# Activity: The Atmosphere in the Vertical

Save this PDF as:

Size: px
Start display at page:

## Transcription

1 Activity: The Atmosphere in the Vertical Educational Outcomes: The atmosphere has thickness as well as horizontal extent. For a more complete understanding of weather, knowledge of atmospheric conditions in the vertical is necessary. Air, a highly compressible fluid, is held to Earth by gravity and thins rapidly upward. The atmosphere is heated primarily from below, is almost always in motion, and contains a substance (water) that undergoes frequent phase changes. After completing this activity, you should be able to: Describe the vertical structure of the atmosphere in the troposphere (the "weather" layer) and in the lower stratosphere. Compare the "Standard Atmosphere" with an actual observed sounding of the lower atmosphere. Materials: Pencil, straight edge. Investigations: 1. Figure 1, called a Stüve diagram, is designed to plot and interpret upper-air atmospheric data acquired by radiosondes. The atmospheric temperatures in Celsius degrees that can be plotted on the diagram range from 80 to C. Air pressure is plotted in millibars (mb) with values decreasing upward and the approximate altitude scale is in kilometers (km) above sea level. The lowest pressure that is labeled on the diagram is mb. This pressure is found in the atmosphere at an altitude of about km above sea level. 2. Plot on the Figure 1 Stüve diagram the data points given below. Connect adjacent points with solid straight line segments or use colored line segments. Altitude Temperature (kilometers) (degrees C) American Meteorological Society

2 3. You have drawn the temperature profile of the lower portion of what is called the Standard Atmosphere. The Standard Atmosphere describes average conditions of the atmosphere in the vertical. The portion of the Standard Atmosphere from the surface to 11 km depicts the lowest layer of the atmosphere, called the, or weather layer where most clouds form. Above 11 km where temperatures remain steady with altitude is the lower portion of the, or stable layer. The boundary between the two layers is called the tropopause. 4. The actual troposphere is characterized generally by decreasing temperature with altitude, significant vertical motions, appreciable water vapor, and weather. According to the data provided in (2) above, the rate of tropospheric temperature decrease with altitude in the Standard Atmosphere is C degrees per km. This is also called the free atmosphere lapse rate or that of air well away from Earth s surface. 5. Air pressure, which is very close to 1000 mb at sea level in the Standard Atmosphere, decreases most rapidly with altitude in the lowest part of the atmosphere. The diagram shows that near sea level the air pressure drops 100 mb (from 1000 mb to 900 mb) over a vertical distances of about 1 km. However, the 100-mb pressure drop from 400 mb to 300 mb occurs over a vertical distance of about [(1)(2)(3)] km. The same pressure drop from 200 mb to 100 mb takes place over a vertical distance of nearly [(1)(2)(4)] km. 6. The diagram shows that air pressure of 500 mb (half that at sea level) occurs at an altitude of about km. 7. Because air pressure is determined by the weight of the overlying air, half of the atmosphere by weight or mass is above the altitude where the air pressure is 500 mb and half of it is below that altitude. In other words, half of the atmosphere by weight or mass is within km of sea level. According to the diagram, 90% of the atmosphere by weight or mass is within km of sea level. 2

3 8. Upper-air observational data are collected twice every 24 hours at nearly 100 North American stations. The following data were measured by a radiosonde at Green Bay, WI at 12Z 23 January 2011 (6 am CST on 23 January): Pressure (mb) Temperature (C) (surface) 21.7 Plot these data points on the Figure 1, Stüve diagram. Connect adjacent points with dashed straight line segments or solid lines of contrasting color. 9. Compare the Standard Atmosphere and Green Bay temperature profiles you drew on the Stüve diagram. At the time of observation, the troposphere over Green Bay was generally [(warmer)(colder)] than specified by the Standard Atmosphere. 10. According to the plotted temperature profiles, the tropopause (found at the base of the stratosphere where temperatures are steady or increase with an increase in altitude) is located at about 225 mb pressure in the Standard Atmosphere. At Green Bay, it was located at mb. This pressure occurred at an altitude of about km. 11. The vertical thickness of the troposphere at Green Bay was [(greater)(less)] than the thickness of the Standard-Atmosphere troposphere. 12. These profiles illustrate the general relationship between average tropospheric temperature and the vertical extent of the troposphere; that is, the [(warmer)(colder)] the troposphere, the thinner it is. 13. This relationship means that on the average, on a global scale, the thickness of the troposphere [(increases)(decreases)] as the latitude increases. 3

