The practical version


 Raymond Bryan
 3 years ago
 Views:
Transcription
1 Roerto s Notes on Integrl Clculus Chpter 4: Definite integrls nd the FTC Section 7 The Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus: The prcticl version Wht you need to know lredy: The theoreticl version of the FTC. Wht you cn lern here: The prcticl version of the FTC. No kidding! The theoreticl version of the FTC gives us nice piece of informtion out the re function nd the definite integrl tht defines it, ut still does not tell us how to compute either. Or, to sy etter, does not tell us eplicitly. To do tht, we only need to turn its sttement round it. Technicl fct Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus: Prcticl version of the FTC Given function y f tht is continuous on the intervl,, nd given ny ntiderivtive F of f, then: f ( ) d F( ) F( ) Proof A f. But this mens tht A must e n ntiderivtive of The theoreticl version of the FTC tells us tht the derivtive of ut which of the infinitely mny ntiderivtives is it? To find out, let s pick ny one ntiderivtive, sy is f, F, nd notice tht, f to e continuous, A must differ from F only y n dditive constnt: A F c since we re ssuming But we lso know t lest one vlue of A ( ) A f t dt, since we know tht: Therefore F( ) c, c F( ) nd A( ) F( ) F( ). From this follows tht: f () t dt A F F Integrl Clculus Chpter 4: Definite integrls nd the FTC Section 7: The FTC prcticl version Pge
2 Needless to sy, ut I ll sy it nywy, since we hve choice of which ntiderivtive to use in the ppliction of the FTC, we choose the one whose constnt of integrtion is c, tht is, we don t other dding the constnt. I dmit tht this is cool nd I enjoyed the FTC in high school, when we were first told out it. But why is it clled Fundmentl? Very legitimte question, since in mthemtics we don t cll ny sttement fundmentl, or centrl, or importnt, ut only those tht deserve the title. So, here is why. Knot on your finger The Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus (FTC) is clled Fundmentl ecuse: It llows us to solve the re prolem in its generlity, s we shll see soon. It solves the re prolem in very computtionlly efficient wy. It shows tht two very importnt prolems in mthemtics, finding slopes nd finding res, tht seemed unrelted, re in fct strictly linked. Since the sme ide of definite integrl used to solve the re prolem cn e pplied to mny other geometricl nd physicl prolems, the FTC llows us to solve mny more importnt prolems in the physicl sciences. Such solutions hve llowed, in recent time, the development of the high level of technology tht we enjoy tody. I think tht this is eciting: mny more doors re now open for us to eplore. Are we going to see those uses soon? Very soon, ut first let us fi detil in the nottion nd look some more t how elegntly the FTC solves the re prolem. If Knot on your finger Definite integrl nottion F is the ntiderivtive of y f tht we use to pply the prcticl version of the FTC, we write, s n intermedite step imed t clerly identifying such ntiderivtive: f ( ) d F F( ) F( ) Other, similr nottions cn lso e found in the literture, such s: Emple: f ( ) d F F( ) F( ) y y sin,,, These three curves ound the region in the first qudrnt under the given function nd to the left of. Its re is therefore defined y sin d If we use the definition of integrl, we would need to compute: n lim sin i n i Integrl Clculus Chpter 4: Definite integrls nd the FTC Section 7: The FTC prcticl version Pge
3 Even if we ssume ll rectngulr slices to hve the sme length, so tht ll re equl, this is n impossile limit to figure out. But, thnks to the i FTC, its computtion oils down to computing n ntiderivtive of y sin. By using integrtion y prts you cn check tht this is:: The rest is now esy y using the FTC: sin d sin c sin d sin.57 The FTC is simple enough tht further emples should e unnecessry. The lerning questions will provide mple illustrtions nd eperience for you. Moreover, we shll see mny pplictions of this theorem nd, with them, mny emples of how to use it. If you do need further worked out emples, there re mny we sites tht provide them. Ain t it gret when you re studying something difficult, ut well known nd used? And, speking of pplictions nd uses, here is first, very pplied nd very generl consequence of the FTC. If quntity Technicl fct The net chnge theorem Qt chnge continuously during the time period from to, then the net chnge in this quntity during this period is given y: ' Q Q Q t dt Proof This is just the sttement of the prcticl version of the FTC, ut with n eqully prcticl interprettion! This fct is prticulrly useful when the function descriing the quntity is not known, ut its rte of chnge is, s we sw when studying ODE s. Emple: v( t) t t If n oject is moving on the yis so tht its velocity is given y this function, its net chnge in the position for the first five seconds is given y: 5 5 t 5 y(5) y() t t dt t Notice, however, tht this is not the totl distnce trvelled y the oject during this time, since the oject my hve moved ck nd forth within tht time period. In fct, since: t t t t we cn see tht the oject trvels down from t to t, ut trvels up fter t. Therefore, s we did for computing totl re, the totl distnce it trvels is: 5 T t t dt t t dt 5 t t 58 t t So, this is the first ppliction of definite integrl outside of res, nd s it efits method tht ws invented to descrie the motion of plnets, it reltes to moving ojects. Mny more uses to come, just sty tuned nd ecited! Integrl Clculus Chpter 4: Definite integrls nd the FTC Section 7: The FTC prcticl version Pge
