Cell Division (Meiosis)

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Cell Division (Meiosis)"

Transcription

1 Cell Division (Meiosis)

2 Meiosis The form of cell division by which gametes, with half the number of chromosomes, are produced. Diploid (2n) haploid (n) Meiosis is sexual reproduction. Two divisions (meiosis I and meiosis II).

3 Meiosis Sex cells divide to produce gametes (sperm or egg). Gametes have half the No. of chromosomes. Occurs only in germ cells Meiosis is similar to mitosis with some chromosomal differences.

4 Spermatogenesis human sex cell n=23 n=23 n=23 sperm 2n=46 diploid (2n) n=23 n=23 haploid (n) n=23 meiosis I meiosis II

5 Interphase I Similar to mitosis interphase. Chromosomes replicate (S phase). Each duplicated chromosome consist of two identical sister chromatids attached at their centromeres.

6 Interphase I Nucleus and nucleolus visible. chromatin nuclear membrane cell membrane nucleolus

7 Meiosis I (four phases) Cell division that reduces the chromosome number by one-half. four phases: a. prophase I b. metaphase I c. anaphase I d. telophase I

8 Prophase I Longest and most complex phase (90%). It has 5 sub stages: Leptotene,Zygotene,Pachytene,Diplotene& diakinesis Synapsis occurs: homologous chromosomes come together to form a tetrad. Tetrad is two chromosomes or four chromatids (sister and nonsister chromatids).

9 Zygotene - Synapsis Homologous chromosomes sister chromatids Tetrad sister chromatids

10 Homologous Chromosomes Pair of chromosomes (maternal and paternal) that are similar in shape and size. Homologous pairs (tetrads) carry genes controlling the same inherited traits. Each locus (position of a gene) is in the same position on homologues. Humans have 23 pairs of homologous chromosomes. a. 22 pairs of autosomes b. 01 pair of sex chromosomes

11 Homologous Chromosomes eye color locus eye color locus hair color locus hair color locus Paternal Maternal

12 Pachytene - Crossing Over Crossing over (variation) may occur between nonsister chromatids at the chiasmata. Crossing over: segments of nonsister chromatids break and reattach to the other chromatid. Chiasmata (chiasma) are the sites of crossing over.

13 Crossing Over - variation nonsister chromatids Tetrad chiasmata: site of crossing over variation

14 Prophase I spindle fiber centrioles aster fibers

15 Shortest phase Metaphase I Tetrads align on the metaphase plate. INDEPENDENT ASSORTMENT OCCURS: 1. Orientation of homologous pair to poles is random. 2. Variation 3. Formula: 2 n Example: 2n = 4 then n = 2 thus 2 2 = 4 combinations

16 Metaphase I OR metaphase plate metaphase plate

17 Anaphase I Homologous chromosomes separate and move towards the poles. Sister chromatids remain attached at their centromeres.

18 Anaphase I

19 Telophase I Each pole now has haploid set of chromosomes. Cytokinesis occurs and two haploid daughter cells are formed.

20 Telophase I

21 Meiosis II No interphase II (or very short - no more DNA replication) Remember: Meiosis II is similar to mitosis

22 Prophase II same as prophase in mitosis

23 Metaphase II same as metaphase in mitosis metaphase plate metaphase plate

24 Anaphase II same as anaphase in mitosis sister chromatids separate

25 Telophase II Same as telophase in mitosis. Nuclei form. Cytokinesis occurs. Remember: four haploid daughter cells produced. gametes = sperm or egg

26 Telophase II

27 Significant results of meiosis: 1. Haploid cells are produced because two rounds of division follow one round of chromosome replication. 2. Alignment of paternally and maternally inherited chromosomes is random in metaphase I, resulting in random combinations of chromosomes in each gamete. Number of possible chromosome arrangements = 2 n Crossing-over between maternal and paternal chromatids during meiosis I provides still more variation. Moreover, the crossing-over sites vary from one meiosis to another.

28 Meiosis n=2 sex cell n=2 n=2 sperm 2n=4 diploid (2n) n=2 n=2 haploid (n) n=2 meiosis I meiosis II

29

Meiosis. The form of cell division by which gametes, with half the regular number of chromosomes, are produced.

Meiosis. The form of cell division by which gametes, with half the regular number of chromosomes, are produced. MEIOSIS Meiosis The form of cell division by which gametes, with half the regular number of chromosomes, are produced. diploid (2n) haploid (n) (complete set of chromosomes) (half the regular number of

More information

You have body cells and gametes Body cells are known as somatic cells. Germ cells develop into gametes or sex cells. Germ cells are located in the

You have body cells and gametes Body cells are known as somatic cells. Germ cells develop into gametes or sex cells. Germ cells are located in the MEIOSIS You have body cells and gametes Body cells are known as somatic cells. Germ cells develop into gametes or sex cells. Germ cells are located in the ovaries and testes. Gametes are sex cells: egg