4 4

5 Real World Applications After a moderately cool beginning to the month of June, a heat wave struck the central and eastern U.S. in time for the beginning of (astronomical) summer. These temperatures were reflected in radiosonde profiles such as this one from Long Island, New York near the summer solstice. Figure 2 is the Stüve diagram from the OKX radiosonde measurements of 00Z 21 June 2012 (8 pm EDT the previous night). The heavy black curve to the right on the Stüve is the temperature profile. The surface air temperature at launch time was 30 C (86 F). (On this Stüve diagram, no altitude values are shown.) On the Figure 2 Stüve diagram, plot the points from the first part of the activity that define the Standard Atmosphere. Connect those points with dashed straight line segments or solid colored lines. Label that curve Standard Atmosphere. 1. Compare the Long Island and Standard Atmosphere temperature profiles you drew on the Figure 2 Stüve diagram. At the time of observation, the troposphere over Long Island was generally [(warmer)(colder)] than specified by the Standard Atmosphere. 2. According to the plotted temperature profiles, the tropopause (found at the base of the stratosphere where temperatures are steady or increase with an increase in altitude) is located at about 225 mb pressure in the Standard Atmosphere. At Long Island on this profile, it was located at about mb. The vertical thickness of the troposphere over Long Island was [(greater)(less)] than the thickness of the Standard-Atmosphere troposphere. 5

6 Figure 2. OKX Stüve diagram of 00Z 21 June 2012 [NCEP/NOAA]. 6

### The Atmosphere in the Vertical ACTIVITY. Introduction. Materials. Investigations

ACTIVITY Activity The Atmosphere in the Vertical After completing this activity, you should be able to: Describe the vertical structure of the atmosphere in the troposphere (the "weather" layer) and in

Project ATMOSPHERE This guide is one of a series produced by Project ATMOSPHERE, an initiative of the American Meteorological Society. Project ATMOSPHERE has created and trained a network of resource agents

### The Earth s Atmosphere-II. GEOL 1350: Introduction To Meteorology

The Earth s Atmosphere-II GEOL 1350: Introduction To Meteorology 1 Vertical Structure of Atmosphere Vertical profile of the atmosphere reveals that it can be divided into a series of layers. Each layer

### Project 3 Convection and Atmospheric Thermodynamics

12.818 Project 3 Convection and Atmospheric Thermodynamics Lodovica Illari 1 Background The Earth is bathed in radiation from the Sun whose intensity peaks in the visible. In order to maintain energy balance

### Forecasts include: Temperature. Barometric (air) Pressure. Wind direction/speed Humidity

Meteorology I Intro. to Weather 1. What is Weather? A) Weather is the state of the atmosphere at a given time and place. B) Weather changes on a regular basis. C) Meteorologists forecast weather conditions

### 3. As warm, moist air moves into a region, barometric pressure readings in the region will generally 1. decrease 2. increase 3.

Teacher: Mr. Prizzi Castle Learning Review 1 1. Which process most directly results in cloud formation? 1. condensation 3. precipitation 2. transpiration 4. radiation 2. An air mass originating over north

### The Atmosphere EVPP 110 Lecture Fall 2003 Dr. Largen

1 Physical Environment: EVPP 110 Lecture Fall 2003 Dr. Largen 2 Physical Environment: Atmosphere Composition Heat transfer Atmospheric moisture Atmospheric circulation Weather and climate 3 Physical Environment:

### Page 1. Name: 1) The graph below shows air temperature for an area near the Earth's surface during a 12-hour period.

Name: 1) The graph below shows air temperature for an area near the Earth's surface during a 12-hour period. Which graph best illustrates the probable change in air pressure during the same time period?

