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2 Assembly Suggestions: 1. See the photo on page 3 for proper assembly. 2. It is recommended that the spinner and background page be printed in color on cardstock weight paper. If a color printer is not available, it is recommended that you highlight the sun yellow and points A, B and C in a bright color such as pink or green. 3. Attach a fastener in the center of the Earth and the center of the day and night circle. The lines on the Earth should come very close, if not exactly line up with the dots around the edge of the day and night circle. Some imperfection will occur due to printers and copy machines. When giving directions to students, emphasize that they should read the spinner from the closest dot! Remind students that this activity simulates Earth s rotation causing day and night. Explain that it does not necessarily show the correct time for the locations, as the spinner does not account for the Earth s tilt and the changes in the amount of daylight and darkness as Earth orbits the sun.

3 Copy the background on cardstock paper. Highlight if color ink is not available. Copy the Earth spinner, cut and mount with a pivoting fastener. Copy the student questions and post near each spinner.

4 Example of how to read the spinner: Point A is just past midnight at approximately 1 am. Point C is at 4 am. Point B is at approximately noon. I have this in Active Inspire flipchart format as well. It allows to you spin the Earth on the board to model the process. If you are a Promethean user, send me a message on TpT and I will you the flipchart!

6 Day and Night Spinner Questions Please write your answers to each question on loose-leaf paper with your name and date. 1. How many degrees does the Earth rotate per hour? 2. How many major time zones are there on Earth? 3. How much of the Earth is in daylight at any given time? 4. How long does it take for the Earth to make one complete rotation? 5. From a birds-eye view, which direction does the Earth rotate? From to. 6. Line up location C with the midnight line. Approximately what time is it at point B? 7. Point C is near New York City, and Point A is near Los Angeles California. If the sun is rising in New York, what time is it in California? 8. Imagine your friend is traveling to point B for the summer, while you are staying at point C. You would like to call her to say hello, but you want to make sure you don t call in the middle of the night! What is the time difference between point B and point C? 9. When it is NOON at point A, what time is it at point B? 10. A person at point C sits on their back porch watching a beautiful sunset at dusk. What direction are they looking?

7 Day and Night Spinner Questions TEACHER KEY Please write your answers to each question on loose-leaf paper with your name and date. 1. How many degrees does the Earth rotate per hour? 15 degrees 2. How many major time zones are there on Earth? How much of the Earth is in daylight at any given time? 50% or 1/2 4. How long does it take for the Earth to make one complete rotation? 24 hours 5. From a birds-eye view, which direction does the Earth rotate? From WEST to EAST, or Counterclockwise 6. Line up location C with the midnight line. Approximately what time is it at point B? 8 am 7. Point C is near New York City, and Point A is near Los Angeles California. If the sun is rising in New York, what time is it in California? 3 am 8. Imagine your friend is traveling to point B for the summer, while you are staying at point C. You would like to call her to say hello, but you want to make sure you don t call in the middle of the night! What is the time difference between point B and point C? 8 hours 9. When it is NOON at point A, what time is it at point B? 11 pm 10. A person at point C sits on their back porch watching a beautiful sunset at dusk. What direction are they looking? West Note: For questions 6,7 and 9 it is fair to accept answers within ½ hour of the answer given on the key.

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