More information

Agenda. 1. Lesson Learning Goals 2. Meiosis 3. Meiosis Bingo

Agenda. 1. Lesson Learning Goals 2. Meiosis 3. Meiosis Bingo Meiosis SBI 3U Agenda 1. Lesson Learning Goals 2. Meiosis 3. Meiosis Bingo Learning Goals By the end of today s lesson, you will be able: To use proper vocabulary related to this unit, including meiosis,

More information

Sexual Cell Reproduction Chapter 17

Sexual Cell Reproduction Chapter 17 Sexual Cell Reproduction Chapter 17 1 The Importance of Meiosis Meiosis is a two stage cell division in which the chromosome number of the parental cell is reduced by half. Meiosis is the process by which

More information

Almost all human cells contain 46 chromosomes, and are diploid (2n). Q: If a sperm cell has 46 chromosomes (2n) & an egg cell has 46 chromosomes

Almost all human cells contain 46 chromosomes, and are diploid (2n). Q: If a sperm cell has 46 chromosomes (2n) & an egg cell has 46 chromosomes Almost all human cells contain 46 chromosomes, and are diploid (2n). Q: If a sperm cell has 46 chromosomes (2n) & an egg cell has 46 chromosomes (2n), when they combine during fertilization, how many chromosomes

More information

Meiosis produces haploid gametes.

Meiosis produces haploid gametes. Section 1: produces haploid gametes. K What I Know W What I Want to Find Out L What I Learned Essential Questions How does the reduction in chromosome number occur during meiosis? What are the stages of

More information

MGC New Life Christian Academy

MGC New Life Christian Academy A. Meiosis Main Idea: Meiosis produces haploid gametes. Key Concept: Asexual reproduction involves one parent and produces offspring that are genetically identical to each other and to the parent. Sexual

More information

Meiosis and Sexual Reproduction. Chapter 10. Halving the Chromosome Number. Homologous Pairs

Meiosis and Sexual Reproduction. Chapter 10. Halving the Chromosome Number. Homologous Pairs Meiosis and Sexual Reproduction Chapter 10 Outline Reduction in Chromosome Number Homologous Pairs Meiosis Overview Genetic Recombination Crossing-Over Independent Assortment Fertilization Meiosis I Meiosis

More information

Chapter 13: Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles Overview: Hereditary Similarity and Variation

Chapter 13: Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles Overview: Hereditary Similarity and Variation Chapter 13: Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles Overview: Hereditary Similarity and Variation Living organisms Are distinguished by their ability to reproduce their own kind Biology, 7 th Edition Neil Campbell

More information

Review of Terms. Haploid cells (1n) with one copy of each chromosome. Diploid cells (2n) with two copies of each chromosome

Review of Terms. Haploid cells (1n) with one copy of each chromosome. Diploid cells (2n) with two copies of each chromosome Review of Terms Haploid cells (1n) with one copy of each chromosome Diploid cells (2n) with two copies of each chromosome Somatic non-germline cells Gametes sex cells (eggs and sperm) Reductional division

More information

Meiosis and Sexual Reproduction. Chapter 11 Loulousis

Meiosis and Sexual Reproduction. Chapter 11 Loulousis Meiosis and Sexual Reproduction Chapter 11 Loulousis Meiosis - Phenomena Parents can produce many types of offspring. Families will have resemblances, but no two are exactly alike Objectives Compare and

More information

Reproduction & Cell Types

Reproduction & Cell Types Reproduction & Cell Types TYPES OF REPRODUCTION Asexual Relies on MITOSIS All of the parent s DNA goes to the offspring Sexual Relies on MEIOSIS Used to create sex cells TYPES OF CELLS Body Cells Includes

More information

CELL GROWTH AND DIVISION. Chapter 10

CELL GROWTH AND DIVISION. Chapter 10 CELL GROWTH AND DIVISION Chapter 10 Cell division = The formation of 2 daughter cells from a single parent cell Increases ratio of surface area to volume for each cell Allows for more efficient exchange

More information

Meiosis http://biology.tutorvista.com/cell/meiosis.html MEIOSIS It is a type of cell division in which the chromosome number is halved from the diploid number (2n) to a haploid number (n). Like mitosis

More information

11-4 Meiosis. Chromosome Number

11-4 Meiosis. Chromosome Number 11-4 Meiosis Chromosome Number Sexual reproduction shuffles and recombines genes from two parents. During gametogenesis, genes are segregated and assorted (shuffled) into gemetes, and at fertilization,

More information

Overview. Overview: Variations on a Theme. Offspring acquire genes from parents by inheriting chromosomes. Inheritance of Genes

Overview. Overview: Variations on a Theme. Offspring acquire genes from parents by inheriting chromosomes. Inheritance of Genes Chapter 13 Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles Overview I. Cell Types II. Meiosis I. Meiosis I II. Meiosis II III. Genetic Variation IV. Reproduction Overview: Variations on a Theme Figure 13.1 Living organisms

More information

Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles

Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles Chapter 13 Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles PowerPoint Lecture Presentations for Biology Eighth Edition Neil Campbell and Jane Reece Lectures by Chris Romero, updated by Erin Barley with contributions from

