Overview key concepts and terms (based on the textbook Chang 2006 and the practical manual)

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Overview key concepts and terms (based on the textbook Chang 2006 and the practical manual)"

Transcription

1 Introduction Geo-information Science (GRS-10306) Overview key concepts and terms (based on the textbook 2006 and the practical manual) Introduction Chapter 1 Geographic information system (GIS) Geographically referenced data o Spatial data (geometry) Continuous features Discrete features o Attribute data (characteristics) Data models (data structure) o Raster data model (location-based) o Vector data model (entity-based) Georelational (e.g. shapefile) Relational database Projection Data exploration Geographic visualization GIS modeling 1 GRS-10306

2 Spatial concepts: Data models Chapter 3.1, 3.2 Chapter 5.1, 5.2 (except / 5.2.7), 5.3 (except / 5.3.3), 5.5, 5.6 Chapter 9 (except 9.2.1) Module 1 (Part 2: Working with ArcMap) Module 2 Data storage: digitizing and data structure The Vector data model Spatial data storage: Feature types o Point o Line o Area Georelational data model Shapefile Raster data model Discrete / continuous Zone / Region Spatial data storage: Structures o Cell-by-cell encoding Cell value o Integer o Floating point Cell size (resolution) Raster data o Satellite imagery Landsat SPOT o Orthophotos o DEMs o Raster graphics Conversion o Rasterization o Vectorization 2 GRS-10306

3 Attribute data and tables Attribute table o Field o Record o Unique identifier: ID Relational database o Normalization o Table relationships One-to-many Many-to-one One-to-one Many-to-many o Join o Relate Data type o Integer o Float o Text o Date Data scale (also known as measurement scale / attribute scale) o Categorical (qualitative) Nominal Ordinal o Numeric (quantitative) Interval Ratio 3 GRS-10306

4 Spatial concepts: Geo-data Chapter 6.1, 6.2, 6.4 (except / 6.4.5) Module 1 (Part 1: Working with ArcCatalog) Acquisition: existing data Clearinghouse Spatial data infrastructure Metadata Acquisition: new data GPS data Digitizing on-screen 4 GRS-10306

5 Spatial concepts: Georeferencing Chapter 2 (except / / 2.4.4) Module 3 Map projections Modeling the surface of the Earth Ellipsoid o Bessel 1841 (local ellipsoid, basis for Dutch RD system) o WGS84 (global ellipsoid) o Semiminor axis o Semimajor axis o Flattening Geoid o Geoid undulation Geographic coordinate system (coordinate system for ellipsoid) o Longitude / Latitude o Meridian / Parallel o Geographic coordinates: Angles Degrees-minutes-seconds Map projections: from spheroid to plane Map projection Projection types o by preserved metric property Conformal Equivalent Equidistant Azimuthal o by class Conic Cylindrical Planar (azimuthal) o by aspect Normal (polar in case of planar projection) Oblique Transverse (equatorial in case of planar projection) o by case (line of tangency: 1:1 scale) Simple Secant Map projection examples o Mercator (conformal, cylindrical, normal) 5 GRS-10306

6 o o o Transverse Mercator (conformal, cylindrical, transverse) Lambert (conformal, conic) Albert (equivalent, conic) Map projection parameters o Standard line (line of tangency) o Scale factor o Central line o False easting o False northing Projected (plane) coordinate system (coordinate system for map projections) o UTM Grid system (built on transverse Mercator projection, secant) o Dutch RD system (built on oblique stereographic projection, secant) o Cartesian coordinates: Distance (X,Y) 6 GRS-10306

7 Spatial Concepts: Geo-data visualization Chapter 10 (except / 10.5) Chapter 11.5 Module 4 Map presentation Cartography Data classification Map design / layout Visual variables (graphic attributes) Maps o o o by function Thematic (special purpose) General reference (general purpose) by type Choropleth Dot Dasymetric Isarithmetic by ArcGIS symbology (Map types) single symbol unique value graduated color graduated symbol proportional symbol chart Map design o Visual hierarchy o Contrast o Transparency 12 Steps to present a map (theory of Bertin) 7 GRS-10306

8 Data handling 1: Queries / Data-action model Chapter 11.2, 11.3, 11.4 Module 5 Queries Attribute data query o Structured query language (SQL) Boolean expression Boolean connectors o Relational database query Spatial data query o by graphic o by spatial relationship (topological query) Proximity (adjacency) Containment (fall within) Intersect Spatial join Raster data query Data-action model o Data-action model symbology 8 GRS-10306

9 Data handling 2: Transformations Chapter 7 (except / 7.3) Module 6 Transformations Georeferencing o Map-to-map transformation o Image-to-map transformation (a.k.a. image rectification) image registration geometric transformation o Affine transformation o Ground control points o Root mean square error Positional accuracy Resampling (thematic data) o Nearest neighbor o Bilinear interpolation 9 GRS-10306

10 Data handling 3: Operations Chapter 12 (except / / 12.4) Chapter 13 (except ) Module 7 Raster operations Module 8 Vector operations Vector data analysis Buffering Overlay o Point-in-polygon o Line-in-polygon o Polygon-in-polygon Intersect Union Identity o Map manipulation Dissolve Clip Eliminate Merge Raster data analysis Local operations o Single raster Mathematical functions o Multiple rasters Arithmetic operators Logical operators (TRUE / FALSE output) Cell statistics Overlay (Combine function) o Reclassification o Map algebra Neighborhood operations (focal operations) o Neighborhood statistics Zonal operations o Zonal statistics o Zonal geometry Global operations o Physical distance (Euclidean distance) 10 GRS-10306