### Page 1. Name:

Name: 1) As the difference between the dewpoint temperature and the air temperature decreases, the probability of precipitation increases remains the same decreases 2) Which statement best explains why

### AT350 EXAM #1 September 23, 2003

AT350 EXAM #1 September 23, 2003 Name and ID: Enter your name and student ID number on the answer sheet and on this exam. Record your answers to the questions by using a No. 2 pencil to completely fill

### A B C D PROBLEMS Dilution of power plant plumes. z z z z

69 PROBLEMS 4. Dilution of power plant plumes Match each power plant plume (-4) to the corresponding atmospheric lapse rate (A-D, solid lines; the dashed line is the adiabatic lapse rate Γ). Briefly comment

### The Atmosphere. 1 Global Environments: 2 Global Environments:

1 Global Environments: 2 Global Environments: Composition Vertical structure Heat transfer Atmospheric moisture Atmospheric circulation Weather and climate 3 Global Environments: The earth s atmosphere

### AT351 Lab Seven Skew-T Stability Analysis

AT351 Lab Seven Skew-T Stability Analysis Twice a day, all around the planet, small instrument packages called radiosondes are launched into the atmosphere using balloons. These instruments record the

### ATMOSPHERE M E T E O R O LO G Y

1.05.01 ATMOSPHERE 1. 0 5 M E T E O R O LO G Y INTRODUCTION ATMOSPHERIC COMPOSITION The atmosphere of Earth is the layer of gases, commonly known as air, that surrounds the planet Earth and is retained

### Activity: Air Motion - The High and Low of It

Activity: Air Motion - The High and Low of It Introduction Weather can be fair or stormy. Generally, fair weather is associated with high surface air pressure while stormy weather is associated with low

### Common Elements: Nitrogen, 78%

Chapter 23 Notes Name: Period: 23.1 CHARACTERISTICS OF THE ATMOSPHERE The atmosphere is a layer of that surrounds the earth and influences all living things. Meteorology is the study of the. WHAT S IN

### Name: Date: Period: MATCHING: Select the letter of the word in Column B that best matches the phrases in Column A.

Name: Date: Period: MATCHING: Select the letter of the word in Column B that best matches the phrases in Column A. COLUMN A 1. a unit of atmospheric pressure 2. a line joining points of equal air pressure

### 1., annual precipitation is greater than annual evapotranspiration. a. On the ocean *b. On the continents

CHAPTER 6 HUMIDITY, SATURATION, AND STABILITY MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS 1., annual precipitation is greater than annual evapotranspiration. a. On the ocean *b. On the continents 2., annual precipitation

### Fluid Circulation Review. Vocabulary. - Dark colored surfaces absorb more energy.

Fluid Circulation Review Vocabulary Absorption - taking in energy as in radiation. For example, the ground will absorb the sun s radiation faster than the ocean water. Air pressure Albedo - Dark colored

### Fluid Circulation Review. Vocabulary. - Dark colored surfaces absorb more energy.

Fluid Circulation Review Vocabulary Absorption - taking in energy as in radiation. For example, the ground will absorb the sun s radiation faster than the ocean water. Air pressure Albedo - Dark colored

### 5.5 (AIR PRESSURE) WEATHER

1. Construct the layers of the atmosphere based on the data you re given below. Scientists know that there are four different layers. Use the information in the data chart below to draw how you think the

### Name Period Date L.O: students will be able to describe air temperature and air pressure

Name Period Date L.O: students will be able to describe air temperature and air pressure 1. As the altitude increases within Earth s stratosphere, air temperature generally A) decreases, only B) increases,

### The Atmosphere - Chapter Characteristics of the Atmosphere

Section Objectives Describe the composition of Earth s atmosphere. Explain how two types of barometers work. Identify the layers of the atmosphere. Identify two effects of air pollution. The Atmosphere

Answers to Clicker Questions Chapter 1 What component of the atmosphere is most important to weather? A. Nitrogen B. Oxygen C. Carbon dioxide D. Ozone E. Water What location would have the lowest surface

### EARTH'S ATMOSPHERE. 1. The graph below shows the average concentration of ozone in Earth's atmosphere over Arizona during 4 months of the year.