More information

Meiosis Production of Chromosome Hybrids & Gametes. Packet #29

Meiosis Production of Chromosome Hybrids & Gametes. Packet #29 Meiosis Production of Chromosome Hybrids & Gametes Packet #29 Introduction Meiosis, discovered in 1883, was first observed through the fertilized egg and individual gametes, sperm and unfertilized egg,

More information

11-4 Meiosis Meiosis. Slide 1 of 35. Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall

11-4 Meiosis Meiosis. Slide 1 of 35. Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall 11-4 Meiosis 1 of 35 Each organism must inherit a single copy of every gene from each of its parents. Gametes are formed by a process that separates the two sets of genes so that each gamete ends up with

More information

The Cell Cycle & Cell Division

The Cell Cycle & Cell Division The Cell Cycle & Cell Division http://www.nobel.se/medicine/laureates/2001/press.html The Cell Cycle Animated Cycle http://www.cellsalive.com/cell_cycle.htm MITOSIS Mitosis The process of cell division

More information

LECTURE 10A: MEIO S S

LECTURE 10A: MEIO S S LECTURE 10A: MEIOSIS Meiosis Definition INTRODUCTION 1. Meiosis is the production of gametes, which is a reduction division which means a diploid gamete produces haploid gametes - from a full complement

More information

Meiosis. Section 8-3

Meiosis. Section 8-3 Meiosis Section 8-3 Meiosis process of nuclear division that reduces the number of chromosomes in new cells to half the number in the original cell For example, in humans, meiosis produces haploid reproductive

More information

Meiosis vs Mitosis. How many times did it go through prophase-metaphase-anaphase-telophase?

Meiosis vs Mitosis. How many times did it go through prophase-metaphase-anaphase-telophase? Meiosis vs Mitosis Mitosis produces identical copies of cells for growth or repair. Meiosis produces egg cells or sperm cells. Look at the diagram of meiosis: What happened during prophase I? How many

More information

4/6/2014. Chromosome Number

4/6/2014. Chromosome Number Meiosis 1of 35 Each organism must inherit a single copy of every gene from each of its parents. Gametes are formed by a process that separates the two sets of genes so that each gamete ends up with just

More information

Meiosis: M-Phase part 2. How is meiosis different from mitosis? Some terms: Some terms: Some terms:

Meiosis: M-Phase part 2. How is meiosis different from mitosis? Some terms: Some terms: Some terms: M-Phase part 2 Meiosis and Cytokinesis Meiosis: A special type of cell division that produces gametes. Cell division that occurs in sex organs. 2 successive nuclear divisions Genetic mistakes (gene and

More information

SEXUAL REPRODUCTION MEIOSIS SPERMATOGENESIS & OOGENESIS 2/6/2011. Asexual Reproduction:

SEXUAL REPRODUCTION MEIOSIS SPERMATOGENESIS & OOGENESIS 2/6/2011. Asexual Reproduction: Asexual Reproduction: SEXUAL REPRODUCTON & MEOSS Many single-celled organisms reproduce by splitting, budding, parthenogenesis. Some multicellular organisms can reproduce asexually, produce clones (offspring

More information

9-4 Meiosis Meiosis. Slide 1 of 35

9-4 Meiosis Meiosis. Slide 1 of 35 9-4 Meiosis 11-4 Meiosis 1 of 35 11-4 Meiosis Each organism must inherit a single copy of every gene from each of its parents. Gametes are formed by a process that separates the two sets of genes so that

More information

Sexual life cycle. Sexual life cycle. Fertilization. Sexual Reproduction and Meiosis. Made up of meiosis and fertilization Diploid cells (2n)

Sexual life cycle. Sexual life cycle. Fertilization. Sexual Reproduction and Meiosis. Made up of meiosis and fertilization Diploid cells (2n) Sexual life cycle Sexual Reproduction and Meiosis Made up of meiosis and fertilization Diploid cells (2n) Chapter 11 Somatic cells of adults have 2 sets of Haploid cells (n) Gametes have only 1 set of

More information

Meiosis. Bởi: OpenStaxCollege

Meiosis. Bởi: OpenStaxCollege Meiosis Bởi: OpenStaxCollege Sexual reproduction requires fertilization, a union of two cells from two individual organisms. If those two cells each contain one set of chromosomes, then the resulting cell

More information

MEIOSIS LAB INTRODUCTION PART I: MEIOSIS

MEIOSIS LAB INTRODUCTION PART I: MEIOSIS MEIOSIS LAB INTRODUCTION Meiosis involves two successive nuclear divisions that produce four haploid cells. Meiosis I is the reduction division. It is this first division that reduces the chromosome number

More information

What is Mitosis? What is the purpose of Mitosis? Growth Repair Asexual reproduction What is the ultimate result of Mitosis?