11 o Physical distance measurement operation Raster data extraction Raster data generalization (Aggregate) Raster data management (Clip, Mosaic) 11 GRS-10306

12 Data handling 4: Surface analysis Module 9 Surface analysis Digital terrain modelling Surface Structure terrain surfaces o DEM Terrain mapping o Contour lines o Contour interval o Base contour Terrain variables o Slope gradient o Slope aspect Spatial interpolation Control points (also referred to sample points or observations ) Interpolation types o Deterministic models Interpolation methods o Inverse distance weighted o Spline (tension) Validation Background information Chapters 14 and 16 in provide more information about terrain mapping and spatial interpolation techniques for the interested reader. However, because of the technical character of these chapters they will not be part of the exam. 12 GRS-10306

Map projections. Rüdiger Gens

Map projections. Rüdiger Gens Rüdiger Gens Coordinate systems Geographic coordinates f a: semi-major axis b: semi-minor axis Geographic latitude b Geodetic latitude a f: flattening = (a-b)/a Expresses as a fraction 1/f = about 300

More information

Version 1.1 GIS Syllabus

Version 1.1 GIS Syllabus GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS CERTIFICATION Version 1.1 GIS Syllabus Endorsed 1 Version 1 January 2007 GIS Certification Programme 1. Target The GIS certification is aimed at: Those who wish to demonstrate

More information

Map Projections. Displaying the earth on 2 dimensional maps

Map Projections. Displaying the earth on 2 dimensional maps Map Projections Displaying the earth on 2 dimensional maps Map projections Define the spatial relationship between locations on earth and their relative locations on a flat map Are mathematical expressions

More information

Display data in a map-like format so that geographic patterns and interrelationships are visible

Display data in a map-like format so that geographic patterns and interrelationships are visible Vilmaliz Rodríguez Guzmán M.S. Student, Department of Geology University of Puerto Rico at Mayagüez Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Reference: James B. Campbell. Introduction to

More information

EnvSci360 Computer and Analytical Cartography

EnvSci360 Computer and Analytical Cartography EnvSci360 Computer and Analytical Cartography Lecture 3 Geodesy Map Projections, Datums, and Coordinate Systems 1 Geodesy The science of measuring and representing the shape and size of the earth, and

More information

The Elements of GIS. Organizing Data and Information. The GIS Database. MAP and ATRIBUTE INFORMATION

The Elements of GIS. Organizing Data and Information. The GIS Database. MAP and ATRIBUTE INFORMATION GIS s Roots in Cartography Getting Started With GIS Chapter 2 Dursun Z. Seker MAP and ATRIBUTE INFORMATION Data (numbers and text) store as files refer to them collectively as a database gather inform.

More information

Introduction to Geographic

Introduction to Geographic Eighth Edition Introduction to Geographic Information Systems Kang-tsung Chang University of Idaho Mc Graw Hill Education Preface xiv CHAPTER 1 Introduction 1 1.1 GIS 2 1.1.1 Components of a GIS 3 1.1.2

More information

Geo Referencing & Map projections CGI-GIRS 0910

Geo Referencing & Map projections CGI-GIRS 0910 Geo Referencing & Map projections CGI-GIRS 0910 Where are you? 31UFT8361 174,7 441,2 51 58' NB 5 40' OL 2/60 Who are they? 3/60 Do geo data describe Earth s phenomena perfectly? Georeference systems ellipsoid

More information

Geographers Perspectives on the World

Geographers Perspectives on the World What is Geography? Geography is not just about city and country names Geography is not just about population and growth Geography is not just about rivers and mountains Geography is a broad field that

More information

This week s topics. Week 6. FE 257. GIS and Forest Engineering Applications. Week 6

This week s topics. Week 6. FE 257. GIS and Forest Engineering Applications. Week 6 FE 257. GIS and Forest Engineering Applications Week 6 Week 6 Last week Chapter 8 Combining and splitting landscape features and merging GIS databases Chapter 11 Overlay processes Questions? Next week

More information

Introduction to Geographic Information Science. Updates/News. Last Lecture. Geography 4103 / Map Projections and Coordinate Systems

Introduction to Geographic Information Science. Updates/News. Last Lecture. Geography 4103 / Map Projections and Coordinate Systems Geography 4103 / 5103 Introduction to Geographic Information Science Map Projections and Coordinate Systems Updates/News Thursday s lecture Reading discussion 1 find the readings online open questions,

More information

Popular Mechanics, 1954

Popular Mechanics, 1954 Introduction to GIS Popular Mechanics, 1954 1986 $2,599 1 MB of RAM 2017, $750, 128 GB memory, 2 GB of RAM Computing power has increased exponentially over the past 30 years, Allowing the existence of

More information

Projections & GIS Data Collection: An Overview

Projections & GIS Data Collection: An Overview Projections & GIS Data Collection: An Overview Projections Primary data capture Secondary data capture Data transfer Capturing attribute data Managing a data capture project Geodesy Basics for Geospatial

More information

WHERE ARE YOU? Maps & Geospatial Concepts Fall 2015

WHERE ARE YOU? Maps & Geospatial Concepts Fall 2015 WHERE ARE YOU? Maps & Geospatial Concepts Fall 2015 Where are you? Relative location I m at school Absolute Location 45 26 18.07 122 43 50.78 Where is Boston? Introducing Geodesy, Ellipsoids & Geoids Geodesy