EARTH'S ATMOSPHERE 1. The graph below shows the average concentration of ozone in Earth's atmosphere over Arizona during 4 months of the year. Which layer of Earth's atmosphere contains the greatest concentration

### Temperature Pressure Wind Moisture

Chapter 1: Properties of Atmosphere Temperature Pressure Wind Moisture Thickness of the Atmosphere (from Meteorology Today) 90% 70% The thickness of the atmosphere is only about 2% of Earth s thickness

### Earth s Atmosphere. Composition

Earth s Atmosphere Earth s atmosphere is a layer of gases surrounding the planet that is held in place by gravity. The atmosphere protects life on Earth by absorbing ultraviolet radiation, warming the

### PLOTTING WEATHER DATA to perform a SURFACE ANALYSIS

PLOTTING WEATHER DATA to perform a SURFACE ANALYSIS The surface analysis permits one to identify and locate the large scale features of the sea level pressure field and the surface fronts. Isobars with

### CHAPTER 13 WEATHER ANALYSIS AND FORECASTING MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS

CHAPTER 13 WEATHER ANALYSIS AND FORECASTING MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS 1. The atmosphere is a continuous fluid that envelops the globe, so that weather observation, analysis, and forecasting require international

### Lecture Outlines PowerPoint. Chapter 16 Earth Science 11e Tarbuck/Lutgens

Lecture Outlines PowerPoint Chapter 16 Earth Science 11e Tarbuck/Lutgens 2006 Pearson Prentice Hall This work is protected by United States copyright laws and is provided solely for the use of instructors

### The Atmosphere. Importance of our. 4 Layers of the Atmosphere. Introduction to atmosphere, weather, and climate. What makes up the atmosphere?

The Atmosphere Introduction to atmosphere, weather, and climate Where is the atmosphere? Everywhere! Completely surrounds Earth February 20, 2010 What makes up the atmosphere? Argon Inert gas 1% Variable

### Regional Climatology. Lab Number One Atmospheric Processes

Name: Time of Class: Due Date: Regional Climatology Lab Number One Atmospheric Processes Part I: Group Discussion and Answer Directions: Arrange a group of three to five individuals. Discuss each of the

### The Atmosphere. Characteristics of the Atmosphere. Section 23.1 Objectives. Chapter 23. Chapter 23 Modern Earth Science. Section 1

The Atmosphere Chapter 23 Modern Earth Science Characteristics of the Atmosphere Chapter 23 Section 1 Section 23.1 Objectives Describe the composition of Earth s atmosphere. Explain how two types of barometers

### Atmosphere Properties and Instruments. Outline. AT351 Lab 2 January 30th, 2008

Atmosphere Properties and Instruments AT351 Lab 2 January 30th, 2008 Outline 1. Atmospheric Variables and How We Measure Them 2. Composition of the Atmosphere 3. How to Represent Weather Data Visually

### 2. Usually, the air pressure inside a building is the air pressure outside the building. a. greater than b. about the same as c.

CHAPTER 5 AIR PRESSURE MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS 1. The magnitude of pressure exerted by the gas molecules composing air depends on a. the mass of the air molecules. b. the pull of gravity. c. the kinetic

### surrounds Earth and protects it somewhat from solar radiation. Like all other matter, air has weight,

The air that we breathe comes from the atmosphere, a thin gaseous layer that surrounds Earth and protects it somewhat from solar radiation. Like all other matter, air has weight, but this weight varies

### 1. CLIMATOLOGY: 2. ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY:

What is meteorology? A. METEOROLOGY: an atmospheric science that studies the day to day changes in the atmosphere 1. ATMOSPHERE: the blanket of gas that surrounds the surface of Earth; the air 2. WEATHER:

### ESS 111 Climate & Global Change. Week 1 Weather vs Climate Structure of the Atmosphere Global Wind Belts

ESS 111 Climate & Global Change Week 1 Weather vs Climate Structure of the Atmosphere Global Wind Belts Weather is the state of the atmosphere at a given place and time. For example, right now, the temperature

### Vertical Structure of Atmosphere

ATMOS 3110 Introduction to Atmospheric Sciences Distribution of atmospheric mass and gaseous constituents Because of the earth s gravitational field, the atmosphere exerts a downward forces on the earth

### Solutions Manual to Exercises for Weather & Climate, 8th ed. Appendix A Dimensions and Units 60 Appendix B Earth Measures 62 Appendix C GeoClock 63

Solutions Manual to Exercises for Weather & Climate, 8th ed. 1 Vertical Structure of the Atmosphere 1 2 Earth Sun Geometry 4 3 The Surface Energy Budget 8 4 The Global Energy Budget 10 5 Atmospheric Moisture

### Project 2 Fronts

12.307 Project 2 Fronts Lodovica Illari and John Marshall March 2010 Abstract We inspect fronts crossing the country associated with day-to-day variations in the weather using real-time atmospheric observations.