4 Summry A definite integrl whose integrnd is continuous my e computed s the difference etween the vlues of one of its ntiderivtives t the two endpoints. This fct provides prcticl solution to wide vriety of re prolems nd will provide the generl solution to this prolem, s well s to mny other pplied prolems. In prticulr, the prcticl version of the FTC llows us to esily compute the net chnge of quntity who rte of chnge is known. Common errors to void The FTC looks nd is esy to understnd nd implement. But don t forget tht ehind it there is lrge mount of lger nd indefinite integrtion tht must e done correctly in order for the theorem to work correctly. Lerning questions for Section I 47 Review questions:. Eplin wht the prcticl version of the FTC sttes.. Descrie wht the net chnge theorem llows us to do. Memory questions:. Wht does the prcticl version of the FTC stte?. Which one condition on the integrnd is required y the prcticl version of the FTC? Integrl Clculus Chpter 4: Definite integrls nd the FTC Section 7: The FTC prcticl version Pge 4
5 Computtion questions: In ech of questions 6, use the prcticl version of the FTC to evlute the given definite integrl.. 4 d. 4 sin d 5. / 5 d. sin e d 4. ln d 6. tn d In ech of questions 7 compute the re of the region ounded y the given curves. 7. y sin, y,,. 8. y e, y,,. sin if 9. y if. y e y,,, nd the is. t. Compute the derivtive of the function h() t d in the following two wys nd verify tht they provide the sme nswer: ) evluting the integrl nd then differentiting it. ) Applying the theoreticl version of the FTC.. Compute ech of the following seemingly similr epressions involving integrls. ) sin e d ) sin d d e d c) sin e d d) sin Integrl Clculus Chpter 4: Definite integrls nd the FTC Section 7: The FTC prcticl version Pge 5 d d d d e d t e) sin t e dt
6 . Determine the net chnge of the quntity Q, whose derivtive is Q' e, etween nd. In your nswer clerly ehiit ll mjor steps nd identify the one where the FTC is used. 4. Determine the net chnge of the quntity Q, whose derivtive is Q' sin, etween nd ll mjor steps nd identify the one where the FTC is used.. In your nswer clerly ehiit Theory questions:. Cn we use the prcticl version of the FTC to compute ln d. Wht is the reltion etween indefinite nd definite integrls? 4. Stte two resons why the FTC is clled fundmentl.. Use the FTC to compute the re of the region ounded y the curves y, y,, work?. How do you eplin the conclusions of your Proof questions:. Use the FTC to determine the vlue of d. How do you eplin the nswer you get, ssuming you get the correct one? Appliction questions:. If m' f ( v) represents the rte t which the mss of n oject chnges s its speed v chnges (ccording to the theory of reltivity), wht does f () v dv represent? In the cgs system, wht re units of f() v? Wht questions do you hve for your instructor? Integrl Clculus Chpter 4: Definite integrls nd the FTC Section 7: The FTC prcticl version Pge 6
Chapter 8.2: The Integral
Chpter 8.: The Integrl You cn think of Clculus s doulewide triler. In one width of it lives differentil clculus. In the other hlf lives wht is clled integrl clculus. We hve lredy eplored few rooms in
More informationMA123, Chapter 10: Formulas for integrals: integrals, antiderivatives, and the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus (pp.
MA123, Chpter 1: Formuls for integrls: integrls, ntiderivtives, nd the Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus (pp. 27233, Gootmn) Chpter Gols: Assignments: Understnd the sttement of the Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus.
More informationFundamental Theorem of Calculus
Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus Recll tht if f is nonnegtive nd continuous on [, ], then the re under its grph etween nd is the definite integrl A= f() d Now, for in the intervl [, ], let A() e the re under
More informationMATH , Calculus 2, Fall 2018
MATH 362, 363 Clculus 2, Fll 28 The FUNdmentl Theorem of Clculus Sections 5.4 nd 5.5 This worksheet focuses on the most importnt theorem in clculus. In fct, the Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus (FTC is rgubly
More informationProperties of Integrals, Indefinite Integrals. Goals: Definition of the Definite Integral Integral Calculations using Antiderivatives
Block #6: Properties of Integrls, Indefinite Integrls Gols: Definition of the Definite Integrl Integrl Clcultions using Antiderivtives Properties of Integrls The Indefinite Integrl 1 Riemnn Sums  1 Riemnn
More informationand that at t = 0 the object is at position 5. Find the position of the object at t = 2.