More information

Plane coordinates ~~~~~~~~~~

Plane coordinates ~~~~~~~~~~ Coordinate Systems & Map Projections Geographic coordinates A Basic Introduction to Coordinate Systems & Map Projections Latitude & longitude Angles Parallels & meridians Lines Plane coordinates ~~~~~~~~~~

More information

Hydrology and Floodplain Analysis, Chapter 10

Hydrology and Floodplain Analysis, Chapter 10 Hydrology and Floodplain Analysis, Chapter 10 Hydrology and Floodplain Analysis, Chapter 10.1 Introduction to GIS GIS Geographical Information System Spatial Data Data linked with geographical location

More information

GEOREFERENCING, PROJECTIONS Part I. PRESENTING DATA Part II

GEOREFERENCING, PROJECTIONS Part I. PRESENTING DATA Part II Week 7 GEOREFERENCING, PROJECTIONS Part I PRESENTING DATA Part II topics of the week Georeferencing Coordinate systems Map Projections ArcMap and Projections Geo-referencing Geo-referencing is the process

More information

Geographic coordinate systems

Geographic coordinate systems 1 Geographic coordinate systems In this chapter you ll learn about longitude and latitude. You ll also learn about the parts that comprise a geographic coordinate system including Spheres and spheroids

More information

MAR-E1004 Basics of GIS: Georeferencing Jaakko Madetoja Slides adopted from Paula Ahonen-Rainio

MAR-E1004 Basics of GIS: Georeferencing Jaakko Madetoja Slides adopted from Paula Ahonen-Rainio MAR-E1004 Basics of GIS: Georeferencing Jaakko Madetoja Slides adopted from Paula Ahonen-Rainio Learning goals In this session you will learn To describe the basics of different types of referencing systems

More information

Lecture 2. A Review: Geographic Information Systems & ArcGIS Basics

Lecture 2. A Review: Geographic Information Systems & ArcGIS Basics Lecture 2 A Review: Geographic Information Systems & ArcGIS Basics GIS Overview Types of Maps Symbolization & Classification Map Elements GIS Data Models Coordinate Systems and Projections Scale Geodatabases

More information

Map projections. Rüdiger Gens

Map projections. Rüdiger Gens Rüdiger Gens 2 Outline! Relevant terms! Why map projections?! Map projection categories " Projection surfaces " Features preserved from distortions! Map projection examples! Right choice Relevant terms!

More information

Boolean Operators and Topological OVERLAY FUNCTIONS IN GIS

Boolean Operators and Topological OVERLAY FUNCTIONS IN GIS Boolean Operators and Topological OVERLAY FUNCTIONS IN GIS Query asking a question of the attribute data Standard Query Language (SQL) is used to query the data There are 4 basic statements used to get

More information

Lecture 2. Map Projections and GIS Coordinate Systems. Tomislav Sapic GIS Technologist Faculty of Natural Resources Management Lakehead University

Lecture 2. Map Projections and GIS Coordinate Systems. Tomislav Sapic GIS Technologist Faculty of Natural Resources Management Lakehead University Lecture 2 Map Projections and GIS Coordinate Systems Tomislav Sapic GIS Technologist Faculty of Natural Resources Management Lakehead University Map Projections Map projections are mathematical formulas

More information

Geospatial Science Fundamentals GGS (3 Credits) Fall Semester 2010

Geospatial Science Fundamentals GGS (3 Credits) Fall Semester 2010 Geospatial Science Fundamentals GGS 550-001 (3 Credits) Fall Semester 2010 Class Meets: Wednesdays, 4:30 p.m. - 7:10 p.m., 135 Innovation Hall Instructor: Dr. Douglas J. Wheeler Voice Mail: (703) 648-7577,

More information

Map Projections. What does the world look like? AITOFF AZIMUTHAL EQUIDISTANT BEHRMANN EQUAL AREA CYLINDRICAL

Map Projections. What does the world look like? AITOFF AZIMUTHAL EQUIDISTANT BEHRMANN EQUAL AREA CYLINDRICAL Map Projections What does the world look like? AITOFF AZIMUTHAL EQUIDISTANT BEHRMANN EQUAL AREA CYLINDRICAL 1 CYLINDRICAL EQUAL AREA BONNE CRASTER PARABOLIC 2 ECKERT I ECKERT III ECKERT V There are many

More information

Delineation of Watersheds

Delineation of Watersheds Delineation of Watersheds Adirondack Park, New York by Introduction Problem Watershed boundaries are increasingly being used in land and water management, separating the direction of water flow such that

More information

How to Create Stream Networks using DEM and TauDEM

How to Create Stream Networks using DEM and TauDEM How to Create Stream Networks using DEM and TauDEM Take note: These procedures do not describe all steps. Knowledge of ArcGIS, DEMs, and TauDEM is required. TauDEM software ( http://hydrology.neng.usu.edu/taudem/

More information

Spatial Analysis of Raster Data

Spatial Analysis of Raster Data Spatial Analysis of Raster Data 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 4 4 4 2 4 5 5 4 2 4 4 4 2 5 5 4 4 2 4 5 4 3 5 4 4 4 2 5 5 5 3 + = 0 = shale 1 = limestone 2 = fault 4 = no fault 2 =Fault in shale 3 =

More information

Lab 1: Importing Data, Rectification, Datums, Projections, and Output (Mapping)

Lab 1: Importing Data, Rectification, Datums, Projections, and Output (Mapping) Lab 1: Importing Data, Rectification, Datums, Projections, and Output (Mapping) Topics covered in this lab: i. Importing spatial data to TAS ii. Rectification iii. Conversion from latitude/longitude to

More information

Map Projections 2/4/2013. Map Projections. Rhumb Line (Loxodrome) Great Circle. The GLOBE. Line of constant bearing (e.g., 292.