### In this chapter, we will examine

In this chapter, we will examine Surface and upper level pressure charts The forces that influence the winds The equations that govern atmospheric motion Simple balanced flows Geostrophic wind (quantitative)

### Global Energy Balance: Greenhouse Effect

Global Energy Balance: Greenhouse Effect Atmospheric Composition & Structure Physical Causes of Greenhouse Effects Chapter 3: 44 48. Atmospheric Composition Why does water vapor vary so much? Saturation

### Weather and the Atmosphere. RAP Short Course

Weather and the Atmosphere RAP Short Course Syllabus 1) Vertical structure and composition of the atmosphere, basic weather variables 2) Warming Earth and its atmosphere the diurnal and seasonal cycles

### Studying Topography, Orographic Rainfall, and Ecosystems (STORE)

Studying Topography, Orographic Rainfall, and Ecosystems (STORE) Introduction Basic Lesson 3: Using Microsoft Excel to Analyze Weather Data: Topography and Temperature This lesson uses NCDC data to compare

### C) wavelength C) eastern horizon B) the angle of insolation is high B) increases, only D) thermosphere D) receive low-angle insolation

1. What is the basic difference between ultraviolet, visible, and infrared radiation? A) half-life B) temperature C) wavelength D) wave velocity 2. In New York State, the risk of sunburn is greatest between

### 4. Atmospheric transport. Daniel J. Jacob, Atmospheric Chemistry, Harvard University, Spring 2017

4. Atmospheric transport Daniel J. Jacob, Atmospheric Chemistry, Harvard University, Spring 2017 Forces in the atmosphere: Gravity g Pressure-gradient ap = ( 1/ ρ ) dp / dx for x-direction (also y, z directions)

### The Atmosphere. Atmospheric structure

The Atmosphere Atmospheric structure Atmospheric layers defined by changes in temperature Troposphere contains 75% of atmospheric gases; temperature decreases with height Tropopause boundary between troposphere

### 1. The frequency of an electromagnetic wave is proportional to its wavelength. a. directly *b. inversely

CHAPTER 3 SOLAR AND TERRESTRIAL RADIATION MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS 1. The frequency of an electromagnetic wave is proportional to its wavelength. a. directly *b. inversely 2. is the distance between successive

### 1. The frequency of an electromagnetic wave is proportional to its wavelength. a. directly b. inversely

CHAPTER 3 SOLAR AND TERRESTRIAL RADIATION MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS 1. The frequency of an electromagnetic wave is proportional to its wavelength. a. directly b. inversely 2. is the distance between successive

### The Behaviour of the Atmosphere

3 The Behaviour of the Atmosphere Learning Goals After studying this chapter, students should be able to: apply the ideal gas law and the concept of hydrostatic balance to the atmosphere (pp. 49 54); apply

### General Concepts of Atmospheric Thermodynamic Atmospheric Thermodynamic Theory

General Concepts of Atmospheric Thermodynamic Atmospheric Thermodynamic Theory The theory of thermodynamics is one of the important cornerstones of classical physics. It has applications not only in physics,

### INTRODUCTION TO METEOROLOGY PART TWO SC 208 DECEMBER 2, 2014 JOHN BUSH

INTRODUCTION TO METEOROLOGY PART TWO SC 208 DECEMBER 2, 2014 JOHN BUSH Meteorology ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES Short term weather systems in time spans of hours, days, weeks or months Emphasis is on forecasting

### 1. CLIMATOLOGY: 2. ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY:

What is meteorology? A. METEOROLOGY: an atmospheric science that studies the day to day changes in the atmosphere 1. ATMOSPHERE: the blanket of gas that surrounds the surface of Earth; the air 2. WEATHER:

### Meteorology Practice Test

Meteorology Practice Test 1. Transition zones between two air masses of different densities are called what? 2. A front occurs when a cold air mass replaces a warmer one. 3. A front occurs when a warm

### Thickness of the Atmosphere

Lecture 1: A Brief Survey of the Atmosphere Origins of the atmosphere Vertical structure of composition Vertical structure of air pressure Vertical structure of temperature The ionosphere Thickness of

### 1. The vertical structure of the atmosphere. Temperature profile.

Lecture 4. The structure of the atmosphere. Air in motion. Objectives: 1. The vertical structure of the atmosphere. Temperature profile. 2. Temperature in the lower atmosphere: dry adiabatic lapse rate.