What is Mitosis? What is the purpose of Mitosis? Growth Repair Asexual reproduction What is the ultimate result of Mitosis? Sexual Reproduction What is Mitosis? What is the purpose of Mitosis? Growth Repair Asexual reproduction What is the ultimate result of Mitosis? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1fyfdfdrymq Somatic cells

More information

Heredity Variation Genetics Meiosis

Heredity Variation Genetics Meiosis Genetics Warm Up Exercise: -Using your previous knowledge of genetics, determine what maternal genotype would most likely yield offspring with such characteristics. -Use the genotype that you came up with

More information

Honors Biology Test Chapter 8 Mitosis and Meiosis

Honors Biology Test Chapter 8 Mitosis and Meiosis Honors Biology Test Chapter 8 Mitosis and Meiosis 1. In mitosis, if a parent cell has 16 chromosomes, each daughter cell will have how many chromosomes? a. 64 b. 32 c. 16 d. 8 e. 4 2. Chromatids that are

More information

11.4 Meiosis. Vocabulary: Homologous Diploid Haploid Meiosis Crossing-over Tetrad

11.4 Meiosis. Vocabulary: Homologous Diploid Haploid Meiosis Crossing-over Tetrad 11.4 Meiosis Vocabulary: Homologous Diploid Haploid Meiosis Crossing-over Tetrad Key Concept: What happens during the process of meiosis? How is MEIOSIS different than mitosis? Blast from the past What

More information

Mitosis & Meiosis. PPT Questions. 4. Why must each new cell get a complete copy of the original cell s DNA?

Mitosis & Meiosis. PPT Questions. 4. Why must each new cell get a complete copy of the original cell s DNA? 1. From where do new cells arise? Mitosis & Meiosis PPT Questions 2. Why does the body constantly make new cells? 3. Is cell division the same in all cells? Explain. 4. Why must each new cell get a complete

More information

Cell Reproduction Review

Cell Reproduction Review Name Date Period Cell Reproduction Review Explain what is occurring in each part of the cell cycle --- G 0, G1, S, G2, and M. 1 CELL DIVISION Label all parts of each cell in the cell cycle and explain

More information

Chapter 13: Meiosis & Sexual Life Cycles

Chapter 13: Meiosis & Sexual Life Cycles Chapter 13: Meiosis & Sexual Life Cycles What you must know The difference between asexual and sexual reproduction. The role of meiosis and fertilization in sexually reproducing organisms. The importance

More information

Sexual Reproduction and Meiosis. Chapter 11

Sexual Reproduction and Meiosis. Chapter 11 Sexual Reproduction and Meiosis Chapter 11 1 Sexual life cycle Made up of meiosis and fertilization Diploid cells Somatic cells of adults have 2 sets of chromosomes Haploid cells Gametes (egg and sperm)

More information

Typical Life Cycle of Algae and Fungi. 5 Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.

Typical Life Cycle of Algae and Fungi. 5 Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Module 3B Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles In this module, we will examine a second type of cell division used by eukaryotic cells called meiosis. In addition, we will see how the 2 types of eukaryotic cell

More information

Cell Division. Mitosis

Cell Division. Mitosis Cell division consists of two phases, nuclear division followed by cytokinesis. Nuclear division divides the genetic material in the nucleus, while cytokinesis divides the cytoplasm. There are two kinds

More information

Bell Ringer 02/02/15. Match the stages of mitosis to their descriptions and pictures.

Bell Ringer 02/02/15. Match the stages of mitosis to their descriptions and pictures. Match the stages of mitosis to their descriptions and pictures. 1. Nuclear membrane disappears and chromosomes condense 2. Nuclear membrane reappears and cells begin to fully separate Bell Ringer 02/02/15

More information

Meiosis. Introduction. A life cycle is the generation-to-generation sequence of stages in the reproductive history of an organism.

Meiosis. Introduction. A life cycle is the generation-to-generation sequence of stages in the reproductive history of an organism. Meiosis The pomegranate (Punica granatum) is believed to have originated near Iran and southern Afghanistan. The flowers are bright red with five petals. After the flower is fertilized with pollen the

More information

Unit 6 Test: The Cell Cycle

Unit 6 Test: The Cell Cycle Name Date Class Mrs. Knight Biology EHS Unit 6 Test: The Cell Cycle 1. What are the four main stages of the cell cycle (correct order)? A. G 1, S, G 0, M C. G 2, S, G 1, M B. G 1, S, G 2, M D. M, G 2,

More information

For a species to survive, it must REPRODUCE! Ch 13 NOTES Meiosis. Genetics Terminology: Homologous chromosomes

For a species to survive, it must REPRODUCE! Ch 13 NOTES Meiosis. Genetics Terminology: Homologous chromosomes For a species to survive, it must REPRODUCE! Ch 13 NOTES Meiosis Genetics Terminology: Autosomes Somatic cell Gamete Karyotype Homologous chromosomes Meiosis Sex chromosomes Diploid Haploid Zygote Synapsis