Map Projections 2/4/2013. Map Projections. Rhumb Line (Loxodrome) Great Circle. The GLOBE. Line of constant bearing (e.g., 292. The GLOBE ADVANTAGES Directions True Distances True Shapes True Area True DISADVANTAGES Very small scale with little detail. Costly to reproduce and update. Difficult to carry around. Bulky to store. FACTS

More information

Mapping coordinate systems

Mapping coordinate systems Mapping coordinate systems 1. The Earth's Graticule Latitude and Longitude The graticule is the imaginary grid of lines running east-west (lines of latitude = parallels) and north-south lines of longitude

More information

Map Projections & Coordinate Systems

Map Projections & Coordinate Systems Map Projections & Coordinate Systems 9/7/2017 1 Why? Laying the Earth Flat Need convenient means of measuring and comparing distances, directions, areas, shapes. Traditional surveying instruments measure

More information

Georeferencing. Where on earth are we? Critical for importing and combining layers for mapping

Georeferencing. Where on earth are we? Critical for importing and combining layers for mapping Georeferencing Where on earth are we? Critical for importing and combining layers for mapping 1. The Geoid Earth is not a perfect sphere, it is ellipsoidal.. earth is the 'Geoid'. The difference between

More information

SECTION 4 PARCEL IDENTIFIERS 4.1 LONGITUDE AND LATITUDE

SECTION 4 PARCEL IDENTIFIERS 4.1 LONGITUDE AND LATITUDE SECTION 4 PARCEL IDENTIFIERS 4.1 LONGITUDE AND LATITUDE Most maps must be drawn in such a way that points and areas can be located accurately on the earth's surface and described objectively. A uniform

More information

An Introduction to Geographic Information System

An Introduction to Geographic Information System An Introduction to Geographic Information System PROF. Dr. Yuji MURAYAMA Khun Kyaw Aung Hein 1 July 21,2010 GIS: A Formal Definition A system for capturing, storing, checking, Integrating, manipulating,

More information

Coordinate Systems and Datum Transformation in ArcGIS. Brittney White and Melita Kennedy

Coordinate Systems and Datum Transformation in ArcGIS. Brittney White and Melita Kennedy Coordinate Systems and Datum Transformation in ArcGIS Brittney White and Melita Kennedy Where is my data? Problem Horizontal Vertical Projections Transformations Horizontal coordinate systems Geographic

More information

INTRODUCTION TO GIS. Dr. Ori Gudes

INTRODUCTION TO GIS. Dr. Ori Gudes INTRODUCTION TO GIS Dr. Ori Gudes Outline of the Presentation What is GIS? What s the rational for using GIS, and how GIS can be used to solve problems? Explore a GIS map and get information about map

More information

Test Bank Chapter 2: Representations of Earth

Test Bank Chapter 2: Representations of Earth Multiple Choice Test Bank Chapter 2: Representations of Earth 1. A rhumb line on a Mercator projection is a line of. a. true size b. true shape c. true compass bearing d. true location 2. Maximum longitude

More information

Full file at https://fratstock.eu

Full file at https://fratstock.eu Full file at https://fratstockeu Chapter 1 to Exercises 1 1 The feature data set is called Transportation It has two feature classes, majroads and interstates Method: Use the Add Data button to look at

More information

GIS IN ECOLOGY: ANALYZING RASTER DATA

GIS IN ECOLOGY: ANALYZING RASTER DATA GIS IN ECOLOGY: ANALYZING RASTER DATA Contents Introduction... 2 Tools and Functionality for Raster Data... 2 Data Sources... 3 Tasks... 4 Getting Started... 4 Creating Raster Data... 5 Summary Statistics...

More information

METADATA. Publication Date: Fiscal Year Cooperative Purchase Program Geospatial Data Presentation Form: Map Publication Information:

METADATA. Publication Date: Fiscal Year Cooperative Purchase Program Geospatial Data Presentation Form: Map Publication Information: METADATA CONTOURS Digital Geospatial Metadata: North Central Texas Orthophotography Identification Information Citation Originator: Publication Date: Fiscal Year 2001-2002 Title: Cooperative Purchase Program

More information

P R O J E C T I O N S. Map Projections. Introduction to. Map Projections. with. TNTmips. TNTedit TNTview. page 1

P R O J E C T I O N S. Map Projections. Introduction to. Map Projections. with. TNTmips. TNTedit TNTview. page 1 P R O J E C T I O N S Introduction to Map Projections Map Projections with TNTmips page 1 TNTedit TNTview Before Getting Started Positions in a georeferenced spatial object must refer to a particular coordinate

More information

Using Ice Thickness and Bed Topography to Pick Field Sites Near Swiss Camp, Greenland

Using Ice Thickness and Bed Topography to Pick Field Sites Near Swiss Camp, Greenland Lauren Andrews 6 May 2010 GEO 386G: GIS final project Using Ice Thickness and Bed Topography to Pick Field Sites Near Swiss Camp, Greenland Problem Formulation My primary goal for this project is to map

More information

Tutorial 8 Raster Data Analysis

Tutorial 8 Raster Data Analysis Objectives Tutorial 8 Raster Data Analysis This tutorial is designed to introduce you to a basic set of raster-based analyses including: 1. Displaying Digital Elevation Model (DEM) 2. Slope calculations