### General Circulation of Basic Atmospheric Parameters over a Low Latitude Station (Hyderabad)

IOSR Journal of Applied Physics (IOSR-JAP) e-issn: 2278-4861.Volume 7, Issue 3 Ver. III (May. - Jun. 2015), PP 01-05 www.iosrjournals.org General Circulation of Basic Atmospheric Parameters over a Low

### DEPARTMENT OF GEOSCIENCES SAN FRANCISCO STATE UNIVERSITY. Metr Fall 2012 Test #1 200 pts. Part I. Surface Chart Interpretation.

DEPARTMENT OF GEOSCIENCES SAN FRANCISCO STATE UNIVERSITY NAME Metr 356.01 Fall 2012 Test #1 200 pts Part I. Surface Chart Interpretation. Figure 1. Surface Chart for 1500Z 7 September 2007 1 1. Pressure

Your web browser (Safari 7) is out of date. For more security, comfort and the best experience on this site: Update your browser Ignore JET STREAM For the complete encyclopedic entry with media resources,

### ATMOSPHERIC ENERGY and GLOBAL TEMPERATURES. Physical Geography (Geog. 300) Prof. Hugh Howard American River College

ATMOSPHERIC ENERGY and GLOBAL TEMPERATURES Physical Geography (Geog. 300) Prof. Hugh Howard American River College RADIATION FROM the SUN SOLAR RADIATION Primarily shortwave (UV-SIR) Insolation Incoming

### Unit 11 Section 1 Computer Lab. Part 1: REMOTE SENSING OF THE EARTH SYSTEM BY SATELLITE

Unit 11 Section 1 Computer Lab Part 1: REMOTE SENSING OF THE EARTH SYSTEM BY SATELLITE Educational Outcomes: Satellites orbiting the planet are ideal platforms for monitoring the Earth system from above

### Name Period Date L.O: SWBAT DESCRIBE THE PROPERTIES OF THE ATMOSPHERE.(

Name Period Date L.O: SWBAT DESCRIBE THE PROPERTIES OF THE ATMOSPHERE.( 1. Scientists have inferred that Earth s original atmosphere was formed by the A) outgassing from Earth s interior B) erosion of

### Chapter 11 Lecture Outline. Heating the Atmosphere

Chapter 11 Lecture Outline Heating the Atmosphere They are still here! Focus on the Atmosphere Weather Occurs over a short period of time Constantly changing Climate Averaged over a long period of time

### ROYAL CANADIAN AIR CADETS PROFICIENCY LEVEL THREE INSTRUCTIONAL GUIDE SECTION 1 EO M DESCRIBE PROPERTIES OF THE ATMOSPHERE PREPARATION

ROYAL CANADIAN AIR CADETS PROFICIENCY LEVEL THREE INSTRUCTIONAL GUIDE SECTION 1 EO M336.01 DESCRIBE PROPERTIES OF THE ATMOSPHERE Total Time: 30 min PREPARATION PRE-LESSON INSTRUCTIONS Resources needed

### Guided Notes Weather. Part 1: Weather Factors Temperature Humidity Air Pressure Winds Station Models

Guided Notes Weather Part 1: Weather Factors Temperature Humidity Air Pressure Winds Station Models. 1. What is weather? Weather: short-term atmospheric conditions in a specific area at a specific time

### Lecture 4 Air Temperature. Measuring Temperature. Measuring Temperature. Surface & Air Temperature. Environmental Contrasts 3/27/2012

Lecture 4 Air Temperature Geo210 An Introduction to Physical Geography Temperature Concepts and Measurement Temperature the average kinetic energy (motion) of molecules of matter Temperature Scales Fahrenheit

### 2/22/ Atmospheric Characteristics

17.1 Atmospheric Characteristics Atmosphere: the gaseous layer that surrounds the Earth I. In the past, gases came from volcanic eruptions A. Water vapor was a major component of outgassing B. Other gases

