Characteristics of the Text Genre Informational Text Text Structure

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1 LESSON 13 TEACHER S GUIDE Seasons Around the World by Brendan Jameson Fountas-Pinnell Level K Informational Text Selection Summary There are more than the traditional four seasons. Some places in the world have wet and dry seasons, tornado season, hurricane season, or polar day and night seasons. Number of Words: 353 Characteristics of the Text Genre Informational Text Text Structure Content Themes and Ideas Language and Literary Features Sentence Complexity Vocabulary Words Illustrations Book and Print Features Information is presented by description Text is broken into sections with section headings Wet and dry seasons Tornado and hurricane seasons Polar day and night seasons There are many different kinds of seasons around the world. Extreme weather comes at predictable times of year. Conversational language Writer talks directly to the reader. A few complex sentences, one with an introductory clause (So if you thought that there were only four seasons, think again.) A few compound sentences (Then it stops raining and the sun shines all day.) Many sentences with an introductory phrase (In winter, the air is colder.) Words for seasons: wet, dry, tornado, hurricane, polar Proper nouns: South America, North Pole, South Pole Only four words with three or more syllables: tornado, hurricane, different, America Words with infl ectional endings: leaves, tornadoes, colder, warmer Photographs closely linked to text on all pages. Nine pages of text; fi ve section headings Photo insets on last page Fountas, I.C. & Pinnell, G.S. Teaching for Comprehending and Fluency, Heinemann, Portsmouth, N.H. Copyright by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company All rights reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying or recording, or by any information storage or retrieval system, without the prior written permission of the copyright owner unless such copying is expressly permitted by federal copyright law. Permission is hereby granted to individual teachers using the corresponding (discipline) Leveled Readers to photocopy student worksheets from this publication in classroom quantities for instructional use and not for resale. Requests for information on other matters regarding duplication of this work should be addressed to Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company, Attn: Contracts, Copyrights, and Licensing, 9400 SouthPark Center Loop, Orlando, Florida Printed in the U.S.A If you have received these materials as examination copies free of charge, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company retains title to the materials and they may not be resold. Resale of examination copies is strictly prohibited. Possession of this publication in print format does not entitle users to convert this publication, or any portion of it, into electronic format.

2 Seasons Around the World by Brendan Jameson Build Background Read the title to children. Help them use their knowledge of seasons in their own area. Build interest by asking questions such as the following: What season are we in now? What is the weather like in this season? What season will come next? Introduce the Text Guide children through the text, noting important ideas and helping with unfamiliar language and vocabulary. Here are some suggestions: Pages 2 3: Explain that this is a book about seasons around the world that are different from the four seasons we usually think about. Suggested language: Turn to pages 2 and 3 of this book. There are four photos for the four seasons we have in many parts of this country. Can you name them from the pictures? Page 4: Have children look at the photos and the section heading: Wet and Dry Seasons. What would you expect to learn about on this page? What do you think makes the difference in wet and dry seasons? Yes, it s the rain. Page 6: Turn to page 6. What do you see in the sky? The fi rst sentences read: A tornado is a special kind of storm. The wind blows very fast and spins in a circle. What do you think it would feel like to be near a tornado? When many tornadoes happen at the same time of year, it is tornado season. Page 7: Turn to page 7. What kind of weather do you see in this picture? What is happening to the trees? Look at the heading: Hurricane Season. What do you think a hurricane is by looking at the photo? What would the weather be like during hurricane season? Now turn back to the beginning of the book and read about different kinds of seasons all around the world. Learn More Words hurricane tornado 2 Lesson 13 : Seasons Around the World

3 Read Have children read Seasons Around the World silently while you listen to individual children read. Support their problem solving and fluency as needed. Respond to the Text Personal Response Invite children to share their personal responses to the book. Begin by asking what they liked best about the book, or what they found interesting. Suggested language: What season would you like to have where you live? Why? Ways of Thinking As you discuss the text, make sure children understand these teaching points. Thinking Within the Text Thinking Beyond the Text Thinking About the Text In the wet season, it rains for many days. In the dry season, it does not rain much. A tornado is a storm with fast winds that spin in a circle. A hurricane is a storm with strong winds and lots of rain. In Polar Day season, the sun does not set for many weeks. In Polar Night season, the sun never rises. There are many different kinds of seasons around the world, not just the four we think about. Weather can be very powerful and scary. The photos show different kinds of seasons in places around the world. The author includes lots of details about the different seasons Fountas, I.C. & Pinnell, G.S. Teaching for Comprehending and Fluency, Heinemann, Portsmouth, N.H. Choices for Support Fluency Invite children to choose a page from the text and demonstrate phrased fluent reading. Remind them to group words into phrases that show meaning. Phonics and Word Work Provide practice as needed with words and sounds, using one of the following activities: Clapping Syllables Have children hear and say syllables in words from the book (season, tornado, hurricane, different, America). Have them clap on each syllable: sea-son, tor-na-do, hur-ri-cane, dif-fer-ent, A-me-ri-ca, etc. Word Wall Materials: words on word wall, index cards. Have children choose fi ve weather words from the word wall and read them. Then have children write the words on cards. Have partners build sentences using some of their words, and adding other words. 3 Lesson 13 : Seasons Around the World