More information

11-4 Meiosis Chromosome Number Slide 1 of 35

11-4 Meiosis Chromosome Number Slide 1 of 35 Each organism must inherit a single copy of every gene from each of its parents. Gametes are formed by a process that separates the two sets of genes so that each gamete ends up with just one set. Chromosome

More information

Chapter 13: Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles

Chapter 13: Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles Name: AP Biology Chapter 13: Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles 13.1 Offspring acquire genes from parents by inheriting chromosomes 1. Define the following terms: gene locus gamete male gamete female gamete

More information

CELL REPRODUCTION VOCABULARY- CHAPTER 8 (33 words)

CELL REPRODUCTION VOCABULARY- CHAPTER 8 (33 words) CELL REPRODUCTION- CHAPTER 8 CELL REPRODUCTION VOCABULARY- CHAPTER 8 (33 words) 1. Chromosome 2. histone 3. chromatid 4. Centromere 5. chromatin 6. autosome 7. Sex chromosome 8. homologous chromosome 9.

More information

Human biology Laboratory. Cell division. Lecturer Maysam A Mezher

Human biology Laboratory. Cell division. Lecturer Maysam A Mezher Human biology Laboratory Cell division Lecturer Maysam A Mezher CHROMOSOME STRUCTURE 1. During nuclear division, the DNA (as chromatin) in a Eukaryotic cell's nucleus is coiled into very tight compact

More information

2:1 Chromosomes DNA Genes Chromatin Chromosomes CHROMATIN: nuclear material in non-dividing cell, composed of DNA/protein in thin uncoiled strands

2:1 Chromosomes DNA Genes Chromatin Chromosomes CHROMATIN: nuclear material in non-dividing cell, composed of DNA/protein in thin uncoiled strands Human Heredity Chapter 2 Chromosomes, Mitosis, and Meiosis 2:1 Chromosomes DNA Genes Chromatin Chromosomes CHROMATIN: nuclear material in non-dividing cell, composed of DNA/protein in thin uncoiled strands

More information

Mitosis Verses Meiosis

Mitosis Verses Meiosis Mitosis Verses Meiosis Name LT: I can compare mitosis and meiosis using various resources. Standards: 4.1b, 4.1c Visit the following links: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f-ldpgefahi https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vzdmg7ke69g

More information

biology Slide 1 of 35 End Show Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall

biology Slide 1 of 35 End Show Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall biology 1 of 35 Do Now: Turn in mitosis worksheet Write down your homework http://www.richannel.org/collection s/2013/chromosome#/chromosome -2 http://www.richannel.org/collection s/2013/chromosome#/chromosome

More information

Question #1 What must occur in order for Mendel s principles to hold true?

Question #1 What must occur in order for Mendel s principles to hold true? 11.4 Question #1 What must occur in order for Mendel s principles to hold true? An organism with two parents must inherit a single copy of every gene from each parent When that organism produces gametes,

More information

Outline for today s lecture (Ch. 13)

Outline for today s lecture (Ch. 13) Outline for today s lecture (Ch. 13) Sexual and asexual life cycles Meiosis Origins of Genetic Variation Independent assortment Crossing over ( recombination ) Heredity Transmission of traits between generations

More information

Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles

Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles LECTURE PRESENTATIONS For CAMPBELL BIOLOGY, NINTH EDITION Jane B. Reece, Lisa A. Urry, Michael L. Cain, Steven A. Wasserman, Peter V. Minorsky, Robert B. Jackson Chapter 13 Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles

More information

MEIOSIS CELL DIVISION Chapter

MEIOSIS CELL DIVISION Chapter Section 6.1: Meiosis MEIOSIS CELL DIVISION Chapter 6.1 6.2 WHAT DETERMINES WHAT YOU LOOK LIKE? Meiosis Animation Meiosis creates 4 genetically different gametes (haploid) Mitosis creates 2 identical daughter

More information

Lesson Overview Meiosis

Lesson Overview Meiosis 11.4 Chromosomes strands of DNA and protein contain the genes. genes are located in specific positions on chromosomes. Humans receive a set (23) of chromosomes from each parent. 23 chromosomes from mom

More information

Mitosis and. Meiosis. Presented by Kesler Science

Mitosis and. Meiosis. Presented by Kesler Science Mitosis and Meiosis Presented by Kesler Science Essential Questions: 1. What are mitosis and meiosis? 2. What occurs at different phases in cell division? 3. How are mitosis and meiosis similar and different?

More information

gametes Gametes somatic cells diploid (2n) haploid (n)

gametes Gametes somatic cells diploid (2n) haploid (n) Overview of Meiosis Meiosis is a form of cell division that leads to the production of gametes. Gametes: egg cells and sperm cells (reproductive) -contain half the number of chromosomes of an adult body

More information

Cellular Reproduction. MXMS 7th Grade Science

Cellular Reproduction. MXMS 7th Grade Science Cellular Reproduction MXMS 7th Grade Science What is cell division? 2 primary methods allow for cells to divide and reproduce themselves: A. Mitosis: produces identical offspring B. Meiosis: produces genetically

More information

MEIOSIS. KEY CONCEPT Gametes have half the number of chromosomes that body cells have.