### Insolation and Temperature variation. The Sun & Insolation. The Sun (cont.) The Sun

Insolation and Temperature variation Atmosphere: blanket of air surrounding earth Without our atmosphere: cold, quiet, cratered place Dynamic: currents and circulation cells June 23, 2008 Atmosphere important

### Unit 3 Review Guide: Atmosphere

Unit 3 Review Guide: Atmosphere Atmosphere: A thin layer of gases that forms a protective covering around the Earth. Photosynthesis: Process where plants take in carbon dioxide and release oxygen. Trace

### METEOROLOGY A SCIENCE ACTIVITY BOOK

METEOROLOGY A SCIENCE ACTIVITY BOOK BY PAT AND BARBARA WARD COPYRIGHT 1994 Mark Twain Media, Inc. ISBN 978-1-58037-972-4 Printing No. 1809-EB Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers Distributed by Carson-Dellosa

### Unit 3: 4/14/2015. Meteorology. Meteorologist. Research. The Earth s Atmosphere How do we collect information on the atmosphere?

Unit 3: Meteorology The word meteorology is from Greek, metéōros, meaning "lofty; high (in the sky)" Where are they? Why is there no weather? Meteorology Meteorology is the study of the atmosphere, atmospheric

### Atmosphere : Properties and Standard Atmosphere

Atmosphere : Properties and Standard Atmosphere ATMOSPHERE An atmosphere is a layer or a set of layers of gases surrounding a planet or other material body, that is held in place by the gravity of that

### METEOROLOGY AND AIR POLLUTION. JAI PRAKASH Civil Engineering IIT Delhi 1 AUGUST, 2011

METEOROLOGY AND AIR POLLUTION JAI PRAKASH Civil Engineering IIT Delhi 1 AUGUST, 2011 METEOROLOGY Aerosols particles which are emitted from the sources they are transported and dispersed through meteorological

### Heating the Atmosphere (Chapter 14, with material from Chapter 2)

Heating the Atmosphere (Chapter 14, with material from Chapter 2) 1. Reflection on Prior Knowledge: What process in Earth s early history resulted in the formation of an atmosphere? What gases characterized

### UNIT 1. WEATHER AND CLIMATE. PRIMARY 4/ Social Science Pedro Antonio López Hernández

UNIT 1. WEATHER AND CLIMATE PRIMARY 4/ Social Science Pedro Antonio López Hernández LAYERS OF THE ATMOSPHERE The atmosphere is a mixture of gases that surround Earth and separate it from the rest of the

### STATION If relative humidity is 60% and saturation vapor pressure is 35 mb, what is the actual vapor pressure?

STATION 1 Vapor pressure is a measure of relative humidity and saturation vapor pressure. Using this information and the information given in the problem, answer the following question. 1. If relative

### Investigation A: OCEAN IN THE GLOBAL WATER CYCLE

Investigation A: OCEAN IN THE GLOBAL WATER CYCLE (NOTE: Completion of this activity requires Internet access.) Driving Question: What role does the ocean play in the global water cycle within the Earth

### ATMOS 5130 Physical Meteorology II Thermodynamics

ATMOS 5130 Physical Meteorology II Thermodynamics Dr. Gannet Hallar University of Utah gannet.hallar@utah.edu Spring Semester 2016 (1.5 credits) Monday, Wednesday, Friday 10:45 11:35 am WBB - Rm. 820 January

### WEATHER. Review Note Cards

WEATHER Review Note Cards Thermometer Weather instrument that measures air temperature Units include F, C, and K ESRT 13 Sling Psychrometer Weather instrument that measures relative humidity and dewpoint

### Mapping Global Temperature and Ozone Using AIRS

Title: Mapping Global Temperature and Ozone Using AIRS Product Type: Curriculum Developer: Helen Cox (Professor, Geography, California State University, Northridge): helen.m.cox@csun.edu Laura Yetter (Research

### Synoptic Meteorology I: Skew-T Diagrams and Thermodynamic Properties

Synoptic Meteorology I: Skew-T Diagrams and Thermodynamic Properties For Further Reading Most information contained within these lecture notes is drawn from Chapters 1, 2, 4, and 6 of The Use of the Skew

### 2 Atmospheric Pressure

2 Atmospheric Pressure METEOROLOGY 2.1 Definition and Pressure Measurement 2.1.1 Definition Pressure acts in all directions, up and sideways as well as down, but it is convenient in meteorology to regard