7.2 The Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus 49 re mny, mny problems tht pper much different on the surfce but tht turn out to be the sme s these problems, in the sense tht when we try to pproimte solutions we
More informationGoals: Determine how to calculate the area described by a function. Define the definite integral. Explore the relationship between the definite
Unit #8 : The Integrl Gols: Determine how to clculte the re described by function. Define the definite integrl. Eplore the reltionship between the definite integrl nd re. Eplore wys to estimte the definite
More information4.4 Areas, Integrals and Antiderivatives
. res, integrls nd ntiderivtives 333. Ares, Integrls nd Antiderivtives This section explores properties of functions defined s res nd exmines some connections mong res, integrls nd ntiderivtives. In order
More information1 The fundamental theorems of calculus.
The fundmentl theorems of clculus. The fundmentl theorems of clculus. Evluting definite integrls. The indefinite integrl new nme for ntiderivtive. Differentiting integrls. Theorem Suppose f is continuous
More informationx = b a n x 2 e x dx. cdx = c(b a), where c is any constant. a b
CHAPTER 5. INTEGRALS 61 where nd x = b n x i = 1 (x i 1 + x i ) = midpoint of [x i 1, x i ]. Problem 168 (Exercise 1, pge 377). Use the Midpoint Rule with the n = 4 to pproximte 5 1 x e x dx. Some quick
More informationSection 4: Integration ECO4112F 2011
Reding: Ching Chpter Section : Integrtion ECOF Note: These notes do not fully cover the mteril in Ching, ut re ment to supplement your reding in Ching. Thus fr the optimistion you hve covered hs een sttic
More informationMA 124 January 18, Derivatives are. Integrals are.
MA 124 Jnury 18, 2018 Prof PB s oneminute introduction to clculus Derivtives re. Integrls re. In Clculus 1, we lern limits, derivtives, some pplictions of derivtives, indefinite integrls, definite integrls,
More informationThe First Fundamental Theorem of Calculus. If f(x) is continuous on [a, b] and F (x) is any antiderivative. f(x) dx = F (b) F (a).
The Fundmentl Theorems of Clculus Mth 4, Section 0, Spring 009 We now know enough bout definite integrls to give precise formultions of the Fundmentl Theorems of Clculus. We will lso look t some bsic emples
More information1 The fundamental theorems of calculus.
The fundmentl theorems of clculus. The fundmentl theorems of clculus. Evluting definite integrls. The indefinite integrl new nme for ntiderivtive. Differentiting integrls. Tody we provide the connection
More informationContinuous Random Variables Class 5, Jeremy Orloff and Jonathan Bloom
Lerning Gols Continuous Rndom Vriles Clss 5, 8.05 Jeremy Orloff nd Jonthn Bloom. Know the definition of continuous rndom vrile. 2. Know the definition of the proility density function (pdf) nd cumultive
More informationINTRODUCTION TO INTEGRATION
INTRODUCTION TO INTEGRATION 5.1 Ares nd Distnces Assume f(x) 0 on the intervl [, b]. Let A be the re under the grph of f(x). b We will obtin n pproximtion of A in the following three steps. STEP 1: Divide
More informationIntegrals  Motivation
Integrls  Motivtion When we looked t function s rte of chnge If f(x) is liner, the nswer is esy slope If f(x) is nonliner, we hd to work hrd limits derivtive A relted question is the re under f(x) (but
More informationChapters 4 & 5 Integrals & Applications
Contents Chpters 4 & 5 Integrls & Applictions Motivtion to Chpters 4 & 5 2 Chpter 4 3 Ares nd Distnces 3. VIDEO  Ares Under Functions............................................ 3.2 VIDEO  Applictions
More information7.2 The Definite Integral
7.2 The Definite Integrl the definite integrl In the previous section, it ws found tht if function f is continuous nd nonnegtive, then the re under the grph of f on [, b] is given by F (b) F (), where
More informationImproper Integrals. Introduction. Type 1: Improper Integrals on Infinite Intervals. When we defined the definite integral.