MEIOSIS. KEY CONCEPT Gametes have half the number of chromosomes that body cells have. MEIOSIS MEIOSIS KEY CONCEPT Gametes have half the number of chromosomes that body cells have. MEIOSIS : CELL TYPES You have Body cells and Gametes Body cells are also called somatic cells. Germ cells develop

More information

Essential Knowledge: In eukaryotes, heritable information is passed to the next generation via processes that include the cell cycle and mitosis OR

Essential Knowledge: In eukaryotes, heritable information is passed to the next generation via processes that include the cell cycle and mitosis OR Essential Knowledge: In eukaryotes, heritable information is passed to the next generation via processes that include the cell cycle and mitosis OR meiosis plus fertilization Objective: You will be able

More information

CHAPTER 10 : CELL CYCLE AND CELL DIVISION K C MEENA PGT BIOLOGY KVS

CHAPTER 10 : CELL CYCLE AND CELL DIVISION K C MEENA PGT BIOLOGY KVS CHAPTER 10 : CELL CYCLE AND CELL DIVISION K C MEENA PGT BIOLOGY KVS Cell cycle It is a series of events that takes place in a cell, leading to the formation of two daughter cells from a single mother cell.

More information

biology Slide 1 of 35 End Show Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall

biology Slide 1 of 35 End Show Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall biology 1 of 35 Why do you look a little like your mom and your dad? Why do you look a little like your grandma but your brother or sister looks a little like your grandpa? How is the way you look and

More information

Heredity Variation Genetics Meiosis

Heredity Variation Genetics Meiosis Genetics Warm Up Exercise: -Using your previous knowledge of genetics, determine what maternal genotype would most likely yield offspring with such characteristics. -Use the genotype that you came up with

More information

Chapter 13 Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles

Chapter 13 Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles Chapter 13 Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles Question? Does Like really beget Like? The offspring will resemble the parents, but they may not be exactly like them. This chapter deals with reproduction of

More information

Sexual Reproduction. The two parent cells needed for sexual reproduction are called gametes. They are formed during a process known as meiosis.

Sexual Reproduction. The two parent cells needed for sexual reproduction are called gametes. They are formed during a process known as meiosis. Sexual Reproduction Recall that asexual reproduction involves only one parent cell. This parent cell divides to produce two daughter cells that are genetically identical to the parent. Sexual reproduction,

More information

CELL GROWTH & DIVISION. Preview (Honors)

CELL GROWTH & DIVISION. Preview (Honors) CELL GROWTH & DIVISION Mitosis & Meiosis Preview (Honors) Read: Chapter 10-1 Page 256: Define ALL vocabulary Page 257: #1-10 & 14 Page 282: Define Section 11-4 vocabulary 1 Preview (Academic) Read: Chapter

More information

CELL CYCLE, MITOSIS AND MEIOSIS NOTES

CELL CYCLE, MITOSIS AND MEIOSIS NOTES CELL CYCLE, MITOSIS AND MEIOSIS NOTES DNA - Genetic information is stored in the DNA strand in the form of genes. DNA stands for deoxyribose nucleic acid Genes located on the DNA strand 2 Types of DNA

More information

Fertilization of sperm and egg produces offspring

Fertilization of sperm and egg produces offspring In sexual reproduction Fertilization of sperm and egg produces offspring In asexual reproduction Offspring are produced by a single parent, without the participation of sperm and egg CONNECTIONS BETWEEN

More information

QQ 10/5/18 Copy the following into notebook:

QQ 10/5/18 Copy the following into notebook: Chapter 13- Meiosis QQ 10/5/18 Copy the following into notebook: Similarities: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Differences: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Figure 13.1 Living organisms are distinguished by their ability to reproduce their

More information

GENERAL SAFETY: Follow your teacher s directions. Do not work in the laboratory without your teacher s supervision.

GENERAL SAFETY: Follow your teacher s directions. Do not work in the laboratory without your teacher s supervision. Name: Bio AP Lab: Cell Division B: Mitosis & Meiosis (Modified from AP Biology Investigative Labs) BACKGROUND: One of the characteristics of living things is the ability to replicate and pass on genetic

More information

Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles

Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles CAMPBELL BIOLOGY IN FOCUS URRY CAIN WASSERMAN MINORSKY REECE 10 Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles Lecture Presentations by Kathleen Fitzpatrick and Nicole Tunbridge, Simon Fraser University SECOND EDITION

More information

4 Metaphase I 4 Anaphase I 4 Telophase I 2/4 Prophase II 2 Metaphase II 2 Anaphase II 2 Telophase II 2 Cytokinesis 2

4 Metaphase I 4 Anaphase I 4 Telophase I 2/4 Prophase II 2 Metaphase II 2 Anaphase II 2 Telophase II 2 Cytokinesis 2 Meiosis What therefore God hath joined together, let not man put asunder Mark 10:6-9 Stage Table 1 Meiosis (Without Crossover Event) # Chromosomes Per Cell Prophase I 4 Metaphase I 4 Anaphase I 4 Telophase