### Prentice Hall EARTH SCIENCE. Tarbuck Lutgens

Prentice Hall EARTH SCIENCE Tarbuck Lutgens Chapter 17 The Atmosphere: Structure and Temperature 17.1 Atmosphere Characteristics Composition of the Atmosphere Weather is constantly changing, and it refers

### Observing Weather: Making the Invisible Visible. Dr. Michael J. Passow

Observing Weather: Making the Invisible Visible Dr. Michael J. Passow What Is Weather? Weather refers to the conditions of the atmosphere at a certain place and time. Weather differs from Climate, which

### Solutions to Comprehensive Final Examination Given on Thursday, 13 December 2001

Name & Signature Dr. Droegemeier Student ID Meteorology 1004 Introduction to Meteorology Fall, 2001 Solutions to Comprehensive Final Examination Given on Thursday, 13 December 2001 BEFORE YOU BEGIN!! Please

### 2018 Science Olympiad: Badger Invitational Meteorology Exam. Team Name: Team Motto:

2018 Science Olympiad: Badger Invitational Meteorology Exam Team Name: Team Motto: This exam has 50 questions of various formats, plus 3 tie-breakers. Good luck! 1. On a globally-averaged basis, which

### 1. Which weather map symbol is associated with extremely low air pressure? A) B) C) D) 2. The diagram below represents a weather instrument.

1. Which weather map symbol is associated with extremely low air pressure? 2. The diagram below represents a weather instrument. Which weather variable was this instrument designed to measure? A) air pressure

### Unseasonable weather conditions in Japan in August 2014

Unseasonable weather conditions in Japan in August 2014 Summary of analysis by the TCC Advisory Panel on Extreme Climatic Events In an extraordinary session held at the Japan Meteorological Agency on 3

### Final Examination. Part A Answer ONLY TWELVE QUESTIONS in Part A. (Each question is 3 points)

ATS 210 Spring Term 2001 NAME: Final Examination This is a 2 hour, closed-book examination. Calculators may be used. All answers should be written on the examination paper. Use the final sheet for any

### Chapter 8 Circulation of the Atmosphere

Chapter 8 Circulation of the Atmosphere The Atmosphere Moves in Response to Uneven Solar Heating and Earth s s Rotation Solar Radiation - initial source of energy to the Earth. It can be absorbed, reflected

### What is wind? Moving air... Friday, 21 November, 14

What is wind? Moving air... Why does air move? To create atmospheric equilibrium There are always regions of high air pressure and regions of low air pressure on in the troposphere. Or......to fill in

### Atmospheric Pressure and Wind Frode Stordal, University of Oslo

Chapter 4 Lecture Understanding Weather and Climate Seventh Edition Atmospheric Pressure and Wind Frode Stordal, University of Oslo Redina L. Herman Western Illinois University The Concept of Pressure

### Atmospheric Structure

Atmospheric Structure The gaseous area surrounding the planet is divided into several concentric strata or layers. About 99% of the total atmospheric mass is concentrated in the first 20 miles (32 km)

### Metr 201 Quiz #2 100 pts. A. Short Answer and Definitions. (4 points each for a total of 28 points in this section).

Department of Earth & Climate Sciences Name San Francisco State University February 23, 2015 Metr 201 Quiz #2 100 pts. A. Short Answer and Definitions. (4 points each for a total of 28 points in this section).

### HEAT, TEMPERATURE, AND ATMOSPHERIC CIRCULATION

CHAPTER 4 HEAT, TEMPERATURE, AND ATMOSPHERIC CIRCULATION MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS 1. Heat is *a. the name given to the energy transferred between objects at different temperatures. b. the equivalent of

### Change of Dew Point Temperature and Density of Saturated Water Vapor with High and its Impact on Cloud Cover

IOSR Journal of Engineering (IOSRJEN) ISSN (e): 2250-3021, ISSN (p): 2278-8719 Vol. 06, Issue 01 (January. 2016), V1 PP 06-13 www.iosrjen.org Change of Dew Point Temperature and Density of Saturated Water

### Introduction to the College of DuPage NEXLAB Website

Introduction to the College of DuPage NEXLAB Website The purpose of this lab is to familiarize yourself with our website so that you will have an easier time following along in class and will be able to