Improper Integrls Introduction When we defined the definite integrl f d we ssumed tht f ws continuous on [, ] where [, ] ws finite, closed intervl There re t lest two wys this definition cn fil to e stisfied:
More informationA REVIEW OF CALCULUS CONCEPTS FOR JDEP 384H. Thomas Shores Department of Mathematics University of Nebraska Spring 2007
A REVIEW OF CALCULUS CONCEPTS FOR JDEP 384H Thoms Shores Deprtment of Mthemtics University of Nebrsk Spring 2007 Contents Rtes of Chnge nd Derivtives 1 Dierentils 4 Are nd Integrls 5 Multivrite Clculus
More informationReview of Calculus, cont d
Jim Lmbers MAT 460 Fll Semester 200910 Lecture 3 Notes These notes correspond to Section 1.1 in the text. Review of Clculus, cont d Riemnn Sums nd the Definite Integrl There re mny cses in which some
More informationOverview of Calculus I
Overview of Clculus I Prof. Jim Swift Northern Arizon University There re three key concepts in clculus: The limit, the derivtive, nd the integrl. You need to understnd the definitions of these three things,
More information7. Indefinite Integrals
7. Indefinite Integrls These lecture notes present my interprettion of Ruth Lwrence s lecture notes (in Herew) 7. Prolem sttement By the fundmentl theorem of clculus, to clculte n integrl we need to find
More informationMAT137 Calculus! Lecture 28
officil wesite http://uoft.me/mat137 MAT137 Clculus! Lecture 28 Tody: Antiderivtives Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus Net: More FTC (review v. 8.58.7) 5.7 Sustitution (v. 9.19.4) Properties of the Definite
More informationMath 8 Winter 2015 Applications of Integration
Mth 8 Winter 205 Applictions of Integrtion Here re few importnt pplictions of integrtion. The pplictions you my see on n exm in this course include only the Net Chnge Theorem (which is relly just the Fundmentl
More informationInterpreting Integrals and the Fundamental Theorem
Interpreting Integrls nd the Fundmentl Theorem Tody, we go further in interpreting the mening of the definite integrl. Using Units to Aid Interprettion We lredy know tht if f(t) is the rte of chnge of
More informationSYDE 112, LECTURES 3 & 4: The Fundamental Theorem of Calculus
SYDE 112, LECTURES & 4: The Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus So fr we hve introduced two new concepts in this course: ntidifferentition nd Riemnn sums. It turns out tht these quntities re relted, but it is
More informationChapter 6 Notes, Larson/Hostetler 3e
Contents 6. Antiderivtives nd the Rules of Integrtion.......................... 6. Are nd the Definite Integrl.................................. 6.. Are............................................ 6. Reimnn
More informationMath Calculus with Analytic Geometry II
orem of definite Mth 5.0 with Anlytic Geometry II Jnury 4, 0 orem of definite If < b then b f (x) dx = ( under f bove xxis) ( bove f under xxis) Exmple 8 0 3 9 x dx = π 3 4 = 9π 4 orem of definite Problem
More informationSection 6: Area, Volume, and Average Value
Chpter The Integrl Applied Clculus Section 6: Are, Volume, nd Averge Vlue Are We hve lredy used integrls to find the re etween the grph of function nd the horizontl xis. Integrls cn lso e used to find
More informationIndefinite Integral. Chapter Integration  reverse of differentiation
Chpter Indefinite Integrl Most of the mthemticl opertions hve inverse opertions. The inverse opertion of differentition is clled integrtion. For exmple, describing process t the given moment knowing the
More information7.1 Integral as Net Change and 7.2 Areas in the Plane Calculus
7.1 Integrl s Net Chnge nd 7. Ares in the Plne Clculus 7.1 INTEGRAL AS NET CHANGE Notecrds from 7.1: Displcement vs Totl Distnce, Integrl s Net Chnge We hve lredy seen how the position of n oject cn e
More informationChapter 6 Techniques of Integration
MA Techniques of Integrtion Asst.Prof.Dr.Suprnee Liswdi Chpter 6 Techniques of Integrtion Recll: Some importnt integrls tht we hve lernt so fr. Tle of Integrls n+ n d = + C n + e d = e + C ( n ) d = ln
More informationUnit #9 : Definite Integral Properties; Fundamental Theorem of Calculus
Unit #9 : Definite Integrl Properties; Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus Gols: Identify properties of definite integrls Define odd nd even functions, nd reltionship to integrl vlues Introduce the Fundmentl
More informationNow, given the derivative, can we find the function back? Can we antidifferenitate it?
Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus. Prt I Connection between integrtion nd differentition. Tody we will discuss reltionship between two mjor concepts of Clculus: integrtion nd differentition. We will show tht
More information5.5 The Substitution Rule
5.5 The Substitution Rule Given the usefulness of the Fundmentl Theorem, we wnt some helpful methods for finding ntiderivtives. At the moment, if n ntiderivtive is not esily recognizble, then we re in
More informationChapter 9 Definite Integrals
Chpter 9 Definite Integrls In the previous chpter we found how to tke n ntiderivtive nd investigted the indefinite integrl. In this chpter the connection etween ntiderivtives nd definite integrls is estlished
More informationBob Brown Math 251 Calculus 1 Chapter 5, Section 4 1 CCBC Dundalk
Bo Brown Mth Clculus Chpter, Section CCBC Dundlk The Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus Informlly, the Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus (FTC) sttes tht differentition nd definite integrtion re inverse opertions
More informationn f(x i ) x. i=1 In section 4.2, we defined the definite integral of f from x = a to x = b as n f(x i ) x; f(x) dx = lim i=1
The Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus As we continue to study the re problem, let s think bck to wht we know bout computing res of regions enclosed by curves. If we wnt to find the re of the region below the
More informationThe Evaluation Theorem
These notes closely follow the presenttion of the mteril given in Jmes Stewrt s textook Clculus, Concepts nd Contexts (2nd edition) These notes re intended primrily for inclss presenttion nd should not
More informationFinal Exam  Review MATH Spring 2017
Finl Exm  Review MATH 5  Spring 7 Chpter, 3, nd Sections 5.5.5, 5.7 Finl Exm: Tuesdy 5/9, :37:pm The following is list of importnt concepts from the sections which were not covered by Midterm Exm or.
More informationTopics Covered AP Calculus AB
Topics Covered AP Clculus AB ) Elementry Functions ) Properties of Functions i) A function f is defined s set of ll ordered pirs (, y), such tht for ech element, there corresponds ectly one element y.
More informationImproper Integrals, and Differential Equations
Improper Integrls, nd Differentil Equtions October 22, 204 5.3 Improper Integrls Previously, we discussed how integrls correspond to res. More specificlly, we sid tht for function f(x), the region creted
More information1 The Riemann Integral
The Riemnn Integrl. An exmple leding to the notion of integrl (res) We know how to find (i.e. define) the re of rectngle (bse height), tringle ( (sum of res of tringles). But how do we find/define n re
More informationImproper Integrals. The First Fundamental Theorem of Calculus, as we ve discussed in class, goes as follows:
Improper Integrls The First Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus, s we ve discussed in clss, goes s follows: If f is continuous on the intervl [, ] nd F is function for which F t = ft, then ftdt = F F. An integrl
More informationMath 1B, lecture 4: Error bounds for numerical methods
Mth B, lecture 4: Error bounds for numericl methods Nthn Pflueger 4 September 0 Introduction The five numericl methods descried in the previous lecture ll operte by the sme principle: they pproximte the
More informationWeek 10: Riemann integral and its properties
Clculus nd Liner Algebr for Biomedicl Engineering Week 10: Riemnn integrl nd its properties H. Führ, Lehrstuhl A für Mthemtik, RWTH Achen, WS 07 Motivtion: Computing flow from flow rtes 1 We observe the
More information5: The Definite Integral
5: The Definite Integrl 5.: Estimting with Finite Sums Consider moving oject its velocity (meters per second) t ny time (seconds) is given y v t = t+. Cn we use this informtion to determine the distnce
More informationHow can we approximate the area of a region in the plane? What is an interpretation of the area under the graph of a velocity function?
Mth 125 Summry Here re some thoughts I ws hving while considering wht to put on the first midterm. The core of your studying should be the ssigned homework problems: mke sure you relly understnd those
More information2 b. , a. area is S= 2π xds. Again, understand where these formulas came from (pages ).
AP Clculus BC Review Chpter 8 Prt nd Chpter 9 Things to Know nd Be Ale to Do Know everything from the first prt of Chpter 8 Given n integrnd figure out how to ntidifferentite it using ny of the following
More information5.7 Improper Integrals
458 pplictions of definite integrls 5.7 Improper Integrls In Section 5.4, we computed the work required to lift pylod of mss m from the surfce of moon of mss nd rdius R to height H bove the surfce of the
More informationWhat Is Calculus? 42 CHAPTER 1 Limits and Their Properties
60_00.qd //0 : PM Pge CHAPTER Limits nd Their Properties The Mistress Fellows, Girton College, Cmridge Section. STUDY TIP As ou progress through this course, rememer tht lerning clculus is just one of
More information1B40 Practical Skills
B40 Prcticl Skills Comining uncertinties from severl quntities error propgtion We usully encounter situtions where the result of n experiment is given in terms of two (or more) quntities. We then need
More informationConservation Law. Chapter Goal. 5.2 Theory
Chpter 5 Conservtion Lw 5.1 Gol Our long term gol is to understnd how mny mthemticl models re derived. We study how certin quntity chnges with time in given region (sptil domin). We first derive the very
More informationTime in Seconds Speed in ft/sec (a) Sketch a possible graph for this function.