More information

CLASS XI CHAPTER 10 CELL CYCLE AND CELL DIVISION

CLASS XI CHAPTER 10 CELL CYCLE AND CELL DIVISION CLASS XI CHAPTER 10 CELL CYCLE AND CELL DIVISION Cell cycle It is a series of events that takes place in a cell, leading to the formation of two daughter cells from a single mother cell. Phases of cell

More information

Sexual Reproduction and Meiosis. Outline. Random?? fertilization. Chapter 13

Sexual Reproduction and Meiosis. Outline. Random?? fertilization. Chapter 13 Sexual Reproduction and Meiosis Chapter 13 Outline Reduction Division Unique Features of Meiosis Prophase I Metaphase I Completing Meiosis Second Meiotic Division Sexual Reproduction Origin and Maintenance

More information

Learning Objectives LO 3.7 The student can make predictions about natural phenomena occurring during the cell cycle. [See SP 6.4]

Learning Objectives LO 3.7 The student can make predictions about natural phenomena occurring during the cell cycle. [See SP 6.4] Big Ideas 3.A.2: In eukaryotes, heritable information is passed to the next generation via processes that include the cell cycle and mitosis or meiosis plus fertilization. CHAPTER 13 MEIOSIS AND SEXUAL

More information

Chapter 13: Meiosis & Sexual Life Cycles

Chapter 13: Meiosis & Sexual Life Cycles Chapter 13: Meiosis & Sexual Life Cycles What you must know The difference between asexual and sexual reproduction. The role of meiosis and fertilization in sexually reproducing organisms. The importance

More information

CELL DIVISION IN EUKARYOTES. Professor Andrea Garrison Biology 11 Illustrations 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.

CELL DIVISION IN EUKARYOTES. Professor Andrea Garrison Biology 11 Illustrations 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. CELL DIVISION IN EUKARYOTES Professor Andrea Garrison Biology 11 Illustrations 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. PURPOSE: Reproduction of new cells from previously existing cells 2 of Genetically Identical

More information

Meiosis. Two distinct divisions, called meiosis I and meiosis II

Meiosis. Two distinct divisions, called meiosis I and meiosis II Meiosis A process in which the number of chromosomes per cell is cut in half through the separation of homologous chromosomes to form gametes, or sex cells Two distinct divisions, called meiosis I and

More information

Cell division / Asexual reproduction

Cell division / Asexual reproduction Cell division / Asexual reproduction Mitosis produces cells with same information identical daughter cells exact copies clones same amount of DNA same number of chromosomes same genetic information Asexual

More information

Meiosis & Sexual Reproduction

Meiosis & Sexual Reproduction Meiosis & Sexual Reproduction 2007-2008 Turn in warm ups to basket! Prepare for your test! Get out your mitosis/meiosis foldable After the test: New vocabulary! 2/23/17 Draw and label the parts of the

More information

Cell Cycle (mitosis and meiosis) Test Review

Cell Cycle (mitosis and meiosis) Test Review Cell Cycle (mitosis and meiosis) Test Review Name: Chapter 10 1. What problems are caused when a cell becomes too large? When a cell becomes too large the cell is strained and has a hard time moving enough

More information

Biology Unit 6 Chromosomes and Mitosis

Biology Unit 6 Chromosomes and Mitosis Biology Unit 6 Chromosomes and Mitosis 6:1 Chromosomes DNA GENES CHROMATIN/CHROMOSOMES CHROMOSOMES/CHROMATIN are made of units called GENES. GENES are made of a compound called deoxyribonucleic acid or

More information

Biology. Chapter 10 Cell Reproduction. I. Chromosomes

Biology. Chapter 10 Cell Reproduction. I. Chromosomes Biology Chapter 10 Cell Reproduction I. Chromosomes Long thin molecules that store genetic information. A. Chromosome Structure 1. Rod shaped structure composed of DNA and protein. 2. DNA is wrapped around

More information

Topic 8 Mitosis & Meiosis Ch.12 & 13. The Eukaryotic Genome. The Eukaryotic Genome. The Eukaryotic Genome

Topic 8 Mitosis & Meiosis Ch.12 & 13. The Eukaryotic Genome. The Eukaryotic Genome. The Eukaryotic Genome Topic 8 Mitosis & Meiosis Ch.12 & 13 The Eukaryotic Genome pp. 244-245,268-269 Genome All of the genes in a cell. Eukaryotic cells contain their DNA in long linear pieces. In prokaryotic cells, there is

More information

Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles

Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles 13 Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles Lecture Presentation by Nicole Tunbridge and Kathleen Fitzpatrick CAMPBELL BIOLOGY TENTH EDITION Reece Urry Cain Wasserman Minorsky Jackson Variations on a Theme Living