More information

FlexiCadastre User Conference 2013 GIS Data Verification & Challenges

FlexiCadastre User Conference 2013 GIS Data Verification & Challenges FlexiCadastre User Conference 2013 GIS Data Verification & Challenges May 7, 2013 Amanda Blackmore GIS Specialist OVERVIEW GIS Definitions & Terminology Spatial Data Common Issues or Concerns Data Verification

More information

SPOT DEM Product Description

SPOT DEM Product Description SPOT DEM Product Description Version 1.1 - May 1 st, 2004 This edition supersedes previous versions Acronyms DIMAP DTED DXF HRS JPEG, JPG DEM SRTM SVG Tiff - GeoTiff XML Digital Image MAP encapsulation

More information

What should you consider concerning colors in maps in order to illustrate qualitative data, and quantitative data, respectively? Exemplify.

What should you consider concerning colors in maps in order to illustrate qualitative data, and quantitative data, respectively? Exemplify. 1, Cartography, 10 p (HA) _ When doing a map based on quantitative data you have for example to decide upon the classification. Three common classifications are Equal interval, Quantiles (percentiles)

More information

GIS and Forest Engineering Applications FE 257 Lecture and laboratory, 3 credits

GIS and Forest Engineering Applications FE 257 Lecture and laboratory, 3 credits GIS and Forest Engineering Applications FE 257 Lecture and laboratory, 3 credits Instructor: Michael Wing Associate Professor Forest Engineering, Resources, and Management Oregon State University Crop

More information

A PRIMER ON COORDINATE SYSTEMS Commonly Used in Michigan

A PRIMER ON COORDINATE SYSTEMS Commonly Used in Michigan A PRIMER ON COORDINATE SYSTEMS Commonly Used in Michigan David P. Lusch, Ph.D., GISP Department of Geography Remote Sensing & GIS Research and Outreach Services Group Michigan State University September,

More information

Hitchhiker s s Guide to Coordinate Systems and Spatial References. Melita Kennedy

Hitchhiker s s Guide to Coordinate Systems and Spatial References. Melita Kennedy Hitchhiker s s Guide to Coordinate Systems and Spatial References Melita Kennedy Outline Coordinate systems geographic/projected/vertical Geographic/datum transformations Common coordinate systems UTM

More information

Final Project: Geodatabase of Mule Mountains Area, southeastern Arizona

Final Project: Geodatabase of Mule Mountains Area, southeastern Arizona R. Aisner 11/24/09 GEO 386G Final Project: Geodatabase of Mule Mountains Area, southeastern Arizona Project goal: Develop a geodatabase with vector and raster data for future data organization and analysis.

More information

FNRM 3131 Introduction to GIS in Natural Resource Management

FNRM 3131 Introduction to GIS in Natural Resource Management FNRM 3131 Introduction to GIS in Natural Resource Management Instructors: Andrew C Jenks 215 Green Hall ajenks@umnedu, @acjenks Paul V Bolstad 301H Green Hall pbolstad@umnedu Course Topics Motivation:

More information

Spatial Analyst. By Sumita Rai

Spatial Analyst. By Sumita Rai ArcGIS Extentions Spatial Analyst By Sumita Rai Overview What does GIS do? How does GIS work data models Extension to GIS Spatial Analyst Spatial Analyst Tasks & Tools Surface Analysis Surface Creation

More information

An Information Model for Maps: Towards Cartographic Production from GIS Databases

An Information Model for Maps: Towards Cartographic Production from GIS Databases An Information Model for s: Towards Cartographic Production from GIS Databases Aileen Buckley, Ph.D. and Charlie Frye Senior Cartographic Researchers, ESRI Barbara Buttenfield, Ph.D. Professor, University

More information

GIST 3300 / Geographic Information Systems. Last Time. Today

GIST 3300 / Geographic Information Systems. Last Time. Today GIST 3300 / 5300 Last Time Ellipsoids and Datums Today Map Projections Map Projections Today we will build on the concepts of Geographic Coordinate Systems, Ellipsoids and Datums and add the concepts of

More information

SPATIAL MODELING GIS Analysis Winter 2016

SPATIAL MODELING GIS Analysis Winter 2016 SPATIAL MODELING GIS Analysis Winter 2016 Spatial Models Spatial Modeling attempts to represent how the world works All models are wrong, but some are useful (G.E. Box, quoted in course textbook pg. 379)

More information

INSTITUTE OF AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING (Autonomous) Dundigal, Hyderabad

INSTITUTE OF AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING (Autonomous) Dundigal, Hyderabad INSTITUTE OF AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING (Autonomous) Dundigal, Hyderabad -00 0 CIVIL ENGINEERING TUTORIAL QUESTION BANK Course Name : Remote Sensing and GIS Course Code : A00 Class : IV B. Tech I Semester

More information

4. GIS Implementation of the TxDOT Hydrology Extensions

4. GIS Implementation of the TxDOT Hydrology Extensions 4. GIS Implementation of the TxDOT Hydrology Extensions A Geographic Information System (GIS) is a computer-assisted system for the capture, storage, retrieval, analysis and display of spatial data. It

More information

EnvSci 360 Computer and Analytical Cartography

EnvSci 360 Computer and Analytical Cartography EnvSci 360 Computer and Analytical Cartography Lecture 7 Mapping Images, Surfaces, and 3-D Data Brief Overview of Imagery What is Imagery? A spatial data model that defines space as an array of equally

