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2 Assembly Suggestions: 1. See the photo on page 3 for proper assembly. 2. It is recommended that the spinner and background page be printed in color on cardstock weight paper. If a color printer is not available, it is recommended that you highlight the sun yellow and points A, B and C in a bright color such as pink or green. 3. Attach a fastener in the center of the Earth and the center of the day and night circle. The lines on the Earth should come very close, if not exactly line up with the dots around the edge of the day and night circle. Some imperfection will occur due to printers and copy machines. When giving directions to students, emphasize that they should read the spinner from the closest dot! Remind students that this activity simulates Earth s rotation causing day and night. Explain that it does not necessarily show the correct time for the locations, as the spinner does not account for the Earth s tilt and the changes in the amount of daylight and darkness as Earth orbits the sun.

3 Copy the background on cardstock paper. Highlight if color ink is not available. Copy the Earth spinner, cut and mount with a pivoting fastener. Copy the student questions and post near each spinner.

4 Example of how to read the spinner: Point A is just past midnight at approximately 1 am. Point C is at 4 am. Point B is at approximately noon. I have this in Active Inspire flipchart format as well. It allows to you spin the Earth on the board to model the process. If you are a Promethean user, send me a message on TpT and I will you the flipchart!

5 Earth s Rotation Lesson Plan Essential Question: How does Earth s rotation cause day/night, time zones, sunrise and sunset? Materials: Spinners made from Earth printable, day and night printable and a fastener (12-15 per class) Student question sheets (12-15 per class) Globe (1) Flashlight (1) Internet access for sharing satellite image website Build Background: Model the process of day and night using a flashlight and a globe. Turn all of the classroom lights off and model how light from the flashlight (sun) can only reach ½ of the globe at any given time. Put a large sticker on your school s town on the globe and spin the globe slowly modeling sunrise, day, noon, sunset, and night. Emphasize the following main ideas: Rotation: To move in a circle around a central point or axis Earth rotates from West to East. This is why we see the sun set in the West and rise in the East. The further East a location, the sooner they experience the next day! At all times, 1/2 of Earth is lit by the sun; the other 1/2 is in darkness. The Earth s axis is tilted 23.5 degrees from vertical. The day and night line does not line up with the tilt, causing some regions of Earth to have very long periods of daylight or darkness at some points throughout the year. Make sure you share this amazing website that has a real time updated image of the day and night line! The Brainpop website also has a pretty decent video on time zones that addresses the main idea of this activity. If your school is not a subscriber, you can sign up for a free two-week trial! Spinner Activity: Once students have a handle on the main concepts listed above, organize students into small groups of 2-3 to work on using the spinners to simulate the Earth s rotation, day and night and time zones. Explain and model how the spinner works and remind them to make sure they spin it counter-clockwise! Allow time for students to answer the questions while you circulate to support any struggling students. Once all students have completed the task, go over the answers and questions as a class to ensure understanding. (See the provided answer key.)

6 Day and Night Spinner Questions Please write your answers to each question on loose-leaf paper with your name and date. 1. How many degrees does the Earth rotate per hour? 2. How many major time zones are there on Earth? 3. How much of the Earth is in daylight at any given time? 4. How long does it take for the Earth to make one complete rotation? 5. From a birds-eye view, which direction does the Earth rotate? From to. 6. Line up location C with the midnight line. Approximately what time is it at point B? 7. Point C is near New York City, and Point A is near Los Angeles California. If the sun is rising in New York, what time is it in California? 8. Imagine your friend is traveling to point B for the summer, while you are staying at point C. You would like to call her to say hello, but you want to make sure you don t call in the middle of the night! What is the time difference between point B and point C? 9. When it is NOON at point A, what time is it at point B? 10. A person at point C sits on their back porch watching a beautiful sunset at dusk. What direction are they looking?

7 Day and Night Spinner Questions TEACHER KEY Please write your answers to each question on loose-leaf paper with your name and date. 1. How many degrees does the Earth rotate per hour? 15 degrees 2. How many major time zones are there on Earth? How much of the Earth is in daylight at any given time? 50% or 1/2 4. How long does it take for the Earth to make one complete rotation? 24 hours 5. From a birds-eye view, which direction does the Earth rotate? From WEST to EAST, or Counterclockwise 6. Line up location C with the midnight line. Approximately what time is it at point B? 8 am 7. Point C is near New York City, and Point A is near Los Angeles California. If the sun is rising in New York, what time is it in California? 3 am 8. Imagine your friend is traveling to point B for the summer, while you are staying at point C. You would like to call her to say hello, but you want to make sure you don t call in the middle of the night! What is the time difference between point B and point C? 8 hours 9. When it is NOON at point A, what time is it at point B? 11 pm 10. A person at point C sits on their back porch watching a beautiful sunset at dusk. What direction are they looking? West Note: For questions 6,7 and 9 it is fair to accept answers within ½ hour of the answer given on the key.

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