4. Are under Curve A cr is trveling so tht its speed is never decresing during 1second intervl. The speed t vrious moments in time is listed in the tle elow. Time in Seconds 3 6 9 1 Speed in t/sec 3 37
More informationAn Overview of Integration
An Overview of Integrtion S. F. Ellermeyer July 26, 2 The Definite Integrl of Function f Over n Intervl, Suppose tht f is continuous function defined on n intervl,. The definite integrl of f from to is
More informationThe area under the graph of f and above the xaxis between a and b is denoted by. f(x) dx. π O
1 Section 5. The Definite Integrl Suppose tht function f is continuous nd positive over n intervl [, ]. y = f(x) x The re under the grph of f nd ove the xxis etween nd is denoted y f(x) dx nd clled the
More informationCalculus Module C21. Areas by Integration. Copyright This publication The Northern Alberta Institute of Technology All Rights Reserved.
Clculus Module C Ares Integrtion Copright This puliction The Northern Alert Institute of Technolog 7. All Rights Reserved. LAST REVISED Mrch, 9 Introduction to Ares Integrtion Sttement of Prerequisite
More informationRiemann Sums and Riemann Integrals
Riemnn Sums nd Riemnn Integrls Jmes K. Peterson Deprtment of Biologicl Sciences nd Deprtment of Mthemticl Sciences Clemson University August 26, 2013 Outline 1 Riemnn Sums 2 Riemnn Integrls 3 Properties
More informationRiemann Sums and Riemann Integrals
Riemnn Sums nd Riemnn Integrls Jmes K. Peterson Deprtment of Biologicl Sciences nd Deprtment of Mthemticl Sciences Clemson University August 26, 203 Outline Riemnn Sums Riemnn Integrls Properties Abstrct
More informationThe Fundamental Theorem of Calculus. The Total Change Theorem and the Area Under a Curve.
Clculus Li Vs The Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus. The Totl Chnge Theorem nd the Are Under Curve. Recll the following fct from Clculus course. If continuous function f(x) represents the rte of chnge of F
More informationIntegration. 148 Chapter 7 Integration
48 Chpter 7 Integrtion 7 Integrtion t ech, by supposing tht during ech tenth of second the object is going t constnt speed Since the object initilly hs speed, we gin suppose it mintins this speed, but
More informationSection 6.1 INTRO to LAPLACE TRANSFORMS
Section 6. INTRO to LAPLACE TRANSFORMS Key terms: Improper Integrl; diverge, converge A A f(t)dt lim f(t)dt Piecewise Continuous Function; jump discontinuity Function of Exponentil Order Lplce Trnsform
More informationDefinition of Continuity: The function f(x) is continuous at x = a if f(a) exists and lim
Mth 9 Course Summry/Study Guide Fll, 2005 [1] Limits Definition of Limit: We sy tht L is the limit of f(x) s x pproches if f(x) gets closer nd closer to L s x gets closer nd closer to. We write lim f(x)
More informationUNIFORM CONVERGENCE. Contents 1. Uniform Convergence 1 2. Properties of uniform convergence 3
UNIFORM CONVERGENCE Contents 1. Uniform Convergence 1 2. Properties of uniform convergence 3 Suppose f n : Ω R or f n : Ω C is sequence of rel or complex functions, nd f n f s n in some sense. Furthermore,
More informationSection 5.4 Fundamental Theorem of Calculus 2 Lectures. Dr. Abdulla Eid. College of Science. MATHS 101: Calculus 1
Section 5.4 Fundmentl Theorem of Clculus 2 Lectures College of Science MATHS : Clculus (University of Bhrin) Integrls / 24 Definite Integrl Recll: The integrl is used to find re under the curve over n
More informationThe Trapezoidal Rule
_.qd // : PM Pge 9 SECTION. Numericl Integrtion 9 f Section. The re of the region cn e pproimted using four trpezoids. Figure. = f( ) f( ) n The re of the first trpezoid is f f n. Figure. = Numericl Integrtion
More informationAP * Calculus Review
AP * Clculus Review The Fundmentl Theorems of Clculus Techer Pcket AP* is trdemrk of the College Entrnce Emintion Bord. The College Entrnce Emintion Bord ws not involved in the production of this mteril.