More information

GIS: An Overview. Mr. Mic Ivan V. Sumilang, EnP Senior Research Specialist Phil LiDAR 2 January 14, 2017 Calapan City, Oriental Mindoro

GIS: An Overview. Mr. Mic Ivan V. Sumilang, EnP Senior Research Specialist Phil LiDAR 2 January 14, 2017 Calapan City, Oriental Mindoro GIS: An Overview Mr. Mic Ivan V. Sumilang, EnP Senior Research Specialist Phil LiDAR 2 January 14, 2017 Calapan City, Oriental Mindoro 1 TOPICAL OUTLINE Definition of GIS History How does GIS work? GIS

More information

Raster Spatial Analysis Specific Theory

Raster Spatial Analysis Specific Theory RSATheory.doc 1 Raster Spatial Analysis Specific Theory... 1 Spatial resampling... 1 Mosaic... 3 Reclassification... 4 Slicing... 4 Zonal Operations... 5 References... 5 Raster Spatial Analysis Specific

More information

GIS for Actuaries Part 1 CAS RPM Garrett Bradford March 15, 2016

GIS for Actuaries Part 1 CAS RPM Garrett Bradford March 15, 2016 GIS for Actuaries Part 1 CAS RPM 2016 Garrett Bradford March 15, 2016 GIS for Actuaries Workshop Outline I. Introduction to GIS: the basics II. Geocoding, Uncertainty, and GIS Data Sources III. Spatial

More information

Lecture 1: What is a GIS? 1.1 Getting Started 1.2 Some Definitions of GIS 1.3 A Brief History of GIS 1.4 Sources of Information on GIS

Lecture 1: What is a GIS? 1.1 Getting Started 1.2 Some Definitions of GIS 1.3 A Brief History of GIS 1.4 Sources of Information on GIS Lecture : What is a GIS?. Getting Started.2 Some Definitions of GIS.3 A Brief History of GIS.4 Sources of Information on GIS David Tenenbaum EEOS 265 UMB Fall 28 Lecture : What is a GIS? GIS (usually)

More information

CHAPTER 9 DATA DISPLAY AND CARTOGRAPHY

CHAPTER 9 DATA DISPLAY AND CARTOGRAPHY CHAPTER 9 DATA DISPLAY AND CARTOGRAPHY 9.1 Cartographic Representation 9.1.1 Spatial Features and Map Symbols 9.1.2 Use of Color 9.1.3 Data Classification 9.1.4 Generalization Box 9.1 Representations 9.2

More information

Introduction INTRODUCTION TO GIS GIS - GIS GIS 1/12/2015. New York Association of Professional Land Surveyors January 22, 2015

Introduction INTRODUCTION TO GIS GIS - GIS GIS 1/12/2015. New York Association of Professional Land Surveyors January 22, 2015 New York Association of Professional Land Surveyors January 22, 2015 INTRODUCTION TO GIS Introduction GIS - GIS GIS 1 2 What is a GIS Geographic of or relating to geography the study of the physical features

More information

Working with Projections and Datum Transformations in ArcGIS

Working with Projections and Datum Transformations in ArcGIS Werner Flacke / Birgit Kraus Working with Projections and Datum Transformations in ArcGIS Theory and Practical Examples First impression 2005 Points Verlag Norden*Halmstad VII Table of Contents Introduction

More information

Overview. GIS Terminology

Overview. GIS Terminology Overview GIS Terminology MFworks Terminology Overview This is a glossary of geography and MFworks terminology and concepts that may not be familiar to novice MFworks users and non-geographers. The explanations

More information

SATELLITE REMOTE SENSING

SATELLITE REMOTE SENSING SATELLITE REMOTE SENSING of NATURAL RESOURCES David L. Verbyla LEWIS PUBLISHERS Boca Raton New York London Tokyo Contents CHAPTER 1. SATELLITE IMAGES 1 Raster Image Data 2 Remote Sensing Detectors 2 Analog

More information

Geospatial Intelligence

Geospatial Intelligence Geospatial Intelligence Geospatial analysis has existed as long as humans have made and studied maps but its importance to the intelligence community has skyrocketed in the past several years, with Unmanned

More information

DATA SOURCES AND INPUT IN GIS. By Prof. A. Balasubramanian Centre for Advanced Studies in Earth Science, University of Mysore, Mysore

DATA SOURCES AND INPUT IN GIS. By Prof. A. Balasubramanian Centre for Advanced Studies in Earth Science, University of Mysore, Mysore DATA SOURCES AND INPUT IN GIS By Prof. A. Balasubramanian Centre for Advanced Studies in Earth Science, University of Mysore, Mysore 1 1. GIS stands for 'Geographic Information System'. It is a computer-based

More information

BASIC SPATIAL ANALYSIS TOOLS IN A GIS. data set queries basic statistics buffering overlay reclassification

BASIC SPATIAL ANALYSIS TOOLS IN A GIS. data set queries basic statistics buffering overlay reclassification BASIC SPATIAL ANALYSIS TOOLS IN A GIS data set queries basic statistics buffering overlay reclassification GIS ANALYSIS TOOLS GIS ANALYSIS TOOLS Database tools: query and summarize (similar to spreadsheet

More information

DATA 301 Introduction to Data Analytics Geographic Information Systems

DATA 301 Introduction to Data Analytics Geographic Information Systems DATA 301 Introduction to Data Analytics Geographic Information Systems Dr. Ramon Lawrence University of British Columbia Okanagan ramon.lawrence@ubc.ca DATA 301: Data Analytics (2) Why learn Geographic

More information

Outline. Chapter 1. A history of products. What is ArcGIS? What is GIS? Some GIS applications Introducing the ArcGIS products How does GIS work?

