Insects. Name. Date Comp Ed, Inc.

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1 Name Date 2013 Comp Ed, Inc.

2 All animals with six legs are called insects. Insects were on the Earth millions of years before people. Insects live all over the world. There are more insects on the Earth than any other animal. There are over 1,000,000 different kinds of insects. Many insects have not yet been discovered. Most insects have wings. They all have six legs and three body parts. The body parts are the head, the thorax, and the abdomen. Insects are all different sizes. The African Goliath Beetle is four inches long. Some stick insects are eleven inches long. Read each sentence. Fill in the missing word. 1. All animals with six legs are called. 3. The Beetle is four inches long. 4. There are more on Earth than any other animal. 5. All insects have legs. 6. Some insects are eleven inches long Comp Ed, Inc. 1

3 Most insects are small. Some are so small that you need a microscope to see them. Most insects have wings. Some have one pair of wings, some have two pair of wings. Dragonflies can fly up to eighteen miles per hour. They can also fly backwards. Insects eyes are usually large and bulging. They use their antennae or feelers to touch and smell things. Insects ears are usually on their legs or on the sides of their bodies. Some insects make noises by rubbing their wings together or by rubbing their legs against their wings. Insects lay eggs. The eggs are very tiny and hard to see. They lay their eggs in all kinds of places. Insects might lay their eggs in soil, water, leaves, and inside plant stems. Some insects even lay their eggs in animal fur or bird feathers. Some insects take care of their eggs. Other insects don t need to care for the eggs. Read each word below. Write the definition on the lines. 1. microscope 2. dragonflies 3.antennae 2013 Comp Ed, Inc. 2

4 Insects live all over the world in many different places. Some insects live on land, some live in the water, and some in buildings. Some insects live alone and some live in large communities. Insects might live in flowers, trees, in the ground, and in ponds and lakes. Insects eat all kinds of food. They might eat leaves, flowers, seeds, nectar, mushrooms, and wood. Some eat fruit, cotton, sap, and garden vegetables. Some insects eat blood and dead animals. Other animals often hunt and eat insects. The insects can protect themselves in may different ways. Some can sting, jump quickly, or fly away fast. fruit!! insects!! animals!! ponds!! flowers!! sting!! 2013 Comp Ed, Inc. 3

5 Some insects blend into their surroundings. This is called camouflage. Stick and leaf insects look like sticks and leaves. Some caterpillars look like twigs. Some insects are green and look like the plants they live on. Some insects are destructive. Termites eat wood and often destroy wood in homes. Bees and wasps can sting. Mosquitoes sting too. They can carry diseases like yellow fever and malaria. Some insects like the silverfish and cloth moths eat clothing. Other insects destroy fruit, vegetable, and cotton crops. Man has to use many kinds of chemicals to destroy these insects. Some insects are good and helpful. Many of them eat other insects that are harmful. The ladybug eats insects that are pests to man. Honeybees give us honey and beeswax. The silkworm gives us silk. Many insects carry plant pollen from one plant to another plant. This helps make new plants grow. Many plants and trees would not exist without insects. Many animals would die without insects to eat Read each sentence. Circle true or false. 1. Some insects blend into their surroundings.!! true or false 2. Silk worms give us wool.!! true or false 3. Some insects like the silverfish and cloth moths eat clothing.!! true or false 2013 Comp Ed, Inc. 4

6 Many insects change as they grow. We call this change a metamorphosis. A caterpillar is one insect that changes as it grows. First the eggs hatch into the larva or caterpillar. The caterpillar eats and grows. When it is fully grown it stops eating. Then it forms a case around itself. This case is called a chrysalis. It changes into a butterfly while it s in the case. When it comes out of the chrysalis, it is soft and wet. As soon as it dries it is able to fly. Ants live in colonies or families. There are many different kinds of ants. Some ants live in trees and some live in the ground. There are three kinds of ants in a colony, the queen, the workers and the males. The queen ant lays the eggs. The worker ants all have their own special jobs. Some act as nurses and take care of the young ants. Some workers hunt food and some do the cleaning. Honeybees are like ants in many ways. They live in large families. They have queens, workers, and males in their colonies. The workers gather nectar and pollen from flowers. They make honey from what they have gathered. Men and women often build hives for bees to live in. They gather the bee honey and wax from the hives. They sell it to stores and to large companies. The wax can be used in polish, candles, gum, crayons, and many other things. The honey is sweet tasting and is good to eat. Color the pictures below Comp Ed, Inc. 5

7 A praying mantis is a green insect. It blends with the leaves and grass. Its forelegs are bent to help it catch food. The praying mantis eats grass hoppers, flies, and many other insects. enemies. They lay twenty to forty eggs in a cluster on twigs. The eggs are covered with hard coating. This protects them from the weather and from The eggs stay in this cluster all winter. They hatch in the spring. The newly hatched praying mantis does not grow wings until late in the summer. Help the insect find the leaf Comp Ed, Inc. 6

8 Facts About Insects Insects have segmented bodies. They have a head, thorax, and abdomen. Spiders are not considered insects. Female crickets do not chirp, only male crickets chirp. Most insects are hatched from eggs. Bees are found everywhere in the word except for Antarctica. Most house flies live for one month. Insects have six legs or three pairs of legs. Some worms in Australia can be over four feet long Comp Ed, Inc. 7

9 Spelling Print the correct spelling word on the lind. 1. honiy honey honie 2. mantis mantos mantus 3. protict protect proteck 4. coating couting coateng 5. nector nectur nectar 6. hieves hives heives! 2013 Comp Ed, Inc. 8

10 Word Unscramble Unscramble each word. Print the word on the line. 1. nciset 2. siwng 3. btefutrly 4. lfy 5. gegs 6. eyhonseeb 2013 Comp Ed, Inc. 9

11 Word Find Find and circle these words. They run down, across, and diagonally. head thorax abdomen beetle antennae wings eggs sting ants honeybee mantis green 2013 Comp Ed, Inc. 10

12 Criss Cross Can you fit these words into the criss cross? Use a pencil so you can erase if you need to. abdomen antennae thorax beetle wings eggs sting ants 2013 Comp Ed, Inc. 11

13 Answers Page 8 - honey, mantis, protec, coating, nectar, hives Page 9 - insect, wings, butterfly, fly, eggs, honeybees Page - 10 Page Comp Ed, Inc.

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