More informationMATH 144: Business Calculus Final Review
MATH 144: Business Clculus Finl Review 1 Skills 1. Clculte severl limits. 2. Find verticl nd horizontl symptotes for given rtionl function. 3. Clculte derivtive by definition. 4. Clculte severl derivtives
More informationLecture 3: Equivalence Relations
Mthcmp Crsh Course Instructor: Pdric Brtlett Lecture 3: Equivlence Reltions Week 1 Mthcmp 2014 In our lst three tlks of this clss, we shift the focus of our tlks from proof techniques to proof concepts
More informationa < a+ x < a+2 x < < a+n x = b, n A i n f(x i ) x. i=1 i=1
Mth 33 Volume Stewrt 5.2 Geometry of integrls. In this section, we will lern how to compute volumes using integrls defined by slice nlysis. First, we recll from Clculus I how to compute res. Given the
More informationThe Regulated and Riemann Integrals
Chpter 1 The Regulted nd Riemnn Integrls 1.1 Introduction We will consider severl different pproches to defining the definite integrl f(x) dx of function f(x). These definitions will ll ssign the sme vlue
More informationSections 5.2: The Definite Integral
Sections 5.2: The Definite Integrl In this section we shll formlize the ides from the lst section to functions in generl. We strt with forml definition.. The Definite Integrl Definition.. Suppose f(x)
More informationAppendix 3, Rises and runs, slopes and sums: tools from calculus
Appendi 3, Rises nd runs, slopes nd sums: tools from clculus Sometimes we will wnt to eplore how quntity chnges s condition is vried. Clculus ws invented to do just this. We certinly do not need the full
More informationDefinite Integrals. The area under a curve can be approximated by adding up the areas of rectangles = 1 1 +
Definite Integrls 5 The re under curve cn e pproximted y dding up the res of rectngles. Exmple. Approximte the re under y = from x = to x = using equl suintervls nd + x evluting the function t the lefthnd
More informationThomas Whitham Sixth Form
Thoms Whithm Sith Form Pure Mthemtics Unit C Alger Trigonometry Geometry Clculus Vectors Trigonometry Compound ngle formule sin sin cos cos Pge A B sin Acos B cos Asin B A B sin Acos B cos Asin B A B cos
More informationSection 4.8. D v(t j 1 ) t. (4.8.1) j=1
Difference Equtions to Differentil Equtions Section.8 Distnce, Position, nd the Length of Curves Although we motivted the definition of the definite integrl with the notion of re, there re mny pplictions
More informationCalculus and linear algebra for biomedical engineering Week 11: The Riemann integral and its properties
Clculus nd liner lgebr for biomedicl engineering Week 11: The Riemnn integrl nd its properties Hrtmut Führ fuehr@mth.rwthchen.de Lehrstuhl A für Mthemtik, RWTH Achen Jnury 9, 2009 Overview 1 Motivtion:
More informationMAT 168: Calculus II with Analytic Geometry. James V. Lambers
MAT 68: Clculus II with Anlytic Geometry Jmes V. Lmbers Februry 7, Contents Integrls 5. Introduction............................ 5.. Differentil Clculus nd Quotient Formuls...... 5.. Integrl Clculus nd
More informationCALCULUS WITHOUT LIMITS
CALCULUS WITHOUT LIMITS The current stndrd for the clculus curriculum is, in my opinion, filure in mny spects. We try to present it with the modern stndrd of mthemticl rigor nd comprehensiveness but of
More informationMat 210 Updated on April 28, 2013
Mt Brief Clculus Mt Updted on April 8, Alger: m n / / m n m n / mn n m n m n n ( ) ( )( ) n terms n n n n n n ( )( ) Common denomintor: ( ) ( )( ) ( )( ) ( )( ) ( )( ) Prctice prolems: Simplify using common
More informationMath& 152 Section Integration by Parts
Mth& 5 Section 7.  Integrtion by Prts Integrtion by prts is rule tht trnsforms the integrl of the product of two functions into other (idelly simpler) integrls. Recll from Clculus I tht given two differentible
More informationLesson 1: Quadratic Equations
Lesson 1: Qudrtic Equtions Qudrtic Eqution: The qudrtic eqution in form is. In this section, we will review 4 methods of qudrtic equtions, nd when it is most to use ech method. 1. 3.. 4. Method 1: Fctoring
More informationMath 113 Exam 1Review
Mth 113 Exm 1Review September 26, 2016 Exm 1 covers 6.17.3 in the textbook. It is dvisble to lso review the mteril from 5.3 nd 5.5 s this will be helpful in solving some of the problems. 6.1 Are Between
More information4.5 THE FUNDAMENTAL THEOREM OF CALCULUS
4.5 The Funmentl Theorem of Clculus Contemporry Clculus 4.5 THE FUNDAMENTAL THEOREM OF CALCULUS This section contins the most importnt n most use theorem of clculus, THE Funmentl Theorem of Clculus. Discovere
More information4.6 Numerical Integration
.6 Numericl Integrtion 5.6 Numericl Integrtion Approimte definite integrl using the Trpezoidl Rule. Approimte definite integrl using Simpson s Rule. Anlze the pproimte errors in the Trpezoidl Rule nd Simpson
More information1 Functions Defined in Terms of Integrals
November 5, 8 MAT86 Week 3 Justin Ko Functions Defined in Terms of Integrls Integrls llow us to define new functions in terms of the bsic functions introduced in Week. Given continuous function f(), consider
More information11 An introduction to Riemann Integration
11 An introduction to Riemnn Integrtion The PROOFS of the stndrd lemms nd theorems concerning the Riemnn Integrl re NEB, nd you will not be sked to reproduce proofs of these in full in the exmintion in
More informationMath 116 Calculus II
Mth 6 Clculus II Contents 5 Exponentil nd Logrithmic functions 5. Review........................................... 5.. Exponentil functions............................... 5.. Logrithmic functions...............................