Outline. Chapter 1. A history of products. What is ArcGIS? What is GIS? Some GIS applications Introducing the ArcGIS products How does GIS work? Outline Chapter 1 Introducing ArcGIS What is GIS? Some GIS applications Introducing the ArcGIS products How does GIS work? Basic data formats The ArcCatalog interface 1-1 1-2 A history of products Arc/Info

More information

GED 554 IT & GIS. Lecture 6 Exercise 5. May 10, 2013

GED 554 IT & GIS. Lecture 6 Exercise 5. May 10, 2013 GED 554 IT & GIS Lecture 6 Exercise 5 May 10, 2013 Free GIS data sources ******************* Mapping numerical data & Symbolization ******************* Exercise: Making maps for presentation GIS DATA SOFTWARE

More information

Ground Truth Annual Conference. Optimized Design of Low Distortion Projections. Michael L. Dennis, RLS, PE

Ground Truth Annual Conference. Optimized Design of Low Distortion Projections. Michael L. Dennis, RLS, PE Arizona Professional Land Surveyors Association 016 Annual Conference Ground Truth Optimized Design of Low Distortion Projections Michael L. Dennis, RLS, PE Version 3 (rev 1), May 016 Design and metadata

More information

Import Digital Spatial Data (Shapefiles) into OneStop

Import Digital Spatial Data (Shapefiles) into OneStop Import Digital Spatial Data (Shapefiles) into OneStop» Intended User: Pipeline Licence Applicants Overview To apply for a pipeline or pipeline installation licence, applicants must upload the proposed

More information

GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEMS. GIS Foundation Capacity Building Course. Introduction

GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEMS. GIS Foundation Capacity Building Course. Introduction GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEMS. GIS Foundation Capacity Building Course. Introduction In recent times digital mapping has become part and parcel of our daily lives with experience from Google Maps on

More information

Raster Data Model. Examples of raster data Remotely sensed imagery (BV, DN) DEM (elevation) DRG (color) Raster Database

Raster Data Model. Examples of raster data Remotely sensed imagery (BV, DN) DEM (elevation) DRG (color) Raster Database Raster Data Model Why use a raster data model? Raster data representations Cell value Measurement, average, majority, significance Cell-based vs. point-based Raster data components Cells, Pixels, Grid

More information

The 3-D Global Spatial Data Model: Geometrical Foundation of the Global Spatial Data Infrastructure

The 3-D Global Spatial Data Model: Geometrical Foundation of the Global Spatial Data Infrastructure The 3-D Global Spatial Data Model: Geometrical Foundation of the Global Spatial Data Infrastructure Earl F. Burkholder, PS, PE Annotated Table of Contents July 8,2006 I. The Global Spatial Data Model (GSDM)

More information

April 24, :00 to 5:00 p.m.

April 24, :00 to 5:00 p.m. Datums, Coordinate Systems, Low Distortion Projections (LDP), & the Global Spatial Data Model (GSDM) Hosted by: City of Las Cruces Public Works/Project Development and Community Development/GIS April 24,

More information

How do I do that in Quantum GIS: illustrating classic GIS tasks Edited by: Arthur J. Lembo, Jr.; Salisbury University

How do I do that in Quantum GIS: illustrating classic GIS tasks Edited by: Arthur J. Lembo, Jr.; Salisbury University How do I do that in Quantum GIS: illustrating classic GIS tasks Edited by: Arthur J. Lembo, Jr.; Salisbury University How do I do that in Quantum GIS Page 1 Introduction from the editor:... 4 Database

More information

Week 7 Last week: This week s topics. GIS and Forest Engineering Applications. FE 257. GIS and Forest Engineering Applications.

Week 7 Last week: This week s topics. GIS and Forest Engineering Applications. FE 257. GIS and Forest Engineering Applications. FE 257. GIS and Forest Engineering Applications Week 7 Week 7 Last week: Spatial Projections Questions? Next week- read: Chapter 10: Updating GIS Databases Chapter 12: Synthesis of Techniques Applied to

More information

ARCGIS COURSE, BEGINNER LEVEL ONLINE TRAINING

ARCGIS COURSE, BEGINNER LEVEL ONLINE TRAINING ARC COURSE, BEGINNER LEVEL ONLINE TRAINING Course.com TYC TRAINING OVERVIEW This course will qualify students to use Arc Desktop 10 and in particular, ArcMap, ArcCatalog and ArcTool Box, focusing on the

More information

2G1/3G4 GIS TUTORIAL >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>

2G1/3G4 GIS TUTORIAL >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> > University of Michigan >Taubman College of Architecture > ARCH 552, Perimeter @ Work Out [T]here, Fall 2009 >September 24, 2009 2G1/3G4 GIS TUTORIAL >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>

More information

Geodatabase Essentials Part One - Intro to the Geodatabase. Jonathan Murphy Colin Zwicker

Geodatabase Essentials Part One - Intro to the Geodatabase. Jonathan Murphy Colin Zwicker Geodatabase Essentials Part One - Intro to the Geodatabase Jonathan Murphy Colin Zwicker Session Path The Geodatabase - What is it? - Why use it? - What types are there? Inside the Geodatabase Advanced

