Climate variability Climate zones Precipitation Temperature Water cycle Weather WHAT YOU WILL LEARN 1. You will

### Seasonal Path of the Sun and Latitude

Seasonal Path of the Sun and Latitude Overview This lesson is a modification of what Dave Hess and I, Stan Skotnicki, use in our Earth Science classes at Cheektowaga Central High School. It is an extension

### CLIMATE. UNIT TWO March 2019

CLIMATE UNIT TWO March 2019 OUTCOME 9.2.1Demonstrate an understanding of the basic features of Canada s landscape and climate. identify and locate major climatic regions of Canada explain the characteristics

### A Living Planet. The Earth Inside and Out

A Living Planet The Earth Inside and Out Planet Earth Earth s Rotation, Revolution, and Tilt Most of Earth s energy comes from the Sun, which we call solar energy. Imagine that the Earth has an imaginary

### DO NOW HW due Friday; Quiz Wed

DO NOW HW due Friday; Quiz Wed 1. Draw out a solar eclipse. Write out what a solar eclipse is. 2. Draw out a lunar eclipse. Write out what a lunar eclipse is. 3. Which number moon would give us a solar

### S CIENCE O VERVIEW. 59 Lesson Plan. Standards Benchmarks. Science Overview. Lesson Overview. Answer Key. Resources. My Angle on Cooling ME S S EN G ER

S CIENCE O VERVIEW There are many different ways to cope with being in the presence of a hot object. A familiar one is to move away from it so that you do not feel its heat as strongly. Another is to change

### Figure 1. Idealized global atmospheric circulation (C = surface convergence, D = surface divergence).

page - Laboratory Exercise #8 - Introduction to Atmospheric Science: Global Circulation and Weather Makers Section A - Global Atmospheric Circulation: To understand weather you need to understand how the

### Which graph best shows the relationship between intensity of insolation and position on the Earth's surface? A) B) C) D)

1. The hottest climates on Earth are located near the Equator because this region A) is usually closest to the Sun B) reflects the greatest amount of insolation C) receives the most hours of daylight D)

### Discovering the Universe for Yourself (Chapter 2) Years, Seasons, and Months: The Motions of Sun, Earth, and Moon

Discovering the Universe for Yourself (Chapter 2) Years, Seasons, and Months: The Motions of Sun, Earth, and Moon Based on Chapter 2 This material will be useful for understanding Chapters 3 and 4 on The

### Earth Motions Packet 14

Earth Motions Packet 14 Your Name Group Members Score Minutes Standard 4 Key Idea 1 Performance Indicator 1.1 Explain complex phenomena, such as tides, variations in day length, solar insolation, apparent

### 5 - Seasons. Figure 1 shows two pictures of the Sun taken six months apart with the same camera, at the same time of the day, from the same location.

Name: Partner(s): 5 - Seasons ASTR110L Purpose: To measure the distance of the Earth from the Sun over one year and to use the celestial sphere to understand the cause of the seasons. Answer all questions

### Lecture #03. January 20, 2010, Wednesday

Lecture #03 January 20, 2010, Wednesday Causes of Earth s Seasons Earth-Sun geometry Day length Solar angle (beam spread) Atmospheric beam depletion Shape and Size of the Earth North Pole E Geoid: not

### Earth is tilted (oblique) on its Axis!

MONDAY AM Radiation, Atmospheric Greenhouse Effect Earth's orbit around the Sun is slightly elliptical (not circular) Seasons & Days Why do we have seasons? Why aren't seasonal temperatures highest at

### Name Date. What s the weather like today? Watch the beginning of the video Basics of geography- climate.

FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE CLIMATE worksheet 1 STARTER Look at the weather symbols and answer: What s the weather like today? WHAT S CLIMATE? Watch the beginning of the video Basics of geography- climate.