More information(0.0)(0.1)+(0.3)(0.1)+(0.6)(0.1)+ +(2.7)(0.1) = 1.35
7 Integrtion º½ ÌÛÓ Ü ÑÔÐ Up to now we hve been concerned with extrcting informtion bout how function chnges from the function itself. Given knowledge bout n object s position, for exmple, we wnt to know
More informationAP Calculus AB Unit 5 (Ch. 6): The Definite Integral: Day 12 Chapter 6 Review
AP Clculus AB Unit 5 (Ch. 6): The Definite Integrl: Dy Nme o Are Approximtions Riemnn Sums: LRAM, MRAM, RRAM Chpter 6 Review Trpezoidl Rule: T = h ( y + y + y +!+ y + y 0 n n) **Know how to find rectngle
More information13.3. The Area Bounded by a Curve. Introduction. Prerequisites. Learning Outcomes
The Are Bounded b Curve 3.3 Introduction One of the importnt pplictions of integrtion is to find the re bounded b curve. Often such n re cn hve phsicl significnce like the work done b motor, or the distnce
More informationf(a+h) f(a) x a h 0. This is the rate at which
M408S Concept Inventory smple nswers These questions re openended, nd re intended to cover the min topics tht we lerned in M408S. These re not crnkoutnnswer problems! (There re plenty of those in the
More informationMath 1431 Section M TH 4:00 PM 6:00 PM Susan Wheeler Office Hours: Wed 6:00 7:00 PM Online ***NOTE LABS ARE MON AND WED
Mth 43 Section 4839 M TH 4: PM 6: PM Susn Wheeler swheeler@mth.uh.edu Office Hours: Wed 6: 7: PM Online ***NOTE LABS ARE MON AND WED t :3 PM to 3: pm ONLINE Approimting the re under curve given the type
More informationx = b a N. (131) The set of points used to subdivide the range [a, b] (see Fig. 13.1) is
Jnury 28, 2002 13. The Integrl The concept of integrtion, nd the motivtion for developing this concept, were described in the previous chpter. Now we must define the integrl, crefully nd completely. According
More information( ) as a fraction. Determine location of the highest
AB Clculus Exm Review Sheet  Solutions A. Preclculus Type prolems A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 A6 A7 This is wht you think of doing Find the zeros of f ( x). Set function equl to 0. Fctor or use qudrtic eqution if
More informationChapter 8: Methods of Integration
Chpter 8: Methods of Integrtion Bsic Integrls 8. Note: We hve the following list of Bsic Integrls p p+ + c, for p sec tn + c p + ln + c sec tn sec + c e e + c tn ln sec + c ln + c sec ln sec + tn + c ln
More informationStuff You Need to Know From Calculus
Stuff You Need to Know From Clculus For the first time in the semester, the stuff we re doing is finlly going to look like clculus (with vector slnt, of course). This mens tht in order to succeed, you
More information( ) where f ( x ) is a. AB Calculus Exam Review Sheet. A. Precalculus Type problems. Find the zeros of f ( x).
AB Clculus Exm Review Sheet A. Preclculus Type prolems A1 Find the zeros of f ( x). This is wht you think of doing A2 A3 Find the intersection of f ( x) nd g( x). Show tht f ( x) is even. A4 Show tht f
More information