More information

ISSUES AND APPROACHES TO COUPLING GIS TO AN IRRIGATION DISTRIBUTION NETWORK AND SEEPAGE LOSS MODELS ABSTRACT

ISSUES AND APPROACHES TO COUPLING GIS TO AN IRRIGATION DISTRIBUTION NETWORK AND SEEPAGE LOSS MODELS ABSTRACT ISSUES AND APPROACHES TO COUPLING GIS TO AN IRRIGATION DISTRIBUTION NETWORK AND SEEPAGE LOSS MODELS Yanbo Huang 1, Milton Henry 2, David Flahive 3, Guy Fipps 4 ABSTRACT Geographic Information Systems (GIS)

More information

URP 4273 Section 8233 Introduction to Planning Information Systems (3 Credits) Fall 2017

URP 4273 Section 8233 Introduction to Planning Information Systems (3 Credits) Fall 2017 URP 4273 Section 8233 Introduction to Planning Information Systems (3 Credits) Fall 2017 Instructor: Office Periods: Stanley Latimer 466 ARCH Phone: 352 294-1493 e-mail: latimer@geoplan.ufl.edu Monday

More information

Exercise 6: Coordinate Systems

Exercise 6: Coordinate Systems Exercise 6: Coordinate Systems This exercise will teach you the fundamentals of Coordinate Systems within QGIS. In this exercise you will learn: How to determine the coordinate system of a layer How the

More information

SRJC Applied Technology 54A Introduction to GIS

SRJC Applied Technology 54A Introduction to GIS SRJC Applied Technology 54A Introduction to GIS Overview Lecture of Geographic Information Systems Fall 2004 Santa Rosa Junior College Presented By: Tim Pudoff, GIS Coordinator, County of Sonoma, Information

More information

Control Surveys and Coordinate Systems

Control Surveys and Coordinate Systems Control Surveys and Coordinate Systems The Earth is Round Basic Shape of the Earth: Oblate Spheroid of Revolution The length of the equatorial axis is approximately 27 miles greater than the polar axis.

More information

Geodatabase An Overview

Geodatabase An Overview Federal GIS Conference February 9 10, 2015 Washington, DC Geodatabase An Overview Ralph Denkenberger - esri Session Path The Geodatabase - What is it? - Why use it? - What types are there? Inside the Geodatabase

More information

Metadata for 2005 Orthophotography Products

Metadata for 2005 Orthophotography Products Metadata for 2005 Orthophotography Products What does this data set describe? 1. How should this data set be cited? 2. What geographic area does the data set cover? 3. What does it look like? 4. Does the

More information

Wed. Apr. 25, 2018 GIS DEMO. Reading: Ch Comparing Image Types (Death Valley) Treat as review of techniques already studied

Wed. Apr. 25, 2018 GIS DEMO. Reading: Ch Comparing Image Types (Death Valley) Treat as review of techniques already studied Wed. Apr. 25, 2018 GIS DEMO Reading: Ch. 14 -- Comparing Image Types (Death Valley) Treat as review of techniques already studied 1 GIS: Geographic Information Systems Way to organize data obtained by

More information

Geodatabase An Introduction

Geodatabase An Introduction 2013 Esri International User Conference July 8 12, 2013 San Diego, California Technical Workshop Geodatabase An Introduction David Crawford and Jonathan Murphy Session Path The Geodatabase What is it?

More information

Geospatial Products V8i (SELECTseries 1)

Geospatial Products V8i (SELECTseries 1) Geospatial Products V8i (SELECTseries 1) Keith Raymond Product Manager Geospatial Desktop Products Presentation Overview What are the various products? Why would you need them? Demonstrations 2 WWW.BENTLEY.COM

More information

GIS Lecture 4: Data. GIS Tutorial, Third Edition GIS 1

GIS Lecture 4: Data. GIS Tutorial, Third Edition GIS 1 GIS Lecture 4: Data GIS 1 Outline Data Types, Tables, and Formats Geodatabase Tabular Joins Spatial Joins Field Calculator ArcCatalog Functions GIS 2 Data Types, Tables, Formats GIS 3 Directly Loadable

More information

Gravity and Magnetic Anomalies Compared to Moho Depth throughout the State of Texas

Gravity and Magnetic Anomalies Compared to Moho Depth throughout the State of Texas Gravity and Magnetic Anomalies Compared to Moho Depth throughout the State of Texas Taylor Borgfeldt Introduction My Master s thesis is to improve and create additional crustal seismic velocity models

More information

Spatial Analyst: Multiple Criteria Evaluation Material adapted from FOR 4114 developed by Forestry Associate Professor Steve Prisley

Spatial Analyst: Multiple Criteria Evaluation Material adapted from FOR 4114 developed by Forestry Associate Professor Steve Prisley Spatial Analyst: Multiple Criteria Evaluation Material adapted from FOR 4114 developed by Forestry Associate Professor Steve Prisley Section 1: Data In this exercise we will be working with several types

More information

Data Set Projection Checklist

Data Set Projection Checklist 1 of 6 12/20/2012 12:38 PM Data Set Projection Checklist There are two projections/coordinate systems you must worry about: 1. 2. That of your map. You can pick this to be whatever you want, and your GIS

More information

How can we project a 3D globe onto a 2D display? - Ellipsoids and Datums deal with earth non-sphericity

How can we project a 3D globe onto a 2D display? - Ellipsoids and Datums deal with earth non-sphericity Map projections How can we project a 3D globe onto a 2D display? - Ellipsoids and Datums deal with earth non-sphericity http://www.mapovasbirka.cz/english/index_eng.html The world could be mapped like

More information