Academic Year 2017-2018 Second Term Science Revision Sheet Grade 6 Name: Grade Date: Section: Part A. Science Practice. Circle the letter of your answer. 1. When the moon is waxing, its lighted part appears

### The rock probably formed 200million years ago. The mineral sample is purple.

Midterm Study Guide 1) Intro to Earth Science (Chapters 1& 2) a) Fact (observation) vs. Inference (assumption/hypothesis) Recognize whether a statement is a fact or an inference. For example: The rock

### Student Exploration: Seasons: Earth, Moon, and Sun

Name: Date: Student Exploration: Seasons: Earth, Moon, and Sun Vocabulary: altitude, axis, azimuth, equinox, horizon, latitude, revolution, rotation, solstice Prior Knowledge Questions (Do these BEFORE

### Science Chapter 13,14,15

Science 1206 Chapter 13,14,15 1 Weather dynamics is the study of how the motion of water and air causes weather patterns. Energy from the Sun drives the motion of clouds, air, and water. Earth s tilt at

### Warming Earth and its Atmosphere The Diurnal and Seasonal Cycles

Warming Earth and its Atmosphere The Diurnal and Seasonal Cycles Or, what happens to the energy received from the sun? First We Need to Understand The Ways in Which Heat Can be Transferred in the Atmosphere

### 5 - Seasons. Figure 1 shows two pictures of the Sun taken six months apart with the same camera, at the same time of the day, from the same location.

ASTR 110L 5 - Seasons Purpose: To plot the distance of the Earth from the Sun over one year and to use the celestial sphere to understand the cause of the seasons. What do you think? Write answers to questions

### Tilted Earth Lab Why Do We Have Seasons?

Name Class Tilted Earth Lab Why Do We Have Seasons? Purpose: In this investigation, you are going to figure out how the axis (or tilt) of the Earth, combined with the revolution (orbit) of Earth around

### CHAPTER 2 Strand 1: Structure and Motion within the Solar System

CHAPTER 2 Strand 1: Structure and Motion within the Solar System Chapter Outline 2.1 EARTH, MOON, AND SUN SYSTEM (6.1.1) 2.2 GRAVITY AND INERTIA (6.1.2) 2.3 SCALE OF SOLAR SYSTEM (6.1.3) 2.4 REFERENCES

### Guided Notes Weather. Part 1: Weather Factors Temperature Humidity Air Pressure Winds Station Models

Guided Notes Weather Part 1: Weather Factors Temperature Humidity Air Pressure Winds Station Models. 1. What is weather? Weather: short-term atmospheric conditions in a specific area at a specific time

### Bell Work. REVIEW: Our Planet Earth Page 29 Document A & B Questions

9.12.16 Bell Work REVIEW: Our Planet Earth Page 29 Document A & B Questions Intro to Climate & Weather https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vhgyoa70q7y Weather vs. Climate Video Climate & Weather 3.1 Weather

### Agricultural Science Climatology Semester 2, Anne Green / Richard Thompson

Agricultural Science Climatology Semester 2, 2006 Anne Green / Richard Thompson http://www.physics.usyd.edu.au/ag/agschome.htm Course Coordinator: Mike Wheatland Course Goals Evaluate & interpret information,

### Figure 1. Idealized global atmospheric circulation (C= surface convergence, D= surface divergence).

page - 1 Laboratory Exercise #8 - Introduction to Atmospheric Science: Global Circulation and Weather Makers Section A - Global Atmospheric Circulation: To understand weather you need to understand how

### Climate versus Weather

Climate versus Weather What is climate? Climate is the average weather usually taken over a 30-year time period for a particular region and time period. Climate is not the same as weather, but rather,

### Reasons for the seasons - Rebecca Kaplan

Reasons for the seasons - Rebecca Kaplan https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dd_8jm5ptlk https://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/sunearth.html https://www.time.gov/ https://www.space.com/33790-harvest-moon-guide.html

### Thermal / Solar. When air is warmed it... Rises. Solar Energy. Evaporation. Condensation Forms Clouds

Thermal / Solar Light from the Sun is transformed into what type of energy when it hits Earth's surface? Rises When air is warmed it... Solar Energy Water moves through the water cycle using what type