4 Writing About Reading Critical Thinking Read the directions for children on BLM 13.8 and guide them in answering the questions. Responding Read aloud the questions at the back of the book and help children complete the activities. Target Comprehension Skill Cause and Effect Tell children that as they read they can think about what happens and why it happens. Model how to think about cause and effect: Think Aloud I can use cause and effect to think about Hurricane Season. What happens during a hurricane season? Many days are very windy and rainy. Why does it happen? A hurricane is a storm with strong winds and lots of rain. So that makes the season windy and wet. Practice the Skill Have children tell what happens during Polar Night and tell why it happens. Writing Prompt Read aloud the following prompt. Have children write their response, using the writing prompt on page 6. Write about one season we don t have where we live. Tell what would happen if that season happened here. 4 Lesson 13 : Seasons Around the World

5 Read directions to children. English Language Learners Cultural Support Some children or their families may be from parts of the world that experience some of the seasons in this book. Invite children to talk about their experiences with extreme weather. Vocabulary Make sure children can use the words they need to talk about the seasons around the world (wet, dry, tornado, hurricane, polar). Oral Language Development Check the children s comprehension, using a dialogue that best matches their English proficiency level. Speaker 1 is the teacher, Speaker 2 is the child. Beginning/ Early Intermediate Intermediate Early Advanced/ Advanced Speaker 1: In what season does it rain for many days? Speaker 2: the wet season Speaker 1: What storm has wind that spins in a circle? Speaker 2: a tornado Speaker 1: In what season does the sun never go down? Speaker 2: Polar Day season Speaker 1: What happens during the wet season? Speaker 2: It rains and rains for many days. Speaker 1: What is a tornado? Speaker 2: A tornado is a storm with wind blowing very fast and spinning in a circle. Speaker 1: Near the North and South Poles, why can you see the sun sometimes at midnight? Speaker 2: During Polar Day season, the sun never goes down. Name Lesson 13 BLACKLINE MASTER 13.8 Seasons Around the World Write the word that completes each sentence. 1. Hurricanes start in the ocean. forest ocean land 2. When there is Polar Day, the sun never sets. shines sets rises Making Connections Think about a different kind of season. Draw a picture of this season. Label your picture.. All rights reserved. 10, Unit 3: Nature Near and Far 5 Lesson 13 : Seasons Around the World

6 Name Date Seasons Around the World Write about one season we don t have where we live. Tell what would happen if that season happened here. 6 Lesson 13 : Seasons Around the World

7 Name Lesson 13 BLACKLINE MASTER 13.8 Seasons Around the World Write the word that completes each sentence. 1. Hurricanes start in the. forest ocean land 2. When there is Polar Day, the sun never shines sets rises. Making Connections Think about a different kind of season. Draw a picture of this season. Label your picture. 7 Lesson 13 : Seasons Around the World

8 Student Date Seasons Around the World LEVEL K Lesson 13 BLACKLINE MASTER Seasons Around the World Running Record Form page Selection Text Errors Self-Corrections 9 Polar Night Season Places near the North and South Poles also have a season when the sun never rises. This time of year is called Polar Night. It is dark during the day and the night. 10 So if you thought that there were only four seasons, think again. There are many different kinds of seasons all over the world! Comments: Accuracy Rate (# words read correctly/59 100) % Self-Correction Rate (# errors + # Self-Corrections/ Self-Corrections) 1: Behavior Code Error Read word correctly cat 0 Repeated word, sentence, or phrase Omission cat 0 cat 1 Behavior Code Error Substitution cut cat 1 Self-corrects cut sc cat Insertion the ˆcat 1 Word told T 1 cat Lesson 13 : Seasons Around the World

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