More information

8.8 Growth factors signal the cell cycle control system

8.8 Growth factors signal the cell cycle control system The Cellular Basis of Reproduction and Inheritance : part II PowerPoint Lectures for Campbell Biology: Concepts & Connections, Seventh Edition Reece, Taylor, Simon, and Dickey Biology 1408 Dr. Chris Doumen

More information

BIOLOGY. COLLEGE PHYSICS Chapter 11 MEIOSIS AND SEXUAL REPRODUCTION Chapter # Chapter Title PowerPoint Image Slideshow

BIOLOGY. COLLEGE PHYSICS Chapter 11 MEIOSIS AND SEXUAL REPRODUCTION Chapter # Chapter Title PowerPoint Image Slideshow BIOLOGY COLLEGE PHYSICS Chapter 11 MEIOSIS AND SEXUAL REPRODUCTION Chapter # Chapter Title PowerPoint Image Slideshow CAMPBELL BIOLOGY TENTH EDITION Reece Urry Cain Wasserman Minorsky Jackson 13 Meiosis

More information

Meiosis * OpenStax. This work is produced by OpenStax-CNX and licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0.

Meiosis * OpenStax. This work is produced by OpenStax-CNX and licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0. OpenStax-CNX module: m45466 1 Meiosis * OpenStax This work is produced by OpenStax-CNX and licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0 By the end of this section, you will be able to: Abstract

More information

Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles

Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles Chapter 13 Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles PowerPoint Lecture Presentations for Biology Eighth Edition Neil Campbell and Jane Reece Lectures by Chris Romero, updated by Erin Barley with contributions from

More information

Answers to Review for Unit Test #3: Cellular Reproduction: Mitosis, Meiosis, Karyotypes and Non-disjunction Disorders

Answers to Review for Unit Test #3: Cellular Reproduction: Mitosis, Meiosis, Karyotypes and Non-disjunction Disorders Answers to Review for Unit Test #3: Cellular Reproduction: Mitosis, Meiosis, Karyotypes and Non-disjunction Disorders 1. Clearly explain the difference between the following: a) chromosomes and chromatin

More information

MEIOSIS, THE BASIS OF SEXUAL REPRODUCTION

MEIOSIS, THE BASIS OF SEXUAL REPRODUCTION MEIOSIS, THE BASIS OF SEXUAL REPRODUCTION Why do kids look different from the parents? How are they similar to their parents? Why aren t brothers or sisters more alike? Meiosis A process where the number

More information

Meiosis. Nature s Design of Genetic Variability

Meiosis. Nature s Design of Genetic Variability Meiosis Nature s Design of Genetic Variability Mitosis vs Meiosis Characteristics!!! Mitosis Meiosis Purpose Location Number of Cells at End Human (start) Human (end) Number of Chromosomes Homologous Chromosome

More information

Sexual Reproduction and Genetics

Sexual Reproduction and Genetics 10 Sexual Reproduction and Genetics section 1 Meiosis Before You Read Think about the traits that make people unique. Some people are tall, while others are short. People can have brown, blue, or green

More information

CELL REPRODUCTION NOTES

CELL REPRODUCTION NOTES CELL REPRODUCTION NOTES CELL GROWTH AND DIVISION The adult human body produces roughly cells every day. WHY DO CELLS REPRODUCE? So that the organism can and As multicellular organisms grow larger, its

More information

MEIOSIS. Making gametes

MEIOSIS.  Making gametes MEIOSIS http://waynesword.palomar.edu/lmexer2a.htm Making gametes Remember from Chapter 1: CHARACTERISTICS OF LIVING THINGS ALL LIVING THINGS REPRODUCE Planaria animation: http://www.t3.rim.or.jp/~hylas/planaria/title.htm

More information

Meiosis and Life Cycles - 1

Meiosis and Life Cycles - 1 Meiosis and Life Cycles - 1 We have just finished looking at the process of mitosis, a process that produces cells genetically identical to the original cell. Mitosis ensures that each cell of an organism

More information

Ch. 10 Sexual Reproduction and Genetics. p

Ch. 10 Sexual Reproduction and Genetics. p Ch. 10 Sexual Reproduction and Genetics p. 270 - 10.1 Meiosis p. 270-276 Essential Question Main Idea! Meiosis produces haploid gametes Where are the instructions for each trait located in a cell?! On

More information

Asexual vs. Sexual. Biology 3201 Unit II Reproduction How Reproductive Cells are Produced. two parents offspring is unique

Asexual vs. Sexual. Biology 3201 Unit II Reproduction How Reproductive Cells are Produced. two parents offspring is unique Biology 3201 Unit II Reproduction 14.2 How Reproductive Cells are Produced Asexual vs single parent offspring identical to parent parent passes on ALL its genes results in a clone Sexual two parents offspring

More information

SCIENCE M E I O S I S

SCIENCE M E I O S I S SCIENCE 9 6. 1 - M E I O S I S OBJECTIVES By the end of the lesson you should be able to: Describe the process of meiosis Compare and contrast meiosis and mitosis Explain why meiosis is needed MEIOSIS

More information